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March 29, 1966
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A1772 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX March 30, 1966 surely cost the American consumer added dollars in the purchase of shoes. STATEMENT OF FRANCIS H. GLEASON ON BEHALF OF THE SHOE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY BE- FORE THE HOUSE AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON LIVESTOCK, MARCH 21, 1966 My name is Francis H. Gleason. I am pres- ident of the J. F. McElwain Co., Nashua, N.H., and the Blue Ridge Shoe Co., Wilkesboro, N.C.-manufacturing divisions of the Mel- ville Shoe Corp., New York, N.Y., which oper- ate 1,275 retail outlets as Thom McAn, Miles & Meldisco. I am appearing on behalf of the National Affairs Committee of the National Footwear Manufacturers Association, Inc., and the New England Shoe & Leather Asso- ciation. This committee represents over 80 percent of the leather and leather type foot- wear manufactured in the United States. We have asked to appear before this subcommit- tee in support of regulation No. 929 dated March 7, 1966, issued by the Department of Commerce to control the export of cattle hides, calf and kipskins, and bovine leathers. STRUCTURE OF THE SHOE INDUSTRY The leather shoe industry is made up of over 800 companies operating 1,300 factories in 38 States. These factories are located for the most part in small towns and are the primary source of employment in many of these towns. The bulk of footwear is pro- duced in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New York, Maine, New Hampshire, Missouri, Ten- nessee, Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio, and New Jersey. The industry employs over 200,000 workers, and turns out products valued at over $21/2 billion annually at wholesale. In 1965 it produced 630 million pairs of leather and leather-type footwear. There is little concentration in the industry. The largest company does around 7 percent of the total volume, and the first four largest, around 23 percent. Over 800 companies produce the remaining 77 percent of the leather foot- wear. Only about a dozen companies are pub- licly owned. The typical company is rela- tively small, is family owned, and of moderate size. The typical factory employs 200 workers. Entry in and exit from the shoe manu- facturing industry is relatively easy. All machinery may be rented, as well as build- ings. As a result, 20 or more companies may start footwear manufacturing each year while 20 or more suffer financial failure. BACKGROUND AND REASONS FOR HIDE PROBLEM In the middle of last year, we became se- riously concerned at the rate of hide expor- tation in the light of what appeared to be a long struggle in Vietnam and booming domestic economy. Everything pointed to a shortage of hides and skins in the year ahead. Exports were running at an annual rate of 131/2 million or 2 million greater than the record high of 1964. This increase was substantially greater than the gain ex- pected in domestic hide supplies in 1965. Reflecting this, hide prices in the middle of last year were up as much as 40 to 50 per- cent over 1964. The reasons for the tremendous increase in exports in U.S. hides are well known and may be summarized very briefly, here. Ar- gentina is the second largest supplier of hides to world buyers. The United States and Argentina together now supply approxi- mately 20 million hides to a dozen or more countries short of this material. In 1962-63, Argentina suffered a severe drought which forced heavy cattle slaughter and higher hide exports in those years. This reduced cattle herds and drastically curtailed Argentine hide exports in 1964 and 1965. In the years 1957 and 1958, for example, Argentine exports averaged 10.6 million hides per year; in 1965, her hide exports fell to 6.8 million. This threw the bulk of world demand on the American market. Hides constitute only 5 to 7 percent of the value of the animal. In- creases in hide supply depend on demand for beef. It takes 2 years to mature cattle. The supply of hides is increasing from Argentina but is not expected to return to normal for at least 2 years. Argentina maintains export controls on hides continuously as a means of regulating exchange and providing local tan- ners and manufacturers with adequate sup- plies of hides and leather. DRAIN ON HIDE SUPPLY The question might well be asked how can foreign buyers continue to pay higher and higher prices for our hides. Countries be- hind the Iron Curtain want American dol- lars badly. Work shoes made in Czechoslo- vakia, for example, sell in the United States at less than the cost of materials here. These foreign-made shoes cannot be bought by people in the country of manufacture, but their sale here produces needed dollars for the Iron Curtain bloc. In other words we supply hides to Communist-bloc countries which return them in the form of low-cost footwear. The United States, a major industrial Na- tion, is an exporter of the raw materials for manufacturing shoes abroad which are then imported here. Total footwear imports ac- counted for 16 percent of our output in 1965, as against 1.2 percent in 1955. If exports were to continue at the 1965 rate of 13 million net and with a domestic de- mand of 24 to 25 million hides, total demand would be 37 to 38 million hides against pros- pective supply of around 34 million. This would leave a shortage of 3 to 4 million. The rate of purchase for exports, as we have pointed out, is running for the first 2 months of this year well above the 1965 rate. These were the facts which caused us to again re- quest a mild temporary limitation of hide exports. RESPONSIBLE EXPORTS SHOULD BE MAINTAINED We recognize that we must always export hides. We did not believe that a request for a modest 13-percefit reduction in the all- time high export figure would cause concern or be harmful to anyone. In fact, many peo- ple in our industry regarded our request as too mild. We did not want to upset any market. Our sole concern was to prevent a situation where with military demands for Vietnam growing and the domestic economy booming we would find ourselves so short of hides that we could not properly take care of military and domestic needs without serious restrictions. COST OF HIDES Leather is the largest element in the cost of manufacture of our product. Though the percent of cost attributable to leather varies by type and grade of shoe, broadly speaking the range is in the area of 33 to 50 percent of the cost of production. Changes in prices in raw hides and skins are almost immedi- ately reflected in the price of leather as tan- ners sell largely on a replacement basis. The rapidly rising price of hides in the summer of 1965 alone increased the cost of medium-priced men's dress shoes by 20 to 30 cents per pair as compared to a Pew months earlier. When hide and skin prices rose again in November and increased at an accelerating rate it was impossible to keep up with the increasing cost of a whole line of shoes on a replacement basis. On February 15, upper leather for medium-priced men % dress shoes was up 10 to 20 cents per pair over the level of October; leather lin- ings were up 5 cents per pair; and leather outersoles were up 10 cents per pair. Two weeks later the increases had become 20 to 40 cents on the upper, 8 cents on the lin- ing, and 13 cents per pair on the outersole, with no sign of any cessation of this escala- tion. This second round of hide and leather increases resulted in additional increased cost at the shoe manufacturing level of 36 to 80 cents per pair on medium-priced men's dress shoes, depending upon the par- ticular style and specifications. CONCLUSION The action of the hide and skin market in the last 2 weeks in our opinion is clear proof that the present plan is working. We believe when the dust has settled all parties will agree that this licensing pro- vides a flexible tool for insuring military and domestic supplies in a situation where fur- ther demand cannot possibly be foreseen but in view of present conditions can only in- crease. Licensing can be modified quickly to take into account unexpected changes in supply and demand and eliminated when pressure subsides. We support the program of the Department of Commerce- 1. To assure an adequate supply of hides for the military and civilian manufacture of shoes; 2. To reduce chaotic inflationary pressures; and 3. To save money for the Government and esolution Expressing Disapproval of Demonstrations Protesting U.S. Policy in Vietnam EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. HUGH SCOTT OF PENNSYLVANIA IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 - Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, at the request of District 10 of the; Polish Army Veterans Association of America I ask unanimous consent that there be printed in the Appendix of the RECORD the text of a resolution adopted at the associa- tion's district 10 convention held last autumn in Trenton, N.J. There being no objection, the resolu- tion was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: RESOLUTION OF THE POLISH ARMY VETERANS ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA We the delegates of District 10 of the Polish Army Veterans Association of America, and the ladies auxiliary, being, citizens of these United States, and of Polish origin, and participating in this convention we state: - That recent lawless demonstrations on the free soil of the United States by known and unknown groups against our policy in Viet- nam, which policy is to defend and protect the freedom and independence of the Viet- namese people against the aggressions of international communism, are an affront to the brave servicemen who have given their lives in defense of such freedom and inde- pendence, and therefore deserve and have our greatest contempt. We further state that the policy of the President of the United States has our firm and unyielding support, and that we stand ready to offer our services in life and blood in these rightful and just efforts in behalf of the freedom of the entire world. And further we also declare without equiv- ocation, that the time has come to stop the sneaky and backdoor expansion of interna- tional communism, without regard to ideo- logical differences, and which expansion we believe to be on a collision course with the ideals of freedom and democracy the world over. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- APPENDIX flub even where the desire to limit family ;ire presumably exists, and birth control in- formation and devices have been made avail- i.ble, results often have been discouraging. There is usually too little understanding of the reproductive process, and living condi- Lions are too primitive, for consistent and sifective adoption of the prescribed measures. Nevert;ileless, many persons are convinced 1!:hat birth control programs-including in- tensive research into possible new and ;iinpler methods that do not require repeti- tive procedures-offer the only real hope of venting a. world population catastrophe. Ilie attitude of the U.S. Government, in fact, as undergone a change on this question. Former President Dwight D. Eisenhower said recently: "'(.'here is no real progress or security to a Nation which, with outside help, raises its ,rroductive capacity by 2 percent a year while ,he population rises 3 percent. When I was President, I opposed the use of Federal funds ;a provide birth control information to coun- tdes we were aiding. * * I still believe we ;houid. not make birth control programs It ,onctition of our foreign aid but we should !.,11 receiving nations how population growth l.ircatens them and what can be done about A similar view apparently led President JR,hnson to ask the United Nations last sum- r:ier to "act on the feet that less than $5 in- vcstcd in population control is worth $100 nvested in economic growth," and to call in I,is last two state of the Union messages for xooperation with nations seeking to check opulation growth. Ti it special message last week, the Presi- a,,ut asked Congress to authorize a food-for- fre(dom program and to finance it with a h:1.8 billion appropriation in each of the next 3 fiscal years. Under the program, food 1 id to needy nations would be stepped up and farm production increased to wage "a worldwide war on hunger." Theoretically there are enough known and 'sploitable food resources or, earth today to -)rovide adequate diets for the $7 billion or so )ersons forecast for the year 2000. Improved agricultural techniques, intensive use of -;utilizers, and the introduction of machinery ;n. areas where agricultural practices are still rimitive could greatly increase the yield of acreage already under cultivation. While the mount of potentially arable land has been constantly diminishing, there are still ;t.retches of jungle, forest and even desert iiroughout the world that could be brought ruder cultivation. 1000 SUPPLY PROSPECTS YIoreover, there are untapped food re- ;nnurces in the sea. Recently for example, S. Government scientists disclosed that icy had developed a palatable and nutritious "fish flour" from parts and species of fish :ieretofore regarded as inedible. Studies in- +ticate that if only the unharvested fish in coastal waters were transformed into lour it would provide the normal protein requirements for I billion nersons for 300 clays at a base production cost of half a cent it person it day. ilrit potential is one thing, realization s .other. Effective exploitation of the world's food resources to meet the needs in 1:lcc years ahead will require huge invest- inents of capital. Capital is produced only by economies in which savings and surplus ire possible. In much of the world. as we live seen, population growth is undermin- in? economic progress to the point where little or no disposable capital is available. The conclusion is plain. There will have to be large infusions of capital in the under- developeci areas from the developed nations. 'Whether in the form of private investment, government funds, or a combination of both, the infusion will be essential to prime the pump-in this case a "pump" on which millions of lives literally depend. The challenge Is not simply a hum:uii. tarian one. Long before the current im- balance between population. growth and food supply reaches the point of mass starvation., social upheaval and cataclysm on a scale hitherto unimagined are inevitable. The population. explosion packs far more poten- tially destructive power than anything the nuclear physicists are ever likely to devise. The reward for meeting the test may be new vistas for mankind. in the words of the late Adlai E. Stevenson: "Perhaps the necessity of confronting the population dilemma will finally usher in the brotherhood of man." National Future Homemakers of America Week EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. RALPH YARBOROUGH OF TEXAS TN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, it is with pleasure that I join with over 1300,000 members of the Future Holne- rnakers of America in celebrating Na- tional FHA Week, March 27 through April 2. Clearly, this is an age of youth, and it is comforting to know that the Future Homemakers of America is leading young women in wholesome, constructive ptlI'- suits which allows them the opportunity of seriously preparing themselves for re- sponsible adult citizenship. Mr. President, I ask unanimous Con- vent to have printed in the Appendix of the RECORD a fact sheet concerning Na- tional Future Homemakers of Amel-2ca Week. There being no objection, the fact sheet was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: FUTURE HOMEMAKERS OF AMERICA National FHA Week, March 27 through April 2, will be observed by more than 600,?- 000 high school youth across the Nation who are members of the Future Homemak- crs of America. In this age of constant change and chal.. lenge, in this era of too much disregard for tradition and precedent, in this environ- ment of population explosion and increased pressures, the need for new patterns in home life is widely accepted. The Future Homemakers of America in 11,000 chapters in secondary schools sent. tered around the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and in American Array post schools, are serious ininded. commu- nity spirited, fun loving youngsters who ore concerned about the responsiblities of the future and are conscientiously doing some- thing about it. These are the future moth- ers, wives, teachers, jobholders, voters' and opinion molders of this great Land of oars. The success stories of former future homemakers who are now adult community leaders of this country attest to the strong impact the FHA experiences have had on the development of their own families, their effectiveness as homemakers, and their re-, sponsibility as good citizens. This national youth organization of home economics students in junior and senior high schools provides opportunities for cie- veloping individual and group initiative in. planning and carrying out activities related A.17 71. ing. As part of a large national organiza- tion of teenagers concerned with good home and family life each girl grows through new experiences, new views, and new friends. National FHA Week this year will fl id the 11,000 local chapters spotlighting acti?,d- ties and projects concerned with a 4-year national program of work. This program of work which guides them is an ambitious one. Its objectives are to help each member recognize her abilities, strive for their f _ill development, and participate actively in family, community, and world improvement projects. To further these objectives the elected youth officers of FIIA developed nine projects which stress individual development; em- phasize mental and physical health; en- courage serious consideration in choosing and training for useful careers; develop codes of ethics, morals, and manners; furt:oier un- derstanding of people of all heritages, cus- toms and beliefs; promote appreciation of all family members and their abilities aid problems; teach selective spending; inculcate citizenship responsibilities; and encourage using leisure time for activities beneflcal to the individual and society. The Future Homemakers of America was founded in 1945 as an incorporated, non- profit organization, supported by member- ship dues. It was the outgrowth of various State and local clubs of high school home economics students which were known by different names and had no unified program. By the end of that first year the national organization had a membership of just under 100,000 in some 2,500 chapters. By the end of the second year, membership had almost doubled, and now as the Future Homemakers of America begin their 21st year they count well over 600,000 members in more thin 11,000 chapters. Twelve national you officers, elected yearly by the FHA members, direct the nation 411 program of wrok and plan and preside over the annual national meetings. Horne eco- nomics teachers in the high schools serve as local chapter advisers. Members of the State supervisory staff for home economics educa- tiofi serve as State FHA advisers. The Future Homemakers of America Is sponsored by the U.S. Office of Education and the American Home Economics Associa- tion. National headquarters are located in the Office of Education. Statement of Mr. Francis H. Gleason on Behalf of the Shoe Manufacturing In- dustry EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JAMES A. BURKE OF MASSACHUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. BURKE. Mr. Speaker, I would like to insert into the Appendix of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD an excellent statement in part of Mr. Francis H. Gleason, president, J. F. McElwain Co., Nashua, N.H., before the House Agricul- ture Subcommittee concerning the acute shortage of hides in this country. I think it is clear to anyone reading this testi- mony that the Department of Commerce took appropriate action in limiting ex- ports of hides to assure an adequate sup- ply of such a scarce commodity for the domestic shoe manufacturing industry and to stabilize an inflationary situation. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX And since the demonstrations are, with- out a doubt, inspired and controlled by In- ternational communism, it is important therefore, that we take decisive action not only against the demonstrators, who may possibly be sincere but misguided, but also against the demagogs who infect them to so act for entirely different motives, and who set themselves up as the conscience of the world, and which demagogs also con- spire against the existing laws of these United States of America. And we the delegates of the Polish Army Veterans Association of District 10 also re- spectfully demand from the President of the United States further vigilance in the mat- ter of our one-time Polish fatherland by assuring to her citizens a future of true freedom and independence, by reestablishing a free and democratic Polish state, and the return of her eastern borders, and the con- tinuance of the existing western boundaries by certifying that they are truly and his- torically Polish borders. Long live the United States of America. Long live Poland and her people who have for 20 long years battled for the return of her freedom and independence. KAZIMIERZ BURAWSI T, Chairman, Resolutions Committee. JOHN MACH, Commander. B. GAWEL, Secretary. U.S. Grant to Home for Mentally Retarded of Hamilton County, Ohio EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN J. GILLIGAN or OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. GILLIGAN. Mr. Speaker, recently the U.S. Department of Health, Educa- tion, and Welfare approved a grant of $70,000 to the Resident Home for the Mentally Retarded of Hamilton County in Ohio. There is an interesting story behind this grant, which is just one of thousands under Public Law 88-164. As we all know, there are many grada- tions or degrees of mental retardation. It is best described as a "reduced capacity for learning." Most mentally retarded children, while having this reduced capacity for learning, have all the normal needs for love, comfort, a sense of be- longing, as well as an increased need for achievement and recognition. Most mentally retarded persons, despite their basic intellectual limitations, can be taught to be at least partially self-suf- ficient and others with training can be- come fully productive members of society. Mental retardation can be due to a hundred different causes and can strike any family. It is a cruel accident of life and, while great strides have been made in treating mental illness and other diseases, relatively little progress has been made in the field of mental re- tardation, largely because of public igno- rance of the matter. It is estimated that about 3 percent of the population are retarded, or twice as many as are affected by blindness, polio, and rheumatic heart diseases com- bined-according to statistics based on the late President Kennedy's Panel on Mental Retardation In Hamilton Coun- ty, where my district is located, this means that there are approximately 27,000 mentally retarded individuals. Nationally, there are over 5,400,000 so afflicted. Almost every one of us knows someone with a mentally retarded child, grandchild, or other relative. In Hamilton County, about 1,000 of these mentally retarded children are currently committed to State institu- tions, the nearest of which is approxi- mately 100 miles away from Cincinnati. About 4,000 are enrolled in special tax- supported classes. However, thousands of others are receiving no special train- ing at all. Present conditions for the care and treatment of the mentally retarded in Ohio draw heavily on obsolete theories of the past. At one time, mental retar- dation was considered hopeless and shameful. In the name of protecting society and preserving the rest of the family, the general practice arose of iso- lating these children in distant, large institutions. Parents were told to resign themselves to this because "there is nothing you can do for Johnny." Today, it has been proven that the mentally retarded can be helped with love, individual attention, and training. Many become fully productive, others partially self-sufficient, and almost all achieve degrees of self-care that were undreamed of 50 years ago. Yet, there has been almost no change in the insti- tutional system of providing residential care for the mentally retarded in Ohio. Distressed parents who have no -other source of assistance must still resort to committing their child to distant State institutions. These institutions destroy the natural bond between parent and child, are 35 percent overcrowded, are understaffed, are unable to provide significant pro- grams of training, substitute rigid rules and regimentation instead of individual attention and emphasize conformity and submission to authority instead of self- sufficiency. Not quite 3 years ago, a handful of parents of mentally retarded children in Cincinnati, started an organization to provide a better answer to the problem of the mentally retarded. Their objective was to build a per- manent resident home-regional center for the mentally retarded of all ages and handicaps in Hamilton County so that these afflicted persons might attain the highest possible degree of self- sufficiency. Many hours have been spent and many bitter frustrations have been experienced to realize this goal. But this small group of dedicated people had know the pain and torment of having a mentally re- tarded child. They also knew the fu- tility of trying to finds help when there was no help. Instead of accepting the problem as insoluble, they had the de- termination and the zeal to succeed, not only for the sake of thier own chil- dren but for all the unfortunate men- tally handicapped children. Today this organization owns 32 acres of land; has several hundred members; has renovated a building on this land and is now conducting activity programs for A1773 mentally retarded -children in it; has hired a full-time professional executive director; has raised over $100,000 in the community; has had its request for a $70,000 Federal construction grant ap- proved and is ready to break ground on the first phase of its building program. The group was chartered as a non-profit Ohio corporation in June 1963 under the name of the Resident Home for the Men- tally Retarded of Hamilton County, Inc. It is a tax-exempt, chartiable organiza- tion. The corporation's bylaws require that 75 percent of its board of trustees be the parents of mentally retarded individ- uals. This was done to assure motiva- tion and continuity of effort and to avoid any deviation from the primary objec- tive. The proposed residential center for the mentally retarded of Hamilton County closely follows the recommendations of "National Action to Combat Mental Re- tardation," the report of President Ken- nedy's panel, dated October 1962. This report strongly recommends that facili- ties for the mentally retarded be pro- vided within their own communities. - Facilities, it says, should include resi- dential and nonresidential services and modern day care, recreation training, and vocational rehabilitation services. A residential population of 300 is consid- ered highly desirable for optimum effec- tiveness. Located within the boundaries of Cin- cinnati, easily accessible to all in the community, the residential center being planned will have the advantage of being able to offer the child professional serv- ices heretofore not available in the com- munity, individual attention and loving care that he needs, while maintaining continuity of contact with parents while they live. Primary emphasis will be placed on encouraging earliest possible return to the home and the community and training to permit the mentally re- tarded to live their lives as close to nor- mal as possible. Located close to the community, the residential center will be able to draw on specialized educational, medical, and recreational facilities already in exist- ence; utilize the personal services of the community's many dedicated service or- ganizations who will want to become a part of this community project and donate their time as volunteers; and en- rich the community by providing a train- ing and research center for students of nursing, medicine, psychology, and so forth. This endeavor would also con- tribute experience to the inadequate fund of knowledge which is a worldwide hand- icap in combating and alleviating the problems of mental retardation. The full-scale project will be under- taken just as soon as possible depending upon the availability of public assistance from county, State, and Federal sources. This will be a $3 to $4 million project, with funds from the private sector total- ing $750,000 to $1 million. When capacity is reached, according to the above concept, the development of another such center on the eastern side of the county will be considered. Actually, then, the Federal Govern- ment has two objectives in helping to Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL. RECORD APPENDIX March 30, 1966 construct the first phase of this project: First, to contribute to the alleviation of at least some suffering caused by mental re- tardation in Hamilton County, and sec- ond, to help encourage the development of and concept of "partnership" of both private and public sectors of society in the solution of mental retardation prob- lems so that others throughout the Na- tion can learn from this experience. The $69,800 granted by Health, Educa- Lion, and Welfare to the resident home probably would not buy the landing gear on one jet bomber but it represents some very important things to those who strove so hard to obtain it. It is 49 per- cent of the cost of the first residential structure; but, more important, it is the achievement of a first goal, the recog- nition of work well done, and the en- couragement to finish what has been started. Postmaster General Speaks in Indianapolis EX'I"ENSION OF REMARKS C11.1 HON. VANCE HARTKE OF INDIANA The THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES l'uesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. HARTKE. Mr. President, on Sat- urday evening some 6,000 Hoosiers gath?- cred in Indianapolis for the annual Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner. The hon- ored guest and speaker of the occasion was a man well-known to all of us, a man of long and intense experience in politics, the Postmaster General of the United States, Lawrence F. O'Brien. Mr. President. I ask unanimous con- sent that the address of Mr. O'Brien on that occasion may appear in the Appen- dix of the RECORD. There being no objection, the address was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: ,timoiIESS BY POSTMASTER GENERAL LAWRENCE F. O'BRIF.N AT THE JEFFERSON-JACKSON DAY IJ[NNER, MANUFACTURER'S BUILDING AT THE STATE FAIR GROUNDS, INDIANAPOLIS, IND., MARCH 26.1966, 7 P.NI. II;'s good to be hack in Indiana for a num- ber of reasons. I recall many visits in 1959 and 1960 travel- ing across this State meeting and working with many of you. During that time I soon recognized that your State Democratic Committee was not one of those unfortunately all too common organizations that relies more on good in tentions than hard work, on hopefulness rather than organization. I rapidly learned that Indiana had a State committee of professionals-men and women who knew the business of politics-who knew that aspiration is not enough, that inspira- tion is not enough, and even perspiration is not enough--without; the kind of organiza- tion which insures that everyone works to- gether effectively and with purpose. That's the kind of State committee you have here, and I think you should be proud or it. It's the kind of party that produces Governors of the caliber of Matt Welsh, who was a candidate during my early visits, and Roger Branlgan, whose record as Governor is a solid list of achievements. It is the kind of party that has given this State one of the finest congressional delega.- Lions in the country. In your two senators, BIRCH BAYH and VANCE HARTKE, both Of whom I have been pleased to know I or many years, you have young; effective-Senators who are not letting their colleagues forget for a minute that Indiana is the "crossroads of America," and I'm sure the people of In- diana recognize their effectiveness on behalf of this State. And, for the first time in fax too long, Indiana Is being served 1..s it de- serves to be served in the House of Repre- sent:Itives: JonN BRADEMAS, WINFIt.u) DEN- TON, :LEE HAMILTON, ANDREW JAt r ris, RAY MADDEN, mild J. EDWARD R,OUSH. YOU just can't beat a list like that. Effective hard- working Congressmen, whose ability is widely respected in Washington. But now that I think of it, there is one was that you can beat that list; 6 out of 1.1 is hood-but you should have an even higher batting aver- age, which would be bette:r for t In,; State and better for the country. And believe me, under my old fri:::oils Gor- don St. Angelo and Dick Stoner, along with Agnes Woolery and Dorothy Elmore. you have the organizational leadership that can do it. 1 treasure the memories of campaigning in Indiana for a young Senator from Mas- sachusetts who came here and asked you for your help. rolnember those midnight In,torcades, and how the Hoosier crowds resisanded to him. '['here are, still echoes of his voce as he spoke at the coliseum in October 1960. Many of you were present and i remem- her your enjoyment when he said,' Mr. Nixon in Boston the other clay said that I was an- other Truman, and I. returned the compli- ment and said he was another De?wey. And he has not said :f was another Truman since." And I can hear him reciting Rouert Sher- wood's poem that hailed the waning of F.D.R.'s administration--you remember: "Plodding feet, tramp, tramp, The Grand Old Party's breakir;,,; camp, Blare the bugles, din, din, The New Deal is moving in." And then that November the plodding feet were again on their way out, and the blar- ing bugles sounded the beginning of the New Frontier. Those were great, exciting days. Today we rightly take pride in the fact that we have carried out the promises of the New Frontier. That is the greatest monu- ment to President Kennedy. Today we are working together to help President Johnson build a Great Society in which all our people can tiled opportunity to share in ou:r abun- dance, anti in which the quality of our lives can begin to :match the abundance of our resources. For half a decade the opposition. the army of plodding feet, has been in disarray, their cohorts milling about, torn between those who would move toward the past c;uickly by jet and those who would merely go slowly by covered wagon. ft's almost-airoost-sad to see their banners wilt. Their tired old slogans have bowed before democratic programs, that we were told over, and over, and over again, would lead us to national catastrophe, bitt which have in- stead. brought unprecedented prosperity- year after year after year. Last Fear, alone, just the increase in our gross national prod- uct was more than the total-the total- gToss national product of all but 7 of the 130 nations of the world. Some catastrophe. Of course, it is a catastrophe for those who have little faith in Americ r. It is a catastrophe for the professions'. criers of doom and gloom. It is a catastrophe for those who feel that the government is best which does least. Bu t it is certainly anything bin t a catas- trophe for the American people. Since 1961, we have enjoyed 61 months of uninterrupted economic growth, tire longest period in our history. The cycle c:?f reces- sions after every 2 or 3 years of prosperiTy has been halted. The Democratic Party belives that we hag e to work to keep America prosperous. It doesn't come about automatically. The party of Jefferson and Jackson is it. party that recognizes problems, believes they can be solved, and actively seeks solutions. And today we can clearly recognize it number of basic problems. Some of these problems are dianestic: others are international. Some are close, and simple as the conversa- tion I read about between two little girlF, walking aimlessly along a trash-littered alley, returning from a school that is unahic to teach them, to a home that is no home. One turns and shouts, "Just nothin'. T don't want to be nothin' when I grow up." And the playmate's reply full of withering truth, "You're already nothin'." Other problems are as distant and com- plicated as the movement of hostile troops. saboteurs, and terrorists into a neighbor's land. Some problems deal with the fact taaat large numbers of our fellow citizens, large areas of our national life, are not participec- irig in our general affluence. Solutions to all of these problems; involve a common element-a search for soc>a justice. That search must be rooted in an under- standing that as our gross national income soars far above $700 billion it year, as we produce nearly 10 million automobiles, as we add an annex to the horn of plenty, we can- not, we must not, forget those who are being ground down by the iron heel of povert.v and deprivation. That search lies at the heart, of tlae Prc:;i-- dent's call for a war on poverty and his cru- sade to assure that every American child gets as much education as he can absorb-fir,l- class education, befitting a tirst-class country. And let me digress here and say thot when generations yet unborn read in their history books about the United States in the middle of this century-I am convinced we will be hailed not for our production of material wealth, but as the generation which under President Johnson's leadership created opportunity in education through such landmark legislation as the Elamentar,i and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This legislation dealt with problerris th;!.t. had baffled and frustrated sincere effort for many years. It removed in one clean, nla:;- terful effort conflicts and suspicions than, had for too long held back the braid diitu- sion of general knowledge. It struck a heavy, hopeful blow to the door of opportunity. And that dcor is opening. opening to millions for whom it would other wise have been closed. The President's leadership in this area btu; produced programs designed to give people a chance who now have no chance. It will provide ways for them to discover, develop, and employ their abilities a.nd capacities. It will assure that all Americans have tlni same access to opportunity that we ourseli'e, enjoy. One of the finest of such programs 1 Project Headstart. Though modest In scope, it is enormous in its potential and its goal-which is no less than to reach pov- erty's youngest children before the scar tis- sue produced by the grimness of their lives has constricted their ability to learn and to grow. But in a world of 15,000-mile-an-hour bal- listic missiles that nation which concen- trates on its own problems alone is pursuing a shortsighted, dangerous, and potentially disastrous policy. In a world shrunk by the speed of jet and rocket, that nation which aims to secure social justice at home, while ignoring the Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 A1776 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX March 30, 1966 Rev. Leo M. Gardzalla, assistant pastor of Holy Trinity Slovak Church. Revs. Stephen G. Medwick and Cyril J. Rable, assistant pastors, were masters of ceremonies. Two parish vocations, Rev. Leo Dusheck, S.V.D., and Thomas J. Dzurenda, S.P., were thurifers. Serving as acolytes were two par- ish seminarians, Gerald V. Brienza and Gerald J. Washko. Rev. John S. Marinko, assistant pastor, commentated the Mass on radio. Music for the mass was sung by the parish school's girl choir, directed by the Sisters of SS. Cyril and Methodius. Mrs. Francis J. Guydish was organist. At the altar consecration Saturday, deacon and subdeacon were Rev. Cassian Yuhas, C.P., and Rev. Andrew A. Chupela, Starford, both parish vocations. Reverends Super and Gardzalla were chant- ers; Reverends Medwick and Rable, masters of ceremonies; and Reverends Dusheck and Dzurenda, thurifers. At yesterday's banquet, the audience was addressed by John P. Senko, on behalf of the parishioners, and by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Madden, diocesan chancellor, on behalf of the diocese. Both spoke of the parish's history and fu- ture, and of the parishioners' spirit as evi- denced in the rebuilding campaign. Congressman DANIEL J. FLOOD, a surprise visitor, also addressed the banquet gathering. Mayor Joseph B. Conahan brought greetings from the city. Invocation was offered by Rev. Joseph S. Tomicek, of St. John the Baptist Church, Throop. Benediction was delivered by Rev. Michael J. Holly, of St. Mary's- Church, McAdoo. Toastmaster was Rev. Stephen J. Ya- neka, pastor of St. Anthony's R. C. Church, Larksville, and a former assistant pastor of St. Joseph's. Music selections were presented by the parish men's choir, directed by Mrs. Guydish, John Tomsho, Jr., was accompanist. Dinner music was provided by Phil Cusick, V The U.S. Commitment in Southeast Asia EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. STROM THURMOND OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. THURMOND. Mr. President, many voices have been raised in recent days to question and deprecate the va- lidity and essentially of our commitment in southeast Asia. A very direct and cogent answer appears in an editorial in the Ukrainian Bulletin for the period March 1 to March 15, 1966. I ask unani- mous consent that the editorial, entitled "Vietnam: Symbol of U.S. Guardian- ship of Freedom," be printed in the Ap- pendix of the RECORD. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: VIETNAM: SYMBOL OF U.S. GUARDIANSHIP OF FREEDOM The U.S. military involvement in Viet- nam is a subject of worldwide interest and a bone of contention for a small segment of the American people who fail to see clearly what our vital stakes are in the struggle against the Communists in that remote southeast Asian country. . While our soldiers, ordered into battle by legislators should have deemed it appropriate their Commander in Chief, President John- and helpful to stage special hearings and son, are dying day and night, in America have a Mr. Kennan air views which at best there are individuals and groups who vi- have the effect of making Hanoi hold on a ciously denounce the Johnson administra- little longer, in the hope we'll get tired and tion. In doing so, they are actually help- go away. ing the enemy, the North Vietnamese For the Communist puppets in Hanoi have Communists and their allies, wherever had ample opportunity to open up peace they may be, in Peking or Moscow. talks. During the suspension of U.S. bomb- Among the most vociferous critics are ings of North Vietnam the U.S. Government some old hands and supposed "experts" on explored every accessible avenue to encourage communism. One of them is George F. negotiations for the purpose of terminating Kennan, our former Ambassador to Mos- the war in Vietnam. But these efforts came cow and Belgrade, who, testifying before to naught. Somehow these legislators have the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, overlooked this key fact. counseled "withdrawal," but not "a dis- Perhaps most of the present critics of orderly withdrawal." President Johnson's policies would not be so PROPHET OF DOOM AND SURRENDER concerned about "peacb" in Vietnam had It is to be recalled that Mr. Kennan there been a Salazar or a Franco confronting has so often been wrong on great inter- us there-we may then have heard a loud national issues that no other U.S. diplomat clamor for an open war in defense of human can ever hope to match him in the num- freedom against the forces of totalitarianism. her of his consistenly erroneous prophesies But the enemy happens to be communism, and predictions. and somehow resolution and belief in the It was Mr. Kennan who in 1947 came up rightness of our cause seem to fade away. with the brilliant idea c?, containment, A COMMUNIST PATTERN OF CONQUEST holding that communism and Russian The critics of our involvement in Vietnam totalitarian imperialism should not be com- are fond of maintaining that there is no ag- bated but contained. This concept merely gression from the north and that the Viet- failed to take into account the dynamic na- cong and its political arm, the National Lib- ture of communism which-for better or for eration Front, are as much Vietnamese as .are worse-cannot be contained, but must pro- the South Vietnamese. greys and expand in order to conceal the Some 40 years ago an almost identical situ- emptiness and shallowness of its ideology. ation existed in Ukraine. When the Ukrain- It was Mr. Kennan who, on the eve of the fan Central Rada proclaimed the independ- Polish and Hungarian uprisings in 1956, ence of Ukraine with the overwhelming wrote about the finality of enslavement of support of the Ukrainian people, the Russian Central and Eastern European nations be- Communists promptly organized in Russia, hind the Iron Curtain. His sonorous pro- north of Ukraine, a puppet Ukrainian Com- phesies fell to pieces when the Hungarian munist government, and sent several thou- freedom fighters, in a matter of days, de- sand Russian Communist troops to sustain stroyed the despicable regime imposed upon these puppets in power. When the Ukrain- Hungary by Moscow. Thanks to the shame- ian delegates at the peace conference in Brest ful panic of the United Nations and the blunt Litovsk signed a treaty with the central pow- refusal of the free world to support the Hun- are, the Bolsheviks clamored that their re- garian patriots, a bloody Soviet Russian en- gime, brought in from the north on the slavement became a fact again. It was the blades of their bayonets, was the true Ukraln- same Mr. Kennan who invested in his writ- ian Government. ings the historical canard that Ukraine is as It is evident that without an armed inter- much a part of Russia as Pennsylvania is vention by the regular military formations of a part of the United States. North Vietnam the Peking-supported Viet- This completely illogical and untrue state- tong could not have operated over a vast ment has helped strengthen the Communist territory in the south as it has. ideological thesis that the U.S.S.R. Is The U.S. legislators may also be interested synonymous with Russia, although the Rus- to learn that the Chinese Communists re- sian Communist leaders still feel compelled cently sponsored the establishment in Peking to maintain the illusion of a federation. of a Malayan National Liberation Front, a Even the Kremlin, despite its totalitarian clandestine organization similar to the South rule, its oppression of the captive non-Rus- Vietnam Liberation Front, dedicated to the scan nations, and its wholesale rewriting of overthrow of the governments in Singapore history, cannot go as far as Mr. Kennan and Kuala Lumpur. Last year saw the form- in asserting that Ukraine is not an entity ing in Peking of the Thailand Patriotic Front. of its own: When and if warfare breaks out in these In testifying on Vietnam before the Ful- countries will they be civil wars, too? bright committee, Mr. Kennan pronounced COST OF WITHDRAWAL such typically wise counsel as: "I would sub- mit there is more respect to be won in the It would be sheer folly for the United opinion of the world by a resolute and States to make any move in Vietnam which courageous liquidation of unsound positions would indicate weakening or a lack of will than in the most stubborn pursuits of ex- power on our part to uphold our commit- travagant or uncompromising objectives." ment. Thus, in plainer language, a retreat before But the stakes in Vietnam are much higher the enemy will win us more friends than than the prestige of the United States alone. trying to defeat him. What would be the repercussions in the Have Mr. Kennan, General Gavin, and Sen- neighboring countries, and then further, in ators FULBRIGHT, GRUENING, and MonsE Australia, the Philippines, and New Zealand, learned nothing from the great lessons of if we heeded the ill-advised and defeatist World War II and its origins? Obviously counsels of Mr. Kennan and his kind? The not, if they persist in advocating withdrawal psychological shock waves would undoubt- of the United States from Vietnam-which edly undermine the entire American position would mean a literal surrender of southeast in the Far East. Asia to the Communist camp. This should And what would the West Germans say and also refer to the latest "me too" voice of the Berlinerg in particular, whose very exist- Senator ROBERT F. KENNEDY who'ill advisedly ence depends on our determination and our counsels a partnership with the murderous power to resist the Communist enemy? Vietcong. The Communists are counting heavily on It is unfortunate that while the U.S. Gov- our internal dissension and opposition. In ernment is trying to force the enemy to come their view, democracies are weak and irreso- to the conference table that a group of U.S. lute. They believe that the campus protests Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Vlar?ch, 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- APPENDIX destruction of social justice abroad, is abdi- cating leadership and only postponing the ultimate reckoning. in this, the time of the "long twilight ,i.ruggle, year in and year out" the erosion of freedom anywhere in the world weakens I reedoni here at horn.. We hear much these days about the com- plexities of the struggle in Vietnam. Tile air is full of falling feathers from Ii.Lwk and dove. 'i'he papers tell us of conflicts between hew Left and Old Right. lucre is, indeed, so much discussion of ,lie war, that sometimes the essential facts :ere ilk,- tire soil around active volcanoes-- ova red over with layer after layer of fine i::li. 3Sitt I will say here. that President John- :,on hasn't lost sight of the basic issue. And f hive heard him say again and again: "The )lash issue in Vietnam is whether we are uing to stand idly by and watch a slowly ioulcliii,g freedom being crushed by superior iiiree." All this talk of. hawks and doves, all of lie arguments about escalation and de-esca- lation, all this controversy between left and right, are secondary to the question of what is right and what is wrong. Just a month ago a young mother and her throne children entered the President's office Ili the White House. They met there for a ;act and solemn creniony: the posthumous presentation of the Medal of Honor Award to .1 Sgt. Larry S. Pierce, a young American who had fallen on the field of battle in Vietnam. .ergeant Pierce had thrown himself on an exploding mine and thereby saved many lives a :t; the cost of his own. I'Lie President :addressed himself to the inc laquestions that trouble all of us when violence snuffs out, the brightness of a brave. young life. Why :mould this sacrifice have been r 1 ef;eSSary? Why," the President asked, "was this leave American called upon to give up the sronnise of his youth? Why are his comrades Lill called upon to fight on after him?" "The answers." he said, "are to be found u fianoi and Peking where greed and ambi- ,ion reach out to strangle peaceful nations. "And they are to be found woven in the ,ry fabric of American tradition whore free- rioun-any man's freedom-is prized above it ; itself. 'P'rom Saratoga to the Marne to Okinawa said now Vietnam--the Sergeant Pierces have frame in legions to light the darkness and drive out tyranny and war. They do so iela_y ,_, They will defend the idea and pursue the dream forever." And then the !'resident added, "We at home must be worthy of their sacrifice. We tat be united in our purpose to create a world where terror will not no unchal- enged---where aggression and violence will ?liatter on the rock of our courage and our r:nnvlction. "We must be committed as individuals to :common pledge: i"r;emen shall not stand lone against the enemy that menaces all if eemen." This elemental foot was understood in the s;w of left orson find Jackson. That is why -.tedom survives and flourishes today. flow that we are the most powerful nation n the world, should we hold freedom more -i aply than we did as a weak nation in the i a s of Jefferson and Jackson? ti there is one single sentence that, shims p our position in Vietnam, it the President's .!atement: "We did not choose to be the oardia.ns at the gate, but there is no one lily friends, it. is not easy to wear the mantle of responsibility during troubled times. Bill, if we do not stand firm, who will? it we cannot support freedom. in Vietnam, .i,a will? If we cannot keep our commitment to that embattled nation which has suffered heavy casualties-civilian and military--day after day, year after year, rather than bend the knee to corrrmunism, where then will we keep it'? I f we do not keep our trust with. those who trust us now--who will trust its or rely on us in the future? If we turn our eyes away from the hush, unpleasant, but real facts of internaticaial life, will the appetite of communism de- crease--or will it grow? Do you, incidentally, think for a mono-ct that Indonesia, the sixth largest nation in the world, would have the courage to rise up and throw out communism if it wer" ti't for our example of standing firm In Vietnam? These are the hard questions, the kind of questions I saw John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson grapple with. bfy friends. I: do not for one moment be- lieve that the line of American courage and clearheadedness that runs through our his- tory ends in this generation. There was no more peace-loving man th a.n Thomas Jefferson, but let us not forget that he was the author of a declaration which signaled the beginning of the real conflict with England; and lie was President when we refused to pay tribute to north Afri,'an pirates. America honors the great figures of her past because their leadership gave to us our heritage of freedom. Their' deeds made it possible for a Statue of Liberty to be at home here. That heritage means something. ?'hat :a.tatue means something. They do not mean that because the assassi-- nation, and. kidnaping, and iorture, and sabotage occur in a small country, far away, to a people about whom we know little we should wash our hands of concern, and sb ud aside and let the aggressors do their worst. That is not the policy of the American of Jefferson and Jackson. And so my friends. when. we defend tice in Vietnam as we advance it at horse, when our President tells us that our cominit.- ment to building the Great Society at home must include protection of the basic right:; of roan which lie at the foundation of :any great society, we :ire only doing what we, as concerned Americans, should do. At the basis of building a Great. Society here at home and protecting freedom abroad there is that. same brilliantly burning, ever- lasting idea, that. flowed from. the pen of Thomas Jefferson, and that has guided our party through its long history: "that men ure endowed by the Creator with certain iai- alienable rights, among which are life? liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." 'T'hese are Jefferson's words. They tell its why we are building a Great Society + + a and why we are in Vietnam. Certainly defending freedom is our historic position--it i',s our position now, and I hope it always will be. Every American who be- lieves in our form of governrnen-its accom- plishments and its future----will, I a.m sure, give our President his loyalty, his support, and his prayers--as the President pursues nits awesome task: the preservation of our de-- moeracy. Dedication of St. Joseph's Church in Hazleton, Pa. EX'T'ENSION OF REMARKS HON. DANIEL J., FLOOD OF PENNSYLVANIA. TN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES _ i r7r S ceremonies of the new St. Joseph's Church in Hazleton on Sunday, March 20, 1966, and to have addressed the bh,cl- quet gathering. Monsignor Gavenda, the pastor, and his parishioners. dese. eve the highest praise in the tremendous re- building project which they undertook following the terrible fire that dcstrc' 'ed the former church. My interest in this parish goes back to my childhood because I was born just two blocks from the church. Many of my closest and dearest friends are me fi- bers of this parish and it was indeed a warm feeling to have been among thorn on the day of the dedication of the new edifice. In recognition of that occasion, the Hazelton Standard-Speaker ran a lengthy and detailed narrative of the de- dication ceremony in its edition of Mon- day, March 21, and as part of :my're- marks today I would like to include this news story. The article follows: DEDICATION CEREfiIONIEs ATTRACT'I'HCUSAN')S TO ST. JOSEPH Ca-In RCH Ceremonies surrounding the dedication of the new St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church attracted thousands of persons over the week- end. Beginning Saturday and ending yesterday, the ceremonies included dedication of the church and two of its altars, an open-hot se program and a banquet. Participating in the ceremonies were local. area arid regional priests, officials of the Roman Catholic diocese of Scranton, amid government leaders. The dedication ceremonies climaxed aan extensive rebuilding campaign inaugurated after a fire destroyed the former church March 1, 1963. The fire caused more than a million dol- lars damage and forced members of the Western Hemipshere's oldest Slovak Catholic parish to worship in the church school's auditorium for more than 3 years. The new building was blessed by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Joseph J. Gavenda, S.T.D., J.C.D., V.11.. St. Joseph's pastor; at a solemn high Mass of thanksgiving yesterday morning. The new North Laurel Street church, whi' 'h holds about 900 persons, was filled to capacity for the Mass. Two of the church's three altars were consecrated in rites conducted by Monsi:r- nor Gavenda Saturday, the Feast of let. Joseph. The morning ceremony filled tile church to capacity. Under Roman Catholic law, the remaining altar will be consecrated when the church is consecrated. No date has been set for the church consecration. The church was open to visitors for 4 hours Saturday afternoon and night. Monsignor Gavenda said a constant flow of persons, ln- eluding large numbers of nonparishionei s, brought thousands to the open-house pro- gram. Following yesterday's church dedication. 980 persons gathered in the parish school's auditorium for a banquet. Assisting Monsignor Gavenda at yeste '- day's mass were Rev. Anthony W. Drogowsk1. pastor of St. Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church, who served as deacon, and Rev. Frai:- cis S. Mussari, S.T.L., pastor of Our Lady oi' Grace Church. the subdeacon. Rev. Andrew Rentko, S.V.D., a. missionary ill Mexico who came here for the dedication, delivered the sermon. Reverend Rentko, a city native and the final. Vocation from St. Joseph's during Monsignor Gavenda's pastorate, described the history of the parish and lauded the faith and the Tuesday, March 29, 1966' sacrifices of the parishioners in building the new church. Mr. FLOOD. Mr, Speaker, it was my Chanters were Rev. Joseph J. Super, pastor pleasure to have attended the dedication of St. John the Baptist Church, Pittston, and Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX and U.S. Senate teach-ins are signs that the U.S. Government is ready to capitulate. Critics like MORSE and FULBRIGHT serve their function in the free discussions which characterize our democracy. The war in Viet- nam is unpopular; war as such is repugnant to the Americans. But we believe that the American people, maturing rapidly since World War II thrust the mantle of world leadership on their shoulders, will not shirk the cause of freedom. To remain free Ameri- cans we must be the world guardians of free- dom. HON. JAMES B. UTT OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. UTT. Mr. Speaker, the week of April 11 to 17 is Submarine Week. I know that those who are familiar with our Nation's history are aware of the vital role the submarine played in World War II, and what a major part of this Nation's defenses our submarine com- prises today. The saga of the submarine is one of overcoming tremendous technical prob- 1^ms. - It began on April 11, 1900, when the U.S. Navy purchased a 54-foot "steel submarine torpedo boat" for $150,000. The story of the first U.S. submarine began in the village of Liscannor, County Clare, Ireland, where a young school- teacher named John Philip Holland spent most of his spare time sketching plans for a submersible vessel. In 1872, Holland emigrated to the United States and began teaching in Paterson, N.J. He also began building submarines, financing them through savings from his salary and personally testing them in the Passaic River. Between 1872 and 1895, Holland built a variety of submarines with varying degrees of success. One of his major problems was underwater propulsion, since he was forced to use an air-con- suming, highly dangerous gasoline engine. In 1895, he began work on a craft named the Holland in which he solved the propulsion problem by employing electric storage batteries for submerged operation. The Holland was 54 feet long, displaced 75 tons and was armed with one torpedo tube and a pneumatic dynamite gun. After a series of exhaustive tests which lasted more than 2 years, the Navy purchased the Holland and ordered six which were similar to it. When the United States entered World War I, the Navy had a fleet of 59 sub- marines, most of them representing improved designs. In 1912, it had ac- quired the U.S.S. Skipfack, first of the E class submarines and first to use diesel engines for surface propulsion. The diesel, inherently safer than the gasoline engine, gave the submarine greater cruising range and the Skipjack became the first U.S. submarine to cross A1777 An accelerated building program dur- Holland failed to foresee the ingenuity ing World War I brought forth the 0 of American industry, however, and and S class submarines which were eventually, storage batteries were devel- slated to be the workhorses of the un- oped which enabled submarines to go dersea fleet for nearly a quarter of a faster than ever and remain longer under century. Their durability is attested by water than before. the fact that during World War II, 10 But it was nuclear power that finally "S" boats, which comprised but a small turned the submersible surface ship into part of our submarine forces, alone sank a true submarine capable of almost in- 14 Japanese naval and merchant ships. definite operation and no longer bound In the years following World War I, the to the earth's atmosphere. United States, adhering to the Naval The first nuclear-powered submarine, Limitations Treaty, restricted its sub- Nautilus, far exceeded the hopes of her marine building program and new ves- most optimistic supporters. During her sels were largely of the S class. However, first 2 years of operation, Nautilus durable as they were, technological ad- steamed over 82,000 miles without refuel- vances were making them obsolete. ing and established new speed and endur- On November 21, 1933, an entirely new ance records. On a second atomic core type submarine was launched at Groton, Nautilus went even further, pointing the Conn. Named Cuttlefish, it was the way toward the Navy and Atomic Energy forerunner of the fleet type of World Commission goal of a nuclear core which War II fame. Larger than the S class, would last at least 5 years. it had two distinctly new features-a Nautilus vividly demonstrated the new partial double hull was partially welded versatility of submarine in August 1958, rather than completely riveted-both when the submarine traveled from the of which enabled the submarine to dive Pacific to the Atlantic via the North Pole deeper than its predecessors. A deck during a 4-day, 1,830-mile voyage. gun and 10 torpedo tubes made Cuttle- Other nuclear submarines-Sea Wolf, fish a formidable fighting ship. Skate, and Sargo-pioneered new areas Following the Cuttlefish came the of submarine operation. Sea Wolf re- Shark, the first all-welded submarine mained submerged for 60 days completely and the development of the fleet-type independent of the earth's atmosphere, submarine had begun. By World War proving that extended submerged patrols II submarines were fairly standard, aver- are feasible from both mechanical and aging 310 feet in length and displacing human standpoints. 1,500 tons. They were armed with either Skate made two trips under the arctic one or two 3-inch deck guns and had 10 ice, one during the northern summer and torpedo tubes, 6 in the bow and 4 in the the second during its winter. On the stern. first trip, Skate surfaced nine times in In the early days after Pearl Harbor lakelike openings in the ice. On the the submarine became the Nation's second, it surfaced by pushing its way primary sea weapon. The undersea through the ice and on March 17, 1959, Navy began offensive operations against surfaced at the geographic North Pole. the Japanese immediately after war was More recently, the Sargo spent 31 days declared and by V-J Day had sunk more under the arctic ice on an exploratory enemy shipping than the combined ef- mission, and duplicated the Skate's feat forts of the surface fleet and the air of surfacing at the Pole. forces. Comprising 1.6 percent of the These achievements proved that the Navy's wartime personnel, submarines Arctic Ocean is not only accessible to accounted for 55 percent of all enemy nuclear submarines but is actually an shipping destroyed. operational area, open to nuclear sub- Following the war, extensive modifi- cations were made in submarines. In an The "Guppy" conversion, a stream- effort to increase underwater speed, lining of the hull configuration, began superstructures and conning towers were after World War II, and marked a streamlined; deck guns and other pro- major step in increasing underwater truberances which created underwater speeds. The-name Guppy itself is an drag were eliminated; the snorkel acronym for "greater underwater pro- al-- fntroduced; and high alloy stteels was lowed the vessels to operate at greater pulsion." Again, however, it was nu- depths. clear power that enabled a second revo- Despite technological advances and lutionary development-this one in the design improvements of a half century, field of design. Naval architects had the submarine was basically the same long known that a whale-shaped hull craft developed by John P. Holland-a was ideally suited for subsurface oper- surface ship that could operate under ations. Holland, in fact, had designed water for a limited period of time. For his submarines along this line. How- example: at a speed of between 1 and 2 ever, power limitations made the surface knots, an absolute minimum, a sub- craft design-sharp bow, superstructure marine could remain submerged for a deck and conning-the most practical maximum of about 48 hours. At its top for the prenuclear era. underwater speed of about 8 knots, a With the new power source at their submarine could operate submerged for disposal, designers developed a radically no more than 1 hour. new type of submarine-one with a Power limitations had long concerned whale-shaped hull and nuclear power- submarine designers. In fact, John P. plant. First, however, it was necessary Holland had written in 1900: to test the feasibility of such a hull so Larger (more than 200 feet long) boats the conventionally powered U.S.S. Alba will never be feasible, unless we discover core was built as a research submarine. some better system of storing electricity than Its success gave rise to the nuclear- exists today-a contingency which is exceed- powered nSkipjack, ha istory. great ri stride in the Ingly doubtful. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ---APPENDIX March 30, 196 :;gaped hull, its sail with diving planes mounted on it, and its single screw pro- peller, the Skipjack became the world's ,.I.stest and most maneuverable sub- rn arine. A third advance came with the fleet ballistic missile submarine, a nuclear- powered submarine armed with the Polaris intermediate range ballastic mis- sile. These submarines were designed ,>s, launch missiles with nuclear warheads i'rom beneath the surface, and because of their mobility are vital weapons in tllri: Nation's deterrent arsenal. 't'ile first; Polaris-firing nuclear sub- marine, U.S.S. George Washington, was launched June 9, 1959, by General Dy- namics and commissioned by the U.S. h avy the following December 30. More Effective Handling of Problems Accompanying Cybernation EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. CLIFFORD P. CASE IF NEW JERSEY IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES 'Tasrsdal/, March 29, 1966 Mr. CASE. Mr. President, recently Sam Zagoria, a member of the National Labor Relations Board and formerly my able administrative assistant, addressed a dinner meeting of the Prince Georges County Council for the Social Studies held at the University of Maryland. Ill a lively style, he pointed out how some of the problems accompanying cybernation can be handled more effec- tively. I think, too, that most of us would agree that we all need to be better informed about developments in this held and their relationship to collective bargaining. I therefore request, Mr. i.'resident, that the text of his remarks be printed in the Appendix of the RECORD. There being no objection, the remarks were ordered to be printed in the ItECORD, as follows: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: How To TAKE THE l"RUSTRiiTION OUT OF CYBERNATION Remarks of Sam Zagoria, member, National Labor Relations Board, at a dinner meet- lalg of the Prince Georges County Council for the Social Studies, Adult Education Center, University of Maryland, College [ark, Md., March 3, 1966) ]: acs grateful for the invitation to speak Lo al; of you. You have an important re- sponsibility and a great opportunity, for it is through your eyes, through your interest Snot enthusiasm, that the youngsters of this county, including my own, will learn about the institutions of our land, as well as those Of other countries. Finding it topic that would be appropriate and useful posed no problem except that I are still learning the P's and Q's of a new job. The P's remind me not, to talk about pend- ing legislation, pending cases, or politics. This rather limits the field, but let me try. As we sit here tonight thinking that we :should have skipped the dessert or at least skipped out before the speaker, it is hard to turn our thoughts to how social sicence Lcac:hers of the next century will talk about Uhis one. Much wiser heads than mine, the National Commission on Technol:gy, Auto- pensive vertical one; where shippi:Ig truel: mation, and Economic Progress, month do not have to double and triple: park in contributed their view: narrow downtown streets with delvers' pa,f ".Future historians will probably describe ticking away at $4 and $5 an hour; where our time as an age of conscious social workers are given parking space tree instead change. The change we are witnessing in- cludes the rapid growth of popui.tion, the massive flow of peoples from rur.l areas to the cities, the steady growth oA national wealth and income, the rise of oppressed and submerged peoples, the spread of mass edu- cation, the extension of leisure, t', e venture into space and the frightening i :crease in the destructiveness of military w:eapons." These thoughts are no stranger., I know, to this audience, but. thry have some impli- cations for the field in which I w:rk which I should like to share with you. Le t: me start with a recent statement by Sccretar': of Labor Wirtz, "Today's youthful members of the work force can anticipate char,;ing jobs three to four time;. over the cc:nrse of a career. * * * Modern technology and the new skill demands it has brought shout have introduced on the American wort, scene an unprecedented era of chenge." Indeed, some of your young cl, irges are likely to find that in their work ~e; career they will prepare for one field of work, change to another and wind up in a third. Also, these changes are likely to be c mpressed into it shorter work career, for thou trend is toward more years in school and c;llege and toward earlier and earlier retirerae:nt. In between are the working years at-t not the kind your father and grandfather knew, where they learned a. trade, craft 'r profes- sion, practiced it well, and encour:'ved their offspring-and occasionally a s- ri-in-law, too--to carry on the family's good name in the same field. The world in which. we live-the aorld you are introducing your students to- is chang- ing. It always has, but a new in,'' -odient- cybernation--I suggest, will affect the broad trends of which the Automation C( rnmission spoke, and bring about substantial change in the employment picture of which Secre- tary Wirtz spoke. Lei; us take a Click look at it. Automation has been with us for many years, but now we have added to it a fan- tastic piece of equipment-the ccunputer- which has the facility to store thousands and thousands of facts, to make ca;culations and give directions based on them, to accept new facts during the process and rer tse direc- tions. It can match. wanted fact , against stored facts in speeds hard to comprehend, and it can do these things 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, even at locations thousands of miles from the man asking the que;t:ions. Let me describe one example: The Sara Lee bakery located outside Chicago. It produces fresh-frozen cakes, breads. and roll;;--about 75 million it year for customers all over the Nation. A central computer about the size of a bread truck does all these things: It follows sales figures, orders the appropriate amounts of fresh milk, whole egg.,, butter, flour, and other ingredients; meters them out precisely; directs the mixing machine, baking, wrapping, and freezing, and accepts signals from quality control instruments all along the route (is the batter too thick? Too thin? And every 15 seconds it. asks if the oven is too hot, too cold), and then when the goodies are stored, it records the precise location of each item. When an order conies in, it commands a mechanized warehouse to assemble an exact ing back to cybernation, must it necessarily order front runong the 24 varieties and do so involve large economic dislocations, much in the time a truck is driven from !he front personal hardship? The answer depends in gate to the back door. In its spare time, it good measure on what we do today and on it prepares bills, cost figures, ,sales trend charts, relatively new institution, which has weath- the company payroll, and anything else the ered good and bad days, collective barg:aininip. button pressers can think up. The Magna Carta for collective bargaining Let; me point out, too, that this plant is was the National Labor Relations Act of 1936, located. almost 30 miles outside Chicago, in a year when many of us here were trying to a suburb where land values permit a hori- outguess our high school teachers. The zontal operation rather than the rno:re ex- Wagner Act, its it became known, included Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 of nibbling away at their weekly pay to plunk out a dollar a day in parki:Ig fee:;. Let me blend in one more factor. Ill r manual operation, growth in business me: n ; the owner has to expand his plant and his labor force. In a highly mechanized oper:- tion such as Sara Lee, the company can triple its current production without adding to its 500,000-square-foot bakery and yr,il may be sure its labor costs will not lr: tripled. Some observers have pooh-pooliod cybc - nation, declaring such plants as Sara Lce are an isolated example. True, for now, t, what do you think will happen when corn-- peting bakery A, faced with an obsolete plant and constant traffic jams, ponder:; what to do next? What do you think come peting bakery B, when faced. with a need for expansion in a high-rent district down- town will do? These rugged individuals-!, no less than high school sophomores, arc copycats, particularly when their carni.nt;: picture can be brightened by change. Another factor on which some rely in downgrading the impact of cybernation ie that the computer industry itself will brief: about a great demand for people to make computers and to service them. Ironically, much of the computer making is being ac- complished by automated-indeed com- puter-directed--processing, and when a part of the computer goes on the blink, the remaining units can hell) track down clown the erring unit. Frequently all that is involved is that the old unit is removed, a new one screwed into place, arid, voila, all's well again. But lest you think cybernation affects only blue-collar workers and not those of is who have to wear ties to work, perish the thought. Wherever men and women are working, whatever the field, new technology can help. In teaching, we have already made use of teaching machines, programed instruction in various ways, teaching by television and now even in color. In Mex- ico City, color TV is being used to teach reading and writing successfully to illiter- ates such as a 77-year-old laborer. Almost 500 persons received diplomas after 60 hours of classes-65 percent of the entering class (that's better than the University of Mary- land in the days when I taught here), Computers are in use in hospitals to take inventories of stocks, order drugs, add up bills, check insurance payments, regulate diets, record medical histories, read cardio- grams and analyze brain malfunctions. Com- puters are helping lawyers find precedents from among thousands of law decisions. In banks and insurance companies they have become commonplace. The potential is endless. Recently a lec- turer at the University of Maryland pointed out that computers are being taught to solve jigsaw puzzles, which is not as frivolous as it sounds. The computers can then figure out how to pack the highest possible num- her of cars into a parking lot or how to best plot out a land development project.. Clearly, we are entering a period of great change. But teachers thrive on change. You get plenty of it-a new crop of cha.]- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -APPENDIX A1797 both. Two of these OEO employees in Noorvik, Alaska, decided to provide a popcorn popping machine for the vil- lage, and the enclosed article, "Popper Goes North," which appeared in the Washington Daily News of March 24, 1966, reveals how they achieved their goal: POPPER GOES NORTH Employees of the Office of Economic Oppor- tunity here have chipped in to provide an Eskimo village in Alaska with a popcorn pop- ping machine. The story began when two VISTA volun- teers, Judy Ames, of Altadena, Calif., and Harold Bruce, of Wheaton, Minn., in the village of Noorvik (population 384) wrote OEO Director Sargent Shriver. They said popcorn sold like hotcakes in the Noorvik theater, and the proceeds went to charity. But the profit was low because pre- popped popcorn had to be flown in. Mr. Shriver assigned the problem to Mike Sher, who ordinarily works on congressional relations, and a popping machine was finally located in San Francisco and its owner, Arthur Unger, agreed to sell it at half its regular price of $150. Jacques Rion, a San Francisco theater op- erator who had helped locate the machine, offered to pay $37.50, if OEO provided the rest. He also pledged a year's supply of popcorn. Since the OEO has no budget for popping machines, Mr. Sher passed the hat in the office here, and the machine was on its way. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. CLARK W. THOMPSON OF TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. THOMPSON of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I was interested in the Houston Chronicle's editorial opinion on "the overwhelming support both Houses of Congress ' gave the $6 billion tax in- crease." The Chronicle is of the opinion that the strong support the measure received indicates : Most Congressmen stand with the Presi- dent-Republicans as well as Democrats, The paper believes: No one yet has come -up with a better course of action than that which President Johnson is pursuing. Since many may want to see the edito- rial in its entirety, with permission of my colleagues I include it in the RECORD. [From the Houston (Tex.) Chronicle, Mar. 19, 19661 A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE The overwhelming support both Houses of Congress gave the $6 billion tax increase was to some degree a vote of confidence in President Johnson's conduct of the war in Vietnam. The vote was 288 to 102 in the House and 72 to 5 in the Senate. The in- crease will provide funds to carry on the war. The strong support the measure received indicates that, despite the worst Mr. John- son's critics could do, most Congressmen stand with the President-Republicans as well as Democrats. This does not mean, of course, that many Americans aren't deeply disturbed at the possibility of a greatly en- larged war or even of eventual war with Red China. But it does indicate that no one yet has come up with a better course of action than that which President Johnson is pursuing. At the signing of the bill, Mr. Johnson made a few observations about our mission in Vietnam. He recalled that Congress, on the eve of World War II, created a false im- pression in the world when it extended the draft by a slim one-vote margin in the House, then refused to fortify the island of Guam. He added: "The overwhelming vote of this [tax increase] measure * * * testified that we may have learned something from recent history. It is a lesson which we should have learned long ago for it was really one of our Founding Fathers, John Jay, who warned us: 'It is too true, however disgraceful it may be to human nature, that nations in general will make war whenever they have a prospect of getting anything by it., " Most nations have since learned the final futility of war, Mr. Johnson said. A few remain who do not desire peace, "So to those who ask what our present struggle in Vietnam means, let me say: Our purpose is to demon- strate to the remaining advocates of violence that there is more human profit to be had from peace than there is from war." Strength in Unity EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. HENRY HELSTOSKI OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. HELSTOSKI. Mr. Speaker, in the last several weeks we have been hear- ing the cry of General de Gaulle that it was his intention to do everything he could to weaken or dismantle the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. I do not subscribe to the theory of General de Gaulle in this action and hope that this plan will drop by the way- side and that this great Organization will continue its existence, yes, even ex- pand. The Newark Evening News of Thurs- day March 24, 1966, states that the North Atlantic Treaty organization must be preserved. The paper declares: NATO has brought confidence where there was uncertainty; progress where there was decay; partnership where there was isola- tion. It adds: If accommodations to new conditions are possible there is no reason they cannot be made by extending, and not disintegrating, the Atlantic Alliance. Since this matter concerns us all at this time, I would like my distinguished colleagues in the House to have the full text of the editorial as it appeared in the Newark Evening News. Mr. Speaker, I insert the editorial on the subject in the RECORD because of its timeliness and excellent appraisal of the problem. The editorial follows: PRESERVING NATO President Johnson has responded obliquely but nonetheless forcefully to General de Gaulle's plan to dismantle NATO. Europe's choice, as the President sees it, either is to extend and strengthen the un: ty under which it has prospered in peace for the last 20 years or to risk a return to the rivllries that pro- duced two world wars withi;I a generation. These are, of course, ea;y generalities. Avoided was any direct reply to De Gaulle's threat to clear France of all N ATO troops and bases that are not turned rver to French command. Practicality, as we 11 as diplomacy, counseled this approach. More time is needed for a fuller apprecia- tion of what the general's proposals would mean, not only to France's European allies but to France Itself. NATO headquarters is an industry in itself, and one that contrib- utes importantly to the French economy. So do its various installations throughout the country. Obviously, Mr. Johnson is con- tent to let the French ponder what their losses would be. Overriding these mundane pecuniary con- siderations is the fact that NATO has brought confidence where there was uncertainty; progress where there was decay; partnership where there was isolation. An aggressor is likely to be deterred. if he is confronted by a common defense, emergency plans prepared in advance, and integrated commands to carry them out. And that is what NATO has provided to date. If accommodations to new conditions are possible there is no reason they cannot be made by extending, and not disintegrating, the Atlantic alliance. Its purpose, as Mr. Johnson noted, is not to make war but to assure peace. No more than assurance of peaceful intent should be needed to gain admission. These are some of the thoughts Mr. John- son has left with France and any others who may be tempted by General de Gaulle's ideas of trying once again to go it alone. Fortu- nately, as matters now stand, General de Gaulle's is still a lonely voice crying out more from frustration than any position of real leadership. South Vietnam Editorials EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. A. S. HERLONG, JR. OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. HERLONG. Mr. Speaker, under unanimous consent, I insert in the Ap- pendix of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD two editorials from my hometown news- paper, the Leesburg Daily Commercial, on the situation in South Vietnam that I think are well worth reading. The arguments that they present are cogent and I commend them to the member- ship of the Congress: [From the Leesburg (Fla.) Daily Commer- cial, Mar. 17, 19661 AN INVITATION TO DISASTER There are at least two gaping holes in Senator J. WILLIAM FuLBRIGHT'S plan for a Sino-American detente in southeast Asia. The Arkansas Democrat, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, would like to see the United States and Red China reach an agreement for the neutralization of that part of the world, with both sides with- drawing their military power from the region. To bring this about, says the Senator, we must make the prospect of permanent Amer- ican military bases qn the periphery of China a credible threat. And to do this, we should confine ourselves to "easily defensi- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX March 30. 1966 bl1' buses s;n.ewhat ; i L; r: tltar." ( decade. no one else can be blamed f r think- ing he can do better, And it is safe, because no sensible person wants the war in Vietnam to go on and on as it has, exacting an increasir:;* toll in lives and resources from all concer.iod with nothing that can be called victory in sight. Certainly the President would like the mews to end, and has gone on r~cord pledging himself to the principle of a i,tgotiated peace. The only ditficnlty is, how do on hold "direct ta1.'s" with somerltfng that is not a politic'd entity but more like an elemental force of nat.ure, that seems to be J'-,I by no one man, which his no headqua tors, no acknowledged hierarchy Of commas I? In other words, who is the man or group of men in the Vietcong with whoi" we are supposed to negotiate? According to some, the Vietcong it it, patri- otic, indigenous South Vietnamese action- aided, perhaps, but not directed by North Vietnam. But if so, where is the Flo Chi Minh of South Vietnam whom we at,, to offer a post in a coalition government? The facts are that there is onlc one Ho Clii Minh, the one in the north; that here its only one headquarters for the 'v'ietcong, the one in Hanoi; that- the only leaders with whom we call negotiate are the ones la North Vietnam. These are the only assumptions this coun- try can reasonably base its policy on, and until other evidence is forthcon rig, the facile, advice that we "talk to the Vietcong" merely adds unneeded nettles to what is one of the thorniest entanglements Ain:-rica has ever gotten itself into. Our peese:it; ::tra.tegy in the war in Viet- iumi is not a credible threat to China, lie aintains, hccause the Chinese are con- vinced we have neither the strength nor the 111 to keep on. spending "more and more l:ve5 and more and more money in an ever- 'c iciening but inconclr?.sive war." 'I'he most glaring defect in Vie Senator's :,~mnent, even if such an agreement could lie macie with China, is that China has no :ases to di:,rnantle in southeast Asia, no c;nrn rt trootit: to remove from Vietnam. ;tv ttt. scrne logic, we might. also offer to anal l the 7th Fleet from the Pacific if the I'Bin--;sc would drydock their nonexistent Our the Senator's other recommenda- cult only would a withdrawal into little ?'torirass Americas" he's retreat, undoing all t'.-rat has been accomplished with such ,acrilice on the battlefield in the past tuontlts, but it would give the Communists c greatest. incentive they could have for co:at,nlting tt.e war. rcecnrding to one military analyst, Hanson W. Baldwin, such a policy would lead no- if-,.ere. It would mean the abandonment of all hope of clearing the Vietcong from i:.hcir strongholds in the south and deteri- orate South Vietnamese morile. It would 1ueal: conceding the strategic initiative to Ira enemy and exposing U.S. forces to the 'ne.sttint drain of casualties without bring- ing increased pressure on Hanoi. It would mean indefinite stalemate, deferred defeat, defeat on the installment plan." in. iris Semia Lu speech, FULIIROOHT quoted a Canadian ccrrenpondent's report that it is :,, matter of faith with the Chinese that the Tlnfted States can never win a land war in Asia, that with all our awesome power we cirn.not fight several revolutionary wars at tire same time and that we will eventually be engulfed without direct Chinese inter- . enti;In. '1'h.! Chinese, fortunately, arc not infal- lible. Its was :,n article of faith with them iu the last century that, despite the tech- nological superiority of the Europeans who were carving out spheres of influence on Chinese territory, China was superior to all 4,1 them in culi,ure and could not possibly be defeated ---that with one great shrug its vast, population would someday cast the lr.,rbarians back into the sea. ';It(! present masters of China are rio less out of touch with reality, no less prisoners td' Their own propaganda. If we ever hone to achieve lasting peace in southeast Asia, the worst thing we could do-and the worst cs.isservice we could render not only to our- sr,Ivee but to the Chinese-would be to .join Chem in their dream world and adapt our L nlicies to their fantasies. i Erom the Leesburg (Fla.) Daily Commercial, t:lar_ 18, 19661 W1 n AHE THE VIETCONG? t)tie of the easiest and satest Ways to ',squire a reputation for statesmanship and at the present time is to come out in fa,tor of negotiating with the Vietcong in Iirnith Vietnam. rpokesnt:.,n for this view, the name of :'ertator Rorx:RT KENNEDY leaps to mind +. ltst. an automatic reaction every politician would tike to inculcate, though not neces- ;;nrily in this particular connection. 't'ale New York Times is another influential voice. In a. recent 1,300-word editorial out- lining, suggested modifications in the adinin- o iration's present Vietnamese policy, it oltin.ed. that "direct talks with the Vietcong .c"e ca;ential." Such advice is easy, because few wars have provided a better field day for armchair strategists. When even the experts take turns putting their feet in their mouths. as Basic Protection for the Traffic Victim EXTENSION o ,)F REMARI';15 or SSON. FRANK THOMPSON, JR. OF NEW JER'iEY IN TIll? HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. THOMPSON of New Jersey. Mr. Speaker, we are all aware of the contri- butions that scholars at Harvard and other universities have made in. the public interest on a wide variety of emergent problems. I amt pleased now to commend to the attention of cry col- leagues another such service-a pro- posed new form of insurance plan which would do away in large measure with the flood of negligence actions that are plaguing our courts. Tice plan rind the text of a proposed model statute !::l place it into effect at the State level :Ire set forth in a book entitled "Basic Protec- tion for tare Traffic Victim," published by Little, Brown & Co. It was wri: ten by Prof. Robert E. Keeton, of Harvo l'd Law School, and Prof. ,Jeffrey O'Con hell, of the University of Illinois, College of Law. The study out of which thrfr pro- posal emerged was conducted at Harvard Law School. Throu-Fhout the study the authors had the advice of a distinreuished panel of experts on insurance :: nd re- lated law. This panel includes Profs. Frederick M. Hart and James M. Smith, of Boston College Law School; Wi:iliam J. Curran, director of the Boston Uni- versity Law-Medicine Research Insti- tute; Prof. Daniel G. MacLeod, of Boston University Law School; Profs. Herold J. Berman, Louis L. Jaffe, and John H. Mansfield, of Harvard Law School, and Profs. Alvan Brody and David J. Sargent, of Suffolk University Law School, In essence, the plan proposes a basic protection insurance which would reim- burse a person for his financial loss aris- ing from an automobile accident with- out, ill most cases, raising the question of blame. The injured person would be reimbursed the doctor bills, hospital bills, and lost wages month by month as the losses occur, rather, than as at present, receive a lump sum as and when the in- ured party settles with the insurance company or receives judgment as the re- sult of litigation. This new form of insurance would be coupled with a State statute that would waive claims based on negligence unless the damages for pain and suffering are likely to exceed $5,000 or recovery for all other causes-medical expenses, loss of wages, et cetera-would exceed $10,000. The authors of the proposal contend that their plan would sharply reduce the overhead of our present insurance sys- tem which, according to reliable figures, delivers less than 50 cents of the pre- mium dollar to the victims. The authors also believe their plan would cut insur- ance costs and remove the inducement for fraudulent claims. I am advised that legislation to implement this new plan has already been introduced in Michigan and is being given consideration in other States. I think we can all agree tl'iat the time has arrived for some sort of reform in automobile negligence actions. The proposal by Professors Keeton and O'Connell is worth serious consideration. Air Pollution Elimination by Mayor John S. Nicosia, of East Chicago, Ind. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. RAY J. MADDEN OF INDIANA IN TIIE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. MADDEN. Mr. Speaker, Mayor John B. Nicosia, of East Chicago, Ind? has accomplished more progress in fight- ing air pollution in his city than arty mayor in the United States. The following article by Sarah Boyden in the Chicago Sun-Times of March 13, 1966, reveals facts and procedures that should be followed by mayors of all cities which are scourged with industrial, auto, and all forms of air pollution: ONE MAN's BATTLE FOR A GULP CF Fnt::,si Air. The air you breath costs you at lc1St $31 a year. That pays for cleaning your clothes and house furnishings. Add walls the t. must be repainted, trees and shrubs which are blighted or killed, carpets that wear out, quicker, a dozen other similar items caused by airborne contaminants, and the bill Is more than doubled. But those results of dirty air are only nuisances. What one man sate in X-ray pictures of the lungs of his fellow citizens caused him to give up an established medical practice, run for mayor of East Chicago, Ind., and get elected. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 A1802 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX March 30, 1966 not kept the University of Wisconsin from which practices deceit, but on the newspaper drawing many of the top scholars in the writers who are trying to penetrate the paper country to its faculty. curtain. Both the Midwest and the Wisconsin site can be strongly backed without pushing the decision into the political arena. If it does become a matter of politics, however, Wis- 1 ti can be on d ' Water Resources Challenges in Maryland e ego s Washington consin counted on to do an effective job, since its EXTENSION OF REMARKS members have already pledged to work to- or getheron this project. HON. CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR. There i is no no certainty that President John- son will agree to put beginning construction money in his budget at a time when the Vietnam war is already jeopardizing domes- tic programs. But this atom smasher would OF MARYLAND IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 be an important national tool for probing Mr. MATHIAS. Mr. Speaker, the need and deeper should d into the eventually mysteries be of the fundedatomic age, for a truly comprehensive attack on the funded. water resources problems of the North- east, including the Potomac basin and all of Maryland, should be clear to us The Drive Is On for Censorship all. This year the flow of the Potomac at Washington reached an alltime Jan- EXTENSION OF REMARKS uary low. Communities in central Mary- land have found their municipal water OF supplies dangerously depleted. Agricul- HON. DONALD RUMSFELD tural losses for the State from 1962 OF ILLINOIS through 1965 have been estimated at IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES over $7,000,000. With no end to the se- vere 5-year drought in sight, the warn- Tuesday, March 29, 1966 ing signs are numerous. Mr. RUMSFELD. Mr. Speaker, it has It is essential that we accelerate our been reported that some in Government efforts to develop additional sources of favor wartime censorship of news from water, to improve water distribution sys Vietnam. tems, and to make usable all the water The following editorial from the March we have through an energetic assault 21, 1966, edition of the Chicago Tribune upon pollution., Although many Federal, discusses this question: State and local agencies are working to- THE DRIVE Is ON FOR CENSORSHIP ward these goals, intensified efforts A Democratic spokesman, Representative should be financed and encouraged with- RICHARD ICHORD, of Missouri, has initiated out further delay. preliminary moves in behalf of the Johnson I would like to bring to the attention administration for wartime censorship of of the Congress today an editorial, news from Vietnam. He said that the coun- "Fifth Year of Drought," from the try simply cannot afford distorted, biased, Washington Evening Star, March 26, Inaccurate, incomplete, or irresponsible war 1966, and Mr. John Dorsey's extremely news coverage. pie suggested that the Government might interesting and informative article on tighten policy on accrediting correspondents, the drought and its impact on Maryland, limit access to battle zones, and "scrutinize'; "Northeast United States Has Its Great- reports filed for transmission to American est Drought in History," from the Balti- newspapers. more Sunday Sun of March 27. Representative ICHORD complained about Evening Star, Mar. 26, g the adequacy and objectivity of the report- [Prom the Washington 19661 ing of the war, which, he said, denied the American people a complete and fair account FIFTH YEAR of DROUGHT of how the war is going. He added that there Some of us may have assumed that this 1s too much destructive criticism of our winter's heavy snows have headed off the efforts, both military and civilian, in Viet- prospect of another year of drought in the nam. Northeast. Alas, not so. The National There have been many complaints from Water Resources Council reports that not correspondents reporting the war about only is the drought likely to continue; it is clumsy, but at times smothering, efforts by likely to extend eastward and southward to military information officers to hamper them include Delaware, Maryland, half of Vir- in their work. The usual motive of censor- ginia, and northeastern West Virginia. ship is not to rectify inaccuracies but to cover Another dry year could result in a serious up blunders. situation, the council warns, and affected Again, the American people might have areas are advised to begin conserving water a clearer understanding of the war if the and improving supply systems at once, tak- political leaders in Washington had a co- ing maximum advantage of existing Federal herent idea of what they are out to ac- lean and grant programs. complish and how they intend to defeat Com- The Potomac basin, now for the first time monist aggression. The sniping at the war officially included in the drought area, saw and its goals comes mostly from members its river reach an alltime low at Washington tivities of President Senators Johnson's FULBRIGHT, own party, as the and in January. Melting snow swelled the river others have demonstrated, , MORSE, and temporarily, but by the end of February the oth An administration which operates on the water had receded below average levels. precepts that news is part of the arsenal Coming at a time when a major effort is of weaponry available to the President, that underway to make the Potomac basin a a policy of managing the news is justified, model for the Nation, the report drives home, and that a government can lie to save it- or should drive home, the fact that our atti- self is hardly one to set itself up as a judge tude toward natural resources, particularly of purity and truth in dispatches by pro- water, has been cavalier, to say the least. fessional observers from Vietnam. The threat If continued drought convinces us that the of censorship is an attempted diversion to time for a national conservation effort is at place the blame, not on an administration hand, it will have served a useful purpose. To most of us, the quiet dying of landscape and wildlife, the imperceptible loss of soil and the slow fouling of lakes and streams have an unreal quality. These things take place so gradually, we feel no sense of shock. But when we cannot shave or take a bath, cannot water the flower bed and even have difficulty getting a glass of water in a res- taurant, the importance of natural resources begins to strike home. There is no room for complacency where water is concerned, the council warns. And this is a warning that applies to our total environment. We must read the handwrit- ing on the wall and act before it is too late. [From the Baltimore Sunday Sun, Mar. 27, 19,661 NORTHEAST UNITED STATES HAS ITS GREATEST DROUGHT IN HISTORY (By John Dorsey) The present drought in the Northeastern United States is of longer duration and of greater intensity than any drought ever be- fore recorded. There is little comfort in the fact that the law of averages decrees only one such drought every 200 years. Maryland has not suffered as much as New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Dela- ware, but the State nevertheless has experi- enced a drought more extended and almost as severe as that of the early thirties. The State has now had over three and a half years of extreme drought. Other areas of the Northeast have 4 to 5 years of extreme drought. Precipitation in the first 3 months of 1966 has alleviated the situation temporarily, but much more rain must fall before conditions approach normal. For Instance, R. J. Kratzschmar, city water engineer, estimates that in an area where normally about 3 inches of rain can be ex- pected to fall a month, we must have at least 5 inches a month for the next 6 months for the reservoirs which feed Baltimore to ap- proach normal levels. TOLL OF DROUGHT No one can tell how long the drought will last, but everywhere there are Lndicautions of the toll it has taken: Cumberland began restricting water use last September. In Emmittsburg, two schools were forced to close early for Christmas vacation because they were draining too much of the town's depleted water supply. In Brunswick, at the other end of Fred- erick County from Emmittsburg, one school was closed temporarily in January and a teachers' conference was called off because of the water shortage. Despite emergency measures, the situation in that town is still critical. Reports for the years 1962 to 1965 show that the State's crop losses due to the drought amounted to nearly $7 million a year. The Palmer Drought Index, a new method of measuring drought severity, uses a scale on which areas of near normal rainfall show a reading about zero. A reading of minus 1.50 indicates a mild drought, of minus 2.50 indicates a moderate drought, and any read- ing of minus 4.0 indicates an "extreme" drought. W. J. Moyer, the Weather Bureau's State Climatologist, reports that of Maryland's eight recording areas, all show readings below minus 4.0, and four show readings below minus 5.0. The north central region, which includes Baltimore, shows a reading of minus 5.6. Those are January readings. RAINFALL DEFICIENCY Recently calculated total rainfall figures for the Baltimore area show that over the 8-year period from 1958 to 1965 a total de- ficiency of more than 56 inches of rain has been recorded. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1,966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- APPENDIX 1958 to 1961 at which time he assumed his duties of Director of the Veterans' Administration's Liaison Office. I know all of his friends wish him well in his new assignment and know that he will perform most capably as he did in ais previous assignment. Mr. Earl E. Johnson Elected President of the National Association of Supervisors, Department of Defense EXTENSION OF REMARKS [-ION, JAMES A. BURKE OF MASSACHUSETTS I N THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. BURKE. Mr, Speaker, the Na- l.ional Association of Supervisors, De- urartment of Defense. held their 28th na- tional convention in Washington, D.C., i i:om February 28, through March 2, 1966. 1 was most pleased that, during these meetings, the association reelected Mr. a,tanding citizen of my 11th Congres- rr.onal :District, is respected and admired by all of his many friends. L fe and his wife, the former Arlene 1-1:;-lyward, of Brockton, resides at 11 Cushing Avenue with their three sons who are all attending Brockton schools. Bari is a member of the South Congrega- tional Church, and has in the past served air community with distinction as presi- rat of the Men's (flab, and the Hunting- ?, r School PTA. veteran of World War II, Mr. John- srn his been employed since 1940 by the Boston Naval Shipyard where he pres- a~ntly h;alds the position of supervisory sroduction shop planner. The national association of which Mr EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ROBERT DOLE OF KANSAS IN THE HOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVE:; Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. DOLE. Mr. Speaker, I am proud to have lived in a small community,. Russell, Kans. This community has been. blessed with an abundance of outstand- ing people. Without question, one of the greatest was the late C. W. Shaffer, who departed this life at the age o: 86 on March 1, 1966. The late Mr. Shaffer was a self-made plan whose influence was not only strongly felt in our community, but throughout Kansas and the Midwe;t. It would be difficult to determine just how many people have succeeded be- cause of the advice and assistance re- ceived from Mr. Shaffer, but the number is large. He was a symbol of success, in the true American spirit, because be believed in. hard work and was convinc,,d to the very end that th._ae who were willing to work, willing to conserve, will-- ing to endure hardships when necessal u, and willing to give of their time and money to worthwhile causes, would 're successful. He was a man who worked and lived for tomorrow-his, yours, and the t, i- morrow of future generations. Every community has its great lnen, and certainly my community was fortuna': o. in having felt the influence of "Uncle Charlie" for so many years. In the March 3, 1966, issue of tie Russell Record, an editorial by Russell T. Townsley., publisher and editor of the Russell Record and the Russ,.1.1 Daily News, pays tribute to this outstanding man: j V1 um Iohnson is president was organised in C. W. SHAFFEM W tshington, D.C., in 1913 with a nucleus "'he death of C. W. SlictEer, 86-year-old ru seven locals--all Navy. It enjoyed ofainrnent Russell banker, marked the end of an era in central Kansas. 'The last, mess-- progress until 1922 at which time, due to ber of the "Lucky Seven," Mr. Shaffer wc:; f; lie large :reduction of employees in naval identified with the discovery of oil in mi(i o ta:blishments, it was disbanded. It Kansas and the meteoric rise of the '.tndustra w is reactivated in 1933, and the first which, even today, has a significant place iic annual convention was held in 1939. By the economy.. He was respected for his finar - Yi44, there were 1.1 locals, and there has cia ability, his dedication to his famil : or en steady growth since. In 19.50, as civic and cornity life. Pat?es of the boot; ai, result of the Unification Act of the the so his 'name are filled 'eith. entries c 1 the sort that .'ew men achieve. ,'Armed Forces, the association was ex- ):;_nded to the National Association of seen His e in tbelief bt schools built solid during g his can be seen the u (oduring s 43 year:> mpervisors. Department of Defense, on the board, the church, constructed, both with 33 locals. There are currently 54 spiritually and physically (luring his life- ,ultive chapters with a membership of long membership, his home which its war.-,r in excess of 8,000 members working for and filled with memories of a son and daugh- kriny, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, ter and their circles of friends wile shared t d Coast, Guard. in its ;low. His bank, as modern and efficient, ac can be found today, was expanded and im Ili:; organization is the bargaining proved in the closing years of his lire span. ilt for all civilian supervisors in the He was planning for the future at, the time Department of Defense, and has been in life when others were content to contem re:;ponsible for solving many problems Plate the past. 'that could not have been satisfactorily The story of C. W. Shaffer, however, can o:uilved at a lower level. The national be fairly told in the recital of his achieve ; rlilicially recognized by the Department meats. It is as warm and down-to-earth a:. f Defense as representing civilian super- a tale by ry, Mark Twain, or Tasking ton. Hundreds reds of brides over a half eentur,* vi ,'ors; it also enjoys "formal recogni- or moire, have started in housekeeping with f; ion" with the Navy Department under the pinning of currency on their wedding i?:xecutive Order No. 10988. dress at the traditional wedding dance. It. A1.801. would be hard to count the number of homes In the community today which are here be- cause Mr. Shaffer at the bank could see truth, honesty, and industry-where others saw hard luck and hard times. Vast farm holdings, solid stores, service firms, and in- dustries are good today because "Uncle Charlie" could measure men. He was as conversant with the tools of his trade, the financial statements, bonds and stock re- ports, debentures and discounts as he was with the skills of Babe Ruth, Walt John- son, Casey Stengel, and Stan "The Man" Musial. His love for the national pastime gave the fullness to his life that few people knew. His devotion and love for his wine, Catherine, who died in 1964, and his love for young people proved the full life which was often screened by long hours at his desk in the bank. The lessons he taught as a young school- teacher remained to teach him. Not expect- ing perfection, he held, nevertheless, that all should face life squarely, as he had, and plan soundly for the future, He toaerated those who failed to meet his standards and encouraged those who made passing grades in life's classes for he was firmly convinced their marks were the keys to their own suc- cess and happiness. In his nearly 87 years, he had the satis- faction of finding his principles to be sound and basic, perhaps the most rewarding of all the things that can come to a man. Hopes for the Atom Smasher EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN A. RACE OF WISCONSIN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. RACE. Mr. Speaker, the Milwau- kee Journal recently published a pro- vocative editorial, "Hopes for the Atom Smasher," which well depicts the hope:: of Wisconsin-and the Midwest-for this new facility. Under leave to extend my remarks, I commend this editorial to my col- leagues and request that it be printed in the RECORD: [From the Milwaukee (Wis.) Journal, Mar. 23, 19661 HOPES FOR THE ATOM SMASHER Midwest hopes were justifiably raised Tucs - day when the National Academy of Science., recommended seven sites--four in the Mid- west-for the proposed 200 billion electron volt atom smasher. This $375 million tool for high-energy physicists would be an eco- nomic boon to whatever location is finally chosen, but selection of a Midwest site would be wise for other reasons, too. Physicists from across the country would use this facility. The biggest concentrations of high-energy physicists now are at the Uni- versity of California at Berkeley and a L. Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton N.Y. The Midwest would be a logical and con- venient central location for the largest and most complex nuclear research device in the world. The Wisconsin site recommended, near Stoughton and a short way from the Uni- versity of Wisconsin at Madison has been strongly supported as scientifically and cul- turally outstanding. The distinguished scientists who recognized that in their rec- ommendations apparently objected only to Wisconsin's winters. This hardly seems it drawback, however, since our winters have Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX Early in the 16th century Byelorus- sia became part of the Russian Empire and remained as such until the Bolshevik Revolution which overthrew the czarist empire in 1917. Among the non-Russian groups which proclaimed their independence was the Byelorussians and on March 25, 1918, the Byelorussian National Republic was established. But before the Byelorussians, or White Russians as they are also known, had a chance to enjoy the benefits of their victory the Red army overran the coun- try and made it part of the Soviet Un- ion. Byelorussia had been swallowed up in less than 3 years. So today let us continue our prayers that the day may not be distant when these long suffering people may once again experience the blessings of free- dom in their historic homeland. Support of the Indian-American Foundation EXTENSION OF REMARKS of HON. HOWARD W. ROBISON OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. ROBISON. Mr. Speaker, recently several of my Republican colleagues and I proposed a variety of suggestions as to the new directions which we believe our Nation's foreign aid programs must take if they are to contribute in an effective way to the changing world and the revo- lution of rising expectations which so characterizes the ferment of countries which have gained their independence in the .past two decades as well as those which, like our neighbors in Latin Amer- ica, have been independent for some time. Social development and political edu- cation and development were prominent among the goals which we listed. In some of these nations our country has on reserve large sums of local cur- rency, generated by sales of Public Law 480 food, which should be put to use in achieving these goals. There are also in every underdeveloped country a sizable number of private citi- zens who need financial aid to carry out their progressive plans for economic and social development. Their own govern- ments are sometimes to interested in the grander scheme of economic develop- ment, too bogged down in administrative detail, and too encumbered by rigid rules and regulations to help them. In some cases the ideas and principles that these people wish to develop are to contro- versial or too new to receive government support. Aid from foreign governments cannot reach them due to the government-to- government nature of foreign aid, or else it carries with it the stigma of identifi- cation with the specific policies and posi- tion of the foreign country. Some aid is provided by independent private foreign foundations, but support from this source is limited. The people I am talking about are the community leaders, the business groups and the professional groups which cannot afford indentification with the government of a specific foreign power such as the United States because of na- tional sensitivity, but who share many of the principles and views which have made this country the richest in the world. The just announced independent In- dian-American Foundation could be an important source of support for these people. It would not be identified with a foreign government, and it would maintain a perspective independent of the Government of India. I might add this independence from government sup- port would represent a strength for which the Soviet bloc and the Chinese Communists have no counterpart in their foreign aid programs. The Foundation would concentrate its support in education and agriculture. Progress in these areas is absolutely es- sential to economic development, and it is in these areas that innovation and ex- perimentation are critically needed. However, it is in these areas that the governments of underdeveloped coun- tries most often find it politically dif- ficult to bring change or even to support change. The professional educator resents gov- ernment interference in his field, and the farmer has always had more taken from him by the government than he has re- ceived from it-a situation which is not limited to the underdeveloped countries. The independent Foundation does not suffer from this reputation, and it has already proven its effectiveness in these areas. The Indian-American Foundation could also perform another function that the Government or Government-sup- ported organizations are not able to per- form because of their complex regula- tions and political sensitivities. The Foundation could quickly tap the tech- nical resources of organizations such as universities, labor unions, cooperatives, and professional and business groups to meet development bottlenecks. There is no doubt that the Foundation will have an impact, an influence, and an importance to the economic develop- ment of India far greater than the size EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JOHN A. RACE OF WISCONSIN IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. RACE. Mr. Speaker, President Johnson has underlined the U.S. desire for peace in Asia by signing a bill author- izing this country's participation in the Asian Development Bank. This is the editorial opinion of the Milwaukee Journal, which also hailed the $12 million American contribution for a Mekong River project in Laos. A1817 "The river -system has great potential for power, irrigation, and transportation. Properly developed it could revolutionize the area economy," the paper points out. At this point, I request unanimous con- sent that the editorial "Aid to Southeast Asia" be inserted in the RECORD: [From the Milwaukee Journal, Mar. 18, 19661 AID TO SOUTHEAST ASIA President Johnson has underlined his statement that the United States wants peace in Asia, and is anxious to help Asian nations in development, by signing a bill authorizing this country's participation in the Asian De- velopment Bank. At the same time he au- thorized a $12 million American contribution for a $24 million Mekong River project in Laos. The latter is part of the giant Mekong River development plan. The $24 million will finance the first actual construction, a dam and power station In the Nam Ngum, a Mekong tributary. It will furnish power for parts of Laos and northern Thailand. A survey of the Mekong River system has been under way for several years. Even the warring nations have participated. The river system has great potential for power, irriga- tion, and transportation. Properly developed it could revolutionize the area economy. The Asian Development Bank, to which 31 nations belong, can play an important role to that end. What is needed now Is a time of peace to take full advantage of the plans for a better life for the people of the entire area. EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR. OF MARYLAND IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. MATHIAS. Mr. Speaker, Mr. Mark S. Watson of the Baltimore Sun was one of the greatest gentlemen of jour- nalism in this century. His colleagues, freinds, and admirers around the world were deeply saddened by his death last Friday, for we will greatly miss his intel- ligent and ironic perceptions, his sense of humor, and his calm and accurate ob- servations on world affairs. Mr. Watson was a man of extraordi- nary wisdom, outstanding ability, and unflagging energies. His career in jour- nalism spanned more than a half cen- tury, during which his work won him the highest accolades which can be awarded to a reporter: the Pulitzer Prize, which he received in 1945; a spe- cial citation from the Department of Defense in 1961; the Navy's Distin- guished Public Service Award, given to him in 1962; and finally the Presidential Medal Of Freedom, awarded him in 1963. Born in Plattsburg, N.Y., in 1887, Mr. Watson graduated with honors from Union College in 1908 and worked for the Chicago Tribune until 1917. During World War I he received his first ex- posure to military reporting as a com- missioned officer in charge of Stars and Stripes, supervising a staff which in- cluded Alexander Woollcott and Harold Ross. After the war, Mr. Watson joined the Baltimore Sun, and served with the Sun Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 A 1818 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- APPENDIX in several editorial capacities for over 20 years. He then began a second career on the battlelines during World War IT, and his distinguished dispatches from Washington and the field brought him even greater renown. Ile was one of the first journalists to enter Paris after its liberation, and won many exclusive interviews with European statesmen. ]'need not recount all his achievements during the last two decades, for his thoughtful and informed reporting on complex military affairs is familiar to us all. Intimately familiar with fast- e.hanging military technology, Mr. Wat- "on was able to advise lay readers ac- curately and sensibly on military science and weaponry. Among the great devel- opments which he covered were the first hydrogen bomb test, the launching of the first nuclear-powered submarine, and the development of ballistic missiles. In sense as well as in seniority, Mr. Watson completely merited the title of "dean of the Pentagon press corps." Mr. Speaker, because Mark Watson never retired, there was no opportunity i'or his colleagues and friends to pay full tribute to this perfect reporter and perfect gentlemen. I wish to offer my ;anall tribute now, and to extend my heartfelt sympathies to Mr. Watson's wife and two daughters. Our understanding of the world in which we lived was far greater because Mark Watson taught us through his work. NA Washington: How To Make ITings`Worse 'T'han They Are 110 XTENSION OF REMARKS UP ZION. JONATHAN B. BINGHAM 01.1 NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESEN'rATIVI+]S 'I'unsday, March 29, 1966 Mr. BINGHAM. Mr. speaker, for some observers the idea of mining the harbor of Haiphong seems to be a tempt- ing course of action. The danger in.- herent in such a move are made abun- dantly clear by Mr. James Reston of the New York Times. I include herewith his masterful article on the subject and commend it to the attention of my co]- leagues: From the New York Times, Mar. 23, 19661 WASHINGTON: How To MAKE THINGS WORSE 1'rAN TIIEY ARE ?1,y :Tames Reston) 41'AS11INGTON. March 22.---The pressure seems to be building up in the Senate for a policy of bombing, mining, or blockading the North Vietnamese harbor of Haiphong, and one reason for the pressure is obviously the forthcoming elections. Not to close that harbor to the ships carry- ing war materiel to North Vietnam and the Vietcong, Senator RICHARD B. RUSSELr., of cloorgia, said today, "flies in the face of commonsense." He was supported by Sena- tor STUART SYMINGTO.N, Democrat, of Mis- souri, and Those Sco'rr, Republican, of Penn- i; -lvania. is going to be necerc ary to have a change in policy in some direction in the very near future, in my opinion," Senator l.SOOSELL added, "or this war will assume po- Iitical proportions that will absol utely force it upon any man. who has to go before the electorate of this country and seek public office." He thereupon proposed .a blockade. WAIT A MINUTE Itlaybe we should look this one over a little before we jump. The thing coo be done easily enough. Legally, it Is a I ttle misty since the United State,; is not normally at war with North Vietnam, but Life lawyers will find a way through that thicket. An effective sea and air blockade or Haiphong, however, raises more practical questions. First, if a Soviet ship carrying, munitions to North Vietnam is intercepted by an Amer- lea.n destroyer approaching Haiphong and refuses to turn around or be boarded, what do we do? Blow her out of the water? The consequences of that are likely r.,, be rather awkward. Siecond, a policy of :mining i tic harbor, therefore, seems more likely to be more practical and less ri::ky, though l, is too has to be considered in something other than domestic political terms. No doubt it would have considerable effect on free world shipping now carrying supplies but not munitions to Haiphong. insurance rates on ships heading that way ?;', )uld reach almost prohibitive heights as soon as the mining was announced. That would dis- courage those who are making a profit out of the war, end nobody would sob iuach about them. IHE SOVIET PROBLEM ^'he eri iical problem lies with the Soviet Government, now approaching a major ideological showdown with Cmnm Dist China at the Communist Party' congress later this month. Peking's charge again 1. Moscow is that it is soft on capitalism, tianid in its approach to the Vietnamese war. and more interested In peaceful coexistence with the Unit-ad States than in waging the Communist revolution. In these circumstances, the Si;ziet Union is not so likely to turn back, as it did in the U.S., of Cuba during the missile crisis of October 1962; but even if it decided not to risk blowing up Its men and ships in Haiphong, there would still be a problem. For diverting Soviet seaborne :;hipping to the air or the land would mean rerouting it over or through Communist China and thus placing the ;North Vietnamese Government even more in the grip of Communist China, which is precisely who-, the Juhuson ad- ministration has always said it wanted to avoid. This, to use Senator RlrssELr 's phrase, really "flies in the face of commonsense." One objective of our policy surly is ndt to force Moscow and Peking closer together but 1:o keep them apart; not to is date Han- oi with the Communist Chinese but to give them. some freedom of action to work with Moscow; not to increase Peking':; leverage over North. Vietnam but to limit I' as much as possible. The aim of closing the port. Is clear enough--to reduce our casualtio;;-but to plunge into it, worrying about senr,orial cas- ualties is wiot.her matter. President Johnson, Secretary of Defense McNamara, Secretary of State Rio k and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of staff, Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, are all dubious that the advantages of closing Haiphong would be greater than the disadvantages, th?t It would really seriously hamper the flow -'f supplies to the enemy, and that it would do any- thing but bring about even mare trouble in keeping the narrow channel o the Sai- gon. River open for our own supplies. But Senator RUSSELL differs on both military and political grounds. POLITICS AND POLICY "I do not think we can afford to let this war drift on and on as it is now" he told the Senate yesterday. "Search and destroy Mareb..3O, 19') tactics may, after 10 or 12 years, bring Vie Vietcong to their knees, but the Americr,n people are going to be very ur:happe about. t, and someone who comes along and says: 'I will go in and clean this thinly up in 6 months,' will, I'm afraid, have some adv.e,r- tage over the Senators who say 'let's pl ;y this thing along for 10 or 12 years as we're going, now.' " Politicians who run for recloction, of course, have to worry about such things, but good politics is not necessarily good policy. L1Y'l Peace-But Not at Any Price EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. JAMES H. (JIMMY) QUILLEN OF TENNESSEE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENT r'a'rIvEs Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. QUILLEN. Mr. Speaker, the shadow of Vietnam has hung heavily over every day of this session of the Congress. The problem of what to do has been widely discussed and solutions have ru i the gamut from abrupt withdrawal to possible world war. Our concern deep- ens each day, and we continue to see It an honorable solution, bt never to sac- rifice freedom. On Monday, March 28, 1966, a provoc- ative editorial appeared in the Knoxville Journal on this most important issue, and I would like to insert it at this point in the RECORD for the benefit of my col- leagues and the readers of the RECORD: PEACE -BUT NOT AT ANY PRICE A plastic surgeon returning from 2 month.;' voluntary service in South Vietnam provides a striking picture of the methods ernployeS by the Vietcong, about whom a handful cf U.S. Senators and some other leftwingers are so concerned. The returned surgeon describes the scene: The parents of a small boy stand before their hut in South Vietnam. The small boy clings to his father's legs in fear. The gron. i is surrounded by Vietcong terrorists who de- mand food, perhaps, or information, or an oath of allegience. The father demurs, he is slow to yield to the demands of the Con_:. Suddenly, the small boy is grabbed up by one VC, his lower lip cut off and thrown Ili the dust in front of the but. If either of the parents protests, or perhaps evon if they don't, they are shot down in cold blood. This is the Vietcong. This is the "libera- tion front" for which the FOLBRIGHTS and the KENNEDY'S plead, demanding that the q or their representatives sit in the high coun- cils of nations which would negotiate peacs in southeast Asia if there were anyone in North Vietnam or Red China willing to sit down at a council table. Thus a majority of Americans has reason to be righteously indignant when, as w..; the case last Saturday, hundreds of thou- sands of demonstrators in dozens of citiea took to the streets, a few groups even carry- ing the Vietcong flag. This indignation is not an Intangible thing, based solely upon emotion ca' convic- tion that the right of dissent guaranteed by our Constitution is being carried too far. Rather, it is the recognition that those who put on these noisy peace demonstrations are costing and will cost the live;; of l,housand:; of loyal American fighting men in the jungl^:; and the rice paddies of South Vietnam. The plain fact is that these demonstrators, these mobs which have been encouraged by Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A1819 the likes of the Kennedy-9, the Fulbrights, and the Morses, have created the conviction in both Hanoi and Peking that if th they country great decline to halt aggression, our will in the course of time reward their aggres- sion because we are, if you don't stop to con- sider who the demonstrators are, a divided peWell, of course one should not damn the whole bunch as being traitors. In.the ranks of those who march our streets in the guise of peace lovers there are some conscientious individuals, but they take their places along- side other characters whose interest in raising disturbances grows out of other motives. There are two groups which readily meet the eye. One is made up of native Commu- nists, Americans who are dedicated to the service of a foreign power whether it be based in Moscow or Peking. They demonstrate be- cause of this loyalty, in the hope of breaking the will of a great people to act for the preser- vation of freedom. A second group, including the beatniks and the draft-card burners, comprises young Americans who, we are ashamed to say, are just plain damned cowards. They have yellow bands running down their backs that justifiably concern and arouse indignation in the hearts of millions of American veterans who have fought this Nation's wars in the past. They are fearful that unless appease- ment of the enemy can be achieved, they might have to risk their own little lives and give up the creature comforts, and yes, the freedoms, which have been their heritage be- cause brave men in the past have fought for, and sometimes died, to preserve them. rice. We are all for peace, but not at any price. Few of us are for the kind of peace sought by traitors to our country and by out and out cowards. These hatched up demonstrations make us sick. Cigarette Smuggling Racket Cheats New York State and New York City Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 loss of other business resulting from other purchases which the customer makes when he comes to his shop. We cannot rely on the bootlegger or the smuggler to think about the small retail merchant-we must speak out-act promptly to protect his interests. As if this is not enough damage, the smuggler and bootlegger are involving innocent merchants to dispose of the cigarettes they illegally transport in in- terstate commerce to evade city and State taxes. I have been told but I do not have confirmation that they are en- listing our youth, in plying their illegal trade in the sale of bootleg cigarettes, thus contributing to and promoting juve- nile delinquency and disrespect for law and order, The wholesale tobacco industry, the chain store, and the department store are also affected by the loss of sales of cigarettes and other products as well. These merchants are threatened with substantial damage and loss of business. In 1949, there was a wide practice of advertising and offering for sale, tax- free cigarettes by mail. This occurred when there developed a wide difference between the selling price of cigarettes in one State and that of a neighboring State. State and city taxing authorities, retailers, wholesalers, and merchants complained and the Congress passed the Jenkins Act of 1949 which was later amended-15 U.S.C. 375-379. The Jenkins Act was passed to assist States in collecting sales and use taxes on cigarettes for shipment into a State where a tax is imposed by requiring the seller to file a report of the sale with the taxing authorities of that State. When the Jenkins Act was signed the practice stopped. I am today introducing a bill to amend the Jenkins Act to require that any person or firm selling or transferring in excess of 5,000 cigarettes to file a report with the taxing authorities of the State into which the cigarettes are being transported. The purpose of the legis- lation is to eliminate the bootlegging of cigarettes and to protect the small busi- nessman who suffers economic harm as a result of the illegal transportation of cigarettes in interstate commerce. Just as the original Jenkins Act effectively eliminated the mailing of cigarettes for tax evasion, so do I believe this amend- ment will effectively eliminate the prac- tice of bootlegging of cigarettes in inter- state commerce. The expanded growth of cigarette sales in the nontax cigarette States like North Carolina and in low tax areas such as the District of Columbia for ultimate interstate transportation is producing a new breed of bootleggers which is not regulated by the present provisions of the Jenkins Act. The following article which appeared in the New York Herald Tribune of March 20, 1966, outlines the present loss in revenue to States and municipalities which impose sales and use taxes on cigarettes: SMUGGLERS CUT CIGARETTE TAXES SY MANY MILLIONS (By John,G. Rogers) The motorist in the Brooklyn filling sta- tion was paying for his 10 gallons of gasoline when he asked the attendant in a low voice: "Got any cigarettes today?" The attendant sized up the motorist, de- cided to risk it, and nodded his head affirma- tively. "I'll take two cartons," the motorist said. "Cost you 6 bucks." The motorist settled up and drove off. He was pleased because, against the going retail price of 43 cents a pack, he had saved 13 cents on each of the 20 packs in his purchase. The attendant was pleased because he had made a profit of 111/2 cents on each of the 20 packs. The big losers in the deal were New York City and New York State. Between them,. they should have collected 16 cents a pack in taxes-a total of $3.20-but they didn't col- lect anything because the sale was a surrep- titious one of cigarettes smuggled in the day before from North Carolina. ESTIMATE In various settings and through various characters, the sneak sale of smuggled ciga- rettes in New York City has reached the point where tobacco industry spokesmen estimate the city-State tax loss at up to $51 million a year. Joseph H. Murphy, State commissioner of taxation and finance, will say only that the loss is "substantial." However, his current estimate for the State's annual tax share is at a rate that is $31 million less than in pre- smuggling days. An educated industry guess is that legiti- mate cigarette sales in the city are off 22 percent. The industry believes legitill}ate retailers throughout the State are losing up to $138 million a year in cigarette business and, perhaps, another $80 million in related sales. LUCRATIVE It was inevitable that such a lucrative, subrosa racket would attract organized crime, including the Cosa Nostra. Law en- forcement officials once accustomed to seek- ing small independent smugglers, are now beginning to see a pattern of large-scale, well-planned smuggling, especially into Brooklyn. They know, though they didn't intercept it, that recently a trailer truck came in with 9,600 cartons, bought for about $18,000 in North Carolina, resaleable in New York for up to $10,000 profit, depending on the method of disposal. Brooklyn District Attorney Aaron E. Koota estimates that a daily average of $50,000 worth of illegal cigarettes enter the borough by means ranging down to the small inde- pendents who stuff a few cartons under the back seats of private cars. "The problem is serious and continually getting worse"-that's the summary of City Finance Director Roy M. Goodman. "There are indications that such criminal elements as the Mafia are cracking down on independent bootleggers and have started to organize pickup and dropoff points for il- legal cigarettes," says Morris Weintraub, managing director of the Wholesale Tobacco Distributors Association of New York. The costly woe bedeviling the city, State, and cigarette industry traces back to April 1, 1965, when the State cigarette tax was doubled to 10 cents a pack. The price of a pack in this city of an estimated 3 million smokers shot up to between 40 and 45 cents, the highest in the Nation. COUNTERFEITS Almost immediately the smugglers began to roll, some in private cars, some in rented panel trucks and occasionally, some in king- size trucks. Traffic built up between New York and the two choicest supply points- North Carolina at $1.85 a carton, Washing- ton, D.C., at $2.07. Those are retail prices. North Carolina is favored for big operations because roadside dealers have storehouses bulging with the EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. HERBERT TENZER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. TENZER. Mr. Speaker, the grow- ing practice of cigarette bootlegging is depriving State and municipal taxing authorities of millions of dollars in reve- nue. With New York State and the city of New York searching for new sources of revenue to meet the increasing costs of government operations and services, it is high time they plugged up the loss in tax revenues resulting from cigarette boot- legging. Recent disclosures indicate that New York State and New York City may be losing approximately $50 million annu- ally in tax revenue due to the growing practice of interstate cigarette smug- gling. Other States and cities are also affected and I am hopeful that my col- leagues will immediately review the pic- ture of cigarette tax revenues in their own States and municipalities to deter- mine the extent of loss of cigarette tax revenue. Mr. Speaker, of equal importance is the effect of. this unlawful trade upon the small businessman-the independent re- tailer-the backbone of our free enter- prise system. The retailer not only loses the cigarette sales but also suffers the Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ----- APPENDIX Marcia 30, 1966 ; cxx1F--ee"r'a which hold 60 cartons of 1.0 13!aaks each With the cigaretes back in New York, small independents sometimes make the ultimate ea.les themselves, their volume not being large enough to fit in a middleman. It's not hard to sell a x1.85 carton in the city for $3. forge-scale smugglers may sell to store- keepers for perhaps, $2.75 a carton, The storekeeper then. sells at the prevailing re- tail price o1 *4.30 or so. TRAFFIC 9?i the beginning, small storekeepers sim- ply risked selling packs that bore no New York tax stamps. Lately, many of the aniu.ggled cigarettes bear counterfeit stamps. So far the State department of taxation and l i.n:jrice has identified 17 different varieties of phony stamps. The smugglers' outlets have varied widely --barbers, gas station attendants, lauu.dries, even housewives- In the first 8 months of the smuggling wave, 197 arrests were made in the New York area and 112 con- victions were obtained. Prosecutors corn- plain though that light penalties---often a w25 tine--are not rough enough to discourage a bigtime smuggler. '7.'he State has made 746 seizures of illegal cigarettes, totaling 618,000 packs. The sale of the seized cigarettes to dealers willing to pa?y the required taxes brought in $325,445. hut, as the war goes on between the smug- glers and the law, the State knows that more smugglers get through than are caught. One tactic found the State sending spies to North Carolina to watch for cars with New York plates loading up at roadside stands. De- scriptions nl' cars and plates were telephoned ahead. Cooperative Maryland State Police alone seized 450,000 packs in a recent period from New York-bound cars. Lately, however, the smugglers have been switching cars somewhere on the north- bound trip, throwing off the surveillance of fiie law. Mr. Speaker, the proposed amendment ,..,., f ' to the Jenkins Ant ..rill hel ou o:L p `he -. This legislation will also help other During the 6 weeks the course of study respective shales of the. taxes they are States and municipalities to collect their runs the gamut from theory (what, the na- lulw losing of between $32 and $50 pill,, ture of poverty is and how one cages with lion per annum. Perhaps this will also dust share of taxes levied on cigarettes. it) to practicality (how to amiroach the Door Wh St t ere a e and local legislation is re- stimulate the taxing authorities and the inayor of the city of New York to look; quired to effectively implement the pro- into all other areas of possible tax losses Posed amendment to the Jenkins Act, it and take steps to plug up the tax leaks is expected that it, will be forthcoming to help meet their budget--every little bit, to the end that smuggling and bootleg- helps, gins; of cigarettes may be stopped. One of the reasons I am concerned, about the New York City tax situation. is that the mayor of the city has pro- Training; for Voluunteers in Service hosed an income tax which would apply to resident and nonresident workers to America alike. I represent the Fifth Congression- al District, New York, no part of which is EXTf;NSION OF REMARKS located in the geographic boundaries of of the city. :However, a great segment of llfy constituents are employed in the city lsf New York. They are employed in fac- him and that is with a subway ride for 15 cents which costs the city much more. I favor an increase in subway fare to 25 cents rather than any form of tax upon suburban residents. It is the fairest way to collect needed revenues. Just stop giving something away below cost. New York City residents should want to stop subsidizing each subway rider from out of New York City by giving h inn a ride which costs more than a quart:'r for only 15 cents. By taking this step, the mayor of the city of New York will be taking a step in the night direction. The commuter or nonresident income tax would be a grave mistake. It will result in a loss' They are part of Volunteers in Service to to the City of New York of a great many America, more commonly known by its in)- service bllsirlesses and other small busi- tills, VISTA, and popularly described as the Hess which could operate out of the sub- domestic Peace Corps. urbs where their proprietors live. For 6 weeks they live in the old convent if Fourteen Holy Martyrs Catholic Church .a On Sunday, March 2 o', 1966, the New Pratt and Mount Streets and study across the York Tinges reported that New York City street in the renovated Catholic school. Investigations Commissioner, Arnold G. Their practical classroom, however, is Balti- h'raimon stated that the city was losing more, parts of it that the average citizen about $9 million a year and the State sees only occasionally and then forgets. of New York about $22.5 million a year The trainee's day starts before 8 a.m., 3 as a, result of interstate shipments of days a week, and often is not completed until cigarettes to avoid the tax, The New 9 or 10 p.m. At the end of the 6 weeks, most of the York State tax is 10 cents a pack and trainees are assigned to slum sections in the New York City tax is 4 cents a pack. other American cities for the duration of The legislation which I have intro- their year in the VISTA program. Only duced today would help bring about an about 10 percent who start do not finish. increase in New York State's revenues Once a class graduates, the training center of approximately $22. i million and about staff takes 2 weeks to prepare for another $9 million to the city. In view of the class of 50 to 60. The local VISTA center is one of three difficulty in estimating the loss of reve- centers in the country (the others are Hull Hue, due to illegal operations resulting House in Chicago and Columbia University from cigarette bootlegging, this figure in New York) training volunteers especially may be considerably higher. By plug- for work in urban areas. Its program is con- gin;g up such tax leaks and through an ducted by the University of Maryland':; increased transit fare, if necessary, we School of Social Work under a contract with. HION. CARLTON R. SICKLES !orics, retail shops, service industries, IN T wholesaling:. Inanufacturin':, brokerage, ,nrsurance, and banking as well as in all OF MARYLAND L, HOUSE OF REPRE5F,NTOTI:VES S'ucsoay, March 2.9, 1966 professions. Mr. SICKLES. Nlr. Speaker, on IVlarch 1.1' one of Div constituents owns prop- 22, 1966, the Baltimore Sun published a crty in New York City, he pays his real feature on the VISTA volunteer training estate taxes. If he owns his business program located in Baltimore, Md. and pays rent. he contributes to a por- Because this article illustrates the fine Lion of the taxes paid by his landlord. job these volunteers are doing, I would If he rides the taxicabs-if he eats in a like to bring the article to the a'tention restaurant--if he goes to the theater-if of my colleagues: lie makes a l ml-chase-whatever he does 1"AR-RF,A1"11'TNG PROJECT--TRAINIa ; FOR in the city of New York, he helps pro- VOLUNTEERS IN SKINICE TO AMi RICA uaote' its economy and he contributes to (B y Lowell E. Su:aderland) some of the detailed person-to-perscn work the taxes collected b,T the city. that frequently is left undone overbur- At approxim.l.tely 8-week intorv: is since doped agencies short on manpower er and long 121 Only one way does the city subsidize last April between 50 and 60 persons from all on requests for help. walks of life and all parts of the country have converged on the old convent and school of a west Baltimore Catholic Church for a craeh course in reality. The people in these groups have ranged n age from 18 to 74 and have come from sl.u h diverse backgrounds as college griiduate and college dropout, housewife and retired busi- nessman, teacher and dentist. They have been white and Negro, male and female, young rebel in long hair and dungarees ar.d experienced hands in tweedy sportcoats and conservative ties. They are people drawn together by an idea--some say it Is even an ideal. 'They are people taking the first step in what will become a year of donating time and skills to what to expect, and how much to accofn- plish). Lecturers and seminar lenders are brought in from numerous agencies and schools. Each trainee is assigned to work 3 days a week with a social welfare, health, or educa- tional agency serving the poor. At other times the trainees visit agencies to observe how they operate and to learn what service are available through them. Working with the agencies, they meet many of them for the first time-- --?,; he poor face to face. Some go into houses and apart- ments that are incredibly dingy and dirty (rabbit warren is a description frequently heard), Others work in hospital wards with the elderly or mentally disturbed. Sonic work with children--tutoring in. schools, coaching in gymnasiums and on play- grounds, and sometimes just talking on street corners near boarded-up stores and alleys littered with broken glass. AGENCIES AIDED There are also observation assip, ii nice1, made at places where the poor are Pound-- iii housing projects, in poolrooms, in store- front churches, in pawnshops, at trash deal- ers, and in corner bars. Certain ti nos set aside for individual exploration during; which the trainees are supposed to set out on their own and learn the ways of Lie poor. Essentially, the VISTA program is designed to work through existing agencies, doin- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A1833 The centrally heated building was corn- this milestone in, a career of fruitful Perhaps the most encouraging lesson which pleted in October at a cost of $36,700-and aristic achievemefit was duly marked in recent months has taught is that previous estimates of the degree of manpower su- immediately occupied by four widows who an article appearing in the Waterbury which a Regular Army had manpower $65 a month each, including all utilities Republican of March 20, 1966. As I am over its guerrilla foe were wildly exaggerated. except telephone. Each apartment has a certain that this item will be of interest Such superiority was perhaps needed in the living room, kitchen with a new stove and days before highly mechanized warfare. But refrigerator, and bath. Occupants bring their to my colleagues, I insert the article in America's stupendous airpower, firepower, +hn R.FCffRSD D at at this point; -1 --- Admiring the natural wood cupboards and sunny appearance of each apartment, a vis- itor might miss some of the features that make these places homes. Take the little storeroom or pantry off each kitchen: Curry says, "We really had to argue with the home administration to get that." He thought this space was necessary for women who had done canning all their lives. "It wouldn't be 'home' unless they could continue to put up a few jars of fruit and have a place to put them." And they needed a spot for a big old trunk and maybe a box of letters.sion of There has been a steady, pr~ visitors to the Massena project, finished just after another low-cost unit at Irwin. Simi- lar projects are underway at Lake View, Earlham, - Pilot Mound, Dows, and New Virginia. Gene L. Hoffman, State director of the Farmers Home Administration, says this kind of building is meant to "provide independent housing for individuals who are able, and desire, to care for themselves" and to allow them "to live out their lives in dignity in communities where they have spent their working days and where their roots are est " dee . p Some of the considerations in building these units are ones that all good retirement homes strive to meet. For example, homes should be attractive inside and out because the elderly are con- fined to their dwellings for longer periods of time, says Hoffman. And although they should be convenient, these "shouldn't over- emphasize features that remind occupants of their age." T1,ea ed aren't so likely to be driving cars, g so their homes should be near such com- Mr. DUNCAN of Oregon. Mr. Speaker, to have a government of their own choosing. munity facilities as the post office, churches, doctors' offices, and stores. This has much the Christian Science Monitor notes in a If military successes speed this process-fine. to do with how independent-and how "in- recent editorial there has been a solidify- But the main goals must never be forgotten. dividual"-older people feel. ing of public support behind the Presi- There ought to be something interesting to observe. A big rope swing for neighbor- hood children hangs on a tree in the fore- ground of the Massena unit, and although the building is far enough from the street to avoid noises, it is on a main thoroughfare. The people who plan retirement dwellings don't want the residents to feel they're "away. Because they "home is best." Anna Hyatt Huntington EXTENSION OF REMARKS Belated congratulations are owed Anna Hyatt Huntington, of Redding, to the west of us here in Waterbury, on her 90th birth- which was celebrated last Thursday. d ay, The noted sculptor received all manner of accolades on this occasion and well she might as her renown in her field is world- wide and deservedly so. Anyone who at- tended the World's Fair-and there were millions who did so-must remember her "Abraham Lincoln: On the Prairie." In the field of heroic statues Mrs. Huntington is unsurpassed here in America. Despite her age and the productivity of her past, Mrs. Huntington carries on today much as she has down through her fruitful years. Age has never been a barrier to the continuation of her work as a sculptor. Even now she is working on an equestrian statute of Gen. Israel Putnam which one day will stand at the entrance of Putnam Memorial State Park in Redding, where Huntington lives and works. May her ge- nius remain our heritage through her ra- Support Noted EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ROBERT B. DUNCAN OF OREGON IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 The newspaper feels that we should not lose sight of the three main purposes of American military action, and it states: "The first is to bring an early and decisive end to terrorism from within and aggression from without. The second is to bring all legitimately interested par- ties to the negotiating table as quickly as possible. The third is to enable the South Vietnamese to have a government of their own choosing." The opinions as expressed in the edi- torial to which I have referred will be of general interest, and I, therefore, include it in the RECORD. [From the Christian Science Monitor, Mar. 12, 1966] SOME IMPROVEMENT For some months President Johnson has had to fight two Vietnamese wars-one in South Vietnam itself, the other back in the United States. Neither has gone as well as he wished. But each has now taken a turn for the better as judged from the White House. Although the actual fighting still stretches ahead along a long, dark and hard road, none- theless there are not a few indications that the struggle in Vietnam is going better. For many months the growing weight of the American military presence has made itself increasingly felt. And during the past few weeks this has become even more evident in a series of heavy Communist setbacks. have radically changed the situation. These have neither ended the guerrilla threat nor yet brought that end in sight. But they have increasingly meant that the guerrillas are the hunted instead of the hunters, that their problems of supply, of rest areas, of maneuverability are growing worse, and that there are now signs that the present course of the war is beginning to tell on enemy confidence. In both Hanoi and Peking within the past month there have been official Communist Party statements which reflect either pes- simism or concern over morale within the party. These statements are unprecedented and significant. Meanwhile, back home there is evidence of a solidifying of public support behind the President's decision. The latest Louis Harris poll said that the public supported a resump- tion of the bombing of North Vietnam by the overwhelming margin of more than 7 to 1 and found that opinion was harden- success would resolve the war. Furthermore, the American people would support block- ading the port of Haiphong by 2 to 1. Thus on both fronts the President might well feel that spring has at last come to this past winter of severe discontent. Yet none of this should cause Washington to lose sight of the three main purposes of American mili- tary action. The first is to bring an early and decisive end to terrorism from within and aggression from without. The second is to bring all legitimately interested parties to the negotiating table as quickly as possible. EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. CLARK-W. THOMPSON OF TEXAS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. THOMPSON of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I have today introduced a bill which will permit the free entry of man- ganese ore and certain related products from any available source. Manganese is one of the basic raw ma- terials in the production of steel. With the demand for steel increasing each and every day, particularly due to Vietnam, the pressures on the supply of basic raw material becomes greater and greater. it is in our national interest to secure manganese from any source available. The Congress recognized the pressures on raw material supplies in the 88th Congress, when we enacted Public Law 88-338, which suspended the duty on manganese imported into the United States from free world countries. In the House report accompanying the bill which became Public Law 88-338, H.R. HON. JOHN S. MONAGAN OF CONNECTICUT IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. MONAGAN. Mr. Speaker, as the Representative of Connecticut's Fifth Congressional District, which contains more than its share of gifted, creative people, I have often had the pleasure and privilege of addressing this body to pay tribute to these artists for their fine works. One of these outstanding art- ists, the noted sculptress, Anna Hyatt Huntington, of Redding, Conn., has re- cently celebrated her 90th birthday, and Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 A1831 CONGRESSIONAI: RECORD -- APPENDIX March ''0, .7966 7480, our committee-the Committee on ):vents, prices of the commodities must Ways and Means--stated: logically increase. This in turn will in- Your committee also believes that enact- crease the cost of steel for our domestic Went or H R. 7480 is desirable from the users and defense effort. standpoint of. domestic producers of ferro- As you know, our steel industry has manganese and other manganese alloys. suspensi:,n of the existinlr duty on the basic been seeking every ecron coots, way to raw materials will reduce costs to these processors and should result in enhan ne production ti.Oln because 01 This is ce- nece cesssary ary not only e of the e in- tr:ent of the competitive position of domes- creasing competition from foreign steel tically produced alloys in the market. in both domestic arid foreign tiarkets but The report also pointed out that the to assist; in holding their prices within the principal use of the ore and the ferro- gu'idelir,.es specified by the Pra silent. aly was in the production of the le It is recognized that some nay object 'o consonance with the suspensteel. sion of to this action because: of their opposition duty o mnancri wi Olt', the 89th Con- to trade with bloc countries. 'However, our growing need for manganese from all gloss enacted Public Law 89--204, which possible sources should far outweigh this suspended the duty on nickel in various position. This is particularly true since [arms in a further effort to help stabilize the demands for manganese will grow the Production costs of steel. stronger as we feel the efir'-ets of the 'T'here remains only one other signifi- heavier appropriations for Vietnam. I cant sources of manganese available to yield to no one when it comes to opposi- th.e United States and that is ore from tion to any proposal which gives any the Soviet-bloc countries and primarily advantage to the Soviet bloc. from Russia, proper. The Russians are Hoowever, in this case it is obviously in presently selling an estimated 600,000 our national interest to secure manganese Irons per year to Western Europe There . from Rii ussa snce manganese i , absolute- has been none imported into the United 1y neces airy-to us in our steel eroduction. States for a great many years due to This i thtf se sor o trade with the Soviet the prohibitive duty on manganese from bloc which no one can questio: redounds the bloc countries. It is believed en- to our own benefit. tirely appropriate that the duty on man- mh irorn Russia is quite common u; One ex- apendccl in the same manner as is the ample is Russian. chrome on which is case of that entering other free world vital in the production of steel rind ferro- countries, in order that sufficient quan- alloys and which enters our country free titles of manganese be available to meet of duty. It appears entirely consistent our own growing requirements and to that; manganese be given the some treat- help hold down the costs of steel to U.S. ,,,,,r r r.. -_ _ _ _ Public, Law 88-338 referred to above niateaytr5t percent lofs the l totrlachrome expires on June 30, 1967. It is believed consumed in the United States .and with- What the most expeditious way of imn- out it our steel industry would be severely t)1?c::ving the manganese situation is to handicapped. This is particularly true amend the present law by expanding the at the present time since chrome; ore from suspension of duty on manganese to cover Rhodesia, another large supplier, is not ore from the bloc countries. Such an presently available due to the adverse po- amendment means that the matter would litical co rsiderations which prevail to- h ave to be considered in 1967 when the day. In addition to chrome, other basic present legislation expires, but during materials such as platinum, palladium, this time sufficient experience could be and potash are examples of materials !!awned in endeavoring to buy from Russia which are acquired from Rus ia. to govern our actions in 1967. If enacted, the proposed the November 22, 1965, issue of the should lessen the pressure to increase Engineering and Mining Journal "Metal steel prices due to the greater b r and Mineral Markets" there was a special of a high cost item in the pr'oductionof study on manganese. This was one of a steel. This in. turd will help keep down series of such studies made on various the spiralling costs of the war in Viet- materials b th hi I r l y , s s, r s y relit=table publr?- cation. Among other things it concluded that with the current prosperous free world economy pacing the demand for Steel and ferroalloys, a manganese ore ,shortage is not an impossibility. They :also stated that the political situations in Africa, Brazil, and India reduces them. its a dependable source of supply. The moot recent published report shows that over 127 million tons of man- l;al,nose Was consumed in the United :'ta.t s in 19634 as compared to 85 million ,;oils in 1958. This significant upward trend has continued to date and we face it more serious problem as we super- imorae the growing requirements of the Vietnam situation which are materially inc?rca zing the demands for steel and l erro:rlloys in various forms. The in- creasing demands for manganese has firmed up prices for manganese ores, ferroalloys, and metals. As the demand increases due to the Vietnam require- narn and at the same time make Ameri- can steel and ferroalloys more competi- tive in the markets of the world.. This should not be confused with the emotional, political question of trading with the Soviet bloc. The only relevant aspect involved is good hard l nerican business. Secrecy and Poverty EXTENSION OF REMAR i S HON. DONALD RUMSFELD OF U LINOrs IN THE HOUSE OF REPIZESENT". IIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 Mr. RUMSFELD, Mr. Speaf,er, the Washington Post commented favorably on March 26, 1966, regarding Sargent Shrrver's directive instructing local anti- poverty agencies to open their books for public inspection. I want to join the Post in applauding Mr. Shiner's act..on on this point. Now, if the administration could be convinced to emulate M.:?. Shirver's ac- tion by supporting instead of opposing the public records bills, the Nation would be much the better. The comment from the Post follows: SECRECY AND POVERTY Sargent Shriver's publicity directive, in- structing local antipoverty agencies to open their books for public inspection, is a proper acknowledgment of the right of citizens to know about their own Government. That right never should hate been in doubt and it is to be hoped that the directive will make it clear to officials that the admin- istration wishes them to do what t hey shot Id have been doing without instruction. Quite rightly, the directive States that r1s- closure must be made "to any person for inspection and examination." Government, in a democratic society, is the servant of the people and if the people cannot discover what their servants are doing with public author- ity and public money they do not really enjoy self-Government. Evidence of Peace Corps Effectiveness EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. ROY H. McVICKER OF COLORADO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTAT'IV l:' Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. MCVICKER. Mr. Speaker I re- , cently had the pleasure of seeing first- hand some of the magnificent results of Peace Corps work in Central America. I was in Guatemala and Panama, meeting with officials of the Organization of C'on.-- tral American States. The United States is doing great things south of the border, making prog- ress in helping the Central American nations help themselves. The Peace Corps is playing a large role in this. a role that is winning praise and respect; every day. In reporting this reaction, to Mr. Jacli H. Vaughn, I was pleased to be reminded that the work of our Peace Corps is bene- fiting the members of the Corps in terms of giving them a valuable insight into the way people in other lands look at the world. Mr. Vaughn has passed on, to me an inspiring letter from a Mist; Elaine Mrachek which I wish to share with :my colleagues. Miss Mrachek served in Panama, and her words should be an :in- spiration to all of us: DEAr. MR. VAIICHN: I wish you the enjoy- ment of learning and challenge along with congratulations on your recent appuincment: as Director of the Peace Corps. One day yon stated to our training group at the U'.tiver;sit.y of Arizona that the Peace Corps in Panama, was of more value to the United States than any other American program there. I wen to Panama and served as a volunteer there always believing this to be true and insfstci.:. on living this ideal. People always ask, "Why did you join the Peace Corps?" I cannot reply verbally. I only know that within my heart I believe my decision to become a volunteer was the wisest and most rewarding decision of all my 24 years. In knowledge and wisdom I grew, but Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 March 30, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX A1861 Congressman BALDWIN was opposed to this project. While I failed in my ef- forts to persuade the gentleman from California [Mr. BALDWIN] to alter his position, I came to know him and to re- spect him for his convictions, sincerity, friendliness, and candor. In January of this year, I was hos- pitalized because of a leg injury. Con- gressman BALDWIN was also a patient at the time and occupied a room across the corridor from me. Here, under far dif- ferent circumstances, we renewed our acquaintance. During my stay at the hospital, I came to know JOHN BALDWIN more intimately and my respect for him increased immeasurably. He was suffering from an illness from which I suspect he knew he would not recover. In spite of this fatal prospect, he continued his dedicated devotion to his congressional duties. He was friendly and thoughtful, and his courage was an inspiration to me and to all who knew him. Fiftieth Anniversary of Miami Local 172 of the United Federation of Postal Clerks EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. DANTE B. FASCELL OF FLORIDA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, March 29, 1966 brate the 50th anniversary of those early meetings. Many of the dreams of those who gathered secretly in 1916 have be- come reality. The.U.S. postal service is the finest in the world. It has the highest tradition of production and service to our citizens. At the low rates charged, the U.S. mail user get the best bargain in the world. Furthermore, working conditions are the best anywhere and, under the continuous impetus of postal employees, are con- stantly being improved. The struggle for comparable wages still continues despite the fact that the U.S. postal worker is better paid than ever. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, postal employees by their perseverance, courage, and farsightedness have achieved by Executive order the right to and the recognition of their organiza- tional effort and representation. Mr. Speaker, I wish to extend my congratuations to the present members of local No. 172 for their first 50 years of achievement. Their activities and those of their predeossors have always been in the finest tradition of our democracy. I am certain that I reflect the senti- ments of my colleagues when I say that we are all glad that this Nation has had benefit of the courage of men like those Delicate Diplomatic Negotiations The Government naturally tried to keep the discussions secret. It might have been more successful if it had not been for the public attitude on the subject-which is, at least in a highly articulate segment of American opinion, that any talks with any- one remotely or directly connected with those fighting against us in Vietnam must necessarily mean an attempt by the Com- munists to end the war, and that any secrecy cloaking such discussions is an effort by Washington to block negotiations. In plain fact, neither assumption is nec- essarily correct and both together can con- stitute a dangerous fallacy. It is in North Vietnam and in Red China that the word "negotiation" has evil connotations, not in the United States. And it is this public Communist denunciation of every attempt to achieve a negotiated settlement that makes secret discussions seem the only way out-at least in the early stages. Since this is so plainly the case, the U.S. Government can hardly be blamed for trying to keep any overtures secret (even when, unlike the pres- ent instance, they do not directly involve a human life). Moreover, if secrecy is essen- tial to get peace talks started, it follows that publicity is a distinct disservice to everyone. Support of Our Armed Services EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. WAYNE L. HAYS OF OHIO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. HAYS. Mr. Speaker, under the leave to extend my remarks in the REC- ORD, I include the following letter from Mr. William D. Mitchell, clerk of the Council of the City of Martins Ferry, Ohio. This forthright expression of sup- port of the fighting men of our aimed services and the slogan accompanying it are most heartening and the council should be commended for its action: COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF MARTINS FERRY, Martins Ferry, Ohio, March 5 1966. Hon. WAYNE L. HAYS, Congressman for Ohio, Congressional Office Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN HAYS: The council of this city of Martins Ferry have made a mat- ter of permanent record their unflinching support of every fighting man of our armed services. They also have asked that I write to you their request that you consider adoption of this slogan, "for every man fighting to de- fend America, let America fight to defend that man." Thank you. Very sincerely, EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ABRAHAM J. MULTER OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 30, 1966 Mr. MULTER. Mr. Speaker, our Gov- ernment is engaged at the moment in an effort to obtain the release of an AID official who was kidnaped by the Viet- cong. In view of the necessarily deli- cate negotiations taking place in this situation it is very important that pub- licity be at a minimum. It is also of ex- treme importance that nothing be read into these contacts that is not there. The following editorial from the New York Herald Tribune of March 29, 1966, places this problem in perspective and I commend it to the attention of our colleagues : THOSE CONTACTS AGAIN The extreme sensitivity of the American people to any hint of negotiation, or even of contact, with any of the principals on the other side in Vietnam has started a new flurry. This time it concerns efforts be- ing made by the United States to secure the release of Gustave C. Hertz, kidnapped by the Vietcong more than a year ago. These efforts involved contacts with the Vietcong. Presumably, they could have led -assuming any willingness on the part of the National Liberation Front-into broader negotiations, and therefore they are of in- terest to the public. But, on their face, they were simply attempts to arrange some kind of ransom procedure, and any publicity could have unfavorable results-possibly even fatal results, so far as Mr. Hertz is concerned. Mr. FASCELL. Mr. Speaker, every Member of Congress is aware of the valu- able assistance which he receives in car- rying out his legislative responsibilities from the various postal groups through- out the country. In the forefront of these groups is the AFL-CIO's United Federation of Postal Clerks. Such is the stature of the United Fed- eration and the readiness with which its accomplishments in the area of Govern- ment-employees relations are accepted as integral parts of our postal and civil service regulations, that it is difficult to believe that a scant half century ago such was not the case. Half a century ago, when south Flori- da was still considered the Everglades and largely populated by alligators and Indians, when there were more horses than autos, and when the average pay for a postal clerk was less than $20 per week, the laborers of this country were fighting for decent wages and working conditions. Among those who did so much to secure workers their rights were Government employees and most no- tably those of the postal service. Fifty years ago a small part of the struggle for better working conditions began in Miami when a handful of postal clerks first gathered together in a secret then illegal meeting to organize their efforts. Out of that meeting was born what was to become the Miami Local, No. 172, of the United Federation of Postal Clerks. Today close to a thousand members of local No. 172 are preparing to cele- WILLIAM D. MITCHELL, Werk of Council. RECORD OFFICE AT THE CAPITOL An office for the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, with Mr. Raymond F. Noyes in charge, is lo- cated in room H-112, House wing, where or- ders will be received for subscriptions to the RECORD at $1.50 per month or for single copies at 1 cent for eight pages (minimum charge of 3 cents). Also, orders from Mem- bers of Congress to purchase reprints from the RECORD should be processed through this office. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400040002-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ;_JitNATORS WITH RESIDENCES i:N WASHINGTON OFFICE ADDRESS: Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. (Streets northwest unless otherwise stated1 Vice President Hobert H. Humphrey Aiken, George i)., Vt_______ Allott, Gordon. Cola_______ Anderson, Clinton P., 6 Wesley Circle N, Mex. 'a.rtlett, P. L., Alaska______ Bass, Ross, Tenn _______-_ t;ay h, Birch E., led_______ iieuuett, Wallace F., Utah__ Bible, Alan, Nov---------- I :Dugs, J. Caleb, Del________ Brewster. Dnxilel B., Md---- 1327 33d St. liitrdick, Quentin N., N. Dak. Byrd, Harry F., Jr., Va_____ Byrd, Robert C., W. Va_____ Cannon, Howard W., Nev__ Carlson, Frank, Kans ------ Sheraton-Park Case, C1ifTnrd P.. N.J_______ Church, Frank, Idaho_____ Clark, Joseph S., Pa_______ Cooper, John Sherman, Ky_ Cott:.on, Norris, N.il_______ Curtis, Carl V., Nebr_______ Dirksen, Everett M., III____ Dodd, Thomas ,J Conn Dominick, Peter H., Colo___ Douglas, Paul H_, Ill_______ J'hstland, James 0., Miss ___5101 Macomb St. lli:ender, Allen J., La ------ Arvin, Sam J., Jr., N.C t='annin, Paul J., Ariz ....... Tong, Hiram L.. Hawaii____5519 Uppingham St.. Chevy Chase, Md. Fulbright, J'. W., Ark______ Grue, Albert, Tenn --------- Alaska Harris, fng, Fred it., ---__ l aHa.rt., Harris, Okllaa______ Ilari.Philip A., Mich______ H ke,ayden, Van Carl, Vance, Ariz lad________ __________ ifickenlooper, Bourke B., 5511 Cedar Park- Iowa. way, Chevy Chase, Md. 1111.l. Lister, Holland, Spessard L., Fla-Sheraton-Park Ilruska, Roman L., Nebr___ Tnouye, Daniel K., Hawaii__ Jackson, Henry M., Wash__ Javits, Jacob K., N.Y__.-___ J Ribicoff, A'!Iraham A., Conn_ Robertson A Willis Va Committee on Interior and insular Affairs , . ., ___ Russell, Donald S., Russell, Richard B., Ga__-_ Saltonstal] Leverett Mass 2320 T a P1 Messrs. Jackson (chairman), Anderson, Bible, Church, Gruening, Moss, Burdick, Hayden, McGovern, Nelson, Metcalf, Kuchcl, , , - r cy . Scott, Hugh, Allott, Jordan of Idaho, Simpson, and Simpson, Milward L., Wyo_ Smathers, George A., Fla_ Fannin. Committee on the Judiciary cinit:h, Margaret Chase Messrs. Eastland (chairman), McClellan, (Mrs.), Maine. Ervin, Dodd, Hart, Long of Missouri, Kennedy Sparkman, John, A1a.______4928 Indian Lane of Massachusetts, Bayh, Burdick, Tydings, Stennis, John, Miss-.____.__ Smathers, Dirksen, Hruska, Fong, Scott, and Symington, Stuart, M'o_.___ Javits. Talmadge, Herman It., Ga Committee on Labor and Public Welfare Thurmond, Strom, S.C___ Messrs. Hill (chairman), McNamara Morse Tower, John G., Tex_______ , , Yarborough, Clark, Randolph Williams of Tydings, Joseph D., Md___ , Now Jersey, Pell, Kpnnedy of Massachusetts Williams, Harrison A., Jr., , Nelson, Kennedy of New York, Javit,; Prouty N.J. , , Dominick, Murphy, and Fannin Williams, John J., Del__._.._ . Yarborough, Ralph, Tex_.__ Committee on Post OJ]ice and Civil Service Young, Milton R., N. Dak.._Quebec Messrs. Monroney (chairman), Yarborough, Young, Stephen M., Ohio.__ Randolph, McGee, Brewster, 1-Iartke, Bur- dick, Russell of South Carolina Carlson OFFICERS OP THE SENATE Secret E F , . Fong, Boggs, and Simpson. ary-- mery L. razier. Committee on Public Works Sergeant at Arms-Robert Cl. Dunphy. Chief Clerk-Darrell St. Claire. Messrs. McNamara (chairman), Randolph, Secretary for the Maority-Francis R. Valeo, Young of Ohio, Muskie, Gruening, Moss, Secretary far the Minority-J. Mark Trice. Jordan of North Carolina, Inouye, Bayh. Chaplain-Rev. Frederick Brown Harris D.D. Montoya, Harris, Tydings, Cooper, Fong. , Boggs, Pearson, and Murphy. STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE Committee on Rules and Administration Committee on Aeronautical and Space Scr,ences Messrs. Jordan of North Carolina (chair. man), Hayden, Cannon, Pell, Clark, Byrd of West Virginia, Curtis, Cooper, and Scott. Messrs. Anderson (chairman), Russell of Georgia, Magnuson, Symington, Stennis , Young of Ohio, Dodd, Cannon, Holland, UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT Mondale, Byrd of Virginia, Mr:;. Smith, Mr. Chief Justice Warren, of California, Hotel Messrs. Hickenlooper, Curtis, Jordan of Sheraton-Park, Washington, D.C. Idaho, and Aiken. Mr. Justice Black, of Alabama, 619 S. Lee St., Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Alexandria, Va. Messrs. Ellender (chairman) Holland Mr. Justice Douglas, of Washington, 4852 , , Eastland, Talmadge, Jordan of elorth Caro- Hutchins Pl. lina, McGovern, Bass, Montoya Mondale Mr. Justice Clark, of Texas, 2101 Connecticut , , Russell of South Carolina., Aiken, Young of Ave. North Dakcta, Cooper, Boggs, and Miller. Mr. Justice Harlan, of New York, 1677 31st St. Mr. Justice Brennan, of New Jersey 3037 Committee on Appropriations , Dumbarton Ave. Messrs. Hayden (chairman), Russell of Mr. Justice Stewart of Ohio 5136 Palisade Georgia, Ellender, Hill, McClellan, Robertson, , , Lane. Magnuson, Holland, Stennis, Pastore, Mon- ' Mr. Justice White, of Colorado 2209 Hamp- roney, Bible, Byrd of West Virginia, McGee, , shire Rd., McLean, Va. Mansfield, Bartlett, Proxmire, Yarborough, Saltonstall. Young of Nort.h Dakota Mundt Mr. Justice Fortas, of Tennessee, 3210 R St. , , Mrs. Smith. Messrs. Kuchel, Hruska. Allott, OFFICERS OF THE SUPREME COURT Cotton, and Case. Clerk-John F. Davis, 4704 River Rd. ordan, B. Everett, N.C____ Committee on Armed Services Jordan, Len B., Idaho-.-___ Messrs. Russell of Georgia (cha.irman), Kennedy, Edward M., Mass_ Stennis, Symington, Jackson, Ervin, Cannon, Kennedy, Robert F., N.Y__ Byrd of West Virginia, Young of Ohio, Inouye, Ku.chel, Thomas H., Calif__ McIntyre, Brewster, Byrd of Virginia., Salton- I,arasche, Frank J., Ohio --- stall, Mrs. Smith, Messrs. Thurmond, Miller, Long, Edward V., Mo------ and Tower. Long, Russell B.. La_______ Committee on Banking and Currency McCarthy, Eugene J., 5916 Bradley Deputy Clerk-Edmund P. Cullinan, 4823 Reservoir ltd. Deputy Clerk-Michael Rodak, 6311 Joslyn Pl., Cheverly, Md. Marshal-T. Perry Lippitt, 6004 Corbin Rd. Reporter-Henry Putzel, Jr., 3703 33d St. Librarian-H. C. Hallam, Jr., 113 Normandy Dr., Silver Spring, Md. Minn. Blvd., Bethesda, Messrs. Robertson (chairman), S;;rarkman, UNITED STATES JUDICIAL CIRCUITS 1VId. Douglas, Proxmire, Williams of New Jersey, McClellan, John L., Ark ---- Muslcie, Long of Missouri, Mrs. Neuberger, JUSTICES ASSIGNED McGee, Gale W, Wyo------ Messrs. McIntyre, Mondale, Bennett., Tower, TERRITORY EMBRACED McGovern, George, S. Dak_ Thurmond, and Hickenlooper. District of Columbia judicial. circuit: Mr. McIntyre, Thomas J., N.H_ Committee on Commerce Chief Justice Warren. District of Columbia. McNamara, Pat, Mich ----- Messrs. Magnuson (chairman), Pastore, First judicial circuit: Mr. Justice Fortas. Magnuson, Warren G., The Shoreham Monroney, Lausche, Bartlett, Hartke, Hart, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Wash. Cannon, Brewster, Mrs. Neuberger. Messrs. Puerto Rico, Rhode Island. Aan;Sreld, Mike, Mont_____ Bass, Long of Louisiana, Cotton, Morton, Second judicial circuit: Mr. Justice Harlan. Metcalf, Lee. Mont -------- 453 First St. SE. Scott, Prouty, Pearson, and Dominick. Connecticut, New York, Vermont. Miller, Jack It., Iowa ------ 5417 Kirkwood Committee on. the District of Colrcrnbia Third judicial circuit: Mr. Justice Brennan. 1Vlondale Dr., Bethesda, Md, Messrs. Bible McIntyre Delaware, New Jerse , Walter F., Minn_ (chair;ma.n.), Morse, , y. Pennsylvania, Virgin liTonroney, A. S. Mike, Kennedy of New York, Tydings, Pr[uty, and Islands. rUcla. Dominick. Fourth judicial circuit: Mr. Chief Justice Montoya, Joseph M., Committee on Finance Warren. Maryland, North Carolina. South Al. Hex. Messrs. Long . of Louisiana Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. (Ch, diman) , Ivk rse, Wayne, Oreg -------- 2500 Virginia Ave. Smathers, Anderson, Douglas, Gore, Tal- Fifth judicial circrne, Mr. Justice Georgia, Morton, Thruston B., Ky__ madge, McCarthy, Hartke, Fulbright. Ribi- Alabama, Canal Zone, Florida, Georgia, ?moss. Frank It., Utah______ toff, Metcalf, Williams of Delaware, Carlson, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas. Mundt, Karl E., S. Dak.____122 Schotts Bennett, Curtis, Morton, and Dirksen. Sixth judicial circuit. Mr. Justice Stewart. Court NE. Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee. Murphy, George, e, Calif---- Committee on Foreign Relations Y. g Messrs. Fulbri h Seventh judicial circuit: Mr. Justice Clark. 1vIUSkie, Edmund S., Maine- g t (chairman) ShMrkman, Illinois, , Indiana, Wisconsin. Nelson, Gaylord., Wis______ Mansfield, Morse, Gore, Lausche, Church, Eighth judicial circuit: Mr. Justice White. N:ntberger, Alaurine 13., Symington, Dodd, Clark, Pell, M. Carthy, Arkansas, Iowa. Minnesota, Missouri, Ne- Orcg. McGee, Hickenlooper, Aiken, Carlson, Wil- braska, North Dakota. South Dakota. Pastore, John 0, liams of Delaware, Mundt, and Case. Ninth judicial circuit: Mr. Justice Douglas. Pearson, James B., Kan.s___ Committee on Government Operations Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Pell, Claiborne, 11.1._..__.____3425 Prospect St. Messrs. McClellan (chairman), Jackson, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Guam, Hawaii. Prouty, Winston L., Vt.____ Ervin., Gruening, Muskie, Ribicoff, Harris, Tenth, judicial circuit: Mr. Justice White. Proxmire, William, Wis-__- Kennedy of New York, Metcalf, Montoya, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Run.dolph, Jennings, W. Va_4608Reservoir Rd. Mundt Curtis &jgs S Approved For Release 2005/6 '. L41'A-'1mi5ft7B00449kbO'6b`40002-2