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it Approved For Riikease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-084069A000100090005-4 SURVEY OF THE AVAILABILITY OF PUBLICATIONS IN SELECTED SOUTH AMERICAN COUNTRIES The following pages contain a general evaluation of the availability of publications in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guatamala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Also included is a detailed analysis of the more useful book stores in the capital cities of these countries (and Sao Paulo) visited by two U.S. officials on their trip, February-April 1960. During the conduct of this survey, an important assignment to the two making the survey was to determine the amount and types of Communist publi- cations available in the area. An asterisk (*) before the name of a book- store indicates that it is an outlet which carries a significant quantity of Communist or pro-Communist material. Where such a store is an outright Communist outlet, controlled either by the local party or a Bloc nation, this is so stated. The term "general store" indicates that the outlet carries a diversified stock, including such material as reference books, dictionaries, serious political and economic works, books on international relations, school books, university texts, novels, poetry, art, etc. The term "kiosks" is used to indicate newsstands or other open air stands, usually individually located On street corners or in arcades in a block of stores; sometimes clustered in a sort of specialized market, usually called a Feria del Libro. Such kiosks are often the best outlets for Commu- nist publications aimed at the local workers, and they are often the source of out-of-print and other hard-to-find material. Latin American cities abound with such kiosks, and they are worthy of special attention, not only for this type of material but also for the many periodicals and newspapers (which bookstores often do not stock) not always available on regular sub- scription. Usually not named, and without an official street address, these kiosks are highly important sources of publications throughout Latin America. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rejease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-041069A000100090005-4 AVAILABILITY AND SOURCES OF PUBLICATIONS IN LATIN AMERICA The publications industry in Latin America varies markedly in size and quality from country to country, and the bookstores vary to the same degree. Without a doubt, Buenos Aires is the largest publishing center in the area, and Argentine publications receive wide distribution throughout Latin America. The second major publishing center is Mexico City, and third in order of importance is Santiago, Chile. However, while Argentine books are available in considerable numbers in every city we visited, and while Mexican publica- tions do achieve a general, although somewhat lesser) distribution in the area, the publications of other countries throughout Latin America are pretty generally restricted to their country of origin. In Brazil, the publications, of course, are in Portuguese; and, from the standpoint of the customers of the U.S. Publications Procurement Program, Sao Paulo is perhaps its most important center and of greater significance than Rio de Janeiro. However, Rio is the main source of Brazilian Government publications and will continue to be so until the transfer of agencies to the new capital of Brasilia has been completed. While there were a considerable number of Spanish language publi- cations available in Brazil, there were virtually no Brazilian publications available in other Latin American countries. In addition, it should be noted that many of the bookstores which we visited throughout Latin America carried some small quantity of publications from Spain. The majority of these tended to be in the field of classical literature. As publications centers of secondary importance in size, one should note Montevideo, Lima and Caracas. Montevideo, however, derives its importance to the Publications Program not BO much from the indigenous publications as from the fact that it well may be the most important center in Latin America for the importation and distribution of Soviet and other Communist Bloc litera- ture and propaganda. Panama and Guatemala produce a few publications of interest outside of the newspaper field and government publications. The booksellers in Guatemala City, Panama City, and Col& are very few in number, small in size, and their stores usually combine books with the selling of stationery and school supplies. The countries which we visited (other than Guatemala and Panama) all contain bookstores of which some are restricted to comparatively new books, some handle only secondhand publications, and some carry both. From the standpoint of availability, Buenos Aires appears to have the largest number of worthwhile bookstores, with Mexico City second, Santiago, Sao Paulo, and Rio third, and Lima, Montevideo, and Caracas with lesser numbers. From the standpoint of the customer of the Publications Procurement Program, most of the cities we visited offer publications of considerable interest in the fields of politics, international relations, and economics. These publications run the full ideological gamut from right to far left. In addition, one must stress the availability of periodicals of interest through- out Latin America. These also range the full ideological spectrum and are of particular interest in the fields of politics, international relations, and economics. These are available to some extent in bookstores, and to an even greater extent on the newsstands and kiosks which abound on the street corners of Latin American cities. While subscriptions to a great many Latin American Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For lialease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-0?069A000100090005-4 periodicals and newspapers have been received in the State Department over the past years through specific orders placed with our Embassies there, we found and have brought back samples of many new periodicals which have com- menced publishing in the last few months, and which appear to have consider- able value for the customers of the Publications Program. It should be noted that, in several of the cities which we visited, the standard pro-Castro Cuban periodicals were readily available--in particular Bohemia and Carteles, as well as INRA, the new publication of the Institut? Nacional de Reforma Agraria (National Agrarian Reform Institute). Of particular importance in certain cities in Latin America are the well stocked Communist Party Stores. Of these, the best are Livraria das Bandeiras in Sao Paulo and Libreria EPU (Edicionea Peublos Unidos) in Montevideo. Slightly behind these two in quality and quantity is Distribuidora Magrija in Caracas. Other Party outlets in Mexico City, Santiago, and Rio do not measure up to these three, either in quantity or quality, although Fondo de la Cultura Popular in Mexico City runs a close fourth. These stores, particularly those in Sao Paulo, Montevideo, and Caracas, carry an excellent stock of not only local Party material and books by local ' Communists and fellow travellers on varying subjects of Latin American interest, but also carry full stocks of the standard publications of the Foreign Languages Publishing House in Moscow (including all of the Communist classics), and the publications of the Foreign Languages Press in Peking through the year 1959. While many of these publications are in Spanish, editions in other languages (generally English or French) are sold when Spanish translations are not avail- able. There is comparatively little of this material published in Portuguese. In addition, Mexico City and Montevideo each have a bookstore which appears to be almost purely a Soviet outlet, but with a smattering of Chinese Communist publications as well. Many Communist publications (both Soviet Bloc and local) are also avail- able, mixed in with the general stock, in a good many of the other bookstores we visited. This is particularly true in the Argentine, where the police have locked and sealed the Communist Party headquarters and the bookstore it contains. It should be noted that the overwhelming majority of useful publications in Latin America deal with problems and subjects indigenous to that area. We found virtually nothing useful of Latin American origin on other areas of the world. With one or two exceptions, there was nothing useful originating in Latin America on the subject of the Soviet Union or its technological advances. However, the publications available in Latin America on the area itself are of the greatest importance to those analysts and other customers of the Publica- tions Program who are working on Latin American problems, and they are available in such profusion as to require the continual attention of the Publications Officers in making them available to the program's customers. A detailed country-by-countrY breakdown describing the major useful bookstores in each country we visited, and their specialities, is appended. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For liglease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-0/1069A000100090005-4 ARGENTINA A) General Availability Seven days were devoted to briefing, surveying and purchasing in Buenos Aires. Due to the intervening weekend, only six days were actually available for our canvass of the bookstores, but many stores were open until late in the evenings (a few as late as 1 AK) and, because of the great number of stores, the extent of the pUbliahing industry, and the geographical spread of the city, we customarily worked until the last store had closed. Argentina i3 undoubtedly the pjblishing center of Latin America. Despite the recent internal strife and the coneeqnent disruption of the normal patterns of business and life, it retains its preeminent place in the field of pnbliahing. Argentine books are to be found in quantity throughout Latin America rivalled only by)lexican pnblications and some few Chilean works (neither of which really approach the Argentine in sheer quantity outside their own borders; Sao Paulo, while also a major center, restricts its sales to Brazil and possibly Portugal, because of the language difference). Everything is publidhed in Argentina, from the sleaziest paperbacks to the finest books and periodicals in the fields of politics, economics, medicine, law, philosophy and literature. Argentina is the only Latin American country, for example, producing economic and political periodicals of hemisphore-vide significance In any quantity, and is ono of the few to produce more than one news periodical of the class of the US publications "Time" and "Newsweek." Here, too, are to be found many of the more important vorks of US, European and other Latin American authors, both in the original language and in translation. Some of these latter pUblications are imported, but many (if not most) are locally produced editions. However, aprovision of Argentine law, we aro told, tends to restrict the import- export trade in books. That is, vhile Argentine books may be generally exported and foreign publications can usually be imported, there are certain restrictions particularly on the re-mport of igportedbooks. More than one dealer informed us that they Vere unwilling to undertake the shipment of publications direct to the US or other countries because of the difficulties involved in getting the necessary permits, particularly to export foreign publications which the book- seller stocks. The recent arackdammLby the Argentine government on the local Communists has severely limited, but by n means put an end to, the publications activities of that political Group. Thwo are on the local market any publications whiehl if not actually Communist, are of a very radical Leftist line and adhere closely to the thought patterns of the Communists. Inaddition nearly every kiosk and newstand in the city carries Soviet Bloc and Mimi proPaganda pdblicatione such as URSSI Reviata de GDR, China Reconstruye, eta. The Soviet Esibassy, we were toia:-Eas been and continues to be very active in pushing the distribution and sale of this latter type of material. Anti-Communist publications, too, appear in relatively large quantity. .AGORA is a, major publisher of this type of material, mostly in translation of US titles. AGORA maintains a large and, veil-organized establishment, but sells only to the bookstores and not to the public. This firm, for example, produces Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-06069A000100090005-4 - 2 - a Spanish language abridgment of Dallin's Soviet Espionage. An interesting development in the area of availability is the recent organization of a publishers' cooperative, operating under the name CODILIBRO, which offers through one central source the product of approximately fifteen Argentine publishers. This group plans to open at least one retail outlet in Buenos Aires in the near future, but at present it acts only as a clearing- house for orders of books of its member firms. CODILIBRO is currently being supervised by a Mr. Jean-George Kirchheimer, owner of the Libreria Mandragora (specializing in the sale of French publications) and a former member of the French Military Government staff in Germany. According to Kirchheimer, the CODILIBRO cooperative undertakes to sell its members' publications but exer- cises no editorial control over their offerings. As a consequence, the asso- ciation members range from quite conservative to quite radical Leftist in their publishing policies and in the material they offer for sale. A ccompao cata- log, plus separate catalogs of the individual members, were provided by Mr. Kirchheimer, who further informed us that CODILIBRO (Suipacha 6120 Buenos Aires) is prepared to ship books abroad and has, indeed, already made some sales in Mexico. Periodical publications, totally aside from newspapers, abound in . Buenos Aires. Sample copies of about ten publications new to us were acquired and will be circulated to Washington analysts. While a few of these are apparently publications of long standing of which we were previously unaware, many are totally or relatively new titles of which only one or two issues have appeared. Among these were such publications as SituaciOn (a new Leftist monthly of political and economic commentary; very anti-US and closely follows the Communist line; Issue No. 1, March 1960, is predominantly Prensa Latina material); Expresibn (a quarterly political review of the Communist-front Liga Argentine por las Derechos del Hombra -- Argentine League for the Rights of Man); Revista de Politica Internacional (a conservatively inclined monthly review of international politics which appears friendly to the US); Clave (a leftist, probably Socialist, monthly review of politics and economiciVind Suma (a new economic review published by the Instituto de Cultura Economics, Buenos Aires). Buenos Aires also features a small shop specializing in dictionaries and grammars in all languages. Although small in size, the shop has an excel- lent and varied stock of this material. The owner informed us that he is fully prepared to supply any dictionary or grammar available anywhere in the world in any combination of languages. He further informed us, with considerable pride, that there were only three other such establishments in the world, one each in New York, London, and Paris. This shop, known as LA CASA DE LOS DICCIONARIOS, advertises dictionaries in thirty different languages, and states that he is prepared to ship books abroad on request. B) Retail Outlets The following are a few representative samples of the many excellent sources in Buenos Aires. No purely Communist outlet was found operating openly at this time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4, Approved For Res lease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-134069A000100090005-4 1) CASA DE LOS DICCIONARIOS Tucuman 844 Specializes in dictionaries and grammar; see Section A, above, for further comment. *2) CODILIBRO Suipacha 612 A cooperative distributorship for about 15 Argentine publishers; political slant ranges from far Right to far Left; see Section A, above, for further comment. *3) LIBRERIA TABARE Corrientes 1650 A secondhand book shop; section in rear has large, well-organized, neatly segregated collection of Communist works; most from ?LPH (Moscow), but some local also; good source for this material; Good eource for out-of-print and other hard-to-find older books. 4) FDTTORIAL AGORA S. Salguero 32 Publiching house (not a retail store) who normally sells only to dealerel but can be (and was) persuaded to sell direct to us); specializes in books exposing C:ommuniem and Soviet duplicity; good material. 5) EDITORIAL KRAFT Reconquista 319-327 6 publisher and general store dealing largely in the purely cultural material. However, publishes 4-vo1ume "Anuario Kraft," an Argentine yearbook of the Who's Who type; previously published an international yearbook, but this is now defunct. These are the beet, and almoot the only, annuals of this type available in Latin America -- the suspeaded internatiotal edition may be revived in the future. LIBRERIA ESOPO Corrienteo 579 An excellent general store; carries some pro- and some anti- Communist material; store remains open until midnight or 1 AM daily except Sunday. ) LIJU iL ATENEO Flo r de 340 Good general store; large stc?c% but poor staff; nu& law, may dicUorzaries, good assortment of political and economic, as well at rely cultural, material. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For %lease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-0Wi69A000100090005-4 8) KIOSKS Kiosks and newstands dot the city. Avenida Florida, closed to vehicular traffic during the .day, has many both on street and in adjoining arcades; many more on Ave. 25 de Mayo. Kiosks carry publications mentioned in Section A, above, and many others of possible interest; nearly all stock Soviet and Chicom propaganda pictorials and cultural periodicals. C) Bibliographic Aids In common with most of Latin America, reliable bibliographic references are very scarce in Argentina. The Boletin Bibliografico Nacional, previously published by the Ministerio de Eduoacitin, has ceased publication "temporarily", but no definite word was available on its expected revival. Two new publications in this field have started up. One, the catalog of the Camara Tecnico del Libro (publication bears same name), lists pdblishere and boakdealers specializing in technical books only. Its periodicity is un- certain at this time, but it is likely to be a quarterly. The Publications Officer has sent sample copies to Washington. The other bears the title Biblos and is the trade journal of the remaining (non-technical) publishers. We were unable to obtain copies while in Buenos Aires, but have requested the Publications Officer to obtain and forward this publication. The Camara Tecnico Del Libro is located at Venezuela 668, Buenos Aires, while the non-technical group (known simply as Camara Del Libro) is located at Sarmiento 528, Buenos Aires. Local reports are that relations between these two trade associations are not of the best, and each disparages the other's publication. Again, even in this principal publications center of Latin America, adequate coverage can be obtained scilely by physical canvassing of the book- stores and kiosks due to the lack of proper bibliographic tools. Many publishers offer sporadic lista of current offerings, and copies were obtained wherever possible. The OODILIBRO catalog offers a fairly vide selection but even this does not include all of the publications available fram its members. An , adequate, nationwide bibliographic reference simply does not exist at the present time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For liglease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 5 BRAZIL A) General Availability Being somewhat pressed for time at this juncture in our trip, we acceded to geographic convenience and visited Sao Paulo prior to Rio de Janeiro. These two cities will be discussed separately. Sao Paulo is, despite the triteness of the expression, a rather fabulous city. The economic development here is far better described as an explosion than as a mere expansion; Sao Paulo is, industrially and economically, the "tail that wags the Brazilian dog". In consequence, Sao Paulo is, beyond question, the major publishing center of Brazil, and one of the major publishing centers of Latin America. In comparison, and with the sole exception of official government publications (many of which are also available in Sao Paulo), Rio de Janeiro pales to insignificance. Not only books but many excellent periodi- cals in the fields of economics and politics are published here. Here, too, we found one of (if not the) best-stocked and best-organized Communist Party book- stores in all Latin America....only the Party stores in Montevideo and Caracas approach it in excellence. Due to the limitation on our time, (and in the mistaken impression that Rio would be more fruitful than it in fact proved to be), we were able to devote only three days to Sao Paulo. Rio de Janeiro, aside from.the official government publications, actually has little to offer. Only a few publishers operate here, and most privately published material comes from Sao Paulo sources. We found only one really good bookstore in Rio, although there are many stores and kiosks through- out the downtown area and in Copacabana. One dealer in Rio specializes in Russian-language publications of the Foreign Languages Publishing House (FLPH), Moscow, but the local Communist Party bookstore is perhaps the poorest we en- countered anywhere, and, indeed, many general stores in other Latin American cities carried a greater quantity and variety of Communist publications. Rio does, however, remain the best source of government publications, (and will continue to be so until all the moves to the new capital at Brasilia are com- pleted). The Getulio Vargas Institute is a local source of good-quality economic and political studies. An interesting facet of the Rio book market (see below), is the series of publishers' kiosks in the Praca da Armas, about one block from the US Embassy. B) Retail Outlets The following are the more fruitful outlets in SAO PAULO: *1) LIVRARIA DAS BANDEIRAS Rua Riachuelo 342 One of, if not the, best Communist Party stores in Latin America; excellent stock of local, Soviet, Bloc and Chicom material; Chicom material except cultural items, not more recent than December 1959. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-64069A000100090005-4 - 6-. No difficulty entering and buying here. NB:- Comparatively little material found in Portuguese except local products; both Soviet and Chicom sources provide most material in Spanish, French or miglish; dealer says Portuguese editions slowly increasing from these sources. 2 LIVRARIA BRASILIENSE Rue Barao de itapetininga, 93-99 A good general store; some Communist and pro-Communist material; good on dictionaries, law, economics, current politics; carries some periodicals; much anti-Communist material. 3) LIVRARIA FREITAS BABTOS 15 de Novembre, 62-66 An excellent general store; carries books about Communism (mostly anti-Communist) but no Communist books per se. Ex- cellent law collection. 4) KIOSKS The city is liberally spatted with newstands and kiosks; most carry some Communist material and some anti-Communist material. A survey in the industrial quarter did not reveal any special concentration of local Party or other Communist material here. Most such items are available on kiosks (and in stores) in the center of the city. The following are the more fruitful outlets in RIO DE JANEIRO: 1) LIVRARIA ma Rua Mexico 31-A An excellent general store; some fev pro-Communist publications, much anti-Communist material; good for dictionaries, general economics and political items, law, general cultural items. 2) KIOSKS The city has many kiosks and newstands, all of which carry some pro- and some anti-Communist material; pro-Communist material less in evidence here than in Sao Paulo. Worthy of special mention, the series of about eight kiosks located in a row on the Priers de Armco. Each major publisher has a tiny, triangular stana here and this is probably the beat source of Communist publications (among others) in Rio; the Communist publisher, EDITORIAL VITORIA, has a kiosk here. (V1TORIA's actual store the local Party outlet, is located at Rua Juan Pablo Duarte 5; and is perhaps one of the poorest collections of useless and outdated Communist material we en- countered. Their kiosk is, although not too good, far more fruitful.) Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rejease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-68669A000100090005-4 - 7 - 3) INTUNLIV Rua Senador Dantas 93 (upstairs) Specializes in Russian-language publications of FLPH, Moscow; owner is outspokenly pro-Communist and pro-Soviet; appears to be a Russian immigrant. C) Bibliographic Aids In common with the rest of Latin America, Brazil is extrema), deficient in bibliographic aids of any sort. The only reasonably good publication in the field is the Boletim Bibliografico Brasileiro of the Uniao Brasileirs de Escritores, which last appeared in October, 1939. We were unable to discover definitely if this pUblication would be pUblidhed again in 1960. The newly appointed Publications Officer in Sao Paulo, where the organization is located, will look into the matter further. A very few publishers and bookstores make available a sporadic" and spotty list of current offerings. These are not only irregular and unreliable in their periodicity, but extremely limited in their utility and content. Again, there is no substitute for a physioal canvass of stores and pdblithers if this important source of publications is to be adequately covered. This canvassing must be done in both Rio and Sao Paulo, and it would probably be fruitful to make a canvass of the less important center of Porto Alegre (which, due to limitations on our time, we were unable to visit). Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Realipase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-004169A000100090005-4 A) General Availability One full week was devoted to briefing, surveying and purdhasing in Santiago, Vhich is a fairly active and Important pUblithing center. However, in March, mien ve were there, the industry was relatively inactive. It appears to be the local practice drastioally to reduce activity during their summer months, and we were told that several publishers had new books in theirvarehouses or still on the presses vhich would not be released for sale until Aprii or May. Nevertheless ell bookstores were open, and we were able to make a goodly nuMber of purch;ses and canvas more than thirty outlets of varying political coloration, plus numerous kiosks and newstands. Some Communist and pro-COmmunist pdblications, both local and foreign, are available in nest bookstores in Santiago. There are, however, four outlets vhich devote their shelves almost entirely to this material, one of which is the kioak in the doorway of the Chilean Communist Party headquarters. Here, as in the other major Communist outlets, we encountered no difficulty in entering and making purchases of some local Chilean COmmunist Party pUblications, despite the Obvious fact that we were "gringos." Indeed, even in the Chilean-Soviet Cultural Institute, although me did not get past the second floor reception desk, we vera politely received and vere able not only to purchase books but to get ansvers to a few questione on availability of other publications. At the Chilean-Communist Chinese Friendehip Society, however, ve made no purdhases for the double reason that the atmosphere vas something less than cordial and few publications of any sort were in evidence. In Santiago as elseVhere on this trip, ve found that nothing was available from COmmunist China after 1 January 1960 except for the cultural propaganda publications which are still available throughout the world (i.e., China decenstructg, c44aaj9Osy, In Chedking on the availability of certain bibliographic alds vial& had not been received in Washington for some time, we discovered (as in Lima) that local pUbliShing costs, largely duo to the extremely high cost of paper, vere prohibitive and are having a distinct braking effect on the local in- duxtry. We were informed, hovever, that the President of Chile (Alesseadri) :ens tine: steps to break up the existing monopoly in the paper industry, and that this was expected to lower costs and atimulate the publishing industry. I131Intrative of the hidh paper coots, we were told by one of the principal hookdealers that a small blank pad of white payer (somevhat smaller then our atandard ) x 8 pad) cost him the equivalent of tventy-two cents (US). 13) Retail Outlets In Santiago, the more fruitful outlets are all within a few-blocks of the Elm:Many. The fcaloming, While representing only a small portion of the outleta vksited, are typical of the more fruitful sources. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-011669A000100090005-4 *1) LIBRERIA AURAUCO Santo Domingo 216 Almost exclusively Communist material; mostly Soviet, some local, and a very few Chinese Communist publications. Much of the Chicom material is in English. *2) LIBRERIA MARIA DARRE Teatinos 416 A kiosk in the doorway of the Chilean Communist Party head- quarters. Small but good stock; mostly local Party publica- tions with some Soviet - no Chicom material noted. No problem entering and buying. *3) LIBRERIA ORBE Agustinas, between Estado and San Antonio (Galeria Imperio, 255) Described as Communist outlet, but more a general store with some Soviet and local. Communist material; only Russian-Spanish Grammar available in town found here (a translation of a British English-Russian grammar). Can't fairly describe this as a Communist outlet. 4) LIBRERIA/EDITORIAL DEL PACIFICO Ahumada 57 A good general store; large diversified stock of reference works, political and economic publications, and cultural material. 5) LIBRERIA PAX Huerfanos 756-772 A good, varied general store; many technical books, mostly translations of U.S., British, German, French authors. *6) FERIA DEL LIBRO (Local #7) Alameda Bernado O'Higgins (Between Estado and the Biblioteca Nacional) Consists of several open air stands. Stand ("Local") #7, directly on street at corner nearest Biblioteca, very heavy on used Communist publications; has some new books, many current periodicals, all Communist; most sold very cheaply and customers consist of workers and school children for the most part. Excellent source for local and Soviet materials, some Chicom material. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rvakease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 -10- 7) LIBERIA UNIVERSITARIA Alameda Bernado O'Higgins 1058 The bookstore of the Universidad Nacional de Chile. A good general store with some Marxist publications mixed in with texts. One book on (astro, one economic periodical, one new Marxist periodical found here (among others). C) Bibliographic Aids High publishing coata? largely due to the aforementioned high cost of paper, has eliminated many of the previously existing bibliographic publi- cations. Only one private publisher (ZAKORANO y CAPERAN, Campania 1015) still pUblishes such a work, and this, the Servicio appears only quarterly and is by no means a complete listing. Senor Zamorano told us that they may be forced to suspend publication if paper costs continue at their current high level, but the firm is reluctant to see the end of what is now the oldest work of it kind in continuous existence in Chile. Zamorano haa agreed to rail copies of thio publication direct to the Department of State in Washing- ton. The Biblioteca Central (which formerly published the Anuario de PUblioaciones Periodicas Chilenas) not only no longer publishes the work, but no one there seemed even to remember that they had ever pUbliehed it. Neither the Biblioteca Nacional nor the Biblioteca Universitaria admitted to any know- ledge of the supposedly annual list of the Deposito Legal, a governmental listing of all publications printed in cluile during the year. Editorial del Pacifico, Editorial Horizonte, Biblioteca de la Uhiversidad Nacional, and the Servieio Nacional 4e Estadisticos y Censos have all apparently suspended publication of their annuals. Some few publiahers (notably Editorial del Pacifico) publish a list of current offerings at irregular intervals. A few of these dealers' "catalogs" were acquired and the Publications Officer was requested to obtain and forward future issues when, aad if, they appear. In short, adequate coverage in Santiago can only be had by a physical canvass of the stores at frequent (due to the limited editions in which most books appear) and regular intervals. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rtipase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-0Q969A000100090005-4 11 GUATEMALA A) General Availability As was anticipated, we found very few useful pUblications availeble in Guatemala at this time, other than the daily newspapers. The main objective of the atop here was to brief the new Publications Officer on his procurement functions, particularly in view of the increasing Cammunist efforts to re- esteblieh themeelves in this country and the possible increase of Communiat pUblications in Guatemala. A visit was made to the University of San Carlos Press, where we found that a current pUbliaationa hat is available (copies Obtained) and that supplementary sheets are issued, at infrequent and irregular intervals. Titles listed consist mostly of brief theses and an occasional book authored by students or professors of the University. We are informed that copies of these publica- tions are supplied on an swaying* basis with several US univereities, and that copies are sent to the Library of Congress. The Publications Officer was pro- vided with a copy of this current list and requested to soma subsequent supple- ments (which the University Press has pramiaed to send him) far any titles of poesible intereat to the program. Official government publications constitute the only other worthwhile material currently available. These are supplied to the EMbassy gratis and sent to the US by the appropriate attadh4 (political, economic, etc.). The PUblioations Officer will supply extra copies of any deemed suitable far our special needs. Mart will be gratis. B) Retail Outlets There are, currently, no retail outlets worthy of mention in Guatemala, The average "librarian is a conbination book, stationery, and school supplies store, or carries a few general books and a heavy stook of sahogebooks. The PUblioations Officer will periodically visit the few stores in town in order to Obtain any signifiaant publication that may appear, but most of the stock is imported. It is anticipated that he will find few, if ling!, books not available in Mexico or Argentina, their usual sources of pUblication. C) Bibliographic Aids Other than the very limited list of the San Carlos University Press, no bibliographic aide of any sort are known to exist in Guatemala. The PUbliaations Officer has been alerted to acquire and transmit any that may appear in the future. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-094)69A000100090005-4 IGUICO A) General Availability One full week was devoted to briefing, surveying the availability of, and acquiring, publications in Mexico City, the capital, where, typical of most Latin American countries, the overwhelming majority of Mexican publioations are actually published and the remainder are generally avail- able. Mexico ia one of the major publications centers in Latin America, and one finds here not only Mexican publications, but also those of several other Latin American countries, as well as many US and European publicationa. Pre- dominating are those of Mexico and the Argentine. Communist publications, both locally produced and imported, are widely available throughout the city. Moat general bookstores and kiosks carry a fairly large and varied stock of Communist and Leftist but non-Communist publications, as well as those of a more conservative hue. There are, in ad- dition, about ten otorea in the downtown area (where most of the bookstore? are located) which carry a significantly greater proportion of Communist and pro-Communist material than do the other general stores. Soviet, Czech, GDR and Chinese Communist publications make up the bulk of the imported material, but also available are publications of the Argentine and Spanish Communists; as Chilean, French and Italian materials of this type are also to be found; and a growing quantity of Cuban anti-US and Communist-oriented periodicals are available. The purely propaganda Chicom periodical material is available here, but non-propaganda Chicom publications later than the Fall of 1959 do not appear to be on the general market. Mexico produced many good political and economic publications, several industrial and trade periodicals, and a small but useful quantity of basic reference works of the "annuals" type. Several bookstores and publishers have available, on an irregular basis, lists of currently available stocks, but good bibliographic aide and references arc quite scarce. Few, if any, publishers or bookstore? can be relied upon to send copies of their lists to either the Embassy Publications Officer or to Washington, making it imperative that the Publications Officer or some other procurement official make frequent and regular calls on these sources in order to keep abreast of the field. T) Retail Outleta The following is a list of the more fruitful bookstores we visited. It by no means represents anything approaching the total nudher of stores in- spected, and is, indeed, only a small part of the total number of retail out- lets in Mexico City. el) FORDO DE LA CULTURA POPULAR Ave Hidalgo 75-107 (AKA: Editorial Popular). .The Mexican Communist Party (RCM) outlet; good stock of local Canmunist and pro-Communist, Soviet, Chicom, etc0 materials; no problems on purchasing hare; standard Communist "classics" and local it such as Party statutes, minutes of coairxesses? etc.; good stock of anti-U3 Approved9*811WWW21600/08/24 : CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-06969A000100090005-4 -13 - * , 2) LIBRERIA JUAREZ Ave. Juarez 102 A branch of this store, called LIBRERIA ZAPLANA, is located at Calle San Juan de Letran 41-H; good source of general material; excellent source of local, Spanish, Argentine Communist and pro-Communist material; also stocks anti- Communist material in good proportion. 3) LIBRERIA NAVARRO Calle Seminario 12-B Mostly old material but some recent books; heavy on Communist and Communist sympathizer material; has huge collection of Communist, pro-Communist, and anarchist publications going back some 30 years in both Latin America, Spain and else- where; has indicated willingness to sell this entire private collection to some library or private collector. *4) LIBERIA DE CRISTAL Ave. Juarez; in park across from Palacio de Belles Artes. Alamenda Central *5) Probably the best store for new books; an excellent general store; large stock of both pro- and anti-Communist material; good for general reference works; good stock of Argentine and other publications, including translations of US and other foreign, non-Spanish titles. LIBRERIA CESAR CICERON Calle del Seminario, 10 Good general store; good stock of pro- and anti-Communist material; good general reference works; will mail books, lists, etc. if requested. 6) LIBRERIA PORRUA HERMANOS Esq. Argentina y Justo Sierra (with branch at Ave. Juarez 16) Good general stores; many law books in Juarez branch; publishes a limited bibliographical reference work on an Irregular schedule, but gives impression not very reliable in mailing this. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Rase 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-041069A000100090005-4 *7) INSTITUT? INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL MEXICANO-RUSO (IICMR) Paseo de la Reforma, 128 Bookstore of the Soviet-Mexican cultural and friendship society; offers Communist "classics" (Marx, Lenin, etc.), much cultural material, art work, pro-Soviet propaganda; this is largely material published by Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow and is generally available to us from Moscow. 8) KIOSKS Mexico City, especially the downtown area between the Ave. Reforma and the Zocalo, abounds with newsstands carrying newspapers and magazines of all types and political color- ation. A sort of "Thieves Market" operates on Sunday mornings in one of the poorer districts and contains several tables of second-hand publications, many of which are Communist and pro-Communist. C) Bibliographic Aids Bibliographic aids in Mexico are few and far between. Some of the larger retail outlets and a very few publishers offer a partial list of current stocks (usually only latest releases) on a very irregular basis. These, however, cannot be considered true bibliographic publications and their receipt is virtually entirely dependent on the Publications Officer making frequent and regular calls on the store or publisher preparing such a list. One fairly regular list is Boletin Bibliografico Mexicano pub- lished on a vaguely quarterly basis by Porrua Hnos. (See Item #60 Section B, above.) This List, which Porrua has promised to send to the Embassy Publications Officer (and which the latter has been alerted to solicit), is rather limited in scope and does not give truly national coverage. A recent publication of the Centro Mexicana de Escritores, entitled Catalog? De Periodicos Mexicanos, is on hand. The publishers express the vague hope that this well-organized (but limited in scope) publication will be periodically revised and brought up to date. They make no commitment, however, on the periodicity of such revisions, and past experience has shown that the majority of such publications in Latin America die young and un- announced; it remains to be seen if this reference will survive. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Reg, lease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-06869A000100090005-4 PANAMA A) General Availability Panama, like Guatemala, is not a major source of publications. Few, if any, books are printed hare and locally produced periodicals have been short-lived. Panama is, however, reported to be a distributing center for Soviet Bloc and Chicom publications and for Chicom These do not appear to be available on the open market, however, and it is unlikely that the Publications Officer will be able to supply such items. B) Retail Outlets . Panama City and Colon have only a few bookstores, none of which can be considered of significant value at the present time. Same imported Mexican and Argentine books are available, as well as many US books and other publications. It is felt, however, that the particularly active and interested Publications Officer recently assigned hare might utilize a small annual selection fund of about 025.00 for the purchase of an occasional book or new periodical and to backstop his procurement of government publications where insufficient copies are available gratis. C) Bibliographic Aida No bibliographic aids are known to exist in Panama at this time. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 PERU Approved For Rholease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP6840069A000100090005-4 A) General Availability -16- Approximately five days were Spent in Lima in briefing the Publications Officer, surveying the local market and purchasing publications. (Because of the intervening weekend only four days were adtually available for work in the stores.) Lima, while not a publications center of the cali- bre of Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Santiago, or Sao Paulo, a fact which appears in part due to the high cost of paper and printing, is still a fairly active center in terms of this activity. General stores stock a fairly good number of books by Peruvian authors and, while many are of a cultural nature, a certain percentage are of the types useful to Washington. As elsewhere on the continent, Argentine books appear to predominate and here, for the first time, Chilean publications begin to appear in some quantity. Some political and economic periodicals are published here. Most, if not all, bookstores in Lima carry a certain amount of Communist and pro-Communist material, but no outlet Was found that was clearly a primary source of this material. The local Communist Party news- paper, Unidad, is not available on subscription, appearing in the hands of street vendors only and at irregular intervals. Arrangements were made with the Publications Officer to obtain this publication on a more regular basis than heretofore, and copies have already begun arriving under this arrange- ment. Other than this newspaper, no local Communist Party publications were encountered, but the customary Communist "classics" are available in most stores. B) Retail Outlets As is common in most Latin American cities, the principal book- stores are clustered in a central area of the city, principally within a two-block radius of the Plaza San Martin (although a few are found further out). Some 20-25 stores and many kiosks were inspected. The following brief list contains names and descriptions of the more noteworthy of these stores. 1) LIBRERIA JUAN MEJIA BACA Azangaro 722 . A good general store; law, basic reference works; some political and economic works both pro- and anti-Communist. 2) LIBRERIA "LA UNIVERSIDAD" Nicolas Pierola 639 Perhaps the best general store in Lima; carries both pro- and anti-Communist material (mostly anti-); heavy on local authors; good selection of dictionaries. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For liglease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-96069A000100090005-4 -17- .3) CENTRAL 'BE L1BRO6 T REV/STAB Jiran Camana 681 Cannot be called a Communist outlet in true sense, but had more material than others; most Communist material were the "classic" works; fair general store; had same Bloc propaganda magazines of pictorial type (Say, OMR, (hina). 4) OARCILABO Belem 1083 A good general store. C) Bibliographic Aids The Biblioteca Nacional (National Library) of Peru, located in Lima, pUbliehed an Anuario Bibliografico Peruano in 1957 which covered the year* 1951/52, and a subsequent edition= zjpy Which covered the years 1953/54. We are informed that it is hoped that subsequent editions will appear, but that this is by no means certain or even very probable. Beyond this, one finds only.a very limited 'lubber of booklists put out by a few local stores. These are irregular in their periodicity, and very limited in their scope. Copies of the few available were obtained, and the PUblications Officer was requested to forward any subsequent lists that become available. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For lease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-94069A000100090005-4: URUGUAY -A) General Availability Four days were devoted to Montevideo. While a minor city me fleas actual publishing goes, Montevideo looms large in Latin America as oas of (if not the) major point-of-entry for Soviet and Bloc propaganda. Boma Cblcom material was found, but only the usual propaganda publicatione cambia 1960 dates. Here, too, we found one of the best organized and well-stocked Communist Party stores in Spanish-speaking Latin America, plus another ex- cellent Store which dealt almost exclusively with Soviet and other Bloc country publications. While a relatively small city, Montevideo is liberally supplied with bookstores and newstand-kiosks. We covered about 18 stores and numerous kiosks here. Some few Uruguayan publications, some Chilean and Spanish, many Argentinian, and a few Brazilian publications make up most of the available stock in Montevideo stores aside from the imported Communist material. No difficulty was encountered in entering and purchasing from any Communist source in the city. B) Retail Outlets The following were among the sore fruitful outlets in Montevideo. *1) EDICIONES PUEBLOS UNIDOS (EPU) Colonia 1567 This is the local Party store; stock almost entirely ComMunist material -- local Party items, much Soviet and other Bloc items, fairly good Chicon stock (thru 1959); one of best Party stores found in Latin America. *2) ANTE00 Ltda. 18 de Julio, 1333 Another excellent source of Communist material; stock is primarily Soviet, but also had some Chicom.(thru 1959); also some few SOVBLCC cultural items. No local Party material noted.' 3) LIBRERIA BARREIRO y RAMOS 18 de Julio, 941 An excellent general store; good stock of dictionaries, law, economics, recent political works; some few pro-Communist items, many anti-Communist items; heavy on cultural material. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Fplease 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-80069A000100090005-4 10 LUBA= LOBATO San Jose 853 Stock is almost entirely Brazilian publications (in Portuguese); fair, onli; reported. as Communist outlet, but nab very muoh in evidence when inspected; a source of Brazilian books when one cannot get to Brazil. ..only such source noted in Spanith-speaking Latin Amer-Loa. 0) Bibliograllbia Aldo In an area generally poor in bibliographic material, Nbutevideo is exceptionally poor. TheibliAnuarioBoo . reviaisly published by the Bibliotecallaciesiebby.us19waii49 issue, published in 1951), is a dead issue; the librarian at the Idblioteca even had trouble re- calling that they had ever pUblished it, and was most emphatic that there were no plans to revive it. Few catalogs or lists of current offerings were found lathe varioue bookstores. 112.U.(above)h,d. a somewhat dated list of publioations offered, in 1959, by Foreign Language:Preas of Pekin, but no lists of Soviet or other Bloc offerings. This city must be covered by physical amass of the stores...there is no alternative whatsoever. ? Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-841069A000100090005-4 MEOW A) Sorrel Alvellebility DOO to the unfortunate 00WooetIon of Holy Thursday, aped Friday, andscivil holiday which Doomed an the tallowing Two*, we were able to get onW one working WI in. the 'stores in-Ceracas, as bneineeilehnte down td4htfor the full week. Nevertheless, we were able to (Mir the main. Part, outlet said a few general 'tares, and to gat acme valid idea of 6,1010Abi lity las Csra000, While not si major pal-lashing center (the recent Political upheavals and the serials prOblem of inflation rake costs prohibitive and profits on. certain), Camas does have a small publishing industry, and there are bog" for explosias in the not-too-far-disUnt pture. In addition to, the tow local publications, Caracas appears to be 'a goad. source far imported Cloinuniet material (one of Laths America's three beat Party stores is located. bets) from the Soviet Moo and Cosemusist adnai and it appears that an incresatng smount off Compssiet-slanted, anti-48, prarCastso material is baits shipped in from Cuba. Much of this latter material., at the moment, =sifts of Prins& Latina press releases and the Cuban publications such a. "Bohemia," *Cartels.," and one or two others. The local Party store is well-stocked with Soviet ccessunist material, local Party publications and some =eon material (but here, main, no Chiccm other than the cultural Propeganda items' Ls to be found with date. after Decesiber MO. The clerk in the local Party store states that ,they bore orders far a large amount and variety of 3960 =cam publications, but that "there appears to be KM sort of dela? in 'getting them; he 44 not Icooy why this should be so, and hoped for delivery soani. B)eteU Coasts There are a fairly large umber of bookstores and kiosk!. in Caracas, alaW of' wkich carry some Communist materiel, and at= anti-Oomnuoist material as wall. The spore fruitful of the.. outlets we visited are; *X) DIERRIBMDCRA KAORIIT,A Pdificio Eduardo Garcia, Pceal One of the three beet-0040d Communist Party stores on the oontinent. Heavy stock of current Soviet publications, some Chicon (up to LaceWber l9,9), and some local party material; also carries same anti-US claatco material; stocked the only Spanish-Chinese dictionary :rand in Latin America (nJ, Pekin). Mb difficulty purchasing here; store willing to order special items from China or UNIR for any customer. Bas catalog (copies obteined). Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-04069A000100090005-4 LIBRERIA CRUZ DEL OUR Centro Canercial del Este, Local 111, Sabana Ovando. Fairly good general store; some Owlet classics ()arx, Engels, eta.), but not really a Communist outlet judging from bis stook. 0) ablioGraOlo Aids Due to the shortage of available working time, it was not possible to Check on the avallabiltty of the Anuszio El. co Venegolono af the BibliOteOalkieloosl (last seen in its 1947/4B edi and. believed defunct), the paean 00 of the Num Central (elect believed defunct), or the Boletfin de - de Mamie. Politicos. The Publications Officer was repeltol to look into the icatte:r, but his off-the.auff opinion was that all Um* Dublioatioms had ceased pOblioation. Iowa (#1, above) offers a ostalog at irregular intervals, and copies or the most recent were Obtained. Aside from this, there appear to be no bibliographic aids available in Venezuela; other outlets had. no catalogs or lists to offer. Sere, too, a periodic physical oenvass of the stores is essential. Approved For Release 2000/08/24: CIA-RDP68-00069A000100090005-4