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December 16, 2016
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June 21, 2005
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August 25, 1966
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W74 Approved For a asp 2Q R U@29$ So Mr. HOLLAND'S amendment was re- jected. Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, I mgve to reconsider the vote by which the amendment was rejected. Mr. ,AVITS. I move to lay that mo- tion on the table. scribe maximum working hours and other conditions for the protection of the health and safety of children employed pursuant to this subparagraph (C):' 1000Must 25, 1966 ACHIEVING PEACE IN VIETNAM Mr. PELL. Mr. President, former Ambassador Anthony B. Akers, an ex- perienced individual in the field of diplo- macy and a distinguished and thoughtful INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION man, has developed a memorandum con- Mr. GORE. Mr. President, one of the cerning the possibility of achieving a most persistently consistent factors con- peaceful and generally acceptable solu- tributing to the inflation we are now tion to the Vietnam problem. I believe that his memorandum might fts. With is the ons in corporate pro- , be of interest not only to our country fits. With variations in depreciation, to other countries. In any case, I bes other eo of coo ingporate wtllgimmicciation, gimmicks, the am sure it will interest my colleagues con- pest measure op coital r- consumption being allow- and for this reason I ask unanimous con- ances. ss plus cap- sent to have it printed in the RECORD. ances. believe this approach is a worth- In 19meprofits a$51. billion. n. 19allow , while one and that the Akers proposal conclu- antes am risen to i and d i on. is now ow should be followed to its logical conclu-figure run ing had rut tn to $87 .2 billion. sion. Both as an old friend of Mr. Akers running about This and as an American, I wish him every represents an increase, over the short er success in his efforts. span of 5 or 6 years of some 69 percent. cc There being no objection, the memo- porttion of rion of this increase inc thatrease a inc corporate vrpoorate pro- pro- significant randum was ordered to be printed in the o RECORD, as follows: fits is attributable to tax reduction, in- MEMORANDUM: PROPOSED COURSE OF ACTION vestment tax credit and accelerated FOR THE UNITED NATIONS IN RE VIETNAM, depreciation. AUGUST 3, 1966 With corporate health so clearly I PREFATORY COMMENT: robust, many questions are being asked North and South Vietnam combined com- about the odd behavior of the stock prise 127,000 square miles and more than 34 market. million people supported essentially by a Many economists think a great many rice-growing economy based on ancient and economic decisions are psychologically traditional social systems evolved by a people based. In any event, there is much un- identifiable 2000 years ago. certainty about the future course of the In the same year, 1945, that the United economy and of Government actions Nations was founded, there began in Viet- affecting the economy. nam the fateful struggle which soon flared The indicators of economic health, it into open warfare. Even before that date should be realized, are mixed. As I have Vietnam had become a war torn area, occu- pied by the Japanese in 1940. For more than just said, corporate profits and dividends a quarter century, therefore, the tides of continue to rise sharply. The stock violence in Vietnam have ebbed and flowed market has recently suffered sharp across the headlines of the world. Most of declines. Total industrial activity con- the major powers have been involved in tinues brisk, but certain segments, not- either principal or ancillary roles at one time th So have several small nations. er The motion to lay on the table was agreed to. ORDER OF BUSINESS-ORDER FOR RECESS UNTIL 10 A.M. TOMORROW Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I yield myself 1 minute on the bill. I yield myself the time to ask the ma- jority leader to lay to the s child am labor down amendment and make it the pending business. I am not prepared to debate it tonight. I should like the majority leader to give us his wishes. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, in response to the question of the distin- guished senior Senator from New York, there will be no more votes tonight, be- cause I think we are all pretty tired. However, I ask unanimous consent that when the Senate completes its busi- ness today, it stand in recess until 10 o'clock tomorrow morning. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. BYRD of Virginia in the chair). Is there objection? The Chair hears none, and it is so ordered. Mr. MANSFIELD. For the Informa- tion of the Senate, there will be no morning hour, and at 10 o'clock, at the conclusion of the prayer and the reading of the Journal, we will go directly on the bill and the Javits amendment, which I understand will be the pending business at that time. Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I call up my amendment No. 759 and ask unani- mous consent that debate on it may be suspended until tomorrow. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection to the request of the Senator from New York? The Chair hears none, and it is so ordered. The amendment will be stated. Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the reading of the amendment may be dispensed with but that it be printed at this point in the RECORD. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. The amendment (No. 759) is as fol- lows:- On page 43, strike out lines 14 through 17 and insert in lieu thereof the following: re- "(c) (1) The provisions of section to any lating to child labor shall not apply employee employed in agriculture outside of school hours for the school district where . or ano Although the struggle in Vietnam has paralleled the life of the United Nations, that body has been neither willing nor seemingly able to influence the course of events there. From 1945-54 the Vietnamese struggle cen- tered on the issue of colonialism and the political question of self-determination. After the defeat of French military forces at Dienbienphu, the cease-fire and Geneva Accords of 1954 ended colonialism and di- vided Vietnam into North and South with provisions for subsequent elections. Such elections were not held in either South Viet- nam or in North Vietnam. Since 1954 the struggle, often brutal and cruel in character, has found its focus in South Vietnam between forces vying for con- trol of South Vietnam. Each side has re- ceived and is receiving external assistance. More recently the conflict has been brought into North Vietnam, especially through air- bombing. -- - - - sucn em iu ec as --5 ?-.-.- - - - ployed, if such employee- adjourns this year. The President had intervention by the United Nations in the "(A) is employed by his parents, or by a an opportunity yesterday at his news Vietnamese struggle. The United Nations person standing in the place of his parent, conference to take and to announce his cannot intervene with success if it attempts on a farm owned or operated by such parent to deal with charges and counter-charges of or person, or on a neighboring farm, as de- arrival at some hard decisions. He ,aggression" or attempts to censure or to fined by the Secretary of Labor, or passed. He settled for platitudes, mild assess responsibility for the present situation "(B) is fourteen years of age or over, or admonitions, and an indefinite reference in Viet Nam. It is imperative that the "(C) is twelve years of age or over and is to congressional action. He chose to ig- United Nations function strictly as a media- employed on a farm to which he commutes nore the Truman maxim, "The buck tory framework looks only forward- daily within twenty-five miles of his perms- Stops here." But there is yet time for toward Nam, peaceful l the solution. Unio Nations is to must succeed nent residence, and (i) such employment is action. Without action both interest in Viet Nam here strictly its most basic ons must the written consent of his parent or rates and the cost of living will further her as an interts tl basic purpose of last person standing in place of his parent, or rise, bringing hardship in their wake. rIng esort to which appeal can be made above (ii) his parent or person standing in place of his parentis also employed on the same Mr. President, the short, but the intense fervor of political passion and farm. The Secretary may by regulation pre- there is yet time to act. continuing military combat. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 ably housing starts and automobile sales, have fallen off badly. I think it is generally realized that high interest rates cannot really regu- late the economy. Reliance upon high and higher interest rates to curb inflation has brought imbalances and inequities. Everyone is waiting for the President, with the power and prestige of the Office of President, backed up as he is by the wealth of talent in the Council of Eco- nomic Advisers, the Treasury Depart- ment, various agencies with credit and debt management functions to provide the leadership that is needed and neces- sary to bring down usurious interest rates. The acuteness of the need for such Presidential leadership is "illus- trated by the fact that Johnson interest rates are now higher than Hoover rates, higher now that at any time in 45 years. ~~~2 I~ P67 ~A 000400100005-2 August 25, 190pproved Fo(:6Nf~M 19775 The result was announced-yeas 22, Labor Standards Act of 1938 to extend Senator from Florida. On this question nays 64, as follows: its protection to additional employees, to the yeas and nays have been ordered, [No. 222 Leg.] raise the minimum wage, and for other and the clerk will call the roll. u YEAS Case Clark Douglas Fong Dart Inouye Jackson Javits Kennedy, N.Y. Kuchel Magnuson McGee Moss Neuberger Pastore NAYS-64 Aiken Ervin Morton Allott Fannin Mundt Anderson Fulbright Muskie Bass Gore Pearson Bayh Griffin Prouty Bible Harris Randolph Boggs Hickenlooper Robertson Brewster Hill Russell, S.C. Burdick Holland Russell, Ga. Byrd, Va. Hruska Saltonstall Byrd, W. Va. Jordan, N.C. Scott Cannon Lausche Smith Carlson Long, La. Stennis Church McCarthy Symington Cooper McClellan Talmadge Cotton McGovern Thurmond Curtis McIntyre Tower Dirksen Miller Williams, Del. Dodd Mondale Yarborough Dominick Monroney Young, N. Dak. Eastland Montoya Ellender Morse Bartlett Bennett Gruening Hartke Hayden So Mr. jetted. Jordan, Idaho Long, Mo. Mansfield Metcalf Murphy Proxmire question recurs on the amendment of the Mr. MANSFIELD (after having voted. Tyaimg Senator from Florida. in the negative). Mr. President, on this Williams, N.J. Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, vote I have a pair with the distinguished Young, Ohio all time has been yielded back in opposi- Senator from Alabama [Mr. SPARKMAN]. ti- to th Nelson Simpson Smathers Sparkman Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, I move to reconsider the vote by which the amendment was rejected. Mr. PASTORE. I move to lay the motion on the table. The motion was agreed to. INCOME TAX TREATMENT OF EX- PLORATION EXPENDITURES IN THE CASE OF MINING Mr. LONG of Louisiana. Mr. Presi- dent, I ask that the Chair lay before the Senate a message from the House on H.R. 4665, a bill relating to the income tax treatment of exploration expenditures in the case of mining. The PRESIDING OFFICER laid before the Senate a message from the House of Representatives announcing its disagree- ment to the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 4665) relating to the in- come tax treatment of exploration ex- penditures in the case of mining and re- questing a conference with the Senate on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses thereon. Mr. LONG of Louisiana. I move that the Senate insist upon its amendments, agree to the request of the House for a conference, and that the Chair appoint the conferees on the part of the Senate. The motion was t?greed to; and the Presiding Officer appointed Mr. LONG of encroac ment on little Mr. WILLIAMS of Delaware, and Mr. Mr. YARBOROUGH. We are not CARLSON conferees on the part of the seeking to crush them to death. This in- Senate, voives only 1.6 percent of the farms all over America. This is a bill to protect FAIR LABOR STANDARDS the small farmers and put them in a AMENDMENTS OF 1966 competitive position. The PRESIDING OFFICER. All time The Senate resumed the consideration having been yielded back, the question Is of the bill (H.R. 13712) to amend the Fair on agreeing to the amendment of the - 22 p poses. The assistant legislative clerk pro- Th,. PP FCTx>rntr_ nztc r"a,- i _ [No. 223 Leg.] YEAS-37 Allott Fannin Robertson Bass Fulbright Russell, S.C. Boggs Hickenlooper Russell, Ga. Byrd, Va. Hill Scott Carlson Holland Smathers Cooper Hruska Stennis Cotton Jordan, N.C. Talmadge Curtis Lausche Thurmond Dirksen Long, La. Tower Dominick McClellan Williams, Del. Eastland Morton Young, N. Dak. Ellender Mundt Ervin Pearson NAYS-51 Aiken Hart Moss Anderson Inouye Muskie Bayh Jackson Nelson Bible Javits Neuberger Brewster Kennedy, Mass. Pastore Burdick Kennedy, N.Y. Pell Byrd, W. Va. Kuchel Prouty Cannon Magnuson Proxmire Case McCarthy Randolph Church McGee Ribicoff Clark McGovern Saltonstall Dodd McIntyre Smith Douglas Miller Symington Fong Mondale Tydings Gore Monroney Williams, N.J. Griffin Montoya Yarborough Harris Morse Young, Ohio NOT VOTING-12 Bartlett Hayden Metcalf Bennett Jordan, Idaho Murphy Gruening Long, Mo. Simpson Hartke Mansfield Sparkman Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 e amendment of the Senator If he were present and voting, he would from Florida which would strike the pro- vote "yea." If I were permitted to vote, visions with respect to agricultural work- I would vote "nay." Therefore, I with- ers from the bill. hold my vote. Mr. HOLLAND. Mr. President, I yield The assistant legislative clerk resumed myself 2 minutes on the bill. and concluded the call of the roll. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Mr. LONG of Louisiana. I announce Senator from Florida is recognized for that the Senator from Alaska [Mr. BART- 2 minutes. LETT], the Senator from Alaska [Mr. Mr. HOLLAND. Mr. President, I call GRUENING], The Senator from Missouri attention to the fact that there were 22 [Mr. LONG], the Senator from Montana votes to put agricultural labor on parity [Mr. METCALF), and the Senator from with industrial labor. There were two Alabama [Mr. SPARKMAN] are absent on live pairs. That makes 24 votes for that official business. position. I also announce that the Senator from If there is any better showing required Indiana [Mr. HARTKE], and the Senator that there is already sentiment existing from Arizona [Mr. HAYDEN] are neces- to put agricultural labor on comparable sarily absent, rates with industrial labor, we have had I further announce that, if present that demonstrated here in the last few and voting, the Senator from Alaska minutes. [Mr. BARTLETT], the Senator from Alaska I hope that the amendment can be [Mr. GRUENING], and the Senator from agreed to. Missouri [Mr. LONG] would each vote Mr. President, I ask for the yeas and "nay." nays. Mr. KUCHEL. I announce that the The yeas and nays were ordered. Senator from Utah [Mr. BENNETT] and Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, I the Senator from California [Mr. yield myself 1 minute on the bill. MURPHY] are absent because of illness. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The The Senator from Idaho [Mr. JORDAN] Senator from Texas is recognized for 1 and the Senator from Wyoming [Mr. minute. SIMPSON] are necessarily absent. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, will the If present and voting, the Senator from Chair restore the Senate to order? Utah [Mr. BENNETT], the Senator from The PRESIDING OFFICER. There Idaho [Mr. JORDAN], and the Senator. will be order in the Senate. from Wyoming [Mr. SIMPSON] would Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, each vote "yea." I point out that the amendment of the Senator from Florida would strike all If present and voting, the Senator from agricultural labor from the protection California [Mr. MURPHY] would vote 11 afforded by the bill. The agricultural nay." labor that would be covered under the The result was announced-yeas 37, bill involves only 1.6 percent of the farms nays 51, as follows: in the country, 98.4 percent of the farms in the United States are exempt under the pending bill. That 1.6 percent of the farms in the country employ 390,000 farm laborers. It is the position of the House and of the committee that we should support this very modest provision in the bill to give protection to some agricultural workers. Since the Kuchel amendment has been rejected, it would go only to $1.30 and stop there. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, will the Senator yield? Mr. YARBOROUGH I was about to yield back 20 seconds. I yield to the Senator from Mississippi. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, can the Senator from Texas guarantee that if this measure becomes law there will not the be a further h Approved ~~Re1e 6 D 6R000400100005-2 19777 August st 25, 1966 C~ivUx~~~i~ ~~C ~ The United Nations must encourage nego- gional arrangement" or "regional agency" mittee" of the United Nations. The integrity tiations, and, if that does not succeed, it convoked for the purpose of considering the of such "Peace Zone" shall be guaranteed by must then invoke the ballot box of the else- Vietnamese problem under Chapter VIII armed units designated by the United Na- tural process in the cause of self-determine- the United Nations. such conference trative frameworks shall nregularlyacon consult tfon. of General and/or the Security with a "Consultative Assemblage" composed is1tllough the keynote o er in the "cleans e- the Secretary- of fifteen citizens of South Vietnam. This princi- ing, c much persuasive power " nce f of pals in in the also summon: a) the and, b) "Consultative Assemblage" membership shall all ll other he Vietnamese eAsiatic-Pacific -aPacific conflict; nations ionanot d, (b) now be representative as far as possible, of all the the bting glare e and of the "compelling"world influence spotlightt" pals the bright righ shining with continuous intensity on the members of the United Nations which would sections of the South Vietnamese people, and Vietnamese situation. be entitled to membership in such a "re- the members shall be designated by the With a reasonable reasonable le proposal for settlement gional arrangement" if such nations were ,anon of a cease- General fire. immediately upon effectu- subject to reasonable modifications spelled now members of the United Nations. elected gov- South after the Viet duly shale have out in detail beforehand, obstructionism 2. Upon the convocation of such con- ern-ment One of year would soon become apparent to the entire ference the Secretary-General and/or the assumed office, South Vietnam and North world in such a cleansing intensity of light Security Council shall declare that the Viet- invited to become members from the very first step through final settle- namese situation constitutes a grave threat Vietnam the United United shall be Ne invited ons. ment. to international peace and world order and 5 The uestion as to whether South III. THE QUESTION AT ISSUE AND THE UNITED shall call for a cease-fire in Vietnam to be () q NATIONS CHARTER followed immediately by negotiations "with- Vietnam and North Vietnam shall be re- out prior conditions" between the principals. united shall be postponed for a period of Irrefutably the central question at issue 3. Such conference would proceed to es- twelve years from cease-fire at the end of in Vietnam, admitted by both sides, is ent tablish an "ad hoc Regional Agency" made which time elections shall be held separately political question involving the inherent up of members And non-members of the in each country to determine tile will of the right of the people of South Vietnam to United Nations. Such agency then would electorate in each country in this matter. determine their own fate. Irrefutable, also, proceed to oversee negotiations between the Such elections at the end of twelve years "the clarity of intent and meaning of the principals of the Vietnamese conflict. shall be ordered by the government of each "Purposes and Principles" in the United If course A does not succeed in a ,timely country and shall be overseen by United Nations Charter set forth in Article 1 as manner, then, either through such "ad hoc Nations teams of observers. In the alterna- follows: or otherwise, Course B tive the two then duly constituted govern- 1. To maintain international peace and Regional Agency" shall be invoked with dispatch. mints of South Vietnam and North Vietnam security, and to that end: to take effective Course B: "Quarantine Cordon of Peace"- may negotiate the question of reunification collective measures for the prevention and Under the peace-keeping mandate of the at the end of such twelve year period. removal of threats to the pews, and for the Charter, the United Nations not only has (6) Concurrently with the cease-fire there breachesion the acts of aggression about other bthe right but the obligation and moral duty shall be established a United Nations Neu- peceeful tpeace, and bring h the to prevent and remove threats to the peace. trality Zone for Southeast Asia under the peaacful m means, and n in conformity with the Furthermore, when the principal question at auspices of the United Nations. The follow- principles of justice and international law, issue relates to the right of a people to deter- ing nations shall be invited to join: Thailand, disputes or it seons which of international mine their own fate and such issue is con- Laos, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Cam- adj or breach peace. s which might lead to a joined with military action which gravely bodia. each s of or h the p has threatened international peace for an Those nations which join shall be declared based asedlop . friendly for the principle o of ng extended period of time, and repeated at- neutral nations by the United Nations and t. To. nations an respect no tempts to initiate negotiations between the their neutrality and territorial integrity equal rights and self-determination pep- principals have failed, then it becomes clear- guaranteed by the United Nations provided pies, and to take other appropriate oriate mess- ly obligatory upon the United Nations to all foreign troops are removed from their uses to strengthen universal peace;" ring such a region with a "Quarantine Cor- territories within a 40 day period after join- IV. THE THREAT TO PEACE AND THE UNrrED don of Peace", and to proceed with all delib- ing the Neutrality Zone. Such neutral coun- NATIONS OBLIGATION erate speed to provide an appropriately tries shall be permitted to continue limited It is self-evident that the Vietnamese situ- supervised electoral framework in order that alliances with other nations but shall not ation now constitutes, and for an extended self-determination may take place. receive military assistance through such al- period of time has constituted, a clear and 2. It is proposed, therefore, that the United liances. COMMENT continuing threat to international peace. Nations proceed at once through the Secur- VI. CONCLUDING It follows, therefore that the United Nations ity Council and/or the General Assembly as has an obligation and enduring responsibil- follows: its It is was Urgent to thaat t the United Vietnam Nations quesestioon find n find ity under its Charter to remove such an (a) Declare that the conflict in Vietnam immediately. It is enormously important obvious threat to world peace and actively now constitutes a grave and constantly re- Nations ha definitive action United mind when have to participate in the settlement of the Viet- curring threat to international peace. that lag the considers the namese struggle. (b) Declare that a United Nations team is p of in it Neither North nor South Vietnam is a being dispatched to both North and South Vietnam question. There are, of course, member of the United Nations. In this mat- Vietnam for the purpose of informing the several possible approaches to the problem. and Course mirr doSection 6 of Article 2 the United Na- United Nat ons belligerents thetViet- meaning of the Un ted Nat onsoCharter.o lions Charter provides jurisdiction: "8. The Organization shall ensure that gamest conflict now constitutes a grave and These proposed courses of action have been states which are not Members of the United constantly recurring threat to international drawn in full awareness of the difficulties in- Nations act in accordance with these Prin- peace and world order; and that the United herent in implementation. The difference far in the the upon necessar and see VNations ietnamcand its all es govendrt eegovernment SecurityhCou cil as comparedttoethn e Gen- measures mciples of international peacy for curity." of South Vietnam and its allies to enter at eral Assembly have-been borne in mind, e.g. It is not enough for the United Nations to once upon a cease-fire under the following that the General Assembly cannot order but conditions: can only recommend, while the Security attempt to use etc "good offices" to stop the (1) Simultaneously with the cease-fire the Council may order and enforce its order. Secrete and n encourage negotiations. The United Nations shall mandate a "Quarantine Cognizance has been taken also of the fact ready have eneral and member nations es. Cordon of Peace" conterminal with the that, as yet, the political will to have the ready offered these solemn obligation o.f borders of South Vietnam and extending United Nations assume such a role in the mes It now becatio tac solemn obtervene o three miles on each side of such borders. Vietnamese struggle has been either not Ares- the United Nations actively to intervene. (2) Within a 40-day period dating from ent, or at least not marshalled effectively. V. TWO PROPOSED COURSES OF ACTION FOR THE the cease-fire all foreign and non-resident Neither North Vietnam nor South Vietnam . UNTIED NATIONS military personnel shall be removed outside is a members of the United Nations. Fur- The two courses set forth below call for the borders of South Vietnam except military thermore, the most populous nation in the s not involved in tIn Viet- immediate initiation of action by the United personnel designated by the United Nations world, which conflict deeply Nations, Course A is aimed toward the logi- for peace-keeping purposes. a member. cal first. step of negotiation, and course B is (3) The United Nations immediately shall tion, a great power may elect to invoke the based on self-determination through the begin establishment of a framework for the veto in the Security Council against even the electoral process. The failure of Course A supervision of elections in South Vietnam inscription on the Council's agenda of any leaves no productive alternative except to to be held 180 days from the date of cease- item relating to Vietnam. Those who would invoke immediate pursuit of Course B. fire. Such elections shall be held by secret oppose such course of action may peremp- Course A: 1. The Secretary-General and/or ballot for all offices of a national constituent torily state that the United Nations has no the Security Council shall summon a con- legislative body, and for at least a chief business in Vietnam because the situation is ference of represenatives of the governments executive officer and deputy chief executive. properly the concern of the Geneva Confer- of all member nations of the United Na- During the interim 180 day period South ence which has no connection with the tions which would be entitled, as Asiatic- Vietnam shall be declared a "Peace Zone" United Nations. There are those who may Pacific countries, to membership in a "re- under a special international "Interim Com- restate the view that the United Nations has Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 1'9778 no right to examine the problem, or that United Nations action would be Inappropri- ate, or that the "Purposes and Principles" of the United Nations Charter set forth merely general principles rather than more substan- tive obligations. Technicians can while away weeks, months and years on the meaning of the same words in different contexts or on thediffering legal interpretations of similar actions as employed by varying agencies of the United Nations. In the meantime men, women and chil- dren are being killed in a war which hope- fully could be terminated through a collec- tive will to act on the part of member nations of the United Nations. It would be difficult to find phrases more descriptive of the United Nations purposes than "to maintain international peace" and "self-determination of peoples." The entire universe is now aware that Vietnam consti- tutes a continuing threat to world order- the kind of threat which may lead to univer- sal conflagration. The principals in the Viet- namese struggle readily concede that the basic question at issue is that of the right of the people of South Vietnam to determine their own fate. In such situation there should exist an avenue of appeal to some supreme interna- tional authority, as far removed as possible from political passions, which can function in a mediatory or conciliatory capacity. The United Nations must serve such purpose until a better framework is created. What has become of the promise of San Francisco in 1945 which began: "We the peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to man- kind ... ?" On June 30, 1936 Haile Selassie made a memorable address before the Assembly of the League of Nations pleading for the League's intervention, which was not forth- coming. The League subsequently failed and World War II followed shortly thereafter. The last words of Haile Selassie's fervent pleas ever since have haunted mankind: "Representatives of the world . What answer am r to take back to my people?" Wars, and their scope and force have pro- gressed trigonometrically since that time. In the event of nuclear holocaust no man on earth can be safe. Today the question phrased: "Representatives answer shall all of peoples?" of the world . . us take back to -W NUnZJJ1IJ1VAL I ECORD -SENATE August tegrity and highly skilled but who would, apparently, rather fight than switch. I have no doubt that if further names come before the Senate for its advice and consent with respect to confirmation, the hearings in the Committee on Foreign Relations will be sufficiently extensive to develop to what extent these gentle- men are hard liners or are, on the con- trary, interested in minimizing the con- flict between East and West and in mov- ing forward through the orderly devel- opment of international institutions toward the cause of peace. Mr. President, I am confident, at least with respect to one of the nominations now pending before the Committee on Foreign Relations, that there will be ex- tensive debate on the floor of the Senate with respect to whether the individual- who is gentleman of great ability and high integrity-nevertheless, represents so obsolete an attitude toward foreign policy that his confirmation might be inadvisable. EXHIBIT I [From the New York Times, Aug. 25, 1966] JOHNSON WEIGHS APPOINTMENTS TO Top STATE DEPARTMENT POSTS (By Richard Eder) WASHINGTON, August 24.-President John- son said today that he was nearing a decision on restafflng the rapidly emptying top eche- lon of the State Department, but gave no hint as to his choices. The President announced at his news con- ference that he had "tentatively selected" a successor to Thomas C. Mann, who :resigned in April as Under Secretary for Economic Af- fairs, the department's third-ranking post. [Question 16, Page 18.1 Mr. Johnson said that he would probably not disclose his choice until after U. Alexis Johnson, who ranks fourth in the department as Deputy Under Secretary for Political Af- fairs, was confirmed by the Senate as Am- bassador to Japan. Saying that "there will be several an- nouncements there" the President appeared to indicate that he would announce the Deputy Under Secretary's successor at the same time. The President said that there would be one or two other vacancies to be filled "below the Secretary of State." He thus foreshadowed the impending resignation of Under Secre- tary George W. Ball, and gave substance to reports that William J. Crockett, Deputy Un- der Secretary for Administration, was plan- ning to leave the department. The President also announced the nomina- tion of John S. Hayes, a broadcasting execu- tive, as Ambassador to Switzerland. One or two other ambassadorial appointments will be announced, he said, as soon as the coun- tries to which the prospective ambassadors are destined have accepted them. Mr. Johnson's disclosure that he had a candidate to fill one of the State Depart- ment's under secretaryships sharpened spec- ulation here as to what the department's complexion would be once he had completed its most extensive reshuffling in many years. Mr. Johnson's reference to changes below the secretary level made it clear that he in- tended, to keep Dean Rusk where he is. The changes involve the three top policy posts under Mr. Rusk, and, If Mr. Crockett leaves, the top administrative post as well. It is considered virtually certain that Alexis Johnsen, who coordinates state operations in Vietnam and other critical areas with those of agencies such as the Defense Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, will be succeede-1 by a career Foreign Service officer. It is believed likely that a career officer will also fill the second under secretaryship--that formerly held by Mr. Mann. 25, 1966 Although speculatidn has ranged widely, the men most commonly mentioned for the two jobs-with no clear estimate of which man would get which job-are Lucius D. Battle, now Ambassador to the United. Arab Republic, and Douglas MacArthur 2d, who is Assistant Secretary for Congressional Rela- tions. Two other names mentioned frequently, but somewhat less insistently, are those of William P. Bundy, Assistant Secretary for Far Eastern Affairs, and Ridgway B. Knight, Ambassador to Belgium.. The most important choice, however, and one about which there is little informed speculating, is that of a successor to Under Secretary Ball. There has been something of a tradition of choosing an Under Secretary whose views and style complement, if they do not con- tradict, those of the secretary. Mr. Ball, for example, has argued for a more flexible policy on Vietnam than that advo- cated by Mr. Rusk and he was an advocate of close European cooperation, a subject that Mr. Rusk tends to leave alone. Clark Clifford, a foreign policy adviser to Presidents Truman, Kennedy and Johnson, was reportedly a strong choice for the post. His health is not good, however, and his appointment is now being discounted. Observers here suggest that the President is looking for a candidate who will bring, If not actually a fresh approach, at least some- thing of a fresh image. to the department. They suggest further that he should have somewhat more appeal to liberals in the Senate and elsewhere than the battle-worn figure of Mr. Rusk does. APPROPRIATIONS FOR DEPART- MENT OF AGRICULTURE-CON- FERENCE REPORT Mr. HART. Mr. President, I was un- fortunately detained off the floor yester- day at the time the Senate adopted and thus cleared for the President the con- ference report on appropriations for the Department of Agriculture. If I could have been present, I would have liked to have made the following comment. While overall the legislation as sent to the President has much to commend it, I am disappointed that cut from the bill was the amendment which I sponsored to provide an additional $2.5 million for school lunches in needy areas. Mr. President, what disturbs me about this situation is that while we have been responsible in providing funds for the school lunch program as a whole-and this means lunches in suburbia and in the well-to-do neighborhoods as well as in the low-income areas-we are short- changing the schools in the poor areas where a high percentage of the children need the free or low-cost lunch. The able Senator from South Dakota [Mr. MCGOVERN] inserted in the RECORD a most compelling example of the need and value of this effort when the amendment was being considered-RECORD page 15118. He reported on the Annunciation Grade School of Denver, Colo. Our sense of values is open to ques- tion if we are not able to see the need for additional expenditure in low-income neighborhoods. The hearings being con- ducted by the Senator from Connecticut [Mr. RIBICOFF] have made a real con- tribution in given us an idea of the scope of the problems we face In our urban centers. We are going to have to re- . what all our TOP STATE DEPARTMENT POSTS Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, this morning's New York Times contains an article written by Richard Eder, entitled "Johnson Weighs Appointments to Top State Department Posts." I ask unanimous consent that this arti- cle be printed in the RECORD at the con- clusion of my remarks. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection it is so ordered. (See exhibit 1.) Mr. CLARK Mr. President, of course, this article is pure speculation, but I must say that some of the names men- tioned for high positions in the State De- partment send chills down the backs of a number of members of the Committee on Foreign Relations, to whose attention I have brought the article. Those of us interested in peace and in- ternational cooperation are gravely con- cerned at some of the nominations pend- ing before the Committee on Foreign Relations of individuals of complete in- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 August f 25, 1 966approved~8 RD~ ~000400100005-2 1~CAS~~~C~~ - hope to live where all the people can live together in a smaller world, at a higher level of prosperity, without wars. And we also hope, for our security and the peace of the ;world, that we will live where those of us who are Americans can be proud of that fact; where the statement, "Civis Americanus sum," will command respect everywhere. For we are the citizens of no mean state. Yet the news reader today is so continually dismayed, so often sickened and discouraged by the truth as it arrives, that millions- with some justice-say: "I can't take any more. I hate to pick up a newspaper and read what's happening today." Well, unfortunately, there's so much to know in this world that none of us can know very much. Each of us reads just enough to realize how immense are the problems. We think just enough to realize what is required to meet the tasks that face the United States. May I ask you to read only a few words more? An editorial: "It is a gloomy moment in history. Not in the lifetime of most men ... has there been so much grave and deep apprehension; never has the future seemed so incalculable A4527 Premier Ky's efforts in connection with up, but amendments can be overridden by a the September elections were reviewed two-thirds vote of the assembly. Within 30 in a Saigon dispatch from Associated days after it is completed, Thieu must offi- Press Writer George McArthur. Entitled cially promulgate the constitution. The assembly will have 117 seats. Nine "Election Season in Vietnam," the in- will be filled by mountain tribesmen, four by formative dispatch appeared in the Au- border people of Cambodian extraction, and gust 10, 1966, issue of the Honolulu Star- 104 will be elected by the rest of the popu- Bulletin. Having met Mr. McArthur in lation. the Philippines last November I am Despite the complications, more than 700 pleased to submit his article for inclu- candidates applied. The military screening sion in the RECORD' committee, appointed by the regime, ac- cepted 629, after eliminating those deemed ELECTION SzasoeI IN VIETNAM to be tainted by communism or neutralism. (By George McArthur) About 50 of the candidates are military SAICoN.-Apparently reluctant no longer, men, not all of them supported by Ky and Premier Nguyen Cao Ky is warming up to the military junta. The rest can amend the South Viet Nam's elections for a conatitu- draft constitution which represent a cross tional assembly, now only a month away. section of literate Vietnamese. Their po- With an air of increasing confidence, the litical inclinations are unlikely to become 35-year-old military boss Is playing a hard clear until the formal campaign is permitted game of domestic politics. Even his critics to start August 26. agree that the dapper air vice marshal is pro- The government limits printing costs for moting the September 11 elections now, leaflets or posters-and does the printing although he only grudgingly accepted the itself. idea last April, at the height of a Buddhist crisis, Ky recently placed his senior colleagues before the press for a comprehensive, rose- bles with uncertainty. Russia hangs, as tinted state of the nation report-military, usual, like a cloud, dark and silent, on the political and economic. horizons; while all the energies, resources He followed up with speeches and public and influences of the British Empire are appearances. He has seen a stream of call- sorely tried, and are yet to be tried more ers, foreign and Vietnamese. He has ordered relations with China. It is a solemn moment, provinces to call in local notables and explain IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES and no man can foresee the end of our what the elections are about. By all ac- troubles." counts, those meetings were well attended, Thursday, August 25, 1966 A solemn moment. Yes, the writer was frequently in such neutral settings as Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, it right. But it was not the end of the world. schoolhouses. This editorial appeared in Harper's Weekly Ky also summoned all province chiefs to would be well for our State Department in October, 1857. Saigon for a three-day election conference, to follow the example of some of our In the century since 1857 America has attended by other military-and civilian- allies in the conduct of foreign affairs made more progress than in all the years leaders. Ky opened the meetings by pledg- and their perspective on communism. that go back to the Declaration of Independ- ing honest voting supervised by candidates, In an effort to provoke the State De- ence; made more progress, in fact, than has civil servants, students and military cadets. partment's thought processes, I insert been made by the human race as a whole in Ky also has permitted his former chief in the RECORD, two articles by the distin- all the preceding centuries from the first day rival, General Nguyen Chan Thi, to fly to guished international columnist, Du- of human history, the United States for an indefinite visit, Oh, yes, there have been many, many despite an embarrassing six-months prison mitru Danielopol. They appeared in the other times when things were stacked against sentence Thi Incurred for guessing wrong. Thursday, August 4, and the Friday, us and we have somehow pulled through. All this has given rise to some optimism July 22, editions of the Aurora Beacon- We will again. This country was made or about the elections. The optimism is most News of Illinois: faith, not fear. `noticeable at the U.S. Embassy, which likes [From the Aurora Beacon-News, July 22, EXTENSION OF REMARKS or HON. EDWARD J. DERWINSKI to dispatch good news to President Johnson. 19661 On the other -side of the ledger is the DUMITRu DANIELOPOL COMMENTS-THE skeptical view of some officials, both Viet- GREEKS AREN T GULLIBLE Vietnam Prepares for September Elections namese and American, that the Premier is ATHENS.-Don't talk to the Greeks about engaged primarily astute maneuver economic progress behind the Iron Curtain. sugarcoat his military an rule and retain power. . is EXTENSION OF REMARKS Ky's statement that he would not be a They will laugh in your face. or presidential candidate in any future election . "What progress?" they ask. has not dispelled the Idea he will be. While "Before the war the Greek peasants' stand- HON. SPARK M. MATSUNAGA Ky remains air force commander, as he says and of living was the lowest in Eastern QF HAWAII he will, the aloof little man with the well Europe, now it is the highest," one Greek of- trimmed mustache will be a power in Saigon, ficial told me. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Some facts of Vietnamese life cloud the In the Peloponnesus it is estimated that Thursday, August 25, 1966 prospects for civilian rule. It is difficult to 80 per cent of the farmers drive their own envision an anti-Communist government in cars. In neighbouring Albania, Bulgaria, Mr. MATSUNAGA. Mr. Speaker, with South Viet Nam which would not be under Romania and Yugoslavia the figure doesn't the opening of South Vietnam's formal profound military influence. approach 5 per cent. political campaign on tomorrow, the Apart from the Viet Cong, military forces Greeks are considered among the most world is anxiously awaiting this south- comprise the only nationwide political force astute businessmen in the world. Typically, east Asian nation's free elections to be of any effectiveness, with the possible excep- they trade with Iron Curtain countries. They held on September 11, 1966. tion of the minority Catholics. Buddhists, are in a position to know the Communist Confucianists and other sects making up the facts of life. The framework to elect a constitutional majority are fragmented and have yet to Communist propaganda may beguile assembly has been established and it is produce either positive programs or appeal- President Johnson's missions of American encouraging to note that Premier Nguyen ing leadership. The labor movement is po- businessmen, gullible Western journalists, Cao Ky has been actively promoting the litically feeble. So-called independent poli- but not the Greeks. coming elections. Displaying a departure ticians have not ignited any significant sec- "Marxism has been good for us," taunted from his usual military stance, Premier tion of public opinion, even in cities where one Greek merchant in a recent conversation some have relatively large followings. with an Eastern European Communist. "Be- Ky has launched He e I has program held The elections are not designed to oust fore the war we used to buy wheat from you, for the new ew electorate. soldiers from government life, but rather to now you come to buy wheat from us." . meetings with both civilian and military produce an anti-Communist assembly with This just about sums up the situation in leaders, and pledged an election which the specific-and only-task of writing a that part of Europe. would be fair and open. He has assured constitution. ? The Marxists destroyed their farmers, the Vietnamese populace that the elec- The military-civilian directory, technically whom they considered class enemies, and they ti . would be supervised by candidates, bossed by the chief of state, Lieutenant Gen- lost the means to feed their people. All the civil servants, students, and military ca- eral Nguyen Van Thieu, can amend the draft disasters that ensued are the consequence of dets. constitution which the assembly will draw the application of Marxist theories. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 A4528 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD --APPENDIX August 25, 1966 "You can compare Marx with a doctor who prescribes a cure for a disease he doesn't understand," one Greek official told me. "He wrote his book in the early days of the indus- trial revolution. He did not know what was wrong and why. He prescribed a blindfold cure. It was all nonsense." The economics of the much ballyhooed tourist boom in Bulgaria and Romania was explained to me by an expert in Greek tour- ism which has become a fine art in this country. The Greeks figure that in order to make money a hotel must be busy eight months a year. On the Communist Black Sea coast the weather dictates a season of three to three and a half months. This means that they are operating at a loss. There is no remedy. But the Reds continue to build hotels and the more they build the more they lose. In their anguish to get hard currencies, both Romania and Bulgaria are offering bar- gain prices for tourists from Western Europe. For $200 or $250 one can get from Paris to Mamaia or Varna and back and spend three weeks at a Black Sea resort. This im- plies a very heavy loss, to their economies. "It wouldn't be so bad," said one woman who spent a few days at a Bulgarian resort, "but the life there is so boring. There is nothing to do after one comes back from the beach-nowhere to go, nothing to see, noth- ing to buy that one wants or can use, no natives to talk to because they are kept away from foreigners. "That is no vacation." In economic terms this means that the losses Incurred to the Communist economies by Government "give away" tourist programs, cannot be compensated in other ways. From the Greek frontier to Sophia, the capital of Bulgaria there are 100 miles of bad road. "You can't even get a cup of coffee on that road and there are only two gas stations," said the woman. Doesn't this cut-rate Communist tourism compete with Greece's own business? "Not really," said the Athens officials. "We cater to a different type of tourist, people who enjoy comfort, good food, good roads, good hotels, good sport." The Greeks provide accommodations for the less well-heeled tourists. There are hotels and camps on the mainland and around the islands. Many artists, students, etc. come here to work, study or relax. "Don't forget, people don't come to Greece only for the bathing. There are many things to see of great historical and archeological value. "This is a year-round tourist land." Can the Communists continue to operate Indefinitely at a loss in the face of this Greek competition? "Of course not," laughed the Athens of- flcial. "You cannot spend yourself rich." From the Aurora Beacon-News, Aug. 4, 19661 DumiTRU DANIELOPOL COMMENTS-GREEKS TRADE ON BARTER BASIS ATHENS, GREECE.-"East-West trade a la Grec" operates differently from that of other Western countries, especially Britain. The Greeks exchange goods with their Red neighbors under clearing agreements, strictly on a barter basis. They grant no credits. And they are not likely to be caught with large credit balances if the Communists de- fault in their payments. With their economies teetering danger- ously, East European satellites are anxious to get long term credits from the West. "All Communist governments know that their economies have failed," said a British expert on Eastern Europe recently. "They are trying hard to bring remedies. Will they be successful? No one knows." Yet Britain continues to export to Eastern Europe on long credit terms. "We don't do that," said Xenofon Zolotas, governor of the Bank of Greece. "We work strictly on a barter basis. If we don't find anything to buy, we stop selling." "We buy meat and other anima]: products from Romania and Bulgaria," said another government official. "We need high protein foods. They want to sell us tractors. Every one of the Communist countries produces tractors which they cannot sell." In their haste for Stalinist-type industrial- ization. the Communist satelliies are over- industrialized-at least in terms of their in- ternal market. They have pauperized the majority of the population, especially the peasants. "Their economies are out of balance," ex- plained the London expert. The Greeks refuse the Communist tractors because they prefer Western manufactures. "They are of a better quality and design," one official said. "The Communists offer theirs at bargain prices, but we still don't want them." "Below cost price?" "Of course; they would sell them at a loss. They need Western currency desperately." The Romanians wanted to buy wheat from Greece some time ago, but the Greeks re- fused to sell. "'We want dollars for our wheat;, but the Romanians had none," he explained. When brain-washed Communists go to Greece and see the prosperity and activity in this non-Communist land they gasp with surprise. Red diplomats have complained that the Greek workers who came to help in the em- bassies--plumbers, carpenters, painters- were "exploiting" them. Their prices were too high, the diplomats said. The Greek government ordered an inquiry. They found that the workers were charging strictly Greek prices, The Communists gasped. They couldn't believe Greek workers were so well paid. Greek wages are between two and three times higher than those paid in Commu- nist countries. "The standard of living in the 'workers paradise' is appalling," said a Greek mer- chant. While meat and other protein foods are rationed in the satellite countries, their Red governments export them to Greece, Spain and other countries. "Is there a remedy?" I asked. "Not under Marxist ideology," was the an- swer. A Glorious Age Without Money EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. JAMES H. (JIMMY) QUILLEN OF TENNESSEE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Monday, August 22, 1966 Mr. QUILLEN. Mr. Speaker, it seems that we are finding no limit to our In- genu.ity when it comes to buying now and paying later. This administration has set a fine ex- ample in how this can be done, and as the following editorial from the :Bristol, Tenn., Herald Courier indicates, new credit schemes appear endless. This is really not a laughing matter. It is time we got down to serious deliber- ations and reversed this trend before it runs over us. A GLORIOUS AGE WITHOUT MONEY One of the glaring deficiencies in the Great Society is that there are still a few things-- not many, of course, but a few-that you have to pay cash for. It is a pleasure to report that this economic oversight is now being corrected. In the near future it will be possible to walk up to your friendly vending machine and buy such necessities as candy, sand- wiches, coffee, desserts and other delicacies without spending a cent of real money. You will merely present a permanent credit card which the vending machine registers by means of an electronic device. The company which plans to introduce this further step toward total on-the-cuff. living concedes that use of the wonder machines may be limited at first to Institutions and industrial plants, for the very practical rea- son that it will cost a lot of-forgive the expression-cash to install them. An elaborate electronic memory unit and a computer will be needed to enable the vending machine to sell stuff on tick. This paraphernalia will cost about $2,000 in addition to the price of the vending ma- chines, which itself isn't peanuts. With this break-through in the currency curtain, it will undoubtedly be only a matter of time until such other irritating cash items as public phone calls, toll fares, parking meters and similar hangovers from medieval living will be eliminated and we can enjoy a glorious age in which we can charge every- thing now and pay later. The ultimate Utopia will come, of course, when some supergenius figures out a way to charge now and never pay later. Then society will really be great! And We Wish Shriver a Happy Future, Too EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ALBERT H. QUIE OF MINNESOTA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, August 24, 1966 Mr. QUIE. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my remarks in the RECORD, I include the following exchange of cor- respondence between Mr. Sargent Shri- ver and Mr. Leonard Inskip. I surely appreciated the humor of Mr. Inskip. Mr. Shriver gave evidence of the ridic- ulous confusion that still exists in the Office of Economic Opportunity. In just a small way it demonstrates that any- time you center all authority in Wash- ington you create opportunities for gross mistakes as well as the ones which are small and humorous. The letters follow: AND WE WISH SHRIVER A HAPPY FUTURE, Too (EDrroR's NOTE.-The letter immediately below was received this week under the let- terhead of the Office of Economic Opportu- nity (i.e., the headquarters command of the poverty war). The writer of the second let- ter-the addressee of the first-who became associate editor of the Tribune editorial/ opinion page Aug. 1, is a graduate of Middle- bury College in Vermont.) AUGUST 1, 1966. Mr. LEONARD INSKIP, Editorial Pages, Minneapolis Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn. DEAR MR. INSKIP: I am happy to learn that you are one of some 20,000 students in Amer- lea who have been selected to participate in the exciting pre-college program known as Upward Bound. . You will meet new responsibilities and challenges as an Upward Bound student. We hope you will also find new pleasures and excitement in the pursuit of learning. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 House. of Representatives THURSDAY, AUGUST 25, 1966 The House met at 12 o'clock noon. The Chair hears none, and The Chaplain, Rev. Edward G. Latch, ordered. D.D., offered the following prayer: . There was no objection. I will say of the Lord, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God, in Him will I trust.-Psalm 91: 2. Eternal God, our Father,. who art the Creator of the world and the everlasting sustainer of our spirits, without whom no one 3s wise, no one is good-we pause in Thy presence - to invoke Thy blessing upon us and to offer unto Thee the devo- tion of our hearts. Bless us as we meet this day and may we be given wisdom to make sound de- cisions, strength to walk in the way of justice and freedom for all, and good will to motivate all we say and do. Bless Thou our country and make us now and always a people mindful of Thy favor, eager to do Thy will, willing to obey Thy commandments, and ready to live in Thy spirit of love. Bless our Armed Forces at home and abroad. Strengthen their families and all their loved ones-separated from one another as they are; and, as some jour- ney through the valley of the shadow of death, let them feel Thy strengthening presence and Thy comforting spirit. May we as the leaders of this free land match this devotion by a deep dedication of our own spirits to the welfare of our beloved country, in the Master's name we pray. Amen. THE JOURNAL The Journal of the proceedings. of yes- terday was read and approved. MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE A message from the Senate by Mr. Ar- rington, one of its clerks, announced that the Senate agrees to the report of the committee of conference on the disagree- ing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 3700) entitled "An act to amend the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964." The message also announced that the Senate agrees to the report of the com- mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amend- ments of the House to the bill (S. 3688) entitled "An act to stimulate the flow of mortgage credit for Federal Housing Administration and Veterans' Admin- istration assisted residential construc- tion.,' INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COM- MERCE COMMITTEE Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce may sit today during general debate. The SPEAKER. Is there objection? No. 142-17 PRINTING OF ADDITIONAL COPIES OF HEARINGS ON SUPPLEMENTAL FOREIGN ASSISTANCE FOR VIET- NAM FOR FISCAL 1966 Mr. HAYS submitted the following conference report and statement on the Senate concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 77) authorizing the printing of addi- tional copies of hearings on supplemental foreign assistance for Vietnam for fiscal 1966: CONFERENCE REPORT (H. REPT. No. 888) The committee of conference on the dis- agreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 77) authorizing the printing of additional copies of hearings on supplemental foreign assistance for Vietnam for fiscal 1966, having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows: That the Senate recede from its disagree- ment to the amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment as follows: In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the House amendment insert the following: "ten"; and the House agree to the same. WAYNE L. HAYS, PAUL JONES, ROBERT J. CORBETT, Managers on the Part of the House. B. EVERETT JORDAN, CARL HAYDEN, CARL T. CURTIS, Managers on the Part of the Senate. STATEMENT The managers on the part of the House at the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 77) 'authorizing the printing of additional copies of hearings on supplemental foreign assist- ance for Vietnam for fiscal 1966, submit the following statement in explanation of the ef- fect of the action agreed upon by the con- ferees and recommended in the accompany- ing conference report: The concurrent resolution as passed by the Senate provided that there be printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations 14,000 additional copies of its hearings (89th Cong., 2d Seas.) on supplemental foreign as- sistance, fiscal year 1966-Vietnam. The House amendment reduced the number of ad- ditional copies to be printed to 4,000. Under the conference agreement the number of ad- ditional copies to be printed is 10,000. WAYNE L. HAYS, PAUL JONES, ROBERT J. CQRBETT, Managers on the Part of the House. THE LATE HONORABLE WADE HAMPTON KITCHENS (Mr. MILLS asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 minute.) duty to announce to the House the pass- ing on Monday last of one of our es- teemed former colleagues. Wade Hampton Kitchens, attorney, statesman, and veteran of three wars, passed away August 22 at the age of. 87. Wade Hampton Kitchens was a Mem- ber of the House during the 75th and 76th Congresses, from 1936 to 1940, and was a member of the Arkansas General Assembly for two terms. Mr. Kitchens was a veteran of three wars-the Spanish American War, the Philippine Insurrection, and World War I. He was a member of the bar of the States of Arkansas, Tennessee, and Okla- homa, as well as a member of the Phil- ippine bar. With the exception of the period of his military service, he prac- ticed law in Magnolia, Ark., from 1909 until 2 years ago when illness forced him to retire. Mr. Kitchens was born in Nevada County, the oldest of 12 children of James Monroe and Margarette Sherrill Kitchens. He attended the University of Arkansas, Southwestern Academy in Magnolia, and received his law degree from Cumberland University. He had taught school in Columbia County. Following the Philippine Insurrection, Mr. Kitchens practiced law in Lingayen, Pangasanin Province, Philippine Islands, for 7 years. Then, he his wife, nee Lillie Dempsey of Waldo, and his son, Wade Hampton Kitchens, Jr., returned to the United States in 1909. He volunteered in the 2d Arkansas Na- tional Guard as an enlisted man during World War I. He helped to organize a company of 162 men and was elected their captain. He was commissioned by Governor Brough as captain of K Com- pany, 3d Arkansas National Guard, and by President Woodrow Wilson in August 1917 as captain of K Company, 154th Infantry, and served throughout World War I for 2 years, 1 year in this country and 1 year in Europe. In 1917 he was selected from among over 1,500 officers and sent to Washington to a conference attended by the Honorable Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War; the Honorable Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and others. This conference was concerning the insurance of soldiers' allotments and allowances to their dependents while at war. Wade Kitchens was a member of the Central Baptist Church. He is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Gladys Pickens of Magnolia, five grandchildren, and six brothers and sisters. Military services were held for him at 4 p.m. Tuesday, at Lewis Funeral Home, Magnolia, by American Legion Post No. 3, of which he was a member. Inter- ment was in Columbia Cemetery near his birthplace. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 19790 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- HOUSE August 25, 1966 I am sure that all Members who had the privilege of knowing Wade Kitchens join me in extending condolences and deepest sympathy to his surviving family. TRIBUTE TO WADE KITCHENS, SR. (Mr. GATHINGS asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. GATHINGS. Mr. Speaker, it was with regret that I learned of the passing of Wade Kitchens, Sr. I served with him in the 76th Congress, which was my first term here. Wade Kitchens offered me kindly advice and assisted me greatly in my work as a new Member of the House. I needed his counsel and he was ever ready to offer it. He was a lawyer and a soldier of re- nown. He was admitted to the bar after his graduation from Cumberland Law School, Lebannon, Tenn., in the State of Tennessee, and later in the States of Arkansas and Oklahoma, and finally in the Philippine Islands where he prac- ticed for 7 years. He served for 2 years in the Spanish-American War and saw service in the Philippine insurrection. He enlisted in the U.S. Army when trouble broke out in Europe, and was commissioned a captain of infantry by President Woodrow Wilson. His service during World War I consisted of 1 year in the United States and 1 year in the European theater. Wade Kitchens served the Seventh District of the State of Arkansas in the House of Representatives with honor and distinction. The district at that time consisted of the counties of Ashley, Brad- ley, Calhoun, Chicot, Clark, Columbia, Hempstead, Lafayette, Nevada, Oua- chita, and Union. He worked for flood control improve' ments on the Ouachita River and for the betterment of agriculture. He interested himself in legislation with respect to the natural resources of his native State, including most especially problems hav- ing to do with the production and re- fining of oil and natural gas. He was a dedicated and devoted public servant. He possessed a pleasing personality and a sense of humor which endeared him to his colleagues. Mrs. Gathings joins me in extending sympathy to his daughter, Mrs. Gladys Pickens of Magnolia, Ark., and to his grandchildren. GENERAL LEAVE TO EXTEND Mr. MILLS. Mr. Speaker, I ask unan- imous consent that all Members desiring to do so may extend their remarks at this point in the RECORD on the subject of the passing of Wade Kitchens, Sr. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Arkansas? There was no objection. INCOME TAX TREATMENT OF EX- PLORATION EXPENDITURES IN THE CASE OF MINING Mr. MILLS. Mr. Speaker, I ask unani- mous consent to take from the Speaker's table the bill H.R. 4665 relating to the income tax treatment of exploration ex- penditures in the case of mining, with the Senate amendments thereto, dis- agree to the Senate amendments, and request a conference with the Senate. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Ar- kansas? The Chair hears none and ap- points the following conferees: Messrs. MILLS, KING of California, BOGGS, KEOGH, BYRNES of Wisconsin, and UTT. PERSONAL EXPLANATION (Mr. HANSEN of Iowa asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute.) Mr. HANSEN of Iowa. Mr. Speaker, yesterday, August 24, 1966, the House of Representatives considered and acted upon the conference report on H.R. 14596, making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture and related agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and for other purposes. Due to a conflicting commitment, I was not present during the consideration and action upon the conference report. Had I been present, I would have voted ..yea.' A PLEA TO THE PROFIT TAKERS (Mr. RONCALIO asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. RONCALIO. Mr. Speaker, when we of this 89th Congress passed the GI bill, It was our hope that a great oppor- tunity could be provided for veterans who now serve their country so unselfishly in these difficult days. However, Mr. Speaker, we are finding from many cold war GI returnees in the Rocky Mountain States the development of a pattern that is most disturbing. Home vendors in these difficult times because of the tight money policies, because of climbing in- terest rates, are apparently placing one price on a house to an ordinary buyer and a second price on the house when a cold war veteran tries to buy it on GI financing. Sellers attempt to justify this double standard by saying that a high dividend must be paid by the seller; also stating that without larger downpayments the overall price must be increased some- what. Mr. Speaker, while this, of course, is brought on in part by the unreasonably high rates these days, all of it does re- mind me of Abraham Lincoln's tearful observations upon the men taking too high and too fat a profit during the Civil War: Where the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered! CORRECTION OF ROLLCALL VOTE Mr. DAVIS of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the per- manent RECORD and Journal be corrected to show that I did not vote "yea" and rollcall No. 234 on August 22, 1966. I was out of the city and did not vote on the motion to recommit H.R. 16340, though the RECORD reports that I voted for the motion. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Geor- gia? There was no-objection. THE PLANES ARE IN THE AIR (Mr. STAGGERS asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. STAGGERS. Mr. Speaker, after 6 weeks of idleness, five major airlines are once more in operation; their planes are in the air; passengers, air freight, and mail are speeding to their respective destinations; wages are accruing to the credit of thousands of employees; reve- nues are flowing Into the coffers of the various companies. Nobody lost this strike; nobody was penalized; nobody was coerced; nobody was victimized; no- body lost face. The good old American system of free enterprise, free bargain- ing, and settlement of differences by ne- gotiation has once again been vindicated. It works. Without passing judgment on the merits or demerits of the terms of settlement, it is fair to say that every- body concerned gained stature during the struggle. Almost at the start, the House Com- merce Committee was thrust into the vortex of the storm. Mr. Speaker, I want to pay tribute to the courage and deter- mination of the members of this com- mittee. They were buffeted by the winds of advice and demand from every quar- ter of the economic and political environ- ment. The pressure kept up without intermission for days. But they took no counsel of hysteria, or panic, or ex- asperation. On the contrary, they pressed on with unwavering steadiness and irresistible patience toward a settlement. Through- out the negotiations, they comported themselves, to a man, in the finest tradi- tions of responsible American statesman- ship. I am proud to be a member of this committee. Its courage and judgment have been tried in the hot fires of con- tention, and proved to be the real mettle. CORRECTION OF VOTE Mr. HALPERN. Mr. Speaker, On roll- call No. 238 I am recorded as voting "nay." I was present and voted "yea." I ask unanimous consent that the per- manent RECORD and Journal be corrected accordingly. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from New WHEN WILL SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ROBERT STRANGE McNAMARA DEVOTE HIS FULL ATTENTION TO THE WAR IN VIETNAM? (Mr. GROSS asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, when will Secretary of Defense Robert Strange Appr6ved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400.100005-2 19786 Approved For RtM& J JIU/N?ALC WRD7BOSENATE 400100005 August ; 1 966 Lankford, Carson W., OF103866. Lippincott, William R., Jr., OF102781. McCollum, Tommie L., OF104488. Metelko, James E., OF102554. Moore, Julius B., Jr., OF102684. Nadal, Rafael L., OF104504. Nichols, Robert A., OF102578. O'Neill, Peter G., OF104510. Parker, Charles M., OF103000. Pennywell, Johnson E., OF103067. Plymale, Charles F., OF103071. Poff, Gary L., OF103009. Prather, Thomas L., Jr., OF100608. Putman, Gerald H., OF101884. Ruppenthal, Harry L., OF103721. Straub, Delbert M., OF105558. Tysdal, Thomas P., OF103757. Wilkins, Harold H., OF103776. Wittbrodt, Thomas A., OF103781. Wood, Smythe J., OF103783. Woulfe, Robert Jr., OF103785. Young, Leo M., OF105601. To be first lieutenant, Medical Service Corps Mumma, Patrick J., OF102989, IN THE MARINE CORPS The following-named officers of the Ma- rine Corps for temporary appointment to the grade of captain, subject to cjualiflca- tions therefor as provided by law: Winfree M. Abernethy Allan E. Berg Dennis M. Achilles Craig A. Bergman Carl P. Ackerman Gordon C. Berryman Chauncey C. Acrey III Carl I. Adams Coy T. Best, Jr. Charles N. Adams Thomas N. Best, Jr. Larry G. Adams George R. Bettle Wayne T. Adams Lance V. Bevins John R. Ahern Abraham Bevis Paul J. Albano Richard L. Bianchino David G. Amey Ronald J. Biddle Andrew G. Anderson Noel C. Bing II Max D. Bishop Donald F. Anderson Robert A. Black, Jr. John M. Anderson Clifford G. Blasi Larry R. Anderson Patrick J. Blessing Peter P. Anderson Bradley W. Bluhm Donald K. Angel. Michael A. Blunden Fred W. Anther. Carl E. Bookewitz John T. Archer Wichard H. Bode, Jr. David A. Arthur Henry C. Bollman III William C. Asbury Latham Boone III Thomas D. Ashe Andre M. Bordelon Dennis M. Atkinson Michael O. Boss Douglas W. Austin John J. Bowe, Jr. Clair E. Averill, Jr. John W. Boyan Allan F. Ayers III Thornton Boyd Wayne A. Babb Gerald P. Brackin Larry A. Backus Christopher M. Bradley Charles L. Bacon Clinton E. Braly Maurice S. Bacon . Walter J. Breede III Kenneth E. Bailey John F. Brennan Allan P. Bakke Patrick J. Brennan Richard C. Bannan Thomas V. Brennan, Emory W. Baragar Jr. Boyd L. Barclay Anthony D. Brewin Richard K. Bardo Roger S. Bride Brent J. Barents Lloyd G. Brinson, Jr. Richard T. Barker Harold L. Broberg William G. Barnes, Jr. David W. Brown Blanton S. Barnett III Gary E. Brown Henry D. Barratt Raul B. Brown John J. Barrett Robert D. Brown Peter L. Barth Robert W. Brown, Jr. Merrill L. Bartlett Robert A. Browning Robert O. Bartlett Curtis B. Bruce Francis J. Barton Clay A. Brumbaugh John F, Bates Robert L. Brutke Harry C. Baxter, Jr. Frederick T. Bryan Dale S. Beaver George S. Burgett Duard "L." Beebe Charles O. Burke James R. Beery Alan L. Burnaford Thomas M. Beldon Arthur E. Burns III Donald R. Bell, Jr, Donald E. Burns John R. Bell Thomas V. Burns George E. Bement Ronald G. Burnsteel Benjamin E. BenjaminBruce Burrows Joseph J. Bennett IIIPeple M. Burton, Jr. Ronald D. Bennett Roland E. Butler William H. Bennett Robert W. Byrd Jerome H. Bentley IIIMichael "J." Byron Roderick E. Benton William L. Cadieux Chester C. Calkins, Jr. Roger E. Davis John M. Geisser Thomas M. Howlett Richard D. Camp, Jr. Patrick E. Dawson Robert J. Genovese Robert W. Hubbard Gary E. Carlson Joseph C. DeBilio Aultie G. Gerwig Charles R. James E. Carlton, Jr. Herbert W. DeGroft Michael P. Getlin Huddleston Peter D. Carpenter John D. DeHoll Michael R. Getsey Walter F. Hudiburg, Jimmy M. Carson Carmine J. Delgrosso Larry R. Gibson Jr. Frederick H. Carter Angelo C. DeMeo Bobby G. Girvin William E. Hudson Kenneth L. Carter Arlie W. R. Demien, Jr. Aloys A. Close Norbert A. Huebsch Thomas C. Carter Thomas F. Dempsey Robert If. Goetz , Jr. John B. Caskey Larry T. Denney Paul B. Goodwin Ronald H. Huesman David J. Cassady Francis T. Dettrey Henry F. Gotard Benjamin M. Huey II Henry B. Castle Thomas P. Devitt Bernard Grabowski Robert A. Hughes Paul R. Catalogue Lawrence G. De Vore James A. Graham Winston L. Hughes Ronald D. Cater Thompson B. Dickson Donald A. Grant Richard C. Hulit Leon G. Chadwick{ William P. Dickson Peter C. Grauert Bruce A. Hultman III William M. Diedrich Edwin T. Gray Gerald Hunt Robert C. Champion, Roger H. Dingeman Robert W. Green Robert A. Hutchins, Jr. Ernest L. Dinius William R. Green Jr. James M. Chance Ronald R. Dirck Joseph P. Greeves, Jr. Delbert M. Hutson Kurt J. Chandler Elliott S. Dix Simon H. Gregory Donald K. Igou Lonnie S, Chavez Wilson R. Dodge Tommy D. Gregory Raymond F. Incociati Charles W. Cheatham John W, Dohrman Donald A. Gressly William W. Jackson Stanley W. Cheff, Jr. John T. Dolan Marshall M. Grice, Jr. Bronson C. Jacoway, Louis E. Cherlco Patrick J. Donnelly Alfred L. Griggs Jr. Jack A. Chiaramonte John J. Dougherty Jackie L. Grinstead Fred L. James Douglas S. Richard J. Dove Steven J. Groebner James J. Jaros Christensen Jack G. Downing Paul G. Grummon James T. Jenkins Duel D. Christian Michael J. Doyle Leon A. Guimond Gilbert D. Johnson William H. Christoph Robert A. Doyle Gordon H. Gunniss Herbert C. Johnson Jorel B. Church Walter B. Dozier Michael A. Gurrola Kenneth H. Johnson Theodore C. Cieplik, Richard L. Drury Thomas M. Haddock Thomas L. Johnson. Jr. Charles Duffy John F. Hales Ward S. Johnson Joseph B. Clancy Charles J. Duffy Hurston Hall Harlan E. Jones James A. Clark Clay J. Dugas II Samuel T. Hall Jack L. Jones Joe Clark Dorris "A." Duncan James C. Hallman Patrick S. Jones Robert F. Clark Denniss J. Dunlap George C. Hamilton Richard C. Jones Jr Roger J. Claus David S. Durham William P. Hamilton , . Robert L. Jones, Jr. Charles D. Clausen William G. Dwinell Thomas L. Hampton Robert E. Jones William C. Clay, III Edward J. Dwyer, Jr. Joseph J. Hanley William D. Jones Harry F. Clemente, Joseph M. Dwyer James H. Hanson Charles G. Jordan Jr. R b t Joseph J. Dzielski C William T. Hardaker,Robert W. Joyce o er F. Clemmons larence L. Eastwood Jr. Charles D. Joyner David W. Clingman Leonard M. Eaton Christian L. Harkness Norman G. Jungmann Michael E. Cochran Ronald R. Eckert Michael H. Harper, Jr.Kenneth E. Junkins Richard V. Coffel James F. Egan II John F. Harrah Gerard T. Kalt Richard W. Coffman James E. Egloff John D. Harrill, Jr. Dennis W. Kane William E. Cole II Helmut J. Eichhorn William G. Harris, Jr. Richard J. Kapsch Michael H. Collier Earl W. Eiland John C. Harrison Gerald R. Keast Ernest E. Collins Paul R. Ek William L. Hartley Elton J Keele Bemis B. Conatser, Jr. Steven J. Ek Jude M, Hartnett . y Thomas P Keenan Jr Ronald J. Condon John H. Ellingson Stanley E. Haynes . , . William F. Keller Thomas M. Conley James F. Ellis James D. Hayslip John A. Kelly James E. Connell Richard W. Elsworth William L. Heflin John A Kell Charles E. Conway, Jr. John N. Ely Ronald A. Heintz . y Edmund W Kelso Jr John J. Conway I Robert E. Enis Hans R. Heinz . . , Rodney P. Kempf Thomas C. Corbe Patric S. Enright Jerry G. Henderson James A. Kenniger David C. Corbett l Brian J. Fagan J Kenneth S. Hendrick-Richard B. Kenyon Rona d C. Cormier ames W. Fagan son John P. Kerchner Jerry L. Cornelius Rudolph H. Fahrner Walter J. Costello Robert J. Faught Berry L. tienson John P. Coursey, Jr. Paul I. Faulkenberry James R. Herd. Eugene W. Kimmel Harold W. Courter Joseph M. Favor Donald H. Hering Steven B. Kimple Paul H. Courtney Harold T. Fergus Walter H. Herkal, Jr. John T. King Cryspin J. Cowell Robert L. Ferguson, Jerome L. Hess Robert N. Kingrey David E. Cox Jr. Francis E. Hearing Michael P. Kingston Millard Cox Roger G. Ferguson Bruce B. Hickox William G. Kingston, Wililam F. Cox James D. Field Billie E. Hicks Jr. Miles H. Crafton, Jr. Peter B. Field Kent R. Hildreth George W. Kirby Wayne N. Crafton Frank A. Finizio c Nicholas J. Hilgert, Jr.Thomas W. Kirby Richard J. Craig John T. Fischba h Fred P. Hilpert, Jr. Hague M. Kiser Robert R. Craig James A. Fisher Thomas F, Hinkle John W. Kiser, Jr. Marvin L. Creel Thomas M. Flattery Amos B. Hinson III Francis T. Klabough William W. Crews Victor K. Fleming, Jr. Alan W. Hitchens Alfred S. Kline Richard H. Criche Stephen T. Flynn Harold M. Hitt John E. Knight, Jr. Ronald R. Critser Elbert A. Foster Daniel A. Hitzelberger Edward A. Kolbe Albert B. Crosby Wayne N. Fowler Robert W. Hobbs Anthony F. Konopka Kenneth L. Crouch Donald R. Frank James V. Hoekstra . William E. Konrath Thomas B. Cullen Douglas R. Frank John W. Hogue Frank H. Kos, Jr. Paul W. Culwell Howard A. Franz Vernon J. Holbrook , Gerald W Kozak ?C? ..D? Cuny David L. Fraser . Alwin G. Holland, Jr. Paul F. Kramer James E. Curran, Jr. Richard A. Frindt Bobby G. Hollings- Dennis E. Kraus Edward R. Curtis Robert D. Fulcher worth Larry A. Krohn James G. Custer Richard F. Fullerton James A. Hollis Leonard R. Krolak Reid E. Dahart Harold F. Gabelman Kenneth L. Holm Peter A. Kugel Joseph C. Dangler Sidney R. Gale Hal Holmes, Jr. Lawrence C. Kutchma, Marshall B. Darling Samuel J. Galloway Franklin J. Homan II Jr. William D. Davidson Joel R. Gardner Richard J. Rooton, Jr.Thomas A. La Cour Bruce E. Davis Barry L. Garner Keith D. Hornbacher Ellis E. Laitala Donald R. Davis James D. Garrett Gerald L. Hornick Harry E. Lake, Jr. James A. Davis Albert R. Gasser, Jr. John A. House II Gary K. Lambert James F. Davis Ronald L. Gatewood Otis E. Howard III Timothy A. Lamphier Leroy G. Davis Charles R. Geiger Thomas M. Howard Carlton E. Land Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 20 5/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B0 4 6R000400100005-2 4gt&* 25, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SEN T But even if there is to be a long and siz- able war rather than a phase one struggle, only such a Government could make South Vietnam an effective partner in waging and winning it. And if there is, after all, a nego- tiated settlement, only such a government could absorb the disciplined cadres of the Vietcong, whether as a recognized political body or as unreconciled revolutionaries. A GOOD TURNOUT NEEDED In the shorter run, the Sept. 11 elections also could prove important in themselves if, in the face of what is expected to be a deter- mined Vietcong effort to disrupt and stifle the voting, there is a sizable turnout-say, something like half of those eligible. That would indicate that the Vietcong do not control as much of the populace as many believe. And it would suggest that a large number of South Vietnamese believe enough in a future for their country to take a hand in shaping it-despite terrorism on the one AN ALL-ASIAN PEACE CONFERENCE: AN IDEA WORTH FOSTERING Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, the idea of an all-Asia Peace Conference to bring about a negotiated settlement of the Vietnam conflict is an idea worth fos- tering-despite the fact that Hanoi and Peking have initially rejected it. The initiator of this idea, Charles Percy, of Illinois, is to be commended. The value of this initiative is demonstrated by the fact that many persons intimately con- cerned with foreign affairs have risen to support it. Most notable among them are: Thanat ?Khoman, Thailand's For- eign Minister, ex-President Eisenhower and former Vice President Nixon, a num- ber of Senators and Congressmen from both parties, and as recently as yester- day, President Johnson. Though there may be little likelihood in the foreseeable future for a nego- tiated settlement in Vietnam, this does not relieve us of the responsibility of seeking peace by all possible means. Even though Peking, Hanoi, and the Na- tional Liberation Front refuse to talk about anything but total South Viet- namese and U.S. concessions, our uncon- ditional offer of peace talks must stand. Only by doing so, can we convince the world that our intentions are honorable. I have always maintained that the best way to solve regional problems is by the regional approach, and I have argued that regionalism represents the most vital kind of reality in contemporary in- ternational affairs. For, regionalism is the most productive and acceptable way for nations with common problems and objectives to join their resources and energies into a common effort. Beginnings of regionalism are already apparent in Asia. Three such groupings are of particular importance. First, there is the Asian Bank, a project which has been enthusiastically received by Asian and Western countries alike. The Asian Bank with an initial capitalization of $200 million for the first year will be an ongoing operation as of January 1967. Its full acceptance by Asians indicates that it will be only a first step in.the di- rection of greater economic cooperation. A second Asian grouping, one that is being revitalized, is the Association of Southeast Asia, composed of Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines. This small grouping intends to extend its co- operation to all enterprises-political, economic, military, and technical. There has been much talk of late about the possibility of Indonesia joining this group. If this occurs, it could be the beginning of a solid and lasting nucleus for wider Asia cooperation. The third, a newly organized Asia and Pacific Council-composed . of South Korea, the Philippines, Thailand, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Republic of China, Malaysia, South Vietnam and Laos as an observer-may well be the pre- cise instrument and organization through which to implement the idea of an all-Asian peace conference for Viet- nam. If ASPAC's first meeting in Seoul, Korea, is any indication of what this do, it may develop into a regional orga- nization capable of dealing with regional security matters without direct U.S. par- ticipation. It may if nurtured, instead of being pushed into any rigid ideological framework, be the means of bringing peace to Vietnam. FAIR LABOR STANDARDS AMEND- MENTS OF 1966 The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill (H.R. 13712) to amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to extend its protection to additional employees, to raise the minimum wage, and for other purposes. Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, I suggest the absence of a quorum. The PRESIDING OFFICER. On whose time? Mr. YARBOROUGH. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the time not be charged to either side. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection., it is so ordered, and the clerk will call the roll. The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll. Mr. LONG of Louisiana. Mr. Presi- dent, I ask unanimous consent that the order for the quorum call be rescinded. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection., it is so ordered. MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE A message from the House of Repre- sentatives by Mr. Hackney, one of its reading clerks, announced that the House had agreed to the report of the commit- tee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 3105) to au- thorize certain construction at military installations, and for other purposes. The message also announced that the House had agreed to the report of the committee of conference on the dis- agreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 15941) making appropriations for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and for other purposes; that the House receded from its disagreement to the amendments of the Senate numbered 11 and 29 to the bill and concurred therein; that the House receded from its disagreement to 19785 the amendments of the Senate numbered 10, 13, and 27 to the bill and concurred therein, severally with an amendment- in in which it requested the concurrence of the Senate; and that the Houseinsisted on its disagreement to the amendments of the Senate numbered 5 and 24 to the bill. ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED The message further announced that the Speaker had affixed his signature to the following enrolled bills, and they were signed by the Vice President: H.R. 13298. An act to amend the Organic Act of Guam in order to authorize the legis- lature thereof to provide by law for the elec- tion of its members from election districts; and H.R. 14596. An act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture and re- lated agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and for other purposes. RECESS UNTIL TOMORROW AT 10 O'CLOCK A.M. Mr. LONG of Louisiana. Mr. Presi- dent, in accordance with the order previously entered, I move that the Senate stand in recess until 10 o'clock a.m. tomorrow. The motion was agreed to; and (at 6 o'clock and 28 minutes p.m.) the Senate recessed until tomorrow, Friday, August 26, 1966, at 10 o'clock a.m. NOMINATIONS Executive nominations received by the Senate August 25, 1966: DIPLOMATIC AND FOREIGN SERVICE John M. McSweeney, of Nebraska, a For- eign Service officer of class 1, to be Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to Bulgaria. Miss Carol C. Laise, of the District of Co- lumbia, a Foreign Service officer of class 1, to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- potentiary of the United States of America to the Kingdom of Nepal. Leo G. Cyr, of Maine, a Foreign Service officer of class 1, to be Ambassador Extraor- dinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Republic of Rwanda. IN THE ARMY The following-named officers for promo- tion in the Regular Army of the United States, under the provisions of title 10. United States Code, sections 3284 and 3299: To be majors Lewis, Robert G., 064369. Stewart, Wilmer D., 070516. Wallace, William B., 064662. Waller, Ephraim E., 0F102287. The following-named officers for promo- tion in the Reguar Army of the United States, under the provisions of title 10, United States Code, sections 3284 and 3298: To be first lieutenants Cowan, Charles E., Jr., 0F103818. Craig, Richard P., 0F100157. Dahoney, Richard H., 0F102445. Edwards, William J., 0F192861. Fredrick, Gilbert H., Jr., 0F102876. Hadaway, Bobby G., 097126. Hand, David E., 095391. Jagielski, James R., 0F104455. Jarrett, Garnett L., 0F105441. Kelley, Erskine H., 3d, 0F104463. Kelley, Lawrence 0., 0F103860. Krumholz, Harvey R., 0F108401. LaFreniere, Richard L., 0F105457. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 August 25, 196 pproved F lggMtOffnE$DP M R000400100005-2 1M3 "Therefore, I am today introducing a bill to establish a National Commission on Pub- lic Management. My bill is cosponsored by Senators DOMINICK, ALLOTT, BENNETT, CASE, FANNIN, JAVITS, KUCHEL, MORTON and TOWER. A companion measure is being introduced today in the other body by Representative Moasz of Massachusetts and more than 40 of his colleagues. "This Commission would bring to bear on the management of public business the very best minds in private industry, government, labor and education. Its mandate is to an- swer two fundamental questions: can new management technology aid us in solving public problems? What is the best way to do the job? "This bill proposes that a National Com- mission be appointed by the President in order to study and recommend the manner in which modern systems analysis and man- agement techniques may be utilized to re- solve national and community problems in the non-defense sector. "The Commission would be composed of a Chairman, Vice Chairman and eleven other members, who shall be experienced in the subject matter to be studied by the Com- mission, and shall include representatives from government, business, labor and edu- cation. In addition, the Commission may appoint an Executive Director and any other staff personnel required. "The Commission would have an active life of approximately two and one half years. At the end of one year it would provide the President and the Congress with a prelimi- nary report including a precise description of the problems, a preliminary analysis of the applicability of these new management tech- niques to a wide spectrum of public prob- lems, and a detailed plan for continuing study leading up to the final report. Then, 18 months later, the Commission would sub- mit its final report, containing explicit plans, including case examples, for applying par- ticular management technology to specific public problems. This report would also contain recommendations for legislation, Federal executive action, and State and local governmental action needed to facilitate the application of these techniques. The Commission would study and investi- gate the following major areas: "1. Definition of those social and economic problems to which the application of the 'systems approach' appears to hold promise. "2. Analysis of the many modern manage- ment techniques currently being used in the aerospace field to determine those which are best suited for application in the non-defense sector and what modifications may be required. "3. An assessment of the proper relation- ship between governmental and private in- vestment in these areas, including the degree of public involvement 'and the best proce- dures for government support and funding. "4. An assessment of the optimum orga- nizational relationships among several levels of governmental authorities, "5, The role of small business and orga- nized labor in the application of these new management techniques. "6. An assessment of potential contribu- tions of the universities toward resolving public management problems. "The tasks of management in both public and private enterprise have become more complex due to the very nature of the prob- lems inherent in a dynamic society such as ours, and due, of course, to advances in science and technology. The problems of managing even the largest Federal programs of a generation ago were small compared to those of today. All levels of government- Federal, State and local-are finding it in- creasingly difficult to solve their complex management problems on a piecemeal basis, to a large extent because they lack the man- agement techniques and skills that have been applied so successfully in private industry. "Although there are studies in process dealing with the use of systems analysis in several non-defense areas, the questions of where and how the systems approach is most applicable and the problems as to how these can best be applied are still largely un- answered. Those questions require the attention of a Commission, appointed by the President, to include the best minds in the field of modern management technology. "Some of our distinguished colleagues have recently introduced legislation which would authorize the expenditure of public funds, either directly by Executive Departments or through grants to the States, for contracts with universities or other organizations which would attempt to apply the systems analysis approach to public problems. We fully support our colleagues on the basic issue of stimulating governmental support for such endeavors, but we also believe that a national commission is required first to provide the overall analysis and informed recommendations needed by all govern- mental authorities who may have reason to use the systems approach in the future. "The significance of the proposal goes far beyond the mere application of systems man- agement and the new technology. The Com- mission would be the first step in a major new political departure. What is envisioned is the application by private industry of these new problem solving techniques to public policy problems. By utilizing the vital skills of private industry, under contract to the government, it is possible at the same time to solve these increasingly complex problems and to attack informatively the great problems presented by the constant burgeoning of the Federal Government in its multifarious aspects." RIGHTS, LEADERS AND MARCHES Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to insert in the RECORD an editorial, en- titled "Rights, Leaders and Marches," which appeared in the August 23 edition of the Washington Daily News. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD as follows: RIGHTS, LEADERS AND MARCHES A half-dozen leaders of rival civil rights organizations appeared Sunday on a national TV show. The experience was not especially instructive, nor necessarily constructive. Most of these men dealt with tactics, rather than goals. Their views ranged all the way from the realistic appraisal by Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, who thinks progress is at work, even if not fast enough or broad enough, to Stokeley Carmichael of SNICK, as it is called, who would burn down the granary to get at the wheat. Or James Meredith, who talked of Negro vigilantes. Martin Luther King, leading the daily demonstrations in Chicago, said a court in- junction to limit the demonstrations was "unjust, unconstitutional and immoral." He implied he might obey it only temporarily. The court restricted the demonstrations to one at a time, to daylight hours, to 500 marchers and required the demonstrators to give 24-hour notice. In the circumstances, this was a judicious limitation. Dr. King says the only purpose of demonstrations is to "bring issues out into the open," and with the public atten- tion he gets one parade can do as much as a dozen. But the Chicago marches have been marked by fierce violence. There is no logic or excuse in this, but it puts a heavy load on police. The court limitation is in protection of the marchers. Moreover, these marches in business streets disrupt traffic, hampering the normal opera- tions of those who live in the areas. These people at least deserve reasonable notice of the disruption. Rights are for all, not just some, which is the principle Dr. King is try- ing to prove. These leaders could help their cause by more resort to persuasion, education, per- sistence and devotion to goal rather than tactic; by being less abrasive, less menacing. They have made their point: excesses could blunt It. ACTUAL FIGURES ON NEGRO- WHITE ECONOMIC LEVELS Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to insert in the RECORD a column by Bruce Biossat, entitled "Actual Figures on Negro-White Economic Levels," which appeared in the August 19 edition of the Washingotn Daily News. There being no objection, the column was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: ACTUAL FIGURES ON NEGRO-WHITE ECONOMIC LEVELS (By Bruce Biossat) Stokely Carmichael of the Student Non- Violent Co-ordinating Committee seems to be suggesting, in recent public utterances, that most whites are comparatively well off and nearly all Negroes are poor. This generalization, if he intends his com- ment to be that, represents a vast and mis- leading over-simplification of white-Negro economic status today. It obscures the fact that in the last two decades Negroes have made substantial-if still greatly insufficient-economic progress. It also conceals the fact that millions of whites are very poor. PERCENTAGES Some social analysts consider a $6000-a- year family income the entry point into the steadily swelling American middle class. By that measure, about a fourth of the nation's 5 million Negro families today fall into the middle class category. In 1940 the figure was only 10 per cent. Even as recently as 1950 it was just 16 per cent. There can be no joy over the fact that this clear progress still leaves 75 per cent of Negro families below middle class levels and 36 per cent of the total below the $3000-a- year family income plane-in abject pover- ty. Yet, tho it cannot be a consolation, it is instructive to note that 40 per cent of the country's 45 million white families are like- wise below middle class income levels, and more than 14 per cent of white families be- low the $3000 family income mark. ACTUAL NUMBERS These percentages, for whites, are much lower, but the numbers are high. Some 3,750,000 Negro families fall short of middle class. So do about 18,250,000 white fam- ilies. Perhaps 6.5 million white families classify as very poor. Furthermore, with all the racial ferment in U.S. cities, the notion has taken hold that core-city slums today are almost totally occupied by impoverished Negroes. Housing studies show, however, that of 9 million U.S. households living in squalor, some 6 million are white. The Negro total is 2.3 million, with Puerto Ricans and Mexicans accounting for the rest. Charges that Negroes are slipping farther and farther behind in the income race with whites do not seem to be supported by gov- ernment income figures. In 1947 the U.S. Negro family was earning 51 per cent as much as the typical white family. A decade and a half later, the per- centage had risen to 53 per cent. That is ,Approved For1Release 2005/06/29 CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For RGV eif551UNA9L C i 47B 4 .6AFff040010000August 25, 1966 not much "catching up," but neither is it slipping back. WOMEN'S GAINS Income gains for Negro women workers account for the modest advance, since male Negro workers have held steady at around 55 to,57 per cent of white male workers' income. What. holds the Negroes' income down is the sharp pay differential between Negro and White workers doing the same jobs. Moreover, the proportionately older white population has many more people in their middle-range peak earning years than does the young Negro population. And, of course, the far higher Negro unem- ployment rate, especially among teen-agers, severely aggravates this situation. Catching up obviously depends partly on finding millions more jobs for Negroes and partly on their elevation into more skilled and professional jobs-at pay levels com- mensurate with whites. Nevertheless, median family income for all Americans, white and Negro, rose roughly 45 per cent from 1947 to 1963 and is still climbing. The Negroes' substantial, share in this advance explains why more and more of them continue, slowly but surely, to move into the American middle class. They are far from income parity with whites, but they are on a persistently rising income curve. AN OPEN LETTER TO NEIGHBORS IN SOUTHEAST'S 11TH PRECINCT Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. Pres- ident, I ask unanimous consent to insert in the RECORD a letter written by a resi- dent of Southeast Washington and ad- dressed to his neighbors in the commu- nity. The letter appeared in the August 18 edition of the Washington Daily News. There being no objection, the letter was ordered to be printed in the RECORD as follows: AN OPEN LETTER TO NEIGHBORS IN SOUTII- EAST'S 11TH PRECINCT (The following letter was written by a resident of southeast Washington, Ken Smith, of 2422 Elvans Road se, addresed to his neighbors in the community.) I'm Poor, I'm not working, even. I'm Negro. I'm a high school drop out. I drink, I smoke and gamble, and I'm a product of a broken home ... but I'm not a rebel. I love you and my country and community. I love life. I've seen police brutality first hand; but on a larger scale I've seen citizen brutality. "Coming events cast their shadows before" is one of the truest sayings in the world. And anyone can say "I told you so" after things get out of hand. But I have a solution to our community problem. It is this: First remember, regardless of who you are, if you look for trouble you'll find it. Second, each and every one of you, white and colored, stop and think, "What am I as an individual doing for my community, not what is my community doing for me?" Are you guilty Of hanging on corners, creating a nuisance to passers-by with rough language and horse- play? Do you hang outside of the liquor stores waiting for a sponsor to get your head bad on cheap wine and beer? Do you hang on your front steps looking as unkempt and slovenly as you can? Do you really give a damn where your children are, or only when they are arrested? Do you pull as many as five false alarms on a given week-end night? Do you harass the paper boys who are trying to lift them- selves by their bootstraps, and take their pennies? Did you, in spite, break into the new apartment building and tear things apart, breaking windows, fixtures, and such? How There being no objection, the article many windows did you break at ' Moten was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, School, Birney School? How many rides did as follows' You steal on the D.C. Transit buses? How THE BALLOT Box BATTLEFIELD many muggings, party crashings, gangs, rapes and :rumbles were you in on? (By Tom Wicker) Did you come home drunk last Friday and curse the neighbors, God and your own family? What did you do about the dirty apartment fronts on Morris Road and other places? Did you get up and stick the kids on the front porch looking as lost as can be while you caught another nap? Well, most of us are guilty of some of these things and the solution lies with the indi- vidual. He presents his ideas to a group and if his ideas are not right then the group's ideas won't be right if they adopt his. Don't demand until you are ready to offer. Don't take until you are ready to give. You are not born free socially, or economi- cally. You are born free spiritually and it be- hooves each and every one of you to put forth the effort to be free socially and economically. Youth is no excuse any more than age or educational ignorance because we all know what hurts us and if it hurts us it hurts others also. So get off the street corners and stoops, get into the churches, Y's, community centers and the like. Hold your heads up, look all men in the eye and say I am as good as you because I act it. Just like the rioter's way of living leads to early death and destruction, so does the rioter's way of asking for help lead to death of ideals and incentive and programs. Don't let Chicago and Watts and Detroit and Philadelphia be your guideline or ex- ample. "To thine own self be true." Remember this: orderly dissent is legal, it is soul-searching, and it is productive. But remember that "united we stand divided we fall" means united in decency and purpose i; jr VIETNAM: SOME UNVARNISHED PACTS Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, in. an ar- ticle which was published in the New York Times on August 24, Tom Wicker makes an important contribution to shedding light on some of the unpleas- ant, but nevertheless very real facts about Vietnam. Mr. Wicker's article takes almost precisely the position and analysis on Vietnam which I myself have been making for over a month. There is little likelihood of a Vietnam settlement in the foreseeable future by either a peace conference or a series of decisive military victories. Even when our military force becomes predominant in South Vietnam, when the Communists discover that it is not militarily feasible for them to operate in large units, it is likely that they will revert to stage one, or the guerrilla stage of Mao Tse-tung's theory of guerrilla war. This, in turn, points up the real challenges of its in- surgency warfare, the real limitations of force as the only solution to defeating guerrillas. The main role of force should be to provide a shield of confidence behind which the equally real war against social and economic_ deprivation can go for- ward. It is at the ballot box, through the process of legitimizing government, and through the worth of the daily lives of the people that a guerrilla war Is won or lost. I ask unanimous consent to have Mr. Wicker's article printed in the RECORD. WASHINGTON, August 23.-Reports from South Vietnam now indicate somewhat fewer combat incidents involving large North Viet- namese units and somewhat more guerrilla and terrorist attacks than might have been expected. On its face, this could suggest that North Vietnam and the Vietcong, discouraged at the American force and firepower in the field against them, are reverting to the so- called "phase one" of a war of national lib- eration-terror, assassination, intimidation and political infiltration, waged by small bands in the countryside. THE ADMINISTRATION This is not accepted here. Administration officials-particularly the military-are in- clined to think instead that the "spoiling tactics" of American troops have been suc- cessful enough to keep the opposition's main force units off balance and unable to develop anything like a general offensive. Thus, guerrilla incidents make more of a splash than they might otherwise. In addi- tion, the forthcoming South Vietnamese elections probably have provoked increased terrorism as the insurgents seek to disrupt the campaign and render the voting as mean- ingless as possible. Finally, infiltration from the north con- tinues at a high level, which would hardly be the case if there were any Intention in Hanoi to pull back its main force units. Nevertheless, a growing number of Amer- ican officials no longer expect to see the Viet- namese war liquidated over a green baize conference table, or in some climactic series of military confrontations. HITTING THE SUPPLY LINES Their view is that powerful and mobile American forces are demonstrating their ability to cope with large North Vietnamese battle units and that Hanoi eventually will recognize that it has little chance to win a clash of armies. Moreover, to the extent that the American bombing in the north affects the Communist ability to fight in the south, it is the big main force units whose supply and replacement channels are hardest hit. Since it is virtually a unanimous belief within the Administration that Hanoi never- theless shows no indication of either giving up that struggle or seeking a negotiated settlement, the conclusion of many officials is that logic probably will dictate an ulti- mate lapse into phase one. Such a reversion to hit-and-run guerrilla tactics, with small, mainly native bands ravaging the countryside and terrorizing the people, would limit the big American units to their lowest level of effectiveness. It would make American bombing In the north even more meaningless militarily than many believe it already is. And If such a development suggested to the American peo- ple that the war was subsiding to manage- able levels, it might produce far more potent pressures on President Johnson to "bring the boys home." If that is to be the war's future, all the more importance must be attached to the development of a stable, popular, broad- based government in South Vietnam-a process that could have its beginning in the elections Sept. 11, when an assembly to write a constitution will be chosen. This is because a new phase one struggle obviously would return much of the burden of the war to South Vietnam-and only an able and respected government, dealing fairly and effectively with its people, is likely to cope with a determined insurgency that has some support in the populace. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29: CIA-RDP67g p446R000400100005-2 August 25, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE McNamara devote his full attention to the wax in Vietnam? Task this question because of his latest venture into the so-called war on poverty. Apparently, since the Johnson administration's designated antipoverty agency has botched the job, the latest ploy is to divert taxpayer dollars sup- posedly going for the defense of our Nation into a military poverty war, where, in true McNamara style, the ex- penditures and the results can be classi- field as secret. Mr. Speaker, this Nation is involved in a real war. We are spending billions and billions of dollars supposedly in an effort to win it, McNamara has said he is pleased that the war is called McNamara's war. When is he going to stop trying to run other operations of the Government and climbing mountains, and do the job he was hired to do? Our fighting men in Vietnam deserve at least a full-time Secretary of Defense, even if he and the ning war. DEFENSE SECRETARY McNAMARA AND THE WAR IN VIETNAM (Mr. WAGGONNER asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. ? WAGGONNER. Mr. Speaker the gentleman from Iowa [Mr. GROSS] has brought to the attention of the House a matter about which I have previously obtained a special order for this after- noon during which I propose to discuss the dangerous proposal of the Secretary of Defense to train additional personnel who do not presently qualify for physical or various other reasons to serve in the Armed Forces. The proposal raises many questions which should be resolved be- fore implementation. We must proceed with caution and not allow the military to depart or stray from their purpose. traveler should pay a higher proportion- ate share of the cost of developing com- mercial aircraft which will permit him to travel at higher speeds and at greater luxury. Mr. Speaker, I believe that one way or another we should proceed with the de- velopment of the best kind of com- mercial aircraft. However, public sup- port for this program can only be as- sured if there is an increased contribu- tion by the regular air traveler who will enjoy most of the special benefits. The proposed commercial aviation trust fund is patterned after the high- way trust fund under which the Inter- state Highway System is currently being developed. The user tax principle has worked admirably to develop an inter- state system which is the finest in the world. There is no reason why it should not work equally as well in bringing about necessary improvements in com- mercial air travel. 19791 to assist those directly, immediately, and adversely affected by imbalances in a factor of production. Mr. Speaker, I commend this bill to the House for consideration on the part of all Members. From the legislative standpoint, my subcommittee will com- mence extended, in-depth hearings next Week. PERSONAL ANNOUNCEMENT Mr. HELSTOSKI. Mr. Speaker, on rollcall No. 237, a quorum call taken earlier today, I am recorded as not an- swering to my name. I would have been in the Chamber and responding when my name was called, but I was at the White House attending a bill-signing ceremony. The legislation which became law to- day relates to the transportation, sale, and handling of animals which will be used in labroatory experimentation. I have been keenly interested in this legis- lation and have introduced a bill to regu- late the abuses in this field. I am pleased that it has been signed and is now the law of the land. Mr. Speaker, I wish that the Journal and permanent RECORD could be cor- rected accordingly. MPORTATION OF FOREIGN GOODS FROM LOW-WAGE AREAS CAUSES INJURY TO AMERICAN EMPLOY- MENT (Mr. DENT asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. DENT. Mr. Speaker, yesterday, I introduced a bill to amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 with respect to injury caused American employment by the importation of foreign goods from low-wage areas. This legislation will be a basis for hearings my Labor Subcom- mittee has scheduled, beginning next week, into this area. The intent of the original minimum wage legislation is clearly outlined in section 2 of the act. My bill does not depart from this intent but, in fact, am- plifies it. The framers then recognized the threat of severe wage disparities in market competition. They further rec- ognized the power of Congress to ap- propriately regulate the flow of com- merce among the States and with foreign nations. The sum and substance of the intent was, and has been, to protect the economic health, efficiency, and general well-being of workers. This has been effectively carried out in commerce among the States, but severely neglected in commerce between our Nation and others. To provide a partial remedy for this situation, my bill asserts the responsibil- ity of the Secretary of Labor to recog- nize the suffering of workers and com- munities because of wage imbalances. It likewise provides a vehicle for workers, and, any other interested party, to bring Federal attention to resulting unemploy- ment and community hardship. Once this attention is focused, and there in- deed exists a problem, the bill empowers the President to take whatever action he deems appropriate to alleviate it. This action is in addition to any other cus- toms treatment provided by law. We do not, therefore, infringe upon the estab- lished practices of trade or the authority of certain bodies to regulate that trade. We only provide an additional safeguard BILL TO INCREASE TRANSPORTA- TION TAX 5 PERCENT (Mr. VANIK asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. VANIK. Mr. Speaker, I have to- day introduced legislation to establish a commercial aviation development trust fund to pay for a portion of the costs involved in developing new com- mercial aircraft such as the supersonic transport, the cost of which is estimated to run in excess of $4 billion. The legis- lation would create the trust fund by in- creasing the Federal tax on commercial air travel from 5 percent to 10 percent. This would raise approximately $140 million per year. It Is contemplated that the trust fund would bear a portion of the cost of developing the supersonic transport with the remaining cost paid out of the Federal Treasury. There is no justification for requir- ing the general taxpaying public to as- sume the total burden of developing supersonic transport planes which only a small portion of the public can be ex- pected to use. Certainly the regular air CALL OF THE HOUSE Mr. WYDLER. Mr. Speaker, I make the point of order that a quorum is not present. The SPEAKER. The gentleman from New York makes the point of order that a quorum is not present. Evidently, a quorum is not present. Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, I move a call of the House. A call of the House was ordered. The Clerk called the roll, and the fol- lowing Members failed to answer to their names: [Roll No. 240] Andrews, Hungate Rivers, S.C. Glenn Irwin Rooney, N.Y. Baring King, N.Y. Roudebush Bolling Krebs Schisler Broomfield Landrum Schmidhauser Brown, Calif. Leggett Scott Callaway Long, La. Senner Celler Long, Md. Shipley Oohelan McEwen Teague, Tex. Conyers McMillan Thomas Craley Martin, Ala. Toll Cramer Martin, Mass. Tuten Evins, Tenn. Moeller Walker, Miss. Flynt Morrison White, Idaho Foley Murray Whitener Fulton, Tenn. O'Brien Willis Hagan, Ga. Pool Zablocki Hansen, Wash. Powell Harvey, Mich. Rivers, Alaska The SPEAKER. On this rollcall 374 Members have answered to their names, a quorum. By unanimous consent, further pro- ceedings under the call were dispensed with. COMMITTEE ON RULES Mr. SMITH of Virginia. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the Com- mittee on Rules have until midnight to- night to file certain privileged reports. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Virginia? There was no objection. Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 19792 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 .r?. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- HOUSE August 25, 1966 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPRO- PRIATIONS, 1967 Mr. MAHON. Mr. Speaker, I call up the conference report on the bill (H.R. 15941) making appropriations for the Departmentof Defense for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and for other pur- poses, and ask unanimous consent that the statement of the managers on the part of the House be read in lieu of the report. The Clerk read the title of the bill. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Texas? There was no objection. The Clerk read the statement. (For conference report and statement, see proceedings of the House of Aug. 24, 1966.) The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Texas [Mr. MAHON] is recognized for 1 hour., Mr. MAHON. Mr. Speaker, we have for consideration today -the conference report on the Department of Defense ap- propriation bill for the fiscal year which began on July 1, 1966. Some have asked why this bill is being presented to the floor at so late a date. I would like to give the chronology with respect to the pending legislation. The President's budget including the request for defense appropriations was presented to Congress on January 24 of this year. Authorization was considered by the House and by the Senate of that portion of the bill:which requires author- ization. Finally,-the authorization con- ference report was adopted on July 12. The Committee on Appropriations mar- shaled its forces and sought to bring the bill to the House as soon as there was au- thority to do so, the President having Summary of appropriations [In thousands] Item 1966 appro- 1967 budget Passed Passed Conference Conference action compared with- _ prlations estimate House Senate action 1966 appro- Budget House Senate prlations estimate Title I, military personnel_________________ Title II, Operation and maintenance------ $17,039,491 14 973 962 $18,675,700 15 675 094 $19,299,344 15 722 794 $18,'}51, 044 15 697 721 $18, 731, 044 15 703 312 4-$1,691, 553 +729 359 +$55, 344 -$568, 300 -------------- Title III, Procurement -------------------- T , , 18, 423, 400 , , 18, 408, 200 , , 16, 658, 000 , , 16,769,800 , , 113,641,800 , -1, 781, 600 +28,227 +233,600 -19,473 -16 200 +$5, 600 -128. 000 Research, itle 1V, Research, development, test, andevaluation -------------------------- Title V, Emergency fund, southeast Asia 6,721,150 1 700 000 6,905,359 6,928,959 6,983,959 6,983,959 +262,809 +78,600 , +55,000 , .--___:_______- __ Title V, Special foreign currency program_ , , -------------- () _ ______ , 348 _ 7, 348 -1,700, 000 +7,348 +7, 348 _ _ Total 58,858,003 57,664,353 9,872 58,067,472 -790,531 +403,119 -122,400 Distribution of appropriations by or- ganizational component: Army N6vyy AirI'or e 15,727,989 17,267,524 16,925,794 16,813,200 16,938,600 5,065 ,700 17,165,065 16, 826,700 -Fl,437,076 -440,824 +239,271 +13,500 -153,000 c Defense agencies/OSD 21,298,085 2, 864, 405 2 0,686,300 3, 239, 059 20,965,400 3, 271, 407 20,774,900 3, 270, 207 20,805,900 3, 269, 807 -492,185 +405 402 +119,600 +30 748 +31,000 --400 El .1geney fund, southeast Asia------ 1,700,000 - , , -------------- --- ----------- ------------- Total, Department of Dofense------- 58, 858, 003 57, 661, 353 58, 616, 445 58, 189, 872 58, 067,472 -790, 531 +403,119 -548, 973 -122,400 I The original budget estimates were submitted in local currency amounts which were equivalent to $11,975,000. The original amounts were subsequently reduced to $7,348,000 at the request of the Department of Defense. The conference amount is below the figures in either the House or the Senate versions of the bill. But to be utterly frank-and we must-the conference amount is above the President's budget in the sum of $403 million. This results in large measure from the fact that the House has approved certain projects which were not contained in the budget but which were authorized, mind you, in the authorization legislation. Some of the measures not included in the budget and included in the confer- ence agreement are as follows: Retaining separate Army Na- tional Guard and Army Re- serve organizations ---------- $67,044,000 Retain all 25 Air National Guard heavy aircraft units --------- 4,300,000 Continue B-52 fleet at 600 air- craft ----------------------- 6,000,000 Continue 'Claims" as regular an- nual appropriation --------- 25, 000, 000 Provide appropriation In lieu of foreign currency appropria- tion ----------------------- 7,348,000 Additional OH-6A light observa- tion helicopters ------------ 19, 900, 000 One nuclear powered frigate and long leadtime items for a sec- ond ------------------------ 150,500,000 Provisions for production capa- bility for the F-12 intercep- tor aircraft ---------------- 55, 000, 000 Procurelnerit of aeromedical transport aircraft ------------ $16,000,000 Augmentation of Deep Sub- merge program ------------ 2, 500, 000 Additional funding for Ad- vanced Manned Strategic Air- craft ----------------------- 11,800,000 For the manned orbital laboratory- and this House has been strong in sup- porting space programs in both NASA and the Department of Defense--there is an addition above the budget of $50 million. The figures generally in the bill for space programs of a military nature total about $1.7 billion. For research and development in the field of antisubmarine warfare there is $7.5 million above the budget. So these are the areas in which we are above the budget. I think we can say that with respect to the major provisions in the bill there is considerable unanimity. It is true that in the House version of the bill about $569 million was included above the bud- get for the pay of about 108,000 men who had not been budgeted for and who were actually on board at the beginning of the fiscal year, on July 1. We felt that we should appropriate for the pay of these men. We appropriate for the pay of people in various govern- signed the authorization legislation on July 13. - So, following enactment of authoriza- tion on July 13 we brought this bill to the floor on July 19 for consideration. It passed the House on July 20. It went to the other body and it. passed the other body on August 18. The conference met on August 23, and here we are, on August 25, con- sidering the conference report. In other words, it would have been impossible for the House of Representatives to have considered this legislation in the first in- stance prior to July 13, and it was con- sidered on July 19. I should like to speak briefly about what is actually in the conference report. The report is below the House version by $548 million and it is below the Senate version by $122 million. The compari- sons by title and by department are as follows: ment agencies for the full 12 months; so we felt a budget estimate should have been submitted for this $569 million, but failing to secure a budget estimate for these funds, the House put the money in the bill. The other body decided to omit the funds and await a budget estimate. It is. true that we have sufficient money in the bill for the pay of all of our military personnel for a major portion of the year, but not for the whole year. It is true that next February or March we can, in a supplemental bill, provide the necessary money for the pay of these additional men who were on board at the beginning of this fiscal year above the number estimated in the budget. It is true, in my judgment, that there will be additional men called into the service and that we will likewise have to provide funds for them. It is generally estimated that a supple- mental will be required next year for the pay of personnel and for the continua- tion of the war in Vietnam-unless it should unexpectedly end-in the sum of $5 to $15 billion. Nobody knows the exact figure, but it is going to be a tre- mendous figure. While the tabulation of this bill shows that it is $790 million below the Defense Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R00,0400100005-2 19812 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE August 25, 1966 be well for the committee to look into quiring of the distinguished majority production which he has built up to support this further. leader as to the program for the remain- our defense effort, it would wreck our na- Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. We der of the week. tional economy. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, will the With our present national debt, we must would be glad to. Mr. keep national income high for we cannot Mr. BATTIN. With the thought in gentleman yield? handle our debt any other way. mind of keeping a very modern facility Mr. GERALD R. FORD. I yield to the That man was just as patriotic and just in operation. gentleman from Oklahoma. Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. We Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, in re- as much for peace as you and I; but the would be glad to take a look at it, and if sponse to the inquiry of the gentleman more I analyzed his statement, the more the gentleman will give us the informa- from Michigan and after consultation frightening it became. It did appear tion we will look at it carefully, with the Republican leadership, it has that if we tried to slow down the then Mr, McCLORY. Mr. Speaker, will the been agreed that we would meet tomor- Government programs, we could have an gentleman yield? row and dispose of two very important economic crackup; and yet I could not Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I conference reports, one being the urban bring myself to acknowledge even to my- yield to the gentleman from Illinois. mass transportation conference report self that it took a war, or preparation for Mr. McCLORY. I thank the gentle- and the other the so-called FNMA re- war, to maintain our material prosperity. man. I wish to commend the committee port, and then we would ask to go over Yet, as I thought further, we had been and the conferees for the excellent work until Monday when we will continue the producing about 15 to 20 percent more to which they have done. I am concerned consideration of the Department of meet the needs of national defense; there about the subject of military housing. Transportation bill as the first order of had been, as now, a sale for practically Mr. Speaker, as I understand it, legislative business on Monday. We will anything industry produced. As my the subject of new housing is de- then continue with the program which friend pointed out, then As now, most la- ferred under the direction of the will be announced tomorrow for the bal- bor, turning out that production, had Department of Defense, but the commit- ance of next week. been accustomed to a full workweek, with tee and the conferees have authorized Mr. GERALD R. FORD. The rest of much overtime; and farmers were then rental housing which will sort of take the program for next week will be an- producing about 20 percent more than care of it. nounced tomorrow at the conclusion of our normal markets required. They had Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. No, business? been accustomed to selling almost any- we have not authorized, any new rental Mr. ALBERT. It will be announced thing they could grow. housing but have continued rental tomorrow. The gentleman is correct. I could see that the American people housing that they had in the last bill ad for years enjoyed material prosperity with 500 additional units for Hawaii, and to a greater extent than any people ever that is all. There are no new ones in THREAT OF DEPRESSION HA NO before in this or any other nation. We the continental United States. PLACE IN CONSIDERATION OF had more cars, more clothes, more and Mr. McCLORY. With regard to new VIETNAM better food, more radios, television sets, military housing, that is deferred until (Mr. WHITTEN asked and was given more electrical equipment, more of every- next year or some later time? permission to address the House for , thing that people need or want than any Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. We minute and to revise and extend his other nation. reauthorized those deferrals which will remarks.) With All of us sincerely for peace, I felt expire under the law. They are reau- Mr. WHITTEN. Mr. Speaker, the it simply could not be that it takes a war, thorized under this bill. Sunday, August 21 issue of Parade, a or preparation for war, to continue such Mr. McCLORY. I see. I thank the part of the Sunday edition of the Wash- prosperity. I was certain in my own gentleman. ington Post, carried an article under the mind that there must be some other Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. Mr. title, "After Vietnam, What?" and a sub- answer. Speaker, I move the previous question title, "Will Our Economy Tumble if After thinking the matter through, it on the conference report. Peace Comes?" dawned on me that it is not war or prepa- The previous question was ordered. The article had this to say : ration for war, as such, which was the The creport was agreed to. basis for our material prosperity; but it reconsider was laid on the If the United States were suddenly plunged was the 15 or 20 percent extra effort our A motion conference into peace, what would happeng to $30 our war- table. people had been putting forth because of table. buoyed economy? A staggering or preparation for war, which had a day now being poured into the Vietnam war d HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION would go begging. Hundreds of companies resulted in such material prosperity. geared to war production would be disrupted. Thus, I could see that if we could have 990 Thousands of youths now employed by the peace but continue that extra effort, we Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. Mr. armed forces would be turned loose on the could maintain our prosperity and be Speaker, I offer a concurrent resolution streets to hunt for civilian jobs, an even richer nation. (H. Con. Res. 990) and ask for its imme- This fear is not new. Quite some In war and preparation for war a diate consideration. years ago when the head of the agency large part of our extra effort consumes The Clerk read the concurrent resolu- charged with expanding our facilities so our raw materials which are destroyed as tion, as follows: as to be ready for an all-out war with shells, worn out as military vehicles, Resolved, That in the enrollment of the Russia told me as we walked from com- planes, equipment, guns, warships, while bill (S. 3105) to authorize certain construc- mittee hearings that if he were in charge we increase wear and tear on our rail- tion at military installations, and for other of Russia and wanted to wreck the econ- roads and our highways. The extra purposes, the Secretary of the Senate is au- omy of the United States, he would de- food and fiber are either given to our thorized and directed to make the following clare 5 years of peace. With all of us allies, or given to them in money with correction: praying then as we do now for peace, his commodities sold to them for the return In section 612, strike out "$50,000" and statement was shocking. of our money. Our lands are used to a insert "$150,000". greater extent, our timber and natural The concurrent resolution was agreed dust think- resources are further depleted. to. He said- Where the extra effort due to war or A motion to reconsider was laid on the if we were to cancel all war contracts, with preparation for war is the basis for our table. the resulting closed factories and unemploy- material prosperity, we end up a poorer ment; if we were to call our men in the country, for our real wealth decreases. service back home and have them seeking However, if only we had peace so we could LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM FOR THE jobs; if we quit producing and shipping ma- put forth that extra effort-not in needed BALANCE OF THE WEEK chinery, equipment, and everything else we defense expenditures which use up our (Mr. GERALD R. FORD asked and send to our allies through Mutual Security, raw materials, but in work that will im- was given permission to address the other her o m 20n by the ExporImdusr t Bank had and cut t prove our basic resources, in reforesting House for 1 minute.) out its s 20 percent of civilia nn extra auproduction and our lands, harnessing our streams for Mr. GERALD R. FORD. Mr. Speaker, that labor was unemployed; if the farmer had electricity, reclaiming our lands through I ask for this time for the purpose of in- no market for the extra 20 percent of his soil conservation, building the highways Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 'August 25, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE Aviation Agency for utilization of the complex for appropriate aviation pur- poses only if the President so directs. I feel this represents a major victory for the House position and accomplishes the purposes for which we inserted the amendment. SECTION 612 Section 612 is a provision which would require notification in advance of any contracts awarded for advance planning, construction, design and architectural services costing $50,000 or more. The principal was accepted during the con- ference although the cost figure was -raised to $150,000. This would insure that in any building the cost of which exceeds $2,250,000, Congress would have prior notification before architectural and engineering contracts were awarded. SECTION 613 Section 613 of the bill relates to base closures, and is probably the most impor- tant provision in this year's bill. As you recall, it requires the Secretary of De- fense to make base closure announce- ments prior to the expiration of 30 con- tinuous days of session of the Congress before congressional adjournment. I am most pleased to say that the Sen- ate conferees accepted the House ver- sion. I think this is a significant feature, and returns to the Congress certain pow- ers which belong in the Congress. SECTION 614 The conferees added a section to the bill directing the Secretary of Defense to make a further study concerning the de- sirability of transferring the Defense Language Institute from the Washing- ton, D.C., area to the lands formerly con- stituting Biggs Air Force Base, Tex., and also directed him to make a study of the demolition of the four existing piers at the Boston Navy Shipyard and the con- struction of three new piers and related facilities at such shipyard. The Secretary will be required to re- port to the Committees on Armed Serv- ices of the Senate and House of Repre- sentatives not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this act. 19811 tion. I refer particularly to the provi- important committee knows. It has sion in which I had some interest, the been close to many of our hearts, be- Defense Language School. cause we have been trampled on and The gentleman was modest In describ- hurt by executive actions which have ing the result of the conference. Not been unilateral. only was the entire House position up- Certainly if anyone believes even a held, but in addition to that, as Mem- little in and pays the least mind to this bers will see, the conference report is report and to the action of the conferees almost it verbatim recital of the position with respect to section 613 of the bill it of the House and of the committee. will be a new mark in the maintenance Frankly, I do not see how any fair- of separation of powers and the preroga- minded person, reading that statement tives of the legislative branch. and the statement of the managers on I thank the gentleman. the part of the House, could possibly Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. ]: come up with any other. conclusion. thank the gentleman. We worked out I do not know what the Defense De- the provision in the bill this year which. partment thinks it is going to be able makes it abundantly clear that the Con- to do next year in restudying this matter. gress must be advised while in session , ,, I believe what the conferees have done when a base is to be summarily closed, has been a victory for our defense lan- by the whims of some transitory Secre- guage capacity. If we had more people tary, whomever he may be, today or in. in Vietnam who could speak Vietnamese the dim and distant future. today, 1: believe our military capacity Mr. BATTIN. Mr. Speaker, will the there would be greatly enhanced. I want gentleman yield? to congratulate the gentleman for this Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I fine victory on something that is also yield to the gentleman from Montana. essential to our national security. Mr. BATTIN. I have a question con- Mr. BATES. Mr. Speaker, will the cerning the section 613 to which the gentleman yield? gentleman from Missouri [Mr. HALL] Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I referred. yield to the distinguished ranking mi- Under the Military Construction Au- nority member of our committee [Mr. thorization Act dealing with base BATES]. closures, would it be the opinion of the Mr. BATES. Mr. Speaker, I also want gentleman that when a base is on to commend the distinguished gentle- schedule to be phased out at some time man from South Carolina, the chairman jn the future-thinking now of 1967 and of our committee. 1968, when the base is still in full opera- This is an austere bill. We did give tion-taking into account the conference it very close scrutiny when it went be- report on the appropriation bill that was fore our committee. It is essentially the adopted earlier today and the fact that House bill with some changes. But all B-52's are still going to be maintained in all, this side of the aisle heartily ap- at a higher level than anticipated by the proves the bill and recommends that the Department of Defense, under the Ian- conference report be adopted. guage now in the conference report be- Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. Mr. fore the House, there should be a review Speaker, this is the conference report. of a decision to close the base, which It is substantially the House bill. We decision was previously made, prior to are thoroughly satisfied with it. the adoption of such language? Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, will the Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. No; gentleman yield? this would not be retroactive, for any Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I announcement made on any existing yield to the distinguished gentleman base. This is with respect to future from Missouri, a member of the coin- announcements and future l i c os ngs. TITLE VI-RESERVE FORCES mittee, Dr. HALL. Mr. BATTIN. I asked the gentleman There was no difference in the author- Mr. HALL. I thank the chairman. the question because the base I have ization between the House and Senate as I particularly wish to commend those particular reference to is the Glasgow it related to Reserve forces. who have writen the report, for such Air Force Base at Glasgow, Mont. While I am still not satisfied that the areas as have been mentioned: the Aan- Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. If bill provides the essential facilities re- costia-Bolling complex decision, and the they have announced the closure, this quired by the military services, I am con- position the committee has taken, after would not apply. This is for future vinced that this is the very best that we many subcommittee investigations over closures. could hope to do this year in view of the there; and the position with respect to Mr. BATTIN. I asked because it is attitude of the Department of Defense. Puerto Rico and the Rodriguez General one of the newest bases in the SAC I believe we have a sound bill even Hospital, vis-a-vis a new one which inventory. though an austere one.. eventually may be needed. Certainly Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. Has I am hopeful that every Member of the other needed to be preserved. there been an announcement of closure? this great House will support this report. i rise particularly to speak about sec- Mr. BATTIN. Yes. I would urge the Mr. STRATTON. Mr. Speaker, will tion 613. There are comments about committee, in the light of our colloquy, to the distinguished gentleman from South that section on page 42 of the statement study the matter. Carolina yield to me? of the managers on the conference re= Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I Mr. RIVERS of South Carolina. I am port. would be glad to have the gentleman delighted to yield to my good friend from To my mind this makes an even give me any information available. We New York, an outstanding member of our stronger and greater legislative record, will take that into consideration next committee, from which the Department should irn- year. Who can tell? Mr. STRATTON. Mr. Speaker, I ap- plement its regulations concerning Mr. BATTIN. In the present circum- preciate the gentleman's very generous military construction, and particularly stances, considering the fact that the comment. base closure. language of the Defense Department ap- I want to commend him for the out- This has been a subject of great con propriation bill kept the B-52 force at standing job which he and the other tern, as the distinguished chairman, the a higher level, since that Is the squadron conferees did on this particular legisla- gentleman from South Carolina, of this at the Glasgow Air Force Base, it might Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 CIA-RDP67B 044 6R000400100005-2 August 25, 1966 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- and the schools we need, and in those things that develop and restore our coun- try-we would end up a richer country. Mr. Speaker, the answer to the Wash- ington Post article, "After Vietnam, What?" is that if we will only bring that war to a successful end we will be equally or more prosperous and In the long run our country will be a hundred times richer if we only were to put forth the extra effort now going to support the war, on the things we need at home. Mr. Speaker, we must give to our men in service what it takes to win. Prosperity or the threat of. depression has no place in the consideration of Vietnam. OPPOSITION TO FIREARMS BILL (Mr. OLSEN of Montana asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and ex- tend his remarks.) Mr. OLSE'N of Montana. Mr. Speaker, for most of the legislative measures which come before the Congress, the sup- port or opposition from the State of Mon- tana is readily apparent. Montanans take pride in participating in the deci- sions of their Congressmen and as their representative, I am well instructed. But, Mr. Speaker, at no time during my tenure as a Congressman from the western district of Montana have I re- ceived such an outright command from the citizens of Montana as I have in their opposition to the proposed firearms con- trol legislation. For nearly 6 years I have strongly and repeatedly expressed my opposition to any Federal gun control laws. I have made my position widely known, both to my good constituents, and to my col- leagues in the Congress. The advocates of the proposed gun control bill are undoubtedly sincere in their endeavor. Their efforts to study the causes of criminal behavior in the United States deserves the broadest ap- plause and acclaim. But I do not believe that the underlying rational of the bill is valid. I do not believe that the ease with which firearms can be acquired is a significant factor in the prevalence of lawlessness and violent crime in the United States. Experience has shown that criminals can, and do, and will, ob- tain firearms regardless of restrictions. The proposed bill attacks the firearm and the legitimate user of the firearms rather than the criminal user of the fire- arm. Essentially, the proposed bill misses the target of its purpose. In ad- dition, it imposes unnecessary and bur- densome restrictions upon the manufac- turer, dealer and legitimate user of fire- arms without necessarily achieving con- trol of crime. Mr. Speaker, this piece of legislation brings to mind the spectre of the alco- holic prohibition laws which this Nation adopted in the early part of the century. These measures were ill-conceived and impossible to. administer. Because the laws could not be administered effec- tively, the legislation adopted was grad- ually more and more severe, and the police powers of the Federal Government No. 142-20 had to be more and more expanded. Finally, in a fit of exasperation, Congress threw up its hands and repealed the pro- hibition laws outright. Mr. Speaker, I have a genuine fear that this is to be the fate of any gun legislation which the Congress would pass. It is my prediction that if this proposed gun law is enacted, there will be more severe laws to follow, and again the police powers of the Federal Govern- ment will be expanded to administer the legislation. Twenty million legitimate sportsmen would be penalized, while illegal gun traf- fic among criminals would flourish. There is a firm and deep-rooted tradi- tion in our history which commands that every American should have the right to keep and bear arms. This concept is ex- pressed in innumerable places, the most noteworthy being the U.S. Constitution itself. It is, indeed, a stalwart principle in annals of the American civilization, and we should not tear it down in a blind attempt to strike out at crime in our country. THE 1966 CAPTIVE NATIONS WEEK POINTS TO A SPECIAL COMMIT- TEE ON THE CAPTIVE NATIONS (Mr. DULSKI asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include ex- traneous matter.) Mr. DULSKI. Mr. Speaker, over the -past month a heavy volume of evidence has appeared to justify the description of the 1966 Captive Nations Week observ- ance as a new high point in this annual event. In so many respects the recent week has surpassed all previous observ- ances, extending back to 1959 when Con- gress passed the Captive Nations Week resolution. Beyond question of doubt, this is a good and solid omen of things to come as concern the captive nations in Central-South Europe, the Soviet Union, Asia, and Cuba, Congress' intent to up- hold the issue in the basic interests of our national security and that of the free world, and the future development of U.S. foreign policy. Millions of Americans have shown in this most recent successful observance of Captive Nations Week that they are not being fooled by the superficial and non- essential changes taking place in the Red Empire. The totalitarian Red regimes from Moscow down are solidifying and consolidating their power, not losing hold of it over the suppressed captive nations. The 1966 observance also demonstrated that large segments of our population are not being fooled by the deceptive Red strategy of "peaceful coexistence." They are very much aware that the Russian- inspired cold war is being waged more intensively than ever in the underde- veloped areas of the world toward the objective of extending the Red Empire further through Communist takeovers. The heavy Russian support of totalitar- ian Hanoi, with missiles, technicians, and a whole variety of arms used to cut down our own soldiers and planes, was high- lighted, during the event and advanced as 19813 a firm basis for the creation of a Special Committee on the Captive Nations. Such a committee now would focus world attention on the Red Empire and its deep involvement in the aggression against South Vietnam. With the situa- tion becoming more involved in Vietnam, the extent of Soviet Russian, and other empire aid, to the totalitarian Hanoi re- gime must be publicly examined and properly assessed. A Special House Com- mittee on the Captive Nations would be a most effective means to develop all the implications of this study and to deter- mine required legislation in this new, evolving context. Mr. Speaker, as a further indication of the scope and variety of the 1966 Captive Nations Week observance, I request that the following selected items be appended to my remarks: First. The proclamation of Mayor Sedita of the city of Buffalo, N.Y. Second. The Buffalo Courier Express account on July 18, "Parade Honors Cap- tive Nations" and the Buffalo Evening News accounts of the same day, "Give Meaning to Heritage of Freedom, Paraders Urged" and "Marchers Parade `Freedopi' Flags of Captive Nations." Third. The July 18 report in the COG of the Rotary Club of Buffalo titled "Freedom Fighter" and the same publi- cation's report of July 25 on the Viet- namese Ambassador's address. Fourth. A press release issued by the Buffalo Captive Nations Committee. Fifth. The presentation of His Excel- lency Dr. Vu Van Thai, at the Rotary Club Captive Nations event. Sixth. The address of Dr. Nestor Pro- cyk on Captive Nations Week. Seventh. The article "Buffalo Kiwanis Observes `Captive Nations Week" in the Link publication. Eighth. The texts of the American Security Council broadcast network dur- ing the entire period of Captive Nations Week, featuring among others the Hon- orable DANIEL J. FLOOD of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Lev E. Dobriansky of George- town University and chairman of the Na- tional Captive Nations Committee. Ninth. A published letter by the ex- ecutive director of that committee, which conducts the annual observance, Mr. Donald L. Miller: PROCLAMATION Whereas, the aggressive and overtly hostile policies of Russian and Chinese Communists have led to subjugation and enslavement of a large number of once free and independent nations; and Whereas, ample proof exists that these un- willing captives are desiring liberty and inde- pendence from their captors, and have proven time and time again their dissatisfaction with their fate; and Whereas, the powerful deterrent these na- tions constitute with their passive as well as active resistance by checking and hampering the grandiose ambitions of the Communist imperialists have been recognized by many experts; and Whereas, the United States is committed to defend freedom and peace with justice all over the world because by such stand the preservation of our own hard won freedom is being guaranteed; and Whereas, the freedom aspiring peoples of the Captive Nations know that the United Approved For Release 2005106/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 19814 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- HOUSE August-25, 1966 "We bear a responsibility to understand and defend our heritage of freedom under the law. "Every time you demonstrate respect for the law and encourage good citizenship you give meaning and substance to our American heritage," he asserted. The observance in front of City Hall, fol- lowing a parade, marked the_ beginning of the eighth Captive Nations Week, as pro- claimed by Congress in 1969. Judge Marshall said the hope of all free- dom-loving people is that the human rights and dignity of people of Iron Curtain coun- tries will be restored. Dr. Nestor Procyk, chairman of the local observance, said the captive nations "did not wish to be occupied and ruled by Russia." "This observance is to remind you that all the people of these nations are enslaved by terror," he said. Dr. Procyk said besides giving moral sup- port to the captive nations, the observance is a time to announce support of America's stand in Viet Nam. In endorsing the bombing of North Viet Nam, Dr. Procyk said the "best strategy is to strike the enemy on his own territory. "However, we must remember that our main enemy is not in Viet Nam but in Moscow." A proclamation issued by Mayor Sedita called for the citizens of Buffalo to observe the week "with appropriate prayers for the deliverance of the oppressed and subjugated nations the world over." MARCHERS PARADE "FREEDOM" FLAGS OF CAPTIVE NATIONS About 400 representatives of eight nations held captive by Russia marched eight blocks to City Hall Sunday in the name of freedom. The marchers-many dressed in native costumes--carried signs and banners remind- ing American citizens of the sufferings of their people behind the Iron Curtain.. "Sir, why does that flag have a hole cut in the center?" a woman spectator on the cor- ner of Genesee and Franklin Sts., asked a Hungarian flagbearer. "In 1956 the Freedom Fighters cut out the symbol of the hammer and. sickle on the Hungarian flag to protest their enslavement to Russia," he informed her. Several of the Captive Nations groups also carried signs supporting the United States' involvement in Viet Nam. Each country had a story to tell: Albania and Bulgaria, small Balkan coun- tries which fell to Russia after World War II; Croatia, "fiercely nationalistic people, who have waged strong resistance to Tito's brand of socialism, " Estonia, "independent until invaded by Soviet tanks in an annexation that shook too conscience of the world." Hungary, whose revolution "sparked pub- lic opinion to discussions but too little ac- tions." Latvia, "unwilling satellite;" Lithuania, formed after World War I, lost in World War 11; Ukraine, has "sad distinction of being the first to be overrun by Communist Rus- sian occupants." [From COG of Rotary Club of Buffalo, July 18, 19661 FREEDOM FIGHTER The Mayor's Citizens Committee to ob- serve Captive Nations Week, under the chair- manship of Dr. Nestor Procyk, has invited an outstanding Freedom Fighter, Dr. Vu Van Thai, Vietnamese Ambassador to the United States, to give his views on captive nations. This program will be sponsored by the Rotary Club of Buffalo at its regular meeting at 12:00 Noon on Thursday, July 21, in the Golden Ballroom of the Statler Hilton Hotel. Dr. Vu was born,in Hanlo in 1919. He re- ceived his high school education in Viet- Nam and further education was completed in France, with an M.S. degree from the Sorbonne, Paris. In 1954. Dr. Vu returned to Viet-Nam after the Geneva Agreement to join the Vietnamese administration. Re- signed from the Government Service in 1961 and joined the United Nations Secretariat. After the fall of President Diem, Dr. Vu re- turned to Viet-Nam and was appointed .rim- bassador of Viet-Nam to the. U.S., but de- clined the appointment after the military coup of General Khanh. Reappointed Am- bassador of Viet-Nam, Dr. Vu Van That pre- sented his letters of credence to President Lyndon B. Johnson on December 16, 1965. REPORT OF THE MEETING OF JULY 21, 1966 States is the stronghold of human decency with a deep dedication toward helping others to achieve a sovereign life and is willing to aid others at a great cost to her as shown in Viet Nam; and Whereas, the Congress of the United States by unanimous vote passed Public Law 86-90 establishing the third week of July of each year as Captive Nations Week, urging the citizens of our great country to observesaid week with appropriate prayers, activities and rallies and expressing their moral support for the just aspirations of captive peoples to at- tain a full measure of freedom and inde- pendence. Now, therefore, I, Frank A. Sedita, Mayor of the City of Buffalo, do hereby proclaim July 17-24, 1966 as "Captive Nations Week" and call upon the citizens of Buffalo to join with their fellow citizens in observing this week with appropriate prayers for the de- liverance of the oppressed and subjugated nations the world over. FRANK A. SEDITA, Mayor of Buffalo. [From the Buffalo Courier Express, July 18, 1966] PARADE HONORS CAPTIVE NATIONS County Judge Frederick M. Marshall told an audience in Niagara Sq. Sunday after- noon, following a parade inaugurating Cap- tive Nations Week, that "there is no greater privilege than American citizenship." The parade featured costumed groups from eight nations which have fallen under the yoke of the Soviet Union. Police estimated 1,500 persons viewed the parade which began at Main and Tupper and proceeded south In Main St. to Genesee St., and west in Judge Marshall noted, "With the privilege of citizenship, however, comes the equal re- sponsibility to understand and defend free- dom under our laws." "Every time you or I show respect for the law and practice good citizenship we give further meaning to the American way of life," Judge Marshall added. The crowd broke into applause when he said "It is your desire, and that of Americans everywhere, that your loved ones in the Com- munist countries may be able to taste free- dom and liberty." TIME TO REFLECT Judge Marshall called the day, "a time for reflection, thanksgiving and a rededi- cation to the principles of democracy." Dr. Nestor Procyk, assistant director of the West Seneca State School and chairman of the Citizens Committee to Observe Captive Nations Week, said "This celebration con- tributes to a better understanding of the needs of the people behind the Iron Curtain." H. Buswell Roberts, senior deputy corpora- tion counsel for Buffalo, served as master of ceremonies and introduced Judge Marshall. Captive Nations week will also be observed at noon Wednesday when John R. Pillion, former representative of the 39th Congres- sional District, will receive the Citizens Com- mittee to Observe Captive Nations Week Freedom Award at a luncheon in the Ter- race Room of the Hotel Statler Hilton. [From the Buffalo Evening News, July 18, 19661 . GIVE MEANING TO HERITAGE OF FRRIDOM, PA- RADERS 7"IRGED-JUDGE MARSHALL, DR. PROCYK HELP OPEN CAPTIVE NATIONS WEEK IN NI- AGARA SQUARE The privilege of freedom carries with it the responsibility of respecting the law, partici- pants in opening ceremonies of Captive Na- tions Week were told Sunday. "We have become so accustomed to free- dom we tend to take it for granted," said County Judge Frederick M. Marshall. President Bill presided at this distinctive meeting observing "Captive Nations Week". Earl Sidler, II, Senior Minister of Delaware Avenue Baptist Church, pronounced the In- vocation. All sang the fourth stanza of our National Anthem and Les Erlenbach played the Na- tional Anthem of the Republic of Viet Nam. President Bill welcomed the visitors to our meeting and reminded us of the Sunshine Day activities this afternoon at Cradle Beach Camp, and the dinner at Spooner Smith's Woodbrook Farm in Derby. Roster Chairman Rog Davis gave No. 2 copy of our new Roster to President Bill. Since the 1966-67 Roster is dedicated to Fenton M. Parke, the No. 1 copy had pre- viously been presented to him in the hospital. Jim Maxson served as Sergeant-at-Arms and welcomed the most distant traveler, Alberto Berra DiBerra, San Paulo, Brazil, who spoke briefly in Italian. Among the distinguished guests at the head table was Mayor Frank A. Sedita who spoke briefly and presented our speaker with a Bison statuette, symbolic of the City of Buffalo. Next President Bill called on Dr. Nestor Procyk, Chairman of the Citizens' Commit- tee to observe Captive Nations Week, who introduced our speaker, His Excellency, Dr. Vu Van Thai, Ambassador to the United States from the Republic of Viet Nam. Ambassador Thai stated that in the past 25 years, since World War II, Viet Nam has had a constant struggle with colonialism and then communism. Viet Nam came very close to becoming a captive nation, until a few years ago. The was in Viet Nam is the only open confrontation with communism in South- east Asia. Burma, The Philippines, and Laos have had and still have problems with communist guerrilla warfare. The conflict in Viet Nam is having a considerable effect on communist policy in other Southeast Asian countries. A serious contradiction in the communist world between nationalism and international communism has developed with the use of communist China as a challenge of Russia. This contradiction has been ac- celerated by the Viet Nam struggle. Ambassador Thai quoted a statement from an official of Singapore that South Viet- namese are dying, not only for their country but also so that the Viet Nam conflict will' not be repeated elsewhere. PRESS RELEASE ISSUED BY BUFFALO CAPTIVE NATIONS COMMITTEE Ever since the enactment of Public Law 86-90 in 1959, popularly known as Captive Nations Week, Buffalo has been in the fore- front in complying with the provisions of this important law. This year, as in previous years, the week of July 17-24 was marked by activities to promulgate the ideas written into law by giving moral support to the peo- ples held in Russian or Chinese captivity. The Week's program started Sunday, July 17, 66 with a parade and motorcade which proceeded to the City Hall. The official civic opening of the Captive Nations Week was Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 19818 Approved For R 1Jgq? )I. CA 7B%WW0040010000A gust 25, 1966 Church and the Communist State of Yugo- slavia. Two other interesting examples are Hun- gary and Czechoslovakia. Hungary has, of course, dominantly a Catholic people, but it also has large Calvinist and Lutheran Churches. Czechoslovakia has reported now quite a revival of religion. For example, it is now the fashion in Czechoslovakia for a large number of young people to have their- marriages celebrated in church. This is a very interesting development which indicates that religion has not lost its vitality and its potential, although it has been-particularly the Catholic part of religion in Czechoslo- vakia-has been severely persecuted. At one time, for example, there were 1500 priests, at least, in jail. Quite a few, no doubt, have been liquidated. There is now a freeing of a good many of these priests. The Communist aim is to knock out re- ligion and strangle it, but the tactics and the way of handling depends upon circum- stances. Dr. JUDD. Thank you, Dr. Charles W. Lowry, President of the Foundation for Religious Action. IProgram: 475, Washington Report, July 22, 1966] CONGRESSIONAL PROPOSAL FOR CAPTIVE NA- TIONS-DR. JUDD INTERVIEW WITH REP. DANIEL J. FLOOD (D-PA.) Dr. JUDD. My guest today is my good friend, the Hon. DANIEL J. FLOOD, Democratic Con- gressman from Pennsylvania. Congressman FLOOD is the author of a proposal designed to demonstrate more clearly America's un- wavering support of the peoples of Captive Nations oppressed by Communism. Con- gressman FLOOD, please explain some of the details of your plan to our listeners. Representative FLOOD. As you know, and as I am glad to tell your audience, the pur- pose for the Captive Nations Resolution in the House is to bring to the attention of the nation-and always sponsored by the President, whoever he might be, or whatever party-and this is entirely a resolution of both parties. Members of both parties have presented this resolution. The idea is to establish a special committee on this question of the Captive Nations be- Cause we created the phrase; they had been "satellite" nations. Now these people are not "satellites.". These are "captive" peoples. And that is the point of distinction. We are trying to point out the importance of establishing, in the House especially, this special committee and the purpose is to point out the pure, naked imperialism and the colonialism of Soviet Russia. The Com- munists make a point of pointing the finger at democracy, especially the United States, and saying we are colonial and we are impe- rial. As a matter of fact, this is not true, and the captive nations are held captive by the Soviet. There are many of them; I shall not enumerate them now. The purpose of the special committee, as you know, and you were one of the sponsors, is to bring to the attention not only of the House and the country and the world the fact that this naked condition of imperialism and colonialism really exists only today in the world in the Soviet Union. And we want to send a bridge across the oceans and the seas and the hemispheres to all of these cap- tive peoples, not only now in the Soviet in Europe and Central Europe, but in the Far East and in the Southeast or wherever they might be in the world. We believe that the existing established committees do not have the time and cannot give the proper attention to a sub-committee existence for this purpose; and we feel that only by the creation by the House-we would even agree a-joint committee would be bet- ter-but for our purpose, the House itself, a special committee on the captive nations to put a rifle on this target and expose im- perialism and colonialism where it really ex- ists-in Soviet Communist Russia: Dr. JUDD. Thank you, Congressman FLOOD, for speaking on this important proposal dur- ing this week which our nation annually ob- serves as Captive Nations Week. ON THE WARSAW PACT Sir: The writer of your July 8 editorial, "Disarray in the Warsaw Pact," has a fine command of the adjective and the adverb, but a rather faulty memory of recent history. The Soviets proposed an "all-Europe secu- rity plan" as long ago as Aug. 11, 1955 for the then-stated purpose of liquidating the NATO and Warsaw pacts. In usual Soviet fashion, propagandists kept this issue alive for several years. On May 27, 1958, Moscow announced the USSR would "pull Its troops out of Romania" and reduce troops in Hungary to get NATO powers to join with her in a 25-year non-aggression pact. When your editorial suggests it would be great if the Kremlin agrees with Mr. Ceau- sescu of Romania, the impression is given that the new proposal for abolishing NATO and Warsaw pacts is made against the oppo- sition of Moscow. Not at all so. You may be interested, and your editorial writer may also be intrigued, by a Columbia- Harvard Research Group report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee February 14, 1960. It stated, in part: "The objective of Soviet policy toward the advanced industrial countries now and in the near future appears to be not a social trans- formation of these countries, but a modifica. 'tion of their national policies. That is to say-and a number of distinguished American observers have gone astray an this point-it is not a question, in any short-range projec- tion, of trying to communize the countries of Western Europe, but rather of seeking to bring about changes in the policies of their `bourgeoise' governments. In the first in- stance, this means changes that will have the effect of weakening the Western alliance; later, it may be hoped to encourage these governments to orient their policies more favorably toward the Soviet Union to make their industrial output available to the Soviet economic complex. In the short-term situa- tion, the direction of the flow of industrial output of Western Europe is a major factor in the world power balance." It would seem that the Soviets have made considerable progress toward implementing this above-stated policy while we have suf- fered from not having any stateable, long or short term policy of a similar scope toward the Soviet Union or the Communist bloc. DONALD L. MILLER, Executive Director, National Captive Nations Committee. Enrroa's NoTE.-The editorial was not meant to give the impression cited by Mr. Miller. Its main point was that Romania's position in the Warsaw Pact seemed to be having the wholesome effect of blocking the Kremlin's efforts to impose on the alliance a rigid, Soviet-dominated political, economic and military integration fit only for truly captive nations. LEGISLATION TO HELP VIN THE ECONOMIC BATTLE IN SOUTH VIETNAM (Mr. BENNETT asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) .Mr. BENNETT. Mr. Speaker, we are at this moment engaged in one of the most difficult and perilous missions a free nation has ever set upon. The conflict in South Vietnam, is costing the American people $33 million a day in military aid, and an untold amount of priceless life and property. It is appalling to us all, I am sure, to witness the thousands of persons who are losing their lives and billions of dollars which are being ex- pended in the machinations of war, when these resources could be much better spent in the forward progress of man- kind. Yet we stand committed to our belief in the right of self-determination for the brave people of South Vietnam. In the pressures of our military activity, much of the attention of the world and the press has been on our military op- erations. But I submit to you that we are fighting a three-faced battle: a mili- tary war, a political war, and an eco- nomic war. - In order to be successful in bringing independence and freedom to South Vietnam, we must win all three -battles. The military battle, although long and difficult, will ultimately result in victory. The political battle, tremendously com- plicated, is slowly being resolved. But the firm basis upon which sovereign and independent nations stand must ulti- mately be economic. Today I am intro- ducing legislation which is vitally needed to help win the economic battle in South Vietnam. My bill will provide tremendous in- centives for private enterprise in the United States to furnish Its know-how and technical ability in the production of industrial-type management and job op- portunities in South Vietnam. The great system of American private enterprise has served as an inspiring example for many underdeveloped countries of the world. It must assist the development of a strong, free, and private enterprise sys- tem in South Vietnam. I think Ameri- can business will enthusiastically lend its know-how to help win the economic war in South Vietnam and to provide a locally owned business base for job and management opportunities there. This bill will provide for a guarantee of 100 percent for any American private -in- vestor or business concern against in- ability to convert money into U.S. dollars, expropriation, and loss due to war. In addition, my legislation calls for a 90- percent guarantee against any com- mercial loss in the investment. American businessmen have recog- nized the opportunity in South Vietnam and have made direct private investment to a total of over $5 million, exclusive of construction. Recent private studies Indicate that companies moving into South Vietnam have average profits of 20 to 30 percent on their investments. Last December, a seven-man mission. of U.S. businessmen sponsored by the Agency for International Development, reported favorably on the profit pros- pects for a wide range of small or medium industries and told of a rising number of inquiries. But while the response on the part of the private enterprise system has been sympathetic and encouraging, it has nowhere matched the overwhelming need for this type of economic activity. My bill would also provide for grants for surveys of investment by private en- terprise. The surveys would be financed by the U.S. Government to encourage private investors to look into the vast opportunities open for business and in- Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 August 25, 1966 pproved Fo~Mm48N/0A2WEEP8J6R000400100005-2 It Jr. always good to hear Dr. Nestor Procyk speak in his own style. There can never be any question of his sincerity and his enthu- siasm. He was most gracious in his com- Inendation of Kiwanis and its noble aims and purposes. He then proceeded with the formal introduction of the speaker of the day, the Honorable John R. Pillion. In his introduction he carefully reviewed the spirit of public service that has characterized John Pillion. In his address, John Pillion paused to pay tribute to Kiwanis and to congratulate Inter- national on its objects and objectives. He then proceeded to outline certain interna- tional problems that face the free world, and cited great challenges in a situation where some one-third of the world is "captive" and another one-third is "uncommitted." At the conclusion of his address he was greeted by a standing ovation. It was a salutory meeting with P.P. Don Murphy presiding in his usual inimitable style, bringing greetings from Prez Ralph Garnish who is still apparently "cherchezing the femme" that Veep Ab Homburger men- tioned at one meeting, with Johnny Metse- laar introducing guests and Lions and Ro- tarians, and with the team of `Riebling and Stradtman performing in great style. VERNON L. THOMPSON, P.P. [Program 471, Washington Report, July 18, 1966] DR. JUDD INTERVIEW WITH DR. LEV DOBRIAN- SKY, "THE ORIGIN OF CAPTIVE NATIONS WEEK" ANNOUNCER. This is the American Security Council Washington Report. Speaking from Washington, here is our editor, Dr. Walter H. Judd. Dr. JUDD. Each July, during this week, America re-declares its support for the na- tions and peoples of the world who have fallen under the yoke of Communist tyranny. On the recommendations of the Congress of these United States, the President proclaims this to be Captive Nations Week. The author of this annual movement to pay tribute to the world's oppressed is my good friend, Dr. Lev Dobriansky, Professor of Economics at Georgetown University here in Washington. I have asked Dr. Dobriansky to tell us more about the significance of. Captive Nations Week. Dr. DoBRIANSITY. The significance of Cap- tive Nations Week has ben consistently re- flected since 1959, when the resolution was first passed. 'Last year, for example, the top Russian ideologist, Mikhail Suslov, had this to say concerning Captive Nations Week: "Especially disgusting is the villainous demagogy of the Imperialistic chieftains of the United States. Each year they organize the so-called Captive Nations Week, hypo- critically pretending to be defenders of na- tions that have escaped from their yoke." Dr, DoSIANSKY. The Captive Nations Reso- lution and the Week concentrate on the close to 1 billion people from the Danube over to the Pacific and, also, in Asia and in Cuba. It is a deep thorn in the side of the Moscow chieftains because it brings up one of the greatest weaknesses and vulnerabilities with- in the U.S.S.R. itself. There has never been a monolithic struc- ture within the Soviet Union itself and this resolution concentrates not only on. the areas that most Americans are familiar with-the captive.areas of Central Europe, Asia and now Cuba, but also those within the U.S.S.R. During the Captive Nations Week observ- ance of last year, and again this year, we have supported the President's policy concerning Red aggression in Vietnam. We raise the question: What about the 17 million captive people in North Vietnam? When will we allow the South Vietnamese to point their strategy toward the liberation of their brethren in captive North Vietnam? This and numerous other issues will be discussed in the course of this week. Americans should become more familiar with all of these captive nations and share this observance with us this week. Dr. JUDD. Thank you, Dr. Lev Dobrlansky, the man who conceived the idea of Captive Nations Week in which Americans may dem- onstrate their continued support for those millions of people who yearn for freedom from the cruel tyranny of Communism under which they are still compelled to live. [Program 472, Washington Report, July 19, 1966] DR. JUDD INTERVIEW WITH MARIA MIHAJLOV, "PLAN FOR FREE PRESS IN YUGOSLAVIA" Dr. JUDD. My guest today is Miss Maria Mihajlov (MEE-HI-LOV), who is the sister of Mih:ajlo Mihajlov and a citizen of Yugo- slavia. Last year, Mr. Mihajlov demon- strated a rare spirit of independence by writing "Moscow Summer," an essay com- menting unfavorably on conditions in Russia. For this he was jailed by the Tito government and then released on a sus- pended sentence. Today, he is again tempt- ing fate by proposing to publish an inde- pendent opposition magazine in Yugoslavia. His sister, Maria, is a student in the United States. While here, she is acting as the voice of Mr. Mihajlov in this country. Her pur- pose is to make known to the American peo- ple the nature of her brother's project and the crucial importance of its outcome. Miss Mihajlov, would you please tell us about your brother's project? Miss MIHAJLOV. My brother's project is to publish an independent magazine in opposi- tion to one-party system rule in Yugoslavia. The purpose of this magazine would be, as he puts it, to oppose the one party system as a matter of principle, and to take an anti- Marxist and anti-totalitarian position and to promote Democratic Socialism which is entirely in keeping with the constitution and existing laws. Dr. JUDD. Miss Mihajlov, what do you think this project may accomplish? Miss MIHAJLOv. The magazine will serve as a nucleus for future non-Communist Social- istic legal opposition. This will serve as the first breakthrough which my brother and I hope and believe will stimulate opposition in other iron curtain countries. This is a test of the Yugoslav constitution. If the Yugo- Slav government denies my brother his legal right, this at least, will reveal to the world that the liberalization is nothing but talk. Dr. JUDD. How do you believe that we in the West can influence the decision of the Yugoslav government? Miss MIHAJLOV. My brother needs the greatest possible publicity for his project, in the free world. It is not money-it is moral support that he needs. Dr. JUDD. Why do you believe such pressure will have any effect on the Yugoslav govern- ment? MISS MIHAJLOV. My brother feels that Tito Is increasingly in the need of economic help from the West and simply cannot afford to ignore public opinion of the free world. Dr. JUDD. Miss Mihajlov, what are your own future plans? Miss MIHAJLOV. Well, when I get my M.A. degree, I will go back to Yugoslavia. I didn't break any laws of my country. I love my people and I want to serve my country. Dr. JUDD. Thank you, Miss Maria Mihajlov. [Program 474, Washington Report, July 21, 19661 ANOTHER LOOK BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN- DR. JUDD INTERVIEW WITH MISS MONICA FLIDR Dr. JUno. My guest today Miss Monica Flidr of Czechoslovakia-has been before our microphone previously to tell of her recent escape from Communist domination of her homeland. Today-in this week of America's 19817 solemn reiteration of our support for the peo- ples of all nations captive under Commu- nism-I would like to ask you, Miss Flidr, what most irritates the citizens of commu- nist-run countries? Miss FLIoR. In my frank opinion, I wouldn't start with academic freedoms. It is irritating, but mostly daily life contains of small and mostly economic things, so I would say that from economic point of view, it would be that, well, unavailability of items of daily use whether it's food or dresses or electric appliances. On the other hand, drop in level of all services, and on the other hand, from psychological point of view, continuing strain of vast propaganda in our newspapers where you can find out that everything works out marvelously and that everybody has rea- sons only to satisfaction but not to com- plaints. And I would like to add here that, espe- cially in families with children, there is great dissatisfaction with school propaganda and indoctrination, because children hear some- thing entirely different in their families and something entirely different in the school and they become hypocrites and it irritates par- ents and children, both of them. Dr. June. Miss Flidr, in terms of what the United States and the Free World generally might presently do to help, what would be of greatest help to the peoples of Captive Na- tions? Miss FLIeR. What I would say that perhaps would be the best thing would be if people in captive nations would see that especially United States are accepting responsibilities and obligations towards the countries fight- ing against Communism, let's say as in Viet Nam, this would give us hope and this would psychologically help very much in idea of revolt, in my opinion. I know how disap- pointed we were after Hungary in 1956, and I know how glad people were when United States helped in Viet Nam. Dr. JUDD. Thank you, Miss Monica F11dr. [Program 473, Washington Report, July 20, 19661 RELIGION IN THE SATELLITES-DR. JUDD INTER- VIEWS WITH DR. CHARLES W. LOWRY, PRESI- DENT, FOUNDATION FOR RELIGIOUS ACTION Dr. June, My guest today is Dr. Charles W. Lowry, President of the Foundation for Re- ligious Action in the Social and Civil Order and the author of the internationally known book "Communism and Christ." Dr. Lowry Is one of the nation's foremost authorities on the relationship between Communism and religion. Dr. Lowry, as we honor and re- member the captive nations this week, will you tell us something about the status of religion in the East European captive nations? Dr. Loway. Yes, the model or the classical example and the model for emulation, of course, is always the Soviet Union. But the satellites present a variety of circumstances that make for quite a. few differences. For example, Poland, which we are very much aware of at the moment in the news- Poland has 95% Catholics. Now this gives the Catholics a great advantage. Also, there is an identification of the religious and the national that is almost unprecedented any- where else in the world, I think, In Poland. This is probably the reason for the stepping up of resistance to religion and attempt to check it and to herd it and harrass it at the present time, when we are having the 1,000th anniversary of Poland and when religion is very prominent, as it is very prominent in the feelings of the people, and religion has never suffered as much in Poland as in the other satellites in the other Communist countries. Yugoslavia is very much in the public eye at the present time because of a most im- portant recent happening, namely the forg- ing of a new Concordat between the Catholic Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 nWyWVV NV, v v dustry as a way in which the economic ernment-owned nickel is absorbed by war can be assisted. industry. The country of South Vietnam has The bill I have introduced would waive requirements of section great resources, and the Vietnamese are the procedural . and Critical Materials ability that is necessary for the creation of a sound economic system. Since we do not wish to assume colonial obliga- tions or powers, my bill provides for the disposition of all projects initiated under this act to the Government of South Viet- nam or to private South Vietnamese in- vestors after a 15-year period and at the cost of the value of the investment. Thus, the private enterprise system of America, which has developed this Na- tion into the wealthiest country on the face of the earth, will lend a helping hand to a brave people so that they might improve their economy and win the third of the battles which they must overcome to emerge as an independent, free, and sovereign nation. I believe this idea is consistent with aspirations of our Presi- dent's policies. tion and transmittal of notice and the 6-month waiting period. The bill would, however, preserve the substantive re- quirements of section 3 with respect to protection of the United States against avoidable loss and the protection of pro- cedures, processors, and consumers against avoidable disruption of their us- ual markets. The enactment of this bill would not require the expenditure of additional Federal funds. Furthermore the Bureau of the Budget has advised that there is no objection to such legislation. Mr. Speaker, I urge immediate consid- eration of this bill in view of the exigen- cies of the present nickel supply situa- tion. AFL-CIO ADVISES WAR CRITIC SILENCE (Mr. POOL asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute, and to revise and extend his remarks, and include extraneous matter.) Mr. POOL. Mr. Speaker, I should like to call the attention of the Members of Congress to a recent statement by the AFL-CIO as reported by the Washington Post this morning. They advise the American people to unite in support of our Nation's efforts against the Com- munist enemy we are fighting in Vietnam. The statement follows: AFL-CIO ADVISES WAR CRITIC SILENCE 19819 SPECIAL POWERS FOR THE PRESI- DENT TO CURB INFLATION (Mr. SWEENEY asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. SWEENEY. Mr. Speaker, I wish to draw the attention of the House to a bill that I have introduced today to au- thorize the President to invoke tem- porary emergency price, wage, and rent ceilings whenever the United States has declared against a foreign nation or whenever the Congress by concurrent resolution shall find and declare that grave national emergencies exist, and that the exercise of such authority is necessary in the interest of national se- curity for economic stability. Mr. Speaker, the emergency in Viet- nam and our increased commitments throughout the world make it essential that the President be possessed of power that was formerly his during World War II and the Korean conflict, when on the advice of his economic advisers, he as Chief Executive of the land determines that runaway inflation is a national problem. Mr. Speaker, I believe that it is essen- tial that attention be drawn to the fact that today the President is without im- mediate remedy to control inflationary price and wage increases. During periods of great national tension result- ing from the spiralling cost of living, great responsibility for the continuance of a healthy American economy falls upon the shoulders of the President. As the Nation has noted, our President has not shirked these responsibilities, but has repeatedly appealed for restraints and the initiation of many voluntary efforts to curb rising costs. Mr. Speaker, I note with some degree of satisfaction the fact that the Presi- dent has requested of the Congress legis- lative action to control rising interest rates. While I deem such action on the part of the President as very meritorious and helpful, I cannot help but to feel that the request should have been en- larged so as to include the granting of power to the executive department to deal with the matter of cost relating to prices and wages as well. I wish to make it abundantly clear that while I applaud President John- son's efforts to secure a voluntary com- pliance at 3.2, I do not share his opti- mism insofar as the long-range merit of the voluntary guideline program, and I believe that it is high time that the NICKEL SHORTAGE-A NATIONAL PROBLEM., (Mr. MONAGAN asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. MONAGAN. Mr. Speaker, there are certain industries located within the Fifth Congressional District of Con- necticut, which I represent, that are de- pendent for their business life upon a plentiful supply of nickel ore. At the present time worldwide nickel is theatening the operations and the jobs in these industries. I am cer- tain that such an impact is not limited to my district. In fact, the shortage of nickel may rightfully be considered a national problem. In an effort to alleviate some of the difficulties caused by the tight supply of nickel, I introduced yesterday legislation (H.R. 17254) authorizing the disposal of surplus nickel from the national stock- pile. This bill authorizes the disposal of approximately 24.5 million pounds of nickel from the national stockpile estab- lished pursuant to the Strategic and Critical Materials Stockpiling Act-50 U.S.C. 98-98h. It has been determined by the office of Emergency Planning that this quantity is not required to meet stockpile needs. In the last session of Congress Public Law 89-323 was enacted .and authorized the release of 260 million pounds of ex- cess nickel from the national stockpile. However, due to the temporary shortage of this vital metal, most of the amount released has been used up. In fact, I am informed by the General Services Ad- ministration that there is approximately 1 month's supply left from this authori- zation or 3 months' supply with selective allocation. The approximately 24.5 million pounds covered by my bill would provide suffi- cient material to fill urgent industry re- quirements. It is hoped that the nickel supply situation will be materially im- poved by the time this additional Gov- CHICAGO, August 24.-The AFL-CIO in ef- fect today advised critics of American policy in Vietnam to shut up. While claiming that "the right to dissent is sacred," a resolution approved by the fed- eration's Executive Council at its quarterly meeting here insisted that "disruption by even a well-meaning minority can only pol- lute and poison the bloodstream of our de- mocracy." The strongly worded motion singled out the Soviet Union as the foremost villain in the Vietnamese fighting, claimed that the United States "isn't resorting to an escalation of the war," and accused the Communists of "the most savage ruthlessness and reckless bombings against civilians." "Those who would deny our military forces unstinting support are, in effect, aiding the Communist enemy of our country-at the very moment when it is bearing the heaviest burdens in defense of world peace and free- dom," It said. Some officials of the AFL-CIO, who give lu d ---4- to the Johnson Administra- -.s e su acute distress over what they claimed was the Nation, share with the President of the jingoistic and hawklike tone of the reso- the United States some united responsi- lution. bility for what the President is attempt- But Walter P. Reuther, a bitter critic of ing to do under the bill that I have intro- the federation's stand an many international duced today. issues, joined in unanimous approval of the resolution after two minor word changes, ac- The President could continue his very cording to federation sources. consistent program of seeking the coop- Sources within the federation said Reuther eration of men of business and labor to gave grudging support to the Vietnam reso- combat the spiraling cost of living, but lution after these changes were made: armed by this legislation, his effort to "Russian, Chinese and North Vietnamese secure compliance would be strength- warlords" were changed to "Russian, Chinese erred by the realization on the part of and North Vietnamese governments." And the word "such" was deleted before the business and labor alike, that the Con- con- phrase "disruption by swell-meaning mi- trols almost immediately if he felt that nority." Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Rel ' 005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 19820 22 ~ 1 GRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE August 25, 1966 profit margins and price increases on out lonely hours of filth and torture in lection of all income taxes from all de- basic commodities and wage rates, as Communist prison camps. pendents of our prisoners of war during well as interest rates, were getting out of I served some time in a prisoner of the period when their husbands and hand. war camp in World War II, Mr. Speaker, fathers are in captivity. Mr. Speaker, it seems to me that the and in freedom or in a prison compound, If the Revenue Commissioner refuses American public throughout the land is Mr. Speaker, I know the lifesaving to take these steps, or if he needs legis- confronted with the same basic prob- thought that keeps a soldier from giving lative authority to accomplish them, I lem-for some wage rates through col- up is that at least his loved ones at home intend to introduce such legislation and leotive bargaining, and an increasing are being looked after by a grateful confer with my colleagues on Ways and part of the benefit of these enlarged Government. Means to insure its speedy consideration wage rates is reduced by the diminishing I am sorely distressed, Mr. Speaker, and enactment. purchasing power of the dollar, and I am certain the Congress and the I intend to seek the advice and co- The situation is somewhat compounded American people will be equally dis- operation of my good friend, the gentle- by the shortage of labor and some basic tressed, to learn that such is not the case man from South Carolina [Mr. RIVERS], materials, and prices seem to be all on with dependent wives, mothers, and chil- chairman of the House Armed Services the upward track. Distressed heads of dren of our fighting men in Vietnam who Committee. I intend to ask that a direc- families whose budgets are in a squeeze are now captives of the Communists. tive be sent to the Secretary of Defense, find it difficult to meet the cost of basic Some of them cannot get income tax telling him to instruct all branches of essentials such as food, clothing, auto In- refunds because they are required to the military service to set aside a special surance, education, and the like. One secure their soldier-husband's signature fund immediately, out of which depend- commodity hike tends to push up the on a joint return-obviously an impos- ents of prisoners can seek immediate prices of other much-needed commod- sibility. financial help. sties. Mr. John Q. Public is beginning to Others cannot secure license plates for I will ask the same of those chairmen register alarm and to record by letter to automobiles they need to transport their of committees and subcommittees deal- every congressional office on the Hill his children off the military installations ing with civilian agencies with prisoner view that labor, business, and Govern- they are forced to leave when their hus- of war personnel in Vietnam. ment have all defaulted In their so-called bands and the fathers of their children Perhaps It may be necessary, Mr. voluntary effort to hold the price line. are ordered overseas. Speaker, for the Congress itself to set up Mr. Speaker, John Q. Public has come They cannot even get adequate :medical a special committee with special appro- to the clear and logical conclusion that care. priations to ride herd on this unseemly in present-day America individual, self- They cannot get commissary and post mess. At least every dependent of every interest has taken precedence over na- exchange food. serviceman in captivity should be living tional need. Mr. Speaker, I could not They cannot get access to joint family at the level of prosperity set by the ad- help but to feel that world prestige of savings accounts. ministration poverty officials-since the American dollar is on the decline and In other words, Mr. Speaker, we are these are the families of our fighting men that the dollar can hardly be expected to treating the dependents of our prisoners we are talking about-not defendants of hold its exchange value due to inflation- of war almost as badly as the Commu- street rioters. ary trends here at home. nists are treating the prisoners of war - This is an incredible, adominable situ- Mr. Speaker, I believe that we are liv- themselves. ation, Mr. Speaker. ing In a time of grave national emer- This is a disgrace, Mr. Speaker. And our neglect of the prisoner de- gency Insofar as our fiscal planning is These dependents are being described pendents is symptomatic of how little! too concerned. as the dependents of "nonpersons" legal- many Americans care about those who If this 2d session of the 89th Congress ly. They are not "nonpersons," Mr. are doing our fighting in Vietnam. And adjourns without putting Into effect Speaker. They are our people--Amer- the same applies to those they leave be- strong wage and price controls, this Re- scans-temporarily husbandless and hind to eke out a living, not as wards of public within the 10-year period ahead fatherless Americans, because we have the military, not as wards of all of us as -may well find herself in the same posi- sent their breadwinners off to war. they should be, but as castoffs to be :for- tion as Great Britain today, where the We worry about the American image gotten while we pump billions into car economy is so seriously Imperiled by the abroad, Mr. Speaker. Endless miles of ing for everybody else everywhere else devaluation of the pound sterling. films and pictures of American street in the world. During this period of grave fiscal re- rioting appears on foreign television and i repeat, Mr. Speaker, it is a shame, sponsibility, I call upon the Congress to in the foreign press. that this Congress would ever need to Immediately initiate hearings to author- I would call your attention to what the have this called to its attention. I do ire these temporary, emergency price, American image is-not abroad, Mr. not know who is to blame, and I do not wage, and rent ceilings, and to empower Speaker-but here at home in the eyes think we need take the time to fix it. the Executive to secure compliances with of the wives and children of captured Our course is clear. If necessary, Mr. respect to fiscal programing that here- soldiers when they are told to get lost Speaker, we will carry to the front door ?tofore have not been achieved through by Government and military agencies. of every home, tent, or trailer, where voluntary effort. ,,,,~~ // This is the image we need concern our- these neglected dependents are living, t T'_ selves with, Mr. Speaker. not only a bag of groceries if that is ~f ' The image of neglect at home, In sol- needed, but the proof as well that at RELIEF FOR DEPENDENTS OF dier, sailor, marine, and Navy homes- least the Congress of the United States PRISONERS OF WAR if the pittance they are left to live on has their concern at heart. (Mr. BROYHILL of Virginia asked provides for a house. Are there not a few crumbs available and was given permission to address the Our duty is plain, understandable, for the dependents of the soldiers we House for 1 minute and to revise and clear, and necessary, Mr. Speaker. send to Vietnam out of the $58 billion extend his remarks.) These people do not have enough mon- handed to the Defense Department, Mr. Mr. BROYHILL of Virginia. Mr. ey; they are driven from military hous- Speaker? Speaker, on July 27, I addressed the ing, if they ever had it, while the Secre- We had better find out. House In protest over the way our prison- tary of Defense tries to give away land Is the Secretary of Defense so ton- ers of war In Vietnam are being treated. within the shadow of the Capitol at Bol- cerned about poverty among civilians he I pointed out at that time the necessity ling-land that is ideal for building the cannot see it in his own ranks? of action by the House to officially pro- homes these service families must have. We had better find out. test this mistreatment by the Communist It is my intention, Mr. Speaker, to We hold the purse strings, Mr. Speaker. North Vietnamese. contact the Commissioner of Internal I suggest we loosen them enough to take It has now come to light, Mr. Speaker, Revenue to promptly refund income tax care of dependents of prisoners of war. that the wives and children of these overpayments due to these dependents, Let us be generous and at least secure very same prisoners are also being sub- and to waive any requirement of signa- for them a poverty-level income. jected to neglect, cruelties and redtape tures of their husbands in all cases. Let us do this even though these men here at home while their husbands sit Second. I shall ask him to defer col- are not picketing and rioting in protest Approved For Release 2005/06/29 CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 Approved For Releas po~/AL p~ / Cqi~-PWR68000400100005-2 2~OIV CONGREgSI I9821 of the war in Vietnam, but fighting it- A number of people in Lawrence or were doing so until captured. County, Mo.,'have sent me copies of the Perhaps, Mr. Speaker, instead of refi- editorial. I am inclined to agree with nancing the United Nations, as we are them that it represents one of the most being asked to do, we can refinance the perceptive, hard-hitting commentaries families of our prisoners of war in Com- on the paradox in which our Nation munist POW camps. finds itself today. I suggest we owe it to them, and to On one hand, men are fighting and their families. dying in the struggle 10,000 miles away from home, and on the other hand, Communist sympathizers are given a JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING AN free hand to commit almost any kind of AMENDMENT TO CONSTITUTION act designed to prolong that struggle TO PROVIDE 12-YEAR TERMS FOR and inhibit our ability to support our THE CHIEF JUSTICE AND ASSO- soldiers. The editorial follows and I hope it will CIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREMI; receive the wide spread recognition COURT which I am confident it deserves: (Mr. HUTCHINSON asked and was WHY, IN THE NAME OF GOD? given permission to address the House for For 21 years we have sent our young men 1 minute and to revise and extend his overseas in Europe by the thousands-so remarks.) many tlfere's scarcely a home in the land Mr. HUTCHINSON. Mr. Speaker, I which hasn't had a member there in the am introducing today a joint resolution army of occupation for one reason-to keep proposing an Amendment to the Consti- communism years oo ver t fine free world men tution which would provide 12-year terms F to Africa, the Near East, the Far East, the for the Chief Justice and Associate Jus- Islands of the Pacific, up into the arctic cold tices of the Supreme Court. It reads as and down into tropical heat, kept them there follows: month after weary month, year after weary The Judges of the Supreme Court shall year, for just one reason-to keep commu- liold their offices for terms of 12 years, run- nism from taking over the free world. ning from the date of their commissions. For 21 long years this nation has spent bil- They shall be eligible to. be again appointed. lion upon billions to finance the Marshall The provisions of this article shall not Plan, subsidize the UN and NATO, help the limit the tenure in office during good beha- neutrals, help even communist countries and vior of those Judges of the Supreme Court those who twist our tail and spit in our face who hold commissions of appointment at the every chance they get until we have so squan- time this article becomes operative. dered our reserves that should all the countries to whom we now owe gold call for In recent years the Court has pene- repayment at once we could give them every trated so far into the' political thicket ounce and still not be square with the world, that it has become snarled therein. The for just one reason-to prevent the spread of political, economic, and social benefits communism and the enslavement of free of the Judges of the Supreme Court be- mFor 21 long years this nation, after win- come. law the present the land. land. system of tenure ning a great war, has strained its economic Under re, resources, marshalled its engineers and scien- during good behavior the Justices are not tists, used up raw materials and manpower at any time answerable to anyone, but, much better used for other purposes to they exercise a power unreachable. create, maintain and enlarge an arsenal not My proposal is offered as a mechanism only for our own armed forces but for a long to bring the Supreme Court within our rlist of other eason only, to deter for one communist reason, and one system of checks and balances. a ld domination . nd wor After a Supreme Court Justice has Twice in the past two decades, we have anew whose only crime was being the same served 12 years his term would expire. drafted our young men and reservists to blood as that of one of our enemies crack Whoever is President at that time might light and die-and thousands upon thou- down upon these traitors in our midst today? not choose to nominate him for another sands have given their lives in Korea and Why can't we shut these people up for as term; or the Senate may not choose to Viet Nam-for just one reason-to resist long as our men are dying for us? If com- advise and consent to the nomination if communist aggression. munism be wrong, and if its spread should made. The President and Senate in this This has been our national purpose for be prevented, why must we give these agi- way would pass upon the qualifications 21 years. This has been our contribution to tators freedom to spread It here in America- and performance of members of the Su- the life, and death struggle to preserve hu- nay, even protect them as they spread it? man freedom and prevent the enslavement Why, when there is open treason in our preme Court periodically. of that portion of the world population which streets, on our campuses, even in our con- has not already been enslaved. gressional hearings, can anyone think that INTHE NAME OF GOD? No "nation has ever been so generous, so to let it continue unpunished is not to WHY, unselfish, so dedicated, so self-sacrificing for break faith with our men fighting overseas? (Mr. HALT asked and was given per- so long in all the history of mankind. Ours . If communism must be resisted at all costs mission to address the House for 1 has been a noble purpose, one for which our in Berlin and Saigon, why shouldn't we re- minute, to revise and extend his re- young men have been willing to give their sist it with all our might and main in Wash- time, and their lives, and for which Ameri- ington, and Berkeley, and Chicago? marks and to include extraneous cans have been willing to spend their treas- Yes, why? matter.) ' ure. Mr. HALL. _ Mr. Speaker, on August Then why, in the name of God, do we per- 19, the Aurora Advertiser of Aurora, mit the enemy we resist without the borders Mo., carried an editorial entitled "Why, of this country to work within it unre- In the game of God?" strained-protected by every legal gnat so- This editorial by the editor, Mr. Rob- called liberal interpreters of the law can gag eft Lowry, is a commentary on the tore- on? We have seen, this week, a federal judge, sponsible and often treasonous action by fortunately overruled almost without a hear- the so-called New Left, as it relates to ing by a higher court, dare to enjoin a con- America's struggle and sacrifices in gressional treason al this to investigate mine order to defend the free world. No. 142-21 what aid and comfort, material and spiritual, Americans are giving our enemies. We have heard Americans take the stand. admit they are communists, boast how much they have aided, are aiding, and will aid the very communist soldiers who are killing men wearing the uniform of this country and sent into battle by our own government. We have listened to them defy their country and the congress, disrupt a congressional hearing, call the president of this country a murderer- and let a few off with nothing more than a $10 fine, while others weren't punished at all! We have seen treasonable Americans seek by force to prevent the loading of supplies being shipped to soldiers fighting for this country half a globe away and not even be arrested! In fact, simple minded commen- tators and reporters have dared to criticize an American marine who pushed a crazed young female traitor out of the way of such a shipment because she stumbled and fell into a ditch full of water, which they intim- ated was an act of brutality. We have seen others try to break up col- lege draft examinations, interfere with the work of draft boards, disturb the wedding of our president's daughter, demean and call men moving toward Viet Nam murderers of women and children. And, if we've done anything, it has been nothing more than to slap them on the wrist and let them know we think they are naughty children! Why, in the name that is right, do we suffer this? Why do we let people too young to vote or be elected to congress influence our foreign policy? Why do we listen to people so wet behind the ears they'd never be hired for a position of any importance bye pri- vate business firm? Why do we spend so much time, blood, treasure and effort oppos- ing communism abroad and let young punks and perverts boast they are communists fighting our government here at home? Why do we protect with all the force of law the right of admitted communists to teach in publicly supported colleges and uni- versities? Why do we listen to prattle about the right of dissent by hopheads from hashish or LSD parties on our campuses when other young men have been drafted to give up jobs, leave their families, and die in foreign jungles all in the name of resistance to com-' Why can't a nation which only 25 years ago could move whole populations of Jap- THE JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY AND THE PRESIDENT'S CLUB (Mr. CAMERON asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. CAMERON. Mr. Speaker, yester- day I was greatly disturbed to read in a Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2 822 And less than 5 months ago he and his brother and their wives spent $12,000 for membership in the President's Club. Although the Democratic National Committee may have laughed all the way to the bank at the time, I am sure it now realizes that all it got for its money was a king-sized headache. There is only one type of aspirin that can cure the pain-returning the $12,000 to the Martins with a "thanks but no thanks" note attached. I would rather see the national com- mittee clad in rags as it walks to the -bank to deposit sincerely donated nickels and dimes than see it decked out in a tux and lugging baskets of greenbacks which come from insincere and extremist re- sources--both left and right. Mr. Speaker, as proud members of the President's party we cannot permit a lazy, greedy, and irresponsible national committee to tarnish our reputations or, more importantly, the Chief Executive's. He carries the weight of the world. on his shoulders and the hopes of millions of Americans and freedom-loving peoples in his heart. We cannot, we dare not, allow the national committee by its in- credible indiscretion to add to the Presi- dent's awesome burden. The Democratic National Committee can begin to lighten his load this very day by returning the $12,000 to the Martins. The altar of greed has no place in the temple of our party. Lei; us begin to dismantle it now,. syndicated column in the Washington Post that a prominent southern Califor- nia member of the John Birch Society was also a member of the President's Club. Blame for this deplorable development must rest with the Democratic, National Committee for as the major political and intelligence arm of the party it has per- mitted dollars to replace discretion as its major concern. This latest incident is but another il- lustration that the National Committee has failed to keep its house in order for many months. Many Members have long complained of fouled-up mailing lists. Party leaders in the States have com- plained of the committee's casual in- difference to their particular political problems. We have become accustomed to hear- ing reports that the committee's serv- ices are being withheld from Members who dare deviate on certain issues from .the position taken by the administra- tion. Only a few days ago my office called the committee to inquire about a packet of position papers prepared by Repub- lica4n national headquarters. Although the press several days earlier had given prominent play to the existence of these papers, personnel in the committee's re- search, library, and public affairs sec- tions were completely unaware of them. In view of this abysmal record I was not surprised, although greatly dis- turbed, to read that the John Birch So- ciety has infiltrated the prestigious Presi- dent's Club. The club has recently come under heavy fire from the opposition pUXty. Their attack has been grossly unfair, in my judgment, for the focus has been on alleged "influence peddling" rather than on lack of discretion. This latest devel- opment makes it patently obvious that the national committee is making no at- tempt to correlate fat Government con- tracts with fat contributions. All the DNC is concerned with is seeing that the checks they receive are properly signed and do not bounce. Those who purchase membership in the President's Club with the notion that their share of Government business will increase are in for a sad awakening. They are giving undeserved credence to the GOP's propaganda campaign and undeserved credit to the national com- mittee's ability-even if it were willing- to tie contributions to contracts. Mr. Speaker, examine for a moment the background of. Birch Member J. Edward Martin, of Los Angeles, For several years he has been a chapter leader in a JBS cell. The society's own publicity proclaims that he was host and major sponsor of at least three testimo- nial dinners for Birch founder and dic- tator Robert Welch. (Mr. HORTON asked and. was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, to revise and extend his remarks and to include extraneous matter.) [Mr. HORTON addresed the House. His remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix. ] and local cooperation that the-greatest edu- cational development can be achieved with federal help. Under the principle of State and local re- sponsibility, the American educational sys- tem has grown so that it compares favorably with that of any other country of the world. In 1960, school enrollments constituted 23.2 percent of total population In the United States, compared to 11.1 percent In Europe and 14.24 percent in the Soviet Union.. In this country, total revenues for public schools have grown by 376 percent since 1950 and classroom construction has proceeded at a rate that will provide 653,000 classrooms in the decade 1962 to 1972. At the time the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 was being considered, we were concerned that this poorly-drafted legislation would too often impede rather than help the education effort in this coun- try. We were concerned that it would de- prive the State agencies and local school au- thorities of any real power to shape educa- tional programs to meet local needs. Cen- tralization of power was a theme that ran throughout the entire bill. Now, one year and a number of serious defects later, this Congress is being asked to broaden and ex- pand the original Act. In an almost casual .manner, authorizations in excess of $4.8 bil- lion have been requested. Unfortunately, there has been no meaningful attempt to sort out the vast and confusing tangle of federal programs. Moreover, obvious defects have been either glossed over or totally ig- nored by the Democratic majority on the committee. For example, under the present Act, the distribution of funds within a State is es- tablished by a set formula. As a result, State education agencies have been unable tochan- nel money to the areas of greatest need. In the past, distribution on the basis of need has been the traditional administrative de- vice for the allocation of federal funds. Such distribution permits State-wide concentra- tion upon the most urgent educational prob- lems. It encourages responsible State edu- cational planning. Unfortunately, the Dem- ocratic majority rejected all Republican amendments that would authorize State education agencies to distribute fends in nient that would give greater flexibility to States be . REPUBLICAN POLICY COMMITTEE the A R ep blicanlamendmentdthat would pro- STATEMENT ON ELEMENTARY vide added funds for the low-expenditure AND SECONDARY EDUCATION States was adopted. This will cure some of AMENDMENTS OF 1966 the disparity in federal aid between States. However, it does not change the present un- (Mr. RHODES of Arizona (at the re- satisfactory method of distribution within quest of Mr. DEL CLAWSON) was granted States which scatters funds indiscriminately permission to extend his remarks at this It among is wealthy and and agreed needy that school thoe district. point in the RECORD and to include ex- for reducing educational generally best hope failure among eco- traneous matter.) nomically and socially disadvantaged chil- Mr. RHODES of Arizona. Mr. Speak- dren lies in the area of preschool education. er, at the August 23, 1966, meeting of However, during the first year of this Act, the House Republican Policy Committee only 5.7 percent of the funds under title I a policy statement regarding the Ele- have been used for preschool education. mentary and Secondary Education Mhave been enmeshed In the oreover, many of the preschool projects con- Amendments of 1966 was adopted. As fusion that exists between bureaucratic Office of chairman of the policy committee, I Education and the Office of Economic Op- would like to include at this point in the portunity (which is responsible for funding RECORD the complete text of this State- Operation Headstart), Certainly, this pro- ment: gram should be unshackled and properly fl- REPUBLICAN POLICY COMMITTEE STATEMENT ON nanced so that greater emphasis can be ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION The placed r disadvantaged preschool children. greattest t threat t AMENDME th o NTS OF 1966 e independence J. Edward Martin was appointed to the From the Morrill Act of 1862 and the cre- toOf State and local n is 'contained in title III ofathis dAct. nistra This Republican State Central Committee of ation of the U.S. Office of Education in 1869, title has placed in the hands of the U.S. California 2 years ago and is an elected to the National Defense Education Act of Commissioner the sole power to determine member of the GOP's Los Angeles County 1958 and the Manpower Training Act of 1962. which applicant school districts are to receive Central Committee. the Republican Party has advocated and sup- funds and which educational purposes are Less than a month ago he held a fund- ported the important role of education in to be favored in their use. This has caused resin advancing the capabilities and opportuni- frustration and confusion and delayed many g party for a Republican candidate ties of the citizens of the United States. We worthwhile projects. School administrators for the State senate. have recognized that it is only through State from all over the country have vigorously Approved For Release 2005/06/29 CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005 Approved For Release 2005/06/29 : CIA-RDP67B00446R000400100005-2