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December 16, 2016
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November 30, 2004
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October 17, 1964
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nnnroveA For Release 2004/12/15 : CIA-RDP66B00403R000200180014-4 RUSSIA L,1 e Frerds rt HiM Out in Continued From Page A-1 Khrushchev last month said the premier was almost obsessed with the Chinese challenge. It .was his handling of Russian- Chinese relations that some non-Communist observers say swung the balance against him ..when-the Communist leadership met Monday. Hailed Space Feat Khrushchev at the time was -rejoicing at his vacation villa on the Black Sea over news that the Soviet Union had sent into orbit the first multi-passenger space ship. "Good lads, I am very happy for you," he told the three cosmonauts. Then he turned the radiophone over to Anastas Mikoyan, Soviet President and a close confidant who had been his earliest supporter. The premier had invited Gaston Palewski, French min- ister for nuclear and space .research, for a talk and lunch ..on Tuesday. But the meeting was pushed up to 9:30 a.m. and ;then cut short. IPalewski recalled that Khru- shehev talked about state af- 'fairs with the air of a man who was confident of running them for some time. He appeared in .good health. Khrushchev excused himself, saying he had to fly back to Moscow to greet the cosmo- ?.nauts. Palewski lift and Khrushchev vanished, so far as the public ..was concerned. He has not been mentioned ,since by press or radio except for the terse announcement that ,he had resigned. Khrushchev arrived In Mos- "eow early Tuesday afternoon. But, it was the landing of peo- ple like I. A. Benediktov, Soviet (hrushchev's selves without the boss remains unclear. A few observers pick,, Suslov. Most, however, agree on' Brezhnev. After the central committee vote, there remained the for- mality of dropping Krhushchev from the premier's job.. That came Thursday. Mikoyan, the old friend, presided as the job was given to Kosygin. There also was. the formality c,f announcements. They said Khrushchev asked to be relieved of his posts because of "bis advanced age and deteriorating health." Shortly after midnight came the word that 227 million Rus- sians had new men at the head of their government. 4ctish._..,eening Star 11 1-7-10-04 KhrushcHev Vd ote s ecru Charged With. Incompetence by Former Friends By HENRY S. BRADSHER Associated Press Staff Writer M 0 S C 0 W-The reverbera- tions over Nikita Khrushchev's fall from power are spreading unpredictably and may not end for a long time. The sudden removal of the ebullient 70-year-old premier Russian Statement on Change. Page A-7 who for a decade captured world headlines,while changing the direction of communism in the Soviet Union, could drag others under too. A picture emerged of Khru- shchev's final days as Soviet 'leader before Leonid I. Brezh- nev, 57, became Communist Party secretary and Alexei N. Kosygin, 60, premier. It bore out the belief that Khrushchev was forced from rule at a dramatic, secret meeting of the U.S. , ambassador to Russia, and U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs, said last night that Khrushchev told him last year he would step down after his 70th birthday and even named his successors. , Harriman said in a talk at i Muncie, Ind., that the only surprise in Khrushchev's de- parture "is the manner in which it happened.") Accused of Incompetence Authoritative sources said the (Communist Party central committee voted Khrushchev o u t of power and lodged charges of incompetence and nepotism against him. Ironical- ly, Khrushchev became the target of a "cult of personality" attack--the very concept he used to discredit the reign of .Stalin. Pravda, organ of the Com- munist Party, shed light on the purge yesterday in a bitter denunciation of the ousted chief. Without naming him, it accused' Khrushchev of "hare-brained scheming, immature conclu- sions and hasty decisions and actions divorced from reality, bragging and phrasemongering, commandism and unwillingness; to take into account the. achievements of science and practical experience." Though, in effect, accusing; Khrushchev of dictatorship, the ~ newspaper said the policies of peaceful co-existence of the former ruler would be carried:. out. It also said Khrushchev's j ?upport for the new nations of l ' Asia and Africa and his plans' for a Communist summit show-I !down with Red China would be continued. A foreigner who talked with? See RUSSIA, Page A-3 Approved F'riRelease 2004/12/15: CIA-RDP66B00403R000200180014-4 Just whose idea it was to hnciin runnina the shop them- ambassador in India, that caused concern. Benediktov is a member of the central committee that makes decisions for the Soviet Communist Party. Most of the 170 members had been in Mos- cow secretly and had already begun ,meeting. The nucleus of the committee, its presidium, met Tuesday night, with Khrushchev present. It reportedly voted to' remove him from his most important job, first secretary of the committee. That happened once before, in 1957. But Khrushchev struck back by calling together the full committee in which he had a majority. of support. Under the chairmanship of Mikhail Suslov, a steely aide to Stalin, the committee then ousted Khru- shchev's opponents, including former premiers G. M. Malen- kov and V. M. Molotov. It was different this time. By Thursday the secret activ- ity was beginning to become obvious. Khrushchev did not attend a luncheon for visiting Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado, president of Cuba. And Khrushchev's portrait was -not put up for celebrations of the return of the cosmonauts, a return that kept getting de- layed. Suslov Is Prosecutor The deck was loaded the other way, now and Suslov was the prosecutor. The committee met with Khrushchev Wednesday at its big gray office building four blocks from'the Kremlin, Suslov spoke. He accused Khuushchev of a "cult of personality" and a lack of dignity for his job. Th,^ other charges outlined by Pravda also were aired, including one that blamed him for agricultural failures. Still another charge was bungling Soviet relations with other Communist parties, cost- ing Moscow influence and weak- ening the world Communist movement. Khrushchev also had offended army leaders by cutting troops and depending upon rockets, and steelmen by turning to consumer goods. When the central committee vote came, Khrushchev lost. The count has not yet become, known but the result show 2d, that Khrushchev h,--i be ii outmaneuvered within ti;e party F machinery. The man who apparently did it was Leonid Brezhnev. Brezhnev Was Protege He was a protege of Khru- shchev's who had followed him up through the ranks after -leaving his career as a metal- lurgist. In July, Khrushchev allowed him to. become in effect second secretary of the party. Brezhnev was to look after .the party while Khrushchev was busy elsewhere or away on one of his numerous trips. The government was minded by Alexei Kosygin, a first deputy