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February 16, 1966
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Approved For Release (~C~~2~9~~ IC - 2C PE 7(BRD 46 HOUSE 020007-9 ell u r'iy 19 6' Inc :,rcirolesnooter, and James Jackson and ArimIii Johnson. t'T IY COMMIES COACH TEIE COLLEGE REBELS Iia st of them have been out there pitching a.rwind the college campuses. As FBI Direc- tor I loover tells it: "The unvarnished truth is t:t at the Communist conspiracy is seizing this insurrectionary climate (on, some col- lege campuses) to captivate the thinking of rebellious-minded youth and coax them into the Communist movement itself or at least agitate them Into serving the Communist cause." Co the new left will be back picketing around the White House tomorrow, or next week, many of the marchers perhaps un- mindful of the potential danger to the coun- try packed into the mouthings of the old faces in the near background. Some demonstrators not yet thoroughly hooked might find it profitable to think over I;he closing lines in the memoirs of retired Gen. Curtis LeMay, the old bomber man. [Is had a parting thought for a younger generation: "T hope that the United States of America has not yet passed the peak of honor and beauty and that our people can still sustain certain simple philosophies at which some miserable souls feel it incumbent to sneer. I refer to some of the Psalms and to the Gettysburg Address and the Scout oath. I refer to the Lord's Prayer and to that other oath, which a man must take when he stands with hand uplifted and swears that he will defend his country." The soul can get pretty miserable walking the sidewalk in front of the White House on a day like this. (From the :FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Feb. 1, 1.9$6 j MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR t By John Edgar Hoover, Director) '['ht' American college student today is being subjected to a bewildering and danger- ous ronspiracy perhaps unlike any social challenge ever before encountered by our youth. On many campuses he faces a tur- bulence built on unrestrained individualism, rcpul:;ive dress and speech, outright ob- scenity, disdain for moral and spiritual values, and disrespect for law and order. 'ibis movement, commonly referred to as the "new left is complex in its deceitful ab- surdity and characterized by its lack of common:,anse. Fortunately, a high percentage of the more than 3 million full-time college students are dedicated, hardworking. and serious-minded young people; however, their good deeds and is nothing to be sneezed at. Too bad achievements are greatly overshadowed by then that it is a mirage, a myth, a fig- those who are doing a tremendous amount of ment of a numbers game, or what you talking but very little thinking. will. Much of this turmoil has been connected Mr. Speaker, according to the Depart- with a feigned concern for the vital rights of free speech, dissent, and petition. Hard-care ment of Commerce, our 1.965 imports fanatics have used these basic rights of our came to $21.36 billion, compared with ex- deemocratic society to distort the issues and ports of $26.56 billion. These are pretty betray the public. However, millions of figures to contemplate. Unfortunately Americans, who know from experience that for our inclination to complacency, our freedom and rights also mean duties and re- imports were not $21.36 billion but more sponst5il1ties, are becoming alarmed over the nearly $25 billion. The discrepancy anarebistie and seditious ring of these comes from the way the Treasury De- eampus disturbances. They know liberty and Justice are not possible without law and paritnent and the Department of Com- order. coerce record our import statistics. The Communist Party, U.S.A., as well as 'T'hey base them on foreign value, as if other subversive groups, is jubilant Over these it cost nothing to bring the goods to our a.ew rebellious activities. The unvarnished shores. Everyone of us knows that this truth is, that the Communist conspiracy is adds up to a false representation. What seizing this insurrectionary climate to capti- is worse, this country incurred a deficit vate the thinking of rebellious-minded youth of $227 million in 1964 in its interna- arad coax them Into the Communist move- tional transportation account-Statisti- ,nent itself or at least agitate them into serv- ,at Abstract of the United States, 1965, ing the Communist cause- This is being ae- compli:hed primarily by a two-pronged of- table 844. Pensive--a much-publicized college speak- Several months ago I inserted in the in g, prr,!;ram and the campus-oriented Conl- RECORD a calculation provided by O. R. Strackbein, chairman of the Nationwide Committee on Import-Export Policy, in which he estimated the average global burden of freight and insurance on our total imports. His estimate, based on our trade with England and Japan, was 17%2 percent for our trade with the world as a whole. I have no reason for ques- tioning Mr. Strackbein's estimate. It was well documented. Virtually all other countries record their imports on a c.i.f. basis, which in- cludes not only the cost but also insur- ance and freight charges incurred in bringing the goods from the foreign port to the port of entry. This AS what we should do as a basis for reporting our imports. Because of the method we follow our imports are undervalued by the amount of the shipping charges, in- eluding insurance. That is why it creates the wrong im- pression to report that our 1965 imports were only $21.36 billion when it cost some $3.7 billion more to bring the goods to our ports of entry. We swell our breasts with pride over our ability to compete with other countries. Well, at this point we should release $3.7 billion of this air from our lungs and bring in our chest by that much. On the export side, in order to feel good and in order to prove that the trade agreements program has been a huge success, we commit an equally unpardon- able sin-one of about the same propor- tions as the one just described. Our executive departments--not in- eluding Agricultural which should be given honorable mention for showing the volume of farm exports generated by Public Law 480 and Federal subsidies of wheat, cotton, and so forth--namely, Treasury and Commerce, have not been satisfied to show our private commercial exports, free of vast subsidies, but in- clude giveaways, sales for foreign in- edible currencies and seemingly what- ever else they can lay their hands on. They do leave military shipments out of total exports, but that is about the only place where they draw the line. Mr. Speaker, I do not know how large the 19,65 exports were under Public Law 480, AID, and so forth, but in 1964 the combined exports generated in this fashion plus those called commercial- because they were sold through private channels but were subsidized-amounted to $3.7 billion. The outstanding ones among., the so-called commercial sales were wheat, wheat flour, and cotton. Our disposal of these products did noth- ing to prove our competitive capacity. Quite the contrary. Without the subsi- dies we could not have met the world price and could only have sold at cut prices, if at all. It is safe to say that the 1965 exports under .AID, Public Law 480, and so north, were at least equal to the $3.7 billion of 1964. Add this to the $3.7 billion by which we undervalued our imports in 1965 and we reach a total of $7.4 billion. This is a respectable distortion. Reduce our reported experts of $:16.56 billion by $3.7 billion and the figure drops to $22.9 billion. This operation might be called trimming away the blubber and streamlining our figures. Compare Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 monist W. E. B. DuBois Clubs of America. Therefore, the Communist influencer nfluence Is cleverly injected into civil disobedience and reprisals against our economic, political, and social system. There are those who scoff at the signifi- cance of these student flareups, but let us make no mistake: the Communist Party does not consider them insignificant, The partic- ipants of the new left are part of the 100,000 "state of rnind" members Gus Hall, the party's general secretary, refers to when he talks of party strength. He recently stated the party is experiencing the: greatest upsurge In its history with a "one to two thousand" increase in membership in the last year. For the first time since 1959, the party plans a national convention this spring. We can be sure that high on the agenda will be strategy and plans to win the new left and other new members. A Communist student, writing in an official party organ, recently stated, "There is no question but that the new left will be won." 'T'hus, the Communists' intentions are abundantly clear. We hove already seen the effects of some of their stepped-up activities, and I firmly believe a, vast majority of the American public is disgusted and sickened by such social orgies. One recourse is to support and encourage the million of youth who refuse to swallow the Communist bait. Another is to let it be known far and wide that we do not intend to stand idly by and let demagogs make a mockery of our laws and demolish the foundation of our Republic. EXPORT SURPLUS A $7 BILLION MIRAGE (Mr. DENT (at the request of Mr. VIVIAN) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECOx) and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. DENT, Mr.' Speaker, the Depart- ment of Commerce recently issued a re- port on our balance of trade for 1965. According to that report this country ran up an export surplus of $5.2 billion last year. This was a decline of $1.5 billion from the surplus reported for 1964, which was given as $6.7 billion. The setback came from an import increase of 14 percent in 1965 over 1964: while exports rose only 4 percent. Even so, the 1965 surplus, of $5.2 billion ~ONIUNMNIIIIIIgIppgI1i NIFli~MXS55rIMI S!I,I;s5URJIIIIMIIe_it~l,Isl~ir~m luAllXw~n IX rmien M,rvxmlManSapq: ~ NU~NhV!MMUX1uNImBawAXN1.AMRMN4lwuw pr~lAniwr~+mmsnimmin ~ Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Appendix The Job Corps in Idaho EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. COMPTON I. WHITE, JR. OF IDAHO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. WHITE of Idaho. Mr, Speaker, the Job Corps program in Idaho has re- cently become a subject of national In- terest. To assure that the membership is kept fully informed on current devel- opments, I offer for publication in the RECORD the following three news- paper articles: [From the Owyhee (Idaho) Nugget, Feb. 10, 1966] MARSING JOB CORPSMEN GRADUATE FROM CENTER Two corpsmen, Roland Bland and Jeffery Bolden, Jr., received certificates of comple- tion February 7, 1966 at the Marsing Job Corps Conservation Center. ROLAND BLAND Roland Bland, 17, is from Petersburg, Va. and was transferred to the Marsing Center from Curlew Job Corps Conservation Center, Curlew, Wash., on October 25, 1965. He originally entered the Job Corps program June 10, 1965. Roland was promoted to as- sistant corpsman leader while at Curlew and was promoted to corpsman leader when he arrived at Marsing. He was sent to our cen- ter to assist us by providing corpsman lead- ership at our initial stages. While at Marsing he was assigned duties of teacher's aid and as work leader. He per- formed these duties in an excellent manner. He previously completed the education pro- gram while at Curlew Job Corps Conservation Center. Roland was transferred to Kilmer Job Corps Urban Center in Edison, N.J., to further his training in his desired trade skills of machinist and welding. This Urban Center has a maximum enroll- ment of 2,500 corpsmen and Roland will be able to stay up to a maximum of 2 years at this center starting from the time he entered the Job Corps in June 1965 JEFFERY GOLDEN Jeffery Bolden, Jr., 20, is from Mount Ver- non, Ala., and came to this center November 23, 1965. Jeffery excelled in the education and work program and progressed rapidly. He advanced from the Job Corps fourth level to the ninth level In approximately 3 months and has completed the basic education pro- gram. He also has learned and practiced basic work attitudes and skills. His qualifications were discussed with the employment service at his hometown and they stated that with his basic knowledge, work habits and attitudes, he can have a choice of several jobs at the present time. Because he has completed the basic educa- tion-work program and has been assured of job placement, he has fulfilled the purpose of the Job Corps program and was graduated to become a taxpayer. [From the Owyhee (Idaho) Nugget, Feb. 10, 1966] MARSING JOB CORPS CENTER To EXPAND TO 168 CORPSMEN Enrollees at the Marsing Job Corps Con- servation Center will be increased by 56 corpsmen by June 15, from the 112 now at the Center, reported Daniel Weir, regional Job Corps coordinator, Bureau of Reclama- tion, and Cleve S. Bolingbroke, Center direc- tor. This will make a total of 168 corpsmen, and the staff will be increased from the present 31 to 47. "By expanding the Center," the men said, "it will mean a far better vocational training program in automotive maintenance, heavy equipment operation, concrete and brick work, carpentry, welding, and many more vocational trades. More and better equip- ment will be brought to the site. Over $150,000 will be spent at the Center between now and June 15 for expanded fa- cilities which will include a new 58-man dormitory, a 1,000-square-foot dispensary, a new gym 90 by 96 feet, and a new shop building. Plans are being formulated to develop the corpsmen's social abilities and help them find a better place in society. Wednesday morning Mr. Weir, Mr. Boling- broke, E. R. Indreland, deputy director of the Marsing Job Corps works program, met with Marsing Mayor Dave Haken, and Harold Curt, president of the Marsing Rod and Gun Club, to discuss plans on beautifying the Marsing Island Park. The Center plans to spend several thousand dollars on the island project, which should make a beautiful place for all to enjoy. [From the Cottonwood (Idaho) Chronicle, Feb. 10, 1966] The need for better communication be- tween citizens of Cottonwood and the sur- rounding communities and the Job Corps Conservation Center at Cottonwood has been recognized since the opening of the camp and the arrival of the corpsmen at the Center. In November, a group of public-spirited citizens of Cottonwood from social-action groups and churches met with the staff at the Center and established a coordinating council. This council has now become a point of contact between the town and the camps. On February 1 the group met for the first time in the new year, to continue discus- sions of ways and means for interesting other organizations of the community in the work at the Job Corps Center, and es- pecially to devise methods for establishing more points of contact between the two groups. It was felt that one of the important ways in which men and women of Cotton- wood could observe the educational facili- ties and the accomplishments of the Job Corps conservation crews was by actual visits to the camp. During these visits, the staff and various counselors and instructors could answer questions and explain the educational and vocational facilities open to the corpsmen. The boys, themselves, would be available for answering questions about their life at the Center and in the forest "spike camps" to which they go vol- untarily for ranger training and experience. Another effective form of communication, it was felt, would be having some of the young men attend open meetings of the social-action groups in Cottonwood to ob- serve how these function-especially how various community projects are proposed, carried out, completed, or tabled. They also hope some of the women's organiza- tions might participate, so a broader under- standing of the aims and objectives of the program of the Job Corps might lessen the communication gap between the town and the Center. Attending the meeting were Len Kuther, chairman; Cletus Uhlorn for the business community, Bud Walkup and Ladd Arnoti; Center Director Robert R. Lusk, Margaret Raymond, VISTA Volunteer; Sam Jordan, and Otto H. Ost. An Important Warning for the Future EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ABRAHAM J. MULTER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, February 16, 1966 Mr. MULTER. Mr. Speaker, Samuel F. Pryor has just returned from a tour of all of our bases in southeast Asia and has made some very important observa- tions which should serve as a warning for the future. Some of his conclusions are given in the following column by Ruth Mont- gomery which appeared in the New York Journal American of February 11, 1966: CAPITAL LETTER: WHAT IF RED CHINA HAD OUR MUSCLE? (By Ruth Montgomery) WASHINGTON.-A nongovernmental avia- tion expert who directed the development of 50 overseas military airfields during World War II has just returned from a compre- hensive tour of all U.S. bases in southeast Asia. His conclusion: President Johnson has been right every step of the way in his Vietnam policy. Samuel F. Pryor, longtime executive of Pan American World Airways, made the trip in company with our Air Force Pacific Com- mander In Chief, Gen. Hunter Harris, Jr. Having convinced himself of the rightness of our policy-both the lull and the resumed bombing-Pryor reserves his scorn for those who say that America should pull out of the area. He has this word of warning for the doves, and for the fence-sitting nations of the world : "Add together our guided missile program, our ICBM's and nuclear capacity, our Air Force, Polaris submarines, Navy, Marines, artillery and Army, and you have the great- est military strength In the history of man- kind. Couple this with our productive ca- pacity, which is half of the entire world's, Approved For Release 2005/06/29: CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX February 17, 1906 and imagine what would happen if the Red Chinese possessed this strength. "They'd be in MoVow and Paris, Africa and South America right now, and half of our American cities would be bombed out. Let's face facts. Do we want this to hap- pen to our children, or do we want to stop the Red Chinese now? Do we want them to overrun southeast Asia and Thailand, and then pick off sparsely settled Australia? That's our choice." Pryor visited every U.S. base in South Viet- nam, Taiwan, and Okinawa, plus all the "mil- it.ixy assistance" places in Thailand. From long experience lie says that no war is kind, but that we are "fighting a kind war in Vietnam." He explains that during the recent bombing lclll, the Presdent was in effect saying to the Vietcong: "Now you see what's happening. Please stop. We don't want to hurt you." When the Reds refused to listen to the voice of reason, Pryor thinks the President had "no alternative but to give them another taste of our strength." He also assures the hawks that the lull was by no means wasted on our side. We were using that period, he says, to build up "tremendous strength," and through intelligence and flyovers to gage the cap- ability of the enemy in rebuilding its bombed-out bridges and supply roads. As a narcotics expert, Pryor looked into its smuggling problem during the Asian tour. The contraband drugs are moving out of Red China into the black markets of the world, and Pryor says: "Heroin is the stuff you would only want your enemies to use. Iced China has a strict ban on its use by its own people, but it is moving out for sale .n the free world." Pryor, despite his conviction that the Pres- ident is right in stepping up the pace of the war, is anything but a saber rattler. Returning here only long enough to make a private report to the Bureau of Narcotics, he is now off to the Holy Land in company with Bishop Walter Gray of the Connecticut liipiscopal diocese. "We will visit every spot in Jordan and Israel that was trod by the Prince of Peace," he says. Pryor and the bishop even have rare permission to pass both ways through the Mandelbaum Gate which separates the two warring nations. The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy- Training School for Our Nation's Sea- going Heroes EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. LESTER L. WOLFF OL' NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday. February 16, 1966 Mr. WOLFF. Mr. Speaker, the Mer- chant Marine Academy at Kings Point, N.Y., which is located in the congres- sional district I have the honor to repre- sent in this distinguished body, has been a steady source of stalwart men of the sea. That the Academy produces men is evidenced by the fact that three Kings Point alumni have been cited for bravery and outstanding service in Vietnam. I would like at this point to include in the RECORD a newspaper story about the most recent Kings Point graduate, Navy Comdr. Alexander C. Kuegler, Jr., and his service to our Nation: THIRD KINGS POINT GRAD CITED AS VIETNAM HERO Navy Colndr. Alexander C. Kuegler, Jr_, of Sea Cliff is the latest of three graduate.' of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy in Kings Point to be cited for outstanding service in Vietnam. Kuegler was recently awarded the Viet- namese Medial of Honor and the Navy Com- mendation Medal for bravery under gun Lire while U.S. military adviser to the Com- mander, River Force. CLASSMATES IN 1944 Previously, Lt. Comdr. Harvey E. Rod:ers, of Smithtown, was awarded the Vietnamese Medal for Gallantry for his part in sinking a Vietcong armored vessel in Vung Ro Bay md Comdr. Paul C. Ewing, of McLean, Va., re- ceived the Navy Commendation Medal for establishing and operating a complex mari- time advisory program. Kuegler, a member with Ewing of the class of 194:4, was cited for his service be- tween July 4, 1963, and July 4, 1964, which "provided advisory assistance which proved combat readiness of Vietnamese Navy in support of counterinsurgency of ellort against Vietcong." Water Pollution in Michigan-A Way to Its Solution Michigan, like all other States, has been a bit like the farmer who was approached by the county agent and offered new advice on the latest and best ways to farm. The farm- er replied, "Thank you very much for your help, but I am not farming right now as well as I know how." I say this with due deference to Mr. Loring F. Deming, the execu- tive secretary, and to the other members of our Michigan Water Resources Commission who over the years have done one of the best jobs in the United States of managing water resources. I can well recall that for a long time I used to receive a visit during- just about every Congress from either Milt Adams, former ex- ecutive secretary of the Michigan Water Re- sources Commission, or from our able assist- ant attorney general, Nick Olds, two of any very dear friends. Both of these men are among the most able officials and public- interest oriented individuals anywhere, and I think that all three of us looked forward to these visits. They initiated a regular tilt dealing with legislation sponsored by me which each of these good gentlemen sin- cerely felt would put our State agencies out of business, a calamity desired by none of us. Our contacts started back in 1956 when Congressman Joarr BLATNIK first began the fight for meaningful water pollution control with the introduction of what was to become Public Law 660, the fundamental Federal water pollution :law. This was enacted after the opposition of the States, some com- munities, and most industries, as well as the dedicated opposition of the Eisenhower ad- ministration, was overcome. All of the op ponents of this legislation; industrial groups, State agencies, and the administration, stressed what to them were valid reasons for opposition. Industry pleaded the problems of compliance and cost increase; State agen- cies feared that the proposed legislation im- pinged upon their treasured jurisdiction; and the Eisenhower administration argued that "water pollution was a uniquely local blight," and of course worried that the legislation would provide $50 million a year to assist communities in construction of desperately needed sewage abatement works. Ultimately the differences with the State administrators were resolved by limiting the Federal activity to areas of pollution origi- nating in one State and affecting health, life, and welfare in other States. The objections of the polluters and of the executive branch were simply battered aside, or compromises were made which resulted in garnering of a vote here or there, sufficient unto the need for passage of the legislation. To their great credit, the Michigan Water Resources Commission, and my old friend, Milt Adams, recognized the wisdom of that legislation and fought valiantly for it at the end. I saw my two beloved friends at the time I introduced a draft of the bill permitting communities to request the assistance of the Federal Government in the abatement of pollution coming; from their upstream neighbors. This bill was changed to pro- vide that the Governor of the State could request the Public Health Service to com- mence proceedings for the abatement of intrastate pollution. It then became :law and was supported by my two friends and Michigan's State agencies. Parenthetically, it was this legislation which was utilized. to initiate the Federal cleanup now taking place on the Detroit River at the request of former Governor Swainson. I was again visited by my two old friends when I introduced legislation to establish Federal standards for the abatement of pol- lution of interstate and navigable waters and to establish a. Federal agency to handle pollution of our waters. It has been a remarkable experience to me to observe the continuing opposition of EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN A. BLATNIK OF MINNESOTA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, February 16, 1966 Mr. BLATNIK. Mr. Speaker, I am proud to commend to my colleagues the very excellent speech delivered by our good friend JOHN DINGELL at the Clean Water Conference of the Michigan State Association of Supervisors on the subject of water pollution: WATER POLLUTION IN MICHIGAN-A WAy TO ITS SOLUTION (Address of Hon. JOHN D. DINGELL, Democrat, 16th Congressional District of Michigan, to the Michigan State Association of Super- visors, on. January 18, 1966, at their Clean Water Conference in Lansing, Mich.) Nly dear friends, I want to express my graaitude to you for the privilege of being here today and for the opportunity of dis- cussing one of the most pressing resource problems of our day. I want to commend both my valued friend, Ed Connor, one of our outstanding public officials, for his ex- pression of confidence in me, and the asso- ciation for its interest in this desperate p: ob- lem. of water pollution. The title assigned to me was, "Water Pollu- tion in Michigan." I would like to take the liberty of adding to that title the word:-, "A Way to Its Solution." Briefly that solution is Federal, State, and local cooperation, large expenditures of funds, and vigorous enforce- ment of our antipollution laws. Before I observe any of you going to steep, I want to make it very clear that it is not. my purpose to commence a doleful recitation of contamination of our State's once pristine waters. Nor do I intend to descend to a lugubrious recital of the effects of this con- lamination on health, welfare, and recrea- tional opportunities of our people. Neither will I go into its devastating effects upon fish and wildlife and on the attracting of new industry to our State. Certain of my comments will necessarily touch on these matters but only as incidental to a calm discussion of our water problems. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, 1966, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. EMILIO Q. DADDARIO OF CONNECTICUT IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, January 25, 1966 Mr. DADDARIO. Mr. Speaker, the American Football Coaches Association recently installed Daniel Jessee to be its new president, the first Connecticut and small college coach to be given this honor, I have spoken earlier of the career which brought hind to this peak. I was privi- leged to be present at a reception held by his fellow small college and high school coaches of Connecticut, and I in- sert an account of that fellowship and comradeship at the meeting which was held here in Washington to be added to the RECORD. This account is written by Bill Garrett of the Gannett News Bureau, and demon- strates the warm friendship which all in Connecticut feel for Dan Jessee: TRINITY'S MR. JESSEE GOES TO WASHINGTON (By William A. Garrett) WASHINGTON, D.C.-Every Nutmegger with a warm spot for football-from the Governor on down-told Dan Jessee last night how fortunate Trinity College and Connecticut were that he elected to go East rather than stay West years ago. The Trinity coach-formally Prof. Daniel Jessee-received the accolade on the eve of his installation as president of the American Football Coaches Association, at a reception put on by Connecticut college and high school coaches. This noon Jessee and some colleagues were to lunch with President Johnson at the White House. It was Gov. John N. Dempsey who pointed up in a citation presented to Jessee by Don Russell of Wesleyan the gooc: fortune that accrued to Connecticut when Jessee left the Pacifio coast, where he already had demon- strated his prowess as athlete and mentor. Looking on were scores of football's finest, from admiring State colleagues to national figures such as Syracuse's Ben Schwartz- walder, Penn State's Rip Engle, Otto Graham of Coast Guard, Army's Paul Dietzel and Eddie Enos of Montreal Loyola, a University of Connecticut product. Representative EMILIO Q. DADDARIO, Demo- crat of Hartford, a Little All-America back at Wesleyan, added to the applause. Senator ABRAHAM RiBrcoFF, Democrat of Hartford, had commended Jessee earlier. Joe Fontana of Southington, who chaired the event, lauded Jessee as one of sports' "most fierce competitors." Jessee will be AFCA's first Connecticut and small college president. Dempsey cited the coach's record of 144 victories to 74 defeats and 7 ties, and his 4 perfect seasons. The Governor saluted Jessee as "a man wholly dedicated to the well-being and bet- terment of intercollegiate sports." Karl Kurth, Trinity line coach who is to succeed Ray Oosting as athletic director at the col- lege, introduced Costing at a brief ceremony. Jessee's wife, Charlotte, also was acclaimed for her contribution to the coach's achievements. Weaver High's Edward T. Knurek presented matched luggage to Jessee. There also were comments from Trinity Dean Bob Vogel, Fred Tonzel, of New York, called the col- lege's most loyal fan, and George Ferris, its most loyal alumnus. Also there were Wesleyai 's Norm Daniels, Hugh McCurdy, its athletic director, and Waino Fallback, of Middletown High. Jesse Dow represented southern Connecticut, and Bill Moore and Bill Loika were from cen- tral Connecticut. Tom Kelly, of Manchester, was among the football editors on hand, and Tom Monahan, athletic director at Bristol, and Connecticut's Bob Engels were among other well-wishers. Fern Tetreau, of Fairfield, spoke for the. Connecticut Football Coaches Association, which he heads. Connecticut's J. Orleans Christian, newly inducted into the College Baseball Hall of Fame, shared the throng's congratulations. "I'm pretty proud," said Christian-of both his and Jessee's honors. Affiliated Young Democrats, Inc., of New York State Call for Positive Democratic Leadership in the New York State Legislature EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ABRAHAM J. MULTER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. MULTER. Mr. Speaker, Harold R. Moskovit, president of the Affiliated Young Democrats, made the following announcement: The State legislative committee of the Affiliated Young Democrats of New York, at a meeting held on January 8, 1966, at the Hotel Piccadilly in New York City, called for active and positive leadership of Demo- crats in the assembly and State senate with full responsibility to all the people of the State to assure reelection in 1966. The organization expects its legislative program for 1966 to be introduced in the State legislature by their 22 members in the State senate of which the chairman is Senator Samuel L. Greenberg, of Brooklyn, and their 47 members in the assembly, of-which the chairman is As- semblyman Daniel M. Kelly, of New York County. Their legislative program follows: We demand a bipartisan committee in State and New York City to set up a long- range tax program for 25 years and not the yearly rush for expediency. We urge the legislators to support the fol- lowing program which we consider impor- tant to the welfare of the people of this State and pledge ourselves to devote every effort to the enactment thereof; to wit: "Raise drinking age to 21 years; primary election for all State officers; adopt new code of New York City Air Pollution Control Board for cleaner air; more housing; perma- nent personal registration be made state- wide, with two changes, (1) must vote at two consecutive national elections and (2) do not have to reregister if voter moves within same county; vote at 18 years; stop turn- stile justice by recodifying the statutes as they relate to juveniles, with uniformity of Federal and State laws; more vocational camps, rehabilitation and training centers, 2 voting days for national elections, first Mondays and Tuesdays in November; more State aid to education; extend ban on racial discrimination in housing; protection against slum landlords; create more judge- ships; legalize off-track betting by referen- dum; raise minimum wage to $1.50 an hour.; mandatory free tuition at an State universities and all community colleges; outlaw boxing; permanent spring primary A573 election day in June; stronger code of ethics; presidential preference primaries; legislature to at last ratify the 15th amendment; pre- serve our great natural resources; program to discourage dropouts in schools; State aid to public museums; create statewide recre- ation department; bonus for Korean vet- erans; increase teachers salaries; more and better aid to the aged and mentally ill; 3-day-weekend plan to celebrate all holidays, except religious holidays; help migrant work- ers; stronger law against dope peddlers; and finally, that a printed verbatim record of all the proceedings of the State legislature be made, and be made available to the public." Diseases Aren't Cured by Treating Symp- toms-A Responsible Student Speaks Out on Vietnam War EXTENSION OF REMARKS ! L-` HON. ALVIN E. O.'KONSKI OF WISCONSIN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. O'KONSKI. Mr. Speaker, amid all the dissensions and the violence on our campuses today, unfortunately the voice of the dissenter gets the most pub- licity. The voice of the fairminded, in- telligent, and responsible student is sel- dom seen on TV or printed in the news- papers. This article written by Richard Rus- sell, a student in his junior year at Wis- consin State University-Eau Claire, and appearing in the Spectator, the student newspaper is one of the best appraisals of the Vietnam war that I have yet seen. I recommend this article to my col- leagues: DISEASES AREN'T CURED BY TREATING SYMPTOMS (ABOUT THE AUTHOR.-A 21/2-year veteran of the Spectator staff, Richard Russell has closely pursued the development of the Viet- nam war through extensive daily reading. ("America can't keep playing diplomacy to please countries like the Upper Volta Repub- lic. It's about time our Government realized that, if we don't act in our own self-interest, no one else will do it for us," Russell says. (Russell's article is the first on "The Soap- box," a page of opinion and depth reporting which will be featured throughout the year.) (By Richard Russell) Take an area of 40 million people and 284,000 square miles (about the same as Wis- consin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky). Give it a steady temperature of 70-plus degrees and a summer rainy season which yields 80 inches of precipitation an- nually (much like southern Florida). Run a mountain range of 9,000 feet (like Oregon's Cascades) through the middle of it, and cover the rest with densely overgrown swamp- land (like Louisiana's). Attack the inhabitants with 200,000 native guerrillas and respond with 200,000 fcreign mercenaries. You now have a recipe for war in Indochina. The people of the peninsula are largely a mixture of the Indonesians of the south and the Chinese of the north-whence the Indochinese. They had a flourishing civiliza- tion of their own between 600 and 1750 A.D. The Khmers, as they then called themselves, had their capital and chief religious center in the city of Angkor. The recently discov- ered ruins of the Angkor Wat (temple) indi- cate a high level of architectural development. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 A574 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 ? , CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX February 77 1966 But buddhism and inner political conflict combined to destroy the Khmers, and the region underwent a period of regression until reawakened by French colonial forces. Be- tween 1859 and 1893, France occupied the splinter states of Cambodia, Laos, Cochin China, Annam, and Tonkin. Cochin China was made a colony; the rest were pro- tectorates. France improved the region somewhat, with roads, harbors, and commerce, but kept a firm hand on the controls of government. The native rulers were allowed to continue, but they had only nominal power. France operated Indochina as a. monopoly. There was considerable resentment built; up against this attitude of the French by the time World War II started. When Vichy Prance ceded control of Indochina to the tyrannical Japarese, resentment continued to mount. After Japan had lost the war, France had difficulty reasserting its terri- torial claim because of increasing pressure From Indochinese nationalists. THE RED MENACE Now, for a moment, let us look at another time and another place. Back in 1917, while Germany was at war with the world, a revo- lution broke out in Russia against the op.. pressive regime of Czar Nicholas II. Nicholas was defeated, deposed, and later killed. A democratic government lasted only a few months before Bolsheviks led by Nikolai Lenin and Leon Trotsky overthrew it for their own Communist regime. The Communists also gained control of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, and parts of Finland and Japan. World War II presented them with an opportunity to seize Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Albania. Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, East Germany, and Mast Austria. In 1947 they saw another opportunity. The world was weary of war, and dismissed and rebellion in China as insignificant. It was really a Communist invasion. In 2 years, Red leader Mao Tse-tung had driven the na- tionalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek onto the island of Taiwan, thus bringing into the Communist fold the most populous nation on earth. in later years, the world has seen commu- nism expand into North Korea, Tibet, East Congo, and Cub-a, with influence in Egypt, Algeria, Guinea, Indonesia, and any number of South American nations. 0 STRIKES In all their gore s, the Communists never once won a democratic election. Their only loss was East Alt=,tria, when that nation was neutralized. Yugoslavia, although pursuing its own course under Josef Tito, remains firmly Communist. Returning to the Indochina of 1947, we find that France had granted greater auton- omy to Cambodia and Laos. Cochin China, Anna.m, and Tonkin had been combined into the single country of Vietnam. All three nations were undergoing very gradual emancipation. lint some Indochinese could not wait. Na- tionalist forces demanded immediate sover- eignty. Rebellions flared. The French For- eign Legion busied itself with brush fire wars. During this period, the expansionist Mao met Vietnam's Lo Chi Minh, a leader who, like Mao himsel:, was it self-made man of great personal appeal and considerable mili- tary ability. With Mao's support, Ho organ- lied the immodestly named Vietminh, mas- queraded. as it nationalist to solicit support, and launched a. vicious guerrilla war against French rule in Indochina. As this war drew international attention, O.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles recognized the scope of the problem: "The propagandists of Red China and Russia make it apparent that their purpose is to domi- nate all of southeast Asia * * * the so- called rice bowl which helps to feed the densely populated region that extends from India to Japan. It is rich in Inany ra,w materials, such as tin, oil, rubber. and iron ore." Unfortunately for the French colonial forces, they placed too many eggs in one basket. 'When that basket-the heavily fortified bastion at Dienbienphu was crushed by the Vietminh on May 7, 1954, the end was in sight. By an agreement of the major powers at Geneva, July 21, 1954, independence from France was granted to Laos, Cambodia. and Vietnam. and the latter was partitioned along the 17th parallel. The northern none, capitaled at Hanoi, went to Ho. The south had a West-oriented native government. A plebiscite was to be held in both zones in July 1956 to determine if the country should be reunified. However, Red-hating Pouth Vietnamese Premier Ngo Dinh Diem flatly refused to believe that the Communists would permit it free vote. Ii-.. July 19115 he virtually eliminated any chance of hold- ing elections, and the country has bee i di- vided ever since. THE WADING GAMI: To prevent further Communist incursions into southeast Asia, the United State: has joined in defensive alliances with Japan, Aus- tralia, the Philippine Republic. New Zea land, Great Britain, France, Pakistan, and Thai- land. This has not prevented the Pathet Lao from taking over half of Laos and forcing the rest to be neutralized. It has not prevented wavering toward communism by Camb,idia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk. It has not pre- vented the Vietcong from wreaking de: truc- tions over all of South Vietnam. 't'he United States has 200,000 troops in Vietnam, and will double that number by year's end. It has the 7th Fleet and heivy air support. It has the aid c, the South Vietnamese Government. Yet it, has not stopped the Vietcong. 'When the Cong is exhausted, it slips back into the rain forest. When it is defeated, it recruits in North Vietnam. When it is hungry, it terrorizes villages When it is ill-equipped, it ships in supplies along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. 'Who remembers the strategic ha!niet? Last year, the United States reverted to the medieval system of fortifying hamlets, ;end- ing the villagers out to work by day, and locking them behind barbed wire at right. Horrified French officials pointed out that Di.enbienphu was no more than a large 'stra- tegic hamlet." After losing several villages, the United States conceded, Who remembers the "advisers"? Thin was America's title for the 40,000 troops i' had stationed in Vietnam before 1965. Tha'v are now combatants. Who remembers the American p?omi:.a not to bomb in Laos? South Vietnamese Pre- Nguyen Cao Ky revealed recently that the United States has been doing so for over a, year. All these incidents are indications th; t the war is escalating. The United States is corn- nutted now to war, and war it must fif,ht to the logical end. But, as any physician, will testify, in fighting a disease, one doe!; not treat the symptom; one treats the cause. We must circumvent the symptom - the Vietcong--and strike directly at the ca we- Red China. And we must not stop untI the disease is totally exterminated. "War is hell," remarked Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, and Benjamin Franklin agreed, "There never was a good war or n bad peace." 'Then why are wars fought.? In nron gilt inunediate rejection by Hanoi. R:r.ther, the American proposal would place the Security Council officially in back of a. g}encral search for peace, such as the United :;rates has already, informally, asked the G.N. co undertake. This would include a conference, with the objective of applying the Geneva accords of 1954 and 1962 (the latter concerned Laos) and of setting up and supervising a cease-fire. Composition of the conference is not spelled out; the door re- mains open l or mediation or arbitra Lion, as suggested by Pope Paul. The effect of such a resolution would bring pressure upon the Soviet Union to do what it has thus far refused to do-vsponsor an- other session of the Geneva Conference. It would also, if adopted (or even if accepted by a majority and lose through a Soviet veto) furnish Security Council support for Ameri- can peace efforts. And in any case, by ac- companying the bombs with a resolution, President Johnson dramatizes anew the American position: to fight if necessary; to negotiate if possible. Federal Funds Already Have Aided Many Persons in Volusia County EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. SAM GIBBONS OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTA',:'IVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. GIBBONS. Mr. Speaker I am proud to say that the great :sate of Florida is moving into the vanguard of those States making maximum use of provisions of the Economic Opportunity Act, the war on poverty. I am proud of the tremendous prog- ress being made by the city of Tampa and Hillsborough County which comprise the congressional district which I have the privilege to represent in the House of Representatives. On our east coast, Volusia County is moving forward in several antipoverty programs. 'Inc 'Day- tona Beach News-Journal, one of Flor- ida's great newspapers, is running a se- ries of articles dealing with that coun- Ly's efforts in this battle. The article follows: FEDERAL FUNDS ALREADY IIAva: Asia ii MANY PERSONS IN VOLUSIA COUNTY (By Ray LaPrise) As Project Upgrade officials are struggling to get approval from the Office of Economic Opportunity, Atlanta, on their own applica- tion for working funds and the application from the West Volusia Council on Human Relations, some Federal money to fight poverty already has come into the county. Volusia school officials got a $71,088 grant last summer to operate Head Start This is the project under which 526 5- and 6-year- olds from low-income families throughout the county got kindergarten instruction, medical care and nutritious lunches in 13 schools from June 8 to July 27. As the program went on for tuts, their parents also were invited to attend night meetings at the schools where qualified speakers lectured on such topics as legal aid and how to manage on low budgets The antipoverty program also has been felt through Neighborhood Youth Corps. John Shaw, manager of the local :Florida State Employment Service, said his office was asked to recruit young people-mostly high school. dropouts-by the Florida Park Serv- ice, Florida Forestry Service and Road Department. Shaw, who also serves as chairman of Upgrade's committee on employment, job training and counseling, said 37 young people from this area were hired out of the 61 who applied for Neighborhood Youth Corps since last June. As rnenibcrs of the Neighborhood Youth Corps, they work 32 hours a week and spend another 2 hours a day studying. Among them are eight youths and one girl on duty at Tomoka State Park. Financially handicapped students fat Bethune -Cookman College here and at Stetson University, DeLand, have been en- abled to continue their work because of what is called the work-study program. Bethune- Cookman College got a grant of $18,000 for the spring and summer semesters last year and another grant of $90,000 for the fall 1965 semester and 1966 spring semester. College officials distribute the money to student:, hired for such campus jobs as laboratory and library assistants and dormi- tory supervisors. A number of Stetson students also bene- fited by work-study grants received by the university, including $14,235 for last spring's semester, $40,000, last summer and $22,306 for the 1965 fall semester. Upgrade's present officers are former Day- tona Beach Commissioner Stanley Nass, president; Mrs. Glenn A. Bassett, Daytona Beach, secretary; Volusia School Superin- tendent John Smiley, vice president; and Volusia Juvenile Judge Robert L. Lee, treasurer. Upgrade also has 11 committees, whose chairmen are: Rev. Rogers P. Fair, resident partic:.potion, 15 members; Volusia Health Officer D. V. Galloway, health, 7 members; Florida. State Employment Service Manager John Shaw, employment, job training, and counseling, 5 members; Juvenile Judge Lee, finance, 4 members; Dr.:Harland Merriam, evaluation to programs, 5 members; County Commissioner Smith, governmental, 4 members; Mars. Richard Fellows, welfare, 8 members; urban renewal relocation officer, Jannes Daniels, housing and home management, 6 members; Julian Markham, education, 7 members; Rev. Lilburn Moseley, consumer education and information, 6 members; and Daytona Beach Attorney Leon van Wert, legal aid, 7 members. Upgrade, until it gets money to rent its own office space, will go on filling out forms and storing its files in Van Wert's office at 136' South Beach Street. Public Land Treatment: Watershed Project Problem EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. COMPTON I. WHITE, JR. OF IDAHO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. WHIT of Idaho. Mr. Spcakel', I am impressed by the efforts being, made in the State through local soil conserva- tion districts to improve and make better use of our land and water resources. I am particularly interested in the work being done in local watershed projects to reduce flooding, protect lands and. homes, and bring about a brighter economic future. I am concerned that this work move ahead as rapidly as possible. Serious flooding in 1962 and 1964 produced millions of dollars in dar,mages in my State; we need to be better prepared in the future. One problem in watershed progress is potentially of concern in many States where public and private lands are inter- mingled. In several cases, public land agency funds have been insufficient to meet land treatment needs; but projects Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7., 6?ved For Q4 9R 1 67R$$4 q( 400020007-9 Buffalo's New Urban Renewal Commissioner EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. RICHARD D. McCARTHY OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, January 24, 1966 Mr. McCARTHY. Mr. Speaker, my hometown of Buffalo faces all the chal- lenges which other major U.S. metro- politan areas face: the decline of the central commercial core, blight in the gray areas, traffic congestion, a dwin- dling tax base, and so forth. But I am happy to report the city of Buffalo, behind the leadership of Mayor Frank A. Sedita, is tackling these prob- lems with new vigor and determination. A keyman in this great undertaking is our new urban renewal commissioner, Richard L. Miller. I am proud to say that Mr. Miller is an old and close friend of mine. He played a key role in the conception and development of the Buf- falo urban renewal program and he comes to his new post with la,urels won In pushing forward Buffalo's dynamic downtown renewal program. Buffalo is on the move. And young men like 40-year-old Richard Miller are playing key roles. Under leave to extend my remarks, I here. include an article from the Buffalo Courier-Express of January 25, which sets forth Mr. Miller's view of his new and challenging assignment : MILLER TAKES STERN VIEW OF RENEWAL (By Jim McAvey) REALISTIC VISIONS Buffalo's new $17,500 a year urban renewal commissioner, Richard L. Miller, is no builder of castles in the sky. He is a hardheaded pragmatist with visions of a more beautiful city. He believes these visions can be made realities only through the down-to-earth, patient expenditure of energy needed to sail programs over seas of redtape. "We are going to have to combine our aspirations with realism," Miller said. "There is a lot of redtape to go through and it takes time." Just turned 40, the fair-skinned, 6-foot, 200-pound commissioner looks askance on "miracle working" urban renewal schemes. OBJECTIVE: CONFIDENCE "I think Buffalo can be made a greater city, but this job is only part of it," he said. "Urban renewal can only provide the physi- cal setting for living. There are other as- pects-economic, political, social, cultural." A native of Buffalo, the blue-eyed Miller has a full head of blond hair that sweeps straight back from a high forehead. He has the broad shoulders and coordinated move- ments of the athlete he was. He gives the impression of being intensely sincere about the job he is undertaking. "I'm not starting anything," Miller said. "This is a continuing program that has to grow. We have to develop a sound and ex- panding program, one that will gain the confidence of the people of Buffalo and of the Federal Government, which provides most of the money." Miller believes most people have a feeling the Federal Government runs the whole ur- ban'renewal program. "Actually," ; he, said, "the responsibility is on the city. We. have to merit continued Federal support or the Federal Government can put the brake on. Our local perform- ance 1s what counts." WELL PRIMED Miller said he is depending on men who have been working in the urban renewal department to brief him on the status of programs. There are 66 employees in the department. But he gave much evidence of having de- tailed knowledge of the programs. He said his work as executive director and secretary of the Greater Buffalo Development Foundation had much to do with his views on urban renewal. He was executive direc- tor of the foundation from May 1958 until he took over his present job January 1. The foundation played a vital role in the planning and promotion of the downtown renewal project. Miller sees the downtown project as an excellent example of what can be brought about without Government funds. CODES, INCENTIVES "Downtown is showing what we can do on our own," he said. "Part of the deal is for people in official capacities to encourage peo- ple to do something about their environ- ment.,. Miller does not believe that rehabilitation of dilapidated houses and neighborhoods. "just happens," or that enforcement of hous- ing codes is, of itself, enough. "People have to be convinced that some- thing good is. going to come from their efforts to improve their properties," Miller said. "We must give people incentives, through public actions, to upgrade their properties far beyond minimum standards required by the code." FAMILY MAN A 1949 Dartmouth graduate who served in the Navy In World War II and the Korean war, Miller started out to be a newspaper- man. He was a reporter for the Buffalo Evening News in 1951 and again from 1953 to 1958. He smokes a pack a day, golfs, bowls, reads, and spends a lot of time "amusing my four kids." He is married to the former Patrizia Nagy of Toledo, Ohio, a sculptress who has given him "a great deal of interest in the arts." They live at 650 Lafayette Avenue. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. THOMAS M. PELLY OF WASHINGTON IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. PELLY. Mr. Speaker, passage of H.R. 12410, the GI education bill, was not only morally right but economically sound for our Government. To provide for the smooth and con- structive return of our servicemen to civilian life is just as essential as it Is to prepare him with needed training and equipment to enable him to do a proper job in the Armed Forces. I venture to say, Mr. Speaker, that this action will pay similar dividends to those realized from the investment in educa- tion, for veterans of World War II and the Korea l conflict. I am sure this assist- ance will account for an increase in our A559 gross. national product as did the invest- ment in the education of veterans of . World War II and Korea. Mr. Speaker, the passage of this legis- lation was long overdue. America Understand/ f EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. JACK BROOKS OF TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. BROOKS. Mr. Speaker, with the resumption of bombing of North Viet- nam there has risen considerable contro- versy in the American press concerning the bombing and the intensified peace efforts that preceded it and are continu- ing. Extensive coverage has been given to a very vocal minority that opposes our efforts to maintain the freedom of the Vietnamese with the result that it is, at times, difficult to determine how the average American views these activities. However, a recent editorial, which ap- peared on February 2, 1966, in the Beau- mont Enterprise, an outstanding news- paper published in southeast Texas, states succinctly the feelings of an over- whelming majority of our citizens who support the President and who under- stand and are aware of our responsibility and purpose in southeast Asia. The text of the editorial follows: A TEXAN DECIDES In spite of our disappointment that the 37-day lull in the bombing of North Vietnam failed to bring peace talks, we feel that the long pause was on the whole a net gain for this country. We have underscored our devotion to a peaceful settlement in Vietnam in a way that neither friend nor foe can misinterpret. We have cut the ground from underneath the feet of those critics in Europe and Asia, who, for varying reasons, have tried to paint us in the colors of aggressors or new colo- nialists. Our reconnaissance has been such that, now that the bombing is being resumed, we know where the enemy troop and supply buildups have taken place and we can hit those places quickly and in great force. Thus, it seems to us that the pause did more good than harm. Given the intransigence of Hanoi and Pei- ping, the negative, churlish and unyielding attitude of the Communists, the President had no choice but to renew the bombing attacks on the enemy's staging grounds in North Vietnam. Be it noted, also, that during the entire period of the bombing pause, there was never the slightest lull in the terrorist tactics of the Vietcong on the ground. Unharmed men, women, and children among civilian refugees were savagely slain, along with American and South Vietnamese soldiers. We are glad that President Johnson made a new Vietnam peace bid, even as he ordered the bombers back into action. The two ac- tions taken together would seem to indicate that we will, in' the words of the late Presi- dent Kennedy; "never negotiate from fear, but never fear to negotiate." It is likely that hard decisions and harder days are ahead for President Johnson and all Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29: CIA-RDP67B00446R0004000 07-9 CONGRESSIONAL. RECORD -APPENDIX February 7, 1666 Americans, But we can face them secure in the knowledge that we have done all that reasonable men can do to gain a just and honorable peace in southeast Asia. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JACOB H. GILBERT + H.' NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. GILBEH,T. Mr. Speaker, a few days ago I called to the attention of MY colleagues in the House the plight of our merchant marine and expressed dis- appointment and concern over the cut in the 1967 budget funds for this im- portant fourth arm of our country's de- fense. In this connection, I insert in the RECORD a statement by Mr. Joseph Curran, chairman of the AFL-CIO Mari- time Committee, which follows: The budget request for the Maritime Ad- ministration this year is sadly inadequate. It reflects an adoption of the Interagency Maritime Task Force report. This report was rejected by the President's Maritime Advisory Committee. We also understand that this report is opposed by the Secre- taries of Commerce and Labor. Longstanding national policy provides that we shall have a merchant marine to carry a substantial portion of our waterborne import-export foreign commerce, and also capable of serving as a naval auxiliary in time of war or national emergency. To as- sure that our merchant marine would serve the Nation in this dual capacity. various aids such as the operating and construction subsidies are extended to qualified operators. because of the lack of Government lead- ership which reflects indifference and neglect in advancing this policy, our merchant ma- rine has declined to where it carries less than 9 percent of our waterborne foreign commerce. The Secretary of Commerce must have realized the cause of the declining fleet clearly when just recently he stated that he is opposed to building foreign and that the Government has not fulfilled its obligation in building a merchant marine. in realization of the sad state of our mer- chant marine, the President established the Maritime Advisory Committee. At its first meeting. the Maritime Advisory Committee adopted a resolution endorsing our national maritime policy, as stated in the 1936 Mer- chant Marine Act, as in the public interest. Following this, the Committee developed a program, the basic theme of which is the renewal and expansion of the American merchant marine. At the time it became obvious that the Maritime Advisory Committee was going to come up with a program for developing a merchant marine, the Interagency Maritime Task Force was estabished to counter and add confusion to the MAC recommenda- tions. To add to the confusion, the task force, which' contains the Maritime Admin- istrator's recommendations, has advocated less ships to carry less cargo and even these ships to be built principally in foreign yards. This year's budget request of $85 million for construction subsidies ($47 million less than last year) provides for building only 11 ships. This is raised to 13 after some doubtful and very peculiar juggling of fig. ores. The operating-differential subsidy request is $185 million ($5 million less than last year). Members of the House and Senate have expressed their disappointment of the budg- et request. Their course of action to cor- rect the situation is not known at this time. Even If Congress should increase the inade- quate budget request, as its been suggested, it is doubtful that the Administration would use the funds. The Interagency Task Force report and this year's budget request highlight.; the fact that administrative dedication to our Nation's maritime policy is a prerequisite to the successful administration of our mari- time laws. Currently, the Maritime Admin- istration is set on a completely opposite course of action which would administer the merchant marine Out of existence. If this confusion and neglect is not, cor- meted soon, there will be no merchant marine to transfer into the President's proposed Department of Transportation. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. PRENTISS WALKER OF MISSISSIPPI IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. WALKER of Mississippi. Mr. Speaker, the development of foreign trade in the poultry industry is most important for the continued growth of this vital industry in the United States, as well as the contribution it would make toward a more favorable balance-of-pay- ments picture for our country. I call to the attention of my colleagues a news release of the National Broiler Council, an organization dedicated to the growth, development, and improve- rnent of the poultry industry. This news release. dated December 23, 1965, announced participation of Mr. G Ted Cameron, president of the National Broiler Council, and Mr. Frank Frazier, executive vice president, in the U.S. Feed Grain Trade Exhibits and Seminar, scheduled to take place March 7 to 18, 1966, in Tokyo, Japan. Participation in this project by the National Broiler Council I am sure will prove most valuable in the de- velopment of foreign markets for the poultry industry in the United States. The article follows: DECEMBER 23, 1h65. WASHINGTON. D.C.-The appearance of two American broiler industry leaders on the program of the U.S. Feed Grain Trade Ex- hibits and Seminar scheduled for next March 7--18 at the U.S. Trade Center in Tokyo, Japan was announced here this we,,,k by Clarence D. Palnlby, executive vice pre:=.ident of the U.S. Feed Grains Council. Palmby announced that G. Ted Cameron, president of Mountaire Poultry Co., Inc., North Little Rock, Ark., and Frank Frazier, executive vice president of the National Boiler Council, Washington, D.C., will be key participants during various segments of the entire seminar. Cameron is president of the National Broiler Council. In making the announcement, Pnhnby pointed to the timely topics to be presented by each of the broiler industrymen. "The realm of 'Practical Broiler Production in a Scientific Age' and `The Broiler Busir,ess- Finance, Controls, and Marketing' constitute two papers bearing important messages to be given by Mr. Cameron. He is a true prac- titioner and exemplifies the executive who heads the multiphased operation which comprises a modern broiler firm, and the Far East audience will be especially interested in what he has to say." The Feed Grains Council executive em- phasized that the topic Frazier will cover, "Consumer Information, Market Research, and Market Support Functions of a Com- modity Organization," will not only benefit the sponsors of the trade show, but will strengthen market development programs in Japan. "We were especially glad to receive the re- port that the Broiler Council's board of di- rectors accepted our invitation extended to Frank Frazier," stated Palmby who is acting for the various groups cooperating with the Foreign Agricultural Service of USDA in making the arrangements for the Tokyo event. "We have observed the outstanding job that the National Broiler Council has done during the past several years, and con- sider it a classic example of intelligent self help in molding a production-oriented in- dustry into a hard-hitting, market-oriented group using strong programs in merchandis- ing, research, and consumer education-all to the benefit of both the industry and the general public," he added. Palmby noted that the Feed Grains Coun- cil cooperates wherever possible on. worth- while projects that can be of value to groups promoting the export of agricultural prod- ucts. "We feel the planned trade show, done in cooperation with the American Soy- bean Association, the National Renderers As- sociation, the U.S. Agricultural Attachc's of- fice in Japan, and the International Trade Fairs division of FAS to be one of these ex- tremely worthwhile projects," he stated. The announcement from the U.S. Feed Grains Council concluded noting the satis- faction and appreciation of the council's executive when he said, "Cameron and Frazier, along with the others who will make up the program, insure our efforts in making a positive contribution to our expanding dol- lar sales of an important, interrelated group of American agricultural products to Japan. We certainly are indebted to the National Broiler Council leadership for their coopera- tion." EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. L. MENDEL RIVERS OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. Mr. Speaker, those of you who know and respect Vice Adm. John S. McCain will be as pleased as I to learn of the outstand- ing tribute paid' to Admiral McCain by our United Nations Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg. On January 29, the Old Guard of the city of New York honored Admiral and Mrs. McCain. Ambassador and Mrs. Goldberg were unable to attend the ban- quet but the Ambassador sent the follow- ing telegram to the Old Guard Com- mandant. Colonel Rizza: I regret indeed that matters of state over which I have no control will prevent me from being with the Old Guard on Saturday evening, January 29, when you honor my friend and colleague, Vice Adm. John S. Mc- Cain, Jr. I am especially sorry I cannot be present because I have the highest regard for Admiral McCain. Please convey my regrets to the members of the Old Guard. I would like to tell you that Admiral McCain is Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, 196Approvedftjki/0??9of61-RI#RR000400020007-9 A551 ployers for the year 1964 was 1.60 percent- . program should of necessity be geared to To take political advantage of this, the Re- the tae- Agreed 9legislation 5 is noa haille as ed Of 1966 this the economic conditions existing within the publican leaders are pulling back from direct particular State. The Federal Government's criticism of the Johnson policy and are de- increased weekly benefits almost 20 percent, role should be limited to supplementing emphasizing their former hard line on how and made other improvements in the law. benefits for unemployed workers who have the war should be conducted. Does this sound like the unemployment exhausted their State benefit rights, to be- Since Mr. Johnson is Commander in Chief, compensation programs of this Nation are come effective during periods of national they reason, they will not insist that he fol- outdated and the States are asleep as Rip depression or other nationwide conditions low a particular course or attempt to impose Van Winkle in discharging their duty? Ab- warranting such supplemental benefits. .a Republican strategy solutely not. It is our considered opinion that the pro- , him. The en- The provision in H.R. 8282 which increases visions of H.R. 8282 which prescribe certain effect, political these leaders hope, will t conc -- the taxable wage base from the $3,000 per predetermined bility for as the well war squarely on arely onthe he re- the Sta es by limiting blanket h benefit standards ta for dent, year to $5,600 in 1967, and to $6,600 in 1971 all States by limiting the Federal l tax credit ident and thereafter is totally unnecessary to on one hand by completely eliminating such finance Federal and State costs of unem- Federal tax credit on the other hand, thereb By 1968 they believe, Mutt of Johnson mbearing at be y ttro uble as a r ployment compensation programs, enforcing adherence by penalty, are unrea- responsibility and u ready On several occasions during the past 16 sonable and constitute an unnecessary en- sturn t e the country may b turned to years, the Secretary of Labor has asked a croachment of Federal control into the General turn to a Re, just D. it turned er Federal Advisory Council on Unemployment socioeconomic area of unemployment com- in 1952 u the Army Dwight war. Eisenhower Compensation matters, composed of 34 mem- pensation programs which have been and nn t2 during the Korean war. bers, and created by the Secretary of Labor continue to be best served by remaining do In not that rule event, the some Republican strategists in 1949, to consider an increase in the unem- within the determination and control of i out that date ployment compensation taxable wage base, those nearest the issue and most directly party might run a presidential candidate On each occasion, this Council has advised concerned; namely, the respective States. who would promise to end the war by eyg- against the Federal taxable wage base, and Thank you. tiations, wan as did General any possibility ower Tby n- have stated that such an increase was not not want to on a Republican any by in- only unnecessary for benefit financing pur- Icy ng now on a they would h e to cam pen poses, but was in fact undesirable. Icy the future. they would have to campaign Increasing the taxable wage base at the In the future. Federal level would tend to discourage wage GOP Sees Issue in Expanded War For now, Republicans hope to exploit the increases for employees and bring about division within the Democratic Party to win more automation thus causing more unem- EXTENSION E} S the House of Representatives, or to strength- ployment and aggravating, rather than al- O ti their delegation there, in the 1966 elec- leviating, the problem. The States finding it bons. necessary to find more funds for benefit pur- HON. JOSEPH E. KARTH For instance, Republican leaders left al- poses have on their own initiative increased OF MINNESOTA most entirely to the Democrats last week the their taxable wage bases. congressional debate on resuming the bomb- House Resolution 8282 undermines and IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ing of North Vietnam. Some Republican destroys the concept of "experience rating," Monday, February 7, 1966 Senators like GEORGE AIKEN, of Vermont, and which offers employers tax advantages for JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, of Kentucky, op- maintaining -employment at steady levels. Mr. KARTH. Mr. Speaker, I have posed the resumption, but senator EVERETT The Senate Finance Committee's report on permission to insert in the Appendix of MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, of Illinois, the majority the 1935 social security bill. stated: - the RECORD an article by Tom Wicker leader, carefully refrained from speaking out . "We propose, as a further amendment, a appearing in the New York Times, Feb- on what he said was a military decision. that provision that the Federal. Government shall ruary 2, 1966, entitled "GOP Sees Issue only the President could make. recognize credits in the form of lower con- In addition, Re tribution rates which may be granted by the in Expanded War." take little pnyli fo leaders plan con- states to employers who have stabilized Similar stories have appeared in other on part debate on any effort Vietnam ffort to force a on their employment * * w all unemployment newspapers around the country as well on the President's dto conduct or a limitation cannot be prevented by employers, but many as in other media. Many believe dissident Democrats, dent cthe war. employers can do much more than they have I, for one, do not want to accuse the a a stronger diplomatic effort to en who want end the war, done in the past to regularize employment. Republican Party of playing partisan will try to force such a debate. That would Everyone will agree that it is much better to Politics with this Nation's very security, emphasize with their Mr. among them- prevent unemployment than to compen- . Johnson. sate it." Certainly the major political parties of The "experience rating" system has largely the country owe loyalty and allegiance A NEW APPROACH been responsible for encouraging stabilized to their Government and its security Republican congressional candidates next employment, elimination of fraud and, has above all else. I want to be confident fall also will be advised to force Democratic effectively engaged the employers' interest that neither of them would play cheap incumbents on the defensive by making them and active support in maintaining an ads- politics with such an important issue. either accept or reject President Johnson's quote trust fund and a prudent unemploy- However, publicity on this matter has - b policy. The idea would be h totryito ment compensation program. been SO widespread that I am sure it win by stating ta dissension rather than to try Benefit increases and extending coverage: - con- By tying average weekly benefits to average creates doubt in the minds of those who ducting the wr Republican policy for con- love their country weekly gross wages, House Resolution 8282 first and their party This new approach to the politics of the would produce some stunning increases in no better than second. Vietnamese war is in clear contrast to the the payment of unemployment compensation. I do suppose, however, the Korean war earlier Republican approach of urging a The bill would extend coverage to every and the irresponsible literature distrib- stronger military policy and warning against employer who employs even one person for uted during the 1952 presidential Cam- a negotiated settlement. as much as 20 weeks in a year. All told, an additioanl 4.6 million new workers would be paign remain fresh in many minds. It reflects h depth the general political uncertainty about brought under the program. The costs of ex- At any rate, I insert the article and I Vietnamese war,, as well as a desire to main- tending coverage to this new group of work- am sure the Republican Party will want tain a flexible position of support for the ers could become astronomical in that it to take every step to refute its infer- Commander in Chief without being pinned to covers a group where the incidence of unem- ences and further, Will make sure such a fixed policy for winning the war. ployment runs high. predictions as to its future action will It also reflects some Republicans' resent- Disqualification: H.R. 8282 permits pay- mend of unemployment compensation to prove to be false. ment at the President, who they believe has the undeserving, changing the present insur- GOP SEES ISSUE IN EXPANDED WAR sought their support for tough measures ante system into a welfare giveaway-sev- (By Tom Wicker like bombing the North but who has not at- erance pay program. States would be ) tempted to associate them with more imme- prohibited from disqualifying an individual WASH.t .Republican congressional diately popular developments like the pause strategists s believe divisions within the Dem- In the bombing and the peace offensive. for more than 6 weeks even though he ocratic Party and the prospect of an expand- The shift in Republican strategy can be quit the job voluntarily without good cause, ing land war in Vietnam may be giving them clearly traced In statements by Representa- was fired for willful misconduct or refused a winning political issue against President tive GERALD R. FORD, of Michigan, the House suitable work while drawing benefits. Johnson. The purpose of unemployment compensa- minority leader. tion was, purpose we trust still Is, to tide over They believe the country may eventually In January of 1965 he insisted on a change lit w shard we ust pals s, periods er turn against a President whose party does of policy in'' Vietnam and called bombing joblessness thteeemploypes who periods their not fully` support him and whose war policy supply lines In North Vietnam a "highly de- de- jobl mess ough no fm loge the close The -may produce long casualty lists without mil- sirable first? step.". Mr. Johnson ordered the itary victory or a negotiated settlement. bombing of. these routes in February. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 M52 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 -y CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX February 7, 1966 URGED WAR DECLARATION `..n July Mr. Pose urged air attacks on soviet-supplied missiles in North Vietnam, not long before the President ordered the missile sites bombed. In August the Repub- lican leader called for a declaration of war. Also In August, Republicans under Mr. FORD'S leadership issued a "white paper" on the war charging that Mr. Johnson, in seek- ing a negotiated settlement, "seemed to dis- card the independence of South Vietnam as an objective" of the war. But when Congress reconvened this year, Mr. Foan's first newsletter to his constituents i;ook a different tone. "We will support anything which Mr. John- on does to obtain a prompt, just, and secure ocace," he wrote. "If this can be accom- plished by immediate negotiations through diplomatic, channels, we favor such negotia- tions. it the Commander of Chief finds that Further military action is necessary to achieve freedom and independence for the Viet- namese, we will support such action. Know- ing that there is no substitute for victory, we will back the President in his every effort to achieve military or diplomatic success." The concluding word, "success," appeared to observers here to be the key to the state- ment. In effect, the Republican leader was backing Mr. Johnson fully, both diploniati- cally and militarily; but he was also insisting that the Johnson policy produce "freedom and independence for the Vietnamese." Staternents by former Vice President Rich- ard M. Nixon also seem to reflect the develop- ing Republican position. Mr. Nixon con- ferred with Republican Congressmen before appearing on "Issues and Answers" on Ameri- can Broadcasting Co. television last Sunday. In that appearance he attacked Democrats who took "the appeasement line" but re- frained from direct criticism of Mr. Johnson. HON. J. ARTHUR YOUNGER IF CALIFORNIA IN' iHS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 'vlonday, February 7, 1966 Mr. YOUNGER. Mr. Speaker, Mr. Jo- seph Alsop has given a very good analysis of the Vietnam war and the changes which have taken place in his column. published in the Washington Post. His column follows: AGAIN, A NEW WAR SAIGON.-Behind all the churning and wal- lowing and tergiversation of American policy in th'..'se last 6 weeks, there is one very simple, bleak fact. The war in Vietnam has been radically transformed, almost to the point of becoming a new war. The last major transformation occurred last suinmer, with the commitment of U.S. ground forces on it big scale. The President's decision to make this commitment was ex- tremely courageous, and the commitment paid :Ill magnificently. largely as a result of Secretary McNamara's reform and modernization of the Armed t0orces, every unit committed was hard trained and combat ready. Green troops fought like veterans. Brilliant victories were won against heavy odds-which will no (10WA surprise a lot of people at home, for we in the United States for some strange reason, were only told about the casualties. ;did not about the victories. Iii consequence, by the beginning of November, "the Vietcong main forces were nearly on the ropes." This summary was given by Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge. His view is shared by just about every other American out here with experience to form a judgment. At this juncture, however, the next transformation of the war began to be evident. Precisely because the American commit- ment threatened to break the fighting strength of the Vietcong main force, as well as the North Vietnamese unite already in South Vietnam, a massive further invasion of South Vietnam by North Vietnamese regu- lars was ordered in Hanoi. The new units swiftly moving in quite naturally upset the whole balance of the war. This lied, in turn, to the exceedingly grim briefing given to Secretary McNamara when * he was last here. The chances are, in truth, that it was much too grim. For example, the North Vietnamese were credited with the capability of laying down 138 icons a day on the South Vietnamese border, via the Ho Chi Minh Trail. This tonnage, of course, would sustain all too many North Vietnamese divisions. In fact, however, if the enemy is currently laying down 60 tons a day oii the border, he is now doing a lot better than the wisest analysts believe. Furthermore, distribution from the border forward to the fighting units of 138 tons a day would require an army of at least 80,000 coolies, who would in turn consume about 65 tons of rice day. Thus there can be little doubt that Secre- tary McNamara was given a n exaggerated picture of the number of additional North Vietnamese units that can be permanently supported in South Vietnam. "Per- manently" is the key word, however, for the desperate decision to eat up all the stocks accumulated and cached in the jungles by the Vietcong would, of course, permit a good many additional units to be temporarily supported. And in any case. without regard to future capabilities, the stepped up North Vietnamese invasion of the south had al- ready created a wholly new situation. Secretary McNamara's report on the de- mands of the new situation thereupon touched off the churning and wallowing in U.S. Policy, typified by the peace offensive and the bombing pause. But no amount of wallowing and churning can change the necessities, as the outcome has shown. Three additional divisions. either three American or two American and one South Korea ii, are needed to redress the balance and recapture the initiative enjoyed in October. This increase in General Westmoreland's troop requirement, from six to nine division equivalents, in turn means a requirement for more U.S. troops than can be rapidly pro- vided without calling up the Reserves. For the time being, the President may perhaps think he can escape from meeting General Westmoreland's requirement by one dodge or another. If so, the enemy will soon enough teach him his error. It is far more likely, however, that the President thinks he can meet General West- more.tand's requirement without calling up the Reserves, by using a whole series of clever dodges. For example, all sorts of-specialized troop units, easily obtainable by a callup, are desperately needed to break the logistical logjam. here, without which larger forces cannot easily be supported. But at the cost of some delay, private con- tractors can be hired to attack the logistical logjam. By the same token, the Army's au- thorized troop strength has been greatly in- creased. Ready divisions may therefore be borrowed from the United States, with skeleton divisions taking their place in the Strategic Reserve. But such dodges are dangerous and un- worthy. They mean delay wh%n speed is vital. They mean a further show of irresolu- tion when stern resolve is vital. They mean no margin for the future., when the con- spicuous existence of a margin is vital, Thus Lyndon Johnson's fiber, as a leader of a na- tion at war, is now being put to a supreme test. Where Were a Pickets? Nowhere To Be Seen EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. MASTON O'NEAL OF GEORGIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7_1966 Mr. O'NEAL of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, a newspaper in my congressional district has raised a very pertinent and interest- ing question. Where were the antiwar demonstrators last month when the United States undertook its worldwide peace offensive? It is now apparent that the Vietcong, Hanoi, and. other members of the international Commu- nist conspiracy have thumbed their col- lective noses at President Johnson's 37- day bombing pause and his peace mis- sions throughout the world. If the noisy pacifists in America were sincere in their desire for a peaceful set- tlement of the Vietnam conflict, it ap- pears that demonstrations against the Hanoi regime would have been in order. But they are not sincere. As a matter of fact, this is added proof that they are simply disloyal persons intent on em- barrassing America and giving aid, comfort, and political help to our ene- mies. An editorial appearing in the February 1 edition of the Tifton, Ga., Daily Ga- zette, concludes that the Vietniks oper- ate under a double standard. I wholeheartedly concur with the edi- torial which follows: WHERE WERE THE PICKETS? NOWHERE To BE SEEN Any time during the past month would have been an ideal time for a demonstration by the Vietnam war protesters-a demon- stration not against the United States but against the Hanoi regime. It was that long and more since this coun- try first halted bombing raids over North Vietnam. For 4 days during the Vietnamese new year's celebrations our troops main- tained a strictly defensive posture, although the Vietcong's unilateral cease-fire did not include Americans. In the meantime, Presidential peace emis- saries continued to scurry between Wash- ington and a dozen world capitals seeking the diplomatic formula that could lead to an armistice. Why did we not see a march on Washing- ton, or at least a few pickets outside the White House, to dramatize support for these efforts of the Government? Why no mass meetings putting a bit of pressure on the North Vietnamese who, as they themselves said, have been heartened by the activities of peace-loving American students'? Why indeed? The silence of the past weeks has done more than the noisiest demonstration to ex- pose th double standard of the vietniks and to prove the shallowness, naivete, and essen- tial futility of their cause. This is not to charge them with the blame for the failure of the peace offensive. They are not that important, and in any event a demonstration in support of the Govern- ment at this stage would probably have Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 e~-F lI.5PPgPI'I NWXNM5.F5iB ~.1: APP inn NP5IaiIaaMMW'WIOPPgIWn,M5. III ~F'm l lFiU n minpi4nii::rr#MPOSa wnxww,wii 91NMIME'AMWCgFpP'~^a~gn7PgXKKWO?~F4aId~M&Mts+~F'nYR'W+a ytuwll'W':i i4uwwnanp =WmwwexnnnPrtwmm~xmw , nnuiuNUwenw~NMMNNINImpW~ P!;i~Hiu~q,PdtlanaadlWi February App d For RVl J2g? AE CJ1 7B0,Rf 00020007-9 counted for little in the international bal- ance. It would, however, have been a welcome gesture of moderation and conciliation at home and have gone far toward reversing the trend that seems to be driving Americans into two extreme camps. Thomas M. O'Ryan: A Professional Profile EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. GEORGE W. GRIDER OF TENNESSEE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. GRIDER. Mr. Speaker, I rise to- day to pay homage to a distinguished citizen of Memphis, Tenn.-Thomas M. O'Ryan, chairman of the board of O'Ryan & Batchelder, Inc., largest tran- sit advertising firm in the United States. Tom O'Ryan's story reads like a chapter from the saga of Horatio Alger. His amazing rise in our free enterprise sys- tem has been the subject of a United Press International success profile, and his career will be the subject of a chapter in a forthcoming book on outstanding American businessmen. Under unanimous consent I insert in the Appendix to the RECORD a profile of this outstanding American and resident of the Ninth Congressional District of Tennessee: PROFESSIONAL PROFILES THOMAS M. O'RYAN, CHAIRMAN, O'RYAN & BATCHELDER, INC. A 19-year-old Irish immigrant named O'Ryan applied for work with a New York section gang in 1932. The job, digging a subway tunnel through Manhattan's bedrock. Thirty years later, a new advertising poster went up in New York subways: "An O'Ryan & Batchelder Operation." It was the same O'Ryan. In the years between, Thomas Michael O'Ryan had become chairman of the Na- tion's largest transit advertising firm. When he was awarded the New York subways ad- vertising franchise In 1962, O'Ryan had pro- gressed from subway laborer to subway ad- vertising czar. His story begins in Ireland. A. PLUSH TIMES ON THE AULD SOD Tom O'Ryan, second of six sons born (in 1912) to Edward O'Ryan and Mary Cusack O'Ryan in Limerick City, Ireland, didn't ex- actly begin life with a silver spoon in his mouth. In 1928, a family financial crisis developed. The elder O'Ryan's business plunged down- ward. Mary O'Ryan decided to make extra money opening a small hotel. Edward O'Ryan's wrath was old fashioned and quite Irish. "No matter what happens, a woman's place is in the home," he raged. The rift grew. Living at home became untenable. B. STREETS PAVED WITH GOLD At 17, Tom O'Ryan booked passage for the United States. With $400 he arrived in New York in Sep- tember 1929, registered at a YMCA, began j obhunting. Within a short time, he was hired as a file clerk at a salary of $27.50 every 2 weeks. Indeed, the streets were paved with gold. One month later, the stock market crashed. Tom O'Ryan was out of a job. The era of wonderful nonsense skidded to a fast stop. In job interview lines, O'Ryan often heard: "Look at that Irish immigrant taking jobs away from good American citizens." Even that traditional Irish haven, the police department, was closed to O'Ryan as a noncitizen. Right then O'Ryan filed citizenship papers. Later, he was awarded citizenship in the minimum time possible. O'Ryan took spot jobs on boats. He worked as a messenger. He even applied as doorman at Radio City Music Hall. "Sorry," the Music Hall's chief of service said. "You're big-but you're not big enough." Would there be an usher's job available? "You're too big to qualify as an usher," the chief said. Size did prove helpful in landing the sub- way tunneling job. Unfortunately, it didn't last long. D. DO IT YOURSELF SALES AND ADVERTISING One day, as a messenger, O'Ryan delivered a package to a company trying to sell a con- signment of damaged men's suits. He volunteered to take on the job, invest- ing his last few dollars in sales brochures describing the suits. Soon he was holding sales meetings during lunch periods, handing out brochures, taking orders. "Within 20 days, I had sold several hun- dred suits," O'Ryan said. E. THE BIG RHUBARB Then, bitten by the free enterprise bug, O'Ryan borrowed $20, rented a horse and wagon for $4 per day. Every morning, at 4 a.m. he would arrive at New York's whole- sale vegetable center, buy a load of produce, then clop-clop over the Brooklyn Bridge to sell it house to house in Flatbush. Often it was 10 p.m. when he reached home. "On a good day, I made enough to buy food-for the horse," O'Ryan said. "Why not specialize?" a friend asked. That sounded good. O'Ryan chose rhu- barb. He bought stocks of rhubarb, stored the boxes in his landlady's basement. Unfortunately, the hot-water pipes caused fermentation in the rhubarb. The house took on a most distinctive smell. Pedes- trians began using the other side of the street. O'Ryan's landlady was irate. Only native Gaelic charm-and an. offer to whitewash her cellar free of charge-saved the day. At that time, to the envy of friends, O'Ryan got a full-time job as elevator opera- tor at Saks Department Store. O'Ryan, soon catching the eye of management, was pro- moted to floorwalker. F. BONANZA TO THE SANDWICH ISLANDS From Saks, O'Ryan kept an eye on Wall r' --et. When he heard a brokerage house ~.._s hiring runners, he took the job at pay no higher than his Saks salary. He figured investment opportunity as a side benefit. Soon he was investing a few dollars, then plowing It back. He parlayed his capital into several hundred dollars. When he had ac- cumulated close to $5,000, his longtime dream of a tropical island became stranger. Why not go to the island paradise-Hawaii? He quit his job and booked passage. In Hawaii, he became restless. He started teaching school part time. Money dwindled steadily. When he got down to passage money, he sailed for San Francisco. He then crossed the continent in his entire fortune: a secondhand car with Hawaiian plates. "I soon realized I could have gone to Hawaii and invested my money at the same time," he said. "I made a mistake: living off capital. I never did that again." A553 In 1936, he returned to Saks 34th Street store-broke, tanned,, wiser. By 1937, Saks had promoted O'Ryan to assistant to dress buyer at $75 per week. 0. ENTER: TRANSIT ADVERTISING Back in 1890, Tennessee's Barron G. Col- lier started selling streetcar ads In Memphis. By the time O'Ryan went to Saks, Collier was selling and servicing transit advertising throughout the United States. In 1938, O'Ryan heard Collier was hiring salesmen in New York. He applied. The sales manager raised his eyebrows at the lusty Irish brogue. "Ever sell transit advertising?" "No." "Look, fellow, we're turning down ex- perienced salesmen," the manager said. "What makes you think you can do it?" "I'm willing to work," said O'Ryan, turning red. "If I don't sell anything, don't pay me. Try me and see." If a man offered to pay his own expenses, he must have confidence, at least. "You're on," he told O'Ryan. "Twenty- five dollars per week draw." O'Ryan joined several new men in for training. Then Collier announced out-of- town territories. O'Ryan was told: "Your territory is Georgia and the Caro- linas. You leave tonight." Although he'd never been south, O'Ryan suspected a greenhorn Irishman would not be particularly welcome. However, admit- ting defeat was not within O'Ryan's char- acter. He caught a train. H. IRISHMAN IN GEORGIA O'Ryan will never forget his first pros- pect-Craig's Honey Bread-in Columbus, Ga. "Young man, we've never used your ad- vertising, and we don't intend to start now," the baker told him. O'Ryan went back Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. No sale. On Satur- day, he took a new tack. "I've been taught to answer all sorts of objections," he said, spreading his literature on the table. "Anything you ask I can find- even if I don't know the answer." The baker sighed, "Looks like I'm going to have to have it. Better sign me up. O'Ryan said later, "I think he bought so he could close shop and go home. But it gave me a big lift. After that, I started selling." And sell he did. In 1938, O'Ryan ranked No. 1 in the Nation among Collier salesmen in bringing in 5-year contracts-the longest term sold. In 1939, O'Ryan's outstanding sales record won him promotion to Collier district manager for Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. 1. OUT OF TRAGEDY, NEW OPPORTUNITY In 1940, shortly after founder Collier's death, the organization went bankrupt. Funds from the advertising business had financed disastrous real estate ventures. O'Ryan joined a newly organized nation- wide firm-National Transitads. He became southern division manager in 1942. When he became a vice president in 1944, he moved to Memphis, his home and business headquar- ters since. In the meantime, he made per- manent contributions to the transit adver- tising field- In Oklahoma City when all Interior transit space was sold, O'Ryan developed the first exterior bus poster. (Exterior transit ads had been carried by streetcars. This was the first exterior bus poster.) Today, 65.9 per- cent of transit's volume comes from exterior vehicle posters. O'Ryan expanded the exterior poster into the prototype of today's king-size poster- the mass display panel seen today on buses throughout the United States. O'Ryan organized and served as first dean of National Transitdds new sales school. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approve~8K, 1 =RC,PP 6R000409pA1P9M, 7, 1966 .1. 'rnE TOM O'itYAN ADVERTISING COMPANY in 1947, O'Ryan resigned. In 1948, he formed Tom O'Ryan Advertising Co. He be- t*arI by signing an agreement to manage bus advertising in Memphis. In 1949, he ac- quired the Atlanta franchise. In 1951. Tom O'Ryan was looking for a dramatic way to help Libby Foods get dis- h'ibution for a new product. His reasoning: Why not put samples of advertising and the product on a bus- -then drive it directly to wholesalers and retailers? 'thus the first merchandising bus was horn. Since that time, O'Ryan has directed dozens of merchandising bus promotions. ()ther transit ad firma have put the concept to work, too. 0. O'RY.AN AND BATCHELDER [a November 1953, a nine-city transit sys- ioIri in the Carolinas called for advertising scuds. O'Ryan's firm was invited. So was 't'ransit Advertising Co., Peoria, Ill., operated I,y Joseph H. Batchelder, Jr. O'Ryan, who knew Batchelder from in- dustry meetings, telephoned him and sug- =;ested: "Why not come by Memphis, and we'll go together?" Batchelder agreed. I?n the plane from Memphis to Charlotte, N.C., Tom O'Ryan and Joe Batchelder found considerable common ground in business philosophy. By 'the time plane landed, the two men had decided to bid as O'Ryan and Batchelder. '['he new combination got the contract. t )'Ryan & Batchelder, Inc., was underway. By 1955, 0. & B. was offering transit adver- Lising in Charleston, W. Va., Indianapolis, t .ouisville, Milwaukee-plus 19 other cities. ;ty 1960, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Boston, and ;laltimore had been added. Chicago was signed in 1964. 'today, 0. & B. holds franchises in 70 U.S. urban areas. Advertising coverage through- out nearly 25.000 vehicles makes 0. & B. the Nation's largest transit advertising company. r. & B. sales volume during 1965 was more than $16 million. 't'om o'R.yan, in the meantime, has been ,-hairman or Transit Advertising Association, his industry's trade group. He was a prime louver in forming the World Transad Asso- , ia.tion-with members in the United States, France, Italy, Canada. He represents his industry as board member of Brand Names foundation. taut for 01$yan-a most active chairman f the Memphis-based 0. & B. network-the bent recognition came in 1962 when his firm acquired the New York subway advertising Franchise. The immigrant Irish laborer had returned to the subways-in style. 1-ION. LINDLEY BECKWORTH 0- TEXAS I `I '['HE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1'/honda?t, February 7, 1966 Mr. BECKWORTH. Mr. Speaker, I desire to include in the CONGRESSIONAL larcoRD an article that was written by Mr. i)ale 'T'horn, of the Tyler Morning Tele- ,raph, Tyler, Tex., about Hon. Brady (!entry, one of the finest and most be- loved citizens of Tyler and Texas as a whole. The article was reprinted in the Kilgore News Herald, on Tuesday, Jan- ualv 18, 1966. Judge Gentry served with many of those who yet are Members of Congress. We all are pleased he is making a splen- did recovery and wish for him every hap?? piness and success in the future. RECOVERING FROM ILLNESS--BRADY GENTRY REMEMBERED FOR SERVICE IN CONGRESS (By Dale Thorn) Each afternoon, Brady Gentry walks his niece from his fourth-floor hospital room to the front door of Medical Center Hospital. About 2 months ago (November 7, to be exact), the former third district Congres- mar.. was stricken by a cerebral hemorrhage causing speech problems and partial paral- ysis of the upper and lower extremities. Today, only the speech problem remains and the 70-year-old native eest Texan is greatly improved, according to his noire, Oscelie Thompson of 1223 Peach. Ten years ago, while still a Member of the House, Gentry was in his prime. Just he- fore Gentry's retirement from Congress, Rep- resentative CLARK FISHER of San Angelo paid tribute to the quiet-spoken Tyler solon, de- scribing him as 'the most interesting person I have met in Congress during the 14 years f have served." "Never a party hack or a narrow party- liner," Fisher continued, "Brady Gentry al- ways put the good of the country ahea.:a of political considerations as he cast his votes. "What greater tribute can be paid any man? His stature rises high above the run of party politics and back-scratching t !ch- niques." On the Washington scene 4 years and seldom raising his voice in the House, Gentry wars recognition as one who diligently in- formed himself on bills and voted his ~!on- victions with apparently no regard for party lines or political expediency. '6a this and other respects, he was recog- nized as one of the most unorthodox poli- ticians in Congress. He often voted in pat- terns that might be expected to lose a man support among his constituents. Yet, in his one bid for reelection, against a formidable foe, he came out on top. In 1954 he defeated the man. who had pre- ceded hint. LINDLEY BECKWORTH, of Glade- wr:;ter. who in 1952 made an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate against Price Daniel Gentry spent virtually the entire campaign period of 1954 in Washington and repeal edly told friends that, BECKw0RTI3 was very popu- lar and would probably beat him. But Gentry won in a close vote and 11e:cx- wORTH returned to Congress in 1957 after Gentry stepped down. Ironically, the only election Gentry ever lost was a congress onal election back in the 1930's. The victor in that race was a former school- teacher by the name of LTNDLEY BECKWORTH. in 1957 Gov. Price Daniel named Gentry as otairman of the State highway commission. to making the appointment, the Governor referred to Gentry as "the best informed per- sen on highway administration and legiala- tinn." Gentry declined Daniel's appointment, but earlier, from 1939 to 1945, he had serv,-d as chairman of the commission and was presi- dent of the American Association of State Highway OHic:eats in 1943. In the House he served on the Committee on Highways and Roads. During his four terms as county judge of South County, one of his major achievements was the developrne:nt of an improved sy:I tern of county roads, Later, lie took the lead in the pro.lram to correlate the State and National higivvay systems. A bachelor, Gentry was born on a farm near Colfax, in Van Zandt County, on March 25, 1895. He borrowed money from a Van Zaandt County farmer to pay for his educa- tion at Cumberland University and 'Tyler Commercial College. :His first political job was a clerkshp its the Van Zandt County tax collector's .Dice. After moving to Tyler he served first as os- sistant city tax collector, then as county at- torney and later as county judge. With his background of farm life, Gentry has always had a warm spot in his heart for the man who follows the plow. It was under his leadership that the Texas system of faun- to-market roads was established. For over 20 years, Gentry has taken Iui avid interest. in the golfing career of Ben Hogan and traveled all over the United States to watch him play in tournaments. A member of Willow Brook Country Club, Gentry has never had much interest in play- ing the game himself, but last spring a Dal- las sportswriter tagged him with the title "Ben Hogan's Shadow." In Congress Gentry was a conservative. He preached governmental economy and was opposed to foreign aid on the scale proposed by the national administration. Today, Brady Gentry looks forward to re- gaining his full strength and leaving the hos- pital. Gentry seldom bothers to reminisce about his past-a record of achievement that rivals Horatio Alger stories. Politics may never again know such an unpolitical man. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. BERT BANDSTRA OF IOWA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE S Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. BANDSTRA. Mr. Speaker, now that the Vietnam issue is before the U.N. Security Council the delegates there will no doubt discover some of the difficulties the United States has struggled with in its efforts to deal with the Communists in southeast Asia. The U.S. resolution to the U.N. Secu- rity Council on Vietnam recommended that "appropriate interested govern- ments" arrange a conference "looking toward the application of the Geneva Ac- cords of 1954 and 1962 and the establish- ment of a durable peace in southeast Asia." In an editorial of February 2, 1966, the Chicago Daily News stated that the United States "comes to the U.N. at a time when all else seems to have failed." Yet, the editorial says, "If it does noth- ing else, the United States appeal to the U.N. Security Council cuts the ground from under some of the critics of the ad- ministration's Vietnam policy." The Daily News reminds us that the U.N. members "have seen for themselves how Hanoi and Peiping rejected all U.S. peace overtures." Because of its realistic analysis of an issue with which we all must deal realis- tically, I hereby include the editorial in the RECORD: 'psis: U.N. TACKLES VIETNAM If it does nothing else, the United States appeal to the U.N. Security Council cuts the ground from under some of the critics of he administration's Vietnam policy. These critics have protested long and loudly that the proper way to handle the Vietnam prob- lem was to dump it in the lap of the United Nations, as if that body had a magical s,Au- tion for every problem anywhere. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06129 P67 400020007-9 -,n~'~' r-nXT(.R FC T N Some of the reasons why the U.N. was not earlier and formally brought into the Viet- nam war are quite apparent now that the step has been taken. The first and perhaps the only result is to bring into the U.N. chamber the same acrimonious debate that has been raging outside it. Moreover, the formal setting of this de- bate seems more likely to harden attitudes than soften them, and force irreversible decisdons by record voting, including the use of the U.N. veto. Perhaps this no longer matters; at this stage attitudes have already hardened, and the formality of voting may not change the situation. For all practical purposes, the United Nations has been involved in the Vietnam war all along, if only on an informal basis. whatever advantages now comes of involv- ing it formally is largely tactical, for the situation in Vietnam is hardly comparable to those that have been resolved in the past by U.N. intervention. The only rough par- allel is Korea, and the U.N. was able to act then only because Russia was on a tempo- rary "walkout" at the time. Nevertheless, the United States comes to the U.N at a time when all else seems to have failed. The members of the U.N. have seen for themselves how Hanoi and Peiping have rejected all U.S. peace overtures. And they have seen how North Vietnam-not the United States-curtly rejected in advance any ideas for a settlement the United Na- tions might produce. This in itself ought to be proof for the U.N. as to who wants peace and who doesn't. Unfortunately, proof of this kind isn't what tips the scales in the United Nations, any more than it alters the opinion of those in this country who would have peace at the price of dishonor. Indiana Celebrates Its Sesquicentennial undermanned, Governor Henry made the momentus decison to send an army to capture it. To do the job, he called upon a militia officer who represented the county of Ken- tucky in the Virginia Legislature; George Rogers Clark. Governor Henry commissioned Clark a lieu- tenant colonel, authorized him to draw 1,200 pounds from Virginia's treasury, and to enlist an army for the confrontation. By May of 1778, Clark had gathered in 150 men and he assembled them on the Ohio River near the present city of Jeffersonville. On July 4, 1778, he moved against the British, first cap- turing Kaskaskia. On July 14, be moved onward to Fort Sackville. To his amazement, the British garrison had left and the Ameri- can flag was raised without a shot being fired. When the British commander at Detroit got news of Clarks' success, he was enraged. In December, he rushed 600 troops to Vin- cennes and recaptured this beseiged outpost. Again the British flag went up. When Clark, who had returned to Kaskas- kia, heard the news, he decided to retake the fort. This momentus decision to march again upon *Fort Sackville has been recorded as one of the great moments in Hoosier history. Unknown at first to Clark was the decision of the British commander at Fort Sackville to release most of his troops for the winter. Clark would never have learned of this had it not been for the heroic journey of Francis Vigo, a rich trader of Vincennes, who fled the town and took the news to Clark. With Vigo's financial backing, Clark man- aged to scrape together 170 volunteers. On February 23, he set up camp just' 2 miles from the fort. While his men cleaned their firearms, Clark sent a message to the inhabi- tants of Vincennes, warning them of the im- pending attack. That night they moved for- ward A555 story loghouse. He helped his father build the second one in 1811. At that time roads were only worn paths or perhaps corduroy (logs laid close together across the path). Horseback or foot was the only means of travel. Some progressive per- sons learned from the Indians and built drags-two shafts with their one end tied on either side of a horse and the other dragging the ground with a box of a seat. Even wagons were a rarity. Yarbro reports that the first two-horse wagons were as much a curiosity as were the first telephones or "iron horses." Money then was also a rarity. Most com- merce was carried out by barter and trading. The man who had a dollar of good money was a wealthy person. Beaver skins and pelts were often a medium of exchange. Times have indeed changed since those first hardy Hoosiers crossed the Ohio River and moved north or followed the rivers south from Wayne County. Fantastic changes have occurred in the past 150 years. During 1966, our Indiana sesquicentennial year, the Hoosier Farmer will examine the times and tales of those pioneer days. And along the way we will consider too, some of the great men who have forged and shaped the history and the heritage of our State and Nation. And, too, we will report upon special events that will commemorate our Indiana sesquicentennial and 150 years of progress. How Could Anybody DDesser Them Now? EXTENSION C7~~/tt ARKS HON. WAYNE L. HAYS OF OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. HAYS. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks, I am including an editorial by the owner of the Martins Ferry-Bellaire Times Leader, Mr. A. V. Dix, who is one of the owners of the Dix newspapers in Ohio and Kentucky. I think this should be must reading for every Member of Congress and especial- ly those who say we should pull out of Vietnam. Mr. Dix has been to the Far East several times, and I consider his knowledge on political matters in that area to be outstanding. How COULD ANYBODY DESERT THEM Now? It was a sweltering day in Saigon, as most of them are. Standing on the corner of Tu Do, which, under French rule had been called Catinat Boulevard, and the wide street that runs along the Saigon River, I watched a big, white Navy transport, one of ours, standing at the dock, its decks crowded with poorly clad Vietnamese, all pushing against the ship's rails starring at a great city which until that morning had been only a name to them. Earlier that morning, from the roof of the Majestic Hotel I had watched its prog- ress up the Saigon River, a sludgy stream, full of garbage and filth, human and other- wise, all the way from Cap St. Jacques. It had come from Haiphong, far to the north, where it had picked up its human cargo of Vietnamese fleeing from the advancing forces of Ho Chi Minh's Communist army. Many of them had been taken off the beaches when the Communists entered the city and made their way to the docks in an attempt to halt the exodus. Along Catinat, and other nearby streets, the sidewalks were full of refugees who had The fort was quickly surrounded and Clark began a harassing barrage of rifle fire. With the morning came an increased barrage so furious the Britishers in the fort could not get into position to return the fire. W lth es 0 EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. RICHARD L. ROUDEBUSH OF INDIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. ROUDEBUSH. Mr. Speaker, this year, 1966, Indiana celebrates its ses- quicentennial year. The accomplishments of the people of Indiana during the past 150 years have been many, and the contributions to the Nation in times of peace and war have been a source of pride to all Hoosiers. In the January 1966, issue of the Hoosier Farmer, the official magazine of the Indiana Farm Bureau, a very authen- tic and interesting portrayal of the era in America when Indiana was settled appears. In order that the Members of Congress share in the knowledge contained in this interesting article, under unanimous con- sent, I request its publication in the RECORD. The article follows: The American Revolution was underway. The British were on the move and as they strengthened their garrisons across this young country, they gathered into their fold the Indians who were violently in opposition to the American settlement. Virginia, under the governorship of Patrick itl t the Northwest and o d t mI only 30 able-bodied defenders, and 60 from help, Fort Sackville surrendered. At 10 a.m. on the morning of February 25, 1779, the American flag was raised again over Vin- cennes never to come down again. The consequence of this battle was to be of significant importance to the Colonies and to the growth and expansion of the United States. Virginia ceded Vincennes to the United States in 1784. The formation of the Northwest Territory followed in 1787. With- in a year, 20,000 Americans came down the Ohio to the new land, for with the Northwest Territory came the prohibition of slavery, public education, and the guarantee of re- ligious freedom and civil rights to all people. And when the Indiana territory was created in 1800, Vincennes became the seat of gov- ernment. The early Indiana pioneer was hardworking and practical. The new country offered a challenge to muscle rather than to mind. The early settler contented himself with the limited culture he had brought with him. The family Bible and sometimes one other book were the extent of his cultural tools. The woman had the most difficult time. She usually had only an iron skillet for cook- ing. The only lamp was a clay pot filled with bear grease. The food she put on the table consisted of cornbread, wild berries, plums and apples, turnips, potatoes, and all sorts of wild game and fish. These early trailblazers had their good times in spite of the daily struggle for exist- ence. The boys rassled, ran foot races, and participated in shooting matches. Standard amusements included sugar making, bee hunting, husking bees, and apple cuttings. e Henry, clarme hence to Vincennes, under her charter of An early Hoosier citizen, one Randall Yar- 1609. When American spies learned that Fort bro, when interviewed in 1889, recalled seeing Sackville, the English fort at Vincennes, was the first house built in Jeffersonville-a one- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 A556 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD--APPENDIX February 7, 1966 come earlier. 'T'hey had been living there for days, doing their cooking, washing, giv- ing birth to babies, and, some of them dying, waiting to be moved to refugee camps and later to resettlement areas. Soon the moving began, and then the big white ship began to spew forth its human cargo to take the places of the people on the sidewalks until they, too, could be moved. All of their possessions, except the little they could carry on their backs, had been abandoned in their flight. 't'hey were frightened and hungry. They had been told by the Communists the Amer- icans were cruel sadists, and even cannibals who might kill them and grind them into hamburger. These stories were told them by a people who themselves had tortured those they were able to capture in their escape at- tempt. Viet Minh soldiers caught one escap- ing boy, put his bare feet on a rock, and beat them to a pulp with rifle butts. "Now walk to freedom," they told him. The boy crawled to freedom and was in a Saigon hospital where a then U.S. Navy doctor, a Lieutenant Dooley, was trying to save his feet. They had driven a row of tacks, more than 100 of them, around the top of one man's head. "There is your crown of thorns," they told him. And they had driven bamboo chop- sticks through the eardrums of another because they suspected him of listening to a Bible reading by a priest. Other ships came later. The Saigon River is so winding and so obscured by high reed grass that the shins seemed to be skimming right over the meadows, '1'bcy could come in only with the tide which along with the ships brought back the [filth it had taken seaward earlier in the day is the tide went out. To turn around they must nose the prow firmly against a muddy bank, swing the stern around, then back off and head. back downstream. They did this time and again until nearly a, million refugees had flooded into Saigon, and meanwhile uncounted thousands more fled over the border at the 17th parallel a little north of the old capital of Hue. On the way down they were given generous por- lions Of sticky rice. Many, thinking it might he their last meal for days, hoarded it. They would compress it into balls and hide it in remote corners of the ship where it would later be traced through a fetid odor. 71. was quite tin operation, especially as ranch of it went on under the guns of Sai- gon's Binh Xuyen rebellion which was aided und abetted by the departing French who didn't want anybody to succeed in southeast Asia as long as they couldn't have it. Many of the tailenders were mowed down by Communist rnachineguns on the Hai- pliong beaches, and some we just had to leave behind as they stood chest deep in the n;iirr, pleading arms outstretched. They finally resettled these people. In vil- lages throughout the land, providing them with meager shelter and In all about 5 acres of ground, half of it uncleared jungle. They did very well. They improved their homes. tilled their soil, built churches and little industries. They became self-support- ing even though marry were preyed upon by renal small-time politicians. In fact, the ,uutire economy or the country began to im- prove, and that was something the Commies in. adjoining countreis just couldn't permit, if they were to stay in power. S o. the campaign started. The beginnings were small, but everything was employed. 'they used economic pressures, political dis- t.ri ;t, and the very foulest sort of terror tac- ties. Now it has snowballed into is major affair. How it happened is of little conse- quence; it is now a fait accompli and we ]lave to do something about it, or "the ter- ror" will spill out all over Asia. and from there, who knows where. 'T'here are those who would have us desert these hundreds of thousands of people who put their trust in us. Should we pull out they would all he liquidated and in ways not very nice. Most of those who would have us quit Vietnam have never seen either it or any of the people who left their homes, farms or business enterprises to begin all over again under freedom, because we said It would be all right and we'd look after them. Maybe we shouldn't have said it; maybe we Shouldn't have made those promises. But the fact, is, we did. And. I have the feeling that if we desert them now to a certain and horrible fate, then we will face sure retribu- tion of some sort. And maybe we'd deserve it. Personally, I'm glad I'm not Pre-ident Johnson, to face the decisions he must hake. I'm afraid I wouldn't have the courage But I've seen these things in South Vietnam many times over the years. I've seen the refugees; I've been in their new villages, in the jungles in between. I've talked to then and know their hopes and their gratitude for being saved from the Communists So, desert them now? How could anybod} ? Ellbie Jay Plans a Marrying EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. J. ARTHUR YOUNGER OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. YOUNGER. Mr. Speaker, under authority to insert my own remarks and extraneous matter in the Appendix of the RECORD, I wish to insert another col- umn by Art Hoppe, the master satirist. His column, published in the San Fran- cisco Chronicle, of January 30, follows: ELBIE JAY PLANS A MARRYING Howdy there, folks. How y'all? Time for another tee-vee visit with the rootin'-t.'otin' Jay family, starring of Elbie Jay, wh,' call rope, hogtie and brand 500 Co:ngresslnen q'uicker'n a wink. 'Course, he's also got two young daughters. As we join up with of Elbie today, Ili! and his pretty wife, Birdie Bird, are in the parlor of the big white house, Birdie Bird keeps lookin' out the window and of Elbie appears a mite fidgety. ELBIE. Well, I suppose we got to talk to them about the marrying. Where they from? Waukegan, Illinois? Waukegan. It ain't even in Cook County. Cranes BIRD. Now, Elbie, you know Ps i's a very nice boy. And I'm sure his parents are lovely. Er.BIE. M'aybe so. But what's wrong with that daughter of ours? Why, she could've married a duke or :a. prince--some your fel- low whose folks we could treat as equals. ]31RDIE BIRD. Shhhh. Here they come row. Now you be nice, you hear'? (The parents of the intended groom, a pleasant-looking middle-class couple enter. Elbie extends his hand with a professional smile.) ELBIE. Sure nice of you to cerise howdy and press the flesh. That's a fine boy you gc t. You must be mighty proud of hirn, serving in his country's uniform. GROOM'S MOTHER. Yes. Of course, 'very time I think of how fortunate he was I o be assigned to duty right here in Washin;ton, I thank God. I]LSIE (with a wave of his hand). Don't mention it. Glad ta'r do it for the young man our daughter has democratically chosen as her intended. Like I said to Birdie Bird here, "Our country ain't got no room for class distinctions." GROOM's FATHER. How odd. That's virtually what I said to Mother here after Pat broke the news to us. GROOM'S MOTHER. Yes, I will admit I was a little disappointed at first. I did have my heart set on Pat marrying a college girl,. ELBIE (frowning). What do you mean? She goes to college. GROOM'S MOTHER. Oh, yes, a nursing col- lege, isn't it? ]['d thought more of a real college. But then father here said there was no disgrace in having a nurse in the family these days. Not if she's a registered nurse. And by the way, how are her grades? ELBIE (testily). She's had a lot on her mind lately. Arid her sister does real well in college. GROOM'S MOTHER. Oh, the one that runs around with movie stars? I suppose girls in Texas do mature early, don't they? For Pat's sake, I hope so. Not that we have anything against Texans, mind you. In Waukegan we treat them as equals. GROOM'S FATHER. Yes, as I said to mother here, "At least it beats Pat's fighting in Viet- nam." And after all, I said, this is a democ- racy. So despite the obvious handicap of an immature wife with a penchant for notoriety who comes from the backwoods section of Texas and who is not-er-academically in- clined, I'm sure that Pat will somehow still manage to go far. ELBIF. (thundering). Yep, about 10,000 miles. Just as soon as I can sign his trans- fer orders. Well tune in to our next episode, friends. And meantime as you mosey on down the long trail of life, remember what lilbie's of granddaddy used to say: " 'Tain't no use for proud daddies to fret about their tads marrying beneath 'ern. They ain't got no other choice." U Little Help From Allies EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN J. DUNCAN OF TENNESSEE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. DUNCAN of Tennessee. Mr. Speaker, nations around the world ex- tend open hands for assistance from the United States. Even our wealthiest al- lies depend on our trade, loans, and mil- itary support. Yet how many are stand- ing by us today in our struggle for peace in Vietnam? Very few. Not only are they not helping us, they are speaking out against our actions. An excellent proposal to this situation was suggested in an editorial in the February 3, Knox- ville, Tenn., Journal, which I ask to be printed in the RECORD: IF ONLY LBJ DARED A man we know recently spent a few days in the hospital. He got a letter which read this way: "There are two who are pull- ing for your early recovery. I am one of them and Blue Cross is the other." Sometimes it looks as if Uncle Sam is in a predicament similar to that of our man in the hospital, except that we frequent- ly find it impossible to name some gov- ernment friendly enough to us to be counted in the same class as Blue Cross. On cold, snowy days some Americans have time to brood over the evident lack of ap- preciation for the role which the United Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7 ~A?~~c~ved For Mm SS ON/ RECORD 67 APPEND00400020007-9 States of America has played in modern his- tory and especially in relation to certain governments. American arms and troops have twice In this century saved Europe from subjuga- tion by a powerful enemy. American arms and troops in defense against Communist aggression halted the Reds in their tracks in South Korea.. The protective umbrella of these same arms and troops have been spread over Britain, Europe, Greece, Japan, the Philippines and free nations everywhere since the end of World War II. Yet, with the exception of token contin- gents from Australia and South Korea, not one of these nations which have been pro- tected by American military and financial strength for a quarter of a century has vol- unteered assistance in the critical South Vietnam situation. Not only has there been a lack of physical assistance from all but a few of these countries which have been the beneficiaries of our manpower and money, but we have even been denied their moral support. In the case of France, for example, we have seen a former ally actually consort with the Communists who plan the destruc- tion of that country no less than ours. It should be kept in mind, too, that the protection of the United States has provided for a long list of countries-more than 100 of them-which have been the recipients of the Marshall plan or other foreign aid, has been at our own expense. As a matter of fact the tremendous cost of maintaining our military forces in Europe, for example, is one of the factors which make it impossible for the American Government to achieve a favorable balance of payments and to reduce the run on our store of gold at Fort Knox. As a result of our insistence upon financ- ing, in effect, the whole world, the claims against our gold supply, now reduced to about $13 billion, are about twice that amount. Most of these I 0 U's are in the hands of central banks in Europe and are at least legally callable on demand. Of course, the President will not have the nerve to do it, but this fact does not obscure the picture of action that deserves to be taken. Such action would be far more dras- tic than the reference he has recently made to withholding foreign aid handouts from countries which are hostile to us in every way until it comes time for them to be on the receiving end of Federal gifts. What the President should do, if he were free to do it, would be to pull out of Europe all American troops, weapons, and equip- ment and to use these forces in the South Vietnam war. This would be an act of simple justice and at the same time would relieve both our adverse balance of pay- ments and shake up the economies of every nation in which we now have our troops quartered, primarily for their own protection. One may entertain himself on a winter's day by imagining the indignant cries of alarm and consternation that would arise if any such action were announced by the White House. Not only would deathly fear grip the chancelleries of our European friends at being left without the protection of U.S. forces against the looming threat of Russian communism, but there would be equal con- cern about a cessation of U.S. spending to support these forces. The United States is still in position to arotect itself from any external threat which may be brought against it. It must be conceded, however, that there is a basis for unhappiness on the part of the Amer- ican people to find that we are on a one-way street .when it comes to a crisis such as exists in South Vietnam. Every other na- tion is willing to accept help from us, but few are willing to stand with us in our need. Bombing Only Choice EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. EDWARD J. DERWINSKI OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, the shrill cries of Communist-infiltrated peacenik groups are being heard far out of proportion to their numbers and re- spectability. I am pleased to note that the President, as Commander in Chief, is being supported by respectable voices across the country, one of which is the Park Forest Reporter, an outstanding independent publication serving that community in Illinois, which carried a most timely editorial in its February 2 edition: A557 courage to take the fight to the enemy and will be resolute enough to persevere until the victory tide turns in his favor. The role the United Nations will play is vague at this writing. Many of our stanchest i allies have no stomach for this war, particu- larly in its undeclared status. If the Con- gress declared a state of war existed they would have to suffer the risks a blockade would create. It might take just this action to determine which of our allies are friends and which are neutrals or worse. We don't believe that mainland China will get involved in an all-out war. They are a decade or more away from risking their very existence as a power. Their dragon may snort fire, yet they are wary enough. to save their strength for a day when chances for success are not limited. Acceleration of the war in Vietnam was inevitable as Communist foes pay little at- tention to peace efforts. It was obvious that President Johnson ordered the resump- tion of bombing of military targets in the north with reluctance, still he had no other choice. The 37-day moratorium which was used to probe every possible avenue toward a peaceful settlement of the Viet situation met a firm rebuff from a stubborn foe who remains defiant and unyielding. The Viet- cong are unwilling to negotiate unless their terms of removal of all U.S. and other for- eign forces from Vietnam are carried out. From their point of view, any other com- promise would be surrender, at least in the military sense. The harsh realization is that they are convinced they will win the war. They already control nearly 70 percent of South Vietnam territory. A heavily armed 200,000 man U.S. force augmented by South Viet troops has been unable to uproot them. Despite suffering heavy losses of men, they continue their harassing tactics in the face of their enemies, inflict their damages and often manage to flee undetected. Physically, it's nigh impossible to tell a friend from a foe. The enemy who an hour earlier tossed a bomb into an American billet, lolls around a South Vietnamese compound at chow time to take his meal of U.S.-provided foods. The Vietcong is relying on what they con- sider the softness of Americans. They rec- ognize that the slow bleeding process of a war which could last as long as a generation, and not completely popular in our land, will provide the impetus for an eventual pullout, similar to the defeat the French were forced to accept after a 10-year struggle in Indo- china. An unsettled South Vietnam Government adds to the confusion of a clearcut victory effort and the corrupt practices by friendly officials tends to extend the war and to ac- celerate its cost. Yet only a decisive victory will turn the tide in our favor. It dictates a fight that should go all out, short of use of nuclear weapons. There are many reasons for a peace now, but it takes two to come to terms at the peace table, Hanoi just isn't ready to talk terms and our talk must become the inequity of the old rates some weeks ago, the echo of bombs raining down on their ar- Government owes its bond-holding citizens senals, strategic highways, and ports. . more consideration than market forces might, The Vietcong have as yet faced no major alone, require. This move to protect their manpower problem. All the land battles interests is the proper complement to the have been fought on enemy ground. Bomb- patriotic appeal, enunciated afresh by Mr. ings on their soil may awaken them to the Johnson, on which the savings bond pro- reality that Uncle Sam isn't soft, has the gram is founded. HON. WILLIAM A. BARRETT OF PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February ?7, 1966 Mr. BARRETT. Mr. Speaker, any businessman recognizes that a "good deal" is one in which both sides-or all sides-benefit. The Government recognizes this, also. The administration's decision to raise savings bond interest rates is a realistic reaction to changing conditions in the money markets. A higher savings bond interest rate can serve individual savers and the gen- eral economy. Everyone stands to benefit. Many newspapers across the land have praised the action taken to increase the interest rates. One such editorial ap- peared recently in the Philadelphia Eve- ning Bulletin, and because I feel it is typical of many, I offer it for the REC- ORD. KEEPING FAITH President Johnson has simply recognized the Government's fiduciary responsibility to the holders and purchasers of E and H sav- ings bonds in directing the Treasury to in- crease the interest rate, since Interest rates paid on competitive forms of savings have climbed well above the 3%-percent E and H bond rate. There will, of course,. be some added cost to the Government. But failure to bring these bonds into line with the market could, in time, erode their attractiveness, and in- crease the burden on other kinds of Treas- ury financing. More important, the typical small saver would be cheated of his due re- ward unless he switched his savings to a bank or savings and loan account. The move could have been postponed for a time, of course, until there were more definite signs of buyer resistance. But, as J. A. Livingston, the Bulletin's financial edi- tor, noted in first calling attention to the Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29: CIA-RDP67B00446R000400 0007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX February 7, 1966 Vincent J. DiMattina: A Real American EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. JOHN J. ROONEY OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. ROONEY of New York. Mr. Speaker, in the immediate past we have seen the rise of a breed of American who has no place either in the traditions or future of this country. I refer to the draft card burners, those who deny and shirk their military obligation to the country because they "disagree" with the military policy of the administration. It is with some pride and a great deal of pleasure, therefore, that I would like to talk about Vincent J. DiMattina of Brooklyn. Vincent J. DiMattina is the New York commander of the Veterans of State Foreign Wars. But he is much more than that. He is, for example, a man who at the age of 16 had to leave school and go to work. on the Brooklyn docks. The Brooklyn docks, like waterfronts all the world over, are a tough place to make :I living. But Vincent DiMattina did. Then the war came along. In 1942 he unlisted in the Navy and after boot camp took instruction in deep sea diving and was assigned to Seabee Battalion 104. He served with that unit for almost 4 years in the Pacific theater of war and reached the rank of chief boatswain's mate by the time he was discharged in December of 1945. Returning to Brooklyn in 1946, Com- inander DiMattina once again went to work on the docks. But like so many others in those days, the war had shown him that an education was not a lux- ury but a necessity. In Commander DiMattina's case it was not merely a re- turn to college. He had to go back to high school. Working a full week on the docks, he somehow managed to complete his high school and then went on to college. From there it was law school. And all this while working a full, hard day. In 1954, some 8 years later, he was admitted to the bar of the State of New York. Even more amazing, Commander Di- Mattina, while working and going to school, found time for an active role in veterans' affairs in Brooklyn. In 1951 he was elected county commander of the VFW in Kings County. He also man- aged to organize and recruit members for 16 new VFW posts in Brooklyn. Along the way he served the VFW and his fellow veterans well. He served as Loyalty Day chairman, chairman of the department rehabilitation committee, department inspector, judge advocate, and was elected to the successive posts of .junior and senior vice commander of the Department of New York. He was elected commander of the Department of New York at the 46th annual conven- tion in Lake Placid, N.Y., on June 26, 1965, Commander DiMattina is a member of the Brooklyn Bar Association, the Fed- eral Bar Association of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. U.S. Govern- ment Appeals Agent for the local draft board, a member of the civilian advisory board to the 3d Naval District, and past grand knight of the Our Lady of Loretto Council No. 585 of the Knights of Co- lumbus. He has also served as assistant counsel to the minority leader of the New York State Assembly in 1963 and 1964 and presently is counsel to the speaker of the New York State Assem- bly on military and patriotic affair: Mr. Speaker, I have known Vincent J. DeMattina for many years and am happy and proud that our association has led to a close and warm friendship. I would like to offer a salute to the VFW's New York Department commander, Vincent J. DiMattina-a real American. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JACOB H. GILBERT OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. GILBERT. Mr. Speaker, Assem- blyman Alexander Chananau, a dis- tinguished member of our New York State Legislature, recently testified be- fore the traffic safety hearings of the Subcommittee on Executive Reorgani- zation of the Senate Government Opera- tions Committee. Assemblyman Chana- nau cosponsored the 1965 safety car law in the New York State Assembly, and as an authority on automotive safety, he has spoken on a subject of major concern and interest to all of us. I wish to call Assemblyman Chanai au's testimony to the attention of my col- leagues in the House of Representat.ves: EXCERPTS FROM TESTIMONY OF NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLYMAN ALEXANDER CHAN ,NAU, DEMOCRAT, BRONX, BEFORE SUBCOMM[TTEE ON EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OP- ERATIONS, FEBRUARY 3, 1966 Chairman RIBICOFF and members o1 the subcommittee, as a member of this New York State Joint Legislative Committee for 3 ]ears and cosponsor of the 1965 safety car law under which the prototype program was initiated, I can testify that it is the one program Detroit wants to stop cold. This is bipartisan legislation we are dis- cussing in New York State, and we hope at the congressional level. The problems this essential legislation runs into are bipartisan problems. With Assemblyman Julius Volker. Re- publican, of Buffalo, I battled for it on the floor of the assembly in 1965 while Senator Speno, a Republican who had developed the program, put it through in the senate In this matter, and in our prior and current efforts to have the first equipment and new tire safety laws passed, we felt the power of Detroit at work. This New York State Legislative Commit- tee has considered and legislated in every major field from visual acuity to speed limits to alcohol impairment to drug use to psy- chiatric and psychological prediction. Gentlemen, we have found that the cur- rent automobile is unnecessarily unsafe and productive of injuries and deaths, and we have found that getting essential changes made, device by device, is a long and difficult struggle. We have followed Senator Speno's leader- ship in the New York Legislature as has, directly and indirectly, the rest of the Na- tion. We have found that obsolete concepts of salability based on styling still reign in Detroit, despite recent assurances to the con- trary. As an indication, there is no one in the automobile industry in charge of safety design who has vice-presidential status, but each of the Big Three has a vice president for styling. A much better indication is the fact that 50,000 Americans were killed last year and 3,500,000 injured by smashing around inside the interior of the car, by being projected outside the car, or by being hit by a car. We cannot stop the majority of accidents from occurring because we don't, at this point, have the knowledge which would per- mit such a utopia. But we can stop the majority of the deaths and injuries from. occurring because the car is readily, changed for safety purposes. Peo- ple are not readily changed. In 1966, we again have bipartisan legisla- tion under consideration to continue the safety car project, a $250,000 appropriation directed toward Federal grant subsidies and any and all public or private financial assist- ance. Cosponsors at this point are Senators Speno and Liebowits and Assemblyman Joseph M. Margiotta, Republicans of Long Island, and me, two Democrats and two Re- publicans. We expect trouble. Now, what have we here before us in this feasibility report? We have the first au.Ito- mobile design safety check list, consisting of several hundred identified automobile haz- ards, the first such checklist for designers ever compiled in l30 years of automobile engi- neering literature. We have proof' that a car can be built, the New York State safety car prototype, that will prevent 75 percent of injuries and. fatalities at crash-impacts of 50 miles per hour, 75 percent in side collisions, 90 per- cent in rollover accidents, and 90 percent when a car runs into the rear of another. The study before us also shows ways to re- duce accidents through mechanical changes and to out down ;pedestrian injuries. We have the concept of a car designed ac- cording to aerospace systems analysis which protects astronauts. It took 7 years of concentrated effort based on dedication and conviction to produce the safety car prototype project in New York State. We believe that we are, by experi- ence, experts in this subject of automotive safety and we have had the advice and serv- ice of the best technicians, engineers, sci- entists and physicians in doing our job. We urge the Federal Government to join us in this essential effort now, continuing the only existent safety car prototype proj- ect of its type in the world. We welcome greater Federal effort in traffic safety and trust that the enthusiasm now being shown by certain Members of the Congress and various Federal agencies will not wane. We welcome guidance from the Federal Govern merit as time passes. Massive research proj- ects will, we hope, be initiated and carried through. We ask you to show your intent, fighting spirit and conviction by joining us now in getting this prototype built. It will tell us all what should be done, what can be done and how to do it. It is design, safety design from the beginning, that marks the difference between this project and the "saf- est" car now being manufactured for sale. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, AYp~roved For` 8-P~6.7M$f0400020007-9 dence, detailed information, and entree to the principals handling this project In Mexico." In conclusion, the question might be asked, What has been done and what Is being done? Hundreds of thousands of pages in dozens of studies have been compiled-one of which seem to give the answers some people want- so they pile up and gather dust. The most recent of these studies Is a work by Harland Padfield and William E. Martin for the University of Arizona entitled- "Farmers, Workers, and Machines." This is, in my opinion, a well prepared document, and like some other, I am afraid, their con- clusions might not be what some people want. For example, on. page 294, this report states: "Public Law 78 and Its Administration. "1. Public Law 78 should be extended or some similar law enacted. However, no in- creases in the total foreign farm labor supply should be allowed. "Even with an extension of this law, the use of Mexican national workers would de- crease rapidly without the aid of restricted legislation under technological and eco- nomic pressures already set in motion. - The only restriction should he on greatly Increas- ing the importation of Mexican nationals, thus avoiding formation of some new capi- tal-saving, labor-using technology. Ending the program now will cause chaotic condi- tions within some crops and regions as adop- tion of new methods and technologies will be forced at too rapid a rate. During this period, consumer prices may rise precipi- tously. "The removal of the braceros simply im- plies the elimination of jobs they were per- forming. At the same time, the lower occu- pational classes, now complementary to the braceros`.tasks, will be also eliminated. New but fewer jobs will be created for a different (and higher) occupational class. Continua- tion of the bracero program would cause these changes to occur more gradually while economic, social, and technological processes eliminate the program within the next few years in a smooth and relatively nondisrup- tive manner." On page 295, we find the following: "OTHER FORMS OF ALIEN LABOR "To attempt to alleviate farm labor short- ages by a naturalization process, such as un- der Public Law 414, is most undesirable. The green card worker cannot be regulated precisely in accordance with labor demand. Once admitted to the United States he is free to move to any area and any industry. If he encounters social or economic diffi- culty he becomes a problem to society as a whole rather than being only a farm labor cost. He is a year-round problem imported to answer a seasonal labor demand." And we quote from page 296 of this report as follows: "Whose responsibility are these technolog- ically obsolete workers?. To use a specific example, whose responsibility are the Anglo- isolates described in chapter 17 or the Indi- ans described in chapter 18? Certainly we cannot blame their impoverished condition on the farmers for whom they usually work. The farm provides them a job where no other sector of our economy can. The Anglo-iso- latex are on the farm because they have been rejected elsewhere, The Indians are on the farm because the-farm allows them to continue to participate in reservation life." And finally, may I go back to the front of the book under "Acknowledgments"-it says this : - "This study was financed by contract funds from the Bureau of Employment Se- curity of the U.S. Department of Labor." A World Leader Spoke EXTENSION OF REMARKS of - HON. WILLIAM D. FORD OF MICHIGAN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. WILLIAM D. FORD. Mr. Speak- er, those who watched the President of the United States deliver his state of the Union address, either in person or on television, saw an outstanding leader at his very best. The Detroit News, in an editorial on January 13, declared that the President "was at his best-persuasive, nonevasive, rock firm without being belligerent, de- terminedly hopeful for peace but offer- ing Americans no easy way out, at times quite eloquently moving, and throughout, utterly convincing." The editorial added, "It was the true voice of America the world heard last night." I share this editorial view of the De- troit News, and I am sure that few other editorials, columns, or news articles ana- lyzed or interpreted the President's state of the Union message as thoughtfully or as clearly as did the News editorial writer. I have permission, Mr. Speaker, to have this editorial made a part of the CONGRES- SIONAL RECORD. STATE OF THE UNION-A WORLD LEADER SPOKE Bringing the Vietnam record up to date for the Nation, Its foes and the whole world, President Johnson last night was at his best-persuasive, nonevasive, rock firm with- out being belligerent, determinedly hopeful for peace but offering Americans no easy way out, at times quite eloquently moving, and throughout utterly convincing. He spoke of our military might without bragging. He underlined our decade-long commitment to the South Vietnamese people which some of his critics-but not President Johnson-would have us- run out on. He warned that foe that their strategy was il- lusory; that the enemy was no longer close to victory and no longer had time on his side. - Mr. Johnson brought it home to the Amer- ican people that not Americans alone are fighting and dying. Eight South Vietnamese died for every American who gave his life last year. And to those of his countrymen doing today in Vietnam what Americans had done before them In Flanders fields, against the forces of Hitler and Toio and Mussolini, and in Korea, he pledged: "You will have everything you must have: every gun, every 'dollar, and every decision-whatever the cost and whatever the challenge." Thankfully, he wasted no time or words on those who would snatch at peace at al- most any price, that frenetic fringe ranging from professors to draft card-burning stu- dents. He had no time to waste on their state of mind in his state of the Union message. Yet it was in this field, in his determina- tion to seek an honorable peace that he spoke with the most warming conviction of all. Mr. Johnson said: "We have made it clear, from Hanoi to New York, there are no arbitrary limits to our search for peace. We stand by the Geneva agreements of 1954 and 1962. We will meet at any conference table, discuss any proposals-4 points, or 14, or 40- A549 and consider the views of any group. We Will work for a. ceasefire now or once the dis- cussions begin, We will respond if others reduce their use of force. - We will with- draw our soldiers once South Vietnam is securely guaranteed the right to shape its own future." - It is all there. What more can a man do? What more. can a foe expect? What else would the critics have him say? We stand by the terms. that ended- the first Viet- nam war. We are prepared to stand by and for the neutrality of Laos spared 4 years ago from what its neighbors suffer today. "We will consider the views of any group." This is perhaps the most telling offer of all. It means we now accept that we must talk to the Vietcong or its political arm, the National Liberation Front. Mr. John- son didn't say we'd buy what they demand. He didn't promise them a seat in any fu- ture South Vietnam Government. That's up to the South Vietnamese when, safe from coercion and bullets, they can make a free' choice. He didn't contend the Reds' 4 points or his own 14 (like President Wilson's two generations ago) were the limit. The field is wide open. And, on this, he warned Amer- icans, also, that, should a cease-fire come about, it will be only the start, not the end. There'll be a long, hard pull for all at any conference table. - He confirmed we have communicated pri- vately wth our adversaries and he publicly offered them another choice: Either a cease- fire now even before negotiations begin-a tacit, unpoliced moratorium-or when talks are underway. He did not set a time limit on our, bombing pause, which was wise. We have an obligation to our GI's on the ground, too. But he did say: "We will respond if others reduce their use of force." There it is, clear and unequivocal-an open-ended offer to talk peace. So far there has been no definitive response. If there be none at all, then it may be days and months and years, but: "We shall stay as long as aggression commands us to battle," We shall not abandon Asia to conquest. The mailed fist and the hand of friendship at the same time, the warning we'll see it through- whatever the cost, yet the offer also of aid to all Vietnamese, North and South. Here was compassion and determination, re- solve without riproaring threats. It was the true voice of America, the world heard last night. War on Poverty Allocated $8 Million EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN J. GILLIGAN OF OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. GILLIGAN. Mr. Speaker, a re- porter,. Margaret Josten, of the Cincin- nati Enquirer, has written a seven-part series on the antipoverty program in Cincinnati. Today, I include the fourth part of her series to illustrate the kind of reporting that helps inform the public about the various antipoverty programs at work in our communities under the U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity, WAR ON POVERTY ALLOCATED $8 MILLION (By Margaret Josten) It costs about $8 million to buy a 707 jet or to build a significant stretch of express- way through an urban area. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 A550 Approved Fof-Pil -sMSMI20t lR3 P-6 040002O ar2>? 7- 1 Qei' to? ~ f-5 ~, . poverty is expensive business poor of Cincinnati are given a voice in m-if the approximately $8 million (90 policymaking. percent Federal, 10 percent local) allocated Each neighborhood project has a resident in the Cincinnati area since January 1965 board of directors which sends a representa- is any indication of what it will cost before tive to the metropolitan. community action the big job is done. board where, as Mr. Hansan says, "You've Explaining the reasons for the cost of the got to be poor to belong." At MCAB four war on poverty has been and probably will persons are elected to serve on the governing remain a major chore of the U.S. Office of body Of the community action commission. Economic Opportunity, Washington, as well There, in practice as well as theory, the as for John E. Hansan, executive director of people from the poverty pockets have the the Community Action Commission, local same voice as the representatives from the a.rm of the operation. Greater Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce HOW MANY BENEFIT' or the AFL-CIO Labor Council of Cincinnati. How many of the poor are actually getting They have shown, too, that the social benefits? sophistication of the poor Is sometimes un- Can the cost (the current appropriation derrated. Take as an example the little for the entire United States is $1.5 ab ppropriation speech a new representative made when she be related to the effect? introduced herself and the three others at a The second question is the most difficult recent CAC session. to answer at this stage of the war. Even has a She white pointed: "faceHe has a black fain She in Cincinnati, far ahead of cities which have "face. He has abrown face. been plagued by political bickering the ef- And I have a freckled face." , fort is mostly in a stage of mobilization. Dr. Joseph Kershaw, formerly of the Rand Corp., now OEO's director of planning and evaluation, currently is computing the cost- effect on nine major battlefronts. This cannot be done overnight, he says, principally because the programs are so new they have yet to show output. 501ST FOLLOW UP To compute the effectiveness of the Job corps, for instance, he will have to follow graduates into jobs. Did the teenagers in the Neighborhood Youth Corps actually finish high school or (lid they get jobs on the open market? Did the children in Operation Head Start really get enough help to overcome environments WEST END PROJECT The West End Special Services Project, op- erating under sponsorship of Seven Hills Neighborhood Houses, Inc., is a good I oxample of the number of poor getting employment out of an antipoverty program. Of 72 employees, 65 are residents of the West End. Eight are Neighborhood Youth Corps enrollees receiving $1.25 an hour. The other residents on the payroll are older per- sons getting either $1.25 or $1.50 for their efforts as neighborhood organizers or program aids. The project has directly or indirectly reached. approximately 27,353 residents of an area still considered the prime example of deprivation in Cincinnati. Mr. Hansan says essentially the same ratios be answerable for a generation. ~V ..wy 11V4 ees exist in other neighborhood projects. / Bringing the cost-effect question to Cin- MORE THAN MONEY cinnati in connection with its $8 million in "The poverty we're trying to eliminate is projects is just as difficult. Speculation is not just poverty of the purse," Mrs. liansan easier hero, however. reminds. It, is no secret that Cincinnati's civil rights "It's poverty of opportunity to enjoy the leaders and city officials had some uneasy recognition of status and respect that comes moments in the wake of Los Angeles riots from serving on boards and committee:, work- which cost 34 lives and millions in property ing for the public good. damage. "Even though they are poor they have as Mr. Hansan observes that Los Angeles had much desire to give of themselves as busi- no antipoverty program at the time, while r:essmen or professional people. Cincinnati did. Neither he nor anybody else "What we are trying to do Is to open the can say this was the reason or even one of doors to them-to let them share the same the reasons trouble never erupted here. opportunities as others." NYC WORKED 3,000 But he does point out that 3,000 young persons in the critical 16-to-21 age group, generally from slum families, were employed in the Neighborhood Youth Corps at the time. Ti) have gotten into trouble would have cost them their $1.25-an-hour jobs. Then, too, community centers were oper- ating In the slum neighborhoods. Adults, teenagers, and children were getting aid ranging from remedial reading to recreation to job counseling. Mr. Hansan says they were at least being shown that somebody outside the ghetto eared--which was hardly the case in Los Angeles. Of the $8 million allocated to Cincinnati, about $4 million has been spent. Mr. Hansan points out that the bulk of that money is being paid out in wages to people who have many material needs. It is not setting in savings accounts, he says. Rather it is going to department stores, in- surance agents, grocers, shoe repairmen, landlords. 'It is only reasonable to expect these ex- penditures have a rippling effect throughout he entire metropolitan community in the form of expanded business," he adds. BENEFITING THE POOR How many of the poor are really bene- fiting from the antipoverty program here? First, unlike the custom in some cities, the ,Increased Federal Control Sought in Un- employment Compensation Legislation EXTENSION OF' REMARKS OF HOON. JAMES D. MARTIN OF ALABAMA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, February 7, 1966 Mr. MARTIN of Alabama. Mr. Speak- er, members of the Alabama delega- tion were privileged to listen to a thoughtful report on H.R. 8282, unem- ployment compensation, at the recent meeting of the Associated Industries of Alabama. I would like to share with all the Members the thoughts contained in this report by Mr. Hubert T. Sullivan, director of industrial relations, Opp Cotton Mills, Opp, Ala. STATEMENT IN THE EMPLOYEE BENEFITS FIELD, PRESENTED BEFORE THE ALABAMA CONGRES- SIONAL. DELEGATION, JANUARY 24, 1966 (By Hubert T. Sullivan) Subject: H.R. 8282, unemployment com- pensation. President Lem, member of the Alabama congressional delegation, and my fellow rep- resentatives of Alabama business and indus- try, I wish to thank you for the opportunity to say a few words in regard to the attempts that are being made by the administration to overhaul and completely modernize the so-called antiquated unemployment eoun- pensation systems of the various States. You are familar with the administration bill, H.R. 828:2, which has been introduced and on which hearings have been completed by the Ways and Means Committee. The ad- ministration with the full backing of labor, is attempting to sell this bill as a moderniza- tion program, claiming that the program has not been overhauled in a good many years: This is simply not true-the unemployment program is constantly being modernized and overhauled. Nearly every session of the var- ious State legislatures make some changes in their unemployment compensation laws to meet changing economic conditions or to solve some problem peculiar to their State. The overwhelming majority of the changes are in the nature of increased benefits or other liberalization of the program. During the year 1965 alone, 30 States (in- cluding Alabama) increased their weekly benefit amount, All but two States pro- vide for at least 26 weeks of coverage. Dur- ing 1965, four States increased their tax base over the $3,000 floor provided in the Federal act. This brings to 18 the number of States with tax base in excess of $3,000. Maximum tax rates were increased in. eight States during 1965. Thirty-seven States have UC taxes above the required 2.7-percent rate. A fair test to measure Federal legislation affecting socioeconomic legislative programs of the various States should be whether the proposed Federal legislation is designed to preserve and foster an environment In which the States themselves determine how best to balance change with stability and how best to tailor the programs to meet the needs and situations of the people of the various States. Instead of preserving the existing systems of State unemployment programs which have kept pace with economic and other changes, H.R. 8282 seeks to displace, if not demolish,. the State systems by substituting it cen- tralized Federal system operating Out of Washington, under the Department of Labor, which superimposes its own predetermined blanket requirements upon all States alike, the richest, the poorest, the largest, and the smallest, the most industrial, and the most agricultural. Does this meet the "test"' out- lined above? Absolutely not. The present unemployment compensation program has furnished us one of the finest, if not the finest, example of Federal-State cooperation that we have. In Alabama, our unemployment compen- sation program has operated most efficiently under the direction of the Alabama Depart- ment of Industrial Relations. Scarcely it session of the legislature passes without the enactment of improvements in the Alabama law. For the most part, these improve- ments are worked out between employer and labor groups in cooperation with the State agency and are presented to the leg- islature as "agreed" legislation. In this way, the law is kept up to date and meets the needs for which it was created. Several minor crises have threatened and have been overcome. As an example, in 1961, the trust fund had declined from a high of $85 million to a low of $44 million. A bill was rushed through the legislature which not only increased benefits and made other liberalizations in the law, but which imposed a higher tax on employers-with the result that the trust fund has built up to approximately $90 :mil- lion at the present time. This trust fund balance represents 5.23 percent of the total taxable wages for 1964. Even with these im- provements, the average tax on Alabama em- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 232 T Approved For Rel@M(21X@tt,X:lA 0390 OR040002000F'-abruary 7, 1966 strengthen our American educational resources for international studies and research. But, this intention, itself, is based upon other convictions about the purposes of legislation concerning in- ternational education. Fundamentally, we are committed to the study of other nations because we believe nations are more inclined to cooperate if they know and understand each other. This seems like commonsense to me. Furthermore, it is appropriate for the Federal Government of a prosperous Nation to initiate this work among the nations by taking the work upon itself -on one hand perhaps only to assist the development of resources for interna- tional study at home; but, on the other, also to assist the progress of education in the developing nations. We believe in this country that our citizens should relate to other countries from a position of educational strength. And we also believe in full opportunity for all Americans to acquire the fullest possible knowledge of other nations, peoples, and cultures. More specifically, the International Education Act of 1966 intends to strengthen American educational re- sources for international study and re- search by setting up a grant program un- der the authority of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Our resources in this area would be strength- ened in two ways. Under section 3 of the act, grants may be made to institutions of higher educa- tion in order to establish, strengthen, and operate graduate centers, which will serve as national and international re- sources, for research and training in in- ternational studies. These graduate cen- ters would be free to focus either on spe- cific geographic areas, or on particular issues in international affairs. Under section 4 of this act, grants would be made to institutions of higher learning to assist them in the planning developing and executing of a compre- hensive program to strengthen and im- prove undergraduate instruction in in- ternational studies. The grants would be used for a variety of activities, such as: facility planning of undergraduate courses; training faculty members in a foreign country; expanding foreign lan- guage courses; working in other fields re- lated to international studies; student work-study-travel programs; for visiting faculty of foreign teachers and scholars. The appealing feature about the assist- ance given to undergraduate schools is the fact that these grants are made both in an effort toward equitable distribution throughout the States, and with prefer- ence given to institutions showing need as well as promise in international studies. The bill authorizes the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to utilize other governmental services and facili- ties-section 5. No Federal Department or employee is in any way authorized to exert influence over curriculum, teach- ing, administration, or personnel of the educational institutions receiving grants--section 6. The bill authorizes the grant program for the duration of 5 years-section 7. Finally, one section of this bill improves title VI of the National Defense Educa- tion Act of 1958, as amended, by ex- panding the language and area centers' program. Mr. Speaker, with 4 out of every 10 of the world's adults unable to read or write, with large sections of some coun- tries having an illiteracy rate of 98 per- cent, a total commitment to the cause of universal learning is no doubt our most constructive instrument of world citizenship. The New York Times recently ran an outstanding editorial dealing with the subject of international education. I quote: Domestic educational strength is indivis- ible from success overseas. Shortages of highly educated, competent and committed manpower at home will continue to jeopard- ize the American impact in other lands. In his message on international edu- cation, President Johnson has reminded us of the inescapable connection of learning and freedom. He said men pur- sued knowledge no matter what the con- sequences, that the increase of learning was the first work of a nation that wants to be free, that is what this bill would help bring about. It has been said that "education is power." It is the power to transform. To change. Through such legislation, I feel the United States will eventually be able to strike a mighty blow against the chains which enslave millions around the globe in misery, ignorance, and disease. HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ACT OF 1966 (Mr. GIBBONS (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the REC- ORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. GIBBONS. Mr. Speaker, today I introduce a bill to establish a National Highway Traffic Safety Agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce. The pur- pose of this legislation is to attack our country's mounting highway death rate from a national perspective. Our distinguished colleague, the gen- tleman from Georgia, Congressman JAMES A. MACKAY, has taken the lead in this fight in the House of Representa- tives, as today he introduced legislation of this nature. I would like to associate myself with the remarks of the gentle- man from Georgia [Mr. MACKAY] and urge quick action on this legislation, for surely it is needed to help stop the ter- rible carnage on our highways. Mr. Speaker, 1,284 of our fellow Amer- icans lost their lives on the Christmas and New Year weekends. No, they did not die fighting in South Vietnam. They died right here in the United States of America on our streets and highways. Traffic accidents cost this Nation a great price. Last year, it has been esti- mated that some 50,000 individuals lost their lives on our roads and highways. This figure represents a greater number of deaths than this country suffered in the Korean war and is a substantial per- centage of our World War II casualties. Besides these shocking figures, total fi- nancial loss suffered every year from highway accidents of all types runs up to $9 billion. That is one-fourth of the total expenditures of the United States on all forms of education. The President of the United States in a speech recently before the American Trial Lawyers Association said the gravest "problem before this Nation- next to the war in Vietnam is the death and destruction" from auto accidents. The legislation which I introduce today will establish in the Commerce De- partment a National Highway Traffic Safety Agency and center for research into methods of more effectively attack- ing this problem which most certainly is a national one. Through this Agency, national leader- ship would be available through joint co- operative State and local campaigns and the assistance of the American auto in- dustry so that drastic cuts can be brought about in our staggering highway fatality statistics. Such an agency in the Commerce De- partment would give overall direction and assistance to highway safety efforts now made by 16 existing Federal agen- cies and some 45 private agencies. It is the thought of Congressman MACKAY, and I would agree with him, that such a National Highway Traffic Safety Agency would be to highway safety much as the Federal Aviation Agency is to air traffic safety. This makes a lot of sense to me. This would be no Federal police force. This would be a fact-finding, research organization which would help our local, State, and other governmental bodies in the formulation of adequate safety re- quirements for automobiles and driving standards throughout the country. I agree with Congressman MACKAY that this legislation is overdue and needed now. I urge its swift consideration by this Congress. (Mr. McGRATH (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission- to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. McGRATH'S remarks will ap- pear hereafter in the Appendix.] (Mr. HELSTOSKI (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. HELSTOSKI'S remarks will ap- pear hereafter in the Appendix.] TI VIETNAM DECISION (Mr. o a (at the re- quest of Mr. KREBS) was granted per- mission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include ex- traneous matter.) Mr. HANSEN of Iowa. Mr. Speaker, watching President Johnson make his dramatic announcement about resump- tion of North Vietnam bomb raids, mil- lions of TV viewers saw in the back- ground the symbolic American eagle, clutching in one set of claws the arrows of war, and in the other the olive branch of peace. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 (,rc,by?uai' roved F / / DP 6R000400020007-9 y 7, 1.96 pp @ 2321 power might well be justified. But though it is not; without the bounds of possibility that the increased use of some armed protective force may yet be neces- sary, I believe that other measures are still available. The State Department has worked at length to find such a solution but their methods of persuasion and argument have often proved unavailing. The na- I,ions concerned---Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and now Colombia. have seemed im- mune to argument and persuasion. In the absence of firm worldwide law, none has been willing to make an agreement on the basis of generally accepted prac- I.ices. The time has come for a consideration of methods stronger than mere persua- sion, methods that will serve to convince every nation that while the United States will scrupulously regard the rights of others on the high seas, we will insist that others give equal regard to our own rights. The time has come to make it clear ;o all nations that we will protect the rights and freedoms of our citizens wherever they may be engaged in law- ful activities on the high seas, and that this protection will be extended by what- wer means that may become necessary. If this determination is made known, and this resolve becomes clear, it is my :cope that nations which have been harassing our fishing vessels, and na- ,ions which might be tempted to do so, will instead be inclined to accept our re- peated invitation to "come, let us reason ;,)gether." From such reasoning alone an come the international agreements needed to forestall the strife that may sell lie ahead without them. (Mr. FEIGHAN at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks tit this point in the ].?.',CORD and to include extraneous matter.) l Mr. FEIGHAN addressed the House. I !is remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix. I THE CONSTRUCTIVE TEENAGERS (Mr. CRALEY (at the request of Mr. I(nEns) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. CRALEY. Mr. Speaker, we hear end read a great deal these days about juvenile delinquents, vandalism by teen- agers, and other sordid acts by young- sters in the Nation. Because of the destructive nature of such actions, too often little attention is given to the constructive acts and accom- plishments of the vast majority of the t,enagers who are laying the founda- tions of their futures as responsible cit- isons. I; have in my district a very outstand- icr young man who, I believe, epitomizes the responsible teenagers. He is Ronald it.. Boggs, of Carlisle, Pa., who was se- lected as one of the 14 representatives of the 5,600,000 Boy Scouts of America who will make the annual "Report to the Nation" to President Johnson on Febru- ac-y 9 of this year. The 14 boys making the report were selected on a competitive basis which took into account school, church, com- munity, and scouting records. Ronald is 17 years old and attends Carlisle High School where he is on the honor roll, a member of weight lifting, speech, art, chess, and science clubs. He holds two letters in music and has par- ticipated in the Boys Glee Club and he high school chorus. Among the scouting awards he has won are the Bronze and Gold Palm Ea ,;le, 15 Miler Award, God and Country Award, and Order of Arrow. In addition to scouting, he is interested in science and has received two science awards, one by the Institute of Radio Engineers :,.nd another by the institute of Electrical .i nd Electronic Engineers. I am sure his parents, Col. and Mrs. William H. Boggs are very proud of l:irn. I commend him for his outstanding achievements and am most happy to have such a well-rounded, outstanding young citizen in the 19th District of Pennsylvania. (Mr. MINISH (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECOsn and to include extraneous matter.) I Mr. MINISH addressed the Horse. His remarks will appear hereafter in Ihe Appendix. 1 (Mr. GONZALEZ (at the recuest of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in 'tie RECORD and to include extraneous mat,ter.) I Mr. GONZALEZ addressed the Horu.;e. His :remarks will appear hereafter in ! he Appendix, I (Mr. GONZALEZ (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission i.o extend his remarks at this point in Cie RECORD and to include oxtranet us matter.) I Mr. GONZALEZ addressed the Hou:.e. His remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix. I THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF TIIE BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA (Mr. FLYNT (at the request of All'. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the REaorn and to include extraneous mol- ter.) Mr. FLYNT. Mr. Speaker, today I introduce a House concurrent resolution commemorating the Boy Scouts of Amer- ica, on the occasion of the 50th anniver- sary of the granting of its charter. During the 50 years that this organi- zation has been in existence, it has fos- tered in our youth the highest of ideal;;: it has promoted the manly qualities of self-reliance, endurance, and physical Ili I- ness; and it has developed honesty, it - tegrity, and leadership in the youth of our Nation. I *have been a Boy Scout myself and have continued to take an active interest in. scouting activities. Both of my sons were also active in scouting work. I introduce this resolution to appro- priately recognize this memorable year because of my belief in the ideals and principles for which the Boy Scouts of America stands. I hope that this resolution will be fav- orably considered by the House of Rep- resentatives and approved. INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION ACT OF 1966 (Mr. GIBBONS (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. GIBBONS. Mr. Speaker, today. I introduce a bill to implement provisions of the President's message to the Con- gress on international education. This bill would be the International Education Act of 1966. I support the President in his call for this action because it is consistent with the present administration's objectives, both for educational citizenship within the Nation, and for the Nation's respon- sible citizenship within a larger world. A world which continues to shrink every day. We have long been aware of the ira- portance of educating the American pub- lic for responsible citizenship in our own country. In a ]L957 speech, our late. beloved President John F. Kennedy, whom the people of my city of Tampa loved so much, when he was a Member of the Senate reaffirmed the positive re- lationship which exists between ediie:i- tion and public responsibility. President Kennedy said every man no the street was a citizen. Every man was a citizen "who held office"; every citizen held office, as Abraham Lincoln had said, by virtue of the vote and opinion with which he made statutes either possible or impossible to execute. Moreover, President Kennedy acknowl- edged how some citizens were slow and shortsighted; but the remedy to provin- cial opinions, according to Thomas Jet'- ferson, rests not in removing, but in in- forming the citizen's "discretion and control." With the demands of responsible citizenship so clearly unavoidable, than, Senator Kennedy said that youn!s Americans ought to be educated for playing an active and informed role in the political affairs of the Nation. The President of the United States in his February 2 message to the Congress and the American people, suggested that. we not limit to our own shores our battle with ignorance and disease. This is the cause, the world task, he pointed out. that we may commit ourselves to by passing the International Education Act of 1966. As a member of the House Education and Labor Committee, and as one deeply committed to our fight against poverty and ignorance at home, I wholehearted],,- support President Johnson. Mr. Speaker, the bill I introduce to- day will help to increase the dimensions of American citizenship. This is my hope and my earnest desire. The single intention of my bill is to Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 ,J;W 00 1NF400020007-9 February 7Ap g-?ged For Reba 9 A 1# It is perhaps important for us to re- member that the eagle looks toward peace-while having all of the arrows of war which he needs at his ready disposal. Praising the stand taken by this ad- ministration, Newsday said that the deci- sion of the President "reflects well on the system and on the man." It adds: For the President did not merely resume a military operation; he put fresh impetus into the search for a peaceful conclusion by directing that the Vietnam struggle be brought before the United Nations Security Council. The newspaper feels that the request demonstrates : Two fundamentals of our Vietnam policy: that we will honor our commitments to pro- tect South Vietnam from aggression and that we will seek all means to move the Is- sue from the battlefield to the conference table. I commend this editorial for the pe- rusal of my colleagues, and with their permission I submit it for the RECORD. [From Newsday, Feb. 1, 19661 THE VIETNAM DECISION Seldom has the loneliness of the man in the White House been more apparent than in the past several weeks. President Johnson's decision to end the 37-day pause in the bombing of North Vietnam was subjected to the harsh discipline of the Presidency and it did not come easily. Many could advise and Inform, but the President, ever conscious of his awesome responsibility, had to make the final choice himself. We think his decision reflects well on the system and on the man. For the President did not merely resume a military operation; he put fresh impetus into the search for a peaceful conclusion by di- recting that the Vietnam struggle be brought before the United Nations Security Council. His request demonstrates anew President Johnson's determination to adhere to the two fundamentals of our Vietnam policy; that we will honor our commitment to protect South Vietnam from aggression and that we will seek all means to move the issue from the battlefield to the conference table. The President has now forcefully and dra- matically answered both the foreign and do- mestic critics of his Vietnam policy. Hanoi had 37 days to respond favorably to the pause in bombing. But the only response was negative, coupled with a demand for total victory on Hanoi's own terms. Moreover, the U.S. pause in bombing produced only con- tinued Communist infiltration, continued terrorism In South Vietnam, continued in- sistence on terms utterly detached from reality and, of course, continued invective. The renewed use of air power in the north again will be controlled, as it had been, with great caxe and aimed only at military targets. The resumption serves two purposes, one military and the other diplomatic. The mili- tary purpose is obvious. The bombing will attempt to destroy the troops and supplies being infiltrated from the north. The diplo-. matic purpose should be just as obvious. It is a warning to Hanoi and Peiping that the United States is not prepared to abandon South Vietnam to the Vietcong. TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL The decision to bring the Vietnam im- passe to the U.N. Security Council is as sig- nificant as the decision to resume bombing. During the pause, the quiet diplomacy of President Johnson's peace offensive saw six envoys visit 34 countries. The President is now bringing his case to the world forum in another mode of diplomacy at a moment when the pause in bombing and the Presi- dent's peace offensive are fresh exhibits be- fore the court of world opinion. The Security Council, of course, is power- less without great power, agreement. The President's initiative in that council, there- fore, may not open the door to negotiations. But the Security, Council is an organ of the organization that has become the diplomatic home of the neutral nations. Pope Paul VI has suggested that the neutral nations be used to arbitrate the impasse In Vienam. And yesterday Secretary of State Rusk said the United States would suggest to the Se- curity Council the role that neutral nations could play in opening the way to the con- ference table. If neutral participation can bring about a solution, the U.N. is the arena in which to seek it. The move to the U.N. Is an expansion of the President's peace offensive. It is another demonstration of the desire of the United States to substitute diplomacy for military action. The bombing Is a controlled re- sumption of the air war; the Security Coun- cil initiative is an escalation of the peace effort. We think the decision represents a wise mixture. The President is entitled to the full support of all Americans. U.S. PARTICIPATION IN THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (Mr. HANSEN of Iowa (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to extend his, remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. HANSEN of Iowa. Mr. Speaker, the request of the President for authority for the United States to participate in the Asian Development Bank should be greeted with quick approval by the Con- gress. Under H.R. 12563, our participation is authorized with a share of $100 million in direct capital and an additional $100 million In callable shares. This will be 20 percent of the bank's total capitaliza- tion of $1 billion. Our contribution would equal that given by Japan.+ This is one" of the most creative pro- posals made for the trouble ridden na- tions of southeast Asia. It will make possible the building of roads, dams, powerplants, harbors, and other facili- ties essential to a modern economy. The lack of these facilities has been a major factor in the poverty and tragedy that has made the foment of internal dissen- sion possible. Just as was the case in the Americas a decade or so ago, the nations of south- east Asia have come to realize that ade- quate fiscal resources are a basic re- quirement for peace and prosperity. The ability to transfer these resources to areas of great need has also been lacking. Through the Asian Develop- ment Bank this mobility can be achieved and it will bring greater stability and an opportunity to develop the peaceful pursuits within the nations of the entire region. All of us have felt that more should be done in Vietnam than assist in re- establishing peace. The stability brought about by the Asian Development Bank will do much to meet the needs of Viet- nam. Further, it will bring about cir- cumstances that will assist in stemming the spread of Communist ideology. Not only will this help Vietnam, but it will materially lessen for the United States the need for maintaining troop concen- trations in Vietnam. The need for the Asian Development Bank has been demonstrated. I urge my colleagues to give this bill their full support. (Mr. BOLAND (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. BOLAND'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] THE COST OF HIGHER INTEREST RATES (Mr. VANIK (at the request of Mr. KREBS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. VANIK. Mr. Speaker, last week President Johnson sent up to Congress his economic report, and presently this report is receiving thorough and careful study by the Joint Economic Committee, under the chairmanship of the gentle- man from Texas, the Honorable WRIGHT PATMAN. Our productive and ever growing economy and the effects that the con- flict in Vietnam are causing to it, is rea- son for intensive study. Our Republican colleagues are demanding great cutbacks in vital domestic programs so as to off- set the budgetary requirements for Viet- nam. Yet, next to our national defense needs, the item that has grown the most in this budget is the amount paid on our debt. Due to the tighter money policies of the Federal Reserve and its decision last December to raise the discount rate and regulation Q, the cost of borrowing for both the public and the Government has increased substantially. A recent editorial by Bob Cronin in the Rural Electric Minuteman, a publication of the National Rural Electric Coopera- tive Association, discusses the great in- creases in our public debt due to higher interest rates. The chairman of our Banking and Currency Committee, the gentleman from Texas, is quoted in this editorial on the Fed's irresponsible action and their responsibility for the higher costs to the taxpayer. Perhaps if our Republican colleagues would take time to study the effects that higher interest rates have on our economy, they might find that this might be an area to cut back increased spending. Mr. Speaker, I ask that the editorial "The Interest Rate Caper: How It Hap- pened" follow my remarks. [From the Rural Electric Minuteman, Jan. 28, 1966] THE INTEREST RATE CAPER: How IT HAPPENED Anyone who doubted the effect that last December's actions by the Federal Reserve Board would have on the Nation's economy will be interested in an item contained in the President's new budget proposal, an- nounced to Congress this week. This is the estimate of an increase of $654 million in the cost of interest the Federal Government must pay in fiscal 1067 on the national debt. The total interest bill will therefore jump to nearly $13 billion. A number of seasoned Congressmen and economists trace the huge increase in interest Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 446R000400g~g7-}y 7, 19f;6 Approved LONG ftESSIONAL /REORll DP~7 SE costs directly to the action taken last De- ADDRESS OF THE HONORABLE DR. common rather than uncommon, what unites comber by the Federal Reserve Board when it ]?URNEPdDU KUMAR BANERJI+F, us rather than what divides us. This would raised the discount rate on loans to member MINISTER, EMBASSY OF INL)IA be possible if we accept and applaud the ex- banks and increased the maximum rate the MINISTER, , isting and emerging international community banks may pay on certificates of deposit. BEFORE THE DELAWARE CHAP- By it curious coincidence, the amount of TER OF THE UNITED NATIONS he estimated increase in the cost of interest ASSOCIATION charges on the national debt is nearly the unount an NRECA survey found would be The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under needed for the REA electric loan fund in a previous order of the House, the gentie- lOcal 1967. Thus, If the Federal Reserve man from Delaware [Mr. MCDOWELL 1 is board. had not acted so rashly, this amount recognized. for 15 minutes. if money would have been available without p/Ir. McDOWELL. Mr. Speaker, I call ^ifecting other budgetary demands. to ,he attention of my colleagues in the Congressman WRICaT PATMAN of Texas, whose longtime criticism of the Federal Re- Congress a significant speech by the ;crve's high interest, tight money policies has Honorable Dr. Purnendu Kumar Baner- linally stirred up more of his colleagues, had jee, Minister, Embassy of India, belore :;-line further comments on the matter this the Delaware Chapter of the United Na- week, Here is what he told Congress, in part, tions Association of the United States. r>n January 25: The text of the speech follows: "'she interest war is putting a heavy pros- lire on all Government credit programs. INnT;RNATCO NAL COOPERATION ' YEAR AND THE One interest rate leaps over another interest LTCOOP NA rote and then on and on we go. The con- (Address by the Honorable Dr. Purmuidu turner, who must ultimately pay all of these Kumar Banerjee, Minister, Embass: of ncreased costs, its on the sidelines power- India, Washington, Before the Dela care less to act. in his own behalf. Chapter of the United Nations Associ:ition "It is we, as Members of Congress, who have of the United States of America, Wilming- a solemn duty to provide protection for the ton, Del.) uihlic in this vital area. If we fall, we are It is a privilege and a pleasure to address certain to see pressures for even higher in- this erudite and august audience. I wi. h to crest rates. And who doubts that the Fed- share with you a few thoughts on an issue oral Reserve Boarcl will give in as quickly to which is not esoteric but inspiring-the In- Lhese new requests as they did in December. ternational. Cooperation Year and the United "the facts are there in black and white. A Nations. You may recall that this concept tnall number GC big banks were holding was originally propounded by the late Indian about $lsi/., billion in certificates of deposits prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, when he on December 3 when the Federal Reserve addressed the General Assembly of the U r ,iced Board acted. The great majority of these Nations in 1961. In emphasizing the need certificates were coming due in December, for promoting the cause of cooperation, he .lanuary, February, and March. The banks said: "We live in a world of conflict and yet desperately wanted to hold on to these de- the world goes on, undoubtedly becaus;e of posits. the cooperation of nations and individ- ?To do this, the banks had to have higher uals * * *)even today, between countries Interest rates. Otherwise, the corporations which are opposed to each other in tho po- would have pulled out the funds and in- litical and other fields, there is a vast amount vested in other securities which were paying of cooperation. Little is known or lithe is higher interest rates created by the Federal said about this cooperation that is going on Reserve board's tight money policies which anal a great deal is said about every pot at of has been created and continued throughout conflict, and so the world is full of this idea 1965. For example, 91-day Treasury bills had that the conflicts go on and we live on the been. pushed above 4i/2 percent and as a re- verge of disaster. Perhaps, it would be it cult were becoming more attractive than cer- triter picture if the cooperating elements in t:ificates of deposit. the world today were put forward and we "ho these big brinks were desperate to leap- were made to think that the world depends frog the interest rates and thus hang onto on cooperation and not on conflict." the certificates of deposit. Remember, about 'rhe United Nations commended this prop- '75 percent of the $16'/2-billion of certificates osition. In declaring 1965 as the Interna- of deposit were being held by just 30 big tional Cooperation Year, the General As- banks. sembly accepted "wider and more intensive "On December 2, the pressure reached the in ternational cooperation" as one of the most boiling point. "that afternoon, the Federal "effective means of dispensing internal tonal Reserve Banks of New York-at 4:01 p.m.- tensions." President Johnson, while pro- :and Chicago-at 4:20 p.m.-suddenly sent claiming the International Cooperation Year, identical telegrams to the Federal Reserve went further to add that It is "not an idea Hoard in Washington demanding an Increase nor an ideal. We think it is a clear necessity in interest rates. Without question, these for our survival. The greater the nation, the two banks were speaking for the huge finan- greater is its need to work cooperatively with cial institutions residing in those two cities other people, with other countries, with other and who had the great majority of the cer- nations." tillcates of deposit. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shasta also "With almost automatic reaction to the underlined the need for united effort: and desires of these two financial centers, the emphasized that international cooperation is l'ederal Reserve Board-within 24 hours- the only means "to rid they world of the an- acted in accordance with the identical tele- dent ills of hunger, ignorance, and di;;case, grams." of the new terror of the nuclear holocaust." PATnrAN pointed out that the increase in This concurrence of views, on the Inter- the discount rate represented a hike of 12i/2 national Cooperation Year, is based on a percent in the wholesale cost of money and conviction that cooperation is not a corollary a probable retail Increase-the consumers' but the core of coexistence, which is the only r?ost--of at least 25 percent. alternative to coextinction. "All of these increases are huge by any- The conceptual framework that focuses one's mathematics or economics. Imagine our viewpoint to cooperation rests on the the line and cry if any union or any indus- premise that there is a clear need for :,hift- try--other than banking--had attempted to in.g the positive factors in the life if the raise its prices by a similar percentage. What world community and placing them promi- would this have done to the wage-price nently on a pedestal. In other words, nnan- guidelines'?" kind could profitably stress that which is To take the latter first, the idea of toler- ance based on mutual respect comes to In- dians quite naturally.' From Budda to Gandhi, the idea of cooperation and co- existence has permeated our ethos and has formed a powerful link in forging the unity of India. India too, like the United States, is a land of diversity. It has developed a multiracial and multireligious society. More by choice than by compulsion, India, has nourished and nurtured through centuries a composite culture wherein differing ideas and ideologies could live together peacefully. It is no wonder, as Arnold Toynbee described, that "the Indian missionaries of art Indian philosophy, Buddhism, were the first people in history to think and feel in terms of human race as a whole. They felt a concern for all their fellow human beings; they had a vision of mankind as being potentially a single family and they set themselves to turn this potential unity into an accom- plished fact by peaceful persuasion." Wisdom, not sword, was their weapon. They believed, like the Indian Emperor Asoka, in the great principle that "concord alone is meritorious." This idea has always acted as a beacon to the Indian people. Though this concept of unity of humanity has been with us almost since the dawn of history, it received public acclaim only 20 years ago. The Charter of the United Na- tions opens with the most significant phr*tse "We the peoples of the United Na- tions * * The charter was not a docu- ment negotiated by "The high contracting parties." It must be admitted that along with the charter, the concept of world com- munity gained belated recognition. There was in 1945, a great concern that we were already too late in dismantling the walls that vertically divided the world based. on unbridled and uncompromising territorial sovereignty. Before long, this oneness of humanity became a historic and political fact. A million factors have made this possible. Primarily, science and technology were making the nations interdependent and in- terconnected irrespective of their political attitude. The liquidation of distance has altered the rhythm of life. Science has bro- ken the artificial barriers. Art and culture have come to be common links between peoples and nations. The isolated existence of human groups has become outdated and even impossible. The tools, ideas and media of communications available to man have generated a historical process that has uni- fied the world. In many matters of our daily life, there is a direct impact of cooperation through in- ternational organizations such as the World Meteorological Organization, which has es- tablished it worldwide weather reporting system; the International Atomic Energy Agency, which oversees the peaceful use of atomic energy; the aerial navigation super- vised by the International Civil Aviation Organization; the frequency allocations of broadcasts controlled by the International Communication Union; and the maritime regulations instituted by the Inter-Govern- mental Maritime Consultative Organiza- tion-to mention a few. The United States, for example, participates in more than 600 international conferences annually and has nearly 4,300 treaties and agreements to hon- or. It is, therefore, dangerous and harm- ful to seek to split this technologically and sociologically unified world into isolated compartments of the past. As Whyte (in his book "The Next Development of Man") put it, "the separation of East and West is Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 2300 Approved For Release 5/ / 6 AALR[ P 7 $446F %W0.20007-9 February 7, 4. Harvest productivity per man-hour sunk substantially. 5. Prices of fresh and canned asparagus in grocery stores skyrocketed and substan- tially broke the administration's so-called maximum guidelines of 3.2 percent. This penalized the housewife. Nevertheless, you didn't hear the administration make the usual threats of retaliatory action which it did with proposed steel, copper, and alumi- num price increases. The administration must have had a guilty conscience since it was primarily responsible for the increases. 6. The number of illegal Mexican "wet- backs" who came into the United States com- pletely illegally to obtain temporary farm jobs doubled during the year. 7. In the meantime, the administration re- peatedly discriminated against California and in favor of Florida by being more liberal in allowing West Indians to come into Florida to work in harvest fields at rates substan- tially lower than those it set for California. FREE WORLD-SHIPP1NQ O NORTH VIETNAM The SPEAKS -Hader a previous or- der of the House, the gentleman from Michigan [Mr. CHAMBERLAIN] is recog- nized for 30 minutes. (Mr. CHAMBERLAIN asked and was given permission to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, having followed for some months the question of free world shipping to North Vietnam and reported from time to time to my colleagues, I should like to take this opportunity to present a status re- port concerning activities during the past year. In 1965 there were more free world ships than Communist ships engaged in carrying goods to and from North Viet- nam. Unfortunately, I cannot disclose the exact figures of this traffic, because they are classified, but I invite any and every interested Member to examine them closely. I know there are many who are concerned about this phase of the war and already have expressed themselves this session. Before presenting what information I can about the nature and extension of free world shipping into North Vietnam, I am aware that some may justifiably wonder why any of this information should be classified. It certainly is no secret to Ho Chi Minh. One reason, I am told, is that to reveal such data might place in jeopardy our own sources of information. No one, of course, wishes to hamper our intelligence network. How- ever, I am satisfied that a great deal more of this information can and should be made public. When American boys are dying from North Vietnamese bullets, the American people have a right to ade- quate information about who is aiding the enemy. As it stands now, and as it stood throughout 1965, the American people simply have not been told the whole truth about the shocking support being given by free world ships to a na- tion blatantly engaged in Communist aggression and subversion. The unclassified data that is made available to me by the Department of De- fense indicates that while there has been some reduction in the volume of this trade in 1965 over that of 1964, a dis- turbing amount persists. At this point in the RECORD I ask unanimous consent to include an itemization by month of arrivals of free world ships in North Vietnam during 1965. G The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. ross toll- Date arrived MINISH). Is there objection to the re- tinge quest of the gentleman from Michigan? There was no objection Avisfaifh______________ British------ 7, 868 7, June 7 . Alkon- --------------- Greok_______ 7, 150 June 6 The matter referred to is Csrdross__-____-_____ Ilelena British_____- Norwe ian _ 2,313 2 629 June 28 n J 21 CHART A. Free world ships arriving North ________________ Kyvernitis____________ Newhoath g _ Greek_______ B i i h , 9, 360 u e Julie 1 Vietnant-Continued _____________ Newmoat------------- r t s ------ ----- do ------- 6,891 7,151 June 13 Julie 29 Phoenician Dawn..... ----- do ------- 8, 708 June 13 Strovili________________ Greek ------- 7, 181 June 5 Gross ton- nage Date arrived Agios Therapon________ Greek------- 5,617 July 11 Aiolos II______________ Lebanese---- 7,256 Jan. 26 Agenor---------------- ----- do------- 7 139 July 6 Cardross_______-_____ British ------ 2, 314 Jail. 29 Ardrossmore____._____ _ British______ , 5 820 July 24 Elbow River ______-__ 5,179 Jan. 7 Alkon____--_____ Greek_______ , 7 150 July -- Goldoal Zeta___________ ------- 4, 474 Do. Fortune Wind_________ British------ , 31376 July 6 llakuyo Maru _ Japanese ---- 6, 430 Tan. 9 Hellos ___ ____ Greek------- 7,176 July 11 Jinsan----------------- British __ 1,261 Jan. 1 Ilerborg__ _ __ _ _ ian.. 3 321 July 9 Do _ ___ _ Do do -- do ------- 1, 261 1,261 Ian. Jail. 10 17 Shlonfoon_ Shirley Christine__ ___ Btitish____ ----- do------- , 7, 127 6, 724 July 1 Do. Do---------------- ----- do------- 1,261 Jsu. 25 Langford______________ do__-_-_ 2,865 Jail. 1 Panagos_______________ Lebanese---- 7, 133 You. 28 Saronis________________ Greek ------- 7,271 Jan. 25 Santa Granda_________ British______ 7,229 Jan. 21 Wakasa Bay_ -----do------- 7, 040 Jan. 16 Amelia________________ Maltese _ _ _ _ _ Maltese 7,304 Aug. 28 Helena________________ Norway----- 2,529 Aug. 8 llerborg_______________ _ __-do_------ 3, 321 Aug. 2 Do---------------- -----do------- 3,321 Aug. 28 Willowpool------ _ _ _ _ ____ British______ 8,072 Aug. 30 Bidford__________ British------ 2,865 Feb. 5 Cardamilitis-__ __ _ _ -- Greek_______ 7,163 Feb. 7 Cardross______________ British_____- 2,314 Feb. 15 Dartford______________ -----do------ 2,730 Feb. 7 Elbow River__________ -----do------- 5170 Feb. 17 Fortune Wind_________ -----do------ 3:376 Feb. 15 Fortune Wind British 3 376 Se t 27 Jinsan_________________ -----do------ 1,261 Feb. 1 _________ Iielena_______________ ------ Norwegian , 2 529 p . Sept 4 Do---------- ---- do------- 1,261 Fob. 14 _ Ilerborg_________ -- do 321 3 : . 22 Sept Do------------- ----- do------- 1,261 Feb. 23 Jessolton Bay__ ----- ------- British , 189 7 . Sept 7 1)o----------------- Longford______________ ----- do------- ----- do------- 1,261 2,865 Feb. Feb. 28 23 Stanwear______________ ------ ----- do------ , 8,108 . Sept. 23 Moiwa Marti ___________ Japanese____ 4,975 Feb. 15 Newglade_____________ British------ 7,368 Feb. 11 Rochford______________ ----- do ------- 3, 324 Feb. 20 Stenwear______________ ----- do ------- 8,108 Feb. 23 Syros------------------ Greek ------- 7, 176 Feb. 7 Wakasa Bay----------- British------ 7,040 Feb. 23 Acme------------------ Cyprus___._ 7,159 Oct. 16 Wishford______________ ----- do ------- 3, 464 Feb. 27 Ardrossmore___________ British------ 5,820 Oct. 14 Bidford________________ ----- do------- 2,865 Oct. - IIelena________________ Norwegian__ 2,520 Oct. 22 Ilerborg_______________ do------- 3,321 Oct. 15 Kingford______________ British------ 2,911 Oct. 19 Santa Granda_ _______ ----- do-- 7 220 Oct - Bidford________________ British ------ 2,865 Mar. 5 _ - , . Cardross______________ ----- do------- 2,314 Mar. 4 Dukat___ Norwegian__ 1,401 Mar, 2 Do---------------- ----do------- 1.401 Mar. 15 Elbow River -_________ British------ 5,179 Mar. 4 Golden Alpha--------- do------- 6.031 Mar. 7 I follands Diep_________ Dutch______ 9.631 Mar. 31 Ardrossmore___________ British------ 5, 820 Nov. 26 Longford______________ British______ 2,865 Max. 27 Dartford_______________ ----- do ----- :-- 2, 739 Nov. 17 Nissos Pares -__________ Greek_______ 1.953 Mar. 4 Fortune Wind_________ ----- do ------- 3,376 Nov. 26 Rahlotis_______________ -----do------- 7.138 Mar, 23 Ilerborg_______________ Norwogian__ 3,321 Nov. 9 Sambas_______ _________ Dutch______ 1,874 Mar. 14 IIo Fung______________ British ------ 7,121 Nov. 10 Do---------------- do------- 1.874 Mar. 25 Jollity_________________ ----- do------ 8, 650 Do. Santa Granda_________ British______ 7,229 Mar. 27 Kanaris_______________ Greek _______ 7,240 Nov. - San Spyridon__________ Lebanese-___ 7,260 Mar. 13 Longford______________ British_____- 2,865 Nov. 2 Starford_______________ -----do------ 3, 464 Nov. 12 Grecian Isles__________ Crock_______ 9,173 Apr. 23 Mul Hong .____________ Norwegi an_ _ 1,398 Apr. 29 Santa Granda--_______ British ------ 7, 229 Apr, - Aktor----------------- Cyprus-____ 6, 993 Dec. 12 Sletf7ord ------ - _------ Norwegian-_ 1, 705 Apr. 4 Isabel Erica __________ liritish----- 7.105 Dec. 11 Do---------------- ----- do------- 1,705 Apr, 13 Kanaris--____________ Greek ------ 7, 240 Do. Newbeath--__________ - _ _ _ _ British------ 6,743 Dec. 2 WakasaBay_________ ----- do ------ -----do------ 7, 040 Dec. 12 Antarctica------------- British------ 8, 785 May 21 Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, as Cardross -------------- ----- do------- 2,313 May 5 I reported in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD Do ---------------- ----- do------- 2.313 May 29 l 22 f J 1965 d i 1964 t t l f Fortune Wind_________ ----- do------- 3,376 May 6 y o u , , ur ng a o a o Gisna_________________ Norwegian-_ 6.030 May 5 401 free world ships arrived in North Do---------------- I[erborg_______________ ----- do------- ----- do------- 6,030 3,312 May 29 May 21 Vietnam. According to the unclassified Irena------ - - - -------- Greek_______ 7,232 Do. figures there were 119 free world ship ar- Kawana_______________ Nancy Dec____________ British------ ----- do ------- 7,308 6,547 May 27 May 31 rivals in North Vietnam in 1965. Of this Nyrufea--------------- Greek ------- 7,276 May 1 119 figure 107 involved ships flying the l'lioevos_______________ -----do------- 9.949 May 16 Shirley Christine ------ British------ 6,724 May 30 flags of NATO countries. Slet0ord_______________ Yanxilas------------- Norwegian__ Lebanese__. _ 1, 705 10,051 May 6 May 3 Mr. Speaker, at this. point in the REC- ORD I ask unanimous consent to insert a Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, 19(6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2299 11O UBLE UENE I'r UNESCO will find and hire the technicians, but they must be acceptable to Havana. Be) we may easily see U.S. taxpayer funds giving the Communist world a double benefit. For the experts to be hired will most likely come from. Russia and other iron Curtain coun- tries. Any assistance to Bavaria University, especially technical assistance, is direct aid to the central dynamo of the Cuban regime. Ccstro officials have specifically declared that students who attend the technical fac- ulties go there not only for technical studies, but to become perfected in Marxist-Lenin- ism. (]vir. WYDLER (at the request of Mr. HU''CHINSON) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) I Mr. WYDLER'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix. ] HORTON BILL PROVIDES OVERTIME PAY FOR POSTAL SUBSTITU'T'ES FOR WORK IN EXCESS OF 8 HOURS A DAY C\/Ir. HORTON cat the request of Mr. fl(Jtrcl-IINSON) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter. ) Mr. HORTON. Mr. Speaker, last September 30, the House of Representa- tives passed H.R. 10281, the Government Employees Salary Comparability Act of 1965 by an overwhelming majority, 370 t,o 7. It was a good bill. It provided in- creased pay for Government workers, in- cluding postal workers, and contained a number of other provisions beneficial to postal workers. l,Iost of its provisions were retained in the bill after passage by the Senate and as it was finally approved by the President on October 29, 1965 as Public Law 89-301. But the Senate made one change in the House bill which was re- tained in the final version as passed and which is distinctly unfair and must be promptly rectified. In the bill as it passed the House, sub- stitute employees in the Post Office De- partment were entitled to overtime pay for work- (A) in excess of 8 hours a day or (B) in ex- esi of 40 hours a week. As the bill passed the Senate and was finally approved, the provision for over- time for substitute postal employees was limited to overtime pay for work in ex- ecss of 40 hours a week. The provision 'or overtime after 8 hours a day was eliminated. It, is this latter provision which would be restored by the bill I am introducing tocay. It is in the interests of both fairness and efficiency that substitute employees of the post office should be laid overtime not just for work in excess of 40 hours a week, but also for any work in excess of 8 hours in any one day. Regular employees paid on an hourly rate already are granted overtime in ex- ce: s of 8 hours a day. In fairness substi- tute employees should receive no less. It is the substitute employees who are called upon in emergencies and often on little notice and who, without the pro- tection of this bill, can be called upon to work. 12 consecutive hours in 1 day and again on 2 more days during the same week without getting overtime. My bill would not only put substitute employees on the same footing as regu- lar hourly employees. It would also put the Post; Office Department on the same basis as industry generally. Our substi- tute mail carriers and other postal workers should not be made to suffer a second-class status. They deserve the same consideration as other postal em- ployees because of the uncertainties of their employment and the long hours they are likely to work. I therefore urge prompt consideration and adoption of my bill. LOSSES SUFFERED IN WHITE AS- PARAGUS INDUSTRY DUE TO INADEQUATE AGRICULTURAL LABOR (Mr. TALCOTT (at the request of Mr. HUTCIuNSON) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. TALCOTT. Mr. Speaker, one of the most able, conscientious, and knowl- edgeable Members of this House, the gentleman from California I Mr. BALD- WIN1 has recently completed a thorough and comprehensive study concerning the effect of the termination of the bracero program on various crops grown in his district. His :IF ebruary 3, 1966, report concerns white asparagus, only one of many com- modities affected by Public Law 78, Pub- lic Law 414, and the many executive de- cisions and regulations of the Secretary of Labor regarding supplemental labor. Other crops, and the growers, workers and. consumers involved, were also ad- versely affected. I ask unanimous con- sent to include the report of Mr. BALDWIN so that Members of Congress will have a true and accurate report of the conditions, of agriculture and consequences of the supplemental labor experiments of the Secretary of Labor. R.1srORT FROM YOUR CONGRESSMAN, JOHN F BALDWIN, FEBRUARY 3, 1966 P^AR FRIENDS: There has been much dis- cussion in California as to the specific impact of the termination of the Mexican national or bracero program on the various crops for which such supplemental labor had been has been set as a maximum. Hundreds of ; formerly used. Since the program term - jobs of cannery workers in Contra Costa and noted on December 31, 1964, there has now adjoining counties were either terminated been a, full crop year since its termination, or greatly reduced from a time standpoint so it is possible to rnak.e some specific com - Scores of truckers lost their jobs bec.ilusc parsons. Perhaps the crop that has beer: there was no asparagus to haul. Some a.,- formerly used exclusively ma any D bracero cr crop, sa Cnd which paragus farmers went bankrupt. The price labbo orers, , was the asparagus s crop. . California ifornia of asparagus in grocery stores skyrocketed. produces 100 percent of the white asparagu: Here are a few of the results of the adrnin- crop grown in the United States, and this i:;, istration's unyielding policy against provid- grown exclusively in San Joaquin, Contra ing adequately for the harvest labor require- Costa, Yolo, and Sacramento Counties. In ments of the California asparagus farmer: fact, these 4 counties grow 80 percent of thy 1. California white asparagus lost half of world production of white asparagus. its export market in 1 year because orders White asparagus has been a major export couldn't be filled, although it had taken item and has been an important part of our many painstaking years to build up tlxf', foreign market trade. From 1960 to 1964 market. canned white asparagus in California aver 2. This was a serious, adverse blow to our aged approximately 2.4 million cases. Durin;;; U.S. balance of payments. the same period the percentage of the white 3. At least one-fourth of our total Delta asparagus pack of the total asparagus pack it: asparagus was plowed up, at staggering losses California averaged 63.5 percent. During the to growers. as this is normally a 5-year crop. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 period 1959 to 1964 the number of cases of asparagus exported by the United States in- creased from 1,007,995 to 2.058,150, and their dollar export value increased from $5,785,090 to $15,571,300. In 1963 and 1964 U.S. exported canned asparagus represented more than 50 percent of all export vegetable items from the United States. In these same 2 years Cali- fornia white asparagus represented approx- imately 98 percent of our total U.S. asparagus exports (the remaining 2 percent was green asparagus). California white asparagus ex- ports from 1960 to 19,64 averaged approxi- mately 1.9 million cases. Although the specific. Mexican national or bracero law expired on December 31, 1964, the Secretary of Labor still has authority under the general immigration law to issue permits for supplemental foreign labor to come into this country to assist in harvesting any crop where the Secretary makes a determination that the supply of domestic labor ready and willing to do that type of work is not ade- quate and that prevailing wages in the area will be paid. The Secretary has repeatedly exercised this authority on behalf of the State of Florida and has allowed many people from the West Indies to come into Florida to help harvest crops in that State at substan- tially lower wages than are paid in California. However, he discriminated against California by refusing to do the same for our State. When he has allowed a few to be admitted, they have been too few and too late. What happened in California in 1965 be- cause of lack of labor willing to harvest as- paragus? The 1965 California white aspara- gus pack was reduced to 1,269,000 cases, a reduction of 52.7 percent. This was down from 2,659,000 cases in 1964. The foreign trade demand for white asparagus in 1965 was greater than in any previous year. As- paragus acreage which was originally planned for harvest in 1965 was sufficient to more than adequately serve this foreign demand. :However, when Public Law 78 terminated tin- der which braceros could be specifically ad- mitted to this country, 16,243 acres of aspara- gus was plowed up by farmers who felt that, it would he impossible to get adequate labor to harvest the crop. In addition, during the year 1965 an estimated 8,423 acres was plowed up by farmers who tried but found it im- possible to get adequate competent labor to harvest the fields. Unharvested asparagus losses were estimated at $6.6 million. It is estimated that if this asparagus could have been harvested, at least 50 or 55 percent of this lost value would have been paid in wages to labor. Half of our foreign market export trade was lost because we could not fill the orders. The productivity of the domestic labor used in. the asparagus fields fell off sub- stantially, because much of it was not experi- enced and some not conscientious. Wage rates in picking asparagus went up substan- tially, far in excess of the administration's so-called maximum guidelines under which Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE chart presenting a monthly breakdown by country of free world ships arriving in North Vietnam during 1965. The SPEAKER pro-tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentle- man from Michigan? There was no objection. The matter referred to is as follows: Month United Kingdom Japan Greece Nor- way Nether- lands Leb- anon Malta Pan- ems Cyprus Total January------------------- 10 1 1 -------- -------- 2 -------- -------- -------- 14 February 15 1 2 - March------------------ 6 ------- 2 2 3 1 -------- I ------ 15 April---------------------- 1 -------- 1 3 - May 7 4 4 I -------- -------- ------- 0 June---------------------- 5 -------- 3 1 -------- I - July----------------------- 4 -------- 4 1 - August-------------------- I - -------- -------- I 1 5 September 4 -------- -------- 2 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- 6 October 4 -------- -------- 2 -------- -------- -------- -------- 1 7 November 7 I 1 ------- ------- -------- -------- ------- 0 December 3 I -- -------- -------- -------- -------- 1 5 Total_______________ 67 2 10 18 3 5 1 1 3 110 Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, as the monthly unclassified figures are un- doubtedly meant to suggest, some prog- ress has been made in reducing this trade but unfortunately that success is not as marked as the unclassified figures would have us believe. I can tell you that the true figure is more than double what we are being told; and that amounts, as I said before, to more ar- rivals by free world ships than by Com- munist ships during 1965. NONSTRATEGIC GOODS ARE VITAL Just what is the nature of this trade? First of all it is true that the great majority of these free world ships are under charter to Communist countries- Communist China, Soviet Union, Ru- mania, East Germany, Cuba and others- that is these free world ships are mostly carrying Communist goods to and from North Vietnam. Some have argued that this somehow removes the foul odor about this traffic. I disagree. Any goods or export profits that Ho Chi Minh needs badly enough to hire free world vessels cannot but help Hanoi's overall war effort. I say we should not concede our enemy one extra spool of thread. Considerably more economic pressure can and should be applied to Hanoi. Similarly, some in our Government have offered us the assurance that no strategic goods have been carried by any of these free world vessels. Again the fragrance of this trade to my way of thinking has not been much sweetened. First of all, although further informa- tion may exist with others in our Gov- ernment, the classified reports I receive from the Department of Defense indi- cate that we do not have complete knowl- edge as to the nature of these cargoes. Second, even if free world ships carry only nonstrategic goods they in effect release Communist vessels for the trans- portation of more war goods. The ulti- mate effect is the same. The seaborne source of the supply lines into Hanoi and down to the South is kept open without hindrance. Did we not recently read of members of a crew of a Cuban freighter who jumped ship when they learned they had been ordered to carry weapons from China to North Vietnam when previously their ship had been engaged in so-called nonstrategic traffic? Mr. Speaker, the stubborn fact re- mains-North Vietnam is on all-out war economy. Why should free world ships contribute in any way to such an econ- omy whether by carrying goods to or from North Vietnam? I say so long as there is still one free world ship docking at Haiphong we should not relent in our effort to stop this aid and comfort to the enemy. SOME PROGRESS NOTED As I indicated earlier some progress has been made toward drying up the enemy's seaborne source of supply. I was grati- fied to learn that a number of govern- ments have taken steps to remove their flag vessels from this trade. However, even though some countries have apparently removed their vessels from this trade, it does not necessarily mean that goods from these countries do not find their way to North Vietnam. Let us look again at the unclassified in- formation concerning data for just 1 month. At this point in the RECORD, Mr. Speaker, I wish to insert a chart indi- cating the origin of cargoes of the five free world ships arriving in North Viet- nam during December 1965: Name Date Aktor------------------------ Cyprus----------- Belgium _..______________ Ilaiphong_______________ Dec. 12 Isabel Erica_________________ British______________ Bong Kong_____________ Port Campha___________ Dec. 11 Kanaris---------------- - Greek-------------- Communist China______ i_Iaiphong_______________ Do. Newheath-------------------- British______________ Japan------------------- Port Campha----------- Dec. 12 Waisasa Bay-------------__ -----do--------------- -----do------------------- ----- do------------------- Do. All five of these free world ships were under charter to Communist Govern- ments. Four of these ships loaded car- goes in free world ports: one in Belgium, one in Hong Kong, and two in Japan. It is evident, I submit, that what progress has been made in shutting off free world assistance to Hanoi, while encouraging, is still gravely insufficient. There is another glaring instance of the need for greater cooperation from our friends. Of the 119 free world ship arrivals in North Vietnam during 1965, 67 were vessels registered under the flag of the United Kingdom. British officials argue that most of these vessels are un- der lease to Hong Kong shipping con- cerns and that they are powerless to in- terfere with this traffic in the absence of a formal declaration of war. How- ever correct this explanation may be, it clearly does nothing to ameliorate the situation. I for one am not satisfied that ways could not be found. Obviously the British Government has found ways to shut off trade with Rhodesia. For in- stance, any British national who carries or who supplies certain goods to Rhodesia now faces 6 months in prison or a $1,400 fine or both. I know of no comparable action taken with those trading with North Vietnam. The British should hardly need reminding that our own Government has given extensive support to the embargo on Rhodesia in a number of ways. We now, for instance, require special export licenses, which, it is re- ported, the Department of Commerce will not grant in any case, to carry oil and certain other commodities to Rhodesia. It is not my purpose to raise the ques- tion of the wisdom of our policy toward Rhodesia, but I would express the hope that in view of what has taken place the British Government would reexamine its policy of "hands off" British-flag vessels trading with North Vietnam. CUBAN AND NORTH VIETNAMESE TRADE: A DOUBLE STANDARD? If the attitude of the British Govern- ment leaves something to be desired, so does, in my opinion, the attitude of our own Government. It has been the policy and continues to be the policy of the present administration to in effect ex- empt ships engaged in North Vietnamese trade from the penalties and restrictions imposed upon ships which engage in Cuban trade. Why should we be more considerate of Ho Chi Minh than Castro? My colleagues will no doubt recall the partially successful efforts made in the last session to prohibit funds under the foreign aid program from going to any country whose merchant ships trade with North Vietnam. What was sought was simply the addition of the words "or to North Vietnam" to the already existing prohibition concerning those who trade with Cuba. By the narrow margin of 174 to 164 the administration succeeded in weakening this prohibition with regard to North Vietnam with a proviso permitting the President, if he determines it in the national interest, to continue foreign aid to countries with flag vessels carrying North Vietnamese trade. Frankly, I cannot comprehend how it would be in our national interest to per- mit in any way free world trade with the Hanoi regime. To date I know of no communication from the President to the Congress indicating that such aid will be continued to any nation whose vessels continue. to trade with North Vietnam. But neither have. we received any indica- tion that. any foreign aid funds have been. cut off to any such country. According to the President's report to Congress on the foreign aid assistance Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -I IOUSE Februar'y 7, 1966 program for fiscal year 1.965, which, of course, includes the first 6 months of calendar 1965, the following countries which appear in the above list of ships arriving in North. Vietnamese ports dur- ing 1965 have received, for instance, military assistance alone in these amounts: '1'1w $1,305,000 Norway--------------- .----------- 35, 051, 000 t,reece ---------------------------- 63,061,000 ---------- 106, 000 1a,pan---------------------.-_--- 16,531,000 i,3,nama-------------------------- 20,000 The figures for fiscal year 1966, I am told, are classified. As I already men- w.ioned some of these governments have taken steps to withdraw their ships from such trade but there are still countries who apparently have not. The concern of Congress over this Lade has not been without its effect. , recent State Department statement revealed: in making diplomatic representations, the executive branch is mindful of the provi- chins of the recerrh amendments to foreign assistance legislation which call for the denial of economic: and military aid to coun- tries that do not take appropriate steps to remove their ships from the North Vietnam trade. We have notified all affected govern- ments of these legislative provisions, and hive continued to press them to obtain maximum cooperatioin from those very few gauntries still having ships in trade. The "no trade or no aid" provision en- acted last session clearly indicates the positive role congressional action has played in foreign relations. The State C )epartment's hand was obviously sub- stantially strengthened in dealing with these countries as a result of Congress determination last year. NORTH VIETNAM TRADERS IN U.S. PORTS Unfortunately there is another way in which the policy of the executive branch in effect discriminates in favor of trade in North Vietnam. On February 6, 1963, National Security Action Memorandum No. 220 was issued by the National Secu- rity Council, which prohibited any vessel winch has arrived in Cuba since January 1, 1963, from carrying U.S. Government- financed cargoes from the United States. According to Report No. 66 issued by the Maritime Administration, 244 free world and Polish-flag ships have made a total of 1,024 trips to Cuba from January 1, 1962, through December 13, 1965. None of these 244 ships are permitted to carry U.S. Government-financed cargoes out of U.S. ports. Close examination revealed that 17 free world vessels which have called at North Vietnamese ports in 1965 appear on this so-called Cuban blacklist ,tnd therefore are prohibited from carly- itlg U.S. Government-financed cargoes, not because of their trade with North Vietnam, but because they have also called at Cuban ports. At this point in the RECORD, Mr. Speaker, I ask unan- imous consent to include a chart giving the names of these 17 ships. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Michigan? There was no objection. The matter referred to is as follows: CHART C.--Free world ships prohibited porn carrying U.S. Government finenced carom's because of trade with Cuba which Bailed at North Vietnamese ports in 1965 Name of ship Flag ;'.Iron 1 1) it, imago arr, cod ^ldia,__..___.._--___' Alaltese__ - ---- 1,iii rifiea_ _ _.-l British ____ _._ .Aviafaith___ ________!____-do-__ Ito 1?ung----------. ~._ do.__-.. JolI)t5 - - - ----- __do_____ "kincy Dee__ _-_~-- - do -- . Nc.w:;lado__ ___d0____._._ 1 'hrvuirian Dawn _.410 __ -..- Banta (Jranoa----- '-..._._do_ ~;hicnf,ron- _ _ - 7,304 8,7s.-, 7. 808 7,121 S. G50 fig 547 7, US 7,151 8.708 7, 229 7,127 8.1011 Aio;,us II___ Lebanese.. I 'an)go'___. I_. do- 193 San pvridon do _- 7 260 Agrra l'herapon ._~ f reek 7.159 AIr, CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, these 17 ships could carry U.S. Govcrn- ment-financed cargoes except for the fact that they had been in, Cuba. There is in fact an example of a vessel which was in North Vietnam on January 25, 1963, which, under charter to the Gov- ernment of India, loaded at Port Arthur, Tex:., on July 21, 1965, a food-for-peace cargo of 10,210 long tons of wheat bound for India as authorized under title I, Public Law 480. This vessel, the Greek flag ship, Saronis, could not have been hired to carry such a cargo had it ever been in Cuba in the last 3 years. No one, of course, wants to impede the flow of food to a hungry people. This is not necessary, but what is necessary, as I view it, is that the policy of our Government should not be one of awarding public business to vessels which have carried goods for our enemy. J: feel very strongly that we should, moreover, prohibit ships which trade with North. Vietnam from not only carry- ing Government-financed cargoes but from doing any business at all in U.S. ports. I have joined in sponsoring legis- lation to that effect and I urge my col- leagues to consider doing the same. The reason for this is made plain by the fact that this same Greek vessel, Sarorais, was again in a U.S. port, Newport News, Va., on December 21, 1965, when it sailed with a cargo of coal bound for Brazil. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that a copy of my bill, H.R. 9946, be placed in the RECORD Immediately fol- lowing my remarks. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentle- man from Michigan? There was no objection. The matter referred to is as follows: F.I.R. 9946 A bill to amend the Merchant Marine Act, 3.920, to prohibit transportation of articles to or from the United States aboard cer- tain foreign vessels, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That sec- tion 27 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920 (46 U.S.C. 883), is amended by inserting "(a)" immediately after "Sec. 27." and by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections : "(b) No article shall be transported in commerce aboard vessels of any foreign ship- ping interest which allows vessels owned or controlled by such interests to be used, on or after the date of enactment of this sub- section, in trade with Communist-dominated North Vietnam. "(c) As used in subsection (b) of this section, the term `commerce' means com- merce between a point in any State or pos- session of the United States (including the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) and any point outside there- of or between points in the same State or possession of the United States (includ- ing the District of Columbia and the Com- monwealth of Puerto Rico) through any point outside thereof. "(d) As used in subsection (b) of this section, the term 'shipping interest' means any individual, company, or group of com- panies which has any ownership interest in any ship engaged in such trade. "(e) As used in. subsection (b) of this section, the term 'controlled' means con- trol of movements of a vessel by virtue of ownership interests; agency agreements; charter hire; or otherwise. "(f) Whoever willfully violates subsection (b) of this section shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. "(g) The President shall issue such regu- lations as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of subsection (b) of this section." Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, at this point I wish to insert a list of free world ships which have called at U.S. ports after having been in North Viet- nam during 1965. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentle- man from Michigan? There was no objection. The matter referred to is as follows: I I Name Flag Gross In North tonnage nao' Iict;_s ____------- Brock.-____-1 7,176 Suns 1.,1964 July lI, 1964 Oct. 9, 1964 Oct. _19,1964 Au;. 28 M;,,, 21 haw 7 Nov. 10 Noy. 12 M :iv 31 Fel 11 Jim ,, 29 June 13 Jar. 21 M; 27 Or' .h.iv 1 Fe!, 23 Sepi. 23 Ja 20 1).n . 28 Slur. 13 Jul'. 11 Oct. 16 1111y 11,1911'.5 31, 1965 7. 271 I Jan. 25,1965 Mar. 10, 19(17, New York, 7,555 long teas of bull: fool scrap for United Arab Republic. Jame 23, 1905, San Francisco-Oakland. Loa to(] 13,(10(1 long lone of petroleum coke for Japan. Aug. 19, 1905, Stockton, Calif. Loaded 11,000 long tons of safflower seed for Japan. July 20, 1965, fort Arthur, Tc.x. Loaded 10,210 b u g tons ol wheat for India (food for peace, title 1, I'u hlie Law 480). Dee. 21, 190., Newport News, Va. Loaded coal for Brazil. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February: 7, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Mr. Speaker, there appears to be at least two imme- diate courses of action open which can clearly set the record straight with regard to our Government's attitude with regard to free world ships in North Viet- nam. First, the executive branch pos- sesses the authority to establish a so- called black list with respect to North Vietnam as now exists with respect to Cuban trade. This, as I pointed out, would affect only Government-financed cargoes. It is worth noting that the require- ment was also established that in order for a ship to be removed from the so- called Cuban "black list," it is necessary for its owners to pledge that none of the other vessels it controls will engage in the future in Cuban trade. Secondly, Congress, I believe should broaden this prohibition to include all business in U.S. ports both public and private not only with respect to specific vessels which have been in North Vietnamese parts but with respect to the vessels of any ship- ping interest which allows any one of its ships to profit from trade with the Hanoi regime. These two courses of action may not be sufficient to completely put a stop to free world 'traffic in North Vietnam. Other steps may be necessary such as the mining or blockading of the harbors. Nevertheless these two courses of action would serve to make clear what in the past has been unclear; to give Ho Chi Minh unequivocal notice of our determi- nation not to support or tolerate in any fashion any form of free world assist- ance which contributes to his policy of aggression and subversion. In the face of the totally negative re- sponse to recent efforts to bring the con- flict to the conference table, we can only surmise that the Hanoi regime continues to believe that the United States will eventually grow weary under the condi- tions of a long, limited struggle; and that a Communist victory in South" Viet- nam is possible. It seems to me that by failing to elimi- nate all forms of aid and comfort from the free world to North Vietnam we have presented to Ho Chi Minh an obviously contradictory position which, I believe, can and has contributed to Hanoi's rapid escalation of the war in the expectation of total victory. Until our Government takes a clearer public stand with regard to such free world assistance, our efforts to convince the Hanoi regime of Ameri- can determination to resist the spread of communism cannot help but be damaged. Mr. HOSMER. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. Yes, I yield briefly to the gentleman from California. Mr. HOSMER. Mr. Speaker, on this classification question I just wonder why the North Vietnamese know what ships are going to Haiphong, I wonder why the Chinese know what ships are going to Haiphong, and I wonder why the Soviet Union knows what ships are going to Haiphong and why the American people should not know what ships are going into Haiphong. Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. I cannot an- swer the gentleman's question, but I ap- preciate him raising it again. I men- tioned earlier in my remarks that I saw no reason for this classification and that the administration is not telling the citi- zens of our country the whole truth. I believe it is well that this information should be made available. _ I appreciate the gentleman underscoring my point. Mr. CONTE. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. I am happy to yield to my distinguished colleague from Massachusetts. Mr. CONTE. Mr. Speaker, I would like to take this opportunity to congratu- late my colleague from Michigan for his concise and very objective presentation here today on a very serious matter. I have joined with him several years now in an effort to prevent foreign aid to our allies who are shipping goods and using their ships to bring goods to North Viet- nam. I cannot understand for the life of me how countries like the United Kingdom, which I understand from the gentleman's presentation here today is one of the biggest users of their ships to bring goods Into North Vietnam, can con- tinue doing this In view of the fact that we have been such great friends of the United Kingdom. We were the first country to come to their aid when they ran into difficulty with Rhodesia. We immediately broke off relationships with Rhodesia. We im- mediately stopped brings goods into Rhodesia because of the difficulties that the United Kingdom was having there. I cannot understand for the life of me why a country like Greece continues to bring goods into North Vietnam. If it was not for the Truman plan and our foreign aid, Greece would have fallen into Communist hands many years ago. We have been a great ally of the Greeks down through the years. We have helped them tremendously with bil- lions of dollars of foreign aid. 'Yet they persist in bringing goods into North Viet- nam, knowing that these goods will be used against our soldiers over there in the conflict at the present time. I think that the gentleman's crusade and the arguments that he has presented here on the floor, time and time again, have done much to stop many of these countries from continuing this practice. I am pleased to report to him the evi- dence, as it has been brought before my committee, indicates that the Greek Government is presenting a bill before its Parliament to pass a resolution to stop the ships from going to North Viet- nam. Mr. CHAMBERLAIN. I would like to thank the gentleman for his ? generous remarks, and I would also like to take this occasion to acknowledge the invalu- able assistance that he has been during this past year in helping to amend the foreign aid bill, to put some limitations on this problem, some teeth into it. This is something that is going to re- quire the combined effort of all of us here on both sides of the aisle, and my colleague from Massachusetts has been an invaluable: help. I look forward to his assistance in the future. Mr. CONTE. I thank" the gentleman very much. THE SERIOUS JOHNSON-McNAMARA MISCALCULATION CONCERNING NORTH VIETNAMESE AIR STRIKE TARGETS AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. MrN- Islr). Under a previous order of the House, the gentleman from California [Mr. HosMair], is recognized for 25 min- utes. Mr. HOSMER. Mr. Speaker, last Mon- day I mentioned to the House two signifi- cant failures in the management of the war. These were: First, the failure of our bombing of North Vietnamese tar- gets during the period from February through most of December 1965, to ac- complish either the objective of slowing down infiltration of North Vietnamese military units to the south, or the objec- tive of raising to Hanoi the price for its aggressions to an amount it is unwilling to pay for continuing them; and second, the failure of the 5 week and 2 day bomb- ing respite to lure Ho Chi Minh anywhere near a negotiating table. The responsibility for these failures cannot be placed on U.S. military com- manders. They are not running the war. It is being run by civilians in Washing- ton, principally President Johnson and Secretary McNamara and their semi- anonymous advisers, most of whom also are civilians untrained to run a war. Air action over North Vietnam now has resumed. It is the duty of these people frankly to admit that their past choice of ammunition-TNT bombs-and severe limitation on targets just did not pro- duce appreciable results. These Wash- ington war managers seriously miscalcu- lated. They should not perpetuate their mistake. It is likely only to bring re- newed frustration. Instead they should give intelligent thought to the discovery of what additional or alternate targets could be more meaningful to the North Vietnamese and apply some creative imagination to determine what ammuni- tion will best damage them. Last Mon- day I predicted that "both the targets and the ammunition may turn out to be quite unconventional." The prediction was based on the fact that North Vietnam is a backward, un- derdeveloped country with a primitive "rice and fish" economy. Unlike the Germany of World War II it cannot be bombed to submission by blowing to fragments a complex, highly integrated industrial economy. Those who place so much stress on "bombing Hanoi and Haiphong to win the war" largely fail to see this distinction. Similarly, North Vietnam's transportation is so primitive it is little wonder that despite United States bombing of roads and rails the infiltration rate of men and supplies from north to south has increased manyfold. Bomb damage easily had been sidestepped by a simple switch in North Vietnamese freightloading prac- tices-from wheels to the backs of men. My prediction of unconventional tar- gets and unconventional ammunition also was based on the fact that "the cul- tural level of North Vietnam is undoubt- edly one - of the lowest imaginable. Eighty percent of the population is il-. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE February 7, 19,'G O literate, ignorant to an incredible degree, and subject to the most extraordinary superstitions."--Statement in 1962 by tine leftist French historian Gerard Ton- gas who lived many years in Hanoi until 1960. Some rather interesting and pos- sibly very effective alternatives to our present kind of air strikes in the north open up if we recognize it as "a land where gods, devils, and animistic spirits of inanimate objects are subliminal neighbors during daylight and lurk al- most tangibly among the darker patches of night"-American Security Coun- cil Washington Report, August 31, t ii65. These alternatives-which ob- viously fall into the category of psycho- logical warfare----involve no killing, no maiming, no physical destruction. In terms of violence they will deescalate rather than escalate the war. But in terms of results they well may be decisive. Raising the price to Hanoi for contin- uing its aggressions to the prohibitive level by psywar tactics requires actions to create enough misery, anxiety, wretch- edness and distress in the minds of the North Vietnamese people to induce an intense general annoyance with the war. Even a Communist dictatorship cannot long pursue policies so unpopular they bring into being sweeping national dis- organization, disturbance, and discon- tent. Considering the cultural level of the population and its fearful awe of superstitious omens, the task of depop- ularizing Ho Chi Minh's policy of aggres- hon should be well within the capability of American ingenuity. The few examples of many possible actions along these lines which I am about to cite are for illustrative purposes and need not be taken as specific recom- mendations before they are determined to meet all the requirements of psycho- logical warfare operations. They are based on a study of North Vietnamese customs and superstitions made for me by the Library of Congress. Example: North Vietnam's Red River Delta is the nation's rice bowl. Flooding is controlled by damming upstream and subsequent release of water to rice pad- dies. Bombing the dams has been re- jected because a flood would drown thou- sands and many more would perish later by starvation from loss of the rice crop. As a nonexplosive alternative many tons of harmless soluble dye might be dropped upstream. A single B-52 is capable of delivering in excess of 27 tons of dye. Consider adding an ingredient which also is harmless but creates an obnox- iously offensive odor. The dye and the odor will be picked up by the growing rice. North Vietnamese eat rice every day .0. every meal. The need to eat this kind of unsightly, unappetizing but harmless and nutritious mess day after day after clay could become a dear price to pay for llanoi's transgressions. It also will de- prive the North of its principal export commodity helping to pay the cost of the war. During their campaigns in East Java in 1946 and 1947 the Dutch dropped harmless soluble dyes in rice paddies. It caused panic among the native people who believed it to be a manifestation. of divine wrath. Effort should be made to assure that a portion of the country's rice crop remains normal. This will gen- erate black market woes and instant hos- tility toward any government official who attempts to allocate palatable rice, or to collect it for export. Example: Along with their superstiti- ous nature the people of Vietnam, North and South, have a long, deep-rooted dis- like for the Chinese. These facts of their life should be exploited to the full- est, for instance: To an oriental there is nothing lower than a running dog. Cheap plastic i,oy models of Ho Chi Minh and Mao Tse- tung joined in the shape of running dogs could be airdropped in large quantity. in Vietnam the ace of spades is con- sidered as deadly an omen as it is in Sicily. Hundreds of thousands of plas- tic ace of spades playing cards could be dropped throughout the country. Pic- Lures of the two above-mentioned cal- prits might also be added. to the cards. Seeing a woman on first leaving one's dwelling in the morning is a certain sign in Vietnam the day will be one of mis- fortune, therefore rain plastic model, of women from the sky during the night: to be found as a morning greeting. On hearing an owl cry "thrice in he night" North Vietnamese flatly expect death in the immediate family. The rx- peri.ence generally results in the strong- est sense of dread. Cheap air drop devices which simulate three hoots of in owl should. be easy to design. Except for the owl device all bad-luck air drop items should be constructed to make a distinctive, audible sound as they fall through the air to add the distress of an advance harbinger that bad luck is on its way. The use of plastic for ti. se objectionable symbols rather than paper is cesirable because they are just that much harder to get rid of. Air dropr of good-luck symbols bearing identified on with the Republic of` South Vietnam should occasionally be made both for the obvious reason and because they might induce a Pavlovian reaction. It is to be recalled that the Russian psychologist, Pavlov, induced in dogs a state of total disorganization by alternating acts of ill- usage and kindness. Although airdrop items only have been used as illustrations here, radio and all other media, of cou:?se, play a role in the conduct of psychologi- cal. war. Cutting down the infiltration rate 4, ]so should be examined in terms of the .ex- amples just given. The routes w,ed, loosely described as the Ho Chi Minh Trail, have their beginnings in North Vietnam, traverse several areas of Laos and. Cambodia and have multiple en- trance points into South Vietnam. Much of the trail is screened by dense tropical forests making ground movement very difficult to detect. A high proportion of the bombs we drop along it blow up trees and bushes instead of Vietcong and their supplies. It is clear that the more super- stitious dread we can cause the enemy to associate with this communication line, the more difficult will be his progress along it. Example: On hillsides visible while marching southward defoliate the shape of the unlucky ace of spades. Example : Skywrite this and other omens of misfortune and death when Vietcong are estimated to be in loca- tions where they will see them. Example: Spike the Ho Chi Minh trail with various devices emitting sounds, odors, or other manifestations of doom, death, or displeasure on the part of the spirit world with the goings on. Sowing by air of chemically treated seeds which grow rapidly into bizarre and ominous plant forms should be investigated. In closing I have a few words for so- called defense intellectuals and assorted sophisticates who will deride and ridicule these suggestions. In war it is as dan- gerous to overestimate your enemy as it is to underestimate him. If we are go- ing to continue these air operations over North Vietnam which are costly in air- men's lives and aircraft, then we had better take another tack and start get- ting some effectiveness out of them more equivalent to their cost. This is not a conventional war; it is an unconven- tional war. Some, but not all, of the strategy and tactics of conventional war can be adapted to unconventional war. Primarily, an unconventional war re- quires unconventional strategy and tac- tics. Psychological warfare is as old as mankind: the assault on the mind is as ancient as the roared battle cry, as his- torically familiar as the rebel yell, and as modern as the sophisticated techniques of World War II. Its possibilities today are manifold for defeating war of libera- tion strategy and. guerrilla tactics. Lastly, I have a word for the wiseacres who think they are being cute by shoot- ing supposedly funny wisecracks from the hip whenever their pseudointellectualism is exposed to an idea they are incapable of understanding and comprehending. Let them recall that the Vietnam roll of dead and main:.ed Americans grows longer every day. Instead of trying to be funny, they should themselves be try- ing to figure out ways to speed the war's successful conclusion. And, in the un- likely event they :happen to come up with an idea, even if it is an unconventional one, they should have the guts to get up and suggest it. PROBE FEDERAL JUDICIARY The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under previous orders of the House, the gentle- man from Iowa [Mr. GROSS] is recog- nized for 15 minutes. Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, the efforts of the courts to oust Federal Judge Stephen Chandler, of Oklahoma, raises serious questions that should be the sub- ject of an immediate congressional in- vestigation. In the first place, this is clearly an invasion of the rights of the Congress, for it is only the Congress that has the constitutional authority to re- move a Federal judge by impeachment. If Judge Chandler is to be impeached, it should be done by the Congress, and only after a full investigation of all the facts surrounding the action by the cir- cuit court of appeals. I believe that this is particularly important in the light of Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Releas 20p0p /06/229 - CIAq-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 2288 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE February, 7 1966 nedy to testify under oath, refused to state that he had seen the assault with the knife, although standing within 3 feet of the scene. Mr. Kennedy states that he is convinced that this witness is guilty of outright perjury. The vic- tim of the assault was so mistreated and threatened by friends of Jones that he has now resigned from the Job Corps and has left the State of Idaho. Jones was recently brought before the Third District Court in Boise for sen- tencing, at which time Job Corps' offi- cials and his lawyer, Mr. Rowett, also appeared. The district judge, Hon. J. Ray Durtschi, withheld sentence on Jones and placed him on. probation for 2 years, with the condition that he serve 4 months in jail, and then return to the Job Corps. A further condition was that he receive psychiatric treatment. I am sure I reflect the consensus of the group in stating that the concept of the Job Corps and the philosophy which led to its establishment is laud- able in every respect. Such provides an opportunity for underprivileged youth to be trained for work and obtain neces- sary education. We think it is obvious that a group of young people in the 16- to 21-age bracket, most of whom are lacking in education and in the oppor- tunity to compete in our society, are per- haps the most highly impressionable group of persons who could be assem- bled. Many of them have already had minor brushes with the law. I cannot think of a greater tragedy than having such a group of young people exposed to what is obviously a vicious and men- tally disturbed person. To compound the problem, such a person was placed in a position of authority and responsi- bility over these same highly impres- sionable corpsmen. We feel from this incident can be drawn the obvious conclusion that the screening process of the Job Corps is at times, at least, a complete failure. We are informed that the officials at the lo- cal Job Corps camp are unable to, or have not determined how many, if any, of their corpsmen are on a present active status of parole or probation from other States. The State board of corrections is reasonably positive that such situa- tions exist and in conformance with the interstate compact, are desirous of being informed of the existence of parolees and probationers from other States who are presently residing within Idaho. We feel this is particularly necessary since we are informed that the Job Corps has no interest in the supervision of parolees or probationers. We also feel it pertinent to point out that the officials of the State of Idaho concerned with supervising probationers and parolees have had very fine coopera- tion with the armed services regarding such supervisory problems. It is also the consensus of the group that thet basic concept of the Job Corps, as announced to the public at large, was not to provide rehabilitation institutions for criminals. The public acceptance of the Job Corps locations was, we felt, based on the asserted purpose of the Job Corps as providing training and educa- tion for underprivileged young people who deserved an opportunity. From my own personal standpoint, and while I may not reflect the consensus of the group, I must state that I am highly shocked and indignant at the use of Fed- eral moneys to furnish legal counsel, bail, psychiatric evaluation and treatment, and so forth, to an accused, regardless of whether he be a Federal employee, State employee, or whatever. As you know, our system of criminal justice in the State of Idaho, for many years has required the appointment of legal counsel for indigent defendants and the reports of our supreme court are replete with opinions stating that the failure to fully and fairly advise an ac- cused of his right to legal counsel, and to furnish such counsel, constitutes the de- prival of constitutional rights. I se- riously question the existence of any statutory authorization for such expendi- ture of Federal funds. Such certainly has never been the case in regard to armed services personnel and I can see no difference between the furnishing of counsel to a Job Corpsman, Federal em- ployee, and the furnishing of legal coun- sel to a mailman, a U.S. attorney, an ele- vator operator in a post office building, or a U.S. Senator, any one of whom could be charged with murder or an attempted murder. We sincerely believe that these matters demand your attention and investiga- tion, if the Job Corps is to continue to have the public confidence and carry out the very laudable program for which it was designed. I should add that Mr. Kennedy, some time ago, wrote to the Director of the program, Mr. Sargent Shriver, relative to the problems discussed herein, and has not, as yet, received the courtesy of a reply. DIFFICULTIES WITH THE JOB CORPS PROGRAM (Mr. QUIE asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr.,QUIE. Mr. Speaker, the obvious result of this case is that enrollees at Mountain Home Job Corps camp believe the law of the jungle prevails and that even officials of the U.S. Government countenance assault with a deadly weapon. Job Corps officials should be called to account for this episode. Do they be- lieve they are teaching the young men at the Mountain Home camp constructive values by their actions in this case? What justification do they have for hir- ing an attorney with Federal taxpayers' money, especially when Idaho law re- quires that indigent defendants be fur- nished counsel by the State? Why do Job Corps officials want Jones back in the Job Corps under these circum- stances? Do they plan to put him back in a position of leadership and authority over his fellow job corpsmen? FAULTY PHILOSOPHY This, case, in capsule, demonstrates two damaging and dangerous things about the way the Job Corps program is now being administered. First, the screening of enrollees is so incredibly haphazard that officials don't even know when enrollees are on parole for commission of major felonies. Second, the philosophy of Job Corps officials is so ridiculously soft and con- fused that they will excuse almost any behavior by an enrollee, even when it jeopardizes the chance of other enrollees to succeed. The case of 'Paul Dennis Jones in Idaho is not an isolated one. It is typi- cal of official policy in the Job Corps. This kind of approach in handling tough young men who have committed serious crimes permeates the entire administra- tion of Job Corps camps. It can be fatal to the program unless it is reversed by direct and immediate action. GANG RULE Two dropouts from Camp Kilmer re- cently declared that they would not have enrolled in the Job Corps if they had known what it was like. One of them commented "Many youths sent to court for a minor crime were given a choice between the Job Corps and reform school." A common statement among enrollees is, "If I go back, the Judge will put me in jail." Another enrollee said, "The dormitories are ruled by gangs." Is it any wonder that Job Corps dor- mitories are often ruled by gangs when authorities deal so foolishly with felony crimes? Job Corps policy provides spe- cifically : No dismissals from Job Corps can be made by centers without getting prior approval from Job Corps headquarters * * *. Under no circumstances, explicit or implicit, should a resignation be asked for or the opportunity to resign offered. REALISM NEEDED The Job Corps concept is sound, but it cannot be administered successfully by administrators who coddle and encour- age lawbreakers and gang leaders. Un- less we start getting some realism into the Job Corps program, the American people will rise in indignation and prob- ably sweep out the good potential with the bad performance. That would be tragic for the many youngsters who can be helped by a good Job Corps program, as well as for our society as a whole. EFFECT ON ETNAM OMBAT TROOP MORAL MEDICS (Mr. HALL asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute, to revise and extend his remarks, and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, recently the Under Secretary of Defense commented extensively and favorably to me con- cerning the morale effect on combat troops, of the type of care rendered by the U.S. medics in South Vietnam. I as- sured the Under, Secretary that this had been true in all services and all wars and engagements since the days of Surg. Gen. Jonathan Letterman who estab- lished hospital trains, and a system of evacuation and medical care in its basic modern phases during the War Between the States. I pulled from my desk book references, "The History of the Medical Department, U.S. Army," volume 15, en- titled "Personnel in World War II, and referred to chapters on "morale" which under the old War Department.setup was considered a vital function of G-1-or Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 February 7, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE 2287 Lion opposed these proposals, we were able in 1963 to add such a provision to the Vocational Education Act. The proj- ects were never funded by the admin- istration. The 1964 Poverty Act launched us on a mass production of Job Corps camps without the benefit of experience. The present philosophy of Job Corps admin- istrators is endangering the entire Job Corps approach, which can and should help many youngsters help themselves. The following case history forcefully il- lustrates our point: MSSrORANDUM ON Mov'r AIN HOME, IDAnO On November 15, 1965, a vicious fight took place in a dormitory at the Mountain Home Job Corps camp. A corpsman was brutally beaten by Paul Dennis Jones, a fellow corps- man, for playing a radio in the dormitory. With his victim prone, Jones slashed his face and lands with a knife and then plunged the knife into his abdomen. lip to this point, the story seems like one of those unfortunate incidents that can hap- pen occasionally when you put rough, hard- core young men together in a camp. The full sequence of events, however, is appalling and incredible. They can be summarized in the following 10 points: 1. Jones, the assailant, was what is known in the trade as a three-time loser. He had three felony convictions against him, plus a parola violation, when admitted to the camp. 2. Job Corps officials violated the inter- state compact on parole and probations by failing to notify Idaho authorities that Jones was a parolee from California. Not only that, in response to a request from Idaho authori- ties, officials at the Mountain Home camp are unable to determine, or have refused to de- termine, how many of their corpsmen are presently on parole or probation from other Stastes. ii. Jones not only was it three-time felony loner, he was serving in a supervisory ca- pacity in the Mountain Home camp as a dormitory leader, wing; leader and squad leader. 4. The Job Corps paid for an attorney, bail, and psychiatric treatment for Jones. The Job Corps, by telegram from Wash- in tan, asked the court, to release Jones on probru.tion, without punishment, on the as- surar.ce he would be accepted back at camp. G. 9fter release from the hospital, the vic- t.icn was so mistreated and threatened by --Jones' friends at the Mountain Home camp that he was forced to resign from the Job Corp:,. Job Corps officials refused to sign a erirninal complaint against Jones and re- fusec. to cooperate with the local prosecut- ing attorney, Mr. Fred Kennedy. 11 The prosecuting attorney had to sub- pena other corpsmen in order to get them to testify and at least one of the eye witnesses to the assault, standing 3 feet from the ;:roue, said he saw nothing. The prosecuting attorney is convinced that this witness is guilty of outright perjury, but once again Job Corps officials refused to cooperate or tako action to assist the prosecution. 9. The U.S. attorney, Mr. Sylvan Jeppesen, f,7i+, prosecuting attorney. the warden of the fdah:) State Penitentiary, Mr. L. E. Clapp; the vice chairman of the Idaho Board of Cor- secti,sn, Mr. Marls Maxwell; an Idaho parole and probation officer, Mr. Al Roark; an official of the Idaho Employment Security Agency, NTr. Bill Lesh; and the Idaho attorney gen- eral, Mr. Allen Shepard were so incensed by the handling of this case by Job Corps of- ficials that they met jointly and determined to baing the matter to the attention of Mr. Shriller and other officials in Washingon. The prosecuting attorney wrote Mr. Shriver in December and, at least until recently, had not even received the courtesy of a routine reply. 10. On the pleading of the Job Corps of- ficials. the district judge withheld sentence on Jones and placed him on probation for 2 years with the conditon that he serve 4 months In jail and then return to the Job Corps. Mr. Speaker., this memorandum is written at the combined suggestions of certain persons who attended a meeting recently in the office of Mr. Sylvan Jep- pesen, ' U.S. attorney. In attendance were Mr.. Fred Kennedy, prosecuting at- torney for Elmore County, Mr. L. E. Clapp, warden of the Idaho State Pen- itentiary, Mr. Mark Maxwell, vice chair- man of the board of corrections, Mr. Al Roark, :parole and probation officer, Mr. Bill Lesh of the employment security agency, Mr. Allen G. Shepard, attorney general of the State of Idaho, and his two assistants. Mr. Jeppesen stated that he had been requested by Senator CHURCH to attend said meeting, which was called primarily at the instance of Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Clapp. The discussion involved a recent crim- inal incident at the Job Corps camp at Mountain Home, Idaho. It was the con- census of those present at the meeting that the entire congressional delegation should be informed both as to the cir- cumstances and the thinking of the group regarding corrective action which should be taken. On or about November 15, 1965, a vicious fight took place in one of the dormitories of the Job Corps camp at Mountain Home. Said assault allegedly took place as a result of Truley Tillman, a corpsman, playing a radio in a man- ner disturbing to the other occupants of the dormitory. The dormitory leader, one Paul Dennis Jones, brutally beat Truley'I'illman about the head and face. While sitting astride the prone body of Tillman, Jones produced a knife and slashed Tillman about the :face and hands, and then plunged the knife into the abdomen of Tillman inflicting a wound of approximately 2172 inches in depth. The matter was reported almost im- mediately to Mr. Kennedy as county prosecutor. Because of the question of Federal enclave, the Federal Bureau of Investigation had been called. An FBI investigator was dispatched to the scene that night, interrogated Jones and ob- tained from him a statement admiting participation in the assaalt. Mr. Ken- nedy was approached that night by of- ficials of the Job Corps, who attempted to convince Mr. Kennedy that there should be no criminal proceedings filed against Jones and he should be released to the Corps for administrative action. No person in the Job Corps camp, either corpsmen or official, would sign the criminal complaint against Jones for as- sault with a deadly weapon, and Mr. Kennedy was, therefore, required to sign the complaint himself. It was necessary to issue subpenas and require attendance of Job Corps witnesses in court. The Job Corps of- ficials, through their Washington, D.C., office, hired Mr. Robert Rowett, an at- torney at Mountain Home, to represent the accused at Federal expense. At the hearing held therein, Jones en- tered a plea of guilty to assault with a deadly weapon, and as is usual in such cases, the district judge deferred im- posing sentence pending presentence in- vestigation. At the hearing for sentencing, officials from the Job Corps camp were present. A telegram from the Job Corps head- quarters in Washington, D.C., was sub- mitted to the court, which requested that the judge place Jones on probation and affirmatively stated that if said Jones were placed on probation by the court lie would be accepted by the Job Corps and returned to the Job Corps camp. In the course of the presentence in- vestigation, it was determined that Jones is a three-time loser on felony charges, having been convicted and served sen- tences in California State correctional institutions. The criminal record of Jones can be summarized as follows: At the age of 16, he attempted to kill two persons by firing nine shots from a revolver. He was admitted to the Cali- fornia Fort Springs Boy's Camp. In 1962, he was convicted of auto theft and received a jail sentence and 3 years' pro- bation. Later in 1962, he was convicted of auto theft and sentenced to an addi- tional 2 years' probation. In 1963, he was adjudged a parole violator, con- victed of another auto theft and sen- tenced to the Soledad Correctional Insti- tution. In 1964, he was paroled and on September 8, 1965, was arrested for driv- ing with a revoked or suspended driver's license, and served a total of 25 days in jail. At the time of his induction into the Job Corps, he was, and still remains, a parolee of the California correctional system. Idaho, as are all States, is a member of the interstate compact on parole and probations. Under the terms of said compact, each State agrees that it will not permit one of its parolees or probationers to move to another State's jurisdiction without, in advance, informing the receiving State of such desire and making arrangements for the supervision of such parolee or proba- tioner by the receiving State during the balance of parolee or probationer's time. No such notification was received by the State of Idaho, or its, board of correc- tions from either the State of California or the Job Corps. We were informed that said Jones, while at the Job Corps camp, was made a supervisor of other corpsmen in three capacities; dormitory leader, wing leader, and squad leader which would indicate he had rather close supervision of other corpsmen. Mr. Kennedy has further stated that lie has received practically no coopera- tion from fellow Job Corpsmen witnesses in investigating or processing the defend- ant for what is obviously a serious crime in the felony category. This, in spite of the fact that the defendant was a three-time convicted felon and but for extremely fortunate circumstances, his latest victim would have died. One of the eyewitnesses to the assault, another corpsman, called by Mr. Keni- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 A ed' For Rel ~~pp~~~~//~~112~9g CIq Rp P67B00446ROD0400020007-9 February 7, ~? ~GRE55IONAL RECORD -HOUSE the Chief of Personnel-but is now for- gotten in a computer age. Admittedly, I slipped in a remark about lack of such coordination, referral to, or acceptance of advice of the Chiefs of Technical Serv- ices, whether :it was in matters of supply taken over by the computers of DSA- Defense Supply Agency-or class 2 con- trol-command and professional assign- ment of people by the Surgeons General in all services, at all levels-except the theaters of operation. There was a time when medical care in South Vietnam by so-called t7SCOM units was primarily "among civilians di- rected by the White House and State Department, and lowered quality medical care to the level of the Far Eastern trained-and French trained-physicians working and operating in barrios and under nonmodern conditions; rather than elevating and trailing their type care to our standards of know-how, equipment, and technique. Toward this end, as early as January 1964, hearing records will indicate that I recommended to the Secretary of Defense that our mil- itary installations be beefed up and used for both direct care for our service cas- ualties as well as training and demon- stration units for the civilian for the physicians and their aids of South. Viet- nam. From the attached article, para- phrasing the Theater Surgeon Col. Spur- geon Neel, Medical Corps, U.S. Army, I am pleased to report that this has been done. I know many military units have been commended for lack of loss of life, including one in support of units north- west of Saigon which was commended for handling 128 battle casualties in one 24-hour battle without a single loss of life. In the field of evacuation we have recently recommended forward place- ment of the trained and ready tactical aeromedical evacuation squadrons in order to better maintain the highly de- veloped, but ofttimes improvised rapid evacuation. Physicians have always served with professional know-how and quickly ac- quired military acumen, where needed around the world in times of stress. Be- cause their know-how on completion of training is geometrically progressive and greater than their forebearers in recent wars, I predict that the death rate from battle casualities-as well as sick and nonbattle injuries-will continue to im- prove. It is now less than 1 percent in South Vietnam. No wonder there is high morale among those fortunate enough to be evacuated. This article, dateline Saigon, South Vietnam, is self-explanatory, and I com- mend it to all, not only as interesting reading concerning the entire medical departments, but as an accurate esti- mate of the situation which will improve the morale of the retirees concerning their own, as well as the Nation's youth, who are in this hapless situation: CHIEF SURGEON A HAPPY MAN-SUPPLY OF U.S. MEDICS IN VIET Is TERMED "IN EXCEL- LENT SHAPE" SAIGON, SOUTH VIETNAM.-CO1. Spurgeon Neel is a happy man. He has the tools to do his job-save the lives of wounded United States and Vietnamese soldiers in Vietnam. Neel, chief surgeon for the Military Assist- anceCornmand, Vietnam (MACV), feels that he has a more than adequate supply of neces- sities needed for healing-well trained, dedi- cated doctors and nurses and excellent medi- cal supplies. He is free, too, of the usual military red tape. His only boss here is Gen. William C. Westmoreland, U.S. Military Commander in Vietnam. An ebullient, loquacious man, Neel has first call on anything in the U.S. Army Medi- cal Corps. The supply of doctors to treat wounded Americans is good, he says: "We are in excel- lent shape both qualitatively and quantita- tively." Military spokesmen estimate there are well over 300 Army doctors and more than 200 Army nurses in South Vietnam. The Air Force and Navy likely have 150 additional doctors and about 100 nurses. In Vietnam Neel has two mobile Army sur- gical hospitals, three field hospitals and two evacuation hospitals. The Navy has Its 3d Medical Battalion with C Company at Da Nang, the "Charley Med" that has taken care of so many wounded marines. In addition, the Korean division has an evacuation hospital of 400 beds, 26 doctors, and 33 nurses. Working with the medical people in Viet- nam, but not under MACV control are six military hospitals in Japan, one on Okinawa and one at Clark Air Force Base Hospital in the Philippines. Neel says he sometimes has an unusual problem: overreaction to his requests by au- thorities in the United States. Sometime ago he asked for a flight surgeon, and they sent out a man who had been in- strumental in flight-surgeon training at Fort Rucker, Ala. I was glad to have him, and he was en- thusiastic about coming," Neel said, "but actually it would have been better if he had kept on training other flight surgeons at home." Neel does have other problems, of course, mainly concerned with logistics. Although he has first priority in the Army Medical Corps, there is still the problem of getting supplies to' their destinations at the proper time. The death rate for soldiers arriving at forward hospitals in World War I was 81/2 percent. By World War II this had dropped to 41/2 percent, and only 21/2 percent of the soldiers reaching forward hospitals in Korea died. In Vietnam the ratio has been 1 percent or a trifle less. Neel is proud of the low rate, but he real- izes it could easily change if the Vietcong start throwing large masses of troops Into battle or bring in heavy artillery or air at- tacks. "Actually, we haven't been strained too much yet," Neel says. "Our buildup has been gradual enough that we could pretty well project our medical needs and keep up with them. It hasn't been like Korea, where we found ourselves smack in the middle of a war one Sunday." Besides the first-rate personnel available to him, Neel believes two factors have been im- portant in the reduced death rate: improved anesthetics and techniques and the ability to provide whole blood to surgeons near the fighting. Amputations have been greatly reduced by improvements in vascular surgery and the fact that more surgeons can now perform such operations involving the blood vessels. "In Korea at one time we had only one man in one hospital who was an expert at this," he says. "Now vascular surgery is per- formed at every military hospital. We also have plastic tubing .now that we can use as 'spare parts' in replacing damaged arteries and veins." - Swift movement of wounded men from the battlefield improves the chance of survival. 2289 In Korea only 10 percent of the wounded men were taken out by helicopter. Here it's 90 percent. The titles "field" and "evacuation" hospital mean little In Vietnam. The 85th Evacua- tion at Qui Nhon on the central coast, for example, handled many of the first- cavalry- men wounded in the Ia Drang fighting, and by no means all of them were evacuated. And the 85th currently is treating about 300 serious malaria cases, most of whom will be returned to duty from the hospital. Two of the six U.S. military hospitals in Japan handle most of the Vietnamese casual- ties that arrive in that country. They are Johnson Hospital and Camp Drake, both run by the Army and both recently renovated. About 1,000 evacuees are in the facilities in Japan, but only 15 percent are men wounded in battle. The others- are sick or were injured outside combat. Only the less serious cases among evacuees are taken to Japan. They are men who are 'expected to be returned to duty. Serious cases or those, for example, requiring plastic surgery, are flown on to the United States. U.S. medical authorities in Japan say their supplies and personnel are adequate. The U.S. Army hospital on Okinawa has been expanded from 350 to. 500 beds. The hospital has a sufficient staff, its administra- tors say. One of the key out-country hospitals han- dling wounded is Clark Air Base Hospital near Manila. At Clark some casualties remain, but others, usually critical cases that can be moved, are quickly transferred to other mili- tary hospitals in the Pacific area, including Honolulu and Formosa. Some are sent di- rectly to the United States. There are no serious shortages at Clark, but- during such major battles as Ian Drang the hospital was jammed, and doctors and nurses sometimes worked for 48 hours with- out sleep. The most serious problem confronting Army doctors is. wounded who require brain surgery. There are not many brain surgeons in the Army. Some U.S. doctors are attached to South Vietnamese units, and many American physi- cians serve as advisers to the Vietnamese. U.S. medical personnel also hold clinics in every village the Army passes through, pass- ing out medical supplies and treating every- thing from a scratch- to surgery. Individ- ual treatments, a spokesman says, average 20,000 to 30,000. a week. TARIFF CUT OF 50 PERCENT UNJUSTIFIED - (Mr. GROSS asked and was given per- mission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, I have had strong misgivings about the Trade Expansion Actof 1962 and the 50-per- cent tariff reductions proposed under it. The tariff cuts would be across the board and very few items would be spared from the 50-percent cut. The act itself in no sense called for such a drastic operation. This was superimposed on it later by the Presi- dent's Special Representative for Trade Negotiations. The act itself contemplated something very different. The legislation called for very extensive and detailed hearings by both the U.S. Tariff Commission and the Committee for Trade Information. It called for the gathering of --detailed information on the many tariff items, which- is to say, the many products which would be subject to- duty reduc- tions. The act spelled out the type of Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400020007-9 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE February 7, 1 OP J levels, but the American taxpayer has made up the difference between our costs and foreign prices. Therefore the evidence does not support any notion of our competitive superiority. If the proper corrections are made in our statistics we will find that our vaunted export surplus vanishes so far as it could be taken as evidence of our com- petitive standing in world markets. This being the case it is not possible to justify any serious tariff :reductions at the present time, much less one of 50 percent. Since our machinery exports indicate a competitive advantage perhaps talat item could withstand a duty reduction; but we should not jeopardize scores of other important products on the ground that our exports of machinery are boom- ing. Mr. Speaker, I am introducing a joint resolution designed to correct the stai,is- tica.l practices complained of so that we may feel confident that the official statistics on which policy is based is sound rather than deceptive. pertinent information that was to be ieveloped in the public hearings. The hearings were indeed held-3 years ago, or from December 1962 through March 1963. Some 800 wit- nesses testified or sent in statements, including many Members of this House and the other body. The purpose was to gather full information for measur- ing the probable effect of tariff reduc- tions on different products. If a general tariff reduction across the board had been contemplated it would have been unthinkable for Congress to require such hearings or for the hear- ings actually to be held as they were field. It is obvious that the Congress had no intention of calling for a 50- percent cut across the board. Yet that, with minor exceptions, is precisely what was agreed to with the GATT represent- ttives in a meeting held in May 1963, or nearly 3 years ago. The agreement with GATT placed the Congress in a ludicrous light and made of the public hearings held by the Tariff Commission and the Trade Information Committee an unaccountable exercise in the waste of time and money. It was worse. it broke faith with accepted procedure and upset the trust placed in legislative enactments. Mr. Speaker, these highhanded pro- cedures and the flouting of the statute have been enough to condemn the whole American participation in the Geneva negotiations. Congress should call for a correction, and insist that the unques- tionable intent of the law as reflected by the provisions I have mentioned be honored rather than brushed aside as to much chaff. If the Congress per- mits its laws to be thus interpreted at will by administrators there would be no need of legislating. 't'his is not all. On the economic side a deep flaw in our trade statistics that has been pro- ducing deceptive effects about this country's competitive position in foreign trade, is coming to light. The public has been led to believe that our position is so strong that we have succeeded in ringing up export surpluses of $5 to $7 billion per year in recent years. This optimistic impression has been chal- lenged in recent times. I myself chal- lenged it in a statement on this floor last fall; and I am convinced that the United titates is not in good shape in foreign markets. as measured by truly competi- tive exports. The one itern of manufactured goods in which our exports have prospered has been machinery and industrial equip- ment: and this is accounted for by the large outflow of capital from this coun- try into production facilities in foreign countries, where labor costs are dis- tinctly lower than here. In manufac- tured items other than machinery our share of world markets has been shrink- ing. We have also increased our exports of farm products, but the increase is ac- counted for wholly, not by our competi- tive advantage, but by governmental assistance. Shipments under foreign aid, the food for peace program, et cetera, have lifted our farm exports to record CONGRESS SHOULD BE GENEROUS IN RECOGNIZING ITS OBLIGATION TO SERVICE PERSONNEL (Mr. MIZE asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his remarks. I Mr. MIZE. Mr. Speaker, in view of our consideration of legislation to pro- vide education, training, and other rcad- justment benefits to the men and women of our Armed Forces, I think it is ap- propriate to call attention to a st:Lte- ment which I have filed with the House Veterans' Affairs Committee in behalf of the bill I have introduced, H.R. 12168, the Veterans' Educational Assistance Act of 1966. The statement follows: STATEMENT OF CONGRESSMAN CHESTER '111ZE TO VETERANS' AFFAIRS COMMITTEE IN }1E- HALF OF H.R. 12168, THE VI':rERANS' i"DU- CATIONAL, AssLiTANca ACT OF 1966, FEes IARY 7, 1966 Mr. Chairman and members of the Vet- erans' Affairs Committee, the United Si,ates has always been generous with its veterans. The Congress and the people have always recognized that compulsory military serv- ice demands sacrifices on the part of those called upon to serve their country in times of peace as well as in times of war. Young men and women must leave their job::., in- terrupt their educations, and disrupt their family lives in order to All positions e.ven- tial to the national security. In the past we have helped compensate for these sacrifices through federally spon- sored programs, After World War IT, it. was the GI bill of rights; after the Korean con- flict it was the Korean bill of rights. 't'hese were programs to help the veteran continue his education, retrain for his job, geer his family into a home, or start a new business. They have cost billions of. dollars, but we have accepted these costs as part of the price we have to pay to keep the Nation se- cure against the efforts of those who would destroy us or enslave us. It is interesting to note, however, that the billions we spent in these programs have-returned additional billions to the economy from the getter salaries of the better trained and the better educated veterans. Since the expiration of the Korean GI bill in January 1955, our country has still had compulsory military training because there has never been a time when we didn't need the services of GI's to carry out defense do- ties around the globe. We've referred to these periods of service as cold war duties even though they have had the habit of heating up now and then in Berlin, Lebanon, Quemoy and Matsu, Cuba, southeast Asia, and the Dominican Republic. Legislation has been introduced as a cold war bill of rights and has passed the Senate. This legislation has strong support among Members of the House of Representatives, as witness the number of bills which have come before this committee. It is generally ac- cepted, although somewhat reluctantly by the administration, that the Nation provide readjustment benefits for our service men and women as long as we find it necessary to call them into the service of their country. We differ as to the degree of this assistance, however. In the introduction of my bill, I have joined with my colleagues who feel that we should include all veterans who have bad at least 6 months of military service from February 1, :1955, to the termination of their compulsory service. Those who become eli- gible on the basis of their service would earn education or training time at the rate of it l