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1'965 Approved For Release 2004/01116 : CIA-RDP67B00446R00010004000176 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD HOUSE at the saved-pay rate to convert volun- tarily to the premium rate whether or not the "computed" saved pay was higher than the premium rate. The Navy felt that the purpose of section 208(b) was to protect the firefighter or to save him com- pensation under the section only so long as it was to his advantage. This inten- tion seems implicit in the mere fact of enactment of the saved-pay provisions in section 208(b). However, the Comptroller General sub- sequently ruled on September 28, 1959, that a firefighter could not convert to the premium rate if his computed saved pay was more than the premium rate even though his actual pay was below the premium rate. The Comptroller' General further stated that he would not question "at this time" elections to con- vert to premium pay made prior to his decision provided no further elections were permitted and the Department of the Navy requested Congress to amend section 208(b) to authorize such elec- tions. H.R. 2235 will supply this needed rem- edy by authorizing voluntary elections by firefighters to convert from saved pay to premium pay regardless of which is higher and by sanctioning those elections heretofore made. In addition, it will hasten the conversion of all firefighter employees to the annual premium rate at the earliest possible time without reduc- ing their pay, which was the original pur- pose of Public Law 763, 83d Congress. Mr. Speaker, our Committee on Post Office and Civil Service and the House of Representatives have favorably con- sidered similar bills during the 87th and 88th Congresses, but the Senate has yet to act on this legislation. I believe we are permitting a serious inequity to con- tinue unnecessarily in the case of these firefighters, and I intend to do every- thing I can during the 89th Congress to assure that these employees are relieved of this inequity. STABILITY FOR DOMESTIC COPPER MARKET permission to extend-his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include ex- traneous matter.) Mr. OLSEN of Montana. Mr. Speaker, today I introduced a bill for the purpose of providing more stability in the present world and domestic copper market. The bill proposes that the Office of Emergency Planning be given the opportunity to loan from the national stockpile 100,000 short tons of copper to the primary pro- ducers to cover a period no longer than 1 year., In the event of an emergency, these loans could be'recalled within a 30- to 60-day period. The Director of the Office of Emergency Planning would be given the responsibility for setting the necessary rules and regulations. - Currently there is a shortage'of copper in the domestic market. It is estimated that it would take from 6 months to 1 year for distributors to meet current demands. Current price of copper is 30 to 34 cents a pound. On the other hand, sub- stantial quantities of refined scrap copper have been sold at prices as high as 65 cents per pound. If this situation is allowed to go ? unchecked, it will also affect other areas of our economy. Plas- tics and synthetics could be introduced into the market of current copper areas taking advantage of a temporary short- age of copper, and creating catastrophe in other economic areas. Relief cannot be given administra- tiOely so it is hoped that the Congress will act on this legislation to avert fur- ther danger to the market. Favorable action on this proposal would stabilize the economy and allow the necessary time for the copper industry to make up the lag that now exists. GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON, DANIEL J. EVANS (Mr. PELLY asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. PELLY. Mr. Speaker, at noon today in Olympia, Wash., a young man aged 39 will be inaugurated as Governor of the great State of Washington. His name is Daniel J. Evans. Governor Evans has spent most of his young life in public service, having served in two wars plus 8 years in the Washington State Legislature in 4 of which he served as Republican house leader. In taking the reins of the executive branch of the State of Washington he is continuing his dedication to public service. As he takes over his duties and responsibilities I am sure my colleagues wish to join in sending a message of congratulations and best wishes to the new Governor of the State of Washing- ton, Daniel J. Evans. AMENDMENT OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE (Mr. I-TALL asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend, his re- marks and include extraneous matter.) Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, I have to- day introduced a bill to amend the In- ternal Revenue Code so as to provide ad- ditional deductions and exemptions for the expenses of medical care of persons 65 years of age and over. While there are many proposals un- der consideration dealing with medical care for the aged, I believe this meas- ure is worthy of enactment regardless of the outcome of other measures, that in- volve direct assistance. The bill I have introduced involves no direct assistance. Rather it liberalizes the Internal Rev- enue Code to permit medical costs which persons over 65 incur, whether paid for by themselves, or someone else, to be a legitimate deduction for income tax purposes. Specifically it would accomplish these objectives: First. It would permit the Internal Revenue Code to permit the taxpayer to deduct, in full the amounts paid for med- ical and hospital care of any person who has attained the age of 65, irrespective of whether that person receives the ma- 627 jority of his support from the taxpayer as presently required. There is no rea- sonable basis for restricting the taxpayer to a smaller deduction merely because the dependent is not a parent. The financial hardship to the taxpayer is the same regardless of the degree of family relationship, and a brother or sister or even a friend who undertakes to help someone in need should not be penalized for doing so. Second. Another provision in my bill would permit a taxpayer who has not attained the age of 65 to deduct in full the cost of prepaid medical care insur- ance which is to be effective when he reaches this age. I believe such a pro- vision would encourage the insurance in- dustry to further develop this type of insurance coverage. Certainly people ought not to be penalized for providing on a voluntary basis, for medical ex- penses which may occur in their retire- ment years. Third. My bill would provide for addi- tional exemptions for catastrophic med- ical care expenditures. A taxpayer, aged 65, who pays medical care expenses which amount to 25 percent or more of his ad- justed gross income would be given one additional exemption and a taxpayer who pays such expenses in an amount equal to 50 percent or more would be given two additional exemptions. Fourth. A final feature of the bill would permit medical care deductions to be carried back for as many as 5 years, or if necessary carried forward for the same period, so that the taxpayer over 65 can receive full tax benefit for such expenses by charging them against years when in- come was earned, and on which taxes were or are to be paid. This carryback and carryover principle already is part of the system by which corporations are subject to income tax, and it should be made available to our senior citizens so they can take equal advantage. One reason why we now have the prob- lem of how to deal with medical costs of persons, who have reached retirement age, is that our tax structure has penal- ized those who have tried to secure their own future'as well as others who would like to lend assistance. I would like to see us take this first step and remove some of the tax inequities which exist. On one hand the Federal Government penalizes, "through the tax system, those who try to secure their future, while on the other hand it pro- poses to install a new tax program under social security to meet the problem it has helped to create. VETERANS' AFFAIRS FACILITIES (Mr. TEAGUE of Texas asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute.) Mr. TEAGUE of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I take this time to inform the House that there will be issued a news release this afternoon announcing the closing of 11 VA hospitals, 4 domiciliaries, and 17 re- gional offices. I want also to inform the House that there are documents fur- nished by the Veterans' Administration in the Veterans' Affairs Committee room, 356, so any Member requesting informa- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For.Release 2004/01116 CIA-F DP67 004468000100 4O`01 ,C, 0NGESSIONAL. ,RECORD - ,P,OUS,1~. TION-MESSAGE FROM THE PRES- IDENT OF THE " UNITED STAT~S (H. DOC. NO. 52) The SPEAKER laid before the House the following message from the President of the -United States; which was read and, together with the accompanying papers, referred to` the Committee On the Judiciary and ordered to be printed: To the Congress of the United States: A change is needed in our laws dealing with immigration. Pour Presidents have called attention to serious defects in this legislation. Action is long overdue. I am therefore submitting at the out- set of this Congress, a bill designed to correct the deficiencies. I urge that it 'be accorded priority consideration. The principal reform called for is the elimination of the national origins quota system. That system is incompatible with our basic American tradition. Over the years the ancestors of all' of us-s0`nie 42 million human beings-have migrated to these shores. The funda- mental, longtime American attitude has been to ask not where a person comes from but what are his personal qualities. On this basis men and women migrated from every quarter of the globe. By their hard work and their 'enormously varied talents they hewed a great nation out of a wilderness. By their dedication to liberty and equality, they created a society reflecting man's most cherished ideall, Long ago the poet Walt Whitman spoke our pride: "These States are the amplest poem." We are not merely a nation but a "nation of nations." Violation of this tradition by the na- tional origins quota system does incal- culable harm. The procedures imply that men and women from some coun- tries are, just because of where they come from, more desirable citizens than others. We have no right to disparage the ancestors of millions of our fellow Americans in this way. Relationships with a number of countries, and hence the success of our foreign policy, is needlessly impeded by this proposition. The quota system has other grave de- feces. Too often it arbitrarily denies us immigrants who have outstanding and sorely needed talents and skills. I do not believe this is either good government or good sense. Thousands of our citizens are need- lessly separated from their parents or other close relatives. To replace the quota system, the pro- posed bill relies on a technique of pref- erential admissions based' upon the ad- vantage to our 1?ation of the skills of the immigrant, and the existence of a close family relationship between the immi- grant and people who are already citizens or permanent residents of the United States. Within this system of prefer- ences, and within the numerical and other limitations prescribed by law, the issuance of visas to prospective immi- grants would be based on'the order of their application. First preference under the bill would be given to those with the kind of skills or attainments which make the admis- sion especially advantageous to our so- ciety. Other preferences would favor close relatives of citizens .and permanent residents, and thus_ serve to, promote the reuniting of fgmilies-long a primary goal of American immigration policy. Parents of U.S. citizens could obtain ad- mission without waiting for a quota number. Transition to the new system would be gradual, over a 5-year period. Thus the possibility of abrupt changes in the pat- tern of immigration from any nation is eliminated. In addition the bill would an2{Y? 13 The total number. of immigrants would not be substantially changed. Under this bill, authorized quota immigration, which now amounts to 158,361 per year, would be increased by less than 7,000. I urge the Congress to return the United States to an immigration policy which both serves the national interest and continues our traditional ideals. No move could more effectively reaffirm our fundamental belief that a man is to be judged-and judged exclusively- on his worth as a human being. LYNDON B. JOHNSON. THE WHITE HousE, January 13, 1965. provide that as a general rule no country REDUCTIONS HAVE E NOT SEBEEN iCOUGHT could be allocated more than 10, percent PROPOSED of the quota numbers available in any THROUGH one year. The SPEAKER. Under previous order In order to insure that the new system of the House, the gentleman from Florida would not impose undue hardship on [Mr. SixEs] is recognized for 20 minutes. any of our close allies by suddenly cur- (Mr. SIKES asked and was given perms tailing their emigration, the bill author- mission to revise and extend his remarks izes the President, after consultation with and to include certain supporting ma- an Immigration Board established by the terial.) legislation, to utilize up to 30 percent of the quota numbers available in any year Mr. public comment Mr. nt on Speaker, the this is matter my of for the purpose of restoring cuts made cutbacks o the Reserve program. by the new system in the quotas estab- Frankly, I have not known enough about lished existing law. It to comment. I was not one of the very Similar authority, ervation of up to 10 ty, permitting pof the the nu m- res- few entrusted with advance information bers ens available a lablle e in n any percent year, would by the Department of Defense, although enable I have some responsibilities in Congress us to meafleeing from rop needs refugees in this field. The statements that I have from catastrophe or r oppression. seen from DOD are vague, and in fact, I In addition, the bill would- am convinced that DOD does not know (1) Permit numbers not used by any directive is going to be put country to be made available to countries how its own where they are needed; into effect. I think this is a computer (2) Eliminate the discriminatory productl The DOD owns nearly a bil- "Asia-Pacific Triangle" provisions of the sort of strange ideas are being devel- oped from them. Some of these look (3) Eliminate discrimination against good on paper but they may be impracti newly independent countries of the cal in application. As of yesterday, DOD Western Hemisphere by providing non- could not tell me the details of the man- quota status for natives of Jamaica, ner in which they expect to carry out Trinidad, and Tobago; the directive on the Reserves which was (4) Afford nonquota status to parents announced as an accomplished fact some of citizens, and fourth preference to par- weeks ago. ents of resident aliens; I am convinced this matter has not (5) , Eliminate the requirement that been thought through. The proposal for skilled first preference immigrants the Reserve cutback should not have been needed in our economy must actually announced without full consultation find an employer herle before they can with Congress and it should not be im- come to the United States; plemented until such time as Congress (6) Afford a preference to workers is furnished with detailed information on with lesser skills who can fill specific the proposal and is afforded an oppor- needs in short supply; tunity to make a thorough study and (7) Eliminate technical restrictions review and has acted on the matter. that have 'hampered the effective use of I echo the words of Senator STENNIS, the existing fair-share refugee law; and who holds a prominent place in the de (8) Authorize the Secretary of State fense committees of the Senate, who to require reregistration of quota immi- said: grant visa applicants and to regulate the Any effort to change or alter the provisions time of payment of visa fees, of the Reserve program without concur- rence of the Congress would constitute a This bill would not alter in any way departure from the intent and instruction the many limitations in existing law of the legislative branch of Government by which prevent an influx of undesirables the Constitution and should be done only and, safeguard our people against exces- after full hearings and with the consent sive or unregulated immigration. Noth- and concurrence of the Congress. ing in the legislation relieves any im- Certainly the action of the Defense migrant of the, necessity of satisfying all Department preempted the constitu hf the , or the security requirements designed desiggn ned now to tional rights of Congress and violates the h exclude persons likely to become public spirit of amity between the administra- charges. No immigrants admitted under tive and legislative branches of Govern- this bill could contribute to unemploy- ment by not seeking a cooperative solu- ment in the United States. tion to the problem with Congress. Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 United States of America Vol. 111 C0H9rC661,*0Ra1'RCC0'rd PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 89th CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1965 No. 9 Senate The Senate was not in session today. , Its next meeting will be held on Friday, January 15, 1965, at 12 o'clock meridian. House of Representatives THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1965 Y The House met at 12 o'clock noon. The Chaplain, Rev. Bernard Braskamp, D.D., called attention to this verse of Scripture before leading in prayer: I John 3:1: Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God. Most merciful and gracious God, in- cline our minds and hearts to recognize the need of Thy presence and guidance in all of the deliberations and decisions of this day. May we always be sensitive and re- sponsive to the promptings and persua- sions of Thy Holy Spirit seeking to for- tify us against those temptations which would undermine our character and cause us to break faith with our better self. Show us how the leaders in the affairs of church and state may strengthen and enrich the moral and spiritual life of our Republic. Inspire them to help the people of our beloved country to cultivate those virtues which are the secret of a na- tion's cohesive and conquering power. To Thy name we shall ascribe the praise. Amen. THE JOURNAL The Journal of the proceedings of yesterday was read and approved. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT A message in writing from the Presi- dent of the United States was communi- cated to the House by Mr. Ratchford, one of his secretaries. MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE A message from the Senate by Mr. Ar- rington, one of its clerks, announced that the President pro tempore, pursuant to Public Law 86-1, appointed Mr. TAL- MADGE to be a member of the Joint Eco- nomic Committee, vice Mr. PELL, ex- cused. SELECTION OF MINORITY WHIP Mr. LAIRD. Mr. Speaker, as chair- man of the Republican conference and by direction of the Republican confer- ence, it is my privilege to announce the selection of the minority whip for the 89th Congress, the gentleman from Illi- nois [Mr. ARENDS]. from another is still with us today. As President Johnson said yesterday in his immigration message, "We have no right to disparage the ancestors of millions of our fellow Americans in this way." The President also pointed out with re- spect to the national origins quota sys- tem, "Relationships with a number of countries, and hence the success of our foreign policy, is needlessly impeded by this proposition." The administration's immigration bill eliminates the invidious national origins quota system over a 5-year period. With the passage of this measure, the results of the 1920 census will no longer OF THE IMMIGRATION shape our immigration policy. The bill LAWS also deals with the backlog of applica- tions accumulated over the years in a (Mr. RYAN asked and was given number of our consulates abroad by pro- permission to address the House for 1 viding for the administration of those on minute and to revise and extend his re- the waiting list during the transitional marks.) period and by weeding out those who are Mr. RYAN. Mr. Speaker, today I not serious applicants. This measure have introduced the administration's will benefit our Nation by providing for immigration bill. President Johnson's the admission on a preferential basis of proposal, as did President Kennedy's those whose skills would be advan- ?which I also sponsored, represents a tageous to the economy. new departure and a giant step forward The bill will also end discrimination in the direction of a humane and sen- against the newer nations in the West- sible immigration policy. ern Hemisphere whose citizens are now Before World War I our Nation, as the bound by minimum quotas, while citi- land of freedom, was looked upon as a zens of other nations in the same geo- haven for the oppressed where all were graphic area are entitled to nonquota welcome to develop their potentialin a admission. democratic society. And our Nation Mr. Speaker, I join with President was enriched by those who came from Johnson in urging "the Congress to re- foreign lands. However, after World turn the United States to an immigra- War I, the word "foreigner" became tion policy which both serves the na- an epithet as fear, anxiety, and xeno- phobia tional interest and continues our tradi- gripped our land. In this at- tional ideals. No move could more ef- tion pc,a based highly on the restrictive 1920 20 census was wasas fectively reaffirm our fundamental belief Lion policy o born. The national origins quota sys- that a man is to be judged-and judged tem based on a judgment that people exclusively-on his worth as a human from one nation are better than people being." Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 644 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE January 14 A FIRM STAND IN THE UNITED NATIONS (Mr. ROUSH asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. ROUSH. Mr. Speaker, article 19 of the Charter of the United Nations pro- vides that a member nation 2 years in ,arrears in payment of its financial con- tributions shall lose its vote in the Gen- eral Assembly. One-fifth of the mem- bers of the United Nations are in de- fault of their peacekeeping assessments. The rule is clear and si is the penalty for failure to adhere. Today I have. intro- duced a resolution calling for the United States to stand firm in its position that article 19 should be complied with by all member nations. I do not consider this a vindictive stand. I do consider it a stand in support of basic principle. If the integrity of the United Nations is to be preserved then that body must follow the course set out in its charter. This is not a minor issue. A deviation on this point establishes a precedent for ignor- ing other provisions of the charter and the end result would be the dissolution of the U.N. into a debating society. If those nations in default do not pay their share then the United States world be justified in not meeting its obligation which now represents almost one-third of the total U.N. budget. If this should happen the result would be a total break down of the United Nations and its noble purposes. The United Nations must maintain fits constitutional integrity if it is to be effective in dealing with world problems. A MANY-SPLENDOREDTHING (Mr. MONAGAN was granted permis- sion to .extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. MONAGAN. Mr. Speaker, inhis state of the Union message on January 4, President Johnson set forth a prescrip- tion for the Nation to follow in order to guarantee its future welfare and being. It is in general form, of course, as these broad statements must be, but it does represent his careful appraisal of the problems which face the nation with his recommendations for action. All of the President's recommendations will not be realized by him. Some may never come to fruition, but he has fur- nished us with a broad blueprint that will be helpful to us as we begin our work in the 89th Congress. I note that he gave the first third of his speech to a discussion of the inter- national problems in which he expressed our willingness to move toward better relations with the European communities while maintaining our firm resistance to the spread of communism in Asia. From the domestic point of view I was pleased with the emphasis which the President placed on the fight against water pollution as well as recommenda- tions for an excise tax cut. I was pleased to note his emphasis on the need for improved public transportation and his use of the Boston-Washington route as an example for a possible improvement. His recommendations for legislation dealing with presidential disability and providing for a National Foundation of the Arts were pleasing to me since I have filed and sponsored legislation in both fields. The general reaction to tle President's message has been favorable. One of the most cogent comments I have seen was published in the January 5 edition of the Ansonia, Conn., Evening Sentinel, with which I conclude my remarks at this point: A MANY-SPLENDORED THING President Johnson unveiled his Ulan for the Great Society. It is a many-splendored thing. In the sense of long-term goals, it is an architect's sketch of cornucopia, a compre- hensive enumeration of the needs and wants and hopes of people everywhere. But the message was a far more specific document than the usual state of the Union message. It requires careful analysis over a period of time. The President unveiled a vast package of domestic programs most of which must await evaluation when they are finally spelled out in detailed legislative proposals. He proposes: A big new program of Federal aid to edu- cation. A Federal plan of hospitalization for the aged financed by social security. A substantial cut in excise taxes. A budget designed to move the economy forward with no hint whether it will pass his $100 billion limit. Federal participation in birth prevention to control population. Reforms in the electoral college to bind electors to conform with the expressed will of the electorate. A massive attack on disease through re- gional medical centers. Enforcement of the Civil Rights Act, espe- cially of the right to vote. Repeal of the Taft-Hartley provision per- mitting States to pass right-to-work laws. A doubling of the war on poverty. An expanded open spaces program. Increased Federal power to prevent pollu- tion of streams and air. A possible new department of housing and urban development to attack the problems of cities. A regional approach to planning to meet the problems of Megalopolis. Congressional readiness to make swift in- come tax cuts if there should be signs of a recession. These are just the highlights among the domestic proposals. There are many others. On the world scene, he invited Soviet leaders to visit the United States to address the American people on television and hoped American leaders might be privileged to ad- dress the Soviet people on Soviet television- an exchange whose relative propaganda values sound dubious and whose elaboration will be interesting to evaluate. He pledged to continue U.S. aid to South Vietnam but made scant reference to the particulars of a serious situation. The new Senate Democratic leader, RUSSELL LONG, observed that some of the suggestions are new and should be explored by the proper legislative committees. This should be a careful, down-to-earth process. The new House Republican leader, GERALD FORD, said the ultimate goals set forth in the message are the goals of all Americans and have been the goals of America since its beginning but there are honest questions of implementation. Indeed there are. ,So enormous a program demands the most careful inquiry as to how much, as well as how good. It must be studied in relation to its full impact on the whole Nation's economy, as well as the usual pros and cons of the individual proposals. PROPOSING RECORD VOTE ON ALL APPROPRIATIONS BILLS (Mr. ROGERS of Florida asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and ex- tend his remarks.) Mr. ROGERS of Florida. Mr. Speak- er, I am today introducing legislation changing the rules of the House to re- quire a record vote on all appropriations bills. At present there is no requirement in the Congress that votes be recorded on bills appropriating money, for Federal spending. If each Congressman's vote on every spending bill before the House were made a matter of public record I believe such bills would be considered more closely and unnecessary spending would be reduced. During the 88th Congress 35 percent of the votes cast on appropriations bills passing the House were unrecorded, These bills involved funds totaling over $22 billion. The taxpayers are certainly entitled to know how their elected offi- cials voted on such sums. In addition, requiring the roll to be called when votes are taken on appropri- ations bills would also improve attend- ance during House consideration of such measures. The record shows that an average of 13 percent of the House membership was absent when votes were taken on appro- priations; bills in the 88th Congress. There is room for improvement in view of the seriousness of the appropriations process. THE U.S. INFORMATION AGENCY (Mr. CHAMBERLAIN asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, I rise to deplore in the strongest terms pos sible the activities of the U.S. Informa-1 tion Agency in making a "phony propa- ganda movie" of our red hot war in Viet- nam. As smoke bombs broke in brilliant colors and Vietnamese troops supposedly capttired an enemy village, a U.S. cap tain said that "if they want to portray the war, they should try to do it at least like it really is." I share his views. The USIA was founded to tell the truth about America to the entire world. Now, the Agency has been exposed as conduct- ing the same sort of misleading opera- tion with its Vietnamese war film that the entire administration has been con- ducting with the American people on the overall situation in southeast Asia. This is deceitful. To me, it is unfortunate enough that we must ask the American people to spend close to $2 million a day to finance a war that we are apparently losing. But it is even worse to ask our citizens for an other $100,000 in tax money to finance a phony, simulated film in an effort to fool the world about the truth in Vietnam with a peek through rose-colored glasses. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 1965 vCpNGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE not at some future date which will allow We then would be presented with a fait time for deployment. will seek an adequate civil defense program Some comfort has been taken in certain and that Congress will press both for this circles from the belief that Nike X is not and for preproduction funds for Nike X. really important because missile defense Cal, Just-completedaNike X threat analysis study sheds some interesting light on this theory. The study indicates that missile offense and defense are much closer to a standoff than many people believe. The significance of this is considerable. For one thing, it means that a U.S. ballistic missle defense can play an important role in our strategic posture. More important, it means that the door is open for the Soviet Union to undertake an antimissle defense which can offset our present superiority in strategic missiles. The administration belief that the Rus- sians have not done so is indicated by the confident cutback by Secretary McNamara of 200 previously planned Minuteman mis- siles. But the questions remain of whether the Soviets could do so, and whether they could do so without our detecting the Initiation of such a large-scale program. An article in the December Issue of Fortune by the very able Mr. Charles J. V. Murphy sheds some interesting light on this. Mr. Murphy details the history of the Soviet missile effort, as watched by the Turkish radars and the U-2 aircraft, as well as other intelligence sources. Although we have detailed much of the history in this magazine as it developed, it is worthwhile noting what Mr. Murphy has to say about Soviet antimissile defenses: "Meanwhile, there had emerged, too, ominous indications that the Russians had begun to test an anti-missile-missile system, a con- cept that our scientists then held and still hold to be wholly impracticable. Indeed, the R. & D. center of this enterprise was finally located by a U-2 early in 1960 in Central Siberia, at $ary Shagan, a large community on Lake Balkash, about 400 miles east of the ICBM test establishment at Tyura Tam. It was established that the interception of rockets by other rockets had actually been attempted, with some success, and thereafter In U.S. Intelligence calculations account had to be taken of the chance, however, im- probable, that Soviet technicians might be close to a defense against the ICBM's." As Mr. Murphy points out, this was in 1960. Dr, Harold Brown, chief of research and engineering in the U.S. defense estab- lishment, acknowledged not long after tak- ing office that the Soviets had a significant lead over the United States in this field. There is no reason to suppose the Russian ef- fort has slackened, The question remains: Could the Soviets conceal plans for deployment of an ef- fectlev anti-ICBM system? With the Rus- clans aware that they are being closely scru- tinized by the Samos reconnaissance satel- lites, we find nothing surprising in the theory that a closed society such as the Soviet Un- ion could hide its antimissile intentions un- HOME RULE Mr. ROBERTSON. Mr. President, in the January 18 issue of U.S. News & World Report, there was published a thoughtful article on what would be in- volved in home rule for the District of Columbia. Students of American his- tory are well aware of the fact that the first Congress of the United States met in Philadelphia, because that was where sessions of the Continental Congress had been held and where our Declaration of Independence had been proclaimed. The seat of the new nation was moved from Philadelphia to New York because the police of the city of Philadelphia failed to protect the new Congress from pres- sure groups. New York was not a desir- able site for a national capital, because it was too far removed from the Southern States; so the Congress, meeting in New York, passed a bill to establish the cap- ital midway between the New England States and the Southern States, to be located on the Potomac River, in an area to be designated as the District of Co- lumbia, and it was not to have the priv- ilege of suffrage and home rule. Over my protest, the Senate has voted on several occasions to give home rule to the District of Columbia. In my opinion, this would do violence to the fundamental principle underlying its creation by Congress. I ask unanimous consent to have printed at this point In the RECORD the article on this subject, from U.S. News & World Report. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: IF NATION'S CAPITAL DOES RULE ITSELF A unique experiment is being proposed for Washington, D.C., The experiment: "home rule"-self-government for the residents of the Nation's Capital. It has the backing of the White House. Most of Washington's residents are Ne- groes, and the prospect is that they would elect a Negro government. This would make Washington the only major city in the world governed by Negroes. For nearly a century, this Nation's capital has been governed by Congress, acting as Washington's city council, and the U.S. Presi- dent, acting as the city's mayor. Now political pressure is growing to give Washington, D.C., "home rule"-return the governing power to the people who live in the City and let them elect their own officials . accompli which would od'set our vast invest- President Johnson has pledged the power merit in Minuteman, Polaris, and Titan II, of his administration behind ahome-rule bill Since it a in the new Congress, in which the President lso is possible for the Soviets to has a heavy Democratic majority. ?carry out the same tactic in regard to new Chances of passage of such a measure are offensive missiles, we believe it necessary to considered the best ever. move forward swiftly with both Nike X and 'A top defense official has sto residents of Washington are given the power say about that also. He nniota something hi that to rule themselves? Will a self-governing vern- problems will it face? w- 869 percentage of incoming warheads, but not was a relatively small in city-only 486,869 in all of them, In a nation whose population is 9-to-1 1930. "Therefore, the destabilising g most heavily Negro of any big American city. 808,000 population, ranking ninth in size just not valid," he says. Missile defense does it is taken for granted that Negro voters, among all U.S. cities. not upset the mutual deterrence of the two outnumbering whites, would elect Negro Yet Washington today has 146,900 fewer sides. officials. whites than it had in 1940-and 183,200 fewer Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001.6 747 "It is my expectation that we will have a Negro for mayor," says Joseph Rauh, chair- man of Washington's Democratic Central Committee and a leading advocate of home rule. Whites also would be expected to give way to Negroes in other key posts-in the school system, police, and courts. This would make Washington the only major city in the world governed by Negroes. And the United States would be the only predoof its white nation with a Negro as eadminantlycapital. h Any new government in Washington would find itself beset by complex and growing problems, some of them unique. Crime, increasing at a rapid rate, makes Washington's streets among the most dan- gerous in the Nation. There is a strong and continuing migra- tion of white families from Washington to nearby suburbs in Maryland and Virginia. Washington is becoming to a large extent a city of aging white couples with few chil- dren and Negro families with many children. Washington schools-From 39 to 88 percent Negroes in 24 years 1940------ _-_ 1950--------- 1960-.------- 1964--------- Whit" pupils 56, 547 46.736 24,982 17, 673 Negro pupils 36,263 47,980 97,897 125, 016 Percent white 60.9 49.3 20.3 12.4 Percent negro 39. 1 50.7 79. 7 87.6 Source: District of Columbia Board of Education. Among those moving out of the city are many big taxpayers. Government is Washington's biggest in- dustry. The Federal Government owns 43 percent of the city's land area. Foreign gov- ernments, with their embassies and chan- ceries, also own sizable chunks of valuable real estate. So do religious, educational, and charitable organizations. Altogether 16,642 acres of Washington's land area are exempt from taxes. This is 54 percent of the city's total. This raises tax problems such as are faced these tax h exemptions cost the, city $53 a mil- lion tthea year in lost taxes. This loss is only partially made up by Federal contributions to the city, now running at a rate of $3..5 million a year. Many thousands of people who work in Washington don't live in the city. They commute from outlying suburbs-mostly by automobile. The Washington area has the Nation's greatest density of automobiles per square mile. It has no underground rail sys- tem. This means heavy spending for streets and bridges. Other Washington problems include a big relief load, rates of illegitimate births, and venereal disease that are among the highest in the Nation, and public schools so heavily Negro that they defy attempts to achieve a "racial balance" in enrollments. A CONSTRICTED C5TY Most cities, facing problems such as Wash- ington's, can expand by annexing suburbs, thus enlarging their tax base and reclaim- ing some of the taxpayers lost by migration from the city. . Washington can't do this. Its bound- aries-enclosing 69 square miles are fixed by Federal law. It is not a part of any State, so it cannot look to any State government for help. Until the 1930's, when the r'ederal Go Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RbP 7 00446R00 10004.0001-6 ~xringJ1n.the. fu uxeA . I. ask iraCY of Maine. 1- a Secretary of the Senate reported RECORD, as follows: - pagers, the Brunswick Record, and spe- llat on today, March 18, 1965, he pre- RESOLUTION 27090 cifically the issue of February 18, 1965. 'itlited to the President, of the United Resolution of the Council of the City of San There being no objection, the article -States the following, enrolled joint reso- Jose requesting the President of the United was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, "lotions. , States to enforce Federal laws in Selma, as follows: S+J R. . Joint reeOlution to alithoriZe a NEW SHRIMP PEELER HELPS KEEP FISHING the Iresident to designate the week, of May 2 Whereas the citizens of the city of San FLEET Busy trough May 8, 1965, as "Professional Pho- .'i~ggraphd Week": and zees in the city of Selma, Ala.; and delicacy to be savored only in hot sauce, l~lape cammemaratioa " Whereas were is existing Federal legisla- may be a common product of the sea an ADTIRSSES, EDITORIALS? ARTI- CLES l rC., PRINTED IN TE. AP- On request, and by unanimous con- sent, addresses, editorials, articles, etc., Were ordered to be printed in the Appen- dili, as follows: $y Mr. CASE : Excerpts from remarks, by Frederick H. Vroel,. president,'of; ,the New Jersey State -fiber. of Commerce, dealing with efforts Of New ' arsey citizens in connection with their recent visit to Alagoas, Brazil, pursuant ?6o the Partners for the Alliance program. Sy Mr. COTTON: Article on the financing of commercial supersonic transport aircraft, published in Aviation Week & Space Technology for Feb- ruary 8, 1965. 1`ly Mr. RANDOLPI;: Article entitled "Weston Man Is State's Most Dedicated Tourist Promoter," pub- lished in the_ClarkabuTg (W. Va.) Exponent, January 29, 1965. *y Mr ~I 1PRMOND : Article entttied "7.?giionstrators Win Big- gest Victory,'' written by David Lawrence and published in the Washington Evening Star of j arch 17, 1965. Article entitled "the .Great Risk, of the GreatSociety," written by Dr. Felix Morley and published in Nation's. Business for larch 1,965. =Article entitled "The.Phony Peace Drive," written by Thurman Sensing, executive vice president of the Southern States Industrial Council. Article on participation by clergy in dem- datrations at Selma, Ala? written by Rev. Charles 13, Nunn, Jr., and published in The bight for March 13, 2965. $yltfi; r'AsiBOROUQH: Article entitled "The Self-Renewing City,' published in the-January-March 1965 issue of the General Electric Forum. 1iy fir. PROVTY: Letter to hint dated March 1, 1965, from National Federation of Independent Busi- ness, reporting result of nationwide poll on Senate Resolution 30, to provide legislative authority for ,Senate Select Committee on Small Business. RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OFCITY OF SAN JOSE, CALIF., REQUEST- ING . I?RESIDEN' TO ENFORCE F1aDEILAL,LAWS IN SELMA, ALA.- RESOLUTION 1x0. tc JC IEL. Mr. President, the Cpuncil 4f the City, of San Jose, Calif., by un&l}ln us yotc,adopted a resolution on A~arg 8, expressing. its indignation at the recent convulsions and violence in Selma, Ala., and calling upon the Presi- tion which could be enforced, to insure to your table in the near future if plans con- our fellow countrymen the right of peaceful ceived by Guy Johnson, Jr., of Great Island, assembly and the right to participate in self- materialize. The knotty problem of separat- government through the power to vote: Now ing this delicacy from its shell has been therefore, pe it overcome by automated, machines and no Jose, That the President of the United States be requested to take action to stop the out- rageous mistreatment of American citizens by misguided local,and State officials in the State of Alabama, and to assure that the Constitutional rights of all citizens in all States are protected at all times. By Roy H. HUBBARD, Deputy. J. L. PAcE, M.D., Mayor. FRANCIS L. GREINER, City Clerk. CORRECTIONS OF THE RECORD Mr, PROUTY. Mr. President, the daily RECORD for March 16, 1965, at page 5080, in announcing the results of vote No. 37, contains an error which I think should be corrected. The RECORD now reads "so the amendments offered by Mr. CLARK and Mr. MURPHY were rejected en bloc." It should read "so the amendments of- fered by Mr. PROUTY and Mr. MURPHY were rejected en bloc." I ask unanimous consent that the per- manent RECORD be changed accordingly. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Bess in the chair). The correction will be made. - Mr. PROUTY. Mr. President, the daily RECORD for February 17, 1965, at page 2703 contains an error in the recording of my remarks. The RECORD reads: The maximum amount of the credit, how ever, would not exceed $25,000 plus 13/4 per- cent of the training expenses in excess of $25,000. The RECORD should read: The maximum amount of the credit, how- ever, would not exceed $25,000 plus 25 per- cent of the tax liability in excess of $25,000. I ask that this correction may be made in the permanent RECORD when it is printed The PRESIDIN( OFFICER, The cor- rection will be made. TRIBUTE TO GUY JOHNSON, JR. Mrs. SMITH. Mr. President, an ex- ample of Maine initiative and ingenuity at its best is the project of Guy Johnson, Jr., of Great Island, Maine, a neighbor of mine. He is developing a Maine shrimp Industry which promises to give Louisiana some competition. I., hope in preparing tnls rood. The automatic shrimp peeling machine in operation at Shrimp Lab Inc., at Great Island, takes an average of 2 minutes plus to process a shrimp ready for packaging and shipping to market. More than 25,000 pounds of this seafood has been shipped from this new sea processing plant with an estimated 100,000 pounds scheduled for next season. This operation has given a shot in the arm to local area fishermen with seven ;boats dragging- shrimps for the machine. Other shrimp dealers are sending their catch over to the machine for processing, finding it easier than other , m ethods being used. At an average 350 pounds per hour, this ma- chine and process promises good pay and a market for many boats without work dur- ing long winter months. NO EASY JOB Shrimping is not an easy job. It involves rising at the cold early morning hour of 2 a.m., steaming 10 to 20 miles offshore to the shrimp schools and putting in a long day that can run to 16 hours of labor. Add winter weather, the uncertain bottom that tears a net to tatters, and it is easy to see why shrimping is not considered an easy job. Markets and shrimp runs will affect the future of this business; however, at the pres- ent time there are some 40 boats dragging in the offshore waters. HOW LONG THE SHRIMP? This new technique has raised some ques- tions concerning the potential shrimp popu- lation. Will continued heavy dragging de- plete this food supply? This is speculation. Although this Gulf of Maine shrimp is not related to the Louisiana shrimp, it has been many years since the first southern shrimp was dragged from the bottom for human consumption and there seems to be no de- pletion of the southern supply. Gulf of Maine shrimp are smaller, some gourmets think tastier, and range from Cape Cod north. They are also found along the shores of Norway, Finland, and Denmark. In Nor- way, as a table delicacy they command $1.20 per pound in the American equivalent money. WHY FEMALES? One of the biggest handicaps in selling this, product. unpeeled has been the eggs on the shrimps. Shrimps are not male or fe- male as commonly designated, being both at some phase of their cycle. At the time they are caught by the draggers off the Maine Coast, they are female with eggs to prove it. These eggs have no eye appeal to the bar- gain hunting housewife as she peers into the fish market. In fact, they look dirty and hardly worth the effort to make them edible. Peeled shrimp have a ready market. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 RECORD ONGE - Ji;i, .i .~~7ivle ni. `i pril 22, 196 ...His patience, his justice, his honesty, his sleeping under a coverlet of snow; walking ieincerity conquered everyone who really miles to borrow a book and lying prone on knew him. Douglas, his rival in love, in the the floor to read it by the light of the blazing law, and in politics, pronounced him the honestest man he ever knew. Wendell Phil- lips, who bitterly assailed him because he was not an abolitionist, finally declared that he was "God given, God led, and God sus- tained." Seward, who at first thought lightly of him, lived to refer to him as a "man of destipy with character made and molded by divine power to save a nation," and Stanton, whose treatment of him when they first met was almost contemptuous, truly said, as the gentle spirit let the body, "Now he belongs to the ages." The rail splitter, the flatboat hand, had conquered them all, and the con- quest was complete and enduring. [Ap- plause.] Our country has been abundantly blest in the fact that it owes everything to the com- mon man, nothing to aristocracy or royalty. ,What an array of names-Columbus, Wash- ington, Franklin, Jefferson, Jackson, Lin- Coln-all springing from the common people, but none of them quite so near the common clay as this child of the frontier, this- "Kindly-earnest, brave, foreseeing man, Sagacious, patient, dreading praise, not blame, New birth of our new soil, this first Truly does the poet say he was new birth of our new soil. Generations separated him from the ways and the amenities of culti- vated society. He was so close to nature that, as another poet well says of him: "The color of the ground was in him-the red 'earth; The tang and odor of the primal things; The rectitude and patience of the rocks; The gladness of the wind that shakes the corn; The courage of the bird that dares the sea; The justice of the rain that loves all leaves; "The pity of the snow that hides all scars; The loving kindness of the wayside well- the tolerance and equity of light that gives as freely to The shrinking weed as to the great oak flar- ' 'ing in the wind- To the_ grave's low mound as to the Matter- horn That shoulders out the sky. "And when the, step of Earthquake shook the house, Wrenching the rafters from their ancient hold, He held the ridgepole up and spiked again The rafters of the Home, He held his place Held the long purpose like a growing tree- Held on through blame and faltered not at praise. And, when he fell, in whirlwind, he went . clown As when,a kingly cedar green with boughs Goes down with a great shout upon the hill, And lea s a lonesome _ place against the sky." Abraham Lincoln was'the very incarnation of the spirit of democracy, of the rule of the common people. His thoughts were their thoughts, their joys were his joys, and their sorrows were his, too. His sad, deep-fur-' rowed face was so marked with melancholy that he seemed to bear all the burdens of .people .~, `What a man,, and what a career. Just look for a moment with the eyes of your iinagina- tion and behold this awkward, barefoot, backwoods boy at 10 trying to do a man's .,part in the woods with his ax; living in a forest hut entirely open on one side; at alight dragging his tired frame to his attic nest of leaves by climbing on pegs driven into the logs, to find himself ere morning pine knots; wading waist deep through the wintry waters of a creek to rescue a worth- less dog; guiding a flatboat down the Mis- sissippi; making rails to fence the little farm on the Sangamon for his father and step- mother before leaving them to make his own way in the world, before starting out at 22 on the quest for the road leading to that figurative ladder on which he was destined to climb so high. Again see him start from Springfield on a flatboat trip to New Orleans; see him find a way to extricate the stranded boat when older and more experienced men fail, just as later on, in affairs of greater moment, he always found a way; see him as grocer's clerk treating all with rigid, scru- pulous honesty, walking 3 miles before breakfast to bring to a customer the modi- cum of tea which the accidental use of a wrong weight deprived her of the evening before; see him postmaster, with the mail in his. hat, and see him laying away at the end of his term the very pennies which belonged to the Government, to be produced years afterwards when called on for a settle- ment. Step by step see him progress on the toilsome way, now, storekeeper, now surveyor, soldier, politician, and lawyer, but ever and always faithful student, good citizen, and honest man. [Applause.] Then see him arrive in Springfield at the age of 28, bringing with him little credit, and less money, and riding a borrowed horse. See him gradually rise, gaining steadily in public estimation. See him in the State legislature and in Congress, and when the question of slavery extension becomes acute see him challenge for a joint discussion his opponent for senatorial honors, the ablest debater of his day, Stephen A. Douglas, the little giant of the Prairie State. The whole civilized world knows the result of that de- bate. Likea skillful general Lincoln so directed the course of the contest that he lost a skirmish in order to win a battle. He was beaten for the Senatorship only to gain the Presidency. On May 18, 1860, he was nominated by the national convention of his party at Chicago, and duly elected in November. On the 11th of the following February he departed from his Springfield home never to return alive. I can see in imagination the parting scene. In a pouring rain he stood bareheaded on the coach ,platform at the old Wabash depot and bade goodby to his friends and neigh- bors. Listen to him: "My friends, no one not in my situation can appreciate my feeling of sadness at this parting. To this place and the kindness of these people I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have passed from a young man to an old man. Here my children were born, and one is buried. I now leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may return, with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Wash- ington. Without the assistance of that Divine Being who ever attended him I can- not succeed. With that assistance I cannot fail. Trusting in Him who can go with me and remain with you and be everywhere for good, let us confidently hope that all will yet be well. To His care commending you, as I hope in your prayers you will com- mend me, I bid you an affectionate farewell." [Applause.] How touching how sincere, how full of faith'-fn dod. `And the language itseff -how rhythmic,'' how direct, how simple it is. Where did this man, who scarcely entered the schoolhouse and knew not the college or the university, get this magnificent, this perfect command of language? How and where and when did he master that elusive thing called style so thoroughly that some of his letters and speeches adorn the walls of great insti- 7'9'' tutions of learning as specimens of perfect English? Let me read to you his letter to Mrs. Bixley, which both graces and adorns a wall of Oxford University as a specimen of perfect composition: "DEAR MADAM: I have been shown in the files of the War Department a statement of the adjutant general of Massachusetts that you are the mother of five sons who have -died gloriously on the field of battle. I feel how weak and fruitless must be any words of mine which should attempt to beguile you from a loss so everwhelming, but I cannot refrain from tendering you the consolation that may be found in the thanks of the Re- public they died to save. I pray our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the cher- ished memory of the loved and lost and the solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice on the altar of free- dom." [Applause.] His Gettysburg address is conceded to be the best short speech in the language, but short as it is and excellent as it is, I shall not now ask you to listen to it. Indeed, were I to indulge in quoting specimens of his eloquence, I should find no reasonable stop- ping place. I cannot, however, resist the impulse to quote the prophecy which con- cludes his first inaugural: "I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature." [Applause.] And may I not also recite the hymn with which he closes his second inaugural? "With malice toward none, with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the Nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan-to do all things which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations." [Applause.] What rhythm, what patriotism. If we did not know that his spare moments from boyhood up were given to the study of the Bible and to the companionship of Aesop and Bunyan and Defoe and Burns and Shakespeare, we might well exclaim as did the doctors and the scribes of old concern- ing Him who spake as man never spake, "Whence bath this man letters, having never learned?" But we know that his mastery of his native tongue, the only one he knew, did not come unsought. It was acquired by per- sistent and resolute effort, and was tinged and tempered by the tenderness of a nature filled with love for God and man and country. It reflected his patience, his fortitude, his fidelity, his absolute fairness and sense of justice, as well as his courage, sincerity, and resolution. In short, with him, as with every master of diction, the style bespoke the man. Almost 47 years have come and gone since the fateful night when the hand of a poor deluded lunatic, without a moment's notice or a word of warning, struck him down. What a shock he,gave the world and what a cruel wound he thus inflicted on the torn and bleeding Southland. By that blow he struck down the only man who had the strength and the will to stay the ruthless hands of those greedy and unscrupulous ad- venturers who, at the close of the war, promptly proceeded to plunder the stricken South. I give it as the opinion of his life- long friends in Springfield that Lincoln never lost his love and sympathy for his native Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 :. I1DP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSI9N CORD - SENATE April 22, 1965 $outhlarld, and that had he lived he would, SENATOR D never have , permitted the reign of robbery and ruin' which" that fair land experienced 1. 4. days. The hand, the only hand, which had the strength to save them was paralyzed in death by one who vainly imagined he was aiding their cause. As for Lincoln, it was far beyond the poor power of the assassin to rob him. of' one tittle of his fame. Indeed, he added the one thing needed, if anything were needed, to enshrine his memory forever in the hearts of the American people, and that was the martyr's crown. And for this he chose, most opportunely, the moment when his victim had reached the summit, nay, the very zenith of his fame. The war was practically over. The dove of peace' hovered over the land. The Union was Saved. Government of the `people, by the people, and for the people had not`per- shed.from the earth. The ship of state was safe at anchor.. The, shackles were stuck from the, limbs of 4 mill!Qp slaves. Anc' the people gave 'Lincoln credit for it all. The World was dlled with the sound of' his praises.' His feet were on the topmost round of fame 'q ladder.. Millions of his couz}try- men would cheerfOily have laid down their lives to save his life. There was little glory, left for hin} to gain,. and then, lest he trip and stumble, fate closed and sealed , the splendid record. With what dramatic force Walt Whitman tells the pathetic story: "0'Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is The ship' has weathered every rack,' the prize we sought is won. The port is near; the bells I hear, the peo- ple all exulting. But Oh heart! heart! heart! Oh the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. "0 Captain! my Captainl rise up and hear Rise up-for you the flag is flung-for` you the bugle thrills, For. you bouquets and ribboned wreaths- for you the shore's acrowding, For, you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning; Here Captain! dear father! This arm beneath your head! It is some .dream that on the deck 'You've fallen cold and dead. "My captain does not answer, his lips' are pale and still, My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will, The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done, From fearful.trip the victor ship comes in With object won! Exult, Oh, shores, and ring, Oh, bells! But I, with mournful tread, Walk the deck my Captain lies Fallen cold and dead," In the very heyday of his fame he fell at the post of duty; and so we shall always think of him as he, was at his best, not a single shadow, not a single blur, not a single flaw in the picture. As the years file slowly past, as we get further And.further away from his time and see him in clearer and truer perspective, his splendid moral and intellectual proportions, his patience, his fidelity, his sense of justice, his foresight, his charity, his patriotism- in a word his greatness-become more and More apparent. In a spirit of patriotic devotion, imbued with a feeling of profound gratitude for the blessing of a reunited country under the old flag, let us reverently bless God that He vouchsafed us such a captain to direct' the ship of state at such a time. [Prolonged EN'S RECORD ON IMMIGRATION LAWS Mr. rXERKSEN. Mr. President, the Constitution of the United States pro- vides for the right of citizens to petition their Government on any given subject. Many citizens and organizations literally flood Congress with petitions and letters which are seriously considered by Mem- bers of Congress when they are of merit. My office receives as much mail as any in Congress. Recently, there was a serious abuse of the right of petition when Mr. Joseph De Serto, secretary, Chicago chapter, American Committee on Italian Migration, rather than writing me di- reCtl.y for comment, inserted an open letter to me in Fra Noi in the April 1965 issue which.was based on a false premise and would definitely mislead the readers who were extended an invitation by the newspaper to send the open letter to me with a notation, "These are my senti- ments too," with the signature and ad- dress of the sendor. The open letter by Mr. De Serto was so written that it created inferences and innuendos which made it appear that I and some of my Republican colleagues in Illinois were against liberalized quotas and other provisions to amend our immi- gration laws, where Mr. De Serto knows- and so do all nationality groups inter- ested in immigration know-of my rec- ord for liberalized immigration quotas as noted in my Senate bill, S. 2178-1959- which was killed in a Democratic con- trolled Congress. It seems unnecessary for me, a son of immigrant parents, whose strong record in, helping the passage of civil rights legislation in 1957, 1960, 1964, and 1965; whose continuous efforts to get passage of Senate resolutions of freeing captives behind the Iron Curtain as expressed in Senate Concurrent Resolutions 6 and 10, and whose strong activity in liberalized immigration bills, to enumerate my rec- ord as to favorable liberalized immigra- tion laws, but I shall do so even though many nationality groups and religious faiths have honored me with plaques and citations for my efforts on immigration. For example, Mr. De Serto's organization had this to say on a bronze plaque which his organization gave me in 1958 which is prominently displayed in my office: AWARD OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE ON ITALIAN MIGRATION NATIONAL CATHOLIC RE- SETTLEMENTCOUNCIL, PRESENTED TO THE HONORABLE EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN In recognition of his dedication to the principles and ideals upon which America was'founded; for outstanding contributions to the welfare of his fellow men; for cham- pioning the liberalization of our immigration laws and, particularly, for his many labors and selfless services which have furthered the migration, reception and resettlement of Italians in this country. JVVENAL MARCHISCO, National Chairman. Rev. CAESAR DONANZAN, P.S.S.C., National Executive Secretary. Given under the auspices of the Chicago ACIM chapter on the 16th day of February in the year of our Lord 1958. The record shows that both the Dis- placed Persons Act-1948--and the Refu- gee Act-1953-were passed by a Re- publican-controlled Congress which en- abled many Italian, Greek, Jewish, and other immigrants to come to America as displaced persons and refugees. I stand on my record an good and liberal imnlli- gration law amendments just as I stand on my record by introducing Senate Concurrent Resolution 6 and Senate Concurrent Resolution 10, in helping people all over the world who are cap- tives behind the Soviet communistic Iron Curtain, in their efforts to become freemen and free nations again; and my record in advancing the cause of civil rights of all people regardless of their race, nationality, religion, or creed. As the ranking Republican on the Sen- ate Immigration Subcommittee and the Senate Judiciary Committee which have jurisdiction over immigration and nat- uralization and refugee matters, I shall always support appropriate immigration legislation. I wish to assure all of the 40 groups who attend meetings of the Committee for a Fair U.S. Immigration Law, that my record on immigration is public for all to see. I ask unanimous consent that a list of the immigration bills introduced by me in the Senate, together with a copy of the letter to which I have referred, be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the list and letter were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION INTRODUCED BY SENATOR DIRSSEN THE 85TH CONGRESS January 7, 1957: S. 129, a bill to amend the act of September 3, 1954 (68 Stat. 1145), and for other purposes. June 19, 1957: S. 2335, a bill to amend sec- tion 239 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes. June 24, 1957: S. 2369, a bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes. August 14, 1957: S. 2792, a bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes. (Supersedes S. 129 and S. 2369.) Became public law. March 3, 1958: S. 3392, a bill to amend section 212 of the Immigration and Nation- ality Act, as amended-adjustment of status of Hungarian refugees for permanent resi- dence. THE 86TH CONGRESS January 20, 1959: S. 504, a bill to amend section 239 of the Immigration and Na- tionality Act, and for other purposes. (Same as S. 2335, 85th Cong.) June 15, 1969: S. 2178, a bill to amend titles I, II, and III of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes (Ei- senhower administration bill). March 18, 1960: S. 3225, a bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act so as to modernize and liberalize the quota system and provide for the admission of persecuted peoples, and for other purposes (Eisenhower administration's proposal to liberalize na- tional origins quota system). THE 87TH CONGRESS May 4, 1961: S. 1809, a bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act. July 12, 1961: S. 2237, a bill to permit the entry of certain eligible alien orphans-ex- tension of the adoption orphan law. I have introduced also many private im- migration bills, most of which were enacted into law, to enumerate. I suppose my of- flee handles as many individual immigratidn cases as any of the Senators from the larger States covering all phases of immigration Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 April 22, 1965 Approved; For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67BG0446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE from each of our several States. Here stand the forms and figures of two giants of by- gone days who trod this soil, and who live in history. One is that of Junipero Serra, lowly Franciscan friar, who brought Christianity to this land, who built our missions, and who early undertook to transform great tracts of semidesert lands into gardens, by ingenious and successful undertakings to conserve the precious waters, which, then as now, too infrequently fell from the sky. The other is that of Thomas Starr King, a Unitarian minister who, a century ago, saved California for the Union in the tormenting and bloody conflict between the States. In September 1862, Reverend King spoke before the San Joaquin Valley agricultural system in Stockton. He sketched, for those who gathered, the glories of our State. He spoke of "an artist's dream" of what California might look like a hundred years hence. In his mind's eye, he saw long ribbons of fields of grapes and grains-of houses grouped and hamlets booming-of villages with spires and cities of columns. He described the millions Who would live here in 1962. But in all the dreams which Thomas Starr King dreamed that day in Stockton long ago, he could not have dreamed by the wildest stretch of his imagination, all the wonders of our State in the 1960's, of the fantastic and endless mass migration to our midst, bringing millions upon millions of new residents, to achieve an imposing leadership in agriculture, in industry, in business, in science, in trans- portation, in outer space, in education, in development, and human progress, which, all together, have made this State first in the Nation. In all our State's history down to today, the leaders of our communities have had a thirst for progress which has remained unslaked, and whose dreams for our future reach out to touch the moon and the stars. As a Californian, as the son of a Cali- fornian, as a grandson of an immigrant who came here from across the seas to be a Cali- fornian, I have the same pride that is yours in what has been accomplished, and in what surely will be our constant forward march in the decades ahead. From the very beginning a basic problem facing this and land of ours has been water, mostly too little, occasionally too much. I mentioned what really were irrigation proj- ects of Junipero Serra's time. Parts of them still remain near the mission in Santa Bar- bara. In the history of southern California, our growth has ever been controlled by our supply of water. There never has been any abundance. Our artesian wells, which I re- member as a boy, are long since gone. Pumps have reached ever deeper in the ground. Salt water intrusion from the ocean has been a menacing problem for many of our coastal cities. Indeed, had it not been, since the 1870's, for the continuing impor- tation of water from the great Colorado River, our growth would have been stunted, and our future would have been bleak. There would be no giant, Metropolitan Los Angeles as we know it, were it not for this water supply from beyond our State borders. Men who were leaders in this city in bygone days, to their infinite credit, planned for the future and carried their plans into real- ity. An epoch was reached for California. in 1928 when that superb leader, the late, great Senator Hiram Johnson, was finally able to overcome embittered opposition, and to obtain passage of the bill authorizing construction of Hoover Dam. That massive people's project, with the water and the power which it supplies to Los Angeles and to the Southland, represents, I think, the difference between economic life and death in our farflung empire south of the Tehachapi Mountains. This Federal water and power project and the hundreds of mil- lions of dollars which the Federal Govern- ment has invested in it, almost all of which is being repaid by you and me who reap its 7961 AN OPEN LETTER Subject: Immigration; Senate bill, S. 500; House bill, H.R. 2680. Hon. EvERErr M. DIEKSEN, Senate Office Building; Washington, D.C. DEAR MR, SENATOR: As an American, de- scendant of a. people from southeastern Europe, I must register a protest against the misinformation and half-truths being circu- lated by the enemies of any form of immi- gration to the United States. Those people who preach a master race theory that the greatness of my country is due only to Anglo-Saxon Protestants forget that I know about such people as Christo- pher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, Cabot, Einstein, Fermi, La Salle, Lafayette, Salo- mon, Mazzei, Dubinsky, Teller, Astor, Cudahy, and Pupin to mention only a few. I am ready to give the Anglo-Saxon Prot- estants their due credit, but I believe the people mentioned above and the many thou- sands of others who were not of Anglo-Saxon Protestant, heritage all contributed to the greatness of my country. We fought a terrible and costly war to dis- prove the "master race" theory. Let's keep it out of our own boundaries. "Let's not open the floodptes," scream others, Let them rave and rant-we know that the proposed bills will not increase the number of permitted entry under this law by more than 7,000 or 8,000-which is about a 51/2 percent increase according to good old U.S.A. arithmetic. "Labor is against it-it will create greater unemployment" is the claim of still others. Wrong. Labor is not against it as witness the statement of the AFL-CIO Executive Council on Immigration at its Bal Harbour, Fla., meeting on February 25, 1965. With regard to the creation of more unem- ployment, we refer you to the article from the Wall Street Journal-"Severe labor short- age develops at many firms as the boom rolls on' which was spread on the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD (p. A1009, Mar. 8, 1965) at the request of Congressman THOMAS B. CuRTIS, Of Missouri. We 'are sure, Senator, that you know the true ' facts. Can we count on your support and the prestige of your minority leadership to bring about a fair and equitable immigra- tion law for which Americans can be proud? Sincerely, JOSEPH DE SERTO, Secretary, Chicago Chapter, American Committee on Italian Migration. COOPERATION BETWEEN ARIZONA AND CALIFORNIA RELATIVE TO THE PROBLEM OF WATER SHORT- AGE Mr. KUCHEL. Mr. President, on Monday, April 12, I spoke before the annual meeting of the board of directors of the Southland Water committee in the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles. Among other subjects I spoke on the growing problem of water shortage from the Colorado .River. With great pride I pointed out that two great American States, Arizona and California, are work- ing together for their common good. I ask unanimous consent that a portion of the text of my remarks on that occasion be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the excerpt was, Q'dered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows PARTIAL TEXT OF REMARKS BY U.S. SENATOR THOMAS H. KVCtIEL Statuary Hall in our Nation's Capitol in Washington, D.C., holds the likeness in stone and bronze of the two most illustrious people fornia's burgeoning economy. It points the way to satisfying the future needs not alone of California but of the entire Pacific South- west area as well. I must add that north of the Tehachapi Mountains vast and vital Federal reclama- tion works, built and building, have brought economic viability and growth to the areas they serve. The Central Valley project has assured the future of our northern cities and towns. It has transformed barren lands into hundreds of thousands of lush agricul- tural acres and new communities. Water shortage is not a problem in the north. Rather it is a problem of water conservation and water control. All credit to the people of California, north and south, for the ex- penditures they have made, and the in- debtedness they have readily assumed, to help plan for an expanded tomorrow. And all credit, too, to the Government of the United States whose repayable investments in multipurpose reclamation projects have opened new horizons for our people. The story I have to tell today deals in the main with southern California, and the questions of an adequate future water sup- ply to meet the needs. of the additional millions of citizens who will live here with us as the years go by. It is the story in great part of the waters of the Colorado River which are being used, and will be used in greater quantity, by Utah, Colorado, Wyo- ming, and New Mexico, the so-called Upper Colorado River Basin States, and by Arizona, Nevada, and California, the so-called Lower Basin States, as well. They will continue to be used also by our neighbors in Mexico with whom we have a treaty obligation to furnish annually a usable supply. The American States through which the river wends its way are tied together by an agreement, called the Colorado River Com- pact, which seeks equitably to divide the supply. The fact is, as the Upper Basin States develop their own necessary projects, the supply available to the lower basin will diminish. But, at the same time, Cali- fornia will need more water to sustain her growth. So, indeed, will Arizona, and Ne- vada, too. I think it a good rule of life that when you can help your neighbor, you should seek to do so, and that when you and your neighbor, working together, can help each other, without damaging either, there are two reasons to do so. In a word, that is the basis on which, at long last, Arizona and California came into an agreement this year. I do not wish to burden my comments with statistics or by a discussion of com- plex legal questions and formulas. Suffice to say, that California, long ago, was re- quired to place a ceiling on the amount of river water it would use as a prerequisite to the construction of Hoover Dam. The Cali- fornia Legislature in 1929 imposed a limita- tion of 4.4 million acre-feet of river water per year out of the first 7.5 mililon-acre feet available in the Lower Basin, plus one-half of any excess or surplus water over and above that amount. In that connection, the U.S. Supreme Court decree, in Arizona v. California, holds that if sufficient mainstream water is avail= able for release to satisfy 7.5 million acre- feet of annual consumptive use, the waters shall be apportioned 4.4 million to California, 2.8 million to Arizona, 300,000 to Nevada. California actually is using, and has been using, Colorado River water in excess of 5.1 million acre-feet each year and our actual contracts with the Secretary of the Interior for Colorado River deliveries total 5,362,000 acre-feet per year. The day after the Supreme Court decree, March 10, 1964, the two Arizona Senators introduced a bill to construct the central Arizona project and to create a new demand on the river of 1.2 million acre-feet per year of Colorado water. I offered an amendment to that legislation providing that .in times Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 7962 Approved FQr Release 2004/01116: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 !, C0NGKESS.10NAL, RECORD - SENATE April 22, 196'5 of scarcity the existing uses of Colorado River water i;i Arizona and in Oalifornia to the, ex- tent of. 44 Ilion acre-feet would be~ given priority. Some people in dalifornia urged that my ,amendment terminate after 2 years, Their theory was that Congress would provide California With additional water within such a period of time, _ut that is a bad theory. Anyway, if Congress were to do so, no harm Would result from my amendment. Contra- Wise, if Congress failed to do so, only one State would suffer if the waters in the river diminished. Our water agencies objected to a 2~5-year guarantee. So did I. I suggested that it was like selling a man a life insur- an.Ce policy which provided that the policy would lapse if the insured individual were The truth is that it is becoming increas- Ing difficult to enact giant water projects. And I must frankly say that there are peo- ple in Washington, in and out of Congress, who are somewhat averse to passing any legislation helpful to our State. They are Blind to the fact that our State's popula- tiolk increases 600,000 a year. They pooh- pooh the fact that tens of thousands of our school children attend school,or;ly half clays because of a lack of facilities. At any rate, there is a growing danger of shortage in the river. Some day, and not too far in the future, the Pacific Southwest is going to require the importation of sup- plemental water from some surplus northern source in order to unshackle our otherwise Inevitable future, growth. And It is going to take the best exertions of all the States involved, and not just California, to enact the necessary Federal statutes, All the Col- orado River States shaze this problem in varying degrees. And it will be far better, and the chances, of legislative success will be far greater, If the States work together 'ef- fectively rather than be ready to pounce at each other's'throats. Where there is a risk, common to two Stites or more, should not the risk be shared? If there is danger to two people, or to two States, why should one alone face it. Should they not stand together to repel it? That is the ?position of your southern California water agencies, a position which I wholeheartedly accepted, from, the begin- Several weeks ago in Washington, Secre- tary of the Interior Udall called a meeting, attended by Governor Brown, of California; Governor Goddard, of Arizona; Senators HLYDEiv, and FANNIN, of Arizona; and myself. My California colleague, Senator MURPHY, was unavoidably . absent but his views and mine are the same, and I spoke for both of us. We discussed the obvious need for ad ditional water supply to both our States. I am glad to say it was agreed that, at long last, Arizona and California should join forces as good comrades and friends, and that we should together seek the means, by which to , avoid a, shortage of water In the river in the. years and generations ahead. We generally recognized that existing uses of Colorado River water in both Arizona and California ought to receive protection over new uses which would come into existence, when, for example, the $1 billion central Arizona project would be built, as we know it must and should be built. As a result of that meeting, legal repre- sentativesof those in attendance and of our water agencies met to draft a bill. Here (I wish to pay tribute to a great water lawyer, Northcutt Ely, whose experience, Whose skill, and whose Indefatigable energy, have been Of enormous benefit to our cause. He has performed valiant service to our State. He was the leader in drafting the present bill, and his advice has been of fin-, measurable assistance to all of us who have laboreQ to find a fair and equitable answer to a long and bitter struggle, I must, too, give thanks to your own Bob Will whose fidelity to this cause has been constant, and whose help has been invaluable. The guarantee to California of 4.4 million acre-feet of Colorado River water annually was written into, the draft legislation. This proposed legislation recognizes the validity and, the integrity of California's claim. It provides that if there is insufficient Colo- rado River water to supply 7.5 million acre- feet of consumptive use, divergence to the central Arizona project shall be reduced to the extent necessary to supply 4.4 million acre-feet of existing uses and decreased rights In California and to supply similar existing uses and rights in Arizona and Nevada as well. It further provides that this protec- tion shall remain in force until the Presi- dent proclaims that additional public works carry into the river, from an outside source, 2.5 million acre-feet of supplemental water. Thus, this proposal gives to California a guarantee against new water demands which the central Arizona project will create. And when finally surplus waters in the north are transported thousands of miles into the Colorado River main stream, by a new re- payable multibillion-dollar Federal under- taking, California's future requirements, far in excess of 4.4, will be met by the Colorado River and by the supplemental waters which will be poured into this selfsame stream. On February 8, I introduced this legisla- tion for myself and Senator MURPHY. It was subsequently Introduced by all 3 Arizona Representatives and by 33 of California's 38 Representatives. The two Governors have publicly endorsed it. Senator HAYDEN has stated that he will, support it, as has Sen- atorFANNIN as well. They have not, how- ever, placed their names on the bill as co- authors, though, as I say, their Governor has endorsed it, and their Arizona colleagues have all introduced the same bill. A few days ago, Senator HAYDEN, Governor Goddard and I met with President Johnson. The President indicated an interest in ap- proving my bill. He instructed his staff to confer with the Budget Bureau and the Sec- retary of the Interior to discuss the eco- nomics of the legislation, relative to the Bureau's report which must be made. I venture, to hope that the executive branch will sanction this undertaking. If that is done, I think the Representatives in the Con- gress of all theBasin States may wellgive their approval. We will need all the help we can get. The construction of the central Arizona project will be the first in a series of author- izations which finally will bring new water into the mainstream of the lower basin. Scar- city would be avoided, and the apprenhen- sions of the Upper Basin States would be allayed. Our obligation to Mexico would be fulfilled, and all the States along the river could far better plan for their future water needs. I think the agreement of our two States is a happy and auspicious development. We can now work together for the good of both. All the imprecations and bitterness of bygone years may how be swept away. As good neighbors, Arizona and California can work for the development and progress of both our people, and a brighter light will shine upon our future. We may look forward with considerable assurance to an increas- ing, rather than a dwindling, water supply. The magnet which has drawn, and is draw- ing, millions of people to this corner of the continent, does not seem to be losing its power. If we can solve the problem of an adequate water supply, then the 40 million Californians, who will call this State their home in the year 2000, will fulfill the hopes and dreams we proudly and fondly have for NEGOTIATIONS TO BRING ABOUT A PEACEFUL, JUST, AND HONOR- ABLE SETTLEMENT IN VIETNAM Mr. AIKEN. Mr. President, few Sena= tors, and few people of the United States have as full an understanding of foreign affairs and how to get along with the peo7 pie of other countries as has the Senator from Kentucky [Mr. COOPER]. There., fore, I believe it is particularly appropri- ate at this time to have printed in the RECORD an editorial which was published in the Gleaner-Journal, of Henderson, Ky., on Friday, April 9, 1965. I ask unanimous consent that it be printed. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: SENATOR COOPER's TIMELY ADDRESS On March 25, Kentucky's JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, in a speech before the Senate, asked President Johnson to make it clear that our Government was willing to enter into nego- tiations to bring about a peaceful, just, and honorable settlement in Vietnam. On April 7, a little more than 2 weeks later, President Johnson has followed up on Sena= for COOPER'S request. The President said in a televised speech Wednesday night that the United States is ready to begin, without prior conditions, diplomatic discussions to end the war in Vietnam. Though the President said that our Gov- ernment has been willing to conduct such negotiations before, he has never said this publicly. Previously, as Senator COOPER. pointed out, the United States has imposed certain con: ditions before any negotiations could be started. The Communist Chinese and the North Vietnamese said that the United States would have to pull out of Vietnam before negotiations could begin. Quite naturally, our Government cannot agree to any such notion. But the United States imposed its own condition, namely, that the interven- tion and aggression of North Vietnam must cease before negotiations start. Senator COOPER noted that in this atmos- phere, both sides were seeking "a kind of unconditional surrender. I believe it more reasonable to say that we are prepared to enter into true negotiations." Recalling events leading up to the cease. fire in Korea, COOPER noted that neither side in that conflict imposed previous conditions prior to the negotiations. "Through negotiations, the .effort was made to attain the objectives that we still seek today," said COOPER. Every American ought to realize that the United States "can never accept the condi- tions now imposed by the Communists * * and it is reasonable to say that they will not accept ours. There is no evidence that the Communists are willing to negotiate at all or that they will agree to any settlement which would end their support of the so- called war of national liberation which they have initiated," said COOPER. But a formal announcement by the Presi4 dent that the United States is willing to negotiate without prior conditions would clear the air. President Johnson has now made such an announcement. The Gleaner-Journal commends Senator COOPER for his very timely speech in the Sen ate. There is no doubt that the speech had a beneficial effect on U.S. policy. Kentuckians can be grateful that Senator COOPER is on the alert in following foreign relations policy. His remarks triggered wide, comment. The fact that our Government has altered its course is indicative of the' Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 pproved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 April ,2,2,, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE 7979 through them, the entire Orthodox Jewish Community of Greater Washington, un- qualifiedly supports S. 370, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, We share with all Americans of every race and creed the vital interest all have in improving the quality of public and private education and making knowledge fully available to the future generations of this country's citizens. There can, indeed, be no more certain insur- ance for the continued prosperity and well- being of the United States than a firm com- mitment of this Nation's resources toward the goal of superior educational opportunity for all. We view the proposed legislation as a sound and necessary step in that direction. Our religious heritage also gives us a particular interest in this legislation. The Jewish people have come to be known as the "People of the Book," and our traditions have taught us reverence for learning and for scholarship, of both secular and religious. As Orthodox Jews we are concerned not only with training our children in the sciences and humanities, but in transmitting to them an understanding of and appreciation for the Jewish traditions which have kept our faith alive for almost the full recorded his- tory of man. Experience has demonstrated that the most effective means of achieving this dual result is through the Jewish Day Schools, which supply children of the Jew- ish faith with a comprehensive secular edu- cation side-by-side with a Jewish religious program of study. There are now 272 such schools throughout the United States-two of which are in Washington, D.C.-and they operate autonomously as privately spon- sored institutions supported by tuition-pay- ing parents and voluntary contributors. These schools maintain exceedingly high standards in both their curriculums, and their graduates have distinguished them- selves in various professions and community positions as well as in Jewish religious life. The proposed legislation would alleviate the financial burden now borne by the par- ents of the children attending these schools, most of whom are of moderate means. It would do so by providing library and other books to be used in the secular curriculum of those schools, and by allowing the day schools, together with other public and pri- vate schools, to use the facilities of supple- mentary educational centers which could make available laboratories and other facili- ties, supplies, or services which strain the modest budgets of these institutions. Since the day schools provide a secular education which is equal to that given students in public or nonsectarian private schools, it is only fair to allot equal Federal assistance for these community services. Any exclusion for schools of this character from a program of Federal assistance for secular education merely because these schools offer, in the same building and as a part of the same day's course of study, classes aimed at fos- tering appreciation for and observance of Jewish traditions, would penalize children because of their faith. We believe that the first amendment's guarantee for the free exercise of religion as surely forbids such discrimination as does its prohibition against the establishment of religion proscribe di- rect support for any single religious cause. The present legislation, S. 370, insures equal treatment for all institutions which mold our country's destiny by educating future generations in the sciences, humani- ties, and in the principles of loyal American citizenship. Since Federal assistance is nec- essary and since the legislation's standard is, in our view, one of the few permissible ones by which such assistance can be distributed, we unqualifiedly support S. 370 and urge its adoption. PROPOSED AMENDMENT OF HATCH ACT Mr. BREWSTER. Mr. President, some time ago, I introduced S. 1474 which would establish a bipartisan Com- mission of 12 members, including 2 from the Senate and 2 from the House, to sug- gest ways in which the Hatch Act might be amended to enable Government em- ployees to participate more fully in civic and political affairs locally. I am happy to report that the chair- man of the Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections of the Rules Committee, the Senator from Nevada [Mr. CANNON], has agreed to hold early hearings on this measure. I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD an editorial pub- lished in the Washington Evening Star on April 14, 1965, supporting the measure which would establish such a Commis- sion. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: BACK TO THE HATCH ACT In refusing to authorize Government workers to participate in purely local poli- tics on a partisan basis, the Civil Service Commission did not specifically contest the good sense of that proposal. But it passed the buck, with the comment that such a change should "more appropriately be con- sidered by Congress." This is a disappointment. For surely the spirit of the Hatch Act, and of the safeguards which that statute provides for the Federal career service, would not be abused by a Government employee who takes an active part in the local political affairs of his com- munity. The fact is, of course, that some Government workers already do so. But they are forced, as the rules now stand, to circumvent the normal political structure and to participate only under the label of nonpartisan organizations. In an area such as Washington's, where so many citizens are affiliated with the Government, the effect is to sharply diminish the base of effective local leadership. The Civil Service Commission position is, as we understand it, that this issue ought to be considered as part of a review of the Hatch Act as a whole. And such a review, along the lines proposed in a bill by Senator BREWSTER of Maryland, is no doubt in order after all these years. But the trouble is that an extensive review and overhaul of the act is also an exceed- ingly complex proposition, on which Con- gress is not apt to complete any legislative action soon. Local political leaders, who are seeking a simple change in the civil service regulations to deal with the problem of local political participation, have now asked Com- mission Chairman John Macy for a hearing in order to further discuss the proposal. We think that request, at least, should be granted. THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MAS- SACRE OF ARMENIANS BY TURKS Mrs. SMITH. Mr. President, the 50th anniversary of the Turkish genocide of the Armenians brings to mind not only the great self-sacrifice of this virile though ancient nation in the interest of virtuous government and human rights, but the important contributions made by the Armenians to the Allied war effort of 1915-18 as "The Little Ally" of the West. The Armenians, although the small- est of the Allied nations to participate in the struggle against Germany and Turkey in World War I, contributed more to the Allied cause in terms of cas- ualties than any other single allied state, large or small. which-includes the remarks of Dr. James A. Sensenbaugh, Maryland's distin- guished superintendent of schools, printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: IN A COUNTRY SCHOOL It was wholly. In keeping with his rural up- bringing for President Johnson to go back to the one-room country schoolhouse in Texas, where he began the long climb to- ward learning, to sign the bill authorizing the vast new program of Federal aid to edu- cation. The one-room schoolhouse has long since passed from the lives of most of the Americans living today, but for men and women of the President's generation who were raised on farms the small rural school will always stand as a symbol of many funda- mental aspects of education, such as the skill and devotion of teachers, the long-last- ing effect that capable instructors exert on their pupils, and the fact that books and teachers are more valuable than big, new buildings. The new bill and the boys and girls it is Intended to help have little more than his- tory in common with the one-room country schoolhouse. But history is important, and the contrast 'between Mr. Johnson's old school and the complex of modern prob- lems-centering in the cities-toward which the Federal bill is directed helps to under- line the fact that this is a major program which now challenges the ingenuity of State and city educators as much, if not more, than a roomful of_ lively boys and girls, ranging from the first to the eighth grades, challenged the country schoolteacher. The bill is not intended to relieve States or communities of their present burdens, but to help them to do more and better work in areas which need attention. Its emphasis is on low-income families which may be aided, by new measures ranging from preschool education to efforts to reduce early teenage dropouts, to lift themselves and their chil- dren from the poverty level. There is a dif- ference of opinion, of course, abqut the bill's special provisions under which parochial school pupils may benefit-and this may not be settled until the issue has been tested Iii court-but for the time being the significance of the bill is that it will make Federal funds available where outside help seems to be needed. Dr. James A. Sensenbaugh, Maryland's superintendent of schools, deserves special mention for his comment yesterday. He said that educators have always said In the past that they couldn't do what they wanted to do with the money they were given. Now, he said,. "we have an obligation to use our best thinking to come up with new Ideas." That kind of an approach, and emphasis on the point that initiative should come from the community rather than from the Federal Government, will help to justify the bill and quiet the fears of citizens who feel that today, as in the time of the one-room schoolhouse, education should begin as close to home as possible. Mr. BREWSTER. Mr. President, I also ask unanimous consent to have the recently adopted statement of the Coun- cil of Orthodox Synagogues of Greater Washington in support of S. 370 printed In the RECORD. There being no objection, the State- ment was. ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: STATEMENT SY 'COUNCIL OF ORTHODOX SYNA- GOGUES OF GREATER WASHINGTON ON S. 370, 13F+ EJ.E>~?,.., A~iD.. SEOQNDARY , EDUCA- ON Acz ofTrTA{I,Y1965 .The' Council of Orthodox synagogues of Greater Washington, which represents nine synagogues in the Washington area, and, Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 ApprovedFor2elease 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL R4CORID -`S$NATE Apri It is not generally known that when May I conclude by repeating a_ short the Russian armies withdrew from the statement recently made to me by an Caucasian front,in $x`17,? the Armenians, Ohio physician, a personal friend of scarcely 2 years after the terrible blood mine: bath of 1915 which had been designed Most hospitals have the recovery room in to destroy their nation` fielded an army the wrong place. It should be next to the and, in a series ' of brifiiant campaigns, cashier's office. prevented the Turks from winning the oil reserves at Baku for use of the Ger- man war machine. These victories forced Turkey to recognize the newly formed independent Armenian state. Such great sacrifices and devotion' to the cause of freedom must not be for- gotten in this year 1965, one-half cen- tury removed from the tragic events of 1915. MEDICARE FOR THE AGED: SOCIAL SECURITY COVERAGE FOR DOC- TORS JOHN L. SWEENEY, FEDERAL CO- CHAIRMAN OF APPALACHIAN RE- GIONAL COMMISSION Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. President, the Appalachian Regional Commission held its first meeting this week and began the work of this import- ant program. Since an important as- pect of the program will be its adminis- tration, I believe it is essential that we know the man who will be in charge of carrying out the day-to-day tasks. He is Mr. John L. Sweeney who is the Fed- eral Cochairman of the Commission. An interview with Mr. Sweeney was re- ported in the Charleston, W. Va., Ga- zette on April 19, 1965. It portrays him as an industrious, resourceful, hard- working public servant. I ask unanimous consent to insert the article in the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: SWEENEY: AMERICA'S ENVOY To APPALACHIA (By Harry Ernst) Mr. YOUNG of Ohio. Mr. President, It 4 heartening to knovi that the Senate Committee on'Finance is working inten- sively to draft a report to the Senate on the administration bill, as amended, pro- viding medical, hospital, and nursing home care for` the elderly under social security coverage, commonly referred to as medicare. Of course, the political doctors who control the House of Delegates of the American Medical Association oppose this bill, as they have always opposed every movement to better the health of the American people. Furthermore, under the auspices of the political doctors heading the American Medical Association, referendums have been taken In various Otates of the Union-including my State of Ohio-and in every instance the physicians and surgeons in those States responded, to the referendums by invariably voting by a percentage of 67 percent or more' in favor of including doctors under social security coverage. However, despite that, the American Medical Association's ruling clique con- tinues to oppose social security coverage for physicians and surgeons. At the present time the medical profession is the only profession not included under the beneficent provisions of our social security laws. Of course, our social'se- curity system should be universal. It Recently, Dr. W. E. Lockhart, writing in the Texas Journal of Medicine, stated: In the decades that will come, historians, doctors and statesmen may marvel that'the medical profession almost always took the conservativestand against progressive meas- ures. It * * 20 years ago we opposed Blue Cross, bearing that this would lead to socialized medicine. * * * We doctors opposed Federal aid to medical education although we knew that medical schools had inadequate financ- ing. * * '* We are now opposing medical care for the aged under socail security-actually a conservative measure that will . become' law and will be accepted by the American people. Why cannot medical leadership pick a winner in one race? Mr. President, that was the statement of an eminent doctor from Texas, Many physicians and surgeons oppose the reac- tionary policies of that small group of political doctors who control the AMA. WASHINGTON.-In the life of John L. Sweeney, theory and practice have frequent- ly clashed and theory almost always has lost. Sweeney, a 37-year-old combat veteran of American politics, recently was appointed by President Johnson, confirmed by the Senate and sworn in as Federal Cochairman of the Appalachian Regional Commission at an an- nual salary of $27,000. With a $1.1 billion carrot and veto power over its spending as an imposing stick, Sweeney is the man who has to keep aid to Appalachia from becoming just another pork barrel. His job will be essentially the same as that of a diplomat. As U.S. Ambassador to 11 States, he has to forge a regional develop- ment program that transcends State bound- aries while keeping the natives and his Fed- eral partners happy. They include 11 Governors, ranging in poli- tics from the racism of Alabama to the rela- tive liberalism of West Virginia; their sometimes independent department heads; and a dozen Federal agencies that will be Involved in the program. If success emerges from such a melting pot of bureaucracy, Sweeney will be hailed as the first architect of President Johnson's creative federalism. If he fails, the State Department can always find anew country in Africa where it can dispatch a used diplo- mat. A Chicago native, Sweeney clashed with theory when he enrolled at Michigan State University and discovered the serene aca- demic life costs money. So he developed his character by driving a taxicab and bar- tending while working, his way through school. The State Department couldn't have come up with a better description of a skilled dip- lomat-the type of personality needed to keep aid to Appalachia from degenerating into an 11-Statefree-for-all. Practical politics lured him away from the classroom and shattered some of his favor- ite theories. former Gov. Cl. Mennen Williams, of Michi- gan, for 41/2 years, then became legislative as- sistant to Senator PAT McNAMAEA, Democrat, of Michigan, and later staff director of the Senator's labor subcommittee. After, moving to Washington, Sweeney was so used to working and going to school that he couldn't resist obtaining a law degree from George Washington University by attending night classes. "I have changed every one of my ideas about politics since coming to Washington," he observed. "I have learned the necessity for compromise in transferring the objectives of politics into public policy." He thinks his best teacher has been Presi- dent Johnson and his practice of consensus. And he has grown fond of Congress as "an immensely effective and responsible organiza- tion," although in his student days he con- sidered it a historical hangover. "The Appalachian development program," Sweeney thinks, "is a perfect example of how a useful program can result 'from an enor- mous amount of compromising'. " In 1963, he was appointed Executive Direc- tor of the President's Appalachian Regional Commission and the following year became Chairman of its successor, the Federal De- velopment Planning Committee for Ap- palachia. President Johnson undoubtedly chose Sweeney, a cool midwesterner who never could be mistaken for a hillbilly, to serve as Federal commander of Appalachian devell opment because of his knowledge of the delicate compromises that shaped the pro- gram. Sweeney thinks two key decisions kept the program from fading away even before it reached Congress. One was winning the support of conserva- tive governors by limiting the program to financing public facilities and by giving them veto power over projects in their States. The other was uniting the dozen Federal agencies behind the program by giving them the funds and responsibility for imple- menting the parts of it that are their tradi- tional concern. They undoubtedly would have fought any effort to create a TVA-style Appalachian authority that would have dis- placed them. Will Sweeney be as successful in imple- menting the Appalachian development pro- gram as he was in helping to establish it? "He has one of the best minds I've seen," a coworker commented. "He has a terrific ability to express himself clearly and knows the best ways to persiWe people to agree PROMPT A N ON IMMIGRATION REFORM LEGISLATION NEEDED Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, the Im- migration and Naturalization Subcom- mittee of the Senate Judiciary Commit- tee has pending before it important im- migration reform legislation in the form of S. 500, introduced on behalf of a num- ber of Senators by the Senator from Michigan [Mr. HART]. Another meas'- ure pending before the subcommittee is S. 1093, an immigration reform bill, which I introduced on February 10 to- gether with the Senator from Pennsyl- vania [Mr. CLARK] and the Senator from Oregon [Mr. MORSE]. Some of the ways in which this meas' ure differs from S. 500 are: First, prov- sions to accelerate the 5-year phase. out of the national origins quota in line with the prompt elimination by the bill of similar discrimination in the Asian- Pacific triangle; second, establishing of authority for judicial review of claims Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 T)r it 22. 1965 Approved CCSfteeE ION4A9.1 C8RDP 7 R 6R000100040001-6 A to U5. nationality under the Admin- istrative Procedure Act or Declaratory Judgment Act; third, the establish- ment of the 10-year statute of limitations for deportation cases; and, fourth, the creation of a Board of Visa Appeals in the Department of State to review, upon the request of the Secretary of State, any consular officer concerned, or of any person aggrieved all decisions denying or revoking visas or extensions thereof or the application of any State Department immigration regulations. The latter two proposals were en- dorsed by the Association of the Bar of the State of New York in 1961 during its consideration of S. 551, immigration reform legislation which I introduced in the 87th Congress. On April 1 of this year, the report of the Committee on Federal Legislation of the New York State Bar Association was published. The report urges the prompt enactment of S. 500 and favors the in- elusion In S. 500 or enactment of sepa- rate legislation containing the provision of S. 1093 establishing a 10-year statute of limitations for deportation cases. On March 29, the New York County Law- yers' Association's Committee on Ameri- can Citizenship issued its report also favoring enactment of S. 500. I hope that the subcommittee will give both S. 500-which I have cosponsored- and S. 1093 its serious consideration, along with other measures, pending be- fore fit, and that prompt and favorable action will be taken by the Senate to en- act badly needed immigration reform legislation during this session of Con- gress. It is time for the patchwork and piecemeal approach to immigration re- form to be overhauled and a comprehen- sive new law codified. It has been a decade since our immi- gration wall was perpetuated by the Im- migration and Nationality Act of 1951, better known as the McCarran-Walter Act. Time and experience have more than dramatized the fact that, as its op- ponents contended 11 years ago, it is per- haps as unique a law as we have- on our statute books. But these 11 years have also produced an atmosphere of political helplessness to exasperate even the most determined immigration reformers, so that today most are resigned to the now annual practice of settling for piecemeal revisions or temporary relief, rather than an effective overhaul of our entire policy of immigration. The backdoor methods Congress has used to cover up deficiencies in the basic law is the greatest proof of the law's inadequacies. Since the Mc- Carran-Walter Act was enacted, Con- gress has passed special, short-term im- migration and refugee legislation which. has had the cumulative effect of admit- ting into the United States more than twice as many persons as permitted un- der the basic McCarran-Walter Act. I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD the report by the Committee on Federal Legislation of the New .York State Bar Association. There being no 'objection, the report was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: No. 71a NEW YORK STATE BAR ASSOCIATION-A REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE ON FEDERAL LEGISLATION (The President's proposals (S. 500, H.R. 2850) to amend the immigration laws to abolish the national origins system and to effect other reforms) On January 13, 1965, President Johnson proposed to Congress that the national origins quota system for admission of im- migrants be eliminated over a 6-year transi- tion period and replaced by a system based upon the merits of each individual applicant as measured by, e.g. his skills, his relation- ships to persons living here, or his flight from political oppression? These recommen- dations are contained in S. 500, introduced by Senator HART and 32 other Senators in- cluding JAVITS and KENNEDY of New York and in H.R. 2850, introduced by Congressman CELLER 2 More specifically, the principal proposals of S.500 are: 1. "Phase-out" of the national origins quota system over a 5-year period by reduc- ing such quotas 20 percent each year and transferring the numbers so released to a quota reserve pool. Thus in the first year, 20 percent (roughly 32,000) would be re- leased to the pool; in the second year 40 percent (or 64,000) would be in the pool; until in the fifth year and thereafter, all quota numbers would be allocated through the pool. During the transition period the pool would be made up of the above released numbers and unused numbers of the pre- vious year assigned to the old quota areas. 2. Immediate relief to minimum quota areas by increasing the minimum quota, now 100, to 200, subject to future reduction in the same manner as in (1) above. 3. Issuance of quota numbers based on the following preferences, (a) the first 50 per- cent, to persons with exceptional skills who will be "especially advantageous" to the United States, (b) next 30 percent (plus any part of the first 50 percent not used), to un- married sons and daughters of' U.S. citizens not eligible for nonquota status be- cause they are over 21 years of age, (c) next 20 percent (plus any part of the first 80 per- cent not used), to spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of aliens lawfully ad- mitted for permanent residence in the United States, and any portion remaining to other quota applicants, with percentage prefer- ences to other relatives of U.S. citi- zens and parents of resident aliens, and then to certain classes of workers where there is a shortage of employable persons in the United States. 4. To prevent a single country from ob- taining disproportionate benefits, issuance of more than 10 percent of the total quota numbers authorized for any year to any quota area would not be permitted. H. Doc. No. 62, 89th Cong., 1st sess. (1965). a Other bills with the same objectives and substantially similar provisions have been introduced; viz., S. 436 (SCOTT), H.R. 503 (MATSUNAGA), H.R. 541 (THOMPsoN, N.J.), HR. 764 (GALLAGHER), H.R. 768 (GILBERT), H.R. 832 (MINISH), H.R. 1764 (DoNoHuE), and H.R. 2587 (BuRToN). H.R. 5324 (REID, N.Y.), having substantially the same objec- tives as the administration bill, would ac- complish them by basing annual quotas on the latest U.S. census instead of the 1920 census as at present, and by redistributing unused quotas through regional pools; that is, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. H.R. 1803 (WYDLER) would also abolish the na- tional origins system but differs in other re- spects from the administration bill. H.R. 2078 (PHD.IBIN), provides for pooling of quotas under the present system. 7981 5. To prevent inequities, the President, after consultation with the Immigration Board (established by sec. 18 of S. 500), may reserve for otherwise qualified immi- grants whose admission would further the national security interest, up to 30 percent of the reserve quota pool and for refugees from oppression because of race, color, re- ligion, national origin, adherence to demo- cratic beliefs, or their opposition to totali- tarianism or dictatorship, or who are uprooted because of natural calamity or military operations, up to 10 percent of the reserve pool. Any numbers so reserved and not needed revert to the pool. 6. Immediate elimination of the "Asia- Pacific Triangle" provision of existing law, discussed below. S.- Establishment of nonquota status for parents of U.S. citizens, as well as to a child (under 21) or spouse as present law provides. 8. Establishment of an Immigration Board composed of two Members from the House, two from the Senate and three members ap- pointed by the President to study and con- sult Government departments on immigra- tion policy, to make recommendations to the President as to reservation and alloca- tion of quotas and to recommend to the Attorney General criteria for admission of skilled specialists and workers whose services are needed by reason of labor shortages in the United States. In addition, S. 500 contains other provi- sions of more specialized application and makes technical changes in existing law which will not be discussed in this report. RECOMMENDATIONS The'committee approves the objectives and provisions of S. 500 and urges its enactment. In addition, we recommend that considera- tion be given to enacting, by inclusion in S. 500 or by separate bill, a 10-year statute of limitations for deportation cases, as was proposed in 1961 in S. 551 of the 87th Con- gress, which was a bill to amend the immigra- tion laws by modifying but not abolishing the national origins system, introduced by Senator JAVrrs for himself and Senators Keating, MoasE, CASE, and ScoTT. DISCRIMINATORY PROVISIONS OF EXISTING LAW (1) The national origins system The national origins system had its genesis in the Immigration Act of 1924 (referred to as the 1924 act) and was carried forward in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (referred to as the 1952 act). The number of persons allowed to enter the United States from any quota area (i.e., a particular country as designated under the act) during any year is limited (subject to exceptions respecting Asiatic persons herein- after mentioned) to one-sixth of 1 percent of the number of inhabitants in the continental United States in 1920 attributable by na- tional origin to such country. Each coun- try, however, has a minimum quota of 1002 Determination of quotas is the joint respon- sibility of the Secretary of State, the Secre- tary of Commerce, and the Attorney General' As most recently determined,6 33 countries have quotas of more than the 100 minimum ranging from Great Britain and Northern Ire- land (65,361) and Germany (25,814) to Es- tonia (115). Italy has 5,666. While the national origins systems per se discriminates respecting country of origin of the immigrant, the law contains a not easily apparent discrimination against Negroes on 8 8 U.S.C.A. 1151 (a). 'Id. 1151(b), 1152. s Pres. Proc. See 8 U.S.C.A. 1151, pocket part. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 X982 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE April 22, 1P65 the basis of race" This is accomplished by separate quotas for each country within the are calling for a united free world opposed. the provision of 8 U.S.C.A. 1151 (a) which re- triangle. to communism, our immigration policies are quires that "the number of inhabitants in the Complex= rules determine whether an im- based on invidious distinctions among coun- contin.eiital "United. States in 1920_ * * * migrant is chargeable to a quota area within tries and nationalities, including the very shall be the same number heretofore deter- the triangle or to the triangle quota.* The countries we wish to ally with us." mined under the provisions of section 11 of interesting point Is that these rules are based In 1776, our Declaration of Independence the Immigration Act of 1924 Sec- not on national origin but on race and apply declared all men to be created equal in. re- tion 11(d) of the 1924 act provided that in to a person born outside the triangle (as well spect of certain inalienable rights. The Dec- comptiting quotas the term "inhabitant of as to one born, within it) if he, by as much laration was intended to be, and its conse- the continental United States in 1920" did not include the descendants of slave ~mmi- grants. Thus the Negro population of the United States is excluded in determining quotas under present law. Moreover, the method of computing the national origins of the 1920 population of the continental United States is designed to give only a rough approximation of where our ancestors came from. As explained in the 1961 report of the committee on Federal legislation of the As- soeiation of the Bar of the City of New S'ork+ on legislation then proposed to amend the immigration laws: "The method employed in making the na- tional origins calculations pursuant to that act was explained in a joint memorandum of the Secretaries of State, Commerce, and La- bor dated.10ebruary 25,192d. S. Doe. 65, 70th Cong., 1st sess. In essence, the method em- ployed in making the calculation's was as follows: "The population of the United States in 1'790 was classified by national origin simply upon' the basis of their surnames. Then immigration and census records for the period 1820 to 1920 were used to furnish the numbers of persons coming from each for- eign country during those years. (Records from 1790, to 1820 were unavailable.) Then 1920 census statistics were used to. supply the numbers of persons In the population who were either immigrants or the children of immigrants, and the countries of their na- tional origin. "Other persons Included in the 1920 census were allocated among countries of origin upon the basis of projections of the 1790 population and the immigration thereafter, Which, projections were based in part, upon assumed rates of natural Increase, S, Doc. 65, 70th Cong., 1st secs. "In other words, if persons of one national origin multiplied faster than persons of an- other national origin, the calculations made under the 1924 act would not reflect. It," S. 500 would phase out the national origins system over a 5-year period and eventually eliminate It. a' (2) Asia-Pacific triangle The Asia-Pacific triangle comprises . all quota areas situated wholly within an area bounded by meridian 60* east and, 165' West longitude and north of the parallel 25? south latitude. It embracer, all Asiatic countries from India to Japan and all Pacific' islands north of Aus- tralia and New Zealand, including (in addi- tion to India and Japan) for example, China, Burma, Indonesia, Korea, Laos, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam,. The 1952 act established a separate quota of 100 for the triangle itself in addition to the 6 In addition to discrimination against Chinese persons and races indigenous to the Asia-Pacifip triangle, hereinafter. discussed. Reports of Committees of the Association of.the Bar of the City of New York Concerned With Federal Legislation (1961). IS. 500, sees. 1 and 3. Bills to abolish the national origins system, similar to S. 500, have been proposed in earlier Congresses; for example, 84th Cong., 1st sees., S. 1206 by Senator Lehman. In 1961, the Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York above referred to did not even con- sider two such pending bills (H.R. 6555 and H.R. 607, 87th Cong.) because the committee felt that they did not have enough support to stand a chance of enactment at that time. 68 U.S.C.A. 1152(b) (1). as one-half his ancestry, is attributable to a people indigenous to, or a colony or depend- ent area or quota, area located within, the triangle. For exaple, an immigrant born in Germany of a Malayan father and a Ger- man mother is chargeable to the Asia-Pacific triangle' quota and a native of Canada born of a Japanese mother and a Canadian father, who otherwise would be a nonquota,immi- grant,11 since he is a native of an Independent country in the Western Hemisphere, is chargeable to the quota for Japan. Enactment of S. 500 would result in im- mediate elimination of the Asia-Pacific tri- anglel2 (3) Chinese persons When the Chinese exclusion laws were re- pealed in 1943, a special racial quota of 105 was established for Chinese persons wherever born 12 In addition, there is a quota of 100 for non-Chinese persons born in China. This arrangement was carried over into the 1952 Act 14 The Act of December 17, 1943, defined a Chinese person as an alien who has as much as one-half Chinese blood 26 Thus an adult Canadian born in Canada of a Cana- dian father and a Chinese mother cannot enter the United States except under the special Chinese quota. Enactment of S. 500 would forthwith ter- minate this discrimination 16 NEED FOR REFORM OF IMMIGRATION LAWS The Committee believes that amendment of the Immigration and Nationality Act in the respects proposed in S. 500 is long over- due. President Johnson favors, and his three predecessors, Presidents Kennedy, Eisen- hower, and Truman favored, immigration law reform and the, present bill has bipartisan support.17 Our immigration law today reflects a racial philosophy repugnant to our American tradi- tion. It assumes that certain people are inferior to others solely because of where they were born. It discriminates against immigrants from Southern and Eastern Eu- rope. It is particularly offensive to Asiastic countries. It amounts, as Attorney General Nicholas de B. Katzenbach recently said, to selecting immigrants on the basis of "per- sonal pedigree." 1B It is an insult to the millions of U.S. citizens whose ancestors came from the very countries discriminated against by present archaic and anachronistic law. As one writer has commented: 19 "Through our immigration policies, we have managed to rub salt into the deepest wounds of two-thirds of the people of the world. Moreover, as we do not tire of point- ing out to the Russians, deeds speak louder than words. It is difficult for the Voice of American to explain away what we are doing in these fields. At the moment, when we 16 8 U.S.C.A. 1152(b) (2)-(6) . "See 8 U.S.C.A. 1101(27). '2 S. 500, sec. 6. 13 Act of Dec. 17, 1943, 57 Stat. 600. 1'8 U.S.C.A. 1151(a). 11 See. 5(b). 16 S. 500, sec. 1. 1'f Truman (H. Doc. No. 520, 82d Cong., 2d sess., p. 3 et seq. June 25, 1952) ; Eisenhower (H. Doc. No. 1, 85th Gong, 1st sess., p. 7; H. Doc.. No. 329, 84th Cong., 2d sess.; H. Doc. No. 85, 85th Cong., 1st secs.); Kennedy (109 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD No. 116, p. 12995, July 31, 1963). 16 New York Times, Feb. 11, 1965. v Kingsley, "Immigration and Our Foreign Policy Objectives," 21 Law and Contemp. Prob. 299, 306 (1956). quences have been, worldwide in impact. Its promise of equal opportunity brooks no qualification based on what Chief Justice .Stone has called "* * * obviously irrelevant and invidious * * * " grounds 20 The onward march of American history has been in significant part the story of ever- greater fulfillment of thepromise of "liberty and justice for all" referred to in our Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag and reflected inthe Declaration of Independence. The latest step was the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national original in public ac- commodations and in employment affecting commerce.-1 That act constituted a solemn national declaration that henceforth such arbitrary discrimination was inconsistent with the deepest purposes of our Nation, thereby confirming the principles previously enunciated by the executive and judicial branches which are supported by increasing numbers of our people.22 We believe that the selection of immi- grants on the basis of their race and na- tional origins is reminiscent of the notion that "some are more equal than others" 21 and should have no place in our national policy. We have considered assertions that S.500 would open the floodgates to uncontrolled immigration and we believe them to be groundless. Limitations in the bill would prevent any influx of undesirable imzni- grants. Indeed the emphasis placed in the bill on skilled persons should elevate the quality of those admitted. Safeguards pro- tect against immigration becoming a con- tributing cause of unemployment in the United States. The provision (section; 3) limiting to 10 percent of the total quota numbers authorized for any year the num- ber of immigrants of a single quota area protects against any one country sending a disproportionate numlibr of immigrants. to the United States. Finally it is estimated that if S...500 is enacted, authorized quota Immigration would increase from the present 158,361 per year to about 166,000 and that the number of individual immigrants would increase by about 63,00024 Another reason for our support of S. 500 is that under judicial rulings to date remedi- al action for discriminations in existing law lies solely with our citizens and Congress. Often when a statute affects interests not represented in the legislature-which is the case with aliens-courts have been careful to protect the unrepresented from undue dis- crimination26 As to immigration policy, 20 Steele v. Louisville & Nashville R. Co., 323 U.S. 192, 203 (1944). 21 78 Stat. 24, titles II and VII. 22 See "To Secure These Rights: Report of the President's Committee on Civil Rights" (1947); Brown v. Board of Education, 847 U.S. 483 (1954) ; Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886). 23 George Orwell, "Animal Form" (1946);. 23 Op. cit., notes 1 and 17 supra. The... ap- parent contradiction in the above figures is explained by the fact that some countries- for example, Britain and Erie-have large quotas under present law which are never filled. Under S. 500 unused quotas during the transition period would be allocated ! to the reserve pool and used. x See Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona, 325 U.S. 761, 767-768, n. 2 (1945); McGoldrick v. Berwind-White Coal Mining Co., 309 U.S. 33, 45-46, n. 2 (1940) ; Helvering v. Gerhardt, 304 U.S. 405, 412, 416 (1938).; South Carolina State Highway Dept. v. Barnwell Bros., 303 Approved For Release 2004/01116 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 ' however, the courts have declined to exer- cise such review on the ground that the po- litical branches have plenary power because immigration is " * * vitally and intricately interwoven with * * * foreign relations. -0 Judicial rulings which have upheld the na- tional origins system have been based on such plenary power of the political branches of Government? Accordingly, such rulings cannot be taken as sustaining the reason- ableness of existing immigration laws. There is here no "legitimation" of the enactment 18 A. Givens, Judd D. Grey, Constantine N. Katsoris, Lawrence Keepnews, An- thony P. Marshall, Thomas R. Mc- Hugh, Herbert Miller, Peter P. Mul- len, George W. Myers, Jr., Edward L. Nadeau, Ellsworth Nichols, Alan K. Sawyer, Max Schwartz, Horace C. Winch. REGIONAL RAILROAD PLANNING Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, the coor- as there might be in other areas. diriated efforts of the States of New York THE PROPOSAL t'OR A 10-YEAR STATUTE OF and Connecticut in arriving at a solu- LIMITATIONS IN DEPORTATION PROCEEDINGS tion for continued service of the New S. 551, introduced in the 87th Congress Haven Railroad is indeed good news. by Senator JAVITS, proposed adding to the The approach of an agreement on State 1952 act a new section entitled, "Limitation contributions of financial assistance is of time of commencing deportation proceed- expected to permit service to continue in "SEc. 294. No alien shall be deported by rea- son of any conduct occurring more than 10 years prior to the'institution of deportation proceedings." 20 Practically all civil remedies and criminal sanctions in our legal system are subject to tizpe limitations precluding adverse conse- quences for conduct more than a certain number of years in the past. These are not to encourage unlawful conduct but because of the harmful social consequences of dis- rupting human affairs by reason of events in the far distant past 80 The chief pur- poses of deportation are similar to two of the aims of the criminal law, i.e. to deter specified conduct and to prevent its repeti- tion (in this country). The result of the absence of any statute of limitations at present is shown by Niuk- kanen v. McAlexander, 362 U.S. 390 (1960), where a 52-year-old house painter who had been in the United States since his first birthday and had served honorably in our Army was ordered deported on parole evi- dence of conduct more than 20 years earlier. We see no benefit to society resulting from deportations for long-past misconduct suf- di id- i n v ficient to justify such hardships in The bistate agency would have the au- ual cases thority to operate passenger rail and ' C4NCLVSTON The committee (1) urges the prompt en- transit systems located within the par- aotment of S. 600 and H.R. 2580 and (2) fa- ticipating States. It is conceivable that vors enactment of legislation to amend the such an agency could also consider prob- Immigration and Nationality Act to add a lems of regional planning for helicopter 10-year statute of limitations for deportation commuter service, interstate highway cases. construction, and water travel. Respectfully submitted. We should not permit expectations of Edwin L. Gasperini, Chairman; Francis a temporary solution of the New Haven A. Brick, Jr., Max Chopnick, Gerald E. Dwyer, William G. Fennell, Richard Railroad crisis to impair renewed efforts to deal immediately with long-term 7983 [From the New York Times, Apr. 20, 1965] BASICS IN URBAN TRANSPORT Analyzing the transportation problems that beset virtually every metropolitan area across the Nation, the Committee for Eco- nomic Development concludes that their root lies in the pattern of population growth. Over the last half century metropolitan areas have increased their share of the total popu- lation from under 40 percent to about 65 percent. The projection for the year 2000, is that 74 percent-or 235 million people- will then be living in 300 metropolitan areas. At a time when major decisions about transportation are inescapable, governments in metropolitan areas are so fragmented that they have not developed agencies to take re- sponsibility for viewing the area as a whole. As a result, decisions too often are left to State and Federal officials. This is certainly the case in the New York metropolitan area, spread as it is across three States, and con- taining 1,467 different political entities. Now that New Jersey, after years of delay, has finally ratified the compact granting the Tri-State Transportation Committee legal status, the Legislatures of New York and Connecticut should follow suit without delay. The aim must be to have the committee functioning as the legal transportation-plan- ning body for the metropolitan area by July 1, the date stipulated. in the Federal High- way Act. The CED wisely emphasizes that the entire metropolitan area should be the basis for urban transportation planning. No one part of the area can go it alone. The difficulties now being encountered in trying to work out some way to keep the bankrupt New Haven Railroad's commuter services running show the urgent need for a strong central body. New York and Con- necticut are following divergent tacks; the Federal Government is reluctant to become involved, and there is danger that the rescue operation will be submerged in recrimina- tions among the politicians. As we have repeatedly urged, the only sound solution is a public authority to operate all the com- muter railroads in the area and coordinate them with the city subway system. [From the New York Times, Apr. 22, 19651 REPRIEVE FOR THE NEW HAVEN The agreement that the New Haven Rail- road will continue commuter operations into New York at their present level for at least 18 months from June 1 is a reprieve for 25,000 daily riders from Connecticut and Westchester County. It is, however, only a temporary solution for the problem; not a permanent one. But it is an essential first step toward the ulti- mate goal. Negotiations for a long-term agreement under which the New York Central Railroad would take over the management of the New Haven commuter operations for a fee are U.S. 177, 184-185, n. 2 (1938) ; Edwards v. problems affecting the New Haven and California, 314 U.S. 160, 174 (1941); Nippert problems of mass transportation in the V. Richmond, 327 U.S. 416, 434 (1946); Northeastern States generally. The re- Dowling, "The Methods of Mr. Justice Stone newed efforts of the Congress, the execu- in Constitutional Cases," 41 Colum. L. Rev. tive branch, and the State governments 1160 (1941) Givens, "Chief Justice Stone and the Developing Functions of Judicial Review," 47 Va. L. Rev. 1321, 1343-1354 (1961). 20 Harisiades V. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580, 588-589 (1952). 21 Ibid. 28 See Charles L. Black, Jr., "The People and the Court" (1960). 2D This proposal was endorsed by the Com- mittee on Federal Legislation of the Associ- ation of the Bar of the City of New York in 1961. Note 7 supra. 80 See Wood v. Carpenter, 101 U.S. 135, 193 (1879) ; Holmes, "The Path of the Law," 10 Harv. L. Rev. 457, 477 (1897); Pound, "A Survey of Social Interests," 57 Harv. L. Rev. 1 f9 (1043); "Developments in the Law- Statutes of Limitations," 63 Harv. L. Rev. 1177, 1185-1186 (1950); -compare H. Rept. No. 2096, 82d Cong., 2d sess. 192 (1952). 81 Maslow, "Recasting our Deportation Law: Proposals for Reform," 56 Colum. L. Rev. 309, 314-315 (1956). its present form for at least 18 months. This breathing period should be used to confront the problems of the New Haven and metropolitan mass transportation with new and greater vigor. The period of 18 months should permit sufficient time for the interested State govern- ments and the Federal Government to formulate and act upon new, long-term solutions, to the control problems, which have received serious attention in the past months. The New Haven commuter crisis has demonstrated. more strongly than ever the need for a bistate public authority, which I have, together with Represent- ative REID of New York, urged for some- time to coordinate mass transportation problems in New York and Connecticut and the rest of the New England States. The bistate agency which I have pro- posed would consist of the States of New York and Connecticut and could be ex- panded to include the States of New Jer- tation problems affecting millions of citi- out. The essential problem here is how the zens in these States. Inevitable operating deficit will be financed. On February 13, I introduced legisla- While Federal officials have indicated a will- tion to create a New York-Connecticut ingness to approve the $3 million demonstra- tion grant for the initial period, the White House opposes a continuation of subsidies. such operation of passenger rail and Will New York and Connecticut then foot transit systems in the New England the bill? States. Analysis of the commuter railroad problem I ask unanimous consent to have as a whole leads to the inescapable conclu- printed in the RECORD two editorials pub- sion that any piecemeal settlement cannot be lished in the New York Times of April llaostinn a over and York eState Is now negotiating biggst commuter p 20 and April ao, supporting g the principle and an n editorial al published in line of all, the Long Island Rail Road. New Jersey is trying desperately to shore up the the New York Herald Tribune of April Erie-Lackawanna, with its 35,000 commuters. 21, recognizing the precedent of the as- The transportation problems of the metro- sumption of governmental responsibility politan community can only be resolved in the rail service problem area. properly when the area is viewed as an entity. There being no objection, the editorials That is why we continue to urge the neces- were ordered to be printed in the REC- sity for a tristate public authority to inte- ORD, as follows: grate the commuter railroads with the city Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved wiv.c751UNAL RECORp - SENATE April 22, 1965 [Prom the New York erald Tribune Apr. 21. X51 _ ~ tHE NEW HAVEN COM qII ,, ESCT7ED, New York, Connecticut and the New Haven Railroad trtees, page hit off an agreement which insures the preservation., of commuter service Per the next .1,2 tp.18 months. Fur- thermore, all parties are confident xhat. "a periuanent solution" ,will be achieved during this breRthing spell. W1 is agreed upon for now is .a "demon- stration grant" program, which means that the two States chip in with money and tax relief, all of it rounded out with Federal help. The point of first importance, of course, is that the trains won't stop running. Nego- tiation and good will triumphed. And for the long pull it has been established that rail mass transportation Is absolutely essential, and that government accepts the responsi- biiity,of contracting and paying for this in- dispensable service., a That's an Important precedent; it makes history. Mr., JAVITS. Mr, President, I also in- Vite attention to the fact that there are a iitiniber of bills pending before the Committee on Commerce which could be helpful in giving a firm direction to Gov- ernment policy on this issue. TOWARD A STRONG WORI:,D D4-ONE Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, a recent letter to the editor of the New York Times by my distinguished colleague on the Joint tconomic_ Committee, Repre- sentative TQM Cugris, of Missouri, em- phasizes the need for new ways of pro- vidingadequate liquidity to finance world trade and payments, Representa- tive CARTLS points out that, while liquidity has been barely sufficient, the recent drying up of U.S. capital outflows has created shortages of capital severe enough to present, the danger of a liquidity crisis, and to impel Europeans as Well as Americans to make innova- tions in present international monetary arratigeinents to avoid this possibility. I, and my fellow Republican mem- bers of the Joint Economic Committee, have, introduced concurrent resolutions in both the Senate and House urging the 'Executive to convoke a well-planned international conference to find solu- tions to the weaknesses of the world lnohetary system. Such a conference Would consider the correct role for the IMF! or other, appropriate international org9,iiiza,tjons in the,management of in- ternational credit, would consider how to supply credit to deficit countries in time to correct, threatening imbalances, 4114, how to increase the availability of long-term, low-cost credit to developing nations. I ask unanimous consent that Repre- sentative Cuxxls' letter may be printed i h n t e RECORD. There being no objection, the letter was' ordered to_ be printed in the RECORD, as" follows; TOWARD A STRONG WOgr,D IVIONETARY SYSTEM To the Enrroe : Evidence is accumulating that the admin- istratipa's voluntary controls on U.S.foreign loans , and investments have tightened European capital supplies. A Times cPrre- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 how to supply credit to deficit countries-in (By the Committee on Federal Legislation, time to correct threatening imbalances and the Committee on the Bill of Rights, the how to increase the availability of long-term, Association of the Bar of the City of New low-cost credit to developing nations. York, N.Y.) U.B. leadership in creating a suitable world INTRODUCTION monetary system is long overdue. The Presi- On March 17, 1965, President Johnson sent dent must provide that leadership now. to Congress a special message on voting Prime Minister. Harold Wilson's visit to. the Lights and submitted with , it a proposed bll spondent in Europe recently pointed out that United States provides a unique opportunity the, program "is working in the litrernti vn + , --~--- _ - - .o.a.ui.aoaa~e coati Ieaaersnip. nded. It is greatly reducing and perhaps THOMAS B. CURTIS, temporarily drying up, the flow of dollars ?-- __ Further evidence is the quieting of Euro- eecona uistrict; Missouri. Pain bankers' demands that the United WASHINGTON. D.C., April 12, 196$- States raise Its interest rates to curb the Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I ask dollar outflow. These sentiments had been unanimous consent to have printed in Informally expressed as recently as March at the RECORD a resolution of the town of the American Bankers Association intern- Henrietta, N.Y., tional monetary conference. protesting the closing The broad significance of the tightening of a Veterans' Administration hospital of credit in European capital markets is its at Bath, N.Y. meaning for the international monetary sys- There being no objection, the resolu- tem. Europeans have begun to experience tion was ordered to be printed in the the effects of our balance-of-payments deft- RECORD, as follows: it c s, as these deficits cease to supply the new liquidity that steady growth in world trade and payments demands. Therefore, while the administration's con- trols over capital are clearly harmful to long- run U.S. interests, they may serve the s?hort- run purpose of dramatically demonstrating the need for reform of the world monetary system, perhaps helping to break the inertia that has too.long characterized the attitude both of key European governments and of our own. FOR DECISIVE ACTION The Republican members of the Joint Economic Committee unanimously stated in their recent views on the 1965 Economic Report of the President and the Council of Economic Adyisers that . "reform of the existing international monetary system is urgently needed." We felt that "because liquidity for the existing system is largely supplied by U.S. balance-of-payments defi- cits, the system could break down when the United States finally eliminates its chronic HENRIETTA, N.Y., Senator JACOB JAVITS, April 14, 1965. Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR SIR: At a meeting of the Town Board of the Town of Henrietta on April .7 1965, the following resolution was passed: "In consideration of the many veterans residing in Monroe County, State of New York, and taking into account the many medical needs required by these veterans because of war inflicted injuries and dis- abilities: Be it hereby "Resolved, That the Town Board of Henri- etta, N.Y., support the Monroe County Vet- erans' Organizations attempts to secure a veterans hospital for the county of Monroe; further "Resolved, That this town board wishes to go on record as being opposed to the closing of the Veterans Hospital in Bath, N.Y ' Your thorough investigation and con- sidered favorable action in this matter will re tl a y appreciated and made known to is now at hand. It should not await the g final solution to our balance-of-payments all veterans and other interested persons of our area. problem. Leadership of the kind required is not to be gained by mere tinkering with the present system, however valuable it has proved itself in the past. The resolution to increase the Very truly yours, VINCENT HAGGETT, Town Clerk, Town of Henrietta. International Monetary Fund quotas ap- Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I ask proved in March by the IMF executive direc- unanimous consent that there be in- tors makes modest innovations in the ways eluded, as a part of the debate on the gold will be used to back new quotas. One pending bill, S. 1564, the report of the wonders with the London Economist whether Committee on Federal Legislation and this will be the last increase in fund resources the Committee on the Bill of Rights of made under the present largely anachronistic accounting mechanism, which works reason- the Association of the Bar of the City of ably enough when the dollar and sterling New York, which in my opinion sustains happen to be strong but in present circum- the constitutionality of the pending bill. stances makes the Fund heavily dependent The PRESIDING OFFICER. The on bilateral credits agreed through the Paris Senator's time has expired. Club. Mr. JAVITS. I ask unanimous con- Many international economists will argue sent that I may proceed for an additional that international liquidity is now great enough to continue for several years to serve 3 minutes PR. the requirements of world trade. Others, The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without such as Dr. Walter Salant, of the Brookings objection, it is so ordered. Institution, feel that recent developments Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, the re- are already bringing the liquidity problem to port relates to news reports on actions: of a head. the committee up to April 9; hence it is TO CONVOKE CONFERENCE somewhat dated, but in essential. sub- Concurrent resolutions introduced in both stance it will give Members of the Senate the Senate and House, and sponsored by Re- the information which they urgently publican members of the Joint Ecnnnmir -- --- the pill before us. a well-planned international conference-to find solutions to the weaknesses of the world There being no Objection, the report monetary system. was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, Such a conference would consider the car- as follows: rect role for the IMF or other appropriate PROPOS n FE ERA r _____ ___ __ Approved For Rees 20e4101116: CIA~RD 67,800;446ROO0100040001-6 ' , Mr. STAGGERS. 1 -have to lump -the gentleman from Iowa with the Congress, because he is a Member of Congress. Congress didi and I speak of "we" as the Congress, .. `Whether we are in oppo- a tipn or not, it is always the majority t At rules. Mr. GROSS. Will the gentleman Meld further? Mr. STAGGED. Surely. - Mr, GROSS. H we could get the kind 13f a setup over there that Would put a stop to such busine::s as s;,udies of human behavior at coc'tail parties and a study d the intrapersonal relationship, of a ii band and wife and that kind of drivel, 't ht be persuaded to go along 'with S!o or one assistant secretary. t can- -not- go along with three. Does not the gefitlen ' n agree they are able now, with the staff that they have, in the Depart- meet of Health, Education, and Welfare, to get rid of an enormous` amount of morieY eVery year? Mr. STAGGERS. In order to answer now that I would that question, you know' have to Mr. rephrase it. GROSS. _ The gentleman would have to agree, would he not? STAGGERS. Of course, but I Svb d have to explain why. It is be- e Sve' Are the ones tha forced those duties on them and, increased their `fespoYisibilities almost ninefold without giving them the tools to do it. Yet we expect them to do a good job. If we do that, we must give them the personnel and the men with responsibility in order to hold them responsible. Let me read you what the Secretary said in regard to this: I have to keep staff working 12 to 14 hours a day, 6 to 7 days a week, day in and day out. I don't think that, that is good man- agement, particularly during the legislative sessions, which are long sessions. That is one reason for it. As the chairman said a moment ago, we have set up a special committee in our Com- mittee on Interstate and Foreign Com- study this Department. Under th,., able leadership of the gentleman from Florida a thorough study will be made and if some of these things are not right-and since these matters are all handled by human beings and, like the gentleman and myself, they are not perfect-I am sure they will try to iron out any difficulties. I have been trying to explain why the Department needs these, and to ~iy mind they do need them. That is why I am opposed to the amendment. The CHAIRMAN. The question is on --the amendment offered by the gentle- man from Iowa. The amendment was rejected. The CHIAIRMAN. The question is on the substitute amendment offered by the committee as printed in the report of the bill. The committee substitute amendment was'agreed to. The CHAIRMAN. Under the rule, the Committee rises. ccorilfngly, the Committee rose; and the Speaker having assumed the chair, Mr. TaoMPsoN of Texas, Chairman of the Committee of the Whole Louse on the State of the Union, reported that that Committee having had under con- sideration the bill (H.R. 2984) to amend the Public Health Service Act provisions for construction of health research facil- ities by extending the expiration date thereof and providing increased sup- port for the program, to authorize addi- tional Assistant Secretaries in the De- partment of Health, Education, and Welfare, and for other purposes, pur- suant to House Resolution 355, he re- ported the bill back to the House with an amendment adopted by the Commit- tee of the Whole. The SPEAKER. Under the rule, the previous question is ordered. The question is on the amendment. The amendment was agreed to. The SPEAKER. The question is on engrossment and third reading of the bill. The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time and was read the third time. The SPEAKER. The question is on passage of the bill. The question was taken. Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, I object to the vote on the ground that a quorum is not present, and make the point of order that a quorum is not present. 'The SPEAKER. Evidently a quorum is not present. The Doorkeeper will close the doors, the Sergeant at Arms will notify absent Members, and the Clerk will call the roll, The question was taken; and there were-yeas 333, nays 4, not voting 96, as follows: [Roll No. 99] YEAS-393 Abbitt Clausen, Flood Abernethy Don H. Flynt Adair Cleveland Foley Adams Clevenger Ford, Gerald R. Addabbo Cohelan Ford, Albert Collier William D. Anderson, Ill. Colmer Fountain Anderson, Conable Frelinghuysen Tenn. Conte Frledel Andrews, Cooley Fulton, Pa. Glenn Corbett Fulton, Tenn. Andrews, Corman Fuqua N. Dak. Oraley Gallagher Brenda Culver Garmatz Ashbrook Cunningham Gathings Ashmore Curtis Gettys Aspinall Daddario Gibbons Baldwin Dague Gilbert Bandstra Davis, Ga. Gonzalez Baring Dawson Goodell Bates de Is Garza Gray Beckworth Delaney Green, Pa. Belcher Denton Greigg Bell Derwinskl Grider Bennett Devine Griffin Bette Dickinson Griffiths Blatnik Diggs Grover Boggs Dingell Gurney Bolton Dole Hagan, Ga. Bonner Donohue Hagen, Calif. Bow Dorn Haley Bray Dow Hall Brock Dowdy Halleck Broomfield Downing Hanley Brown, Ohio Dulski Hansen, Idaho Broyhill, Va, Duncan, Oreg. Hansen, Iowa Burke Duncan, Tenn. Hardy Burleson Dyal Harris Burton, Calif. Edmondson Harsha Burton, Utah Erlenborn Harvey, Ind. Byrne, Pa. Evans, Colo. Harvey, Mich. Byrnes, Wis. Everett Hathaway Cabell Evins, Tenn. Hawkins Callan Fallon Hays Callaway Farbstein Hebert Cameron Farnsley Hechler Carter Farnum Helstgski., Cederberg Fascell Henderson Chamberlain Feighan Herlong Clancy Findley Hicks Clark Fisher Holifeid 96-25 Horton Mink- Scheuer Hosmer Mize Schisler Howard Moeller Schmidhauser Hull Moore Schrleebeli_ Hungate Moorhead Schweiker Huot Morris Scott Hutchinson Morrison Secrest Ichord Morse Belden Irwin Moss Benner Jacobs Murphy, M. Sickles Jarman Murphy, N.Y. Sikes Joelson Murray Sisk Johnson, Calif. Natcher Skubitz Johnson, Okla. Nedzi Slack Johnson, Pa. Nelsen Smith, Calif. Jonas O'Brien Smith, Iowa Jones, Ala. O'Hara, M. Smith, N.Y. Jones, Mo. O'Hara, Mich, Smith, Va. Karsten O'Konski Springer Karth Olsen, Mont, Stafford Kastenmeler Olson, Minn, Staggers Kee O'Neal, Ga. Stalbaum Keith Ottinger Stanton Kelly Patten Steed Keogh Pelly Stratton King, Calif. Pepper Stubblefield King, N.Y. Perkins Taylor King, Utah Philbin Teague, Calif. Kirwan Pickle Teague, Tex. Kluczynski Pike Tenzer Kornegay Pirnie Thomas Krebs Poage Thompson, Tex. Kunkel Poff Thomson, Wis. Langen Pool Trimble Latta Price Tuck Leggett Pucineki Tunney Lipscomb Quie Tupper Long, La. Race Tuten Long, Md. Randall Udall Love Redlin Unman McClory Reid, Ill. Van Deerlin McCulloch Reineeke Vigorito McDade Reuss Vivian McEwen Rhodes, Ariz. Walker, N. Mex. McFall Rhodes, Pa. Watts McGrath Rivers, Alaska Weltner McMillan Rivers, S.C. Whalley McVicker Roberts White, Tex. MacGregor Rogers, Colo. Whitener Machen Rogers, Fla. Whitten Mackay Rogers, Tex. Willis Madden Ronan Wilson, Bob Mahon Roncalio Wilson, Marsh Rooney, N.Y. Charles H. Martin, Ala. Rooney, Pa. Wolff Martin, Mass. Rosenthal Wyatt Martin, Nebr. Rostenkowski Wydler Matsunaga Roudebush Yates Matthews Roush Young May Roybal Younger Meeds Rumsfeld Zablocki Michel Ryan Mills Satterfield NAYS-4 Gross Waggonner Walker, Miss. Utt NOT VOTING-96 Andrews, Fino Nix George W. Fogarty O'Neill, Mass. Annunzio Fraser Passman Ashley Giaimo Patman Ayres Gilligan Powell Barrett Grabowski Purcell Battin Green, Oreg. Quillen Berry Gubser Reid, N.Y. Bingham . Halpern Reifel Boland Hamilton Resnick Bolling Hanna Robison Brademas Hansen, Wash. Rodino Brooks Holland Roosevelt Brown, Calif. Jennings St Germain Broyhill, N.C. Laird St. Onge Buchanan Landrum Saylor Cahill Lennon Shipley Carey Lindsay Shriver Casey McCarthy Stephens Celler McDowell Sullivan Chelf Macdonald Sweeney Clawson, Del Mackie Talcott Conyers Mailliard Thompson, La. Cramer Mathias Thompson, N.J. Curtin Miller Todd Daniels Minish Toll Davis, Wis. Minshall Vanik Dent Monagan Watkins Dwyer Morgan White, Idaho Edwards, Ala. Morton Widnall Edwards, Calif. Mosher Williams Ellsworth Molter Wright So the bill was passed. The Clerk announced the following pairs: Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 26 CONGRESSIONAL , RECORD - HOUSE ll c y 10, 1965 Mr,Y with Mr: Laird. .. Mr. McCORMACK.. Mr. Speaker, to- eill of Massachusetts with Mr; Wid- day, May 10, 1965, we commemorate the anniversary of Rumanian independence. Mr. Minter with Mr. MinshAll. Americans derive a special pleasure Mr.,Dent with Mr, Ellsworth. Mr. Je#anings with Mr. Ayres. In paying tribute to other people in the Mr.` Lennon with Mr". Broylailt of North world who have succeeded in asserting Mr. St Onge with Mr. Saylor. Mr. Shlpley with Mr. Mosher. Mrs. Sullivan with `Mr. Cahill. Mr. Toll" with Mr. Lindsay. Mr. Malmo, with Mr. Mailliard._ Mr. Daniels with Mrs. Dwyer. Mr. Brooks with Mr. Cramer. Mr. Rodino with Mr. Halpern. form of congressional debates, of official Mr. Roosevelt with Mr. Reid of New York. State Department dispatches, or of proc- Mr. Wright with Mr. Shrlver. lamations and statements by the Presi- Mr. Annunzio with MT. Watkins. dent, all reflect this profound national Mr."Landrum with Mr. Berry. Mr. Celler with Mr. tradition that Is deeply ingrained in our Robison. Mr. Macdonald with Mr, Del Clawson. national attitudes. Mr. Carey with Mr. Fino. It is not strange, therefore, that we Mr. "White of Idaho with .Mr.Quillen. In this Chamber should set aside our Mr. Morgan with Mr. Gubser. legislative duties for a few moments and Mr. finish with Mr. Battin, pay our respects to this great nation Mr. I oiaagan with Mr. Morton. and great people, the Rumanians. Mrs. Green of Oregon with Mr. Talcott. Mr. Casey with Mr. Whalley. Today It is even more urgent for us 11r. Bri demas with Mr. Reifel. to commemorate,. Rumanian independ- Mr. Barrett with My. Mathias. ence, because one of the central themes Mr. Miller with Mr. Edwards of Alabama, of Communist propaganda, a theme that Mr. Thompson of New Jersey with Mr. they use unceasingly to attack the Unit- Davis of Wisconsin. ed States and its allies, is the charge of Mr. Mr. Nix Thompson withsan Mr. off Louisiana u.ouisiana imperialism. According to the Commu- with Mr. Buchai . nists,,American democracy is the tyran- Mr. St, Oxermain w,t.b ~4Ir, Holland. ny of the modern, age. It is we who are Mr . Andrewsof Alabama with Mr. Ashley. held up to the world as the imperialist Mr: manna with Mr. Powell. aggressors who seek to destroy the lib- Mr. McDowell with Mr. Sweeney. ertiesof all people in the world. Mr, Vanik with Mr.,wdiiams. By commemorating the independence Mr. M elf with Mr, Edwards of California. Mr. Grelf Grabowski with Mr. Brown of Call- of Rumania and all other countries who forpla. , have been conquered by the Communists Mr., Todd, with Mr. McCarthy. we are able to mount a counterattack Mr. Bingham with Mr. Conyers. against this fallacious charge. Mr. Boland with "Mr. Mackie. It is communism and not democracy Mr. batman with Mr Stephens. that is the plague of the modern age. Mr. Fraser with Mr. Hamilton. Communism is the enslaver of man- Mr. Purcell with Mrs. Hansen of Washing- kind, and democracy the greatest politi- ton. cal force for the liberty and well-being The result of the vote was announced of man. as above recorded. Rumanians had no free choice in the The doors were opened. government that was to rule them. A motion to reconsider, was laid on the Communists came to Rumania in the table. wake of the conquering Red army. Free elections were never held. Communist GENERAL LEAVE political power was imposed by force and terror. Rumania stands as one of the Mr. HARRIS. Mr. Speaker, I ask classic examples of the destruction of unanimous consent that all Members human liberty by communism. It is now who may desire to do so may extend a bitter reminder to us of what can hap- their remarks in the RECORD at an ap- pen in South,, Vietnam if American re- propriate place, on the bill just passed. solve is weakened. The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr, AL- Communism has conquered Rumania, ]BERT). Is there objection to the request but the hope of all is in the historic pos- of the gentleman from Arkansas? sibility that Rumanians may themselves There was no objection. conquer communism. This may not PERSONAL EXPLANATION Mr. VIGORITO. Mr. Speaker, on rollcall No. 96 I was absent from the floor because of urgent business affecting my district. Had .I been present I would have voted "aye." nulVLANJ.4 y 1N1)EPENDENCE: A COM- MEMORATION (Mr. McCORMAQK (at the request of Mr. ALBERT) was given Permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Approved For Release'2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For,Relese2004/Q1/6 CiA-R?P67B0,0446R000100040001,-6 { their own right of self-determination. This has always been the case, ever since we had won our own independence. -During the 19th century Americans were the evangels of self-determination and constitutional democracy. Official docu- or Europe. But there is a real possibility that through the erosion of communism, the reassertion of traditional national Rumanian values, and the continuing or- ientation of its political and economic in- terests toward, the West, the Rumanian people may consume the tyrant and the tyranny that have oppressed them since 1945. Great changes have taken place in Rumania and in Rumania's attitude toward the West in the past few years. This development may be but the begin- ning of a long evolving trend toward a ments of our Government, either in. the This is our hope; this is our expecta- tion. . Whether it will come to pass is a mat- ter of future history. But we do know that the assertion of Rumanian In- dependence, as we have observed in the past few years, however limited it is; in range, nonetheless, detracts from the total power assets of the Soviet Union and thus is a development that coincides with American interests as well as those of the Rumanian people. In the final analysis our,great hope is for a free and Independent Rumania. Perhaps in the unfolding of future his- tory we may be able to commemorate May 10 not only as the day of Rumanian independence from the Turks but also con=emorRtf it as a day of independ- ence trorwto munism. IGRATION HEARINGS hoer. FEIGHAN asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute; to revise and extend hic remarks and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. FEIGHAN. Mr. Speaker, hearings on pending immigration legislation, which were scheduled to resume on May 12, are now postponed to a later date, to be announced as soon as circumstances permit. The postponement results from the fact the full Judiciary Committee has not completed action on the voting rights bill and the likelihood that the balance of the week and possibly longer will be required to complete that action. I include at this point a letter from Congressman EMANUEL CELLER, chair- man of the Judiciary Committee, to- gether with my answer thereto, both of which are self-explanatory. MAY 7, 1996. Hon. EMANUEL CELLER, Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Rayburn House Office Building. DEAR COLLEAGVE: This Will acknowledge receipt of your letter of today's date suggest- ing that I postpone the public hearings on proposed changes in the Immigration and Nationality Act, scheduled to resume on May 12, until a final vote has been taken by the full committee on the pending voting rights bill. I am making arrangements for a postpone- ment of immigration hearings and will an- nounce the postponement so that all inter- ested parties may be advised. As you know, I have cooperated fully in meeting the schedule set for full committee hearings and vote on both the Presidential inability bill and the voting rights bill, by postponing prior hearings scheduled by Sub- committee 1 on pending immigration legis- lation. There Is no question about the im- mediate importance of action on that legis- lation, but I am sure you are aware that there has been misunderstandings about the reasons for delay in completing our immi- gration hearings. As matters now stand, some 20-odd national organizations in addi- tion to interested Individuals have made written requests to be heard on proposed changes in the immigration law. It is my desire to conclude our Immigra- tion hearings as soon as possible by contin- uous hearings and to that end I will planito resume our hearings immediately after final action has been taken by the full committee on the voting rights bill. Sincerely, Approvedlor Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 w1 ay 1 U, 1 y 65 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Hon. Mici-iAEL A. FEIGBAN, .Chairman, Subcommittee No. I, Compn,ittee on the Judiciary, house of Representa- tives, Washington b O. DEAR COLLEAGUE; In view of the importance of the voting rights legislation now before us 11 and which the committee has been con- sidering in full committee for a number of days, may I suggest that you postpone your public hearing on the proposed changes in the Immigration and Nationality Act until final vote on the pending Voting Rights Act of 1965 has been taken by the full committee. Sincerely yours, EMANUEL CELLER, Chairman, GOVERNMENTAL INTRUSION ,INTO A CITIZEN'S RIGHT TO PRIVACY (Mr. HUNGATE asked ,and was given permission to address the House for 1 -minute; to revise and extend his remarks and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. HUNGATE. Mr. Speaker, I would like to share with my colleagues an edi- torial whichappeared in, the, Vandalia Leader, Vandalia, Mo.,-,under the au- thorship of Weldon H. Steiner., It re- lates to. the invasion of the right of pri- vacy through snooping and wiretapping. I want to join with Mr. Steiner and senator LONG and my fellow Represen- tative from i171ssouri [Mr. HALL] In their concern about this threat of govern- mental intrusion into a citizen's right of privacy. The editorial referred to follows.: [From the Vandalia (Mo.) Leader, ,Max. 18, 19651 .. ]r,,''AVESRRQ~PIITG Missouri's Senator En, LONG opened hear- ings last month on the controversial subject of Government-,eavesdropping. One of the days was devoted to the demonstrations of electronic devices that are available and cur- rently in use for Federal agency snooping. This display of devices was amazing and seemed to bring out the, fact that nothing is private any more. Such things as olives in martini glasses, devices in packs of cig- arettes, tiny concealed tape recorders, Read- ing thIllst of devices, being used one came up with the conclusion that to maintain a tight lip at all times is the only assurance of security. This might not even be safe in the future: It wouldn't surprise the average U.S. citizen to learn of a device to determine What one is thinking. Senator LONG's committee hearings indi- cated that many of these devices are pur- chased by the nonsecurity Federal agencies. The committee stated that it is recognized that the interest of criminal justice and our country's safety from foreign enemies must be maintained, by the Federal officials who have the responsibilities. But, at the same time, the right to privacy that Americans have always guarded and cherished must be preserved against the threat of increasingly clever techniques of electronic snooping. We wouldn't agree more wholeheartedly. CENTENNIAL OF. THE, FOUNDING OF ONE QF AMERICA'S OUTSTAND- I1 PIt, P, ?.A'T4?1 asc.HQOL,s (Mr, MARSH asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks. ), l ay $, marked the centennial of the founding of one of America's outstand- ing preparatory schools. I refer to Au- gusta Military Academy located at Fort Defiance in Augusta County near Staun- ton, Va. This school for young men, that seeks not only to provide formal pre- paratory education, but also seeks to build character and attain physical ex- cellence, is well known throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia and America for its outstanding program of military instruction. AMA, as it is known to the student body, area citizens, and graduates, has attained this reputation for excellence through the achievements of its alumni, its educational curriculums, the qualifi- cations of its faculty, and the continuous leadership by its administration. The history of Augusta Military Acad- emy is part and parcel of the post-Civil War history of the South. It was founded in 1865 by a young veteran of the Confederate Army, Charles S. Roller, who, viewing the devastation of his native State and the Valley of Virginia that was his home, saw the need in the South for the establishment of educa- tional facilities that had been destroyed by 4 hard, grinding years of war. The predecessor institution of Augusta Mili- tary Academy, a day school founded in 1742 by the Reverend John Craig, was burned to the ground by General Seigel of the northern army in this campaign through the valley. It is a tribute to the leadership and ability of Charles S. Roller that Augusta Military Academy was able not only to survive but flourish and grow in the Re- construction era. The responsibility for the administra- tion passed on the death of the founder to his two sons, Col. Thomas J. Roller and Maj. Charles S. Roller, Jr., who be- came better known as Major General Roller. The recent passing of major General Roller was mourned not only at Augusta Military Academy, but through- out the State of Virginia; however, on his death, the school would remain a family school, inasmuch as the adminis- tration was vested in a family trustee- ship including the widow of General Roller, Col. M. H. Livick, now principal, and Mrs. Livick, the form of manage- ment which continues today. It is a privilege for me to pay tribute to the 100 years of public service by AMA, but the finest testimony to the contributions of Augusta Military Acad- emy in the development of character and scholarship is to be found in the dedicated service of its alumni in lead- ership assignments in the Armed Forces of the United States during our Nation's wars as well as in countless fields of ci- vilian endeavor. THREAT OF NATIONWIDE BOYCOTT OF JAPANESE GOODS (Mr. PELLY asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- mar-Ad . _ . - Mr. PELLY. Mr. Speaker, I am in- fo ieci that tli,e Oongress of American 9627 Fishermen is organizing a nationwide boycott of Japanese goods. The date- line set for picketing of Japanese ships and U.S. merchants who carry Japanese goods for sale is June 1, or as soon as the Japanese fishing fleet begins netting American runs of Pacific red salmon on the high seas. This protest campaign is scheduled to break out, I am told, throughout the Nation, and signs such as "No Jap goods sold in this store" are al- ready being printed, as well as bumper strips, and so forth, to incite public re- action against the unwillingness of the Japanese to cooperate with the United States in fishery conservation in the North Pacific Ocean. Mr. Speaker, ever since World War II, I have sought the upbuilding of trade with Japan and have been gratified at the ever-growing exchange of goods be- tween our two nations, I have nothing against Japan and want to see our trade grow, so it is with deep regret that I find, like a smoldering volcano, an eruption of ill will, economic harm, and bad feel- ing is in the making. How serious this boycott could be, I doubt if anyone knows, but it appears that organized labor may well follow its tradition and support our fishermen and their various affiliated unions. This could tie up every Japanese vessel that comes into port and all Japanese imports that cross our docks. The worst part of the boycott is that ill will and prejudice generated today cannot be shut off like an electric switch. The ill will and hurt will go on long after any settlement. Unfortunately, too, the wounds of Pearl Harbor will be opened anew and our two peoples will renew old hates. So, as I say, I hope this boycott does not get started; but at the same time, if it does start, I intend to support our fishermen in every way possible. Ten years ago, Japan agreed by treaty to pro- tect American red salmon on the high seas, and I, for one, will not stand quiet- ly by and see the Japanese abdicate this position and destroy the runs of fish made possible by our fishermen through sacrifice for the sake of conservation. The time is short, and I hope and pray that our Government can dissuade the Japanese from causing a trade war that will hurt both sides, and which both sides will regret. "WORLD'S GREATEST COLLEGE WEEKEND" (Mr. BRAY asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. BRAY. Mr. Speaker, the "World's Greatest College Weekend" again has been celebrated on the Indiana Univer- sity campus. Springtime on Indiana campuses al- ways is inspiring. The wholesome youth in our great Indiana colleges give hope in the future of our country. - Indiana University's "Little 500" is based on the great Hoosier 500-Mile Memorial Day Auto Races. It was com- menced several years ago by Howdy Wil- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved-For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RQP67B00446Pt000100040001-6', 962$ CONGRESSIONAL ICORI -HOJSE May 10. 1 J e# vv o at that time was director of peace are to hold sway- general John- Preserved or restored. and peace is achieved le naa tyniver Poundat1on a od son-sums it up or the 3t, present and without destruction of the institutions of 'Whe n w is a pi m ei',of' the boar f 10' referring to our fait} under society which exist under the rule of law, all the way trustees O the uifyersity anti general future the fatherhood of ~#od, and the-rights These landpower missions run from roadbuilding by a battalion of engi- VAnager of the Arizona republic and Phgenix Gazette. Tl1s Colorful week- end not only includes tests of athletic prowess in the men's bicycle races and the coed's "tricycle races, but adds color, pageafitry, ariistry `uTchritude and the sheer, effervescence of .youth tq an unforgettable ,weekcnct, . `f'he proceeds of the'. "Little 500 weekends have pro- vided for almost 2,000 scholarships. 1. am happy to say that the students on the campuses of the colleges of Indiana look quite different from the 17,000 "stu- dents" who deinonst4rated ~ri,' ashington recently , car ing- signs ; attacking their am Proud that as yet students on the ampuses in Indiana have not elliuia$ed fl o ,students and , faculty nl.cmbers fn ro}ne eastern ,colleges, who sent a eab~egram to HP,CIi#i Minh saying, in part, "You have our respect and s+vm- pathy' 146r have our students followed the lead of a group of students in a mid- western college who sent money to' the "National 'Liberation Front" (the 'uiet- Cbiig) . Neither have our students made a public demonstratin of burning their long as the Communist world pursues its a d & :bgn#ire, as occurred in draft Car s in avowed, objective of communizing the world, western university there. are likely to be more trouble spots I ,still:'am proud of the youth of Amer- where stability must be maintained or re- lea despite the actions of some. We stored. Hence we may expect more, rather should not allow the actions of those than than fewer, places where freedom is on the to cause ns to lose faith in the future oY line, and the speed with which we can move .America, which OfCOUrse depends upon to the defense of freedom will be of growing the youth of today. .In a importance. geographic sense, the world is shrink- Iri every generation there are some mg simply because we now calculate move- who are misfits. Some are guilty, of ment times in hours rather than days or treason, there are many more. who are weeks as they once were, of. necessity; and misguided, and in a frenzy of ideatism the 'Army, as a strategic hitchhiker service lose perspective in viewing their own continues to rely on air and sealift for the country. initial deployment of troops and equipment Despite the extremism of a small fraC- as well as resupply of those troops once we are in the area where the issue will be de- tion, the great majority, of our youth are tided. ready and willing to support their coun-, In a technological sense the world is try, and todefend freedom. shrinking as the fruits of research and de- ARMHD FORCES WEEK (Mr. HALL asked and was given per- missionto address the Rouse for 1 min- We and to revise and extend his, re- marks and include extraneous matter.) Mr. HA1;t,. 1Vfr..Speaker, at a multi- seMce dinxier at the, Sheraton Park Hotel hi this city, last Friday evening, the Navy League, the Air Force Associ- ation, and the Association of the U.S. Army, "kicked off" our Armed Forces Week, which this Nation reverently and pensively celebrates in honor of those who dedicate their 'the their lives, and their youth to the freedom of this Nation, and other responsible nations who seek our help. Gen. Harold K. Johnson, Chief, of Staff of the U.S. Army, led off the three ma or.,;unitormed military services, as greetings were sentf to the servicemen and women` aroinid t ie world. Predicated upon enhanced comm pni- cation and, increased else of transporta tion, the general very wisely sums up the situation of the reai^ world, while re- marking that, just as in the case of , In- dividuals, nations must be "responsible," If. deterrence, conference, and eventual- of Individual peoples to be free. Based seers in the hinterland of Thailand, and on litigal, geographic, technical and an frontier development in Alaska, through additional shrinking of the world,, re- support of counterinsurgency efforts in quirements have never been greater for South Vietnam; to manning the ground de- dedicated, well-trained talent and for fenses against limited or general attacks in equipment and unit combat readiness NATO Europe. In accomplishing these mis- around the world. sions the U.S. Army of over 950,000 men I commend these remark by one of and women has deployed 41 percent of its s strength in 101 countries. As the finest our greatest chiefs to the Careful con- Army in our Nation's history, it provides: a sderation of my colleagues: sound base on which to build for the future. REMARKS BY GEN. HAROLD X. JolipsoN, CHIEF On this occasion of the Annual Armed OF STAFF, II.S. ARMY, AT THE NATIONAL Forces Day Dinner, I salute the sons of an ARMED FORCES l1AY }DINNER, WASHINGTON, earlier day who wore our uniforms and Pio- D C., MAY 7, 1965 neered the way, the sons of today who This Armed Forces Week finds our Nation unflinchingly are defending freedom's ram- and its Armed Forces team in a world that parts, and the sons of tomorrow who will Is shrinking: politically, geographically, and inherit our mighty defenses, and our faith technologically. This world in the rights of peoples to be free. generates Thank you. reater risks for our n ti l rit d g a ona secu y an greater demands on our Army, Navy, and Air Force. In a political sense the world is shrinking because in many parts of the globe once dor- mant lands are emerging as restless new na- tions, anxious to come of age quickly, yet often inadequately equipped to protect them- selves against covert or overt aggression. As velopment materialize and _as, ideas and in formation spread". Our knowledge of physi- cal science is roughly double that which ex- isted in 1950, and the price for failure to stay ahead or at least keep abreast of our adversaries in the scientific area may be measured, not in time or dollars, but ulti- mately In cities and blood. This shrinking world. means for the United States more internatinal involvement as well as more hazards; more military com- mitments to the defense of freedom, as well as more demands on our economic and mili- tary strength. Never before have the re- quirements been greater for dedicated, high- caliber, -talent in our Armed Forces, and for equipment and unit combat readiness which have no equal. This represents the backdrop for the basic purpose of t he Army within the defense team. Since June 14, 1775, the basic purpose for the Nation's landpower has not changed. However, the real world in which we must carry out that purpose Is changing rapidly. Areas, of potential and active turbulence are emerging in different parts of the world to disrupt, In various ways, the climate of or- der and stability so important to the peace- ful adjustment of the changes underway. Within these conditions of world change, it remains the role of the Army, with gen- erous assistance from our Naval and Air Force comrades in arms, to carry out the landpower missions of the United States so that turbulence is reduced, stability Is THE AVENUE OF UNDERSTANDING (Mr. ICHORD asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. ICHORD. Mr. Speaker, during the past week the communications media has utilized the Early Bird communica- tions satellite in transmitting several programs of the public information va- riety across the span of the Atlantic Ocean. Those who have witnessed this tremendous innovation in television broadcasting certainly have seen history in the making. I believe this achievement ranks with the laying of the transatlantic cable or the first transatlantic flight for now it is possible for the peoples of Europe and the United States to better understand each other through live television transmis- sions. Think of the heretofore un- imaginable scope of events that now can be seen as they happen. The areas of politics and world affairs, music and art, and sporting events are but a few among the hundreds of subjects which may now be covered by the television media. Hopefully, in the near future all na- tions of the world will be able to enjoy this advancement. I sincerely hope this remarkable feat will serve as the mearMs to making transoceanic broadcasts the avenue of understanding. All those who participated in this project are to be highly commended and congratulated, for they have made it possible to take a giant step forward In the march toward international under- standing. OUTSIDE MONEY INFLUENCING ELECTIONS (Mr. DORN asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute, to revise and extend his remarks, and to include extraneous matter.) . Mr. DORN. Mr. Speaker, I am again today introducing a bill which would prohibit campaign contributions from crossing State lines to influence congres- sional primaries and elections and to influence election for electors of the President. I urge the Congress to con- duct hearings and study the whole area Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 May 3; 196 ' Approved CONGlIESSIO} AL0R CORD- DxP6 ,0 4 8000100040001-6 Ag -0 picture along " with - other industries which want to sell their materials to Japan. TIiS. 196$Tfi PACb.1L^" tALia6N rRO9LE'M low, let. me discuss the salmon problem, which involves, as far as the international situation goes, both cos nervation and juris- diction. Our principal quarrel here is with Japan, and. , invoivejs_, the principle of f abstention, where one natfon supports a second nation in the l tter's. conservation effort. Chiefly affected, is the Bristol Bay red salmon run, whose, tar-ranging migrations in the high seas has made them vulnerable to Japanese destruction., Since the expiration of 'the 10-year mini- mum?terlll of the North Pacific Salmon Con- vention,' Japan has sought thie summation of, the abstention for conservation provi- sions, to make more o_ f this run of reds ac- cessible to her high seas operation, which includes use of the 10-mile small mesh nets that kill the immature salmon, and relent- lesslyrender useless the conservation sac'ri- flees of Amgricau flskferinen. There have been negotiations; but recently, when leaders of our industry met in Wash- ington, it was apparent that our State De- partment's policy was to defer and delay, while our, fishery leaders urgently pleaded for firm and immediate attention, before this year's fishing season. I'say it is about time-no, it is time-for our Government `to assert' its firm intention to protect our salmon on the high seas. It is time we shocked the administration into action. Very simply, I propose that the fishermen peacefully petition for redress of grievances. Instead of a boycott, I suggest that you and our brothers on the gulf coast, and on the Atlantic coast, and up and down the Pacific coast peacefully demonstrate, `until, and if, future circumstances may call for `extending such action to picketing imports, or to a boycott of Japanese goods. In other words, I would delay the boycott that has been suggested to such time as the Japanese fishing- fleet may actually coin- In'ence taking our Bristol Bay red salmon. By June 1' it will be known whether or not the Japanese Intend 'to harvest our Pacific coast fish as against Asiatic rugs of salmon on the high seas. In fact, this is the inten- tion of the Congress of American Fisheries. Meanwhile, it seems to me that the voice of the Pacific Northwest fisherman should be heard, by petition to the President and to the Department of State. Your indignation should be registered strongly enough to be heard ' both in Washington, D.C., and in Tokyo. There is no other way I know of to let the Japanese government recognize the serious- ness of our problem. There is no other way Iknow of to stir the. President, the State Department, and the entire Congress, into taking action to protect your rights. Let us get the support of organized labor from the Seafarers' International Union, the culinary unions, and all others affiliated with the great brotherhood of fishermen. Let's demonstrate peaceably, and petition in English and in Japanese, if necessary. The time to act is here. Captive Nations Committee flQ BA ATT O'HARA of itS,itty IYJ I>IE HOUSE OF Et SENT TIVES Wednesday, April 28, 1965 Mr. O'HARA of Illinois., Mr, Speaker, I join with my able and distinguished friend from Pennsylvania [Mr.`FL00DI, and others, of my colleagues in urging immediate and' favorable action on the resolution creating a special House com- mittee on the captive nations. Too long have we delayed the authori- zation for this committee, the very crea- tion of which would hearten the suffer- ing peoples of the captive nations and which in its hearings and its findings could be expected to bring under the limelight of the world and to the con- demnation of all free nations the hor- rible and intolerable conditions forced upon the captive nations by a captor who knows no mercy and has respect for neither the laws of God nor the rights of men. There should be no further delay. The creation of the special committee for captive nations should be a must on the agenda of every Member of this body, who loves freedom and abhors tyranny. Student Responsibility EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. FLORENCE' P. DWYER $F NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, April 29, 1965 Mrs. DWYER. Mr.,3peaker, this is the season of the year when parents, public officials, prospective commencement speakers, school officials, and others con- cerned with the present and future of our young people are likely to give special thought to this subject, to reflect on the alarming increase in juvenile delin- quency as well as the contrasting record of youthful interest and participation in civic and school activities. It Is also the time of year when, on Many school and college campuses around the country, students are demon- strating their sense of responsibility, their feeling of obligation to the student community, their active interest in help- ing to make campus life more meaning- ful and fruitful, by seeking election to class or campus office. By doing so, these young men and wo- men are once again refuting the easy charge that students these. days "could -not care less." They obviously do care, and by caring enough to do something about their own condition, they are also preparing themselves better to under- stand and more fully to participate In public life as adults. As an example, Mr. Speaker, a young constitutent of mine, Calvin E. Newman, g . student at American University here in Washington, is 'a candidate for presi- dent of the class of 1968. Mr. Newman has a platform, and since it seems to me to be representative of the kind of thoughtful and constructive programs which student candidates are advocat- ing, I include it as a part of may remarks. 11. I hope M. I ewinan and his fellow candidates everywhere this spring" will find the experience of campus politics to be -exalting and profitable but most of all to be an opportunity for useful service to their fellow students and their schools. PLATFORM OF CALVIN EDWARD NEWMAN, CANDI- DATE FOR PRESIDENT, CLASS or 1968- 1. To unify the class: (a) A class forum coordinated with the class council. Meetings of the council will be publicized in the Eagle, the university newspaper, with a summary of what has been accomplished at previous sessions, and what the members hope to accomplish at the next session. The student body en masse will be afforded the opportunity to take an active part in the procedure. (b) Installation of FM radios in all dormi- tories on all floors. Five-minute programs will be broadcast each day during the 5-day week and for a half hour on Saturday, bringing a daily summation of class activi- ties to all members of the class. Proctors on each floor will be responsible for tuning in the program at the designated time. (c) Opinion sheets to be distributed to all members of the class on all important issues. The results of these sheets will give student government a definite base with which to work with the administration. (d) Suggestion boxes to be installed in strategic places through which the student will be afforded the opportunity to address correspondence to a specific member of stu- dent government. This will serve two pur- poses: (1) It will give the student's interest a chance to be articulated. (2) It will give the member on student government a feeling of definite constituency. 2. To give our class and our school the facilities most other universities have. (a) The institution of a football team. S. To establish a system of tenure. At this time tenure is granted only according to the administrations will, not according to aca- demic priority or seniority. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. F. BRADFORD MORSE OF MASSSACIIUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, May 3, 1965 Mr. MORSE. Mr. Speaker, yesterday in Lowell, Mass., the Matthews Memorial Church paid tribute to its pastor, the Reverend Arthur E. Kiley, on the occa- sion of his voluntary retirement as pastor after 28 years of devoted' service. Reverend Hiley has a unique history with the Matthews Memorial Church. He attended the church as a boy growing up in Lowell, he was married in the church, his children were baptized and married in the church, and he' was or- dained there In 1927. In addition to Reverend Hiley's min- istry, he paid heed to community needs. He is a member of the Lowell Board of Health, and has participated actively in civic and religious affairs in the Greater Lowell area. Prior to his pastorate in Lowell, Rev- erend Hiley held pastorates sin Pascoag, R.I.; Methuen, Mass.; and' Full l ,iver, Mass. Both in Fall River and later in Lowell he served as president of local ministers' associations. The esteem with which Reverend tiiley is held in Lowell was evident yesterday as he was tendered a warm reception at- tended by the mayor of Lowell, the chair- man of the Lowell Ministers' Association, the resident of the Greater 'Lowell Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Council of Q4urehgs,, and many more to co=tries other. than the ones in community, and religious leaders. _,All of Northern Europe which are now favored Lowell is in his debt for ,his fine example by the national origins systems, but and dedicated service,, quota immigrants will have to compete and to qualify to get in, and quota im- Many Misinformed on' Pending Immigra- Approved For Release:2004/01/16:: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 cQNGIt. $$IQNAL. RECORD -APPENDIX ON. EMANUEL CELLER IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday,_April 28, 1965 Mr. CEIILER. Mr. Speaker, as chair- man of the Committee on the Judiciary, I have recently .become aware of much public misinformation about the pend- ing Immigration, bill. Some of .this mis- information may come from persons who oppose the bill but, who have not studied - It themselves or do not understand it very well. I have prepared an outline that is de- signed to correct mistaken notions which have been circulated,about the bill .and to provide accurate information. on its purposes and anticipated effects. COMMON MZSAPPREHENSI,oNS ABOUT H.R. 2580 - CIaim: `The bill would bring in an ex- cessive number of immigrants and there- by aggravate. our population problems. The facts;, The effect of the, bill on our population would be, quite insignificant. Our population is now increasing at the rate of about , 3 million a year. The total number of quota immigrants now, authorized is 158,000 a year and under the bill Would be ,about 166,000, an in- crease of 8,000 per year. Actually, be- eause the bill would authorize the use of quota numbers that now are authorized but unused, it would result in an increase in immigration of about 60,000 a year. This figure is, however, only about 2 per- cent of the present natural increase in our population and, obviously can have little practical eect on population growth. The old days of large-scale immigra- tion to this. country are a half-century past, and no one has suggested any leg- islation to bring them back. The admin- istration's bill certainly would not have that effect; it is designed to deal, pri- marily with the basis on which immi 11 grants are chosen and leaves their num- ber little changed. If at some future, time ,the amount of, immigration were to be- come' a real problem from the standpoint of our population or anything else, Con- gress always has the power to curtail im- migration further, and probably would do so. Claim: The bill would let in hordes of Africans and Asiatics. The facts: As pointed'out above, the bill would not let in great, nuinbors of immigrants from anywhere at all, . Per- sons from Africa and Asia would con- tinue ' to' be ta immigrants, as .,they are fuller present law, but would be treated like everyone else. With the end- ing of discrimination by place of birth, there will be some shift of immigration migration will not be predominantly from Asia and Africa. This is because there are many factors besides quotas that limit immigration, factors that the bill will not change. Actually, many countries in Africa do not use their pres- ent quotas of 100. The simple fact is that nations differ greatly in the number of their people who have the occupa- tional attainments, or the family ties in the United States, to obtain a preference. There are also marked differences in wealth, earning power, and education which have a determining effect upon the numbers of people who could prove they would not be public charges if they came here, and who could meet the other prescribed tests for admission. Indeed, very few people from some areas can even pay the cost of tickets to come here. . Because, of practical and legal factors such as the above, quota immi- gration under the bill is likely to be more than 80 percent European. Moreover, all countries will be limited by the bill to a maximum of 10 percent of the total quota immigration, so that no country could take , up anexcessive share of the overall quota. It should be noted that, in order to relieve hard- ship and for reasons of foreign policy, it would be possible under the bill to re- store present quotas in some cases. This would, at least theoretically, allow the 10-percent limit to be exceeded in the cases of Great Britain, Germany, and Ireland. They happen to be the only countries whose present quotas exceed the 10-percent figures. The conclusion is plain-there would not be any flood of immigrants from any country, any con- tinent, or from all of them put together. rii Claim: The bill will lead to an in- crease in unemployment and in welfare rolls. The facts: There is no real evidence to support this claim, and there is much evidence to disprove it. First. Out of the 60,000 additional im- migrants a year who would enter under the bill, only 24,000 would be workers. This number of additional workers is miscroscopic in relation to the U.S. work force-24,000 against our present work force of over 77 million, or about 1 to each 3,000 workers-hardly a drop in the bucket as a practical matter. Second. For each additional worker admitted, the national economy will benefit from the admission of other per- sons who are consumers but not work- ers-elderly parents, women, children- in a ratio of workers to consumers that is as good or better than the ratio in our country today; these consumers should strengthen and not weaken the employ- ment situation. Third. The bill makes absolutely no change in the provisions of the present law, by which the Secretary of Labor can keep out immigrants who would take work from Americans or depress wages or working conditions here. The Secre- May .3,'1965 tary of Labor has testified that enact- ment of the bill will not increase unem- ployment. Fourth. Every immigrant under the bill will have. to. satisfy the public charge test of present law before he can get a visa. This test was proven, during the depression, to be effective in keep- ing out those likely to become a public charge, and it will continue to keep. out persons who will be unable to get jobs or will be prospects for welfare rolls. Finally, the improved preference struc- ture of the bill will help stimulate bkisi- ness and should thus reduce unemploy- ment through better selection of immi- grants with outstanding talents-men like Steinmetz, the electrical genius; Giannini, the banker; Sikorski, the in- ventor; Fermi, the atomic pioneer. Such immigrants, instead of taking jobs from Americans, help to create whole newiin- dustries that make thousands of new jobs for our people. Iv Claim: The bill would result in the ad- mission of Communists, other subver- sives, or other undesirables. The facts: The bill makes no change whatsoever in the safeguards of our pres- ent immigration laws which prohibit the admission of Communists, other subver- sives, security risks, narcotic addicts, persons with criminal records, illiterates, and other undesirables. Persons with mental afflictions also will continue to be generally excluded, except that if the iaf- flicted person isan immediate relative of a family that can guarantee adequate and safe care here, without public ex- pense, to the satisfaction of the Public Health Service and of the Attorney Gfn- eral, he can be admitted. This is ttue under present law for an immediate rela- tive excludable for tuberculosis if ade- quate safeguards and guarantees are pro- vided. Admissions of this kind are based on the humane policy of favoring family unity, provided the public is fully pro- tected. Claim: Under the bill an immigrant would no longer have to prove he has a job waiting for him. The facts: This claim shows a misun- derstanding of both the bill and the ex- isting law. Under the present law im- migrants generally do not have to prove that they have a specific job waiting for them. The bill makes no changes in this regard. Under existing law, the only immi- grant who must prove specifically that he has a job waiting for him is the immi- grant who is seeking first preference. The law now provides for giving first preference within a quota to immigrants who can show extraordinary qualifica- tions. This is a fine idea which in theory should strengthen and benefit our coun- try, but in practice the present provision does not work well for two reasons:, First. Due to the national origins sys- tem, the preference is given only within a quota for a particular country. As a result, immigrants from undersubscribed countries can easily enter without having any special qualifications, while those from oversubscribed countries may be kept out for years no mater how mu ph Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Ma 3, '1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD APPENDIX A2107 they could do for-our country. For ex- aliiple, a housemaid from a favored country may enter quickly while 'out-11 standing may and scientists from oversubscribed ' countries -are' kept out. Since the housemaid does riot `seek a first preference, she reed not prove a personal job offer, while the doctor; -even. Af he proves that 'a particular ' hospital wants him badly,='must still wait. Second; 'he lresent` provision does not work because it tends to favor appli- cants with personal connections in this country rather than ust extraordinary talents. This is true because no matter how 'outstanding an individual may be, most employers will rarely promise a job without, ari interview. Therefore, the applicant who cannot get here for an in- terview will usually get a job offer only, if he is lucky enough to have good connec- tions with the employer. The bill would eliminate the need for such connections and also place of birth as a'factor in granting a first preference, which would be granted solely on proof of exceptional qualifications that would be especially advantageous to this country. People with such, high qualifications will have no. problem in obtaining employment. Naturally, no matter how high the quali- 'fications of a first. preference applicant, they could not be found especially ad- vantageous to .this country if he would displace an American from a job. And the applicant would also have to satisfy all the eligibility tests that other immi- grants must meet. Fa'se Cslii4 e f or 1l+efidt Spending that rate'. -At some lower` rates of pay many new jobs would be opened up. But new pressure is on for an $80-a-week minimum EXTENSION OF REMARKS wage. OF Since it is only natural for employers to HON. J. ARTHUR economize on labor when the cost is exces- YOUNGER, sive,, any rise in minimum wages would OF CALIFORNIA create still -more unemployment in this IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES group. The minimum wage directly affects the Monday, May 3, 1965 unskilled, the physically handicapped, and the not-too-competent. Since all these peo- Mr. YOUNGER. Mr. Speaker, Mr. plc constitute such a large percentage of Lawrence , Fertig,- author of the book those unemployed, and since the minimum "Prosperity through Freedom", had an wage curbs their job opportunities, isn't it article in the San Francisco Chronicle evident. that we areactually creating unem- on April 30 which expressed some funda- ployment despite our good intentions? mental conclusions in, regard to the han- ' As for creating Federal deficits until the CIling -. of our unemployment figures as trigger-point of a 4-percent unemployment rate is reached, here is what a leading lib- well as.the_ unemployment situation as it eral," Senator PAUL DouGLAS, Democrat, of exists throughout the country. Illinois, his book, "Economy in Na- Mr. Fertig's column follows;. tional Government,". published some years FALSE -GvWDE FOR DEFICIT SPENDING ... ago: "In a period when unemployment is less (Bv Lawrence Fertiel than 6 percent there is no real supply of Unemployment still hovers slightly under Instead the unemployed are primarily either 5 percent, according to the latest Govern- the hard core of the perennially unemployed, ment estimate, This estimate is not just such as the handicapped, or the transi- one among as number of important figures-77 tionally unemployed for whom job oppor- it is a crucial statistic. For according to the newest econdinic"theory it?isthe guidepost Senator exist * * ? " 6- to our entire economy. Until there is full enre s now repudiates the 6- percent figure and favors the. 4-percent employment (currently defined as less than figure. When we reach 4 percent might he 4 percent jobless) Federal deficits must be and others advocate 2 percent? employed as a "stimulant" and the' budget must under no circumstances be balanced. If the Federal Government is . to ,pour out NAS Panel Completes Its First Assign- billions each year in-an effort to reduce the unemployment figure below the accepted 4- ment in Relationship With Congress questions about this statistic-about the un- employment OF REMARKS employment estimate that conditions our en- tire national life, OF Year-after year deficits would create a host of problems-ranging from the 'threat of ris- Before.Yop Leave this,Woryd` EXTENSION ' REMARKS HON; BOB WILSON IN THE HOUSE. OF -REPRESENTATIVES Monday, May 3, 1965 Mr.-BOB WILSON. Mr: Speaker, one of my good friends who is active in civic and community affairs, NIr. Nathan E. Jacobs, has reduced his philosophy I of life into, a simple but oeautiful poem, which I should like t' o sliare,witl} my colleagues, as follows BEFORE YOU LgAyE Ti-us, S1Voxi D'v When God put us on this earth, He set no price upon its worth, He asked us for no guarantee, Nor did He tell us it was free. He bade us welcome And then He taught us how to pray, He told us by our daily deed . Work would provide for what we need. We needn't be captain 'of the team, Although to many it may seem ? The fastestway to Our Lord's grace, But to Him every man has his place, He said: These things I ask'of thee- family; Make of this earth., a better place Than when you came into the human race. HON. GEORGE P. MILLER ing prices to a depletion of our dwindling OF CALIFORNIA gold and an international monetary crisis. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES here are the questions that require an an- swer. -is our current estimate of unemploy- Wednesday, April 28, 1965 merit scientifically accurate? Is avoidable Mr. MILLER. Mr, Speaker, on April unemployment actually being created by our 26, the Committee on Science and Astro- own national policies? Is adherence to an nautics met with a group of distinguished irrelevant and inaccurate statistic (unem- scientists, eminent in both the physical ployment) endangering the entire economy by building up a huge inflationary potential? and social sciences, who had completed In other words, do we really know what we're a yearlong study for our committee in doing when we gear Federal deficits to an un- regard to appropriate levels of Federal recently Advisers. ur support for basic rneeof h. employment how e s formerly figure 'One answer was ecentl given by Arthur F. This has been one of the channels, but Economic. percent? Burns, y chief en- only one, through which the Science He pointed out in a recent article in Harvard Committee is carrying forward its duties. might add that the detailed planning Business Review that there are more jobs I availglzle today than, there are unemployed for this work was undertaken by Mr. Jobseekers. In that case, he says, "there is DADDARIO, Of, Connecticut, the able chair- rio `deficiency of'aggregate demand." tin- man of our Subcommittee on Science, der these conditions any government which Research, and Development, and Dr. plans government deficits and easy credit is George B. Kistiakowsky Of Harvard, for- simply toying with inflation. Unless it is mer Presidential Science Adviser, who related to jobs available, the unemployment figure by itself is has been serving as chairman of the misleading - Also the official U.S. unem- UOQO ~~~ "" .cast c ttiiu ? UUU(; r-vucy ployment statistic now taken as an infallible for the National Academy of Sciences. guide. This is arrived at by a sampling of The attached. article, written by Daniel 26,000 households in the United States-not, S.. Greenberg,, was,_publishedd. in one. of by any head count of those actually unem- the Nation's most highly respected scien- ployed. tific journals, Science magazine, April 30, Also, aren't we guilty of creating unem- 1965. .Z believe it will be, useful and en- ployment and then complaining that unem- lightening to all Members of the douse. ployment must be cured with mopetary gim- nicks? The highest unemployment (23 The article. follows: percent of the total) is among teenagers. ACADEMY AND CONGRESS: NAS PANEL COM- The law says that a teenager cannot be hired PLETES ITS FIRST ASSIGNMENT IN NEW RE- for less than $50 a week plus fringe benefits. LATXONSHII' WITH CONGRESS This. prevents many teenagers getting jobs For the first 101 years of its existence the from employers who cannot profltabI7 Pay, National Academy of Sciences generally Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R600100040001-6 App'ro'ved for ReJea e 2 ,04/91/16.: CWA-RPP ,, B.00446RO00100040001--6 .aria (2) What judgment can be readied on merit; it Is therefore tactically difficult to MILLER, Democrat, of California, said: "It 1s the ba1a4ce support now being given by plead poverty when the overall sums are my belief that this report represents not only 400*rel o various fields of ?rjsg substantially. genuine achievement and utility in Itself, ecietitific endeavor, and on adjustments that The panelist who was most provocative but a significant milestone in congressional ~laould be considered, either within existing ndmost out of step with his colleagues was methods of gathering talented, objective as- levels .of, aver-all support or under condi- .Harry G. Johnson, Chicago economist. Ad- sistance to its use." ~ilpff6 of increased or decreased over-all aup dressing himself to the contention that set- It appears, however, that the academy, port? ? *Ape aho3}id bet supported because of its whose panelists labored with great diligence The vagueness of the questions and their ,cultural value, Johnson stated: to produce their papers, is not so certain that essential unansWerabillty Inspired a fair de- "The argument that individuals with a a lengthy compilation of individual views is gree of des air behind the Academ smarble actually the best way to serve the require- ?'facade; 8ut,.there were the uestions. rea- talent for research be supported by ments of busy Congressmen. q society, for example, differs little from argu- The Introduction to the report disclaimed ^1at31 f,1ne13 from the point of view of leg- ments formerly advanced in support of the isla$p 6 rho, must appropriate money, and rights of the owners of landed property to a any group responsibility for the views of the the A cademy accordingly turned to the tasks existence, and is accompanied by a individual authors, stating that "neither the of an$wering them. The assignment was similar assumption of superior social worth other members of the ad hoc panel, not the given to the Acade 3m s Committee on Sol- of the committee (on science and public policy), e.nce.and 'ubl P privileg s individuals over common nor the academy assumes responsibility for o1i&y, which set up a i6- men. Again, insistence on the obligation of me or ad hoc coipnitte, which in turn society to support the pursuit of scientific the opinions expressed, except where ex- decided oat, rather than- seek a consensus, .knowledge for its own sake differs little from plicitly stated." In explaining why it chose it would,give the House Committee the sep- the historically earlier insistence on the obli- to present 15 papers rather than a committee 11 ~t a .pits ti in of leadership trernely significant. When research budgets the support of science." Kato, Through basic research in the advancement are?luniped together, Congress tends to pay The House committee for which the report 9f,. science, a no technology and their eco- attention to overall growth, rather than to was prepared received it with a warm state- ', cultural and military applications the,financial problems of any particular seg- went of appreciation. Chairman Osoass P. $a i;e-a11. of. these, found gefuge upon our shores and contributed_ to the making of our mighty Nation. We should never forget that our huIAhie, origin had its foundation in the efforts of people who were, oppressed elsewhere. I hope that this. quality of our history will guide us in humility to eliminate invidious di.-. crlmination in regard to our present citi- zens and in regard to future immigrants. I feel this quality of America in a P Ost personal way. My a cestors came to set- n tie in Pennsylvania as members of the Schwenkfelder sect fleeing religious op- pression In Germany. They yearned for peace; they yearned fora place .where they could enjoy religious freedom; they yearned for an end to their oppression. If the gates of America. had. ,Apt been open to them at that time, I would not be here before you as a Con- gress today. We must keep in mind these aspira- tions of the oppressed. At the same time we must realize that our pwn population is growing with great rapidity, that op- portunities which existed in 1620, in 1840, or In 1910 are notIthe same as the oppor- tunities in ;1965. Frankly we no longer need large numbers of people to populate frontier wilderness areas. We must reckon with,a population explosion with- in our own borders. We must consider the unemployment of at .least 5 percent of our working population. Our Nation Is already populated from coast, to coast. Today we must seek the skills and tal- ents wb.ich new immigrants can bring to our shores, We must seek the .quality of their contribution to our. NNation, not the quantity of numbers. ,. het us fashion a new law,wlll h elimi- nates all. . discrimination oil. , the, basis of .national, origin and asks only of a_ man which is based on skills and talents rather than upon race and nationality. The Schweiker bill would also phase out existing quotas over a 5-year period. The admission of immigrants on a first come first served, skill criteria basis would be a built-in feature. But there are certa#n,problems which the Schwei- ker bill would reach which the present administration bill does not reach. For example, the Schweiker bill would: First. Eliminate all national origin preference of immigrants, including ex- isting preferences for Western Hemi- sphere nationals; Second. Establish an annual ceiling of 311,5,000 to coyer all immigrants, both quota and nonquota; Third. Endorse emergency migration for all political refugees without giving national Qrigins preference to any par- ticular geographic area; Fourth. Avoid possible influx of un- skilled labor at times of high national unemployment by using better controls than H.R. 2580 provides; Fifth. Establish a Selective Immigra- tion Board rather than the proposed mixed. congressional and executive Im- migration Advisory Board. 1. ELIMINATE ALL NATIONAL ORIGIN PREFERENCES The administration bill does not reach the desired goal of eliminating national favoritism. The administration bill fa- vors nations of Latin America and North America. It favors nations of northern Europe. It is our task to remove all hypo- critical aspects of our present immigra- tion policy. We must fashion a new law which will be completely nondiscrimina- tory as written and applied. All nations want equal treatment; all nations deserve equal treatment. Na- tions of the free world should have an equal chance to send their citizens here. The administration bill quite clearly does not place all nations on an equal basis. Written into H.R. 2580 is the potential for new preferential treatment. The administration bill would offer preferential treatment to nationals from Western Hemisphere nations by main- taining for them special nonquota status. This preference has existed in the past. It should be abolished. Unless we settle this problem finally, by eliminating all national preferences, questions may be raised in future years as to why a citizen of Peru or Bolivia is given an open door for entry while an applicant from France, .Italy, or the United Kingdom must wait W, line. under the quota system. This in- equity can be solved by repealing section 110.1(A) (27) (c) title 8, United States Code-Immigration and i`Iationlity Agt. ,A2511 2. ANNUAL IMMIGRATION CEILING OF 315,000 I recommend an annual Immigration ceiling of 315,000. to cover both quota and nonquota immigrants. The administra- tion measure contains no ceiling figure on immigration. Presently we accept an average of 273,000 immigrants yearly- 95,000 under quotas and 178,000 non- quota immigrants. I suggest, with the administration, full use of quotas to allow immigration of 158,361 yearly. But I also recommend holding nonquota im- migration to 156,639 in order to keep within the suggested 315,000 ceiling, an increase of 42,000 over the average total number of immigrants now entering this Nation yearly. In this way we shall be able to advise the American people with full candor the number of immigrants to be expected each year. This will help allay the fears of some opponents of the administration bill that the new law would generate a tremendous increase in immigration. Secretary of State Dean Rusk has said, and I agree with him: It would not bother me to say to anyone outside the United States, we are sorry that we cannot admit you because we have run out of numbers. But it does make it difficult from a moral, political, and psychological point of view to say: "I am sorry but we have run out of numbers for Greeks, or Ital- ians, or Canadians." With the suggested ceiling of 315,000 there would still be ade- quate room for political refugees to enter as nonquota applicants. 3. EMERGENCY MIGRATION FOR POLITICAL REF- UGEES WITHOUT GEOGRAPHICAL FAVORITISM .It has been traditional American policy to offer asylum to the politically oppressed. The administration bill en- gages in geographical favoritism by sin- gling out one area, the Middle East, for special mention in its provision for poli- tical refugees. Certainly there will be persons outside "the general area of the Middle East" who will qualify in the fu- ture as politically oppressed. I see no reason to single out the Middle East for special mention in the administration bill. I would point out that our Nation is already participating magnificently in efforts to alleviate the plight of refugees in the Middle East, under the fair share law, Public Law 86-648, under Public Law 480, the food-for-peace program, and by cooperating with the United Na- tion High Commissioner for Refugees to settle refugees, many of them from the Middle East, in the United States. 4. AVOID INFLUX OF UNSKILLED LABOR CREATING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM Section (10) (A) (2) of the administra- tion bill offers a fourth preference to im- migrants capable of performing specific functions for which a shortage of em- ployable and willing persons exists in the United States. I believe tighter restric- tion should be placed on the immigration of persons who might possibly compete with the existing U.S. labor force at a' time when at least 5 percent of ourwark- ing population is idle. Often the claim of "shortage of employable and willing persons" is without foundation. I recommend strongly that the Con- gress malke.clear itsintention.that,,bc- Approved For Release 2004/0,1/16.: CIA-RDP67B00446RQ0010004000.1-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -APPENDIX erso is admitted under the By placing the burden: of choosing le- ourth-reference- tween nationals of-one country over an- u"tY Lab bethng undefined criteria such ee~rea oore r- oer , o vaue o KT a ahoy shortage for as national ' security or 'hardship, we ecl is "functions wvhlch the immi- would rewrite preferred treatment into ~w Wcl- i orm' does in fact, exist our new fail. ~ fecf b,y T S citizens; There is apparently no reason for the x e.ttorne enerat be in provision other than 'to increase the e `" writ eii .evidence of the President's power in afield- whereCon= in~gss of emoyersto hire im- gress has' traditionally reserved policy ants -for this specific function; and decisions to itself. The proposed gradual immigrant applicant reduction of large country quotas over it will rte re o show written proof 5-year period by only 20 - percen w# , ie ,, qf, , ob offer f6r this specific function avoid the possibility of hardship accru- d lifsnenion to accept the offer. ing to these large quota countries. When 5 i, a fer these three steps are sat- we look at the small waiting lists for isfie& 7i u)d`the fourth preference pro- these large quita countries, we realize ~i&1q. i~ecome operative. The Schwei- that each' of the present applicants will ker bi contains t ese provisions. have a chance to be admitted during the 6,`rsrx ris>r"rnnvrtu~ltATr' so ien WITHIN 5-year phase out period of the national ~'- migration Board consisting of members large quota countries may result is not #rombo,h'the executive and legislative supported by available statistics. Fur- this mixed membership thermore, we would do more for the na- sG i11S;; nadv a' le r recommend that tional security of our Nation, by com- the Irinlgra?ion Board be part of the pletely eliminating the possibility of e%e('U 1yq branch without congressional preferential treatment. Otherwise we mcixibership.z Grongr"essional oversight shall irritate the feelings of friendly na- -Would; be maintained by requiring pe- tions outside northern Europe who will ripe reports from the Board'. The be disadvantaged by the 30 percent tech- SC weaker bill would create' a Selective nique. Such Presidential discretion, and Iilpii$ration foard" in the executive its prospective use, will undercut the very branch similar fn composition to the Fed- purpose of this bill. I am convinced ? eraJ Power ddmlliission. The Board that this delegation of power, which has would promulgate regulations under the been reduced from 50 to 30 percent since new lacy, continuously study immigration last year, does not deserve a place in this eOnditi o" all allocation of bill. This section simply reinstates the d recommend a the quota immigratio n visas under the possibility of discrimination in favor of ,10 percent allocated_ for the politically northern European nations. I do not opt re55ed. favor such possibilities. J4r., Speaker there is' another serious Mr. Speaker, many years ago one of defect p MO. 2580. -'Statistics indicate our great Presidents, Woodrow Wilson, that Of the :158,3di quota positions avail- in an address given at Independence Hall able in 164, northern European nations in Philadelphia on July 4, 1914, gave a received 81 percent southern European definition of liberty which applies to our .nations percent, and the rest of the efforts Liberty today. does not Wilson consist in stated: mere general world Oniy ly 2 percent. TheUnited King- declarations of the rights of men. It con- dom never use half Its quota of -65'30' sist in the translation of those declarations 'While the quota of l'OO for the Ph ' iilippines into definite action. is bac1ed up for 90 years and the quota of 3O ' for .Greece, S 5 years. ` Other na- We must translate the declaration of ?tions also suffer this hardship of severe liberty into definite action as part of our ovefstb~criptlon. This hardship de- new immigration laws. Our task is not prives applicants for an entire lifetime of merely to give a partial response to the reallzino their dreams of life in the demands for change. Our task is to ere- United States. ? The proposed adminis- ate a clear, comprehensive, and com- tration bill, would make ,-it, quite possible pletely fair law. It is time now to offer for this" hardship now suffered by na- true equality to all applicants who seek ce and other na membership in the American commu- Gre ti l l n f It e s o a a y ?=,tions wi h bilcklog ed, small` quotas to be mty su twined by future Presidential action. The administration bill would allow the President tai take, id'pe'rcent of a reserve pool, intended to benefit victims of the deprived small`quota countries, 'and as- sign this 30-percent reserve instead to northern European nations which have enjoyed preferential large-quota' treat- ment for the past 4 years. Most of the nations 'which night beso affected-Ger- of 1965 HON. J. EDWARD ROUSH OF INDIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, May 19, 1965 The House in Committee of the Whole House on theState of the Unionhad under consideration the bill (H.R. 7303) to provide assistance to the States of California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, and Idaho for the re- construction of areas damaged by recent floods and high waters. many; ' Netherlands" Norway, Sweden, Denmar%, United. Tingdom, `Belgium, and France-do not come close to using their present quotas. There is no reason ,to expect a sudden substantial increase in the nun ber of their citizens seeking to, eofne to the United States. This ~0-per- cent outright grant has no valid statis- tical or foreign policy basis. ' lam. JON: man, I yield to the gentleman from Indi- ana [Mr. Roush] such time as he ,may consume. Mr. ROUSH. Mr. Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding. Although I realize that each disaster brings its own problems, it does seem to nie'tliat the-Alaska disaster and thedis- aster in the Northwest and the more re- cent disaster in the Middle West caused by floods and tornadoes have pointed out certain deficiencies which exist in; our Disaster Act that are pertinent to each disaster. This was particularly brought home to me as I examined the Disaster Act as it related to the Palm Suiliday tornadoes which swept from one side of my district to the other, leaving a path of devastation, destruction, and death such as we have never seen. I would like to ask the chairman of the subcommittee if his committee may not be considering taking a good look at our present Disaster Act with the view of up- dating it and covering some of these areas which are not covered presently by legislation? Mr. JONES of Alabama. It is the sense of the committee that we reexam- ine in detail the Federal policy with respect to disaster relief. It is our in- tention to deal with that subject when we hold hearings on the omnibus flood control bill this year. As the gentle- man from Indiana has pointed out, we will make a homesite study of the upper reaches of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Next week we will go down to the Texas area for an examination of the dam- ages as a result of the flood that recently occurred there. I can assure the gentle- man we will welcome his suggestion and at the appropriate time, we will take it up. Mr. ROUSH. I direct the gentleman's attention to certain provisions which I have included in a disaster act which I recently introduced, particularly pro- visions dealing with relief to indivi- duals who have been adversely affected and provisions dealing with assistance to small unincorporated communities that have been adversely affected. I think these two areas in particular need attention. Mr. JONES of Alabama. The commit- tee will certainly welcome suggestions made by the gentleman from Indiana because we know they will be worthwhile and valuable to the committee. Mr. ROUSH. I thank the gentleman. HON. E. Y. BERRY OF SOUTH DAKOTA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, May 20, 1965 Mr. BERRY. Mr. Speaker, I have asked unanimous consent to insert in the RECORD an editorial from the Ben- nett County, S. Dak., Booster, which Approved For Release 2004/01/16.: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 droved For Release 2004/01/1.6: CIA-ROPGFB 446R0O 1-O040f 01 June 1, 1965 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67BOO446R000100040001-6 In California alone, there are nearly 14,000 The large corporate farms and farmer more II S. workers on farms this year than cooperatives have been pressuring the Labor last. The Government estimates that last Department to admit more foreign low-wage year, Mexican:farmwbrkers'eari ed about $36 workers. Secretary Wirtz has been resisting million, and 'spent only $6 million in this these pressuYes ' in behalf of the American state. agricultural workers who would be deprived As a result of new minimum wages which of even these paltry wages if foreign workers growers must pay if they want foreign work- take their jobs. In addition, society would ers, and because of the lack of low-wage im- be injured as displaced U.S. workers were ported labor, U.S. farmworkers are earning forced onto relief rolls. up to 50 percent more than last year. Farmers along the U.S.-Mexican border . As for crop production, L. N. Gardner, head want more Mexican braceros admitted, claim- of, the Department of Agriculture's market big that available U.S. workers cannot do the research office here, said: "California pro- job. Farmers in Florida want Jamaicans duction of frult_ s and vegetables this year is admitted, claiming that there are not enough slightly" higher overall than at this time last field workers available. Wirtz went to the year, despite the bitter complaints from scenes to check the facts for himself. . growers of heavy crop losses," The pictures on this page [not printed in Prices of some crops are higher, but "in the RECORD] speak three things. They tell th 11 ht of these unfor- l f labor shartages," he said. Lettuce pr6duc- tion is `higher `than last year, even though California winter, lettuce from the imperial Valley was actually held back from the market by "harvesting holidays" because growers reached agreement on quotas to try to stop lettuce from flooding the market, Gardner said. As of the last full reporting date of May 13, e p g y o eloquent tunates caught on the fringes of misery. They secondly pay mute tribute to a dedi- cated, hard-working, industrious . Secretary of Labor. Finally, they bespeak an object lesson on what often happens to work- ers who are gloriously free of any necessity to pay union dues. [From the Washington (D.C.) Post, June 1, 1965] there were 19,138 carlots of lettuce shipped WIRTZ SAYS FARM CHANGE IS BOON from California compared to 19,096 at this time last year, he noted. Prices are now higher than last year for lettuce, but at the start of the year, were down to about $2 a carton compared to $5 last year. Supplies of lettuce are still heavy, Gardner said. He a4de4._ that the only . explanation he could give for continued high volume and high prices 'is that "housewives decide what they will pay" and "the varagies of the weather." Tomatoes are also going out in greater number this year-10,419 carlots so far com- pared to 10,130 last year. Some growers are blaming Mexican imports for taking away U.S. production because of lower labor costs In, Mexico. But nationally, Mexico has sent the United States only 5,690 carlots of to- matoes this year compared to 5,713 carlots last year at this time. Asparagus shipments by rail are up to 1,713 carlots compared to 1,452 last year, while prices for the growers are higher. Strawberries also are being produced in larger quantity than last, although more are going to processors who freeze and can the berries. Oranges are slightly behind in normal pro- duction rates, but while the fruit may stay on .the trees, longer, and so increase in size, Gardner said the total crop volume of navel oranges should be about the same this year as last. Florida this year had a bumper crop which cause the price of canned orange juice to drop sharply. Lemons are being harvested more slowly this year than last. This will mean more going to the processors, which brings a smaller return to growers than when the fruit is sold on the fresh market. [From the International Potter, May 1965] yesterday that the increased use of Ameri- cans for seasonal farmwork in California is having a favorable effect on both employ- ment opportunities and welfare rolls. In a report on the California farm situa- tion, Wirtz said that on May 15 domestic seasonal farm employment was up 16.1 per- cent from a year ago and that the number of families receiving welfare aid in the farm areas was down sharply. (Mr. GONZALEZ (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. GONZALEZ' remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] SIXTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CON- Mr. Bourguiba soon became president. In the struggles for freedom that fol- lowed he came to be called supreme com- batant-a title as meaningful to his peo- ple as "Father of His Country" is to us. We may be proud since that we have in several ways-through providing eco- nomic and technical assistance as well as surplus agricultural commodities- aided the new nation in its struggle to as- sume a proud place among the free na- tions of the world. In offering our congratulations to the people of'Tunisia, and to President Bour- guiba on this anniversary, we should also extend our greetings to two other out- standing individuals. One, of course, is Bahi Ladgham, a famous Neo-Destour leader, and the other Mongi Slim, who before he was called home for even more important responsibilities was Ambas- sador to United States and that proud nation's representative in the United Nations. (Mr. ROSE'1GTHAL (at the. request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. ROSENTHAL. Mr. Speaker, I want to take this opportunity to reaffirm my strongest support for the administra- tion immigration program, which I am cosponsoring through my bill H.R. 6022. .This legislation is long overdue. Four Presidents of the United States have urged changes in our immigration and naturalization procedures. They and the greater body of American citizens have strongly demanded the elimination of the national origins system. Yet, for too long, such action has not been forth- coming from the Congress. Mr. Speaker, the idea of altering our immigration reg- ulations so as to eliminate the national origins system has been proposed again and again. We cannot let that idea escape us once more. The time for action is now, in this year 1965, by this 89th Congress. For all too long, America's immigra- tion and naturalization laws have been in conflict with our national history and ideals. Before the institution of the na- tional origins system, this country ac- cepted new citizens on the basis of their own personal qualities, and their com- mitment to our democratic ideals. Yet now our present policy actually discrim- inates among applicants for admission into the United States on the basis of accident of birth. The national origins system thus implies that people from one country are more desirable than people from another. This is a proposition our history has rejected from its earliest years. Oscar Handlin, perhaps the most au- thoritative student of American immi- grant history, had said: Once I thought to write a history of im- migrants in America. Then I discovered that the immigrants were American history. This is a sentiment which John F. Kennedy reinforced in his memorable study, "A Nation of Immigrants." In one way, we are all immigrants. None of us can afford to ignore the debt (Mr. FARNUM (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. FARNUM. Mr. Speaker, on June 1, 1959, a constitution that in many re- spects is similar to our own, was pro- mulgated for Tunisia, which had been among the free nations of the world since March 20, 1956. This ancient land has much in the past to be proud of, and under President Habib Bourguiba is following a policy Secretary of Labor' W. "Willard Wirtz is a also noteworthy. 'working Presidential Cabinet member if 'ever Over 3,000 years ago Phoenicians had there was one. In order to learn the prob- established various communities, in- lems. connected with migrant agricultural eluding the famous city of Carthage, labor, Secretary Wirtz recently made trips to there. In the seventh century A.D., a the big corporate farms of California and Florida. new historic chapter opened when the -He went into the fields and talked with the area became a major center of Western workers. He talked with their wives and Islamic culture and political power. their children. He went into the shanties After a later period of Turkish rule, Tu- which they must call -home. He listened to nisia became a French protectorate in them tell of their problems and frustrations. 1883 and a stirring for independence be- He looked at the almost totally 'Inadequate gantomanifest Itself. sanitary facilities as human beings are forced This was given drive and purpose in by circumstances to live in structures which would not be used as chicken houses on many 1934 with the founding of the Neo-Des- respectable farms. tour-New Constitution-Party, of which Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 For-Release 2004/01116: CIA=RDP67BO0446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE tnl GQ owes tnoseXeopie wno came e feneges~ tale t}p new plt fp e o ere them a prize by " Sri, f ricitizens l3 t that grant was ( by their con- u rg ~.. e..Galot allow lis 6y eis -fied, Yet many thro, h"'- put ?he g*orld --owonly our ]~rest disc, story policy. Sugges- tions of o u c7,ce~rte_past t are met with" skep is sm and dqubt, Anti this sf epticlsm Is often the existence, of our natioa Argrls system. If that system is un.:faithful to our past, it also corrupts our present. This coun- try is now involved in 'a great struggle against the forces of discrimination and the apostles of bjgotry. Our national energy'. aiictconscience are committed to tha fight p an ',4. ittguest for equality. The ctramatizQd that Commit- Ain it passed the Civil Rights Act Of 1964. Yet the same specter of dis- crimination, which we so firmly, oppose in our domestic affairs, still appears beneath the surface .of qux,,. inunigration and naturalization, policies. , Such an incon- idsteney cannot l allowed to remain un- tOUcliett Wllt iliay_ appear to some as a techiiicajty, appears to others through- out the world as a deep injustice. Tlie national origins system is archaic a s t~e11'as unethical. It seems clear to me that the effect of the national origins has deeply confused our immigration procedures. 'The- System heavily favors hOithera, Europeans who rarely fill their quota, and severely limits immigration from southern and. eastern Europe, Africa, and, Asia where there a lengthy Val I- lists. Over 90 percent of the ,total,,. gration quota is reserved for .available to countries where they are deeply needed. We must eliminate the highly discriminatory provisions dealing with the newly independent countries of the Western Hemisphere. We must do away with the Asia-Pacific.triangle pro- gram. These proposals have been reached after the careful and deliberate consideration of experts in the executive branch. They have the earnest leader- ship of a President who well understands the significance of American immigrant history. Our goal, therefore, should be a policy which is in. the best traditions of our past and in the best interests of our future, a policy which is sanctioned by our demo- cratic code of ethics, a policy which forti- fies, rather than compromises our foreign policy, and a policy which, above all, treats all men.. as human beings to be judged solely on their qualities as indi- viduals. (Mr. BOLAND (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point In the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. BOLAND'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] (Mr. MATSUNAGA (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. MATSUNAGA'S remarks will ap- pear hereafter in the Appendix.] European countries. Due to its inflexi- bility the MoCarrap-Walter, Act actually PROPOSED INVESTIGATION OF THE gfveins o'rily about one-third of total im- CLAY-LISTON FIGHT migration to the United States. The (Mr. SWEENEY asked and was given lilafority of immigrants enter under pri- permission to extend his remarks at this Vate gration legislation. Surely we point in the RECORD.) can devise a program which Is more in Mr. SWEENEY. Mr. Speaker, Last touch with present realities. week this Nation recoiled in disgust at The proposed new immigration- pro- one of the most nauseating sports dem- gram is based on a technique of pref- onstrations in our history. To say that erential adpQiasions which seeks to at- the Clay-Liston engagement was a new tract to o]lr, .gov4try . persons with low for boxing is a masterpiece of exceptional skills, training or. education. understatement. It acknowledges the special continuation Mr. Speaker, the U.S. Government for of that tradition, and replaces the un- some time has been undertaking the re- etliiCaJsystem of.,ilational origins quotas. sponsibility of proceeding in the protec- `Yet we ar+e not concerned,Simply with at- tion of the American consuming public. tracting skilled?foreigners to Our country. President's commissions have been A newly defined immigration policy will created for this purpose to study and be huiiilanitalian? -,well.. We should investigate consumer fraud. I would have provisions which, teke.iiito.special heartily recommend that Mrs. Esther 64e0.ilnt, cases where families are need- Peterson, Special Assistant to the Presi- 7essly separated. fro I, one another by dent for Consumer Affairs, undertake an out-of-date regulations. We will con- investigation of the Clay-Liston flight. tinue and fortify provisions which admit It would certainly qualify as a con- political refugees and refugees, from Sumer fraud from one end of the coun- catastrophe. try to the other. Sports fans assembled The central feature of a new immigra- in theaters to view a telecast of a sup- tion and naturalization program, how- posed legitimate encounter between two ever, must be the elimination of the na- heavyweight contenders. Millions of tional origins system, We. must repair dollars were involved in this fight pro- the damage done to those. who have been motion. Those attending these telecasts denied entrance to this country on the were victimized by two pretenders who basis o. outdated procedure and unjust were putting on a sham performance, Criteria.' In so doing, we must, for ex- the net affect of which can only bring on ample, be prepared to permit quota num- the demise of boxing as a legitimate bore not s d b _ u e y any ry June. 1, 1 ~965 (Mr. VIVIAN (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. VIVIAN'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] MOTION ADOPTED BY THE SECOND CHAMBER OF THE STATES-GEN- ERAL OF THE KINGDOM OF, THE NETHERLANDS WITH REGARD TO THE EVENTS IN VIETNAM (Mr. McCORMACK (at the request of Mr. SWEENEY) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, un- der date of May 20, 1965, I received a letter, with enclosure, a copy of a motion adopted by the Second Chamber of the States-General of the Kingdom of the Netherlands at the Hague, sent to the Speaker of the House of Representatives by the President of the Second Chamber of the States-General of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Honorable F. J. F. M. van Thiel, which I herewith include in my extension of remarks: THE HAGUE, May 20, 1965. The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTA- TIVES, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR. SPEAKER AND COLLEAGUE: During its meeting on may 18, 1965, the Second Chamber of the States-General has adopted a motion with regard to the events in Vietnam. Pursuant to the wording of the penulti- mate paragraph of this motion, I have the honor to enclose herewith the English trans- lation of it. I should be grateful if the document could be distributed among the Members of your House. Yours sincerely, F. J. F. M. VAN THIEL, President of the Second Chamber of the States-General. [The 1964-85 session, 8083] EVENTS IN VIETNAM-MOTIONOF ORDER INITI- ATED BY MR. RUYGERS ET AL.-NO. 2- MOVED ON MAY 18, 1965 The Chamber-after hearing the debates on events in Vietnam, holding the view that Peiping China's attitude is the main cause of the increased tension and that the United States is entitled to understanding and sup- port from her NATO partners In her ultimate political objective,. viz, to check Communist China's expansionist policy in Asia-re- quests the Government to help, in interna- tional political consultations, to bring about (1) a truce that will put a stop to any direct or indirect aggression, thus reducing the risk of the war spreading and constituting the basis for unconditional negotiations; (2) a political settlement of the conflict-based on the Geneva Conventions of 1964-under ap- propriate international supervision; and (3) the active participation, after cessation of hostilities, by as many European countries! as possible in the large-scale aid program for southeast Asia announced by President Johnson, The Chamber resolves to bring this motion to the notice of the U.S. Senate and the V.S. House of Representatives and to the Parlia- ments of the European NATO partners; and basses on to,th,e ,order,,of, the, $iay. . Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 June 1, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE yield o the gentleman from Pennsyl= AE4S g5 ,Abbitt Fountain Mills Mr. SAXLO_ R, I am delighted that the ,Adan1s_ Fraser Minish gentleman ` from Pennsylvania [Mr. Addabbo Fulton, Pa. Mink DENT] has Offered this amendment to the Anderson, Ill. Fuqua , Tenn. Mizehall amendment, because without it a very Anderson, Gallagher Moeller careful reading of the amendment would Tenn. Giaimo Monagan indicate that unless an owner or operator Andrews, Gibbons Moore is actually served and at the meeting, he Glenn Gilbert Moorhead would not be covered by the provisions Andrews, Gilligan Morgan N. Dak. Gonzalez Morrison of this act. I feel certain that was not Annunzio Grabowski Morse the intent of the author of the original Ashley Gray Mosher Ayres Green, Oreg. Moss amendment., Baldwin Green, Pa. Multer Mr.. ROOSEVELT. Mr. Chairman, Baring Greigg Murphy, Ill. will the gentleman yield? Barrett Grider Murphy, N.Y. Mr. DENT. I yield to the gentleman Bates Grifths ch Murray r from California. Beckworth Gross Nedzi Mr. ROOSEVELT. Mr. Chairman, Belcher Grover O'Brien the committee accepts the amendment to Bennett Gubser O'Hara, Ill. the amendment which has been offered Betts Gurney Mich. Bingham ngham Hagen, , O Calif. O'Konski by the gentleman from Pennsylvania Blatnik Haley Olsen, Mont. [M D ] Bolling Halleck Olson, Minn. ENT Teague, Tex. Van Deerlin Whitener Tenzer Vanik Widnall Thompson, La. Vigorito Willis Thompson, N.J. Vivian Wilson, Bob Thompson, Tex. Waggonner Wolff Thomson, Wis. Walker, N. Mex. Wright Todd Watkins Wyatt Trimble Watts Wydler Tupper Weltner Yates Tuten Whalley Young Udall White, Idaho Younger Ullman White, Tex. Zablocki NAYS-43 Abernethy Ashmore Aspinall Bandstra Bell Brock Buchanan Callaway Carter Colmer Everett Frelinghuysen Gathings Gettys Goodell Hagan, Ga. Henderson Hungate Jennings Jonas Davis, Ga. McEwen Dorn McMillan Duncan, Tenn. Marsh Edwards, Ala. Martin, Ala. Ellsworth Martin, Nebr. Morris O'Neal, Ga. Rhodes? Ariz. Rivers, S.C. Satterfield Scott Belden Smith, Va. Stephens Tuck Walker, Miss. Whitten Williams r. Bolton Halpern O'Neill, Mass. The CHAIRMAN. The question is on Bow Hamilton Ottinger the amendment offered by the gentleman Brademas Hanley Patman Adair from Pennsylvania [Mr. DENT], to the Bray Hanna Patten Andrews, amendment offered by the gentleman Brooks Hansen, Idaho Pelly George W. Broomfield Hansen, Iowa Pepper Arends from Virginia [Mr. JENNINGS]. Brown, Calif. Hansen, Wash. Perkins Ashbrook -, The amendment to the amendment Broyhill, N.C. Hardy Philbin Berry was agreed to. Broyhill, Va. Harris Pickle Boggs Burke Harsha Pike Boland The CHAIRMAN. The question is on Burleson Harvey, Mich. Pirnie Bonner the amendment offered by the gentleman Burton, Calif. Hathaway Poage Brown, Ohio from Virginia [Mr. JENNINGS], as Burton, Utah Hawkins Poff Carey amended. Byrne, Pa. Hays Pool Celler Byrnes, Wis. Hechler Price Clausen, The amendment as amended was Cabell Helstoski Pucinski Don H. agreed to. Cahill Herlong Quie Collier The CHAIRMAN. Under the rule, the Callan Hicks Quillen Cramer Cameron Holifleld Race Cunningham Committee rises. Casey Holland Randall Dickinson Accordingly, the Committee rose; and Cederberg Horton Redlin Diggs the Speaker having resumed the chair, Chamberlain Hosmer Reid, ni. Dulski Chelf Howard Reid, N.Y. Mr. MADDEN, Chairman of the Commit- Clancy Hull Reifel tee of the Whole House on the State of Clark Huot Reinecke the Union, reported that that Committee Clawson, Del Ichord Reuss having had under consideration the bill Cleveland Irwin Rhodes, Pa. Clevenger Jacobs Rivers, Alaska (H.R. 3584) to amend the Federal Coal Cohelan Jarman Roberts Mine Safety Act so as to provide further Conable Joelson Rodino for the prevention of accidents in coal Conte Johnson, Calif. . Rogers, FConyers Johnson, Oklaa. Rogers, Fla. ls mines, pursuant to House Resolution 391, Cooley Johnson, Pa. Rogers, Tex. he reported the bill back to the House Corbett Jones, Ala. Ronan with sundry amendments adopted by the Craleyn Karsten Mo Rooney, N.Y. Committee of the Whole. Culver Kastenmeier Rooney, Pa. The SPEAKER. Under the rule the Curtin Kee Roosevelt previous question is ordered. Curtis Keith Rosenthal Daddario Kelly Rostenkowski Is a separate vote demanded on any Dague King, Calif. Roudebush amendment? Daniels King, N.Y. Roush If not, the Chair will put them en Bros. Davis, Wis. King, Utah Roybal Dawson Kirwan The amendments were agreed to. Rumsield de la Garza Kluczynski Ryan The SPEAKER. The question is on Delaney Kornegay St. Onge the engrossment and third reading of the Dent . Krebs Saylor Denton Kunkel Scheuer bill. Derwinski Laird Schisler The bill was ordered to be engrossed Devine Langen Schmidhauser and read a third time, and was read the Dingell Latta Schneebeli Dole Leggett Schweiker third time. Donohue Lennon Secrest The SPEAKER. The question is on Dow Lipscomb Senner the passage of the bill. Dowdy Long, Md. Shipley The question was taken, and the Downing Love Shriver Duncan, Oreg. McCarthy Sickles Speaker announced that the ayes had it. Dwyer McCulloch Sikes Mr. CORBETT. Mr. Speaker, I ob- Dyal McDowell Sisk sect to the vote on the ground that a Edmondson McFall Skubitz Erlenborn McGrath Slack quorum is not present, and make the Farbstein McVicker Smith, Calif. point of order that a quorum is not Farnsley Macdonald Smith, Iowa resent. Farnum MacGregor Springer h Fascell Machen Stafford "'11fie SPEAKER. Evidently a quorum Feighan Mackay Staggers is not present.' Findley Mackie Stalbaum The Doorkeeper will close the doors, Flno Madden Stanton Flood Mahon Steed the Sergeant at Arms will notify absent Flynt Mailliard Stratton Members, and the Clerk will call the roll. Fogarty Martin, Mass. Stubblefield The question was taken; and there Fo Matsunaga Sullivan Foray rd, Gerald R. Matthews ews Sweeney were-yeas-335, nays 43, not voting 55, as Ford, May Talcott follows: William D. Meeds Teague, Calif. No. 98--b Edwards, Calif. Miller Evans, Colo. Morton Evins, Tenn.' Nelsen Fallon Nix Fisher' Passman Friedel Powell Garmatz Purcell Hall Resnick Harvey, Ind. Robison Hebert St Germain Hutchinson Smith, N.Y, Karth Taylor Keogh Thomas Landrum Toll Lindsay Tunney Long, La. Utt McClory Wilson, McDade Charles H. Mathias Michel So the bill was passed. The Clerk announced pairs : Mr. Passman with Mr. Utt. Mr. Keogh with Mr. Lindsay. Mr. Edwards of California with Mr. thias. Mr. Fallon with Mr. Adair. Mr. Celler with Mr. Arends. Mr. Boggs with Mr. Brown of Ohio. Mr. Bonner with Mr. Smith of New York. Mr. Hebert with Mr. Nelsen. Mr. Purcell with Mr. Cramer. Mr. Garmatz with Mr. Collier. Mr. Long of Louisiana with Mr. Hall. Mr. Tunney with Mr. McClory. Mr. Landrum with Mr. Berry. Mr. Friedel with Mr. Morton. Mr. Charles H. Wilson with Mr. Don H. Clausen. Mr. Taylor with Mr. Hutchinson. Mr. Dulski with Mr. Michel. Mr. Thomas with Mr. Robison. Mr. Carey with Mr. McDade. Mr. St Germain with Mr. Ashbrook. Mr. Boland with Mr. Cunningham. Mr. Powell with Mr. Harvey of Indiana. Mr. George W. Andrews with Mr. Dickin- son. Mr. Nix with Mr. Toll. Mr. Fisher with Mr. Karth. Mr. Diggs with Mr. Resnick. Mr. EDWARDS of Alabama changed his vote from "yea" to "nay." The result of the vote was announced as above recorded. The doors were opened. A motion to reconsider was laid on the table. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 1965 41630_ C GRESSTO L RECORD - H U une GENERAL LEAVE TO EXTEND: REMARKS Mr. ROOSEVELT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the gentle- man from New York [Mr. POWELL] may extend his remarks in the RECORD on the bill just passed. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from California? There was no objection. Mr. ROOSEVELT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that all Members may have 5 legislative days in which to extend their remarks in the RECORD on the bill just passed. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from California? H.R. 8662-A BILL TO ESTABLISH A SELECTIVE IMMIGRATION YSTEM ,~. ~(Mr. FEIGHAN asked and was given (! pe311nission to address the House for I minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. FEIGHAN. Mr. Speaker, today I have introduced H.R. 8662, a bill to estab- lish a selective immigration system. This bill is a result of a year's hearings by the House Subcommittee on Immigra- tion and Nationality of which I am chairman. In addition to the extensive public examle full range o-f nrohlems in- volved. I have a voca a simultanetlus rM%d of the national origins quota sys- tem and the nonquota status for natives of the independent countries of the West- ern Hemisphere. I am advised by'Gov- ernment spokesmen that repeal of the nonquota status for natives of the West- ern Hemisphere would be inopportune at this time. Accordingly, my bill repeals immediately the national origins quota system and the Asia-Pacific triangle con- cept but leaves intact the privileged im- migrant status of natives of the West- ern Hemisphere. I have a special order for 1 hour later today at which time I will explain the major provisions of my bill. SECRETARY FOWLER GIVES WELL- DESERVED SPANKING TO HIGH- INTEREST LOBBYISTS (Mr. PATMAN asked and was given permission ,to extend his remarks at, this point. in the RECORD.) Mr. PATMAN. Mr. Speaker, the Hon- orable Henry H. Fowler, our able new Secretary of the Treasury, addressed the prestigious Committee on Economic De- velopment on May 27 in New York City. Mr. Fowler's address dealt primarily with our balance-of-payments situation, and I am happy to report that the adminis- tration takes most seriously its respon- sibility to end the deficit. Mr. Fowler's statement is very well reasoned, but at the same time quite understandable for the layman. It also has a determined tone which is reassuring to everyone that we are goi` , this gold problem. Of special importance i's the Secretary's warning to those inflamatory voices, lo- cated around Wall Street, who scream incessantly for tighter money and higher interest rates. Mr. Fowler gave a well- deserved verbal spanking to those who believe all we have to do to solve the pay- ments problem is increase our interest rates. He said: Unfortunately, such a course not only con- flicts with our need to maintain our do- mestic expansion but also important, would not solve the problem. In view of the tre- mendous difference in size and efficiency be- tween the money markets here and abroad, it is hardly realistic to expect a higher in- terest rate to provide the necessary reduc- tion in long-term capital outflow. Further- more, an interest rate increase large enough to have a significant effect in this area would almost certainly bring a recession. A reces- sion in turn, would severely damage the cli- mate for foreign investment in the United States and would also create a strong move- ment to reduce interest rates immediately. The entire statement follows: REMARKS BY THE HONORABLE HENRY H. FOWL- ER, SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, TO THE COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, IN THE STARLIGHT BALLROOM OF THE WALDORF ASTORIA HOTEL, NEW YORK, N.Y., MAY 27, 1965 For the first quarter of 1965, our balance- of-payments deficit dropped to an annual rate of slightly more than $3 billion., That was half the rate of the final quarter of 1964. More important, after a bad start in Jan- uary, our position improved to show a sur- plus in March and-on the basis of prelimi- nary figures-hopefully in April. While it is still too early to assess the im- pact of President Johnson's program to re- duce private capital outflows through the voluntary cooperation of the banking and business community, it appears that this program is already helping to improve our position. Let me caution you vigorously against in- terpreting these results as indicating that the battle has been won. We must, at all costs, avoid undue optimism. We cannot afford any premature relaxation of our determina- tion or our efforts. Solving our balance-of-payments problem will be a long, hard, and difficult task, but it is a task I believe to be vital to continuing our political as well as economic leadership in today's world. The United States has had 14 balance-of- payments deficits in the past 15 years. During those 15 years, our deficits have totaled $36 billion. One out of every four of those dollars of deficit has been settled in gold. The time has come to put a Stop to this chronic deficit. We can eliminate it, we must eliminate it, and we will eliminate it. The elimination of the deficit is at once the most serious and the most difficult eco- nomic task facing the United States today. The task will not be easy. For the last 4 years, our balance of payments has engaged the best efforts of bold and imaginative men. Many of the steps taken have been highly successful in reducing part of the deficit. But each time the deficit was held down in one place, it bulged out in another. In fact, we have been plagued by a series of deficits arising from a different mix of causes from year to year. Putting an end to the deficit will require strong determination and firm action. A successful program to achieve equilibrium must attack the deficit on all fronts, President Johnson launched just such a program with his February 10 message to Congress on the balanee~of payments. My purpose today is to tell you why that pro- gram is necessary, why it must work, and what sort of a situation we will face when it has worked. In the early part of the 15-year period referred to our deficits served to reduce the so-called dollar shortage. For that reason these deficits were appropriate, since dollars were needed to finance expanded world trade and nourish the redevelopment of Western Europe and Japan. For the second part of our deficit period- 1958 through 1960-our deficits reflected in- adequate trade surpluses combined with ris- ing expenditures for defense and foreign aid. Long-term private capital outflow also rose during this period, as European recovery led to a substantial increase in U.S. private in- vestment abroad. Finally, in 1960, the ris- ing tide of speculation against the dollar contributed to a sharp increase in short- term capital outflow. The first comprehensive program to reduce the payments deficit-which had averaged almost $4 billion for the 3 years 1958-60- was presented in a message to Congress in February 1961. This program was designed to minimize the balance-of-payments impact of neces- sary Federal spending abroad; to reduce short-term capital outflow by restoring con- fidence in the dollar; and to expand our trade surplus by launching (a) a vigorous campaign of export promotion and (b) a program of special tax incentives for in- vestment to help cut costs combined with policies, wage-price stability, both designed to increase our national competitive edge in markets at home and abroad. Over a period of 4 years-1961-64-the ef- forts initiated under this program yielded re- sults which totaled more than $3.5 billion, including increased commercial trade sur- pluses ($900 million) ; reduced oversea dollar spending for foreign aid ($400 million); economies in military spending abroad ($200 million); increased military offset sales to foreign countries by the Defense Department ($450 million); and an increase in profits and interest on past foreign investments ($1.6 billion). But the deficit failed to narrow a cor- responding amount. The reason it did not was that just as this vigorous attack on several different areas of our deficit was gathering momentum and beginning to show increasing progress, a new problem appeared. Early in 1963, the outflow of U.S.' private capital into foreign securi- ties rose alarmingly because, in part, inade- quate capital markets in the remainder of the industrialized world made recourse to our money market the easy and cheap course for all who needed capital. This required the. second program to con- trol the deficit, which was contained in the balance-of-payments message of July 1963: The interest equalization tax proposed in that message was immediately effective in stemming capital outflow into foreign se- curities. Last year, for instance, the total of such foreign borrowing was cut more than 65 percent below the rate for the first half of 1963. The program also intensified other existing programs and utilized monetary policy by combining an increased rediscoupt rate with measures which raised short-teem interest rates substantially. But the net result of all of these efforts achieved only a reduction in our overall deficit of $800 million-from $3.9 billion in 1960 to $3.1 billion in 1964. Why? Because last year another new problem appeared-the marked rise in over- all private capital outflow, including both short- and long-term bank credits and direct investment abroad. It was clear that action was necessary to meet this new challenge. It was equally Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 makes, reflecting a passion. for thoroughness ond-yourigest head coach inthe NFL. 'Rosen- which has marked-his'football car`eer`from bloom admitted that he was taking a gamble Its earliest days. on Shula, but was sufficiently impressed Those days were spent in Ohio, where Don with his studious approach to the game and was born in a small town about 30 miles east the job he had been doing for the Lions of last December's disaster. He went to to take the chance. Catholic grade school, and in high school, he Don's forthrightness and sincerity helped and his five brothers and sisters all took part him avoid what might have been a crippling in sports. Don won 11 letters. "Sports was pitfall. He was coming in to coach a team all I ever had-whatever was in season." he had once played for. Some of the play- After high school, he went on to John Carroll ers were former teammates, and some were University in Cleveland, where he was a older than he was. "I didn't anticipate any sociology major. He kept up a B average problems, and had none," he says. "I be- while participating in collegiate sports, and lieve it was mainly because I was always hon- In his senior year was captain of the football est with them and treated them all the team. same." Gino Marchetti quipped that he saw He graduated in 1950 and was offered a no reason to worry: "Shula used to give us teaching job in a high school in Canton. He hell when he was just a player." also found himself a ninth draft choice of the Brief though it had been up to that point, Cleveland Browns. "There was a decision to Don's coaching career had a lot of facets. make then," he says. "I decided in order to "I've been brought up in the Paul Brown have peace of mind, I had at least to try pro philosophy of coaching. It started out at ball and see if I could make it." He played John Carroll where we used to use all Brown two seasons with the Browns, taking a mas- stuff. Then I started to play with the ter's degree in physical education at Western Browns. When I came -to Baltimore, I found Reserve and doing a hitch in the National that Ewbank was a student of Brown also. Guard at the same time. Then I got into coaching. I was under Blan- He came to Baltimore first in a trade In ton Collier, and there again it was back to 1953 when the Colts were reactivated. He was the some system: organization, attention to never a standout as a player, although Weeb detail, eliminate errors. This is what I've Ewbank did once rate him as his best de- tried to do. Our practices are highly or- fensive back. Don early established himself ganized, for example. They're not long but as a perfectionist, spending hours practicing we get a lot done. There's not much stand- footwork on his own. It was said of him that ing around. You just don't tolerate any he could run backward almost as fast as he mistakes.. You get a guy who makes repeated could forward. Assistant coach Charlie errors and sooner or later he's going to beat Winner said what he lacked in actual ability you, and if you can't depend on him, you he made up in brains. look for somebody else. Don was released by the Colts in 1957 as "Detroit Is the only place I've been as a Ewbank was trying to mount strength for coach that's been different, and I learned a the first drive toward the championship. It lot there from George Wilson. He was not was a case of youth versus experience, Don only a fine coach but was a real great handler says, and one of the toughest things that of men, and this helped me, to see how he ever happened to him. He was picked up handled the pros. I learned a lot from .by the Washington Redskins and finished Ewbank, too. He was a fine organization the season there, but was coming to realize man and did a good job of getting the squad that, his best playing days were probably be- prepared. And I have my own ideas about hind him. He turned almost naturally to running a team-I haven't tried to copy any- coaching. "It had appealed to me for a body. I try to profit by my experience yet be long time," he says, "Besides my own as- myself, because I think if you pattern your- signment, I always wanted to know what self after anybody, you're not natural, you're interest in the whys and hows of the game. along as -you are.,, Partly for this reason, He accepted an offer as assistant coach at the Don rarely sends a play in from the bench. University of Virginia, stayed one season, He says he firmly believes that the quarter- then went. to, the University of Kentucky back on the field is In a better position than where he worked under Blanton Collier, who the coach on the sidelines to estimate and is now head coach of the Cleveland Browns. analyze the opponent's defenses. After a year at Kentucky, he got a call from Don's dedication to the game is such that George Wilson, coach of the Detroit Lions, football consumes most of his waking hours. who was looking for a defensive backfield He never developed any outside business even coach with NFL experience, and Don found as a player. "I've had a few opportunities, himself back in pro ball. but I've never felt that I was able to do two He was married, and had a young son by things at one time. I just had to ooncen- this time, and moved his family to Allen trate on one thing. I feel that football's Park, a Detroit suburb. On the field he was been good to me and it's given me the op- what the players called a "holler guy," whose portl4nity to be here and I'm going to give deep voice could be heard all over the grid- it back everything I have, make the most of iron when he found occasion to chastize one the opportunity. I'm going to either make of his charges. He worked in Detroit for 3 it or break it in football." seasons, in each of which the Lions finished His only regret is that the job consumes so second. much time that he would like to devote to One day toward the end of 1962, Don came his family. To the regular off-season duties home and asked his wife, Dorothy, how she a coach must perform this year was added would like to move to Baltimore. The Colts the round of banquets and appearances that were looking for a new head coach, and de- go with being Coach of the Year. There spite his youth and relative inex_ perience, he were about 60 such functions all told, an thought he had,a chance at It.' Colt owner, average of 3 a week between January and Carroll Rosenbloom, considering about a doz- May. There's a danger of putting on weight, en prospects, is said to have made up his but Don has kept his down to 210, just 5 mind on Shula on the basis of his answer to pounds more than he weighed as a player. one question: did he think he was ready for And he'll lose those 5 pounds during the sea- a head coaching job? Don's reply: "it son if this year is like the past, which he doesn't make any difference what I tell you attributes to being " alittle more nervous." about -that. I'_d have to prove it. That's by His family now consists of five children, winning.", two boys and three girls ranging from 6 years Don was hired in January 1963, becoming to 2 months. They live in Campus Hills, near the third coach since the team returned a Towson, where they have plenty of room and decade previously and ending the 9-year a pleasant, fenced-in lawn. Don plays some regime of Weeb Ewbank.- Don had just golf for recreation when he can get to it, but turned 33 and, was, by a few weeks, the sec- not during the football season. "He always shines up his clubs and puts them away be- fore training camp opens," says Dorothy, "which is typical of him. Around the house he picks up after himself. He's particular about how his clothes look and about what we call his football room in the basement, where he has his game pictures and footballs and other souvenirs. He doesn't like that room to be upset, unless it's something the children have just done. With kids, he's mellowed a little around the house. He ap- preciates a neat mess." The Shulas are a religious family-Don goes to mass in Westminster every morning during training camp. He's normally even- tempered, but when things go wrong, he can explode. "We had some television people up in camp this year getting some background for the `Countdown to Kickoff' program. They had a mike on me and everything I said during practice was recorded. A lot of times I don't like everything I say to be recorded," he laughs. "They can always use it against you, especially when you have a tendency to say just what comes to your mind and not think too much about it," As to the life expectancy of a head football coach, Don has come to be philosophical. He now has a 3-year, continuing contract, one which renews itself from year to year. "This is a little bit of security in a sense," he says. "But you've got to say that your job is deter- mined by winning games. You can be the greatest talker or con man or what have you, but when it comes to the end of the year, they look pretty much at that record. I'm in a situation with the Colts where there's a lot of talent and you're expected to win, and it's pretty hard to explain when you don't. If hard work and confidence in himself and the team will do the trick, Don will lead the Baltimore Colts out onto the field at Memorial St on Sunday, January 2, 1966, to mee he easter division titleholder for the champio ship./And if winning that THE PAINFUL REALITY Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. President, on Tuesday, September 14, I spoke on the floor of the Senate in op- position to the recently enacted legisla- tion-then under debate-revising our U.S. immigration laws in the manner proposed. I pointed out that advocates of the legislation claimed that the increase in immigration brought about by its pas- sage would be miniscule and would amount to only a few additional thou- sand persons annually, but that I feared the practical results would be otherwise. I questioned why our Nation should be the only advanced Nation in the world to develop a guilt complex concerning its immigration policies, when it has al- ways been far more liberal than other countries in this respect. I emphasized the fact that other advanced nations, realistically and in their own national interests, are selective in dealing with immigrants-without apology. I stated that our first responsibility in matters of immigration, at this point in our na- tional history when we are faced with numerous sociological and economic problems of mounting severity, is to the citizens of our Nation. I called attention to the sure indica- tions of our changing times and urged that we take cognizance of the realities of our present situation and the fore- casts for our future. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Rel/Iif005fi100040001 t71' ?cts er .11, the able newspaper col- 1 t, Mr. Eric Severeid, a widely trayeled and skilled political analyst, .gently warned of the difficulties which !*ur,1?atinla, surely. faces as a result of tire enactment of our new immigration law. T ask unanimous consent to hive the ;tletober 11 article by Mr. , Severeid printed ' the RECORD. There being no objection, the' article `.was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: OPENING GATES TO IM4IGRANTS , EBy Brit Severeid) Fidel Castro will-be very happy to get rid ai ,more. Cuba,na who .have relatives; in the Vhited, states{ and the United States will take , them. "the American humanitarian tLIa'tinet outweighs the American sense of rea1poiitik which tells us that we are hereby `easing one of Castro's burdens. Not ail the quarter-million or more Cu- - 'ban refugees in this country have been eco- xtomically assimilated, but most, have, even fn Miami, the; social tone, variety and charm trf ichich has been improved by their pres- eriCer not damaged. 'This is not because these people are Cu- ?bans rather than Brazilians or Dominicans or '1'rin1dadians, It is because, for the most part, these' Cubans represent the aspiring, 11 hatd-working and responsible elements in ,the Cuban society. Tt was because of them that pre-Castro 'Cuba enjoyed one of the highest, not one of the lowest rates of per capita income in Latin America. It is partly because of their banishment that Cuba now suffers, one of the lowest rates. Simply put, what the Cuban Communists have done is to gut the Cuban middle class, not just the small, exploiting upper class. This is profound, historical tragedy because the whole drive in. Latin America must be to build middle classes by training the poor and illiterate.u well as by reducing the pow- `er and hiildings of the very rich. ft seems axiomatic; Without a, strong Middle class In those countries, that is to any, without "a balance wheel which permits tolerance and orderly change, there is no escape from dictatorial rule, either,by the right or by the left. In modern times, the existence of stable democracy is intertwined with the existence of a middle class. President Johnson made his afi~rmative response `to Castro's' "offer" at the same time he signed the new immigration bill. Many statisticshave been bandied about as to the past totals of foreigners admitted here And. the future expectations under this bill. The most common. characteristic of these figures, so easily spouted from political soap- boxes, is their meaninglessness. American citizens do not understand what the picture has been and will be, and the press has not done very much to enlighten them. Tba welcome to a new wave of Cubans Is an example of why the official figures never stay put. The new bill puts a limit. Of 120,- 000. per year on immigration visas from the 'Western Eemisphere. Many thousands more enter under different kinds of visas. The new Cuban wave will drive the total that much higher. The bill eliminates the noxious quota sys- tem of 40 years standing, under which, people from northern Europe were preferred as im- migrants, even though those countries do not 511 their quotas, presently prosperous as they are. In recent years, "quota immigration" stood, on paper, at 158,000 a year, which will now be increased slightly. Most people seem to think that is ;, the total of, our annual har- vest of newcomers to these shores. In fact, the total of nonquota newcomers-refugees, reunited families, etc.-has been averaging far more than the number who actually come by quota. The grand total of foreigners admitted has been running around 275,000 or more each year. Under the new bill, the grand total, by some expert estimates, will rise to some- what near 4Q0,000 a year. It will now be easier for people of southern Europe, Asia, and Africa to come here, but the common notion that they have been virtually inadmissible is not quite true. The Italian quota, for example, was only 5,600 a year, but the actual admissions from Italy, have averaged over 15,000 a year for 10 years. Japan's quota was only 185, but the Japanese admitted annually have been aver- aging nearly 5,000 for the last 10 years. - Very few people will argue that the old quota system, based on religious and racial feelings, should have been retained. Few will argue against reuniting families or in favor of closing the door against political refugees in certain circumstances. But responsible Americans, particularly the Orthodox liberals, must now face up to cer- tain hard, unpleasant realities and must think about them with their heads, not with their glands. This is a basically different country from the time when immigrants were not only welcomed but required. The economic life of America in the revolution and the early 19th century was more like the life of ancient China than like the life of America today. Farmlands no longer need filling up; they are, indeed, emptying into the vast urban centers. Our really terrible problems are urban problems and at the heart of most of them is the simple business of overcrowding. Sanitation, health, transportation, police services are at the point of breakdown in many cities. Psychological tensions have become unbearable in some cities, as we have seen in our long, hot summers. The age of mass mess has just begun, for the population of this country will probably increase by another 30 million in the next 10 years. It is in this light that we must now think about immigration, not in the light of old theories and emotions. To pile tragedy upon tragedy is scarcely liberal. Liberalism was an easy path when help given to one unfortu- nate did not injure another unfortunate. The real, and the painful question that now has to be faced is not whether to be liberal or illiberal, but whom to be liberal to. Choices must be made. This is the sad wis- dom that every older civilized country under- stands and acts upon because it must. Ms- tory will not exempt the American civiliza- tion. MEDICAL CARE FOR THE AGED Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, in just a matter of months now, medical care for the aged will no longer be the dream that it was almost a half-century ago. In- stead it will be a reality-a reality made possible in no small part by the historic struggle of one of this country's most illustrious citizens, Josephine Roche, former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. As far back as 1915 Miss Roche has highlighted, in one way or another, the health deficiencies of this Nation that needed correction. In her writings, in her speeches, and in her everyday work, she has relentlessly fought for better health and better medical care for this country. Her earlier efforts-were climaxed when she organized the Interdepartmental ctober 13, 4,965, Committee to Coordinate Health and Welfare Activities in July 1938. As chairman of this committee she called the first National Health Conference.; This conference was attended by mem- bers of the medical and related profes- sions, by public health and public welfare officials, by workers in health and social agencies, and by representatives of labor and farm groups, and of other groups composing the general public. The con- ference contributed toward a better understanding of the national needs in the field of health and medical care and toward the formulation of policies that would enable the medical and other professions, private organizations, Federal, State, and local agencies and individual citizens to cooperate in efforts to meet those needs. The folllowing is a brief summary of the work that led to the creation of that conference: In June 1934, subsequent to a Presiden- tial Executive order establishing the Cab- inet Committee on Economic Security and the Advisory Council on Economic Security, the "President appointed her as a member of this Council. In November 1934, she was appointed by the Presi- dent as Assistant Secretary of the Treas- ury, and thereupon appointed to? the Technical Board on Economic Security composed of specially` qualified Govern- ment officials. This Board was responsi- ble for the review and the analysis of the vast data on national economic and social needs, the proposals for meeting these needs, and for the preparation of the Cabinet Committee's report on eco- nomic security which was submitted by this Committee to the President Janu- ary 15, 1935. The President, on Janu- ary 17, 1935, transmitted this report to the Congress with his message recom- mending legislation along the lines pro- posed by the Committee. This report formed the basis for the Social Security Act passed by the Congress in August 1935. Upon passage of the Social Security Act with its far-reaching new economic and social programs involving both Fed- eral and State administration, the Presi- dent requested her to act as Chairman of the Interdepartmental Committee To Coordinate Health and Welfare Activi- ties of the Federal Government with par- ticular reference. to Federal-State rela- tionships in these new programs. Due to the success achieved by the Commit- tee during its first year of functioning in developing efficient and coordinated procedures for prompt implementation of the many new provisions contained in the Social Security Act, the President formalized the Committee's status a year later by Executive order. As Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, the U.S. Public Health Service, then a Treasury agency, was placed under her administration and she immediately made plans for a comprehensive inven- tory of the Nation's health needs under the immediate direction of this outstand- ing professional agency. The mass data and material obtained and documented throughout every State over a period of months and subjected to expert analysis and..comptlation is still considered rxi tjor Approved For 'Release-2004/01116 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 October 8, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -APPENDIX blasted a,crater in the desert?100 feet deep and 20 fee? in diameter TIZe ex}iloslon, a forerunner of a planned nuclear blast the same area, is a Study in ` digin ' In techniques which Could be used in digging the proposed sea level complement to the Panama Canal. The event, Mr. Speaker, is graphically explained by Mr. O. A. (Gus) Kelker, feature editor of the Tines-News, pub- lished in Twin Falls, Idaho, in the Oc- tober 3 edition of the paper. The article follows: BRUNEAU DESERT BLAST MAY LEAD TO NEW CANAL (By O. A. (Gus) Kelker) -MOUNTAIN HorsE.-It, actually sounds too strange to be true and yet the first shovelful of dirt -which. will result in construction of a ne r sea level canal acrossSJential America was probably moved Thursday afternoon in the .form of a piece of Idaho's desolate The experiment, which came about as a result of 0 years of planning and study, was in the form of a great explosion, probably the tllggest manmade blast to ever take place within the boundaries of the State. It was the forerunner for a proposed 100- kilpto)p' nuclear cratering Project which may rze undertaken ,in the same,. general, area in sbqut 3 years.' This is the method of dirt and rook removal.which someday may be used to dig the big ditch which is now in the plan- ning stage. The, awe-inspiring explosion which ripped the solid rock of the Bruneau.area took place at a point 2 or 3 hours away from Mountain Home by car or truck, depending on the speed you drive. It was more than 70 miles of bumps and dust which stretched out into nowhere, ,A joint venture of the Atomic Energy Com- mission and the Corps of Army Engineers ;iuclear excavation research program, the project came down to the last day with scheduled projects ticking off like a well- Oiled clock. The last 24 hours, before the explosion was detona.ted apd ripped a hole 200 feet wide and 100 feet deep in the desert rock, were a headache. In fact they almost resulted in the blast being scrubbed. After the, liquid explosive called nitro- methane had been poured into a 36-inch access hole and filled a mined spherical cavity approximately 18 feet. In diameter, a leak developed. The leak was spotted by instruments and after it was confirmed officials ordered two trucks in from the atomic site near Las Vegas, Nev. They were to bring 55 more drums of the explosive. But 'this scheduled departure set off a chain of events not ex- pected. One truck broke down near Las Vegas. The other gave up before reaching the test site in Idaho. Two smaller standby trucks were dispatched and the load of 23 drums of explosive was transferred. These two trucks arrived at ground zero and the ` liquid was transferred below the ground. The countdown' began but a few seconds before the big blast was to take place it was halted. The 15-minute countdown finally was undertaken once more and this time the end result was something to behold. Qn.ttie se ox3d s tl#e end of the count the desert B9t ,more than,.3,006 feet from where photographers, newsmen, officials, project personnel, and others stood, heaved in a pattern that was both grotesque and beau tiful at the same time, So overpowering was the great earth inove- ment, with heavy dust and 'great pieces of rock rising more than 3,000 feet into the air, that it was difficult to comprehend. The great dust cloud, studded with rock, seemed for awhile to threaten the area where the observers, stood, but it was all an optical illusion. The blast was so mammoth that the mind was unable to take it into consider- ation with only one sweep of the imagination. The long wait, the desert travel and the dust and heat were forgotten at the instant of the spectacle. For most of the observers this thing was a first and it will never be forgotten. As one newsman put it: "The gates of hell itself could not be more terrifying than the turmoil which we saw today." One thing was certain, and as a result data which will be important in future tests-even of the atomic variety-was writ- ten into the book. . Because of the leak, the explosion took place with about 12 tons less nitromethane than was planned, and yet the results were greater than anticipated. Checked and rechecked figuring on the curve had shown that depth of the crater would be about 41 feet, plus or minus 5 feet, and radius would be 76 feet, plus or minus 9 feet. When the dust and rocks had settled and experts and observers trudged up to the crater's lip they found that it was about 100 feet deep and 200 feet in diameter. The lip of the newborn crater resembled a mountain on the level plateau. The entire project was dubbed Pre- Schooner II. The big blast was associated with three other separate 1.2-ton TNT cali- bration shots. Above ground, these three detonations a good distance from ground zero shoved shock waves through the air which were easily felt by observers. The big blast did not produce any appreciable shock wave because of the underground location of the charge. But in the case of the big one, the ground shook like a great earthquake was underway and was easily noticeable where observers stood more than 3,000 feet away from ground zero. The U.S. Army Engineer Nuclear Cratering Group, Corps of Engineers, is headquartered at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, Liver- more, Calif. The Atomic Energy Commission experts were from the Nevada test range. Actual purpose behind the detonation was to improve the knowledge of crater dimen- sions in hard, dry rock as a function of depth of burst and type of explosive. WARNING BALLOON As a precaution prior to the blast, a bright yollovi balloon, anchored to the ground by cable, was flown at a height of several thou- sand feet. It served as a warning to possible flights of aircraft in the area and also held a set of instruments aloft to gain pressure measure- ments above the blast area. It was hoisted more than an hour before detonation time. The data obtained from the experiment will be used in the design of the proposed Schooner atomic cratering project and in the general development of a theory of cratering and techniques for predicting slope stability and other engineering properties of nuclear craters. Results of the blast will end in months of study before final tabulations are made, offi- cials said. But to the casual observer the entire proj- ect could be nothing short of a complete success. It was the biggest blast in the State's his- tory, and the rumble of it will be heard for The Pope at the U.N. EXTENSION OF .REMARKS OF HON. CHARLES MCC. MATHIAS, JR. OF MARYLAND . IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, October 5, 1965 Mr. MATHIAS. Mr. Speaker, many persons have discussed and sought to analyze the historical impact of the visit of His Holiness, Pope Paul VI, to the United Nations this Monday. In his elo- quent essay of Thursday, October 7, Mr. Walter Lippmann captured the central meaning and full promise of this un- precedented event. I would like to com- mend Mr. Lippmann's words to all, as follows : THE POPE AT THE U.N. (By Walter Lippmann) On Monday, when the Pope came to the United Nations, we witnessed an event of which we shall be able to appreciate the sig- nifiance only as time goes on. His journey and his address were a blinding illumination in which the immediate consequences will only gradually become visible. "We are the bearer," said the Pope, "of a message for all mankind," and, he went on to say, "like a messenger who, after a long journey, finally succeeds in delivering the letter which has been entrusted to him, so we appreciate the good fortune of this moment, however brief, which fulfills a desire nourished in the heart for nearly 20 centuries." The letter which the Pope was at last able to deliver said that the church, now at peace with all mankind, was able to ratify the pur- poses of the United Nations, which is a hu- man institution aspiring to be universal. That has never been possible before. Never before has there existed an institution in which there is a place for all the nations of the world. The moral ratification of the United Nations, which the Pope declared on Monday, could be given by him only after the Roman church had reached a religious peace-only after the religious wars and persecutions of the past had been brought to an end. This historic act of ratification marks the progress made under the inspiration of Pope John XXIII in the rejuvenation of the church. The modernizing church ' has brought itself into the mainstream of human affairs. It has done this by committing it- self to the religious r5concllfation of man- kind, and also by making itself no longer the support of reaction and privilege but, "the voice of the poor, the disinherited, the suf- fering, of those who hunger and thirst for justice, for the dignity of life, for freedom, for well being and progress." This Is the Johannine church, of which Pope Paul is a faithful and convincing apos- tle, and there is now new hope in the world because this enormous transformation has gone so far. We must realize that the moral ratifica- tion of the United Nations by the Catholic church does not mean and cannot mean the moral ratification of the policies and the be- havior of all the member states, even of our own. The Pope spoke with great gentleness. But what he said so gently cut to the quick. No one who heard him attentively, or will read him pow, can fail to realize, that he was speaking a different language from that which is current and conventional. In fact, the Pope, who is without pride and has noth- ing to fear, was thinking what is unthink- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R00010004000.1-6 - 0004 A"04 b4ed For- MOMM 67B Y NU,W Bulgarians. President John r,. Kennedy recalled this "commitment to the coun-; tries of Easterly Europe when he address- ed himself to the people of free Europe at Frankfurt Germany, on June 25, 1963. He said: All of, us in the West must be faithful to our conviction that peace in Europe can never be complete until everywhere in Eu- rope * ? ? men can choose in peace and free- dom how.their countries, shall be:governed. Let us pay tribute to Nikola Petkov and to the liberty-loving heroes of other op pressed nations who have worked, fought, and died for the basic human right of self-government. May their example be an Inspiration to men everywhere when 'the path of 'freedom is difficult, as it is today in Vietnam. May we also always remember our traditional, abiding com- mitment to the principles of liberty and human dignity and to the peoples who struggle til achjerve them. SPEECH of HON. PETER W. RODINO, JR. OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. RODINO. Mr. Speaker, it is a pleasure to have the opportunity to join in commending the distinguished chair- man of our Immigration and Nationality Subcommittee, the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. FEiOHANI, for the fine presen- tation he has made in summarizing pro- visions of the newly enacted immigration reform bill. ,this question and answer form, our colleague's summary will pro- vide most useful information for, the citizens who,are immediately concerned about effects of the, new law,.. The, gen- tleman from Ohio certainly deserves our thanks for making available to us so expeditiously this practical and concise guide to our new immigration polices. I am sure many Members of Congress, as I, have already received urgent inquiries from citizens : who have been waiting long years for reunion with relatives in coun- tries with heavily oversubscribed quotas. This summary for the layman, together with the detailed analysis being prepared by the Judiciary Committee, will be valuable to,-all 7VIemllcr in inform}ng and assisting the many people through- out the Nation who can now look forward to having their families united in America. Wise Words by Dr. Frederick Browl Harris EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. JAMES D. MARTIN Tuesday, October 5, 1965 Mr. MARTIN of Alabama. Mr. Speaker, under permission to extend my ,remarks in the RECORD, I would like to include some very inspiring words by Dr. Frederick Brown Harris, beloved Chap- lain of the U.S. Senate. The following article, "Yesterday's Sour Grapes Don't Explain You," should be carefully read by every American in these critical days when so many are eager to shed individ- ual responsibility by blaming all our shortcomings on the past. Dr. Harris' article appeared in the Washington Sunday Star of October 3, 1965: SPIRES OF THE SPIRrr: "YESTERDAY'S SOUR GRAPES DON'T EXPLAIN YOU" (By Dr. Frederick Brown Harris, Chaplain, U.S. Senate) More than 2,500 years before the date of this column, the public-spirited prophet, Ezekiel, was probing for the cause of the debauchery of the day. The question was: Why does this wild generation act the way they do-commit the excesses of which they are guilty? There was a breakdown of moral standards, sex perversion was rampant, b"i ness was honeycombed with dishonesty And, doubledealing. There was complacent indif- ference to the welfare of the underprivileged. Honor, once bright, was now dimmed. All this is mirrored in the Biblical record of this day of so long ago, which seems lal most to match the headlines of the 20th-c n- tury days. To the prophet's insistence that there was no excuse for those who were guilty of betraying the high `ethical ideals which were a part of the national heritage, the young generation, running wild, cried out to this preacher of old-fashioned righteous, "Don't blame us. The fathers have eaten sour ' grapes and the children's teeth have been set on edge." To which sophistry Ezekiel thundered, "Don't undertake to ex- plain your lapses by quoting that old cliche, and claiming that a former generation is to blame for putting something into your life, or by withholding something from it. Yesterday's sour grapes do not explain you. Heredity and environment are not the chief factors of your destiny." Centuries after the prophet's scornful Vie- jection of the sour grape theory to explain 'today's debauchery, Jesus told the story, of the good Samaritan. There seems to be a new version of that matchless story for the days we now face. To some modern psychi- atrists the chief thing in that narrative] is not the victim, wounded, robbed, and left!by the highwaymen by the roadside to die. It Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446F2000100040001-6 f$io ?y, and he was saying it out Opportunities for Increased human tpiwte dif?erent from ~"ie coWit tion which 111uinist control 111 Soviet, bloc countries underlies ublic disc ssibn in Peiping have been recognized by my Subcommit- or in,W'aeiugon'cruclal"difference is tee on the Far East and the Pacific of that i11 the,lgp s paramount is- the Foreign Affairs Committee, sae is riot he, fold ,posti e, ideologies. The subcommittee conducted hearings Although religion in general and the Roman on the Siuo-Soviet conflict and Its impli- hq Sly lrartlclt7a; h'e f een treated as cations earlier this year. In the report the. cie eihle&~ omnnunists, the issued, the subcommittee recommended Pope sal flat the pursui of. peace tran- SCends al , oche}': duties; and that the pars- providing the countries of Eastern Eu- ticsunt cr i de of nri _ is the crusade rope with the incentive and leverage they &gaInsi ,war and for peaces need to remove themselves from com- This is a tii Brent s ., of 'values than are plete economic dependence on the Soviet eee0$tea'as riteous In the public life of 'Union - by expanding commercial trade. the warring nations: . "Tile Pope was, of of nonstrategic items with these coon eDttrse, Intending to make this ,known, and tries. In addition, the subcommittee be, ~eachett, the climax of idle message, so it suggested intensifying political and cul- seemed to me, when he declared, that, the turai relations with those European reling evil In thin angry hostile and' quay- Communist-controlled states who are rling world pride, no matter how le- gitimate, it may seem to be, which provokes achieving a degree of independence from tension a t41,st~rlt lee for prestige, for pre- Moscow and are showing moderation in do Ina icp, coio aliszn, egaism; that is, their external affairs. pride 11 disrupts" brother"hood." We' are committed to help alleviate we, shall llaxe , heard the Pppe's message the plight of captive peoples such as the y~hen we ave., qAkthese Words to heart. 1 YT IIOUha O 4 -SENTATIVES I'Tiday, October 8, 1965 Mr. Z BhQGK?. .'Mr, Speaker, _ on September 23, 1047, a brutal blow was 'dealt to t1ie,cause of human freedoand self -detexninann. On that day 18 years ago Nikola Pet- kov, coura eous leader of the opposition to,' the,Soviet con1niunit,talover ,9f the proud ?cotry of Bulgaria, was executed On the charge of "conspiracy against the The murder of Niltola Petkov,,shat tered ,virtually all Bulgarian hopes of resisting 'Quiet domination, and preserv ing national independence. It dramat-, 11 cominunism in Bulgaria. To commemorate the day on whic". Nikola Petkov was hanged for his of-,: forts in beb.alf of Bulgarian independ- ence,the Bulgarian National Committee schetlulecl? a }nemorial meeting and re- ception at the Carnegie Endowment In ternational Center oxk September 1$ and a requiem mass at the Russian Orthodox Chord of St. Nicholas in Washington, eptember 19. The committee is, to be co nmef ded for commemorating the bravery of NikolauPetkov and of the Bulgarian resistance movement which he led. Communist oppression and economic exploitation of the Bulgarian people, have., only intensified their longing for ties with th,epeople of the Western World. The B}iigs,riaz regime is gradually ,being forced,to relay its r}did, control atid.,to grant, ttl- ecof omic, political, and cul- ti3ral contacts with the West which,have been denied to the courageous people of .this country for so many years. October 8., -------------- Also, S. 2294, extension of the Wheat Agreement Act, open rule, i hour of de- bate; and House Resolution 602, dismiss- ing the contested election in the Third Congressional District of Iowa, Peterson against Gaoss. On Tuesday and Wednesday we have H.R. 11135, Sugar Act Amendments of 1965.. This will come to the House under a closed rule, waiving points of order, making In order the offering of two amendments by the gentleman from Illi- nois[Mr? FINDLEY], with.4 hours of gen- eral debate, H.R.- 10065, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1965, which comes with an open rule and 2 hours of general debate. .. On Thursday there are eight unani- moue-consent bills of the Committee on Ways and Means, and they are as follows : H.R. 327, exempting from taxation certain nonprofit corporations and asso- ciations operated to provide reserve funds for domestic building and loan associations; H.R. 7723, suspension of duty, certain tropical hardwoods; H.R. 8210, amending the International Organizations Immunities Act; H.R. 8436, dutiable status of watches, clocks, and so forth; from insular posses- sions of the United States; H.R. 8445, : retired pay, Tax Court H.R. 11216, tariff treatment of articles a$seh bled abroad; H,R. 10625, tax treatment of'certain amounts paid t9 certain members and former members of uniformed services and to their, survivors; and H.R. 6319, tax treatment of expropria- tiop loss recoveries, For Friday and the balance of the week, the supplemental appropriation bill for 1966. 1Str,Speak er, I should like to advise the House that the leadership will request the ,indulgence of Members that we may have flexibility in rearranging the pro- gram during next week, as it is obvious that we are trying to finish the business than on procedural matters on two of of the House. We shall try to keep Mem- the days, what those days will be, and bers advised from day to day of any so forth. changes in or additions to the program. Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, if the dis- May I advise further that there are tinguished gentleman from Michigan 2 days when we expect not to have any will yield further, I am glad the gentle- roll call votes except on procedural mat- man from Missouri has brought that ters. One is Tuesday, when we will have matter up. only general debate on the sugar bill, and Tuesday is Columbus Day. It is a day Thursday, when several bills will be brought up under unanimous consent. in which some Members of the House This announcement is made, of course, have a particular interest and, of course, subject to the usual reservation that con- all Members of the House are vitally in- ference reports maybe brought up at terested in that day. any time and that any further program Thursday is President Eisenhower's may be announced later. birthday and I believe there are some Mr. GERALD R. FORD. Mr. Speaker, Members of the House who will have an will the gentleman permit me to ask a Interest in that day. I know I for one do. question at this point? In the spirit of the great bipartisan Mr. ALBERT. Of course. harmony which was displayed last night, Mr, CI;ER ,D R, FORJ). If we follow 'we will all want to salute the great for- this sehedule,.the Sugar Act amendments 'bier President of the United States. will be brought up and the rule will be 'Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, if the dis- passed and the debate concluded on tinguished minority leader will yield fur- Tuesday, and then we shall go over and ther, I would hope that the distinguished finish that bill on Wednesday; and sub- majority leader's prediction will be closer sequent to that take up, the Equal Em- to coming true than his very erudite as- ployment Opportunity Act? sumption when I finally withdrew my Mr. ALBERT. The gentleman is cor- rect. Wednesday, of course, is a very heavy day. We expect to finish the work on the sugar bill and to handle the Equal Employment Opportunity Act. COMMITTEE ON DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the Committee on the District of Columbia have until midnight October 9 to file certain re- ports. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Oklahoma? There was no objection. ADJOURNMENT OVER UNTIL MON- DAY, OCTOBER 11 Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that when the House adjourns today it adjourn to meet on Monday next. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Oklahoma? There was no objection. 25481 reservation of objection about coming in yesterday morning at 11 o'clock, wherein he stated that the intention was to com- plete the bill on Friday. I had no idea that there was to be a continuous session, but in f t that prediction was correct and we finish it on Friday. I i'ha thegentleman from Michigan IGRATION ACT and wtj given permission to address the House or 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. EDWARDS of California. Mr. Speaker, the immigration reform bill the President signed into law at the base of the Statue of Liberty is an historic piece of legislation welding this Nation to its historic ideals of equality and justice. The action of the Congress and the President in bringing this measure into force is significant for reasons both sym- bolic and practical. We are moving to strike away harmful racial and ethnic boundaries in our society. The new law is a step toward that goal, for it replaces a law that for two decades has violated the principles on which America was founded and grew strong. DISPENSING WITH CALENDAR The 40-year-old national origins sys- WEDNESDAY BUSINESS ON tem we have replaced had little support WEDNESDAY NEXT either in logic or in principle, and it Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask demeaned our Nation. In allocating unanimous consent that the business in quotas according to the supposed na- order under the Calendar Wednesday tional origins of the American popula- rule may be dispensed with on Wednes- tion of 1920, it favored immigrants from day next. the countries of northern Europe and The SPEAKER. Is there objection to discriminated against those from every- the request of the gentleman from __-where else. Oklahoma? The quota for Ireland, for example, There was no objection, was larger than that for all of Asia. The Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, would the quota for Switzerland was larger than :distinguished minority leader yield in or- for all the nations of Africa. Because of der that I may propound a question to discrepancies such as this, quotas as- the distinguished majority leader? signed northern European countries Mr. GERALD R. FORD. I yield to the often remained unfilled, while other gentleman from Missouri. countries had long waiting lists. Mr. HALL. I wonder what would be The implications of the national the basis for not having any votes other origins quota system remained undis- guised-it openly suggested that one kind of ancestry is better than another, that a person from England is nine times more acceptable than one from Poland or 12 times more acceptable than one from Italy. This is an implication which was rejected by four American Presidents be- fore Lyndon B. Johnson-from President Woodrow Wilson who vetoed the first bill to John Kennedy. It is an Implication which America has finally put to rest. In so doing we have asserted anew our confidence in the strength of our tradi- tions of equality-traditions that are in- separable from the very origins of our country. Indeed, not only did the Declaration of Independence affirm that "all men are created equal," some of the very grievances that caused it to be writ- ten were the restrictions Imposed on im- migration to the Colonies by the British Crown. From the very beginning America was thrown open to all equally. Thomas Jefferson spoke for his countrymen when he asked "Shall we refuse to the un- happy fugitives from distress that hos- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 25EA Approved For Rele%V%% RV I 66 i b1000 en iffe eiauggle for freedom and against est- -.davemout, we are convinced that if we In- tensify our efforts Snal victory will be ours. We earnestly hope that all freedom-loving peoples in Asia, Africa, Australia, en other parts of the world will work together mars closely for the aims and purposes we have set fortis in this deeciaration. Delegates to this 11th ocmlerena of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League are from ; Australia, Casyton, Republic of China, Hongkong, India, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Ryu- kyus, Kenya. Korea, Lesos, Liberia, Macao, Pakistan, Philippines. SotnaLa. Thailand. Turkey, Vietnam. and observers from Con- tinental Research Institute. Congo (lAopold- vius) , Italy, Lebanon. Malta. Spain, Swedeei, Ali-Americas Conference to Combat Com- munism, American Afro-Asian Bducattrmai Exchange (l7SA), Anti-BWahevik Bloc of Nations (ANN), Assembly of Captive RurD- pesn Nations. Committee of One Mlllhea Against The Admission of Coinmwitst China to the United Nations (U.N.), Pfee Pacific Asaocation. International Conference on Political Warfare Activity (OLU). Interns- tional Conference on Pelitioal Warfare of the Soviets (CIOP), Unbin at summaan SoiadsrtAs (WM), Malagasy Republic, United States, Saudi Arabia, Korean ?reed .ai Board, Peden- salon Argentina Ds Bntidades Democracies, National Captive Nation Committee, and Cuba. Finally we wish to express our heartfelt thanks to the Philippine Government and people and the Philippine chapter of this league for their warm reception and hoa- pitality. Also we wish to ezpreas our sincere admiration and respect to President Dios- dedo Macapagal for his leadership of the Philippine people in their setruggis against oammunlam and for the cause of democracy and freedom [Prase Free 1Reont, July 7, I9e3) Tga CRT or Trri Casrilra liArvowrs (By Dr Jose us_ Heenandea) From hst I d the Iron and Bamboo Cur- tains cries and whimpers of millions of pimple bleeding beneath the iron heel of the Communist hordes come floating in the very air we breathe. We enjoy the air of unsullied freedom and In the free society still untainted by Coio- munlst doctrine and practice. We are able to give impetus and encouragment to our Institutions of earning and to the arts and sciences of civilized mankind. Only in the free air of peace and justice may whope to pry on the road to thhappiness. But the enslaved under the hammer and sickle are completely denied the basic free- guaranteed by the Universal Declare. flora of Human Rights. The captive peoples under communism do not bay either freedom of movement or even freedom .of . They cannot have even a square meter of land which they may call their own. They are not allowed to possess personal property. for the communist overlords are allergic to the institution of private prop- erty. Everything must be collectivized They cannot speak their minds for com- munism enforces thought control and oom- plete suppression of speech. press. and fret- dom. They cannot have a decent family life for the family and the human person are notbing; the State is everything. They are oppressed and are complete vic- tims of hunger and dleaaae. There are only relatively few dyed-in-the- wool, hardened Ooaenuniats. But they control one-third of the popula- tion of Me world. Wherever the Communists have aistab- Iisbed ttcagowlves with the tests at Approved vblance and bloodshed to sow and butkhdose he"tplems, millions of woman. dren, the tight of treedom ~ , love. and happiness has been snuffed out, d Iivsey man in a holed to the gifts of Therefore, we who are sun in the world must usher our brethren who are free society. It is our duty to uplift the down and break tide chains of communises. We must meet Ore with Are. If the Communists claim that they are a dedicated group. let us show them that we also are dedicated sues. But we do not believe in Cdsnmuaht im- pertatiam. and wee do not subscribe to vb pence, tyranny. and bloodshed. We Soo not believe to the corruption of the youth by arsons of narcotics, sea, and vice. The youth who will take over the Mae of government for me must fight to free the captive peoples. There are not two ways about It. Bather you are a freeman or a slave. To our minds that, is no kegical chosoe axe" freedom. Freedom is the essence of true oiviliser ttvn. Communism 9a a return to savagery 80 a l freemen must unite to liberate the captive peoples of communism tMr. HORTON (at the request of Mr. Oaovs;a) was granted Perron to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the Rtcoan and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. NORTON'S remarks will appear hereafter In the Appendix.] (Mr. PINDI.CY (at the request of Mr. Ghovza) wed granted permisidofi to ex- tend his remarks at this point In the Racoon and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. P I N D I X Y S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] ARMY Gone Q )o (Mr. CALLAWAY (at the request of Mr. C3itovzg) .'as granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the Retail, and to Include extrarleoqu matt- ter.) Mr. CALLAWAY. Mr. Speaker, about a month ago. 15.110 troops of the newly ? formed Iet Air Cavalry Division left Port Benning. Ga., to take up the fight seaizM communism In Vietnam. 'T'hese meat left behind home family. and friends and followed their orders to their dtfilcult but necessary task-that is. x31 but one. Back in Port Banning there reified one soldier who had gone on a self-ikn- posed hunger :strike protesting his as- signment to Vietnam on the grounds that he disagreed with our policy there. Now, Mr. Speaker, the troops have arrived in Vietnam, and perhaps by now have heard the whole story of what hap- pened to the boy tlthy left behind. They perhaps learned that their comrade began to eat again after they left, and that a Court niartlal sentenced him to a $-year Drum term for evading Vietnam qty, Yet the Army agreed to reduce his 1-October 7, 1065 and for the free world's muse, Aiesw F O R M O P " M pROVI- $IONS OP TEE U&WCWA1TON ACT OP OCTOR= 3, IM The SPEAK$8 Ureter plots order of the House, the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. F>Qauele] is reoogni:ied for Iii Minutes. (Mr. PEIQHAN axed and was given permission to revise and extend his ye- marks.) Mr. F! IOHAN. Mr. Speaker, as Chairman of the House Suboog close on nation and Nat, wlsoh eORWHEft of the tdfl atgasd i low b President Johr~ October 3, ISO, I have prepared 25 questions couched in the nontechnical language of the man In the Street who wishes to know more aboig this law. They are the questons which are being asked and will be asked par` tic ularly by those with relatives and friends abroad whom they wish to help come to the the United States. main pro- visions of law and outline the gen- My 35 answm highlight the erai procedures to be followed In -"'- U s provisions operative. It is my hope that this simple guide may save oomald+ enable time and no little edkpenm for the intSimeated y who have a need for thI 'Tile queetlorss and answers follow: Queauou 1. Is the immigration hill which the President sign" an C)elober S. Ise e, a general overhaul or the lmy[a#o and cltisenship laws of the United tl sass Answer. No; as the reports of the commit- tees of the Bones and Senate mate clear, the new taw is not Intended to be a general overhaul of the Ituaufttathoei law Its ehn_ , p cipai Purpose Is to change the basis for selection of immigranq. Question g. What his been the basis for selection prior to the now law? aid" Reath OWAMMY of, the merit out- hen been as- 6 liked om the ~~ of Im- signed is born 10 m tiy who could migrate to the United !!tats/ annutally. This System. in effect since Sills, rasps from. a high of OB,381 Lou' natives at Great Britain to s minimums at 1:00 which we authoiasd for each et: about 80 separate arras. The to- tgl number authoriasd under this "National Origins Quota Syatsm." is currently l58,661. th. average annual taw lgratico =war this 07 in the Fast balance of the numbers has - 11 not hajag used because at the m - partitively Iow demand from countries with the highest quotas. Question 3. Haw many immigrants are au- tharfsed annually under the new system? Answer. Two new oeilinp are astablahed. A limit of I70,00Q will be set an Ieamigrants who are natives of countries outside the Western Hemisphere, A ceiling of 150,000 will be placed on natives of the Western imm a". Question 4. Will theca numbers be allo- cated by country? Answer. No. Within each of the respec- tive cellin s. selection will be made with- out to nation ty. Oatsid"the Weatarn 941=14 - Phan, Allocations will be based on a system f Be - ntence to a suspended 1-year term TO i~ns WIM" no oo~uun~ ewirthe ee, ad+ law. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Oct Jzer 7, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE eportionate share, a limitation of 20,000 has bee)3? placed on natives of any, one country. ,71t C4 the Western Hemisphere allocations *lll'be made on a "first-come first-served" basis with rip limitations on the number from any one country. Question 5. Since more than 170,0.00 per- sons' will be applying to come to the United States each year, how will they be selected? Answer. The new law establishes a system of preferences; 74 percent (125,800) will be reserved for relatives of U.S. citizens and resident aliens, in varying degrees; 20 per- ~cent (34,000) will be assigned to persons with skills and talents needed in the United States; 6 percent (10,200) will be made available to refugees. Question 6. What are the degrees of re- lationship and specific percentages author- ized for each class of relatives? Answer. The unmarried sons and daugh- ters of citizens over 21 years of age are allo- -sated 20 percent. The spouses and unmarried sons and daughters of aliens already here as immi- grants are allocated 20 percent. Married sons and daughters of citizens are allocated the next. 10 percent of` the rela- tive class. Brothers and sisters of citizens are given , 24-percent allocation. Question 7. `How are the preferences for !`skills and talents" defined in the new law, Answer. A preference of 10 percent is given to prospective immigrants who are members of the professions or who possess exceptional ability in the sciences or the arts. An additional 10 percent is allocated to per- sons who are capable of performing skilled or unskilled labor of a type found by the Sec- 'retary of Labor to be in short supply in the United States. Question 8. Will all immigration to the United States be within the ceilings men- tioned or will there be certain immigrants who are not counted? Answer. Husbands, wives, unmarried chil- dren under the age of 21, and parents of U.S. citizens, are exempted from the numerical .ceilings. This provision is in line with the general philosophy of the act that no ob- stacles be placed in the way of the reunifica- tion of the immediate families of the U.S. citizens, who otherwise meet the qualitative tests of the law. Question 9. What steps must an alien who seeks to migrate to the United States do to Answer.. Ile musf register his intention with a U.S. consulate In the foreign country In which he is located and, will thereafter, when a visa becomes available to him, under the particular class to which he is entitled and in accordance with the first-come first- served principle of the law, be invited by the consul to make a formal application for a visa. At that time he will be given a com- plete medical examination and be required to establish his mental and moral qualifications for Immigration. 'Question 10. Is an alien automatically en- titled to apply for a visa by establishing to an American consul abroad that he has the relationship or the skills described I. the law? Answer.`No. A petition must be filed with the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice by the citizen or 'resident alien relative whp is sponsoring the alien applicant or by his prospective em- ployer. Only after this petition is approved by the Immigration and l 'aturalizat on l erv- ice Is the consul empowered to consider a visa application under the preference'~tus ''which has been authorized. ' ;Question 11. What documents must the -riponbortitg citizen ,or resident alien -submit tvitlx his petition? 13Yiswer. If thepetitioner is'a native born citizen be lnust submit a certified copy of 'ills 'ci'vil birth record. 11 he is 'a naturalized 'citizen or is a resident alien, the Immigra- tion and Naturalization Service will verify from its records his statements. Addition- ally the petitioner must submit the various birth, marriage, death or divorce certificates described In detail on the reverse of the peti- tion form to establish the actual relationship 'between him and the alien applicant for preference classification. Question 12. What documents must a prospective employer or other sponsor of skilled aliens submit with his petition? Answer. The petition must describe in de- tail the work to be performed by the pro- spective immigrant, including the salary, wage or other remuneration to be received and must be supported by documents (as described on the reverse of the petition issued by the Department of Labor) attesting to the unavailability of unemployed persons capable of performing the tasks outlined in the petition. Question 13. What are the refugee provi- sions of the law? Answer. The law provides that 6 percent (10,200) of the 170,000 annual limitation shall be available for aliens defined as fugi- tives from communism or from the Middle East or persons displaced by natural ca- lamities. Such persons will enter the United States conditionally for a period of 2 years at the end of which time, if their conduct and a review of their past history warrants, they will be given permanent residence rights. Question 14. Since the refugees are a pref- erence class in law must a petition be filed for their admission? Answer. No. Refugees will be processed abroad by the Immigration and Naturaliza- tion Service in the countries where they have been granted temporary haven. Assurances for their housing, employment and follow up services will be provided by American volun- tary agencies, as in the past. Question 15. Will aliens who cannot qual- i#y for one of the preferences be eligible for admission as immigrants? Answer. Yes. Such authorized immigrant visas as are not required to satisfy the de- mands of the preference classes can be made available to other applicants for admission, strictly in the order in which they are regis- tered on the lists of qualified applicants maintained by the Department of State. Question 16. Have the qualitative tests for admission been relaxed in any way? May subversives, criminals, drug peddlers and im- moral persons against whom strict safeguards have been written into the law in the past, now be admitted? Answer. No. None of the provisions of the law relating to the bars against the admis- sion of these undesirables have been changed in any way. Question 17. Have any new qualitative con- trols been added to the law? Answer. Yes. New labor controls have been added to the law to protect American workers and their standards of employment. Question 18. How will these new labor con- trols be applied? Answer. The Secretary of labor is required, in the case of all worker immigrant classes, 'to make an affirmative finding that there are no willing and able American workers to fill the particular employment opportunity the immigrant is scheduled to take upon his ad- mission to the United States. The Secre- tary of Labor is also required to certify that the employment of such alien workers will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of workers similarly employed in the United States. Question 19. 'Who are regarded as worker immigrants under the law? Answer. All aliens who apply 'for admis- &ion. as immigrants from countries outside the western Hemisphere and who do not qualify under one of the relative preferences 25431 or as a refugee are regarded as worker immi- grants. Similarly, all aliens who apply for admission as immigrants from the independ- ent republics of the Western Hemisphere ex- cept parents, spouses, and children of U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens, are regarded as worker immigrants. Question 20. Are there any provisions to take care of persons who are already in the United States but do not have the right to reside here permanently? Answer. Yes, there are three such provi- sions in the law, they are called "Registry," "Adjustment of Status," and "Suspension of Deportation." Question 21. What does "Registry" mean? Answer. Registry authorizes the Immigra- tion and Naturalization Service to create a record of an alien's lawful admission for permanent residence regardless of the man- ner of his actual entry or the place of his birth provided he has resided in the United States since June 30, 1948, is a person of good moral character and is not subject to deporta- tion because of criminality or immorality. Question 22. What is "Adjustment of Status?" Answer. This provision permits aliens in the United States, other than natives of the Western Hemisphere or crewmen, to have their status adjusted to. that of permanent resident alien. It benefits only those aliens, who, if abroad would be eligible for immedi- ate issuance of an immigrant visa. The pur- pose of this provision is to save the very heavy expense which would be involved if such alien was obliged to return to his home- land to obtain the visa to which he is other- wise completely entitled. Question 23. What is "Suspension of De- portation" and to whom does it apply? Answer. Suspension of deportation is available to an alien who has been ordered deported from the United States but whose deportation would result in an extreme hardship to him or to his spouse or child. To be eligible the alien must have resided in the United States for at least 7 years (in some few cases 10 years). Natives of Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean Islands generally are ineligible for this privilege as are aliens who entered the United States temporarily under the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act. As the term indicates, the deportation of an alien under this provision is suspended for a period of 2 years, during which time the Congress has an opportunity to review the case and if Congress does not object, the alien is per- mitted to become a permanent resident. Question 24. Are the three benefits which are available to aliens temporarily in the United States granted as a matter of a right which they possess? Answer. No. These three benefits are not -granted as a "right" but are authorized only In the discretion of the Immigration and Naturalization Service acting for the At- torney General, to deserving persons. The -law provides that, unless the alien is born in the Western Hemisphere, persons who ac- quire the status of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence are counted within the annual ceilings on immigrants to the same extent as though he had been issued an immigrant visa abroad by an American con- sul. -Question 25. Will the abolition of the na- tional origins quota system take effect im- mediately? Answer. No. The system provided under the new law will not become completely ef- fective until July 1, 1968. However, during the interval, the new law permits the aver- age of 50,000 quota visas which now go un- used each year to be redistributed among countries which do not currently have enough quota numbers to satisfy the relative and skilled classes who were born in such countries. The purpose'of this 3-year transi- tion period is to reunite families as soon as Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP6.7B00446R000100040001-6 24`32 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Uctobef' -7, Z, 5 possible and to start the new system with All countries on an equal footing. (Mr,. C (at the request of Mr. FEIGNZ was given peianission to extend his remarks at his point in the RECORD.) Mr. C '. 1VIr. Speaker, I commend the , distinguished "and hard working chairman of our subcommittee for his efforts to get the straight message of our subcommittee immigration'bill to all the people. The answers he has' prepared to meat of the new immigration law. In down to earth language our chairman emplains what the bill will do and what it will not do. It really takes know-how to reduce a complicated and technical matter such as thi toolanguage that everyone can understand. The gentleman from Ohio [Mr. FEIGHAN] most, certainly has the necessary know-how which he demon- strated as chairman of our subcommit- tee and as advocate of the immigration Bill produced by our subcommittee. Peo- ple want -to know what the new law Is all compliment our chairman `for his efforts to keep the people informed about the new selective system of immigrant ad- missions and for explaining in simple, plain, understandable language how the system will work. 'Our subcommittee held open hearings on ` this most ,important legislation for over 31/, years. this year our chairman [Mr. FEIGHAN] literally worked our sub= gree." We met day after day-week after week, and month after month un- til we had completed our most difficult asSignment. It is a fair bill, a reason= ublg one, and T salute our chairman for his maglii$cent contribution. This "question and, answer" data is concrete proof of his knowledge of the subject matter. (Mr. RODINO (at.the request of W. FEIGHAN) was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) [Mr. RODINO addressed the House. His remarks will appear hereafter in the Append (Mr. DONOHUE (at the request of Mr. FEIGHAN) was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. DONOHUE. Mr. Speaker, the long-desired and imperatively urgent Immigration bill recently approved by the Congress has now, by Presidential signature, become historic Public Law 23" of the 89th Congress. Its principal features provide for the abolishment of the discriminatory 41- year=old national origins quota system of admission to the United States and pre- ference classification to applicants with close family ties to U.S. citizens and those possessing skills essentially needed In this country. This law will have, of course, a tre,- mendous impact upon the lives of untold nuMbers of individuals and families, both here 11i this country and abr. oad. Althot}g'h the language of the law may be' clear, to those of us with legislative exi>erience it will undoubtedly seem quite complex, and be subject to possible misinterpretation by a great many inexperienced but vitally interested and continue to stand for the great princip affected persons and organizations. of human freedom and equality on w=% .On this score, the dedicated and our Nation was founded esteemed chairman, the distinguished I haveread the 25 questions prepared gentleman from Ohio, of the House by Chairman FEIGHAN and his answers, Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration which explain the provisions of the bill and Nationality, has most timely and in layman's language. These are ques- thoughtfully prepared and presented, for tions which would be asked by the man the enlightenment of all these people and in the street, and his replies are in con- units, a very clear and comprehensive case and nontechnical language. explanation, by a question and answer Again, I want to commend the chair- series, of the meaning and application man of my subcommittee and thank him of the provisions of the law. Undoubt- for his efforts in providing this informa- edly, his presentation will be of immeas- tion which will be of interest and value urable assistance to even Members of to anyone who wishes to be fully informed Congress in providing answers to ques- on the provisions of the new immigration tions about the bill that they will surely bill. receive from constituents. (Mr. MOORE (at the request of Mr. Mr. Speaker, for the great sacrifice of FEIGHAN) was given permission to extend time and energy in preparing this docu- his remarks at this point in the REcoRi.) ment that was made by the distinguished Mr. MOORE. Mr. Speaker, I rim chairman of the subcommittee, of which pleased to join with the gentleman from I am privileged to be a member, and for Ohio [Mr. FEIGHAN] in the construction his characteristic thoughfulness, both of certain questions and answers with personal and official, I desire to join with respect to immigration changes and my colleagues in congratulating him for commend him for inserting them into this further and most significant con- the RECORD. These are unique questions tribution to the better understanding of and answers concerning the new lmi ii- one of the most important legislative gration reform bill. This information actions of the Congress in modern his- covers only the major aspects of Public tory. For this particular achievement Law 89-236; however, many of the pub- and his recognized patriotic dedication lie misunderstandings concerning the to legislative progress Congressman new law should be cleared up by this MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN eminently merits the presentation. sincere appreciation and gratitude of the Some rather wild, unfounded and far- Congress and the country. fetched statements have been made with (Mr. BROOKS (at the request of Mr. respect to the probable consequences and FEIGHAN) was given permission to ex- effects of Public Law 89-236 upon our tend his remarks at this point in the immigration policy. Careful examina- RECORD.) tion of the legislation will reveal that it Mr. BROOKS. Mr. Speaker, as a strengthens our immigration system and member of the Immigration Subcom- furnishes additional guarantees that the mittee of the House Judiciary Commit- interests of the United States will have tee, I want to congratulate our distin- first and foremost consideration. guished colleague from Ohio, Congress- An analysis and simple explanation 'of man MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, who has ren- the new law, providing more detail than dered this body outstanding service as the questions and answers provided by chairman of the subcommittee. He has the gentleman from Ohio, is-being pre- worked long and hard to perfect the re- pared by the Judiciary Committee. cently passed immigration bill, a monu- Members may well want to obtain copies mental undertaking, signed into law by of this information. President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the (Mr. CAHILL (at the request of Mr. shadow of the Statute of Liberty. With FEIGHAN) was given permission to extend his leadership Congress was able to write his remarks at this point in the REcoRD.) into law new and meaningful legislation Mr. CAHILL. Mr. Speaker, the imrAi- which enables our immigration policies gration bill has been signed by the Presi- to meet today's needs and those of the dent and is now the law of the land. foreseeable future. Because this recently passed legislation The explanation of the new immigra- changes substantially our law on imn i- tion law that the distinguished gentle- gration, it will naturally pose many qu~s- man has just Introduced is an example those interested In matters per- of his thoughtfulness. It will enable all taining to immigration and nationality. of the Members of this body to better As always there will be some misunder- understand the law and also enable us standing as to what the law does and does to explain it more completely to our con- not do. As always, provisions of the bill stituencies. For this thoughtful service will be susceptible of various interpreta- we are even further indebted to our re- tions. As always, citizens will want to spected colleague, MIKE FEIGHAN. know: How do I do it? Where do I do it? (Mr. CIILBERT (at the request of Mr. To whom do I write for information? FEIGHAN) was given permission to extend Many questions will be asked of all his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Members of this House by interested con- Mr. GILBERT. Mr. Speaker, I want stituents. I am, .therefore, pleased to to compliment Chairman FEIGHAN of the commend the chairman of the Subco- Immigration Subcommittee. As a mem- mittee on Immigration and Nationality ber of the subcommittee, I know, how for his thoughtfulness in preparing; a diligently he worked on the immigration series of questions, with accompanying bill. His vast knowledge in the field of answers, on matters of great importance immigration contributed immeasurably which are covered by the recently passed to the drafting of a just and fair bill- legislation. , I am sure the, answers sup- abill which signifies to the world that we plied to the questions propounded ,will Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP6700446R000100040001-6 Octo4er , 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-1 BUSE lie helpful to all of our citizens-in under- standing- the important features of the Immigration bill. (Mr. MACGREGOR (at the request of Mr. FEIGHAN), was given permission to extend his remarks at this the RECORD.) [Mr. MACGREGOR'S remarks will ap- pear hereafter in the Appendix.] - GROWING THREAT - OF MAIL FRAUDS CHALLENGED BY ALERT POSTAL OFFICIALS The SPEAKER. Under previous or- der of the House, the gentleman' from Ohio [Mr. AsHBROOK] is recognized for 10 minutes. Mr. ASHBROOI. Mr. Speaker, the number of mail fraud cases in the United States in the last few Years has - risen approximately 43 percent, r4Aking this subject of interest to every American citizen. - To convey some idea of the magnitude to which this issue has grown, the In- spection Service of the U.S. Post Office Department has divided such frauds into 67 major categories, These include ad- vance fees for - the sale of small busi- nesses, real estate, - and ' obtaining of loans; knitting and sewing machine pro- motions; "work at home" operations promising victims profitable employ- ment in the home, addressing envelopes, and so forth; correspondence schools and diploma mills; fraudulent interstate land subdivision sales; medical frauds; matri- monial - schemes; savings and , loan swindles, such as occurred in Maryland; and a host of other merchandising and confidence swindles. Although this is by no means a blanket indictment of all concerns within the above-mentioned categories, still the abuses of some of the unscrupulous make a word of warning advisable. Fradulent promotions vary in scope and variety from the obvious 'quick- profit gimmicks to complex multi-mil- lion-dollar schemes not easily recognized by the average citizen. Because of the increasing adverse effects on the gen- eral public, a number of special investi- gative programs which bear directly on consuther Interests have been instituted within the Postal Inspection Service. Typical of these are the investigations of the mortgage loan rackets which 'are preying upon persons in need of ready cash, Preliminary studies -indicate the operation of-a nationwide scheme fleecing consumers by charging exorbitant fees for loans to reduce their current monthly payments on outstanding indebtedness. In one instance such. a loan in the sum of $3,00 left the victim with a second mortgage of $6,856. The October issue of - the' Reader's Digest contains an instructive article on the. scourge of mail frauds and the in- dispensable role played by the Inspection Service to counteract them. In addi- tion, the Post Office Appropriations'hear- ings in the House earlier this year provide .useful information. on this issue, In the hope that advance warning will dictate a prudent course. of action regarding these vicious schemes; I as that the Reader's Digest article, "Meet the Men Who Guard Your Mail," and excerpts from the Post Office Appropriations hearings for 1966 be Included at this point: - - [From the Reader's Digest, Oct. 19651 MEET THE MEN WHO GUARD YOUR MAIL (Invisible to the lawabiding, the fabulous- ly efficient U.S. postal inspectors are anathema to crooks and racketeers.) (By Frederic Sondern, Jr.) Late every afternoon in Washington a small group of unusual law-enforcement of- ficers gathers for a conference in the office of Chief Inspector Henry B. Montague, head of the inspection Service of the U.S. Post Office Department. These men are the top executives of a select, almost anonymous police force of 1,028 men across the coun- try-the postal inspectors-who in fiscal 1965 stood guard over more than 70 billion pieces of. our mail and $20 billion of our money. The scope and complexity of the inspec- tors' formidable job have'increased rapidly during the last few years. Since 1961, pilfer- ing of checks and other valuables from mailboxes has shot up 17 percent. Swindles promoted through the mails have burgeoned at the rate of 43 percent, and arrests for mail-order pornography have increased 01 percent. "We do our best," says Chief Montague. Their best is good, as was demonstrated last year by the speed with which the in- spectors arrested 12,790 crooks' (many of them prime movers in their rackets), con- victed 11,129-99 percent of those brought to trial-suppressed 5,422 swindling opera- tions and restored some $14 million to victims of thievery and fraud. "But then," the chief says, "we have a formidable com- bine to help us. Our thousands of post- masters and their people, who particularly in smaller places have extraordinary knowledge of their patrons, are a far flung G-2. Also we get complete cooperation from several thousand police forces, Federal, State, and local." An important reason for the service's re- markable connections with the Nation's pol- ice is the strict rule that the credit for solv- ing a case goes to the cooperating force or forces, regardless of how important a role the inspectors may have played. The in- spectors are also unusually openhanded with information to other law-enforcement bodies, which respond in kind. "We don't want credit," a service official told me. "We want, results." FEARSOME REPUTATION A dramatic case which broke last year vividly illustrates these results. The Crimi- nal Intelligence Division of the New York City Police Department had learned through its underworld informers that a gang was planning to rob the post office of the Roman Catholic Mission at Maryknoll, 30 miles north of New York City. This large center and training school sends missionaries all over the world. Its small post office, run by nuns, handles substantial sums of money- contributions to the catholic Foreign Mis- sion Society of America. Postal inspectors joined New York City detectives to keep a watch on the gang-a vigil which lasted 2 months. The inspectors also coordinated plans with the. Westchester County sheriff, the State police, and the mission. The four armed bandits, dressed as semi- narians, who arrived_ at the little post office on a Monday morning in March didn't stand 9, chance. The clerk behind the counter in a nun's habit was a policewoman. The man in clerical robes supervising a truck outside was the county sheriff. Ten laborers nearby were deputies with guns under their jackets. In a. building nearby was a. command post directing 40 State troopers and 8 New York 25433 City policemen hidden behind a strategic ring of bushes. All escape roads were blocked by police cruisers. The robbers were allowed to proceed with- out interference. They ordered the pseudo- sister into a washroom; stuffed $80,000 worth of currency, stamps, and negotiable money orders into a mailbag, and went happily to their car. At that point a bullhorn roared, "Come out and surrender"-and the battle started. It didn't last long. The bandits' car, riddled with bullets, plunged over an embakment into a tree. The men are now in. prison. The inspectors have a fearsome reputation in the underworld for just such productions as the' Maryknoll case. This respect was demonstrated recently when a gang of skill- ful professional burglars was plundering supermarkets through, Virginia and neigh- boring States, using a big trailer-truck to transport the loot. They happened to raid a store which had a sub-post office in a corner. Realizing the danger they had encountered, they carefully chalked a circle around the postal enclosure: and wrote in big letters: "Inspector, we did not pass this line." MANY FACES The, professionals call the inspectors "the Spooks" because of their many faces and unconventional methods. Many of them can play a variety of parts convincingly: a drunken bum, a bus driver, a janitor, a clergyman. Not long ago it was discovered that valua- ble parcel post was being stolen on the rail run between Chicago and St. Paul. The parcels arrived at their destination in locked mail pouches, but they were empty. Investi- gation pinpointed the car which was being pilfered, but not the pilferers. The inspec- tors were stymied. There was no place inside the car for a man to hide, yet the thieves had to be caught opening the bags. Then one inspector had an idea. "I'll go in a cof- fin," he said, "as a corpse." And so he did, in a specially built one with concealed vents. Placed aboard the suspect car, he lay in the casket listening. Finally he heard three men talking and opening bags. Raising the lid of his coffin, he emerged gun in hand. The three thieves were so appalled by the ap- parition that they offered no resistance. They were two brakemen and an express mes- senger who had managed to steal a mail- pouch key. They opened the bags, took any- thing 'of value from -the parcels, rewrapped the empties, and put them back into the pouches. THIEVES IN YOUR MAILBOX The city pilfering gangs who raid mail- boxes are a problem but they are usually quickly broken up.. The inspectors are con- tinually on theprowl in unmarked cars and on foot in various disguises. The innocent- looking man who follows the mail carrier into an apartment building and, acting like a tenant, watches him deposit the mail is likely to have another innocent-looking man, an inspector, 'right behind him. A bigger problem for the inspectors is the lone pil- . ferer who has no set pattern, no underworld connections. Many of these are narcotics addicts who steal to support the habit. What worries and taxes the Service most of all, however, is the appalling rise in mail frauds. Last year almost' 10,000 cases were investigated, and more than 900 of the most dangerous culprits were arrested. Chief Montague estimates that the public was bilked of at least $100 million. This abuse of the mails is now receiving concentrated attention from the inspectors. The Service has broken down the rackets into 67 major categories: Key inspectors spe- cialize in the various fields. For example, inspectors with'medical training hunt down, quack "doctors" and salesmen of ? worthless medicines, therapeutic devices and do-it= yourself treatments. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 25434 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE .Octobe4L,.. ^' Almost as vicious as the quacks who prey is1i physical worry are the.peddlers of fake business opportunities who beam their sales pamphlets mainly at older people-retired, disabled, and with limited means-with promises of comfortable incomes from work- at-home aclieines. Dart-time occupations are offered in mail addressing, sewing,. clip- ping newspapers, and in fraudulent "fran- chises" for, vending machines, food opera- tions, building` services. The imagination of the swindlers seems to be limitless . One promoter made anestimated $3 million in a few years by first selling a method. of ap- plying a velvetlike finish to any material, then switching to miniature trees, tropical fish, molding machines for making-plastic novelties ,and, other, fraudulent enterprises. When convicted, he had become one of the largest and most complained about pro- moters in the Nutted States. A group of promoters in California not long ago sold nearly $3 million of worthless building lots in the desert before one 'of'the victims realized he could go to the postal in- spectors. ' These promoters went to prison. --Then there's the "song shark," who poses as a legitimate music publisher, gets advance fees from hopeful amateur songwriters for "rewrite -and publication." One, recently jailed, collected at least a million dollars be- fore the inspectors' combine closed t4 on him. Four bogus correspondence schools lured more than 4,000 victims into taking valueless courses. which, it was implied, would lead to V.S; Civil Service positions. But, theft.still presents the greatest chal- lenge to the service's famous ingenuity. Re- cently valuable mail was disappearing from the basement of an eastern railroad station. The inspectors, in shifts, took position in a crate commanding a view of the entire floor and labeled: "Water cooler, type F, Item No. 358957." One night the, thieves struck a mail shipment made purposely attractive by the Inspectors, and they were so happy over their loot that one of them, decided to swipe the water cooler, too. Be aimed his flash- light beam through'a slot in the crate and recoiled violently, screaming, "'There's a mur- dered guy in therel" The pilferers were a4hen-faced when they were arrested shortly after. "We didn't kill the guy" they chanted. They were much relieved to learn that only a grand larcency charge would be brought against them. Sometimes an inspector's ingenuity back- Ares. One of them, in charge of a substan- tial pilferage case in a large post office, found that the 4-foot-wide conveyer belt, near the ceiling was his best vantage for observing the suspects. He was getting them redhanded from his perch when the belt suddenly began to move, gathering speed.' To shout for help would have ruined his case so, to avoid being seat down a ehute_ with the mail sacks, he began running the treadmill, leaping and dodging the sacks to remain in position. Some 30 minutes later, utterly exhausted , he had his case. "I guess we're accident prone in a peculiar kind of way," laughed one supervisor. "We seem to get into some strange predicaments. But the boys don't complain." This is true: the personnel turnover in the inspection serv- ice is almost nil. GOOD LISTENERS The inspectors are good listeners. If you think that you might be the victim of a .mall fraud, write or telephone you nearest postal inspector. 'hour postmaster will know how you can reach him. Some tips from the Postal! Inspection Service: 1. Have a mailbox with a formidable-'lock. Gather up your mail as soon as possible after it has been delivered. 2. Report immediately to your postmaster if you feel that anything has been stolen from your box. 3.. Check on the validity of any business offer with your bank,,your lawyer, your local chamber of comlperce or, Better Business .Bureau before you sign any contract or 'make any payment. 4. If you receive in the mail an offer that smell the least bit of fraud, take the docu- ments-with the envelopes-to your post- master immediately. It may save you and many other from being victimized. [Excerpts From the Post Office Appropria- tions Hearings for 1966] SOME REPRESENTATIVE MAIL FRAUD PROMOTIONS CHAIN REFERRAL RACKET A rapidly expanding scheme involving highly organized sales campaigns in the sale of everything from automobiles to vacuum cleaners systems by persuading prospective customers that they can earn the cost of the item, as well as extra money in the form of "sales commissions," by referring salesmen to friends or relatives was found to be costing consumers millions of dollars annually. Our investigations during fiscal year 1964 led to the return of mail fraud indictments in 3 such cases against 14 persons, but we are only "scratching the surface." SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS A. Gordon Boone, member of the Maryland House of Delegates and self-suspended speaker of that body, was found guilty of mail fraud at Baltimore, Md., on March 5, 1964, in the operation of Security Financial Insurance Corp. of Maryland. He was sen- tenced to 3 years imprisonment and fined $1,000. SFIC was organized in Maryland in 1959 to insure the accounts of savings and loan associations controlled by D. Spencer Grow, Provo, Utah, and C. Oran Mensik, Chicago, Ill., whose convictions were reported last year. Boone is the last of the major figures to be tried for mail fraud in the Maryland savings and loan investigations begun by postal inspectors in 1958. REAL ESTATE PROMOTIONS Our Investigations of fraudulent land promotions are continuing. These pro- moters offer unsuitable, undeveloped land for sale in beautiful advertisements depict- ing very desirable locations. Among the 17 persons convicted for this offense during fiscal year 1964 was Calvin J. Van Stratum sentenced at Atlanta, Ga., to 5 years' im- prisonment for operating land fraud schemes in Georgia and Vermont. He had obtained contracts in Georgia totaling $300,000 and was starting operations in Vermont when an alert inspector arrested him. Van Stra- tum indicated that in another 2 weeks he would have realized an additional $100,000. WORK-AT-HOME PROMOTIONS The conviction of Sidney Rosenblum, op- erator of National Plans Service, New York, N.Y., a "work at home" scheme Is an example of such swindles, Rosenblum was sentenced to serve 18 months and fined $12,000 for mail fraud. He was given an additional 5 year consecutive sentence, which was sus- pended with the provision that he not en- gage in any mail-order business. This scheme involved primarily promised profits for clipping newspaper items for which $3 was charged for "instructions." It is esti- mated that Rosenblum realized more than $300,000 from this scheme.. These are par- ticularly vicious swindles since they appeal to persons who are ill or indigent or who for various reasons cannot obtain employ- ment outside the home. DANCE STUDIO Possibly the most bizarre fraud cases, cur- rently under investigation are those relating to dance studios. These "studios" promise fame, fortune, and highly successful careers in the theater, television, and such media. Instances have been noted where victims, principally elderly widows, have paid in; e cess of $10,000 for lifetime dancing lessons. In this category is the case of Dale nce Studios, St. Paul and Minneapolis, MJnn., the promoters of which were convicted of mail fraud on January 31, 1964. They were charged with defrauding at least 12 women of up to $10,000 each, in some instances most of their life savings. MEDICAI,-FRAUDS Medical frauds which induce the sick and aging to forgo proper diagnosis and treat- ment while attempting self-medication eon- tinue to be a source of grave concern: In- creased attention to these cases resulted in the indictment during the year of 21 per- sons, 8 of whom have been convicted to late. MERCHANDISE SWINDLES The operations of so-called claim adjusters who advertise nationally purporting to offer "distress merchandise" at bargain prices have long been the cause of numerous complaints -from postal patrons, PLANNED BANKRUPTCIES An upsurge in fraudulent bankruptcies has been noted during the year, and there is'evi- dence that gangster elements have entered this lucrative field. A number of such cases are currently under investigation. The usual procedure is to acquire control of a reputable business with a good credit rating and promptly deluge suppliers with orders; for large quantities of merchandise of every: de- scription. This is immediately disposed of at whatever the market will bring. When the duped creditors demand payment resort is had to voluntary bankruptcy. SUGAR LOBBYISTS DO NOT BENE- FIT THE UNITED STATES The SPEAKER. Under previous or- der of the House, the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. FINDLEY] is recognized for 30 minutes. Mr. FINDLEY. Mr. Speaker, amepd- ments I will offer to the proposed rovi- sion and 5-year extension of the Sugar .Act, when it reaches the House floor, will transfer to the U.S. Treasury 75 percent of the excess profit in foreign quotas and, in effect, outlaw nondiplomatic rep- resentation of foreign governments; in regard to sugar legislation. Powerful forces are being brough to bear in opposition to my amendments. Almost every hour brings some new in- dication. Therefore, I seek by tjhis means to help clarify the facts. Some of my colleagues have asked why I propose to single out lobbyists who rep- resent foreign sugar interests. The an- swer is simple. In my view, they iaer- form no beneficial service to the United States while raising a cloud of doubt s,nd suspicion over sugar quotas and how they are fixed. These lobbyists receive pay which ranges as high as $50,000 a year. Tiley have nothing to `peddle but influence. If they have influence and succeed in peddling it, to that degree, they harm pur governmental system, compromise public officials and thus weaken our Nation. If they have no influence, they t' ke their client's money without render ng expected service in return. This earlies the probability of disillusionment. and bitterness on the part of the client toward the United States. Either way the interests of the Uni~ed States are impaired. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Release 2004/01 /16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD APPENDIX A5651 HON. WILLIAM L. T. ONCE OF CONNECTICUT IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, October 1965 leadership, good legislative judgment, and good public understanding, we have purged our immigration laws of a long- standing source of discrimination and ill- will, and in so doing we have benefited and strengthened our country and its traditions. The American Indian in Michigan Mr, ST..ONGE., Mr. Speaker, one of the great moral victories of 1965-a vic- tory as well for the strengthening of our Nation and the benefit of our peo- ple-was the enactment of a long over- due reform in our immigration laws, the abolition of the 40-year=old national origins quota system. This was the sys- tem of choosinj immigrants chiefly ac- cording to,where they had been born. Pour President had urged action to end this discriminatory system': Truman, Eisenhower, tennedy, and Johnson. 'In January of this year, President Johnson sent Congress a bill to replace the na- tional .origins quota system with a sys- tem for choosing immigrants on the basis of their family relationships to . people living in the United States, or those pos- sessing special skills and talents of real benefit to our country. Iii his message, President Johnson said: The national origins quota system does in- calculable harm. The procedures imply that men and women from some countries are, S. because oo where they come from, more desirable citizens than others. We have no right to disparage the ancestors ofmillions of our fellow Americans in this way. Relation- ships with a number of countries, and hence the success of our foreign policy, is needless- lyimpeded by this proposition. The quota system has other grave defects. Too often it arbitrarily denies us immigrants who, have outstanding and sorely needed talents and skills. I do not believe this is :either good government or good sense. Thousands of our citizens are needlessly separated from their parents or other close relatives, For, more than 8 months, the Houses and committees of Congress held hear- angs on the bin, studied it, and debated it. It finally passed both Houses` overwhelm- ingly. T he bill passed by Congress, which President Johnson signed 'on October 3 at the Statue of Liberty, could be truly called a "statute.of equality," be cause it brings back into our immigration laws the traditional American virtues of fair treatment and equal opportunity. At the same time, it should be made plain that the new law does not "let down the bars" on immigration, either on quantity or quality. The new law will not alter the many, legal safeguards which prevent an influx of undesirables and protect our people against excessive or unregulated immigration. Nothing in the new law relieves any immigrant of the necessity of satisfying all our se- to'meco )tiiuilic charges '':''he total nificantly increased.' 'b7o immigrants will be adipittea who would contribute to i2nempioyment in the United States in fact, the safeguards against, this have been strengthened. ARKS EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. WESTON E. VIVIAN OF MICHIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. VIVIAN. Mr. Speaker, Doug Ful- ton, of the Ann Arbor News, has recent- ly published a thoughtful and articulate article on the plight of American Indi- ans living in Michigan. As Mr. Fulton has so sharply pointed out, we continue to ignore the problems that plague the American Indian. No one will deny that American Indians have, in the past, been badly treated at the hands of foreigners to his land; they are being badly treated to this day, Mr. Speaker, and I, for one, believe that it is time that we In the Congress thoroughly review the status, needs, and opportunities open to the American Indian in mid-20th-century U.S. society. I commend Mr. Fulton's article to the attention of my colleagues in the Congress:- WHAT OF INDIANS' CIVIL RIGHTS? (By Doug Fulton) On the sidelines of the fight for civil rights a group of Americans stands alone. They have put on no demonstrations, nor Bit-ins, nor have they picketed. Few outside groups have taken up their cause, and the publicity they have received in their quest for justice and dignity has been relegated to the back pages, if it has appeared at all. And yet their cause is far older, and their list of grievances far longer, than that of any other minority in the United States. They are the American Indians-the origi- nal Americans-and they once had possession of this great country of ours from the At- lantic to the Pacific. They welcomed and befriended the first American settlers, and we paid them back by slaughter, confiscation of their lands, find.d ostracism. Tile pattern continues to this day. Only a Short time ago an entire reservation, which had been promised in a treaty signed by tale Father of our Country, George Washington, ,to remain theirs forever, was confiscated by the Federal Government for a dam and reser- voir. The Indians were moved from their ancestral home and crowded onto a strange place. Congress is still delaying payment for their lands. All this in the 20th century, when talk of He is accustomed also to being ignored by the strangers who have taken over his land. Ask a Michiganite, for instance, to tell you how many reservations we have in the State, and not one in a thousand has the correct answer. Most, in fact, will look puzzled and comment they didn't know there were any at all. There are five reservations in the State- L'nse, Hannahville, Bay Mills, Saginaw, and Isabella. About 1,200 Indians live on these reservations. In addition, another thousand by the Bureau of Indian Affairs as coming under their jurisdiction to a greater or lesser extent. There are, of course, n any more who have left the reservation, and have, as the BIA puts it, "entered the mainstream of Amer- ican life." Some of these still maintain contact with friends and relatives at home, others do not. There is no accurate count of these-not even an educated guess. Michigan has made little real effort to help the plight of its Indian citizens. True, there have been token efforts, but most of the so-called help has been mere lipservice to the cause. There have been several commissions through the years designed to better the Indian's lot, but most have failed because they attempted to tell the Indian what he should do, rather than elicit his cooperation and help in working out a plan which would be suitable for him. This plan of attack is all too familiar to the Indian, and he is rightly suspicious of it. He remembers, for instance, the long, en- forced :.larches of the 19th century and the grand relocation plans forced upon him. He remembers how certain tribes were given land "forever" in Kansas on which to settle, and then how it was later taken away when the white men discovered it was fertile and "too good" for them. He remembers, too, the attempt of the Government to force him to become a farmer, and how the Government gave him land for this purpose which had no arable soil and no water. Now a new Indian commission is to be formed in the State, and 7 of its 11 members, by law, must be Indians. But there is no clause in the law which says these seven are to be elected by the Indians themselves. So the Indian wonders if his representatives are really going to represent him or be mere puppets of the status quo. Or worse yet, are they going to try another "solution". as unrealistic as everything that has been tried so far. He cannot hope, for there is nothing on which to base this hope. The history of his people tells him not to hope. It is, perhaps, wrong to generalize, and yet there are some generalizations which seem to' be valid when talking about the Indian. One of these is that he does not care to adapt to an 8-to-5 job 5 days a week. And irn saying this it must not be assumed he is lazy. Far from it. For in the culture in which he grew up a lazy Indian soon became a dead one, and an improvident one did not last out.a hard winter. But, free spirit that he is, he does not want to be tied clown. civil rights rolls from the tongues of politi- One of the best examples of a successful cians and daily echoes in the legislatures business arrangement utilizing this charac- across the land. teristic of the Indian to its full advantage Nor is this the last. Other Indian lands, is that of the Old Town canoe' factory in treaty reservations' are eyed hungrily by Maine. There the owners have constructed, 'Other interests, and ways are being sought within the huge barnlike factory, a num- to get them from their rightful owners. ber of small cubicles. An Indian wishing The breaking of treaties is nothing new to to work simply checks out his materials and the Indian. He has grown accustomed to it. works by himself in one of the small rooms. He reminds himself, among other things, When he finishes the canoe he is free to take that he was never given payment, as required his pay and go, or he can check out more by the treaty he signed, for thousands of materials and start to work on another. square miles in Michigan (including the land The factory is open day and night, and it on which the State Capitol stands). matters not to have a fixed time schedule. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA=RDP6lB00446R09O100040901-6' A56,2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX, 'l:'hls, persona choice arrangement has been reached in Michigan the status of some of working for a' longtime the southwestern arts, and it is still only a - Dh qq' ks who Piave become famous part-time or leisure-time activity. Hand fc r t e r' h ghl steel work on Tall 'f uildriigs, work of this sort Is difficult to sell it a fair exame Ifere their work market price, but nevertheless an effort is efe,b smother tp'l is at & premium afi so they can change being made to preserve the skills of long ago. jobs `dr "Tl,ult 'and`coin 'back as they will. But the dancing and the arts will mean ' Hut, inost jobs,' especialIy In this modern nothing in the long run unless the basic lot society with emphasis on the timeciock and of the Indian is improved. And each day a oral'` own "CYilt u''I notions of group obliga_- solution is delayed, the harder it will be to tions, leave `little room -for iiidividualit~. catch up. Another generalization-which can be`ap- America has never had a bigger blot on plied to"the Indian is that he hasa great her shield than her treatment of the Indian, lea of pride and' dignity. -It` Is this part of and it is a blot which will be hard to erase. K is c1iaraote-r that makes him so unwilling to We have come a long way from the old ask for 'Help, orto"volunteer, even when frontiersman philosophy that the only good asked, an opinion about 'how he shall be Indian is a dead Indian, but we have not helped. He would rather slip Into the direst come far enough. condition of Poverty and 'neglect than to beg. The Indian is here still, and if his pres- He wets'wwiat`i' "rightfully his''which is the ence is an embarrassing reminder of our reaso Te has pressed his claims for pay- treatment of him and his ancestors, we show men' t oland taken away from him a cen- little desire to admit it. tufty o"r'rfior6 ago; but he does not want a But admit it weniust. handout. America has been called the great melting This latter facet of character makes it dif- got, and- we are proud ?f our treatment of fietllt to give him the he he so desperately he various ethnic groups which make up the ,deeds, ,It is, the reason'" the previous corn- United States. We are proudwe can assimi missions gave ,failed to do any real good. late them into our culture and still, if they Laokinp a directive from the Indian himself, wish, let them retain some measure of their ails ilavf as members eo le who were not individuality. tilt bl#ndly.. _ r ,._ - p ..p at'tu?led tp the Indian character, they struck The people of Holland, Mich., can grow .for solutions which were not tulips' and do'mp around in wooden shoes, solutions at all. and build windmills and other remem- ,.In this ra$iter gloomy picture of the plight brances of an Old World heritage. China- Ai the Miclhligan Indian, there are a few towns appear in every large city, as do clus- bright spots. tens of other races, each holding to native fret and foremost is a new desire on the customs, language, and roots. art 6 some of the younger generation to But the Indian is told to conform-to eslrrv~tlieir customs and keep their identity "enter the mainstream of American life." as a people. Perhaps it Is because they are a mute re- Several new Indian clubs have sprung up minder of what our forefathers did to them in link the with last the few ears and designed to foster sfr this long ago. past preservation of their But time is running out, and the other .1refitage. examples of fights for human and civil rights Gertrude Prokosch Kurath of Ann Arbor, should have jarred our complacency enough one of the country's foremost authorities on to cast about for a realistic solution to one ethnic dance and the author of a number of the oldest problems our country has faced. of books and monographs on Indian culture, says the climate for such preservation, es- pecially of dance, is much better now than at any time in the east. She is especially en- thus1astle about the excellent job done by a new organization, the Grand River Ameri- can ; Indian-eupciety. In 5ust -a little more than a year this group, under the t ir'ection and guidance of Chief ,Jack Neyome and Historian Jim Eagle Shaffer, h made,a real eltort to'form a cohesive'or- ization designed to foster a reawakening of the arts and 'dances of the Indian. ' They ' sponsored a pow-wow in Lansing short time ago which drew Indians from 11 different tribes, including one from Oklahoma and anothr;r from New York. In addition, members of the society have avelgdrto other gatherings throughout the trMate to desist In fairs and dancing. 'IT North American Indian Club of Defrolt is'apothe'r such organization- " It sponsors at least one fair of arts and dancing -each "year, 'and this year's powwow is 'scheduled for Ford High-School, on Ever- 'greeh Avenue, September 25-26. Eli Thomas, Chief Little Elk, of the Isabella Reservation south of Mount Pleasant, puts on a weekend powwow each year. This year, crowds of more than 200 spectators' attended the afternoon and evening performances. There probably would be far greater crowds at these affairs if some way could, be found to publicize them properly. But the Indians ,`do not ,have any sort of statewide organization' and no public relations man. So word of mouth is' about all the publicity they get.' It Is too -bafor, if more people 'Could visit the reservations, there might be ?Tess . reluctance on the Part of citizens to consider the Indian and his -plight. Another blight spot is"the return of some of the native crafts, or arts, especially among the younger generation. True, it has not Congress Compiles Outstanding Conser- vation Record EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. JAMES G. O'HARA Or, MICIiIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. O'HARA of Michigan. Mr. Speak- er, conservation is certainly something in which we all share an interest. As a Member of the 89th Congress, I am very proud of our legislative record in the area of conservation. I was pleased to see the summary of our conservation record which appeared in the October 1 issue of Conservation News, an educational service of the Na- tional Wildlife Federation. As the article points out, the conservation record of the 89th Congress is being compared to the remarkable record of the 88th Congress- the "Conservation Congress." Under unanimous consent I place the article, "Congress Compiles Outstanding Conservation Record," at this point in the RECORD: CONGRESS COMPILES OUTSTANDING CoN9ERVATI0k RECORD Members of the 89th Congress can go home, when adjournment of the first session finally comes, secure in the full assurance that they have done an outstanding job on October 7, 1965; the enactment of conservation legislations Significant accomplishments this year, in record are of being the 88comre th Congrt~-the remarkable Conser- vation Congress." Enjoying exceptional cooperation and sup? port from President Lyndon B. Johnson; congressional. leaders have tallied major gains in a surprisingly diverse number of resource fields-water conservation and pol- lution control, air pollution control, the establishment of new public outdoor recrea-! tional areas, public use of agricultural areas. and highway beautification. Here is the scoresheet of accomplishmentd racked up thus far, with additions a prof' ability before adjournment comes, likely late in October: WATER CONSERVATION S. 4, the "Water Quality Act of 1965'1 creates a new Federal Water Pollution Con: trol Administration,,provideq for the estab lishment of water quality criteria, and otherwise strengthens, the Federal Water Pollution Control. Art. "Water Resources Planning Act" (Public Law 89-80), establishes a program for river basin studies and makes grants to States fol planning. "Federal Water Project Recreation Act's (Public Law 89-72), sets up procedures for! allocating costs for fish and wildlife and rec-' rational enhancement at Federal reser- voirs, a process many people view with mixed emotions. The saline water' conversion program of the Department of. the Interior is to be ex- panded, extended, and accelerated (Public Law 89-119). PUBLIC OUTDOOR RECREATION Establishment of Assateague Island Na- tional Seashore, Md. and Va. (Public Law 89-195), preserves one of the last important beaches on the east coast. Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area (Public Law 89-158) provides an 1m4 portant outdoor recreational facility near major population centers in the East, Establishment of the Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area sets aside 100,000 acres of scenic. lands in West Virginia. Beautiful Upper Priest Lake in Idaho 14 preserved through provision (Public Law 89-39) for the acquisition of land by the Forest Service. Six other new units are added to the National Park System: Golden Spike Na tional Monument (Public Law 89-102), com= niemorating the spot in Utah where the first transcontinental railroad was completeda Pecos National Monument (Public Law 89= 54), preserving a 17th-century Spanish mis sion and ancient Indian pueblo in New Mexico; Agate Fossil Beds National Monu; ment (Public Law 89-33), preserving unique paleontological deposits in Nebraska; Ali- bates Flint Quarries and Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture National Monument (Public Law 89-154), Tex.; Nez Perce National His; torical Park (Public Law 89-19) preserves important historical sites in Idaho; and Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site; Ariz. (Public Law 89-148). AGRICULTURE The Food and Agriculture Act of 1965 contains cropland adjustment features of benefit to wildlife and providing incentives for farmers to open their lands to public hunting, fishing, trapping, and hiking. Garrison Diversion Unit (Public Law 89-. 108) provides for major wildlife facilities as part of a huge irrigation project in the Mis= sourl River Basin of North Dakota. AIR POLLUTION Amends the Clean Air Act (S. 306) to broaden authority of. the Department of Health, Lducation, and Welfare to control air pollution from motor vehicles and pro= vide for solid-waste disposal. Approved, For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 October 7, 1965'`pproved RAPf ~r6~i~~?~i~4~~ !`DE>a SA; It is a pleasure to let you know day, that the Chinese Communists were tr - y we appreciate you being our Congressman, ing "to transfer the country of South Viet- and all the things you are doing for us. I nam into a proving ground for their theories." art}, ,taking training at Jackson, Ohio, At the Their theories, in effect, are that "people's manpower training center, It is a wonderful revolutionary wars"-in other words, wars opportunity for people who aren't qualified that are likely to bring to power Communists for a job. We have good instructors. We are tributary to Peiping-are just, must be sup- grateful to all of you that helped get the ported, and will end in victory for the revolu- training started. tionaries. "Yours truly, Chinese Defense Minister Lin Piao wrote OBIE SLVSl ," the, other day: "The spiritual atom bomb that This,letter, eventuahy reached the desk of the revolutionary people possess is a far more the President of the United States. Presi- powerful and useful weapon than the physi- dent Johnson ea t4 the ],titter "gave him a cal atom bomb." heartwa}'}ning insight into the value of., the This statement of Marshal Lin's appeared manpower training program." in the manifesto on which Ambassador Gold- Robie was proud of his letter to the Con- berg commented with such vigor in his United gressman. fie was proud to be able to write Nations speech. In the manifesto, too, was to his_ family. He was proud to be able to a sentence which-placed alongside Mr. Gold- help his smaller children,. A new World was opening for Roble Slusher. He continued his studies and .his training at the manpower training center. But it ended this past weekend for. Robie. He died of a heart attack at his home to the shock of his family and friends and fellow students and instructors at the manpower training center. But we don't think, Rpbie's training was in vain. And Robie was but one of many students in the basic.gducation classes at the . manpower center who are showing tre- mendous. progress. Roble's instructor Art Jenkins and the training center director Clarence Gingerich report almost unbelievable progress in this area an other, areas, of the traini lg pro- gram. It is fantastic in many cases to see the development and growth of the indi- viduals," says Director Gingerich. Roble Blusher, a man coming out of a shell, will be mourned. But the program he was part of will go on. What Is. at Stake in '.Vietnam EXTENSION OF REMARKS .:. OF HON, ROBERT N._ C. NIX OF FENn$Xr,,vltNIA IN THE HOUSEQr RIARAFSENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. NIX. Mr Speaker, the Christian Science Monitor recently carried an edi- torial which I believe is the clearest and most Compelling argument for President Johnson's policies in Vietnam that has been published to date. With typical re- straint, but with incisive logic-and the facts to back it up-the Monitor has, in my opinion, completely demolished all the arguments that have been used 0 1-6 A5637. migratio Act-A Milestone in International Relations EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. HERBERT TENZER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. TENZER. Mr. Speaker, this Na- tion passed an historic milestone in its international relations on October 3 when President Johnson signed the new immigration bill abolishing the national origins quota system. For 40 years we have suffered a stain to remain on our statute books and on the beautiful lady on Liberty Island who watches over our New York gateway and in whose shadow the President signed this historic bill. Beginning in 1924, we proclaimed to the world that a person's contribution to our national well-being, and his right to join our national community, was to be judged in large part by the place of his birth or the country of his ancestors. This theme, so repugnant to our ideas of the equality of man, has haunted us at home and abroad for four decades. By the act of October 3 we shall no longer be concerned with a man's birth- place or ancestry but he will be judged on two factors only: His relationship to citizens or aliens already here and the skills and talents he may bring with him, the better to help us in forging our na- tional society. No one should fear these changes. More importantly, no fears should be en- tertained that we are substantially in- creasing our immigration; relaxing our standards of admission; or prejudicing the jobs we hold. The bill authorizes a purely nominal increase in total immi- gration. It does. not change any of the grounds of inadmissibility or deportabil- ity. The new law does not prohibit the entry of aliens who do not have the rela- tionship or the skills which result in a preferential treatment. It does not per- mit such an immigrant to come here, but only after preference classes have been taken care of and only if the Secretary of Labor has determined that his admis- sion to this country will not undermine the wages and working conditions of the v,.ovo the first signs are _ --------- the criticism of ourpolicy, but concludes: now coming from that troubled and un- No longer, however, will the immigrant We'belleve the first signs are now coming happy land that the policy was right, even without family ties or outstanding talent from that troubled and. unhappy land that though the end desired may still be far away. be able to migrate here immediately be- the the policy, was right, even though the end A change in mood is reported from Saigon, cause he was born in northern or be- west- may still be far away. A change in And the United States seems to be making ern Europe, while a U.S. citizen waits for mood is reported from Saigon. And the the point that was so needed-that it simply years before his aged parents from United States seems to be making the point cannot and will not be ejected from South southern or eastern Europe can obtain that was so needed-that it simply cannot Vietnam by force. and. will not be ejected from South Vietnam There is repeated evidence from President a quota number. by force. Johnson himself-and most recently in Am= No longer will the scientist from bassador Goldberg's speech-that the U.S. southern Asia be kept from joining the I hope all of my colleagues will read purpose in Vietnam is indeed not war but staff of an American university because this excellent editorial: peace and tranquillity for all Asia. We be- only 100 persons may be allowed to en- [From the,christiap ,Science Monitor lieve in the sincerity of the administration' Se t ,. p . s ter this Country annually from his na- 25,11905] invitation to the United Nations. to help find five land. WITAT Is AT STAKE TN ,~IIErNn&L? a way to peace. And, generally speaking, the Ambassador Arthur Goldberg r ,,, the path chosen by the administration this year No longer will the refugee from com- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 .berg's words quoted above-points up the confrontation and the incompatible posi- tions in Vietnam. "The United States," the marshal wrote, "has made South Vietnam a testing ground for the suppression of peo- ple's war. Such phrases of doubletalk have been made familiar in this age by the Commu- nists, but the basic situation is age old. The conflict in Vietnam results from a colli- sion on the frontier between the legitimate areas of power of two giants. The United States-the only one of the three actual or potential superpowers that is an air and sea power rather than a land power-is legitimately concerned with what happens, not only along its own coastline, but on the far shores of the two oceans that bound it. For an air or sea power, the op- posite shore is always a possible launching pad for air or sea attacks. (In the old days, that is why Britain always reacted when it saw a threat on the far side of the English Channel.) Thus the United States has a justifiable in- terest In what happens along the Pacific coast of Asia. This explains and validates its present commitments in Japan, in South Ko- rea, in the Philippines-and in South Viet- Looking outward from the Asian heartland, the Chinese Communists we this same rim of Asia as the frontier of.. their power. And so they find themselves in collision with the United States. Under normally civilized conditions, a modus vivendi surely could be found-as the United States and the Soviet Union eventually found one at a point where they were in collision in Europe. This was in Austria. But an Austrian settlement would never have come about, had the So- viets committed themselves to ousting the Americans from the country by force-as the Chinese, subtly and indirectly, have com- mitted themselves to ousting the Americans from Vietnam., There has been this year sharp criticism from some quarters within the free world Approved For g14aaGJf&gU/11 j6 1 6789 10004000bgtober 7, 19 United .$t es 'a t rth too closely" asso- elated? wi e status of the released ci`llnfiia far tale iirs cline in our im- migrat,ion ex p'erienee, a specific author- lzation for the orderry entry of 10,700 st1Ch "refugees ann(i fly has been incor- porated Into our basfc 'law. - . ' The new law, is no`t a, '"eneral' revision of thg'atchwork 2t,ot sometimes ob- scure and"sometfines` cantradletory legis- lation on immigration which occupies over Z75 pages of our statute books. It is, however, a clear-cut'repudiation of the fallacious and' demeaning philoso- phy which"constituted the national ori- gins quota system. 'In the best sense of the term' it is - a 'se'lfish law. While its provisions give greater 'hope to those outside our gates, in the elimination of tills 2Gh;century shibboleth the greatest beneficiaries of the law are `the Ameri- dan people: "I amproudto have been a sponsor of this legislation and to have been present at the historic ceremonies on Liberty Island when our President signed the imlriigration bill and reaffirmed our na- ? j '\ JOHN A RACE. FJI w.U4 ..~.., Keppel this week delivered a significant new title, Assistant Secretary of Health, IN >'iE HOTSE OF REPRESENTATIVES address on the subject of the role of the and Welfare for Education. Education , Thursday, October 7, 1965 Federal Government in American educa- Under unanimous consent, I insert Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RPP67B00446R000100040001-6 "care" for art, t include as part of MY re- and eventual doming ion, a resume our con 18i'ilSthe Gazette editorial of October 2, night follows day. new is American eduction. "1965, "Art in Iowa Besmirched'': Commissioner Keppel does not believe Washington clearly has provided education ART Iowe BESMrEcHEb - that this is true, nor has to be the case. news in abundance this year. It will doubt- Neither do I. I think the Commissioner less continue to do so. '},his mWhen the e appr ppr hoved ou a se bill ll to sub to subssidize dize the he has successfully harpooned this ergo- The President feels strongly about the urgency of strengthening education. So arts. and, humanities with grants of $21 mil- ment. In his outstanding talk, he points urgency c Congress. So, it is clear, n. the do: "lion for each of 3 years, Iowa's Represents- Out that the Federal Government, in re- American people. tive H. U. GROSS made nationwide news in alley, is a "junior partner," with the And yet I think that all of us heYe in ills eifare to not beat convininced cedll by that " Federal ridicule. aid to States and local governments, in Ameri- Washington look toward the day when the artists; We. are performers and scholars will be alto- can education. most dramatic news about American educa- ether good'for them or for the country, but Mr. Keppel correctly emphasizes that Lion will be developing beyond this capital IM' 4610'6'i see'i gettable flhws in derision as a the Federal Government has had a vital city-across across the country ithe our State c ns- weapon o1' attack. 'interest in American education extend- tols n established by our the a totat educational Representative Gaoss misreads the , atti- ing back virtually to the start of this agencies tilde of many rowans and does no service to Nation. ister our education structure. the State In spreading an impression that lean neducation is points not out that controlled in n today Amer- Wash- During the 88th and now the 89th Con- .IOWans belittle the arts or consider them fngton, but in the State capitals, the cam' we have seen the greatest array of edu- silly and subject to scorn. His opposition in cation acts in the Nation's history-acts, that the House had that effect through several local school districts, and the classrooms establish a vigorous and effective relation- -deadpan Gross amendments, all rejected. Of this country. Support for education ship among local, State, and Federal ativi- bne proposed that belly-dancing be in- in the United States is predominantly in ties for improving education at all levels. 'coded in the arts` definition. Another the hands of State and local govern- Recognizing that the strength of our schools would have added to It "baseball, football, -meats. Even with the sharp increase in and colleges and universities has become an ,golf, tennis, squash, pinochle and poker?' Federal contributions to our education overriding national concern, our elected Another suggested direct arts `aid to Appa- representatives have called for strong na- iaehta"and the "poverty-stricken areas of processes in the past several years, note- tional participation and national support, in 14ew Yor7k and New Jersey." - bly through outstanding educational partnership with the States and local com- ? -,Wi'th`this approach, Representative GRosd "programs of the 88th Congress, "the edu- munities. perpetuated tactics used for years by a s,If- cation Congress" and the present session For the Federal Government to participate styled "boob bloc" of congressional wits in of the 89th Congress, the Federal Gov- in education-to be a partner, a junior their generally successful move to laugh arts ernment invests less than 8 percent of partner, with the States and local comniuni- 1VIr. RACE. Mr. Speaker, the 'Cedar 'tion. Commissioner Keppel's remarks at this ' apids, 'Iowa, Gazette is deeply con- He appeared before a seminar of the point: ,cerned. that Members of this body, and Educational Writers Association, meet- EDUCATION'S KEYS TO SUCCESS :AhleticaI p all over this country, may ing at the Mayflower Hotel in Wash- iAn address by Francis Keppel, U.S. cbm- have gotten the impression that Iowans ington, Tuesday, October 5. mis address of Education, Department of are (d t concerned about arts and hu- One of the reoccurring themes we Health, Education, and Welfare, befo e a ipaes hear so often, from some quarters, is that seminar of the Education Writers Assdcia- ? ` 4 , ge5ttire of friendliness to my with the increasing Federal participa- tion, 'Mayflower Hotel, Washington, P.c., 71e18hbor State of Iowa, and lest some tion in the Nation's educational proc- October 5, 1965) Members actually believe-Iowans do not esses, there will follow Federal control It is good to be here with you today, to t' s surely as tinuin discourse on what's bills off the floor. This time he alone led its gross -funds for all educational the snicker assault. It fell extremely fiat. purposes, while the States allocate about The arts-and-humanities subsidy bill won 35 pereei}t of their gross funds to the overwhelming passage, and more bills like it schools while local governments invest When it comes to Iowa's involvement in the arts, a far more fitting theme for na- tional exposure would stress whatIowa has done in arts promotion fund-raising efforts for a million-dollar art gallery project on the University of Iowa campus are nearing success. Cedar Rapids is completing a cam- paign for $250,000 in contributions to re- model its art center building. Des Moines has an art center known and respected throughout the State. So does Davenport. So does Marshalltown. So do several other Iowa communities whose interest mirrors that of countless Iowans in tune with cul- tural enrichment progress everywhere. To contradict this with misleading, stale comedy in Congress paints a picture both phony and harmful. The oldtime" boob-bloc image was deserved and apropos, perhaps, but now it belongs to a bygone day that no true spokesman for the State should wrongly advertise. Education's Keys to Success EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. SAM GIBBONS OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 45 percent. In his talk before the Education Writ- ers Tuesday, Commissioner Keppel pointed out that the Governors and edhl- cators attending the recent Interst4te Compact for Education conference in Kansas City, Mo., acknowledged the in- creasing need for Federal financial help to the Nation's school systems. On the other hand, they also urged stronger leadership in this area on the part of the States and local governments. In this, Commissioner Keppel agrees. And so do I. And, I feel sure, so do the great majority of the Members of the Congress. The Elementary and Secondary Edu- cation Act of 1965 spells this out. As Commissioner Keppel points out: Title V of the act is directed to help strengthen our State departments of educa- tion, the pivotal agencies on which we must depend if we mean to keep American educa- tion both strong and decentralized. Ifirmly believe that the continued (ef- fectiveness of the Federal-State-local partnership in the' field of education; as well as in many others, will depend to a great degree upon the kind of leadership exercised by the States and local, educa- tion agencies, I believe it will be strong Thursday, October 7, 1965 and vigorous. Mr. GIBBONS. Mr.' Speaker', the U.S. .1 would like to take this opportunity to extend my congratulations to Com- October 7, 196v"Approved FotB~ Al 1 ~i9 p 68000100040001-6 eighn Relations Committee at the Senate and that none of the three remaining partners of, the firm had even known the name of our firm, and this had been most embarrass- ing to them, but especially to Mr. Karasik. They stated that at a future time they would probably have to appear before the subcom- Iilittee again. They also stated that they would let me know if anything developed. "Some months passed and on Sunday eve- ning, June 16, 1963, Mr. Surrey called me and stated it would be necessary for them to appear before the subcommittee again and they Were then going to discuss the possible employment of our firm in open hearings on ,Tune 20, 1993. "I met with Mr. Surrey, Mr. Karasik, and Mr. Gould on the morning of June 17, 1963. For reasons involving the nonlegal activities of one of my partners, I felt it would be most unfortunate for any of our firm to be brought to public interest at the time, since even though there was certainly no question of the propriety of the beavior of myself or any member of his firm, the public might unfavorably misinterpret the facts. "I therefore requested Mr. Surrey that I be peiihitted to testify, so I could set the rec- ord straight for myself and our firm, but in executive session. "In conclusion, neither I nor my law firm, nor any member of my firm, have done any work for nor in association with Mr. Efron's firm, nor have We received any fee, directly or indirectly from the firm or any partners; nor have we even referred any case or matter to the firm or any 'oo the partners, or had any professional contact with other than my taking Mr. F:fron to see Mr. Menefee as de- scribed above." REQUEST TO TESTIFY The CHAIRMAN. Mi. `Fagelson, as I stated in the beginning, you requested through Mr. Surrey to appear ? here, ' didn't you? Mr, FAC,EI,SON. Yes, sir. The CHAIRMAN. You understand that exe- cutive 'meetings of this committee may be piade public, don't you, by action of the committee? Mr. FAGELSON. I understand that, sir. [Deleted. -TIME OF OFFER FROM MR, EFRON The CHAIRMAN, About what date did Mr. Iron offer this retainer to you, and discuss this matter? 'Mr. PAGELSON. I am not sure of the exact date, sir... The CHAIRMAN, It was 1956. Mr. FAGELSON. My best memory is that it was probably very early in 1956 after the Christmas season. The CHAIRMAN. You state in your affidavit early 1956. Mr. F4QELSON. Yes. The CHA;RMAIS. Did he, tell you at that time the status of the sugar bill then under consideration in the Congress? Mr. FAG LEON. W@ ;discussed it. I under- Stood that the sugar bill was before the Senate and the Senate. Finance Committee would hold hearings on it. I think, I un- derstand that a bill had passed the House tir was about to pass the House. The. CII RIVIAN. Well, did you not under- stand that the committee, the Senate I'i- nance Committee, had held hearings on it and had ' reported it? Didn't he discuss what you were to do about the bill? Mr. FAGELSONV, It is my memory, sir, that the. Finances Cornmittge was holding hear- 4414 "'ou, so understood It?. AGEI,sO..NI ut I cannot be sure. 'lhe CHAIEMAN. Weli, all right; is that all? Mr. r,A'9ELSON. I was going to say I am quite sure I was to discuss his idea; I would disgus,s, this principally with Senator BYRD MEMORANDUM OF JANUARY 28, 1956, The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Fagelson, I show you a copy of a memorandum dated January 28, 1956, addressed to Secretary Troncoso, and signed "Monroe Karasik" and ask if you have seen this document before? Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, sir; I saw this once. The CHAIRMAN. You have seen it? Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, Sir. (A copy of the document referred to fol- lows:) SURREY, KARASI1e, COULD & EFRON, Washington, D.C. To: Secretary Troncoso. From: Monroe Karasik. Through channels of personal obligation we have made contact with a powerful law firm in the Senator's home State. The senior member of the firm is the executive officer of the Senator's political machine. The second partner is the son of the Senator's first campaign manager; there are very close family connections between this man and the Senator. The third partner is the private confidential attorney of the Senator; he handles important confidential matters for the Senator's machine. All three propose to call upon the Senator on Monday, January 30, to engage his sym- pathy for the position of the Dominican Re- public with respect to sugar legislation. They will represent themselves as being in- terested purely because of their very close ties of friendship and business with my firm. Each of the three will adopt a different ap- proach to arouse the Senator's sympathy. They ask for a retainer fee of $2,500. In addition to this, they ask a fee of $5,000 if the Dominican allocation under the legisla- tion as finally enacted is no less than that under the present House version Of H.R.7030. If the Dominican allocation does turn out to be less than this, but is of a size which my firm in its sole judgment considers to be a satisfactory figure, the contingent fee to be paid would be only $2,500, We believe that these lawyers can be effec- tive in advancing the interests of the Do- minican Republic, and we accordingly rec- ommend' that the retainer fee be paid, and the contingent fee be agreed, all as outlined above. MONROE KARASIK. CIUDAD TRUJILLO, D.S.D., January 28, 1956. WITNESS' FIRST SIGHT ON JANUARY 28, 1956 The 'CHAIRMAN. When did you first see it? Mr. FAGELSON. I saw this early in the spring, the one time I met Mr. Surrey and Mr. Gould and Mr. Karasik. The CHAIRMAN. What spring? Mr. FAGELSON. This spring, sir. The CHAIRMAN. This year? Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, sir. The CHAIRMAN. About when? Mr. FAGELSON. I really can't tell you, sir. It was early in the spring. The CHAIRMAN. Was it in March? Mr. FAGELSON. It very possibly or probably was in March. The CHAIRMAN. Was it after they appeared before the committee? Mr. FAGELSON. It was my understanding it was right after they had appeared before this committee that was when Mr. Efron called me. The CHAIRMAN. Was it the day after they appeared here? Mr. FAGELSON. I don't know whether it was the day after but it was very shortly after they appeared because Mr. Efron called me that night and he was very much con- celed,: =c,.CHAIRMAN. He testified that he called you on March 14, is that correct'. Mr. FAGELSON. Well, he would probably remember the date, Sir. I cannot remember. I just know it was early in the spring, sir. But it was right after they had appeared 254 . The CHAIRMAN. They appeared before this committee on March 13 and he testified. just now- Mr. FAGELSON. I would never question that, air. The CHAIRMAN. That he called you on March 14. I just wondered if that was in accord with your best recollection. Mr. FAGELSON. My best memory is it was in the spring, sir, I am sorry. But he said they had just appeared before this commit- tee. It was right after that. The CHAIRMAN. You have the memoran- dum before you. Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, Sir. ACCURACY OF DESCRIPTION The CHAIRMAN. The first paragraph says'- "Through channels of personal obligation we have made contact with a powerful law firm in the Senator's home State." Is that a good description of your law firm? Mr. FAGELSON. No, sir; it is not. The CHAIRMAN. Why not? Mr. FAGELSON. Well, we are a good Alexan- dria law firm but by no stretch of the imag- ination could we be considered a powerful law firm, sir. The CHAIRMAN. Did you have any personal obligations to Mr. Efron? Mr. FAGELSON. No, sir; I have no personal obligations to Mr. Efron. The CHAIRMAN. Did you at that time? Mr. FAGELSON. No, sir; I did not. The CHAIRMAN. What was your relation to Mr. Efron? Mr. FAGELSON. I had met him socially. [Deleted.] After meeting him at a party or maybe two, he invited me to his home to dinner. I. reciprocated. We probably visited each other's homes several times. We met in Washington once or twice by accident, and stopped and talked and on one occasion I think we had lunch. The CHAIRMAN. You had no business rela- tions with him, only social? Mr. FAGELSON. Never any business relations with him, sir. IDENTITY OF SENIOR MEMBER OF FIRM The CHAIRMAN. The next paragraph says, "The senion member of the firm is the ex- ecutive officer of the Senator's political ma- chine." Who does that refer to? Mr. FAGELSON. Well, the senior member of my firm, sir, is Leroy Bendheim. The CHAIRMAN,, Is he the executive officer of the Senator's, political machine, was he at that time? Mr. FAGELSON. I read this letter. Can I say, sir, this is the most absurd and ridiculous thing I can say. He has never been an ex- ecutive in the Senator's organization. Senator HICKENLOOPER. What organiza- tion? Mr. FAGELSON. Well, in Virginia, sir, we call the group of which Senator BYRD is the titular and respected head, the organization, sir. Senator HICKENLOOPER. I see. The CHAIRMAN. lie calls it the political machine here. That is the same thing? Mr. FAGELSON. We don't consider the or- ganization quite a political machine, sir. We think a political machine is something like they have in big cities in the East. The CHAIRMAN. Then that first statement you say is incorrect? Mr. FAGELSON. Well, it is absolutely ridicu- lous, sir. The CHAIRMAN. Did you tell anything like this to Mr. Efron? Mr. FAGELSON. I did not. I am absolutely certain I did not. I couldn't have. ACCURACY OF REFERENCE TO WITNESS The CHAIRMAN. "The second partner is the son of the Senator's first campaign manager." Approved For Release 2604/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 2 3 -. . SON I ESSIONtTL RIcor--TTotTS -- --- ---October 7, 1965 The CHAIR Arfi. I ir}ea _es6cond partner. Mr. FAGELSON. I couldn't believe at first countries fell short Of their quotas by intrin#a~wlio t11ns'ol' Senator"`byRD'as a close persons, irleiid ana ' bud do most ailythin _foi film 'tufTie?"has never man- aged the Senator s campalgn ,With all due e'ference t9d iy"father who is a nod nder 'ul man `he has neither the back- g nol the' extier~lenc`"e > to" manage a campaign Senator I{CI9D OOPER. MaP I ask if your . ... istlier,is ln,tbe.same go'sYtfon as tTie mother about at the meeting i they told the stor- ivas, t'te other day that said the slogan in Virginia was "cove 'U"od and trust Harry $yrd r ,. lifr ,FAGPLS N... thl k That my father i light well fit that scription. Senator tp GNLpgdon't say 'that facetiously Mr. FAG LsoN.',I don't think it is con- Bid ere' so a roan of ixiy gather's genera- tion. Senator QRSE Mr Chairman, could t ask on, that; point one quick question? Senator of Mr age son, was your father at any time the campaign manager Of Sena"tgr"B i o for`: Alexandrl'a or for' northern Virginia?. M FAGELSON, Y can a14 wer that, sir, by ' ran for'Gov- saying 'tha't when Senator $YRD ernOf In ON ny father was one of a group v o woriied for him very hard, sir, and de- voted a great dear of Cline ` `nut`he was not anywhere Itiear'the position of being the eam- paign' nianli'ger.` Ile Th anepers'on, "sir: He j sn t"llave "the edilcatlonal background ixst doe to be a,,ca ppaign manager. OIL',T D PARTNER TIIe ~'iIIAIRMAN The third partner" it reads "is the private confidential attorney of the Senator." .Who is the third partner? ,Mr. ?AGELSON, The third partner, sir, is Mr. Bragg. Mr. Bagg is a good title man. He and I specialize in the title part of the firin. But he doesn't do any trial work or handle any work and as far as I'know has at that time? Mr. FAGELSON.-Yes, Sir. Actually we ha four partners at that time. (Deleted,i ?17,Ie C#IAIRMAN, Giammittorio. Mr. F"AGEisoN. Giammittorio is the fourth partner and he is our trial man. -'f he OS#AIRMAN. Was either one of them the private confidential attorney to the Senator? Mr. FAGELSON. I can truthfully. say, sir, that he unquestionably could never have been Senator BYRD's, private confidential attorney. (Deleted.] QUESTION Old VITNSSSES' DEs;cIj1pTIOI,1 61.4 HIS rMM 'ro MA-. EFRON The C IAIRivIgl?,Dl you tell, 'make state- nients'similar to this to Mr. Efron? Mr. P^,-A,GEri, gi3., No, sir. ::.'The ~/Is4rRMAN."At any time? Mr. 1 AozLeoN'. I can tell 'you truthfully, whatever I told Mr. Efron, I couldn't have told him anything like this because this is ridiculous.: I unquestionably discussed with Mr. hfron 'and not in any great detail the members of"my firm because he said 'they were interested. [Deleted:] The CIIAIRNIAN. Is it proper to say this d6-scribes your law firm? - Mr. PyrA6~GELaoN. No, Sir. The liI An;MAN. It doe 'no ? -Mr. r 'got by-' am ying f am not tr'ying to be funny. We "axe not even 'a poor IstalI s description of this Is* firm, sir: he' HA_Fisalr 'When you saw this letter; this memorandum, did you. tell Mr `Itarasi'k cifically stated, I may have used the same word I have used here, absurd, or ridiculous or something like that and it is. The CHAIRMAN. It was not descriptive of your law firm? Mr. FAGELSON. No, Sir. The CHAIRMAN. What did he say when you told him that? He wrote this memorandum. Mr. FAGELSON. Well, he was upset that evening, and he kept saying, "Are you sure that this is outrageous?" and I said it is, or words to that effect. I think he felt, too, that it could not have been my law firm, I mean that this descrip- tion could not have fit my law firm. DENIAL BY WITNESS OF PROPOSED JANUARY 30 . MEETING The CHAIRMAN. The next paragraph reads, "All three" that is these three partners, "propose to call upon the Senator on Monday, January 30." Is that correct? Was there such a pro- posal contemplated? Mr. FAGELSON. NO, Sir. The CHAIRMAN. When you discussed this with Efron? -Mr. FAGELSON. No, sir; I want to make it very plain that I never got beyond discussing, the possibility of being retained by Mr. Efron's firm. The CHAIRMAN. By Mr. Efron's firm? Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, sir. The CHAIRMAN. Did they explain you were to be retained by the Dominican Sugar Association? Mr. FAGELSON. Yes, sir; I knew that. I phrased it badly. But in association with Mr. Efron's firm. The CHAIRMAN. Yes. Mr. FAGELSON. And they explain it and Mr. Efron was, be was very frank about it. He said be wanted somebody that could prepare the case in such 'a way that Senator BYRD could be convinced, but one Senator BYRD would be willing to listen to. There was no question in is mind but some question in mine a to t er I had any kind of entree Ilk-; /has t ator BYRD. (Mr. GILBERT (at the request of Mr. HOWARD) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. GILBERT. Mr. Speaker, I was delighted to have been present to witness the signing of the new immigration bill by the President on last Sunday, October 3, 1965, at the historic site at the foot of the Statue of Liberty in New York Har- bor. Earlier this year, President Johnson had sent a special message to Congress urging It to pass the administration's im- migration reform bill. I was one of the sponsors of this bill, and as a member of the Immigration Subcommittee, I took an active part in the hearings and worked hard for committee approval, and for passage in the House. As the President stated, the new law "repaid. a deep and painful flaw in the fabric of American Justice." It has brought to an end after 40 years a policy of immigration based on the country of birth of those desiring to come to the United States.. This system of quotas based on national origins allowed a mere three countries to account for 70 percent of the total quotas. And, ironically, these about 50,000 a year-a number that could not be used by the people of other countries with long waiting lists. The system was undemocratic in concept, in- dicating that we considered people from certain nations less desirable than others, and it was often cruel in opera- tion, keeping families from uniting be- cause a parent or a son or daughter had been born in the wrong country. The new law uses. a standard we can all respect and one that reflects the true spirit of America. It says that those who apply for, immigration to the United States will be allowed to enter because, of their skills or their relationship to pet- sons who are already citizens or residents of the United States. Selection from the total of those qualified for admission will be on a first-come, first-served basis. No longer will be ask, "Where were you born?" Today, the question is "What can you contribute?" or "Whom do you have in this land?" The old days of large-scale immigra- tion to this Nation are long past, and no one seriously suggests that they be brought back. The new law is not de- signed- to do so and will enlarge the im- migration into this country only by the amount of the unused quotas-that is, by about 50,000 a year. As I have said, the main purpose of the law is simply to establish a system for choosing among those who want to come here that is fair and in the best interests of the Nation. This legislation is the end product of 20 years of effort. President Truman pointed out that the national origins quota. system was opposed to the Ameri- cantradition and harmful to our foreign policy. President Eisenhower asked for a change in the system in 1956, callipg attention to its discriminatory nature. President Kennedy, in proposing the bill that was the forerunner of the one sub- mitted by President Johnson, called the system arbitrary. The action of the Congress this year has thus met the call of four Presidents, and has brought us back to an admissions systems that we can administer with a clear conscience. . There are always those who are afraid that any change in immigration law will lead to a loss of jobs for our workers pr an increase in our welfare rolls. They need have no fear on this score. The bill strengthens the provisions of the law under which the Secretary of Labor has the authority to keep out immigrants who would take work from our citizens or depress wages or working conditio is here. And every immigrant under tlpe bill, just as under. prior law, must of course show that he will not become a public charge before he can obtain a visa to enter the United States. The new law makes no changes in the safeguards of our present laws which prohibit the admission of subversive's, persons and criminal records, narcot1Ic addicts and . other undesirables. The same strict standards that we have been enforcing in the past will continue as before. All in all, the new, act of Congress the President signed into law is one the whole Nation can be proud of. It will end unjust and sometimes cruel dis- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 _Oct pproved FoEB"t~SP~1~ 1 6t~ ' P6 R000100040001-6 c~er 7, 19'65A - erimination. It will insure that persons with the best reasons for coming to our shores will receive first consideration. And it will produce no disruptions or dislocations in our Nation. OUR SURRENDER OVER THE PANAMA CANAL (Mr. FLOOD (at the request of Mr. HOWARD) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mx. FLOOD. Mr. Speaker, in the ex- tensive writings by columnists on inter- ocganic canal problems since the Presi- dential announcement on September 24, 1965, concerning the status of three pro- posed treaties now being negotiated with the Republic of Panama, I read with much interest a syndicated column by James J. Kilpatrick published in the Sunday Star of October 3, 1965. The indicated column follows : [Prom the Washington (D.C.) Star, Oct. 3, 1965] OUR SURRENDER OVER THE PANAMA CANAL (By James J. Kilpatrick) Lyndon Johnson, a master of political poker, is playing his cards like a ribbon clerk in the high-stakes game of Latin American affairs. He has just lost the pot in Panama- lost it to a bluffer with a pair of deuces-and he has wasted his hole cards in Santo Do- mingo. What began as a good evening at the table is steadily becoming a nightmare. On the face of it, the Panama treaty baffles understanding. Eighteen months ago, when the negotiations began, the forces of inter- national communism made three objectives clear. They wanted the 1903 treaty abro- gated; they wanted a recognition of Panama's sovereignty In the Canal Zone; and they wanted a greater cut of the revenue. Last week the President announced that he would send to the Senate a new agreement. Astoundingly, this new agreement will (1) abrogate the 1903 treaty, (2) recognize Pan- ama's sovereignty, and (3) give Panama more money. What kind of bargaining is this? What have our negotiators been doing all this time? The Canal Zone, up to this moment, has been a territorial possession of the United States. By virtue of treaty rights granted in perpetu- ity, we have rightfully exercised sovereignty there. The defense and canal installations represent an investment of billions of dollars in American tax funds. The record of the U.S. Governmegt in Panama is a record of order, accomplishment, humanitarism. None of these considerations seems to have mattered at all. Nothing suggests that the U.S. negotiators made any bargaining use of the possibility-a devastating possibility for Panama-that a new sea level canal could be dug somewhere else. It is not ac- curate to describe this treaty as a sell-out, for a sell-out implies some payment in re- turn for principles yielded. This is sur- render, abject surrender, to a gang of black- mailers whose bluff came down to this: Throw in your hand or we'll riot again. ,Pennsylvania's DAN FLOOD, in an outraged speech last Monday in the House, gave this new treaty the ugly word: Appeasement. And he ventured a prophecy that has the bell-like ring of truth: "I predict," he said, --"that the expressed willingness to surrender control over the Panasrna Canal will be taken as a signal for accelerated activity among Communistic revolutionaries all over Latin America and the Caribbean." - How could it be otherwise? The capitula- tion to the Panamanian demagog follows close upon the heels of an equally dismay- ing collapse of American policy in the Do- minican Republic. What, now, does Mr. Johnson have to show for the 5 months that have elapsed since the insurrection of April 24? In the spring, Mr. Johnson was hard and decisive. He acted partly from good intel- ligence, partly from sound instinct. What his eyes did not tell him, his nose did: The well-organized revolt reeked of Communist direction. Everyone could smell it-every- one, that is, but Senator FULBRIGHT, the Times, the Trib, and the Washington Post. What has become of that decisiveness now?. The leading anti-Communist of the Domini- can Republic, an honest soldier beloved by his troops, was General Elias Wessin y Wes- sin. We have deported him. One of the faint hopes for stability was that complex and gullible man, Juan Bosch. He has re- turned to Santo Domingo, breathing fire and arrogance, and demanding of the Unit- ed States a billion-dollar reparation. In the heart of Santo Domingo, Communist train- ing activities continue undiminished. In the hills, the armed guerrillas wait. Elsewhere in Latin America, the picture is no brighter. The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee recently released a thin vol- ume of testimony taken on August 4 in its investigation of Red Chinese infiltration of this hemisphere. Among the witnesses was Stanley Ross, editor of El Tiempo, a hard- nosed fellow who smelled out the Cuban mis sale sites ahead of everyone else. Without the slightest equivocation, he spoke of Red Chinese infiltration in Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil, Guatemala, Colombia, and of course Cuba. Few persons would suggest that, Lyndon Johnson has an easy hand to play, at home or abroad, in coping with the Communist subversion of Latin America. Many of the Rightist leaders are no beauties; the Presi- dent cannot conjure instant democracy out of the illiteracy of the canefields; as John Kennedy once remarked, the most striking lesson of the Presidency often is to be found in how little a President can do. Here at home, a President pathetically eager for a consensus bleeds inside from the savage blows of the liberal Left. But Mr. Johnson can do better than he has been doing lately. If he will only return to the hardness of April, and turn those riverboat eyes on the Reds, he can pull out of this mess. The draft treaty may yet be rejected, and the Dominican situation may yet be salvaged, but the game is running out of cards and not much time remains. PANAMA CANAL: ABANDONMENT WOULD SOLVE NO PROBLEM (Mr. FLOOD (at the request of Mr. HowARA) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. FLOOD. Mr. Speaker, the Pres- idential announcement on September 24, 1965, concerning the status of three pro- posed treaties now being negotiated with the Republic of Panama has evoked widespread comments in the press in many parts of the Nation on various aspects of the interoceanic canal prob- lem. Among the most ably prepared of such writings is one in the October 9, 1965, issue of Human Events by Dr. Donald M. Dozer, distinguished historian, now professor of history in the University of California at Santa Barbara. As a for- mer key historian in the Department of State and distinguished student of Latin 24539 American problems, including the Mon- roe Doctrine, on which he is the author of a recent important book published by Alfred A. Knopf of New York, Dr. Dozer writes with the authority of well digested knowledge. In this general connection, I would invite attention to my documented ad- dresses on the "Interoceanic Canal Problem: Inquiry or Cover Up?" in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD of April 1 and July 29, 1965. The indicated article by Dr. Dozer and an accompanying statement by my dis- tinguished colleague from Ohio [Mr. HARSHA] follow: ABANDONMENT OF PANAMA CANAL WOULD SOLVE NO PROBLEM (By Donald Marquand Dozer, professor of history, University of California at Santa Barbara) In a sensational betrayal of U.S. interests President Lyndon Johnson announced on September 24 his decision to surrender to Panama sovereignty over the Canal Zone and to allow Panama to share with the United States "responsibility in the administration, management, and operations of the canal." The United States is thus yielding to Panama's Communist-inspired, anti-Yankee demonstrations and is abandoning its treaty rights in this vital international waterway. We in the United States ought to feel a thrilling sense of pride in the Panama Canal. It was conceived by U.S. vision, was built by U.S. money, and is operated by a U.S. com- pany, the Panama Canal Company, in which the Secretary of the Army is the sole stock- holder. The Panama Canal is a national enterprise of the United States. It is a lifeline of na- tional defense. It is a main channel of ocean commerce and one of the greatest transportation facilities in the world. The prime function of the canal is the safe and expeditious transport of vessels from one ocean to the other. Of all the vessels that went through the Canal in 1962, over 60 percent were U.S. vessels. The American people should nurse no sense of guilt about the canal. Panama emerged as an independent nation in 1903 only because of the U.S. interest in the con- struction of an Isthmian Canal. The fact that the canal was constructed through Panama rather than through Nica- ragua was due to the Inducements which Panama offered in order to get the canal in her territory. As one of these inducements she agreed in the treaty of 1903 to give to the United States "in perpetuity" a zone of land 10 miles wide running through Panama from sea to sea and "all the rights, power and authority within the zone * * * which the United States would possess and exercise within the zone if it were the sovereign of the territory * * * to the entire exclusion of the exercise by the Republic of Panama of any such sovereign rights, power or authority." Among these sovereign rights was the right to fly the flag of the United States over the zone "to the entire exclusion of the exer- cise" of such a right by Panama. For all these rights the United States paid $10 million immediately and began 9 years later to pay $250,000 annually to Pan- ama. Subsequently we purchased all the lands in the zone from their private owners, spending almost $35 million for that pur- pose. We have paid more for the Canal Zone, both initially and subsequently, than for any other territory that we have ever acquired-the Louisiana Purchase, Florida, the Mexican Cession, the Gadsden Purchase, Alaska-in fact more than double what we paid for all those territorial acquisitions combined. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6. 25440. Approved For R IpNp-aM ?T C~47 A7B0 {I 0010004000'6.,, b M ,, Rile?total?inpeatnlent qi the United States 10 the q ,a1 and the canal Zone amclunts to mores > an $ billion. This investment the ~'ohxiso ad 3ninistr'ation is now giving , Prom the canal Panama's economy has de- rived enormous tangible benefits. In 1963 it received directly from U.S. agencies in the zone $92 million in ssylaries, retirements and disability payments, and purchases of goods and 'services besides many Indirect benefits. As a result of the presence of the United States in the Canal Zone, Panama enjoys the highest per capita income in Latin America. Beginning in the "Good Neighbor" era of the 1930's the United $tttes has yielded con- cessioin_after concession to Panama. Py; new treaties in .1936 and 1955. it abandonefi Its treaty right to 'maintain public order and to supervise sanitation in the terminal cities o f Panama4 and Colon with the result that these cities have become,beachheads of vio- lence against the canal and cesspools of in- fection. The United States has given to Panama, without consideration, the terms- Sal yards and passenger stations of the Pan-, ama Railroad in Panama City and Colon. After the Communist-led rioting against the United, States in the zone In 1959, a high State Department official on a visit to Panama recognized that "titular sovereignty over the Canal Zone'reniains in the Govern- inent of Panama." Soon afterward Presi- detit Eisenhower by Executive order gave Panama the sovereign right to fly her, flag in the zone. Other concessions which U.S. policymekers have made to Panama, often under pressure from riots ,and other .demonstrations,; in- clude abaridonmexit of the zone commis- s$ries, the increase in the annuity to $1,930,- 0d0, the construction pf the $20 million Thatcher Bridge across the canal for, the spe6ial use of Panama and the release of real estate in Panama City and Colon with a mar- ket value.of,$40 million., ? But with each .,concession we have, peen confronted with pew demands from Panama, including a demand for one-half the gross revenue from the canal and ultimately sur- render of the canal and the zone to Panama. After f urther bloody Communist-led riot- ing occurred in the zone in 1954, President Johnson agreed to negotiate a new treaty with Panama.,, At ,the, same time he, an- nounced that the, United States Is prepared to scrap the present lock canal in favor,of a new ' sea=level canal, which may be con- structed elsewhere in Panama or in Nica- ragua or in northwestern Colombia. The pretext given for this announcement is that the present canal is becoming obsolete .and. will not be able to, provide adequate accommodation for world commerce by the year 2000, possibly even by 1985.. Biit is a second canal constructed at' sea level the only logical answer to this prob- lem? A.second canal, wherever located,, will require the negotiation of a new treaty, pos- sibly more than one, under extremely, ad- verse negotiating conditions. Such a treaty or treaties can be expected to involve huge indemnities by the United States to the, other country, larger annuity payments by the United States than are now going to Panama, a limitation of; the duration of United States control over' the canal, and recognition of full sovereignty over the canal by the other signatory, mak- ing the canal built atU.S. expense a hostage to that country from the very outset. And at present , the United States is prevented from carrying out the excavation of a ,new canal with atomic power by the terms of the nuclear test-ban treaty drafted by it,. the Soviet Union, and Britain in 1963 and signed by more than 100 nations. Of the routes proposed for a new canal, the Nicaragua-Costa Rica route, besides re- quiring the negotiation of treaties, with two, unities agreed uponby the two nations, has anti possibly three Central American coun- completely carried out the terms of the tries, is almost three times as long as the treaty and stands on firm moral and legal present Panama Canal. A survey of this footing in this dispute, and under no cir- route' made under 'tl}e , auspices of a con- cumstances should it have conceded to the gressional 'committee in 1960, reported the Communist-inspired demands of Panama. cost of a Nicaraguan lock-canal at over How do we expect other nations to have any $4 billion and a Nicaraguan sea-level canal respect for the United States when we do completely impracticable. not, even, have enough self-respect to stand The Atrato-Truando route in northwestern firm when we are on solid, legal and moral Colombia. traverses perhaps the densest, most footing?" fetid jungle area in the Western Hemisphere and even for a high lock-canal would re- quire the excavation of a vast gash in the formidable cordillera. A sea-level canal here would be unthinkable. If another canal route in Panama is chosen-perhaps the San Blas Gulf route or the Caledonia Bay route-we can expect Panama to give us much less advantageous terms than In 1903. Then we were the wooed; now is are the suitor. But have the possibilities of modernizing and enlarging the present Panama Canal been adequately considered? For this canal and all improvements in it within the pres- ent zone a full treaty basis exists or at least existed until President Johnson's announce- ment of September 24. Many intelligent plans designed to mod- ernize the present canal at minimal cost have been drawn up. The most feasible plan for enlarging the capacity of the canal within the present treaty arrangements provides for the continued maintenance of the lock principle. It would widen the single locks at the Caribbean end of the canal and the channel through the Culebra cut, would consolidate the dual system of locks at the Pacific end of the canal into a single set of locks, thus eliminating the awkward Pedro Miguel locks, and would provide an artificial terminal lake at the Pacific side of the isthmus comparable to the Gatun Lake at the Caribbean side. This plan would speed up transit through the canal, would simplify maintenance, and would enlarge the service at much lower cost than under any'of the alternative plans. President Johnson's surrender of sover- eignty over the present canal serves the So- viet objective of gaining control over the strategic waterways of the world, thus threatening the lifelines of the free nations, as illustrated, for example, In the experience of the Suez Canal, the Danube, the Dardanelles, and the straits of southeast Asia. Panama's attacks on the canal have significantly coincided with the challenges that Fidel Castro has hurled at the position of the United States in Guantanamo, guard- ingthe eastward approach to the Panama Canal. Issues of global importance are involved in the Panama conflict. It behooves the United States to understand these issues in their broadest and most sinister context and to take appropriate action. Theodore Roosevelt proudly declared in 1910, speaking of the Panama Canal: "It is our canal; we built it; we fortified it, and we will protect it, and we will not permit our enemies to use it in war. In time of peace, all nations shall use It alike, but in time of war our interest at once becomes dominant." We are living now in such a time, and our own national interest in the Panama Canal should be the dominant consideration. Representative Wrr nLAM HARSHA, Repub- lican, of Ohio: "The U.S. Government has completely capitulated to the demands of Panama concerning the canal and we have come home from the so-called negotiations like a whipped pup with its tall between its legs. The country of Panama owes its en- tire existence to the United States and we have continually given friendship and eco- nomic support to it. * * * This Nation has paid Panama the full indemnity and an- HEART DISEASE, CANCER, AND STROKE AMENDMENTS OF 1965, H.R. 3140 " (Mr. FARBSTEIN (at the request of Mr. HOWARD) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. FARBSTEIN. Mr. Speaker, Con- gress has once again shown the leader- ship, of which it is so eminently capable, by passing into law the Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke Amendments of 1965. Congress has been a ground breaker in health care in the United States for many years and this bill confirms its foresighted outlook. I was glad to lend my personal support to the measure. This bill goes a long way toward fa- cilitating the modernization of that medical practice which is directed to- ward heart disease, stroke, cancer, and related diseases. For some time we have recognized that in many instances even when the facilities for the treatment pf these diseases have been in existence, they have been so spread out, so diso-- ganized, that best use of them was im- possible. This measure makes it pos- sible to establish programs of coopera- tion between medical schools, clinical re- search institutions, and hospitals. These arrangements, made by doctors and their institutions at the local lev 1, will permit the interchange of personnel and patients and provide for a more ef- fective flow of information about the latest advances in diagnosis and treat- ment. The experimental work that has proceeded this measure has proven be- yond dispute the value of such coop- eration, both to patients and to, practi- tioners. Congress, I believe, is to be commended for taking such a progres- sive step to improve the treatment avail- able to the victims of these dread dis- eases. - (Mr. FARBSTEIN (at the request of Mr. HOWARD) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat,- ter.) Mr. FARBSTEIN. Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to note the overwhelming ap- proval by the House of the Clean Air and Solid Waste Disposal Act, a measure of great importance to the Nation and of particular Importance to my constituents in New York City. This bill, which is soon to become law, represents a giant step in the direction of full recognition by Congress that the problems of the city are the problems of every American. The quality of life in the United, States h s Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 V Q obor"7, 1965 Approved F %1 fk4A( 1/*~e6 DP 7gW0 6R000100040001-6 EmWo Naranjo, of New Mexico, to be First. The at does abolish the national U,y. marshal, district of New Mexico, origins quota system, a fact which I re- term of 4 years, vice Dave Fresquez, re- gret; but it also does not necessarily tired. have the effect of changing our historic On behalf of the Committee on the Ju- population pattern. diciary, notice is hereby given to all per- Second. The act does not open the sons interested in these nominations to floodgates. On the contrary, it restricts file with the committee, in writing, on 'or immigration to those who have families before Thursday, October 14, 1965, any already in the United States and to those representations or objections they may who can contribute to the culture and wish to present concerning the above economy of our country. nomingtions, with a further statement Third. My amendment will not reduce whether it is their intention to appear at immigration from the Western Hemi- any hearing which may be scheduled. sphere. Rather it will stabilize hemi- NOTICE OF HEARING ON NOMINA- TIONS OF FREDERICK LANDIS, OF INDIANA, TO BE A JUDGE OF THE U.S. CUSTOMS COURT Mr. EASTLAND. Mr. President, on behalf of the Committee on the Judici- ary, I desire to give notice that a public hearing has been scheduled for Thurs- day, October 14, 1965, at 10:30 a.m., in room 2228, New Senate Office Building, on the nomination of Frederick Landis, of Indiana, to be a judge of the U.S. Cus- toms Court. At the indicated time and place per- sons interested in the hearing may make such representations as may be perti- nent. The subcommittee consists of the Sen- ator from North Carolina [Mr. ERVIN], the Senator. from Nebraska [Mr. HRV$KAI, and myself, as chairman. ADDRESSES, EDITORIALS, ARTI- CLES, ETC., PRINTED IN THE AP- PENDIX On request, and by unanimous con- sent, addresses, editorials, articles, etc., were ordered to be printed in the Appen- dix, as follows: By Mr. CHURCH: Address delivered ? by him entitled The Education Decade in America." Article entitled "Colorado Football's Gal- loping Disaster-Memoirs of a Big Coach," written by Bud Davis and published in Har- per's magazine. By Mr. RANDOLPH: News article in the October 6, 1965, Mar- +lnsb,urg (W_ Va._1 Jo rnal. which reports on IMMIGRATION ACT Mr. ERVIN. Mr. President, now that the Immigration Act has been signed by the President and the furor surrounding it has subsided, I believe it is appropriate. to attempt to place this historic legisla- tion in its proper perspective. In the course of the several months of hearings and floor debate during which time the bill was fashioned, many mis- conceptions and exaggerations of the probable consequences of enactment were disseminated by many of the pro- polfents and opponents. This is true not only 'of the'bill itself, but also of my amendment to it which would place a ceiling on immigration from the Western Hemisphere. The following points should be em- phasized: spheric immigration to a maximum of its present rate or slightly above. Fourth. My amendment does not dis- criminate against our neighbors in this hemisphere. As a_ matter of fact, they will receive a maximum quota far out of proportion to their share of the world's population. However, it does have the effect of eliminating, to a large extent, our historic discrimination which favors the nations of the Western Hemisphere as against all the rest of the nations of the world. Mr. President, in order to make these matters clear, I ask unanimous consent that the following articles and editorials be printed at this point in the RECORD: "The End of Quotas," an editorial from the October 1, 1965, edition of the Wash- ington Star; "ERVIN Takes Lone Immi- gration Stand," an article by James K. Batten from the September 23, 1965, edi- tion of the Charlotte Observe; "Immigra- tion Bill Backed by ERVIN," an article by the Washington bureau of the Winston- Salem Journal appearing in that news- paper on September 23,1965; "Immigra- tion Curbs Indicated," an article by Richard L. Strout from the Christian Science Monitor of September 20, 1965; "ERVIN Makes Constructive Choice," an editorial from the Durham Morning Herald of September 27, 1965; and "An Historic Liberalization," an editorial from the Greensboro Daily News of Sep- tember 26, 1965. There being no objection, the articles and editorials were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: [From the Washington (D.C.) Evening Star, Oct. 1, 1965] THE END OF QUOTAS There are several things that the new im- migration bill is not. It, is not a special kind of civil rights bill, as Senator SPESSARD HOLLAND seems to believe. Nor is it the startling liberal innovation that Senator ROBERT KENNEDY has made it appear. Commonsense, nothing more or less, im- pels the Nation to set up an immigration law based on family relationships and per- sonal skills rather than national origins. There is nothing radical about this. Indeed, the only radicalism attending Senate passage of the measure was the spectacle of Senators -HOLLAND -and KENNEDY reaffirming their per- sonal views on racial equality-something neither man really had to do. Aside from this exchange, however, some pertinent things were said about the bill it- self-both by Senator SAM ERVIN and the bill's manager, Senator KENNEDY of Massa- chusetts-that give it the ' luster of prac- ticality. Immigrant preference would go first to close relatives of American citizens. Second- ary preference would be given to skilled indi- viduals whose talents are needed in the American labor market. Some unskilled la- 25273 borers and refugees would be admitted un- der the new system. But the ceiling on all immigration practically guarantees that the United States will never become a depot for a flood of undesirables. More controversial is the provision im- posing a special ceiling on immigration from our own hemisphere. But,,again, the provi- sion is more equitable than it seems. The numerical restriction on Latin and Canadian immigrants is only 50,000 less per year than restrictions on the rest of the world. The bill actually favors New World immigrants. but not so much that Latin America's popu- lation explosion will bring great waves of immigrants to our shores. . This is not a flawless piece of legislation. Some provisions, particularly those dealing with the reuniting of families according to closeness of kin, are confusing. But, as Senator ERVIN expressed it, the bill does not open the floodgates. The abolition of im- personal restrictions (as expressed in the quota system) is paired with the tightening of personal restrictions. And the result, which President Johnson plans to sign into law on Sunday, is about the best bill obtain- able. [From the Charlotte (N.C.) Observer, Sept. 23, 1965] ERVIN TAKES LONE IMMIGRATION STAND (By James K. Batten) WASHINGTON. Senator SAM J. ERVIN, JR., found himself stuck out in the cold with his principles Wednesday as the Senate approved a significant new immigration program that he had helped fashion. The vote was 76 to 18, but 14 of the nay- sayers were southerners. His North Carolina colleague, B. EVERETT JORDAN, was among them, as were the two South Carolinians, DONALD S. RUSSELL and STROM THURMOND. ERVIN, who has established himself in the Senate as something of an expert on immi- gration, admitted after Wednesday's vote that he felt a little lonely: "But I was the only southerner who went to the subcommittee hearings and tried to do something about the bill while the battle was on,". he said. During those hearings and afterward, ERVIN managed to win acceptance for a limitation of 120,000 immigrants a year from the Western Hemisphere-the first such limitation on immigration from the Americas in the Nation's history. Like the southerners who voted against the bill, ERvIN wanted to retain the old national origins quota system, which favored immi- gration from the countries of Western Eu- rope that helped populate America in the first place. But from the beginning, it was clear that the national origins system was doomed this year. The bill would abolish the controversial na- tional origins system but restrict for the first time immigration from Latin America and Canada. A fight is expected in a conference over the restriction, a move rejected in the House. The Senate bill provides an annual quota of 170,000, an increase of 11,439, for non- Western Hemisphere immigrants, with no more than 20,000 from any single nation. It sets a ceiling of 120,000 a year for West- ern Hemisphere nations, an overall total with no country-by-country limitation. In last Friday's debate, ERVIN explained to his colleagues that two possible courses of action had presented themselves: "The first was that I might concentrate my efforts in a forlorn fight to preserve the national origins quota system and suffer de- feat in such fight without rendering any service to my country, other than that of loyalty to an ideal which I cherished. "The second possible course of action which confronted me was to join with other mem- Approved, For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001,6 aApp"ro'ved `For z L qWWf57~BOR~ WNP01 00040001 tlctober "'7..,.19165 the present law, out_-tfie retentfon'of the Congress left him a problem-and "two pos- son eu ports" the "stand. The strength; of tiati9 al [gins quota"system ell le courses o3"action" Douse- enate opposition to the big loophole "I eft t c }1 1 sere y country best Ile explained: apparently has surprised the administration. by aopt g tie secong alternative.'' "The first was that Y might concentrate my The result is still in doubt and could be tn. Ivor ing for the 'i best possible obtain- efforts in a forlorn fight to preserve the na- decided in conference. able' law, ERVIN overcame' efforts by the ad- tional origins quota system and suffer defeat In any case immediate restrictions on ministratipn particularly the State Y)epart- in such fight without rend@ring any service Canada would not be applied: There will meat, to deeat his limitation on Western to -my country other than that of loyalty to 'be' a 3-year waiting period while Western Hemisphere immigration. an ideal which I cherished. "Hemisphere immigration Is studied by a com- 464J&, " a pQsst gptaln- j-44 6e laws ' svui said'his reaIfzatlori that 'on Latin America, arguing that the latter pose such a ceiling would damage U.S. rela- tions with Latin America, The Senate was urged to recognize the Nation's "special rela- tionship" with its Western Hemisphere neighbors. But ERyIN's rebuttal helped convince the Senate to Impose the ceiling anyway. 'I submit that there is no relationship," E vn'r Bald, "ivl ich is closer or amore 'special' than that which our country bears to Eng- land, our great ally that gave us our lan- guage, out law, and much of our literature. "Yet under this bill my friends express no shock that Britain in the future can send us 10,000 fewer immigrants than she has sent on an'annual ayerage in the past. "They are only shocked that British Guiana cannot send us every single citizen of that country who wishes to come." As the debate wound to a close Wednesday, ECiviw was showered with tributes from the supporters of immigration reform. Senator TED ,KENNEDY, of Massachusetts, the bill's -loot manager, extended his "great Senate the best possible obtainable fmmi- gration law, curing the defects of present law without the retention of the national origins quota system." JIELPED REWRITING "I felt that I could serve my country best by adopting the second alternative." So several months ago EavIN began work- ing,- within the Senate Judiciary Committee, tohelp rewrite the immigration proposal of- fered by the administration. The result, ERVIN said yesterday, is "a good measure. ? ? ? It is designed to restrict im- migration to near relatives of those who are already in the United States * * ? and to those persons who have something to con- tribute to the economic and cultural develop- ment of the United States." EiavIN'S foremost victory in the drafting of the bill was the Insertion of an amendment limiting the number of immigrants the United States will accept from other nations of this hemisphere. because' o his T he State Department opposed such a Havxw admitted that tiffs vote Wednesday provision, even though Secretary of State ght not be popular in North Carolina. Dean Rusk did agree that at some point, ""They probably won't like it," he'said, recall- given a continuation of Latin America's ing that his mail had run strongly against population explosion, a limitation would the pending bill. have to be set. But Critical citizens who responded to his Several days ago, after many private meet- letters of explanation,'Eavn a added, uniformly Inge involving administration officials, backed his stand ELWZN and other Senators, it was agreed that [From the Winston=Salem (N.C.) Journal, $ept `2911065] the bill and would stand without challenge , by the administration on the Senate floor. y~ ?'?'9tIidIGg$.T .qtr, }SACKED BY ERVIN Senator EDWARD KENNEDY, of Massachu- WASHINGTON,--Senator SAM ERVIN came setts, the floor manager of the bill, was ?reluctar tly to support of the immigration afhong the last to give in to the agreement. bill which the Senate passed yesterday, but But yesterday, KENNEDY praised ERVIN for In the end the Senator from North Carolina his cooperation, and so, too, did Senator was one of the forembet supporters of the Bill PHILIP HART, of Michigan, original sponsor 0u tl O Senate floor. of the bill. Eavue had been "magnificent" 1"he main purpose of the bill is to 'ellmi- in his work on the bill, HART said. rite Elie national origgins quota system which [From the Christian Science Monitor, the many",peals has been the foundation of the Ration's immigration policy but which Sept. 20, 1966] four Presidents have condemned as an em- IMMIGRATIoN CURBS INDICATED berrassment for the' $lation before the world. (Bp Richard L. Strout) Senator ERvIN called himself yesterday "a WASHINGTON.-peer the opposition of the great believer in the wisdom of the national Johnson administration, the Senate appar- nsquota system." ently Is headed toward applying immigration e has favored continuing the system, he restrictions to the Western Hemisphere, In- d and "frankly 7 would still oppose its eluding Canada and Mexico. abolition if I lied any hope of success." The House approved such a provision by a "sdrisbR3"sic teller vote,'but later narrowly defeated it on ertheless voted for the bill as a rollcail. The Senate now has the 'house e t B v he n u it.passed, 76 to A. Only five southerne "bill joined him-Senators FULBRIGEr of Arkan- sas, SMATHERS of Florida, LONG of Louisiana, a,nd GORE and BASS, both of Tennessee. All Are Democrats. Fourteen other southerners "voted against the bill. They included Senator EVERE'rr 3oiWAN, Democrat, of North Carolina. The Presidents who opposed the national origins quotas, and most of the Senators 'who voted to end the quotas system yester- 'day, object to the way the system teas dis- 'cYiminated' against immigrants from such e and the Orient' As first written, however, it discriminated rn Euro th so as' a e p s u are TWt1 OIfRSi:p' against the rest of the world to the advan- tage of the Western Hemisphere, for it was $aviN said he s%W nothing unjust in the only here that no numerical limits ap- system, but that it fisd become outdated plied Ultimately, under the plan, a ceiling of 120,000 immigrants would be applied to the entire Western Hemisphere, exclusive of par- ents, spouses, and children, to take effect July 1, 1968. How this total would be di- vided among Canada, Mexico, and other west- ern nations is undecided, Restriction on the Western Hemisphere is the condition on which Senator SAM J. ERVIN Jr., Democrat, of North Carolina, bases his support for the pending measure. Senator EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Democrat, of Masachusetts, sponsor of the compromise bill has reluctantly accepted it. Mr. ERVIN rejects the argument that Latin America requires a special relationship. "I submit that there is no relationship," he said, "which is closer or more 'special' than that which our country bears to England,our great ally that gave us our language, our law, and much of our literature. "Yet under this bill my friends express no shock that Britain in the future can send us 10,000 fewer immigrants than she has sent on an annual average in the past. They are. only shocked that British Guiana cannot send us every single citizen of that country who wishes to come." " The old national origins system of quotas has, in fact, broken down. Only about a third of present immigration enters under it. The big loopholes are immigration from the Western Hemisphere, refugees, and special "hardship" cases advanced in thou- sands by Congress. INCREASE OF 60,000 The population of the United States in- creases annually, without immigration, about 3 million a year. Unemployment has averaged around 5 percent for some years. The new bill would ultimately allow an esti- mated 355,000 immigrants a year, though some place it much higher. This is about 60,000 more than the present immigration. The new total would break down as fol- lows: 170,000 given to the world exclusive of the Western Hemisphere. This would be allocated at no more than 20,000 to a country on a first come first served basis. Thus England, which has been sending 30,000 Immigrants a year, would be cut to 20,000. Next, some 60,000 "immediate relatives" would be admitted to reunite immigr is with families left behind. Finally, a pro. posed ceiling of 120,000 would go to the Western Hemisphere, plus a category ! of "immediate relatives." Mr. Kennedy thinks this would add up to around 355,000. BILLS ADMIT THOUSANDS Such figures however are theoretical. Xn- dividual Congressmen are eager to aid con- stituents by passing special legislation for "hardship cases." These amount to thou- sands anually. Senator Eavue stresses the need of con- trolling Latin American immigration which, he argues, threatens to "double" every year. It has increased 400 percent in the past" 10 years, he says. Canada is feeling the drain of highly trained professional people, he says. `or every professional person who migrates. to Canada," he says, "two leave." Asiatic a elusion was a red-hot Issue! in the 1870's knd 1882;s. Congress first bar- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 population on earth. It would be unfair, some Senators argue, to reduce immigration from the United Kingdom by one-third, as -the proposed system requires, while continu- ing unlimited immigration from Latin Amer- ica. The proposed bill kills the 41-year-old na- tional origins system and substitutes a new formula which its sponsors call nondiscrim- Approved / 1 1 RAC 6R000100040001-6 25275 .; ctober 7, 1965 1 ~ I ~i~ ~t ~~ red Chinese laborers in 1882. Sponsors of That figure alone reveals the intent of The PRESIDING OFFICER. Objee- the pending bill argue that they are drop- the bill: in 1920 the population of the United tion is heard. 'ping anti-Asiatic discrimination. Actually, States was predominantly northern Euro- it is likely to be carried forward adminis- pean in origin, and Congress wanted to keep SIX RESERVE tratively, rather than by the much-criticized it that way. The purpose of the bill was DEACTIVATION OF quotas. to restrict immigration from southern Eu- DIVISIONS AND OTHER UNITS OF rope and Asia by basing the quotas for those THE ARMY RESERVE [From the Durham (N.C.) Morning Herald, areas on their relatively small representation Sept. 27, 19651 in 1920 census. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, is the Thus Italy has had an annual quota of ERVIN MAKES CONSTRIICTIVE CHOICE approximately 5,600; Greece, 300; Hungary, Senate still transacting routine morning Senator ERvIN made a choice on the immi- 900. In each of these instances and others, business? gration bill that southern Senators and thousands of potential immigrants have been The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Congressmen have traditionally resisted. turned away-many of them seeking to join Senator is correct. He saw two, alternatives: All-out negative their families in the United States, others Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, I have opposition to a measure he opposed or grudg- possessing valuable skills and talents. At an extraneous matter, not on the subject ing support given in return for revisions the same time Great Britain has never met pending, and if no other Senator has reflecting his views and those of his con- its quota; the closest it came was in 1946, anything in the nature of morning busi- stituents. when 38,552 Britons immigrated to the Hess, I ask unanimous consent, when Southerners have faced these alternatives United States. other Senators have completed their for years, especially in civil rights issues. The inequity of this law-and its implied Repeatedly they have chosen bitter end insult to the low-quota nations-has long morning business, that I be allowed to opposition. They have wasted their time been apparent' President Kennedy, the proceed for 18 minutes to present this and talents in a resistance for resistance's grandson of Irish immigrants, recognized matter, and that it not count as one of sake that has produced nothing except per- the problem and outlined it in a small, my appearances on the motion to take spnal political advantages among their, own posthumous book, "A Nation of Immigrants." up. electorates. The bill now on the verge of final passage The PRESIDING OFFICER. It will There are, of course, important issues that was proposed during his administration, then not count as a speech. leave a Senator or Representative no choice enc(orsed and introduced by President .except to go down to total defeat with all Johnson. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, I ask flags flying. But the number of such issues" In its House version, the bill conforms unanimous consent that it not count as is small. And the leather lunged cries of closely to the Johnson proposal. It con- one of my appearances and that I be al- "never" by bitter-enders in the Congress tinues unrestricted immigration from Can- lowed to proceed for 18 minutes. have more often than not simply made defeat ada and Latin America, and sets a maximum The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there for the views of their constituents total as of 170,000 a year from the rest of the world. well as inevitable. No country would be allowed more than objection? The Chair hears none, and Senator ERvIN's objections to the immi- 20,000 immigrants a year; that is, the sole the Senator from Mississippi is recog- gi'ation bill were undoubtedly shared by a limitation on nationality. Instead of gain- nized for 18 minutes. majority of North Carolinians. Some of his ing entry on the basis of the happenstance Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, I have technical objections eventually were shared of his birthplace, a potential immigrant received many inquiries from Senators, by advocates of the bill from other States. would have to convince U.S. authorities that received well as Representatives, and many It would have been easy" for Senator ERVIN he would be a valuable citizen. Close rela- to do as other southern opponents did, to tives of American citizens would be admitted citizens in the country at large, for in- shout his undying opposition to the bill and without numerical restriction. formation and comment with reference store up yet another issue to show the folks The Senate bill Includes all these pro- to the recent announcement of Secretary back home how he had carried on for them visions and one other; it restricts Western of Defense McNamara with reference to against unnamed forces of evil. Hemisphere immigration to 120,000 a year. deactivating six Reserve divisions and Instead; the Senator chose to try to modify That restriction is the creation of Senator other units of the Army Reserve. what he felt was objectionable. And having SAM ERvIN, one of the few Southern Senators As I was the one who acted as Chalr- won modification, he recognized his re- to vote for the bill; he argues that there is sponsibility to show by his vote that the final no "special relationship" between the United man of the Defense Appropriations Sub- Senate version of the bill reflected views he States and Latin America or Canada that committee and also presented the bill represents. surpasses the "special relationship" with on the floor of the Senate, which bill This approach can be hard to explain on Great Britain, and that therefore special then went on to conference, where I the stump back home. It offers none of the privileges for Latin Americans or Canadians was a conferee, I have a special respon- stem winding possibilities so long utilized by are unjustified. sibility, I believe, to the Senate on that the professional veterans of lost causes. Despite the justifiable concern of the State subject, and I propose at this time to give But there is no question of whether Sen- Department over .the potential political ism- a factual statement with reference to ator ExvIN or the nay sayers served their pact of this provision, the arguments against States best in the case of the immigration it are not on balance convincing. If immi- the entire matter which has been before bill. They added to their personal records. gration should not be determined by national Congress for the entire calendar year. He added to a law. origins, why should it be determined by for- In a news conference last Thursday, eign policy or vague assertions of "special September 30, the Secretary of Defense, relationships"? Complete fairness demands [From the Greensboro (N.C.) Daily News, Mr. McNamara, announced the disband- that all be treated alike; whether 120,000 is Sept. 26, 19651 too low or too high can be debated, but ing of 750 Army Reserve units. After A HisTORic LIBERALIZATION establishing a maximum does not seem un- stating that Deputy Secretary of Defense Reform ar m of erica'ssfar arcBoth haic immigration reass loe able. Vance had appeared before a House la appears ca Western Hemisphere restriction is far Armed Services Subcommittee that Senate have passed bills that would abolish less important, however, than the broad and morning and discussed the plan-mean- the 41-year-old national origins quota sys- historic liberalization of American immigra- ing the plan to reduce the Reserves- teln, replacing it with equitable standards tion law. Whatever compromise is finally Mr. McNamara said: for the admission of immigrants; the House- approved, if it includes the basic elements I think it is lair to say that they look with Senate conference'will be under heavy pres- of the Johnson proposal it will be welcome. favor upon it. sure from. President Johnson to draw up a compromise measure as quickly as possible. Later in the same news conference, Mr. The 1924 law is patently discriminatory. COMMITTEE MEETING DURING McNamara was asked questions and gave Though it places no restrictions on immi- SENATE SESSION answers as follows: gration from Canada and Latin America, it Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I Question. Mr. Secretary, did you get as imposes a limit of 150,000 immigrants each ask unanimous consent that the Sub- favorable a response in the Senate to this year on the rest of the world. Each country is .assigned a quota, now based on the ratio committee on Small Business of the plan that you apparently got in the Hobert to 150,000 of the number of persons of that Banking and Currency Committee be committee this morning? national origin in the 1920 census. Thus, permitted to meet during the session of Secretary McNAMARA. Well, we haven't met for example, the United Kingdom has regu- the Senate today. with committees of the Senate in quite the laxly been assigned a quota of about 65,000; same way as we did with the Hebert vom- it corresponds to the 1920 census, in which Mr. DIRKSEN. Mr. President, with mittee this morning, but those Members of 45 million of the 105 million Americans had great reluctance, I feel that I must the Senate with whom we have discussed it, British origins. object. I think, have responded as favorably as did No:186=--3. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 M CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ., Members of the House. Cy, that a fair SATE October, 7r `~9 5 secretary SE appraisal, do you think? Secretary Vance sarprimary emphasis ~t medium, and large there by u been. In Question.. That presumably includes Sen- a" "r STE any event, whenever there has real was on the problem of training new men, posed what I understand. is a real plan, Secretary NlctTwM uiA. I don't want to speak but he discussed the plan to some degree. I have required that It be put in writing, for inslt,vitiual m moers of the committee. Mr. Vance had no written explanation with numbers and figures, so we can all I would rather you talk to him directly. Let of this plan, but he did have a single understand it. ine simply say we have talked to ?4embers Sheet. of paper with a column of figures Had this new plan or proposal thus of the Senate, leaders of the Senate, in the thereon which related altogether to been fully set forth, I would have !seen Armed Services and' Appropriations commit- training loads and did not describe this immediately its full import and vigor- tees and they have received the plan favor- plan as to the Reserve; this paper is clas- ously objected because it is not in keep- ab at. ly. tart one of tthenit to thief f rhanoy sified or I would print it in the RECORD. ing with the spirit of the appropriation them might put some particular interpreta- Mr. Vance mentioned the fact that they bill and is a long step on the merger tion, on his own appraisal of it and you should proposed to deactivate some of the low plan which was expressly rejected by the get it from hint. priority Reserve units. He made refer-_ conferences on the Defense appropria- do sat int3w dust, whom Secretary enee to several' Reserve divisions. But tions bill. I M do no ntendefi include a Snead- certainly he did not at all make it clear I refer now to a brief quotation on in his discussion with me that they that point from the conference report ers of the delrate, in the Armed,Servleps proposed to deactivate 55,000 men in the itself, as filed with the House of Repre- and Appropriations Committees," but I Army Reserve, or that six entire divi- a$sum a refers to the Senate conferees sentatives on this very appropriation; bill, on the Defense, appropriations bill and lions were to be swept oftt. If he men- with the express wording contained in the members se the Senate Armed Serv- Honed the figure "55,000," I thought it that appropriation bill and with the ices Committee who held hearings on this was related in some way to the overall comment on the Army Reserve. ices Committee xho,el hearings This training program for all new men, in- Page 3 of the conference report refers would include therger q es Senators; eluding the 240,000 new men for the to what was done and concludes as would EN, RUSSELL, HILL, i, a Army. Had such a proposal to deacti- follows: OUNG vats 55,000 spaces in present Army Re- It should be clear from this action that CL?LLAN, USSEL SAL, ELLELL, YOUNG I5~ ~Or~tih Dakota, SMITH, BYRD of Vir- serve units, or to take out six divisions, the realinement or reorganization of; the 6,X tkDakot JACKSON, and THUR- been clearly made I would have vigor- Army Reserve components can be effected MOND. a, ously challenged him instantly and on only through the enactment of appropriate gi To ascertain the. correctness of the the spot as proposing something far out law. ` Secretary's statement that the "leaders of line from what is permitted in good I wish to make clear that I am not faith by the language of the appropri- suggesting that Mr. Vance acted in :bad of the Senate, m the Armed Services and Appropriations Committees, have ations bill and far beyond what the con- faith in any way. In our discussion at eceived the plan favorably," I have per- ference understood. r my office, I feel he acted in good faith. receive talked with each of these ,Sen- I did tell Mr. Vance that the Senate He did entirely fail, unintentionally, to about the matter. conferees had in mind that under the make it clear that they planned a reduc ators - As tb about the m tteYDEx, HILL, ELLEN- language used, they would have some tion in the Army Reserve units of any- fl>; to Senators HAY N North Dakota, discretion to cancel out some of the so- thing like the proportions Mr. McNamara SMITH, $Yxn of Virgin, rth Da o a, called low priority Army Reserve units announced. My firm position that they, SYMI SAC TH, and of Vie ini I find that because the language did not require the of course, would keep the strength: up JON, neither Secretary McNamara nor Deputy full number of 270,000 men for the Army should have made my position fully clear Secretary Vance, nor anyone or Dee y Reserves at all times. However, in the to him. ,has ever mentioned phis, plan announced same breath I told Mr. Vance, with em- Mr. McNamara has a responsibility, of on September 30 to_any of them in any phasis, that the Senate conferees cer- course, regarding the Army Reserve pro- form'; that these ,Se aloes have net ap- tainly expected Secretary- McNamara to gram. He was fully within his rights live up to the full spirit and letter of the proved the plan, nor received it with language of the appropriations bill which and was discharging his responsibility in favor; and, in fact, that these Senators urging the Congress to merge the Army had not heard of the plan until Secretary called for a planned strength of 270,000 Reserve and the Army National Guard. McNamara apli f ngpd It last Thursday. men in the Army Reserves and that this The Congress heard and fully considered The remaining Senators of the group number should be there on June 30, his testimony and refused to allow him are Senators, RUSSEeL, SALTONSTALL, and 1966. I emphasized this requirement and to make the merger. This decision was STENNIS? Mr. Vance did not dissent. the responsibility of the Congress. Now, I have, learned from Senator RUSSELL Mr. Vance did not ask me to approve it is clearly the Secretary's responsibility thathe was.s~en by Secretary Vance and the plan. Nor did he suggest that I do to take the law as enacted by the Cgn- this plan regarding the Army Reserves so. Nor did he suggest that I "look with gress to apply for fiscal year 1966, and teas dscusseg, along_with other matters, favor on it." Had he asked for my ap- to operate in good faith within the spirit but was not dully broken down or fully proval or suggested that I "look with and the letter of that law, the Defense explained. Senator oken tells me he favor on it," this would have sharply appropriation bill. . SELL -did not approve the plan, nor did he focused my attention and I would have Two sides can argue about the possi- "`receive the plan favorably" in any way. immediately called for a full explanation bilities of the legal meaning of the ward, Senator RUSSELL has authorized me to in writing, of just what the proposal but no one can deny the spirit and good reheat our conver t'on to this effect. was, as I had done prior to the Senate- faith of the entire matter all the way i'a House conference on the a ro i ti S t r pp pr a ena o on through SAJToNSTALL was alsiitd . ,o vse bill in regard to the so-called 17-State by Mr. Vance, but be tells me. that he This bill, recently enacted, absolutely Lieither alsproved the,plan, nor "received plan then proposed before the conferees. forbids the Secretary from transferring the plan f a4 proved h Instead, Senator I have dealt with this matter. When funds from the Army National Guard to bALTOlan dyis,ed _,Mr, vanes to, seek there was talk a month ago about a 17- the Army Reserve account, or vice versa. legislation if Mr, McNamara, were still State plan when this matter was to come This law rec uires him to keep the Army pursuing the merger idea, and to "put the before the Senate-House conference, I National Guard up to a minimum of I d t di n "put the declin e o i scuss that 17Statl 380000 Thi at this sessin" St ,.o,enaor-e pan,.s same law gives him, a STALL a s,as toquote him to until a full outline had been put in writ- small measure of discretion as to the this this effect, ing by the Department of Defense. I Army Reserve in that the language of hope it will be understood that I was wanted to know exactly what they the law does not require him to keep the merely interrogating de understood idea whether would do and not do. One reason for total of the Reserves up to 270,000 all the these Senators had received the plan that is that it is a very complicated mat- time-but it does demand a planned end Th ter. Itis never easy for me to under- strength in good faith that will bring a favorably, as Mr, McNamara reported. stand these complicated tables of or- total of 270,000 Reserves at the end !of at leaves Senator STENNIS. - ganization. I got lost very readily, and fiscal year 1966. Mr. Vance came to my office and dis- still do, when they talk about a military Instead of a reasonable, modest move Cussed this matter about a week before personnel plan that Involves many small, that would live up to this requirement, Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/1=6 CIA-RbP67BOO446R000100040001-6 October' 6, 1965 1 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -=-"HOUSE 25255 rawer, 'I he answer to this question is, When the full committee acted on the sub- trol of less than 200 miles of interstate "No 11 !committee's recommendation, the full com- highway. This is less than 1 percent of the It is not intended. to have a maximum pen- mittee had not only the benefit of the House interstate mileage already completed. Alty of 20 percent. The only place in the leg- hearings but had the benefit of hearings The highways of this Nation are public 1 t d before the Senate highways. They are public facilities. On a islative history where this is suggested is which had been comp e e in the minority views of `the House committee committee and had the benefit of the dis- plain dollar and cents basis, the Federal report. etission and action by the Senate on similar Government has a very proper and legitimate .The Secretary of Commerce has confirmed legislation. Interest in the Federal-aid interstate and ,that it is his interpretation and intention The basic principles embodied in this leg- primary systems. that the maximum penalty which would be islation are not any different from the basic With this great and substantial direct in- applied against a State would be 10 percent principles which were considered in similar terest of the Federal Government, how can for any one apportionment, whether th$ legislation in 1958. we expect 50 different State legislatures really ,State in question had failed to achieve colt- Of course, it can be argued that nobody to be concerned about this problem if the trot on billboards or junkyards or both. can tell at this time the exact impact this U.S. Congress is not concerned enough to This part ' can be clarified in the furl tier legislation will have in each and every State. enact adequate legislation. legislative history on this bill. I This is no more than a trite jiruism with This is not simply a job for the States. Question. Is it correct that this i sla- respect to any proposed legislation. This is a job for both the Federal Govern- tion will cause a waste of money by end- Of course, no one can say i advance ex- ment and the States following the partner- ing huge amounts on landscaping or : Genic actly how many billboards me turn out to ship concept which has characterized our enhancement?, be in controlled areas and .therefore have Federal-aid highway program from the Answer. The answer to this qu tion is to be removed in 1970, just as'no one can say beginning. clearly, "No." in advance how many billboards will actually This is not a diabolical centralization of This legislation provides that thin the be maintained in commercial or industrial Federal authority, any more than such is the right-of-way the cost of landsc ping and areas. ? case with highway design standards, or the putting the right-of-way in dec t and at- It would be foolish to ly to take an in- case with the Federal rules and regulations tractive condition is a part of he cost of ventory of every single billoard in the coun- pertaining to rights-of-way, or the case with construction. This is not a w law or a try located on the interssa a and primary sys- the Federal rules and regulations pertaining This is si ly a restate- tems and try to make a guess as to whether to the width of highways, or the required ation l i n i a . n ov ca r d nient of what has been longe ablished law. those billboards would located in a com- thickness of the concrete pavement. With respect to scenic `str s adjacent to mercial or industrial area, next year, in 1970, the right-of-way, this legis anon provides or in 1980. that the States will be aIlo ted an amount The full impact of tl is legislation is clear. (Mr. EDMONDSON (at the request of equivalent to 3 percent of t eir highway ap- It is clear that the le slation is designed to Mr. BINGHAM) was granted" permission portionment, to be used in reserving or en- prevent an unbridlecj proliferation of bill- to extend his remarks at this point in the .hancing the scenic values of land adjacent boards and junkyards along our interstate RECORD" and to include extraneous mat- to the rights-of-way, and primary systems. ter.) This amount is not re red to be matched It is clear that t is legislation is designed by the States.' to screen junkyar which are within 1,000 [Mr. EDMONDSON'S remarks will It does us little go to spend literally feet of the right- -way unless they are lo- appear ,hereafter In the Appendix.] billions of dollars cons rutting magnificent cated in industrial areas. paved highways and en landscaping the . It is clear that-this legislation is designed narrow strip of right- -way, if some atten- to provide a reasonable degree of control ( GONZALEZ (at the request of tion is not given to a land area adjacent of outdoor adve ising in commercial or in- Mr. GINGHAM) was granted permission to to the rights-of-way. Where there are spe- dustrial areas. extend his remarks at this point in the cial scenic attracno , such as a wooded It is clear that the details of regulations tract or a stream o a particularly striking and sign criteria cannot now be spelled out RECORD and to include extraneous mat- view, appropriate on should be taken to because this 1e a subject which requires ex- ter.) preserve the natur beauty and attraction tensive consultation with the States and the [Mr. GONZALEZ' remarks will appear of those areas. thermore, more atten- affected industries and businesses, and in tion and more em asis is needed in provid- fact the legislation requires that public hear- hereafter in the Appendix.] ing rest or retreat nal areas along our high- ings be held in each of the 50 States. it d t ure; ways, and 1.1e J Ited extent to which this This legislation is not prema oes (Mr. GONZ (at the request of can be done wi in a narrow right-of-way not need further extended study or pro- crastinatiop or delay. Mr. BINGHApi) a rz to permission to ffCie t i . nsu is often This represeii an investment for the fu- To delay action on this kind of legislation extend his re ar a is point in the tune. This rep esents an economic invest- is simply to make the problem increasingly RECORD and inc ude extraneous mat- ment for every tate during the present and difficult, analagous to the delay in doing ter.) immediate fut re. By providing funds to somethirig about a polluted river or stream. rwnt clean up areas 'djacent to the highways and We know that surely at some point a halt to put them decent condition, we are pro- must be called and action must be taken. viding some pportunitfes for employment. To wait until the situation grows from bad are rovi no the means whereby count- to worse is simply to make final action more e eafter in the Appendix.] p less local ar: s throughout the Nation will expensive for both the Federal and State IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1965 present the elves in a far better -light and Goverximents and for the private business (Mr. JACOBS (at the request of Mr. will improv their economic situation, their interests involved. economic s nding by being able to attract Question. Why not let the States do the BINGHHAM) was granted permission to ex- more tour is and more travelers to their job? Is this unnecessary centralization of tend his remarks at this point in the areas. power in the Federal Government? RECORD and to include extraneous mat- Questio . Is"this-legislation premature be- Answer. For 7 years, since 1958, we have ter.) cause the ommittee did not have sufficient had, the voluntary billboard bonus law. Mr. JACOBS. Mr. Speaker, I enjoyed informati n on which to base sound con- Un er that law, the States which would elusions? agrte tocontrol billboard advertising on the a thrilling privilege last Sunday. Anwwe . The answer to this question is interstate System would be entitled to one- I stood near the President of the United clearly, , o." half of 1 percent bonus on the amounts the States as he signed into law the Im- The oblem of billboard and junkyard States receive for the Interstate System, migration Act recently passed by Con- control as called to the attention of the It has been clearly demonstrated that this gress. CongresL in the President's message on nat- law has been completely ineffective in ob- with other Members of Congress Ural be uty many months ago in February taming a reasonable degree of control of bill- Along and interested Citizens, I watched this 1965. boards on the Interstate System, and there- the 5peciflc proposals for billboard and fore it is obvious that this method should historic ceremony which fulfilled, be- junkyard control were transmitted to the not be continued and there is absolutely neath the shadow of the Statue of Lib- Cgngreis for consideration last May. no point in trying to apply it to the primary erty, an important part of the American 1 c then, the Subcommittee of the system. dream. "House Public Works Committee has held During these 7 years, only 25 States have The President's signature marked one to control reements d into a t . g ere of the finest accomplishments of the ad- extensive. hearings and has heard many wit= finally, en nesses representing all points of view. billboard advertising along the Interstate ministration during this year. The record of hearings before the Sub- System, committee on Roads consists of 500 printed . Since 1958, only approximately s500,000 It signaled the reform of our immi- pages. In bonus payments have been made for con- gration laws by abolishing the discriln- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 n1atory national ,Qx g ns_systems in favor . The conclusion is plain. The new im- a German-!' merican regiment of body- of ,a Sys em ,.9f , sele ioz~, designed to re- - migration law is a long overdue reform guards lead by Maj. Bartholomaeus von unite, 9441111es and ad,- it persons with that will reunite families. It will restore Heer. Behind the valiant German sol- speCial slcllls_R?whf ,vriil be-, of positive our reputation for judging people on diers fight;ng for our freedom were their b~ni fit ouaC.cp~}nt personal merit and not by where they wives and sweethearts. Among the more Under ilia 1}atlQna origins system, the come from. And, it will generally famous were Molly Pitcher and Emily a x of, a.person _to this country strengthen us as a nation. Guyer. These women carried valuable a5oa,u}ttrrugrant depended far more American dispatches qn through British tkle r~crl nt" of _wh,Ue he kyaS ,born lines. This type of valor contributed than poet,ones.. aAii~ty to contribute to our GERMAN AMERICAN DAY greatly toward our independence. y, or on his relationship to a family (Mr. HANLEY (at the request of Mr. It was the Germans who helped pre- inA is country. BINGHAM) was granted permission to ex- serve President Abraham Lincoln's ideas a 'rest 4t, persons with no special tend his remarks at this point in the of unity. One of the more prominent talents offer and. connec- RECORD and to include extraneous figures was a Wisconsin lawyer, Carl #ions here, lvel e ofd ?favored for., ad- matter.) Schurz, who attacked the Fugitive Slave ill sign ?preferencc,to,those with high Mr. HANLEY. Mr. Speaker, after 21/2 Law. Mr. Schurz later was named the at t % ents ,pr close family ties, months of traversing the Atlantic Ocean, Secretary of the Interior-1877-1881. He lxistance, an American citizen could the ship Concord arrived near Philadel- was one of the first of the many to try 1mi5ort a 'ho}tsemaid from northern Eu- phia, Pa., on October 6, 1683. Thirteen to enact laws to protect our forests and Tope more easily than he could bring his German-Quaker families wearily de- woodlands. Among his other accom- Odt~11 Yflo I er ere, if she had been born barked and looked out over the land plishments was his application of Civil In southern or eastern Europe. which offered them a new life of freedom. Service reforms in his department. The salne,giWgtion confronted . an Under the leadership of Franz Daniel Among his principles were: no removals American hgspital with an urgent need Pastorius, these first German families except for cause; if force should be re- fm a, pned4cal specialist who was born-in established the primary permanent set- duced, least competent would go first; a low-quota country. tlement of an entirely German group in no promot'ons were to made except for esides being discriminatory, morally the New World. Thus, October 6, 1683, merit; if there were no vacancies, no rec- wrong,, and fiurtfui 0 our own people, marked the beginning of an exciting ommendations for office would be enter- the nationalwOrigins system was harm- German history in America. tafned. He also established a board: of ful in our foreign relations and out of Five years after the arrival of the Con- inquiry. harmony with the best in American tra- cord, the settlers of Germantown, Pa., Another lawyer, William Wirt, became ditiolls.. drew up the first protest ever voiced the - Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Ken- against Negro slavery in America. This Aaron Burr. Wirt's spe he has im- r 'nedy, and Johnson had all urged that it protest was authored by Franc Pastorius, portant rank in American oratorical lit- be chan8ed. , , after thorough a noted German scholar and linguist, and This year, erature. study and song hearings, Congress finally signed by three townsmen. did so. As we mark the 282d anniversary of State The Senator political profile of the New York In place of the national origins system, the arrival of the German sector of our an ortant Otto er Foelker oal his- ..the new law establishes a. system of se- society, it is appropriate to elaborate on imSenato chapter was mem of lectlon which will be. fairer, more ra- a few of the numerous contributions the the Senator StPoelker ate Senate was a member: e tional, more humane, and more in the made to America by these first German New York o rs gueat the time national interest. families and subsequent German settlers when the controversial question of race- Uncgr the."]dew, .law, selection of quali- and their progeny. track gambling was being discussed. The 'fled applicants will, be based on six pref- German contributions began long be- legislature was equally divided on this ercli categories which reflect family fore the Concord reached Philadelphia. issue. However, when it was finally ,ties,and personal skills, In 1507, Martin Waldseemuller suggested al ill, demanded ate,that Senator he be Foelker, edit o For immigrants within the same pref- in his book "Cosmographiae Introductio," tly , carried e- erenGe pategory, the rule will be first that the New World be called America. the senate floor to vote against race- come, first served,,, Over 100 years later, America was a word track gambling. He cast his vote and the 'his; system ?of selection will apply to spoken in many countries by persons de- bill pros o Ring gambling, was passed ,a.'Il iinn~,igration that was formerly sub- sirous of an opportunity to begin their by a vote of 26-25. Sect to natfpnal,quotas, Such immigra- lives in the atmosphere of freedom. Germans were the first nationality atpn will >#e fixed at 170.000 a year, with These persons had a spirit of adven- group to vote independently of party. a furtl}er limit .of 20,000 for any one ture-the adventure of liberty. Peter Zetical fnewspa the in first in depend . country. These contributions began when the Germans tial were newspaper New York. ImmigratiorJ . from.,- Western Hemi- first Germans debarked upon our shores temperance. a the . They y per sonal sphere countries will besp.bject to a sep- and have continued to the present day. also layed and temperance, They hour Berate limitation of 120,000 a year begin- They have been made in every area Of also played an important role in our ping in 1968. human endeavor, educational system. Two significant me new law makes no basic changes Jacob Leisler, an early Governor of New contributions are kindergarten and the 'in the . safeguards of our immigration York, called together the first Congress should, of the idea that subjects -laws against subversive, criminal, illit- on American soil, He was convinced relate be taught subjects such a way as to crate, or other undesirable immigrants. that New York and the colonies were relate to other the student is however, in line with the objective of threatened with an invasion by the learning, ,reuniting families, certain close relatives French and Indians. Thus on May 1,sprinkle rinkled of throughout Germuour orihi his have been who were absolutely excluded because of 1690, he called the Congress consisting science, In the mental 'retardation or. a past history of of the Governors of Massachusetts, Einstein, ofstein, Albert Albert A. names i Michelson, Daon, Daia Albert mental illness, can be allowed to join Plymouth, East and West Jersey, Penn- n Van their families if such afflicted persons are sylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. This Braun, H. E. Muhlenberg, Werner Van 11gt dangerous ,and if proper guarantees gathering was the progenitor of the Con- Braun, and John A. include ng. Familiar are given for their future care, tinental Congress and later the Congress names in the arts include George Ben-ngs include Woma ; The,new law,will.not open the gates to as it is known today. With LuBlack ks, pCat, "Boy With t the Gui- unlimited or excessive immigration. It While the colonists in the West were tar," a "The Old Bus er"; the nel will not change the "public charge" test fighting Indians and the colonists in " The Old Bus Drive""; Emanuel which excludes immigrants who are can- Pennsylvania were teaching the Indians Crossi pane Deselaware," include are," ' and "Westward didates for the welfare rolls, the highest ideals of Christianity, Dr. the h e C u she Delaware," And the safeguards against immi- Hans Kierstedt opened his practice of pane of Empire Takes its lion's grants who might diminish the job op- medicine in New York. which panels the staircase of our Nation's portunities of Amerjcan workers have During the American Revolution, Christl;Child." Gottlr be Graupner is been considerably strengthened. George Washington depended dorms k.... - o w Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 App.rave"d 1pr'Release 2004/01/16 GIA-RDP67B00446R0001000400:01-6' October 6, 1965 Approved Fj% ffl9lA( 1/ I DP 468000100040001-6 25M bflltural development than Pulaski's will be assigned strictly on a system of Governors and -mayors, my fellow country- Polish kinsmen. For that reason, Mr. Preferences based upon relationship to men, we have called the Congress here this speaker, America can appropriately use U.S: citizens and lawfully resident aliens, afternoon not only to mark a very historic the - - .,..,,?.- ----, -- ""- is in dispute, That issue is, to what congres- Casimir Pulaski to _- pay well 4rv . - ti of prospective immigrant to perform sional district does Liberty island really i,P_ frihntn fn f'hnen ,.f Uni4 , h:,.+~. .7... who, generation after gen ? -- . _hinea_ch.. , ,,, ,~category, ..,, ~ man GALLAGHER? - ogressman It will be FARBSTEIN or, at a States: preference settled by whomCongress- - done so much in behalf of u Wit the rule will be first-come, first-served. ever of the two can walk first to the top of h i 20 000 i a we s , gn today Is not a rev- v sas in any single year. all ref- --- b? ,, NEW IMMIGRATION T A . S __ _ - ___ erences to race or national origin are ro_ olutionary bill. It does not affect the lives . he th _ ..? ... .. --~?-- e effective of our daily lives, or really add importantly CRIMINATION FROM AMERICAN date of this law, the United States again to either our wealth or our power. LIFE demonstrates t0 the world its firm con- .. Yet it is still one of the most important CONYEI (fit the, request of'Mr. Fiction that there shall be no discrimina- acts of this Congress and of this adminis- BINGHAM) was granted permission to ex- tion or prejudice in this country, that tration. tend his remarks, at this point in the persons shall be judged upon the basis For it does repair a very deep and painful of their individual merit, and that flaw in the fabric of American justice. It RECORn and to; include extraneous mat- liberty, equality, and freedom can be corrects a cruel and enduring wrong in the ter.) enduring realities in this country. conduct of the American Nation. Mr. CONYERS. Mr..Speaker, after Speaker MCCORMACx and Congressman more than 40, year For the first time in the history of the CELLER more than almost 40 r s of discrimination .. years ago first and hardships, there has ,,hnally been United States, there has been incorpo- pointed that out in their maiden speeches in erased from the statute books of the rated in the permanent immigration law the Congress. And this measure that we will U;lited States the notorious-and to a specific provision for assignment of a sign today will really make us truer to our- some people, the infamous ,national or- number of visas to refugees, on a pref- selves both as a country and as a people. It will strengthen us in a hundred unseen igins quota system. During all of that erence basis. This again establishes our ways. time, admissibility to the United States historic policy of granting refuge to those I have come here to thank personally each was determined.not merely on a basis of who have been forced to flee from their member of the Congress who labored so long personal quality and acceptability of the homelands because of persecution or and so valiantly to make this occasion come prospective immigrant, but, more im- natural calamity. true today, and to make this bill a reality. portant, upon the basis of the particular The new immigration law provides I cannot mention all their names for it would courltry where he was born. _ Because of that commencing July 1, 1968, there shall that that much this too long, Nation but belong mg go the tithee and s t to 899th the quota system, which made visas be a ceiling of 120,000 annually on West- Congress. available subject to, a numerical limita- ern Hemisphere Immigration. Of course, We are indebted, too, to the vision of the tion according to the national origin of that number is exclusive of the immedi- late beloved President John Fitzgerald Ken- our 1920 population, three countries had ate family members of U.S. citizens- nedy, and to the support given to this meas- more than two-thirds Of the total num- meaning their spouses, parents, and chil- ure by the then Attorney General, and now ber of visas, while all the other countries dren, who are not subject to the numeri- Senator, ROBERT F. KENNEDY. of the world, numbering more than 100, cal limitation. As a precautionary mess- In the final days of consideration, this bill had no more able champion than the present shared the balance. ure, the law provides for a Commission Attorney General, Nicholas Katzenbach, who, Naturally, this led to hardship for to study the entire matter of immigra- with New York's EMANUEL CELLER, and Sen- many of our own citizens and resident tion from the Western Hemisphere and ator TED KENNEDY of Massachusetts, and aliens who were deprived of the privilege to submit a report prior to the effective Congressman FEIGHAN Of Ohio, and Senator of bringing to this country their loved date of the ceiling so that Congress can MANSFIELD and Senator DIRKSEN constituting ones. Similarly, prospective employers take appropriate steps, if necessary, to the leadership in the Senate, and Senator in this country were deprived of the op- revise the new system. JAvITS helped to guide this bill to passage portunity of bringing here specially It should be borne in mind that even along with the help of the Members sitting in front of me today. skilled and trained persons whose serv- with this new numerical limitation, the This bill says simply that from this day -ices were Urgently needed, but who were United States is giving more favorable forth those wishing to immigrate to Amer- unable to obtain an immigrant visa be- treatment to its traditional friends in ica shall be admitted on the basis of their cause the quota of their native country the Western Hemisphere than immi- skills and their close relationship to those was oversubscribed. grants coming from elsewhere in the already here. The national origins system produced world. The Western Hemisphere is re- This Is a simple test, and it is a fair test- Those s Those who can contribute most to this coun- ridiculous situations. For example, a ceiving a total of 120,000 numbers as try-to its growth, to its strength, ' to its person in the United States was able to compared with 170,000 to the rest of the spirit-will be the first that are admitted to bring to this country a domestic servant world. The numerical limitation of 20,- this land. from Great Britain, but was unable to 000 per country does not apply to coun- The fairness of this standard is so self obtain the entry of his aged mother from tries of the Western Hemisphere. evident that we may well wonder that it has Greece, because the Greek quota was The new system of assignment of im- not always been applied. Yet the fact is oversubscribed while the British quota migration visas to the Western Hemis- that for over four decades the immigration had ample visas available to all who policy the United States padre nations is basically consistent with and has s been en distorted bby the has been twisted harsh injustice sought them. U.S. immigration policy in relation to of the national origins quota system. Under the new law which was enacted other foreign countries, and is designed Under that system the ability of new im- October 3, the present quota system will to meet the needs and interests of the migrants to come to America depended upon be totally abolished effective .July 1, 1968. United States, the country of their birth. Only three coun- tries were allowed to supply 70 percent of all Until that time, and thereafter; there Thus, the new immigration law, by the immigrants. Will be a worldwide limitation of 170,000 abolishing discrimination, preserving our Families were kept apart because a hus- upon immigration from the Eastern traditional friendship for the Western band or a wife or a child had been born in Hemisphere. Until then, countries will Hemisphere and our policy toward refu- the wrong place. continue to be entitled to the number of gees, and continuing the many safe- Men of needed skill and talent were denied visas authorized under the existing quota guards of present law against unde- entrance because they came from southern system. But leftover visas, remaining sirable or excessive immigration, will ineastern Europe or from one of the develop- g continents. unused because there is no demand in strengthen our Nation. This system violated the basic principle certain countries, are to be assigned to a Mr. Speaker, I include President John- of American democracy-the principle that pool to be distributed to immigrants son's remarks when he signed the immi- values and rewards each man on the basis from those countries whose quotas are gration bill at this point: of his merit as a man. oversubscribed. It has been un-American in the highest REMARKS OF THE PRESIDENT AT THE sense because it has been untrue to the faith On July 1, 1968, the new system of dis- SIGNING OF THE IMMIGRATION BILL that brought thousands to these shores even tribution of immigrant, visas to persons Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Am- before we were a country. -r from Eastern Hemisphere countries will bassador Goldberg, distinguished members of Today, with my signature, this system is be completely effective. Immigrant visas the leadership of the Congress, distinguished abolished. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Relg N. E S Ai R.ECQ B00 $ l U100040001 c obey 6, 1165 zs & can n ieiieve at i wil never a n a on an expansion ~~ Sic mate to the 7imerican Nation work. Their help is needed in the reception cated, is ion a in task a demanding unour sel shthoughtful ptiblic ew`fn artists o3 prejudice and privi- and settlement of those who choose to leave cooper at N ?~ Cuba. The Federal Government will work service. as been said andh h in their tasks of i a e h extraor es nc g ese uT,heautiful America was built by a na- closely with t dir ly euion?b Ba a hundred different charity and brotherhood. rai4 places or r1t0:`'he E'ave pt7iiiBH forth into I want all the people of this great land rollment in this country. Of course this but should ar3 j t ian8 joining slid blending in one ours un to know of which the the really assionateo citizens frighten norbdeter us. Rapid growth isi one compassionate n Irresistible tide. trib alth 4i and can of pule popmost ulation, rossactationa aproduct,,P heAm neither be land, flourished because it was fed of Florida have made to humanity and to pop er- frplti so1n ceg` because-it was pour- decency. And all States in this Union ca is hF so i a iy ctIltiti` and traditions and join with Florida now in extending the hand scan life-it is reflected in statistics on our peoples of helpfulness and humanity to our Cuban services, research, and so forth. With this growth has come an increasing complexity in Ale from this experience, almost America's brThe le. making our lives and in making our livings. A in. he history of nations, has come Amers The lesson of our times sharp and clear In oe respect, this complexity simply attiude` toward the rest or the world. We, in this movement of people from one land means that a college education today has the because of at we are, feel safer and strong- to another. Once again, it stamps the mark sort of value that was attributed to a Thigh er, in a orld. as 'Varied. as the people who of failure on a regime when many of its citi- generation ago. ii lie, it up-a. 'W rid where' no country rules tens voluntarily choose to leave the land of school But in education a another, more in ag. sense, another aiid `all countries can deal with the their birth for a more hopeful home its which perhaps defines the Federal tens - baslc pro' iems`of human dignity and deal America. The future holds little hope for ment's interests and responsibilities in edu- those probTema in their own way. any government where the present holds no cation, this complexity reflects the enormous *''jrpw, under"the monument which has wel- hope for the people. and accelerating economic and social growth Cos rded so urns ttothe nest the American And g so we Americans will welcome these o td miatio is ins pro few d ade Cuban people. For the tides of history run of this Nation in the past few decades -our 1Jatay. returns to the finest of its traditions College education, as a luxury of a privi- oday to their and in homeland day, they it cle n s ed ux'n g y ppriate n we The days of unlimited Immigration are homeland to find it cleansed of are dealing, as we must deal, with the funda- past. terror and free`ironi fear. mental human rights and welfare of ail our Huh dose who , come will come because my shoulder here you can see Ellis people. At no time In our history has this I what tf~e are ey not because of the he Island, whose vacant corridors echo today country required more of its people to under- Teri ixom a lea they settlers the joyous sounds of long-ago voices. stand the democratic process, to comprehend the earliest settlers poured into -fts a wild continentthey"e And today we can all believe that the lamp the issues on our national agenda, to help rib Otis to ask them where they cameProm. The only ques- of this grand old lady is brighter today-and develop reasonable, compassionate laws and tlgn was Were they sturdy enough to make the golden door that she guards gleams more programs. "die journey, `were they strong enough to clear brilliantly in the light of an increased lib- In his special message to Congress on edu- theland, 'wete the y enduring enough to make erty for the people from all the countries of cation, in 1963, President Kennedy said: the lobe. "For the individual, the doors to the a home for freedom, and were they brave g schoolhouse, to the library and to the col- to to die for liberty if it became great metes- Thank you very much. legs lead to the richest treasures of our, open s Ad to -go flo it has been through all the eat society: to the power of knowledge--o the Ant arid testing g moments of American history. SPEECH BY REPRESENTATIVE FO- training and skills necessary for prod ctive ls, and This year we see in Vietnam men dying- GARTY BEFORE THE WORKSHOP eemm cultureployment-to which the enrich wisdom, t the he. idedea to the nien`na Mariano and Zajac and Zelinko AT TRINITY COLLEGE, WASHING- creative, self-disciplined understanding of and Mariano and y fliO iil ':(either the le society needed for good citizenship in to- en them nor the TON, D.C. ernj9 VMo killed people whose independence they have fought day's changing and challenging world.' (Mr. FOGARTY (at the request of Mr. "For the Nation, increasing the quality to saps ever asked them where they or their BINGHAM) was granted permission to ex- and availability of education is vital to both 'Parents came from 'They were- all Ameri- our national security and domestic well- " it was for freemen and for America tend his remarks at this point in the tbi that the+ gave their"atl, they gave their lives RECORD and to include extraneous being." grid $eves. matter.) Education must be one of our primary na- $y'ellmtnating that same question as a test Mr. FOGARTY. Mr. Speaker, under tional goals-perhaps I should say the pri- ;O imailggrration the Congress proves our- leave to extend my remarks, I would like mary nationalgoal because nothing matters #e Vol; shy of those men and worthy of our include a speech Which I delivered more to the future of our country. Higher education has become a prerequi- own'traditions as a'fta"tion. the workshop at Trinity College, So ii is in that spirit that I declare this before dual's afternot5n to the people of Cuba that those Washington, D.C., on Wednesday, July sitpoe en to the a fulfillsocietym,ent nt of to the the indivndividuing In and who seek refuge here in America will And it. 14, 1965: strength and leadership of this country. The The dedication of America to our traditions PROPPING OPEN THE COLLEGE GATES magnitude of this was spelled out by the as an asylum for the oppressed is going to (By the Honorable JOHN E. FOGASTY) American Council on Education testifying in be upheld. I am delighted to be here this' morning favor Of the Higher Education Facilities Act I have directed the Departments of State and I am honored to have been invited to of 1963. By 1980, the Council said.., every anti uatiice and Iealth; Education, and Wel- participate in this workshop. The scope and existing college and university in this coun- fare to immedlauely 'make all the necessary breadth of the topics that you have set your- try will have to double its enrollment-and arrangements to permit those in Cuba who selves for discussion is certainly impressive. 1,000 new institutions will have to be cre- seek freedom to make an orderly entry into It is most encouraging to those of us who ated with an average enrollment of 2,500 ,the United States of America. are called upon to consider what the Federal each. our first con lerif Will be With those role In support of higher education should This assignment for education is enormous. Cuban. who have been separated from be-and how this role should properly be in less than 15 years we shall have to more their children and their parents and their played-to see a group such as this giving than double what it has taken morn than husbands and their wives that are now in serious and concentrated thought to the role 300 years to build. I, for one, do not doubt this country. Our net concern is with of women's colleges in broadening the spirit- that we can do this. In fact, we can do what those who are Imprisoned for political rea- life of the tom- needs to be done in many ways-we can do ual, intellectual, and civic lsons. munity' " " "' it haphazardly, chaotically, frantically, or And I will send to the Congress tomorrow Both these roles-that`ofthe Federal Gov- with a good deal of deliberate tho' ght to a request for supplementary funds of $12,- ernment and that of the smaller colleges- planning and proper organization. 600,000 to carry forth the commitment that are in a period of change. The impact of The expanding demand for college educa- tion generates a corresponding need i or ax- ' s colleges is there- n -I am making today. Politics on Catholic womeI aim asking the Department 'of State to fore not just an interesting topic for a series panded facilities. Most of our educational seek through the Swiss Dovetliment imme- of discussion; it is a vital issue in which you, institutions are working energetically to dlatel the agreement of the Cuban Gov- as educators, and I, as a legislator, must be meet this need. Indeed, many of our small- w tth t In a request to the president of the equally concerned. I am, of course, speak- er colleges welcome this task as a'challenge "Atonal lied Cross Committee. The ing of politics not in its abstract sense as and as an opportunity for growth. This is request is for the assistance of the Com- "the science and art of government." nor in natural-and it is healthy, provided the Snttee in processing the movement of refu- its earthier partisan sense, but in the sense growth is carefully geared to the pattern of gees from Cuba to Miami. Miami will serve of Webster's second definition: "the practice emerging needs. as a sort of entry and temporary stopping of managing affairs of public policy." Higher We hear a great deal these days about the place for refugees as they settle in other education has become a prime problem of need for more centers of excellence. Certain- parts of this country. public policy. The solution of this problem ly, every educational institution must strive And to all the voluntary agencies in the in the best interest of the Nation, of the to be a center of excellence-but does this United States, I appeal for their continu- educational institutions and, above all, in mean that all these institutions should strive Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 :CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 October' 7, 1965, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENbIX A5661, as a rather more' Important sort of trouble, especially as the Vietcong fortress areas are in, the plain only inhabited by the Vietcong, troops. TIiFi1A'F,3T OF. UNWANTEP_ BABIES. (By Holmes Alexander) WASHINGTON, D.-.The 89th Congress last week earns a footnote in histor by writing birth control into both gi,r foreign and do- mestic policies. Then it went itself one bet-' ter by preventing a poiilation explosion which could have added another municipality to the 18,000 which` already' exist as the brawling, unkept, and `unruly problem chil- dren of the Nation.. The astonishing 89th sidetracked the administration bill for home rule in the District of Columbia. It su1 stituted a bill that called for referendum and would postpone the evil day for at least a year and maybe more=provided, of course, that the old pro in the White' house doesn't pitch himself out of this defeat"in 'the final innings of the session. Listening last week to the house debate on home rule, the reporter heard every argu- melit except. the one thatt mattered: for heaven's sake, leave well enough alone. The bill's proponents yapped about taxa- tion without representation. But we all pay the Federal taxes which support tile' nation's city, as well as the-Nation's many other in- stitutions. And we residents ' ofthe Nation's only city did vote in 1964 for the national offices of President and Vice President. The bill's opponents yapped about any- thing that would postpone the final vote. They could hardly be blamed. They were desperate in the teoth 6f a demagogic tor- nado. . This is a city without industry, ex cept for Government, and without roots. It is a city from which crime and undesirable imliigratign are driving out such private financial capital as there is. The` new tele- phone directory shows an exodus of phone using persons and enterprises. The stock of the Potomac Electric & Power Co. is on the skids. The anticipated home rule is'the reason for the flight. The reality of home rule Is expected to turn flight into rout. But Con- gress Insisted upon becoming the legislative midwife to the most unwanted child of the century. As if to document the fatuity of the House action, th11 ail last week brought materials from L_os Angeles and New 'ork,'both in the throes of municipal anguish. .Poor Sam Yorty. The mayor of Los An- geles was writing to newsmen and columnists about. a wolf that had come down on his fold. The Poverty Corps-the'tT.S. Office of Economic Opportunity-was turning his slums. Into a "huge pork barrel," not for the city's poor but for the poor's. Federal pro- tectors. A charter of "municipality is no im- munity from the fix-its of Pederalia. Here in Washington we -will build a"city hall that will. become, another province for the czar- ists of the, welfare state to ,plunder. ,,From Manhattan came a new book, "A City Destroying Itself" by Richard Whalen, au- thor of the Ambassador Joe Kennedy biog- raphy; "A Founding Father Whalen tells of the built-incapacity for self-destruction that exists in cities. Washington and New York?are. much alike. The two towns. hold enormous concentrations of human skills. They are filled with monuments and collet- ttons.of_ knowledge that attest to the great- ness of , Va' ica, and of Western civilization, But, alas, are even the best of cities self governable? Do the power and `magnetism of :the few civic grandees crush the, more humble human spirit of themany'+4 tsythere In a city no neighborly. comradeship .tha at tempers the wind of the unshorn lambs? ;In Washington this protection has been supplied by Congress to an extent that no city hall seems. able to do. In Gotham, as Whalen writes: "The New Yorker of humble talents and, ambitions derives no, benefit from living in the World's greatest city, but instead pays more or less each year." These are the forces which this author finds to be destroying the cities: the venality and apathy of local politics; the cold uncon- cern of the financial and social rulers for the ruled. It's a cruel, unsympathetic world into which to bring an infant municipality-and this was almost done by a Congress which has been preaching birth control. [From the Chicago (I11.) Tribune, Sept. 30, 19651 STOPPING REDS WAS CREDO OF DEAD MARINE- WROTE OF PLIGHT OF VIETNAMESE Marine Cpl. Edwin J. Falloon, 20, firmly believed communism must be halted at any cost. He gave his life at Phu Bai in South Vietnam fighting for that belief. "He was very concerned about the situ- ation over there and he wanted to do any- thing that could be done about it," his father, Dr. Edwin L. Falloon, 9543 ' Central Park Avenue, Evergreen Park, said yesterday. "He was due to be coming out of Vietnam and was the next on. the list to leave." BROTHER RICE GRADUATE Corporal Falloon was graduated from Brother Rice High School in 1963 and shortly thereafter joined the Marine Corps. He was a member of the 3d Marine Amphibious Group that was sent to South Vietnam in April. "In all his letters he wrote of the plight of the people of South Vietnam," Dr. Falloon said. "He tried to pretend that he wasn't in any danger, but we knew he was." Dr. and Mrs. Falloon have three other sons and four daughters. They are Robert, 13; Tom, 6; Jim, 4; Marilyn, 16; Jeanne, 14; Marguarite, 10; and Patricia, 9. NOTIFIED TUESDAY The family received notice of Corporal Falloon's death from the Defense Depart- ment on Tuesday. The Defense Department yesterday identi- fied two other servicemen who were killed in action in Vietnam. They were Navy Lt. Comdr. Carl J. Woods of Lemoore, Calif., and Army Lt; James P. Kelly of Hatboro, Pa. Listed as missing in action was Air Force Capt. George R. Hall, whose hometown was Immigration Bill Confer SPEECH OF HON. PHILIP J. PHILBIN , OF MASSACHHVSETTS INTHE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES -Thursday, September 30, 1965 Mr. PHILBIN. Mr. Speaker, I am in support of the conference report on the immigration bill which is now under Consideration by the House. I think this bill. is long overdue. Over a, ng period of time now',"I have-'been lo filing and pressing a major immigration bjJ.Ldesjgned to remedy some of the prob- lems that this bill deals with. It is a bill which would allocate and transfer some unused quota numbers from some nations to other nations having, oversubscribed quotas. It had the support of three Presidents and many groups and people. My bill was designed, just as the cur- rent bill is, to reunite families and ex- pedite the admission to the United States of the loved ones of American citizens, who have served this Nation faithfully and well, etstablished themselves here and brought up their children here, and who have as good loyal citizens contrib- uted greatly, in war and peace, to the security, well-being and prosperity of our nation. Naturally I am gratified that the prin- ciples of immigration law which I have striven for so long in this body have finally been written into this great hu- man charter of immigration which we are considering today. It was back in April 1953 that I first sponsored legislation to redistribute un- used immigration quotas, which averaged about 60,000 yearly then. I did this in an effort to help correct the inequities in the immigration, laws which discrimi- nated against such countries as Italy and Greece in the allocation of immigra- tion quotas. I was ,prompted then, as I am now in my support of the bill now before the House, to help unite families here with their loved ones remaining overseas. I was convinced then, and I am convinced now more than ever, that liberalization of the immigration laws is a matter of simple justice and I am glad that this House is finally acting to revise the na- tional origins clause so as to help thou- sands of worthy American citizens with close relatives caught in the web of dis- criminatory quotas who have been wait- ing for many years for the chance to come to this country. As is the case in the bill now before the House, my bill was drafted in such a way that no increase in the overall quota totals is required. My bill merely redistributes the unused quotas with the added provision that those countries benefiting from the unused quota system would repay, whenever necessary, over a 5-year period, the countries from which additional quota numbers have been re- ceived. This would help such nations as Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Armenia, Albania, and other countries behind the Iron Curtain whenever freedom is re- stored to these unhappy lands. However, I want to make it clear that I oppose the concessions made in the conference to the other body by writing into this bill a ceiling on immigration for our neighbors of the American hemi- sphere. To my mind, this is a step back- ward, and I am fearful that it will cause a great deal of misunderstanding on the part of our neighbors. It is true that these neighbors will still receive 40 percent of the total quotas provided by the bill, but nevertheless, for the first time in history quota restric- tions are imposed upon them, and I think this is most unfortunate and most unwise. How the formula designed to admit people on the basis of their skills, talent, ability, and so forth, will work out is problematical, and depends upon the way the law is administered. While scholarship, talents, and ability always have their place and, contribute Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved l e should is rlQq the .fact as our own national experience so ale r veal, l, lowly, from m e, fro t }e ttnnschoq. lp4, and sllee anc o ten from those wl}o for lQ have een cieied, opportunities, t at of tile,gre,at leaders hip and most oyal followersip of this Nation bas emerged. This Nation needs hewers of wood and drawers of water who can furnish the sinews for our economy and for our way of life, d for theigvetoplnent of our family ructure, from which so many leaders have prung, and so many strong, loyal people" have come to defend the country in lime of need, to .operate its fac rigs its transportation systems, its t - ,4,,'ans d9,, the wgrk, that has to be done in any great economic system like hope and urge that the administra- tors of the immigration bill will have this factor mind and vjill not close the ct6dr'5to the wor y.,.the'industrious, to. the '1ones t eager, it ordinary, citizens who want to collie t0 lls eguntry as Mahy'of our forebe rs di to seek the op- portunities of its irreedori and J y their devotion, loyalty, and- labor lift them selves up and-lift their families up to g .to enact this. bill and I trust. It Will has gone far afield from its copsttutopal prove Worthy Of Our confidence, role of Interpreting the law. It has demon- HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, U.S., COMMrrTEE Oee THE JUDICIARY, Washington, D.C., August 12, 1965. Ron. PHILIP J. PHILBIN, Member of Congress, House of Representa- tives, Washington, D.C. DEAR COLLEAGUE: I have your letter of July 15, concerning H.R. 2078 to amend section 201 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, strated its power to make law as well. Unless this trend Is reversed-and soon- Congress will become a meaningless debating society,. It the President will allow it the privilege of debate, that is, The present Congress shown no signs of having either the willingness or the ability to pull itself and the Nation back from the brink of presidential dictatorship. Perhaps the next Congress will, It will only if the used in any year shall be available to people of the United States_ have the- gpod immigrants in oversubscribed areas in the sense to elect Individual Cogressmen who following year, and for other purposes. Your bill would provide for the redistribution of unused quota numbers over 5 fiscal years ending' June 30, 1971. The new immigration bill, as amended by my subcommittee and approved by the full Coingiittee,on the Judiciary provides for the redistribution of the unused quota numbers during the next 3 fiscal years and thereafter eliminates the national origins quota system. In addition, your billrepeals section207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, which is also repealed by H.R. 2580 as amended. I am enclosing a copy of the report on that legislature.- With kind regards, I am, Sincerely yours, MICHAEL A FEIGHAN, Chairman. stren t;hen the filer arid, the leadership Needed: of the country. llerg i~sa great place for the geniuses, the supertalented and the well to do. But they alone will not suffice. Wemust also, to the extent we can, be a havefor 'the, worthy poor, the unprivileged', , the disadvantaged, those of the strength, will, and determination--,to make their way, those willing to work their way up,, those who wi i be loyal to American in- &titution s, a credit and asset to, the Nation event, ltlr Speaker, I think the et~Iflrittg 41- the whole lias done well f-r o and presen this bill d, V k. it wll Ile helpful, to, our 'foreign' relations and hope it will be Helpful in other ways "as,well: to. our. #riends' anti neighbors who can be re-. tmfted qwi their .deer ones, to our econ- om to meet someof its needs, and tp our great Government and our local com- mlinities tcl whom fresh,young vigorous blood may, as in the past, bring new, strength, new ideas of shaping our, free Institutions along sound free, construc- tive lilies, designed tocope with and con goer the problems of the space ale; I &sk unanimous consent to revise and extend m remarks and include therein. as part of my remarks a very fine letter from the highly dedicated,, able and dis- tinguished chairman of the subcommit tee which heard, and ,reported this, leg- islation, my beloved and esteemed friend, Chairman MICHAEL A. ,FLIGn4w, which makes it clear that the new immigration, bill as amended by the subcommittee acid apprgved ,by the full committee un- der the able leadership of the distin- guished, gentleman from N,ew York lMr. Cr{LLER1; provides for the redistribution of, the unused quota numbers and there- after eliminates the national o;igin cYll0ta sy stem and repeals section 207.,of the Immigration and Natfonality Act, all Of Which were primary objectives of my oxriglna bill. It has" been a long strug- For Release 2004/01116: CIA-RDP671300446R000100040001-6 CONORPSSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Qetober 7, i9{65 A U.S. Congress With Ability To Say "No" EXTENSION OF REMARKS , Or HON. ALBERT W. WATSON OF, SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, October 7, 1965 Mr. WATSON., Mr. Speaker, the Greenville Piedmont, in an editorial of September? 27, 1965, has made some timely observations on the surrender of congressional power and authority to the executive and judicial branches. I hope that everyone of my colleagues will read this editorial and take its message to heart. The editorial follows: NEEDED; A U.S. CONGRESS WITH ABILITY To SAY "No" The American Enterprise institute has put its finger on a major threat to liberty in the United States. In a report on the present tole of Congress, the institute concludes that the general public is guilty of creating "a veritable threat of dictatorship" by plac- ing both the office and the person of the President on an exalted pedestal. This conclusion stems from a basic fact about human nature: If you give a man a job and unlimited resources to accomplish it, he will expand his job into areas of more power. -The expansion of the presidency into areas formerly held by the Congress Is exactly what has been happening in the United States for decades. It has been happening because the general public has failed to elect Congressmen who would insist upon maintaining the traditional system of checks and' balances In the National Government. As a result the present Congress has be- come but a puppet of the President-and the present President has no hesitancy about pulling the strings. Seldom if ever has congressional influence been at such a low ebb. Not only has the President stolen power from the Congress; so, too, has the Supreme Court. The Court possess the brains, stamina and Intestinal fortitude to say "no" to both President and Court-and make it stick. Pope Paul's Appeal for Peace at the United Nations; and the First Papal Visit in History to America EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. JAMES R. GROVER, JR OP NEW YORK fl N THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday,. October 7, 1965 Mr. GROVER. Mr. Speaker, only God knows if' Pope Paul's sacrifice at his age and his unprecedented appeal to the United Nations today will result in a serious and successful consideration $or true peace by the world. I am sure my colleagues will pray sincerely with His Holiness for the peace that is so desired by mankind and, to date, so elusive. No matter the outcome, however, there is no doubt that the United States was blessed by the presence-the first time in history-of the Vicar of Christ, Peter's successor, on any American shore. To those millions of Americaps of his faith, this visit was indeed a bl0s- ing. To those of other faiths, to whom he extended his arms, it was both, a courtesy and history. The author of the prize-winning book, "Love's Stigmata," and also author of the famous poetical tribute to President Kennedy called "Ask Not," which was cited in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD On January 14, 1964, by the beloved friend of all of us, former Senator Kenneth B. Keating, of New York-this poet-friend of mine, Miss Kay Magenheimer of Babylon, N.Y., has written for her next book the following poem an the Pope's visit which she has given me permission to quote. And I do so now because I be- lieve it contains for history the essence of our times and the significance of Pope Paul's visit to the United Nations. The author-poet asks that you bear in mind that the word "devil" as used in the poem is used not only in the re- ligious sense but is also symbolic of all the diabolical strictures and shocking ae- tions against such a country as ours which means so well and sacrifices so many wonderful lives. and so much hard- earned money to protect freedom here and around the world. A beautifully engrossed copy of this poem was presented as a gift to His Holi- ness during his visit. It follows: Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 October 5, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD SENATE their, `too, that discrimination against race and color are disappearing from the American scene and that it was the law which initi- ated this rennaissanee of human rights. Yes, tell them, if they care to listen, that the supremacy of law in the affairs of men is the triumphant climax of man's eternal quest for human dignity and freedom. Re- cite the record of those dark and terrible moments of history when the common man .could cry, in tragic truth, "right forever on the scaffold, wrong forever on the throne," .but that now, with the law as our arbiter of justice, we can believe, with reassuring hope, the last two lines of that couplet: behind the dim unknown Standeth God within the shadpws THE IMMIGRATION AND Mr. TNOU'YE. 'Mi. President, it is especially fitting to say a few words about one of this year's most significant legislative accomplishments, the reform of our immigration laws. We all have an interest in this subject if only because, in the phrase of President Kennedy, we are all, except for the Indians, a nation of immigrants or their descendants. But for 40 years, and despite the urging of four Presidents, our immigration laws `contained the discriminatory national origins formula, emphasizing birthplace in choosing our immigrants rather than personal merit or family ties. The, results were grotesque. A much- needed scientific or medical research .specialist would be kept out because he was born in a disfavored country, while an unskilled laborer from northern Europe would be welcomed. The laborer would also be favored ahead of the mother of an American citizen born in the wrong place, who might have to wait for years before her son could bring her .. to join him. Such a system, which pre- sumes that some people are inferior to others solely because of their birthplace, was intolerable on principle alone. -Perhaps the single most discriminatory 'aspect of the law was the so-called Asian-Pacific triangle provision. This clause required persons of 50 percent or more Asian ancestry to be assigned to national riuotas not by their own place of birth, but according to that of their Asian forebears. There was the case of a young South American in the Republic of Colombia, who was eligible and fully qualified to come here. His wife was also a native and a citizen of Colombia. But she was the daughter of a Chinese father. As a result, this young woman had to be con- sidered half-Chinese and thus admis- sible only under the quota for Chinese persons of 105. This meant that if her husband chose to come ahead to the United States, he would have to wait for his wife until the year 2048 if he did not "become -a citizen. If he did become a jtizen' however, he and his wife could be retf fiiie'd in a mere 5 years. To end the "injustice and the costs which the national origins system need- lessly inflicted, President Johnson last January called on Congress, in a special message, to pass the administration's immigration reform bill and to do so promptly.' The new law which he signed on October 3, at the Statue of Liberty, selects immigrants within an overall limit of 170,000 on the basis not of birth- place or ancestry but rather by a system of preferences based on family relation- ships to our people and special skills that will be of real benefit to our country. The new law means fairer, better selec- tion of immigrants within the limits we are willing to accept. The law does not open the floodgates to an excessive amount of immigration. Moreover, all the present safeguards against subver- sives, criminals, illiterates, potential pub- retained. The safeguards against immi- grants who might cause unemployment are actually strengthened. The overall result is an immigration law that is far more just, humane, and beneficial to the Nation. EXPLORATION ASSISTANCE Mr. JACKSON. Mr. President, on September 14, 1965, President Johnson submitted to Congress the 14th semian- nual report of the Office of Minerals Ex- ploration of the Department of the Interior for the period ending June 30, 1965. The report is available to the public on request to the Department. It shows the achievements and program of the Office of Minerals Exploration for that period. I ask unanimous consent that Presi- dent Johnson's letter accompanying the report and an excerpt from the report explaining the program be printed in the RECORD. The letter was addressed to the Presi- dent of the Senate. There being no objection, the Presi- dents' letter was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: To the Congress of the United States: I transmit herewith the 14th semiannual report of the Office of Minerals Exploration, Geological Survey, from the Secretary of the Interior as prescribed by section 5 of the act of August 21, 1958, entitled "To provide a program for the discovery of the mineral reserves of the United States, Its territories and possession by encouraging exploration for minerals, and for other purposes." LYNDON B. JOHNSON. THE WHITE HOUSE. EzrLoaanoN ASSISTANCE PROGRAM The Office of Minerals Exploration in the Geological Survey conducts a program to en- courage exploration for domestic mineral reserves, excluding organic fuels, by provid- ing financial assistance In exploration to pri- vate industry under Public Law 85-701, ap- proved August 21, 1958 (72 Stat: 700: 30 U.B.C. sec. 642). The Office of Minerals Ex- ploration also administers contracts with royalty obligations remaining from a similar program conducted by the former Defense Minerals Exploration Administration under setcion 303 (a) of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended. Effective July 1, 1965, the Office of Minerals Exploration was transferred to the Geological Survey (30 F.R. 2877.30 F.R. 3461). EXPANSION OF AMERICAN BEEF EXPORTS Mr. MONTOYA. Mr. President, as a member of the Small Business Commit- 25133 tee for the past 9 months, it has been my great pleasure to join with the distin- guished chairman of the committee, the Senator from Alabama [Mr. SPARKMAN] in his tireless search for ways and means by which American beef producers can increase their exports to Western Eu- rope. Coming, as I do, from a State where beef production amounts to 398 million pounds annually, this question is of vi- tal interest to me and to my State, and I have devoted many hours to a study of the complex factors involved. There is still much to be done, includ- ing more hearings later this year which will, I hope, focus further public atten- tion on the very serious questions of dis- criminatory ocean freight rates, the lack of adequately equipped ships, docks and facilities, and the need for aggressive development of our potential European markets. However, we have already achieved remarkable export gains. Fresh and fro- zen beef exports in 1964 were 35,347,000 pounds, four times the 1963 total, and figures for the first quarter of 1965 in- dicate that we will do much better this year. Beef and veal exports increased by 101.2 percent in the first quarter of 1965, compared to the first quarter of 1964. Shipment of live cattle has tripled in the first 9 months of 1965, compared to the full year last year. The figures are 4,469 for 1964 and 12,247 for 1965 through September 30._ Since World War I, we have not been an important factor in the world beef export trade. Discriminatory ocean freight rates, combined with rapidly in- creasing consumption at home, caused American producers and packers to con- centrate on the domestic market. There was little incentive to compete with producers in Australia or Argentina when shipping rates were as much as 294 percent higher to Americans. But a rapidly rising standard of liv- ing in Europe and a reduction, both in Europe's domestic beef production and in its normal import supply, made Amer- ican producers aware about 18 months ago of a potential new marketing op- portunity. In looking at the broader results of the Fairbanks conference, we should not overlook significant steps made toward saving the polar bear from extinction. My interest in the polar bear and the interest of my State in the polar bear comes from-the fact that Alaska borders on the Arctic Ocean and counts the polar bear as one of her native creatures. My concern comes from the fact that we know so little about this magnificent animal. This lack of knowledge was the principal theme of my address to the conference where I pointed out that we do not even know whether there is one population or several populations of bears, moving from nation to nation on the slowly revolving ice pack. The meeting, I suggested, should be con- cerned with means of improving world information on polar bear movements, reproduction, longevity and population structure. Mr. President, the meeting was as good for polar bears as it was for people. Approved For Release 2004/01116 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Qctober _.5, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE claimed as, a- l,-,?atter of national policy that some peo~ples are not as worthy of consideratign for American citizenship as others. As all oui presidents begin- . ring with President 'Truman have pointed out, the national origins law was a constant irritant to amicable relations around the globe. Finally, the national origins system contradicted our,fulidamental national ideals and basic values. It denied yecog- nition to the individual and treated him as one of a mass. It ' judged a man not on the basis of his. worth or ability to contribute to, our society, but on his place of birth-or, worse yet, in some cases, on the place of birth of his ancestors. We have now rid ourselves of these distortions of our, true principles' and have.returiled to our early practice of viewing all men for admission to our land without regard 'to their origins, or the origins of their forebears. The act of Congress that the President signed before the "Grand Old Lady" on Liberty Island does the Naation proud. COLLEGE ADMISSIONS Mr. RIBICO". Mr.. President, each spring thousands of high school seniors anxiously await admittance to the col- leges and universities of their choice. Many are rewarded with success. 'Others meet disappointment. In ' fact, some 100,000 graduates who want to go on to college next year will find in April that they have not been accepted by an in- stitution of higher learning. In many cases the heartache and con- fusion that result could have 'been avoided by sensible advice and reasonable planning. A series of articles entitled "Getting Into College," by John C. Hoy, dean of admissions at Wesleyan tlniver- sity in my own great State of 'Connecti- cut, offers excellent counsel to prospec- tive college students and their parents as well, In these times, when a higher educa- tion is of the utmost importance and `competition to get one becomes more in- tense each year, Dean Hoy's experience and `concern with the? problem of finding the right institution for the right stu- dent is of interest to us all. Mr. President,f ask: unanimous consent that this series of articles be printed in the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the articles were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: GETTING INTO COLLEGE-COLLEGES EYE THE A$TFuL APPL.IQANT..:. (By John C. Hoy) Unlike baseball, it's the spring batting average that means everything when apply- ing to college. Most college admissions of- fices tell candidates if they have been ac- cepted about mid-April, 5 months before the freshman year begins. And, each year at that time about 100,000 high school graduates learn that they have .not found their college. Then a mad scram- ble for an opening-oftentimes anywhere- is started. This is the first of a series of articles writ- ten with hope that you--or your son or daughter-will not be one of those 100,000. No. 184-17 The series is intended to offer advice to any- one who may be thinking of college some- day. It should be of particular interest to -parents and their children who are freshmen and sophomores in high school. For families with members in the junior or senior years of high school each article should be of vital concern, In many cases the scramble for an open- ing could have been avoided; the candidate, by planning, should be capable of insuring a good batting average for himself. Colleges usually publish a cutoff date for applications. New Year's Day is a popular deadline. The best practice is for the stu- dent to file applications well before the deadline. And the arrangement for an inter- view at the college as early as possible in the student's senior year, certainly prior to Jan- uary, 1, is wise. It is important to file more than one ap- plication. I would recommend that candi- dates file four applications, each to a college that offers an interesting challenge to the student. The following table offers an idea of the way to go about selecting colleges to which applications should be sent. First application: A long shot. Reaching for the moon. But worth a try. Second application: This is a tough one. But there is a 50-50 chance. Third application: Pretty sure of accept- ance and it fills the bill. Fourth application: A clear shot. One may ask, why four applications? 'After all there is a nonrefundable applica- tions fee, usually 810 and increasing shortly to 820 for many institutions. There are good reasons. Let's discuss ".reaching for the moon." All colleges take gambles and long shots each year. Admissions officers pride them- selves on their judgment. They feel instincts about certain candidates who don't on paper seem to have all the qualifications. And, if the admissions officers are doing a -good job, their instinctive judgment can pay .off for the candidate as well as the college. Therefore, it is worthwhile for the student to do a little "reaching" too. Students shouldn't overextend themselves but neither should they hesitate to stretch up on their tiptoes when filing an application. 'Since the odds are not with a long shot, the second and third choices have to be much more realistic. Actually, although the student may clas- eify the second choice as "tough," it should be within reach. It should be a choice that can be obtained, say, if the breaks are with him. In this instance, a bad break would be for the second school to receive an unusually high percentage of candidates, all having ex- 'ceptional qualifications. This happens every ?ear. This is the reason for the third and fourth applications. The school the student is "pretty sure" of, the third application, may have an unusual year, too. Thus, the investment of some extra time ? and dollars in filing four instead of one or two applications, Is worthwhile insurance for the young individual who wants to go to the .right college. GETTING INTO COLLEGE-WILL 4-YEAR INVEST- MENT PAY? (By John C. Hoy) If anyone in your family plans to go to college, you should all take an honest look at the size of the human investment ahead. In all likelihood parents will be invest- ing between $10,000 and $16,000 for tuition, room, board, books, travel, and incidental expenses during the 4-year period. And since college-age men and women have reached the productive age, it is esti- mated that any one of them would be capa- 25135 ble of earning somewhere between $12,000 and $20,000 had they not gone to college for 4 years. These material statistics are called to. a family's attention to point out that the de- cision before any college candidate is no small one, even by one of its relatively minor ,yardsticks, the dollar. A college education is without question the largest single in- vestment most people ever make in them- selves. But there are other factors of even greater weight. Four years carved out of one's youth is a significant period of time. How these 4 years are invested can substantially alter the in- dividual's approach to all the challenges to be faced in the 5 or 6 decades of life after college; colleges have the peculiar power of shaping the aspirations of their graduates. If this investment of dollars, earning po- tential, and 4 formative years is made un- wisely, the price of the mistake can be the costliest parents or their offspring ever will have to face. At the extreme-and too often the extreme is realized-the child may never have the opportunity to fulfill his potential. Thus this person's capacity for making a satis- factory way in the world may seriously be damaged. The price for this is often spelled out in dissatisfaction throughout life and a probable loss of hundreds of thousands of dollars in earning potential. Unfortunately, there are more wrong than right decisions made about college. During the last half century more than 50 percent of students who entered college in this country became dropouts. Add to this stag- gering percentage the number of students who merely "got by" or who finished al- though they ended up in the wrong school or majoring in the wrong course. One be- gins to realize how much thought and effort is required to turn the odds In the favor of any student. But the odds can be turned in one's favor providing the student is willing to give enough careful thought to the selection of a college and to the reasons for deciding to attend a particular school in the first place. The student should never be allowed to back into the choice of a college. Instead, the choice must be made with eyes wide open. The candidate must be very much aware of all the alternatives. Young men and women must think and plot a campaign designed to familiarize themselves with the possibilities open to them in higher education. They must clarify their own philosophy of higher education and what they want to accomplish during these last years of formal preparation for life. To plan wisely it must be recognized that men and women of 17 or 18 are essentially the persons they will become after youth has passed. Therefore, if they do the right job of assessing their potentials, their strengths and weaknesses, they will have made a good start toward the right college decision. And it is extremely important for pzren to realize that this is the time to allow t: young adult to make his own decision an live with it. Unless young adults can make this decision on their own, they are not ready for college. This reality-that their child, ready to enter college, is already a young adult-is difficult for many parents to accept. Once this self-appraisal has been made, the students themselves must decide which col- lege can do the best job of recognizing their potentials and helping them refine these potentials. The process of a college educa- tion, after all, is usually more a refinement of potentials than a process of acquiring new ones. This refinement process can take place in a wide variety of settings. Clearly no par- Approved for Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved- For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 2,513.6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE jpIla;,fnsttution has a, priority on this kind 91` offering .$} TTIf7G, N76OLLEGEee~a-44.,'TIMIqqNG-'LHEN , IS Ad~OIITH tI,FA)Yf " M. (By John C. Hoy) If the: aver e slfe? `size in` the United Mater, is it hits does not mean that every personaay a'size 0 foot. 3*Teither does the -fact that the average age of 'a college freshman is 17 or 18 mean ,that every youngster is ready for college 'hrhmedititely following high school" Actually a gpod number of young people who take a job fora year or so after high school do better` beginning college later than they would have otherwise. These usualy;are oung people who'need fffrtller'ez~prience 'will the "real world" be- fore they can'gafn a better sense of why they are planning a college education. Colleges and universities are very- much -Interested in students who have the kind of foresight such a move demonstrates. "There should be no embarrassment to a parent whose son or daughter takes a i nrking intermission 'between high school and . co1J;ege`. -More and more' colleges are t~hCen aging their enrolled `students to take a Oak &16r just-this purpose-often with- 00 regard to academic difficulty. ' There are students who attend college `because they have "nothing better to do:' Not surprisingly students of this sort often bog' down in the "sophomore slump"-and drop out of college altogether. Ia7oin out experience we believe that many ybuligsters have the right Instinct about whether they are ready for college. All too often It is the parents who force them into mistakes. Parents, understandably, have a tendency tO believe that their child will do well in college if only given the chance. This, in spite of a record of poor performance in high school. - But logic, no matter how one tries to -.stretch it, aloes not indicate that the student who dtd ngt.liles high school and did not do Well th,ere,w.111 e`njoy college and get what he should Out of it. An unix&ually high percentage of parents who push this kind of a child often discover the term "late. bloomer."' They claim that their child, ono Who has "not achieved" in high school, is really a species of genius who has not yet shown his bud. Colleges are colista;itly dealing with young people. They are particularly well adept at recognizing the wide variety of "late bloomers" who apply for admission. Putting pressure on underachievers to go rto .college is merely increasing the chance that those youths will drop out. The ma- =jority of 'college dropouts in the United `States, are youngsters who have been under this. pressure. Occasionally an applicant appears who does not present all the proper credentials, but clearly shows a particular dimension of independence or` creativity which caused him to buck tlfe system in high school. As a result this student did not gain the particu- lar rewards-u piety grades-given by the secondary school. Such a student may, on the other hand, be a voracious reader. This student may possess a curiosityand diligence which leads into worlds o f ,learning, that actually may be unmeasurable by the standards of tradi- tional-achievement" Parents `would do well to allow their, son's dr daughter's guidance counselor and admis- sions officer to determine how truly uii- ustitl the candidate's case may be. When a parent says, 'T have a truly unusual son, but * *' *" the college admissions officer feels it's time to duck. This kind of infor- mation is best presented by the candidate ;:personally. He will have ample opportunity October college-applications'to'o often means failure in -entering college. Those who have not chosen wisely in applying to colleges often find that in the warm days `of spring, they are out in the cold. Then they desperately- and too often 'hopeIessly-seek opportuii- ties in institutions at which they wol4ld have easily qualified if they had only applied in time. But regard for proper timing is not to b: rn'staken as advocacy of overly early collegs l Inning. As an admissions officer, I urge ray planning; it pays off in most sltuatiohis 'c. But premature planning is of little advantage-and tends to be rather neurot c. C so college president cautions: "Some ruin Egli rchool worrying aboutgetting intocol- To be specific, the junior year in sec- cndary school is soon enough for actual col- lege planning-assuming, of course, that the student began a college preparatory course in his freshman year. I am dead set against students seeking in- terviews in the freshman and sophomore years. This puts too much "college" pressure on people before it is sensible for them to worry. And their "worrying" is not practical for the colleges and universities, either. Be- fore junior year the student just has rjot compiled the academic and personal evidence needed for an admissions officer to be able to take action. "IN" SCHOOL OFTEN PROVES "FAR GETTING INTO COLLEGE (By John C. Hoy) Americans receive a great deal of traiiiing in buying on the basis of name and size. Whatever its value in everyday life, this pro- cedure just does not make sense in selecting a college. There are more than 2,200 accredited, 14- year colleges and universities in this coun- try. An unparalleled dimension of choice; is open to prospective students and their parents. Nevertheless, the thinking of far too many students and, parents is obscured by the feel- ing that perhaps 50 of those 2,200 institu- tions are the "in" places to go. At Wesleyan University we face this prob- lem to some degree. My advice to students who seem to be applying because of Wes- levan's prestige is to think again and de- cide what they really seek in a collage education. Basking in supposed prestige is no .. I am happy to yield to sloe genlell-an from Kentucky [Mr. 'Mr, Cl p,. Mr. Speaker, I too would like to associate myself with the remarks, lotion and the tributeof the e gent e frgm Michigan [Mr. GERALD R. F'oawLAW ,saluteand his justifiable recdghltign o .,this outstanding West Virginian,, and great American, Repre- Eefitative Axcx Moons. 11s>at .$peaker, it has been my privilege to l1 Xe beers a member of this subcom- mitte ,for xao.,v~ almost ,19 years. I have seed, sQmq 41? ,t7 eri come- and some good inen o in that time. But, believe me, s , iI have, never seen a more dedi- catid, sincere, honest intelligent, capa- ble, hard.,, working member than the gentleman now occupying the well of the House, Mr. MOORE. He, together with the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. FEIGFIANI, chairman of our subcommittee,. has done a magnificent job, Without this great team working and ufling,tggether-we would not have an immigration bill. This was a non- partisan job. I would be derelict in my duty and to my colleagues and to the Nation if I did not say today that it has been a joy and a privilege and a pleasure yes, a real satisfaction to have been able to be associated on this fine committee and to work with you, Mr. MOORE, and Mr. Fsiumm, on this committee over these past years. Mr. Speaker, I believe that we, your managers on the part of this House, have come back to the House of Representa- tives today in a blaze of glory. The Mac- Gregor amendment that was adopted here in the House by a teller vote of 196 to 194 has been restored, and what is more Important-retained in the bill. It was because this most important amendment was later deleted that I voted against the bill. I had to leave my President, my Speaker, and both of my chairmen when I spoke up for this amendment. Mr. Speaker, we now have a good bill, and I urge,-and I beg, and I implore, and I plead with my colleagues to support it. It is the best bill with which we could possibly come to the floor, and it is one that you can go home and defend. Mr. Speaker, all of the members of our sub- committee have done the Nation a great service by voting for and supporting this bill. Thank heaven that we have men of their vision, devotion to duty and their character at the helm of our Immigra- tion and Nationality Subcommittee of this House. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The time of the gentleman from West Vir- ginia has expired. Mr. McCULLOCH. Mr. Speaker, I yield the gentleman 2 additional min- utes. Mr. BALDWIN. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. MOORE. I would be happy to yield to the gentleman from California. Mr. BALDWIN. I would like to ask a question relating to section 15 of the conference report which deals with men- tally retarded children. I have had two specific cases in the congressional district which it is my honor to represent, where the rest of the family were admitted to the United States but a single retarded child at that time was barred-if my understanding is correct section 15 in this bill would now make it possible when a family is to be admitted to the United States for that mentally retarded child to come in with the rest of the members of the fam- ily; Is that correct? Mr. MOORE. The gentleman's inter- pretation of the legislation is correct. That child could enter with his parents. Mr. BALDWIN. And, if the gentleman will yield further, that would be regard- less of the age of the child? Mr. MOORE. That is right. As the gentleman will recall, we in the House placed 14-year-olds as an age limitation on the entry, but the Senate removed the age limitation. Now it would apply with- out respect to age with reference to per- sons in the mental retardation area. Mr. BALDWIN. And, If the gentleman will yield further, it would also apply even if the child is the only member of the family remaining in the foreign country-because of having been pre- viously barred by the old Act-and he could now be brought in, even though the rest of his family is now here? Mr. MOORE. That is correct. That child presently is excluded under our law by reason of his mental condition. What we have done here is this.l That child will now be permitted to join his family that may be In residence here in the United States. Mr. BALDWIN. I thank the gentle- man from West Virginia and wish to congratulate the conferees for making this change in the law. Mr. MOORE. I thank the gentleman from California. Mr. Speaker, may I say to the Mem- bers of the House that some question was raised and discussion was had with re- spect to the problem of Cuban refugees. The Senate inserted a suggested status change for them or an opportunity to have status in such a way that 'your House conferees felt that this was; nei- ther the time nor the opportunity to dis- cuss the same; that it is a matter which should be discussed by the Commission which has been created under this legis- lation and is directed to do so and that we should not give any consideration at this time to any of the problems of, the situation with reference to the Cuban refugees. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The time of the gentleman from West Vir- yield the gentleman 3 additional minutes. Mr. MOORE. Mr. Speaker, there i are two points I want to make so that I feel the membership of the House may be fully informed as to what we are doing in this immigration field. I want to reemphasize what we do here today in great measure strengthens our immigration laws as they are presently on the books. We have for the first time very strict labor controls in this legislation, and I believe it will In great measure meet With the full and complete agreement of every Member of the House. What we did in this area was in the best interest of the country, and in the best interest of those who labor in this country for a livi 1g. In addition to that, I think everybody who goes home from this session of COn- gress is going to be criticized and be met with the suggestion that great numbers have again been added to those who can come into this country. I have looked very deeply into the statistical data available to us from the Department of State where they tried to anticipate what might happen after this law bje- comes operative on June 30, 1968. It! is my best opinion, based upon their best estimate, there would not be any matle- rial change in the numbers that come into this country, and, as a matter of fact, it could conceivably happen there will be less immigration flowing from all areas of the world into this country after June 30, 1968, than we are presently experiencing. Several gentlemen in the House who have served on the committee have been more thankind in their reference to mly work In this area. I would be totally remiss, Mr. Speaker, today If I did not say to each Member of the Congress that the conferees did what I believe to be an outstanding job, and In the best in- terests of the country. j Approved For Release 2004/01/1.6 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 ,September 30, 196-5 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE The gentleman from New York: [Mr. CELLERI has always-been at the forefront in this battle. I may say, however, that this House should understand that the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. FEIGHANI has done a tremendous job in marshaling the committee together into many, many executive sessions to consider this mat- ter and, if I may say so, he has done this for the sole purpose of bringing about remedial legislation in the field of Immigration. I believe the gentle- man from Ohio (Mr. FEIGHAN] has done a tremendous job in this area, and I be- lieve it merits the sincere support of all It . FEIGHAN addressed the' House. appear hereafter in the Himarks will Appendix.] Mr. McCULLOCH, Mr. Speaker, I yield 3 minutes to the gentleman from New Jersey [Mr. CAHILL]. Mr. dAFNILL. Mr. Speaker and Mem- bers of the House,, I, too, today share the observations and the pride of the chair- man of the full committee concerning the contributions ' that have been made by all immigrants to the greatness of our, country, and certainly share the views concerning the importance and acceptability of this conference report as outlined by the gentleman from West Virginia [Mr. MOORE]. As has been frequently suggested, dur- ing this session, the minority party is rarely given the credit it deserves. But I would say without any hesitation that the Immigration bill, and the conference re- port on that subject, is in a large measure due to the great contribution that was made by the minority party, and ' par- ticularly the leadership of the gentle- man from West. Virginia ,[Mr. _MOORE] a>:~d the logic which was expressed and argued persuasively by the gentleman from Minnesota [Mr. MACGREGOR]. I point out that the sole purpose-or certainly the principal purpose of the bill-was. to eliminate discrimination as it hatj long existed by reason of the na- tional origins quota system. I remem- ber the gentleman from Minnesota [Mr. MACGR1R], pointing out on the floor of the House that. if we were going to eliminate discrimination, we ought to do it completely. It seems to me that it was his logic and, his persuasiveness that com- pelled the Senate and all of the con- ferees, on both sides of the aisle, to ac- cept, in this conference report a ceiling of 120,000 from the Western Hemisphere But I would also add, especially to my friend from New York, who had some questions concerning the validity of this provision, that again, due to the wisdom of the conferees, I believe, if there is any doubt or any problem or any interference with the national policy of our country, it is safeguarded in this conference re- port by the presence of the committee Controlled by the Congress of the United $tiltes, but having five Kubik members a pofntec by the President. o that if there is anyw mistake discovered during the nett 3 years, it can be brought to the att'any' nti>i of the Congress and if there ,is omission or correction that is needed, we can make it. So I believe the conference report is one that can be voted on favorably by every Member of this House on both sides of the aisle. 1 enthusiastically sup- port it and urge its adoption. It repre- sents a necesary and important change in the new law regulating immigration. Mr. MCCULLOCH. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Virginia [Mr. POFF] 2 minutes. Mr. POFF. Mr. Speaker, I address the House as a former member of the Sub- Committee on Immigration and Nation- ality. I speak as one who has acquired perhaps a hard-nosed reputation on the subject of immigration. But I speak as one who has followed the course of the immigration bill in most careful detail from its inception several years ago when the late distinguished Member from Pennsylvania, the Honorable Tad Walter, began the first hearings which gave gen- esis to this legislation. I can say without equivocation that the conference report as presently construct- ed represents an improvement over both the House bill and the bill passed by the other body. As such, I will vote for the conference report. I shall do so enthu- siastically. It will strengthen the present law in several material particulars. I would not want the opportunity to pass without echoing the tributes which have been paid to those on the subcom- mittee responsible for this legislation. I have particular reference to the chairman of the subcommittee, the dis- tinguished gentleman from Ohio [Mr. FEIGHAN] ; to the ranking minority mem- bers of the subcommittee, the distin- guished gentleman from West Virginia [Mr. MooRE] ; and to the able gentleman from Minnesota, who made such a major contribution to the final form of this bill [Mr. MACGREGOR]. During the course of the debate in the House I was one of those who attempted to persuade the House to adopt the Mac- Gregor amendment. The House by a narrow, vote rejected the MacGregor amendment, and I am glad to see that the other body has corrected this error and taken _a step which I believe should be taken at this time, a step which I pre- dict will not have the adverse effects which have been claimed for it but rather will have beneficial consequences in both domestic affairs and foreign affairs. Mr. McCULLOCH. Mr. Speaker, I now yield 5 minutes to the gentleman from Minnesota [Mr. MACGREGOR]. Mr. MACGREGOR. Mr. Speaker, this conference report should be supported by every Member of the House of Repre- sentatives. The final bill as worked out by the House and Senate conferees makes historic progress in emphasizing America's desire to reunite families. Its provisions strengthen national security and protect each American worker. Mr. Speaker, this legislation will com- pletely sweep away discrimination on ac- count of race, national origin, and geo- graphic location of birth in our immi- gration laws. Let Ine address myself to the concern expressed by the gentleman from Texas [Mr. GONZAiEZ], and the gentleman from 24745 New York [Mr. GILSERT]. Mr. GONZALEZ expressed his reservation about a ceiling of 120,000 annually on Western Hemi- sphere immigration, a ceiling which will exclude immediate family members. Mr. GILBERT expressed his concern about the reaction of our friends south of the Rio Grande and in the Caribbean to this new development in our immigration policy. Let me point out to these gentlemen and to all Members of the House that this conference report treats immigrants from the Western Hemisphere more fa- vorably than immigrants from anywhere else in the world in three respects: First, by giving ?120,000 numbers to the West- ern Hemisphere favoritism is shown in relationship to the 170,000 numbers given to the rest of the world; second, no country of the Western Hemisphere will be-subject to the 20,000 per country limit that will apply to our historic friends and allies across the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; and, third, the require- ments of the preference system will not apply to the countries of the Western Hemisphere. In view of these facts it is important to point out that the acceptance of the worldwide ceiling concept, with the in- clusion of immigrants from all countries under a numerical limitation, is not a new idea nor is it original with me. Ten years ago, in February of 1955, a group of Congressmen and Senators, whom I am sure most of us would agree were out- standing men despite disagreement with their political philosophies, offered a comprehensive immigration bill. Mem- bers will find in the RECORD of February 25, 1955, an address by the then Senator from New York, Mr. Lehman, describing that bill. It was cosponsored by Senator Lehman and by the distinguished chair- man of the Judiciary Committee of the House [Mr. CELLER]. That bill would have established a worldwide ceiling of 250,000 annually. It would have extended the ceiling to all immigration from the Western Hemi- sphere, from whence immigrants would have been treated on exactly the same basis as immigrants from across the At- lantic and Pacific Oceans. Senator Lehman included this analysis of the 1955 Celler-Lehman bill: A major feaure of the proposed act is its consolidation, within the quota, of all gen- eral immigration, including immigration from the Western Hemisphere. This has been done in order to put all foreign coun- tries on the same basis consistent with the best interests and needs of the United States. Thus the proposed act does not give non- quota status, as present law does, to aliens born in the Wetsern Hemisphere, with the right to immigrate to' the United States with- out limitation as to number. In addition-and this is a vital feature- a nonquota status is given to parents as well as to children and spouses of American citi- zens (see. 102(a)(19(A)). At the same time that nonquota status is given to parents of American citizens, the proposed act deprives aliens born in the Western Hemisphere of their nonquota sta- tus, as already described. The effect of these changes is to confine the nonquota status to very special classes of immigrants-children, spouses, and parents of citizens, professors; ministers, and one or two other technical categories-and to place Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6' ` crxaxv ~vl~ul.~ a.7iv.' ILJ. .('t.I /L JJ - f1 JIJ .C ~7~i~1L('FThU "/' 'lu IV-Da all general immigration, including immigra- Mr. MACGREGOR. I yield to the dis- mend the conference committee report do solxl tps western, Hemisphere, under tinguished member of the Subcommittee to every Member of the House. I am of the quota system. on Immigrations the gentleman from the firm opinion that it would serge a The bill" we are considering today Kentucky [Mr. CSELFI. useful public purpose if It were qver- treats prospective immigrants from the Mr. CHELP. The gentleman Is so em- whelmingly accepted by the House. Western Hremisphe're more favorably inently correct when he says that our Mr. Speaker, I yield such time as he than they would have been treated under neighbors to the south of the border, may require to the gentleman from Ills- the bill cosponsored by'Senator Lehman our Latin American friends-all in the nois [Mr. MCCLORY]. and Congressman CELLER. Western Hemisphere have been really ' (Mr. McCLORY asked and was given May I add for the RECORD the names treated decently. This is so because permission to revise . and extend his of these additional cosponsors of this leg- while there is a ceiling of 110,000 for the remarks.) islation in 1955: The now Vice President entire world we have set an additional Mr. McCLORY. Mr. Speaker, I' am of the United States, HU$ERT HUMPHREY; ceiling of 120,000 specially for our neigh- pleased to add my support to the a op- the deceased Senator fauver of Ten- hors and friends in this hemisphere. tion of the conference report on the 1965 nessee, the deceased former President This Is concrete, ample proof to them amendments to the Immigration and of the tnittf Slates, John F. Kennedy; that we are giving them approximately Nationality Act, H.R. 2580. Senator C vez, MncxvsoN, MCNAMARA, 40 percent of the total ceiling allowed In this behalf, I take occasion to eom- ?4s9z , anus cosponsors in the House throughout the length and breadth of pliment the members of the conference with' our distinguished Judiciary Com- the world. committee and particularly my colleagues mittee chairman, Mr. CELLER, was the Mr. MACGREGOR. I thank the gen- ' from this body. In my opinion, the gentleman fromNew. Jersey, Mr. RoniNo, tleman from Kentucky for emphasizing House conferees have resolved the dif- the gentleman from Minnesota, Mr. once again that we are giving favored ferences between the House and Senate BEATNIK, Mr'. Roosevelt, Mr. DINGELL, treatment to our friends south of the versions of this legislation in a manner Mr, ''1"xor+wsoie of New Jersey, Mr. YATES, Rio Grande in adopting this conference consistent with the views of the vas t na- Mr. oWF.I,,, Mr. DIGGS, Mr. O'HARA, Mr. report today. jority of the Members of this body and MACDON4.D 14 tr. AsHIE ,and Mr. REVSS, Mr. CHELP. If a 40-percent ratio Is that great majority of Americans amongof throughout the Nation. b- -'T`his comprehensive bill introduced by that kind for therMr.stt of my Chairman, natural let life. me lar tribute to the contributions s mado by these ers. gentlemen 10 years ago would have In bad conclusion, treMrr. . Speaker, I want pay par been more restrictive on,Western Hemi- salute the gentleman, 'Mr. MACGREGOR the Republican members of the Huse sphere immigration thap the bill we are for offering his amendment. It is a wise Judiciary Committee in carrying for~wward about t6 ,000t by what I hope will be and a Just one. Now please'let me thank views consistent with our Republican a virtu y? unanimous vote in this publicly my two chairmen-Mr. CELLER platform and principles. My collea; ue amber, ,tto~day. and Mr. PEIGHAN. Along with the en- the gentleman from West Virginia . 3Vifr. ' tZALEZ. Mr. Speaker, will tire subcommittee they are especially de- MOORE], has performed a stellar join the gentlelilan yield? serving of credit. Why that good chair- this connection. In addition, the gentle- Mr. M4c(l EGOR, I,yield to gentle- man of ours, Mr. FEIGHAN, almost worked man from Minnesota [Mr. MACGREGOR], man. fromTexas, the hides off of us on the subcommittee. by persisting in behalf of a numerical Mr. GQNZALEZ, Is it the gentleman's He kept Calling meetings day after day- ceiling on We-stern Hemisphere immigra- contention that adopting a ceiling for week after week until we had gotten the tion, has helped produce a result which is the' Western Hemisphere nations is not Job done. He is justly entitled to all of equitable for the people of all of the an'unpreeedented action? the praise that one can heap upon him. friendly nations throughout the world. abIMASZ# C.TO[t. To my knowledge, His leadership was Inspiring to all of us- I am thinking primarily of our friends wm this very generous ceiling his tenacity to purpose helped to beat across the Atlantic with whom we Have wh slim ves favored treatment to the the adjournment deadline. so much in common and whose citizens Westerrm ,iq ,isphere. is a new step in (Mr. MACGREGOR asked and was by'emigrating to these shores in the cast ation laws and a ,.step first pro- given permission to revise and extend his have contributed so substantially to our according to my research, by the remarks) culture, our economy, and our political dilgusheil gentleman from New York Mr. McCULLOCH. Mr. Speaker, I am system. I117r. CELLER and by Senator Lehman pleased to say to the House that the con- Mr. ,Speaker, the conference commit- 1O years ago. ference committee was in session for tee report results in producing an imlmi-111, Mx.C1Il,la;Z., Them it is ,a new and more than 4 hours on the differences be- gration bill which should contribute to novel, nclusion in our immigration leg- tween the House and the other body. in our country's improved foreign relations isIation?' , all my experience in the Congress I en- and, to an orderly immigration system Mr. MACGREGOR. No, not at all. -)toyed nothing more than the harmonious, consistent with the natural growth and The Idea has been pending in various constructive working session of the com- development of our society. legislative proposals for many years. mittee. I am particularly happy that this leg- Mr. ONZALEZ. Not the idea. I am I Join in what has been said about all islation will enable the families of Am, er- ho lds specifically that if . the g not an Of again, my that colleagues able, gentlemanly, who w were ant t members kindly of s ican and citizens p to be have t reunited it more o raphoe holds qto the thought tthis is is not an the com mmittee, and I want to refer, and nd th hat we will ill have the bene benefit of t f thosse unprecedented action with reference to who the Western bur nations with chairman of the Committee on the Ju- prefer our system of government and who reSpeCt to our immigration laws. diciary and to my good friend ARCH desire the opportunities which are af- Mr, MACC IZIa;GOI~, May I say it is a MOORE, top Republican member of the forded in our land. Very wise and thoughtful step which we subcommittee, who carried the burden Mr. Speaker, every Member of this are taking perhaps 10% years too late. so effectively for so long. That so many body may take justifiable pride in this The SPEAKER pro ,s tempore. expiredThe members of the House voted for the achievement of the 89th Congress and time of the gentleman has when it was first before the I am personally proud to have made a expired. Mr.. MCCULLOCH. Mr. Speaker, I House, and who will soon vote to accept small contribution to the final result. Yield the gentleman 1 additional minute. , the report, is a fine tribute to ARCH Mr. TUPPER. Mr. Speaker, the Im- Mr. MACGtleman May I say to the MooRE; to MIKE FEIGHAN, whom I have migration Act now before the Congress y known so long and so favorably. You represents a welcome change in V.S. gentleman frgm Texas and to all others know, Mr. Speaker, Mxxa FEIGHAN was immigration policy by removing the job- In the. use that If tie ideas -of the the minority leader of the Ohio House noxious and discriminatory system of ia- gentlemen whose names. I have listed of Representatives more years ago than tional quotas. I will vote for the bill. had` any ialldity 30 years ago, then this either of us like to admit, when I was This bill, however, does in my opinion conference report today should be speaker of the Ohio house. It has been include one serious error of Judgment. adopted an overwhelming majority. a happy occasion for me. to work with By Imposing a limitation on immigration Mr, CT3ELii'. Mr. ,Speaker, will the him, on many important matters, includ- from the Western Hemisphere it threat- gentleman yield? ing the matter before us today. I com ens to end the historic, free flow of Ito- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 30, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-- HOUSE. migrants across the U.S. boundaries with gration is scheduled to become effective Canada and Mexico. in June of 1968. I have every confidence When the bill '*as' first before the that the President, the President of the House, I joined with my colleagues to de- Senate, and the Speaker of the House feat a proposed amendment to place a of Representatives in making their ap-. limit on immigration into the. United pointments to the Select Commission will States from the Western ' Hemisphere. assure consideration of U.S. Immigration I did so for two reasons: First, represen- policy toward Canada and Mexico, and tatives of the administration had led that thereby we can rectify the short- many of us to believe that in their judg- comings of this bill so as to preserve the ment imposition of such a limitation at closest and the most productive relations this time would seriously impair U.S. possible with our Canadian and Mexi- relations with Latin America; and sec- can neighbors. ond, I was concerned that such a limita- Mr. McCULLOCl. Mr. Speaker, I tion might seriously reduce the free flow yield back the remainder of my time. of emigration to this country from Mr. CELLER. Mr. Speaker, I yield Canada and Mexico, back the remainder of my time. In the Senate an annual limitation of Mr. Speaker, I move the previous ques- 120,000 immigrants from the 'Western tion on the conference report. Hemisphere was placed in the bill after MOTION TO RECOMMIT OFFERED BY MR. GONZALEZ assurances from the President that he did Mr. GONZALEZ. Mr. Speaker, I offer not oppose the provision. Those assur- ances help to satisfy my first area of con- cern over this provision. Nonetheless I remain disturbed by the possibility that the annual limitation on Western Hemisphere emigration to the United States may affect our relations With our only contiguous neighbors, Can- ands and Mexico. During fiscal year 1964, 139,284 persons] including spouses and children, emigrated -from Western Hemisphere countries to' the United States. Over half of these came from our immediate neighbors-38,074 from Canada and 32,967 from Mexico. if the rate of Western Hemisphere emigration to the United States remains at this level, or as is more likely increases, and if the bill is administered on 'a, first- come-first-serve basis, there is no assur- ance whatsoever that Canada and Mex- ico emigration to the United States will not be affected. I am sympathetic to the proposition that if regional immigration quotas are assigned to the rest of the world, they should also be assigned to the Western Hemisphere, for there is no inherent dif- -ference between these nations and oth- ers. There is, however, one vital distinc- tion between Canada and Mexico and all the other nations of the world. They are the only two countries which border di- rectly on the United States-and in my opinion fully free and unlimited immi- gration between the United States and its immediate neighbors should be main- tained. Nine of my colleagues joined me in a statement on United States-Canadian re- lations last Monday, which proposed that United States-Canadian immigration re- main unlimited, except for the reasonable qualifications of financial responsibility and good moral character. Mr. Speaker, because this is a bill from conference, and the House does not have the option of amending it, and because in balance it is.a progressive step in V.8. im- migration policy, I shall vote for the bill. But I hope that the Select Commission on Immigration from the Western Hemi- sphere, which this bill establishes, will give every serious consideration to rec- olnrae,ndgtions to -leave -Canadian and Mexigan emigration io the United States :unlimited. 'he Select Commission must report to the Congress with` its recom- mendations fully 6 months before the limitation on Western Hemisphere immi-, The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. AL- BERT). The Clerk will report the motion. The Clerk read as follows: Mr. GONZALEZ moves to recommit the con- ference report on the bill (H.R. 2580) to the committee of conference with instructions to the managers on the part of the House to reject the Senate amendment placing a ceil- ing on immigration from the Western Hemi- sphere in the amount of 120.000 persons per annum. Mr. GERALD R. FORD. Mr. Speaker, a parliamentary inquiry. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentleman will state it. Mr. GERALD R. FORD. Mr. Speaker, I raise the question whether the gentle- man's motion is in order. The gentle- man from New York moved the previous question on the conference report. The SPEAKER pro tempore. After the previous question is ordered a motion' .to recommit is in order if the gentleman is opposed to the conference report, and no Member on the minority side seeks to offer such a motion. The gentleman is recognized on his motion. Without objection, the previous ques- tion is ordered on the motion to recommit. There was no objection. The motion to recommit was rejected. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The question is on the conference report. Mr. GERALD R. FORD. Mr. Speaker, on that I ask for the yeas and nays. The yeas and nays were ordered. The question was taken; and there were-yeas 320, nays 69, not voting 42, as follows: [Roll No. 341] YEAS-320 Adair Betts Callaway Adams Bingham Cameron Addabbo B1atnik Carey Albert Boggs Casey Anderson, Boland Cederberg Tenn. Bolling Geller Andrews, Bow Chamberlain N. Dak. Brademas Chelf Annunzio Bray -- . Clancy Arends Brock Clark Ashbrook Brooks Clausen, Ashley Broomfield Don H. Ayres Brown, Calif. Clawson, Del Baldwin Broyhill, N.C. Cleveland Bandatra Broyhill, Va. Clevenger Barrett Burke Cohelan Bates, Burton, Calif. Collier Battin Byrne, Pa. Conable Belcher Byrnes, Wis. Conte Bell Cabell Conyers ,Bennett Cahill Corbett Berry Callan Corman 24747 Craley Jacobs Poff Cramer Jarman Pool Culver Jennings Powell Cunningham Joelson Price Curtin Johnson, Calif. Pucinsid Curtis Johnson, Pa. Qule Dague Daniels Jones, Ale. Redlin Davis, Wis. Karsten Reid, M. Delaney Karth Reid, N.Y. Dent Kastenmeier Reifel Denton Kee Relnecke Derwlnski Keith Resnick Devine Kelly Reuss Dickinson Keogh Rhodes, Ariz. Dingell King, Calif. Rhodes, Pa. Dole King, N.Y. Rodin Donohue King, Utah Rogers, Colo. Dulski Kirwan Rogers, Fla. Dwyer Kluczynsid Ronan l Kornegay Rooney, N.Y. Edmondson Krebs Rooney, Pa. Ellsworth Kunkel Rosenthal Erlenborn Laird Rostenkowski Evans, Colo. Langen Roudebush Evans, Term. Latta Roush Fallon Leggett Rumafeld Farbstein Lipscomb Ryan r egn ley Long, Md. St. Onge Farnvum Love Saylor Fascell McCarthy Scheuer Feighan McCrory Schisler Findley McCulloch Schmidhauser Fino McDade Sohneebeli Flood McDowell Schwelker Foley McEwen Senner Ford, Gerald R. McFall Shipley Ford, McGrath Shriver William D. McVicker Sickles Fraser Macdonald Sikes Friedel MacGregor Sisk Fulton, Pa. Machen Skubitz Fulton, Tenn. Mackay Slack Gallagher Mackie Smith, Calif. Garmatz Madden Smith, Iowa, Gialmo Mailliard S i Gibbons Martin, Mass. Sp Springer Gilbert Martin, Nebr. Stafford Gilligan Mathias Staggers Grabowski Matsunaga Stalbaum Gray May Stanton Green; Oreg. Meeds Steed Green, Pa. Amer Stratton Greigg Minish Sullivan Grider Mink Sweeney Griffin Minshall Talcott Griffiths Moeller Taylor Grover Monagan Teague, Calif. Gubser Moore Tenzer`, Gurney Moorhead Thomson, Wis. Hagen, Calif. Morgan Todd Hall Morrison Trimble Haileck Morse Tunney Halpern Morton Tupper Hamilton Mosher Udall Hanley Moss Unman Hanna Mutter Van Deerlin Hansen, Idaho Murphy, Ill. Vanik Hansen, Wash. Murray Vigorlto Harris Nedzi Vivian Hare4ra Nelsen Watkins Harvey, Ind. O'Brien Watts Harvey, Mich. O'Hara, Mich. Weltner Hathaway O'Konski Whalley. Hawkins Olsen, Mont. White, Idaho Hays Olson, Minn. W idnall Hechler O'Neill, Mass. Wison, Helstoski Ottinger Charles H. Hicks Patman Wolff 'Holland Patten Wright Horton Pelly Wyatt Howard Pepper Wydler Hungate Perkins Yates Huot Philbin Younger Hutchinson Pickle Zablocki Ichord Pike Irwin Finale NAYS-69 Abbitt Edwards, Ala. Landrum Abernethy Everett Lennon Andrews, Fisher McMillan Glenn Flynt Mahon Ashmore Fountain Marsh Baring Fuqua. Martin, Ala. Beckworth Gathings Matthews Bonner Gettys Mills Buchanan Gonzalez Natcher Burleson Gross Nix Cooley Haley O'Neal, Ga. Davis, Ga. Hebert Passman de In Garza Henderson Poage Dowdy Herlong Purcell Downing Hull Quillen Duncan,. Tenn. Jonas, Mo. Randall Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001.6 Review Commission, and for other pur- poses. The SPEAKER. The question is on the motion offered by the' gentleman from Louisiana. The motion was agreed to. Accordingly, the House resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union for the con- -sideration of the bill H.R. 10281, with Mr. DENT in the chair. The Clerk read the title of the bill. By unanimous consent, the first read- ing of the bill was dispensed with. Mr. MORRISON. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself 5 minutes. (Mr. MORRISON asked and was given permission to revise and extend his re- niarks. ) Mr. MORRISON. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of H.R. 10281. This is an excellent bill that has been carefully thought out and developed through ex- tensive hearings and executive consider- ation in the Post Office and Civil Service Committee. It was reported from our committee by a vote of 20 to 3. Although I personally feel that in- creases substantially higher than the 41/2-percent initial increase in the bill are fully justified by the record, the bill represents the best measure that could be worked out under the circumstances. I do want to commend the very fine dili- gence and spirit of cooperation in which all members of the Post Office and Civil Service Committee worked together to bring out a bill that can become law this year. Mr. Chairman, one of the wisest and most foresi8hted policies ever adopted by the Congress is the principle of compara- bility between Federal and private en- .terprise salaries that was written into the statutes by Public Law 87-793. I fully subscribed to that principle, and to the many affirmations by the Congress and by the President that it must be im- 'plemented in-order to serve the best in- 'teres'ts-of 'the' Government and 'its em- . ployees. While the 41/2-percent general salary increase scheduled for October 1, 1965, under this bill will not achieve full com- parability, it certainly is a step in the right direction. Present Federal salary rates are roughly comparable with those in private enterprise during the Febru- ary-March period of 1964, so far as con- cerns the lower pay grades and levels. In the middle and upper grades and levels they compare with private enterprise rates in 1963 and 1962, respectively. Private enterprise levels rose approxi- mately 3 percent more from February and March of 1964 to the same months in 1965. Therefore, at this particular time the lower salary grades and levels in the Government, as now in effect, lag at least 7 or more percent behind ,comparability with private enterprise levels which 'they are supposed to match according to Public Law 87-793. I submit that it would be not only an injustice to the employees-a breach oi' trust-but also a contradiction of a firm policy adopted by the Congress were this legislation not to include at least the 4i/z- Aside from the matter of the general salary increases, perhaps the most im- ,portant part of this bill, is,section.107, dealing with overtime and holiday pay for postal employees. Section 107 will revamp and modernize the outmoded and 1 fair treatment of overtime and holiday work that has been in effect, regrettably, for many years. Many thousands of postal substitutes are called on officially to work heavy overtime schedules-often as much as 60 or 70 or 80 hours a week-at straight time pay. The record shows that lit- erally millions of hours of this kind of overtime is worked each year. I~ is a shocking thing when we consider that the Federal Government-which should be the leader in enlightened pay; poli- cies-has permitted this situation to exist. It is almost unheard of for em- ployees in private industry to work more than 8 hours a day or, 40 hours al week or on Sundays without being paid at least time and one-half. This sorry condition will be re edied by section 107 of our committee bil . All postal field service employees-including substitutes-will be guaranteed tine and one-half pay for work officially ordered in excess of 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. Regular employees will have Monday through Friday workweeks, with authority in the Postmaster Gen- eral to schedule different workweeks when necessary to provide service, and any work they are called on to peform on Sundays will be overtime, for hich they will be paid time and one-h lf. This section also updates and clarifies holiday pay provisions for postal em- ployees. Any employee officially ordered to work on one of the eight legal' holi- days will receive an extra day's pay- that 'is, double time-except that for work on Christmas Day a further half day's pay will be added, equaling double time and a half. I should also like to Invite the special attention of my colleagues to section 116 of the bill, on page 32. The effect Is to increase from $100 per year to $150 per year the maximum authorized allowance to employees who are required to wear uniforms In the performance of their duties. The $100 limit was enacted 11 years ago and I do not think there is any question but that costs of wearing apparel have skyrocketed, along with other living costs, in the meantime. I am confident that my colleague and, indeed, the general public-take p de In the clean-cut and well-turned-ou ap- pearance that is so typical of our postal letter carriers. This provision of! H.R. 10281 is urgently needed to give these fine employees, and others who must wear uniforms, adequate provision for keeping their uniforms up to tho fine high standards that are traditional with postal employees. The bill extends the general sala~y in- crease to employees subject to the Clas- sification Act of 1949; all postal field 'se'rvice employees; medical and nursing personnel in the Department of lkedi- cine and Surgery of the Veterans Ad- ministration; foreign service of item and employees; Agricultural' Stabilisation and Conservation County Committee Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 ' g9gers Tex. reef AOproved s_e, Te=,_ White, Tex, u _ . Whitener. lltt wi,11.41 a rimer Willis a gr, Miss _ . Young m Fo Andrew , Freiinghuysen, Rivers,'Alaska George W. _ Goodell iiivei , S.C. Aspmall Hagan, Cia. Roblson Bolton Hansen, Iowa lonea~.16 Surtan, Utah Hardy Iloyba1 Carter Holifejsl St Germain Conner Rosa,' Scott Daddario John-on, O a. Thomas Dawson Lindy Thompson, N.J. Diggs - Long "a. I hompsan, Tex. D4r4 Michel . -Toll Dpw Mize Wileon, Bob Dune, Oreg. Morris Edwards Calif. Murphy, N.Y. So the conference report was agreed to. The' Clerk announced the following hairs On vote, Mg . with Mr 8aott against. Mr. with Mr olmer against. Mr: no f 14ew ?ersey for, with Mr. ong`ofana against lids. . Daddario for, with Mr. Born against. Mr. Fogarty for, with Mr. Hagan of Georgia against, Mr. St le "in for, with Mr. Hardy against. Mr, solifi d for, with Mr. Morris aagga'inst. Me, y of New Stork for, with ' Mr, Rivers >th Carolina against. vers., of Alaska tpr,., with Mr.~ George Until further notice Mr. Itoncalio with Mr. Ooodell. Mr. O'Hara of fllinoig?wfth. Mr, Anderson of lltx}pis. , Mr. Aspinall with Mrs. Bolton. Mr. iansei , of Iowa with Mr. Robison, Mr. Tliprns,s with Mr.. Bob Wilson. Mr, Tlaoiz,"'son of Texas with Mr. Carter. Mr. l)a~wsou with Mr. 1t'reftnghuysen. With Mr. Lindsay. oybal with Roamer. Mr. warts with Mr. Michel. 1ifr. uac4n of Oregon with Mr. Mize. Mr. Johnson of Oklahoma with Mr. Burton of ttah Mr'E of Idaho changed, his vote from ' i a ' to "yea." The r"O - t of the vote was announced as above recorded. A motion:to reconsider' was laid on the table -QENERAL LEAVE Mr. T'EIGHAN. Mr Speaker,' I ask unanimous, cpnsent that all Members may have, legislative days 'in which to extend. they remarks onthe conference report. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Ohio? COMPARABILITY ACT move that the House resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the State cfthe Union for the considera- tion of the bill (H.R. 10281) to adjust the rates of "b lc compensation of certain of- ficers an employees in the Federal Gov- eminent, to establish the Federal Salary ~UNCTRESSI~NAL REGQR3 -- HQ~TS September 30, 1965 September' 30, 4 3 oved FoSONIR W 19. C RWS46R00010pQ4091-6, 24797 tend to facilitate achievement of price` ob- jectives of the act. The `global quota" arrangement of the present law would be eliminated. The quota of any country with which the United States severs'diplomatic relations would continue to be suspended, but would be allocated promptly to specific countries on a temporary basis. Because present sugarbeet growers will nec- essarily have to reduce acreage further as a part of the proposed new program, national acreage reserve provisions contained in the 1962 act, under which new production areas were brought In, would not be extended after 1968. Mr. Speaker, the U.S. sugar industry of course is entitled to change its mind and perhaps has` done so on the question of the import fee, but it should be fair- minded in contacting Members of Con- gress `and ' explain to them that the in- dustry position has changed and why. It may also be that the U.S. industry was not fully united in its position March 29 of this year on the import fee, and I daresay it Is not united right now. In evaluating the attitude of various interested parties, one should keep in mind the possibility that some U.S. sugar Interests may also be heavily involved in foreign sugar, and-vice versa. Mr. HARVEY of Indiana. Mr. Speak- er, will the gentleman yield? Mr. FINDLEY. I yield to the gentle- man from Indiana. Mr, HARVEYof Indiana. Is not that fee, .the same. as that which prevailed in prior sugar legislation? Mr. FINDLEY. It is very similar to the import fee which was assessed against the Dominican' Republic during the Eisenhower administration and was in effect in the legislation which operated In 1962, 1963, and 1964. INSTRUCTOR IN HISTORY WEL- CQME$ VIETCONG VICTORY (Mr. GALLAGHER asked and was given permission to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. GALLAGHER. Mr. Speaker, I have just read on the wire that an in- tructor in history at Drew University, James Mellen,' has declared himself as welcoming a Vietcong victory in Vietnam. This despite over a hundred thousand American soldiers fighting to prevent such a victory. This despite American and Vietnamese being killed to prevent such a victory. It is just quite possible that this self-proclaimed Marxist is try- ing to attract a little attention to him- self. I am sure the Republic will survive. It has survived the early "Mellenheaded" thinking of Benedict Arnold who wished a victory for the other side when this country was engaged in another war. Having once served on the faculty at Rutgers University I believe completely in academic freedom, even the free and full expression of fools in and out of academic circles and, therefore, I recog- nize Mr. Mellen's right to full expression. Axnd,I have A 'right to find his view ap- palling and disgraceful as well as unen- lightened. He obviously does not know what a Vietcong victory entails. -When I was in_ Vietnam I saw what a Vietcong victory meant in some villages. It meant the mayor`s'head on a fence post. It meants hands chopped off. It meant young men dragged off for train- ing against their will. It meant the stealing of all village food and medical supplies in the name of liberation. It meant the displacement of hope with liberation front, alias the Vietcong, alias the Communist army of North Vietnam. Mr. Mellen, in proclaiming himself a Marxist, would indicate that while he is an instructor of history, he has not learned well the lessons of history. Even the Russian leaders admit that pure Marxism is unworkable. And everyone knows that history has never disclosed one country that has chosen communism in a free election. It is common knowledge that the Viet- cong are having some difficulty with their recruiting drive. Since Mr. Mellen has such strong convictions about welcoming a Vietcong victory, perhaps he should be given the opportunity to fight with the Vietcong and thus translate his words into a more meaningful note. I would be very happy to intercede in his behalf in making the necessary arrangements. Perhaps we could trade him for some of the American prisoners of war before they are murdered in cold blood by the Vietcong as were the two Americans last week. In fact, some of our protesting stu- dents calling for a Vietcong victory could be included in such a trade and thus the Vietcong would have new recruits and we would save the lives of courageous Amer- icans who are fighting to save the free- dom Mr. Mellen and his ilk would have us abandon. LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM (Mr. ARENDS asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute.) Mr. ARENDS. Mr. Speaker, I take this time to ask the majority leader if he will kindly advise us as to the pro- gram for tomorrow and of any other information he cares to state. Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, will the distinguished gentleman from Illinois yield? Mr. ARENDS. I yield to the gentle- man from Oklahoma. Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, in addi- tion to the program previously an- nounced we will have up tomorrow the conference report on the foreign aid ap- propriation bill. This is, of course, a very important matter. Members might expect a vote on that conference report. In addition, we will take up, as pre- viously announced, House Joint Resolu- tion 642, which is the James Madison Memorial Library; H.R. 3142, the Medi- cal Library Assistance Act; and H.R. 6519, the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Act. HOUR OF MEETING TOMORROW Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that when the House adjourns today it adjourn to meet at 10 o'clock tomorrow. The SPEAKEhere objection to the request o entleman from Okla- ESIDENT JOHNSON SHOULD VETO THE NEW IMMIGRATION ACT (Mr. GONZALEZ asked and was given permission to address the House for i minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. GONZALEZ. Mr. Speaker, I have long supported reform of our outdated immigration law and abolition of the, in- famous national origin system. When the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was before the House in August, I voted for it and against all crippling amendments. One of the crippling amendments that I, along with the lead- ership, opposed then was a proposal to place a quota on immigration from the Western Hemisphere. The House wisely rejected this proposal. But the Senate version of the bill contained an almost identical provision, establishing a quota of 120,000 persons a year on immigration from the Western Hemisphere. This was one of the most important differ- ences between the two bills. In my opinion, it was the most important dif- ference. The bills went to conference and, as we all know, the conference re- port recommended adoption of the Sen- ate provision. I offered a motion to recommit the report back to the confer- ence with instruction to reject the Sen- ate amendment establishing a quota for the Western Hemisphere. After my mo- tion failed I voted against adoption of the conference report. I could not in good conscience vote for a so-called re- form measure which merely transfers a bad practice from one part of the world to another.. - We who have justly criticised the Iron Curtain, Bamboo Curtain, and the Berlin wall have reason to ponder about what we have done to our own hemisphere today. We have, in my judgment, lowered a paper curtain and raised a wall of redtape around our borders. What is worse, these devices are aimed against the peoples of this hemisphere with whom we claim to be partners, neighbors, and even brothers. The Western Hemisphere quota is ill- advised and unnecessary. Secretary Rusk expressed his strong opposition to it when he said that the amendment would, in effect, place obstacles in the path leading to cordial and harmonious relations with Latin America. It is no secret, for example, that under the lan- guage of the amendment, any one coun- try such as Canada could entirely pre- empt the quota for any year by sending into the United States 120,000 immi- grants. Who is to say that the persons administering the new law would not permit this? And what would be the effects on the Latin nations? It is an unnecessary provision because under the present law immigration from the countries of the Western Hemisphere over the past 10 years has averaged only 110,000. With this new law we are thus creating a problem where there has been no problem in the past. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 24798 Approved For RQ 12584J 3 L (3A $7B0 )001000 b r 1965 The favored treatment of the nations of this hemisphere whereby no quota is placed on immigration was granted in the act of 1924 for reasons which are still valid today. Our feelings of hemi- spheric solidarity go back to the Monroe Doctrine. Our faith in the good neigh- bor policy and pan-American friendship was reaffirmed with the Alliance for Progress. The quota on immigration from the Western Hemisphere approved by the House today is shattering to this faith. I am therefore asking President John- son to veto the Immigration and Nation- ality Act. The pledges we have made to all the peoples of the Americas of friend- ship and brotherhood must be upheld, or like bad checks, they will come back one day to haunt us. (Mr. MORSE (at the request of Mr. HORTON) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter,) [Mr. MORSE'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] (Mr. MORSE (at the request of Mr. HORTON) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. MORSE'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] THE EDUCATIONAL POLICY OF UCCA (Mr. DERWINSKI (at the request of Mr. HORTON) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, there arenumerous dedicated groups in the country effectively representing their unique membership and maintaining a legitimate interest in subject matter within their jurisdiction. An organiza- tion which fits the description I have just given is the Ukrainian Congress Commit- tee of America. Its president, Dr. Lev E. Dobriansky, of Georgetown University, is a noted economist and authority on the Soviet Union. Dr. Dobriansky produced a very timely article for the Ukrainian Quarterly's Autumn 1965 edition which I insert in the RECORD at this point as part of my re- marks: [From the Ukrainian Quarterly, Autumn, 1965) THE EDUCATIONAL POLICY OF UCCA (By Lev E. Dobriansky) In the past 15 years many changes have taken place In every part of this world. The changes have been of every conceivable char- acter--economic, technological, political, so- cial, religious, cultural, and so forth. Any organization that has attracted International as well as domestic interest would necessarily have to take account of such changes if this rich interest is to be intensified and broad- ened. The policy position of the organization must be periodically interpreted in terms of the changed conditions, its programs must be prudently adapted to the new circum- stances, and Its publications and literary contributions must reflect a steady awareness of the currents and cross-currents abroad in the world. Significantly, as shifting conditions have warranted it, the Ukrainian Congress Com- mittee of America has at intervals defined and elaborated in the simplest and most pre- cise terms possible the nature and objectives of its general policy. It has forthrightly stated and restated its position to innumera- ble inquirers who have raised the usual questions: "What are you for and against?", "Are you supported by foreign sources?", "Are you an emigre organization?", and "What are your purposes and aims?" Some, like the Washington Post in 1963, have mis- characterized the organization as one of the most powerful lobbies on Capitol Hill; others, like our recent Presidents, have properly viewed it as a citizens group contributing to the welfare of this Nation; while still others, like the organs of colonialist Moscow and puppet Kiev, have furnished a series of hallu- cinations about the organization. The an- swers and replies have always been, so to speak, on open record and in the books, even for those with short memories or those suf- fering pains of uncertainty or changed al- legiance. As far back as 1951, for example, the com- mittee offered its concrete responses to the problems that were then pressing and out- standing? Taking full cognizance of numer- ous developments at home and in the world, it again stated its policy clearly and distinctly 6 years later? In March 19&5, UCCA expressed itself once more as to the nature and struc- ture of its policy in the light of changes over the past 8 years. As in the preceding years, this action was necessary because of the never-ending inquiries, the forgetfulness of same, the healthiness of a periodic reexamina- tion, and the doubts of a few who have been misguided by superficial developments in the Red empire and elsewhere. The remarkable aspect of all these policy statements is the basic continuity of what are essentially principles and guidelines to a completely educational policy of UCCA. The 1957 statement, for instance, did not waver in this fundamental respect from the pre- vious one, despite notable changes in the world such as the death of Stalin, the Pereya- slav Treaty concessions, the abortive Hun- garian revolution, the sputnik, and a host of other developments. Some individuals read too much into several of these changes and went hopelessly astray. As is often the case, changes in degree are mistaken for changes in kind, transformed appearances are misin- terpreted for substantive modifications. In addition, mistakes of this sort usually reveal frail convictions, not to say tenuous knowl- edge. Since 1967 to the very present who can deny the sweeping changes that have marked contemporary history? The tremendous eco- nomic strides of the United States, Western Europe, and other parts of the free world, the space explorations of this period, captive Cuba, the weakening of NATO, the Sino- Soviet Russian rift, the economic troubles of the Red Empire, Sino-Russian infiltration of Latin America, Africa, and southeast Asia, Vietnam and numerous other significant developments can be cited. Each of these has to be rationally considered when one speaks of a policy that is fixedIn principle but not static in content, flexible for opera- tion but not naive in pragmatism, founded on-certitude but not sterile in action. Each of these changes and more were carefully 1 "The Political Policy of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America," the Ukrain Ian Quarterly, vol, VII, No. 1, pp. 52-64. 3 "UCCA Policy Today," the Ukrainian Quarterly, vol, XIII, No. 4, pp. 297-304. taken account t . 96.5__ educational policy of UCC 1 Ar,,d xelpped and accepted by its executiv 3?li.every instance, the policy ca4 Q rAUy revised at the UCCA co bj?J?-view of the firm and tests li-,ty of this policy, the likelihood of SubsLa t -rays;qn is The educatIQ ,pollgy of UCCA. rests on 10 fundamen Tbese, really con- stitute the primp 1`1114= _guidelines of UCCA action. Dealiri -with norW , purposes, ob- jectives, and plples, the 10 points pat- urally cannot 6 v3 answers to all problem situat Ql - pest this ig to demand omnis ,]e Yain and. actually absurd preterit. .gnigience _ran best be left with th tptaliieaians _ However, in the neces -ffiter lay, of theory and practice, idea at i~e points do provide a base for a rA"eatment. of pertinent problems, regar t,1 ;,4?? Q ? complex they may be. The rA plan 9f .complexity is no excuse fo&_ QARP.,Fx, ,iltlildlcct, per- formance.. Preceding all Q th fia'st cardinal point of UCCA's educ,,,tioAlai Policy is work and effort aimed at pre ivy aict,stleggthening the national se the, United States. This has been . ' Jt fundamental objective of UC and its_accoulplishment is being pro, red vy regitzcd through the many unique c ppen, to it, In, one of his messages CFi pnyention Presi- dent and Harry stated S. Tr that nderedthes point at uaYaj s}e~~re of -All peoples for a free o?f Tile,. y 9ll ,i a strength- ened as the true of de pcracy .is made known in lands l ig r .Slletdtxtion has, become an art of goverliit includes the United States as e rape.-al?d all the We cannot repeat tVJt_famos declaration of ouj te..JPs .sj t .John -F. Kennedy, "Ask rig ? atgur country can do for you, but ouv cam, cio. loryouur country." For us t Riuiitoed the spirit and action of UCU befprc it g[as utter4d and appeared in ~,.y__ group has hammered away e? t iYlt+hOat a strong and coin eons ca, to_ which every citizen musi `r _ tS itutg. the-cause of freedom would b hout the world, it is certainly t 1g_Qr:ganization. Freedom for Ukr alLti captive nations would bey a grand- -illuslop. Dedicated to our "of de- mocracy and independgnceeas gxpressed by the Declaration ofpendence, the Bill of Rights, and the C o ti lp _ UCCA is a com- pletely American tSTtd, a national organization, that s_lapon a wealth.of Ukrainian resource .,a, id ,experience to do what it can fQo,n Vroi,ntry and thus, in the world contest l ufii liherar tion and freedom ptive nations. including the la} es o i1L Eastern Europe, Ukraine Its Contrary to ill by some, UCCA is not, nor has ev an eratii TI>p*aina,. Ian parliament, a over xtle, or, an agent for overnment n-exile; Where these fanci1' ve?arisen, it is difficult to say. yar(ous- rea-. sons inspiring and_,promotfhg such notions, are not difficult t e ,4dy, attempt, to compromise the( agt&I 91... t1i,ia,-essen tially educational inst1Xutlpn wJUchis one; of Americans of 13 ound In fused with a free =Spirit-grid to Message of the of the United, States, the Ukraini iT~u;ly 15-Au- gust 1, 1952, p. 1. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 30, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE Mr. HARTKE. Let ie help the Sen- Mr., SMATHERS. If I may finish that ator out in that regard. sentence. . Mr. ,Ql f o , I~ulsiana. We will I am certain It .is the desire of all Sea- manufacture our_shat.of the steel. ators to get a vote on this bill In a short -Mr. HA.T.I, , The average U.S. auto- time. mobile talcs over 3,000 pounds of steel Now, I yield to the distinguished ma- and iron, jority leader. We are .going to lose 200,000_ auto- Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will mobile. phatt,maJces 300,000 tons that the Senator from Florida yield without ordinarily would be produced in the. losing his right to the floor? United States. Mr. SMATHERS, I yield with that Each automobile takes about 45 pounds understanding. of copper, which means that 9 million Mr. MANSFIELD. It r. President, I pounds of copper will not be sold from ask unanimous consent that the vote on the United. States, 15 million pounds of the Gore motion to postpone action on aluminum, 25 million pounds of zinc, and the pending bill until the second Mon- 8 million pounds of lead and other, prod- day in January occur at 4 o'clock this ucts, mined in the United yStates, afternoon. It means. a loss of about, $400 million The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there in the, United States In sakes alone, objection? Mr. LONG of Louisiana. Will the Sen- Mr. CARLSON. Mr. President, reserv- ator suspend for one moment? ing the right to object, I want to be cer- Mr. HART". All I can say is- tain that I may have 5 minutes. Mr, , LONG Louisiaua, If.ibe Sen Mr. MANSFIELD. The Senator from 8tor wants, tbe.floor, I will be glad to Kansas requires so little time that he yield the floor, but if the,Senator.isask- has assurance that_he will have 5 min- ing a question I would,Me to respond. utes. 1y2r. HARTKE. I know If the The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there Senator has taken all jobs into consid- objection? The Chair hears none, and it e3 ation In ' his estimate of what is, going is so ordered. to happen to. business, in the. United Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I States. should like to have the attention of Sen- Mr. LONG of Louisiana. I will state ators, especially those who are opposing what I have taken into,account, the pending, business, the Senator from What the Senator .is-taking about is Indiana [Mr. HARTKE], the Senator from future growth of the Canadian automo- Connecticut [Mr. RisICorr], and the bile market. He said we are losing that. Senator from Tennessee [Mr. GORE]. If I say that it is a doubtful assumption it is agreeable, I should like to have the that we ever owned that market. So Senate take up the conference report on far as what we are sending there is con- the immigration bill at this time. The cerned, we are keeping it. time taken on the conference report Mr. HARTKE. In response to that, I would be added to the period after 4 They are pretty good. I wish to read an article by John Fell from the Canadian The plan is designed to cut the iml>alanc Of, trade. with tbe-United States, increase Ca production ratio as in 1964, anti increase the Canadian content of autos by stipulated amounts. Mr. 'LONG of Louisiana. I have taken all .of that into account. I -arrived at_.tbeconclusion, which was testited to. by every responsible official of our,aQverxuxiellt and those who repre- sent labor and management as well, that this means an increase in jobs in the U.S. industry; that it ins we will pre- serve 25,000 jobs that we-are in danger of losing if we doAot ratify this agree- fnent iii 'the automobile Industry alone, and,another .25.,000 jobs in supporting industries; and that, this agreement means more proffts for business, it means expansion, of business and lower prices for the consumer, , 14i. II RTEE. Mr. President- Mr. SMATHERS, Mr. President, I have a very, brief statement I would like to, m,~,~e supporting this agreement, and supportfnL the ition taken by the $eriator fropn I,-posquislana. is nay, ,hope - and expectation that I 4 .1 xjo exceed more than 10 minutes. I. MANSFIELD. Then, en, Mr.Presi- dent, will the Sexiator yield without los- ing his right to,the floor?, No, $1- 11 NATIONALITY ACT-CONFERENCE REPORT Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, I submit a report of the com- mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amend- ment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 2580) to amend the Immigration and Na- tionality Act, and for other purposes. I ask unanimous consent for the present consideration of the report. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. BASS in the chair). The report will be read for the information of the Senate. The legislative clerk read the report. (For conference report, see House pro- ceedings of September 29, 1965, pp. 24547-24551, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD.) The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there, objection to the present consideration of the report? There being no objection, the Senate proceeded to consider the report. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, H.R. 2580 passed the Senate on Wednesday, September 22, by a vote of 76 to 18. The measure considered by the Senate was an amendment in the nature of a substitute to the House- passed bill. The House asked for a con- ference to consider and resolve the, nine 24703 areas of substantive difference between the two bills that resulted from the work of the Senate Judiciary Committee. The Senate amendment enlarging the definition of refugees in section 203 (a) (7) to include those persons uprooted from their usual place of abode by catastrophic natural calamity, as defined by the Presi- dent, was accepted by the House. The conferees agreed to provide in section 4of the bill that immigration of- ficers, as well as consular officials, may administer oaths executed outside of the United States. The Senate amendment removing the exclusion of alien seamen from section 244; thus allowing such aliens to seek a suspension of deportation from the At- torney General, was accepted by the House. The conferees agreed, however, to al- low for such suspension proceedings only for seamen who entered prior to June 30, 1964. The Senate amendment liberalizing the House amendment to permit aliens afflicted by mental retardation or past attacks of mental illness to seek en- trance as immigrants under the proce- dures described in section 212(f) was accepted by the House. The Senate amendment to extend the benefits of section 249, to permit the creation of a record of lawful admission to aliens who entered the United States, was agreed to in principle by the House. The Senate would have raised the per- tinent date from June 28, 1940, to June 28, 1958. The conferees agreed on a compromise date of June 30, 1948. The Senate amendment establishing a conditional limitation of 120,000 upon the nations of the Western Hemisphere and the creation of a Select Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration was accepted by the House. The con- ferees agreed to change the composition of the Commission from three members from the House and Senate each, and nine members appointed by the Presi- dent to five members from the House and Senate each, and five appointed by the President. It was agreed that no more than three members from the House and three from the Senate would be from the same po- litical party. The Senate amendment to section 245 allowing the adjustment of status of na- tives from the Western Hemisphere who have fled persecution on account of race, religion or political opinion was not ac- cepted by the House. The conferees did agree, however, to the specific inclusion of this problem in the mandate to the Select Commission. Finally, a minor Senate amendment providing that an alien student must show evidence that he has been accepted by an approved educational institution was deleted. Such a requirement sub- stantially eyists under current law. Mr. President, the Senate conferees believe that this conference was most successful in preserving the amendments introduced by the Senate. The House conferees were most accommodating and generous to us in this matter. I take this opportunity to express my apprecia- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001=6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001.-6 24704 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE September 30, 1965 th Carolina [Mr. Exvtxl I hank my colleague for his in- se lrto H t f L S of th l o C n ou a or rom r L e E i n to ha Judiciary leagues. I did not agree with him in this matter dulgence. to "iligence he did agree in the final analysis that of the conference report. My own colleagues for p their and patience throughout this extended, there should f be a bill, rand he with und hunt Ilshuld like to say thatea though the but harnio ous, cofifer ence meeting. self able, in good conscience, to accept distinguished Senators from Massachu- argued most eloquently and sanJAViTS the totality of this package without which setts and New York differ with me on the Senators ER , MART, P63i and cessfully a bill would not have been possible. I desirability of placing a limitation upon ters, as did .the distinguished minority The proudest words in any language leader, Senator DIRKSEN. that can be offered to a man of intellect, Mr. President, I move . the adoption of whether one agrees with him or not, are, the conference report. "I am persuaded." This is my tribute to Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I agree the Senator from North Carolina. with much of what the distinguished I am deeply disappointed about one Senator from Massachusetts has said. I aspect of the bill, as to which we ran into wish to pay him a tribute for the taste a brick wall, an absolute rock, so far as and fine lea4ership hf displayed in the the House conferees were concerned, and conference. that is the adjustment of the status of There are two matters upon which I' Cuban refugees in the United States, of wish to comment. The first is the ques- whom there are some 225,000, in tem- tion of, the ceiling on Western Hemi- porary status in the United States, many sphere immigration to the United States. of whom find their progress materially I do not favor such a ceiling. I was interfered with in. terms of' getting strongly opposed to it in the subcommit- licenses to practice professions and in tee, in the full committee, and on the terms, even, of getting licenses to engage Senate floor. We a'll r understand that in certain kinds of business, because their the bill is a a,ckage deal and includes a status is still that of parolees. In the Select Comrnission on Western Hemi- last 2 years, 15,335 and 11,899 Cubans the imposition of a ceiling, after an ex- What has been done by denying them haustive study of 'the situation in the the opportunity to readjust their situa- future, is the right policy. Without such Lion without leaving the country is, in d psekage, we would not have had a bill my judgment, to prefer those who can in the Senate. e House conferees, afford to go, to Canada or to Mexico and reeogriizfng this situation, nonetheless remain the requisite time to become went along with,thisnproposition. normal immigrants, instead of per I am convinced, and t think those who mitting these people, many of whom feel strongly -against the imposition of were heroes who preferred freedom to the ceiling on Western hemisphere 'im- continued residence under communism migration should also feel convinced, that in their own homes to enjoy normal lives. this important legislation would not be We should at least give them the same here, and the Senator from Massachu- treatment that we have given, for ex- setts would have been unable to be in this ample, ship-jumpers and others who are posture of final action on a bill, were not in this country in an irregular status the whole package accepted. and whose status we permit to be regu- It isTfa r to say, and t believe it is most larized under the bill. "important to say, that a determined' ef- Mr. President, I am bitterly disap- fort was made by some in conference to pointed by that. I believe that we are strike out the Commission. It required making a great mistake. However, I am much effort and persuasion on the part convinced, as are my colleagues, that of the Senate conferees, together with a we would have had no bill and we would conviction on the part of a number of have shattered the whole vessel of im- House conferees, to cause the acceptance migration reform upon that rock. of the Commission. That was critically The bill has been amended to require important, because it is really the only the Select Commission on Western Hemi- ameliorating factor and, based upon the sphere Immigration to look into this ex- factual advice the Commission may give ' press question. I expect that the Com- us, a better policy may be provided to mission will have a preliminary report substitute for the ceiling which we placed within about a year. There was an ex- on Western $emisphere immigration. It pression of sympathy with the idea of should be made absolutely clear that perhaps preparing a separate bill for none of us who-feel as I do have altered the Cuban refugees based upon the find- otir views upon that subject. Our Latin ings of the Commission. This action American riends should understand would answer the deep complaint which that, otherwise we would have had no bill I feel that thousands of people will prop- at all; all; also that that the the cellpresen g maintains ap- erly have as a result of the impasse gration; m addition that of immi- which developed from this provision of at the Commis- the Senate bill. sion is under a duty to submit a prelimi- Mr. President, it is for the reason that I nary report on or before July 1, 1967, want to cooperate in this great reform which. Is before the ceiling on Latin that I signed the conference report. I American Immigration will take effect on pledge myself to continue to work in- July 1, 1968. This will give Congress an defatigably for the future well-being of opportunity, in the light of an authorita- Cuban refugees. I feel that they are tive set 6t, findings, to reconsider the pol- entitled to the same rights as are the icy if it wishes to do so. many other categories of immigrants In the some. connection, I wish to pay covered in the immigration law. rIn- tribute, as I have before, to the states- tend to prepare legislation in this re- manship of the distinguished` senior Sen- Bard. immigration from the Western Hemi- sphere, they did an exceedingly fine job and merit the thanks of the Senate for their work on this legislation which now nears fruition,. I believe that one of the most meritori- ous features of the bill is the limita- tion on immigration from the Western Hemisphere. The provision for this lim,- itation removes one of the serious defects in our existing immigration law in that it removes the discrimination in favor of the nations of the Western Hemisphere as against the nations of the Eastern Hemisphere. Although there may be no great hemi- spheric immigration problem at present, it is better to lock the stable door before the horse is stolen. The countries of the Western Hemi- sphere, outside the United States, had a population of approximately 67 million people at the beginning of this century. At the end of this century it Is estimated that the same countries will have a pop- ulation of approximately 604 million peo- ple. The United States simply cannot absorb unrestricted immigration from the Western Hemisphere. I believe that the bill Is the best ob- tainable at this time in our Nation's his- tory. I believe that we will offend our Latin American neighbors less by placing a limitation upon immigration from South America and the West Indies, as well as the independent countries of North America, outside the United States, now, before a great many of the 600 million people demand entrance to this country. Mr. JORDAN of North Carolina. Mr. President, I wish to make a statement re- garding the conference report on H.R. 2580, the Immigration and Nationality Act. Mr. President, when H.R. 2580, the Im- migration and Nationality Act, passed the Senate on September 22, I voted against it because of two aspects of it which disturbed me. One was a provision relating to, the thousands of Cubans already in this country who fled that unhappy island because of Castro. The Senate bill would have had the effect of conferring U.S. citizenship on these unfortunate people without the normal waiting period, and therefore without any adequate screen- ing process. While I deeply sympathize with these refugees from Communist tyranny, I think it would be extremely unwise to confer' citizenship upon them on a wholesale basis without the tradi- tional`screening and waiting period. In addition, such action by our Congress would suggest that we expect these good people never to return to their native land ' and this would imply that we feel Castro's Communist regime is a perma- merit thing in Cuba. Of course, this is notthe case at all. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004101/16.: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 30, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ' SENATE 24705 'The conferees have removed this at this particular time. 1 would like to ufacturers after the commitments ex- Cuban provision from'the bill, and that thank Fred M. Mesmer and Drury H. pire, removes one of the objections I had to it. Blair, staff members of the Subcommit- Under the agreement as implemented MY other objection to the bill grew out tee on immigration and Naturalization, by this bill, Canadian manufacturers of part of the debate on it on the day of and George B. Autry, Chief Counsel of will be able to concentrate their produe- its passage. During that debate Senator the Subcommittee on Revision and Codi- tion in such a way that fewer models EDWARD M. KENNEDY, who was managing fication of the Laws, for invaluable as- will be produced at greater efficiency. d in the bill for its proponents, admitted sistance which they gave to me in con- Models npoolonnggeer by educe exports from Canada under questioing that under it 60,000 notion with my work upon this legis-will be vi the more "immigrants per year would enter lation, and to bear testimony that they United States. Of course, we will be re- this country than the total annual num- merit the thanks of the Senate for the ceiving some Canadian cars in return. ber currently omitted under existing contributions which they made to the This exchange was not possible before law. I was disturbed by this figure in preparation and enactment of this leg- the President entered into Cagree- tariff on automobiles of thvery high because Canadian the light of the present unemployment islation. ment because our situation. Since that day I have given own tariff. It will be possible now. An further study to the matter and have AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS TRADE exchange of this sort which increases rm Senators who are ACT OF 1965 the exports of both countries will, of discussed it with thoroughly informed is an and am overestimate. The Senate resumed the consideration course, help both countries. cpnvin its this figurer an . of the bill (H.R. 9042) to provide for the On the basis of testimony presented In laon add more important, the implementation of the Agreement Con- to the committee, I believe, and I know new law would place a much greater cerning Automotive Products Between that other members of the committee profes mphasis on a techni al skills persons so that with the Government of the United States of agree, that our favorable balance of a very large and technical i ol America and the Government of Canada, trade and payments with Canada will immigrants large would tion the additional cats- - and for other purposes. not be harmed because of the agreement mmigrants w woutall into these tale Mr. SMATHERS. Mr. President, the or the company commitments. The gorses and would not aduntr the unskilled Senator from Louisiana has very excel- Canadian market for automobiles is labor or acc in tf country, eartt of h the lently described the features of the bill growing so rapidly-even more rapidly unts of emplo menu problem. a Thus, the new the and of the Canadian agreement. I favor than the U.S. demand-that it will be law wo Would met Thus, the agreement and I urge enactment of possible for the companies to satisfy n' would help us meet existing shortages this bill to implement it. their commitments to Canada without led p pees. a our n tccnnica work- This bill has been explored about as any net exports to this country. cekilleare d professional and technfinally, ical wb thoroughly as any legislation to come Thus, the Treasury Department ad- a of the needed. And, on total im- before the Committee on Finance. We vised the committee that at the end of - had 41/2 days of hearings on it and took the transition period-model year 1968- migration onfr from the Westn on tos e mgration from the r'este the the , nearly 500 pages of testimony. On the our balance of trade and our balance of of rail e ff e t of t he new law o over basis of these hearings and the subse- payments in automotive products with ov of, years erall effect of too hold-down a will period quent discussions in executive session, Canada will be the same as it is today. inf into nto our of only three members of the committee If we do not approve the agreement by Influx into our tu country, , particularly the tot of q unskilled labor. were able to find fault with it. passing this enabling legislation, our bal- Mr. President, I want to join with The objective of the agreement and ance of payments could be seriously hurt, many others in paying tribute to my col- of this bill is to expand trade with Can- because we will lose the large export mar- league, the senior Senator from North ada through mutual elimination of du- ket we now have. Carolina, for the magnificent contribu- ties. Canada has acted to eliminate her Canada has demonstrated that she is tion lie has made during many- hours of duties and this bill carries out our ob- going to have an automobile industry. hard work on the perfecting of what I ligation to eliminate ours. In entering In 1963, she began steps to expand her believe is now an immigration plan con- into this agreement, Canada probably auto industry. This involved remission siderabl + superior to that provided un- fears she gave up more than she got. of duties on imported auto parts. The der the present immigration laws. Canadian duties are 17.5 percent on au- U.S. parts industry objected to this re- I therefore want to go on record as tomobiles, and up to 25 percent on parts. mission plan, called it a subsidy and favoring, adoption of the conference re- Our duties are only a fraction of that. moved for a countervailing duty under port and enactment of this bill into law. On automobiles it is 6.5 percent and on our law. Others saw the plan for what The PRESIDING OFFICER. The parts it is only 8.5 percent. In addition, it really was-an attempt by Canada to scra create automo reporion is on agreeing to the conference ebate p anS u compe derlwhih Cap dustry withinautonomous her own bou daries. in If e ports of parts to this country had soared. we had not resorted to this agreement, The report was agreed to. other methods Canada might have em- ting Canada felt she was not get- ting a quid pro quo, commitments were ployed to achieve her objective could COMMENDATION OF FRED M? obtained from Canadian subsidiaries of have cut off U.S. automotive exports to MESMER, DRURY H. BLAIR, AND American automobile companies that Canada. This is exactly what happened GEORGE B. AUTRY their Canadian production will be ex- in Brazil when she went to a 100-percent Mr. ERVIN. Mr. President, it would panded over a 4-year period despite elim- local content requirement in 1958. This be impossible for Members of the Senate ination of the duties. Without this as- is exactly what is happening today in to perform the tasks devolving upon surance, the greater efficiency of Amer. Argentina and Australia. We lost ex- them intheir character as Federal legis- loan automobile and part manufacturers ports to all these countries. lators if it were not for the dedicated de- would have overwhelmed Canadian com- By this agreement with Canada, I be- votion and untiring 'zeal of members of petitiors. lieve we have protected the American their staffs and members of the staffs of By the company undertakings, Cana- automobile industry from loss of the Ca- various committees and subcommittees dian production is to be expanded by 60 nadian market. I believe we have pro- upon which they serve. Since last Feb- percent of growth in Canadian auto tected America from loss of a half-bil- ;'l have devoted a major part of sales plus an absolute amount of $241 lion-dollar favorable balance of trade d.` my enex and time to the study of the million. This latter commitment by the with Canada. That is a real achieve- laws and problems relating to immigra- terms of undertakings is to be achieved ment. tion in connection with the revision of by the end of model year 1968. An ob- Mr. President, whenever we find labor our immigration laws covered by the con- vious purpose of these undertakings is to and industry and the administration all ferenee report which has just been ap- provide time for the less efficient Cana- supporting the same legislation, it must proved by the Senate. than manufacturers to become more ef- be good. That is the happy state of af- In' my judgment, these revised laws ficient through longer production runs fairs with respect to H.R. 9042. The constitute the best immigration regula- of fewer models so that they will be bet- Government sponsored it-the industry tions which can be devised and enacted ter able to compete with American man- urges it-labor supports it. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67BO044 i t001;3100040O01- ' CONGRESSIONAL RECQRD - S N~TE September 30, 19,65 The legislation before us is clearly his- The agreement does not accomplish all duction, more trade, and more employ- torie, which has, seeking that the Canadian Government might ment. to ecta is Separate automotive in- have hoped. It does not accomplish all The basic question confronting us in dustry 0 ,116 own. has now committed it- that we in the United States were seek- implementing the automotive products self to an integration of its. automotive ing. But it does represent a fair and trade agreement is not whether this is market with tllat$ neighbor, the reasonable compromise which serves the best of all possible solutions-I;for United 8tate?,. Tle,integration Is, some- the interests of both countries. one would prefer to see completely free what "cox?~ditlplled- it Is true. ., But such I believe the agreement has many ad- automotive trade between ourselves and dohcilti _is quite understandable as vantages to the United States over the Canada-but whether it is the best solu- both nations move -through the transi- Canadian duty remissions plan the agree- tion available in the light of both the Notional period toward a rationalized ment replaces. I believe, for that mat- mutual and conflicting objectives of two rth , American automotive. market. ter, that the agreement will leave us sovereign governments. I submit that And the'deveaopment of this market will ahead of where we were before Canada it is. standin marked contrast to the restric- embarked upon the unilateral course of The net effects of the agreement, I am the trade practices wjiich characterized action which she may well resume if convinced, are all to the good. Never- attQmpts by other countries to establish this agreement is rejected. their own automotive Industry. Bless, a prime concern must be the l~? cCART1iY. Will the Senator Where, under her duty remissions adequate adequate protection of those U.S. com- yield?' Canada sought to solve her automotive panies and their employees who may, be Mr.SMATHERS_ T chn?1ri Ulro +? fi?_ trade problems solely by stimulating her adversely affected by the realinement of exports. she now r,rnnnenc 1 1 5 1 t t s me to o u y ylela. ^he answer I am pleased to see that the legisla- With respect to the balance-of-trade through increased Canadian automotive tion before us contains provisions which, and balance-of-payments deficits, rode production. This is an approach which In my estimation, will provide effective lyn N. Trued, Assistant Secretary of tMer- he leaves the way open for the United relief for such dislocations. These ape States to maintain its highly favorable cial provisions involve eligibility for as- Treasury, had this- to, say: automotive trade surplus, but at a higher sistance and administrative procedures. Mr. bb,ainn,'n and members of the com- trade level which would make the pro- They are full tfzfttee, I' appreciate the opportunity to ap- portions of 'her deficit acceptable to y justified because this pear before you to comment on the balance- agreement calls for immediate elimina- ofpayments implications of the proposed Canada. tion of tariffs instead of their leg station to implement the United States- The agreement puts U.S. producers of gradual reduction as would be the case in the Canadian Autopaotlye Products Agreement. replacement auto parts on a more equal Trade Expansion Act of 1962. There- As this committee . knows, the United footing with their Canadian competitors, fore, any adverse effects may be expe- St on' , trade, ates has had, a substantial overall surplus who could generate exports that could rienced more rapidly. These special Cu With, Ca e t e with over the be used to obtain duty remission under provisions are necessary to provide aid has contributed substantially to thda sur the old plan. And the agreement rede- to firms and workers who are affected by plus. fines "Canadian content" requirements loss of export markets as well as by in- $e then in a mariner that gives U.S. original creased imports of particular products. quoted Secretary of Com- equipment parts manufacturers a freer me C rce onnor: hand to sell in Canada than they had With the automotive products agreement under the remission plan or, for that in force, Secretary Connor testified before matter, even before the plan was put the committee that; "It is reasonable to pro- into effect. They are no loner restricted ject it continuing growth in the. Canadian to duty-free treatment of only those automotive ,iiaa let , sufficient to absorb the projected increase, ia..Canadian production parts of a class or kind not made in without rgducing our net favorable balance Canada. The agreement pertains to all of trade wits Canada,." , original equipment parts. The TFegs 'If ury supports this conclusion. Viewed from the perspective of overall To continue with.the. statement of Mr. automotive trade, I find nothing in this Trued- m a bala-payments -pa agreement to c use us alarm, The short- range trade effects will be to reduce very Prom yments viewpoint , en the alOWAotlve_ agreement simply W644. Nble nder it.,We.stand to maintain our, present aiXble gurplus with Canada in awtvnlotfve trade. Without the agreement, we stand to ,lose a part of our present sur- plus. There is no-doubt in the administra- tion's mind of this outcome, and I believe other Oovernmept witnesses have.indicated their firm judgment that, in the absence of thereement, Canada, would undertake nr5asures to lirpit imports from the United St tea and,I might add, Mr. _Chairman, your comments at the conclusion of secretary Wirtz' testimony are perfectly fitted to that result. There is another balance-of-payments con- sideration that I would like to mention briefly 1n this context. It relates to invest- merit in Canada. The means of financing investments in the automotive industry in Canada in recent years have been reinvest- ment of local earnings and borrowing in the Canadian market, As secretary Connor has stated this pattern will probably continue. That probability Is heightened by the fact that under the agreement the companies will have substantial savings from the waiver of Canadian duties they would otherwise have had to pay. This means that any additional investment re- sulting from the companies' undertakings Should involve little, if any, cash transfers from the United States, Specifically, as I have said, the auto- Canada. Whether we speak in terms of motive manufacturers have agreed to dollars or jobs, clearly we stand to lose increase Canadian content by $241 mil- more than we could possibly gain by any lion more than normal growth by 1968. action that disrupts Canada-United In the context of the Canadian market, States auto trade relations. Conversely, that is a substantial sum-about half of we stand to gain more than we lose Canada's automotive trade deficit in 1963. through any agreement which, like the In the huge bucket of the U.S. auto one we are considering today, will pro- market, this business lost to Canada will mote the flow of trade. Implementation be little more than a drop-less than 1 of this agreement may displace some percent of the total North American workers. Failure to Implement the agree- market which must be compared with the ment runs the high risk of displacing 8.5 percent industry growth rate of 1965 many more, very soon. It would also de- over the previous year. prive us in the longer run of the addi- In the longer range, the agreement will tional United States jobs that will be re- stimulate the growth of the North Amer- quired to meet the needs of a more scan market. It will permit the Cana- rapidly expanding Canadian auto market. dian industry to work toward the pro- Mr. President, nothing could be more duction of fewer models and component unfortunate than to consider H.R. 9042 parts, while American plants supply the as legislation which helps only the major Canadian market with other models and automobile producers and concerns only other parts. The end result will be a the automotive industry. more logical, more efficient North Amer- That the major automobile manufaci- ican automotive Industry to better serve tuners will benefit is undeniably true. the market. What we will have, in other But the important point is that the rest words, is a slightly smaller share of a of the automotive industry and the na- much larger pie-netting us more pro- tional economy will also be helped b' on American companies and workers,. it is Important that we consider not only the consequences of not implementing the agreement as well. As the Secretary of Labor pointed out in committee hearings, at least 25,000 U.S. jobs are involved directly in the pro- duction of autos and auto parts for ex- port to Canada, and at least as malty more workers are indirectly involved. In 1964, we exported about $660 million in Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004101/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Zon~rissionaL `record Vol. "111 PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 89 CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION *AS141' 44OWENESEAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1965 NO. 180 Ouse o; The House met at 12 o'clock noon. The Chaplain, Rev. Bernard Braskamp, D.D? used this verse of Scripture:, Luke 21: 19: In your patience ye shal win your souls. 0 eternal God in whose divine con- trol are all ,our days, we beseech Thee to draw us now near to Thyself that we may not be far from one another. May we offer our noonday prayer with one' heart and mind and with simple faith and sincere love. `Atiild all the Chang es"of each passing day may " we' find in~ ee t1iat peace aria that patience and perseverance which the world can neither give nor take away. Whatever Thy will may be for us this day grant that we may serve Thee faith- fully and with firm obedience to what Thou dolt command. 'lihou has't, mercifully drawn a cloud ovet the' future but may this not be a weariness "` or` a vex'atfon of spirit but a eolltfort and a joy that_the best is yet to be.. May each new day with its troubles anti difficulties be part of the curriculum fox the dey'ela meet of our character an d the culture of theliiner life. Tqq Thy name "we `shall give all the praise. Amen. TIC JQURNAL The Journal of the proceedings of yes= terday was read and approved. MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE A message from the Senate by Mr. Arrington, one of Its clerks, announced that the Senate had passed without amendment a bill of the House of the following title: 13.R. 1274. An act for the relief of Mrs. Michiko Miyazaki Williams. The message also announced that the Senate had passed, with amendments in which the concurrence`of the House is requested, bills of the mouse of the fol- lowing titles: 11 ,R. 7743. An act'to establish a system, of' loan insurance and a supplementary system of diregt loans, to assist students to attend 24499 Approved ForRelease 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Representatives H.R. 9M47. An act to provide for participa- tion of the United States in the HemisFair 1968 Exposition to be held in San Antonio. Tex., in 1968, and for other purposes. _ The message also announced that the Senate agrees to the amendments of the House to bills of the Senate of the fol- lowing titles: S. 1065. An act to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to acquire through exchange the Great Falls property in the State of Vir- ginia for administration in connection with the George Washington Memorial Parkway, and for other purposes; and S. 1620. An act to consolidate the two ju- dicial districts of the State of South Caro- lina into a single judicial district and to make suitable transitional provisions with respect thereto. The message also announced that the Senate agrees to the report of the com- mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amend- ments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 728) entitled "An act to amend section 510 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936." The message also announced that the Senate recedes from its amendments Nos. 1, 2, and 3 to the bill (H,R. 205) to amend chapter 35 of title 38 of the United States Code in order to increase the educational assistance allowances payablg u;ider the war orphans' educa- MIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Mr. CELLER. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to take from the Speaker's table the bill (H.R. 2580) to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes, with Senate amendment thereto, disagree to the Sen- ate amendment and agree to the confer- ence asked by the Senate. The Clerk read the title of the bill. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from New York? [After a pause.] The Chair hears none, and appoints the following conferees: Messrs. CELLER, FEIGHAN, CHELF, RODINO, DONOHUE, BROOKS, MCCULLOCH, MOORE, and CAHILL. Mr. CELLER. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the conferees may have until midnight tonight and to- morrow night to file a conference report. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from New York? There was no objection. GENERAL LEAVE TO REVISE AND EXTEND. Mr. MULTER. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that all Members who may speak today in Committee of the Whole may have permission to re- vise and extend their remarks and to include extraneous matter. The SPEAKER. Without objection, it is so ordered. . There was no objection. CALL OF TIE HOUSE Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, I make the point of order that a quorum is not present. The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Missouri makes the point of order that a quorum is not present. Evidently, a quorum is not present. Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I move a call of the House. A call of the House was ordered. The Clerk called the roll, and the fol- lowing Members failed to answer to their names : [Roll No. 335] Anderson, Ill. Downing McEwen Andrews, Flood Michel George W. Frelinghuysen Mize Aspinall Goodell O'Hara, Mich. Blatnik Hansen, Wash. Powell " Bolton Hardy Rivers, S.C. Bonner Hebert Roncalio Brademas Holifield Roosevelt Brown, Calif. Hosmer Scott Colmer Johnson, Okla. Thomas Daddario Landrum Thompson, N.J. Davis, Wis. Lindsay Toll Dorn Long, La. Tupper The SPEAKER. On this rollcall 393 Members have answered to their names, a quorum. By unanimous consent,- further pro- ceedings under the call were dispensed with. CONVEY PROPERTY TO SAN DIEGO, CALIF. Mr. BENNETT of Florida. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent for the AoOroved 1*or Release 2004/01/16: C1A-RD061960446 00Q100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD,- HOpSE September 29 1P 65 e er r ,ecl # Wr v g8W- 8ubstitl te_o ieyed yesterday by the gen- "four horsemen" for home rule is here, tllcrc.Rblection to tleman from California [Mr. Sisx]. the gentleman from New York [Mr. the resent ctxsier}oxof thebili? The substitute which the gentleman NORTON] . In the last Congress when our im 4Silate cgnslderatioiaof,tl~e,bill (H.R. , The Clerk read the title of the bill. about the retrocession proposition. I "2 7 provide for the cg veya ice of Mr. BROYHILL of Virgonia. Mr. note that some of those who now propose e gal, ptopertyin the United States Chairman, I move to strike the last word. the new approach are recent converts to tO y of San i o Calif. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the it. I do not know whether one of the er o House, of Representatives of the United States of stitute, which was then pending before which proposal advocated retrocession. America in Congressr assembled, That the the, committee in the form of a bill, for We had another proposal which recom- Administrator of Qeneal,$ervices shall con- one full morning, and then came back mended the same thing that the gentle- vey, without monetary consideration there- the following day and subjected himself for man from Maryland [Mr. MATHIAS] and for, to,the city" o h biego, California, all to further questioning. the gentleman from New York [Mr. right, title and interest` of the United, States This substitute, or bill, has obtained MuLTER] and others are proposing now, in aiid:lR the real property comprising_a por- the approval of a duly constituted com- But I think it is interesting to note that Lton .(approximately , sixty-seven one-hun- dredt@, of an acre) of the Navy Capehart mittee of the House of Representatives, in the 88th Congress the gentleman from quarters at the Admiral Hartman site in San not a clandestine group or a clandestine New York [Mr. HORTON], on page 220 of Diego, California, the exact legal description meeting made up of a group of "yes" the hearings, said about the Kyl retro- of which property shall be determined by the men, cession bill that the bill has "Possibility Administrator. Incidentally, lly, while I was in the Army of giving the people in the District true 'Wth tl}e followm committee amend- during the war, we had another name for home rule." men `(yTheICOmmittee, in approving the Sisk On page 265 of the hearings, the monetary gentleman from New York [Mr. NORTON] co derati4,on th strike out erefore", 'and ins without insert in lieu substitute, approved it with a.committee had this to say: thereof "at,the esti na } Rsir rnarket ~aiue", amendment; however, the committee As between the Kyl proposal and the Mul- The eo committee ametidlnent wasi}greed amendment to the original Sisk bill did ter, personally I would support the Kyl pro- r not lessen the committee support of the posal over the Mutter proposal. to' The bill was ordered to be engrossed basic principle of the Sisk bill. Actually, The CHAIRMAN. The time of the and reads third Lim , was read the. third what the committee did was to put two e bills together, gentleman has expired. time, and passed and a motion to recon- The committee put two bills together. Mr. WHITENER. Mr. Chairman, I Slifer was laid on the table. ask unanimous consent that the gentie- The bill I had originally introduced would man may proceed for 5 additional min- " provide for 85 percent of the land-area of utes inasmuch as I took up his time. CORI CTION OF VOTE the District of Columbia to be retroceded The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, to the State of Maryland. I believe, of Mr. BURTON of . California. Mr. course, this would be the only way in it is so ordered. Speaker, on rollcall 313 I am recorded as which we could provide the msacimum There was no objection. not voting. I was present and voted amount of self-government to any of the Mr. WHITENER. Mr. Chairman, will "aye." I ask unanimous consent, that people who live within the Nation's Capi- the gentleman yield? the permanent RECORD and Journal be tat at this time. This is no question about Mr. BROYHILL of Virginia. I yield correctec' accordingty to the gentleman. the constitutionality of this proposal. Tie. Is_there objection to Actually, a large portion of the district I Mr. WHITENER. The Mutter bill at the rrguest of.the gentleman from Call- now represent, Arlington County and the that time was the administration bill, forni~? city of Alexandria, used to be a part of which is almost identical to H.R. 4644. Where leas no objection. the original Bistrict QV Columbia., Columbia... Be Mr. BROYHILL of Virginia. That is that as it may, I have been advised unof- correct. . Actually there may be a lot of ficialiy that the committee amendment other things in the proposal offered by LEAVE To FNTEP Would not be germane to this bill, and the gentleman from California [Mr. that we might want to change or Mr. MULTVR. , Ir. Speaker, I ask therefore I do not intend to offer it. Of Sisx] unanimous consent .tht all Members course, the main thrust of the committee amend. But basically, it is a good bill. have 5 legislative days in which to ex amendment was to retain 15 percent of It is a sound proposal which as I said tend them x ictarks.on the bill H.R. 4644 this land area as the Nation's Capital un- before has the full approval of the duly and to. iiolud extraneous. matter. der full control of the Congress. I believe constituted Committee on the District T'hp S EAER. is there objection to we will have an opportunity later on to of Columbia. After all, there is noth- the request of the gentleman from, New consider any improvements or perfec- ing wrong in compromising or agreeing York? Lions in the proposal that the gentleman to act in a spirit of compromise, par- There was no objection, from California has offered at this time. ticularly when it is a true bipartisan One part of the bill.or. substitute of- 'compromise. made feted by the gentleman from California that Now this there may may cause be a some delay In charges HOME RUI;E FOR THE DISTRI giving a flP e4e. T.r1`n rtlT A T [Mr. Sbsx], and the part that I think is _ ----- ,LL,,, viiuluwe ii:+a nearmgs on nomerule, `e Clerk read t ` e bill,1as follows: anon and full committee hearings, we had a retrocession proposal by the It " 2 ' ` In fact, the gentleman from.. California .. gentleman from Iowa [Mr. KYi,], who at Be it enacted by the senate and House [Mr. SISK] testified on behalf of his sub- that time was a Me 1, th -- o- . .... .... .... .aa.vp ., w u.+u ~aa waacoaict vt ---~' --? .. '"-?" Committee of the Whole House on the not we approve or reject the charter the hurry? Have we not done enough State of the Union for the further .con- which will be drawn up by the people of damage so far in this session that We sideration of the bill (H,R, 4644) to pro- the District of Columbia. I had planned legislation had to bnng and up any confusion cbnforversial vide an elected Mayor, City Council, and to offer an amendment requiring con- Congress adjourns? This ever this nonvoting Delegate to the House of Rep- gressional approval, but some Members a very iat- resentatives for the District of Columbia, asked me not to offer the amendment ter. hy should and ot hf hesitated male and for other purposes. because it was felt that 90 days would bi we not a lust tle y The motion was agreed to. give the Congress ample time to act. bit and proceed a little more cautiously IN xiiE COMMITTEE or THE WHOLE Mr. WHITENER. Mr. Chairman, will before we act on this very serious and Fie gentleman important matter? What is wrong with Accordingly, the House resolved itself yield? letting the people of the Nation's Capi- into the Committee of the Whole House Mr. BROYHILL of Virginia. I yield to tal determine for -themselves what type on the State of the Union for the further the gentleman, of so-called home rule they would like consideration of the bill H.R. 4644, with Mr. WHITENER. I am very inter- to have? This is what most cities and Mr. KEOGH in the chair. ested in what thA Opnila- is en-;,,. Approved For Release 2004/01/16': CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040'001-6 September 29 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE 24547 district supervisors may now- look to the tionality Act, and for other purposes, having tion 201(b), and section 2Q3: Provided, That futuxe with more confidence than ever before met, after full and free conference, have the total number of immigrant visas and the of con in seeking new tools in resource development. agreed to recommend and do recommend to nn u a nftiv ndit onal en ries (made vail- There are and will be increasing opportun- their respective Houses as follows: to of any' e ities for you to initiate projects on your own That the House recede from its disagree- under paragraphs (1) through (8) of section and join other groups in cooperative ven- ment to the amendment of the Senate and 203 (a) shall not exceed 20,000 in any fiscal with an the That further, amendment as year: for togas. I know StsIin Hurley, your associa- agree to e follows: In lieu ofethe matter proposed to be proviso shall not operate to reduce theenum- dis- inserted by the Senate amendment insert the ber of immigrants who may be admitted un- reco prendatio has for soil sent Governor trcommendpatio proposed conservation following: der the quota of any quota area before June regi regional in the pOzark area dier"That ection 201 of the immigration and 30, 1968. Economic i program under Act of 1965. Public Works and n Nationality Act (66 Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. 1151) "'(b) Each independent country, self- Development Act by the De- be amended to read as followp: governing dominion, mandated territory, and Under this act, administere partment of Commerce, grants and loans may "'SEC. 201. (a) Exclusive of special im- territory under the international trusteeship be available to districts for acquisition and/ migrants defined in section 101(a) (27), and system of the United Nations, other than or conservation and development of land, of the immediate relatives of United States the United States and its outlying posses- water, and related resources for public works, citizens specified in subsection (b) of this sions shall be treated as a separate foreign section, the number of aliens who may be state for the purposes of the numerical h 1 th roviso to sub- e rt f Also supplementary grants may be eting wise acquire the status of an alien lawfully theiis aretof c to an watershed in ote protection n tio admitted to the United States for permanent jects. share of costs in w residence, or who may, pursuant to section prU der 203 (a) (7) enter conditionally, (i) shall not Under the the opportunity t accelerate designated areas the in any of the first three quarters of any watershed p11 surveys, fiscal year exceed a total of 45,000 and (ii) watershed program, vsoil technical cal t as- shall not in any fiscal year exceed a total of other areas. 0 (b) The "immediate relatives" referred new that you avenues to in subsection (a) of this section shall mean is of It n e tos seek nwt seek tools and Importance continue eek new e the children, spouses, and parents of a citi- to carry out resource development work. ten of the United States: Provided, That in We are making definite progress. The ad- the case of parents, such citizen must be at vanes in resource development during the least twenty-one years of age. The im-few oacurre years a d in notable because they Butt mediate relatives specified in this subsection so much a short a space of time. But are otherwise qualified for admission as so much remains to be done. immigrants shall be admitted as such, with- You andIment that resource conservation out regard to the numerical limitations in and development giiaTiflflex ea as a top priority this Act. job under the most rigid set of standards 11 (c) During the period from July 1, 1965, that can be applied. through June 30, 1968, the annual quota of us to ther for t be know this is not enough. any quota area shall be the same as that Others must be made to know-and to un- which existed for that area on June 30, 1965. derstand-and -and to act. The Secretary of State shall, not later than One way to accomplish this is by bringing on the sixtieth day immediately following all conservation interests together. Only the date of enactment of this subsection and then will the term "conservation" have full again on or before September 1, 1966, and meaning. September 1, 1967, determine and proclaim You can do much to bring this about. the amount of quota numbers which remain For 30 years now your voice has been heard- unused at the end of the fiscal year ending con it has had impact. Your challenge is to on June 30, 1965, June 30, 1966, and June 30, continue to make your voice heard-and 1967, respectively, and are available for dis- your leadership felt. tribution pursuant to subsection (d) of this I will do my part to help. Let us push section. built a firm ed or other- h v t i . ' w , a e ssu e gether until (d) Quota numbers no forward tofoundation for permanent prosperity in all wise used during the previous fiscal year, as ject, or if he is not a citizen or subject of America. determined in accordance with subsection any country then in the last foreign country (o) hereof, shall be transferred to an im- in which he had his residence as determined (Mr. LEGGETT (at the request of Mr. migration pool. Allocation of numbers from by the consular officer; (4) an alien born JENNINGS) was granted permission to the pool and from national quotas shall not within any foreign state in which neither of extend his remarks at this point in the together exceed in any fiscal year the numeri- his parents was born and in which neither RECORD and to include extraneous mat- cal limitations in subsection (al of this sec- of his parents had a residence at the time of tion. The immigration pool shall be made such alien's birth may be charged to the ter.) available to immigrants otherwise admissi- foreign state of either parent. [Mr.. LEGGETT'S remarks will ap- ble under the provisions of this Act who are "'(c) Any immigrant born in a colony or pear hereafter in the Appendix.] unable to obtain prompt issuance of a pref- other component or dependent area of a erence visa due to oversubscription of their foreign state unless a special immigrant as quotas, or subquotas as determined by the provided in section 101(a)(27) or an imme- (Mr. SMITH of Virginia (at the re- Secretary of State. Visas and conditional diate relative of a United States citizen as quest of Mr. JENNINGS) was granted per- entries shall be allocated from the immigra- specified in section 201(b), shall be charge- q tion pool within the percentage limitations able, for the purpose of limitation set forth mission to extend his remarks at,this and in the order of priority specified in sec- in section 202(a), to the foreign state, except point in the RECORD and to include ex- tion 203 without regard to the quota to which that the number of persons born in any traneous matier.) the alien is chargeable. such colony or other component or depend- ent area overseas from the foreign state of Virginia's remarks 11 I(e) char eable to the foreign state in any one after in the Appendix.] quotas of quota areas shall terminate June g Th reafter immigrants admissible fiscal year shall not exceed 1 per centum of s a a 1 6 GRA1kION AND NATIONALITY ACT-CONFERENCE REPORT Mr. CELLER submitted the following conference report and statement on the bill (H.R. 2580) to amend the Immigra- tion and Nationality Act, and for other purposes . CONI'ERENCE REPORT (I~. EPT No. 1101) The coma Ittee of conference on the die agreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 2580) to ' amend the Immigration and Na- . 9 30, the maximum number of immigrant vis under the provisions of this Act who are sub- available to such foreign state. ject to the numerical limitations of subsec- tion (a) of this section shall be admitted in "'(d) In the case of any change in the accordance with the percentage limitations territorial limits of foreign states, the Sec- and in the order of priority specified in sec- retary of State shall, upon recognition of Lion 203.' such change, issue appropriate instructions "SEC. 2. Section 202 of the immigration to all diplomatic and consular cfiices.` and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. "SEC. 3. Section 203 of the Immigration 1152) is amended to read as follows: and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. "'(a) No person shall receive any prefer- 1153 is amended to read as follows: ence or priority or be discriminated against "'SEC. 203. (a) Aliens who are subject to in 'the issuance of an immigrant visa be- the numerical specified visas sec- cause of his race, sex, nationality, place of tion 201(a) shall birth, or place of residence, except as specif- conditional entry authorized, as the case may ically provided in section 101 (a) (27), sec- be, as follows: p n o limitation set section (a) of this section when approved by the Secretary of State. All other inhabited lands shall be attributed to a foreign state specified by the Secretary of State. For the purposes of this Act the foreign state to which an immigrant is chargeable shall be determined by birth within such foreign state except that (1) an alien child, when accom- panied by his alien parent or parents, may be charged to the same foreign state as the accompanying parent or of either accom- panying parent if such parent has received or would be qualified for an immigrant visa, if necessary to prevent the separation of the child from the accompanying parent or par- ents, and if the foreign state to which such parent has been or would be chargeable has not exceeded the numerical limitation set forth in the proviso to subsection (a) of this section for that fiscal year; (2) if an alien is chargeable to a different foreign state from that of his accompanying spouse, the foreign state to which such alien is charge- able may, if necessary to prevent the separa- tion of husband and wife, be determined by the foreign state of the accompanying spouse, if such spouse has received or would be qual- ified for an immigrant visa and if the foreign state to which such spouse has been or would be chargeable has not exceeded the numeri- cal limitation set forth in the proviso to sub- section (a) of this section for that fiscal year; (3) an alien born in the United States shall be considered as having been born in No.18D-7 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 e Attorney General as provided in section 204. "'(d) Every immigrant shall be presumed to be a nonpreference immigrant until he establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer and the immigration officer that he is entitled to a preference status under para- graphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a), or to a special Immigrant status under section 101(a) (27), or that he is an immediate rela- tive of a United States citizen as specified in section 201(b). In the case of any alien claiming In his application for an immigrant visa to be an immediate relative of a United States citizen as specified In section 201(b) or to be entitled to preference immigrant status under paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (a), the consular officer shall not grant such status until he has been authorized to do so as provided by section 204. "(e) For the purposes of carrying out his responsibilities in the orderly adminis- tration of this section, the Secretary of State tinued intention to apply for a visa in such manner as may be by regulation prescribed, "'(f) The Attorney General shall submit to the Congress a report containing com- plete and detailed statement of facts in the case of each alien who conditionally entered the United States pursuant to subsection (a) (7} of this section. Such reports shall be submitted on or before January 15 and June 15 of each year. "'(g) Any alien who conditionally en- tered the United States as a refugee, pur- suant to subsection (a) (7) of this section, whose conditional entry has not been ter- minated by the Attorney General pursuant to such regulations as he may prescribe, who has been in the United States for at least two years, and who has not acquired permanent residence, shall forthwith return or be returned to the custody of the Im- migration and Naturalization Service and shall thereupon be inspected and examined for admission into the United States, and his case dealt with in accordance with the provisions of sections 235, 236, and 237 of this Act. (h) Any alien who, pursuant to subsec- tion (g) of this section, is found, upon inspection by the immigration officer or after alien lawfully admitted for permanent resi- dence claiming that an alien is entitled to a preference status by reason of the relation- ship described in section 203(a) (2), or any alien desiring to be classified as a preference immigrant under section 203(a) (3) (or any person on behalf of such an alien), or any person desiring and intending to employ within the United States an alien entitled to classification as a preference immigrant un- der section 203(a) (6), may file a petition with the Attorney General for such classifi- cation. The petition shall be In such form as the Attorney General may by regulations pre- scribe and shall contain such information and be supported by such documentary evi- dence as the Attorney General may require. The petition be ade oat ministered bysanylIndividual having authoor- ity to administer oaths, if executed in the United States, but, if executed outside the United States, administered by a consular officer or an immigration officer. "'(b) After an Investigation of the facts in each case, and after consultation with the Secretary of Labor with respect to petitions to accord a status under section 203(a)j (3) or (6), the Attorney General shall, if he de- termines that the facts stated in the peti- tion are true and that the alien in behalf of whom the petition is made is an immediate relative specified in section 201(b) or is eli- gible for a preference status under section 203(a), approve the petition and forward one copy thereof to the Department of State. The Secretary of State shall then authorize the consular officer concerned to grant the preference status. "'(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) no more than two petitions may be approved for one petitioner in behalf of a child as defined in section 101(b), (1) (E) or (F) unless necessary to prevent the separation of brothers and sisters and no!pe- tition shall be approved if the alien has pre- viously been accorded a nonquota or prefer- ence status as the spouse of a citizen of the United States or the spouse of. an alien law- fully admitted for permanent residence,. by reason of a marriage determined by the At- torney General to have been entered into for the purpose of evading the immigration laws. '"(d) The Attorney General shall forward to the Congress a report on each approved pe- tition for immigrant status under sections 203(a) (3) or 203(a) (6) stating the basis for his approval and such facts as were by him deemed to be pertinent in establishing the beneficiary's qualifications for the prefer- ential status. Such reports shall be sub- mitted to the Congress on the first and fif- teenth day of each calendar month in which the Congress is in session. "'(e) Nothing in this section shall be con- strued to entitle an immigrant, in behalf of whom a petition under this section is ap-. proved, to enter the United States as a prefer- ence immigrant under section 203(a) or as an immediate relative under section 201(b) if upon his arrival at a port of entry in the United. States he is found not to be entitled --- ' to such class ficati Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 HOUSE Septe7n6er 29, 1965 1 Visas shall be Srst made availabl e, order in which they 112 Abel' not tp.exceed 20 qualify. Waiting lists of hearing before nd a special inquiry officer, to per centum of applicants shall be maintained in accordance be admissible as an immigrant an e,.g be er this u r,specified insection 201 (a) (ii), to with regulations prescribed by the Secretary Act at the time of his inspection an exam- ttalffied immigrants who are the unman- of State. No immigrant visa shall be issued nation, except for the fact that he was not nett s9ns or daughters of citizens of the to a nonpreference immigrant under, this tb1( states and is not in possession of the documents ph, or to an t with a ?' ! 2 Visas shall next be made available, arageraunder paragraph immig3) nor (6) ofpthref- is required by section 212 (a) (20), shall be re- la a muJjer.not .ta exceed 20 per centum of subsection, until the consular officer is in permanent residence garded as lawfully admitted to the United for the nt lbex,~,specifed in section 201 (a) (ii), receipt of a determination made by the Sec- date o of his s arrival.' for ec~BecC retary paragraphq(1), to q alifieda m- sects on 212Labor (14). to the provisions of "SEC. Section 204 of the Immigration fnigrants who are the. spouses, unmarried a'(0) A ) and Nationality Act t ( (66 Stat. 176; 8U.S.C. sons or unmarried daughters of an alien law- tion 101(b) p(o1) (A) or child Bd (C), (D), in sec- 1154) is a4. (a) Any read as follhe fully admitted for. permanent residence, shall, if not otherwise entitled (D), entitled immi) States c 204. claiming that a tai en is the United a `"'(3) Visas shall. next be made available, grant status and the immediate issuance of a refs nce tt treason n f the relation- in a a number not to exceed 10 per centum of visa or to conditional entry under paragraphs preference status by of the the number specified in section 201(a) (fi) (1) through (8), be entitled to the same ships sestone2 in paragraphs me (4), l- to quaiified,i_mmigrants who are members of status, and the same order of consideration (5) of section 203(a), or to an immediate re- the professions. or who h--- ,...w,.,.. -- .. . . V111-0 gate?}.&ial1y benefit prospectively the " v'u(b) In Considering to join, considering his spouse or applications for i parent. m- Adtiotl- economy, cultural Interests, or wel- migrant visas. under subsection (a) consid- fare of the United States. eration shall be given to applicants in the (4) Visas shall next be made available, order in which the classes of which they are number,not to.exceed 10 per centum of members are listed in subsection (a). the number 'specified in section 201(a) (ii), "'(C) Immigrant visas Issued plus any visas not pursuant to required for c classes paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection in paragraphs (1) through (a) shall be issued to eligible immigrants qualifled imgrants .who are the married in the order in which a petition in behalf s0 r e. married .daughters of citizens of of each such immigrant is filed with th Elie tfilited Ste,tes. "'(5) "Visas shall next be made available, in a numbor.pot. to exceed 24 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), plus any visas not required for the classes specified in paragraphs (1) through (4), to qualified ,trn.ii 'grants who are the brothers or sisters of ee,tizens -pf the United States. "'.(8) Visas, shall next be made available, in a number, not to exceed 10 per centum of the number specified in section 201 (a) (ii), to qualified immigrants who are capable of Performing specified skilled or unskilled labor, not of a temporary or seasonal nature, for which a shortage of employable and will- ing persons exists in the United States. "'(7) Conditional entries shall next be made available, by the Attorney General, pur- suant to such regulations as he may pre- scribe and in, a number not to exceed 6 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a)'(Ii), to aliens who satisfy an Immigra- tion, and Naturalization Service officer at an examination any non-Communist o r non- Co;nmunietominated country, (A) that (I) is "C anticipated numbers of visas to be because of persecution, or.fear.of persecution issued during any quarter of any fiscal year oi( account of race, religion, or political opin- within each of the categories of subsection ion they have fled (I) from any Communist (u) and to rely upon such estimates authorizing The or-Co. ran nist-dominated country or area, or Secretary the issuance of such etion Tay (II) from any country within the general cretary of State, in his discretion, may area'oftlie Middle East, and (ii) are unable terminate the registration on a waiting list or unwilling to return to such country or area on account of race, religion; or political opinion, and, (iii) are not nationals of the countries or areas in Which their application for conditional, entry is made; or (B) that they are persons uprooted by catastrophic natural Calamity as defined by the President Who are unable to return to their usual place of abode. For the purpose of the foregoing the term '.`general area of the Middle East" means the area between and including (1) Libya on the west, (2) Turkey on the north, (3) Pakistan on the east, and (4) Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia on the south: Provided, That immigrant visas in a number not ex- ceeding one-half the number specified in this paragraph may be made available, in lieu of conditional entries of a like number, to such aliens who have been continuously physi- cally present in the United States for a pe- riod of ,et least two years prior to application for adjustment of status. "'(8) Visas authorized in any fiscal year, less those required for Issuance to the classes specified in,paragraphs (1) through (6) and less the number of conditi -- o al o pawag aph (7), shall be made available to other quali- fied Immigrants strictly in the chronological App oved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA- RDP67BO0446R00Q10004000146 Approved For Release 2004/01116: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 29, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE _"Sec. 5. Section 205 of the Immigration ar?d Nationality Act (66 Stat. 176; 8 U.S.C,. 1155) is amended to read as follows: "Mc. 205. The Attorney General may,.at ally time, for what he deems to be good and sufficient cause, revoke the approval of any petition approved by him under section 204. Such revocation. shall be,effective as of the date of approval of any such petition. In no case, however, shall such revocation have effect unless there is mailed to the peti- tioner's last known address a notice of the revocation and unless notice of the revoca- tion is communicated through the Secretary of State to the beneficiary of the petition before such beneS, iary commences his jour- ney to the United States. If notice of revo- cation is not so given, and the beneficiary applies for admission to the United States, his admissibility shall be determined in the manner provided for by sections 235 and '236, "SEc. 6. Section 206 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1.156) is amended to read as follows: 'Sze, 206, If an immigrant having an immigrant visa is excluded from admission to the United States and deported, or does not apply for admission before the expiration of the validity of his visa, or if an alien having an immigrant visa issued to him as a pref- erence Immigrant is found not to be a preference immigrant, an immigrant visa or a preference immigrant visa, as the case may be, may be issued in lieu. thereof to another qualified alien.' "SEc. _ 7, Section 207 of thq Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1157) is stricken. "'SEc. 5. Section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 166; 8 U.S.C. 1101) is, amended, as follows: "(a) Paragraph (27) of subsection (a) is amended. to read as follows: ,"(27) The term "special Immigrant" means- "' (A) an immigrant who was born in any Independent foreign country of the Western Hemisphere qr in thie Canal Zone and the spouse and. children of any such immigrant, if accompanying, or following to join him: Provided, That no immigrant visa shall be Issued pursuant, to this clause until the consular officer is, in receipt of a determi- nation made by the Secretary of Labor pursuant to the provisions of section 212(a)(14); "'(B) an immigrant, lawfully admitted for permanent residence, who is returning from a temporary visit abroad; ""(C) an immigrant who was a citizen of 'the United States and may, . under section 824(a) or 327 of title III, apply for reacquisi- tion of citizenship; " '(ti) (1) an immigrant who continuously for at least two years immediately preceding the time of his application for admission to the United States has been, and who seeks to enter the United States solely for th-, purpose of carrying on the vocation of minister of a religious denomination, and whose services are needed by such religious denominat_on having a bona fide organization in the.1Tnited States; and (ii) the spouse or the child of any such immigrant, If accom- panying or ,.following to join him; or ",' (E) an immigrant who is an employee, or an honorably retired former employee, of the United States Government abroad, and who, has performed faithful service for a `total pf fifteen years, or more, and his ac- companying spouse and children: Provided, That the, principal officer of a Foreign Serv- ice establishment, in his discretion, shall have recommended the granting of special Immigrant status to such alien in excep- tionai circumstances and the Secretary of 'State approves such recommendation and Ends that it is in the national interest to grant such status.' "(b) Paragraph (32) of subsection (a) is amended to read as follows: "' (32) The term "profession" shall include but not be limited to architects, engineers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and teachers in elementary or secondary schools, colleges, academies, or seminaries.' "(c) Subparagraph (1) (F) of subsection (b) is amended to read as follows: "(F) a child, under the age of fourteen at the time a petition is filed in his behalf to accord a classification as an immediate rela- tive under section 201(b), who is an orphan because of the death or disappearance of, abandonment or desertion by, or separation or loss from, both parents, or for whom the sole or surviving parent Is incapable of pro- viding the proper care which will be provided the child if admitted to the United States and who has in writing irrevocably released the child for emigration and adoption; who has been adopted abroad by a United States citizen and, his spouse who personally saw and observed the child prior to or during the adoption proceedings; or who is coming to the United States for adoption by a United States citizen and spouse who have complied with the preadoption requirements, if any, of the child's proposed residence: Provided, That no natural parent or prior adoptive parent of any such child shall thereafter, by virtue of such parentage, be accorded any right, privilege, or status under this Act.' "SEc. 9. Section 211 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1181) is amended to read as follows : "'SEc. 211. (a) Except as provided in sub- section (b) no immigrant shall be admitted into the United States unless at the time of application for admission he (1) has a valid unexpired immigrant visa or was born subsequent to the issuance of such visa of the accompanying parent, and (2) presents a valid unexpired passport or other suitable travel document, or document of identity and nationality, if such document is required under the regulations issued by the Attorney General. With respect to immigrants to be admitted under quotas of quota areas prior to June 30, 1988, no immigrant visa shall be deemed valid unless the immigrant is prop- erly chargeable to the quota area under the quota of which the visa is issued. "'(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 212(a) (20). of this Act in such cases or in such-classes of cases and under such conditions as may be by regulations pre- scribed, returning resident immigrants, de- fined in section 101(a) (27) (B), who are otherwise admissable may be readmitted to the United States by the Attorney General in his discretion without being required to obtain a passport, Immigrant visa, reentry permit or other documentation.' a'SEc. 10. Section 212 (a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended as follows:. "(a) Paragraph (14) is amended to read as follows: "'Aliens seeking to enter the United States, for the purpose of performing skilled or un- skilled labor, unless the Secretary of Labor has determined and certified to the Secre- tary of State and to the Attorney General that (A) there are not sufficient workers in the United States who are able, willing, qualified, and available at the time of ap- plication for a visa and admission to the United States and at the place to which the alien is destined to perform such skilled or unskilled labor, and (B) the employment of such aliens will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of the workers in the United States similarly employed. The ex- clusion of aliens under this paragraph shall apply to special immigrants defined in sec- tion 101(a) (27) (A) (other than the parents, spouses, or children of United States citizens or of aliens lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence), to pre- lerence immigrant aliens described in section 24549 203(a) (3) and (6), and to nonpreference immigrant aliens described in section 203(a) (8);'. "(b) Paragraph (20) is amended by delet- ing the letter '(e)' and substituting therefor the letter ' (a) '. "(c) Paragraph (21) is amended by delet- ing the word 'quota'. "(d) Paragraph (24) is amended by de- leting the language within the parentheses and substituting therefor the following: 'other than aliens described in section 101(a)(27) (A) and (B): "SEc. 11. The Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat.175; 8 U.S.C. 1151) Is amended as follows: "(a) Section 221 (a) is amended by de- leting the words 'the particular nonquota category in which the immigrant is classified, If a nonquota Immigrant,' and substituting in lieu thereof the words 'the preference, non- preference, immediate relative, or special im- migration classification to which the alien is charged.' "(b) The fourth sentence of subsection 221(c) is amended by deleting the word 'quota' preceding the word `number;' the word 'quota' preceding the word 'year;' and the words 'a quota' preceding the word 'im- migrant,' and substituting in lieu thereof the word 'an'. "(c) Section 222(a) Is amended by de- leting the words 'preference quota or a nonquota immigrant' and substituting in lieu thereof the words 'an immediate rela- tive within the meaning of section 201(b) or a preference or special immigrant'. "(d) Section 224 is amended to read as follows: 'A consular officer may, subject to the limitations provided in section 221, issue an immigrant visa to a special Immigrant or immediate relative as such upon satisfac- tory proof, under regulations prescribed under this Act, that the applicant is entitled to special immigrant or immediate relative status.' "(e) Section 241(a) (10) is amended by substituting for the words 'Section 101(a) (27) (C)' the words 'Section 101(a) (27) (A)'. "(f) Section 243(h) is amended by strik- ing out 'physical persecution' and inserting in lieu thereof 'persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion'. "SEC. 12. Section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 214; 8 U.S.C. 1254) is amended as follows: "(a) Subsection (d) is amended to read: "'(d) Upon the cancellation of deporta- tion in the case of any alien under this sec- tion, the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent resi- dence as of the date the cancellation of de- portation of such alien is made, and unless the alien is entitled to a special immigrant classification under section 101 (a) (27) (A), or is an immediate relative within the mean- ing of section 201(b) the Secretary of State shall reduce by one the number of nonprefer- ence immigrant visas authorized to be issued under section 203 (a) (8) for the fiscal year then current.' "(b) Subsection (f) is amended by in- serting after the language 'entered the United States as a crewman' the language 'subse- quent to June 30, 1964;'. "SEc. 13. Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 217; 8 U.S.C. 1255) is, amended as follows: "(a) Subsection (b) is amended to read: "'(b) Upon the approval of an applica- tion for adjustment made under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent resi- dence as of the date the order of the Attorney General approving the application for the adjustment of status is made, and the Secre- tary of State shall reduce by one the number of the preference or nonpreference visas au- thorized to be issued under section 203(a) within the class to which the alien is charge- able, for the fiscal year then current.' Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R060100040001-6 24550 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD HOUSE September 29, 196k "'(b) Subsection (c) is amended to read: '(c) The provisions of this section shall not be applicable to any alien who is a native of any country Of the Western Hemisphere or of any adjacent island named in section 101(b)(5). "SEC. 14. Section 281 of the Immigration and Nationality-Act (66 Stat, 230; 8 U.S.C. 1851) is amended as follows: "(a) Immediately after 'SEC. 291: insert ' (a)' (b)_ Paragraph (6) is amended to read as follows: "' (6) For filing with the Attorney General of each petition under section 204 and sec- tion 214(c), $10; and'; "(c) The following is inserted after para- graph (7), and Is designated subsection (b) : 11-1 (b) The time and manner of payment of the fees specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section, includ- Ing but not limited to partial deposit or pre- payment at the time of registration, shall be prescribed by the Secretary of State.'; and "(d) The paragraph beginning with the words 'The fees ? * *' is designated sub- section (c). "SEC. 15. (a) Paragraph (1) of section 212 (a) of the 'Immigration and Nationality Act 6 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 1182(a) (1)) is rme edby deleting the language 'feeble- minded' `and inserting the language 'men- tally retarded' in its place. "(b) Paragraph (4) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 182; g U.S.C. 1182(a) (4)) is amended by deleting the word 'epilepsy' and substi- tutin the words 'or sexual deviation'. Y`(c Sections 212 (f), (g), and (h) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by the Act of September 26, 1961 (75 St.. 654, 655; 8 U.S.C. 1182), are hereby redesignated sections 212 (g), (h), and (t), respectively, and section 212 (g) as so redesignated is amended by inserting before the words 'afflicted with tuberculosis in any form' the following 'who is excludable from the United States under paragraph (1) of sub- section (a) of this section, or any alien' and by adding at the end of such subsection the following sentence: 'Any alien excludable under ara.graph (3) of subsection (a) of this section because of past history of men- tal illness who has one of the same family relationships as are prescribed in this sub- section`for aliens afflicted with tuberculosis and whom the Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service finds to have been free of such mental illness for a period _of time sufficient in the light of such ,history to demonstrate recovery shall be eli- gible for a visa in accordance with the terms of this subsection.' "Sac Id. Sections 1, 2, and 11 of the Act of 'Ju?y` 14; 19611 (74 Stat. 504-505), as amended by section 6 of the Act of June 28, 1562 (76 Stat. 124), are repealed. "SEC. 17. Section 221(g) of the Immigra. t1al} ahd_ nationality Act (66 Stat. 192; 8 U.S.C. 1"201(g)) 'is amended by deleting the period' at' the end thereof and adding the following: Provided further, That a visa may be issued to an alien defined In section 101 (a) (15) (B) or (F), if such alien is other- wise entitled to receive a visa, upon receipt of a notice by the- consular officer from the Attorney General of the giving of a bond with sufficient surety in such sum and con- taining such conditions as the consular of- ficer shall prescribe, to insure that at the expiration of the time for which such alien has been admitted by the Attorney General, as provided in section 214(a), or upon failure to maintain the status under which he was admitted, or to maintain any status subse- quently acquired under section 248 of the Act, such alien will depart from the United States.' "sac: 18. So much of section 272(a) of the Immigration 'and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 226; 8 U.S.C. 1322(a)) as precedes the words shall pay to the collector of customs' is amended to read as follows: "'SEC. 272. (a) Any person who shall bring to the United States an alien (other than an alien crewman) who is (1) mentally re- tarded, (2) insane, (3) afflicted with psycho- pathic personality, or with sexual deviation, (4) a chronic alcoholic, (5) afflicted with any dangerous contagious disease, or (6) a nar- cotic drug addict,'. "SEC. 19. Section 249 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 219; 8 U.S.C. 1259) is amended by striking out 'June 28, 1940' in clause (a) of such section and in- serting in lieu thereof 'June 30, 1948.' "SEC. 20. This Act shall become effective on the first clay of the first month after the expiration of thirty days following the date of its enactment except as provided herein. "SEC. 21. (a) There is hereby established a Select Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration (hereinafter referred to as the 'Commission') to be composed of fifteen members. The President shall appoint the Chairman of the Commission and four other members thereof. The President of the Sen- ate, with the approval of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, shall appoint five members from the membership of the Senate. The Speaker of the House of Rep- resentatives, with the approval of the ma- jority and minority leaders of the House, shall appoint five members from the mem- bership of the House. Not more than three members appointed by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Rep- resentatives, respectively, shall be members of the same political party. A vacancy in the membership of the Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original designation and appointment. "(b) The Commission shall study the to, lowing matters: "(1) Prevailing and projected demographic, technological, and economic trends, particu- larly as they pertain to Western Hemisphere nations; "(2) Present and projected unemployment in the United States, by occupations, indus- tries, geographic areas and other factors, in relation to immigration from the Western Hemisphere; "(3) The interrelationships between immi- gration, present and future, and existing and contemplated national and international programs and projects of Western Hemi- sphere nations, including programs and proj- ects.for economic and social development; "(4) The operation of the immigration laws of the United States as they pertain to Western Hemisphere nations, including the adjustment of status for Cuban refugees, with emphasis on the adequacy of such laws from the standpoint of fairness and from the standpoint of the Impact of such laws on employment and working conditions within the United States; "(5) The implications of the foregoing with respect to the security and international relations of Western Hemisphere nations; and "(6) Any other matters which the Com- mission believes to be germane to the pur- poses for which it was established. "(c) On or before July 1, 1967, the Com- mission shall make a first report to the President and the Congress, and on or before January 15, 1968, the Commission shall make a final report to the President and the Con- gress. Such reports shall include the recom- mendations of the Commission as to what changes, if any, are needed in the immigra- tion laws in the light of its study. The Commission's recommendations shall In- clude, but shall not be limited to, recom- mendations as to whether, and if so how, numerical limitations should be imposed upon immigration to the United States from the nations of the Western Hemisphere. In formulating its recommendations on the latter subject, the Commission shall give particular attention to the impact of sucih immigration on employment and working conditions within the United States and to the necessity of preserving the special re- lationship of the United States with its sister Republics of the Western Hemisphere. "(d) The life of the Commission shall ex- pire upon the filing of its final report, except that the Commission may continue to func- tion for up to sixty days thereafter for the purpose of winding up its affairs. "(e) Unless legislation inconsistent here- with is enacted on or before June 30, 1968, in response to recommendations of the Com- mission or otherwise, the number of special immigrants within the meaning of section 101(a) (27) (A) of the Immigration and Na- tionality Act, as amended, exclusive of special immigrants who are immediate rela- tives of United States citizens as described in section 201(b) of that Act, shall not, in the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1968, or., In any fiscal year thereafter, exceed a total of 120,000. "(f) All Federal agencies shall cooperate fully with the Commission to the end that it may effectively carry out its duties. " (g) Each member of the Commission who is not otherwise in the service of the Govern- ment of the United States shall receive. the sum of $100 for each day spent in the work of the Commission, shall be paid actual travel expenses, and per diem in lieu of sub- sistence expenses, when away from his usual place of residence, in accordance with section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended. 'Each member of the Commis- slon who is otherwise in the service of the Government of the United States shall serve without compensation in addition to ithat received for such other service, but while en- gaged in the work of the Commission shall be paid actual travel expenses, when away from his usual place of residence, in accord- ance with the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended. "(h) There is authorized to be appgopri- ated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, so much as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. "SEC. 22 (a). The designation of chapter 1, title II, is amended to read as follows: 'CHAPTER 1-SELECTION SYSTEM'. "(b) The title preceding section 201 is amended to read as follows: 'NUMERICAL LIMrrATIONs'. "(c) The title preceding section 202 Is amended to read as follows: 'NUMERICAL LIMITATION TO ANY SINGLE FOREIGN STATE'. "(d) The title preceding section. f 03 is amended to read as follows: 'ALLOCATION OF IMMIGRANT VISAS'. "(e) The title preceding section 204 is amended to read as fbllows: 'PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING IMMIGRANT STATUS'. "(f) The title preceding section 205 is amended to read as follows: 'REVOCATION of APPROVAL OF PErrrxONs'. "(g) The title preceding section :206 is amended as follows: 'UNUSED IMMI- GRANT VISAS'. "(h) The title preceding section 207 is repealed. "(1) The title preceding section 224 of chapter 3, title II, is amended to read as follows: 'IMMEDIATE RELATIVE AND SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISAS'. 11(j) The title preceding section 249 is amended to read as follows: 'ascoRn OF AD- MISSION FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE IN THE CASE OF CERTAIN ALIENS WHO ENTERED THE UNITED STATES PRIOR TO JULY 1, 1924, on JUNE 30, 1948,' "Svc. 23. (a) The table of contents (Title II-Immigration, chapter 1) of the Ilmnigra- tion and Nationality Act, Is amended to read as follows: Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 .rte' Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 29, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE > '-'CHAPTER 1-SELECTION SYSTEM_ "'Sec. 201. Numerical limitations. " `Sec 202. Numerical limitation to any single foreign state. Sec. 203. Allocation of immigrant visas. "'See, 204. Procedure for granting immi- grant status. "'See. 205. Revocation of approval of peti- . tions. "'Sec. 206, Unused immigrant visas.' "(b) The table of contents (Title 11-Im- migration, chapter 3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, is amended by changing the designation of section 224 to read as follows: "'Sec. 224. Immediate relative and special Immigrant visas'. "(c) The table of contents (Title II-Im- migration, chapter 5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act is amended by changing the designation of section 249 to read as follows: ".'sec. 249. Record of admission for perma- nent residence in the case of certain aliens who entered the United States prior to July 1; 1924, or June 30, 1948.' "SEC..24.,Paragraph (6) of section 101(b) is repealed." And the Senate agree to the same. EMANUEL CELLER, MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, FRANK C,HELF, PETER W. RODINO, Jr., HAROLD D. DONOHUE, JACIc B. BRoows, WILLIAM M, MCCVLLOC Acs A. MOORE, Jr. WILLIAM T. CAHILL, Managers on the Part of the House. SAMUEL J. ERvnN, Jr., EDWARD M. KENNEDY, PHILIP A. HART, EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, HIRAM FONG, JACOB K. JAvrr's, Managers on the Part of the Senate. The managers on the part of the' House at the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill H.R.2580 to amend the, Immigration and Nationality Act, and for' other purposes, submit the following state- ment in explanation of the effect of the ac- tion agreed upon by the conferees and rec- ommended in the accompanying conference report: The House passed H.R. 2580 and the Sen- ate then substituted the provisions it had adopted by striking out all after the enact- ing clause and inserting its own provision. The Senate insisted upon its version and requested a conference; the House then agreed to the conference. The conference report recommends that the Senate "recede from its disagreement to the House version and agree to the same with an ainenclment, the amendment being to insert in lieu of the matter Inserted by the Senate amendment the matter agreed to by the conferees, and that the Senate agree thereto. The confer- ence report contains substantially the lan- guage of the House version with certain ex- ceptions which are explained below. (1) As passed by the House the bill pro- vided in section 203(a) (7) that not more than 10,200 refugees from communism and from the general area of the Middle East may be granted conditional entries each year. As amended by the Senate, the definition of refugees was enlarged to include aliens who have been uprooted from their usual place of abode by a catastrophic natural calamity. The conferees agreed to adopt the Senate provision. -(2) The conferees have agreed to provide in section 4 of the bill that immigration officers as well as consular officers may ad- minister oaths executed outside of the United States. This section conforms with existing law. (3) The House bill contained in section 11 a provision requiring the President to report to the Congress in the event the number of immigrants admitted from the Western Hemisphere exceeded in any one fiscal year by 10 per centum or more the average num- ber admitted in the previous 5 fiscal years. The Senate amendment contained no such provision. In order to conform to a new section 21 which provides for the establish- ment of a Select Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration the conferees agreed to the deletion of the-House provision.' (4) The Senate amendment provided that the Attorney General, in his discretion, could suspend deportation of alien crewmen and adjust their status to that of lawful per- manent residents under the procedure pro-- vided in section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act. The House bill contained no such provision. The conferees agreed to the Senate version with an amendment precluding such suspension of deportation for those alien crewmen who entered sub- sequent to June 30, 1964. (5) The House bill provided in section 13 that natives of any countries of the Western Hemisphere or of an adjacent island shall be ineligible for adjustment of status under the provisions of section 245. The Senate amendment exempted from this provision aliens born in an independent country of the Western Hemisphere who, because of per- secution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion or political opinion, is out of his usual place of abode and unable to return thereto. The conferees agreed to ac- cept the House provision. - (6) Section 15 of the House bill provided for a discretionary waiver of exclusion based upon mental retardation for children un- der the age of 14 when accompanying their United States citizen or permanent resident alien parents into the United States. The Senate version provides a discretionary waiv- er for any person excludable because of mental retardation who is a relative as de- fined in the redesignated section 212(g). The 'conference report adopts the Senate version. (7) The conferees agreed to adopt the House version of section 17 and agreed to delete the Senate amendment thereto which provided that an alien student must submit evidence that he will be admitted and regu- larly enrolled as a student at an approved educational institution. Such requirement is substantially in existing law. (8) Section 19 of the Senate amendment has no equivalent in the House bill. The Senate amendment extended the benefits of section 249 to permit the creation of a record of lawful admission to aliens who entered the United States prior to June 28, 1958. The conferees agreed to adjust the date pro- vided in the Senate amendment to June 30, 1948. 9. Section 21 of the Senate amendment has no equivalent in the House bill. The conferees have adopted this provision which establishes a conditional limitation of 120,000 upon the Western Hemisphere and estab- lishes a Select Commission on Western Hemi- sphere Immigration composed of fifteen members with an amendment to provide that five members thereto. be appointed respec- tively by the President of the United States, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives with the stipulation that not more than three of the members appointed by the President of the Senate andthe Speaker of the House, respec- tively, shall be members of the same politi- cal party. The conferees added to the mat- ters to be studied by the Select Commission specific reference to the matter of adjust- 24551 ment of status of Cuban refugees in the United States. EMANUEL CELLER, MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, FRANK CHELF, PETER W. RODINO, Jr., HAROLD D. DONOHUE, JACK B. BROOKS, WILLIAM M. MCCULLOOH, ARCH A. MooRE, Jr., WILLIAM T. CAHILL, Managers on the Part of the House. LEAVE OF ABSENCE By unanimous consent, leave of ab- sence was granted to: Mr. MORRIS (at the request of Mr. AL- BERT), for September 29 and 30, on ac- count of official business. Mr. SMITH of Iowa, for October 1, on account of official business. Mr. REDLIN, for October 1, on account of official business. Mr. HANSEN of Iowa, for September 30 and October 1, on account of official busi- ness. Mr. RIVERS of Alaska, for September 29 through October 5, 1965, on account of National Parks Subcommittee field hear- ings. SPECIAL ORDERS GRANTED By unanimous consent, permission to address the House, following the legisla- tive program and any special orders heretofore entered, was granted to Mr. KASTENMEIER (at the request of Mr. JEN- NINGS), for 60 minutes, on September 30, 1965; and to revise and extend his re- marks and include extraneous matter. EXTENSION OF REMARKS By unanimous consent, permission to extend remarks in the Appendix of the RECORD, or to revise and extend remarks was granted to : Mr. EVERETT in three instances and to include extraneous matter. Mr. FINO. Mr. EDMONDSON in two instances and to include extraneous matter. Mr. DON H. CLAUSEN in four instances, and to include extraneous matter. (The following Members (at the re- quest of Mr. DEL CLAWSON), and to in- clude extraneous matter:) Mr. HANSEN of Idaho in five instances. Mr. MICHEL in two instances. Mr. HARVEY of Michigan. Mr. BOB WILSON in two instances. Mr. WALKER Of Mississippi. Mr. EDWARDS of Alabama. Mrs. BOLTON. Mr. CLEVELAND. Mr. RUMSFELD in two instances. Mr. NELSEN. Mr. FULTON of Pennsylvania in five in- stances. Mr. ROUDEBUSH in two instances. (The following Members (at the re- quest of Mr. JENNINGS), and to include extraneous matter:) Mr. CAREY in eight instances. Mr. Dow in two instances. Mr. FALLON. Mrs. SULLIVAN in two instances. Mr. RYAN in two instances. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 :.CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved rr.`vy~4f Or Mr. $ IYN?R. Mr. TODD ifl two tnat ce .. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -,OUSE September 29, 1965 Mr. Duie iii twQQ Lances, Mr.` Pucigs Cx in sixs7{1~$ances Mr. H, l_,44N ~p3 lavv n two instan ces. SENATE Nt OLL $1 S SIGNED The SPEAKER aounped his signa- ture to enrolled bills of the ,senate of the following titles: S.106t. Ap act to ailtttlrize the Secretary of o r . of tq acquire through exchange tfie Great, bs property in the State of Vir- fnTa for minfstratiop?in connection with the G`eofge Washington Memorial Parkway, 11 and for other purposes; 8.1766. An act to amend the,.Coiisoiidated Farmers Home Adminiatcation,Act, Pf 196,1.,to authorize the secretary, of Agriculture to make or;.insure .1Qan?,tqpublic and gxasi- public agencies and corporations not oper- ated for profit with respect to water supply, water systems, and waste disposal systems ~VW s grural areas andmt9 make grants to aid Tri.ritral, cc a ,1ty development, planning as}d in ,cvlix}ectlgli with; tie construction of such community facilities, to increase the annual aggregate of insured loans there- under, and for other purposes; and S. 1620.. A xi act to con lisiate the two judi- cial diatrbt in tie Statg_ of is~utkt Carolina into a sfiig e jud cial d strict and to make sitftal$e transitional, provisions with respect thereto. ENROI ED SI ,L .AND OINT Mr.BURLESON, from the Committee 'on House Admir 1strat3on, reported that that coirx tee. fad ermined and found truly enrolled bills and a joint resoluon Oct the Ii ttse of the, followin& tithes, ' wl1c11 were thereupon signed Speaker: antes payable under the,. war orphans' edu- catlonal ,assistance progam, and for other purposes; H l? 728. An act to aIpenU section 610 of the Merchant Marine Acp,1936; H,R. 12'14 An act for?the, relief of Mrs. Michiko Miyazaki williamms; and 1 .J. ties. 673. Joint rgsqlution making con- tinuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1g66, and for other purposes. .. JOLT N E1uT Mr J N IIN 1Vlr.,Speaker, I move that the Mouse,, do now adjourn. The motfon was agreed to; accordingly (at 5 o'clock and 37 minutes p.m.) the House adjourned until. tomorrow, Thurs- day, September 30, 1965, at 12 o'clock noon. EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC. 1628, Unfler clause 2 of rule XXIV, a cbmnlunicaition from the President, of the United,tates, transmitting proposed supplemental appropriations for the fis- cal year 1966 (>T. Doe. 295) was taken from the Speaker's table, referred to ,the Committee on Appropriations, and or- dered to be printed. LIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS and Means. By Mr. JENNINGS: Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports H.R.11326. A bill to amend the Internal for printing and reference to the proper limitations on the amount of the deduction calendar, as follows: for contributions to the pension and profit- Mr. GARMATZ: Committee on Merchant sharing plans made on behalf of self- Marine and Fisheries. H.R. R1582. A bill to employed individuals and to change the provide for the a conveyance of certain real w with respect of "earned income" applicable property to the State of California; with with to such plans; to the Committee on Ways and Means. amendment (Rept. No. 1098). Referred to By Mr. JONES of Missouri: the Committee . of the Whole House on the H.R. 11327. A bill to amend section 503 of State of the Union. title 38 of the United States Code so as to Mr. KING of California: Committee on provide that certain social security benefits Ways and Means. H.R. 8210- A bill to amend may be waived and not counted as income the International Organizations Immunities . to the Committee on Act; with amendment (Rept. No. 1099). Re- Vetererans' that section; Affairsrs. ferred to the Committee of the Whole House Vet By Mr. LONG of Maryland : on the State of the Union. H.R. 11328. A bill to establish a Federal Mr. KEOGH: Committee on Ways and Commission on Alcoholism, and for other Means. HR. 11029. A bill relating to the purposes; to the Committee on Interstate tariff treatment of certain woven fabrics of and Foreign Commerce. vegetable fibers (except cotton) ; with amend- HR. 11329. A bill to provide for the ment (Rept. No. 1100). Referred to the Com- designation ofthe ship Constellation as a na- mittee of the Whole House on the State of tional historic shrine and as the first ship the Union. of the Navy; and to provide further that the Mr. CELLER: Committee of Conference. flag of the United States of America may lie H.R. 2580. An act to amend the Immigration flown for 24 hours of each day over the and Nationality Act, and for other purposes Constellation; to the Committee on Interior (Rept. No. 1101). Ordered to be printed. and Insular Affairs, Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public bills and resolutions were introduced and severally referred as follows: By Mr. ADDABBO: H.R. 11319. A bill to provide for the estab- lishment of the Hudson Highlands National Scenic Riverway in the State of New York, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. _ 11 By Mrs. BOLTON: H.R. 11320. A bill to amend the internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow a credit against income tax to employers for the expenses of providing training programs for employees and prospective employees; to the Committee on Ways and Means. of the Revised Statutes with respect to the authority of Federal officers and agencies to withhold information and limit the avail- ability of records; to the Committee on Government Operations. Federal assistance to elementary schools throughout the Nation to improve educa- tional opportunities through provisions for the services of child development specialists and to provide a program of Federal assist- ance for the, training of such elementary school personnel in the institutions of higher education, and for other educational pur- poses; to the Committee on Education and Labor. By Mr. GONZALEZ: H.R. 11323. A bill to provide salary incen- tives for teachers who choose to teach chil- dren in elementary and secondary schools in school districts having high concentration of low-income families; to the Committee on Education and Labor. By Mr: GItAY: HR. 11324. A bill to amend the act. en- titled "An act to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroads by limiting the hours of service of employees thereon," approved March 4, 1907; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com- merce. By Mr. HARVEY of Michigan: H.R. 11325. A bill to suspend for a tempo- rary period the import duty on certain un- By Mr. MURPHY of New York: H.R. 11330. A bill to prohibit the trans- portation or shipment in interstate commerce of master keys to persons prohibited by State law from receiving.or possessing them; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com- merce. H.R. 11331. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow a deduction for income tax purposes of certain expenses incurred by the taxpayer for the education of a dependent; to the Committee on Ways and Means. H.R. 11332. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow a deduction for certain expenses of higher education; to the Committee on Ways and Means. By Mr. NELSEN: H.R. 11333. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow a credit against income tax to employers for the ex- penses of providing training programs for em- ployees and prospective employees; to the Committee on Ways and Means. By Mr. PELLY: H.R. 11334. A bill to provide for the issu ance of a special postage stamp in honor of the memory of the late general of the Army, Douglas MacArthur; to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. By Mr. REINECKE: H.R. 11335. A bill creating a commission to be known as the Commission on Noxious and Obscene Matters and Materials; to the Com- mittee on Education and Labor. H.R. 11336. A bill to strengthen the crim- inal penalties for the mailing, importing, or transporting of obscene matter, and for other purposes; to the Committee on the Judiciary. By Mr. ROSTENKOWSKI: H.R. 11337. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to remove certain Iimi- tations on the amount of the deduction for contributions to pension and profit-sharing plans made on behalf of self-employed in- dividuals and to change the definition of "earned income" applicable with respect to such plans; to the Committee on Ways and Means. By Mr. SPRINGER: H.R.11338. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to allow a credit against income tax to employers for the ex- penses of providing training programs for employees and prospective, employees; to the Committee on Ways and Means. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For R ~~ee 2pp 4~ 1 RDPGGZZBBOppp~~46R000100040001-6 September. 20 19b5CO IffiggI Iff WC, 6 SENATE 23557 1.588. I congratulate President Johnson for taking up the matter with such imag- ination and vigor. Now that final enactment appears -im- minent, I only wish to express the hope that the appropriations committees will see the wisdom of funding the authorized programs fully, and that the Department of C mmerce then will proceed as swiftly as possible to implement them. Espe- cially in New England, where we are faced with some hard decisions about public support for the continuance of rail passenger 'service, the demonstration projects provided in S. 1588 will be most helpful in guiding future policy. 'Finally, I would like to express my deep appreciation to the Senator from Wash- ing [Mr. MAGNUSON] 'who as chairman of the Commerce Committee introduced 5. 1588, and to the Senator from Ohio [Mr. LAUSCHE] who as chairman of the Transportation Subcommittee guided the measure with a sure hand. I extend my fullest thanks to my senior colleague from Rhode Island [Mr. PASTORE] who joined me in cosponsoring the legislation and then worked hard for its passage, and finally, thanks are due to Members of the-House, particularly Congressman HARRIS and Congressman STAGGERS who did much to insure approval of the bill. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question is on agreeing to the conference report. The report was agreed to. Subsequently the Presiding. Offi- cer laid before the Senate the amend- ment of the House of Representatives to the bill (S. 1588) to authorize the Sec- retary of Commerce to undertake re- search, development, and demonstra- tions in high-speed ground transporta- tion, and for other purposes, which was, to amend the title, so as to read: "An Act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to undertake research and development in high-speed ground transportation, and for other purposes. 7 Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, I move that the Senate con- cur in the amendment of the House to the title of the bill. Declaration of Independence, proclaims the' racial curbs in our immigration that all men are created equal. But in statutes. It wiped out total exclusion many areas of American life we have not against Japan and other Asian nations practiced this principal tenet of our de- and for the first time allowed many na- mocracy. tions a long-denied quota of immigrants. Less than a year ago, Congress enacted Progressive as that 1952 law was, to- United States have been charged against it; the quota for Okinawa, which does not fall under Japan's but under a special Asia-Pacific quota of 100 shared by 18 other Pacific dependencies, is backlogged for 48 years,. until the year 2011; the Philippines quota is 89 years behind, and ay '"s very obsolete. More than 10 'only the quotas of Afghanistan, Cam- the historic Civil Rights Act of 1964, de- day' signed to eliminate some of the more years have now passed since its enact- bodia, Malaya, Laos, and Nepal are open, e m,Qtio was agreed to. NATIONALITY ACT The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill (H.R. 2580) to amend the Im- migration and Nationality Act, and for blatant forms of racial discrimination ment. Since then, our Nation and the against our own citizens. Again, in this world have witnessed revolutionary 1st session of the 89th Congress, legisla- changes in almost every phase of life. tion has been enacted to extend, once Many areas emerged from colonial status and for all, the franchise of all eligible to full nationhood. Many nations have American citizens. changed their form of government. As we reappraise the relationship of There is greater clamor for freedom, citizen to citizen under these measures, liberty, and justice, and, worldwide, it is well for us to reexamine this same peoples are on the march seeking equal- relationship-man's equality to man- ity. Economic, interdependence has with respect to peoples of the world. shaken traditional economic, social, and Elimination of racial barriers against political patterns. citizens of other lands is a logical exten- At home, we have wiped out racial bar- sion of eliminating discrimination riers in our Armed Forces, in interstate against American citizens. transportation, in our institutions of Madam President, repeatedly and for higher learning, and in many areas of many years, I have spoken in the Sell- our economy. We are making significant ate to urge consideration of legislation progress in desegregating our public to reform our immigration laws in this schools, housing, business, and public way. Again and again I have urged that accommodations, and protecting the vot- the Congress enact an immigration meas- ing rights of all citizens. It is impera- ure to eliminate the last vestiges of racial tive that we, as a Nation, recognize this discrimination from our immigration great upheaval in our Nation and laws. throughout the world for equal status. Now, at last, we have before us an im- Repeatedly America has been accused migration proposal, H.R. 2580, which re- that it has been unfair in its immigra- fleets in every detail the principles of tion laws. We have erected racial bar- equality and human dignity to which our riers that deny equal dignity and respect Nation subscribes, and which, at the same to more than one-half of the world's time, serves the national interest, population. These racial barriers are NECESSITY FOR IMMIGRATION REFORM bad for America. They hurt America's This is an issue of fundamental na- image as the leader of the free world. tional policy, because the racial restric- For example, do Senators know that tions inherent in our present immigra- under present American immigration tion laws disparage our democratic herit- quotas for Asia and the Pacific areas age. They directly contradict the spirit more than 50 percent of the people who and principles of the Declaration of In- populate our newest State could be al- dependefice, the Constitution of the most totally excluded from the United United States, and our traditional stand- States? ards of fairness and justice. That Ireland, with a population of Racial immigration restrictions began 2,815,000 has a larger quota than all in 1875 and reached their peak in 1924. Asia, with a population of nearly one Public sentiment in 1924 was summarized and a half billion? by Senator David A. Reed, who said: That the quota for tiny Switzerland I think most of us are reconciled to the is greater than the quotas for the entire idea of discrimination. I think the Amer- African continent? ican people want us to discriminate; and I Rumania-a Communist na- do not think discrimination in itself is un- lionThat -has a quota of 289, which is small fair. We have got to discriminate. The only question that I think worries the committee enough, but this is nearly a third more is (which method) is the more plausible than our quota for non-Communist India method of attaining that discrimination. and the non-Communist Philippines Practically all of us are agreed that (racial combined? discrimination) is an end that should be attained. Do Senators know that the immigra- tion quotas of nearly every nation in the That is what Senator David A. Reed Asia-Pacific area are so small that they said. are heavily oversubscribed, according to However, since 1924, we have made latest State Department figures? tremendous Progress, toward removing Japan's waiting list stretches all the racial restrictions in our immigration way to 1989 or beyond; the quota for policies and practices. An outstanding Chinese persons is for all practical pur- milestone was the Immigration and Na- poses exhausted in perpetuity, because tionality Act of 1952. It was a far-reach- immigrants already admitted into the Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 23558 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -.SENATE Septemb& 20,.,,1965 11ce t lese a,ie eouiltries whic#1 gene ally have not sought immigration bgyond their borders. TIE OaIE1iAL EXCLy5IO ACTS , The racial strictures of the present im- migration laws lye their, genesis in the 19th, century, when more than 19 million immigrants arrived fn this country. The first restrictive law passed by Congress was the act `of March 3, 1875, which em- powered consular officials to investigate Chinese and Japanese immigrant, labor contracts for evidences of any lewd or immoral purposes. It establishes penal- ties for t1.S.citizens who transported sub- jects of China or Japan without free con- sent for a, teiiii of service and rendered ,such contracts void, Immigration offi- cers were required to inspect alliessels and certify their compliance. Because of the' tremendo,i s infilux v Chinese immigrants-200,000 from 1850 to,. 1880-following the discovery of gold in California, Congress enacted the first of. the Chinesei 4xcluslon Acts of 1882. The. act suspended immigration of ClUriesejabor~rs. to the p'nited States for 10 years, although Chinese, already in the ,country on November 17, 1880, were al- lowed to leave and reenter. Two years' later, the Chinese Exclu- Sion Act of 1882 was tightened even fur- ther. Not only was the period of sus- pension 'of Chinese immigration ex- tended another 10 years in the act of 1884; the stricture was made applicable to all Chinese, wherever their birth or whatever their national allegiance; While the Chinese Exclusion Act of March 12, 1888, allowed entry of Chinese officials, teachers, students, merchants, and travelers for pleasure or curiosity, the legislation at . October 1, 1888, took away from Chinese laborers the right of reentry `into "the 'United States, unless they had reentered before the date of the act. These exclusion laws were extended again in 189$ and in 1902, in 1904 they were, extiszldea without limitation. Partly because immigrants continued to pour into the United States-sonne fourteen and a half million between 1900' and 1920-and,partly, because of a sharp rise ink ,Japanese immigration during that period, there arose in Congress in- sistent demands for Japanese restriction. The Japanese Government protested vigorously. President Theodore Roose- velt, who was not in sympathy with Jap- anese restriction, pressed for passage of an act allowI ng Japanese to become nat- uralized citizens. Nevertheless, Con- gress in 1907 passed an immigration act authorizing the President to negotiate international agreements regulating Immigration. As required by law, Presi- dent Roosevelt signed a gentlemen's agreement with Japan In 1907, limiting the volume of Japanese immigration to the United States. Then, based on the 1907 law, the Pres- Hemisphere that they were considered . ev- ident later that year issued a proelama- perior, desirable, welcome to immigrate to tiop.. excly from the United States the United States, while condemning the Ja~panese ororean laborers, skilled or inferior, unfit iundesirable, not good enough. uiisilled, who have received passports to go to Mexico, Canada, or Hawaii and come therefrom. Seventeen years later, the House Com- mittee on Immigration, reporting on the quota law of 1924, pointed' out that the real Intent of the gentlemen's agreement was. to restrict Japanese immigration and thus check any further*growth of U.S. Japanese population, which was considered unassimilable and ineligible for citizenship. Under the gentlemen's agreement, be- tween 1907 and 1924 more than 53,000 Japanese immigrants were brought to Hawaii to work on the pineapple and sugar plantations. Total immigration of Japanese to Hawaii up to that time was 180,000. With passage of the Immigration Act_ of 1924, all Japanese immigrants as well as other persons of Oriental descent'were barred. In desperate need of cheap labor, Hawaiian planters turned to the Philippines, until 1946 an American possession, as an alternative source of labor supply. Between 1910 and 1932, more than. 100,000 Filipinos arrived in Hawaii. This represented the last large wave of Oriental migration to the United States. Opposition to free immigration gained momentum during World War I, and on February 5, 1917, Congress passed the progenitor of our present immigration law, codifying all previous exclusionary acts and going the rest of the way in laying the bases for our present Asia- Pacific triangle; it declared.#nadmissi- ble all natives of China, India, Burma, Siam, the 'Malay States; the eastern part of lussia; part of Arabia and Persia; Afghanistan; most of the Polynesian is- lands; and the East, Indies. Instead of calling it a triangle, the act labeled the area a barred zone. Seven years later, Congress passed the 1924 Immigration Act, which not only continued exclusion of the barred zone peoples but also brought to an end the gentlemen's agreement, thereby exclud- ing Japanese immigration to the United States. This exclusionary law of 1924 elicited vehement protests, especially from the Japanese Government, and many have said that this was one of the circum- stances that brought on World War H. Mike M. Masaoka, national legislative director of the Japanese-American Citi- zens League, testified. in the 1951 joint hearings on the Immigration Act as follows : To the oriental, Congress divided the world into two parts in 1924 when it approved an immigration law prohibiting the entry of Asiatics into this country for permanent residence. In effect, Congress informed the peoples of Europe, Africa, and the Western Included in this act was the concept of the national origins system in Amer- ican immigration policy, which was first proposed for legislative enactment! by Representative John Jacob Rogers as an amendment to the immigration bill then being considered by the House. Mr. Rogers, defining the system, made the following stat_ment on the floor of the House: We should * * * proportion our admission of Immigrants, not to the numbers of racial or national representatives composing the alien colonies or foreign groups now in the country but to the quantities of the various racial and national elements which have passed the refining test of the melting pot and have become amalgamated in the struc- ture of the American Nation. (65 CONGRES- SIONAL RECORD, 6226.) Madam President, you will remember that Senator Reed made the very same observation, which I quoted earlier. The national origins system, according to Oscar Handlin, "ranked all the nations of the earth according to the order of precedence and assigned the largest numberof admissions to those that were presumed to be closest in racial heritage to the original settlers of the United States." Its avowed purpose was con- cerned not with the immigrant's individ- ual worth, but with his place of birth. Our policies since the passage of the 1924 law to the present time have not been basically altered. While Chinese exclusion was repealed in 1943, and Fili- pinos and natives of India were declared admissible and eligible for naturalization In 1946, natives of the Asia-Pacific tri- angle area continue to be singled out un- der present immigration policies as de- serving of very meager consideration for entry. RACIAL STRICTURES OF THE 1952 IMMIGRATION ACT Secretary of State Dean Acheson, tes- tifying before the President's Commis- sion on Immigration and Naturalization shortly after the passage of the 1952 act, advised the Commission that: The lifting of the bar of exclusion caused deep gratification in Asia when the (1952) act was passed, but the racial discrimination apparent in the triangle provision can beex- pected to keep alive some feelings of resent- ment. * * * The combination of very small quotas for Asia and the Asia-Pacific triangle provisions still furnish ground for Asian suspicion of U.S. motives. While the Immigration and National- ity Act of 1952 did eliminate the last of the absolute bars against the admission of persons from the Asiatic barred zone and permitted their naturalization, spe- cial provisionswere written into the law to carefully hold thetotal number of m- migrants coming from the barred zone to Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 `eptembe `2O, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE an infinitely small fraction of total al- lowable , annual immigration: _2,890 of 158,561, or .1.82 percent. In, our present immigration laws, we may count at least eight racially.discrim- tem was conceived and anniia quotas were allotted only to, white nations. Polynesians, Orientals, and Negroes were totally excluded. In the 1952 act the na- tional origins system was continued for white nations, while Oriental and Poly- nesian countries and the newly emerging, nations of Africa were given minimal quotas of about 100 each. Because nonwhite nations were ex eluded from the system,' annual quota calculations were based only on the white population in the United States in 1920. As axi, example of how this annual quota was located to white nations, based on the 1920 census, there were about 39 mil- lion persons who derived their ancestry from the Uiiitcd.I'ingdom; one-'sixth of 1 percent of 39 million is equal to about 66,000 persons, which Is, then, the annual British quota. One reason advanced during the de- bates over the 1952 act for excluding the African Negroes from the national orig- ins computation was that the geographi- cal origins of American Negroes could not be determined, This assumption was. sharply challenged, however, by State Department geographers, who were able substantially to pinpoint their orig- ins by tracing the original African rail- road routes and, the port of embarkation from which the Africans were trans- shipped to the United States. While the natives of Africa were not enclosed in a triangle, there do exist special provisions, discussed below, that are designed to prevent Negro immigra- tion to the United States-even from areas in the Western Hemisphere. - THE ASIA-PACIF iC TRIANGLE Second. Under the 1952. act only 1.82 percent of the total annual. immigration quotas was attached to the Asia-Pacific triangle, where more than one-half of the world's population live. In addition, involved regulations based on race have been issued by the administering agen- cies to carry out the requirements of the complicated triangle provisions. The Asia-Pacific triangle, created by the 1,952 law, comprises that area bound- ed by the meridians 60? east and 165? west, longitude and by the parallel 25? south latitude. When traced on a map, the area actually appears as a triangle embracing all the Far East, southeast Asia, and all Pacific islands north of Aus- tralia and New Zealand-almost all of Polynesia and small portions of Micro- nesia and Melanesia. The 21 quota areas of the Asia-Pacific triangle, largely independent nations, are as follows: Asia-Pacific-which I will No. 173-17 explain later-Afghanistan, Bhutan, Cambodia, Ceylon, China, Chinese per- sons-which I will explain later-India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Nauru, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Islands-trust territories-Paki- stan, Philippine Islands, Thailand, Viet- nam, and Western Samoa. Also included in the triangle are the following subquota areas, largely colonies and dependencies: Christmas Island; Cocos-Keeling-Island; and the terri- tory of Papua, Australian dependencies; New Caledonia and the New Hebrides, French dependencies; the British Solo- mons, Brunei, Fiji, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Hong Kong, Maldive Islands, and Tonga, all British dependencies; the Ryukyus, presently under American administration; the Cook Islands, a New Zealand dependency; Macao, Portuguese India, and Timor, dependencies of Portugal. Both the Immigration and Naturaliza- tion Service of the Department of Justice and the State Department administer the 1952 law. By Issuing special regulations on the triangle, for example, the State De- partment sought to delineate the races indigenous to the area within the triangle as well as those not Indigenous. Those considered indigenous were the Dyaks of North Borneo, Sarawak, and Brunei; the Melanesians of the Fijis, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, and Nauru; the Micronesians of the Carolines, Marshalls, Marianas, Guam, and Gilbert Islands; the Negritos of Netherlands, New Guinea, Papua and New Zealand; the Parsees of India, the Pathans of Afghanistan and Pakistan; and the Sindi of Pakistan. According to the same regulations, the Turkic race is not considered to be indig- enous, while the Polynesian race In it- self-including the Maoris-is not re- garded as being either indigenous or not Indigenous to the Asia-Pacific triangle. This depends entirely on the place of birth, the regulations explain: A Polynesian born in Papua, which lies wholly within the Asia-Pacific triangle, is chargeable to the Asia-Pacific quota, but an alien of Polynesian ancestry born in French Oceania (which is outside the triangle) is chargeable to the subquota for French set- tlements in Oceania within the immigration quota established for France. This regulation illustrates how in- volved and complex our present immi- gration policies really are. Since all quota areas, except for Indo- nesia (with a quota of 200), Malaysia (400), Japan (185), and that for Chinese persons (105), are limited to the mini- mum quota of 100 guaranteed by the act, the total allowable annual Immigration from the Asia-Pacific triangle is only 2,890, only 1.82 percent of the total yearly Immigration to the United States of 158,561. 23559 But that figure of . 2,890 was only recently established. Until September 26, 1961, when Con- gress passed Public Law 87-301, the Asia- Pacific triangle had been limited to a ceiling quota of 2,000. Had there been any more than 20 quota areas in the triangle, any newly established quota would have reduced the quota of other nations and, dependencies proportion- ately. Section 9 of Public Law 87-301 repealed this inequitable ceiling. Still, the fact that more than one-half of the world's population live in the triangle area does not square with an annual allotment of only 2,890 immi- grants. The effect of these provisions is to permit the great majority of quota immigrants-over 81 percent-to come from northern and western Europe, and to allow more than 98 percent from Europe alone. The unfairness of this system is no- where more evident than in the previ- ously stated facts that, for example, Ire- land, with a population of 2,815,000, has a larger quota than all Asia; that we take more people from Switzerland than we do from the entire African Continent; that Rumania, a captive nation of the Iron Curtain, has a quota of 289, which is small enough, but is nearly a third more than our quota for India and the Phil- ippines combined. Because of the very small quotas as- signed the triangle nations, according to the quota report of the State Department dated August 1, 1965, the quotas of nearly every area within the triangle are heavily oversubscribed. For example, short of an extraordinary act of Congress, or the passage of immigration reforms, the non- preference quota for Chinese persons is so heavily mortgaged into the future- by immigrants already admitted into the United States-that State Department officials say that for all practical pur- poses, it has already been exhausted in perpetuity. Japan's quota is filled up at least until the year 1989; the quota for Okinawa, which does not fall under Japan's but under a special Asia-Pacific quota of 100 shared by 20 other de- pendencies, is backlogged for 48 years, until the year 2011; the Philippines quota Is 89 years behind. Only the quotas of Afghanistan, Cambodia, Malaya, Laos, and Nepal are open-since these are countries which generally have not sought immigration beyond their borders. RACE OR ANCESTRY IS DETERMINATIVE Third. While place of birth deter- mines the quota under which a white person would fall, race or ancestry is determinative for Polynesian and orien- tal persons. Normally, each nation's quota may be used only by persons born there. Present or past residence or citizenship is irrele- vant. A person born in Italy, for exam- ple, will be eligible for only the Italian Approved.For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 h Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 C'ONGtESSIONAL' 1tECO T -SEAT September quota eve~} If lie has become an English citizen and lraa worked'andlived in 1;ng- lid for,.l3lany years but the 1962__1mmipra?ion Act's pro- visos spell out special rather complicated stipulations epolicalile to oriental per- sons Wherever born Orientals born out- side of 1ta are rendered- ineligible for the, quota of their birt rptaee. Instead, anyone deriving as much as half his ancestry from persons who were born in or whose race Is indigenous to the Asiatic area is eligible only, for one of the tiny Asiatic quotas. If the country of hers oriental ancestors can.be_de m;Ined hems e'ii ible for only its quota.' or example, a person born in London to an ,nglish father and an ' In than ,n}other would have to wait, his turn under India's -annual quota, of 100, even If he had lived all his life'in London; under present oversubscribed quota con- -ditions, he would have to wait for at least 1159 years Yet, ff'a ersons ancestry is mixed or canny t22'. , he is, eligible for, only tine special qa or iod affotted to "Asia Pitcifle," more comonly called the tri- angle This was a quota created for such people and to ' cover the 19 colonies and ' deppendencies--called dub quota areas by the Immigration and la- tjonatit;or- Act of 1$5.2-in the triangle area. example, a person born, say, in Brazil of a Korean mother and a Japanese father wishing to enter the United States, 'would 'be assigned to the st)-called triangle quota; an immigrant born,'i i Germany of. ,a, Malayan father and a German charged to the triangle quota. Fourth, $ection 20 ,(b) (1) of the act thus established a special triangle quota of 100 to_ which thousands of oriental and I:',o lynesfaq? peoples living all over the world. }d Ip over 18 dependencies in the triangle area must be assigned. The triangle quota is, geographically . speak- ing, a general quota, not tied down to any specific area. Who, then, must be assigned to this quotas of 100 per" sons? Not immigrants born within a sep- arate quota area situated wholly within the triangle, for such' person; must be charged to the quota of the separate quota area in which he was born, For example, a Japanese born in Japan must come under the Japanese quota. Not immigrants born outside the triangle whose' ancestry is, attributable by one-half to` an ethnic group indig- enous to r}qt }ioxe. than one, separate quota area in tthe , triangle, since these persons would fall under the quota of that quota area. For example, an In- donesian born in Germany of an Indo- nesian mother and a German father would be attributed to the Indonesian quota. Persons chargeable to the triangle quota fall into three categories: First. Immigrants whose ancestry is 50 percent or more Asian, ei:cept Chinese, and who were born in a cc long or other dependent area located In the triangle, are allocated to the triangle quota: They are specifically excepted from the provisions of section 202(c) (1), which allows persons born in colonial areas to draw from the quota of the governing nation to the extent of 100 persons. This provision is available only to white persons born in those dependencies. For instance,' the New Hebrides, an archi- pelago in the south-centre I Pacific and a French protectorate, may not have a separate quota for native islanders or Asians born in the New Hebrides. Its subquota of 100, taken from the' under-- subscribed French quota, is available only to white persons born there. Only by a determination of the Secretary of State that it-is an independent country may the New Hebrides have its own quota. As the law presently stands, the native of New Hebrides and Asians born in those islands share the triangle quota of 100 with 17 other subqu )ta areas and an indeterminate numbe:? of persons born outside the triangle. The Ryukyus, however, provide, a rather complex problem in this regard. Those islands are now as;>igired to the triangle quota by administrative deter- mination of the State Department and are under U.S. administra,ion and jur- isdiction assigned by the United Nations Trusteeship Council. While Japan now has residual sovereignty, should the United States relinquish its administra- tive rights and full sovereignty revert to Japan, would the Ryukyus still fall under the triangle quota, or would it be as- signed to that of Japan? Presumably, if they are deemed a colony or dependency, the Ryukyus would remain under the triangle quota. But if they are con- sidered wholly a part of the sovereign nation of Japan, of course, they would be a part of that quota area. I will have, more to say on the Ryukyus later in my talk. Second. Immigrants born outside the triangle whose ancestry is one-half at- tributable to a people indigenous to one or more colonies or other dependent area located in the triangle must be charged to the triangle quota. Pc ,r example, a person born in Spain who Is one-half Spanish and one-half Tongan must be charged to the triangle quota. Third. Immigrants born outside the triangle whose ancestry may be traced to peoples indigenous to two or more separate quota areas in the triangle, except Chinese persons, must be attrib- uted to the triangle quota:. That is, a person born in France who is one-half Filipino and one-half Japanese would be charged to the triangle quota. THE CHINESE PERSONS QUOTA Fifth. There are two quotas for China-100 for the few white persons born in China and only 105 for the mil- lions of Chinese persons, wherever born. One quota, designated the China quota, is reserved .for persons born in Man- churia, Inner and Outer Mongolia, Sink- iang, Tibet, Taiwan, and the area of the Chinese mainland bounded by the 1938 boundaries. A second quota of 105 was established for Chinese persons. The reason for thislies in the history of the exclusion of Chinese from Ameri- can shores. Prior to the repeal of Chinese exclusion in 1943, since Chinese persons were ineligible for entry into the United States, the quota for China was used for white persons born on the.China mainland. The 1952 immigration law specifically provided in section 201(a) that: "the quota existing for Chinese persons prior to the date of enactment of this act shall be continued." Thus, the practice of allotting the China quota to whites was continued and necessitated the creation of a second quota-for Chinese persons. To assign a quota of 100 to the few thousand, at most, white persons born in China and only 5 more quota numbers to the entire Chinese world population speaks loudly as to the extremes to which our law has gone in discriminat- ing against a people. To the quota of Chinese persons were allocated all persons with as much as one-half Chinese blood, wherever born. This would be true, according to the State Department, even if the Chinese person were born in a subquota area located in the triangle. It matters not one, whit whether his family had lived in the United Kingdom, Brazil, or in the New Hebrides for generations; if he is one-half Chinese, he ismandatorily al- located to the Chinese persons quota. Sixth. Although present immigration law grants nonquota status to persons born in the Western Hemisphere, this is greatly diminished by two racial pro- visions: First. The special restrictions on ori- entals apply with equal measure to ori- entals born in hemispheric nations. For example, a native of Canada born of a Japanese mother and a Canadian father is not a nonquota immigrant, although a native of an independent country located in the Western Hemisphere. He must be charged to the quota for Japan. Second. Nonquota status is denied persons born in colonies of the Western Hemisphere. The immigration law pro- vides that each colony or other depend- ent area is limited to a quota of 100 a year to be taken from its parent coun- try's quota. As several witnesses to the 1951 joint hearings pointed out, plainly, this provision is aimed squarely against the Negroes of Jamaica, Trinidad, other Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Septembef 20, 1965 CONGRESSIONA ._:.RRCQ1.D, ~ XT West Indian and Latin American areas, who mate. up most of the immigrants from those areas. These immigrants formerly could take advantage of the consistently unfilled quotas, of their mother countries. , .Titus was true par ticularly of the British quota, which had been utilized rilore_by West Indians. than by other British subjects. The Imntigra- tion Act of, 1952 has effectively restricted such immigration. Seventh. Our present law clearly dis- criminates, not only, against orientals and I4egroes,'butalso against persons of eastern l;uropean, Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean origins, The combined quotas. for Greece Turkey, and Spain, for example, come to 783, which is rough- ly one-third of the quota we allot to Norway. Moreover, oversubscription plagues the quotas of 'nations from these areas as it does 'nation and dependencies in the tri- angle. Italy's ?quota is subscribed for some 47 years; Yugoslavia's for 35 years; Iran's for 86 years; Israel's for 157 years; Lebanon's for 31 years. Were it not for the fact that, by special legislation in 1957, Congress forgave the mortgages charged against nations from which Im- migrants entered the United States un- der the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, Latvian and Greek quotas, for example, would have been mortgaged until the years 2274 and 2.014, respectively. Eighth, Under the 1952 act, an Asian family of mixed . blood may be separated in migration, if the wife is accountable to. an oversubscribed quota, although her husband is chargeable to an open quota. On the other gland, a non-Asian wife ac- countable to an oversubscribed quota may be given the quota of her immigrant husband, -if he is fortunate enough to have access to an openquota. Tim PFySDING BULL HR. 2580 The bill,.H.R. 2580, , now before the Sen- ate eliminates all racial discrimination from American immigration laws by do- ing away wlth,thg_ national. origins quota system o ver .a 3-year period endingJuly 1, 1968. The Asia-Pacific triangle is en- tirely abolished, in its place, a ceiling of 170,000 regular immigrants a year is, made applicable on a first-come,. first qualified basis for all nations . outside the Western Hemisphere, with. a limtatlpn of 20,000 from any one country in a single year. In addition ,to the numerical ceilings, the bill sets up a series ofpreference cate- gories that give priority to minor chil- dren, the spouses, and parents of persons who .have. beeome..citizens or permanent residents. Below the family priorities, other pri- orities , are . set for members of the arts and professions; for skilled and unskilled workers for whom jobs are assured that do not displace American workers; and for refugees driven from their homes by political, racial, or religious persecution. The bill also provides for the establish- ment of a $elect Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration, and the impo- sition of a. ceiling of 120,000 quota immi- grants from. the Western Hemisphere, beginning July 1, 196$; this ceiling be- comes effective.on that date, unless the Commission recommends another course of action. During Judiciary Committee delibera- tions on the Western Hemisphere ceil- ing, I had suggested additional language providing that these immigrant visas be allocated in accordance with the same preference categories as those which ap- ply to the Eastern Hemisphere, as pro- vided in section 3 of the bill. I felt that this amendment. was necessary, because under sections .3 and 10 of the bill, the Secretary of Labor is required to make an affirmative finding that each intending immigrant has a job assured, that he would not displace any American worker and would not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of American workers similarly employed. This would mean that immigrants who are relatives of American citizens and resident aliens, who normally would fall under one of three preference cate- gories provided for in section 3 of the bill, would be subject to the Secretary's re- quired affirmative finding, and would not be accorded preferential, status. Thus, Western Hemisphere relatives of citizens and permanent residents would be dis- criminated against in the following cate- gories: First, unmarried children of U.S. citizens-first preference under section 3 of the bill-second, spouses and unmar- ried children of, alien. permanent resi- dents-second preference-and, third, brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens- fifth preference. At my suggestion, the committee de- cided to include in the report the con- census of the committee that this matter would be considered by the Select Com- mission on Western Hemisphere Immi- gration In the course of its study. I ask the distinguished Senator from Massachusetts, who has so ably con- ducted hearings on this legislation and is now floor managing it-am I not cor- rect in this matter? Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. The Senator from Hawaii is correct. He brought this matter to the attention of the committee. In response to the Sen- ator, let me say that the language in- cluded in the report on page 27, reads as follows: There was also discussed a proposal to amend section. 21 of the bill relating to the 2j establishment of a numerical limitation on Western Hemisphere immigration on July 1, 1968. Additional language was suggested to be added to section 21(e) to provide that immigrant visas be allocated to any immi- grant who becomes subject to the numerical limitation under the same system of prefer- ences applicable to other immigrants as specified in section 203 of the Immigration and Nationality Act. It was the consensus of the committee that this is a matter that will be considered by the Select Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration in the course of its study. Mr. F.ONG. ` I thank the distinguished Senator for his answer. . Mr. President, two other matters of statutory interpretation were adopted by the Judiciary Committee and included in its report, The first refers to the Ryukyu Islands situation, which I described earlier. I did not press for statutory language to correct a long-standing inequity regard- ing the Ryukyus-resulting from the fact that those islands are presently in- cluded in the triangle quota. I have a letter which was sent to me from the Department of State containing the following commitment: Intending Immigrants from the Ryukyu Islands will undoubtedly benefit from the abolition of the Asia-Pacific triangle provi- sions of existnig law. When this occurs, it is contemplated that the Secretary of State will invoke the authority granted him by * * * Section 202(b) of H:R. 2580, and attribute the Ryukyu Islands to the quota area of the Pacific Islands. Native Ryukyuans will then share the quota numbers allotted from the Pacific Islands quota (during the transition period) and In addition, will have access to the numbers assigned to the quota pool under H.R. 2580. Thus, native Ryukyuans will share the quota numbers allotted from the Pacific Islands quota and, in addition, will have access to the numbers assigned to the quota pool under the bill. The Ryukyu Islands and the Pacific Islands together will constitute one quota area which will be restricted, like any other quota area, to not more than 20,000 quota numbers annually. The Judiciary Committee included this commitment of the Department of State in its report as an understanding of the committee. I ask the distin- guished Senator from Massachusetts, is this not correct? Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. The Senator is again correct. In re- sponse to the Senator's raising of this point the committee stated, on page 27 of the report: The attention of the committee was also directed to an immigration problem of the natives of the Ryukyu Islands resulting from the fact that those islands are presently included within the areas assigned to the Asia-Pacific triangle quota. It is the corn- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 . +C 1 t'ESSf(NAT: 'RE Mil -"SENA" E September ~20, 1965 p+v.~r+..? - u... -_- mit(e'e s understanaing snai lu 411c Crcuo V11C a-1 ........ es 11,R'.' 2561 hecomes`labv, 'it is contemplated aliens who have lived in the United erene other than fifth preference (brothers at tIe Sgcr ta States for 7 years and who entered the and sisters) will, however, be lower than thr bf State will attribute flyuyu is"rands` to the quota area of the first-year issuances because most of the the ? li current oversubscriptions in those cafe - the`"Pacificl'alands"and that during the 3- country before June 28, 1958; may have year .i'nterii peiiod'natives' of the Ryukyu their statuses adjusted-so thfit they may gories will have been satisfied during the islands will have" access to the Pacific Is- eventually become U.S. citizens. first year. In the fifth preference there will w ? A second amendment allows the iSSU- be a substantial carryover of unsatisfied lands quota. ante of visas to students-previously de- demand which will cause full usage of the Mr. FONG. I thank the distinguished nied admission-upon posting bond and Pool in the second year. The carryover of Senator for his reply. showing proof of acceptance at a recog- unused numbers to the third year, how- will be smal so that the pool Mr. President, the second matter of nized educational institution. ever, statutory interpretation refers to the will not t b be fuullyutilized in that year. A third amendment allows refugees The preference categories under present status of refugees from the Dominican from nations of the Western Hemisphere law have been translated into the new six Republic. At my suggestion, the com- who are now living in the United States, classes (plus refugees) of H.R. 2580. This mittee in its report expressed its opin- and who have fled persecution or fear necessitated a division of the percentage of ion that the refugees who fled the coun- of persecution because of race, religion, usage of three of the preference categories try as a result of the recent rebellion or political belief from Communist or in the present law. The present second pref- may be considered withinthe provisions Communist-dominated countries, to ad- erence (parents and unmarried sons and of sections 203 (a) (7) and 245 of the just their statuses without having to daughters of -U.S. citizens) has been di- Immigration and Nationality Act as return to those countries. vided into two groups: (1) Parents, who will fall outside of the quota system as "im- amended by H.R. 2580. Mr. President, I have three tables of mediate relatives," and (2) unmarried sons, Again, I ask the Senator from Massa- estimated quota area and immigration and daughters, who will be granted first pref- chusetts, is this not correct? pool issuances under H.R. 2580 during erence status. Since parents have hereto Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. fiscal years 1966, 1967, and L968, which fore consistently accounted for approximate- The Senator is correct. In response to were issued by the Bureau of Security ly 90 percent of the total issuances to this the Senator's suggestion, the committee and Consular Affairs of the Department preference group and under H.R. 2580, will. added this language to its report, on of State; these tables were accompanied not be subject to any numerical ceiling, the; projection of new first preference usage is page 27, as follows: by an explanatory memorandum. the remaining 10 percent of such past is- The committee discussed the status of I ask unanimous consent that these suances. refugees from the Dominican Republic and tables, together with the memorandum, The present fourth preference (married is of the opinion the refugees who fled the be printed in the RECORD at this point. sons and daughters and brothers and sisters) country as a result of the recent rebellion The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. HAR- is another category which was divided to fit may be considered within the provisions RIS in the chair). Is there Objection? the new preference categories. Under the; o_' section 203(a) (7) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by H.R. 2580, as There being no objection, the memo- present law brothers and sisters have utilized well as under section 245 of the Immigration random and tables were ordered to be approximately 90 percent of the numbers., available to these applicants. Usage in the and Nationality Act, as amended. printed in the RECORD, as f0:]ows: new fourth preference (married sons and. Those are the provisions in section ESTIMATED QUOTA AREA AND IMMIGRATION POOL daughters) is, therefore, predicated on 10, ISSUANCES UNDER H.R. 2580, As AMENDED percent of the usage of the present fourth. 203(a) (7) of the Immigration and Na- AUGUST 6, 1965, DURING FISClL YEAR 1966, preference. tionality Act, the adjustments and 1967, AND 1968 The new fifth preference (brothers and changes which were made in the pro- The attached tables outline the estimated sisters) is based on the remaining 90 per- posed legislation. issuances of national quota and immigration cent of issuance under the present fourth Mr. FONG. Mr. President, I should pool numbers during the first, second, and preference. This category is so heavily over like to add at this time my highest com- third years (transition period) under H.R. subscribed that there will be substantial de-' mendation of the excellent work of the 2580, as reported out by the House Judiciary mand from the pool for numbers for this distinguished Senator from Massachu- Committee August 6, 1965. The estimated class of applicants. issuances are within the percentage limits.- Persons of exceptional skill who have pre-: setts [Mr. KENNEDY1. Ile was the acting tions for the seven preference,., within the viously entered the UnitedStates under the chairman of the Subcommittee on Im- overall numerical limitation, and within the present first preference will be attributable; migration and Naturalization, and he 20,000 per foreign state limitation where ap- under the new system toone of the two new' guided the proceedings throughout the plicable. categories: members of the professions, many lengthy hearings. He was always One hundred and two thousand eight hun- (third preference) or skilled and unskilled most fair and very patient. dred and ninty-three quota numbers were short-supply labor (sixth preference). The He gave to everyone concerned every actually issued in fiscal year if,85 under the bases for the estimates in these categories. present authorized total quota of 158,561. was provided by the Immigration and, opporttlnity to speak on the bill. It is Thus, 55,668 unused numbers will constitute Naturalization Service which reviewed past through his very great leadership and the immigration pool which under section admissions of such persons to determine the' guidance that we have this very excellent 201(d) of HE. 2580 will be available only number who were members of,the professions bill before us today. I congratulate the for issuance in fiscal year 1966 to applicants (new third preference) and the number who distinguished junior Senator from Mas- in the oversubscribed preference categories would more appropriately fall within the: sachusetts for his diligence, his dediCa- and to refugees. definition of the new sixth preference (short tion, and his most conscientious efforts As the pattern and volume o.' immigration supply labor). under the national quota system has been The determination of estimates of visa in bringing about a consensus of opinion relatively constant for the past several years, in the U.S. Senate that immigration re- the first year estimates are based on fiscal issuances within preference breakdowns in form legislation is long overdue. year 1965 actual issuance figures on the as- countries that are now undersubscribed sumption that this pattern and volume will (such asGreat Britain and Germany) neces Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. I remain essentially the same In fiscal year sarily differed, since applicants issued visas thank the Senator from fi&Waii. I r1966 under those quotas have nct had to prove wanted to express my views, at the end The second- and third-year estimates are preference status in order to receive quota of his very splendid address, on his necessarily based more upon global expert- numbers and, therefore, most entered as contributions. ence of operation under the present lawfor nonpreference immigrants. The basis for the last 13 and the esti mates for the these estimates, therefore, is an evaluation of Mr. FONG. I thank the Senator.' years The bill also contains three amend - the percentages of issuances in the quotas of no first-year firm figure can operations be under H derived H.R. for 2580, the un- since three countries (France, Netherlands, and ments which I had proposed during the used quota numbers which vrill constitute Switzerland) which are presently slightly executive sessions of the Judiciary Sub- the immigration pool in fiscal year 1967 and oversubscribed in the nonpreference cater committee on Immigration and Natural- 1968 until after June 30, 1966 and 1967. gory and, therefore, required that persons ization, and which the subcommittee To arrive at estimates, we have assumed eligible for preference status use preference adopted. a continuing demand within each of the numbers. The average of the percentage of Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Se-ptember 20, 1965 CO B.ESS1ONAL RECQR :S N `r$ issuance in each preference class for these three "countries was applied to the. Issuance levels of countries now with ,current quotas, (Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great .Britain, Ireland, Norway, and Sweden). Spouses and, children of U.S. citizens are entitled to nonquota status under the. pres- ent law. However, many have entered from undersubscribed quota countries (partic- ularly Great Britain and Germany) as non- preference quota immigrants. Under H.R. 2680 they, as well as parents, will be re- quired to obtain visas as immediate rela- tives not chargeable to any numerical ceil- ing. It is anticipated that the use of national quota numbers will drop by approximately 10,000 per year due to the "immediate rela- tive" classification. Therefore, the. world- wide national quota area estimated usage has been reduced by 10,000 in the second- and third- year, tabulations. It has been reduced by 6,687 In the first year as. visa issuance under present quotas will continue until the effective date of H.R. 2580. The attached tables do not set forth in 2356 a separate category estimated numbers of the total, authorized issuances which will, be used for adjustment of status of , persons already in the United States. They are in- cluded . In the individual country national quota estimates against which such adjust- ment are required to be charged. During fiscal year 1966, 1967, and 1968, 10,200 numbers (6 percent of 170,000 ceiling) are allotted to refugees for conditional entry (seventh preference) from the pool of 55, 1966;, 62,335 in 1967, and 65,668 in Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R00010004000,1-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 tj r ~ w yr ~GOh~o~w:-iO CO,~WOOn :~p~ io0 e~*J~~~O4+'i i ' iti iO VOr :rr~n M ! p M~ b 'h00000 ~ ~p ~ irp "'9 '~"q N ti ^q !~ N CIN iN :N .q ~ it r i r r r r r e . r Jij iii m O y 0 N N ES r M.i00N~eD 00~ tiGA IWG6 !N~~'.'-'y im 1N~L~ ~.N9 :n :VOr cp*J .~-r r0 IIti M GO tom .-~I~N !-M 00 iW rO CI.iMMN Q VN M V+.-i r, IV, N I rW uu~~ yyrr pp hh.... dr M !OON~000 e0 ."'is :m~ 'NOO.~+ !V !N CI i.eNi i~~.n rD n W N l I00 0up~ .N OpW Vr ~rn0 iN NOD O~.-y iM ~ ~ d' " ?r M M l Ey r0 ?o ~ -r r.y M . r i GV "'o :ci wr lip r . 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NWW ~iW E O I InIO~ ~ N N r o N.ti cO rri Vr4~wH .[jO GV NOM i N.-i' N.ti o ~ ~N m 00 N r 'N d aw a a ry;'_ : oar . 'cam P ay~,?~ag~ca~mn$co4am aieU?o~ .Jd ~NdyrM - d W H "~NA...7m 000~BgO'1 ~c~wwaac~ww coo ~~..E~aa az zaa ~mmmC. E.ti7~o MCI M?~ 'q r ~~?ac'C p m M Oa~iA 7b'~~ ?~ R w o'Q m~AIU muu E. 0 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD SENATE , September 20, 1965 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 20, 1965 CQNGRESSIONAL RECORD 882q MIZ M roM "".~ ~c3 "~o,Mn,m.nn?On a,?y?$SZ q'.d- ;~m~c~ ran g oM 'n o :I No I I~~ I ! r-Ih tid arHC~755 u5N1r r~i rr~~ '~ ct rO,pr O.tii MO rq Co act r r r r~~ i~ s~ I. r r r r r r i NO~NC~ I HMNN00 O0p rN N ' N .MrwP1F September'-20, 1,965 TASL4' IV.-iraemployment rates and percent distribution of the unemployed, by major occupation group-Annual averages,' 1947-64 (Persons 1,4,years ofage atd over] 1947 --------------- ---------------- -------------- ----- -1~y 961-.. -- -- ---------- -------- ---- 19 a- 1954------------- ------- -- ------ 1955-------------------------------- 1056 4------------------------------- 1957 -- 1958 X9~~ - ----------- -------------- "I'll- 1949 - :.-_ 19.49._.._.. ----------- 1954 --------------------------- 1951 ----------------- -------------- 19OE3 ----- ---------- ----------------- --_ 1960 3----------------------------- 1961-------------------------- 19623------------------------------- 1N8 ------------------------------ 1964-- 7-r-?-------- Total unem- ployed 3.6 3.4 5.5 5.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 5.0 4.0 3.8 4.3 6.8 5.5 5.6 6.7 5.6 5.7 5.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.1) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Profes- sional, technical and kindred workers Farmers and farm managers Man- agers, officials, and propri- etors, except farm Clerical and kindred workers Sales worker Crafts- men, foremen, and kindred workers Operan tives a-d kindred workers Private house- hold workers Service workers, except private house- hold Farm laborers and foremen Laborers, except farm and mine 1.9 1.2 2.9 2.6 3.8 5.1 3.4 4.7 2. 7 7.5 1.7 1.0 2.3 3. 4 2.9 4.1 3.2 4.8 2.3 7.5 1.9 1.5 3.8 3.5 5.9 8.0 5.2 6.1 3.9 12.9 2.2 1.6 3.4 4. 0 5.6 6.8 5.6 6.8 5.0 11.7 1.5 1.0 2.1 2.8 2.6 4.3 3.8 4.3 2.1 5.6 1.0 .7 1.8 2, 5 2.4 3.9 3.2 3.7 2.3 5.7 .9 . 1.7 2; 1 2.6 3.2 2.5 3.6 2.5 6.1 1.6 1.2 3.1 3.7 4.9 7.6 5.0 5.2 4.2 10.7 1.0 .9 2.6 2. 4 4.0 5.7 4.1 5.8 3.7 10.2 1.0 .8 2.4 2.7 3.2 5.4 4.2 4.8 3.7 8.2 1.2 1.0 2.8 2.6 3.8 6.3 3.7 5.1 3.7 9.4 2.0 1.7 4.4 4.0 6.8 10.9 5.2 7.4 6.2 14.9 1.7 1.3 3.7 3: 7 5.3 7.6 4.8 6.4 5.1 12.4 1.7 1.4 3.8 3 7 5.3 8.0 4.9 6.0 5.2 12.5 2.0 1.8 4.6 4.7 6.3 9.6 5.9 7.4 5.7 14.5 1.7 1.5 3.9 4.1 5.1 7.5 4.9 6.4 4.3 12.4 1:8 1.5 4.0 42 4.8 7.4 5.2 6.2 5.5 12.1 1.7 1.4 3.7 3. 4 4.2 6.5 4.9 6.1 5.8 10.6 3.2 .4 3.1 9.5 4.0 13.5 28.9 2.6 9.1 3.8 12.5 3.4 .4 3.3 8.6 i.3 12.0 26.0 2.9 10.7 3.8 14.0 2.3 .3 2.9 8.8 4.0 14.4 30.5 2.9 8.8 3.8 14.6 3.1 .5 3.2 8.2 4.9 13.8 26.9 3.4 10.3 4.8 14.2 3.8 .6 3.2 8.7 1.7 11.5 29.1 3.8 10.9 3.2 12.2 3.1 .5 2.4 8.5 1.4 12.5 28.8 3.4 10.4 3.6 13.1 3.0 .6 3.8 8.5 f. 2 14.5 26.5 3.0 12.0 3.8 14.8 2.8 .5 2.5 8.2 4.8 13.5 32.1 2.9 8.7 3.4 13.7 22 .5 2.2 8.0 1.6 12.8 28.2 3. 1 11.7 4.0 15.3 2.4 .5 2.0 8,6 4.5 11.3 28.5 3.6 10.9 4.4 12.8 2.7 .3 2.3 9.2 c.8 12.0 29.4 2.8 10.2 3.7 13.3 2.9 .4 2.6 9.0 i.7 13.2 30.0 2.6 9.5 3.5 13.5 3.2 .2 2.4 9.3 4.4 12.5 25.5 2.9 10.5 3.6 13.9 3.4 .2 2.5 9.8 4 2 12.1 26.5 2.9 9.9 3.6 13.3 3.3 .2 2.8 9.9 4.6 12.1 26.0 3.0 10.5 3.1 12. 2 3.5 .2 2.8 10.4 4.6 11.5 24.4 3.0 11. 1 2.6 12.5 3.7 .3 2.6 10.4 4.5 10.9 24.1 3.0 10.8 3.1 11.8 3.9 2.7 10.6 4.0 10.1 23.3 3.1 11.6 3.4 11.0 I See feetnoto table A-10. Q I7noulployed persons who never held a full-time civilian job. a See footnote 1, table A-1. 4 Data through 1956 have not been adjusted to reflect changes in the definitions of em- ployment acid upelnployment adopted in January 1957. See footnote 2, table A-1. Mr. POE+. 'Mr. President, table IV shows that higher unemployment rates continued to be found among blue-collar workers and among the less skilled in :1964. While the total unemployment rate was 5.2 percent of the work force, unemployed unskilled nonfarm laborers'` to those employed in that group was 10.6 percent; blue-collar operatives 6.5 per- cent; and service workers, 6.1 percent. The un'employed rate for professional and technicall occupations was only 1.7' The source of this data is is the 1965 President's Manpower Report. ,Since only an extremely small number of. immigrants who are unskilled workers are admitted annually, immigration has only a minimal effect, if i.t all, on un- employment. PRODUCTIVITY FACTORS Although our knowledge of the causes underlying the rising trend of unemploy- ment is as yet imperfect, it has been in- creasingly clear that labor has been displaced largely by advances in tech- nology and the striking gains in man- hour productivity. It has been estimated that about 1.8 million jobs are affected each year by technological change, and that approxi- mately 18 million jobs will be affected in the decade 1960-70-see population bul- letin, November 1962, page 144. , Persons with no previous work ex- perience 0.4 8.8 6.6 6.8 7.3 8.3 4.4 7.0 8.4 10.4 10.3 9.3 i1.6 11.6 12.2 13.4 14.8 16.0 Output per man-hour in private in- dustry -since 1947 has increased at an annual average rate of 3.2 percent, and these gains, rather than increases in man-hours of work, account for more than 80 percent of the growth of total output since 1947-see table V below. See also the Manpower Reports, March 196bi, page 256, and March 1963, pages 67 to 72. I ask unanimous consent that table V showing "Indexes of Output Per Man- Hour and Related Data: Annual Aver- ages, 1947-64" may be printed in the There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 , Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 'September 20, 1965 `CC+ RESSIOIVAL= RECORD SENATE TALE V; Indexes of output 1 per man-hour and related data: Annual averages; 1947=e4 t19b9-5=100] m ployment,. and Output, e an m- hotrs OUTPUT PER MAN-HOUR Total private _____- Agriculture------------------ Nonagricultural industries__________ Manufacturing_i__________________ Nonmanufacturn_.___ HOURS PER UNIT OF OUTPUT Total private -___________ Agriculture ----- -- - Nonagricultural industries _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _._ Manufacturing____________________ Nonmanufacturing----------------- OUTPUT . Total private---------- Total private-- Agriculture __ _ _ - Nonagricultural industries Manufacturin _______ --- Nonmanufacturin ------ OUTPUT PER MAN-HOUR Total private-- _ _ _ ___ _ _ - Agriculture_______________ _____ Nonagricultural industries HOURS PER UNIT OF OUTPUT Total private_______________________ Agriculture_____- Nonagricultu alrtndustries_ OUTPUT Total private_______________ Agriculture_________________________ Nonagriculturaliudustrios, EMPLOYMENT Total private.-----.---- Agriculture Nonagricultural industries.- ___. MA;N-H0URS Total private ---------- Agrioulture _ - ~ Nonagricultural industries-- 108.2 126.6 107.0 80.9 109.9 105,7 80.2 109.0 134.4 118.3 119.7 117.7 83:0 74.4 84.5 83.5 84. 9 Agriculture ___________________----- 108.2 108.7 Nonagricultural industries--------- _ 126.6. 120.4 Manufacturing______.___.__________ 126.3 119.2 Nonmanufacturing.-j. ____ 126.8 121.1 EMPLOYMENT Total private________________________ 106.5 103.6 Agriculture- -------------- 80.9 84.0 Nonagricultural industries____-__ 108.1 105.6 Manufac----- 104.2 102.6 Nonntanutscturing____ 109.8 107.0 MAN HOURS 104.2 80.5 107.0 106.5 107.7 118.8 134.9 116. 1 74.1 86.1 83.2 106.4 130.3 115.0 115.4 115.1 76.7 87.0 86.7 86. 9 83.4 104.7 103.3 105.2 130.6 113.2 76.5 88.4 119.8 108.7 120.4 104.8 84.0 107.1 84,0 88.8 88.8 88.9 116.7 104.8 116.4 116.2 116.9 87.9 104.2 101.6 105.4 88.0 103.4 102.3 103.9 112.4 119.4 111.1 83.8 90.0 116.7 104.8 116.4 103.5 87.9 105.3 102.9 87.8 104.8 113.8 119.1 112.6 112.6 112. 5 102.0 91.2 103.3 89.7 102.6 108.9 116.3 107.8 106.7 108.5 86.0 92.7 93.7 92.2 104.8 108.9 104.8 110.9 91.2 102.1 98.4 103. 7 99.8 90.1 101.0 98: 2 102.2 107. 5 116.8 106. 1 85.6 94,2 104.8 108.9 109.3 104.1 104.8 106.9 102.2 95.6 103.0 95.9 102.7 1960 I 1959 I 1958 I 1957 I 1956 I 1965 I 1954 '1 1953] I 1952 1951 Man-hour estimates based primarily on establishment data 3 109.3 104.6 103.8 105.1 95.4 91.5 96.1 91.5 95.6 96.4 95.2 104.8 106.9 104.8 107. 9 95.6 102.6 101.2 103. 2 95.9 102.2 101.0 102.7 97.4 96.9 100.0 104.3 97.6 101.2 100.7 97.4 101.1 102.8 103.0 103.3 102.8 97.3 97.1 96.8 97.3 100.0 104.3 104.6 104.1 97.6 101. 1 100.3 101. 4 97.3 101.3 101.3 101.3 102.7 103.2 97.1 100.6 101.0 100.3 100. 5 96.8 94.2 98. 0 07.9 97.9 96.2 98._ 7 97. 4 97.6 97.4 95.1 98,3 103.1 98.8 100.9 ' 97.0 101. 2 100. 5 96.8 97.9 98.5 97.9 97.5 99.6 103.0 99.4 99.1 99.7 105.1 101. 3 103.5 100.4 94.2 98.0 102.5 106. 2 102.0 99.0 98.9 104.6 100.3 101,4 105.1 100.9 94,2 97.6 97.8 97.5 106. 2 102.4 102.3 102. 6 99.0 98.9 101.2 97.9 113.8 102.0 105. 2 100.7 87.8 95.7 105.9 113.9 104.5 100.5 96.8 110.5 99.4 102.7 114.5 101.2 88.3 94.9 95.1 94.6 113.2 105.4 105.2 105.7 100.5 96.8 100.0 95.3 119.1 99.2 103.6 97.3 86.4 95.3 96.8 94.3 115.7 105.0 103.3 106.0 95.0 102,9 94.5 100.3 91.8 101. 3 101. 5 98. 9 104.5 110.5 113.2 101.0 1(51.5 97.4 103.5 103.9 101.8 99.9. 99.0 95.5 101.7 i 103.3 101.3 97.1 117.0 94. 17 98. 93.3 Man-hour estimates based primarily on labor force data 8 94.1 89.7 85.9 83.0 95.8 91.6 106.3 111.5 116.4- 120.6 104,3 1o9.?, 95.0 87.2 102.9 97.6 94.5 86,16 98.1 94.9 113.2 109,6 96.3 93.3 101.0 97.2 119.8 117., 6 98.8 94.6 83.4 91.4 90.9 91.4 119.9 109.4 110.0 109.4 97.6 86.6 89.2 85.3 109.6 93.7 98.4 91'. 6 77.3 89.5 129.3 111.8 88.6 93, 7 88.3 97.0 110.8 95.4 101.3 121.2 77.8 90.0 89.5 90.0 128.6 111.1 111.8 111.1 93.7 88.3 96. . 84. 110.8 96.1 105.8 91. 100.8 130.2 69.9 87.6 88.2 87.1 143.1 114.1 113.4 114.8 84.4 90.4 84.1 90.2 91.2 120.5 93.6 109.4 80.6 100.5 ':99.6 120.5 529.4 98.1 96, 0 107.4 102.3 04.0 03.2 83.7 69.4 86.7 119.4 144.0 115.3 84.4 90.4 84.1 96,2 120.6 93.4 120.6 156.3 115.5 114.8 116. 2 87.0 81.7 87.6 78.9 125.3 92.0 98. 9 89.0 136.0 .4 94. 6 100 91. 7 63.6 84.7 157.2 118.1 82.0 87.0 81.7 96.2 125.3 92.8 101.1 136.8 96.5 64.0 86.5 87.1 88.0 129.0 155.1 122.9. 133.6 87.5 92.0 85.6 143.4 89.8 93.5 88.2 64.5 81.4 92.8 76.4 133.5 90.7 99.7 143, 9 93.9 64.7 85.1 85.1 84.9 154.6 117.5 117.5 117.8 77.3 92.8 78.4 79.6 74.9 Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 142.1 84.7 87.2 83.6 93.8 154.8 86.4 86.1 86.5 56. 4 76.9 177.4 180.1 70..8. 88.0 69.8 142.1 87.4 98.3 156.1 90.8 1949 1948 1947 56.8 80.8 81.8 80.5 175.9 123.8 122.3 124.3 88.0 69.8 70.4 69.6 155.8 89.9 94.5 87.9 59.6 74.5 141.7 167. 7 134.1 92.8 70.0 140, 4 89.2 165.8 93.9 59. 6 77.9 78.2 77.5 167.9 128.4 127.9 129.1 92.8 70.0 73.9 68.1 140.4 87.0 94.0 83,9 161.8 91,7 9 Preliminary. yrouum to mb4 dollars, monthly labor force survey of households. Data for years prior to 1964 have been re- p The estimates based on establishment data are derived principally from employ- vised for several series, particularly for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing, ment and hours obtained from monthly payroll reports submitted by establishments. Source: "President's 1965 Manpower Report." The estimates based on labor force data use primarily employment and hours from the 23571 60.2 76.3 75. 1 92,4 145. 0 86.4 100.3 131,0 133.2 130.2 68.4 81,2 67,'7 71.4 65.9 145.0 85. 2 93, a 81.4 161.8 88,7 85.8 68.5 50. 2 73.8 145.9 199.3 135.5 81.2 67.7 "M Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 4 t 6NGRESSIO 3"AL RECORD _ SP A"t'V September 20, 1965' tween ' productiVity increases and ex- panding output; as output per man-hour showed impressive gains, output--as measured` by gross private product in 1947 dollars-rose at about the same im- pressive' fate. At the same time while output rose by about 59 percent, employ- ment rose only by 11 percent. Total man-hours worked rose by even less- only about 3 percent. So that well over 80 percent of the In- crease in aggregate output from 1947 on- ward can be' explained by increases in output per man-hour. These data came from the President's j V,65 and, 19633 Manpower Reports. The technological innovations of the past 15 years have also created employ- -+ opportunities but the jobs which they have produced demand skills and a degree of sphistication that cannot be .supplied by' the traditional blue-collar Yet . on. i limited educat h a. , '#ork---wit X1.5 million out "of the 26 million young o le entering'the labor force between and 1970-=or some 29 percent-will lack high school 'diplomas-see Man- Vower ResearchBulletin, Department of 2Abor, March -1963, pages 9 and 10. ier& S no doubt that one of the major apses 'af tiIisloyment is the rapid technological changes in our economy. ' lien; does not always " ''t uemployment, t dean that there is a job shortage. It aiay also indicate a shortage of persons Flo have the .kinds of skills, knowledge and abilities required by the economy. Labor economists in the United States are discovering that it is possible for large numbers of unemployed to exist, ern while innurrierable job openings go unfilled'.: To quote from the Labor De- er.tmentt's 1.C'3 Manpower -Report: " 1LLuou Department officials, have not increased the number of persons on out unemploy- ment rolls, because they pcssessed the skills and training our econoray required. Even if it were possible immediately to retrain and reeducate 150,OOD to 200,000 unemployed persons-a relatively small proportion-to give them skills needed by the economy, there can be no doubt that the economy would be signiiicantly stimulated. Precisely the same thing nay be said about the entry of skilled and highly trained immigrants into the economy. Of all immigrant workers arriving since 1947, about one of every three reported a professional, technical, or skilled oc- cupation. Approximately half of the three and a half million immigrants who entered the United States between 1947 and 1961 were reported as having occu- pational attachments-see table VI-the remainder were primarily housewives, and young and retired persons. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that tables VI and VII be received. and made a part of the RECORD. Table: VI shows the number and percentage distribution of immigrants by broad oc- cupational groups for 1947-64 and for selected years. Table VII shows the number of immigrants in selected critical occupations admitted each year, 1952- $4. There being no objection, the tables were ordered to be printed in the RECORD; as follows: TABLE VI.-Number and percent distribution of immigrants, by broad occupational groups; Total 1947 through 3964 Per- cent Per- cent Per- cent Per- cent Total admitted ------------------------------- 424,460 292,249 208,177 147,292 100;0 ------- 2, MT, 594 i 47.0 131, 098 44.9 96,110 48.2 3 8 65,583 709 1 18 455;4,5 on ---------------- With occupat 866 ation ----------------- 2,346 occu N J 53.0 151, 076 51.7 1112,067 (1) . 5 /, 1 (1) / p o No occupation reported-__-__-___-_------- 10,074 8.4 100.00 _________________- _-__---2,077,594 With occupation ------------------------ 2,077,5 Professional, technical, and emdred 414 4 5 16 21 71 21.9 13,817 14.4 10,891 16.6 3, workers__--------------------- 3 Farmers and farm managers -------------- 92,180 . 4.4 , 1,732 1.3 3,846 4.0 3,462 5.3 Managers, officials, andproprieton, except 101 708 4 9 822 6 5.2 5,296 5.5 5,886 9.0 , farm -------------------- 45 . 17 7 , 80,015 22.9 16,018 16.7 13,961 21.3 Clerical, sales, and kindred work'ers___-__ 367,8 1 453 . 15 5 568 17 13.4 15,398 16.0 8,726 13.3 , Craftsmen, foremen and kindred workers- 32 46 . 5 13 , 243 14 10.9 16,755 17.4 10,580 10.1 Operatives and kindred workers. ________ 279,6 . 7 6 , 8 461 4 6 8,096 8.4 4,022 7.5 private household workers_________ 157, 300 053 126 . 0 8 , 10 396 . 7.9 5,203 5.4 3,882 6.9 , Service workers, except private household- E . 8 3 , 988 3 3.0 1,822 1.7 442 Laborers, except farm and mine-- ______ 216, . 10.2 , 9,127 7.0 10,061 10.5 2,831 I "No occupation" includes "No ex cupation reported 2 Includes immigrants 14 years of a-e and over. group. upply of unused man- Despite le larges pOwer,'`serious''shartages exist in essential escaitgationg ' Sobs remain unfilled be- cause-tI ey re"gtlire different skills from those }i*he relibf continues- .? fsDnai progr Atilt have not overcome the im- balance of uirexrienf8 and resources. Shortages otqua Iled workers are par- ticylarly acute in the scientific, engineer teaching, technical, health, and other in 'professorial' fields-see the President's manpower Report, March 1963, pages 30 to 12; and, as' the Manpower Report points out, these ordinarily are not occu- patioiis toward which unemployed work- e'i?s can "be' directed. To meet these ishortages, extensive education and train- ing are required; retraining and reedu- cation of our existing manpower re- sources ca'rmot be accomplished except over a prolonged period of time. IMMIGRATION A SOLRCE OF SIU LED LABOR Where, then, are these highly trained and skilled workers to come from? One important source has been immigration. NOTE.-Detail may not add to totals due to rounding. Source: Annual Reports of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice. TABLE VII.--Number of immigrants in selected lcriiti cal occupations admitted each year Total, 1954-64. Biological scientists -------------- 601 335 6 112 825 81 814 49 474 48 551 53 504 57 645 56 626 51 668 35 494 36 351 113 23 ?383 116 Chemists -------- ------------------ - Dentists------------------------- Engineers ---__ - -- - Geologists and geophysicists Mathematicians---------- Nurses -------- , 1,429 2 6, 461 659 345 26,858 160 3,660 85 50 4,230 177 3,966 73 56 4, 355 093 2 115 2,909 88 39 8,700 797 1 119 2,801 66 84 3,449 683 1 110 3,338 42 31 3, 826 174 99 3,936 59 29 3,620 630 129 4,008 68 32 729 1, 934 132 4,524 62 35 3,517 1,990 159 2, 794 51 17 8,064 1,38B 2,067 41 i8 1,864 1, 046 2,391 34 14 602 1,040 Physicians and surgeons.-------- Physicists------------- Professors and instructors __-- 18,424 1, 610 4,767 218 ;7 2,249 242 839 086 4 , 216 761 727 3 , 187 589 182 , 151 500 2,686 , 162 367 2,532 155 340 2, 670 145 352 2, 471 128 2 372 , 304 75 290 655 75 173 1, 549 840 74 184 1,356 804 Teachers not specified --- h i ians , 7,209 , 2,448 1 , 2,197 1, 838 1, 635 1, 632 3 1, 821 476 1 1,346 836 , 553 1 393 1 1,095 1 106 594 488 Tec n c Machinists--- ___-------------- [9, 252 969 897 581 8i9 99 , , , Toolmakers, diemakers and 1,150 setters------------------------ 7, 334 I The occupational mtegories listed in this table are those which rmmigarnts reported on their airival is the aMetent United States. It was not possibi ), in a few is an E because of lack -Lfgtof currently of critical P tional as detail to determined by precise match with the occupations which app of the V.5. rtment of Labor. For this reason, totals are not the Technical Committee on Critical Occupations shown. Source: 1959 through 1964: Annual reports of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice; 1954 through 1958: Data famished by the Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 20, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD SENATE . Mr. TONG. Mr. President,. some 14,000 immigrant physicians and sur- geons, and about 28,000 nurses helped alleviate the shortage o_ f trained persons in the critical n ediical flpld in the 195,2- 61 periods; about 4,900 chemists, 1,100 physicists, and over 12,000 technicians- vitally needed workers who support sci- entists and engineers-were admitted in that same period. This data was gathered from the annual reports of the immigration and Naturalization, Service for the, years 1952-61. Between 1953 and 1961, over 166,000 immigrants entering this country pos- sessed skills in such critical job areas as physics, nursing, medicine, teaching, engineering, and other kindred fields. These were occupations declared to be in short supply by the Technical Commit- tee on Critical Occupations of the Labor Department, occupations which are used by the Selective Service in determining deferments in the national interest. Some. 12,680 immigrant physicians and surgeons, and about 25,376 nurses helped alleviate the shortage of trained persons in the critical medical field in the' he 1952- 61 period; about 4,448 chemists, 4,036 natural scientists, and 19,804 techni- clans-vitally needed workers who sup- port scientists and engineers-were ad- mitted in that same period. Typical nonagricultural occupations now certified to be. in short supply by the Labor Department are librarians, di- etitians, laboratory technicians, physical therapists, systems engineers, cabinet- makers, machinists, draftsmen, and tailors. I ask unanimous. consent to submit and have printed in the RECORD table VIII, showing the selected professional, technical, and kindred workers admitted to the_UnitedStates,1959-61, and total, January 1, 1953, to June 30, 1961. There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: TABLE VIII.-Selected professional, technical, and kindred workers admitted to the United States, 1959-61, and total Jan. 1, 1963, to June 30, 1961 1961 1960 1959 Jan. 1, 1953, to June 30, 1961 Total Percent of Total Percent of Total Percent of Total Percent of PTK's' PTK's' PTK's 1 PTK's i Total______________________ 21,453 100.0 21,940 100.0 23,287 100.0 166,413 10D. 0 Engineers__________________________ 2,868 13.4 3,338 15.2 3,936 16.9 27;142 16.3 Natural scientists____________ 376 1.7 401 1.8 428 1.8 5,036 2.4 Physicists______________________ 151 .7 162 .7 155 .7 _ 24 .1 31 .1 29 .1 _ Other natural scientists_________ 201 .9 208 1.0 244 1.0 __________ ---------- Chemists --------------------------- 551 2.6 504 2.3 645 2.8 4,448 2.7 Physicians and surgeons ___________ 1,683 7.8 1, 574 7.2 1, 630 7.0 12,680 7. s Dentists__ _ _______________________ 119 .6 110 . 5 99 4' __ Nurses_____________________________ 3,449 16.1 3,828 17 .4 3,620 15.5 _ 25,376 15.2 College professors and instructors--- - 500 2.3 367 1.7 340 1.5 1,921 z 1 Teachers (not specified)____________ 2,698 12.5 2,532 11.6 2,670 11.5 17,998 10. 8 Technicans2--------------- ___ _ 2,138 10.0 2,350 10.7 2,740 11.8 819,894 12. o Other professional, technicl, and kindred workers__________________ 7,085 33.0 6;930 31.6 7,179 30.8 52,918 31.8 I Professional, technical, and kindred workers. I Includes draftsmen. B Includes designers, draftsmen, radio operators, surveyors, medical and dental technicians, testing technicians, and technicians not specified. Source: Annual reports of the immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, will the Senator yield? Mr. FONG.. I yield to the distinguished Senator from, Massachusetts. Mr. KENNED'2 of assachusetts. Is it the impression of the- Senator from Ha- wall that specific shortages in our labor market could be readily filled today by. those who have the skills described by the Senator from Hawaii, and that they would not displace American workers or affect the.wages and working conditions of Americans in those particular fields? Is it not true, that immigrants who would serve in those capacities would fill posi- tions .. In our economy which need strengthening? Mr. FONG. Yes; the Senator is en- tirely correct. Mr,. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Would not such immigration provide additional employment and benefits for quiring high levels of skill, training and education; While unskilled jobs are not expected to expand at all in terms of absolute numbers, professional and tech- nical positions will be the fastest grow- ing occupations. This simply reflects the continuatlon of scientific And tecbriologi- cal advances and of trends which were becoming increasingly evident as early as 1947. I submit and ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD table IX which shows employed persons by major occupation group, annual averages, 1947- 62. There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 23573 others who might be dependent upon such positions being filled? Mr._ FONG. If, positions which require technical skills are not filleO,, the many jobs which support such technically skilled positions. Would-- also not be filled, and many new jobs would not be created. By bringing in technically equipped .per- sons, jobs would be created for our own people. This is the point I am trying to make. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. A real benefit would accrue to our own economy, as the Senator has., suggested, by providing job oportunitiesfor Ameri- cans, because the vacancies which de- mand particular skills would be filled. Mr. ?FONG. Yes... A report has been made which states tat every person who obtains a -Ph'. D. degree supports at least 200'persons; that because of such a per- son's brainpower, skill, and know-how, t 200 persons would be able to ob- tain work under him because of his 'Mr. K "l?1NEl5Y of t agsaciiusetts.' I thank the Senator from Hawaii. Mr. FONG. Mr,,lr'resident, it is impor- taut to note here that the proportion of immigrants with a high degree' of skill has increased significantly in the past decade-see tables VI and VII. For in- stance, there were 20 percent more engi- neers entering in 1961 than in 1952, and 84 percent more technicians. It should was passed during the 87th Congress to permit nonquota admission of several thousand highly trained and skilled im- WORKERS Virtually every study projecting the occupational structure of our economy in the decade of the sixties shows a shift of employment toward occupations re- Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENA'T'E September 20, 1965 i1; 1X.-Rveployed persona by major occupalion group; Annual averages, 1947-6~, persons 14 years of age and over for oNfgbattth gi-odp clad 361 Private, iouge`holdworkers_. 'Service workers, except private boupchold --------------------- ---------- Form workers er, d farm managers Farm labFers 'Pt foremen bi to 4o1ar worker6-- -------- 44.1 43,11 43,1 teria I and kindred workers. 1 14 9 14 8 I 14 7 6 ~aieswarkers___ _ &4 &6 6.6 Profeaiiclnai, teohnieall, and lilndred workers _-___-- Managers, officials, and proprietors except farm ------------- C Br4ma and kindred workers------------------ - ---- ---- ------ Sales workers---------------------------------------_ Craftsmen, foremen and kindred workers ------------------- Operative s and kindred workers----------------------------- Service workers-------------------------------------------- *Laborers, except farm and mine----------------------------- Farmers, farm managers, laborers, and foremen------------- 10.6 14.2 6,7 dred workers 12.8 129 12.8 13.1 Operatives and kindred workers. 17.7 17.6 18.0 18.1 Labnrezs, except farm and mine- 6.2 5.2 5.5 5.7 ervico workers ------ ----- 13.0 129 12.5 12.2 3.4 8.9 Millions 66.7 7.5 7.1 9.8 4.4 8.6 12.0 8.3 3,7 5.4 10.6 14.3 6.5 13.1 17.9 5.6 3.4 8.8 10.3 14.1 6.3 13.3 19.3 5.7 11.2 10.6 14.7 6.6 12.8 18.0 12.5 5.5 8.1 5.1 4.2 Number (in thousands) 10.1 10.2 13.6 13.3 6.3 6.3 13, 4 13.2 19.7 20.2 5.7 5.8 Number 5.6 6.0 4.5 4.5 Million, 80.5 10. 7 8.5 12.9 5. 4 10.3 18.6 11, 1 3:7 4,2 5,599 6,2D1 8,168 3, 934 B,311 12,253 3,603 1,760 4,995 3,863 2,405 13.3 10, 7 15.1 6.7 12.8 16.9 13.8 4.6 5.3 10.1 13. 4 6.4 13.6 20.0 5.9 5,448 6,396 7,991 3,779 8,558 12,747 3,6.% 1, 860 5,099 3,842 2, 382 10, 4 12.9 6.1 13.9 20.6 6.9 6.2 3.9 Millions 87.6 12.4 9.4 14.2 5.9 11.2 14. 2 12.5 3.7 3.9 14.2 10.7 16.2 6.7 12.8 16.3 14.3 4.3 4.5 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 1960-75 85 32 45 114 30 18 51 --28 Sourco: Monthly Labor Review, March 1963; President's 1963 Manpower Report. 1949 -1 1948 5,092 6,182 8,122 3,674 4,788 6,220 7,655 3,750 4,490 6,429 7,632 3,822 4,028 6,433 7,438 3, 737 3,977 6,344 7, 438 3, 641 3, 795 5,795 7,200 3,395 25, 009 23,336 22,770 23,554 8,'742 12,352 3,707 8,434 12,623 3,952 7,670 12,146 3,520 7,625 11, 780 3,365 12,396 3,573 7,754 12,274 3, 5$6 6,040 5?987 1,805 4,683 1, 869 4,664 1, 883 4,652 1, 757 4, 509 1, 754 1,731 4,263 6,632 8, 1?0 3; 963 2,669 4,025 2,875 4,393 3,015 4,703 3,116 4,668 3,213 4,995 3,125 10.1 13.3 6.0 10.2 12.6 6.2 10.8 12.8 6.4 11.0 12.7 6.4 10.7 12. 5 6. 1 10.0 12,4 5.9 40,7 14.3 20.3 6.1 13.9 20.7 6.5 12.9 20.3 5.9 13.0 20.1 5.8 13.7 20. 9 5.9 1314 21,2 6. 10 7.4 6.5 4.4 6.6 4.7 8.0 5.3 86 64 ------- pprrlefarm OP, except . CJ r1c~~ and krndred workers.. 7, 408 10,107 7,119 1 9,86 7, 067 9, 783 18s workers 4, 346 4,439 4,401 Blue coil Yr workers H 24,278 23,862 24, 211 ~dr Arkers~ -_- _-__-- 8,818 8,F23 8,560 Ap roved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 20, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE 1Vlr. FONG. Mr. President, table VIII, ticipated immigrant workers annually which I have already introduced, shows entering the country under H.R. 2580 is selected professional, technical, and that the professional, technical, craft kindred workers admitted to the United and kindred workers will continue at States from 1959 to 1961 and the total relatively high levels, and that unskilled number of such workers -admitted be- workers entering will continue at rela- tween January 1, 1953, and June 30, tively low levels. 1961. ECONOMIC VALUE OF EDUCATION The total admitted in that 8-year pe- The fourth point is tied to the third- riod was 16,6,413, of which.21,455 were the fact that many American economists admitted in 1961, 21,940 in 1960, and and social scientists are beginning to rec- 23,287 in 1959. ognize the tremendous economic value of Table VIII relates directly to table educated people. They see that much of IX, which shows employment by type the wealth attributable to resources and of occupation between 1947 and 1962, capital equipment really has its roots in and the percent change in employment education. projected to 1970. For example, a person born in 1956 Table .IX shows that the demand for who subsequently completes high school professional, technical, and other skilled would earn a lifetime income of $253,631, Workers is expected to continue to rise computed on the basis of the average in- in- the future. But unskilled occupa- come of male high school graduates in tion groups are not expected to grow 1956. A substantial increase each addi- at all; in fact, they may decline. tional year of schooling completed, so These materials are drawn from the that, for instance, on the basis of 1958 Monthly Labor Review, March 1963, and data, a college graduate could expect to the President's 1963 Manpower Report. earn about $435,000 during his lifetime. The large unfilled need for personnel compared with $258,000 for the high in the professional, technical, and other school graduate. skilled occupations is expected to con- Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- tinue into the foreseeable future. This sent to have printed at this point in the fact was underscored particularly in the RECORD table X, which shows estimated President's 1965 Manpower Report. Im- lifetime income for males, by years of migration will therefore continue to be school completed, selected years. our best source of supply of highly There being no objection, the tabula- trained people. tion was ordered to be printed in the Best estimates of the number of an- RECORD, as follows: ,TABLE X.-Estimated lifetime income for males, by years of school_complete'd, selected years Elementary: Total-------------------- Less than 8 years--------- 8 years ---------_------- high school: 1 to 3 years_______________ 4 years------------------- College. 1 to 3 years--------------- 4 years or more ----------- 1949 $113,330 $154,593 $154,114 $37,172 $91 932 $127 047 $127 286 98,222 132,736 129,704 , 79,654 , 108 310 , 106 449 132, 683 180,857 181,695 (1) 106,889 , 148, 033 , 149,687 152, 068 205,277 211,193 53,011 121 943 169 501 175 779 195,279 253,631 257,557 67383 , 148,649 , 208,322 , 216, 487 209, 282 291,581 315, 504 73,655 173 166 243 611 269 105 296,277 405698 435, 242 104,608 , 241,427 , 340,131 , 366,990 ' Not available. Source: Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 1961. Mr. KENNEDY Of Massachusetts.. Mr. President, will the Senator yield? Mr. FONG. I.yield. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. The Senator has been referring to the quality of recent immigration to the United States. The Senator has.had printed in the RECORD a number of,tabu- lations. Which indicate the skills pos- sessed'by those immigrants. It is my understanding that, from 1947 --to 1964, of all the immigrants who have entered the United States, 16 percent or 350,000 were professional or technical people, while only, 1- out of 1Q of . the American force was professional or tech- nical. Mr. FQNG. That is my understand- ing Mr. ' KENNNEDY of Massachusetts. One out of every six immigrants since 1947 have been skilled workers compared with one out of eight of the U.S. labor force. No: 173-19 Mr. FONG. The Senator is correct. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. The provisions of the pending bill, which the Senator from Hawaii supports, as they relate to those who have skilis and attempt to come to the united States are even more stringent. Mr. FONG. As I will show subse- quently in my statement, several provi- sions of the pending bill are very strin- gent in protecting the American econ- omy. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. I believe that the Senator has been very ably directing his remarks in this part of his extremely exhaustive analysis of the present legislation to demonstrating that many of those who will come to our country will be coming under pref- ence Nos. 3 and 6 of the pending legis- lation, and that those who come within these categories will really be highly skilled and that many of them will fill 23575 critical shortages which presently exist in our country. Mr. FONG. The Senator is correct. I will also point out subsequently in my statement that we have not contributed anything-to the education of those peo- ple. When one considers that it costs a great deal of money to educate a stu- dent so that he will become a skilled technician or a professional person, it will be realized that we are gaining vast resources which are worth billions of dollars to our country. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, during the hearings it was suggested that, by setting high stand- ards for those who attempt to gain entry into the United States, we would be at- tracting skilled people from other parts of the world. Does the Senator agree with me that all we are trying to assure by means of the immigration policy suggested by this legislation is that if an individual wants to come to the United States, he ought to be considered fairly and equitably on the basis of individual merit and worth, and also because of his familial rela- tionship, and that we are safeguarding the work force in the United States by establishing high standards that we feel are fair to all people? Does the Senator agree that, if an individual possesses a particular skill, he should be permitted to come to this country regardless of his place. of birth or any other such irrele- vant consideration? Mr. FONG. The Senator is correct. Our first consideration in an immigra- tion reform bill should be the individual worth of each immigrant... Having made this judgment, another primary consid- eration is the protection of the American economy and the wages and working conditions of American labor. Immigra- tion reform legislation should safeguard the employment opportunities, wage levels, and high standards of working .conditions of American labor. We have written very specific language into this bill to achieve these ends, as I will specify later in my statement. -When we set up qualifications for peo- ple to come to our country, we say to them; "If you wish to come, you may come. These are the qualifications that we have established for your entry into the United States." Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, the Senator from Hawaii has made a very useful contribution on this particular point. One of the great misunderstandings in the consideration of the entire immi- gration legislation is the belief that not only have recent immigrants been un- skilled and thereby contributed to the un- employment problem, but also that this pending legislation will contribute to un- employment. I believe that the Senator has dis- cussed exhaustively and completely what we shall be doing namely, stimulating further job opportunities for the Ameri- can workers. I believe that this is an extremely im- portant point. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 23576 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE September 20, 1965 I Commend the Senator for the way in education, $435,242 from 18 to death, to 12.5 for clerical employees, and 8.5 to which he has addressed himself to the and $366,990 from 25 to 64. Data is 10.1 for unskilled persons-see table XI. problem. taken from the Occupational Outlook Mr. President, I ask unanimous can- Mr. TONG. Mr. President, I thank Quarterly, 1961. sent to have printed in the RECORD table the distinguishec'tSenator for his re- Since most higher paying jobs require XI, which shows median years of school marks. a'high degree of training and education, completed by employed persons 18 years Mr: President;?to cite one set of figures it is not surprising that persons having old and over, by major occupation group from table 9, in"1658 a person with ele- more education are employed in better and sex, 1952-62. mentary school education can expect to jobs. As of March 1962, the median There being no objection, the tabula- earn` $1b4,114 from age 18 to death, and years of schooling for profer>sional and tion was ordered to be printed in the $127,286 from 25 to 64; with a college technical workers was 10.2, as compared RECORD, as follows: TABLE XL-Median years of school completed by employed persons 18 years old and over, by major occupation group and sex, 1952-62 Both sexes male Female Major occupation groups Oqtoter March March Marnh October March March 1959 March 1961 October 1952 March 1957 March 1959 March 1962 1A52 1937 1959 1964 1952 1967 _____ _______ _____ ation groups--- ___ All occu 10.8 11.7 12.0 12.1 10.4 11.2 11.7 12.1 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3: p Professional and managerial workers ------------------------------ nd kindred workers l hni 12.9 16-1- 13.2 16+ 13.5 16.2 13.9 16.2 12.8 16+ 12.9 16+ 13.2 16.4 18.5 16.4 . 14.0 16+ 2 2 14.4 16+ 5 12 14.0 15.9 2 12 14.7 16.1 12 4 a ca Professional tec Managers, ol6cials, and propietors, crept farm______________ 12.2 3 8 12.4 5 8 12.4 6 8 12.5 8.7 12.2 8.4 12.4 8.4 12.4 8.6 12 5 8.7 1 . 8.0 . (1) . 8.7 . 8.9 Farmers and farm managers, laborers and foremen------ -------------- . 5 8 . 8 6 . 8 7 8.8 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.5 (s) ( ) (t) FarmTsandfarmmanagers--------------------------------- rers and foremen ____ _-- b l F . 7.6 . 8.2 . 8.3 8.6 7.2 7.4 5 7.7 5 12 8.3 12 6 7.9 4 12 8.7 4 12 1 (1) 12.4 (') 12.5 o a arm Clerical and sales workers --------------------------------------- - .12.4 12 5 12. 4 12 5 12.6 12 5 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4 12. 12.4 . 12.5 . 12,5 . 12.5 . 12.5 12.5 12.5: Clerlealandkmdredworkers -------------------- ----------- orkers Sal s . 12.3 . 12.4 . 12.4 12.5 12.5 9 1 12.5 9 7 12.6 10 1 12.7 4 10 12.0 9.4 12.0 (1) 12.2 9.8 12.1 10,0 w e Craftsman, operatives; and laborers, except farm and mine _-_ dred workers d ki " 9.2 10.1 9.7 10.5 10.0 11.0 10 4 11 2 . 10.1 . 10.6 . 11.0 . 11.2 11.5 3 9 11.3 9 3 11.2 9 7 9.2 9 9 ---____-___ n raftslnen, foremen an G --------------------- ndkini~redworkers tiv 9.1 9.5 9.9 101 9.0 9.6 10.0 8 8 10.2 9 8 . 8 5 . (') . (1) . 10.0 -------- esa Opera except farm and mine Laborers 8.3 8.6 8.6 8 9 10 2 8.3 ( ) 8: 5 (1) . ( ) . 30.3 . 8.8 9.0 9.5 10.2 , Service workers, including private household-------------------- 8.8 1 8 9.0 8 3 9.7 4 8 . 8 . 7 2 1 . 8 1 8.3 8.4 8 7 Private household workers :___ ------------------------ . 2 . 6 . 10.3 10 . 10.8 8.8 9.0 10.1 (1 9. 7 2 10 6 IT 1 Oth~iserviceworkers __ - ___ _ _-- -------------- I Not available. 2 2gdian not shown where base is less than 150,000 In 1957 or less than 100,000 in ears. other years:- Source U.S. Department of Labor, t#ureau of Labor Statistics. source: Mr. FONG. Mr. President, table XI sidered functional illiterates by the Gov- shows that workers with more education ernment. See Manpower Report, March ark `en`tl Ioyed 'in better jobs. As of 1963, pages 12 and 13. By contrast, less March 1J62 the'nedian years' of school- than 1 percent of the immi?;rants to the ing for professWnal and `technical work- United States are illiterate. ers Ada 1$ as compared to 12.5 for Although the rate of ur..employment clerical em llo ees and .5 to 10:1 for un is high among all young people, it is far skill gt, FP_ er~oons. data 'were drawn from higher for youngsters who dropped out the e i ?meht of Labor flureaii of La- of school before graduating. For exam- bDr Statistics pie, 27 percent of the dropouts in 1961 i97hile hg ?roportlori"of `workers with were unemployed, as compared with 18 less than` years,of schooling fell during percent of the high-school graduates. the past decade'from`7 3'to 4.6 percent of The high dropout rate in previous years the labor force; this-4.6 percent repre is expected to continue into the 1970's, cants 3 million` workers who are con- so that at least 7.5 million or 30 percent of all youngpeople entering` the labor force in this decade will lack a high school education. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con sent that table XII showing employment status of June high school graduates not enrolled in college and of school dropouts by year of graduation or droyout, sex, and color, and by marital status of wom- en, October of 1959-61, be received and made a part of the RECORD at this point in my remarks. There being no objection, the tabula- tion was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: TAB 5:E' Il. -Employment status of June high school graduates not enrolled in college and of school dropouts, by dropout, sex, and color, and by marital status of women, October 1959-61 year of graduation o.r June high school graduates School dropouts Civilian labor force Civilian Not in al Unemployed Not in noninsti- l ti t labor ion tut Em- labor force ona u popula- Em- force pp a` Percent ed plo Percent tion Percent ployed - Percent ivil f tion N u- f y Num- of civil- Num- of popu- Num - c o b um- ber pop o lation ber ian labor her latton ber or ian la force force Total---------------------------- Female---- ----------------------- Single7------------------------ ,d Marriand other marital status'-._ pootn9tes at end of table. (4) 304 279 91.7 239 14.3 (s O 486 355 73.0 310 12.8 ) s (s) 418 68 381 24 79.2 (4) 291 19 12.1 (4) (2) (s) Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 20, 1965 CO TOI2.ESSIONXT, " 1 CO1f = SENA' E 23577 TABLE XII: Employrnent status of June high school graduates not enrolled in college and of school dropouts, by year of graduation or dropouts, sex, and color, and by marital status of women, October 1959-61-Continued [Thousands of persons 16 to 24 years of age] Civilian noninsti- tutional Unemployed Not In labor Civilian noninsti- tutional Not in labor popula- tion Num- ber Percent of popu- lation Em- ployed Num- ber Percent of civil- ian labor force force popula- tion Num- ber Percent of popu- lation Em- ployed Num- ber Percent of civil- ian labor force force Tota.I------------------------------ Male 348 308 88 5 262 46 14 9 40 76 4 102 24 19 0 39 -------------------------------------Female------------------------- ------ 573 398 . 69. 5 337 61 . 15.3 175 . 49.2 73 15 . (4) 91 Single - 473 359 75.9 308 51 14,2 114 64.5 60 11 (4) 39 _ Married and other marital status a_ 100 39 39. o 29 10 (4) 01 (4.) 13 4 4 52 White-------------------------------- 653 77.0 568 85 13.0 195 59.7 133 30 18.4 110 Nonwhite------------------------------- 73 53 (1) 31 22 (4) 20 (4) 42 9 (4) 20 i T- Total----------------------------- 910 115 Male --------------------- 345 297 86.1 18.5 83.8- 108 42 28.0 29 Female---------------- 571 433 75. 8 17.6 50.9 67 22 86 Single 482 392 81.3 16.8 63.0 55 20 (4) 44 Married and other marital status S_ _ _ 89 41 (4) (4) 12 2 (4) 42 White------ - ------------------------ 814 651 80. 0 16.3 66.8 134 55 29.1 94 Nonwhite-------- ---------------------- 102 79 77. 4 (4) 41 9 (4) 21 11) ata not available by color. 4-Percent not shown whero'baso is less than 100,000. Not available. I Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning with 1960 and are therefore not strictly a other marital status includes widowed and divorced persons, and married persons comparable with data for 1959. Mr. FONG. Mr. President, table XII shows that dropouts have significantly higher rates of unemployment than high school graduates. While the unemployment rate for high school graduates in 1961 was a high 17.9 percent, the comparable rate for youth who had dropped out of school was a very high 26.8 percent. Data was taken from the President's 1963 Manpower Report. In addition to the monetary value of an education, the underlying philosophy of the Peace Corps well illustrates the point: the United States sends skilled, professional and technically proficient persons to developing nations whose eco- nomic and cultural levels may thereby be lifted and improved. The great suc- cess of this Peace Corps Idea abroad may be said to operate with equal success in the reverse-that skilled technicians and knowledgeable persons from other coun- tries can and have helped improve the American economic and cultural levels. There is'no 'doubt that every educated Immigrant admitted into the country adds immeasurably to our economic and social wealth. The training of profes- sional and technical workers is a costly undertaking and represents a substan- tial national economic investment. It has been estimated that it costs $35,- 000 to raise a child and send him through college. If this estimate is correct, then the immigrant scientists and engineers who came here since 1952 represented an investment in human capital of ap- proximately $1.25 billion. Together with other highly trained and educated immi- grants, the United States has received about $3.5 billion in human capital since 1952 because of immigration. Thus, because a large number of im- migrants to this country are fully trained when they arrive, the United States, as the receiving country, benefits greatly from the education and training acquired in the nation of the Immigrant's origin. Not only do they bring with them a wide diversity of knowledge, education, and training which is badly needed through- out our economy, but they also bring with them a willingness to work. IMMIGRATION KELPS AGE SHORTAGE The fifth point regarding the impact of immigration on the economy is that, particularly during the coming decade. immigrants can help make up for a shortage of people in the central age ranges, from 25 through 44. We are indeed in critically short supply of work- ers in this age bracket, because during the depression years of the 1930's the number of children born in the United States fell off sharply. The 1930 babies are now in the 25-to-44 age bracket, a group which normally supplies many of the skilled workers, technicians, and middle management personnel and a group relied on heavily by employers.. In 1960 only about 26 percent of the U.S. population was in that age range-con- sidered by economists the prime years of a person's working life. Census Bureau figures show that an increasingly high proportion of immi- grants admitted to the United States in recent years has been In the 25-to-44 age range. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that table XIII, ;entitled "Immi- grants Admitted, by Sex and Age: Years Ended June 30, 1953-62," be received and printed in the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the table was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6. Approved. For Release 2004/01/16 _ CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Niz VONG.. ,Mr. President, table XIII $1Q*S ,that .a: large proportion of immi- prllls, Both. male and female, in that bracket- period were In. the 25-to-44 age t 1 million, of, abou 2.5, million. Source of thig data is the Immigration n Service and'I aturaliza l . o Labor. Department projections for the 1.1960'$, shown in the following table, indi- cate how significantly immigration could C rider 5 years b t0 9 years _ _ _ . _ _ ------- ------ 10 to 14 years. _ _ _ _ ----- - ------ 15 years________________________ 16 to 17 years_________________ - 18 to 19 years__________________ 20 to 24 years__________________ 25 to 29 years___________ ______ - 0to34years__________________ 80 35 to 39 years__________________ 40 to 44 years- --------- 5to49years_ _______ 4 50 to 54 Years . 55to5 years__ _____________ _ 60 to years__ _______________ 65 to 69 ye&rs__________________ 7 0 to 74 years ------------------ 75 to 79 years --- -------------- 80 years and over ____ ___ _______ Not reported ___________________ ales _____________ _____ Fern Under 5.years _ _ _. _ _ _ _ 5to9years____________________ 1 O to 14 years. fib years ._,__ . to19years___________________ 24 years______________________ 80 to 29 years______________________ 2.5 to 34 years______________________ 18 0 to 80 to 85 to 39 years_ _____________________ NoteatsaDd over ______ 16 to 17: years ------------------- 44 years_____________--------- 48 49 years _ _ __________ _ _________ to 54 years______________________ BO to 59 years _ _ _ __________ ___ _____ 55 to 84 years______________________ 60 to 69 years______________________ 65 ,to 70to 74 years --------------------- 79 years ____________ 15th _ reported ._ s8timated changes in the number of workers ` v JInmillionsj - ifiatal, allages,______ ', ndei`25 Zto34-_ _-_ --- i~G to 44-. - - 4 ,si}d - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 6 . 2 1.6 -,3 Without immigration 5.9 1.4 }.tSSLQt A:..E! GQ. SAT.E ,September 20, 1965 T,nill,>: XI L Xnzmigrants,. adrniiled, by sex eind. age, years ended June .30; 1958-62 Eexilnd.age _ 1953-62, 1963 1964 1955 1156 1957 1958 1969 1960 1961 1082 ^s?.ac fiber adnlitt Si. X99, 349 170,434 208,177 287,790 1111, 625 326,867 253,265 260,686 265,398 271, 344 283,763 s_ _ _ _ _ 1,185,440 78,073 95,594 112,032 n6,410 155,201 109,121 114,367 116,687 121,380 131,576 117, 489 7,226 8,708 9,587 14,087 15,766 4 11,976 4 11,511 12,299 13,203 .13,126 95, 053 6,273 7,769 8,783 12,419 13, 52 9, 86 8, 960 8,570 9,604 9,735 75, 817 4,345 5, 513 6, 730 9,323 9,898 7,694 7,975 7, 731 8, 295 8,313 13,805 321 -33 732 1 761 870 211 2 1,303 3 104 1,847 4 81 1,764 4 7 1,304 3 19 1,363 7 1,493 3 1,446 1,683 , 45,839 154 631 , 2,103 7 777 . , 2,890 10 341 , 4,226 13 986 ,5 3,204 27 537 ,24 5,953 20 114 , 0 4,294 13 782 3,23 4,739 15 999 ,565 4,879 15 836 3,637 5,171 16 618 3,888 5,380 19 541 , 184,987 , 11,922 , 15,447 , 17,625 , 21,783 , 23,986 , 17,493 , 17,306 , 17,788 9 , 18,349 , 21,288 144,130 9,661 13,543 14,950 1),883 19,637 12,841 12,487 12, 19 13,063 15,146 98,270 6,788 8,456 9,106 11,581 12,652 8,840 9,199 9, Q69 9,802 10,877 72,124 5,141 6,960 8,492 1.1,311 9,745 5,836 5,721 5,827 6,247 6,804 58,076 3,587 4,975 6,128 71,523 7,166 4,545 5,348 5,369 5,326 37,831 2.404 .3,560 3,703 ;1, 306 4,561 3,076 3,784 3,762 3,865 3,810 24,389 14 508 1,511 830 2,048 107 1 2,065 1 100 :,035 1 433 2,917 1 579 2,050 1 268 2,752 1 772 2,646 - 1 801 2,652 1 766 1 , 8,897 508 , 638 , 587 , 813 , 892 , 737 , 1,168 , 1,187 , 1,218 1,151 4,600 277 309 289 407 445 390 579 592 732 580 2,295 118 159 143 209 214 176 317 294 322 343 1,235 99 86 109 99 130 105 129 146 168 164 ' 243, 10 18 16 29 83 36 23 14 6 8 1,418,909 97,381 .112,583 125,758 165,215 171,666 144,144 146,319 148,711 149,964 752,188 112,371 7,162 8,188 9,065 13.661 14,950 11,172 11,005 11,799 13,001 3 !l12, 368 92,591 6,107 7,429 8,342 11 958 13,102 9,239 8,800 8,953 9, 20 9,341 74,742 4,331 5,639 6,684 8; 173 91326 7,753 7,811 7,855 8,139. 8,231 14,571 840 989 1,335 1, 961 1,882 11498 1,401 1,395 1,536 1,734 44,997 2,878 3,189 4, 187 5.440 5,421 4,709 4,621 4,690 4,915 4, 947 86,695 4,950 6,263 8,060 9,704 9,386 9,091 9,465 9,968 9,825 9,983 282,251 18,996 22,126 24,466 30,897 31,244 29,253 30,119 31,838 31,366 31,946 213,844 16,317 18,730 19,921 24,852 5 26,050 22,181 21,384 21,765 21,209 21,445 144,848 10,323 12,230 13,299 17, 71 18,827 14,698 14,585 14,829 14,211 14,275 93,150 6,783 7,224 7,756 10,384 11,418 9,376 10,073 9,989 10,071 10,096 69,074 5,460 6,131 6,823 9,062 8,984 6,656 6,431 6,232 6,497 6,798 57,592 4,162 4,821 - 5,303 7,168 6,883 5,703 6,071 5,941 5,766 5,794 45,016 3,437 3,722 3,977 5,043 5,114 4;397 4,949 4,633 4,746 5998 8 33,156 2,386 2,487 2,710 3,605 3,831 3,405 3,737 3,610 5 3,499 3, 85 21,881 1,422 1,638 1,669 2,161 2,365 2,253 2,729 2, 15 2,484 2,755 13,395 890 894 1,053 1,560 1,409 1,303 1,599 1,665 1,649 1,773 7,527 500 502 610 703 761 818 872 767 997 997 3.886 273 293 315 384 404 406 414 386 512 499 2,031 137 164 164 .127 233 181 220 175 226 304 291 7 24 19 30 86 52 33 16 5 . 19 contribute to alleviate the worker short- age in the central age range: Estird.ated changes in the number of workers in each age group from 1960 to 1970, with ant without immigration !In millions] 'Total, allages -_-___. Under :5-- --- 25 to 34--_--------------- 15to44---- _ --------- 45andcver__.__.____ _-__ With immigration 6.2 1.6 -.3 Without immigration 5.9 1.1 -.7 4.8 Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent t hat table XIV, entitled "Changes in Total Labor Force, by Age and Sex, 1950- 75," be received and made a part of the RECORD at this point. There being no objection, the table was ordere d to be printed in the RECORD, as Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September , 20, 1965 C NGRESSIONAL RECORD-- TABLE XIV.-Changes in total labor force, by age and sex, 1950-75 [Numbers in thousands] 23579 Actual Projected Change, 1950-60 Change, 1960-70 Change, 1970-75 Age and sex 1950 19601 1970 1975 Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Both sexes: ::: 14-years and over ---------------------------- 64,749 73,081 85,7493 93,031 8,332 12.9 12,622 17.3 7 328 8.6 14 to 24 years___________________________ 13,331 13,697 19, 861 21,787 366 2.7 ' - 6,164 45.0 1,926 9.7 25 to 44 --------------------------------- - 29,263 31,878 33,235 37,023 2,615 8.9 1,357 4.3 3,788 11.4 25 to 34 years ____ _______ ------------ 16, 145 - 15 099 16,709 20, 806 =46 -.3 1,610 10.7 4,097 24.5 35 to 44 years ----------------------- 14,118 16:779 16,526 16, 217 2,661 18.8 -263 -1.5 -309 -1.9 45 years and over. _ 22,156 27, 506 32, 607 I I - 34, 221 5, 350 I I 24.1 '101 18.5 1,614 - 4.9 45 to 64 years ___ __ 19,119 24,127 I 29, 128 30, 510 5,008 26.2 I 5, 001 20.7 1,382 I 4.7 65 years and over_____ __ _ __- 3,037 3,379 J 3.479 3,711 342 11.3 100 3.0 232 T 6.7 Male: 14 years andover ---------------------- _____ 46,069 49,563 56,295 60,916 3,494 7.61 6,732 13.6 4,821 8.2 14 to 24 years --------------------------- 8,668 8,731 12,594 13,782 83 .7 3,863 44.2 1,188 9.4 25 to 44 years___________________________ 20,996 22,394 23,003 25,671 1,398 6.7 609 2.7 2,688 11.1 25 to 34 years :___ -_--___ 11,044 10,940 11,990 14,916 -104 -.9 1,050 9.6 2,926 24.4 35to44years _____ ________ 9,952 11,454 11,013 10,755 1,502 15.1 -441 -3.9. -258 -2.3 45 years and over ----------------------- 16,405 18,438 20, 698 1 21,463 I 2,033 12.4 2,260 12.3 765 3.7 46 to 64 years ----------------------- 13,052 16, 013 18,414 I 19, 083 2,061 14.8 - 2,401 15.0 669 3.6 65 years and over ___ -.______ 2,453 2,425 2,284 2,380 -28 -1.1 -141 -5.8 96 4.2 Female: ? 14 years andover ---------------------------- 18,680 23,518 29;408 32,115 4,838 25.9 r 5,800 25.0 2,707 9.2 14 to 24years ------------------- ____ ~.-4,663 4,966 7,267 8,005 303 6.5 2,301 46.3 738 10.2 25 to 44years ------- ----------- __------- 8,267 9,484 10,232 11,352 1,217 14.7 .748 7.9 1,120 10.9 25 to 34 years -___ _______ 4,101 4,159 4,719 5,890 58 L4 560 13.5 1,171 24.8 36 to 44 years -------------------- a_____ 4,166 5,325 - 5,513 5,462 1,159 27.8 188 3.5 -51 -.9 45 years and over ______ _.__-___ 5,751 9,068 11,909 12,758 3,317 . 57.7 2,841 31.3 849 7.1 45 to 64 years ------------------------ 6,167 8, 114 10,714 11, 427 2, 947 57.0 2,600 32.0 713 6.7 years and over ------------ -_ _ 584 954 1, 195 1, 331 370 63.4 241 25.3 136 i1.4 labor force differ slightly from those derived from the monthly labor force survey because they were adjusted to be consistent with the revised 1960 population estimates published by the Bureau of the Census in Current Population Reports, Series P-25 No. 241. Mr. FONG. Mr. President, figures must be taken to insure that the migrants drawn from table XIV show that the are well qualified and will not enter Into 1 1 it d C d shortage of workers in the critical 25-to- 44 age bracket is expected to continue to 1970. There would be 700,000 fewer workers in the 35-to-44 age group in 1970 than in 1960 if there were no immigra- tion. But with immigration contin- uing at present levels, this key age group would be only 300,000 fewer by 1970. ADMISSIONS ADJUSTED', ADMINISTRATIVELY The sixth point about the economic implications of immigration is that, by and large, adjustments in the timing of admissions of immigrants with different skills to U.S. employment levels and needs may perhaps best be handled ad- ministratively; When we are in short supply of medical technicians, for ex- ample, at a particular time and have an adequate supply of machinists, then we should adjust our immigration priorities to admit more medical technicians and temporarily suspend admission of ma- chinists. Australia and Canada, nations which have embarked on ambitious pro- grams of immigration, so administer their immigration, and with remarkable success. J. L. Marion, of the Canadian Immi- gration Office, said,. I should emphasize that immigration is for Canada an economically stimulating factor and hence we feel that some immigration is desirable even in periods of economic recession although at such time extra care h unemp eye ana an competition w workers. Figures provided by Canadian Labour Congress show that when immigration was high in relation to the labor force, unemployment was low; on the other hand, when immigration was low in re- lation to the labor force, unemployment was high. Exclusions based on economic as well as social factors, administered flexibly and pragmatically, are justified. But to arbitrarily exclude skilled or gifted persons needed In this Nation merely be- cause he is a Polynesian, a Negro, or an oriental, or because the country of his birth has a small quota-our experience under the. 1952 Immigration Act has been precisely this-is to effectuate un- democratic as well as economically wasteful policies. As the New York Times editorialized on July 25, 1963, "each immigrant's worth is best judged by personal qual- ities and skills, not by group stereotypes." PROVISIONS PROTECT AMERICAN ECONOMY Incorporated in the bill now pending before the Senate are three provisions to protect American workers and the eco only:.:..... .. First, Third preference immigrants, provided for under section 3 of the bill, must be "qualified immigrants who are members of the professions, or who be- cause of their exceptional ability in the sciences or the arts will substantially benefit prospectively the national econ- omy, cultural interests, or welfare of the United States." Second, Sixth preference immi- grants--provided for in the same sec- tion 3-must be "qualified immigrants who are capable of performing specified skilled or unskilled labor, not of a tem- porary or seasonal nature, for which a shortage of employable and willing per- sons exists in the United States." Third. Sections 3 and 10 of the bill require the Secretary of Labor to make an affirmative finding that "first, there are not sufficient workers in the United States and at the place to which the alien is destined to perform such skilled or unskilled labor; and, second, the em- ployment of such aliens will not ad- versely affect the wages and working conditions of the workers in the United States similarly -employed." What H.R. 2580 proposes for America is fundamentally sound. It rests on the very principles in which we profess belief. It is an integral part of mankind's strug- gle to achieve equality, justice, dignity, and brotherhood. Now, Mr. President, I come to the sec- ond argument immigration reform legislation. One of the oldest and most emotional arguments against changing our immi- gration laws is the fear that an increase in the number of Asian immigrants would upset the historical and cultural pattern of American life. An objective Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD .,Si NOTE September .20, 1965= examiiion, of -We facts dispels this this land, over 40 miIlicn people have movement; the German physicist, Albert fear as' groundless, migrated to America. There is no part Einstein; Ireland's Father Flanagan, According to tlae, 1960 census, the of our society which has not been refined founder of Boys' Town; the great Span- 1 of the United States included by the contributions of aliens who have ish philosopher, George Santayana; 464,332 persons of Japanese ancestry, come to make their home: in the United Hungary's Journalist Joseph Pulitzer; twenty-six one-hundredths of .1 percent States. This is the esser.ce of our Un- Austrian-born Associate Justice of the of the_tQtal population; 237,292 persons ion. It is its strength. The unequaled Supreme Court Felix Frankfurter; Polish of Chinese ancestry, thirteen one-hun- economic prosperity and vigorous cul- Pianist Artur Rubinstein; the brilliant dredths of 1 percent; 176,310 persons of ture of the Nation are due to the in- Italian atomic physicist, Enrico Fermi; Filipino ancestry, nine one-hundredths genuity, resourcefulness, lard labor, and the great maestro of the Philadelphia of 1 percent; and 218,089 in a category ideals of people of several score of na- Orchestra, Hungarian Eugene Ormandy, designated "All others," including per- tionalities-but all American. sons of Korean, Indian of the Far East, Oscar to name a few who Nava made notable Polynesian, Indonesian, and other non- Handlin abl writes: in American culture and white, ancestries except Negroes and testifies rtothele wisdom 4l ofd our development a n de- ty abou American y As ation immigrants, we s society twelve one- and hundredths of of percent oft the total pop- growth nasn ain nation has been igachi ved,in in veloped n which racially of hete mrogene cultures ulation. large measure, through the genius and In- ethnic niccitizens of and work r side ey side and `There were, then, In the United States dustry of immigrants of every race and from ethnic origins live acid wside re on 1960 only 1,093,023 persons of oriental every quarter of the world. The story of to make the American dream a reality. and Polynesian extraction, or sixty-one America. Their brains anc, their brawn one-hundredths of 1 percent of a total of helped to settle our land, to advance our We l it, in brotherhood; we believe in 180 million people-an extraordinarily agriculture, to build our industries, to devel- su cos wn know It has real prospect for small mingrity-not even 1 percent of op our commerce, to produce new inven- success nationally and internationally, our population. And as envisaged under tions, and, in general, to make us the lead- and it has the force of logic, our proposed immigration bill, the total ing nation that we now are. Believing in this ideal and constantly allotment for nations of Asia and the In 1959, President Eisenhower said in write to ar bookit. the d d canniscriminot out Pacific would be 26,990, or only 10.8 per- a message to Congress: quota from provisions our books of,the atory cent of the total immigration annually- The strength of this Nation may be meas- Nationality Act whichIm givegoffense to surely a small enough proportion, since ured in many ways-military might, indus- the Asia Pacific area contains over half trial productivity, scientific contributions, many peoples tour the of of the world's population, its system, of justice, its freedcm from autoc- racy, the fertility of its land and prowess southeast Asia, I was asked manly clues - ;i of its people. Yet, no analytical study can tions about our immigration policies. I so"dramatically demonstrate Its position in was pressed again and again to explain oxl ributions of our American citizens the world as the simple truth that here, the small quotas we allot inhabitants of Of Japanese, C.ilinese,.,Filipino, Korean, more than any other place, hundreds of those nations. These people feel greatly arid" Fioiynesitin ancestry, and others thousands of people each year seek to enter WFiose antecedents are native to the tri- and establish their homes a:-id raise their the eric's ir angle area in ?he building of our country children. America's role o of leadership in in the the free have been ?significant. They have To the extent possible, without dislocat world is one of great sensitivity,and our have ed,distinct pn in nearly every field Ing flow of the lives of those already living here, this position is hardly enhanced by an immi- of endeavor: a_ istlc, scientific, olftic ld Immigration to this country must be gation policy which implies that some na- . p encouraged. These persons who seek entry add oetpl oI ie{ rehgiopS, military, flnan- to this country seek more than a share in less desirable and some ethnic groups are c a , ticlu triali,iand Qiherwise, our material prosperity. The contributions less desirable members of the American d Q ci o g~?P tS!.,b unassimflable, to- of successive waves of immigrants show that family. is ey area Lich part asany other they do not bring their families to a strange Many countries of Asia and the Pacific ethlll r4 p tine mainstream of land and learn a new language and a new have traditionally sought more than a Alllerane way of life simply to indulge themselves token of immigration to the United with comforts, Their real concern Is with i ttadt p, iy st ch__scholars as Prof. their children, and as a result those who States. These are the countries that will Kai r H. I, liar Q of UCLA, "Final Re- have struggled for the right of American play a large and vital role in determining 1t atjQiii 1, Il?Stitute of Mental citizenship have, in countless ways, shown the future course of world events. Their Ilealth, Project rant, Japanese Crime a deep appreciation of Its responsibilities, friendship is crucial to all those who are and4a Deltnquez}cy i11,_xi}e United States, The names of those who make important fighting to preserve freedom. osb ever other D , 19~$rof, Tamato.Ichihashi, geldrof etions in ndeavor?Indicatesmthat there has The problem of immigration is hn e heS al ord ..t niversitY, "Japanese in been no period in which the immigrants to longer merely a domestic issue; on the: tilted ,States," Stanford University this country have not richly rewarded it for contrary, it has great international I:srerss, 1952; ,Rose Buell Lee. "The Chi- its liberality in receiving them. significance. nose bi ,iheljUnited States of America," While Secretary of State in 1956, John: Kong Kong University Press,. 1960; and To understand the message of to other works by such scholars as E. G. paragraphs, we need only to point to the Foster Dulles said: Mears. Bradford.Smith, and those works 15 U.S. Nobel Prizewinners in physics My primary concern as Secretary of State is overall . published by P. Lippincott in one works and chemistry who were immigrants to b y the that Congress whatever be a app o quota is adopted this country; we need only to think of Our s should not equitably. pies of America" series all show that Y; oquota restrictions should nd basis of? Americans of oriental ancestry have a few immigrants-Noguchi, a poor Jthe hate among persons merely on the bases c- merbuted Of oriental ally and culturally anese peasant who became one of the their national origin, nor should the restric our Nation and. arc great assets in the world's greatest scientists in the United tions discriminate unfairly against any of to o rican ociypolare States; Japanese Artist Yasuo Kumiyo- the friendly nations which, have an interest ie addition, they serve well as bridges shi; Lin Yu Tang, Chinese philosopher in common with us in the defense of the free and author' Dr. Chen Ning Yang and world. The present system of determining of understanding between our people Dr. Tsung Dao Lee, who jointly won the quotas is offensive on both counts. and the, peoples of Asia and the Pacific, Nobel Prize for while engaged in' America's st for in sharing common ethnic origins, physics rvndi ate emocracy's be- they are able to reach much better the research in the Princeton Institute of is a struggle to vindicate democracy's be- peoples of the triangle area with theie Advanced Studies; D. S. Saund, an In- lief in the individual worth of human be- eosse o of good will, area freer dian who was elected Congressman from ings, as opposed to the totalitarian con- dons and individual dignity, California; Jiddu Krishnamirrti, Hindu cept that individuals have no identity A d,iviar of dignianxTS poet and philosopher; Wernher von except as components in the political and Braun and the entire team of scientists economic structure of society. Historically, the United States is an whom Dr. von Braun brought with him Until the racial incongruities of our immigrantas country, The world came to from Germany to work for th ; U.S. Gov- present basic immigration laws which regard us a haven where freedom was ernment at the Redstone Arsenal; Eng- discriminate against certain national to be found. Since the first settling of land's Samuel Gompers, of the labor and ethnic groups are eliminated, our Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September' 20, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD =SENATE: laws needlessly impede our struggle for global peace. Our forebearers, coming to America from all corners of the world, have worked together to transform a vast continent of wilderness and desert into a powerful bastion of freedom and op- portunity. Mr. President, our Nation is the great pilot demonstration of the most influen- tial principles and ideals in history. Our tenets of equality irrespective of race, creed, or color have inspired freedom- loving people everywhere to look to America as a beacon in their struggle to win freedom and independence. Our op- portunity Is to live up to these ideals, Since 1924 we have come a long way in our immigration laws. Let us go the final mile in writing a fair and Just law. We will then be demonstrating to the world that we practice what we preach, and that all men are equal under law. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. President, 'will the Senator from Hawaii yield? Mr. FONG., I am happy to yield to the Senator from Massachusetts. Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. I commend the Senator from Hawaii for. what I believe to be one of the finest presentations I have ever heard on the question of our immigration policy. Senators owe the Senator from Hawaii a great debt of gratitude for his extraor- dinary contribution in tracing the his- torical background by which this country arrived at one of the most prejudicial and distasteful parts of U.S. law; namely, the Asian-Pacific triangle. I have had an opportunity to chair the committee hearings that we held on the immigration bill since February of this last year. The senior Senator from Hawaii has been in constant attendance on those hearings. His questions were pertinent, important, and revealing. He brought to the members of the subcom- mittee a better understanding and com- prehension of this whole matter and how our present immigration law, to a very important e,Etent, affects our relations with the Far East. I think every Member of the Senate would recognize, and should recognize, the extraordinary contribution the Sen- ator from Hawaii has made to the whole pending legislation. I speak for myself, but I know I speak for many other Mem- bers of the Senate, when I commend the Senator from Hawaii for his interest, his participation, and his understanding of this whole issue. The speech itself which he delivered was most complete and thoughtful. I know it is a question in which he has been interested for many years, in this body and elsewhere. I know that he Joins with" the other members of the committee in looking forward to speedy and successful passage of this bill. $o?I want to extend my cohgratula- tions to the Senator from Hawaii for his speech, for his exhaustive participation, his interest, +and his constant counseling during the hearings in the subcommittee and in the' consideration of the bill by the full committee. 1 -think the product of his work is 'seen in the contribution which he has made to the RECORD today. I commend the Senator from Hawaii for his efforts. Mr. FONG. I thank the distinguished Senator from Massachusetts for his very kind and laudatory remarks. I hope they are deserved., I have worked very hard with the distinguished Senator from Massachusetts, during the course of hearings, deliberations of the subcom- mittee, and the full committee, and at other times. The distinguished junior Senator from Massachusetts has been in the forefront of efforts to write and enact a just and fair immigration reform bill. He has worked very diligently and tirelessly in championing this cause. As acting sub- committee chairman, he has called meet- ing after meeting. He has listened with great fairness to all sides presenting their views. Without the Senator from Mas- sachusetts having been so indefatigably dedicated to the passage of this bill, we would not have a reform immigration bill on the Senate floor today. I commend him in the highest term for the very fine and excellent leadership in draft- ing and guiding this bill to the Senate floor. Mr. President, it is quite an event when the descendant of an immigrant fro3n Ireland [Mr. KENNEDY] stands on the floor of the Senate with the descendant of an old family from Boston, as repre- sented by the senior Senator from Mass- achusetts [Mr. SALTONSTALLI, and the Senator from Ohio [Mr. LAUSCHE], who a while ago said his ancestors came from Yugoslavia, and the descendant of an im- migrant who came from China, stand on the floor of the Senate today and to- gether agree that we have at last a bill which is fair, just, and equitable, which does justice to all the people of the world, and which we think should be enacted. It is a great credit to the U.S. Congress that we have arrived at this day. A great share of the credit belongs to the dis- tinguished Senator from Massachusetts. I would again like to express my thanks and appreciation to the Senator from Massachusetts for making this effort pos- sible. THE DEATH OF FORMER SENATOR ELMER THOMAS, OF OKLAHOMA Mr. JAVITS obtained the floor. Mr. HARRIS. Mr. President, will the Senator from New York yield to me with- out losing his right to the floor? Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I will not yield for the offering of an amendment to the bill. Mr. HARRIS. It is not for that pur- pose. Mr. JAVITS. With that understand- ing, I ask unanimous consent that I may yield to the Senator frcm Oklahoma without losing my- right to the floor. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. KENNEDY of New York in the chair). Is there objection? The Chair hears none; and it is so ordered. Mr. HARRIS. Mr. President, it was with deep sorrow and regret that my distinguished colleague [Mr. MONRONEY] and I learned of the death yesterday of former U.S. Senator Elmer Thomas, of Oklahoma. My colleague is prevented 23581 by ill health from being present at this time, but he joins with me in this state- ment. Born on a farm near Greencastle, Ind., September 8, 1876, Senator Thomas at- tended the common schools there and graduated from Central Normal College at Danville, Ind., in 1897, and from De Pauw,University in Greencastle, Ind., in 1900. He studied law and was admitted to the Indiana bar in 1897 and to the Okla- homa bar in 1900, commencing the prac- tice of law in Oklahoma City, Okla. With the opening of the Kiowa, Co- manche, and Apache Reservation to settlement in 1901, he moved his home and law practice to Lawton, Okla. At statehood, he was elected as a member of the first Oklahoma State Senate in 1907, where he served with distinction until 1920. He served continuously dur- ing that period as chairman of the Sen- ate Appropriation Committee and was president pro tempore of that body from 1910 to 1913. In 1920, Senator Thomas resigned from the Oklahoma State Senate to be- come a candidate for Congress, being. unsuccessful in the first campaign, but to which office he was elected in 1923. He served in the U.S. House of Repre- sentatives until 1927, when he was elected as a Member of the U.S. Senate from Oklahoma, and remained a Mem- ber of that body until January 3, 1951. He was distinguished in the U.S. Senate as a leader in the field of finance, was chairman of the Agriculture Committee, and was an authority on Indian affairs. A lifelong Democrat, Senator Thomas was a delegate to all Democratic State conventions in Oklahoma from state- hood in 1907 until 1950, He was a dele- gate from Oklahoma to all of the Demo-' cratic National Conventions from 1924 to 1950, and was chairman of the Oklahoma Democratic State convention in 1910. He engaged in the practice of law in Washington, following his service in the U.S. Senate, and returned to Lawton in August, 1957, where he resided until his death. Senator Thomas was a faithful public servant, and his good works will long survive him. My visits with him from time to time revealed to me the depth of his wisdom and the keenness of his sense of service. All of us will miss him. Mr. President, on behalf of myself and my colleague [Mr. MONRONEY], I send to the desk a resolution and ask for its immediate consideration. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The res- olution will'be stated. The legislative clerk read the resolu- tion (S. Res. 148), as follows: Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow and extreme regret the an- nouncement of the death of Elmer Thomas, who served in the U.S. Senate from the State of Oklahoma from 1927 until 1951. Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House of Represen- tatives and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased, together with a transcript of remarks made in the Senate in praise of his distinguished service to the Nation, The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection to the present consideration of the resolution? Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446RO:00100040001-6 CQ T,G ..ESSION,1, , , ECQ .D,-.,SENATE September .20, 1965 tion . iy8 Considered, and unanimously agreed to. M'r. HARRIS. I thank the distin- guished ;,Senator from New York for yielSling; tame. AMFNlI T ' OF,IMMIGA,ATION.AND NATIONALITY ACT The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill (H.R. 2580) to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other, purposes.. Mr. JAVIT5.. Mr. President, first I should like too. express my support of the pending ,bill,, H.R. 2580. I have some problems. jn.respect to it, which I share with other. Members of this body and other Members of Congress, but the im- portant point I wish to emphasize first is that, in substance, I very much want to see this bill become law. Leaving aside for, the moment the problems, which I. shall., discuss in a moment, the bill represents a major achievement for Congress in the effort to wipe out immigration. policies which for more than 40 years have discriminated against certain people coming into this country on the basis of their place of birth rather than their ability and quali- fication to, enter the United States. I take pride, together with the Sena- tor from Hawaii [Ma. FONG], who just spoke-and he has a very deep place in our hearts-In the origins which are represented by some .of us who are sup- porting these fundamental reforms. My own parents are immigrants, one was from what was known as the Austro- Hungarian Empire, and the other from what Is now Israel and what was then known as Palestine. `Amazing divergencies are brought to- gether, in. this, wonderful country under the authority of our Constitution, with all the strengths of differing origins con- tributing to and building America's total strength rather than in any way de- tracting from it. Mr.. President, the areas in which I find myself In considerable concern about the bill are essentially two: First, the. absence of a statute of limitations, which has, ,been one of the problems presented by the McCarran-Walter Act, with relation especially to the deporta- tion of those who have been here in many cases for years, and frequently involving tragic instances in which people have had to be deported after spending 20, 30 or more years in this country and having established residence here. . The other problem which gives me great cause for concern, and which was also great cause for concern before the Judiciary Committee-and I have the honor to be a member of that commit tee-is the problem of the new-and I emphasize. the word "new"-ceilings on Western Hemisphere immigration. This is a ceiling which we have never had be- fore, a ceiling of 120,000 Imposed by the bill upon Western Hemisphere immigra- tion, with grave differences over what it will mean in terms of our relations with the rest of the nations of the Americas. 'First, as to the fundamental bill. Our Nation has has been made great by im- migrants. Men and women from allover the world have contributed to the growth of our country, the prosperity of our economy, the diversity of our cultural heritage and the buildim, of the United states, as.a nation. Booth the dictates of our consciences, as well as precepts of modern sociologists, tell us that immigration, as it exists in the national origins quota system, is wrong, and without any hasis in reason or in fact, for we know better than to say that one man is better than another be- cause of color of his skin or the country in which he was born. I opposed the so-called McCarran- Walter Act, which I said compounded the inequities, injustices, and the discrimina- tion of the national origins quota sys- tem, which we will now eliminate at long last. I voted to sustain the veto of that bill. The veto was to the credit of Presi- dent Truman. I come to this issue not as a Johnny- come-lately, but as the culmination of a long struggle in which I joined with many Senators in the Cong:ess. I fought for many years to bring about this immigration reform, and on many occasions protested bitterly and vigor- ously toefforts to satisfy the Congress by giving the country fixed quotas to allevi- ate some situation, with the only end re- sult that the basic discrimination of the McCarran-Walter immigra Ion law con- tinued while Congress allowed itself to be satisfied with additional national quotas for one purpose or another. It Is, therefore, with deep gratifica- tion, after this struggle which began about 15 years ago, we are finally at a point where from all app=arances we shall be embarking on a totally new path from the 1924 immigration law. Many words have been said on the! floor of the Senate about all men being equal and about how all men should be given equal opportunity without regard ;;o their race or color. How then can we tolerate : eaving such blatant and unfounded discrimination on our statute books as exists in the national origins quota syste:~n in which nearly 70 percent of the visas go to less than 5 countries and the remaining 30 percent for the rest of the world. I believe most of us agree that it is high time. that this be done away with. It has been 13 years since immigration injustice was perpetrated in the Immi- gration and Nationality Act of 1952, the McCarran-Walter Act. It is time to replace it. Time and experience have more than dramatized the fact that, a:; its oppo- nents contended 13 years ago, it is per- haps as unique a law as we have on our statute books. But these 11 years have also produced an atmosphere of politi- cal helplessness to exasperate even the most determined immigration reformers, so that today most as resigned to the now annual practice of settling- for piece- meal revisions or temporary relief rather than an effective overhaul of our entire policy of Immigration. The backdoor methods Congress has used to cover up deficiencies in the basic law is the great- est proof of the law's Inadequacies. Since the McCarran-Walter Act we; enacted, Congress has passed special, short-term immigration and refugee legislation which has had the cumulative effect of admitting into the United States more than twice as many persons as permit- ted under the basic McCarran-Walter Act. But even this piecemeal legislation has represented no relief to the thousands of American families with relatives in countries with heavily mortgaged and oversubscribed immigration quotas. This tragic situation is. the result of that section of the McCarran-Walter Act which is admittedly based on national and racial discrimination-the national origins quota system, which remains to- day a target for Communist propaganda and making our effort to win over the uncommitted nations more difficult. It is based on the rejected racist assump- tion that people of one ethnic origin are superior, socially and culturally, to those of another. It was designed and is ad- ministered not to admit as many immi- grants as we can readily absorb, but to, exclude as many as possible. The time has come to end this pro- duction on national image with meaning- ful reform of our immigration policy. First and foremost, before I get into details to which I might take .exception, I urge prompt passage of this legislation so that we can fashion an Immigration policy of which this country can be proud instead of ashamed, as it has every right to be up to now. This bill establishes a national quota outside the Western Hemisphere of 170,= 000, including 6 preference groups that may use. up to 94 percent of the quota, and with 6 percent-10,200 visas set aside-for the. conditional entry of ref- ugees from anywhere in the world. Of this 6 percent, 3 percent may be used to adjust the status of refugees after 2 years residence in the United States. The bill provides that, for the first ,3 years after enactment, the area quotas now authorized-158,361--shall not be changed but that quota numbers not used in the prior year shall make up an immigration pool from which visas may be issued within the preferences estab- lished in H.R. 2580, as amended, and in, chronological order of registration of oversubscriptions. The use of the pool is limited to the extent that the maximum number of visas issued from the area quota plus the pool for any country shall not exceed 20,000. After the first 3 years there will be no area, quotas, and all visas will be issued on a first-come, first-served basis within the preferences established in H.R. 2580,, as amended. We should be quick to realize that the additional immigrants who are being ad- mitted are, for the most part, either fam- ily relations of people who are already here or professional and skilled people who will help our economy. Familial re- lationships have been given high priority in the preference system set up in H.R. 2580, receiving the first 40 percent. This will permit the reunification of families which have been kept apart. There have been some very tragic cases in this regard. They have been kept apart because of many of Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September 20, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RE' COR13-- SENATE the inhuman restrictions contained in the present law: Indeed, I have had called 'to my attention many cases which have not been adjusted by special legislation-of parents separated from children because the children hap- pen to be born in some other nation, where the quota was heavily against them, as contrasted with that of their parents. It has taken years and years, and sometimes has not happened at all, to reunite those families. The reuniting of families is further en- hanced by the provisions of H.R. 2580 which put parents of U.S. citizens out- side the numerical limitation '>f 170,OOO immigrants. This provision was also in the immigration reform bill (S. 1093) which I introduced last February. I have introduced many such reform bills cur- ing my service in the Congress. - In many countries which have had small quotas, many qualified people have either not been able to obtain visas or have not even tried because of the length of the waiting lists. It has sometimes taken 10 or more years before they could even remotely have 'hope' of being reached. The abolition of the national origins quota system and the new preference system will allow competent and needed people to enter the United States, to fill positions and Jobs for which there is a shortage of qualified people in this coun- try. For example, thousands of doctors and scientists, nurses and technicians will come to the United States in .the next 15 years. For those who are wor- ried. about increasing the unemployment rolls, let me point out that no one-not a preference immigrant, a nonprefere'nce immigrant, or a special immigrant from the Western Hemisphere=may enter without prior certification by the Secre- tary of Labor that he will not be taking the Job of another American. This strict control and supervision should enable us to bring in those who can contribute to our Nation without the clanger of adding people to the relief rolls. 'Foreign nations"Have often critcized the United States for, the national origin quota system, and it has been without doubt a hindrance t ' the conduct of our foreign relations. Communist nations have used it in their propaganda as an example of the bigotry of Americans- to our detriment in many parts, of the world, especially the underdeveloped countries which have small immigration quotas, but where we need to win --friends. We are trying to wage a successful fight for freedom and democracy in Vietnam, ' We have no better way of demonstrating our faith in the people of Asia than by today's action in eliminat- ing the Asia-Pacific- triangle, the most discriminatory section of an unfair sys- tem. Such action should demonstrate that we consider the peoples .of Asia to be Rl? A fully, equal basis with those of the rest of the world. No longer will we ,single out men and women of Asiatic ancestry and tell them that, they are dif- ferent from others, no matter where they were born. This provision brings to an NO. '173-20' end a series of measures which laid aside the earlier. Chinese exclusion laws, but which themselves were so iniquitous. Now, at long last, these peoples have been put on their rightful basis, of equality. In this regard, the bill, S. 1093, which I introduced last February, contained pro- visions for the immediate elimination of the national origins quota system, in- eluding the Asia-Pacific triangle. I would like to address myself to the ,provision of the bill containing the West- ern Hemisphere limitation of 120,000, which constitutes the most controversial part of the bill before us. I believe in the bill's authority for creating a com- mission to study the various aspects of immigration and population growth in the Western Hemisphere. To establish such a commission is reasonable enough. But I see no reason why, together with that commission must be Joined a nu- merical limitation on immigration from .the Western Hemisphere. I disagree with the principle of stating-. a numerical limitation on immigration from that part of the world, and so voted in the subcommittee and in the full com- mittee against the imposition of the 120,000 limitation. I say that because our special relationship with our sister Republics in the Americas was estab- lished at least 100 years ago, before the present immigration system was estab- lished. At that time the number.of peo- ple we admitted from this hemisphere was 190,000, when our. total population was half, what, it is, today. The average. comparable immigration .from the Western Hemisphere over the past 10, years has been about 110,000. Last year, the number of, nonguota status immigrants from the.Western Hemi- spherewas somewhat in excess,of 130,004. I think the limitation of 120,000 will con- tribute to an impairment_ of better. West- ern Hemisphere relations, in which we have been so intensely interested. I re- fer my colleagues to the testimony of the Secretary of State at pages 98 to 100 of the house Immigration Subcommittee ,hearings and at page 49 of the Senate ,subcommittee hearings. I,point out in this respect, because I think It is extremely important, that .many people say we have not heard from ,the people in Latin America; that there does not seem to be an outcry about this situation in Latin America. But, Mr. President, this is rarely the case. We rarely hear such an outcry when a bill is pending in Congress. Sometimes it .happens, but most often it does not. It is only when a bill becomes law and the _people begin to feel the ,pressure of the bill upon them that they begin to react and protest. I am deeply concerned about the strong propaganda tool which the lima- tation of 120,000 would give to dema- .gogues, especially Communist dema ..gogues, in Latin America, who may play this theme to a fare-thee-well. They may say that the United States is fol- lowing the Dominican episode, which hurt us materially in Latin America; that the United States is imposing a liai- station upon immigration from the other 23583 American republics, a limitation which has never been imposed before; thereby 'confirming the historic exclusionist pol- icy of the United States. Nothing could be further from the truth. Even this limitation accommo- dates the number of nonquota immi- grants the United States has had, on the average, in the last decade, and the num ber we had last year, because added to the 120,000 would be the unmarried children and spouses who would be free of the 120,000 limitation, making an esti- mated 20,000 to 30,000 in addition. So the level of availability of immigration into the United States from the "Nestern Hemisphere would be approximately the same as the level reached last year. However, we shall never break through the barrage of calumny which will be hurled against us. It will be used and -reused to a fair-thee-well. The restric- tion will harvest another problem for us-a problem relating to our relations with Latin America, which area is ex- tremely sensitive on this point in terms of both personal dignity and national dignity of the respective countries con- cerned. It would also impose a useless limitation upon the other American states concerned. To impose a useless limitation on the other American states is most unwise and improvident in my 'Judgment. As Attorney General Katzen- %ach testified, approximately 70,000 of the Western Hemisphere immigrants come from Mexico and Canada. I point out that the House did set this limitation, but that we are proposing to do it. The House, in fact, voted down by 218 to 189 on August 25 an amend- ment to impose a ceiling of 115,000 for the Western Hemisphere. I know that this limitation is discussed as a part of a package by which the entire bill would be accepted in the Senate, and that it might otherwise be blocked by an ex- tended debate or a filibuster, or that it might not have gotten out of the com- mittee if that point had not successfully carried. I make no criticism of those who would go along with that policy. Per- haps a nose count which I and others are making may very well indicate that there is nothing to be done about it in the Senate at this time. However, this does not in any way prevent me from protesting it, not so much on an emo- tional ground as upon the ground that it is most unwise and improvident in terms of the relationships of the United States with the other countries of the Americas. % The question of whether specific efforts will be undertaken about the matter on the floor, or even be attempted, still re- mains to be decided. However, I raise my voice, as I did in subcommittee and in committee, against it as an action which, in my judgment, is most unwise, unnecessary, and very sad indeed in this very sensitive area. I am pleased that with respect to an- other issue the Committee on the Ju- diciary has accepted an amendment which I proposed, along with some of my colleagues on the committee, the Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 I Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE, September 20, 1965 gg;X_k4 charge of the bill, the Sen massacusettisfllfr.I ENNEDYI Senator from 10lichi an "C101r. ARx, and' fie Sena r from Hawaii ''QNGI$?to permit estern Hemi- sphere refugees to ad Wjust their `status to that trio ayrfu7, permanent residents p Cg ,thv have arrived in the tTnited States, and withoutTeaving The country, s,S e urged for other Western I~emi- 6 here immigrants "under the provisions o e.pending bill. At the, time, such a provision would apply to those who escape from C uba. Because the1;7nited Mates does not have fliplomatfc re atlons with Cuba, it is im- poss61e for `uVans to obtain immigrant vtsas hrpug1i normal- channels a s is the Case.,for, people in other'Western Itemi- sphere countries. -Suite the takeover in Cuba b' Fidel Castro on January 1, 1959, some 280`,1158 people of Cuban birth entered the United States, of; which number 55,535 were aImmigrants and 100,284 were pa- rol,ed refugees die- year 1962' was the peak year for the admission of parolees, with the num- ber reaching almost 65,000. Since the break in diplomatic relations with Cuba, the peak year for entering immigrants was.:r8G4, with,, 12,554. Though it is im- pagtible to state exactly how many, it is assume that a reasonable propor- tion of ,these immigrants were parolees who first entered theunited States and then journeyed to Canada ,or Mexico in .9 tq, , enter as immigrants. My goer e dmentxwouid make that very heavy ~fll' ante burcterl unnecessary ' for thosevyho had left'9uba 1. asl t}nai in us consent to have printed at this faint in the 1 ECORD a tabulation supp"lieif "by the Inirriigration and Naturalization Service of Cubans tvhb liaye enter ed't '1e'United States year by year. This tabulation` is headed, ns Who Have Entered the United t te$,1959 to 1965: ' PRESSIDINc OFFICER (101`x. NEl,- oi t e chair) Without objection, it issor~ d., '}er ee g no objection, the tabula- tion,,was,, odered to lie printed in the IEOgRn, as ollows: Cubans echo have entered the United States, Total Loral- grants Nonim- migrants Parolees xQSQ '.{_ ~_ YQ80 ----- ----- 1982 ---------- 1Q98Q43 ---- _ 1 . ' 62,800 66,781 58;857 73,832 15,535 11,899 .... 6, 7Q0 12, 554 6796 6,778 6,624 11,050 55,100 46,537 18,892 3,003 884 769 _ 1,690 25,170 64,761 8,027 80 86 (7anu ,any to Tune)------ 4,544 3,033 965 556 Immigration and Naturalization Service. - source: Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I think that is_ra very desirable aspect of the bill. l ppe very much that it will be retained without change. -Mr. President, during the discussions ,of this bill in the subcommittee'I, raised the ; prgposaf, included in the bills which `I Introduced in the last, Congress old in this, of the establishment in the Depart- ment of State of a'Board `of `Visa Appeals to review visa determinations made by and Naturalization Service may institute our consuls and vice consuls overseas. deportation proceedings. This 10-year The present state of the law puts the period would appear to provide sufficient consul in the position of being the final time to conduct a full investigation ; and authority on the Issuance or denial of institute proceedings. the visas. A system of advisory opinions Under this amendment the statute of by reviewing 'authorities; exists, but the limitations would apply only to aliens review Is-limited to questions of law, and who had entered the United States law- an alien who may have been wrongfully fully. Further, it would apply only to denied a visa has no recourse of appeal those aliens who remained continuously on'the substantive decision of issuance in the United States for the 10-year or denial of the visa. period following the acts for which they At the present time the decision relat- are deportable. Thus, for example; an ing to the issuance of a visa to an alien alien could not engage in deportable ac- is made by a consular officer. If a consul tivities and then leave the United States wishes to refuse a"visa, he may ask for to evade the Immigration and Naturali- an advisory opinion from the Bureau of zation Service and have the 10-year stat- Security and Consular Affairs of the ute of limitations running at the same State Department. Th,>se opinions are time. considering binding on officer as to ques- Mr. President, as I have said there are tions of law but not as to questions of two matters in the bill which give me spe- fact. Still the consular officer makes the cial concern. The numerical limitation final decision, and the disadvantaged on immigration the e n Hemi- alien has no recourse. sphere, and the time commence P'resident's Commission on Im- tation proceedings against those who migration and Naturalization in 1953 have been admitted for lawful residence urged that visa matters be subject to into the United States. review by such a Board. I believe these two matters, at least, The Board which I proposed would should be before us should we think it ad- consist of three members who would be visable to deal with them. Therefore, I appointed by the Secretary of State. submit for printing in the RECORD amend- They` would have no other duties, even ments which would deal with these sub- though employees of the State Depart- jects to establish a clear legislative record merit. The Board would have jurisdic- on these issues. One, to establish a 10- Lion to review any determinations deny- year statute of limitations on 'deporta- inf, withdrawing, ' or. revoking a visa or tion proceedings for lawfully admitted an extension-of a 'visa vfhose issuance is aliens, and the other, to eliminate; the subject to the direction.of the Secretary Western Hemisphere limitation, of of- Sta as diell as any determination as 120,000. to the application of any rule or regula- The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without tion "of the Department relating to im objection, the amendments will, be ip1 ratioir. ' Tlie `Board may' accept or printed in the RECORD. decline any cases' referred to It. The The amendments are as follows: Secretary could direct the Board to refer On page 58, between lines 3 and 4, insert certain cases to him or the Board could the following new section: refer cases On its 'own- initiative to the "SEC. 22. Title II of the Immigration and Secretary for review. Nationality Act is amended by adding at the end of such title the following section: The Attorney Generf has given his "'LIMITATION ON TIME OF COMMENCING assurances' that her will investigate what xocEEDINGB Means there are within his Department SEc. DEPORTATION 293. No alien rROCEE I admitted to and the Departiilent of State to provide the United States for plawfully, ermanent residence some relief anc`t that this matter will be shall be deported by reason of any conduct again Considered next year with respect occurring more than ten years prior to the to further legislation to correct certain institution of deportation proceedings procedural aspects of the Immigration against him, if such alien has resided, con- kid Nationality Act. The report on H.R. tinuously, and has been physically present, 2580 at page 26 makes clear the intent within the United States for at least ten of 'the Attorney Gene! al to study the years immediately after such conduct oc- curred. creation of a Board of Visa Appeals. On page 59, line 5, strike out "SEC. 23." and Another proposal which the Attorney insert .Sc. E24.". On page 59, after the matter between; lines General has indicated 'will receive con- sideration is the establishment of a 10- 14 and 15, insert the following: year statute of limitations on deportation "(d) Te chapter of contents (Title IIproceedings. The proposal, it has been migration, 9 of the by adding Immigration at end Nationality aon thereof itthe Act is amended a agreed, will, because of ,.his further con- and sideration by the Attorney General, not following: enc- n time of com ti 293 Li it "'S on o Ec? , m a m .be raised on the floor. that the At- ing deportation proceedings. " d ' d y prov . es The act alrea torney General may, at his discretion, ' ' On page.59, line 15, strike out "SEc: 24." and --suspend deportation proceedings in the on insert "S56, Ec. beginning with line 24, strike case of aliens who have been physically line 7 o out all l through l line 7, on page 57. present in the United states for 7 years On page 57, line 8, strike out "(f) " and or, in the case of certain serious offenses, insert "(e) ". 10 years. An amendment which I of- On page 57, line 11,,strike'out "(g)'~ and fered in the subcommittee and am asking insert "(f) . be printed today would not change this On page 57, line 25, strike out "(h)" and provision, but rather establish a limit to insert "(g) 10 years after'the occurrence of conduct Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I Would which makes a lawfully admitted alien like to conclude by saying that the bill deportable during which the Immigration marks a historic departure, a historic Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 September. ,20, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL 'RECORD- SENATE turn In ilnlnigration legislation and pot- icy, and places our qoi~ ntry in the, fore- front qf. tlie, nations of the .world, which ash to do justice in, terms of an open world extending not, only to goods, but to people. That, I feel, is the ultimate objective of freedom and the ultimate objective of the kind of world, in which we 1xi the Uziited States wish to live and wish everybody else to live. The bill has some, imperfections, and I think'. it could be very materially im- proved if these imperfections were dealt with. Those. which I feel are the most outstanding are the absence of any stat- ute of limitations as to: deportation of :lawfully admitted aliens, and the West- ern Hemisphere numerical limitation.. , As to the former, as the Attorney Gen- eral has told us, and as our report states, he will give that matter careful study and will, report to us about .t, and the rrommittee wJ,li_ he free to do something about jt next year. This is a bill .to deal with the national origins quota system, Many of us on the committee feel that, at long last, we ought to ket , rid of, it; and if inherent internal improvements in the procedure under the law . are. deemgd . to be, re- gtiired-and they certainly are re- quired-we ought to peal .with tJi ose next year and hold hearings on them. I hope this will be possible. Secondly, the, new Western Hemi- sphere numerical limitation isof great 'concern, not only as to what it does, as a matter of immediate concern, to our relations with our neighbors in .the Americas both, to the, north and. to the south, but for what it may do if used as a propaganda tool after it has ,become law, as undoubtedly it will. There is no doubt that whatever. we do with this measure in the Senate, it will be in conference between the, Senate and the House of Representatives and these views may be reflected there. For those reasons, Mr. President, I think both of the matters I have stated retiuire full consideration before bring- ing the measure to,a vote, and I hope the conferees will study the Western Hemi- -sphere limii;ation most seriously. - Under the heading "Other matters," in the committee report, Senators will find reference to other matters raised by members of the committee in regard to section 214(c) which will. be. looked into between now and next year. The bill, In its general thrust, is.long overdue, It. corrects one of . the most glaring injustices on the statute books. It eliminates, at long last, a statute which, seeks to bar people from this country because of ethnic origin to the bill's passage which appears imminent, will be a blessing to the Nation and Its honor and conscience. I ` join with the, Senator from Hawaii ,[Mr.,FoNo], a_ member of the committee who preceded me in his kind sentiments for those who have so long fought this Issue of ,immigration reform, and have been so .influential in bringing it out gf of ttce ,erican.Civil Liberties Union a 'memorandum on this subject. It is headed "Proposed Statute of Limitations on Deportation," It begins with a pro- posed amendment to. the pending bill. Uowevex,,the language I am offering now ishot, t.e language suggested in the memorandum of the. American Civil Liberties Union, but is the text of my bill S. 1500, of the 88th Congress. Neverthe- less, the impact of the language is the same. The remainder of the memorandum is an excellent exposition of the background of limitations on deportation proceed- ings. I ask unanimous consent that it be printed at the conclusion of my remarks. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. (See exhibit I.) Mr. MORSE.. Mr. President, the bar associations, and the President's Com- mission on Immigration and Naturaliza- tion which reported in 1953, have been highly critical of the absence of this limitation. We just heard a statement by the for- mer attorney general of the State of New York, but large numbers of leaders of the bar across this country share the view of the senior Senator from Ore- gon. They have written to me in the last several years in support of a statute of limitations to be added to our body of immigration law. Mr. ERVIN. Mr. President, will the distinguished Senator from Oregon yield? Mr. MORSE. I am delighted to yield. Mr. ERVIN. The committee sat from February until a few weeks ago con- ducting hearings on the bill, and this problem was never investigated. Does not the Senator from Oregon agree with the Senator from North Carolina that it would be a more proper procedure for the Senator from Oregon to submit his amendment for reference to the com- mittee, and to let hearings be conducted on both sides of the question before Con- gress takes action? The Senator's amendment was not offered during the hearings. Mr. MORSE. The Senator from North Carolina is quite correct. That would be preferable. But I do not know why the delightful senior Senator from North Carolina, one of the most dis- tinguished Members of this body and a former justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, recognizing the hole in the bill, did not offer the amendment himself, or apprise the senior Senator from Oregon of the fact that this prob- lem was before the committee. . I say to the Senator quite frankly that, considering the multitude of things that my complex life causes me to deal with in the Senate, this is one of the things which has slipped by me. I am very sorry that it has. However, now that I see the problem, that would not relieve me of my responsibility of offering the amendment. This is nothing new. The Committee on the Judiciary is rather well aware of the views of the senior Senator from Oregon. I have offered amendments and bills before which have been before the Committee on the Judiciary, and so have many other Senators. I offered a private bill in the Mackie case. The bill was before the Committee on the Judiciary. I say to my good friend, the Senator from North Carolina, that I am exceed- ingly disappointed that the members on the Committee on the Judiciary have not heretofore reported the Mackie bill from the committee. However, I believe it is important that the senior Senator from Oregon raise the question this af- ternoon. I am not naive. I am not blind as to what my parliamentary situation is. However, I hope that we can get some understanding or agreement now. I was directing my remarks to the Senator in charge of the bill, the junior Senator from Massachusetts. I hope that we can get some understanding from the committee. I know that the policy is to add no amendments to the bill, I hope that we can have an under- standing that the amendment will be taken to conference, or that we can have some hearings on the problem come January. Mr. ERVIN. Mr. President, I tell the senior' Senator from Oregon, as a mem- ber of the Subcommittee on Immigra- tion and Naturalization, and as a mem- ber of the Committee on the Judiciary itself, that I shall try to obtain speedy hearings on an amendment of this nature. Several years ago I attended a hear- ing of the Committee on the Judiciary which caused me to believe that perhaps there may be something to be said in opposition to a statute of limitations. We had a hearing on an amendment providing a rule of estoppel and a rule of res adjudicata in immigration mat- ters. We found that the king of the underworld-the boss of the underworld in New Orleans-had successfully fought deportatiop for something like 14 or 15 years. Every time the authorities were about to deport him, he would obtain an- other writ of habeas corpus from a dif- ferent Federal judge, The United States was powerless to de- port from the country. a man who, in large measure, was corrupting the city of New Orleans and its environs. Mr. MORSE. They were not power- less to place him in prison. Mr. ERVIN. They could not have him deported. He had a multitude of habeas corpus writs issued, and, under the rule, neither res adjudicata nor deportation was applicable. If my recollection serves me correctly, I believe that the present occupant of the chair, the junior Senator from New York IMr. KENNEDY] was serving as At- torney General of the United States at that time and has some familiarity with the problem. I say to the senior Senator from Ore- gon that I believe a good case can be. made for the proposition that, if a man comes to America illegally and engages in underworld activities, he ought not to have the benefit of a simple statute of limitations. I agree that if a man comes here il- legally and becomes a useful member of society and can show that fact, he ought not to be deported. Under the bill as amended at the instance of the able and distinguished senior Senator from Hawaii and I, a man who comes here il- legally and becomes a useful and good citizen can acquire permanent residence here and eventual citizenship. However, Approved For Release 2004/01/16 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 Approved For Release 2004/01/16: CIA-RDP67B00446R000100040001-6 ?0NGRESSIONAL Fmcap - SENATE` September. 20, 196 I, i sure the senior Senator from Oregon to shall-do all I can do to obtain a speedy consideration of the bill by the subcommittee and by the committee. Mr. 'JAVTTS. Mr. President, will the Senator vied? Mr MbftM.' `I yield. I wish to inform the Senator'o what occurred. I think it has very great bearing on the assurance which. is most gratifyingly given by the Senator from North Carolina, I offered the statute of limitation as a part of the bill (S. 1093) I introduced last February and again ? In the subcommittee as an amendment and proposed to submit this very limitation to which the Senator has referred as an amendment on the floor. In our informal discussions in the com- mittee, as is quite understandable in view of the tact that any amendment of this character, if agreed to, would very mate- rially delay the passage of the legisla- t3gn, I refrained from actually pressing it to a vote in the interest of getting prompt and favorable action on the bill. That was the reason for the assurance which we had from the Attorney Gen- eral and which is specifically referred to at page 26 of the report. I should like to join my distinguished colleague who, I think on the whole, in view -of his views concerning this type of legislatlon,has really strained to try to join with us in an effort to secure pas- sage of this legislation. =I assure the senior Senator from Ore- gon that,' whatever he may do on this matter-and I shall vote with him, as I said-he has one ? indefatigable fighter trying to get this done as a lawyer, with- out any regard to what one thinks of the immigration law. I believe that the Senator from Oregon was correct In saying what he did to the Senator from North Carolina. We may veiyy'weii find a great ally by virtue of?'this very thing, because it is the kind of thing that is very offensive to a law- yer. I believe that the Senator from North Carolina, whatever may be our dif- !erence of view, In some areas is a law- yer's-lawyer. LJ~ join the Senator and assure him that I shall move heaven and earth to obtain action. Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, the Sen- ator from North Carolina knows my reooyd of handling legislation and facing up to the parliamentary realities in the Senate and cooperating to work out the best adjustment possible. 'I have had cooperation from the Sena- tor from -North Carolina in connection with some education amendments. The Senator will recall that when we had a so-Called judicial review amendment, he urged a vote on the judicial review amendment. I was hoping that he would not, but he had a perfect right to do that, and the amendment did go to a vote, the opposition prevailed, not be- cause tre Were opposed to a judicial re- view,`but because we felt that, under the parliamentary situation which existed on the floor of the Senate, it was a mistake to jeopardize the interest of the educa- tion bill itself by adding to it the judicial review amendment of the Senator from North Carolina and the Senator from Kentucky [Mr. COOPERI "gut after his amendment was defeated, to the great credit of the Senator from North Caro- lina and the Senator from Kentucky, they cooperated completel;v with me as chairman of that committee, and as the Senator in charge of that bill, In the handling of the judicial review amend- ment. I deeply regret-and it I!; not the fault of the Senator from North Carolina- that the Morse judicial review bill, co- sponsored subsequently by the Senator from North Carolina and the Senator from Kentucky and others, hasnot yet come to a hearing. Arguing by analogy, I believe that the amendment which I of'er now, and which I shall subsequently offer as a bill this afternoon if it is not accepted, should come to an early hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary next January. However, I rage again, as chairman of the Subcommittee on Edu- cation, that the Morse.-Ervin-Cooper- Clark judicial review measure should come to a hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary this coming January. These vital matters should not be post- poned. We ought to get on to a hearing. Of course, I am fully aware of the par- liamentary situation tha'; confronts me. The senior Senator from Oregon will not be a party this afternoon to jeopardizing the passage of this immigration bill. The heart of the immigration bill, as far as I am concerned, is, of i;ourse, the na- tional origins feature of it. I believe that it is important that we get the measure passed. As I say, if I am una )le to have this amendment agreed to ar..d taken to con- ference by voluntary agreement, then I shall withdraw the ame adment and in- troduce it this afternoon as a bill and send it to the desk as a separate bill, and leave it at the desk until Friday of this week at 5 p.m. for any who want to co- sponsor the measure with me. We can then let it go to the Committee on the Judiciary In the hope that there will be hearings on it early in the next session of Congress. I would not want the RECORD to stand on the argument of the Senator from North' Carolina without any comment by the senior Senator from Oregon on what I think is not a Sound argument, which has been made by the Senator from North Carolina by way of opposition to the statute of limitations. I have been impressed by the argu- ment of the Justice Department and the immigration authorities, in particular, that there should not '?e any statute of limitations available in the cases of the underworld characters who may be of alien birth, who have gotten into this country. What we ought to do is convict them and put them in prison, like any other criminals. Even these unsavory char- acters are in no small measure the pro- duct of our own conditioning. I do not wish to believe, and I refuse to believe, that the only way we can handle crim- inals who did not happen to be born in this country is to deport them. I do not believe we should deport such people to any other country. I think we should convict them and put them in prison, where they belong. That is my answer. But even those unsavory characters, in my judgment, from the point of view of fair dealing with human beings, are entitled toa statute of limitations. They are entitled to have the Government proceed against them within the period of time called for by my proposed statute of limitations. If they are not proved guilty within that period of time, then we should deal with their guilt, if any subsequently develops after the running of the statute of limitations, convict them, and put them in prison. Be that as it may. I would point Out to the Senator from North Carolina that my amendment affects only aliens who were lawfully admitted, not those who entered illegally. Before I last yielded to the Senator from North Carolina [Mr. ERVINI, I was making the point that bar associations, leading lawyers, lawyers on various law enforcement councils, and even repre- sentatives of judicial councils, have de- plored the very weakness in the admin- istration of the Immigration laws about which I have been speaking this after- noon. I agree with the Senator from North Carolina. In an appropriate hearing in the early part of next year, I shall mar- shal that opinion evidence. I shall also marshal whatever documentations Is available in support of my bill. The Senator from North Carolina may be sure I shall be in the front row the morn- ing he opens his hearings, asking to be recognized as witness. - I repeat, as I close these remarks, that I believe the amendment I intended to offer is a sound and desirable one. It would not relate to anyone who entered the country In violation of the immigra tion laws. It would safeguard illegally admitted persons from being deported, and from having loss of citizenship pro- ceedings brought for acts said to have been committed but which may have oc- curred 15, 20 or 30 years ago. I do not believe longtime residents of the United States should be subjected to what I con- sider to be this grossly unfair treatment, and therefore I plead with the Senate to give favorable consideration to such amendment, although I would not deny my friend, the Senator from Massachu- setts [Mr. KENNEDY] an opportunity either to accept or reject the amend- ment and take it to conference. I am merely asking him to tell me what he would do should I offer it. I should not press for a vote, if the Senator felt in good faith he could not take it to con- ference. It may very well be that the Senator may see some advantage in taking it to conference, to get the con- ference reaction to it, and, if rejected there, it could be considered as a bill later. On the other hand, if the Senator tells me he thinks it would be a mistake to take It to conference, I shall not even offer it as an amendment to the bill, but send It to the desk and ask to have it appropriately referred. In such event I shall ask that it remain at the desk until 5 p.m. this coming Friday, for cosigners. Approved For Release 2004/01/16 CIA-RDP67B00446R0'00100040001-6 September_ 20, j~46p~proved F~o ~~ fft(~1//%~6 PS6~71gJ 6R000100040001-6 23591 EXHIBIT I PROPOSED STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON DEPOR- TATION (MEMORANDUM. OF CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION AMENDMENT) (A) PRESENT SITUATION 1. For 65 years prior to the 1952 law there had been a statute of limitations on deporta- tion proceedings. From 1917 there was a- general 5-year period of limitations for bring- ing deportation proceedings after improper entry, except for: - (a) deportable offenses committed in the United States; (b) subversive aliens; and (c) entry in violation of quota require- ments or with improper visa. 2. Under the 1952 act, all statutes of limi- tations are eliminated, and deportation pro- ceedings can be brought at any time, no mat- ter how remote from the improper entry (sec. 241). (a) Although there is no period of limi- tations whatsoever for bringing deportation proceedings, in three instances the statute specifies that the ground of deportation must have occurred "within 5 years after entry": institutionalization at public expense for mental disease (sec. 241(a) (3) ), public charge (sec. 241(a) (8) ), conviction of viola- tions of the provisions of title I of the Alien Registration Act of 1940 (sec. 241(a)(15)). (b) The 1952 act retroactively eliminated previous statutes' of limitations (sec. 241(d) ). (B) PURPOSE AND OPERATION OF STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS 1. Statutes of limitations have a twofold purpose, to protect innocent persons from prosecution of - claims at a time when evi- dence in defense is not available, and to spare the courts from litigation of stale claims "after memories have faded, witnesses died or disappeared, and evidence lost" Chase Securities Corp. v: Donaldson, 325 U.S. 304, 314 (1944). 2. Under the Federal criminal law, a gen- eral 5-year statute of limitations is applica- ble to crimes not punishable by death, 18 U,S.C. 3282. Arson, robbery, burglary, for- gery, white slave traffic, assault with a deadly weapon, and larceny are punishable only if proceedings are instituted within 5 years. 3. Likewise, civil actions are subject to statutes of limitations of varying periods. 4. The internal Security Act of 1950, ?4(e), provided a 10-year statute of limitations for conspiracy to establish a totalitarian dicta- torship- in the United States under foreign domination or control. 5 Under the Federal criminal law fraud- ulent procurement of citizenship or natural- ization is subject to a 10-year statute of limitations 18 U.S.C. 3291. B. In some countries an aliens admission be subject to deportation at any time" (S. 2. But the absence of a statute of limita- Rept. No. 1515, 81st Cong., 2d sess., pp. tions covering deportation is an undesirable 389-390). departure from basic principles of law. There (D)- CONGRESSIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS is no valid reason for denying to such persons The House Committee on Immigration What is basic to, our jurisprudence, protec- (79th Conga, ist sess., It. Rcpt. No. 1312, p, tion from raking up old and dead issues after 16) recommended a 10-year statute of lim- a reasonable period of time, after which itations on deportation under the 1924 Im- memories of witnesses have faded, contem- poraneous sources of information are no migration Act. (E) RECOMMENDATIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION longer available, and the general peace of the community would be unduly upset. Un- der present law an alien can be deported for The President's Commission on Immigra- something that took place 50 years ago, even tion and Naturalization in its 1953 report if it were only of a purely minor technical had the following to say as to periods of character. This means that people who have limitations on deportation: lived substantially their entire lives in the "That it is wrong to keep the threat of United States can be torn away from their punishment indefinitely over the head of families and sent to lands which are utterly one who breaks the law is a principle deeply foreign to them; rooted in the ancient traditions of our legal 3. There is no showing whatsoever of a system. The law requires that criminal need for a change in the 65 year old practice prosecutions, except for capital offenses, such of a statute of limitations for deportation; as murder and treason, be brought within a 4. The failure to provide for a reasonable fixed period of time or not at all. A period of limitations, after which deporta- similar dispensation governs the enforcement tion procedings are based, is unjust, unwar- of civil liabilities. ranted, and. contrary to the fundamental "Indeed, the 1952 statute retroactively re- pattern of American law; and scind the limited statute of limitations fixed 5. In view of the present pattern of sta- by previous law. An alien who entered the tutes of limitations in Federal law, a strong United States 25 years ago and whose entry argument could be advanced for a 5 year involved a purely technical violation en- statute of limitations for deportation. How- joyed immunity from deportation for the ever, in view of the recommendations by a last 20 years. Under the 1952 act he is now congressional committee and a Presidential again subject to deportation. The act Commission for a 10-year period, a 10-year threatens the security of many aliens and statute of limitations for instituting deporta- their families. Their immunities have been tion should be enacted. removed, and they may be torn out of their Mr. KENNEDY of Massachusetts. Mr. accustomed places in the communities in President, will the Senator yield? - - - which they live, no matter how exemplary Mr. MORSE. I am happy to yield to their conduct over a long p