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August 7, 2000
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August 31, 1965
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Approved For Release' 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 31 A"Ust loss C,At, M adta?paklatan r 1?to1118gce At C rood, ~"lson?.N elic~is to ? i?'sA -X sell t-1 hctor Of C94tral DsPutr Director to metal liss,,~c, u Ifarisoo Peas* tO Your o As 10. it i s rt is 1, eM Toques t. tree ,~:ri:Q complex rocosent Policy ajt r? studied had loa ?cirs o blei aed tbOO~tf,l Stirs in )JO t have h a well b sc, th fro app he cow f asree 1M1 tb Of'sd, a,ars try a*d has as 20 a ' bre?rsr? to hottsaltn'aatt ~tts could des a Peli perhaps to texas sorer our sa A 1 d 1?vorfa~O tt i :.:?:Narris0a'their za ot6 ire s`aria ,-robabl Profiler Polloul1 o ~! t ion tis diieaasre,??thit? es~ror `~ are Of diseAsa:s:a rO~s air sucb of Umy #. OV44 *I 1"a1 la 4 his ceapatt affect , harrirOajs factual orro rd~eo 11-ly the t n Mys ter? I is r ais taAi o?: Piece A l tL oYsh or .o t Nar#er ? fi:"st.11, ?6 &ad he so is otberIS htsoich is so. Shterisor w rdranis ot~ars`tl, akistr '5 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R00050003000-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 (01, : 3DT:3 ti a armored superiority; Pakistan does enjo a qualita- tive superiority in sodium tanks which is unlikely to be reduced by India's acquisition of Soviet light tanks, but the superiority is not as narked as he states, he also have a fundamental reservation about the possibility of any tacit US?Soviet arms freeze, such as Harrison mentions, in the present state of US-Soviet relations. for R. J. SMITH Director of Current Intelligence Distribution: Crig A # - Addressee 1 - UDI 1 - U/OCI I - AA/ 11) I - SDO/Briefer ?CI /A k; : yd/ 14 .14 (31 Au g 65) ?4A EW lA1 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 24, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD HOUSE 24175 d f acre fence of the first democratic constitu- o p h t COLOMBIA Ernest Schein, a former employee of the Philippine War Damage Commission and as- sociate of O'Donnell, registered as a lobby- ist May 21, 1962, for the Dlstribuidora de Azucares, Bogotf, Colombia. Press reports said Schein was receiving $15,000 a year to represent Colombian sugar interests. His name also figured in the 1963 congressional investigation involving O'Donnell. poIITHERN RHODESIA The firm of. Purcell and Nelson registered as a lobbyist March 20, 1964, for Sugar Sales Ltd., of Southern Rhodesia. Reports said the firm was receiving $5,000 from Rhodesian sugar interests to present their case. TAIWAN Robert L. Farrington, a former Agriculture Department official (solicitor, 1954-56; gen- eral counsel, 1956-59, among other jobs) reg- istered May 8, 1964, as a lobbyist for the Chinese Government Procurement and Serv- ices Mission, Division for Taiwan Sugar Corp. Press reports said he -was receiving $250 a month to represent Taiwanese sugar inter- ests. MAIIRITTOS Washington lawyer James N. Earnest, reg- istered as a lobbyist September 1. 1964, for the Mauritius Sugar Syndicate. Press re- ports said he was 'receiving 5,000 British .. BAs ($1A 000) ou The law firm of Casey, Lane & Mittendorf munist aggression against the peoples of the registered as a' lobbyist June 22, 1962. for free world. the South African Sugar Association. In What is even worse, the Poles deprived of 1964 the firm reportedly received a fee of their freedom by the Moscow aggressors are $24,000 from the association. forced to pay_for the Communist poisoning MADAGASCAR of the younger generation and for the God- less education full of lies and immoral de- Seymour S. Guthman registered as a lobby- pravations. 1st May 12, 1964, for the Syndicat des Distil- Poles have to defend Cardinal Wyszynski, lateurs et Producteurs de Sucre de Madagas- Polish clergy and the Catholic Church and car, which was said to be paying him $625 a help them in their fight against the commu- month. nization of Poland. We should increase our efforts, and inten- ADDRESS OF MR. STANISLAW sify our fight for the just division of the nation's loaf of bread in Poland, because MIKOLAJCZYK of the great injustice being committed (Mr, DERWINSKI (at the request of against the Polish nation. Mr. DEVINE) Was granted permission to Today, however, we have to think in global extend his remarks at this point in the terms. When the Communist aggression against the free world is constantly spread- RECORD and t0 include extraneous mat- ing, you in Chicago took a right stand in your ter.) resolutions on the Polish Peasant Day. Mr. DERWINSKI. Mr. Speaker, as You supported in those resolutions the ef- we know, the situation in foreign affairs forts of President Johnson to stop the Com- h f world- tee t t meets already today all the requirements to qualify her for help from the great free nations of the world in their struggle for independence and freedom. Mr. Speaker, Mr. Mikolajczyk's address was delivered to leaders of Albania, Bul- garia, Czechoslovakia, Lithuania, Serbia, and Ukraine peasant movements who likewise with great authenticity speak for their oppressed brethren held in bondage by the Communist colonial dic- tatorships. It is my hope. that their words and observations will receive more respect and review from our foreign diplomats than they have heretofore. (Mr. TUPPER (at the request of Mr. DEVINE) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) e continues to deteriorate, in substantial munist aggression agains part due to the failure of the Department In Tibet where the people were deprived of [Mr. TUPPER'S remarks will appear of State and the President's foreign pol- their freedom and independence,-in Viet- hereafter in the Appendix.] nam, and in the Dominican Republic. icy advisors to recognize the fundamental We wish the President, as we wish our problems in Eastern Europe. This is brothers in Poland, that the efforts and especially tragic since there are out- sacrifices of the American people could bring standing exile leaders of the respective as early as possible the expected results. We captive peoples of Eastern Europe who wish that out of this fight and sacrifices could can properly advise the administration also come tha atlthefwill a nded fight (Mr. CRAMER (at the request of Mr. DEVINE) was granted permission, to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) of true conditions within their countries. we w s for equal rights and freedom of all peoples, [Mr. CRAMER's remarks will appear One of these outstanding leaders is regardless of their color or origin will also hereafter in the Appendix.] Mr. Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, chairman of include the Polish people. a continuation of my remarks excerpts has the same riguu w =aaucyc==~~?-~~ w--> from his address before the annual Har- dom as the nations of Far East and Africa, Mr. GROSS. Mr. Speaker, in view of vest Thanksgiving Day sponsored by the which justly obtained their independence in the remarks of the distinguished major- recent years. ity leader, I ask unanimous consent that Alliance of Friends of the Polish Village Seventy years of the organized work of after completion of the legislative busi- in America, held in Chicago on Septem- the Polish peasant movement is not only an ness of the day and special orders pre- I 5: enormous effort of our forefathers with I myself came from the part of Poland, Wincenty Witos as a leader at the top but viously entered, I be permitted to ad- which enjoyed a relatively higher standard long years of fight and work for the enlight- dress the House for 1 hour on December of living-not, because peasants were in enment and education in the civil rights of 24, 1965. majority in this part of Poland, but, because all the common people in Poland. This work The SPEAKER. Without objection, of the advanced industrialization based on has already paid good dividends: After the it is so ordered. the processing of their own agricultural First World War-free and independent products. In this part of Poland the peasants Poland with an access to the Baltic Sea; the There was no objection. No. 177-8 a o were quickly adopting the new me production in agriculture, and therefore re- tion in 1921; the land reform; the establish- ceiving better harvests from their soil, and ment and the organization of the state ad- higher income from their work in the village. ministration are just a few examples. In fact the rural population in that part of This education and tradition have guided Poland was in the minority. us in our fight against the Nazis during The unfavorable climatic and poor soil World War II, and it helped us very much conditions were overcome by the independ- in the fight against the new Communist oc- ent agricultural organizations and the coop- cupants of Poland after the war. eratives. Also we were helping ourselves by The most important result of those the wide territorial self-government. This is 70 years of work and fight of the Polish the way it was before the Second World War peasant movement Is the fact that out of and this part of Poland is today still leading all the nations behind the Iron Curtain, in the national agricultural production. Poland has today the smallest percentage of Can a citizen of today's Poland even dream the land in the Communist collectives, and about the just cutting of the national loaf Communists to communize the Polish troubles their villages. The of bread? Certainly, nat few existing . Kolchozes in Poland were not. There are no free elections in Poland. liquidated by the Polish peasants immedi- There are no independent agricultural or- ately after Stalin's death. ganizations. The ideals of the Polish peasant; movement And the free territorial self-government are so deeply rooted in the souls and hearts does not exist any more. of the people of Poland, that even the long The last elections in Poland, like the pre- years of the occupation by the enemy were vious ones, were only a Communist comedy. unable to destroy them. The citizens did not have a right to elect This is the most important heritage of the or to choose, but only a right to vote for the Polish peasant movement in its 70 years of Communist agents of Moscow, who were work and fight. brought to Poland and imposed by Moscow We believe which that tin this heritage lies the power, In future to on the Polish nation. Not Poles, but the Communist agents are Poland the just cutting of the nations loaf deciding about the cutting of the national of bread. Today this heritage forms the base rive loaf pf bread. In addition, the~Communists s for tt hefre0dt dand i of the en Pocsh people Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 24176 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 24, 1965 MEMORIAL TO FORMER SENATOR INTER,AMA-H.R. 30 thus far each country has spent enough ELBERT THOMAS (Mr. PEPPER (at the request of Mr. to build - a great steel mill-enough to (Mr. PEPPER (at the request of Mr. GETTYS) was granted permission to ex-. furnish needed food for millions of hun- GETTYS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the gry people and a better life for count- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- les numbers. It is the earnest hope of RECORD and to include extraneous ter.) the world that the United Nations will matter.) Mr. PEPPER. Mr. Speaker, in the de- continue its good offices- until there shall Mr. PEPPER. Mr. Speaker, because bate on H.R. 30 in the House on Septem- be a fair and honorable settlement of the of my great affection and regard for ber 22 I inadverently failed to comment controversy respecting Kashmir between former Senator Elbert Thomas I would on the absence from H.R. 30 as amended these two great states. like to insert in- body of RECORD copy of by the House Foreign Affairs Commit- But aside from the termination of the letter I recently wrote his son on the tee, of the provisions of my H.R. 30 as hostilities between India and Pakistan passing of the Senator, and an article originally introduced relative to the ap- three other great events have emerged from the Washington post on his death. plicability of the Bacon-Davis Act, as from this episode: SEPTEMBER 21, 1965. amended (40 U.S.C., sec. 276a-276a-5). First. The resurgence of the power and Mr. W. S. THtoMAS, I am informed the reason those provi- authority of the United Nations as the Lawton, Okla. sions were deleted from H.R. 30 as peacekeeping organ of the world-a high DEAR MR. Tiros. s; Your loss of your great amended by the House Foreign Affairs in the experience of the United Nations father and our cherished friend and neigh- Committee was that the provisions of the dramatically following the saddening low bor for so long in Washington saddened Mrs. Bacon-Davis Act would ' apply to which only a little while ago brought so Pepper and me very much. I was n any ot only the contract for the construction, repair or much concern to the hearts of the peace- colleague of your father in the senate but M Mrs. s. Pepper and I were warm friends of rehabilitation of any exhibit by the loving people of the world. Senator and Mrs. Thomas. Your father was United States under H.R. 30 without second. The cooperation of the United a great statesman, a -dedicated American, a specific reference thereto being made in States and the Soviet Union through the devoted public servant, a gracious and H.R. 30. United Nations in terminating this tragic charming gentleman. I wish it definitely understood that i and dangerous war-a momentous ex- Mrs. Pepper and I shall ever cherish the am speaking by the authority of the ample of what these two great countries memory of our happy associations and rthairmon of th can An in trnnri.... ?h., e Thomas. Please extend to the other mem- bers of your family our deepest sympathy. Believe me, Always sincerely, CLAUD$ PEPPER, Member of Congress. From the Washington (D.C.) Post, Sept. 20, 1965] ELMER THOMAS DIES, 24 YEARS A SENATOR Former U.S. Senator Elmer Thomas, 89, a Member of Congress for 28 years, died yesterday in a Lawton, Okla., hospital after surgery. The lifelong Democrat represented Okla- homa in the Senate for 24 years until his deTeat in the 1950 primary by Senator Mmz MONRONET, Democrat, of Oklahoma. After losing his last senatorial campaign, Mr. Thomas practiced law in Washington until he returned to Oklahoma with his wife in 1957. He once explained why he stayed in Washington even though he was no longer a Senator. "I'm a bit like a prizefighter-it takes a little time to cool him off before he goes home." But Mr. Thomas never visited the-Senate Chamber where he spent so many yearrs. "In my time," he said, "I saw so man and asking favors, that it disgusted me." During his last Years in Washington "Forty Years a Legislator," and "Legislative History of the Atom Bomb." He was recognized as an authority on fi- nancial affairs, Indian legislation, agricul- ture, and oil while he was in the Senate. During the New Deal he was, a strong supporter of inflating the currency and making silver legal tender. "We have taken-43 cents of value out of the dollar during this (the Roosevelt) ad- ministration," he said in 1935, "We have got to further cheapen the dollar before we have prosperity." Mr. Thomas served for many years as chairman of the Senate Agriculture Com- mittee. Before entering the Senate in 1927, he rep- resented Oklahoma's Sixth District in the House. Mr. Thomas is survived by a son, W. S. Thomas, of Lawton, and three grandchil- dren. Inter-American Cultural and Trade Center, the State agency which is the legal authority for the operation of the center, that it commits itself, insofar as it may have legal authority in the matter, to see to it that the Bacon-Davis Act does apply to any construction, repair, or rehabilitation in the center under H.R. 30 as amended. I am further authorized by the chair- man of the Inter-American Cultural and Trade Center Authority to state that the authority commits itself to apply the principles, of the Davis-Bacon Act to all construction, repairs, or rehabilitation done by the authority at the center with the use of any funds obtained as a loan from the Community Facilities Adminis- tration, an agency of the United States; and agrees to the inclusion of a provi- sion to that effect in the formal agree- ment evidencing the loan of the Com- munity Facilities Administration to the Inter-American Cultural and Trade Center Author ty in respect to any con- structloji, des or rehabilitation upon the ce ey-premises. SE-FIRE IN KASHMIR GETTYS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD, and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. PEPPER. Mr. Speaker, the people of the world have breathed a prayer of gratitude to the United Nations for bringing about a cease-firein the enlarg- ing war between India and Pakistan in which Communist China was threatening to take a part. All honor and tribute to our great President to whom the prin- cipal credit for this mighty achievement is due and to the United Nations which brought it about. These two great countries of India and Pakistan, like all countries, cannot afford the cost of war in treasure not to speak of the priceless assets of human life. Already it is reported that in the war tended they should do when the United Nations was formed. Third. The setback to the aggressive designs of Communist China against India, and after India vast areas beyond, through the strong voice of the United Nations supported in un- ity and determination by the Unit- ed States and the Soviet Union- indeed by the great powers which as- sumed the obligation to work together in the inception of the United Nations . Mr. Speaker, let us hope that upon the foundation of this meaningful achievement the edifice of the United Na- tions shall rise to greater and greater majesty as the instrument of peace, jus- tice, and the promotion of human welfare and dignity in the world. And let us hope most fervidly, Mr. Speaker, that the Soviet Union will see in this experience the reward of work- ing for peace in the world with the United States and the other peaceloving powers and will in the future dedicate itself to following that course. For if the United States and the Soviet Union with their great might and power will honorably and earnestly work together for the peace and the betterment of man- kind, of course with the cooperation of most of the other nations of the world anxious for such a course they can stop war, reduce the danger of a nuclear holo- caust, bring about disarmament to the point where no nation shall longer be a dangerous-aggressor, and lift all man- kind to walk on higher ground than its feet have ever trod. AIR POLLUTION AND ENVIRON- MENTAL HEALTH (Mr. SCHEUER (at the request of Mr. GETTYS) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. SCHEUER. Mr. Speaker, con- tamination of the environment is now Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RD P67B00446R000500030009-4 September 24, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE The major difference between the two versions of the bill is the authorization by title, resulting in a total authorization of $1.895 billion in the House bill, and $1.650 billion in the Senate bill. The conferees arrived at a compro- mise, figure of $1.785 billion, which rep- resents an increase of $135 million over the authorization in the Senate bill, and a decrease of $110 million from the au- thorization in the House bill. The primary difference may be found in title I, where the conferees increased the authorization $165 million. Q pro The reason for this increase was t - vide more money for the Neighborhood Youth Corps, which has had great suc- cess both jn the number of youths par- ticipating, ` and the benefits resulting from their participation. The conferees received telegrams from many State officials urging that the au- thor on atifor this program be in- creased The Senate conferees have receded from the Senate position in section 209(c) In regard'to the Governor's veto power. As the Senate will recall, during Sen- ate consideration of the bill the Gover- nor's veto was dropped from the bill and the Senate rejected seven or eight amendments' to reinstate some form of it. The Senate position was adopted in conference, in lieu of the House lan- guage which permitted the Governor's veto but which permitted the Director of OEO to, reconsider such- actions and override them. _ _ However, the House subsequently voted to recommit the conference report to conference, with instructions to its con- ferees to insist on the House position. On returning to conference, the Sen- ate conferees were reluctant to recon- side and recede on this. point. However, in view of the House action, the Senate conferees agreed to recede and to accept the House language. The Senate c. referees, receded from the Senate position which provided for Hatch Act coverage to VISTA volunteers and persons employed by agencies ad- ministering or carrying on community action programs, and whose salaries are paid in principal part from funds ap- propriated under the act. The exclusion of these provisions was based upon the difficulty of applying the existing statutory restrictions to orga- nizations and. agencies for which they were not designed. In no way did the conferees intend any retreat from the principle that these programs must be conducted in a com- pletely impartial manner, free of any partisan political activity or any activity designed to further the election or defeat of any candidate for public office. In. addition, a letter was received from John W, Macy, Jr., Chairman of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, opposing this $enat,ealne? dnie t, I aslt ulani: rnous , consent that Mr Macy's letter be printed in the RECORD The fig t SI151l~TC OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. Mr. McNAMAR,A. Mr. President, the remaining ?differences resolved by the House and Senate conferees were rela- tively minor in nature. An explanation of the action taken on these amendments is contained in the statement ' of the managers on the part of the House. I ask unanimous consent that the portion of the House conferees' state- ment in explanation of the conferees' action be printed in the RECORD at the conclusion of my remarks. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, It is so ordered. (See exhibit 2.) Mr. McNAMARA. Mr. President, in conclusion, this bill, the Economic Op- portunity Amendments of 1965, provides an authorization of funds for fiscal year 1966, and a 1-year extension of the Fed- eral share of financing at 90 percent for programs under title I, parts B and C, and title II of the act. The legislation was enacted on August 20, 1964, and not funded until October 8, 1964. Involved in its many programs are new concepts to assist in the war on poverty. The progress made thus far deserves our continuing support. I believe we arrived at an excellent bill in conference, and I urge Senate approval of the conference report. EXHIBIT 1 U.S. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, Washington, D.C., September 1, 1965. HOn. PAT MCNAMARA, U.S. Senate. DEAR SENATOR MCNAMARA: The Civil Service Commission respectfully submits the follow- ing views regarding section 18 of H.R. 8283, added by the Senate, making the Hatch Po- litical Activities Act applicable to employees of private nongovernmental agencies which administer or conduct community action programs under the Economic Opportunity Act .of 1964, as amended. The amendment adopted by the Senate would revise section 211 of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 by inserting a new subsection (a) as follows: "(a) Any person who is employed by any agency administering or conducting a com- munity action program receiving assistance under this part and whose salary is paid in principal part from funds appropriated pur- suant to this part, shall be deemed to be an officer or employee of a State or local agency for the purposes and within the meaning of the act entitled 'An act to pirevent perni- cious political activities,' approved August 2, 1939 (53 Stat. 1147) as amended." The Commission believes that it would be unwise to extend the general political activ- ity restrictions of the HatchAct to such a sizable group of persons in the private sector of community life. Before action is taken on the bill the con- ference managers should appreciate the full scope and impact of this provision which would constitute a major departure from long-standing precedent in legislation of this type, as established by the Hatch Act. Whereas the Hatch Act covers those who oc- cupy positions of public trust as employees of executive agencies of the Federal Govern- ment or of State.-or local governments, the amendment as adopted by the Senate would prohibit certain employees of private organi- zations from taking any active part in par- tisan political affairs. The Senate amend- ment can be read so as to include, poten- tially, employees of such organizations as legal aid societies, religious and charitable organizations, and other groups which we believe do not normally have any substantial 24195 The primary justification for the restric- tive provisions of the Hatch Act is found in the fact that those whose political freedom is curtailed are governmental employees who are expected by the general public to refrain from active political partisanship. Under the 1940 amendments of the Hatch Act, such restrictions are applied to em- ployees of State and local governmental agencies whose principal employment is in connection with activities financed by Fed- eral loans or grants. There again the Con- gress directed the prohibitions to officers and employees of governmental agencies only. Of course, the Commission concurs in the view that partisan politics should be kept out of community action programs financed by Federal grants. In this regard it should be noted that existing law goes far to proscribe partisan political activity in community action programs. Section 12 of the Hatch Act prohibits partisan political activity on the part of any officer or employee of a public agency who is principally employed in con- nection with such an activity financed by Federal loans or grants. The same section of the Hatch Act would also prohibit such an officer or employee from using his official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with an election.or promoting the solicitation of money for political purposes. It is the Commission's position that the Hatch Act will deter most of those engaged in community action programs who otherwise might be inclined to become active in par- tisan political campaigns. The Commission believes that the Congress should seriously consider the effect of a leg- islative prohibition against political activity on the part of private employees. We urge that the amendment be rejected. By direction of the Commission. Sincerely yours, JOHN W. MACY, Jr., Chairman. EXHIBIT 2 JOB CORPS-DISPLACEMENT OF EMPLOYED WORKERS The Senate amendment contained a pro- vision, which had no counterpart in the House bill, which prohibited the Director from authorizing a Job Corps program which would result in the displacement of em- ployed workers or impair existing contracts for services. The conferees have agreed upon a compromise under which the Director is required to prescribe regulations to prevent Job Corps programs from displacing pre- sently employed workers or the impairment of existing contracts for services. JOB CORPS-PAYMENTS TO RECRUITERS The Senate amendment prohibited the Di- rector from making payments to any in- dividual or organization for the service of referring candidates for enrollment in the Job Corps or names of such candidates. The House bill contained no similar provision. The conference report contains a substitute which provides that the Director shall make no payments to any individual or organiza- tion solely as compensation for the service of referring the names of candidates for the Corps. COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS-- -ACCESS OF PUBLIC TO INFORMATION The Senate amendment provided that com- munity action programs must include pro- visions for feasible access, of the public to information, including but not limited to, reasonable opportunity for public hearings at the request of appropriate local commu- nity groups. The House bill contained no comparable provision. The conference agree- ment adopts the Senate provision, except that the word "feasible" is changed to "rea- sonable." Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R0005500030009-4 24196 Approved For Release 2006/11/09 CIA-RDP67h00446R000500030009- CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -_SENATE September 24, 1965 plan for the assistance and has not disap- proved It within 30 days. The House bill amended this provision so `that, in the event of the disapproval of a plan by a Governor, the Director could reconsider It, and if he found it fully consistent with the provisions and in furtherance of the purposes of this act, could override the Gov- ernor's disapproval. Pursuant to the instructions of the House, the House conferees have insisted on the inclusion of the House provision in the con- ference report. The conferees expect that the procedures established by the Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity under section 209(a) will include provision for in- formal hearings held by the Director at the request of the Governor of a State or other interested parties. COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM,r-PRIVATE NONPROFrr AGENCIES The House bill provided that when the Director receives an application for a com- munity action program to be carried out in a community in which a community action agency is carrying on a program consisting of several component programs, he must give notice to that agency. The Senate amendment added a requirement that the Director also give notice to the Governor of the State. The Senate amendment also provided that when the Director determines that a separate contract or grant is desira- ble and practical and that special cause has been shown, he may make a grant directly to, or contract directly with, such agency. The conference substitute includes both of these Senate provisions, except that the requirement that "special" cause must be shown before the Director may contract di- rectly has been altered to require "good" cause to be shown. Voluntary assistance program for needy children The House bill struck out part C of title II of the act providing for the establishment in the Office of Economic Opportunity a center to encourage voluntary assistance for deserving and needy children. The Senate amendment retained part C, but deleted the provision under which the center was di- rected to collect the names of persons who voluntarily desire to assist such children financially, and to obtain information con- cerning deserving and needy children from social welfare agencies. The conference report adopts the Senate provision. Indemnity payments to dairy farmers The Senate "Mendment extended until June 30, 1966, the program provided for by the act for making indemnity payments to dairy farmers who have been directed to re- move their milk from commercial markets because It contained residues of chemicals registered and approved for use at the time of such use. The conference substitute adopts the Senate provision. Programs for the elderly poor The Senate amendment added a provision to the act stating the intention of Congress that whenever feasible the special problems of the elderly poor should be considered in the development, conduct, and administra- tion of programs under the act. The con- ference report retains this provision of the Senate amendment. The Senate amendment also provided for the establishment in the Office of Economic Opportunity of a Task Force on Programs for the Elderly Poor. The conference sub- stitute does not include this provision. National Advisory Council The Senate amendment provided for a National Advisory Council of 21 members with the Director an ex-officio member to review and to make recommendations of the programs under the act. The House bill In- creased the members from 14 to 20 but made no,other changes in the provisions of the act. The House bill provision was accepted by the conferees. Transfer of funds between titles The Senate amendment added a section to the act permitting up to 10 percent of the amount appropriated or allocated for any title to be transferred for use in carrying out other titles, but the amount available for use for any title could not be increased" by more than 10 percent. The conference sub- stitute includes this provision. Equitable distribution of benefits between urban and rural areas The Senate amendment required the Di- rector to adopt such administrative meas- ures as are necessary to assure that benefits of the act will be distributed equitably be- tween residents of rural and urban areas. The substitute agreed upon In conference contains a modification of the Senate provi- sion under which the Director is required to adopt appropriate administrative measures to assure such equitable distribution. Authorization of appropriations The House bill authorized the appropria- tion for fiscal year 1966 of $825 million to carry out title I of the act. The Senate amendment authorized the appropriation for such year of $535 million for such purpose. The amount fixed in conference is $700 million. The House bill authorized the appropria- tion for fiscal year 1966 of $680 million to carry out title II of the act. The Senate amendment authorized the appropriation for such year of $880 million for such pur- pose. The conference substitute authorizes the appropriation for such purpose for such year of $850 million. The House bill authorized the appropria- tion for the fiscal year 1966 of $70 million to carry out title III. The Senate amendment authorized the appropriation for such year of $55 million for such purpose. The con- ference substitute adopts the Senate figure. The House bill authorized the appropria- tion for the fiscal year 1966 of $300 million to carry out title V. The Senate amend- ment authorized the appropriation for such year of $150 million for such purpose. The conference report contains the Senate figure. The House bill authorized the appropria- tion for the fiscal year 1966 of $20 million to carry out title VI. The Senate amendment authorized the appropriation for such year of $30 million for such purpose. The substi- tute agreed upon in conference adopts the Senate figure. Mr. CLARK. Mr. President- The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Chair recognizes the Senator from Perm- sylvania. Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that I may yield 3 minutes to the Senator from Wisconsin [Mr. PROXMIRE] without losing the floor. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS-TYPES OF PROGRAMS The present act contains examples of pro- grams which fall within the purposes of community action programs. The Senate amendment added to the list the fields of family planning, consumer credit education, and consumer debt counseling programs. -It also gave emphasis to the fact that the list Is merely to give examples by providing that the programs falling within the purpose of the part include, but are not limited to, the listed fields. The House bill contained no .comparable provision. The conference sub- stitute omits the listing of additional ex- amples of types of permissible programs. It adopts, however, the Senate provision In- suring that the listed fields are not the only ones In which programs may be carried. The managers on the part of the House wish it to be understood that the omission of the Senate provision in. no way indicates that It-is their intention or the intention of the Senate conferees to discourage the continua- tion and expansion of 'programs in these fields. Programs In these fields are now be- ing carried on, and are to be encouraged. COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS-SPECIAL PRO- GRAMS FOR THE CHRONICALLY UNEMPLOYED POOR The Senate amendment authorized the Di- rector to make grants for special programs directed at the needs of those chronically unemployed poor persons who have poor em- ployment prospects, and are unable, because of age or otherwise to obtain appropriate employment or training assistance under other programs. These programs, in addition to other services, will enable such persons to participate in projects for the betterment or beautification of the community served by the program, including activities which will contribute to the management, conservation, or development, of natural resources, recrea- tional areas, Federal, State, and local govern- ment parks, highways, and other lands. The program must be conducted in accordance withstandards adequate to assure that the program is in the public interest and other- wise consistent with policies applicable under the act for the protection of employed workers and the maintenance of basic rates of pay and other suitable conditions of em- ployment. It was also provided that $150 million of the funds appropriated for carry- ing out title II of the act for the fiscal year 1966 could be used for this purpose. The House bill contained. no similar provision. The provisions for these special programs are retained in the substitute agreed upon In .conference. However, the provision for ear- marking a portion of the funds appropriated for title II for this purpose was not retained. COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS-SELF-HELP HOUSING REHABILITATION The Senate amendment contained a pro- vision requiring the Director to give special consideration to programs which would, through self-help, rehabilitate substandard housing and provide instruction in basic skills associated with such rehabilitation. This provision is not included in the substi- tute agreed upon in conference. However, programs in these fieldsare now being car- ried on and are to be encouraged. Participation of State agencies The Senate amendment provided for con- tinuing consultation with approximate State agencies in the development, conduct and administration of community action pro- grams. The conference substitute includes this provision except for the word "contin- uing." Disapproval of plans The present act provides that no assistance can be made available for work-training pro- grams or community action programs until the Governor of the State in which they are to be carried on has been given notice of the ONS SUCCESS Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, it has been a long, dry 1965 for the United Nations. The U.N. has been unable to contribute significantly to peace in Viet- nam. The U.N. Assembly has been un- able even to cast a substantive vote. But now, thanks to the great skill of the Johnson administration, the for- bearing cooperation of the Soviet Union, and the quiet but vigorous efforts of the United Kingdom and others, the Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-R?P67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09 CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 24, 1965 CON041 SSIONAL RECORD - SENATE '24197 United Nations has achieved what ap cL6sE SHAVE FOR PEACE big four that succeeded in isolating the con- pears to be'a 10-strike for peace in sue- And only a few persons knew how close to Met from the opportunism of Peiping. cessfullywinning a cease-fire between disaster the path to peace had come in the (The U.N. General Assembly's steering - - - tense hours between 1:45 am. Monday, when committee recommended-without taking a India and Pakistan. the Council demanded a cease-fire, and 3 a.m. formal vote-that the Assembly, again take The war between`these two major non- Wednesday, when Bhutto agreed. up the Issue of a seat for Red China, Asso- Gommunist Couritlie_S of Asia was not There was almost universal agreement elated Press reported. U.B. Ambassador only developing into the tragedy of vio- among diplomats that this was the Security Charles Y. Yost said the United States had lence and death that characterizes all Council's finest hour. The threat of this war, no objection to full-scale Assembly debate, war, but also threatened to collapse the with the backstage role of Communist China, but added that in the light of recent events major bastions of freedom in Asia, with had an importance that most thought greater he believed the debate "would serve no use- Red China picking up the pieces. than earlier Council peace actions. ful purposes." The steering committee also A few days. ago, it seemed impossible Most of the delegates agreed that much of overrode Communist objections and recom- for the U.N. or any other force to call the credit belonged to Goldberg, even though mended that the Assembly again take up the he had risked a mutiny by some of the mem- Tibet issue.) ligious war. President Johnson should be especially singled out for commendation. It must have been tempting to step into this con- troversy as the peacemaker-as, indeed, he was urged' to do by the belligerents. His credentials for this peace-directing role as the President of the principal source of economic aid for both coun- tries, and the major supplier of arms for Pakistan, were mighty impressive. But the President had the wisdom to restrain the Nation from the glory and the danger of such a role. He wisely recognized the part that the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom could and should play, and he especially per- ceived how very important this role could be and should be for the United Nations. The success of the United Nations in serving as the agency that has brought a man- kind cease-fire in better this than"~ war will a"US. unilaterally enforced peace, even if we could have achieved it. This gives confidence to the United , Nations and in the United Nations. As the Washington Post put it in Its headline yesterday, "U.N. Makes Peace in Its Finest Hour," the U.N. achieve- ment can 'be a real harbinger of strength-along with the U.N. success in Korea, the Suez, Cyprus, the Congo, and elsewhere. Americans should be proud that this Nation, under the leadership of Presi- was threatened by a waixouz Os sou.G vi a.~ same angry members early today. Goldberg himself was convinced that the agreement early Monday morning was the fruit of continuous negotiations he had de- manded as Council president. SIX THREATENED TO QUIT At the crucial moment in these negoti- ations Monday, the six nonpermanent mem- bers of the Council handed Goldberg a let- ter threatening to walk out and challenging his extended talks alone with France, the Soviet Union and Britain while they cooled their heels outside. Fortunately, he had just won agreement from the Big Four on a reso- lution almost identical to one he had nego- tiated earlier in the day with the six. Their mutiny was abandoned and the Council adopted the resolution. Council members themselves were kept in a state of suspense by Pakistan until Bhutto read the agreement of his government at the exact hour set for the ceasefire in the Coun- cil's Monday resolution. At 2:36 a.m. Goldberg Invited Bhutto to address the Council. At this point, no one on the Council yet knew what the Pakistani would do. BITTER CHARGES For 20 minutes, the Foreign Minister gave a traditional Kashmir dispute speech, ring- ipg oratory, bitter charges against India, pro- tests of absolute innocence on the part of Pakistan, a threat to fight for 1,000 years if necessary to defend the right of self-determi- nation for the people of Kashmir. But he kept looking at the clock. Just at 3 a.m., the hour of the cease-fire dead- line, he halted his speech, pulled out a piece of paper, and carefully read the following message from Pakistani President Ayub dent Johnson, made this U.N. success Khan: "Pakistan considers Security Council possible. Resolution 211 of September 20 as unsatis- I ask unanimous consent to have the factory. However, in the interest of inter- article published in the Washington national peace and in order to enable the Post, and written by Louis Fleming, to Security Council to evolve a self-executing procedure which will lead to an honorable which I 'have' referred, printed in the settlement of the root cause of the present RECORD. conflict; namely, the Jammu and Kashmir There being no abjection, the article dispute, I have issued the following order to was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, the Pakistan armed forces * * *." as follows: Pakistan would stop shooting in 5 minutes, U.N. MAKES PEACE IN ITS FINEST HOIIR he informed the Council. Council members recessed to draft their (By Louis B. Fleming) acceptance. The final cease-fire deadline was UNITED NATIONS, N.Y., September 22.- postponed for 15 hours to give both armies There was a glow of satisfaction and the re- time for' implementation. turn of a long-lost sense of confidence at the Elation over the peace agreement was tem- United Nation's today following the early- pered with a realization that, as Goldberg morning agreement on a cease-fire between said, the cease-fire was just the beginning. India and Pakistan. Pakistan obviously was dead serious when The United Nations had made peace-and it said it would quit the United Nations if so had Arthur J. Goldberg. Corridors buzzed the Council allows the question of Kashmir about both. to drift as it has for _ 16 years. Only a handful of hearty diplomats had But it was impossible to exaggerate the be ' la - n" d in the Council chamber at 3 achievement in terms of revived prestige for zri, t o . g kar Ail uttoa~read'the cease fire a regiment the to ation. U It was a ore 9- to Secace General U Thant, whose 9-day peace Only eight reporters had stood in a corri- mission to India and Pakistan laid the foun- dor an hour later to hear U.S. Ambassador dation for the cease-fire agreement. Goldberg say: "This is a great moment in And, for the Council, it was a moment the history of the United Nations." particularly significant for the unity of the thank the distinguished Senator from Pennsylvania [Mr. CLARK] for so gra- ciously yielding to me. Mr. CLARK. I commend the Senator from Wisconsin for the comments he has just made. I invite his attention to what I hope is .the beginning of a real peace offensive, as the result of our success in bringing about a cease-fire between India and Pakistan. This peace offensive got underway 2 weeks ago at the Washington World Conference on "World Peace Through World Law," which was addressed by the President of the United States, the Chief Justice of the United States, and by Ambassador Arthur Goldberg who, by the way, Is reported in the press this morning as having delivered an excellent speech at the United Nations in connec- tion with the cease-fire between India and Pakistan in which he also indicated his intention to support the views of President Johnson that we should now get going on a peace offensive which would include a number of measures on disarmament. Mr. President, I hope to have some- thing to say about that later in the day. I commend my friend the Senator from Wisconsin for his activity in this regard. Mr. PROXMIRE. Let me say to the Senator from Pennsylvania that I agree with him wholeheartedly in his remarks. I also invite attention once again to the brilliant speech made at that conference by the Senator from Pennsylvania, on arms control and disarmament. I though so highly of it that I inserted it in the RECORD. I thought it was a great contribution to the peace offensive to which he has referred.. THE JOURNAL On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by unanimous consent, the reading of the Journal of the proceedings of Thursday, September 23, 1965, was dispensed with. AUTHORIZATION TO RECEIVE MES- SAGES AND SIGN BILLS DURING ADJOURNMENT Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Secre- tary of the Senate be authorized to re- ceive messages, and that the Vice Presi- dent be authorized to sign bills and reso- lutions during the adjournment of the Senate, which is anticipated until next Tuesday, September 28, 1965. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 34198 The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. MusxIE in the chair), Without objec- tion, it is so ordered, COMMITTEE MEETING DURING SENATE SESSION . On request by Mr. CLARK, and by unanimous consent, the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs was author- ized to meet during the session of the Senate today. FOREIGN STEEL FLOWS . INTO UNITED STATES AT NEW HIGH RATE, 16 TONS A MINUTE Mr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, as everyone knows, coal-coke-is essential to the production of steel. Recently the American Iron and Steel Institute Put out a statement showing that foreign steel now flows into the United States at the new high rate of16 tons a minute. Nevertheless, according to the Nathan Report, West Germany, the Netherlands, France, and in this case the United King- dom, have almost prohibitive quantita- tive restrictions, quotas, licensing ar- rangements, and so forth, on the imports of coal. According to this report, these non- tariff barriers cost the United States up to $500 million a year on coal alone. I believe it just and proper that we ask for more economic cooperation from our friends and allies of the free world. We are all in this one together. I ask unanimous consent that the ar- ticle in question be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: FOREIGN STEEL FLOWS INTO UNITED STATES AT NEW HIGH RATE, 16 TONS A MINUTE Foreign steel mill products entered the United States at the rate of 16 tons per minute during the first 4 months of 1965. That record was set despite the January- February dock strike on the east and gulf coasts. In comparison, imports averaged a little less than 11 tons per minute during the same 4 months of 1964 and about 12 tons per minute for the full year. A decade ago, the rate-was less than 2 tons per minute. Within the general increase in steel mill product imports which, at current rates, could bring the 1965 total to almost 8 million tons, significant changes are in progress. Prior to 1959-the year in which this coun- try became a net importer of steel for the first time in half a century-sheets and strip comprised a negligible item in the total im- port picture. For example, in 1955, sheets and strip brought in from foreign countries came to a little.more than 54,000 tons, or 5.5 percent of the 973,000-ton total. The United States was then. as it is now, the world's largest producer of sheets and strip. In the steel strike year of 1959 when many domestic steel consumers had to turn abroad for supplies to keep their factories running, sheet and strip imports jumped to over 8 percent of total imports, or 386,000 tons. During 1964 the tonnage of sheets and strip brought into this country from foreign sources increased to almost 1.2 million tons which was 18 percent of total imports. Through the first 4 months of this year, sheets and strip accounted for 28 percent of all imported mill products-766,000 out of 2,732,000 net tons. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE JAPANESE MAZE BIG GAIN Among the foreign sources of imported steel mill products, Japan has shown the moat remarkable gain. During 1955, the 96,000 tons of imports originating in that country accounted for a little less than 10 percent of the total. By 1959, the tonnage had increased to 626,000 net tons (14 per- cent) and Japanese products have accounted for a larger percentage of total imports in each year since then. In 1964, imports of 2,446,000 tons from Japan represented 38 per- cent of the total. Through the first quarter of this year, im- ports from Japan accounted for nearly 44 percent of all steel mill products entering the United States, and that country is by far the largest single source of sheets and strip. All sections of the country are affected by the inroads of foreign steel into the domestic economy, as shown below. Particularly noteworthy among the data shown is the high rank of Japan as a source of steel mill products at the end of such long shipping routes as the Atlantic and gulf coasts and even in customs districts along the "north coast" created by the St. Lawrence Seaway. In that latter connection, the Michigan customs district (with Detroit primary) ranked third in tonnage of foreign steel re- ceived last year-exceeded only by Los An- geles and Galveston districts. New York and New Orleans were the next largest, followed by Chicago. Together, the great industrial centers in the vicinity of Detroit and Chicago were the targets of more than a million tons of foreign steel last year. Buffalo received 306,000 tons. OUR UNFAVORABLE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Mr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, everyone is becoming interested in the problem of our continuing unfavorable balance of payments, and its relation- ship to liquidity in the promotion of world trade. In this connection, I ask unanimous consent that an editorial from the Kan- sas City Star, entitled, "{Secretary Scores Points for Monetary Reform," be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: SECRETARY SCORES POINTS FOR MONETARY REFORM Henry H. Fowler, Secretary of the Treasury and traveler, returned from Europe with a fever and a reasonably optimistic report on the prospects for reform in the international monetary system. Armed with proof that the United States is successfully grappling with its own balance-of-payments problem, and bolstered by the momentum of the U.S. initiative, Fowler has obtained agreement from the major nations to get the show an the road. Presumably this will be done at conversations which will begin in October. We are sorry about the fever but we must say that the Secretary turned in a fine piece of work. In the simplest of terms, the immediate problem-and by immediate, we do not mean tomorrow or the day after, but within the decade to come --stems in part from the U.S. success in bringing its payments bal- ance into line in the second quarter of the year. But the dollars that constituted the American deficit for so many years were the chief fountain of international liquidity. That simply means that dollars dispatched overseas for various purposes were used to finance world development. Not just dol- lars, of course; but mostly dollars. September 24,'1965 It is obvious that the United States does not intend to-and cannot afford to-let its payments balance get so badly out pf.:Line for such a prolonged period. Thus there will be fewer dollars to go around. Moreover, with the expansion of the various national economies and with the rapid growth of the population, there is a need for more funds to assure orderly growth. The question is thus proposed: Where are the funds to come from? This is the crux of the issue at the mo- ment when Fowler can report that the so- called group of 10-the United States, Bel- glum, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, and Sweden-will begin negotiations next month. These will be preliminary in nature. And Fowler has ben extremely careful in assur- ing the underdeveloped nations that the intention is not to create a rich man's club to take charge of reform. Rather, all the members of the International Monetary Fund will be considered and in due time will be consulted. This must be so even though only a few nations-in all proba- bility the group of 10 itself-will provide the bulk of the funds to be used in any monetary reform. That is the way it must be. Nevertheless, the industrial nations have a large stake in the development of the new and poor nations, and the interest of those nations must be considered. It thus is a matter of extreme delicacy, involving the intricacies of international finance and the pride of nations. Fowler, as we see it, has so far handled the matter masterfully. And the talks that begin next month could be the opening of a genuine monetary reform that would give new sta- bility to the entire free world. EUGENE ZUCKERT, SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE Mr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, some of us plan to pay our respects and tribute to one of the great public servants of our time, Secretary of the Air Force, Eugene M. Zuckert, who is retiring next week. We planned to do so next Monday, but inasmuch as I understand the Sen- ate will not be in session on that day, I should like all Senators to know that immediately after the morning hour on Wednesday, September 29, it is our in- tention to pay tribute to Mr. Zuckert. I thank my friend the Senator from Pennsylvania [Mr. CLARK], for his typ- ical courtesy in yielding to me. Mr. CLARK. The Senator is most welcome. ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY AMEND- MENTS OF 1965 The Senate resumed the consideration of the report of the committee of con- ference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 8283) to expand the war on poverty. Mr. CLARK. Mr. President, I address -myself to the conference report on the Economic Opportunity Act amendments of 1965. The Senate version of this act added in section 205(a), "family planning," which is illustrative of the programs which the Director is authorized to make grants to, or to contract for with local public or private nonprofit agencies. This addition to the major programs initially authorized by the act was in- Approved For Release 2006/11/09, CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For'Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 29, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD=, A ppNDIX A5501 General in his news release saw fit to quote Industry in Jasper today ranges from dress named are those relating to: apprentice- .1050 voter figures for Bolivar County. The shirts to dressed chickens and from stripe training, on-the-job training under Mississippi Legislature passed a simplified mining to mink food. the Manpower Development and Train- voter form about June ,28, 1965. This form "We're not a one-engine town now," John ing Act, cooperative work study pro- is as simple or is simpler than the laws of Oliver, chamber vice president says, "We've 206 , r heStates. ;gat good diversification in industry and grams, and tuition refund and organized Sipes that .date .1,763 people have reg- we've got everything needed for industry- group instruction payments by employ- stered to vote in Bolivar County. In a pe- railways, highways, water, and a good trad- ers. rind of less than 90 days the voter registra- tag center." This would give an employer an incen- tion has increased by more than 25 percent Jasper has developed a 95-acre industrial five to expand his training programs and and the overwhelming majority of these park to attract more industry while adver- to initiate new programs for his em- 1,763 people are Negroes. Mound Bayou has using its most valuable resources-good Increased its registration by 223 since that plant sites, abundant timber, available labor, s. By participating in advanced date. The East and But Cleveland, a pre- three railroads, water, river transportation, training, an employee can improve his dominately Negro precinct, has increased by and community cooperation, skills and thus improve his job security 832. Mr. Katzenbach has the reputation of Jasper and other county communities and earning ability. As those presently being 'a fair and honorable man, We, believe -speak with pride about their school system, employed move up to better jobs through that if these facts are brought to his atten- their good hospitals and particular pride is more training, those now unemployed ti on he will rescind his previous order to taken in Walker College, a private, rode- because of insufficient skills can be hired send re pie of Miss rsitoBolivar County. e peo- pendent, and nondenominational 2-year lib- to take their places. Also it would offer Mississippi adopted simple voter eral arts college. Established in 1938, the form by 3 to 1. The vote in Bolivar County college now has a faculty of 25 with an en- new hope to workers whose jobs are was 7 to 1. We have made an, honest effort rollment of more than 400. threatened by automation or by shifting to do the right thing. The Attorney Gen- Strip mining is a major factor in the coun- defense contracts. eral's announcement, in view of our attitude tyeconomy but the adversity of the fifties In passing the Manpower Development and our. past action of no discrimination, really taught the people alesson--don't put and Training Act, the Congress indi- astounded us because ,of its ;gross unfair- all those economy eggs in one basket. cated its awareness of the need for meet- ness. We are calling eon you as our case-to e the Agricultural products, displayed every year Ing the increasingly serious problem of people in Washington in the Northwest Alabama Fair in Jasper, structural unemployment caused by a that President And have grown. from a $5 million industry in labor force ill fitted for existing and de- this unjust order bee itle cndedd Urge ju 1954 to a total farm income of $15,310,000 in we request that you inform us as to the ac- 1983, veloping job opportunities. The Human tion taken. Poultry business zoomed from a small Investment Act will link private enter- C. W. Capps, Jr., H. B. Boykin, G. D. Criss, $1,210,000 in 1954 to an income of $11,500,- prise efforts with those efforts being made I Myers Milton Smith D n C . , , on a . Opp in 1963. Moore, Wm. B. Alexander, Max D11- A pet project currently underway is the Worth, Elmer Prewitt, Alfred Welsh- development of Smith Lake as a recreational Ans, 0. J. Scott, Waiter- Sillers, J. A. area. The huge body of fish-filled water has Thigpen, E. H. Green. a shoreline of 500 miles and covers 21,000 acres, of the proposal which I am introducing is that private business has over the years learned how to obtain the most re- sults per training dollar and should now be encouraged to expand its training programs to meet this national need. It is my hope that my colleagues on both sides of the aisle will examine seri- ously the merits of this legislation. The Real Alabama-Part LXVII EXTENSION OF REMARKS 01'. HON. JACK,EDWARDS Or ALABAMA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES dance of the companies and organizations uboth local and foreign whp brought many 3~ednesday, September 29,1965 jobs to our county." Be sees the area as an Mr . EDWARDS of Alabama. Mr, ideal geographical location for industry Speaker, many cities in Alabama have Atha a healthy and mature labor atmosphere undergone basic economic changes in re- Population determined to help Itself." cent years as colnditions change to re- wire new enterprise and development. Many cases great diversification has Human Investment Act of 1965 been, the result, bringing with it a broad ecoriofl base. EXTENSION OF REMARKS O ne example of this is the city of Jas- per. The story ,of Jasper has been told in an article, appearing in the Birming- .lfam News, an(LI,nclude the text of that or OHIO `.'The development of Smith Lake will mean a tremendous amount of money for our community," Joe McCluney, chamberexeeu- tiv director says. he A. R. Simmons, chamber president's view, "The diversification in Jasper and Wal- ker County since the coal mine recession is a monument to the determination and ini- tiative of the people." . Simmons also paid tribute tp the confi- noni;, depression in' the early 1950's when weanesaay, seprem.oer Z9, 1965 the coj ?i ;Aarket collapsed. Through deter- Mrs. BOLTON, Mr. Speaker, I am in- minati initiative, and confidence the city troducing a bill today which I believe to bounced li k t o rea c ze.e versatile industrial be a sound approach to an aspect of the ,*mple0 a solid economy. -------- Jasper -oesn't fint.,it difdcult"to remember tinguished gentleman from Missouri th d ' e a days of the, 1950 s when-they saw [Mr. CURTISI have introduced similar 6000 county coal miners lose their jobs over- bills. :fight . +v Up until 1960," Ad )?oug Leaks, former The chamber 0, coma erce.. ,president explains, courage Investment Act would en- ge private business both large and "this county was mainly dependent on coal. small to invest in upgrading the job skills The st}dden,decline in.tll_e market gave Walk- of the Nation's labor force. It would er County its own ,private depression." accomplish this by providing a 7-per- ,Leake said the citizens e]ldeavored to find cent tax credit to an employer toward other industries to replace coal and with an certain of his employee training ex- ye toward diversification, penses. Among the expenses specifically Whose Side Are We On? EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. GEORGE HANSEN OF IDAHO IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, September 29,1965 Mr. HANSEN of Idaho. Mr. Speaker, many of us have been, to say the least, a? Fortuna e , 10Ir' rt Buchwa writ- ing in the Washington Post of S tember 23, 1965, has brilliantly clarified any con- fusion that might have existed. I commend his article, which follows, to all Members of Congress and to the State Department: "WHOsE SIDE ARE WE ON?" (By Art Buchwald) It is very important, the psychiatrists say, to answer your children's questions honestly and concisely no matter how difficult they become. I thought of this the other day while I was watching a news broadcast of the Indian-Pakistani war and my 11-year- old son with a machinegun in his hand asked, "What are they fighting about?" "A place called Kashmir," I replied. "You see, the Indians have Kashmir now, but the Pakistanis claim the Kashmir people want to be a part of Pakistan because they're Moslem and not Hindu." My son looked at me questioningly. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R00050d030009-.4 HON. FRANCES P. BOLTON A5502 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA, RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- APPENDIX September 29, 1965 "We're not on either side. We have a stay on the employer payroll for at least treaty with Pakistan and we supplied her 3 months after finishing training. with most of the planes and arms that she This would meet the problem that is using against India. At the same time many Government programs have run we supplied India with arms and planes, into-finding jobs for newly trained but we didn't think they'd use them to fight e-.,r+4- ,'.,,,lrl he trained ceoji v~uc+. "What did we think?" for jobs where labor shortages are cur- "We thought they'd use them to fight the rent. Communists." Also, the bill would give an employer "Why don't they fight the Communists?" an incentive to expand his training pro'- "It's not that simple," I said, slightly an- grams and initiate new programs for noyed. "The Chinese Communists are sup- employees. It is the kind of.program all parting Pakistan and the Russian d nists seem to be supporting India. a. We We business, big or small, could utilize. `would probably be more sympathetic toward This tax credit approach places the the Pakistanis, except that the Chinese responsibility for increased job training Communists are threatening to invade India. where it belongs-on the private enter- "Without confusing you," I continued, prise system. This system is equipped "our main problem is: do we send military to conduct job training more effectively, aid to India to repulse the Chinese Com- efficiently, and economically than is the munists or not?" Government. It also offers new hope He seemed to enjoy seeing me perspire. "Why is it a problem?" he wanted to know. to workers whose jobs are threatened "Because if we help the Indians against by automation. the Red Chinese, the Indians might turn Mr. Speaker, there is ample justiflca- around and use the equipment on the tion for such a tax credit proposal. Pakistanis and prolong the war between Gordie Neufeld, in an editorial which India seemed tPakistano appeared in the September 16 issue of But t h he was as just digesting ng the material. and I relaxed. the Mountain Lake, Minn., Observer, terlal. Finally he said, "What is the solution?" reported that 2.2 million jobs were I grabbed the sides of the chair.. "The created in 1964 alone by private em- solution is to take the war to the United ployers in a massive and realistic war Nations and let them solve it." on poverty. Mr. Neufeld's editorial pro- "But if we go to the United Nations, won't vides much insight into the need for the Russians vote against us?" the kind of legislation I am introducing No, on this issue against the Russians will ttoday, and I include it in full at this with They're e against us s in in Vietnam but point in my remarks: not th in us not "Why not?" - - WAR ON POVERTY "Because the Russians are as worried about (By Gordie Neufeld) the Red Chinese as we are." The Government's antipoverty program is "I don't understand. Aren't they both coming in for much criticism. Charges Co "Yes," I s?" said, the program are common. So far, "Year , "but communistic than an the e Rus- it is said, most of the benefits seem to have bureau- Sin are more coe can c t live with Russian - gone to a well-paid administrative bureau- comCommunists. can't can cracy-relatively few to the poor. communism but we live with Chinese se Meanwhile, private employers are creating communism, unless, around doagthe Russians of jobs in a "poverty war" of their "startAlie esshoul us we like again the Russians?" ." " own. About 6 million of these jobs have n should is s uba come into existence in the last 5 years- them , yes. But 2.2 million in 1964 alone. And, to quote a don't a have e t to like concerned, "we don't t oncernedsns against 'nst magazine article, "the private war on pov- Woufd efight with the Russians erty has been particularly helpful to those China if thhey attacked India?" "It's possible. At the Negroes, teenagers, and others, who were same time the Rus- signs would probably fight with the Chinese without education, skills, or experience." if we attacked China." Whatever the Government program may "I don't get it," he said as he aimed a ultimately achieve, the most effective weapon machinegun at Walter Cronkite who was at against poverty is dynamic, expanding, so- that moment on the TV screen. cially conscious private enterprise. "I don't see how I could make it simpler. Any child could understand it." A Sound Way To Combat Unemployment EXTENSION OF REMARKS OF HON. ANCHER NELSEN Or MINNESOTA, IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, September 29,1965 Mr. NELSEN. Mr. Speaker, I am to- day introducing legislation designed to give private industry a 7-percent income tax credit for providing employees with needed job training or to improve their skills. This proposal is advisedly known as the Human Investment Act. Under its terms, a tax credit would apply to wages of apprentices plus the cost of classroom instruction paid for by employers. Trainees would have to Matching Skills to Jobs EXTENSION.OF REMARKS HON. DONALD RUMSFELD Our bill proposes to complement the' manpower training programs under Government supervision by offering a, 7-percent tax credit to employers who train workers in new job skills. This is an approach to a specific problem which combines incentive and independence. It is an approach which, -I am convinced, will work. It is an approach which will give private businesss an opportunity to contribute to its own well-being, as well as to the well-being of the Nation. The Daily News edit6rial suggests that the administration may be considering supporting this bill. I welcome-and :I am sure the cosponsors of this bill will -welcome-any and all assistance which might be given to this important pro- posal. Though the bill has been spon- sored up to this point solely by the representatives of one political party, the support of the other party would represent afine victory. for the best in- terests of the American people. The editorial follows: MATCHING SKILLS TO JOBS The human investment bill, introduced in Congress by a group of Republicans of vir- tually all shades of party opinion, is a sound approach to one of the Nation's most nag- ging problems. The problem is known as "structural un- employment" and was defined by Represent- ative THOMAS B. CuRTIs, Republican, of Mis- souri, in presenting the bill on the House floor : "A large portion of our unemployment is not because of too few jobs, but because a large portion of our manpower is untrained in the skills that are actually at this moment in serious demand." The proposed Human Investment Act would complement the` manpower training programs under Government supervision by offering a 7-percent tax credit to employers who train workers in new job skills. The credit parallels the 7-percent allowance en- acted 3 years ago to spur investment in ma- chinery, plant, and equipment. The GOP position, CURTIS pointed out, is "that tax laws should treat humans as at least equal to machines." The proposed act has several advantages over programs under direct Government con- trol. It accomplishes an important objective without the waste of collecting tax money and then disbursing it, and without the in- crease in Federal control inherent in other programs. It stipulates that a successful trainee must .be offered a job and that no tax credit will be allowed for the training of management, professional, or advanced scientific employes. The emphasis is thus placed on new and better jobs for those at the bottom of the skills and income ladder. I By encouraging private industry's role in retraining, the bill involves the people who know best what skills are needed and how to get the greatest results for the money. There is talk'in Washington that the vir- tues of this approach are -so apparent the Johnson administration is thinking of taking over the bill, in some amended version, and perhaps eventually portraying it to the pub- lic as a Democratic achievement in the war on poverty. This would be no new experience for CuR- Tis. As a ranking GOP economic ideaman, he was chairman of a 48-member subcoai-- mittee of the Republican policy committee that studied unemployment in 1961 and is- sued a germinal report stressing the fact of "structural unemployment" and the need for job retraining. Much of this Republican spadework went into the Manpower Develop. OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, September 29,1965 Mr. RUMSFELD. Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to call to my colleagues' atten- tion an excellent editorial which was published in the September 27, 1965, edition of the Chicago Daily News. The editorial discusses the Human In- vestment Act of 1965, a bill which more than 43 Members of the House intro- duced recently. I was pleased to join the gentleman from Missouri, Congress- man Tom CURTIS, and Senator WINSTON PROUTX, of Vermont, in this significant effort. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIAI-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 4 *6/11/09,: CIA-RDP67B00446RO0050003fl 4 September 22, 1965 CO 6RESSIONAt 12ECORb - SENATE traditional system is too entrenched. Eisenhower Coll ege, three trimesters per year will be the standard. .,,,. An outstading teaching faculty: Col- le teachers are in short supply. The best co aege teachers are far too few. Eisen- era in leading institutions across the coun- try.) Elements which produce-this gravita- tional pull include an academic environ- ment which is stimulating to the keenest mind;, a challenge to teach well, but with opportunity for research, " iublication, study and travel; a sound, but unbiased, Christian outlook; an academic d6lendar so construc- ted as to provide refresher breaks three times each year and a reguRr 4-month leave every 3 years; a currlculiA i trimmed of frills and Irrelevancies so th5t concentration may be centered on esseials; salaries competitive from the very be"$lnning with the wealthiest colleges{the stffnulus of a new program, a sh,are in the direction of educational poli- cies; and such fringe attractions as residence in an att>tive region near metropolitan centers. 6. A brad range of student opportunity: Whatev#F the background of circumstances and pre-college achievement-it is the prom- Ise, o fhe applicant that will determine his adsion to Eisenhower College. A com- the top 10 percent or'even 5 percent of their high school classes. This excludes many talent, of significant promise. Under these standards, many of the most distinguished graduates of our ivy-covered Institutions d not gain admission to those same col- leg es today. dmission to Eisenhower College will rep- -regent not solely -a reward for past perform- ance, but also' a challenge for the future, Potential motivation-will count heavily in the balance of qualifications. Eisenhower College believes that students of promise are distributed widely throughout at least the top 40 percent of high'school achievers and not confined to the top 10 percent. There- fore, while maintaining unremittingly high standards, its doors will be open to a much broader range of"promise than is usual. 6. An efficient college plant: Education often suffers in quality because of an Inade- quate, poorly planned, wasteful plant. At Eisenhower College, the plant will be planned from the start, and In its entirety, to serve the highest 'intellectual uses. Kinds of buildings, size, arrangement and location will all be designed as integral parts of the edu- cational program itself. Administrative, aca- demic and living quarters will be inter- related for maximunf use and impact. The plant, like the curriculum, will be designed to serve 9s a demonstration model. Pre- liminary architectural studies are proceeding, and it is Eisenhower College's uncompromis- ing aim to bring the leading architectural Insights to the service of its high academic goals. These, are the six outstanding features of quality at Eisenhower College: World out- look, select curriculum, year-round opera- tion, an outstanding teaching faculty, a broad range?of student opportunity, and an efficient college plant. Certain of these, alone, 'might make Eisen- hoover Collegge~ a noteworthy undertaking. Added together, they form a truly unique profile, significant' for the future of higher ApPOINTtvIENT OF ELMER HOEHN AS HEAD OF OIL IMPORT PRO- GRAM: AN INSULT TO AMERICAN CONSUMERS Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, at 9:30 this morning, Mr. Elmer Hoehn was sworn in as head of the Oil Import Administration. If the administration tried to find a man who would be least likely to protect the interests of the millions of American consumers of oil, it could not have done worse. Mr. Hoehn was executive secretary of the Independent Oil Producers & Land Owners Association, Tristate. This or- ganization represents producers in In- diana, Illinois, and Kentucky. It has played an active role in ad- vocating the cutting of imports proposed by the Independent Petroleum Associa- tion of America. As Oil Import Administrator, Hoehn will have the top responsibility for ad- justing imports of petroleum and petro- leum products in the United States in ac- cordance with the Presidential proclama- tion of March 10, 1959. Hoehn will run this operation under the Secretary of the Interior. The 1959 Presidential proclamation in the interest of national security imposes restrictions on the importation of crude oil, unfinished oil and finished petroleum products. As Administrator Hoehn will allocate imports of oil among qualified applicants. He will issue import licenses on the basis of such allocations. Thus, a man who had been hired to represent the oil interests fighting quotas will now sit in the driver's seat to deter- mine how big those quotas will be. It would be difficult to imagine a more unethical betrayal of the consumers' in- terests, or a more deliberate insult to the American oil consumer. Elmer Hoehn is the same man report- ed by Oil Daily as active in discussions with the Democratic Platform Committee last Fall regarding depletion and oil im- ports. Hoehn appears to have proved his ef- fectiveness to the oil industry then. The 1960 Democratic platform had denounced depletion as a conspicuous loophole that is inequitable. But the 1964 platform-showing the influence of Hoehn-does not mention this most no- Mr. PROXMIRE. "Mr. President, there is always a carload of brickbats thrown at the administration when any- thing goes wrong with our foreign policy. In the kind of world in which we live, with America as the unquestioned lead- er of the free world and the pre-eminent 23845 military force in the world, this Nation- and specifically the President of this Nation-is blamed for almost everything that happens throughout the world. The India-Pakistan war is no exception. Thoughtful and careful observers now are coming to agree that the way the President and Secretary of State have handled the India-Pakistan war has won very high marks for professional com- petence. Of course, we can never be sure what is going to happen tomorrow or an hour from now, but at present it appears that the quiet, steady, but powerful, in- fluence of this Nation may be the big element in winning a peaceful resolution of the tragic India-Pakistan clash. In the course of this development, the rough and ready willingness of China to exploit the war has been met by the Johnson administration quietly but very effectively indeed. The consequence for our position in Vietnam as well as else- where in Asia, and indeed in the world, has been all to the good. One of the most thoughtful and per- ceptive appraisals of this American for- eign policy success, an analysis by Joseph Kraft, appeared in this morning's Washington Post. I ask unanimous con- sent that it be printed at this point in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PEACEMAKING IN ASIA (By Joseph Kraft) Victory a Is Hitler and Napoleon, victory that means seized capitals and subdued countries, is not In the cards in the Indian subcontinent. Given the terrain, the size of the forces, and the state of the local art, the worst likely military trouble is intensi- fled fighting ending in the kind of non-end that has characterized almost all frontier struggles in the postwar era. But there is a serious diplomatic danger that could materialize within a month. It would be possible for Russia to emerge from the present troubles as the dominant diplo- matic power in India. China could emerge as the dominant diplomatic power In Paki- stan. It is against that awful outcome that American diplomacy must be mobilized. So far it can be said that the administra- tion has met the test with remarkable so- phistication. It has shown a clear apprecia- tion of what has been going on. It has scru- pulously avoided panicky reactions and uni- lateral moves that could only make matters worse. It has even avoided that fatal com- bination that has been the hallmark of American diplomacy through the decades- the combination of force and unctuous recti- tude. On one side, the Indian side, of the quar- rel, this country has for once resisted the temptation to indulge in an orgy of China- baiting. Unlike the Pakistanis, Indians and Russians who have all been doing the kind of things that make the Chinese look 10 feet tall, the United States has been patient and moderate. The strongest official statement about Chinese intervention made by the United States was a remark made last week by the Secretary of State after giving testimony to Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030000-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 23846 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE September 22, 1965 the Congress e cause it produced banner greater weight of the evidence justifies headlines of an American warning to Peiping, the Conclusion that the recent state- the statement is worth reproducing in full. Mr. Rusk was asked about charges that ment of Chairman J. WILLIAM FULBRIGHT, Communist China has been "egging on" the of the Senate Committee on Foreign Re- fight died mildness, he said: "j think there are laIIt is to was be noted corroborated that following the those who feel that China is trying to fish time Ambassador W. Tapley Bennett, in troubled waters here. Our own advice Jr? made his frantic call to the White to Peiping would be not to do that and to stay out of it and House pleading for the immediate send- give the Security Council ing in of American marines to save of the United Nations a chance to settle this matter." American lives, his plea was immediately On the other side of the quarrel, the Paki- complied with. Instead of a few thou- stani side, this country has resisted the itch sand marines being sent in to maintain to make moral judgments about the Kashmir order and save the lives of American Issue, Instead of trying, as the Pakistanis civilians, allegedly in danger according put it, to solve the problem rather than the to Ambassador Bennett, more than symptoms, Washington has kept its right- 30,000 men of our Armed Forces were eousness under firm control. The closest this country has come to a pronouncement on sent in. This would seem almost enough Kashmir was again the comment made by to sink that little island. the Secretary of State after testimony on the -I said on May 12, and I consider it a Hill last week. sound statement, that the threat of a His words were remarkable for measured Communist takeover was misrepresented care. And once again, because they were and exaggerated. A theatrical touch widely misinterpreted, they are worth citing, was added with the statement that our Mr. Rusk was asked about a plebiscite that would achieve self-determination on Kash_ Ambassador,'Mr. Bennett, was making mir. He said: "We have expressed our views his plea from beneath his desk while our on that subject over the years. That is part Embassy was being fired on. Of course of a general problem of solution of outstand- our President Is not to be blamed for ing issues between India and Pakistan. We relying upon the statements of his Am- believe that these matters, should be taken bassador. u p and resolved by peaceful mean. We do It is noteworthy that not one American not force believe they should be resolved by Civilian was killed or wounded in the With this country keeping its tone mess- fighting that took place either before or tired, the Russians and Chinese, far from after Ambassador Bennett made the scoring great gains as the beaky hawks would frantic plea for help. Unfortunately assert, have overreached themselves. The there was fighting between the forces of Chinese, fearful that a settlement of sorts the military junta and those who were might be in the works. issued their ,n+i - . . - Stan from coming to terms. Lacking the killed was a marine who was accidently a C pacity for truly serious action on the ground, they have been obliged to extend the ultimatum. It is now not easy to see how t hey will emerge without a simultaneous loss of prestige, and a new confirmation of their role as chief international troublemaker. For their part, the Russians, after issuing the kind of warnings bound to incite Peiping, have pulled the grandstand play of calling for a meeting of Indian and Pakistani repre- sentatives in Moscow. If it comes off at all, ich is extremely doubtful, it is hard to see Moscow meeting can yield concrete resin"` from making the most of an opportui the .Russians seem merely to be underlining p limitations. They may 'end up with egg all over their face. The ' lesson here Is not simply Milton's homily that "they also serve who only stand add wait"; that, after all, was an ode to blindness. The true lesson, the lesson for those who would see in the dark, is that in this, country's contacts with the Chinese Communists, the bellicose reaction is almost always the wrong reaction. The right policy is to turn to account against the Chinese the miasmic political swamps that fringe the Asian heartland.. And nowhere is that more true than in that other-Asian trouble spot that we, all know in our bones-is dimly related to the crisis, Inthe subconti4ent-Vietnam, THE. DOMINICAN .CRI818 Mr. YOUNG of Ohio. Mr. President, in recent weeks I have tried to read all testimony available regarding the situa- tion in the Dominican Republic last spring. Having heard the discussion in the Senate in the course of the debate regarding the judgment, or lack of judg- ment, of our Ambassador to the Domini- can Republic, Mr. Bennett, Jr?_ I have reached my own conclusion that the assassins of the despot Trujillo. In Brazil, Venezuela, Chile and other Latin American countries there are those lead- ers who are seeking to release the people fronrthe stranglehold of absentee land- lordism, and to break up huge estates and distribute a part of their huge landhold- ings to the impoverished, underprivi- leged laborers and peasants and free them from misery and squalor. Even though such expropriation proceedings are proposed by legal action, it appears that some of our Ambassadors to Latin American countries have in the past al- most automatic& regarded such lead- ers as Communis or Communist sym- pathizers. On the basis of evidence I have read, I believi `.there is clear and convincing proof that Ambassador Ben- nett, Jr., failed to distinguish between truly democratic elements in the citi- zenry and the Communnist4elements. He showed prejudice in favor bf the military junta and against democratic elements of the Dominican Republic. . I am convinced that the views of Chairman FULBRIGHT, that the rebel forces were not controlled by Commu- nist elements, are correct. I abs. con- vinced that Ambassador Bennett's-''con- clusions lacked justification. Further- more, as an indication that Chairman FuLBRIGHT's conclusions have basis in fact, it is well known that almost im- mediately our President dispatched as special envoy John Bartlow Martin and a little later Ellsworth Bunker, to take over in the Dominican Republic. Fol- lowing that time orde , r was restored. shot by a fellow marine. Citizens of the Dominican Republic seem It is noteworthy also that practically to have confidence in Ambassador's Mar- all dispatches made public by our State tin and Bunker when many had appar- Department and by our President follow- ently lacked confidence in Ambassador ing the initial plea of Ambassador Ben- W. Tapley Bennett, Jr. It is evident nett, Jr. referred to U.S. Ambassadors that our President felt the same way. Martin or Bunker. Ambassador Bunker Mr. President, it seems to me irrefut- had apparently taken over. Fortunately, able that our President's reliance, di- has recently been deported from that unhappy island and is now voicing his complaints from the safety of Florida. Disorder and rioting have ceased, civil authority has been restored. This is all to the good. I am hopeful that free elec- tions in the Dominican Republic will be held as promised. It is an unfortunate fact that we have In our State Department some officials who seem to denounce as Communists Latin American leaders who take action in opposition to the wealthy economic royalists of any Latin American country. I observed this firsthand while with a factfindng study group in South Amer- ica, for some weeks. Personally, I con- sider that W. Tapley Bennett, Jr. is one who indicated. sympathy for and agree- Merit with leaders of the Dominican junta, and considered the democratic ele- ments and supporters of Juan Bosch as infiltrated or controlled by Communists. There was no justification for that con- clusion. Dr. Juan Bosch, during his 7-month administration as elected president of the Dominican Republic, commenced to give that little island and its people their first experience in democratic govern- ment instead of tyranny. He was ousted by a military junta aided by one of the rectly after the start of the rioting and the sending in of Marines responding to the plea of Ambassador W. Tapley Ben- nett, Jr., upon John Bartlow Martin and Ellsworth Bunker and apparent disre- gard of Bennett, Jr., is further verifica- tion of the soundness of Chairman FuL- BRIGHT'S conclusions, In my opinion our colleague, Chairman FvLBRIGHT, had the greater weight of the evidence in support of his conclusions. Certainly the Dominican Republic is within of r sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere. We cannot tolerate any Communist takeover of authority in . that little island and I assert there was no evidence of any Castro-like takeover. No Communist was a leader in the revolt. In my judgment there was no preponder- ance of the evidence available or adduced that such a Communist takeover was even remotely in prospect. Dan Kurzman, staff writer of the Washington Post, reported that Col. Francisco Caamafio Deno of the so-called rebel forces stated that Ambasador Ben- nett laughed at him when he asked the Ambassador's help to end the bloodshed. Colonel Caamafio stated he was ready to agree to a cease-fire and to negotiate with the military junta but that Am- bassador Bennett refused to mediate and laughed scornfully at him. It Is to be roved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 22, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD $ENAXg distinguished colleague. from the State of Georgia [Mr. TALDI,ARP __Introduced S. 2127, in order to provide,, special in- demnity insuiance fpr4zr embers of,-the Armed I prces serving in, combat ones., I was :1adeed happy to cosponsor' this legislation with him. It w0,salso cQ- sponsored by the very able and distin- guished Senator from Delaware [Mr, WILLIAMS]. On August 19 the Senate unanimously passed this measure, and it was referred to the Com,rn1ttee on Veterans' Affairs in the House of Representatives, After the Committee on Veterans' Af- fairs made improvements. in thelegisla- tion sponsored by Senator TALMADGE, Senator WILLIAMs and myself, the House unanimously passed this legislation. As it is true in the legislative process of the Congress each bpdy makes, im- provements in legislation. before it is finally enacted. I would like to compliment the chair- man of the Committee on Veterans' Af- fairs of the House Mr.,Ta GVu] and the members of his committee, for doing a remarkable job in further improving this legislation so that today we have before us a bill to provide needed protection for those serving in our Armed Forces. ' In discussing the improvements and changes made, by the House of, Repre- sentatiVes. with Senator 4LMADGE and Senator WILT LAMS, I urge my colleagues to accept the House amendments and send the measure forthwith to the Presi- dent hopefully for his approval. The bill as We", presently before us pro- vides a group insurance plan for all members of the unifaxmed services on, active duty on and, after the effective date designated by the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs.. Coverage is automatic with the sere- iceman being required to take affirmative action to remove'hir,self from. the pro- gram. ., The coverage provided is $10,000 or $5,000. Premium rates for the service- men are expected to be $2 a month for the $10,000 policy and $1 , per month for the $5,000 policy. These-premiums would be deducted from the ,pay of the service- men by the Department of Defense and remitted to the Veterans' Administra- tion. All costs traceable to extra hazards, of servicemen will be borne, by the Govern- ment, otherwise the program would be, self-sustaining with the deductions that I have previously referred to. Under the, provisions, of the measure, if. an, individual has,a service-connected disability, he would be eligible for a com- mercial policy without medical examina tion, and in addition would be eligible for a $10,000 disabled veterans' insurance policy administered by the Veterans' Ad- ministration, _ in the latter case he must apply for the policy within l year of the date of the establishment .of the service- connected disability. Another important improvement made in the bill as passed by the Senate pro- vides for the period January 1, 1967, and continuing until the effective date of the group insurance plan a maximum death gratuity of $5,000 to a, widow, child or children and the parents of individuals who served during this period in one of the branches of the Armed Services-and who lost their lives under certain hazard- ous conditions as a result of such service. This gratuity would be reduced by the amount of any dependency and indem- nity compensation, National Service Life Insurance, or U.S. Government life in- surance, payable in the particular case, I feel that this much-needed legisla- tion warrants the prompt and final action by the Congress to provide for those in the Armed Forces who are mak- ing great sacrifices in defending this country's freedom as well as that of the free world. Knowing that we care at home about the future welfare of our armed forces personnel and their dependents certain- ly would do much toward bolstering their spirits at times when many of us have a tendency to forget and take for granted the freedoms which we enjoy today as a result of the services they are rendering to our country. I, cannot urge too strongly that the Senate accept the House amendments and send the bill forthwith to the Pres- ident for signature. The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. KENNEDY ,of... New York in the chair), The question is on agreeing to the amendment offered by the Senator from Georgia [Mr. TALMADGE]. The amendment to the House amend- ment was agreed to. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question now recurs on concurring in the House amendment as amended. The amendment of the House, as amended, was agreed to. 9E INDO-PAKIST PUTE Mr. MANSFIELDresident, the cease-fire which appears to have been achieved in the Indo-Pakistan dispute is an event of great magnitude for the or- derly and peaceful management of Inter- national conflicts. It brings renewed hope in the efficacy of the United Nations Security Council as a major instrument for the maintenance of peace. To be sure, the basic problem of Kashmir re- mains to be resolved. To be sure, the cease-fire may not hold indefinitely. But neither factor detracts from the achieve- ment. The cease-fire reflects, may I say, great credit both on India and Pakistan and on the policies of every government represented on the United Nations Se- curity Council. It is the best possible response not only to the immediate fight- ing between India and Pakistan but to those who would fish in troubled waters. On the part of the United States, I want to say, further, that President Johnson has guided our limited but sig- nificant part in this matter with policies of exceptional wisdom and great good sense.. In their cautious and restrained ap- proach to this problem, the President, the Secretary of State, and our outstanding Ambassador at the United Nations, Mr. Arthur Goldberg, have made a highly significant contribution to the restora- tion of order in. the Indo-Pakistan. sub 23843 continent, to the forestalling of the rapid spread of chaos in Asia and to the gen- eral strengthening of the prospect for international action for peace through the United Nations Security Council. Mr.. JAVITS. Mr. President, I join with theSenator in expressing gratifica- tion over what has happened. it is especially significant because it again establishes the importance of the role of the United Nations, which seemed for the moment to have fallen into a state of desuetude because of its financial troubles. We are all indebted to President John- son and to United Nations Ambassador Arthur Goldberg for the part they played in avoidance of what could have led to the terrible confiagraiton of a war much broader than the conflict between India and Pakistan, and in the revival of the role of the United Nations In a most significant way. I am grateful to the Senator from Montana for his comments. Mr. MANSFIELD. I agree completely with the distinguished Senator from New York. Furthermore, I believe that the outcome of the difficulties between India and. Pakistan indicates quite strongly the wisdom of the President's approach through the United Nations and, in effect, emphasizes that the idea of unilateral intervention on our part was not the correct procedure but, rather, that it was multilateral intervention, in a sense, through dependence on the Se- curity Council of the United Nations, which, in this instance, I am informed, was unanimous in its outlook. Mr.,,JAVITS. I am grateful to the 45mmend the United Nations, Secretary, eneral U Thant, President Johnson, the oviet Union, Great Britain, and the many other nations who have partici- pated in bringing about a cessation of the murderous hostilities between India and Pakistan. This action illustrates the power of concerted effort by men and nations of good will. It also illustrates once again the vitality and urgent necessity for a world organization such as the United Nations. I commend that organization and the principle of collective security. I applaud the existence of a world or- ganization where debate and consulta- tion among nations can occur-indeed, where debate even between nations en- gaging in hostilities on the battlefield can occur. I also applaud the existence of a world organization in which the power of world opinion can be focused. Once again it seems to me that the success of the United Nations and the members thereof, in bringing about a cessation of hostili- ties, demonstrates the necessity and the urgency for the existence of such an or- ganization. DEDICATION OF EISENHOWER COL- LEGE, SENECA FALLS, N.Y. Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, yester- day, an event occurred in the State of New York which I believe deserves the attention of Congress. The first college Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 23844 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE September 22, 1965 President Johnson sent a telegram of con- Many institutions have excellent courses gratulation praising officials who named the on international relations; or on the history, college in honor of "a man who has spent his literature and culture of certain other na- lifwtin in erin,A.tinnal endeavor." tions; or excellent programs of study in depth named after our former President, Dwight D. I Eisenhower, was dedicated at Sehh6caP'alls, N.Y., which lies in the cen- - - 4KCiC1'1'.31 CS Lake, some Jo miles from Syracuse. these are optional, or only for the future The -college ' Is headed by Dr. Earl J. MI ? Eisenhower flew here from his Gettys- specializer. Only a limited proportion of , former Federal Commissioner burg, Pa., farm and was greeted by Gov. and most student bodies is touched by these Ml Grath of a rith- on. Mrs. Nelson A. Rockefeller. studies. When change and improvement are He was introduced by his friend and occa- sought, internal solidification is a hindrance -peaking at the dedication were many sional golfing companion, comedian Bob and only limited extensions can be grafted distinguished leaders, including, of Hope. The former President laughed hearti- on. But Eisenhower College starts new and edirse, former President Eisenhower, ly in response to several quips by Hope. unencumbered. Its potential for success is and Governor Rockefeller, of our State. "This is a great idea, this college," Hope immensely advanced. The means for reach- -1 had planned to be there but was un- said, adding: ing its goal is built in from the start, not able to do so because of the possibility "Our future Republicans have to come tacked onto something existing and different. of, a vote on the immigration bill, which from some place. Where else but in America 2. Select curriculum: "The achievement of could a man in command of our armies, lead- the liberal arts purpose requires far fewer is of critical importance to my State, er of our country, and a leader in the field of courses than are common today. With few and the need for various negotiations in education, wind up in Seneca Falls shoveling exceptions liberal arts colleges have allowed that respect. dirt." the several departments to expand beyond 'Mr. President, the college is most en- Dr. Earl J. McGrath, former U.S. Commis- any defensible limit. -Studies of a number terprising. It is a voluntary college- stoner of Education, will serve as chancellor. of curriculums in such institutions disclose an Independent college, as it were. It of Eisenhower College. The college, which broad arrays of instructions, sometimes near- will operate in a completely nonsectarian overlooks Cayuga Lake, eventually will pro- ly as many courses as students, much of way. It proposes to pursue an acceler- vide for an enrollment of about 1,500 stu- which is so highly specialized and technical dents. that it should be reserved for graduate de- ated year-round, trimester plan, giving partments or professional schools. This ex- unusual opportunities to its students. Six SPECIAL EMPHASES cessive proliferation usually results in a large It will emphasize not only the liberal First, last, and always, the main objective percentage, of small and expensive classes arts but also political science, and as we of Eisenhower College will be high quality (sometimes over 40 percent of all courses en- would expect world affairs. education. ? Lessons from the past will be roll fewer than 10 students). These ex- Mr. President, I join with millions of applied; the mistakes avoided. In six main travagances proportionately dissipate the ef- other Americans in gratification over the areas of policy and procedure, the focus will forts of the faculty, commensurately reduce fact that such a college has been initi- be on new contemporary keys for quality their salaries, and make the student's edu- ated in the name of President Eisen- education. cation a collection of fragmentary and dis- hower and to wish for it -as I am 'Eisen- 1. World, outlook: "The entire corporate jointed intellectual experiences." life of Eisenhower College will reflect the fact Again so writes Dr. McGrath. Will all Americans-a future of prosper- that we live today in an international com- Eisenhower College will keep waste out ity, success, and eminence in the field of munity in which provincial thought and be- of its curriculum from the start. It can do higher education. havior areas outmoded as Ptolemaic astron- this successfully because it starts with a In this connection, I ask unanimous omy. The graduates of Eisenhower College basic curriculum and has no vested faculty consent to have printed in the RECORD will live in a world completely different from interests to combat. Eighteen academic de- that Associated Press news story of the that of their grandfathers. Already they can partments (instead of the frequent 25 to travel to Cairo, Buenos Aires, or Tokyo more 30) will offer fewer than 250 courses plus ground-breaking which appeared in to- quickly than their forebears could travel four interdisciplinary courses (instead of day's Baltimore Sun, and an explanation from Seneca Falls to Albany; and when they the usual 500-600 courses or more), totaling of the -college's purpose as contained in arrive, they are confronted with a culture and 640 credit hours (compared with the usual the. booklet, _`A College of Special Prom- a way of life arrestingly different from their 1,500-2,000 hours). ise,,, own. On transoceanic television they see From this select curriculum will come: There being no objection, the material events in distant lands as rapidly as they Greater concentration on liberal arts es- was ordered to be printed in the t ECORo, happen. sentials; An American who knows little or nothing Better teaching; as follows: about the politics, economics, religion, in- Fewer wasteful small classes; [From the Baltimore (Md.) Sun, Sept. 22, dustry, commerce, ambitions, and needs of Smaller faculty and higher salaries; 19651 other peoples has had an education which All leading to a better faculty and a spiral *=D ,4g; BREAKS GROUND FOR EIsENHOWER has failed to prepare him to live intelligently of increasing quality. COLLEGE in the world of today and tomorrow." 3. Year-round operation: Year-round op- igEx>:cPresident lswl ht D. September 21.Eisenhower=Fbroke armerr So writes Dr. Earl McGrath. And he adds: eration will be brought about through use 'Yet a recent report, entitled 'Undergrad- of the trimester plan. Each year will com- ground today for a college named after him' uate Education in Foreign Affairs,' reveals prise three 14-week terms. Normally, there- a dpronounced it an honor that "will be that few students in the 175 institutions fore, the Eisenhower College student will wi t me every day of my life."' studied understood the facts of international complete his degree work in eight terms, or pea ing at ceremonies-on the site of life. The causes of their ignorance and in- 22/3 years, although exceptions will be made, Ziseni ower_College, the former thief Execu- differences are doubtless many, but an an- of course, in cases of illness or other inter- tivo Said "the liberal arts colle a is the_ key alysis of college courses disclosed little real ruption. to t'he unaers1a.nding and exercise of- real' effort on the part of institutions to prepare This system of year-round operation em- citizenship. I feel we must have more of students for the roles they will have to play bodies numerous advantages: them,, as members of the international community. (Q1 Grossannual income increase of 30 to 40 'N ~ GREATER HONOR "There were courses in international pol- percent. Eisenhower -11}{{?4444 liege, scheduled to open in itics, economics and culture, but these were Combined with a smaller faculty as a re- 1967, 1s to be a ear, liberal arts institution: few and designed for the small percentage Of sult of reducing the curriculum to proper The ode-klelit told an estimated students specializing in some aspect of inter- dimensions, this enables significantly higher 12,0(M ppeerson a ere "at'the 26646e sIte' national affairs. The author concluded that salaries. east of hcre;0#iia he`conTd thin1t of no greater if all students were to gain an interest in, The college plant does not stand relatively an"iavi tFie college named for and understanding of, events and peoples in idle for a quarter of the year. honor, th n him. ~? sacra'a~A other parts of the world and our relations to ;"This $ Piae them, all departments would have to be in- The student's education is speeded. This h accorcte me" will be With me every ]_o mill e5?-$e ass volved. Indeed the entire campus life should is a growingly important consideration for The 7 -ear oTa_r mer -0 i-iel Executive reflect the institution's concern with the the rapidly increasing numbers who are -- - world scene." planning an additional 3 or 4 years of post- said that taid shem l visay Ilbgl' eeeraf~ar"a'_rtsiFi-tbico?Ilose ale athing of ing of Eisenhower College will make international graduate or professional education. Also ~eges are the pas . fte said' a 1lberal arts college studies part of every student's curriculum. more than a year is added to the student's Should "seek its.natural habitat in the rural Under a program coordinated by a dean of period of earning power. ,.__,., ~, __ i~___ _?,,, b _-- e ,,., o Many colleges and universities have con- , iii e c --- He said such colleges would develop in the student moral standards and "a feeling of accommodation for understanding his fellow citizens:' foundation Tor ail: on - fiuencea Working on all; on a world view a few have introduced it in one form or an- which will find practical or philosophic ex- other. Almost inevitably its advantages have presaion in every department of the curric- not been fully realized since it represents a ulum. choice and not the norm, and because! the Approved For Release 2006111/09 C4A-RDP671300446R000500030009-4 23803 MONEY SPEAKS LOUD WORDS minute and to revise and. extend his re- marks.) Mr. WIDNALL, Mr. Speaker, the old adage that "money speaks louder than words," may have been an important underlying factor in what appears to be a more reasonable attitude on the part of Pakistan and India in resolving their differences over Kashmir. Buried be- neath this morning's headlines concern- ing a possible cease-fire, was an an- nouncement by the World Bank that it had postponed indefinitely a meeting scheduled for tomorrow of nine Western nations that were supposed to pledge contributions to finance the first year of a new Pakistani 5-year plan for economic development. The World.Bank said the session could not be held at present because of the "abnormal conditions in the subcon- tinent. A meeting will be convened as soon as circumstances permit," a spokes- man, said. Pakistan was seeking the equivalent of $500 million for the first year of its third 5-year plan. Currently, World Bank economic assistance to India amounts to approximately-$1 billion per year. As the ranking Minority , Member of the House Committee on Banking and Currency, which has under its, Jurisdic- tion both the World Bank ap d the Inter- national Development Association, I want to take this opportunity to com- mend the World, -Bank fgr, this timely action. The threat to postpone massive eco- nomic assistance to recipient nations in- volved in costly wars can be a very real deterrent to those who. threaten world peace. I would personally recommend that any and all World Bank meetings leading to new economic commitments be postponed until the Kashmir question is settled. Moreover, under the antiaggression amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1963, the President .has the au- thority to cutoff all unilaterial U.S. economic, aid to India and Pakistan at any time he deems desirable, Mr. Speaker, the threat to out off or postpone large-scale World Bank eco- nomic aid to these two countries may very well turn out to have been the single most important factor in bringing about a cease-fire,, AMERICA'S DWINDLING WATER SUPPLY (Mr. REINECKE.asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD.) Mr. REINECKE. Mr. Speaker, .many Members have taken notice of America's any time in the immediate future. Something must be done now-to alert the American public to the gravity of the situation and to point-out to all of our citizens various ways through which they, in. their own homes and on their own Jobs, can help their country in what is rapidly becoming a desperate situation. For his reason, I am introducing today a Joint resolution authorizing and re- questing that the President designate November, as National Water Conserva- tion Month in recognition of the impor- tance of. water conservation to the main- tenance of public health and the national economy. Mr. Speaker, I have notified the Presi- dent of my proposal and I hope to have his support in this worthwhile endeavor. I hope also to have support of all Mem- bers of this House. HUGH LAWSON WHITE (Mr. WILLIAMS asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, to revise and extend his re- marks, and Include extraneous matter.) Mr. WILLIAMS. Mr. Speaker, the people of Mississippi today mourn the loss of. one of her most productive and illustrious sons. Hugh Lawson White, twice Governor of Mississippi, quietly passed away September 19, In Jackson, at the age of 84. Governor White contributed to his fellowman at every step in his busy life. His energetic devotion to economic prog- ress was the main theme of his being. Even during the closing chapter of his life, Governor White tirelessly boosted his State, Inspired its people, and ex- pressed faith in its future. His monu- ments are of his own erection. The din surrounding the industrial worker will echo into history as a tribute to the balance agriculture with industry pro- gram which was conceived, nurtured, and ripened by the intellect of Hugh White. Loved and respected by all who knew him, Governor White's towering strength will be irreplaceable in the hearts and minds of his friends. The world Is a better place because he passed our way. I ask consent to insert at this point in the RECORD an article on the death of Governor White which appeared in the ]lfcComb, Miss., Enterprise Journal on September 20, 1965. It follows: GOV, HUGH WHITE MOURNED AT 84-STATE, CITY LOSE A FAVORITE SON (By Charles B. Gordon) McComb's proudest native son who became C+ovragr ippi on two separate oc- a`stons, died at his home in Jackson early Monday at the age of 84. Hugh Lawson White, son of the late Cap- tain and Mrs. John J. White of McComb, succumbed peacefully to a heart attack brought on by his advanced age, relatives said. Mississippi officials issued formal an- nouncements of his death early today, then ordered that flags at the capitol, which he graced in two notably successful terms as Governor, be lowered at half mast. FUNERAL PLANS Governor White's body was scheduled to lie' in state at the new capitol from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m. today. Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Tuesday at one of Jackson's Bap- tist churches. The body will be brought to McComb to J. J. White Memorial Presbyterian Church for final services set for 2 p.m: tomorrow. Burial will take place in the family mauso- leum in Hollywood Cemetery by the side of his illustrious parents and his first wife, who died 5 years ago last May 13. Governor White's death came 1 week after this grateful community tendered him a "Hugh White Day," which he attended and enjoyed to the fullest. HISTORIC FAMILY Governor White was born here August 19, 1831, a son of Capt. J. J. and Helen Tyree White who had settled near Summit and operated a sawmill after Captain White com- pleted his long tour of duty as a Confederate soldier. Not long after McComb came into official existence in 1872, Captain White moved his mill and his family to what is now the Whitestown community of McComb. The venerable rebel and his wife had three sons-Will, John J., and Hugh L.-all now deceased. Will White made his home at Pass Christian, and J. J. White, Jr., operated a laundry and other businesses in McComb un- til.his death about 15 years ago. White attended the University of Missis- sippi after his graduation from the McComb schools. He did not graduate but returned to the city to enter the family lumber business. ADVANCED SWIFTLY He swiftly gained a place of stature in the area's business and banking life that foretold of the immensity of his economic future and his productive work for his State. When the pine forests of this immediate community reached a point of decline that made the move necessary, he moved the lum- ber business to Columbia, where he attained new heights of success over many fine years. He had married Miss Judith Sugg, who came from Providence, Ky., to teach piano in McComb Female College, later a part of Bel- haven College at Jackson. The Whites had no children. After her death he married the former Miss Maxine Maxwell, who survives as the widow. FEW RELATIVES Of the immediate White family, only the following nieces and nephews survive: Mrs. Helen White Brumfield, McComb; Hugh Johnson, Mrs. D. A. Ratliff and Mrs. Howard Rankin, Columbia. and Mrs. George Evans, Jackson. He served as mayor of Columbia on three different occasions, then fixed his sights on State office. He was elected Governor In 1936 and fostered the now famous balance agriculture with industry program. The project sought to equalize the industrial work force with the traditional agricultture. SECOND TERM He was elected to a second term as Gover- nor in 1952-66 and sandwiched a term in the State legislature during 1944-48. Among his many philanthrophies is the church in McComb that is a memorial to his father and a $50,000 contribution to Bel- haven College for a new dormitory as a me- morial to his mother. WEDS AGAIN In April 1962, he honeymooned with his 40-year-old bride in New Orleans. "It's the condition, the attitude, and the health of the man that make the difference," he said in an interview. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 23804 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 22, 1965 "Who knows? She may be too old for me," Mr. Speaker, the Washington Post this spread grassroots interest, particularly said While with a smile. morning carried a descriptive article on among State and local officials feeling a "He may be right," his bride said. "I have Senator JAVITs' bill as well as an excel- 6. hard time keeping up with him and the lent editorial commending his sugges- Republicans have made political capital of busy schedule he keeps:' it. During last fall's presidential campaign, he I~aOCR>?9s tion., I ask unanimous consent to insert even Barry Goldwater embraced the concept, these two articles at this point in the fathered 5 years ago by Walter W. Heller not Inrested in holding a political RECORD. shortly before he became President Ken- Pb as ram in seeing the State move for- [From the Washington Post, Sept. 22, 1965] nedy's chief economic adviser. It was a ward," he said. prime topic of discussion at the Republican This philosophy pushed the State ahead JAVITS BREAKS THROUGH Governors conference earlier this year. at a pace that has been unequalled. Senator JACOB K. JAVITs deserves a burst of But the administration is apparently un- White was a true Southern gentleman who applause for introducing a bill that would moved by the Javits initiative. A White was seldom seen withouta coat and a rose provide for the sharing of surplus Federal House source said last night that the reve- in his label. revenues with the States. The prospect for nus-sharing plan is a "dead duck" and that ,,,I want to see at least one industry in tax legislation sponsored by a member of the there is no present intention of reviving it. every one of the 82 counties," White said, "I'll minority party cannot be regarded as The Javits bill would follow closely the work for Mississippi just as long as I have auspicious. But Mr. JAvrrs is performing the Heller concept as developed last year by a breath to travel:" necessary task of bringing a controversial presidential task force headed by Joseph A. proposal to the attention of Congress for the Pechman, of the Brookings Institution. The first time. White House has never released the iPech- SHARING OF FEDERAL REVENUES Mr. JAvrrs' point of departure has already man report. (Mr. REID of New York asked and been amply discussed by proponents of rev- The carefully drawn measure also contains gpermission to extend his re- enue sharing. The Federal Government, a number of safeguards and limitations was con- marks a this point in the RECORD and to under conditions ofhigh employment, will which shouldgo far to conciliate both con- collect more tax moneys than it can wisely servative and liberal critics. Include extraneous matter.) spend. The State and local governments will It would create a special trust fund of 1 Mr. REID of New York. Mr. Speaker, be spending more money than they can raise percent of the individual income tax base- my distinguished colleague, the senior through efficient measures of taxation. Both or about $2.5 billion annually under present Senator from New York JACOB It: JAVETS, problems-=the embarrassing affluence of the conditions. speaking before the iYew York State Federal Government and the pressing needs Eighty percent of these funds would be County Officers Association in NP w York of State and local governments-can be allocated the States in proportion to their ul and work- neatly solved through a program of Federal population. To maintain State efforts to Cityable, plan for proposed a the sharing thoughtful tax revenue sharing. raise their own revenue, however, these In the Senator's thoughtful proposal, 1 amounts would be increased or diminished revenues with the States. Our States percent of the current income tax base- by the amount the ratio of State-local gen- need additional funds if they are to in- about $2.5 billion-would be deposited in a eral revenues to personal income in the stitute and maintain Vital programs,- trust fund. The proceeds of the fund would State exceeded or lagged the National ratio. particularly in education and "health. I then be allocated to the States. Each year The other 20 percent would be distributed intend to cosponsor the Javits billin the 80 percent would be distributed on the basis to the 12 or 15 States with the lowest per House of Representatives so that serious of` population and 20 percent would be di- capita incomes. discussion and debate on this proposal vided among the 12 or 15 States with lowest The funds could be used only for health, can begin now. per capita incomes. education, and welfare to benefit directly The Federal grants would be used only to the greatest number of people in a State. A Federal-State tax revenue sharing support programs in the fields of health, -Earlier critics had opposed a no-strings-type plaxi, was first. suggested several years education, and welfare. This constraint distribution on grounds the funds might be qet there has been, little serious die- would leave the States and localities ample misused-say for. an ornate Governor's man- cussion of the merits and certainly no freedom of action, while precluding the sion, or for highways at the expense of conbrete action on the proposal since support of programs such as highway con- education. that time. struction that are already heavily funded The bill also would require an audit of The need for remission of certain Fed- by the Congress. how the funds are used, the equitable shar- eral tax moneys to the States and loran- The revenue sharing plan was first pro- ing of funds by the States with local govern- posed by Walter W. Heller, former Chairman ments, and certification that projects fi- ties is increasing clear. 15rOperty taxes of the Council of Economic Advisers. But nanced by these revenues comply with all on which much of education depends the President, seemingly piqued by a pre- Federal laws, such as the Civil Rights Act. have risen about as high as they can go, mature leak, has maintained an air of chilly 'yet the cost of education and other disdain. It would be ironic indeed if this vjces and facilities continues important proposal, the brainchild of a Dem- HOUR OF MEETING TOMORROW to rise] r pid rate. o'trat, should become the property of the Mr. ALBERT. Mr. Speaker, :[ ask Senator ~~ ~`vrrps has' proposed a noes- opposition. unanimous consent that when the :House saxy and feasible piece of legislation. [From the Washington Post, Sept. 22, 1965] adjourns today it adjourn to meet at 11 'C7Xlder his proposal, 1 percent of the cur- UNITED STATES-STATE TAx-SHARING PLAN o'clock tomorrow, re it income tax base would be deposited REVIVED BY JAVrrs The SPEAKER. Is there objection to fII a trust fund. Eigliy percent of this (By Frank Porter) the request of the gentleman from all - CA" would then be orated to the Oklahoma? imil A leading Republican Senator plucked a States, Oll the basis of _population. State controversial Federal-State revenue-sharing Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, reserving efforts to raise their own revenue would plan off the administration's back burner the right to object, may I ask whether not be discouraged, however, because yesterday and said he will offer it as legisla- the majority leader has cleared this with State Share would be Increased-6i-de- tion before the end of the current session. the minority leader? on the ratio of State- "I think it is now generally agreed that Mr. ALBERT. I have cleared this crease(l. pexit in local genera" revenues to personal in- some form of Federal assistance to State and with the Republican whip, the acting come in the 8ta g mpared to the na- local government is necessary but there has minority leader, the gentleman from tional average ratio. he remaining 20 baeen Ja lack of ACOB K. serious, discussion," s of New Illinois [Mr. ARENDS]. percent would be distributed to the 12 or York. Mr. REID of New York. Mr. Speaker, 15 States with the lowest per capita in- "Debate should begin, and decisions will the gentleman yield? Comes. should be made on a tax-sharing plan before Mr. ALBERT. I yield to the gentle- .States could use these moneys only for State and local governments become com- man. programs that would benefit directly the pletely inundated in the flood of demands greatest number of people in the State- for new services and facilities, particularly Mr. REID of New York. Mr. Speaker, such as In the flelds of health and e'du- in the fields of health, education, and wel- it is my understanding that this matter cation. Equitable sharing by States with fare," JAVITS told the New York State County has been cleared with the minority whip. local governments" would also be insured: Officers Association in New York City, Mr. HALL. Mr. Speaker, I withdraw JAVrrs thereby stole a march on the White my reservation of objection. I am pleased to join with the distin- House itself, which put the plan under wraps guished senior Senator from New York last. fan after its leaked details aroused in- The SPEAKER. Is there objection to in sponsoring l'eg'islation along these tense opposition, particularly in labor and the request of the -gentleman from lines and I compliment him on his inti- liberal circles. Oklahoma? ative. Since then, however, it has attracted wide- There was no objection. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11;/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 15, j965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- 140 It SE 231't- * trade nego ations are cause for serious other trading countries, and better serve GoverninentSpent over 6220 million in pur- ooncern thatheF United States may not this Nation's agriculture and economy, and chases of surplus beef, but succeeded in adopt the Sitiie baigainfng position (2) the administration's failure to comply sopping up an amount equal to only 10 nece S y LO 1. , even -- our existing ex- with the directive of Congress, as expressed percent of the imports. eep in section 22 of the Agricultural Adjustment FARM PROGRAMS svFFEx v6 ft markets. Act, to coordinate U.S. agricultural import And ; while these protectionist countries policies with our domestic farm programs. Imports of foreign farm commodities in time and, again and renderedabnorLTm.Sal. farm volume price-havesupport close their doors to American agriculture, 'U.S. FARMER HURT BY FOREIGN PROTECTIONISM excessive . ,,,., ,. they are at the same time demanding Because of these failures, the U.S. farmer programs ineffective. The Government and getting easy access to our price-sup- has been penalized by consistently inade- spends taxpayer money to take certain agri- ported markets. Excessive farm imports quate prices and increasing Government pro- cultural commodities out of production, but Into the United States have time and duction restrictions. Other countries, dis- when imports of these same price-supported again made government price-support playing highly protectionist attitudes, close commodities increase excessively and under- prograrri ineffective, and this lack of co- their trade doors to American agricultural mine our costly farm programs the adminis- ordination between farm imports and commodities, while at the same time de- tration does nothing-except spend more f d manding and getting easy access to our val- money for surplus removal purchases. th farm programs has cost e armor an uable markets. These countries impose taxpayer millions of dollars. heavy taxes and levies on our exports to Mr. Speaker, constructive changes in them, while we take on the burden of sub- our agricultural trade policy are a vital sidizing their exports to us with our price- necessity if we are ever to come to terms supported markets. with our domestic farm problems: A EXPORTS VITAL TO FARMER AND U.S. ECONOMY small shift in the balance between our The maintenance and expansion of U.S. imports and our exports could turn a agricultural export markets is vital to the farm surplus into a deficit. And,-look- farmer and to the national economy as a lug beyond the domestic front, not only whole, from which he purchases yearly some would such changes help our balance-of- $40 billion worth of goods, and provides payments situation, but they would also employment for 6 million nonagricultural vastly improve U.S: international rela- laborers. Last year, the export sale of the production of one out of every four U.S. bons. crop acres acted to siphon off some of our At this point, Mr. Speaker, under farm surpluses, and contributed significantly unanimous consent I include in the to the easing of our unfavorable balance-of- RECORD the agriculture task force state payments situation. merit on this subject, Outlining the need EXPORT SALES ARE THREATENED for changes in our present agricultural But our export markets are threatened by CONGRESS AUTHORIZED SECTION 22 Congress authorized a coordinating mechanism-section 22 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, as amended, which allows the President, pursuant to a U.S. Tariff Com- mission investiagtion, to impose fees or quantitative restrictions on agricultural im- ports which interfere with U.S. price-support programs. ADMINISTRATION HAS FAILED TO USE 22 But, in the last 4 years, the administration has repeatedly failed to use this effective coordinating device. On two recent occa- sions, the President actually enlarged the import quotas of certain .price-supported commodities, contrary to Tariff Commission recommendations, and in two instances, in the face of market crisis, failed even to call for an investigation. ITALIAN CHEESE MERRY-GO-ROUND trade policy, and recommending what the protectionist policies of other countries. Millions of pounds of cheese were imported the nature of such changes should be: The United States is a highly liberal trader into this country from Italy in 1963 at pre- I E IIGIISE REPUBLICAN TASK in comparison, protecting only 26 percent vailing world prices, while the USDA was STATEMENT BY Tort-140-USE, -FORCE ON AGRICULTURE, SEPTEMBER 13, 1965 of her domestic market by nontariff barriers, storing huge surpluses of expensive CCC The future of American agriculture de- in contrast to the United Kingdom, 37 per- cheese. In order to dispose of the CCC sur- cent; West Germany, 93 percent; Australia, plu-, Vie administration- turned around and alarge degree policy is s conducted. U.S. The extent foreign 41 percent; sold and New Zealand, 100 percent. sold cheese back to Italy for the Italian agricultural to which the United States moves toward Recent actions of the European Economic school lunch program, at one-third its cost. sound policy goals in this area will greatly Community which threatens to substantially Bizarre transactions such as this emphati- determine the extent to which we can solve reduce U.S. exports of wheat, rice, poultry, tally point out the need fcr use of section 22. Our- domestics farm probleIlis. eggs, dairy products, fruits and vegetables to BEEF CRISIS COSTLY Western Europe, are clear evidence that the BMAI.L YEA,RIY FARM BURP us The administration apparently did not The large existing 'stocks of U.S. ag our ri- our tprokadeey of door s s has not changed hiscriminatged the opening highly y learn from the cheese blunder, for it again cultural surpluses did not build up over- protectionist policies of other trading coun- failed to implement section 22, this time in night. They accumulated as a result of tries, The key to retaiinng our vital export the face of the approaching beef crisis. It relatively small year by year imbalances be- markets lies in our negotiations with other remained for the Senate Committee on tween production and utilization. The countries, such as the current Kennedy to use its power to call for a Tariff largest postwar change in our national stocks round. y Commission investigation of imports. This Of iarin commodities, for instance, occurred necessarily slower procedure finally resulted In 1948, when our farm production, combined AGRICULTURE CAN'T BE SACRIFICED AT KENNEDY in congressional enactment of a beef quota, yq,3 ,agricultural imports, amounted to 8.4 ROUND but only after a delay which ruined the peresIt more than we cou'_d export or utilize Recent U.S. actions in regard to the agri- domestic beef market. tior and agricultural imports from 194'7 to proviue grave cause for concern that, agri- 1964 exceeded the total domestic use and culture may be shortchanged at Geneva. The farm, exports by a yearly average of only 1.7 United States last year allowed industrial percent. During -tfiat same period, exports negotiations to proceed without first de- amounted to 10.9 percent of our total utiliza- termining the rules for agriculture, and just tion, and imports were 11.6 percent. It is recently announced its decision to go ahead Qbiveus themthat a small shift in the bat- and submit agricultural trade proposals in ante between our imparts and our exports September, even if the EEC does not. It is could change -a farm surplus into a deficit. imperative that agriculture not be sacrificed ~ilADR f?oLIcv GAP' PR6V NT BALANCE .. in these negotiations. Failure to accomplish some realistic bargaining at the trade nego- e lack ask force Iles Ound 1T 1 "Owever, that nations table will be a serious blow to Amer- the laof an de poate_overafl ctiv foreign ican agriculture and to the future of world agricultural trade policy -as effectively pre- trade. venteZirly such balance 'from taking place. The United States must point out to her that ' serioussh We have found rtcomin s +n _ o world trade is g . Al- felon Ac that .i +nsn_mn.a markets wrenout getting meaningful con- ell, U:; _agriculturaf trade policy is . ._,,.1 cessions in return. A realistic U.S. agricultural trade policy is badly needed if this Nation is ever to make any progress toward the solution of its domestic agricultural problems, and the liberalization of world trade. The task force strongly recommends two steps to improve this situation: (1) Expansion of agricultural exports for dollars through the adoption of a more realistic and positive U.S. bargaining position at the trade negotiation tables of the world; and (2) congressional action to insure administration compliance with the congressional directive expressed in section 22-the directive to coordinate agricultural import policy with domestic price support programs. A realistic U.S. agricultural trade policy will contribute much to the solution of our domestic farm problems, and will afford the United States the opportunity to achieve equitable and truly reciprocal trade agree- These;, ortcoIoings in our agricultural fade ,po pies ,result principally from: (1) Coordinate U.S. agricultural import policies with domestic rice-sup ort ro rams has g p p p cost the American farmer and taxpayer mil- (Mr. WIDNALL (at the request of Mr. lions of dollars. Last year alone, as a result WYDLER) was granted permission to ex- of the recent excessive beef imports, the tend his remarks at this point in the Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 X42 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 15, 1965 tzcoi o and to include extraneous mat, ter.) -:[Mr. WIDNALL'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] The SPEAKER, pro tempore (Mr. MA- TsuNAGA) Under previous order, of the House, the gentleman from New York [Mr. WOLFF] Is recognized for 20 min- utes. tMr. WOLFF. addressed the ?House. His remarks will ppear hereafter in the App ridix.ii GETTI1VG PLEBISCITE IN KASHMIR The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr.. MATSUNAGA). Under previous order of the House, the gentleman from. Minne- sota [Mr. FRASER] is recognized for 30 minutes. Mr. FRAgER. Mr. Speaker, we .are all deeply concerned by the tragic war be- tween India and Pakistan. If ever a,war was unnecessary and unwanted, it is this war. Mr. Speaker, the dispute over Kashmir is rooted in religious differences and en- cumbered with national pride. This kind of dispute is the most intractable of all. Yet, unless man is to abandon,hope for a peaceful world, some means of achieving a settlement for this, kind of dispute must be found. These disputes do not stem from the cold war. These conflicts arise, from the mosaic history of man. It would be well, Mr. Speaker,, if the world had come to accept the use of arbi- tration or judicial procedures between nations. That time is coming. The cur- rent Washington Conference, on, World Peace Through Law is an example of an important effort to achieve this goal. Meanwhile, the Kashmir dispute is be- fore the world, and we must face it. If we can solve this problem through the use of ' international machinery we will Contribute significantly to the evolution toward a world under law. . The merits of the Kashmir dispute have been examined by the United Na- tions. It concluded that the people of Kashmir should have the right to vote on the question of accession.. The orig- inal accession itself was contingent upon such a vote. This procedure accords with the generally accepted tenet of the West that government ought to rest upon the assent of the governed. The situation in Kashmir must be sharply distinguished from those con- flicts which represent a breakup of na- tions. The Congo dispute illustrates this difference. In that case the Ka- tahga province, historically a part of the whole nation, sought to break away. United Nations forces were used to keep the Congo intact. The case of Kashmir is different. The accession of Kashmir to India was never completed and was attempted in a set- ting which raised a genuine question of its fairness. Permitting the people of Kashmir `to vote on the.. question seems the only acceptable means of resolving U.N. NEEDS TO USE MUSCLE _ FOR SETTLEMENT- is my deep conviction that the United Nations should put some muscle into the settlement of this dispute. Merely utilizing its good offices has failed' for the past 16 years to produce a settle- ment. The United Nations should resolve that it will press forward by whatever means are required to insure that a pleb- iscite takes place in some fprm within a reasonable time. The results of that plebiscite should be backed up by the United Nations. Mr. Speaker, the harsh realities of this proposal must be faced. It is re- ported that for India-to permit such a result may be destructive of the political stability of India, or that communal vio- lence may be exacerbated. These possi- bilities cannot be blinked away. Yet these possibilities must be balanced against the alternatives and their dan- gers. One thing is certain. It would be a thousand times easier for India to give way to a determined United Nations than to give way to Pakistan. tr.N. ACTION IS MORAL This type of action by the United Na- tions is morally strong in an age when the moral nature of a decision. is far more Important than many seem to appreciate. Now, Mr. Speaker, I turn to the, posi- tion of the U.S. Government. If our Government elects to pursue the course I am urging, it must, of course, be done through the quiet diplomatic channels which precede any effective. U.N. action. The major powers may not all agree, and some negotiation among them may first be necessary. What I hope our Government will show, however, is a willingness to actively urge the use of such muscle by the U.N. as is necessary to finally settle the Kashmir dispute. If the United Nations takes a more forceful stance, then, of course, the United States should actively support the United Nations and should regulate its trade and aid accordingly. U.S.ECONOMIC AID SHOULD NOT BE SUS- PENDED UNLESS U.N. REQUESTS IT I oppose unilateral suspension of eco- nomic aid-on our part, With two na- tions locked in struggle, the suspension of our economic aid would have an un- even impact upon the two nations. The nation most injured by our action would develop a lasting bitterness toward us. We do not want other nations to inter- vene unilaterally. For the United States to unilaterally change our basic rela- tionship with the two countries in trade or, aid would constitute a unilateral in- tervention on our part. ' This risk re- emphasizes the need for the United Na- tions to take the lead in settling this dispute. KASHMIR DISPUTE ' MUST BE , KEPT OUT OF THE COLD WAR Any lead which the United States may take in urging more forceful United Na- tions : action will, of course, become known to both India and Pakistan. We maybe reluctant to push ahead for fear fear of such alienation stems from the cold war. f hope that the United States does not succumb to this line of reasoning. It is self--defeating apd will tend to destroy the capabilities of the United Nations which need to be built up, not torn down or ignored. OPPORTUNITY FOR U.N. TO SERVE MANKIND The U.N. needs to do what nations cannot do for themselves. The limita- tions imposed by internal political con- siderations are real and tough for any nation. Thus, the rest of the world, acting through the U.N., must bring about the settlement of this dispute. Mr. Speaker, the United Nations has a unique opportunity to serve mankind. The General Assembly has been wisely freed from the paralyzing dispute over article 19. The fighting between India and Pakistan is outside the cold war, the merits of the underlying cause of the dispute are generally agreed upon, and the U.N. has the power to act. Is there the willingness to act? This country and other members of the United Nations must come to fully em- brace the fact that active employment of force in support of the political judg- ments of the United Nations offers the shortest, most direct path to a world of peace. This unprecedented opportunity to demonstrate to the world the capacity of the United Nations to keep the peace should be pursued and not lost through hesitation or indecision. No one can lightly suggest such direct action by the United Nations which may appear to be aimed at the interests of any nation. In the larger and more im- portant perspective, the people of each nation share a common interest with the rest of mankind in the orderly settle- ment of disputes. We have an enormous stake in the future. of India as we do in Pakistan. We must help these countries resolve this conflict so that together we can build to meet the expectations of all the people of this world. THE 200-BILLION ELECTRON VOLT BUNGLE The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. MATSUNAGA). Under previous order of the House, the gentleman from Califor- nia [Mr. HosMERI is recognized for 30 minutes. Mr. HOSMER. Mr. Speaker, the Atomic Energy Commission has so badly bungled the site selection process for the Nation's new 200 billion electron volt (Bev.) accelerator it should cancel all present proceedings and start anew. The planned facility, now estimated to cost around $340 million instead of the $280 million originally estimated, now cannot be started on time because no one can even say where it will be bdi it. One hundred twenty-six proposalsfame in from 4f of the 50 States who wanted it built in their borders. Only The off' shore States of Alaska and Hawaii faile to bid, along with Delaware and Vermo who lack the 3,000 acres of clear, lei land needed fQr the installation. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09. CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 23143 States. They have established and main- seriously-they should have been re- tained our undisputed leadership in high solved before any nationwide search for energy physics, nuclear chemistry and sites ever was commenced. This AEC related sciences. Every single transura- exercise in how-to-succeed-in-site-selec- nium element has been discovered at one tion - without really saddling any - or the other of these centers. Lawrence alone, since its inception, has produced almost as many Nobel Prize winning chemists and physicists as not only the rest of the Nation, but the rest of the world, combined. Unless the two new giant accelerators are located successively at Lawrence and Brookhaven, these great stars inevitably will commence to dim. There is no as- surance that the location of these ma- chines elsewhere will ever develop new teams of equal scientific excellence to replace those which may be squandered by deliberately dimming the lights at Brookhaven and Lawrence-a seemingly inescapable consequence of any decision to locate the new accelerators elsewhere. In fact, there even exists a truly seri-, ous question of whether machines of the highest quality could be built at any other locations. Few, if any, of the Nation's scientists capable of designing and building such tools-and honed by experience in doing so-are located at any place other than Brookhaven and Lawrence, No one can say that any of them would be willing to leave these locations for someplace else-in the boondocks of scientific thought or not. No one can say this because no one has bothered to check with them and find out. It is to be recalled that the Stanford Linear Accelerator, a similarly complicated scientific machine, had to be built on the Stanford University campus simply be- cause the only people capable of building it already were there and declined to go elsewhere. You can order soldiers around and you can order scientists around in wartime-but the Vietnam war is not big enough yet to pull this now. If these scientists capable of constructing the 200 Bev. will not move, then if the 200 Bev. is not located where they are, it will be turned over to less capable and less experienced hands and we will end up with an equally costly, but second rate machine. The Russians once had a somewhat similar experience which proved quite costly to them in both money and prestige. It hardly is time to repeat their mistake. This issue of the future of the two Laboratories and the quality of the new machines, which means so much to the Nation, should have been ;net and de- cided long before the enticing possibility of the 200 Bev. bonanza was dangled bewitchingly before, a host of chambers responsibility - seriously has just about turned the 200-Bev. bonanza into the 200-Bev. bungle. It should backtrack and do first things first. If doing so indicates that a site other than Lawrence, and therefore Brook- haven for the next larger machine, will not diminish the Nation's interest it then will be time to resume the site search. If it does so and pays any attention whatever to realities and to the site criteria which have been announced, it then will become readily apparent that practically the only really promising lo- cations radiate out from the Chicago area into only about five States-Minne- sota, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri. This indicates clearly that 37 more States could have been lopped off the list announced today by AEC if only sound scientific considerations had been used in making it up. To forestall any innuendo that my re- marks are being made parochially as a Californian let me say that I am a south- ern Californian representing a district at least 450 miles distant from Lawrence Laboratory. From the political stand- point it affects me not one whit where the 200 Bev. goes. But as an informed legislator, concerned both with main- taining our country's scientific excellence and with getting the top dollar from the very expensive public investment, I have deep concern that we proceed with it in a sound way. I also have a deep concern over the delay indicated today by the AEC from its mishandling of the site problem. The accelerator was sup- posed to be authorized next year and work started. The site selection mess indicates the project will slip an entire year. Meanwhile the Soviets are calmly and deliberately pushing to completion their new 70-Bev. accelerator, a high energy research tool over twice the power of any existing in the United States. Soon it will be probing for secrets of the universe having the utmost strategic importance. While Russia learns America burns with squabbles in Congress, at the AEC and at the White House over where to put a political plum. In saying what I have said today, let me assure you that I still have the high- est respect professionally for the mem- bers of the Atomic Energy Commission and for their honesty and integrity. The doubt I have relates to the lack of a political competency, which they are not supposed to have in the first place, and sociations throughout the country. to the characteristics of commission- Most certainly it should have been con- type management which inevitably re- sidered before-not contemporaneously sults in indecision, buckpassing and with a lot of nonscientific considerations reluctance to assume-, responsibility for and clamor. My own judgment is that: hard decisions whenever duties are First, the preeminence of two vital labor- shared amongst several people rather atories is in jeopardy; second, that de- than concentrated in one strong hand. velopment of new scientific, teams of equal quality to existing ones is ques- tionable; and, third, that the excellence of the new accelerator itself is in the CERTAIN POSTAL DELIVERIES balance-may be incorrect. I do not The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under think so, but I shall be the first to leave previous order of the House, the gentle- the questions open. However, these man from Nebraska [Mr. CUNNINGHAM1 questions do exist-legitimately and is recognized for 30 minutes. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 S.dtember 15, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL ' RECORD - HOUSE .delegations from all interested States have pounded at the AEC's door to pro- mote their claims and ,almost afl affected Congressmen and Senators have got into the, act one way or another. The 200- Bev, bonanza-the Government's biggest free offer to all comers since opening the Cherokee strip to homesteaders in 1893- has become one of Washington's biggest political .hot potatoes. In face of the political pros' onslaught, the AEC has become mired in a mammouth pork bar- rel, It hoped Congress would soon ad- journ and get some of its more persistent pursuers. off its back. When that possi- bility dimmed, it panicked. A promised screening down of the number of possible sites has been twice delayed. With the heat on for some action, the AEC came up, today with new list, claiming, progress by a, screening down to 85 proposals. However, it made an inept attempt to keep its political skirts clean by leaving, amongst the 85 proposals a grand total of, 43 States. Only North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming sites were, totally eliminated. These States lave but six, Senators and five Congressmen between them.. The fact is that at least half the remaining proposals on the new list are dogs, un- suitable for considexation under one or 'more of the . vario>.is site criteria origi- nally specified by AEC. The net effect of the action only will be to.intensify injection of objectionable politics into a situation which should be one of purely scientific judgment-which judgment the AEC _ apparently seeks to dodge or_ delay. An investment of the major magnitude ofthis one must pay the highest dividend's-to-"the Nation and deserves insulation from either political politics or university politics. The latter have, been dragged into the picture by the EC's futile effort to dodge its cares by hiring the National Academy of Sci- ences to advise it on the screening and site selection, problem.. Almost the first discussion of the subject by NAS was by a group in which several university pres- idents or their representatives partici- pated. People of this occupation are notable for zeroing in on prestige-laden projects-good for the university, but not necessarily intertwined inexorably with the highest national interest. By embarking ,on a nationwide site hunt the AEQ bas.totally and absolutely ignored the gut issue on locating this national facility which should have first been taken up. That issue has to do not only with the 200-Bev. accelerator, but its companion, to follow next, an even more costly 600-33ev. job. Both accelera- tors were, conceived primarily by scien- tists primarily connected with the Na- tion's two existing hajor high energy physics locations. These are the Law- rence Fta4fation.Lp~ jor tDry in northern California -ud the Brogkhaven National Laboratory on Long Island. The 200 Bev. was planned as a -logical extension of the Ike the Star of Bethlehem4vhiph lead Three Wise.,Men. to -the- manger, khaven and Lawrence have become wo great bright stars in the intellec- the entire world to the United 23,144 $'Ir, G'ijN ? iI Mr. Speaker, in 1$$2, this Ro with only two dissent- ing votes, pas d legislation denying the ?de~iVCry o iclted Communist po- paept ~.~. pit role anda. At that time the Fe on l j ,the,legislation was the fact that. Communist countries did not grant free access._ to, American newspapers, magazlries,and,.printed matter. There believe that was a Consensus thg and I be there is a consensus now,_ that it is an imposition on American taxpayers to, ask our deficit-ridden post office" to ? carry Communist literature when there is no reciprocity on the part of most Commu- nist countries. Since 1962, the situation has not changed. Communist countries still do not deliver our newspapers, periodicals, and other printed matter. In fact, postal authorities of the U.S.S.R. recently announced prohibitions and import re- strictions which now apply to parcel post and postal union mail packages ad- dressed to that country, including printed matter, pictures, and recordings which they consider contrary to the in- terests of the U.S.S.R. The U.S. Su- preme Court, however, declared the 1962 legislation unconstitutional. In its opin- ion the Court stated: We rest on the narrow ground that the ad- dressee in order to receive his mail must request in writing that it be delivered. This amounts in our judgment to an unconstitu- tional abridgment of the addressee's first aflnendments rights. The addressee carries ah affirmative obligation which we do not think the Government may impose on him. 'Fh1,s requirement is almost certain to have a deterrent effect, especially as respects those who have~s_ensitive positions. Their liveli- hood may be`dependent on a security clear- ance. Public oiiicials, like schoolteachers who have no tenure, might think 'they would in- vite disaster if they read what the Federal Government says contains the seeds of treason. Apart from them, any addressee is likely to feel some inhibition in sending for literature which Federal officials have con- clefYined as Communist political propaganda. in with many eminent law- yers, ~otfully disagree with the Court's oporl. Nevertheless, the act was struck down and the Communist aotintries are still taking advantage of t}ur, subsidized postal {system to deliver their newspapers, magaines, and so , forth, free in this country, while they offer us npthing in return. There is a need for new legislation in this area; leg- islation which will both offer the'Coni- munists In ntfvesto deliver oitr`litera- ture and ;` a the same ime guarantee the first amen dmen rights which the Supreme Court believed it was striving to protect. Today I.LLam offerm, "the house of Representatives such legislation. ''T`his is new legislation an cT I liriow it win meet all of the upr'eme qus ot~ections to the earlier bill. It is aimed ate' gnes- -tion of reciprocity. If Communist coun- tries carry, our newspapers, periodicals and other printed matter, then let our postal system be open to them. But if Communist countries do not grant us equal postal rights, then it is for the Con- gress to say whether we will subsidize their mail when we get no quid pro quo. Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 15, 165 . Let me read the ve ry simple language ofthe, bill: () The United States malls, except firs class and airmail shall not be available fof the transportation or delivery of news- papers, periodicals, or other printed matter originating in any foreign country, or de- posited in the United States mails by or in behalf of any foreign country, from which any type of foreign assistance is withheld pursuant to section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2370(f) unless= (1) The President determines that any such country transports and deliver the United States newspapers, periodicals, or other printed matter, wherever originating, or mailed, without restriction in its postal system; or (2) Such country shall have entered into a reciprocal cultural agreement with the United States under which the United States and such country agree to transport and de- liver in their mails equal quantities of news- papers, periodicals, or other printed matter on the express condition that the postal system of neither country shall be available for the 'transportation and delivery of amounts of matter in excess of the amounts specified in the reciprocal cultural agreement. (b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to newspapers, periodicals, or other printed matter, wherever originating, ad- dressed to any (A) United States Govern- ment agency, (B) public library, (C) college, university, or other institution of higher learning, (D) scientific or professional insti- tution for advanced studies, or (E) any official of any of the foregoing. This legislation does not lock out ideas or deny Americans access to any infor- mation whatsoever. First class' and air mail are specifically exempted from its provisions since it is not intended to im- pede communications, but to induce reci- procity. The choice, then, is up to the Communist governments; if they will consent to carry our literature, then we will carry theirs. The issue is reciprocity and that issue must be resolved. This legislation is founded on the con- gressional postal authority and the fiscal power of Congress. If Congress has the authority to. set postal rates for different classes of mail, certainly it has the power to give or deny a subsidy to a class of mail originating in countries withhold- ing free use of their mail service recipro- cally to the United States. Vice President HUMPHREY in 1961, then in the Senate, made the point well when he said: I believe the time has come for the U.S. Government to inform the Soviet Union that there must be a quid pro quo for the use of our postal service. In other words, it is time we said, "all right, Mr. Khrushchev; you may use the postal service of the United States when and if you let the United States use the postal service of the Soviet Union on a 50-50 reciprocity basis; not a basis of one horse to one rabbit, which is what is hap- pening now-With the United States getting the rabbit." r am in complete accord w ith the Vice President in this respect, 'The'tifne for" such legislation is ripe. The issue fought out in 1962 is even more serious in 1965 W e a_re now in a hotter war in Vietnam. - We are in a period of emergency, There is every reason for the American point of view to be ex- pressed in Iron Curtain countries, just as Iron curtail countries are, now able to express their views in this country through our subsidized postal system. The war in Vietnam is expensive enough in lives, and less importantly, in funds. We ought not to add to this cost -by burdening the American taxpayers with the delivery of Communist literature when we get no quid pro quo. Earlier this year the President appointed a com- mittee of eminent citizens to report to him on whether or not we should increase trade with Communist countries. This report contained many well-reasoned recommendations among which was the following: In the Committee's view, the time is ripe to make more active use of trade arrange- ments as political instruments in relations with Communist countries. Trade should be brought into the political arena. It should be offered or withheld, purposefully and sys- tematically, as opportunities and circum- stances warrant. This requires that the President be put in a position to remove trade restrictions on a selective and discre- tionary basis or to reimpose them as justified by our relations with individual Communist countries. Trade moves should be adapted to circum- stances in individual countries and used to gain improvements in, and to build a better foundation for our relations with these coun- tries. As opportunities arise, the United States should enter into government-to-gov- ernment negotiations with individual Corn- munist countries on this front, bargaining as Yankee traders for reciprocal advantage. Again, the issue is reciprocity; this issue must be resolved. I urge-passage of this legislation. WATER RESOURCES POLICY- A TIME FOR DECISION (Mr. OTTINGER (at the request of Mr. CoRMAN) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the REC- oRD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. OTTINGER. Mr. Speaker, no in- ternal need facing the United States to- day is of greater importance than proper management of the Nation's water re- sources. For the northeastern region of the Na- tion, this need is not only important, it is urgent. The serious consequences of the present drought have dramatically exposed the dangers of slipshod planning and the folly of following the counsels of political expediency in dealing with a natural resource as important as water. Later this week, the House is scheduled to vote upon a proposal which has an im- portant bearing on the northeastern water situation. The proposal is con- tained in an amendment to section 101 of the omnibus rivers and harbors bill re- ported favorably by the House Public Works Committee last Thursday. This section would direct the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to prepare a plan for, first, the construction, operation and maintenance by the United States of a system of major reservoirs in the river basins of the-northeastern region; sec- ond, a system of conveyance facilities by which water can be exchanged between, these basins; and, third, major purifica tion facilities. The aim of ' this legislation is laudab and the distinguished gentlemen of f Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 9, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- SENATE 22521 National Section must be'enabled to function effectively. The Department of State believes that ex- perience over the past years has demon- strated that the Institute is an effective instrument for , promoting geographic and historical research development throughout Latin America. Furthermore, the U.S. Gov- ernment is interested in improving the eco- nomic structure of these countries, and the Institute, a small organization whose activi- ties are especially adapted to the area, is con- tributing significantly to the overall devel- opment in this field. STUDY I3Y NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION OF SITE FOR THE JOHN_ V. f ERktbY C-N-. TER FOR THE PER01 ;~dNG AI%TS Mr. MUNDT. Mr. President, I intro duce, for appropriate reference, a joint resolution requiring the National Capi- tal Planning Commission to make a de- tailed study and to hold public. hearings on the subject of the bes posible site for the JolUi F. Kennedy enter for the Performing Arts. I am sure that all of us have become increasingly aware and worried over the public debate and controversy that has developed as a result of the selection of the present Potomac River site. Many, at this 11th hour. housing bill, urban renewal funds are influential and knowledgeable organize- I must admit that I am personally available for the first time for the Dis- tions have, criticized the Potomac loca- reluctant to see the Potomac River bank trict of Columbia. Such funds have tion, Recently the American Institute utilized for a project of this type. This been used in other cities to acquire sites of Architects adopted a resolution which is valuable land. Perhaps not as valu- for cultural centers and this possibility questioned the whether the present loca- able in a monetary sense as solhe`other should be examined in Washington. tion is adequate to receive properly a locations might be, but valuable in the Mr.. Pwto make it clear building of the size and importance of sense that it still contains much God- that President, si sponsoring this resolution I am the contemplated Center, and stating given natural beauty. thdent, want y the lutionutam to delay construction that it believed that another location In my home State of South Dakota not attempting might provide a more appropriate site we are fortunate in having thousands of of only the Cultural Center. in insuring that I the am interested possible for this great memorial. Several leading acres of land that still repose in their oon I am m oposing. any Furthermore, newspapers, including the New York natural setting. It is beautiful scenery site Times and the Washington Post, have \f or man cannot improve upon the Lord's not oposinging that the particular site but urged that a better site be chosen. architecture. This is a legacy that has rather proposing selected. Co that the National Cap- required In view of the serious questions that been given to us by our ancestors and ital Planning I f f othe detailed been raised, the permanency of which we in turn should endeavor to to make a Planning C the site see to of the building to be erected, the amount pass on to those who succeed us. It is, ion and ndtoion.propose study its Finally, knowledgeable not of money involved, and the general de- unfortunately, a dwindling legacy. recg that such a study long delay pro- sire to insure that our Capital City be In Washington this matter is becoming posing that asuc t he terms of the ay the developed in an orderly and satisfac- particularly acute. When you consider project. the t Under t terms of the u- tort' way, I think it only logical and the total metropolitan area as belong- tion, required Planning make Commission n would 90 days its prudent that the National Capital Plan- ing to the city of Washington, it is evi- and no construction could be carried days ring Commission, which is the agency dent that we are rapidly approaching the while the Commission makes its study. created by the Congress to be responsi- time when we will be the center of a ble for the development of the Nation's gigantic circle of concrete miles away Similar resolutions have been intro- Capital, make this study. from such things as open space, grass, duced in the other Chamber. I urge that I do not believe that this matter has trees, winding river banks, and fresh air. the Senate pass this joint resolution so received the detailed consideration that With the exception of Rock Creek Park, that we may bring this matter out in it deserves. The National Capital Plan- the banks of the Potomac represent just the open. If the relative merits of the ning Commission has never really been a .bout the last possibility to preserve proposed sites are to be debated, they consulted. In 1958, when previous plans these natural beauties. should be debated before the agency re- -calling for a cultural center directly Recreation has taken on added signif- sponsible-the National Capital Plan- across from the National Gallery were icance during the past decade. It is ping Commission. Passage of this res- abandoned, the Planning Commission only natural to assume that this trend olution would assure such careful con- was more or less told to select a site will continue. The Potomac will grow sideration by the appropriate group. along the Potomac. Attempts to get the more valuable as the demand for recrea- The PRESIDING OFFICER. The project off the ground were less than tional areas increases. To future gen- joint resolution will be received and ap- succe ful and it Was not until the sill- orations, a place to swim, to fish, to sun propriately referred. aural center was selected as, the mei trial, baahe, or simply take a walk along a The joint resolution (S.J. Res. 109) for the late President Kennedy that, the wooded lane may well be fully as impor directing the National Capital Planning impetus was provided for the completion tant as a cultural center. Commission to make a study of the site of the project. I do not believe, however, that the rea selected for the John F. Kennedy Center At the time it was only natural for sons for calling for a reappraisal of the for the Performing Arts and any other those in charge of planning the center 1ocation' need rest on these arguments sites proposed for' such Center, want too p oee forward as quicklyy as alone Ti would appear that several post- possible with the existing authorization. tine factors have entered the scene that duced by Mr. MUNDT, was received, read The entire country was engulfed`~by a were not considered originally and could twice by its title, and referred to the wave of emotion that lies never been very well change the initial plan. Committee on Public Works. equaled. should take a~ sober however. second believe look and we ~- the hplan for redesigning Pennsylvania select the best possible site for this me- Avenue came along. Now a Commission morial. has been established and these gentle- Mr. President, I do not pertain to be men are attempting, assumably, to make an expert on city planning. This is why Pennsylvania Avenue into the showcase I am proposing no particular spot and thoroughfare envisioned by Pierre this is why I am sugesting that a com- L'Enfant more than 150 years ago. A petent panel be placed in charge of the cultural center located on the avenue decisionmaking. I must say, however, could very well contribute to this plan. that I am not particularly impressed It should at least be considered along with the reasons advanced by those who with all other attractive and available wish to keep the Potomac site which is sites. presently proposed. A location that would be more cen- The board of trustees of the Kennedy trally located and thus more easily ac- Cultural Center seem to believe that we cessible would seem to be a cogent rea- have gone too far to change our minds.. son for relocation. The Potomac site is I disagree. We have not started to build. nowhere near the center of the city and We have not expended any funds for visitors would have to rely almost en- acquisition of land. All that has been tfiely on automobile transportation. In accomplished thus far is to let the bids contrast, a cultural center located in the for demolition. While there may be heart of the city could utilize the new some added cost if the existing plans subway system as well as old-fashioned would have to be modified, this would be shoe leather. The subway system, once a minimal sum when you consider the again, is a new factor that has arisen. total cost involved and how permanent At the time of the original selection it that expenditure will be once the build- was merely a dream; now it is becoming ing is constructed. If the Potomac site a reality. is a mistake, then it should be corrected Finally there is the question of avail- and it is still not too late to correct a ability of new funds. With the enact bad mistake, even if we have to do it mint into law of the recently passed Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R0005000,30009-4 1' Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE September 9, 1965 EFE RTS. Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President} behalf of the Senator from Oregon [Mr. MoRsE) and myself I submit a concur- rent resolution concerning the hostilities which are going on in India and Pakistan. In submitting this measure I -point out that the stakes are too high for Ind a, for Pakistan, and for the world to per- mit a continuation or escalation of the fighting that could ultimately lead to the destruction of one or both of the ad- versaries and virtually invite Communist China to Interfere in a major way in the affairs of the subcontinent. I feel that Congress, as representatives of the people of the United States, should make known its support of. all efforts by the United Nations and other international organizations to bring about an immediate cease-fire in, the Indian subcontinent. We should support the President's in- terim action in withholding military aid to both countries. We should also sup- port the President, and not tie his hands, in the dispensing of nonmilitary aid to India and Pakistan. The President has complete authority, under the Gruening- Javits-Morse amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act, passed in 1963, to make a factual determination whether or not any country receiving our assistance is preparing for or engaged. in aggressive military efforts against another aid recipient, requiring that assistance to that country be temporarily suspended. That amendment is now section 620(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. We should support the President and not tie his hands, and we should back the United Nations in its effort to end the fighting, and thus maintain a consistent, unified policy. I am pleased to note that this is a bi- partisan concurrent resolution. It is the great tradition of our country that we close ranks in international emergencies. That is what this resolution seeks to accomplish. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The concurrent resolution will be received and appropriately referred. The concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 58) was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, as follows: Whereas the United States is committed to the peaceful settlement of international disputes; and Whereas the current armed conflict be- tween India and Pakistan is inimical to the interests of the countries concerned and of the United States, and endangers Interna- tional peace; and Whereas it is the desire of the United States to maintain mutually friendly and productive relations with both Pakistan and India: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate (the Houseof Rep- resentatives concurring), That it is the sense of the Congress that- (1) The United States should support and encourage United Nations efforts and take other appropriate measures, as the President determines, to bring an end to the armed conflict between India and Pakistan at the earliest possible moment. (2) The Congress supports and approves, e interim action of the President in with- holding military assistance during the con- tinuation of military hostilities between India and Pakistan and invites the Presi- dent to consider making a determination pursuant to section 620(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 with respect to the temporary suspension of economic and mili- tary assistance to Pakistan or India during the continuatign of military hostilities be- tween them. APPROVAL OF COPPER ACCORDS BY CHILEAN SENATE Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, every Member of the the Senate should be- heart-ened by the fact that, according to a news dispatch which has just come in, the Chilean Senate has approved the copper agreements which President Frei negotiated with American copper com- panies in Chile, The copper accords already had the approval of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies, where President Frei's. Christian Democrats have a ma- jority, but there had been considerable question whether the agreements would be blocked in the Chilean Senate. The Chilean copper agreements dem- onstrate the range of possibilities of mutually satisfactory settlement in a sensitive area of private foreign invest- ment in Latin America, and as such have very broad significance. Not only does the removal of this last major obstacle to final approval of the agreements con- stitute an important victory for Presi- dent Frei's program, but the action which the Chilean Senate has just taken is agreat and constructive contribution to inter-American cooperation. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ACT OF 1965-AMENDMENT AMENDMENT NO. 437 Mr. McGOVERN. Mr. President, I have just submitted an amendment to the wheat title of H.R. 9811 which will: First. Continue the domestic certifi- cate-two-price approach, which has been used successfully the past 2 years. Second. Provide for a variable export certificate under which wheat farmers would receive the full net returns from commercial wheat export operations. Third. Enable wheat to be competitive with feed grains, ac in recent years, and thereby permit the continuation of the popular acreage substitution provision of the wheat and feed grain programs. All other provisions of the Senate bill relating to allotments, diversion, price support, and income goals would be unchanged. The bill reported by the Senate com- mittee provides direct payments to the cooperating producer on this entire pro- duction while maintaining the require- ment that wheat users buy certificates. This approach could, in the years ahead, create difficulties in trade negotiations, since it supports export wheat as well as wheat used domestically-a device which invites retaliation by other governments. By returning to the domestic parity ap- proach, the ,McGovern amendment will enable U.S.'wheat producers to produce for only the domestic market if they wish and-receive price support-based on' parity. If producers want to produce more, they may do so at world market prices or near that level without depend- ing on heavy export subsidies. This will enable U.S. wheat to compete for a fair share of the world markets withintrad- ing rules acceptable to competing ocuntries. - The variable export amendment would fallow the pattern now used by some oth- er wheat exporting nations. On all ex- port wheat, farmers would receive the basic price support loan. In addition, the Department of Agriculture would es- tablish for exporters on a daily basis either a certificate sale value or a re- fund, which would make U.S. wheat prices competitive at the world level. If world wheat prices were above U.S. wheat prices, certificates would be sold to exporters. Receipts would be pooled, and net receipts above refunds to ex- porters would be allocated to wheat pro- ducers at the end of the year. The amendment provides that the loan level shall take account of the feed value of wheat and will enable farmers who participate in the wheat and feed grain programs to substitute, acre for acre, be- tween feed grains and wheat as best suits their individual farming operations. The Senate committee bill did not con- tain authority for setting the basic loan level on wheat so that it could be com- petitive with feed grains. My amend- ment takes care of that situation. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The amendment will be received, printed, and will lie on the table. AMENDMENT NO. 438 Mr. PROXMIRE (for himself, Mr. MACI_IUSON, Mr. HART, Mr. JACKSON, and Mr. FULSRIGHT), submitted an amend- ment intended to be-proposed by them, jointly, to House bill 9811, the Food and Agriculture Act of 1965, which was or- dered to lie on the table and to be printed. AMENDMENT NO. 439 Mr. DODD submitted amendments, in- tended to be proposed by him, to House bill 9811, the Food and Agriculture Act of 1965, which were ordered to lie on the table and to be printed. AMENDMENTS NOS. 440 AND 441 Mr. BREWSTER submitted two amendments, intended to be proposed by him, to House bill 9811, the Food and Agriculture Act of 1965, which were or- dered to lie on the table and to be printed. ADDITIONAL COSPONSOR OF BILL AND CONCURRENT RESOLUTIONS Mr. GRUENING. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that at the next printing of S. 1676, my bill to provide for certain reorganizations In the Depart- ment of State and Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the name of the junior Senator from Wyo- ming [Mr. SiMPsoN] be added as a co- sponsor. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. -Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved" For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Senate THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1965 (Legislative day of Wednesday, September 8,19 65) The Senate met at"11 o'clock a.m., on the expiration of the recess, and was called to order by the Acting President pro tempore [Mr. METCALF]. The Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, " D.D., offered the following prayer: Our 'Father God, as in reverence we hallow Thy name, so may we hallow our own as we keep our honor bright, our hearts pure, our ideals untarnished, and our devotion to the Nation's welfare high and true. As within this quiet Chamber of gov- ernance we close the door for this still moment upon the wild and violent world without, we seek Thee anew within, until thoughts grow reverent again, waiting tasks are glorified and our whole being is dominated by a, faith in the ultimate decency of the world because the God behind the shadows, and in them, can transfigure all common things into shin- ing sacraments of love. We ask it through riches of grace in Christ Jesus, our Lord. Amen. On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by unanimous consent, the reading of the Journal of the proceedings of Wednes- day, September 8, 1965, was dispensed with. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ACT OF 1965 Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the unfin- ished business be laid before -the Senate. . The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- pore. The Chair, lays before the Senate the unfinished business, The Senate resumed the consideration of the. bill. (HR. 9811) to maintain farm income, to stabilize prices and assure adequate supplies of agricultural com- modities, to reduce surpluses, lower Government costs and promote foreign trade, to afford greater economic oppor- tunity in rural areas, and for other purposes. Mr. ELLENDER obtained the floor. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will the distinguished Senator from Louisi- ana yield to me briefly? Mr. ELLENDER. I yield to the Sena- tor from Montana without losing my right to the floor. CALL OF CERTAIN MEASURES ON THE CALENDAR Mr MAkVSF~ELD. Mr.. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Senate proceed to the consideration of certain measures on the calendar, beginning with Calendar No. 670. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- pore. Without objection, it is so or- dered. The clerk will state the first bill. RESPONSIBILITY FOR MARKING OF OBSTRUCTIONS IN NAVIGABLE The bill (H.R. 725) to clarify the re- sponsibility for marking of obstructions in navigable waters was considered, or- dered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD an excerpt from the report. (No. 688), explaining the-purposes of the bill. There being no objection, the excerpt was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PURPOSE OF THE BILL The purpose of H.R. 725 is to clarify the responsibility, as among Government agen- cies, for marking obstructions in navigable waters. BACKGROUND Current law provides that the Corps of Engineers and the Coast Guard are respon- sible for marking wrecks in navigable waters. However, the extent of the responsibility of each is unclear. This bill, as recommended by the Secretary of the Treasury, provides that the primary obligation for marking all obstructions to navigation rests with the Coast Guard. This should completely elimi- nate the present lack of clarity. The bill in no way abrogates the existing responsibility of the Corps of Engineers to remove obstructions, or the existing respon- sibility of shipowners to mark the obstruc- tions. Specifically, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to mark wrecks and other ob- structions which, in his judgment, constitute obstructions to navigation. ADMINISTRATION OF THE COAST GUARD BAND The bill (H.R. 727) to provide for the administration of the Coast Guard Band was considered, ordered to a third read- ing, read the third time, and passed. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD an excerpt from the report (No. 689), explaining the purposes of the bill. There being no objection, the excerpt was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PURPOSE OF THE BILL The purpose of H.R. 727 is to permit the Coast Guard to select as the conductor of its band an officer, and to accord statutory recognition to the Coast Guard Band. BACKGROUND Currently the Coast Guard Band is con- ducted by a warrant officer, while all other service bands are conducted by officers. This bill requires the conductor to be an officer who is at least a lieutenant (junior grade) but not higher than a lieutenant commander. The committee believes this range of rank is consistent with the duties and responsibili- ties. The Coast Guard Band is based at the Coast Guard Academy at New London, Conn. It performs for ceremonial functions at the Academy, and also travels throughout the country for various performances. This bill will contribute to leveling this aspect of the Coast Guard with other services, and will generally promote the prestige of the Coast Guard. RETIREMENT OF ENLISTED MEM- BERS OF THE COAST GUARD RE- SERVE The bill (H.R. 7779) to provide for the retirement of enlisted members of the Coast Guard Reserve was considered, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD an excerpt from the re- port (No. 690), explaining the purposes of the bill. There being no objection, the excerpt was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PURPOSE OF THE BILL The purpose of H.R. 7779 is to permit vol- untary retirement by members of the en- listed Coast Guard Reserve who have served on active duty on the same basis as similarly situated enlisted personnel of the Regular Coast Guard. BACKGROUND Present law discriminates against Coast Guard reserve personnel in retirement pay. Members of the Regular Coast Guard who have served 20"years of active duty are en- titled to retire voluntarily and receive re- tirement pay in the amount of 2.5 percent of their basic pay multiplied by the number of years of active service. However, there is no such provision for members of the Coast Guard Reserve, who have served 20 or more years On active duty. Members of the Re- serve who were members in January 1953 and who will have completed their active duty by January 1973 may receive similar benefits under a statute enacted on behalf of both Naval and Coast Guard reservists. Presently there are approximately 11 mem- bers of the Coast Guard Reserve serving on extended tours of active duty who do not qualify under the special legislation de- scribed above, either because they were not members Of the Reserve in January 1953 or because they will not have served their en- tire 20 years on active duty before January 1973. This bill will provide the same treatment for these excluded Coast Guard reservists as for members of the Naval Fleet Reserve and of the Regular Coast Guard. Mr. MANSFIELD, Mr. President, that concludes the call of the calendar. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, will the Senator from Louisiana yield to me for the purpose of taking up a House bill Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-R?P67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE September 9, 1965 that I believe can be disposed of in a few minutes? Mr. ELLE11DE1%. I yield. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- pore. Will the Senator suspend while the Senate receives a message from the House of Representatives on this mat- ter? MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE A message from the House of Repre- sentatives, by Mr. Hackney, one of its reading clerks, announced that the House had passed the following bills, in which it requested the concurrence of the Senate: H.R. 10775. An act to construction at military authorize certain installations, and purposes, which. was read twice by its title. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- pore. Is there objection to the present consideration of the bill? Mr. KUCHEL. Mr. President, reserv- ing the right to object, I ask the distin- guished Senator from Mississippi wheth- er or not the ranking minority member on the committee, the Senator from Massachusetts [Mr. SALTONSTALL] is in agreement. Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, the bill has been cleared for passage by the Sen- ator from Massachusetts. I shall make a brief statement with respect to the bill, which will clarify the matter. Mr. KUCHEL. I thank the Senator. May I ask whether the members of the for other purposes; and H.R. 10871. An act making appropriations minority are in agreement? for foreign assistance and related agencies Mr. STENNIS. They-are. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, and t ENROLLED BILLS AND JOINT RESO- LUTIONS SIGNED The message also announced that the Speaker had affixed his signature to the following enrolled bills and joint resolu- tions, and they were signed by the Vice President: S. 795. An act to provide for the assessing of Indian trust and restricted lands within the Lummi Indian diking project on the Lummi Indian Reservation in the State of Washington, through a drainage and diking district formed under the laws of the State; S.949. An act to promote commerce and encourage economic growth by supporting State and interstate programs to place the findings of science usefully in'the hands of American enterprise; 8. 2420. An act to provide continuing au- thority for the protection of former Presi- dents and their wives or widows, and for other purposes; S.J. Res. 89. Joint resolution extending for 2 years the existing authority for the erection in the District of Columbia of a memorial to Mary McLeod Bethune; and S.J. Res. 102. Joint resolution to authorize funds for the Commission on Law Enforce- ment and Ad3ninistration of Justice and the District of Columbia Commission on Crime and Law Enforcement. HOUSE BILL REFERRED The bill (H.R. 10871) making appro- priations for Foreign Assistance and re- lated agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, and for other purposes, was read twice by its title and referred to the Committee on Appropriations. AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN CON- STRUCTION OF MILITARY IN- STALLATIONS Mr. STENNIS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Chair lay before the Senate, for immediate con- sideration, H.R. 10775, to authorize cer- tain construction at military installa- tions, and for other purposes, which was passed by the House on Tuesday last. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem- pore laid before the Senate the bill (H.R. 10775) to. authorize certain construction of military installations, and for other pore. Is were oblectlon to the Presen consideration of the bill? There being no objection, the Senate proceeded to consider the bill. Mr.' KUCHEL. Mr. President, al- though I reserved the right to object, I now have no objection, in view of the circumstances. Mr. -STENNIS. The bill now before the Senate takes the place of the bill vetoed by the President of the United States (H.R. 8439). It is exactly the same as the bill passed by the Senate and the House heretofore except in two particulars. The first is the section to which the President objected with re- spect to the delay of time in the closing of camps, posts, stations, yards; or other installations under the authority of the Department of Defense. The section substituted for the one in the old bill provides that they shall not be closed until after the expiration of 30 days from the date upon which a full report of the facts, including justifica- tions 'therefore for such proposed ac- tion, is submitted by the Secretary of Defense to the Committees on Armed -Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The position of the Senate was not nearly so strong with reference to this delay as was that of the House of Rep- resentatives. I believe that this section is satisfactory generally to all members of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, and we unanimously recom- mend its adoption by the Senate. The other exception relates to a re- quirement in section 609 of the House buildings for the Aerospace Corp. mulct be by a line item authorization, for the Air Force just as a military installation has to have a line item authorization. The Senate denied this provision in that it was singular in purpose. The con- ferees agreed on the purpose of the sec- tion, but broadened it in scope to apply not only to aerospace but to other simi- lar undertakings, as well. There was some confusion about the meaning of the language, and it was decided to adopt the section In the orig- inal-bill and carry over until next year the technical problem of expanding the language to cover other installations. We believe the section is sound and should be adopted. The bill was not referred to the Com- mittee on Armed Services. I discussed. the question with the membership, and. it was agreed that the referral was not necessary. The Senator from Massachusetts [Mr. SALTONSThLL] and I conferred about the: bill yesterday. He cannot be in the Chamber at this moment, but he agrees to the bill in its present form, as do all. other members of the committee. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that sections 609 and 611 of the bill.. H.R. 10775 be printed at this point in the RECORD. There being no objection, the sections were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: SEc. 609. Every contract between the Sec- retary of the Air Force and the Aerospace Corporation shall prohibit the construction. of any facility or the acquisition of any real property by the Aerospace Corporation. unlees such construction or acquisition has first been authorized to the Air Force by the Congress. SEc. 611. (a) No camp, post, station, base, yard, or other installation under the au-? thority of the Department of Defense shall! be closed or abandoned until after the ex-? piration of thirty days from the date upon which a full report of the facts, including the justification for such proposed action, submitted by the Secretary of Defense to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives. (b) This section shall apply only to posts, camps, stations, bases, yards, or other in-? stallations that are located in the United States and Puerto Rico and have a total military and' civilian complement of more than two hundred and fifty. It shall not apply to any facility used primarily for river and harbor projects or flood control projects. The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem-? pore. The bill is open to amendment. If there be no amendment to be proposed, the question is on the third reading. The bill (H.R. 10775) was ordered to a third reading, was read the third time:. and passed. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I move to reconsider the vote by which the Mr. S S. Mr. President, I move to lay tj motion on the table. otion to lay on the table was more than a decade and a half, the good. sense of the leadership in India and 'Pakistan and the work of theUnited Na- tions have served to maintain a truce in Kashmir. It is a truce which has been threatened many times but, always, in the past has been reasserted. Now there has been a massive collapse of the truce. It is carrying down the whole structure of the comity by which India and Pakistan have managed to live in a tolerable peace subsequent to parti-? tion. The military conflict which began inKashmir a short time ago hasalready leaped across other parts of the frontiers Apprrued For-Release, 2006/11/09': CIA-RDP67B00446R00050003000974, Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 9, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD SENATE between India and Pakistan, on both the east and the west. Reports tell of air raids against major cities and airdrops and other military activity in many places outside of Kashmir. With every passing hour the conflict seems to be gaining momentum. Unless the present trend is promptly checked, there will be a Himalayan catas- trophe in the Indo-Pakistani subcon- tinent. It will be fed not only by the is- sue of Kashmir but by a fierce national rivalry buttressed by the clashing forces of religious communalism. A fore- shadow of what may be involved is to be found in the struggle which accompanied partition, when it is estimated that half a million persons lost their lives and ap- proximately 15 million people were up- rooted from their homes and forced to seek refuge in one. of the greatest trans- plantations of population in the history of mankind. At the end- of the present course lies, clearly, the wreckage of much of the great constructive endeavor which has been pursued successfully and against great odds in both India and Pakistan during the past 15 years. The work of a dedicated, indigenous leadership and a ? hard-working populace, the contribution of enormous amounts of aid from many natlQns, the political achievements wrought in the context of Common- wealth cooperation and evolution-all of this is subject to forfeit in the military storm which is now spreading. It is easy enough to preach to both nations that they have everything to gain` and nothing to lose by abstaining from violence. It is easy enough to urge peace on both India and Pakistan. But our own involvement in Vietnam- a far less complex situation-should un- derscore for us the gap between the great desirability of peace and the slim pos- sibilities of its prompt restoration ,once it has given way. Therefore, Mr. President, it would be my hope that we would exercise a meas- ure of restraint insofar as platitudes on peace are concerned and, further, that we would avoid .a unilateral course in this situation. No single outside nation, this Nation included, is likely by state- ments or even unilaterally determined policies to contribute very much to a restoration of peace. A good deal more is needed if, indeed, any outside effort is to be helpful in this situation. The fact is that the Kashmir problem has been a matter of concern to the United Nations since 1949. The United Nations Security Council has been able, heretofore, to play a major role in main- taming the truce in Kasllmir even though it has yet been unable to bring about a resolution of the basic issues. If there is any outside element which can be helpful in this situation it would ap- pear to be, still, the Security Council assisted by the able Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. U Thant. :Indeed, the Council, on September 4, took the first essential step when by unanimous vote it called for a cease-fire and a withdrawal of forces to the 1949 truce line in Kashmir. That call has so far been disregarded and indications are that other actions will have to be taken. For us and for other nations that seek peace within the context of friendly re- lations with both India and Pakistan, the great necessity is for a common course at this critical time. It would ap- pear to me that such a course is best achieved through the machinery and procedures of the Security Council, as- sisted by the Secretary-General. Deci- sions properly taken by that body are binding on every member of the United Nations. And, indeed, such decisions should have the firm support of member nations in view of the common stake of all in the restoration of peace. It seems to me especially important at this time that the U.S. aid pro- grams for India and Pakistan and those of other nations, and they are many, which are inextricably and, in all frankness, embarrassingly inter- woven with this conflict must be made to serve. the ends of a restoration of peace. Just how that can be done is not yet clear. But this Nation, it seems to me, ought to be prepared to join with other nations in a common pledge that aid programs in which they may be en- gaged in both India and Pakistan, with- in their present dimensions, will be ad- justed at the request of and in accord- ance with any relevant decisions of the United Nations Security Council. In the present critical situation the constructive value of all aid, programs- military and economic-in both India and Pakistan is thrown into doubt. The President has acted wisely in promptly suspending shipments to both nations under the military aid program. Further adjustments in the interests of peace may be necessary. Flexibility is essen- tial to the President if he is to make these adjustments effectively. He can be counted upon to act in close coopera- tion with the Congress, In this connec- tion, it might be well to recall that the President, while subject to much criti- cism, refused to enter into any aid agree- ments for this fiscal year until Congress approved the authorizing foreign aid legislation and appropriated the neces- sary funds. It would appear to me that this is not only a sound approach in itself but is also indicative of his readi- ness to work closely with the Congress as circumstances develop. The complex and critical nature of the current situa- tion, however, requires full support of the President and his representative at the United Nations Security Council. Together, they can press the views of this Nation and adjust them, as neces- sary, in the light of the views of others to the end that the aid programs of all may be brought to the full support of a United Nations effort to restore peace as quickly as possible. TRIBUTES TO MAJORITY AND MI- NORITY LEADERS OF THE SENATE Mrs. SMITH. Mr. President, will the Senator from Louisiana yield? The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Rus- SELL of South Carolina in the chair). Does the Senator from Louisiana yield to the Senator from Maine? Mr. ELLENDER. I am happy to yield to the Senator from Maine, provided that in doing so I shall not lose my. right to the floor. Mrs. SMITH. I thank the distin- guished Senator from Louisiana for giv- ing me this time. Mr. President, the distinguished ma- jority leader had some very kind and generous words for me in this Chamber yesterday and I am very grateful to him. As we approach the close of this session, I want to pay my personal trib- ute to the majority leader for the splen- did leadership that he has given the Sen- ate. There may be those who feel that as a Republican I should restrain myself from giving such credit to him lest the Democrats use it for campaign ammuni- tion. I do not feel that way. I feel that when a person has done an outstanding job that recognition should be given re- gardless of party affiliation. And if any of my enemies or critics in either the Democratic Party or the Republican Party wish to use this as an issue against me, I welcome them doing so. In fact, I have been somewhat amused at some of my Democratic critics having cautioned other Democrats not to issue any words of praise about me lest I use those words to good advantage in cam- paigning for reelection. But MIKE MANSFIELD has done an ex- cellent job and I am not about to deny him recognition on my part of his achievement merely because I am a member of the opposite political party. He has given the Senate the most orderly conduct of business that I have ever seen since I have been privileged to be a Mem- ber of this body. He has wisely and very effectively conducted the Senate's busi- ness in an unparalleled manner of avoid- ing late night sessions and Saturday ses- sions, both of which are not conducive to legislating in the best mental framework when Members are tired and their tem- pers affected by their fatigue. And while paying tribute to the major- ity leader, I want to pay equal tribute to the minority leader. I have read some attacks on EVERETT DIRKSEN for not being partisan enough in his role as minority leader-for not being more of an oppo- nent to the President's program-for be- ing too cooperative. Well, I have personally witnessed the political independence of EVERETT DIRK- SEN. I have seen him oppose the Presi- dent when he thought the President was wrong. I have seen how his actions and views have had a great influence on the President and caused the President to change his original views on legislation and his legislative program-and change constructively. In the words of the President, EVERETT DIRKSEN is constructive instead of being merely negative-he is a builder instead of a wrecker. And the best testimonial to his constructive fairness, without di- luting his duties, as the leader of the loyal opposition, to the President's own high regard for EVERETT DIRKSEN and the very great degree to which he leans upon EVERETT DIRKSENfor guidance and ad- vice. Everybody knows this. But it is time that it should be said in defense of EVER- ETT DIRKSEN against his overly partisan Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved- For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 22442 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE September 9, 1965 critics. We Members of the Senate, on both sides of the aisle, share the high re- gard and esteem that the -President of =the United_ States holds for EVERETT DIRKSEN. Mr. KUCHEL. Mr. President, will the Senator from Maine yield to me? Mrs. -SMITH. I yield. Mr. KUCHI L. I join with enthusiasm in what the distinguished Senator from Maine has just said. We have two superb Senate leaders. The majority leader, MIKE MANSFIELD, a man of high courage and conviction, is a great adornment to his. country, his party, and to the Senate. Surely his counterpart, the minority leader, EVERETT DIRKSEN, is equally a great American leader, a great Repub- lican leader, and a great Senate leader. Any man or woman in public service who attempts to accomplish good for the people of this country may be subjected to cruel attack from time to time, and abuse on occasion, has come, without justification, to both of those men. I regret that from time to time the leader of our party in the Senate, who has accomplished so much for his country by his leadership, has been the recipient of abuse as has been, also, his Democratic counterpart. Surely the comments of the Senator from Maine demonstrates what the feelings of Senators are with respect to the Democratic leader and the Republican leader in the Senate and what the feelings of the people of this country are with respect to them. Mrs. SMITH. I thank the distin- guished Senator from California for his comments. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will the Senator from Maine yield to me? -Mrs, SMITH. I am happy to yield. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I take this opportunity to thank the dis- tinguished Senator from Maine for her remarks and to join her wholeheartedly in what she has to say concerning the distinguished minority leader. If the Senate is to function, there must be cooperation on both sides as-a mat- ter of necessity. Cooperation, under- standing, and tolerance have been forth- coming at all times. Let me say that it is good for me- really a tyro in politics-to work along- side an old "pro," who rolls with the punches, who faces up to events as they occur, and who manages to emerge smil- ing most of the time. Again I thank the distinguished Sena- tor from Maine for her comments and to assure her that I appreciate them more than I can say. Mrs. SMITH. I thank the distin- guished majority leader. Mr. DIRKSEN. Will the charming lady from Maine yield to me? Mrs. SMITH. I am happy to yield to the Senator from Illinois. Mr, DIRKSEN. Mr. President, I can only salute and agree wholeheartedly with what the majority leader says in re- gard to the-operation of the Senate. Long ago,, we agreed that the Senate is a public body which functions on a two-way street. If it were not so, the -Senate would be in a constant state of disruption. We dedicate ourselves to the business of making the Senate a functioning body. -I am grateful, indeed, for the kind words. As for the abuse, I roll with the tide. For more than 30 years I have been sub- jected to criticism of one kind or an- other. I do'not retaliate. I do not reply in kind. I am content to take criticism in stride, because that is one of the things to which one must become inured in pub- lic service. -I am grateful to the Senator from Maine for her kind remarks. Mrs. SMITH. I thank the minority leader very much. A TRIBUTE TO MINORITY LEADER EVERETT M. DIRKSEN Mr. SIMPSON. Will the Senator from Maine yield? Mrs. SMITH. I yield. Mr. SIMPSON. Mr. President, we have just heard a marvelous tribute given to our minority leader, Senator EVERETT DIRKSEN. I haveasked permis- sion to associate myself with the expert views of the gracious lady from Maine [Mrs. SMITH]. "Ev" DIRKSEN is Nature's nobleman and a great leader with a warm heart and unimpeachable integrity. He and his wife, Lou, deserve the tributes which have just been paid to them. I thank the Senator from Maine. Mrs. SMITH. Mr. President, I apolo- gize to the Senator from Louisiana [Mr. ELLENDERI for taking all this time, when it was not my time to yield, and I hope that he will bear with me. Mr. ELLENDER. The Senator from Maine is most welcome. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will the Senator yield without losing his right to the floor? Mr. ELLENDER. I yield. - Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, -I Suggest the absence of a quorum. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll. - The Chief Clerk proceeded to call the roll. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order for the quorum call be rescinded. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ACT OF 1965 The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill (H.R. 9811) to maintain farm income, to stabilize prices and assure adequate supplies of agricultural com- modities, to reduce surpluses, lower Gov- ernment costs and promote foreign trade, to afford greater economic opportunity in rural areas, and for other puposes. Mr. ELLENDER. Mr. President, for the past 3 or 4 months, the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry has been giving very serious consideration to the many problems facing agriculture. As we all know, the farm price sup- port program really had its start in 1938. What the Congress has done since that time has been to add to and substract from the original proposals made in 1938. It will be remembered that the Com- mittee on Agriculture and Forestry at that time held hearings throughout the country, at the grassroots, to obtain all the information possible with which to draft a bill in keeping with what was thought to be to the advantage of the producers of our Nation. There is no doubt that we must by all means keep our farming community on the go and provide it with a fair in- come. Our entire economy is depend- ent on agriculture. One need only visit various parts of the world to discover what it means for a country to be in- capable of producing its own food, and fiber requirements. Many countries have neglected their precious land and water resources. As a consequence, their economies deteriorated. Many years ago Persia, which con- sisted of the present territory occupied by Iraq and Iran, was able to produce sufficient food to take care of 100 mil- lion people. The great valley of Meso- potamia, between the Tigris and the Eu- phrates Rivers, was able to grow food for as many as 15 million people. I visited those areas. But, because of the neglect of the people in the protec- tion of their land and water resources, the great Mesopotamia Valley is able to grow food now for only about 5 million people. Their lands have soured. Their streams have clogged. The great port of Basra, which used to be on the Persian Gulf, is now removed about 30 miles up- stream. What was the reason? The sedimen- tation from those two great rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris, came down andnot only built into the Persian Gulf, but clogged the many streams that emp- tied into those two great rivers and made much of the land more or less barren. We do not want such a condition ever to exist in our own country. Mr. President, long before I came to the Senate I devoted much time and. study to the -protection and preserva- tion of our two great resources. I am. proud of the fact that, as a Senator from. Louisiana, I have been able to carry on. this work as chairman of the Public: Works Subcommittee of the Appropri- ations Committee, as well as chairman of the - Agriculture and Forestry com- mittee of the Senate. I have been serving on the latter com- mittee since I came to the Senate, al- most 29 years ago. Allof the legislation affecting our farms, affecting conserva- tion, and other laws affecting agriculture and the protection and preservation of our water resources came under my view.. I was there to participate and assist in passing legislation to protect and pre-, serve those great resources. Mr. President, it has often been said that the cost of our programs has been too high. I have so stated on many occasions, but when we consider the great factory that has been built over the years, in which we can now produce food and fiber in abundance, to feed not Approved For Release 2006/11/09 : CIA-R DP67B00446R000500030009-4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 September 9, 1965 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE it not unusual to schedule so many reso- lutions on 1, day? Mr. ALBERT. I would not say it was unusual. I would say we do have a. pretty heavy schedule for next week. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Okla- homa? .There was no objection. DISPENSING WITH CALENDAR WEDNESDAY Mr. ALBERT. Mr, Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the business in order on. Calendar Wednesday of, next week be dispensed with. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Okla- homa? There was no objection. "TIE PEOPLE CALL IT SPORT" - BOOK' BY HARRY WISMER (Mr. FOG.A,RT Y. asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. FQGA.RTY.,:, Dfr, Speaker, a familiar figure in Washington for several years-Harry Wismer, a coowner of the Redskins .? from 1950 to, 1960-is still go- ing strong. He has just completed a book about professional football called "The People Call It Sport." I have not seen the book and'jlierefore car make no comment on it. However, I remember Mr. Wismer as one of the lation's out- standing sports broadcasters for many years, and especially his handling of the annual golf matches sponsored by the Washington Star for the benefit of the deprived youngsters of this great city. This annual golf match, participated in by Members of Congress and the Senate, and members of the Cabinet and screen stars, raised thousands of dollars to help In this cause, CELEBRATION OF ADMISSION DAY FOR CALIFORNIA (Mr. DYAL asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. DYAL. Mr. Speaker, 115 years ago today California became the 31st State of the Union. Now the Bear State is first in population. ' Naturally, we Cali- fornlans think. Qt "-her as, being first in many other aspects than population: In agriculture; in her natural resources; her climate; her citrus and ,her new aero- space technologies and her amazing Feather River water plan. Lately our, State has also been included in the social problems of this new-era. Problems are not unknown to a Cali- fornia that weathered the gold strikes, the oil booms, the grapes of wrath era, and other difficulties. Obviously we are going to need wisdom and understanding as well as firmness in holding to_ la v and order to solve our problems, in both the humane as well as the legal aspects. We love our State and we brag about her-possibly only taking second place to This being admission day it is hoped that. California and all that the name indicates; an adventuresome spirit will cause us to join with our sister States in bringing our Nation to its highest fulfill- ment in the destiny of mankind. BIG GRAIN DEALERS PUSHING WHEAT TO RUSSIA HAVE FOR- EIGN FLAGSHIPS (Mr. ROGERS of Florida asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and ex- tend his remarks.) Mr. ROGERS of Florida. Mr. Speak- er, the Senate has begun to debate the 1965 farm bill. As we know, efforts will be made in the Senate to remove the road-block against U.S. wheat sales to Russia; namely, the requirement that at least half such wheat be hauled in American ships. It must be brought out that only a few large U.S. grain dealers would benefit from selling wheat to Russia. Not only would these few dealers reap profits from the actual sales, but they have financial interests in foreign-flag ship- ping companies which would also profit from the removal of the 50 percent re- serve set aside for American shippers. For example, Continental Grain Co. of New York City, which figured prom- inently in the 1963 United States- Russia wheat deal, is shown as connected with the United Steamship Corp. of Panama. - Cargill, Inc., of Minneapolis, Minn., prominent in 1963 sales of U.S. wheat to Eastern European Red satellites, has shipping agent subsidiaries in Argentina, West Germany, the Netherlands, Bel- gium, Denmark, England, Japan, and Italy which simply rechartered foreign ships to U.S. based Cargill, Inc. ship- ments to Communist countries. No wonder the powerful grain lobby wants to not only sell wheat to Russia, but ship it all aboard foreign lines. I urge those who are concerned with upholding a strong U.S. foreign policy, and rebuilding a strong American ship- ping industry as well, to join in halting the sale of U.S. wheat, subsidied by the American taxpayers, to Russia and other Communist countries. ADMISSION OF COMMUNIST CHINA INTO THE UNITED NATIONS (Mr. FIND asked and was given per- mission to address the House for 1 min- ute, and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. FINO. Mr. Speaker, nothing dis- turbed me more than the recent news that a number of African and Asian countries in the United Nations have formally requested that the question of admitting Communist China to the United Nations be put on the discussion agenda. Until 1960, the United States success- fully prevented the. question of Commu- nist China's admission from being con- sidered by the United Nations. Unfortu- nately, the Democratic administrations in power since 1961 have not been so skillful. Slowly but surely they have 22399 been losing the battle to keep Communist China out of the United Nations. I hope that our new team at the United Nations will be able to reverse this trend, but I doubt it. This admin- istration has failed completely in win- ning the Afro-Asian nations to support our position with respect to admitting Communist China to the United Nations. This despite the fact that Communist China is openly stirring up subversion throughout both continents. I hope that this is not the year we are to pay the price of this failure by seeing Com- munist China admitted to the United Nations. It would be a great blow to the strength of our position in Asia and certainly a black day for America. THE AMERICAN RED CROSS (Mr. MICHEL asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute, and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. MICHEL. Mr. Speaker, I was shocked and angered to learn that the American Red Cross is specifying im- ported wire in its buying orders to deal- ers. A manufacturer of steel wire in my district has reported to me that its Seat- tle, Wash., branch complained that the Red Cross specified foreign made wire for fencing to replace flood-damaged fences in the Northwest. It is my understanding that the Amer- ican National Red Cross has been supply- ing fence for the flood victims in the Pa- cific Northwest all through the spring of 1965 and in every case they have speci- fied "import wire." It is also my understanding they have done such a land-office business that on some orders they have even used a rub- ber stamp "import only" to speed up their paperwork. Mr. Speaker, this action is indeed ill considered. It damages the U.S. bal- ance-of-payments position. It is also the height of arrogance for an or- ganization that exists largely on the generous donations of business firms, in- cluding steel wire companies, to spend its money on foreign goods. It is work- ing at cross-purposes to deny the busi- ness that its operations generate to the American firms that are its financial lifeline. The American Red Cross should be all-American-including buying American. Otherwise it may find itself a financial disaster area, in need of fis- cal first aid. CHARTING THE GREAT SOCIETY (Mr. PATMAN asked and was given permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD, and to include a newspaper announcement.) Mr. PATMAN. Mr. Speaker, there is a feature that distinguishes all of the great Presidential programs throughout our history. They have all been based on deep insight into the Nation's needs and a bold vision of its destiny. President Johnson's Great Society pro- gram is in that tradition. It is based on the clear recognition that the continued existence of poverty in this great Nation is the biggest barrier to our economic and Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-R DP67B00446R000500Q,09- 4 Approved For Release 2006/11/09: CIA-RDP67B00446R000500030009-4 22400. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -HOUSE September 9, 1965 social progress, and that we can no longer delay in the campaign to drive it from our midst. Achieving the Great Society will be a big Sob, and it will take a long time to do it, but the time to begin is now. We have the `power; we have the strength; we have the will. Delay would not only be self-defeating,'iiisofar as our aims and -aspirations are concerned, but it would be inhumane and heartless, for poverty and its evil consequences need not con- tinue to afflict a substantial minority of Americans. It is the people of this Nation who con- stitute its greatest wealth. Eliminating poverty and dependency is a double in- vestment: It gets rid of a liability- someone, who has to be carried along by other members of society-and, in its place, creates a producer who contributes his share of goods and services to the community. As the people of this Na- tion undertake to bring about the Great Society, we in the Congress must be vig- ilant in learning the dimensions of the forts. The Joint Economic Committee will do its part in helping to navigate the course ahead. Members of Congress have expressed their interest in the Joint Economic Committee's undertaking in this regard and so, no doubt, many members of the public are equally interested in the com- mittee's current activities in the field of human progress. For this reason, I would like to include in the RECORD a brief announcement describing in some- what more detail the current and pro- posed activities of the Joint Economic Committee in respect to human resources and the Great Society programs: WRIGHT PATMAN, Democrat, of Texas, chair- man of the Joint Economic Committee, to- day announced that the committee's Sub- committee on Economic Progress, which he also chairs, will investigate the basic eco- nomic problems that the Nation will face in achieving the Great Society. "The biggest factor in economic growth is neither natural resources nor machinery," said the Texan. "It's people. President Johnson's Great Society programs are de- signed to assure continued growth and pros- perity of our society by stepping up the na- tional investment in people. They are not only the ultimate consumers and benefici- aries of society; they are equally its pro- ducers. "The subcommittee's economic Investiga- tions will focus on the-new Great Society de- velopments in order that the Congress and the public can have a more precise knowl- edge of their scope, their mode of operation, and their effect on the economy. Such In- formation is vitally necessary to the Congress in making wise decisions on programs in- tended to reduce poverty and bring about economic and social improvement.' Chairman PATMAN Indicated that one study now underway will attempt to project the course of the economy over the next 10 years and assess the economic problems that will face.policymakers in that period. He cited employment, tax policy, public ex- penditures, and technological change as issues involving big decisions with major implications for our economic development. A second study will analyze the many Fed- eral programs that are directly concerned with human resources, including appraisal of their effects on the economy and contribu- tion to achievement of the objectives of the Employment Act. Mr. PATMAN noted that the coordination of such programs would come in for close scrutiny, particularly since the Employment Act requires that the Joint Economic Committee study means of co- ordinatingprograms tofurther the purposes of the act. A third subject of inquiry revealed by the chairman is the growing need for financing by State and local authorities to construct the schools, hospitals, and other public buildings needed to sustain our growth over the next decade. He pointed out that States and localities have been increasing their bor- rowing requirements by $12 billion a year and that their total outstanding debt is now over $90 billion. "They are more and more dependent on capital markets," he said, "and more vulnerable to interest rate increases. A community that builds a $1 million facility and borrows the money at 4 percent for 25 years, eventually has to raise $2 million- twice as much. This is the arithmetic that weighs upon many a local official." A fourth inquiry will concern itself with the problems of automation, particularly the rapid computerization of industry and com- INDIA AND PAKISTA ute, and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. TODD. Mr. Speaker, we look with dismay upon the mortal struggle in which two of our friends-India and Pakistan- have become engaged. The resolution by force of their dispute will leave neither stronger, richer, happier, or more capa- ble of meeting the needs and fulfilling the hopes of its citizens. The heads of -both governments are educated and so- phisticated leaders, great patriots, and deeply religious. And yet they are now engaged in a conflict which can have no happy outcome, and which, if left alone, they can only resolve by bleeding and exhaustion. The cause of this fight lies in who shall ultimately exercise sovereignty over Kashmir, a province which has been in dispute since the partition of India, and in which the forces of India and Paki- stan has been kept apart until last week by United Nations teams. The inability of the United Nations to maintain a truce, when it does not pos- sess overwhelming force, when two na- tional interests collide, is inevitable. And yet short of an intervention, in this case by an alliance of major powers who are agreed upon the objective of stopping this war, it may not end without the full peacemaking potential of the United Na- tions being imposed upon both sides. Should efforts of the United Nations fail, and should any single major power at- tempt to impose a settlement by threat of force, other powers would most cer- tainly be brought in and a disastrous enlargement of the conflict would result. Consequently, Mr. Speaker, I believe it imperative that Members of this Chamber reaffirm their conviction that -the United Nations is the proper and best -mediumfor resolving this conflict: That we back the administration in its deter- mination to support the United Nations and its Secretary General; that we rec- ognize that the full moral and perhaps physical strength of the United Nations will have to be used to convince India and Pakistan that a bloody war will only perpetuate and increase the causes of the hostility. I hope 1 en U: thi, me the as permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his re- marks.) Mr. BINGHAM. Mr. Speaker, the hopes and prayers of hundreds of mil- lions of people around the world go with the Secretary General of the United Na- tions, U Thant, as he travels to India and Pakistan in an effort to achieve a cease-fire and a withdrawal of all armed. forces to the 1949 cease-fire line. His visit was of course authorized by two unanimous resolutions in the United. Nations Security Council. Those individuals and groups, both in the United States and elsewhere, who believe that Communist China should re- place Nationalist China in the United Nations Security Council would do well to reflect on what the situation would be today if that substitution had been made. Pakistan has so far indicated its opposition to these resolutions, and there seems to be no doubt that Communist China would have vetoed the resolutions if it had been sitting in China's chair as a permanent member of the Security Council. Communist China's friends and admir- ers around the world would also do well to ponder the significance of Commu- nist China's support of Pakistan. Obvi- ously, this support is not based on any ideological considerations but represents nothing more than simple power politics. The fact that Communist China is an active partisan in the conflict, instead of joining with most of the rest of the world in deploring the conflict and seek- ing to end it, is a further proof that Communist China openly rejects the pur- suit of peace, the basic premise of the United Nations Charter. (Mrs. GREEN of Oregon asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute.) [Mrs. GREEN of Oregon addressed the House. Her remarks will appear here- after in the Appendix.] THE HUMAN INVESTMENT ACT OF 1965: A NEW APPROACH TO MEET- ING THE CHALLENGE OF UNEM- PLOYMENT The SPEAKER. Under previous or- der of the House, the gentleman from Missouri [Mr. CURTIS] is recognized for 60 minutes. (Mr. CURTIS asked and was given permission for all Members to revise and extend their remarks and include ex- traneous matter.) Approved For Release ;2006/11/09, : CIA-RDP67BO0446R00050003,0009-4