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September 14, 1967
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September PARr9v*For ReltamiRM1/(3&:Abetp?6,91B00369R000200290058-0 uu.K.0 --HOUSE H 11939 $15,000. 'ather Sicking fights poverty at it disadvantage, it would seem. He is without adequate funds while in his heart and mind is a very comprehensive program that could be most construc- tive if implemented: I came away from Cincinnati convinced that the war on Poverty will not be won between the hours of 9 and 4 by paid program workers but rather will be won by people like Father Sicking who, when 4 p.m. arrives, stay with, and live with the poor. The _ Father Sickings have the confidence of the people while there is considerabl doubt whe,n it comes to paid poverty pr gram employees. I would recommend that more of he war on poverty be channeled th s gh groups, individuals and ,agencies wh ? are waking in the field?the Salv. tion Army, the missions, the comm nity councils, the Father Sickings. I also feel that the program will be much ore successful if a higher emphasis is p aced on training for job skills rathe the make-work projects. One of our most effective witnesse Willard Dudley, the able director o Ohio Bureau of Unemployment an Employment Services, who indic how full-time, comprehensive Prog were being shortchanged while m shift, short duration programs were ceiving massive Federal grants to acc plish limited objectives with, unfo :lately, limited hopes for success, is testimony alone was an indication of how the glamor programs like pove ty attract many unworkable or less advis ble projects because "there is where t e money is:" Representative AYRES and myself no -believe even more that the poverty pro gram should be investigated thoroughl before the Congress considers giving a new lease on life. We should go in the field and hear what the people are thinking and not listen merely to those bureaucrats who can come to Washing- ton and applaud their own efforts. Many other aspects of the poverty program Could be discussed at this time but I offer these brief remarks as an initial report on our hearings. Again, I say that men like Father William Sicking, full-time poverty warriors, are what is needed to help combat the blight which we all know exists. They, far more than the high paid, part-time poverty employees Will bring us a solution to the problem. I now yield to my colleague the gentle- man from Ohio [Mr. CLANCY]. Mr. CLANCY. Mr. Speaker, I would like to take this opportunity to thank my colleagues Mr. WILLIAM AYRES and Mr. JOIN ASHBROOK for coming to Cin- cinnati to conduct public hearings on the effectiveness and administration of the poverty programs in our city and for going out among the poor to hear their views., I could not agree more with the ob- servations just made by Mr. ASHEROoK, and in particular his comments with re- spect to the work being done by Father Sicking. , The articulate testimony of the Rev. William Sicking was most helpful and enlightening. Father Sicking is director of De Pares Center in the West End, pastor of St. Paul Church on Pendleton Street, and has been a trustee of Cin- cinnati's antipoverty agency?the Com- munity Action Commission?since the CAC was founded in 1964. I have known Father Sicking not only as a great spiritual leader, but as a per- sonal friend for 35 years. To know him is to admire him. His dedicated work with the poor and the underprivileged is well known throughout the Greater Chi- c' His many friends and I plaud him fo 's dedication and his interest in seeing 't that if there are Federal programs to ?t the poor, the poor themselves benefit ore and the professional workers less. Father Sicking is not a \ armchair commentator on conditions in the nce in get ple. ghetto. He has a working resi a poverty area and has been able the reaction and thinking of poor p He knows at first hand the hunger, 4n- employment, disease and overcrowding in substandard housing where crime anti violence thrive. Father Sicking told the members of the congressional committee that "grass- roots poor people laugh at the antipov- erty program." The following excerpt from his testi- mony should also be of interest to my colleagues: "CAC? Never heard of it," they (the poor) say. Those who have heard of it call them "big shots" who are telling us to raise our- selves by our own bootstraps, only we don't have any boots. And: "If it weren't for us poor people, those guys (poverty program employees) wouldn't have a job and be pulling down those fancy salaries." Father Sicking concluded his testi- mony with five specific recommendations which merit consideration. I am con- vinced that as a result of our hearings in Cincinnati and hearings that could possibly be conducted in other communi- ties, constructive legislation providing for an improved poverty program, with Increased emphasis on more jobs, will be forthcoming. ROPOSED NEW CHESAPEAKE BAY PARALLEL BRIDGE AND THE J. E. GREINER CO. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a p evious order of the House, the gentle- mtn from Maryland [Mr. LONG], is rec- og ized for 15 minutes. Mr. LONG of Maryland. Mr. Speaker, legislation now pending before Congress would authorize the -location of certain toll projects in Maryland. H.R. 11627 would authorize a Balkimore Harbor Tunnel and three bridges across the Chesapeake Bay?one in the Baltimore area, one in southern Maryland and one parallel to, and duplicative of, the pres- ent span. My bill, H.R. 3135, would exclude au- thorization for this parallel bridge, which was rejected by the voters of Maryland in a referendum last Novem- ber. Despite this rejection by the voters, the Maryland State Roads Commission is pushing ahead with its plans to build a second bridge alongside the existing Cheseapeake Bay Bridge. And closely associated with the State Roads Commission in pressing for this rejected bridge is the J. E. Greiner Co., a consulting engineering firm of Balti- more, Md., which for decades has been a dominating factor in the location and planning of roads and bridges in Mary- land. As early as January 31, 1964, the Greiner Co. recommended that? First priority be given to the construction of a second bridge adjacent to the existing bridge at Sandy Point. It is significant that this report was issued over the signature of J. E. Don- nelly, one of three partners in the Greiner Co.' It is significant also that the State roads commission has just rec- omended to the Maryland Board of Pub- lic Works that Greiner be awarded the contract to supervise the design and con- struction of a parallel bay bridge. This contract is about to be awarded. The parallel bridge will be so costly that it will use up, possibly to the year 2000, any money or borrowing capacity that might have been available to build a \ bay bridge in another location, such as in Baltimore or in southern Maryland. The contract to build this bridge would thus determine the future population, traffic, and economic patterns of Mary- land for decades to come. It is significant, further, that the Greiner Co. scarcely stands to lose money from this contract to design the parallel bay lil-idge. In 1965, Greiner Co. esti- matechits fee for this work at $5.1 mil- lion 2 alien though it had done the de- sign foi the present bridge in the same location a design which is presumably still available to assist the Greiner Co. in desig ing the parallel bay bridge. This fee as based on 10 percent of con- struction costs. Because construction costs will ave risen since 1965, Greiner's fee, on th 10-percent basis, could be $7 to $10 mill on. In view f the importance of this con- tract to b 'ld a parallel bay bridge, the competenc and integrity of the consult- ing engin ering company should be beyond rep each. A real ? estion now arises whether this is tru of the J. E. Greiner Co. I hereby pla e in the RECORD an account of a crimi al trial in which J. E. Don- nelly, part er in the Greiner Co., was a defendant, nd of a civil suit against the Greiner C itself. The record of these trials cont ins vital information con- cerning th practices of the Greiner Co. in anoth State?information that should ser e as a warning to the people of Maryla d of how their money may be wasted on a project which they have re- jected a d which, I have repeatedly argued, been undertaken par* for the aggr ndizement of the Greiner Co. The c t of characters in this criminal trial inc udes: The . E. Greiner Co., as a company, an of its top officials; 'Location Studies, Chesapeake Bay Cross- ings, State Roads Commission of Maryland, January 1964. Location Studies, Chesapeake Bay Cross- ing, prepared for the State Roads Commis- sion of Maryland. J. E. Greiner Company, January, 1965. Apprved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290058-0 1111940 Approved For Release 2001/11/01..? IA-RITM:1369R00 CONGRESSIONAL RECO Th chairman, secretary-treasurer, ff- nano director, and two other officials of the ennsylvania Turnpike Commission, to wldeh the Greiner Co. was consulting engir eer; Tb e president and general manager of the 3 fanu-Mine Research & Development Co. a vhose plans were endorsed by the Greii ler Co. TY is cast of characters is tied together in a interesting web of business and fami [sr relationships. Five of this nine- mern ber cast eventually were sentenced to pi ison. Another was involved in a civil suit running into the millions of dollars. Here is the sequence of events: December 1953, the 3. E. Greiner Co. was named consulting engineer of the Peni isylvania Turnpike Commission for the lortheastern extension of the Penn- sylv.txda Turnpike. In 1957, in connection with this project, J. IL Donnelly, partner in the J. E. Gre ner Co? was indicted on a "charge of cone Piracy to cheat and defraud the Pen ssylvania Turnpike Commission" of "mi lions of dollars." 3 This is the same J. Donnelly who signed the 1964 Grener Co. report recommending a par- alle bay bridge. G. Joseph Hudert, a Greiner Co. en- gin( er, was indicted at the same time on the same charge. Both men are still of - ficii kis of the Greiner Co. The Pennsylvania Turnpike Commis- sion dismissed the J. E. Greiner Co. as the Turnpike's consulting engineer and brosght a $7.'7 million civil negligence suit ;against the Greiner Co. in the U.S. Dis-orict Court of Maryland.' Defendants Do) melly and Hudert were not convicted of he criminal charge, but the Greiner Co, paid the Turnpike Commission in order to settle the civil suit out of court.' indicate further the seriousness of thE case in which the Greiner Co. was in- vol Ved, five of the nine defendants stand- ing trial for criminal conspiracy and thiee related charges were convicted.' Three of the men were top officials of the Pe msylvania Turnpike Commission: Thomas J. Evans, chairman; James F. Torrance, secretary and treasurer; and Paul J. McNeill, finance director. Two otliers convicted were: Charles W. Stick- ler, president and principal stockholder of the Manu-Mine Research 8.3 Develop- = nt Co., and Clayton A. Landsidle, MI mu-Mines general manager. Manu- ne President Stickler was also a ne Phew of Turnpike Chairman Evans, while Chairman Evans' son, Richard H. ans, was Manu-Mine's vice president UT til his death several months before the return of indictments in these cases.' The criminal cases and the civil pro- ceedings arose because of Manu-Mine's es thriates for, and performance of, mine illing and slushing work on the north- etern extension of the Pennsylvania , -"Dauphin County Reports. -Vol. 72. 1958. cielith. Judicial Circuit of Pennsylvania. e 34. *Dauphin County Reports. Vol. 72. Page 3d ; 4 Civil Action No. 10250,13.S. District Court fc; the District of Maryland. "Minutes of meeting of Pennsylvania T iirnplice Commission, November 18, 1957. 'r Dauphin County Repcirts. Vol. '72. Page 34. "Dauphin Munty Reports. Vol. 72. Pages a and 36. Turnpike, fa:. which Greiner /was the con- sulting engineer.' Manu-Mine had claimed that mine drilling and slushing were needed be- cause a portion of the northeastern ex- tension was to be built in a region con- taining inactive coal mines. The cavities of these mines, claimed Mariu-Mine, had to be found by blind drilliSg and then slushed, that is, filled in w_th silt. This would provide the necessary!firm subsur- face support for the road. ! Defendant, Donnelly of ;the Greiner Co. was present during a February 28, 1955, meeting at which the ''ennsylvania Turnpike Commission awarded the mine drilling and slushing contract to Manu- Mine. Donnelly later admitted that he knew of the family relationship between Manu-Mine President Stickler and Turn- pike Comm .ssion Chairman Evans." : At the 1957 criminal trial, the Com- ; monwealth of Pennsylvania's expert wit- ; nesses testified that 95 percent of the : drilling and slushing work was unneces- sary becau3e nearly all the coal mines had filled is naturally and presented no : threat to the road's stability. The extent ; to which the work was both unnecessary and overpriced can be judged by the testimony of Daniel H. Connelly, deputy: secretary of the Pennsylvania Depart- ment of Mines, that Mar-Mine had . billed the turnpike commi ion 17.5 mil- ; lion for one part of the drilling and slushing work which shoUld only have, cost $82.9 thousand at mast," or only 1; percent. , Defendant Donnelly of the Greiner; Co. testified at his trial that: The Greiner Company did endorse the pro- gram of slushing as developed by Menu*: Mine?' ' Greiner Co. also issued 0, report chal-: longing the Pennsylvania !State Depart-. ment of Mines' pretrial; criticisms of Manu-Mine. This report was signed by defendant Donnelly," despite the fact that: First. Admittedly neither Donnelly no anyone else associated with the Greiner iCnog.; had experience in mihing engineer Second. The Greiner Co. had not sought the advice of diSinterested iex- perts in mining engineeri g ;14 Third. Donnelly admit ed he had not consulted the State department of mines before signing his report;' but had conr suited with Manu-Mine;" -Fourth. Donnelly test' ed he had not visited any of the mines n question nor observed Manu-Mine's operation before preparing the report.' I fact, he testi- fiei: "I have n vier a mae, 21 ; Donnelly test fied t tj4iLrepoIt was 'prepared at th ricaest tE Franklin :MtSorley, who s man of the Tur p.ilteCtin -ton.-"---M-6- Scirley was late .o v1?of_criminar misbehavior in ubl rozi The civil suit ii led try thi Perinsinti Trrnpike Co ssiotiaggIsst the CTrein- 1 er Co. charged GrettlersInegligence hi - ; giving every ph o 5Manti:Mine's plalfs its "complete a d ulVattaltied approval" ' ard in advisin the- C-011irhisSi6ii -that ' Manu-Mine's p opoSal vOtts -proper and " ? reasonable, wh n it.was icttfaIly wholly ? unnecessary an exc rbitalitl*-exPehgvel - In sum, the .eop e -Of I, aryland have ta ? rejected the arali4 -b0 - 'bridge. The Commonwealt of Ilehris-1 -Ala not Only dsmissed this cotrultilig engineering firm which no wants_tcianPervise eciti-- struction of th s paralleIldritige, but in- stituted civil su t.agginst the Greiner Co. and charged t o pi lits pip Olfficis,ls With c7iminal consp I call on Gov rno ? Agnihfillid the-State ' Roads Commi ion if Mat7l_and to aban- don their pla to build iliparanet bridge, and to turn d wri he altrefd of the en- gineering cont et to tie Greiner Co. Loth this proje t arid the _reiner CO. are by now thoro ghl r ense (Med. I urge Congress to,jo n t vot r Li ra rejecting th parallel )ay bridge.- - -- (es- Of mY State k- (Mr. LONG if fslaylanti asked :and Was- given permissi n tn-reviSe and extend his _ _ rem li .) =._-__ _ S ,; TATE SIIOULD RE- ATCt MIL ARt_.AID -TO - ' Dauphin County Reports. Vol. 72. Pages 35 and 36. 00 Transcript of criminal trial in the Court of Quarter Sessions of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. Nos. 216, 218, 220 and 221, January Sessions, 1957. Page 5678. liDailphin County Repoiits. Vol. 72. Page 45. Trans3ript for Was. 216, 218, 220 and 221, Dauphin County (see *Her reference). Page 5074. TrTrenseript. Pages 5846 nnd 5551. 'A Dauphin County Repots. Vol. 72. Pages 49 and 50. 34 Transcript. Page 5684. 1"Daupain County Reports. Vol. 72. Page 49. 17Trara.cript. Page 5687. - _ NW ITS GREECE The SPE Jartsrosxr) . lHEouse, the ge Ptierwsial is (Mr. PUC ;permission t ema rks ) ER prol tempore (Mr. nderprevlibus -order of the tlentan ffbrn Illinois [Mr. eeospizedrfOr I hour. SICl'askeit and was given ' ref1seIsnd extend his _ Mr. PUCIN EI, Mr. neaker,_ -earlier this month it was My ptivilige to be-the guest of the an Altadikn7ederation at its oonventio heldin Athens, Greece. Mr. Chris itch-di, president of the Pan Arcadian Fediratiop, had invited me to address h s gathertIg_and visit the homeland of any of Air constitueas:- _ I was mos grateful or this kind in- vitation beca se it, did time an OPP to -or- tunity se Cirieee. ut equally im- portant, it a orded mil an opportunity to see what e ect the ritvolution of April 21 had on th peciple orGreece. I was in At era for 1.(icla7s, and-during this period I ad made ix very exhaustive study of the resOlit sii4ation in Greece. I had tal ? to moat of the 'Present military lead rs Irho c(tnStitute the cur- rent Gove ?nt of afeece. I talked at great length with the new Prime Min- ister, Consta tins -Nollgas, and with all of the Minist rs inoludElog Gen. Stylianos Patakos, wha is lifinister of the Interior. I talked wi h ehumbler o civilians w o _ - - 11 Transcrip Pa W 5631E "" Transcrip PaCgi 5041 24 Dauphin ounty AA' Its. Vol. 72. Page 241. 41 Civil Acti n No, 1025(C U.S. DistricCaolirt of Maryland. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : 369R0002 Approved For Reletsesnlalk&HARcp06B003M85200290058-0 September 14., 1967 H 11941 remain in the Government in key positions. I had extensive discussions with former members of the Parliament who today oppose the present regime and were very frank and forthright to me in their crit- icism. I had a 2-hour conversation with former Prime Minister, George Papan- dreou, who is presently under house ar- rest in his villa in Athens. Mr. Papan- dreou, speaking in halting English, was very frank in his conversations with me, and said he found my visit most wel- come. I spoke extensively with publishers of Greek newspapers who are now operat- ing under rigid rules of censorship, and they were extremely frank in their con- versations with me. I talked at great length with the American representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, stationed in Athens. I talked to a number of American ob- servers and businessmen who were in Greece at the time of the revolution and who, since April 21, have had an oppor- tunity to carefully review the actions of the present Goveihment and the attitude of the Greek people toward this Gov- ernment, I spent countless hours in discussions *ith Greek businessmen, labor leaders, financiers, and just plain ordinary citi- zens in the streets and villages. I discussed the present situation with our own American diplomatic represent- atives. Mr. Speaker, I took an extensive heli- copter flight over northern Greece and personally viewed the extensive damage done to a large number of villages by the recent earthquakes. I saw some 6,500 Greek families living in canvas tents and badly damaged homes?many without roofs?fearful of what will happen when cold weather sets in very shortly. Finally, Mr. Speaker, I visited the island of Yarros, which is about 1 hour's helicopter flight from Athens and which houses the prison of some 2,500 political prisoners. I believe that I am the only foreigner to have ever visited this island, and I took along with me my own State De- partment translator. I personally heard the prisoners addressed by General Patakos, and I had an opportunity to see firsthand the conditions which exist on. the island and the attitude of the pris- oners. Mr. Speaker, I can assure my colleagues in Congress that my search for the truth in Greece was most exhaustive, and I am grateful to the Pan Arcadian Federation for making possible this personal observ- ance of the present situation there. From my extensive conversations and personal observations, I have come to the conclusion that: First. It is in the interest of the United States for our country to resume ship- ment of important military aid to Greece as part of our NATO defense structure. Second. It is in our national interest - for the United States to provide the people of Greece with disaster relief of at least $15 million to help the victims of the earthquake avoid extreme hardships when winter hits their canvas tents. Third. It is in the interest of the United States to press for restoration of parliamentary government in Greece, and this can be done by giving the pres- ent Government of Greece technical as- sistance to meet many of the civilian poblems which the generals, by the very nature of their military background, will find difficulty in solving; we should help this Government develop a demo- cratic base for restoration of constitu- tional government. Fourth. It is important for the United States to help King Constantine press the present military regime to re- store parliamentary government to Greece as quickly as possible. Mr. Speaker, I do not want my ob- servations or my remarks ever to be con- strued as condoning a government which would deny its people basic civil rights. But neither would I ever want to be blinded by the realities of life, and one of those realities is that the military re- gime presently is in control of Greece. Furthermore, this regime has stated publicly and unequivocally that it sup- ports America's position in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and will keep Greece in NATO. Our Nation cannot, and must not, ignore the fact that the crisis in the Middle East is not over. The Soviet Union continues to have her evil designs for the destruction of Israel. We may need Greece as our most reliable base if the situation in the Middle East should worsten. During the recent crisis, Greece stood with us and helped relocate Ameri- cans from the Middle East. Whether you like it or not, the present Government of Greece is there; it is a reality; and, on the basis of my most honest and sincere studies, right now this Government has the popular support of the people of Greece. There are those who would challenge this statement and I respect their views. But the fact remains that if an elec- tion were to be held in Greece today, responsible people in Greece?including the most bitter critics of the present regime?told me that the present mili- tary government would be overwhelm- ingly elected because it has restored order out of chaos in this country. I know there are those who will seri- ously question this conclusion, but the fact of the matter is that the people in the streets of Athens and in the villages told me that conditions had gotten so intolerable in Greece prior to April 21, that a revolution was inevitable. Many people told me that when the revolution finally occurred on the morn- ing of April 21, and the military leaders took over, the general reaction of the people of Greece was: "What took them so long in coming?" As a matter of fact, Mr. Speaker, one of the leaders of the revolution told me: Congressman, we didn't even have to stretch; we just yawned and 81/2 million people rolled over into our lap. ? It is a matter of fact that not a single shot was fired and not a person was killed in this bloodless revolution. It is also a matter of fact that the conservative press had been predicting this revolution for some time before April 21. I can find no comfort in the fact that NATO tanks were rolled into the streets of Athens on the morning of the revolu- tion, nor can we ignore the fact that the present rulers of Greece have instituted a whole series of repressive moves, from severe censorship of the press to suppres- sion of the constitution, and the Parlia- ment to a literal substitution of judicial process with a system of military courts. Nor could anyone ever seriously defend the limitations on assembly imposed by this regime which require that whenever more than five people meet, the names and addresses of all those attending a meeting?including even a family re- union?must be supplied to the local po- lice and permission must be obtained for such a meeting. I have been assured this limitation will be dropped very shortly, and even now is not being enforced. I am sure it is of deep concern to all of us that the new slander law in Greece imposed by the Government makes every citizen subject to arrest and prosecution if he speaks out in any manner and criti- cizes to any degree the present Govern- ment. These are police tactics which we, as Americans and free people everywhere, find contemptible and repugnant to our way of life. But the military leaders hasten to assure visitors to Greece that these measures were necessary to restore order, and will be removed just as quickly as possible. A casual visitor to Greece would not know the military rule the country. There are no soldiers in the streets or hotels, people walk freely in the streets; the restaurants and night clubs are operating as usual. Visitors are treated with exceptional care and courtesy, The military rulers of Greece have assured King Constantine that they will have the Constitution rewritten as quickly as possible and presented to a plebiscite?perhaps even this year?and that elections of delegates to the Parlia- ment will be held as quickly as possible. I am aware of those who argue that in the last 4 months, during which this military regime has governed Greece, it has not shown any evidence that it in- tends to keep its pledge to restore parlia- mentary government. In my judgment, Mr. Speaker, fair play dictates a corollary observation, and that is, that in these same 4 months, the military has not shown any evidence that it does not intend to keep its pledge. It is easy enough for us Americans? deeply set in traditions of democracy? to insist that the Government institute constitutional rule in Greece before any further assistance is given. I would sub- scribe to this doctrine, but I think it is important to know that in a country whose northern border has three nations under Communist rule?the fear of its leaders are justified. Greece has Albania, Bulgaria, and Yu- goslavia on her northern border. History has shown us there is no "second chance" with communism. You do not have any time to be wrong when you have three neighbors who would like to plunge you into the Com- munist orbit at the first opportunity. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69600369R000200290058-0 - 1-. - - Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : 01A-RDP69601)369R0002 H 1,042 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- HOLISE S I 1 I I mr: Speaker, among the people I cussed all these matters with, I found that even the most bitter critics a this Govt*rinient admit the Constitutional Revi don Committee is made up of fair pemite, and there is a confident feeling thro,ighout Greece that this Constitu- tional Revisidn Committee will present a series of meaningful and helpful recoi ndations for strengthening the re Cone "tution. of Greece ., for strengthen- ing , in such a manner that another coup like the one experienced on April 21 will x impossible, but, at the same time a Constitution that will give Greece vastly+ more protection against Commu- nist encroachment. I spent 2 hours with former Prime Mini ste, r Papandreou. It is very clear that Papandreou has nothing but con- teme t for the present Government, and this 'IS certainly understandable. George Papandreou believes that the ills of Greeee could have been solved in the low in corruption and in personal dis- election of May 28, but he himself ad- honesty. mits be does not think he would have won The man on the street, th cabdrivers, a majority, and admits he would have the truckdrivers, the people n the hotels had ,0 rely on help from splinter parties and the villages, told me at prior to in Gt ce in order to forrn a government. April 21, the obtaining of a sirnple cer- r The . mnmunists, it is generally agreed, tificate, a b:rth certificate, ja license, or woul have emerg-ed as one of the biggest other official dociunent required the pay- splin ter parties in the May 28 elections. ment of substantial sums of money by the Tile senior Papandreou defends his people to public officials. Graft and cor- son, Andreas Papandreou, who is now ruption was the order of th,e daY. awai dng trial for treason. It will be re- These were the conditions that created callei that the King had der)osed George the situatics I which led to the revolution Papandreou as Prime Minister in 1965 on April 21. These were the conditions wher 'he tried to make his son Andreas which permitted the military to take Mini rter of Defense. It is a known fact over without firing a shot. that Andreas Papandreou recommended I must say that from all the evidence I pulling Greece out of NATO. This was saw, this whole mess has been cleaned one c t the main subjects of dispute with-- up and the people approve pf the strict in the Government and the reason King measures. Constantine deposed his Prime Minister. Mr. Speaker, in my ju gment, the Ge)rge Papandreou admits both he and great danger to Greece to ay is if the his sari were critical of NATO because present Government fails, e will be in the J4TO command told them NATO a very dangerous situation. t is entirely wouli [not help Greece if she was attacked possible that, this Governm t may fail. by Eturkey+ for trying to recapture In my discussions with th se military Cypr is. NATO insisted it could help only people I found a serious un wareness of wher a nonmember nation attacked the practical problems of go ernment. Gree :e. Both Papandreous insisted they These are military men w o have dealt did rnt need NATO under those condi- with military problems and have resolved tion.s ;and threatened to pull Greece out them in a military way. Ve frequently of NE,TO, the Prime Minister said. they do riot understand e complex , PtiOtanelrepu says he would never have nature of dealing with peo e and their agree, d to work with. the Communists, problems. that he would never have agreed to a There is a fear in Greece that if this coalition governrnent ff the coalition was Government should fail, ciyil war may with 'the Communists, but those within very well ensue in Greece. t may well the Cbvernment insist that after 2 years force Greece out of NATO a d throw the of b:ing deposed as Prime Minister, nation to the Communists. Papa adreou would have been willing to I can think of nothing more disastrous agree to form a, coalition government to the interests of America than to see with ' the help of the Communists, and Greece forced out of NATO Or for NATO the p eice of such a coalition would have to lose this very important bastion on the been the withdrawal of Greece from 3,1editerranean. It would give the Soviet NAT( Y. Union access to the Mediterranean and I talked with responsible newspaper probably force our 6th Flee out of the publiehers in Greece; men who today Mediterranean. It would giv the Soviet must' Submit page proofs before publica- Union control over the Mid le East and tion 1,0 a censor, men who find this sys- ultimately ti-e gateway to ica. This is tem c ntemptible, and men who find the a prize that the Communists have cov- Gove rnent very despotic, but men who eted for the last two decades. have dmitted that prior to April 21 the So, Mr. Speaker, I say while my heart Greekv press was intolerable and com- es heavy and I certainly sympathize with plete:V irresponsible. all those who pannot accept the present On: of the leading publishers of Greece military rule of Greece, I Say that we , . told are if I had asked him on April 19 view this problem o a broader whether it was true about the low state basis. Aboye all we must vie the prob- of affairs of the Greek press he would Ian of Greece have had, to tell me, "Congressman, I , terms of what am ashamed to admit I am a member of , States and wh the Greek journalistic profession." , bility of Miran This publisher, who yearns for the wild. day when he can again see, a free press I believe th in Greece, said that the ,Government , exert every pr had asked him and all other publishers , critic rule to G to submit be September 10 ,a memoran- j this we should dum on hcw the censorship could be ;structure. I sh lifted from the press of Greece and still the concern t retain some sense of responsibility. 'should go to a among the publishers of newspapers in be used against Greece. a a a This publisher said that th would subm t such a list. I talked to people on th told me prior to April 21 in Grece was completely in Io unbearable in terms of corr Papandreou himself said the very end, before the revo bers of the Parliament re , to, me we ought e publishers ,firest time Ame tare governmen street who time that we h he situation ; nient that was lerable and 'liking. This is n tion. ree,ognized and that toward that did not fit i ution, mem- Jean mold of ched a new of life require fact that we n needs us. :[bis my hope, , we view the gre Gr eece and all , Aro erica, ought our policy of to Greece as ou While I was NATO nations, maneuvers in Reams her borde ;ber of the W .similar maneuv one kid you?t , Approved For Release 2001111/01-: 02 1_9_6 7 _ ar. er , he ftran United ste' to -And oveg ssure to eceiNnifie we are doing net !weaken our NATO e ah tAr NATO allies at tirittarY _eQuiprnent t t,ry gWeffiliient and her people, but it seems to reeall this is not the ca /93?se dAialt with mill- s. ii t not the first ye diAlt oyith a govern- riot comlletely to our t firse time we have dealt wit ii governments tc c patticular 4mer,- Inoiracy., The realities hat ..we face up to the el Greece and Greece Mr. Speater, that when t eap.qualte damage in of lter_ Maier problems, to farefaly reconsider ithhading military aid Iball areeqta .A.Ye Of. eter ine101.129. _ . held Orthern_egreece. Just s, tite_Cm5.1111111istmein- saw .Pact'were holding rs lii Bu aria. Let no en: are glowerful Corn- nnuaist forces a play in this area', and Me'TO needs all theXelp 4_cara get. As far as eco omitk-assiganee Is con- ceined, I flew ver Yillage_after evillage ;in northern Gr eee bid stew these peo- ple living in ca vas tents,eThease people are concerned b caute th ity have severe winters in the ounWns_ltriare head- ing toward the c lderinoonlis. They have very serious pr blenfte Of liousing their .families and c dor no eat _I am sure there will be gr at s Wer this winter. Mr, Speaker, e lea Iles along Ira= ,dition of exten ing tramtriftarian help to mankind. ought to help these Greek people an we 'Ought to help them immediately. ?Even George severe critic of in, Greece, said t to the victims o 'cerned, the Un ought to do its suffering for the our best friends. fit), Mr. Speak seriously conside di:Lionel role as particularly sin dittonlly been ou I might add t I saw the resul saw the results ance, I saw the g paved roads and and I saw the va saw fertile fie was barren Ian survived 13 di Greece since Wo say when we Greece+- the ham" Papandre?m, the most he tetesent. Government at ihSefat aS assistance theeetatikliake Is con- ted StateC of. America share to Illeviate t4cjt:. GreaPeOple are among r, I hope that we would restapnelitii to our trae. lititta,nitarian nation, frieifets. th a _Gegeks have t t aiiifeit over Greece, or our toreign aid. I f our elle/Pic assist- eat Wet s _powerlines; farra,to-,Market roads; iousarrigi Oleos prej ects, ds wher-efore there . Traese -:britikets_ have ereet- gelerrainerits of Id itar invia 1T people of glen. at 1A-RDP691$00369R0002 rn 0290054-0-- - - - - _ p IsP Approved For/Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP641300369R0002007290058-0 ,-,54teiliber 14, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -- HOUSE ? investment will conie back to us inaiiy- these People are the victims of a revolu- f4d, Governments op' me and go, and tficY- tion in which the military believes with have come and gone in the past in Greece ; the same fervor that they were saving over the last 13 years. it the progress Greece from communism. that we have built in Greece with Ameri- can help today stands as an indestruct- able bond between the people of Greece and the people of the United States of America, a bond of friendship and loyalty that I am sure will transcend all time. Finally, Mr. Speaker, I flew Co the *Island of 'arros, and I visited the prison there. It is an hour's helicopter flight from Athens. There had been about 6,500 political prisoners on this island since April 21. Most of them were charged with some form of Communist activity since the civil war in 19417, and many of them had already previously served sentences for this activity. Some 4,000 have been re- leased and have been sent back to their home. Qf the 2,500 remaining, 227 were women of various ages. I saw the general talking to these peo- ple, telling them, "Look, you do not be- long on this island' we do not want you here; what we want you to do is to make an oral declaration, or sign a statement that you will not conspire with the Com- munists to overthrow this government and then you are free to go home." Mr. Speaker, I recall one incident in particular. 'there was a young mother in a room with three other women. She was a mother of three children. She her- self was about 28 years old. The picture of her three children was over her cot on the wall. The general said: You do not belong here; your children need you; why do you not go home and be a good mother to them; leave the politics to others; you be a good mother. All you-have to do is to Make an oral statement that you are nOt going to conspire with the Communists to overthrow this- Governmept, and we will have you home tonight. I cannot tell you what to think. It you want to think Com- munist, this is your privilege. No one can look into the depths of your mind, but we can ask you not to conspire with the Com- mimists to overthrow this Governmep.t. Mr. Speaker, the young woman put her feet up on the bed and she looked the general in the eye and said: I was born a. leftist; I think leftist; and I will die a leftist; thank you but I am going to stay here. After talking to about a thousand of these people, it is difficult not to believe that this particular group are hard-core Communists who consider their ,impris- onrnent a. acrifice to their cause. Mr. Speaker, I do not want _American foreign policy to be dictated by the 2,500 people who are on that island at the present time. I saw the personal efforts which we. being made to Urge these peo- ple to leave the island; more than 4,000 have responded and have been releaged. I had my own interpreter there so that ?there would be no mistake about what was being said. I am convinced that every effort is being made to let these people go home. However, these people obviously believe in their cause with a fervor. They are entitled to their beliefs, and I believe the Government has made a serious blunder in arresting them in .the first place. I could not defend their arrests, but the fact of the Matter is that L Sp, Mr. Speaker, when we hear about 2,500 prisoners on the Island of Yarros, they are living under conditions similar to many prisons in our own country. They sleep on canvas cots. The food is reasonable. The dormitories are clean. These people 'feel they are making a great contribution and great sacrifice to their cause, and they made no secret in proclaiming this to the general when he visited them. One of the interesting aspects of this visit was the firrnness with which these prisoners talked to the general. They denly argued that they should be re- leased but not a single person offered to make the declaration not to conspire against the Government. I am the only foreigner who has visited the island. It is my belief that most of these people will accede to the pledge not to conspire against the Government and will be released. 'So, Mr: Speaker, it would seem to me that we have an obligation to review the situation in Greece. I believe that cer- tainly we ought to study all the aspects of the situation. I believe that we should help King Constantine, who was here just the other day. King Constantine is holding these leaders to their promise that they will restore constitutional government as qUickly as possible. King Constantine said "All I want from you is time, understand- ing and patience." It seems to me that the alternative to working with these people is to isolate them; to isolate these military leaders, and let them compound their errors and with each error tighten the noose around the people. History shows that every revolution be- gets another revolution. Every revolution provokes another revolution. This was a bloodless revolution. No one can predict what its successor may be like. In my judgment it would be a mistake to isolate these people. I feel perhaps the better policy would be to try to work with them and continue to apply American pressure to make sure that they keep their pledge of restoring parliamentary government to this country. One thing is certain, Mr. Speaker, for better or worse, this Government in Greece is dh record as standing with us against communism. Who can say what any other government born out of civil war may do as regards its relation to us. We have the pledge of King Constan- tine, an honorable man, who says he will continue Pressuring his Government for restoration of parliamentary govern- ment. We have something much deeper, Mr. Speaker. We have a tradition among the Greek people themselves. The most col- losal mistake this Government could make would be to try to renege on its pledge to restore parliamentary govern- ment to the people of Greece. The Greeks originated democracy. The Greeks have a long and stubborn history of struggle for freedom and democracy. j1194 The Greeks were the first ones in 1947 who, against great odds, stood up to the Communists, and suffered great losses to protect their country for freedom. Mr. Speaker, I will stake my hopes and my confidence on the people of Greece. I am confident the people of Greece will force this Government to keep its pledge to restore parliamentary government. But the problem today before us as Americans is not to let our NATO de- fense be,,come so weak that this Govern- ment will have to either drop out of NATO or we will be an open target for Communist aggression. It is my hope that we will help King Constantine return Greece to its tradi- tional role as the cradle of democracy. It is my hope also that we Americans are going to look soberly at this problem of helping the economy of Greece and helping Greece militarily. By giving Greece NATO help, we are not condon- ing denial of constitutional government to that country. The indisputable fact of the day is that in this troubled world, with great trouble in the Middle East, 'with great trouble in Europe, with great trouble in Asia, I submit, Mr. Speaker, America needs Greece today great deal more than Greece needs us. THE LATE HONORABLE PETER A. CAVICCHIA The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gentle- man from New Jersey [Mr. Mirnsill is recognized for 15 minutes. (Mr. MINISH asked and was given permission to revise and extend his re- marks, and include extraneous mate- rial) . Mr. MINISH. Mr. Speaker, it is my sad duty to inform the membership of the passing of the Honorable Peter A. Ca- vicchia who served with distinction in the 72d, 73d, and 74th Congresses as the Member from the present 11th District of New Jersey which it is now my honor to represent. Mr. Cavicchia, who died September 11 at the age of 88, was a man of great ability and integrity with a deep dedi- cation to the democratic principles of his adopted land of America. He was the only Member of Congress born in Italy, and his life and works are eloquent tes- timony to the contribution that immi- grants have made to our Nation. Coming to the United States as a child with his parents, Mr. Cavicchia gradu- ated from American International Col- lege with a B.A. degree in 1906 and received his LL.B. from New York Uni- versity in 1908. The degree of doctor of laws was conferred by the American International College in 1929. His pro- found interest in education was reflected in Mr. Cavicchia's long service as a mem- ber and president of the Newark Board of Education, as professor of law and trustee of the University of Newark? now Rutgers University?and as trustee of American International College. Mr. C_avicchia's warm and compas- sionate spirit caused him to give gen- erously of his time and talents to many humanitarian activities. He was a , Approved For Release,200f/11/01 : CIA.RDP69p003,69R0002002900?8-0 Approved For Releast.. 2001/11/01 : 1A-RDP;69p01)369 -1111944 CONGRESSIONAL REC RD ? HOVISE founder arid trustee of dolumbus Hes- the balIhnts a candidate for he Nealc City His political becamle the of the Italian Welfare League. Mr. Ca-- next year when he was elected to Congress, vi c ahla was also ex-grand venerable, ran on a platform whi h, among other Or 4er of Sons of Italy of New Jersey: tilt ngs, urged an end to pr hibition. knglat officer of the Crown of Italy; During 1 is first term in ongress' he waS m?Mber of F. & A.M. Tri-Umilar Lddge voted by Washington correspondents n s as e 111, He was a life member of the East of the most cultured men in the 73rd Crooni career successfill PRO in Newark and served as president Cornmissio-a. Side Presbyterian Church, Newark, of gress. M witch his mother had been one of the -r. Cavicchia served on the War Claim* foi Lnders. .rinong Mr. Cavicchia's legislative acikievements in the House of Repre- seittatives was sponsorship of the land- mthk Federal Deposit Insurance Cor- pc 'ation Act. As in all his endeavors, Mr. Ca vicchia devoted himself wholeheart- ecU to his duties as Member of Congress an I. was held in high esteem and respect by his colleagues on both sides of the aisle and by his constituency whom he sei ved so well and faithfully. Mr. Cavicchia had a full and rich life, aril his community, state and Nation beiieflted immeasurably from his dedi- cal ecl service. We mourn the passing of thiS wise and good man, and take in- six ration from his memory. I extend- ' rm deepest sympathy to his devoted wife, to Cis daughter Priscilla, his sons Eugene an Paul, an his grandson Peter A. II, no?? in military service, who-Were a 501 irce of pride and joy to him. :4shOuld like to insert at this point in the REcolto the article from the Newark Evening News of September 12, 1967, and thd, article from the Washington Post of September 14, 1967, about this great American: [F,:ern the Newark Evening News, Sept. 12, = 1967] "Ell A. CAV/CCHIA : FORMER CONGRESSMAN IS I DEAD AT 88 I $ter A. Cavicchia, who served as Republi- can= congressman from Newark for six years diving the 19308, died yesterday in Clara Ma ass Hospital. He was 88 years old and lived at 140 Roseville Ave.. 3/1.r. Cavicchia was elected representative from the old 9th Congressional District hi 19',1 and re-elected in 1032 and 1934. Et 1936, he was again nominated by the He rubTfcan party for his congressional seat, bu ; was defeated in the landslide in which Prl *dent Roosevelt carried every state ex- cel t Maine and Vermont, 4.r. Cavicchia, who was proud that he was tin :first Italian-born congressman, settled in Ne ;lark in 1888. After attending Newark pub- lic Schools, he worked as a messenger boy and far tory hand. .4 it the age of 21, Mr. Cavicchia enrolled in th4 trnerican International College in Spring- fiel , Mass., where he received a bachelor of arts degree in 1906. .Two years later, he was gr6duated from the New York University Law Cavicchia served his law clerkship in th(L[offlee of former Gov. Franklin Fort. He wad admitted to the New Jersey bar as an att Orney in 1909. ife was one of the founders of the Mercer Be isley Law School and was a professor there for ',several years before the school became part of the University of Newark, now Rut- ger 5 University. 34 April 1917, Mr. Cavicchia was appointed ini.eritance tax supervisor for Essex County, a post he held for many years. lletween 1916 and 1920 and 1922 and 1931, Mr Cavicchia served on the Newark Board of Ed ication. He was a president of the board !rola 1924 to 1926. Id 1929, Mr. Cavicchia was defeated in his tint bid for public office, trailing seventh on and Banking and Currency Committees in the House. As Republicans continued to lose seats during the Roosevelt era, Mr. Cavicchia quickly became minority leader of the War Claims Corarnittee. , He was one of the original sponsors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Act, which insured at the time Savings accounts up to $10,000. Mr. Cavicchia was asked by the Republican party to run for Congress again in 1938, but he refused. , From 1943 to 1954, Mr. Oa icchia served aa a member of the Newark lanning Board. His later years were devoted to his private law practice. -Mr. Caviachia was an ex-grand venerable of the New Jersey Order of the Sons of Italy and last June received a 50-Year membership pin from the Tircuminar Lodge of Masons. In March 1965, Mr. CavicChia traveled to Washington to take part in the dedication of a tahlet in the -Italian Embassy, which bears the names of prominent Italian-Ameri- cans. A dinner was held that evening with President Johnson present. Mr. 0a,vi3chia was a trustee of Columbus Hospital in Newark and the American Inter, national_ College. : He leaves_ his wife, Mrs. plsie Del , Negro Cavicchia, principal of the Alexander Street School in Newark; two sons Eugene of Orange rine Paul of Newark; a daughter, Miss PrIscille J. Cavicchia of Sonth Orange, and a grandson. . Services will be Thursday at 8 p.m. at the Charles J. Rotondo & Sons Blame for Fueralsi 279 Rosevilte Ave iFrom ths Washington:Postp Sept. 14, 19671 ' PETER CAV ZCHIA : EX-MEMBER OF CONGRESS DIES AT 88 BELLEVILLE, N.J., Sept. 13.--Peter A. Cavic, chia, a na-tve of Italy who: became a New Jersey Representative in Congress, died Mon- day at Cla'a Maass Memorial Hospital here. He was 88. Mr. Cavicchia was the first Italian-born Representative from New Jersey. He served in the 72d, 73d, and 74th COngress, but waS replaced by a Democrat in the Roosevelt landslide o: 1936. Born in Thoccomandolfi, Campobasso, Italy, he came tc Newark in 1888, and lived there most of his life. He graduated from the American Internal tional College in 1906, and Obtained his lati degree at New York UniversitY. - He was elected to CongreSs in 1930 after a primary battle. He also sat on the House Banking ar d Currency Comnaittee in his sec-L ond term, and became one of the sponsori of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. Mr. Cavicchia married Annabel Auger in 1910. She d ted iii 1936, and na, 1938 he married Elsie Del Negro, with Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia of New York officiating. SuirrivOn; are his wife,.. Principal of the Alexander Street school in Newark; and two sons, Paul of Newark and Eugene of East Orange. Mr. RODIN?. Mr. Speaker, I want to join my distinguished Colleague [Mr. Mnsasial in paying tribute to our former colleague, the Honorable Peter A. Cavic- chia. Former Congressman Cavicchia serve4 In Congress with-distincti and courage4 and it was_m count him as ?y :71e served on he committee w lie One of the 1 ade' ,3ioneering le slit Federal Deno it I Following his mei Armed to be act e N'ewark, N.J., erv tirl Central Plan ing as more than 10 ears I have kno n ?Lae :amily for ye rs, goes out to hi dea ;wit ,er Priscilla, nd Ilss - U: 1;_ltcrYTO:a1:,,_ ev sympAthy 41;040:: ene in theirs d loss; ? DEBORAH D The SPEA :EFELSTOSKI) . IlIouse, the g Mr. CAHILL minutes. Mr. CAIII of the New Je seY.Pines00-1?.W14., : tl,t, merieWs :rraculinnggt?callrdCi c arld pulbiOnary Deborah Hos tal.,Mr. Ebeaker, Ueborah :s indeed a oderti daerniracle, repre- senting as it oes 1 working_ partnership The expansio of medical ience and development of this outstanding stitittion:kittwa yenance, ,on any type o finanela::Aa-except that ..-eceived from coniributtons_ and enclow7 in and of its If .. lirid yet, Mr. Speaker, ments, is, in t Mat is the fa t. - ,:nto that of hitt:lags:1M :IU tUs- Awe co 1958, when - - pearly 5 and trea d a De with 6 Yreated durin the44 ?Ti:4-rd women, and c Ote,0 .141101.111.1111 HO OM Y smt4 - Ep_rO pore (Mr. nd e fprec usi or_l. e-a-the t_ tie nan I _NeW 5reisel isi ric nized for 30 , . /1peiaer, in the heart: ,Ibnortahh etpe the De r __; atients 11 being year r96-6. All of these patients and 11 :7eceived thei hosPitalit who prebetdi9 edtalineciratba h-c_Vier medical expe tisa :thronai thne generous contributions and r--endolinerits of : Char- or,._ ,;-.} table citizens F Id _ r. 4 e49.ker, Deborah of thousand oil- Vol rah :.s financed p ma;ffy through the ell7;prt ''omen, ethnro, inugmhoo et tteli lig Deborahi_e,___rsa incratp177- 19M22nbSyPMearkse. ' ?orrIrMra-11-LTVS--1191111esd:-Q4 ni her husband, soldaibp911it-41-i*Q and Looking for scark?clraile-w:tr clitheal ;through whic laity" --hivrit siip*Ieethuir wealth with o 'hers Thc ' .-:r ' Q . time that no ausi we,SttagCjclPulg-e"fir or :worthy than he lireatn &it eof I-, lie n ?nsis. In acco :- -U.:I.-Ye-- an1,1 rr-r? - .-.SIew Jersey Pi ebalt,_eIfaid-irtottte1.9se4rk4e and dust of t e e_ rio_S-Pitif site. And thu , Aelri-SAik- orah, named after thet_tOl_erf Te-sitinneel5filt: prophetess, fo ricled, _ rY flitoirtriw olng----tWo -car-d-ina.-1 From the v be no discrim nation 1)C 14ere woura- principles we e ;r()r religion;eare . arnrd 9 41115 e-ct %.1, Aa-fireivel. , _ away because Deborah grew o p vpn: eh., thrg t the years.TrnToa 'or 13i nai- _cal theories a d iueti'vtes_of.7t iattliCMTLe: Mrs. Shapiro rid lit 8111-- DN_ew York -volunteers sel etedithe ntc) Approved For Release 2001/11/01 :