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somprewSPIT Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Niste ? *41, MEMORANDUM lita Assistant Director, Central Reference 25X1A9a : Latin American Trip of 27 Febz,ary--16 April 1960 SUBJECT 25X1A9a 1. PURPOSE OF TRIP a. To survey the operations of the Pdblications Procurement Program in Mexico, Guatemala* Panama, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, and Venezuela. b. To survey the availability of publications in Latin America which thould be acquired. by the Publications Program for CIA and other agencies of the Government which the program services, and to purchase such books as were available and appropriate. To 'familiarize the Latin American Area Coordinator* Acquisitions Branch, OCR Library with the general avail- ability of publications in Latin America, with the sources of such material, and, with bookstores and publishers throughout the area. a. To acquire publications for the CIA Historical Intelligence Collection. d. To survey the availability of Chinese Communist publications through- out Latin America and make arrangements for the acquisition of l960 Chinese Communist publications on a continuing basis wherever possible. This require- ment was necessitatet by the action of the Peoples' Republic of China which, as of 1 January 1960, has stopped the export of all but a few propaganda publications due, it is believed, to a serious shortage of paper in Communist China. The usual sources of these publications having dried up, it was felt that the increase of Chicom activities in Latin America, and the community of interest which they are trying to develop there might lead the Chicoms to allow the export of their 1960 publications to Latin America even though they are not generally available in other areas of the world. 2 THE PUBLICATIONS PROCUREMENT PROGRAM The Publications Procurement Program is considered to be a responsibility of the Department of State under provisions of Section 311 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, which provides that "The officers and. employees of the Service shall, under such regulations as the President mAy prescribe, perform duties and functions in behalf of any Government agency. . .requiring their services, . . ." Pursuant to the authority of Section 311 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, President Truman* on 4 June 1951, issued Executive Order 10249, Prescribing Regulations With Respect To Foreign Reporting Functions. Section 2 of this Order provides that the Department of State "shall Obtain for any Federal department or agency, through the Foreign Service of the United States, suet foreign data as such department or agency may request through the Department of State." "Foreign data" is defined as amy data foiNfaiwidamp State Dept. declassification & release instructions on file Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 vine Nowi obtained in foreign countries "including reports, statistics, and publications." Vole In accordance with these provisions, the Foreign Publications Procurement 25X1C4a Program Wee conducted by the Foreign Publications Branch of the Acquisition and Distribution Division in the office of the Speeiel Assistant to the Secretary of State for Intelligence. The overall guidance and direction of the Publications Procurement Program has been controlled by the Intelligence Collection and Dissemination Division (/CD) under the Director of Intelligence and Research in, the Department of State. (A reorganization as of I May 1960 may change this 25X1C4a designation.) 25X1C4a The Publications Procure- ment Program covers the publications needs of more than 20 agencies of the Government. However, the requirements of MAI and CIA expenditures for publications material, account for more than 90 percent of the overall program. Publications are procured in the mad by members of the Foreign Service who are designated as Publications Officers, and there is a Publications Officer, who is a, member of the Foreign Service, at each Embassy and at many Consulates. There are nine full-time or Regional Publications Officers throughout the world, none of whom are located in Latin America. All other Publications Officers are designated as part-time or ad. hoc Publications Officers and. pee= the publications function in addition to their other Embassy duties. The Publications Procurement Program in Latin America, by and large, has been so weak and so poorly handled in the field that one of the major purposes of this trip was to talk with the Publications Officers, acquaint them with SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 25X1C4a 25X1C4a Approved For Release 2000/08U:CCilARPDP68-00069A000100090003-6 -3- the importance of the program, try to assess the causes of its weakness, and make recommendations for its improvement. In addition, the failure of the Latin American Pdblications Officers adequately to select and report on the availability of publications In this area made it almost impossible for the Latin American Area Coordinator of ICD/FP to service his customers or to know what publications were available in the area, where they could best be obtained., and what the potential of the area could, be in this field. In addition, the weakness of the Publications Program in Latin America made it mandatory that the Latin American Area Coordinator purchase a considerable number of publications on this trip to fill research gaps for the intelligence analysts and operating divisions which would not have existed to such a con- siderable degree had the program been operating properly. The Curator of the Historical Intelligence Collection also was faced with the same problems and acquired over 200 books for RIC on this trip. Under the provisions of paragraph 943.12 of volume four of the Foreign Service Manual, the Department of State's responsibility for making required information available to other federal agencies includes the securing of foreign publications. These publications are secured through the Publications Officers at the various Edbassies and Consulates. In handling this responsibility in the field, the Publications Officers have three basic functions: processing specific orders; selection of publications on their awn initiative against specific requirements set forth in the annual Selection Guide and other pertinent directives; and reporting the availability of publications in general. As a general rule, the handling of the specific orders is performed best, and the reporting function is handled least effectively. By and. large, the specific orders from ICD/FP are processed with reasonable effectiveness throughout Latin America. As a general rule, these specific orders are handled in the Embassies by someone other than the Publications Officer; i.e. usually by the post's General Services Officer, but also occasionally by the Edbassy Librarian, local assistants, or other administrative personnel. Nevertheless, specific orders are a part of the function of the Publications Officer and. should be carried out under his nominal supervision. There is no reason to change the basic procedure whereby administrative personnel in the Embassies process these specific orders from Headquarters, but a copy of the order should pass across the desk of the Publications Officer. It is our impression that in most of the Embassies we visited, this does not occur. The Publications Officer should see the specific orders so that be is apprised, of what is going on, as well as for his own training and guidance as to the needs and requirements of Headquarters. By being so advised, he will then be able to select and report on similar material, and avoid duplicate purchasing of material he may see which has already been ordered from Head- quarters through administrative channels. If a Regional. Publications Officer is appointed in Latin Americas, or in those places where direct dealing with Publications Officers in Consulates is authorised, copies of the specific orders (as well as ultimate action on them) should, be sent to the Regional Publications Officer or to the &bailey Publications Officer who is nominally responsible for the publications activity in the Consulate within his country. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 al aNsI Approved For Release 2000/08/24iSIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 *trepi veld Furthermore, Publications Officers should be instructed to stress reporting on the non-availability of specific orders or the non-availability of the desired amber of copies. There are still too many instances in which requests for multiple copies have not been fulfilled with no reason reported, leaving Headquarters in the position of not knowing whether such publications will ultimately be forthcoming or are no longer available. This point has been stressed In our briefings of the Latin American Publications Officers. Paragraph 943.21 of Volume 4 of the Foreign Service Manual provides that the Foreign Service posts "shall keep abreast of the issuance of new publications within their areas of jurisdiction. They shall select and transmit publications meeting the general ami specific requirements of the Impartment." Under State Department procedures, this responsibility is assigned to the Publications Officer, who is charged with the constant review of any books, periodicals, newspapers and, pamphlets, through "the examination of bibliographies, publisher's notices, catalogs, and reviews as well as by personal visits to bookstores, newsstands, government agencies, and other sources of published materials." Having done this, the Publications Officer is charged with the continuing selection of appropriate publications for Headquarters, the sub- mission to Headquarters of sample copies of appropriate new periodicals and newspapers, and the maintenance of friendly personal relations with publishers, dealers, and officers of government and. private organizations in the publications field. The selection aspect of the Publications Program in Latin America has ranged in the posts we visited from virtually zero to fair. At no post can it be truly said that the work was being performed in a really satisfactory manner. Those Publications Officers who have been doing stair quantitative job of selecting material have tended to err too much on the side of selecting purely cultural material which has small value to the intelligence community and most of the other consumers; nor do the Publications Officers exercise sufficient judgment in selecting materials in the fields of politics, economics, and international relations and similar related subjects. Latin America differs markedly from an area such as Europe in that there is a dearth of formalized bibliographical material. Some countries in Latin America do publish formal national bibliographies, but most are running several years behind the current material; other countries in the area start a bibliographical publication, then the publication date becomes irregular, and most such issuances finally die completely. A few booksellers or publishers' groups put out some sort of bibliographies/ tools, but the publications are spotty and never terribly complete. Among the reasons for the absence of current bibliographical material is the high cost of paper in several Latin American countries (of which Chile is a prime example), and the apparent absence of sufficient market to justify the cost of publication and distribution. The Publications Officers with wham we spoke are all unaware of the status of any bibliographical tools at their posts, and. very few of them had made any arrangements to obtain publishers lists or catalogs. It is a generally recognizedqpirk of the Latin American book trade that they do not seem to press hard for business, and, while they may mail you a catalog or two, this service slowly peters out. Therefore, in Latin America the Publications Officer SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 *mei -5- has no real substitute for pereonal visits to bookstores and the maintenance of personal contact with various publishers or publishers' groups in order to keep abreast of currently available or forthcoming publications for selection and reporting purposes. We found that many of the Publications Officers do not visit any bookstores in furtherance of the program, nor do they even stop to examine the newsstands and kiosks which abound in the Major cities of the area. On our trip, we acquired, quite a few useful periodicals, newly published or new to ICOPP, which axe openly sold on the newsstands. These would, have been important to select for Headquarters, but the Publications Officers simply overlooked them. For example, ve can cite a new Revista Marxists., first publithed in 1960 in Montevideo, 0 Movimento Sindical first pUblished in Rio de Janeiro in 1960, and about ten new and useful magazines readily available in Buenos Aires alone. A majority of the Publications Officers we visited had. not been briefed on the Publications function before assuming that duty, and it is hoped that our briefings of these Officers at their posts will prove to be beneficial. We also briefed. the Ambassador or Minister Counselor at all posts except Guatemala on the importance of the program, and urged their help without being critical. Several agreed that a visit such as ours was quite helpful and should be repeated annually. On the brighter side, a new Publications Officer has been appointed in Mexico City who appears to be able and vigorous said who has already started to send in selectionnoterial. The PUblications Officer in Panama appears to be very able and to offer considerable promise, but his appointment preceded our arrival by so short a period that he vas awaiting our briefing before beginning activity. Unfortunately, Panama is a poor source of book material, and his abilities viii be limited by the comparative un-availability of material. The newly appointed Publications Officers in Montevideo, Sao Paulo, and Caracas also give promise of good performance in three extremely important posts. However, we have stressed in our briefings that there is no substitute for the Publications Officers personally paying periodic visits to the book- stores and, kiosks in order to keep abreast of appropriate material for selection. Regrettably,* in some of the posts, the attitude of the Publications Officers has been, and is, that it is rather doubtfUl vhether they will have much time to visit bookstores in the light of their other duties, and wherever this is the case, the Publications Program will suffer immeasurably. It is felt that while the Publications Officers in Latin America must bear the major share of the blame for the inadequate selection of publications material, part of the failure lies in the weakness in CA-1005, the annual Selection Guide furnished them by ICD/FP. This Guide is too comprehensive, as it is aimed, at worldwide procurement rather than on the type of material which Is available in a given region or country. Because the present Guides are so broad and so general, they should be revamped, simplified, and aimed at requirements for specific regions rather than at the world as a, whole before the next one is issued. Actually we found that fey of the Publications Officers in Latin America had. read the Guide in its entirety, and those who SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Xi 4 n Approved ForRelease2000/08/241CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 *0v had tackled it did not understand it too well. Several of them simply put it aside as too complex, and the same criticism was made of the financial instructions which acomwumrthe Guide. (Particular note shoulAtte taken of that part of - CA,-1005 which deals with the requirements of the Army Map Service. These requirements seem to trouble the Publications Officers considerably, particularly as in virtually all of the Latin American posts there are no Army Map Service funds for selection, and, therefore, at test, the Publications Officers can only pick up an occasional gratis item.) While much of the responsibility for poor performance of the selection activity must be borne by the Publications Officers, the universal criticism of CA-1005 leads us to conclude, nevertheless, that 'Some of the fault lies in this instruction. In addition to the selection function, the Publications Officers, in accordance with paragraph 943.22 of the Foreign Service Nhnual, are charged with reporting on the availability of publications within the limitations of time and. staff. This reporting by the part-time Publications Officers in Latin America has been minimal. It is hoped that as a result of our trip and briefings, the Publications Officers will better understand the urgent need for this type of reporting and will find the time to do more of it intim future. As indicated above, one of the major reasons that we undertook this trip was to attempt, through briefings at the posts, to step up and strengthen the Publications Program in Latin America. Ehving now talked with ten Publications Officers in nine Ehbassies and one Consulate in Latin America, we have reached certain firm conclusions as to the causes of the weakness of the Publications Program there. The first conclusion is that, almost without exception, members of the Foreign Service look on their ad, hoc assignment as Publications Officer with great distaste and perform it rather grudgingly. They see in this function nothing which will in any way advance their professional careers, and unsatisfactory performance of the publications function does not impede their careers or at test produces only the lightest slap on the wrist. They see no tangible results from whatever efforts they may expend on publications procure- ment, and the whole program has only the most negative impact upon them. The second. conclusion is that, while the publications assignment usually falls to a member of the political section, which seams to be the best place for it, it generally is assigned to one of the junior members of the section who is also assigned a good many other miscellaneous Edbassy duties including such functions as biographic reporting officer, protocol officer, or trans- portation officer in addition to his political duties. The failure to produce a book for the Publications Prowl= is minor to an officer compared to failure to produce an automobile for awaiting and. visiting dignitary when the Officer's duties include that of transportation officer in addition to his other work. However, one must face up to the obvious fact that virtually all of the Officers who are assigned to publications procurement work are seriously tmrdened with their own major function (generally political reporting), and that in addition to their major function they must often be assigned several other Embassy tasks, of which publications procurement is but one. One cannot escape the need of this SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 13,ECRItT Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 -1110." -7- *INIF4 multiplicity of assignments, particularly at a small post. The feet remains, however, that publications procurement is a Departmental function, covered by Departmental directives, and failure to comply with these directives satisfactorily is &dereliction of an officer's duty. Nevertheless, and with full realization of the fact that many of these people are splendid officers, somewhat overworked and their sections often understaffed, they all share a unanimity of approach in that their publications procurement function is low man on the totem pole, and the first thing, to be pushed aside when they are busy. What this does to the Publications Program is obvious. While the above generalities have been true in a vast majority of cases in. Latin.America, there have been occasional rays of sunshine,_ largely as a result of our trip. Ambassador Robert C. Bill in Mexico, after listening to our Outline of the purposes of our trip - and the increasing importance of the Publications Program, appointed& young and vigoroue pp* officer to handle the Pdblicatione Program. As noted above, several young end newly appointed Publications Officers give promise of being able and reasonably active after having had:their functions clarified by our briefings at their posts. In Montevideo, the newly appointed Publications Officer advised us that Ambassador Robert P. Woodwardhed already on one or two occasions expressed his interest in the program and his desire.. that the Publications Officer do his best for it. In summary, we found that the Publications Officer in Latin America who could perform this function satisfactorily and cheerfully were few. There are a few Publications Officers who are willing to perform the task within the caveat of being already overburdened but willing to afford what little extra time they may have to this function. There are a few whose obvious footdragging gave Us little hope that we will get anything but perhaps the most obvious iteMe from their posts. As noted above, several Of these Officers are unwilling to make the time to perform the publications function passably, as they feel it is an unimportant chore and makes little contribution to their careere..- Fortunately, one of the worst of these has now been replaced. Almost to summl the Publications Officers in Latin America had never set foot in a local bookatore in support of the Publications Program, nor has the thought of such a Visit ever occurred, to some of them. let, as noted above, because of the general absence in Latin America of any. current reliable bibliographical tOols? there is no substitute for the legwork which should bring the P4blications Officer into at least one bookstore a week, and which should require them at least once amonth to cover the very excellent Communist Party bookstores which exist in several of: the cities Which ve visited. It would also be useful, as they walk aroundthe city, if they would, look at the newspaper stands and kiosks to keep an eye "'pen for new periodicals, many of which it would be important to forward. to Headquarters for the use of the analysts and other consumers. What are the possible solutions to the weak performance of the Publications Procurement function in Latin America? The first solution is to hope that, as a result of the briefings which the Publications Officers received from us on SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 D aao, 44. Approved For Release 2000/08/24 ? CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 *we' our trip, the level of performance will be raised somewhat. However, we felt that at same of the posts which we visited there will be comparatively little improvement. It should also be'notedthat we have visited less than half of the countries in the area, although, with the exception of Cuba, the major countries have been coveted. 25X1C4a The second possible solution is that Headquarters personnel 25X1C4a make an annual survey visttach of the posts in the area; or possibly two semi-annual trips, covering South America on one trip end Central America and the Caribbean countries on another. While this thought was put forward by severalAmbiwumNiors or Ministers at posts we visited, it would be necessary that the trip be of at least three mouths duration to perform a survey satisfactorily. It could not be done in lees time. We covered nine countries in exactly seven weeks and probably dhouldbeve had almost another weak to avoid the comparative Aktsping which we did in at least three cities. To cover this area in three months time means that 'whoever made the trip will be away from his deek longer than he probably should be at one stretch. It vniuld also mean setUnge killing pace with virtually no break for the entire trip. Our experience indicates that this would be so, for we had virtually no break during the seven weeks we were away (Sundays often being used for administrative matters). For instance, in Mexico City, several bookstores stay open until mid- night; in Buenos Aires several stay open until almost one in the morning. In several other cities, many bookstores stay open well into the evening, and we were usually in them until the last one closed. 25X1C The question can, be asked as to whether Latin America is important enough, either politically or in volume of publications, to warrant a full time Publications Officer. We feel that the answer to this question is in the affirmative. Latin America is an area in turmoil. Almost every country is graced with a certain amount of political instdbility and. nationalism is increasing. /t bears a lot closer watching than is now being given to it, for both the Soviets and the Chinese Communists are very active in political and economic penetrations of the area vith resultant increases in Communist pUblications. Uprisings in these countries often produce unfortunate reactions SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 25X1C4a Approved For Reigase 2000/08/24 :.erA-RDP68-0134119A000100090003-6 in the United, States Congress, whom members are generally more nervous about problems to the south of us then in other underdeveloped areas. For example, in the short period of seven veeks during which we were in Latin America the situation in Cuba continued to deteriorateimarked, among other things by Castro's outrageous charge that the United States bad sabotaged and. blown up a ahip in Havana harbor; a revolt started in Venezuela; there was a small uprising in Bolivia; there was a modified state of siege in Buenos Aires daring the congressional elections, which took place while we were there; and there are presidential election campaigns under way in Brazil and Panama. All of these situations produce books pamphlets, and commentary in periodical literature. The constant economic expansion in Brazil and Venezuela, bring forth economic studies and statistics which should be available to the analyst in publication form (and which we have not been receiving). The hemisphere is an important source of Communist propaganda material from the Bloc and frmn the Chinese Communists. Shortly before we arrived in Montevideo, one airliner arrival from Europe with 200 sacks of such material in its hold. We were toll from the best figures available, that the Soviet subsidy of publications in MOntevideo alone probably exceeds over half the entire USIA budget for all of Latin ?America. Thus, there is in our minds no question that the area is Important enough, awl the publications are numerous enough, to warrant the appointment of a Regional Publications Officer for Latin America. His presence lathe area and. his continuity in the post for at least two tours would serve to supervise and better coordinate the activities of the part- time Publications Officers at all of the posts in 'Attu America and would tnneasurably increase the flow of worthOhile publications if the right type of officer were appointed. It would appear particularly important to make such an appointment at this time not only because of the increase in Latin American Communist Party publications and Bloc propaganda efforts, but particularly because of the present fall off in the export of Chinese Communist publications from the China mainland. We feel that the first area, where the Chinese ban may be lifted could well be Latin America, because of the community of interest which the People's Republic of China is striving to develop in Latin America. We were told at one post that a Communist Party decision had been reached there to the effect that if local Party funds were only available to translate one book as between a Russian book and a, Chinese Communist book, the Chinese book would have the priority. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 25/Xpp52cwed For Release 2000/08/24 :..:1-A-RDP68-000,69A000100090003-6 Finally, the peculiarly lackadaisical business methods of the Latin American booksellers and publishers and the lack of the usual bibliographical tools makes it highly desirable that a full time Publications Officer be placed in Latin America for at least two continuous tours, so that he may come to know and. be known by the booksellers and. publishers in the area. Virtually none of the present part-time Publications Officers have made or given any indication of making such contacts. It is our belief that the only way in which we will be able to prevent being caught short in the publications field in this vital area is to place a full time, Regional Publications Officer in Latin America, and we so strongly recommend. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/243:-CIA-RDP68-00?69A000100090003-6 3. AVAILABILITY' AND SCUMS OF PUBLICATIONS IN LATIN ANEREA The publications tndustry in Latin America varies markedly in slos and quality from country to country, and the bookstores vary to the saw degree. Without a doubt, Buenos Aires is the largest publishing center in the area, and. Argentine publications receive wide distribution throughout Letin America. The second major publishing center is Mexico City, mue third In order of importance is Santiago, Chile. However, while Argentine books are available in considerable numbers in every city we visited, and while Nazis= publications do achieve a general, although somewhat lesser, distribution la the area the publications of other countries throughout Latin Ameriintare piAty generally restricted to their country of origin. In Brazil, the publicoftoi-0, of course, are in Portuguese; and, from the standpoint of the customers at the ziblications Procurement Program, Sao Paulo is pewhapst -Its most important onnter ana of greater significance than Rio de Janeiro. Roweink, Rio is the rain souxoe of Brazilian Government publications and will continue to be so until the traosfer of agencies to the new capital of Brasilia has been completed. While there were &considerable number of Spanish language publicationi 4Wailable in Brazil, there were virtually no Brazilian publications avallaWie in other , Latin-American countries. In addition, it should be noted that many of the- bookstores which we visited throughout Latin America carried acme small quantity of publications from Spain. The majority of these tended to be in the field of classical literature. As publications centers of secondary importance in size, one should note Nbntevideo Lima and Caracas. Nbntevideo, however, derives its Importance to the Publication Program not so much fran the indigenous publications as from the fact that it well may be the most important center in Latin America for the Importation and distribution of Soviet and other Communist Bloc literature and, propaganda. Pammmiand.GUatemala produce a few publications of interest outside of the newspaper field and government publications. The booksellers in Guatemala City, Panama City, and Coldn are very few in number, small in size and their stores usually combine books with the selling of stationery and school supplies. The countries which we visited (other than Guatemala and Panama) all contain bookstores ' which some are restricted to comparatively new books, some handle only secondhand publications, and some carry both. From the standpoint of availability, Buenos Aires appears to have the largest number of worthwhile bookstores, with Mexico City second, Santiago, Sao Paulo, and Rio third, and Lite, Niontevideopand Caracas with lesser numbers. From the standpoint of the customer of the Publications Proeurement Frowns', and in particular the analysts of the intelligence community, most of the cities we Visited offer publications of considerable interest in the fields of politics, international relations, and economics. These publications run the full ideological gpmit fran right tO far left. In addition, one must stress the availability of periodicals of interest throughout Latin America. These also range the full ideological spectrum and are of particular interest in the fields of politics, international relations, and economics. These are available to some extent in bookstores, and, to an even greater extent on the newsstands and kiosks Which abound on the Street corners of Latin American cities. While subscriptions to a great many Latin. American periodicals and Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Relsoise 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00458A000100090003-6 newspapers have been received in =pp over the past years through specific orders placed with our Embassies there, we found and have brought back samples Noe' of many new periodicals which have ?dammed publishing in the last few months, and width appear to have considerable valise for the intelligence analyst and other customers of the Publications Program. It should be noted that, in several of the cities which we visited, the standard pro-Castro When periodicals were readily available?in particular Bohemia and Carteles, as well as IRM, the new publication of the Instituto Nacional de Reforms Agraria (National Agrarian Reform Institute). Of particular importance in certain cities in Latin America are the well stocked Communist Party stores. Of these the best Are livraria des Bandeiras in Sao Paulo and Libreria EPU (Bdiciones these, Unidos) in Mbntevideo. Slightly behind these two in quality and quantity is Distribuidora Magrija in Caracas. Other Party outlets in Mexico City, Santiago, and Rio do not measure up to these three, either in quantity or quality, although rondo de is Culture Popular ? in Mexico City runs a close fourth. These stores, particularly those in Sao Paulo, Mbntevideo, and Caracas, carry an excellent stock of not only local Party material and books by local Communists and fellow travellers on varying subjects of Latin American interest, but also carry full stocks of the standard publications of the Foreign Languages ? Publishing Rouse in Mbscow (including all of the Communist classics), and the publications of the Foreign Languages Press in Peking through the year 1959. While many of these publications are in Spanish, editions in other languages (generally English or French) are sold. when Spanish transaations are not available. There is comparatively little of this material published in Portuguese. In addition, Mexico City sod. Montevideo each have &bookstore which appears to be almost purely a Soviet outlet, but with a smattering of Chinese Communist publications as yell. Many Communist publications (both Soviet Bloc and local) are also available, mixed in with the general stock, in a good many of the other bookstores we visited. This is particularly true in the Argentine, where the police have locked and sealed the Communist Party headquarters and the bookstore it contains. It should be noted that the overwhelming majority of useful publications in Latin America deal with problems and. subjects indigenous to that area. We found virtually nothing useful of letinAmeiican origin on other arena of the world. With one or two exceptions, there was nothing useful origine4ing in Latin America on the subject of the Soviet Union or its technological advances. Bow- ever, the publications available in Latin America on the area itself are of the greatest importance to those analysts and other customers of the Publications Program who are working on Latin American problems, and they are available in such profusion as to require the continual attention of the Publications Officers in making them available to the program's customers. A detailed country-by-country breakdown describing the major useful bookstores in each country we visited, and their specialities, is appended as Tab A. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/241 CIA-RDP68-00W3A000100090003-6 ACQUISITION OF PUBLICATIONS FOR THE CIA HISTORICAL INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION (H10) One of the purposes of the trip was to acquire publications for the CIA Historical Intelligence Collection (RIO). This is a special library of overt publications on all aspects of intelligence and intelligence tradecraft, from the earliest days to the present. For special training purposes it includes 25X1A9a books on intelligence in all languages, including translations. is the Curator of this collection. RIO is faced with the same shortcomings in the Publications Procurement Program in Latin America as are the other customers. Although the annual Selection Guide contains a detailed requirement charging Publications Officers with acquiring books for RIC, the Curator of the Collection can recall no instance in which any of the Publications Officers in Latin America have selected books for RIC in response to this requirement or reported on their availability. Their response to specific order requests, however, has generally been satisfactory. In the course of briefing the Publications Officers at the various posts, we called their attention- to the need for selecting books in support of the BIC requirement, and, it is hoped that same of these may now be forthcoming. 25X1A9a In the course of this trip, purchased something in the neighborhood of 250 volumes in Spanish and Portuguese for RIC. We estimate that almost 60 percent of this material are Spanish or Portuguese translations of books published originally in English, French, Russian and other languages, and (ultimate that about 40 percent of them were original Latin, American publications. It is hard to assess the final figure in this regard, as less than half the books have arrived in Washington at the present writing. 25X1A9a The fact that could acquire so nem books for BIC on this trip is a further example of the fact that the Publications Program has not been operating satisfactorily in Latin America either in selecting or reporting on the availability of publications. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/681248(31A-RDP68-00809A000100090003-6 5. PROCUREMENT OF CHINESE COMMUNIST PUBLICATIONS One of the most important purposes of this trip was to attempt to ascertain whether there were available in Latin America any Chinese Communist publications published. after 1 January 1960. The publications desired were those other than the purely propaganda issuances such as China Reconstructs, China Illustrated, Women of China, Evergreen, and the PekingsReview, all of which are still readily available in 1960 issues. The reason that this survey was undertaken in Latin America was that, as of 1 January 1960, there had been a tremendous fall off in the export of Chinese Communist publications. To cite some examples as to the scope of this fall off: in 1959, CIA obtained subscriptions to 351 distinct periodical titles from Hong Kong; while in 1960 we are getting eight; in 1959 we had 258 Chinese Communist periodical subscriptions placed. through Berlin; while in 1960 we are getting five. The comparable figure through Prague is 99 to three; our 86 Chinese Communist periodical subscriptions have dropped from 86 to zero in Warsaw; and in Paris, the 36 newspaper and periodical subscriptions we received in 1959 have now been reduced to zero. Overall, the 1963 subscrip- tions to Chicom newspapers and periodicals, other than the purely propaganda titles, have probably fallen off about 75 percent. Thus it can be seen that the intelligence analysts and other users charged with the analysis of Chinese Communist publications in all fields, including political, economic scientific and technical, are at a serious disadvantage due to the present fall off in %0 the export of these Chinese Communist publications. It is believed that this fall off is due to a paper shortage in the People's Republic of China, resulting from the increase in the internal demand for reading material to bolster the anti-illiteracy campaign on the mainland. In this connection, one notes the Chicom tread the books movement*" which requires political units in the schools to promote a "bumper harvest" of student reading; and the "study campaign," which requires Chicom Party workers to persuade the populace to study and read. Given this drive on illiteracy and other efforts to increase the educational level of the papule- tion in the People's Republic of China, and, given a comparative shortage of newsprint* two things happened. The first was that there was some adultera- tion in the quality of the paper in those propaganda magazines which came out on slick paper. Some of these now appear in 1960 editions on noticeably cheaper stock with resultant decrease in the quality of photographic reproduc- tion. The second result has been the complete 1960 ban on the export of all but the purely propaganda type of Chicom publications. We felt that the Chinese Communist attempt to establish a basic community of interest with Latin America, and, the ascendancy of the Chinese Communist movement in that area, might allow the export of their publications into Latin America in 1960 in spite of the general ban elsewhere, or that there might be sufficient traffic between the two continents so that a series of publications exchanges might be in the making. Such has not proven to be the case. The same general ban on the export of Chinese Communist publications Nftl for 1960 exists in Latin America as elsewhere. No stores in the hemisphere are carrying any of the 1960 Chicom publications, other than the purely Approved For Release 200648424 i9A-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Reteeise 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-009419A000100090003-6 SECRET -15- propaganda publications noted above, such as China Illustrated China Reconstructs, Peking Review, Women of China, Evergreen and, a few others. These latter are available in profusion in many bookstores in most of the Latin American countries, as well as on newstands in many of the major cities. In 1959, CIA received more than 3300 Chinese Communist books and monographs, of which aome 50 percent were cultural, 20 percent were scientific and technical, and 15 percent each were political and economic. While it is still too early to measure the complete size of the fall off in this type of 1960 Chicom publica- tion, it can be stated that they are not now available in any of the bookstores in Latin America. The profusion of Chinese Communist books andmonographs published by the Foreign Language Press in Peking are present in large quantities in all of the Communist Party bookstores of Latin America, as well as in many other stores, but none of these publications are dated later than 1959. Many of them exist in Spanish translations in the various stores noted in Tab A of this report. But where the text of Chinese Communist works are not available in Spanish, they are often carried, by these stores in their English or French versions as published in Peking. The major fact to note is that they do exist in considerable numbers in many countries of Latin America in editions published through 1959. /n querying the various Communist Party bookstores in Latin America for 1960 Chicom publications, each in tura reported that they did. not have any. It was apparent that this vas the truth, and not an attempt on the ;art of the bookseller to conceal anything, for these booksellers are in business to sell, and they appear willing to sell to any customer in the store without regard to his political or national affiliation. Many of the booksellers ex- pressed regret that they did not have these 1960 publications and were unable to account for their non-availability. Many were puzzled. and reported that they normally received these publications, but had not received, any 1960 editions. They had written Peking to inquire concerning their lack, but had. received, no response. Only one bookstore, Livraria daS Bandeiras in Sao Paulo, Brazil, had put a finger on the answer. They toldfus that their initial reaction was that the fall off was due to administrative inefficiency in Communist China; that they realized that the books had along distance to come, that sometimes this took time, and they felt that this was a temporary Aberration. Then this ' bookseller pointed out to us, and. asked whether we had noted, the deterioration in the quality of the paper in many of the Chinese Communist propaganda periodi- cals and finally they stated that they thought that the real reason was due to the possibility of a paper shortage in China. However, only this one Party store had reached. so astute a conclusion. Thus it appears that, until there occurs same change in the internal situation in Communist China, covert assets will be the major source of supply for these Chicom publications during 1960. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 25X1X4 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Rehrase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00be9A000100090003-6 SECRET_ 7. RECOMMENDAT/OHS 25X1C4 -17- 2. DD/I briefings or outgoing Anbassadors should include amention of the importance of the Publications Program to the Intelligence Community and 25X1C4a urge the AMbassador's support of the Program at his Embassy. 4. If a, Regional Publications Officer for Latin America is not appointed, a representative from ICD/FP should make an annual survey trip at least to the major book centers in the area. 5. The processing of orders for specific publications from /CD/FP to the field can continue to be handled. by administrative persennel in the Embassies, as at present. However, the Publications Officers should be advised of these specific orders and keep abreast of them to a much greater extent than they now do. Publications Officers should advise ICD/FP of the non-availability of material requested in specific orders or the non-availability of the desired number of copies. 6. The selection of, and reporting on, available publications by the Publications Officers in Latin America must be improved. The Publications Officers shoull visit bookstores on a regular basis, as well as keeping an eye on the newstands ani kiosks Tor new periodicals. In Particular, the very excellent Communist Party outlets should be well covered. 7. The entire attitude of the Publications Officers towards their duties in this field must be improved. Publications procurement cannot be considered the least of their functions if the Program is to operate satisfactorily in Latin America. In that the Program is covered by State Department directives stemming from a Presidential Executive Order, these directives must be complied with, and the Publications Officers should find the time to do so. 8. The annual publications selection guide (CA-1005 for F/Y 60) must be simplified and made more understandable. It should be prepared on a regional basis, rather than on a world-wide basis as at present., Its accompanying documents, such as the fiscal instructions, should also be rewritten. 9. The selection funds at each poet should be turned over in a lump sum to the Publications Officers as a petty cash fund, where the Embassy regula- tions permit, so that the Publications Officer does not have to go to the Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 SECRET Approved For Retetise 2000108/24: CIA-RDP68-00*3A000100090003-6 SECRET fiscal officer officer every time he buys a book or periodical. The Publications Officer can then account periodically to the Enbassy fiscal officer. This will simplify the work for all. 10. ICD/FP should communicate directly with the Publications Officer in the Consulate at Sao Paulo, and this Officer should be given his own selection funds independent of Rio de Janeiro. This is recommended because of the importance of Sao Paulo as a pUblicationg center, and the impending decline of Rio as a major center for pub:110E41one, The Minister/Counselor at the Embassy in Rio has approved this arrangement, and steps should be taken to implement it. 11. As long as the present Chinese Communist ban on the normal export of their publications continues, the Publications Officers Should exercise special vigilance in watching for their appearance in bookstores and on nevstands throughout Latin America. cRowever, at the present time, this doge not promise 25X1A6d to produce el': .ublications, and therefore temporary arrangements have been .? 25X1 C4a SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RD -00069A000100090003-6 25X1A9a The following pages contain a general evaluation of the availability of publications in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Also included is a detailed pnalysis of the more useful book storec in the (and Sao Paulo) visited by on their trip, February-April 1960. An asterisk (*) before the name of a bookstore indicates that it is an outlet which carries a significant quantity of Communist or pro-Communist material. Where such a store is an outright Communist outlet, controlled either by the local party or a Bloc nation, this is so stated. The term "general store" indicates that the outlet carries a diversi- fied stock, including such material ap reference books, dictionaries, serious political and economic works, books on international relations, school books, university texts, novels, poetry, art, etc. The term "kiosks" is used to indicate newsstands or other open air stands, usually individually located on street corners or in arcades in a block of stores; sometimes clustered in a sort of specialized market, ususlly called a Feria del Libra. Such kiosks are often the best outlets for Communist publications aimed at the local workers, and they are often the source of out-of-print and other hard-to-find material. Latin American cities abound with such kiosks, and they are worthy of special attention, not only for this type of material but also for the many periodicals and newspapers (which bookstores often do not stock) not always available on regular subscription. Usually not named, and without an officiti1 street address, these kiosks are highly important sources of publications throughout Latin America. A roved Approved For Relapse 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00468A000100090003-6 -3.-. ARMINTINA A) General Availability Seven days were devoted to briefing, surveying and purchasing in Buenos Aires. rue to the intervening weekend, only six days were e.ctuaLly available for our canvass of the bookstores, but many stores were open until late in the evenings (a fey as late as 1 AM) and, because of the great number of stores the extent of the publishing industry, and. the geographical spread of the city, we customarily worked. until the last store had closed. Argentina is undonbtedly the publishixtg center of Latin America. Despite the recent internal strife Ea the consequent disruption of the normal patterns of business and life it retains its preeminent paace in the field of publishing. Argentine bode; are to be found in quantity throughout Latin America rivalled only by Mexican publications and some few Chilean works (neither of which really approach the Argentine in sheer quantity outside their own barders; Sao Paulo, while also a. major center, restricts its sales to Brazil and. possibly Portugal, because of the language difference). Everything is published in Argentina, from the sleaziest paperbacks to the finest books and. periodicals in the fields ofpolitics economics medicine law, philosophy and. literature. Argentina is the onl; Latin AmeLcan country, for example, producing economic and. political periodicals of hemisphore-wide significance In aey quantity, and le one of the few to produce more than one news periodical of the class of the US publications "Time" and "Newsweek." Here, too, are to be found Many of the more important works of US, European and other Latin American authors, both in the original language and. in translation. Same of these latter publications are imported, but many (if not most) are locally produced editions. However, a provision of Argentine law, we aro told, teas to restrict the import- export trade in books. That is while Argentine books maybe generally exported and foreign publications can ut4ally be imported., there are certain restrictions particularly on the re-caport of imported. books. More than one dealer informed us that they were unwilling to undertake the shipment of publications direct to the US or other countries because of the difficulties involved, in getting the necessary permits, particularly to export foreign publications which the book- seller stocks. The recent allack4Wwn by the Argentine government on the local Communists has severely llmitedl but by no means put an en a to, the publications activities of that political group. There are on the local market many publications which, if not actually Communist, are of a very radical. Leftist line and adhere closely to the thought patterns of the Communists. In addition nearly every kiosk and newstand in the city carries Soviet Bloc and Chicom proPagande publication's such as URSS, Revista de GDR, China Reconstruye, etc. The Soviet Embassy, we were toi3:-Eis been ana continues to be very active in pushing the distribution and sale of this latter type of material. Anti-Cammmistimblications, too, appear in relatively large quantity. AGA is amajor publisher of this type of material, wetly in translation of US titles. AGORA maintains a large and. vell-organized establishment, but sells only to the bookstores and not to the public. This firm, for example, produces Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Retripse 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-001*9A000100090003-6 - 2 - a Spanish language abridgment of Dallia's Soviet Espionage. An interesting development in the area of availability is the recent organization of a publishers' cooperative, operating under the name CODILIBRO, which offers through one central source the product of approximately fifteen Argentine publishers. Thin group plane to open at least one retail outlet in Buenos Aires in the near future, but at present it acts only as a clearing- house for orders of books of its member firma. CODILIBRO is currently being supervised, by a W. Jean-George Kirchheimer, owner of the Libreria :Mandragora (specializing in the sale of French publications) and a former member of the French Military Government staff in Germany. According to Kirchheimer, the CODILIBRO cooperative undertakes to sell its medbers' publications but ex- ercises no editorial control over their offerings. As a consequence, the association members range frau quite conservative to quite radical Leftist in their publishing policies and in the material they offer for sale. A CODILIBRO catalog, plus separate catalogs of the individual members, were provided. by Mr. Kirchheimer, who further informed us that CODILIBRO (Suipacha 612, Buenos Aires) is prepared to ship beaks Abroad and has, indeed, already made same sales in Mexico. Periodical publications, totally aside from newspapers, abound in Buenos Aires, Sample copies of about ten publications new to ICD/FP were acquired and will be circulated to Washington analysts. While a few of these are apparently publications of long standing of which we were previously un- aware, many are totally or relatively new, titles of which only one or two issues have appeared. Among these were such publications as Situacidn (a new. Leftist monthly of political and economic commentary; very anti-US and closely follows the Communist line; Issue NO. 1, March 1960, is predominantly Prensa Latina material); Expresick (a quarterly political review of the Communist-front Llga Argentine par las Derechos del Hodbra -- Argentine League for the Rights of Man); Revista do Politica Internacional (a conservatively inclined. monthly review of international politics Which appears friendly to the US); Cleve la leftist, probably Socialist, monthly review of politics and. economics); and Suma (a new economic review published by the Instituto de Cultura Economica, Buenos Aires). Buenos Aires also features a small shop specializing in dictionaries and grammars in all languages. Although small in size, the shop has an ex- cellent and. varied stock of this material. The owner informed us that he is fully prepared to supply any dictionary or grammar available anywhere in the world in any combination of languages. He further informed us, with considerable pride, that there were only three other such establishments in the world, one each in New York, London, and. Paris.. This shop, known as LA CASA DE LOS DICCIONAR/OS, advertises dictionaries in thirty different languages, and states that he is prepared to ship books abroad on request. B) Retail Outlets The following are a few representative samples of the many excellent sources in Buenos Aires. No purely Communist outlet was found operating openly *4101 at this time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Relaase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00809A000100090003-6 - 3 - 1) CASA DE LOS EaCCIONARIOS Tucuman 844 Specializes in dictionaries and grammar; see Section A, Above, for 'further comment. *2) CODILIBR 0 Suipacha 612 A cooperative distributorship for about 15 Argentine publishers; politleal slant ranges from .far Right to far Left; see Section Al above, for further comsat' 3) LIBRERIA TABARE Corrientes 1650 A secondhand book shop; section in rear has large, well-organized, neatly segregated collection of Communist works; most from FLPH (Moscow), but some local also; good source for this material; good source for out-of-print and other hard-to-find older books. 4) EDITORIAL AGORA S. Salguero 32 PObliching house (not a retail store) who norMs11y sells only to dealers but can be (and was) persuaded to sell direct to us); spool:aims in books exposing OomMUnisM s44.*Viet duplicity; good material. 5). EDTTGRIALKRAFT Reconquista 319-327 A publisher and general store dealing largely in the purely cultural material. Howeverv.pUblishes "Anuario Kraft," an Argentine yearbook of the Who's Who type; '.previously published an international yearbook, but this is now defunct. These are the best, and almost the only, annuals of this type available in Latin America -- the .suspended international edition, :maybe revived in the future. *6) LIBRMA ESOPO Corrientes 579 An excellent general stare; carries some pro- and some anti- Communist material; store remains open until midnight or 1 AM daily except Sunday. 7) LIBRERIA EL ATEME0 Florida 340 Good general store; large steak but poor staff; much law, many dictionaries, good. assortment of political and economic, as well ApprovediFmnintetakt1900/9844-14IVA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Relapse 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00840A000100090003-6 - 4 - 8) KIOSKS Kiosks and newstands dot the city. Avenida Florida, closed to vehicular traffic during the day, has many both on street and in adjoining arcades; many more on Ave. 25 de Maw. Kiosks carry publications mentioned in Section A, above, and many others of possible interest; nearly all stock Soviet and Chicom propaganda pictorials and cultural periodicals. C) Bibliographic Aids In common with most of Latin America, reliable bibliographic references are very scarce in Argentina. The Boletin Btbliografico Nacional, previously published by the Ministerio de Educacaa, has ceased publication "temporarily", but no definite word was available on its expected revival. Two new publications in this field have started up. One, the catalog of the Camara Tecnico del Libro (publication bears same name), lists publisherb and bookdealers specializing in technical books only. Its periodicity is un- certain at this time, but it is likely to be a quarterly. The Publications Officer has seat sample copies to Washington. The other bears the title Biblos and is the trade journal of the remaining (non-technical) publishers. We were unable to obtain copies while in Buenos Aires, but have requested the Publications Officer to obtain and. forward this publication. The Camara Tecnico Del Libro is located at Venezuela 668, Buenos Aires, while the non-technical group (known simply as Camara Del Libra) is located at Sarmiento 528, Buenos Aires. Local reports are that relations between these two trade associations are not of the best, and each disparages the other's publication. Again, even in this principal publications center of Latin America, adequate coverage can be obtained solely by physical canvassing of the book- stores and kiosks due to the leak of proper bibliographic tools. Many publishers offer sporadic lists of current offerings, and copies were obtained wherever possible. The CODILIBRO catalog offers a fairly wide selection, but even this does not include all of the publications available from its members. An adequate, nationwide bibliographic reference simply does not exist at the present time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Re4aase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00809A000100090003-6 - 5 - BRAZIL A) General Availability Being somewhat pressed for time at this juncture in our trip, we acceded to geographic convenience and visited Sao Paulo prior to Rio de Janeiro. These two cities will be discussed separately. Sao Paulo is, despite the triteness of the expression, a rather fabulous city. The economic development here is far better described as an explosion than as a mere expansion' Sao Paulo is, industrially and economically, the "tail that wags the Brazilian dog." in consequence, Sao Paulo is, beyond question, the major publishing center of Brazil, and one of the major publishing centers of Latin America. In comparison and with the sole exception of official government publications (many of whiWare also available in Sao Paulo), Rio de Janeiro pales to insignificance. Not Only books but many excellent periodicals in the fields of economics and politics are published here. Here, too, we found one of (if not the) best-stocked and bestforganized Communiat Party bookstores in all Latin America....only the. Party etores in Montevideo and Ceracas approach it in excellence. Due to the limitation on our time, (end in the Mistaken impression that Rio Would be more fruitful than it in feet preyed to be), we were able to devote only three days to Sae Paulo. Suffice it to eay that, as a result of an intensive if rapid'survey, we bare arranged to reinstate a PUblicatione Officer at Sao Paulo and. provide him with indepSndent selection funds. Olio has concurred in this arrangement). Rio de Janeiro, aside from the official government publications, actukliybo little to offer. Only a few publishers operate here, and most PrivatelY pOlishedmaterial comes from Sao Paulo sources. MO feOnd only one really good bookstore in Rio, although there are many stores and kiosks through- out the downtown area and in Popacabana. One dealer in Rio specializes in Russianlanguage publications of the Foreign Languages pUblishing House (FLPR), Moscow, but the local Ommuunidt party bookstore is perhaps the pOorest we en- countered anywhere, and, indeed, many general stores in Other Latin American cities carried a greater quantity end variety of Communist publigations. Rio does, however, remain the best source of government publications, (and will continue to be so until all the moves to the new capital at Brasilia are completed). The Oetulio Vargas Institute is a local source of good-quality economic and political studies. An interesting facet 9r the Rio book market (see below), is the series of pUblishersi. kiosks in the Pra9e, da Armas, about one block from the US &bossy. . 73) Retail Outlets The f011owing are the more fruitful outlets in SAO PAOLO: *.1) LIVRARIA DAS BANDBIRAS Rua Riachuelo 342 One of, if not the, best Communist Party stores in Latin America; excellent stook of local, Soviet, Bloc and Chicom material; Chicom material except cultural items, not more recent than December 1094 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Reigase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00869A000100090003-6 -6-. No difficulty entering and. buying here. NB:- Comparatively little material found in Portuguese except local products; both Soviet and Chicam aources provide most material in Spanish, French or %at. sh; dealer says Portuguese editions slowly increasing from these sources. 2) LIVRARIA BRASILIENSE Rue Barao de Itapetininga, 93-99 A good general store; some Communist and pro-Communist material; good on dictionaries, law, economics, current politics; carries some periodicals; much anti-Communist material. 3) LIVRARIA FRE1TAS BANOS 15 de Novembre? 62-66 An excellent general store; carries books about Communism (mostly anti-Communist) but no Communist books per se. Ex- cellent law collection. 4) KIOSKS The city is liberally spotted with newstands and kiosks; most carry some Canmunist material and some anti-Communist material. A survey in the industrial quarter did not reveal any special concentration of local Party or other Communist material here. Most such items are availeble on kiosks (and in stores) in the center of the city. ' The following are the more fruitful outlets in RIO DE JANEIRO: 1) LIVRARIA LER Rua Mexico 31-A An excellent general store; some few pro-Communist publications, much anti-Communist material; good for dictionaries general economics and political items, law, general cultural items. 2) KIOSKS The city bus :new kiosks end newstands, all of which carry some pro- and same anti-Communist material; pro-Communist material less in evidence here than in Sao Paulo. Worthy of special mention, the series of about eight kiosks located in a row on the Prase, de Armes. Each major publisher hag a tiny, triangular staga. here and this is probably the best source of Communist pUblications (among others) in Rio; the Communist publisher, EDITCRIAL VITORIA, has a kiosk here. (V1TORIAls actual store0:the local Party outlet, ia located at Rua Juan Pablo Duarte .50 end is perhaps one of the poorest collections of useless and.outdated Communist material we en- Approved praglaSellebtielefit i AVM& R560tcrAMIT 0 at 615'6S -6 trul.) Approved For ReWise 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-006i9A000100090003-6 - 7 - 3) INTUNLIV Rua Senador Dentas 93 (upstairs) Specializes in. Russian-language publications of FLPH, Moscow; owner is outspokenly pro-Communist and pro-Soviet; appears to be a Russian immigrant. C) Bibliwaphic Aids In common with the rest of Latin America, Brazil is extnsmoly deficient in bibliograOhic aids of way sort. The only reasonably good publication in the field is the Boletim Bibliografico Brasileiro of the Chia? Brasileira de Etcritores, which last appeared in October, 19,9. We were unable to discover definitely if this publication would be pUblished again in 1960. The newly appointed Publications Officer in Sao Paulo, where the organization is located, will look into the matter further. A. very few publishers and. bookstores make available a sporadic' and spotty list of current offerings. These are not only irregular and unreliable in their periodicity, but extremely limited in their utility and content. Again, there is no substitute for a phi/sisal:canvass of stores and publishers if this important source of publications is'Adequately covered. This canvassing must be done in both Rio and Sao.Paulo,:**1 it would probably be fruitful to make a canvass of the less important cent* of Porto Alegre (which, due to limitations on our time, we were unable to visit). Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-001309A000100090003-6 - 6. arm A) General Availability' One full week was devoted to briefing, surveying and purchasing in Santiago, which is a falai active and. important publishing center. Nowever, in March, When we were there, the industry was relatively inactive. It appears to be the local practice drastically to reduce activity during their summer months, and we were told that several publishers had new books in theirwarehouses or still on the presees which would not be released for sale until April or Nay. Nevertheless, :11 bookstores were open, and we were able to make a goodly number of purchases and canvas more than thirty outlets of varying political coloration, plus numerous kiosks and newstands. Same Communist and pro-Communist pUblications? both local and foreign., are available in most bookstores in Santiago. There are, however, four outlets which devote their shelves almost entirely to this material, one of which is the kiosk in the doorway of the Chilean Communist Party headquarters. Rare, as in the other major Communist outlets, we encountered no difficulty in entering and making purchases of some local Chilean Communist Party publications, despite the ?obvious fact that we were "gringos." Indeed, even in the Chilean-Soviet Cultural Institute, although we did not get past the second floor reception desk, we were politely received and were able not only to purchase books but to get answers to a few questions on availability of other publications. At the ChileanpCommunist Chinese Friendship Society, however, we made no purchases for the double reason that the atmosphere was something less than cordial and few publications of any sort were in evidence. In Santiago, as elseehere on this trip, we found that nothing vas available from Communist China after 1 January 1960 except for the cultural propaganda publications which are still available throughout the world (i.e., China . rr Reconstruct4, 94* T9.0.ffp etc.). In checking on the availability of certain bibliographic aids which bad not been received in Washington for some time, we discovered. (as in Lima) that local publishing costs, largely duo to the extremely high cost of paper, Vere prohibitive and. were baying a distinct braking effect on the local in- dustry. We were informed, however, that the President of Chile (Alessandri) was taking steps to break up the existing monopoly in the paper industry, and that this was expected to lower costs and stimulate the publishing industry. Illustrative of the high paper costs, we were told by one of the principal bookdealers that a small blank pad of white paper (somewhat smaller than our standard 5 x 8 red) cost him the equivalent of twenty-two cents (US). B) Retail Outlets In Santiago, the more fruitful outlets are all vithin a few blocks of the Rahway. The following, while representing only a small portion of the outlets visited, are typical of the more fruitful sources. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Reisese 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-006.9A000100090003-6 - 9 - ? 1) LIBRERIA AMOCO Santo Domingo 216 Almost exclusively Communist Material; mostly Soviet, some local, and a very few Chinese Communist publications. Much of the Chicon material is in English. *2) LIBRERIA MARIA BARRE Teatinos 416 A kiosk in the doorway of the Chilean Communist Party hes& quarters. Small but good atock; mostly local Party pdblications with some Soviet - no Chicam-material noted. Rol problem enter- ? ing and. buying. *3) LIBRERIA ORBE Agustinas, between Estado and. San Antonio (Galeria Maperio? 255) Described as Communist outlet, but more a general store with some Soviet and 1*ml Connunist material; only Russian-Spanish Grammar available in town found here (a translation of a British English-Russian grammar). Can't fairly describe this as a Communist outlet, but owner, a former member of the International Brigade in Spain, is described as a Communist by same Chileans. 4) iamaxalzucTatin DEL nano? Ahumada 57 A good general store; large diversified stock of reference works, political and economic publications, and cultural material. 5) LIBRERIA PAX Hnerfanos 756-772 A good, varied general store; many technical books? mostZy translations of U.S., British, German, French authors. 6) FERIA DEL L/BRO (Local #7) Alameda Bernado O'Higgins (Between Estado and the Biblioteci Nacional) Consists of several open air stands. Stand ("Local") #7? directly on street at corner nearest Bibliotecao very heavy on used Communist pdblications; has aome new books, many current periodicals, all Commtmist; most sold very cheaply and, customers consist of workers and school children for the most part. Excellent source for local aM Soviet materials, some Chiammaterial. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Releeise 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00154/9A000100090003-6 - 10 - 7) =MERU uxuzasrmaA Alameda Penedo O'Higgins 1058 The bookstore of the Universidad Nacional de Chile. A good general store with some Marxist publications mixed in with texts. One book on (astro, one economic periodical, one new Marxist periodical found here (among others). C) Bibliovaphic Aids High publishing costs, largely due to the aforementioned high cost of paper, has eliminated many of the previously existing bibliographic publi- cations. Only one private publisher (ZAWRANO y CIAPERAN, Cappania 1015) still publiehes such a work, and this, the Servicio Bibliografiso Chileno, appears only quarterly and is by no means a complete listing. Sem Zamorano told us that they may be forced to suspend publication if paper costs continue at their current high lovel, but the firm is reluctant to see the end of what is now the oldest work of its kind in ccotinuous existence in Chile. Zamorano has agreed to mail copies of this publication direct to the Department of State in Washing- ton. The Biblioteca Central (which formerly published the Anuario de Pdblicaciones Periodicae Chilenas) not only no longer publishes the work, but no one there seemed even to remember that they had ever published it. Neither the Biblioteca Nacional nor the Biblioteca Universitaria admitted to any know- ledge of the supposedly annual list of the Deposit? Legal, a governmental listing of all pdblications printed in Chile during the year. Editorial del Pacifico, Editorial Horizonte, Biblioteca de la Universidad Nacional, and. the Servicio Nacional de Eatadisticos y Censos have all apparently suspended publication of their annuals. Some few:publishers (notably Editorial del Pacifieo) publish a list of current offerings at irregular intervals. A few of these dealers' "catalogs" were acquired and the Publications Officer vas requested to obtain ath forward future issues when, and if, they appear. In short, adequate coverage in Santiago can only be had. bya physical canvass of the stores at frequent (due to the limited editions in which most books appear) and regular intervals. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Reigase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00Q60A000100090003-6 - 11 - GUATEMALA' A) General Availability As vas anticipated, we found very few useful publications available in, Guatemala, at this time, other than the -daily newspapers. The main objective of the stop here Was to brief the new Publications Officer on his procurement functions, particularly in view of the inoreasing Communist efforts to re- establish themselves in this country and the possible increase of Communist pdblications j Guatemala. A visit was made to the University of Can Carlos Press where we found that a current publication? list is available (copies Obtained) and that supplementary Sheets are issued at infrequent and irregular intervals. Titles listed consist mostly of brief theses masa occasional book authored by students or professors of the University. We are informed that copies of these publica- tions are supplied on an exchange basis with several US universities, and. that copies are sent to the Library of Comgress. The Publications Officer vas pro- vided with a copy of this current list anti requeabed. to scan sawermmit supple- ments (which the University Press has promised to send him) for agy titles of possible interest to the program. Official government publications constitute the only .other worthwhile material currently available. These are supplied to the Embassy gratis end sent to the US by the appropriate attach (political, economic, etc..), The Publications Officer will supply extra copies of any deemed, suitable for our special needs. Most will be gratis. B) Retail Outlets There are, currently, no retail outlets worthy of mention in Omatemala. The average "librarian is a combination, book, stationery, and school sUPPlies store, or carries a. few general books and a heavy stock of schooIbOoks. The Publications Officer will periodically visit the few stores in town In order to obtain aay significant publication that may appear, but most of the stock is imported,. It is anticipated that he will find few, if any, books not available in Mexico or Argentina, their usual sources of pUblication. C) Bibliosraphic Aide Other than the very limited list of the San Carlos University Press, no bibliographic aids of any sort are known to exist in Guatemala. The Publications Officer has been alerted to acquire and transmit any that ray appear in the future. Approved For Release 2000/08/24; CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Reigase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00Qa8A000100090003-6 -12-. MEXICO A) General Availability One full week was devoted to briefing, surveying the availability of,? and acquiring, publications in Mexico City, the capital, where, typical of most Latin American countries, the overwhelming majority of Mexican publioations are actually published and the remainder are generally avail- able. Mexico is one of the major publications centers in Latin America, and one finds here not only Mexican publications, but also those of several other Latin American countries, as well as many US and European pdblications. Pre- dominating are those of Mexico and the Argentine. Communist publications, both locally produced and imported, are widely available throughout the oity. Most general bookstores and kiosks carry a fairly large and varied stock of Communist and Leftist but non-Communist publications, as well as those of a more conservative hue. There are, in ad- dition, about ten stores in the downtown area (where most of the bookstores are located) which carry a significantly greater proportion of Communist and pro-Communist material than do the other general stores. Soviet, Czech, GDR and Chinese Communist publications make up the bulk of the imported material, but also available are publications of the Argentine and Spanish Communists; some (hilean, Frenoh and Italian materials of this type are also to be found; and a growing quantity of Cuban anti-US and Communist-oriented periodicals are available. The purely propaganda Chic= periodical, material is available here, but non-propaganda Chicom publications later than the Fall of 1959 do not appear to be on the general market. Mexico produced many good political and economic publications, several industrial and trade periodicals, and a small but useful quantity of basic reference work*, of the "annuals" type. Several bookstores and publishers have available, on an irregular basis, lists of currently available stocks, but good bibliographic aids and references are quite scarce. Few, if any, publishers or bookstores can be relied upon to send copies of their lists to either the EMbassy Publications Officer or to Washington, making it imperative that the Publications Officer or some other procurement official make frequent and regular calls on these sources in order to keep abreast of the field. )3) Retail Outlets The following is a list of the more fruitful bookstores we visited. It by no means represents anything approaching the total number of stereo in- spected, and is indeed, only a small part of the total number of retail out- lets in Mexico is, *1) FORDO DE.LA CULTURA POPULAR Ave Hidalgo 7,-107 (AEA: Editorial Popular). The Mexican Communist Party (PCM) outlet; good stock of lobe.' Communist and pro-Communist, Soviet, Chicom, etc materials; no problems on purchasing here; stamiard Communist "classics" and local items such as Party ffileg.rellAelkD*8i06 4:*0511664618-85-6 Approved ntant Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00949A000100090003-6 - 13 - 2) LIBRERIA JUAREZ Ave. Juarez 102 A branch of this store, called LIBRERIA ZAPLANA, is located at Calle San Juan de Letran 41-H; good source of general material; excellent source of local, Spanish, Argentine Communist and pro-Communist material; also stocks anti- Communist material in good proportion. *3) LIBRESIA NAVARRO Calle Seminario 12-B Originally believed to have been set up by the Mexican Communist Party, Enrique Navarro apparently has fallen out with the Party but is believed to be an adherent of Lombardo- Toledano's Partido Popular (PP); mostly old materiel but some recent books; heavy on Communist and Communist sympathizer material; has (same on shelves, most in private loft which he is reluctant tO dhow customers) huge collection of Communist, pro-Communist, and anarchist publications' going back some 30 years in both Latin America, Spain and elsewhere; has indicated will.Ingness to sell this entire private collection to some library or private collector. LIBRERIA DE =SUL Ave. Juarez; in park across from Palacio de Belles Artes. Almonds Central Probably the best store for new books; an excellent general store; large stock of both pro- and anti-Communist material; good for general reference works; good stook of Argentine and other publications, including translations of US and other foreign, non-Spanish titles. 5) LIBRERIA CESAR CICERON Calle del Seminario, 10 Good general store; good stock of pro- and anti-Communist material; good general reference works; will mail books, lists, etc. if requested. 6) LIBRERIA PORRUA HERMANOS Esq. Argentina y Jumbo Sierra (with branch at Ave. Juarez 16) Good general stores; many law books in Juarez branch; publishes a limited bibliographical reference work on an irregular schedule, but gives impression not very reliable in mailing this. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For ReigAse 2000/08/24 : CIA-RDP68-00WA000100090003-6 - 3.4 417) INSTITUT? INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL MERICANO-RUSO (IIoat) Paseo de is Reforms, 128 Bookstore of the Soviet-Mexican cultural and friendship society; offers Communist "classics" (Marx, Lenin, etc.), much cultural material, art work, pro-Soviet propaganda; this is largely material published. by Foreign Languages Publishing Nouse, Moscow and is generally available to us from Moscow. 8) Kiosxs Mexico City, especially the downtown area between the Ave. Reforms and, the Zocalo, abounds with newstands carrying newspapers and. magazines of all types and political coloration. A sort of "Thieves Merkee operates on Sunday mornings in one of the poorer districts and contains several tables of second- hand publications, many of which are Communist and pro- Communist. ? C) Bibliographic Aids Bibliographic aids in Mexico are few and far between. Same of the larger retail outlets and a very few publishers offer a, partial list of current stocks (usually only latest releases) on a very irregular basis. These, how- ever, cannot be considered true bibliographic publications and their receipt is virtually entirely dependent on the Publications Officer making frequent and regular calls on the store or publisher preparing such a list. One fairly regular list is Boletin Bibliografico Mexicano published on a vaguely quarterly basis by Porrua limos. (See Item 0, Section B, above). This list, which Porrua has promised to send to the Embassy Publications Officer (and which the latter has been alerted to solicit), is rather limited in scope and. does not give truly national coverage. A recent publication of the Centro Mexicana de Eftritores, entitled Cataloso De Periodicos Mexicanos, is on hand in CIA. The publishers =prim- the vague hope that this well-organized (but limited in scope) publication will be periodically revised and. brought up to date. They make no commitment, however, on the periodicity of such revisions, and past experience has shown that the majority of such publications in Latin America die young and un- announced; it remains to be seen if this reference will survive. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00969A000100090003-6 - 1, - PANAMA A) General Availability Panama, like Guatemala, is not a major source of publications. Few, if any, books are printed here and locally produced periodicals have been short-lived. Panama is, however, reparted to be a distributing center for Soviet Bloc and Chicom publications and. for Chicom films. These do not appear to be available on the open market, however, and it is unlikely that the Publications Officer will be able to eupply such items. B) Retail Outlets Panama City and Colon have only a few bookstores, none of which can, be considered of aignificant value at the present time. Some imported Mexican and. Argentine books are available, as well as many US books and other publications. It is felt, however, that the particularly active and Interested Publications Officer recently aesigned here might utilize a small annual selection fund of about 025.00 for the purchase of an occasional book or new periodical and to backstop his procurement of government publications where insufficient copies are available gratis. C) Bibliographic Aids No bibliographic aids are Imam to exist in Panama at this time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Rebase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-009/13A000100090003-6 - 16 - A) General Availability Approximately five days were spent in Lima in briefing the Publications Officer, surveying the local market and purchasing publications. (Because of the intervening weekend only four days were actually available for mark in the stores.) Lima, while not a publications center of the calibre of Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Santiago, or Sao Paulo, a fact 'which appears in part due to the high cost of paper and printing, is still a fairly active center in terms of this activity. General stores stock a fairly good number of boas by Peruvian authors and, while many are of a cultural nature, a certain percentage are of the types useful to the Intelligence Community. As elsewhere on the continent, Argentine books appear to predominate and here, for the first time, Chilean publications begin to appear in some quantity. Some political and economic periodicals are published here. Most, if not all, bookstores in Lima carry a certain amount of Communist and pro-Cbmmunist material, but no outlet was found that was clearly a primary source of this material. The local Communist Party news- paper, Unidad? is not available on subscription, appearing in the hands of. street vendors only and at irregular intervals. Arrangements were made with the Publications Officer to obtain this publication on a more regular basis than heretofore, and copies have already begun arriving in ICD/FP under this arrangement. Other than this newspaper, no local Communist Party publications were encountered, but the customary Communist "classics" are available in most stores. B) Retail Outlets As is common in most Latin American cities, the principal bookstores are clustered in the central area of the city, principally within a two-block radius of the Plaza San Martin (although a few are found further out). Some 20-25 stores and many kiosks were inspected. The following brief list contains names and descriptions of the more noteworthy of these stores. 1) LIBRERIA JUAN NEJIA BACA Azangaro 722 A good general store; law, basic reference works; some political and economic marks both pro* and anti-Communist. 2) LIBRERIA "LA UNIVERSIDAD" Nicolas Plerola 639 Perhaps the best general store in Lima; carries both pro- and anti-Communist material (mostly anti-); heavy on local authors; good selection of dictionaries. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-008G6A000100090003-6 - 17 - *3) =URAL DE LIBROS Y RETINAS Jiron Camana 681 Cannot be called a Communist outlet in true sense, but had more material than others; most Communist material were the "classic's works; fair general store; had some Bloc propaganda magazines of pictorial type (Soy, ODR? (lina). 4) mamas? Belem 1083 A good general store. C) Bibliogiraphic Aids The Biblioteca Nacional (National Library) of Peru, located in Lima, published an Anuario Bibliografico Peruano in 19,7 which covered the years 1951/52, and. a subsequent edftion Isnlyw which covered the years 1953/54. We are informei that it is hoped. that subsequent editions will appear, but that this is by no means certain or even very probable. Beyond this, one finds only a very limited number of booklists put out by a few local stores. These are irregular in their periodicity, and very limited in their scope. Copies of the few available were obtained, and the Publications Officer vas requested to forward any subsequent lists that become available. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-009A000100090003-6 - - URUGUAY k) General Availability Four days were devoted to Montevideo. While a minor city as far as entual publishing goes, Montevideo looms large in Latin America as one of (if not the) major point-of-entry for Soviet and Bloc propaganda. Some Chicom material was found, but only the usual propaganda publications carried 1960 6)i tes Here, too, we found one of the best organized and well-stocked (JATImunist Party stores in Spaniah-speaking Latin America, plus another ex- cellent store Which "dealt almost exclusively with Soviet and other Bloc luuntry publications. While a relatively small city, Montevideo is liberally supplied with Lcok.stores and newstand-kicsks. We covered about 18 stores and numerous kiosks .3ome few Uruguayan publications, some Chilean and Spanish, many Argentinian, a few Brazilian publications make up most of the available stock in Montevideo etores aside from the imported Communist Material. No difficulty was encountered t:e entering and purchasing from any Communist source in the city. B) Retail Outlets The following were among the rare fruitful outlets in Montevideo. *1) EDICIONES PUEBLOS UNIDOS (EPU) Colonia 1567 This is the local Party store; stock almost entirely Communist material -- local Party items, much Soviet and other Bloc items, fairly good Chicom stock (thru 1959); one of best Party stores found. in Latin America. 2) ANTE?, Ltda. 18 de Julio, 1333 Another excellent source of Communist material; stock is primarily Soviet, but also had some Chicom (thru 1959); also some few SOVBLGC cultural items. No local Party material noted. 3) LIBRERIA BARREIRO y RAMOS 16 de Julio, 941 An excellent general store; good stock of dictionaries, law, economics, recent political works; some few pro-Communist items, many anti-Communist items; heavy on cultural material. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Relaiase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00909A000100090003-6 - - *4) LIVRARIA LOBATO San Jose 853 Stock is almost entirely Brazilian publications (in Portuguese); fair, only; reported as Communist outlet, but not very such in evidence uten inspected; a source of Brazilian books when one cannot get to Brazil...only such source noted in Spanish-sPeaking Latin America. 0) Bibliographic Aids In an area generally poor in bibliographic material, Montevideo is poor. The Muerte Bibliografiao Uruguay?, previously published by the Biblioteca Nacionar(i-07re seen by us was 1949 issue, published in 1951), is a dead issue; the librarian at the Biblioteca even had troUble re- calling that they had ever published it, and was most emphatic that there were no plans to revive it. Few catalogs or lists of current offerings were found In the various bookstores. EPU (above) had a somewhat dated list of publications offered, in 19,9, by Foreign Language Press of Fekin, but no lists of Soviet or Other Bloc offerings. This city must be covered by physical canvass of the stores.. .there is no alternative whatsoever. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Relooase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-0015119A000100090003-6 -20- VBNEZUELA A) General Availability Due to the unfortunate conjunction of Holy Thursday, Good. Friday, and. a civil holiday which occured on the following Tuesday, we were able to get only one working day in the stores in Caracas, as business shuts down tight for the full week. Nevertheless, ve were able to cover the main Party outlet and a few general. stores, and to get some valid idea of availability in Caracas. While not a major publishing center (the recent political upheavals and the serious problem of inflation make costs prohibitive and profits un- certain), Caracas does have a small publishing industry, and there are hopes for expansion in the not-too-far-distant future. In addition to the few local publications, Caracas appears to be a good source for imported Communist material (one of Latin America's three best Party stores is located here) from the Soviet Bloc and Ccamunist Chios, and it appears that an increasing amount of Ctameniet-slanted, anti-US, pro.(astro material is being shipped in from Cuba. Much of this latter material, at the moment, consists of Prensa Latina press releases and the Cuban publications such as "Bohemia," "Carteles," and one or two others. The local Party store is well-stmkedwith Soviet Communist material, local Party publications, and same Chicom material (but here, again no Chicom other than the cultural propaganda items is to be found with datee :after December 1959). The clerk in the local Partystore states that they have orders for a large amount ath variety of 1.960 Chicom publications, but that "there appears to be some sort of delay" in getting them; he did not know why this should be so, and hoped for delivery soon. B) Retail Outlets There are a fairly large number of bookstores and kiosks inCaracas many of which carry some Cbmmunist material, and often anti-Communist material as well. The more fruitful of these outlets we visited are: 1) DISTRIBUIDORA MAGRIJA Edificio Eduardo Garcia, Local #1 One of the three best-stocked Communist Party stores on the continent. Heavy (Ito& of current Soviet publications, some Chicon (up to December 1959), and some local Party material; also carries some anti-US Carbroosterial; stocked the only Spanish-Chinese dictionary found. in Latin America (FLP, Pekin). No difficulty purehasing here; store villing to order special items from China or USSR for any customer. Has catalog (copies obtained). Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Approved For Re%else 2000/08/24 : CIA-RDP68-00M9A000100090003-6 21 *2) LIBRERIA CRUZ DEL SUR Centro Comercial del Fate, Local #11, Sabana Grande. Fairly good general store; some Soviet classics (Marx, Engels, etc.), but not really a Communist outlet judging fro,a his stock. C)...abliographic Aids Due to the shortage of available working time, it was not possible to check on the availability of the Anuario Bibliografico Venezolano of the Bibliotecm Efteional (last seen in its 1947/48 edition and believed defunct), the Roletiu:8424,19.2 of the Banco Central (also believed defunct), or the Boletin-iZZ is. Academia de Ciencias Politicas. The Publications Officer was requested to look into the matter, but his off-the-cuff opinion was that all three publications had ceased publication. PAGRIJA (#1, above) offers a catalog at irregular intervals, and copies or the most recent were obtained. Aside from this, there appear to be no bibliographic aids available in Venezuela; other outlets had no catalogs or lists to offer. Here, too, a periodic physical canvass of the stores is essential. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 S fl CR2 T Approved FiRelease 2000108/24: CIA-RDP 11, LIMITED USE For BACKGROUND only. Prior demme thru OCR required for any use outside CIA TAB B 0069A000100090003-6 25X1A This tab contains personal evaluations of the Publications Officers and their performance of their functions in this field at the posts which visited on this trip. 25X1A SECRET LIMITED USE For BACKGROUND only. Prior clearance thru OCR required for any use outside CIA 25X9A6 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6 Next 11 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090003-6