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Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 26, 2003
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Publication Date: 
November 15, 1967
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PDF icon CIA-RDP69B00369R000200270001-4.pdf98.81 KB
Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200270001-4 MISSING PAGEs THROUGHOUT FOLDER Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200270001-4 T vnws S iJcv b-7 LVb Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP69BOO369ROO0200270001-4 Guevara Documents Detail Plan for `2d Vietnam By JUAN de ONIS Special to The New York Times LA PAZ, Bolivia, Nov. 14- The plan of Ernesto Che Gue- ivara to create a "second Viet- nam" in the heart of South America emerges clearly in captured documents that have been made public here at the trial of Regis Debray. The documents include sev- eral coded messages ex- changed between Mr. Guevara, ;Jwho died of gunshot wounds after a clash between Bolivian troops and guerrillas last :month, and a correspondent in Havana with a code name of "Leche." Bolivian military au- thorities are convinced that "Leche" is Premier Fidel Castro. The captured diary of Mr. Guevara, who made daily en- tries from Nov. 7, 1966, until two days before he died, as well as the messages he ex- changed with Havana show Mr. Guevara, a leading lieu- tenant of Mr. Castro in the Cuban revolution, arrived in disguise in Bolivia saying he was a salesman from Uruguay. His diary begins with his ar- rival at a secluded cattle ranch in"the Andean foothills that had served as the base camp for the guerrilla operation. Mr. Guevara was soon joined by 17 Cubans- who led a guer- rilla force that had 43 members at its greatest strength. These included Juan Pablo Chang Na- varro, known as El Chino, a Peruvian who was to have opened a guerrilla front in the highland districts of Ayacucho and Puno in Peru, By March Mr. Guevara had been joined by Ciro Bustos, an Argentine commercial artist and cameraman who was to organize a guerrilla movement in Argentine with elements of a pro-Cuban splinter group of the Peronist movement. The first clash between the guerrillas and the Bolivian Army took place March 23. Quickly, the guerrilla zone northeast of Camiri, where Mr. Debray is on trial on charges of murder and rebellion, was occu- pied by Bolivian Army forces. The guerrillas were trapped, and in six months of clashes were destroyed. Mr. Debray and Mr. Bustos were captured April 20 as they tried to escape and leave Bo- livia. Mr. Chang Navarro was killed in a clash with army forces in August. These re? terday by the military pros- ecutor, Col. Remberto Iriarte, show that Mario Monge and Jorge Kolle, leaders of the Mos- cow-oriented Bolivian Commu- nist party, traveled to Havana to discuss helping the guerrilla operation but were unable to reach an understanding. As . a result, the Bolivian party with- held support. Juan Lechin Oquendo, former Vice President of Bolivia, who has been living in Chile since the Bolivian military seized power in October, 1964, was reported in the diary to have been in direct contact with Havana. He was urged to order his supporters to join the guerrillas. Former president Victor Paz Estenssoro, who has been in exile in Peru since 1964, was reportcl in one message from Havana to have been organiz- ing a guerrilla front on the bor- der with Brazil through a sup porter, Ruban Julio, a formes Bolivian Cabinet member. Mr. Debray and Mr. Bustos have argued before the military tribunal in Camiri that they visited Mr. Guevara's guerrilla forces on newspaper assign- ments. Mr. Debray could be impris- oned for 30 years if all the charges against him are upheld? The court's decision is expected Thursday. Besides Mr. Debray and Mr. Bustos, four Bolivian guerrillas are on trial. that the Castro regime gave the Guevara movement full support as a strategic opera- tion designed to create tur- moil in the heartland of South America. Support came m the form of money, training, political co- ordination, intelligence and critical supplies, such as special medicines that were brought to Bolivia by Cuban agents. The role of Mr. Debray, a Z6- year-old French Marxist writer and ideologist who embraced the cause of the Cuban revolu- tion, emerges from the docu ments as that of a high-level messenger between Mr. Castro and Mr. Guevara. verses apparently helped to stifle the plan a "second Viet- nam?'; The texts made, public yes- Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP69BOO369ROO0200270001-4