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August 30, 1967
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August 30,A1967ved For ReVMRS O /0A1L.JIYltPR9BR~00290062-5 A4413 heard of, to pick ~thefr schools, teachers, The fact is that Syria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia studies, associates, friends and playmates. and Lebanon did not declare war on Ger- Now are we going to continue to spend and many until February, 1945, when the war live In luxury at their expense. or have we was little more than a mopping-up operation already sold them into slavery? Remember by the allies. The Arab declarations of war this is our childrens future we are molding were made in late February because attend- and their money we are spending, not ours. ance at the forth-coming San Francisco con- GEORGE BLACKMON. ference, setting up the United Nations, re- quired a declaration of war on Germany no later than March 1. The only Arab state that played any mili- tary role in the war was Transjordan, which Doubletalk declared war on Germany as early as 1939. Transjordan was totally dependent on Brit- EXTENSION OF REMARKS~~ ish grants for Its existence, and its army, the Arab Legion, was in effect a part of the Brit- or ish Army, under British officers. HON. THEODORE R. KUPFERMAN Iraq declared war on Germany in 1943 after it was clear the Nazis were losing. Before of uzw YORK that, pro-Nazi sentiment was powerful in IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Baghdad, and a Nazi puppet government was installed there in 1941 under Rashid All, who Wednesday, August 30, 1967 went so far as to declare war on Britain. Mr. KUPFERMAN. Mr. Speaker, in Rashid Ali received congratulations from statements so egregious that they could Arab leaders in Egypt (including King two Farouk), Lebanon, and Syria. The latter per- not be taken seriously, the heads of mitted German bombers and transports to sovereign states, bent on the extermina- land on its fields while the Nazi regime lasted tion of democracy in the Middle East, ac- in Baghdad. cused Israel of Nazi methods. The whole temper of the Arab world before They were joined by the Premier of the and d ring World War II was neutralist o troops Soviet Union, who undoubtedly knew best, August, z1940 i at worst. When Italian Egyptian territory, at better, but preferred to spout invective Egypt did not consider this a cause for war. propaganda. The fighting was left to the British. Even So that the record might be clear, I am General Erwin Rommel's invasion of Egypt, pleased to bring to the attention of my in May, 1941, couldn't nudge the Egyptians colleagues a careful analysis of the facts in the bulletin of the Antidefamation League of B'nai B'rith of September 1967. In an article by Sid Goldberg, en- titled "The Grand Mufti and His Friends," the history of collaboration be- tween Arab leaders and Nazis is detailed. The article follows: THE GRAND MUFTI AND HIS FRIENDS (By Sid Goldberg) (NOTE.-Mr. Goldberg is editor of the North American Newspaper Alliance, a major news- paper syndicate.) On June 20 President Nureddin El-Atassi of Syria told the United Nations General AU- the Jewish populations of America, Russia and other countries beyond Hitler's reach. All this would signify no more than the ravings of one madman-except that the Mufti was returned to his role after the war as leader of the Palestine question. He di- rected policy from a lavish and fortified home in Cairo and, as one of the Arab delegates to the United Nations in 1947 said, "the Mufti is the irrefutable leader of the Holy Land Arabs." To this day none of the Arab leaders has repudiated the Grand Mufti, or his pro-Nazi assistants who worked with him in Berlin during the war. Nor is this tolerance of a Nazi in their the "Hitlerite" Israelis, has given sanctuary to hundreds of former Nazis, among them up to 100 of Hitler's rocket and missile experts. Also in Egypt, according to the latest in- formation from the Anti-Defamation League, are the following: Colonel Naam Al-Nashar, formerly Leopold Gleim, who was head of German security in Poland. He arrived in Egypt in 1955 and or- ganized the Egyptian security service along Nazi lines. Lt. Col. Ben Sala, formerly Bernard Ben- der, a storm trooper still on the Polish list of war criminals. He is head of the Jewish De- partment of the Egyptian security service. Hassan Soliman, formerly Heinrich Sell- mann, wanted by West Germany for crimes committed while he was Gestapo chief in Ulm. He now holds a senior position in the Secret Police in Cairo. Col. Ahim Fahumi, formerly Dr. Heinrich Willermann, wanted by West Germany for sterilization experiments he conducted in several Nazi concentration camps. He now runs the Egyptian political prison at Samara, near Alexandria. Louis Al-Haj, formerly Louis Heiden, di- rector of a Nazi press agency in Berlin. He is now an adviser to President Nasser and it was he who prepared a pocket-sized Arabic translation of Mein Kampf for Egyptian officers. Ibraham Mustafa, formerly Joachim Daemling, wanted by West Germany for crimes committed in Dusseldorf while a storm trooper there. He is an adviser to the Cairo police on concentration camps. All Mohammed, formerly George Brun- ner, one of Eichmann's assistants, in charge of deportation of Jews from Greece. He now works in the Egyptian propaganda industry. The list goes on and on. The Arabs, by raising a "Nazi issue", convict only them- selves In World War II, 1,300,000 Jews were in uniform in the Allied Armies. In Palestine, 85,800 Jewish men and 50,400 Jewish women volunteered for war service; 27,028 Palestine Jews served with the British forces in vari- ous Middle East, North African and Euro- pean fronts, many in the most hazardous missions. What made a mockery of the United Nations "debate" was that the Communists and Arabs well know their respective roles in World War II. Their statements in the General Assembly would have made Joseph Goebbels proud. Dr. Goebbels, incidentally was royally welcomed in Cairo on the eve of the war. sembly that "The Arab people is indeed be- He praised them as the "cream of Islam" and termminatiotioon n today to an operation of ex- they were dispatched to the Eastern front in ter surpassing in dimensions nsions what the Caucasus to stir Soviet Moslems into an the Nazis did." anti-Communist crusade. Some 3,000 of these ' The day A. p Mufti troops were held prisoners of war as that t the Soviet et Union on behavior told "brings the ha s he to same mind group the late as 1946 in Camp Opelika, Alabama. t heinous crimes perpetrated by the Fascists The Grand Mufti was among the most pop- during World War II." ular Arab leaders before, during and after Radio Cairo compared Israeli administra- the war. So effective was his hate-sputtering tors in Gaza to "Nazi Gauleiters." Other Arab oratory that few if any Arab leaders dared and Soviet propaganda mills referred to the oppose him. As spiritual and political leader "Hitlerite death merchants" of Israel, to of the Palestine Arabs he had learned to hate "Moshe Dayan's storm troopers," and to what Jews in the '20's and '30's as their numbers they charged were "Zionist plans for geno- increased in the land of Zion. cide." Now 71 and last reported-in March of this The irony, of course, is that thousands of year-to be in Old Jerusalem, the Mufti had Israelis are the sole survivors of families that been Hitler's chief advisor on Arab affairs vanished in the Nazi furnaces. But doubly and the friend and confidante of Adolf Eich- ironic is the fact that the Soviet and Arab mann. accusers of Israel stand guilty of their own Gideon Hausner, chief prosecutor. at the charges. Eichmann trial in Israel, established that It was Soviet Russia that signed a non- "the Mufti asked Gestapo Chief Heinrich aggression pact with Nazi Germany in 1939. Himmler to provide him, after the war, when a pact which was ultimately broken by Ger- h nter Jerusalem at the head of n l d t an e o e e p many, not Russia. Some of the other comf the axis troops, with a 'special adviser' from Paul Bedford: 1875-1967 f munist countries which accused Israel o Eichmann's department to help him solve "wat 'v the Hitlerite path" also know that the Jewish question in the same way as it route `very well. Hungary, Rumania, Bul- had been done in the axis countries. Eich- garia, Albania and Slovakia not only were mann offered the job to his assistant, Dieter allies of Nazi Germany-in World War II but had native Nazi movements that vied in Wisliceny." viciousness with the German. The Grand Mufti spread his anti-Jewish What is less known is the record of the` venom throughout the war over radio Berlin. Arabs irk World War II. 'President EI-Atassi He praised the Germans for "knowing how to told the General Assembly, "the Arabs 16u lit. get rid of Jews." He urged his Arab listeners in both world wars and contributed to the to "kill the Jews wherever you find them." liberation of Europe from Nazism and to He gave the number of Jews "still to be dealt the realization of allied victory." with" (in 1.944) as 11 million, representing f into a declaration of war. And so strong was the pro-Nazi sentiment in Egypt that when Premier Ahmed Maher did declare war-on February 24, 1945-he was assassinated while reading the Royal Decree. __ Arab fighting during World War II was on the side of the Nazis. Several thousand Arab volunteers were mobilized into Nazi units by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Hitler's man in the Middle East. The Mufti (Haj Amin El- Husseini) who operated out of Berlin from 1941 to 1945, organized his pro-Nazi Arabs into sabotage squads, espionage cells and a fighting unit called the Arab Legion. The Mufti also helped organize the Mos- lems of Bosnia and other Balkan areas into EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. DANIEL J. FLOOD OF PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, August 30, 1967 Mr. FLOOD. Mr. Speaker, earlier this month one of the most distinguished men Approved For Release 2001/11/01 CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 A 4414 Approved r l ?qRj/ 1fflOD -R APPENDIXR000200 August 30, 1967 in my congressional district passed away at the age of 92, the Honorable Paul Bed- ford. The Wilkes-Barre Times Leader Eve- ning News in its edition of August 17, 1967, said editorially: Essentially, his was a life of service. Aside from his profession, as well as education, banking and business interests, he served his community and country in many capacities when a man of his vast private interests might have begged off. But that would not have been Paul Bedford, the dedicated public official in peace and war. He loved the America of his forebears and demonstrated it on so many occasions when he shared his time and talents as duty called. Having known well Paul Bedford for the many years that I did, I heartily con- cur in these sentiments. Those who are and have been associ- ated with Princeton University, his alma !mater, will remember him kindly for the enormous contributions he made during his lifetime to that distinguished univer- sity. And all of us in Wilkes-Barre and vi- cinity will remember him with equal af- fection for his contributions to a better life for all of the citizens in that area. As part of my remarks today, Mr. ,Speaker, I include a news article of Au- gust 16, 1967, as well as an editorial of August 17 on the death of Attorney Bed- ford which appeared in the Wilkes- Barre Times Leader Evening News. The aforementioned articles follow: ATTORNEY PAUL BEDFORD, 92, IS CLAIMED BY DEATH Attorney Paul Bedford, 92, of 96 West South Street, Wilkes-Barre, died this afternoon at 1 In Mercy Hospital where he was admitted June 30 as a medical patient. He had been ill since June 15, when he was stricken while attending the 70th anniversary reunion of his class at Princeton University. He was a patient at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, prior to being trans- ferred to Mercy Hospital. Attorney Bedford was widely known as a corporation lawyer, banker and benefactor. He was chief counsel for the Delaware & Hud- son Railroad, succeeding his father, George Bedford, who filled that position from 1883 until his retirement in 1913, and the Vulcan Iron Works, Wilkes-Barre. He recently retired as chief counsel and board member of the D & H and also ended a long tenure as chief counsel of the Miners National Bank of Wilkes-Barre where he was senior member of the board. Among his many gifts to the community, church, and colleges, are the athletic field for intramural sports and a new building for the music department at Princeton. He also assisted his wife, the late Gertrude Vaughn Bedford, in the operation of the Wheel Chair Club, Inc., now a world wide organization in charge of the Kiwanis Club of Wilkes-Barre. LAW DEGREE IN 1899 Born June 24, 1875 in Wilkes-Barre, he was educated at the Harry Hillman Academy, ment for Revision of Taxes in Luzerne ones for associates and other intimates who County. knew him as the genial host or guest, as the During World War I he was assistant so- occasion might be, in his leisure moments licitor of the United States Railroad Ad- when he was such a delightful companion. ministration, a Four-Minute Man in the Lib- He was indeed a complete life and extended erty Loan and Red Cross campaigns and a into so many fields it is difficult to cover.them member of the Legal Advisory adequately. Atty. Bedford was honore a life tl'ustee A man, whose roots were deep in the soil of of the Mercy Hospital, rst Presbyterian colonial America, in hie person the glorious Church, Osterhout Library, all of Wilkes- past of the country was linked with its prom- Barre and served as p resident of the Home !sing future. For 70 of his adult years, he for the Friendless Cildren and a board made a substantial contribution to its better- member of the Pennsylvania Association for ment. the Blind. Essentially, his was a life of service. Aside He became a member of the board of from his profession, as well as education, trustees of Princeton University in 1930 and banking and business interests, he served his served on the athletic council and moti- community and country in many capacities vated the program for the establishment of when a man of his vast private interests a music appreciation course at the institu- might have begged off. But that would not tion of higher learning. have been Paul Bedford, the dedicated public On the occasion of his 80th birthday, official in peace and war. He loved the Amer- Friends of Music at Princeton University ica of his forebears and demonstrated it on so honored him with a concert on the campus. manyoccasions when he shared his time and L/ONATED ATHLETIC FIELD talents as duty called. He donated the athletic field bearing his Athough he was-a "native-born Democrat" name for use in intramural sports by Prince- by his own words and served his party in ton students "To give every student .who is the Commonwealth and nationally, he was unable to play on varsity teams a chance for anindependent in politics, more or less, in healthful recreation." He also was chairman his later years, always putting the public of the , music committee of the board of welfare before personal considerations and He held the distinction of having served as chairman of the commencement Com- mitteq at Princeton University for more than a decade and served on the Graduate Coun- cil since 1921. He was a former president andmecretary-treasurer of the Princeton Alu i Association and a member of the Nassa and Elm Clubs and the Princeton clubs f Philadelphia and Northeastern PennsyI aria. He wa also affiliated with the Bankers Club of w York City, the Westmoreland Club, Wilke arre; Scranton Club, Scran- ton; Zeta Psi aternity; American Bar As- sociation, Pennsia Bar Association and the Law and Library `Association of Luzerne County. He often times described `k4nself as "a native-born Democrat" and served' a mem- ber of the Democratic State Commi a and the finance committee of the National m- ocratic organization. In his later years, lie r f d Princeton were so extensive that he easily qualified for the accolade of philanthropist. The public, through the Community Welfare Federation, predecessor of the United Fund, was deeply indebted to him for leadership when it came upon difficult days. He also shared his wife's interests in the interna- tionally known Wheelchair Club she founded and played a leading role in it behind the scenes. There is far more to be told about Paul Bedford, as the files of this newspaper and the official records will testify. At Princeton, for example, he held a dozen offices, and his activities could fill a book in themselves. So long as there is a Wilkes-Barre, a Princeton University or even a world, the names of Paul and Gertrude Vaughn Bed- ford will be remembered with respect and gratitude. Even though death has come in- evitably to both, they will live on in their d k o wor s and achievements, as well as in p e erre o to give his support to men and g \ the hearts of uncounted thousands. - issues not arties nd l tf " , p a p orms, a and be- came an independent. Upon the death of Mayor Daniel Hart of Wilkes-Barre, Atty. Bedford was assured the appointment to complete the unexpired term of the city's famed playwright mayor but declined the offer. He has previously directed the Community "War" Chest at a time de- scribed "as one of the most difficult periods in the history of the organization" and was credited with restoring it to a stable unit. The organization was a combination of the Community Welfare Federation and the Na- tional Ward Fund which he consolidated in the 1943 campaign. Election Observers TENSION OF REMARKS \HON. JACK BROOKS IN "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, August 30, 1967 the omin ll d L ..d g .a ey an uzerne and ras County regions for more than a century and a half, Atty. Bedford was recognized as one Crying t of the leading lawyers and financiers of his ham. IN Wij:kes-Barre, and was graduated from DISTINGUISHED NATIVE SON, Princeton in 1897. He received his law degree 1875-1967 in 1899 at the University of Pennsylvania Although Paul Bedford's life had run its Law -School. He was admitted to the Luzerne full course at 92, it will be particularly dim- County Bar July 14, 1900 and immediately cult for his native Wilkes-Barre and his-be- began his law practice with his father in the loved alma mater, Princeton University, to Miners National Bank building, Wilkes-Barre. bid farewell to so distinguished a native son The law firm of Bedford, Jones, McGuigan in the one instance and to so loyal an alum- and Waller was one of the most famous corpo- nus In the other. ration law firms of the day. Attorney Bedford In New York and Philadelphia, in towns was senior member of the firm now known as big and small, in the legal profesion where he Bedford, Wailer, Griffith, Darling, and was a towering figure for 67 years, in banking Mitchell. He became assistant district attor- and railroad circles, he will be missed, for he ney of Luzerne County in 1913 and in 1921 was nationally known. was elected President of the Board of Assess- Above all, his vacant chair wip revive mem- OOKS. Mr. Speaker, recently been an outbreak of charges statements by individuals de- e forthcoming elections in Viet- ile these purveyors of vague al- s have no basis of expertise other eir own self-proclaimed infalli- nldia. In order to remove'this confusion and 'to insure a valid evalution of the fairness and effectiveness of the election process in South Vietnam, President Johnson has dispatched a bipartisan committee to ob- serve and to make their report to the American people. This delegation of out- standing Americans from all walksof life will contribute substantially to setting the record clear as to the true facts of this important election, Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 August 30, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE cent place for 4merican investment, and I have said so far and wide in the United States. The Australian Government's en- couragement of American investment has produced splendid results for both Austra- lians and Americans. Your Government gives us a fair go, and I don't think any young Australian in this room will ever regret it. .A NEW HERO FROM VIETNAM Mr. TOWER. Mr. President, several weeks ago the San Antonio Sunday Light published a front page article about a new breed of hero newly returned from Vietnam. . The hero is Nemo, a German Shepherd whose fighting ability saved the life of his handler. I ask that Ron White's article on Nemo be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: NEMO'S A HERO-VIET VETERAN SAYS ACTION WAS "RUFF(" (By Ron White) The returning Vietnam hero climbed down the ramp of the 0124 Globemaster that touched down on Kelly Air Force Base's run- way Saturday. How was it in Vietnam, the battle-scarred veteran was asked. "Ruff," he growled. For Nemo, a German Shepherd credited with saving his handler's life while the dog was suffering from a serious head wound, Vietnam had indeed been rough. But his fighting days are now over, and he has come home. CANINE HERO Waiting to honor Nemo as the first canine hero of Vietnam were Capt. Robert M. Sulli- van, officer in charge of sentry dog training at Lackland AFB, several Air Force veteri- narians and other officers. A sleek 4-year-old when he first arrived in Vietnam January, 1966, Nemo Saturday wore the scars that proved he had done his share of the fighting during his year in Southeast Asia. His right eye is missing and a scar runs from under his right eye to his mouth. The scars are a result of a wound Nemo suffered when he and his handler, Airman 1.C. Robert A. Throneburg, were dispatched in December, 1966, to ferret out Viet Cong in- filtrators hiding inside the boundaries of Tan Son Nhut Air Base near Saigon. FIND VIET CONG In the early morning darkness, Nemo led Throneburg to four Viet Cong hiding in a cemetery about a quarter of a mile from the runways. "Watch him," Throneburg commanded Nemo. Then the order: "Get him." Nemo and Throneburg lunged into the enemy soldiers' hiding place and, before a bullet felled Nemo, the airman and his dog, had killed two of the infiltrators. Other security guards then finished off the other two Viet Cong. - SAVED LIFE Nemo was credited with saving the life of Throneburg, now recuperating from his wound, and with helping to halt the infiltra- tion. The sentry dog was treated by the base veterinarian at Tan Son Nhut. The veteri- narian performed skin grafts on his face and a tracheotomy to help him breathe, and had to remove the dog's eye. Saturday, however, Nemo pranced friskily as his new handler, Airman 2.C. Melvin W. Bryant, led him from the plane to where veterinarians were waiting to give him the last of several examinations Nemo has re- ceived at every landing on his trip from Vietnam. Having served his time in hell, Nemo is now back at Lackland, where he first received sentry dog training, to "retire with honor." PERMANENT KENNEL Retirement for an honored sentry, dog means a permanent kennel, immaculate and newly painted, near the veterinary facility. Over the kennel will hang a sign with Nemo's name, serial number and details of his ex- ploit. Sullivan believes that by staying at Lack- land, Nemo will continue to help other sentry dogs and their handlers. "I think our seeing him around here- feeling the tradition he represents-will im- press these students more than anything else we can tell them," Sullivan said. "I have to keep from getting involved with the individual dogs in this program, but I can't help feeling a little emotional about this dog. He shows how really valuable a dog is to his handler in staying alive." OV Mr. YOUNG of Ohio. Mr. `President, the Egyptian dictator, Nasser, conceives himself as leader of the Arab world, a' 20th century Saladin. Yet, in the recent war, the Israelis wrapped him up in 4 days. This petty tyrant ordered the use of poison gas against other Arabs in the civil war in Yemen, in which Egypt has been involved for more than 4 years. The International Red Cross recently re- ported that hundreds of Arab civilians in Yemen were killed by poison gas bombs dropped from Egyptian airplanes. Our State Department condemned this Inhumane action as contrary to interna- tional law and simple human decency. Mr. President, Nasser's unbridled am- bition has brought his country to the brink of bankruptcy and the world t9 the brink of total war. This sandlot Hitler has used poison gas, something that even Hitler never did. Even more ironic, he has been using this horrible wgapon against his own people. This hypocrite sheds crocodile tears over Arab refugees, whom he will not lift a finger to help, and at the same time unleashes deadly gases on Yemeni villagers. U.S. RECORD OF LEADERSHIP IN HUMAN RIGHTS HAS BEEN SUL- LIED BY SENATE INACTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS CONVENTIONS i Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, the birth of the United States was announced by a profound human rights document- the Declaration of Independence. It was effective U.S. leadership at the 1945 San Francisco Conference which led directly to the inclusion in the U.N. Charter of a strong endorsement of in- ternational promotion of human rights. The U.S. delegation pushed hard for the human rights section in the United Nations Charter, because our delegates wisely recognized that unchecked domes- tic oppression too frequently grows into unprovoked foreign aggression, as dem- onstrated by the Axis Powers. Our U.S. delegates were also vitally aware that the denial of human rights and human dignity creates a prime S 12601 source of potential conflict and a threat to international peace. Twenty-two years ago, the United States led in the worldwide struggle for human rights. But today, the United States stands alone with the Union of South Africa among charter members of the United Nations which have failed to ratify a single human rights conven- tion. I believe that Americans overwhelm- ingly, support international standards of human dignity. We rightly cherish our own freedoms as Americans, but we agree with the ageless wisdom of the Great Emancipator when he said: As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. Americans want for other people those freedoms which have made America both the envy and the example of so many nations. But cynical voices are raised in objec- tion to these conventions. They ask: What can they accomplish and why do we need them when our own laws already guarantee these rights? Mr. President, my answer to these critics is this: The United States has as its stated foreign policy objective: the promotion of peace and freedom. Human rights and peace are intimately related and historically interdependent. Where human rights are secure, peace is attend- ant. When the human rights of any peo- ple are threatened, peace itself is in jeopardy. Perhaps the human rights conventions do not have a binding enforcement power behind them. Violators will not be sen- tenced to any international prison. But these conventions go a long way toward establishing a universal consensus on hu- man rights and human dignity. And in so doing they carry with them the consid- erable influence of moral persuasion. Maybe that sounds somewhat idealistic and optimistic to some but I, for one, subscribe to Woodrow Wilson's classic answer to the charge of idealism: Sometimes people call me an idealist. Well, that is the way I know I am an American. America is the only idealistic nation in the world. I once again urge the Senate to give its advice and consent to the Human Rights Conventions on Forced Labor, Freedom of Association, Genocide, Politi- cal Rights of Women, and Slavery. PRIVATE PHILANTHROPIC ACTIVITY Mr. TOWER. Mr. President, many thousands of people in the United States have the means as well as the desire to engage in philanthropic activity. In a very real way these men and women possessed with charitable ideals are overlooked-or perhaps I should say their works are overlooked-in our pub- lic searching for solutions to social prob- lems. Too seldom is it remembered that men of wealth have historically shoul- dered responsibility for laudable social goals such as education and for social problems such as aleviation of the diffi- culties of society's unfortunates, and that they continue today their considerable r Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 1 312602 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE August 30, 1967 efforts. Such a man is Stewart Morris of Houston. The Houston Chronicle, in a recent is- sue, published a short biography of Stew- art Morris, one of that city's most dis- tinguished and valued leaders. I am pleased to count him as a valued friend and he is indeed worthy of the fine write- up which appeared in the Chronicle. As in Stewart Morris' case, private charity is personal and, I believe, dollar for dollar, more effective than imper- sonal welfare programs. Such tax fi- nanced programs are not charitable since there is no relationship between the donor and the recipient-no hope for the recipient to live up to. Perhaps per- sonal involvement and the establishment of personal relationships is the answer to our grave contemporary problems. I ask that the Chronicle's article be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows : HELPING MANKIND MORE IMPORTANT THAN RICHES TO STEWART MORRIS (By Zarko Franks) For the rich, the cross of responsibility to mankind is perhaps the heaviest cross of all. A- rich man named Stewart Morris said it in a rare mood of self-analysis. His life, obviously shaped by the influence of a father who sought to aid the unfortu- nate, is aimed at making a contribution to his fellow man. "Any fool can make a living," says Morris, an attorney and executive of a title guaran- ty firm, "But each man must ask himself: 'What contribution can I make to the society in which I live?' " As chairman of the board of Houston Bap- tist College in Sharpstown, Morris says he believes he is fulfilling a need in this com- munity. The need, as he sees it, is an institution dedicated to the development of character and to the perpetuation of Christian ideals. Morris, intense and righteous, pulls no punches In defining the type of student or faculty the college desires. "We believe in academic freedom, yes," he says, "But within the framework of our pre- cepts." The barefoot long-hair, the symbol of to- clay's so-called hippie, bleachie or beachie, need not apply. - "The unwashed we don't want," he says. He described Houston Baptist College as a "Christian liberal arts college." Its graduates, he hopes, "will be so brain- washed in Christian ideals and our Ameri- can heritage" that they will carry their way of life and thinking "into our public schools as teachers and into business careers." A Houston banker, John Whitmore, presi- dent of the Texas National Bank of Com- merce, describes Morris as an "imaginative businessman and a devoted churchman ded- icated to his religion." Morris was the financial brains behind acquisition of the Baptist college. He negotiated a $760,000 loan from Rice tiniversity to buy 390 acres. Later, 200 acres were subdivided and sold for enough to pay off the loan. The role of men such as Rex Baker Sr., Jake Ramin and Donald McGregor in founding the college cannot be minimized but Morris is seen as the major force behind the estab- l;.shment of the institution. "We borrowed the money from Rice," he says, "to give us sanction from a great uni- versity in our aim to establish a first class liberal arts college." He admits that "we have a high-button- shoe philosophy" at Houston Baptist, "but we don't believe the teaching of a Christian way of life can ever become old-fashioned." A friend said of Morris: "He's a non-drinking Baptist. He has his strait-laced convictions and lives by them. You have to admire him for it." Strait-laced he may be, but Morris has the grace to tell a Baptist story and laugh at it-and at himself. Such grace has been the savior of many a man. He's the son of the late W. C. and Willie Stewart Morris. His mother was a sister of Macc Stewart who established Stewart Title Co., in 1896. His father was one of tle founders of the Star of Hope Mission, ' sanctuary for so- ciety's derelicts, the skjd row habitues. For 30 years W. C. .Morris was president of the missions. Stewart, treading his father's footsteps, is a trustee of the mission. His father also was one of the founders of Goodwill Industries, an organization whose aim is to Old the physically handi- capped to become productive. The son, molde in the father's image, be- lieves the ultimate aim of life is more than storing up treasures in this world. No one will dispute that Stewart Morris, a pale-eyed main with thinning blond hair, has succeededin achieving what the world President Stewart Tru vestment Co ese credentials: Stewart Title Co; president of Co., president of Admiral In- Inc.; partner in the law firm of ini, Harris, McCanne & Lacas; companies, financing is e construction in at least LAND DEVEIQPPMENT Land development, a banes, said of him, is "He is as well informed in the ar of land development as any man I know," sa Whit- more of Texas National Bank of Comme e. Stewart Title Co, was primarily a Te s the firm's founder, joined hands and began the expansion move to make the firm a giant in its field, Stewart Morris's love for land and its potential is reflected in his acquisition of 61 acres of an island bounded by the waters of the Guadalupe and a dam In McQueeney between Seguin and New Braunfels. He developed the acreage reserving a choice site for his own summer home. LBJ COUNTRY He bought 1,000 acres in Blanco, south of Johnson City, where the President lived as a boy. Keen business acumen again is reflected in his reason for buying the acreage. "Texas land values will continue to in- crease. This is my hedge against inflation." Morris and his wife, Joella, and their three children, Carlotta, 19, Stewart Jr., 18, and Caralisa, 14, live at 5 E. Rivercrest off West- heimer. His working schedule at offices in the Guaranty Bldg., Caroline and Rusk, is 8 a.m, until 8 p.m., five days a week, and "look- ing at land" on Saturdays. FLIES OWN PLANE The business empire is sufficiently diversi- fied to include the 250-room Southland Hotel in Dallas and a housing development in Nassau Bay. Stewart Morris has a hobby: He collects horse-drawn carriages. But, outside his busi- ness, his consuming interest is Houston Baptist College. "Education is an early maturity, he says, "Our aim at the college is to expose our students to the refinements of gracious living, good architecture, good furniture, and the over-riding ingredient of Christian thinking." IT'S A CRIME TO MAKE CRIME A POLITICAL ISSUE Mr. MOSS. Mr. President, I am dis- tressed over recent political sniping about crime, for crime knows no politics. Meaningful discussions are a healthy thing, but finger pointing is not construc- tive. A~ the days roll by, more and more of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD is devoted to statement, speeches, and editorials on crime. All responsible Americans deplore the crime situation in our Nation. Our daily mail reflects ever-increasing con- cern. All of this will serve a useful pur- pose, if, and only if, it spurs the Congress into an all-out bipartisan investigation of the causes of crime. Fragmented, piece- meal approaches to the problem will not suffice. To legislate intelligently against crime, Congress must coordinate all available information and its own efforts. My bill, Senate Joint Resolution 94, to create a Joint Committee To Investigate Crime is cosponsored by 20 Senators from both sides of the aisle. A companion resolution was introduced by Congress- man PEPPER On the House side and it too has bipartisan support. The joint committee we propose would investigate all aspects of crime on a con- tinuing long-range basis and provide the Congress with the badly needed coordi- nation I speak of. We should not become preoccupied ith the experts in irresponsibility such should be sternly dealt with by the law. W' should not allow crime to become a pot tical matter. It deserves thoughtful attention of all of us. We should not look at organized crime only or separately; we Ahould not look at riots only or sep- arat ly; we should not look at crime on the streets only or separately. If Iwe are to effectively get at this na- tion 1 problem, what we should do is look at a whole picture on a bipartisan r. President, Senate Joint Resolu- tio 94 is the vehicle to achieve such a go . I urge immediate favorable consid- er tion n of this bill. I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the RECORD two editorials, one from the Washington Post of August 30, 11967, the second from the church news /section of the Deseret News of August 26, 1967. There being no objection, the items were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 1 41 D 69B00369R000200290062-5 August 30, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE At 10:45 p.m., the precise time when the Chinese ultimatum expired the crowd erupted into overt violence, according to dip- lomats living near the British compound. Arthus Veysey, Chicago Tribune, August 23, 1967 (London dateline) : "Britain imediately forbade all Chinese officials here from leaving the country. "Britain, in effect, is holding the Chinese, who number between 50 and 60, as hostages for the safety of the 25 British diplomats and their wives and children in Peking. "The British clampdown includes members of the Chinese embassy, the Chinese news agency, the Bank of China, and all official trade missions." New York Times, August 23, 1967, edition: "The crucial questions about the Hong Kong crisis must be these: Are Peking's Com- munist leaders any longer capable of rational behavior? Is China still a functioning coun- try? "There is no rational reason why Peking should force a showdown with Britain over the closing of three obscure Hong Kong Communist newspapers and the arrest on sedition charges of five of their executives," "Yet, Communist riots have erupted regu- larly in Hong Kong 'since May 11 and have increased in ferocity recently with constant verbal and occasional physical support from China. The sacking of the British mission in Peking and the attempted humiliation of its personnel yesterday after London's rejec- tion of an ultimatum on Hong Kong brings the situation to the acute stage. "What is Mao's game? Or is Mao really in charge, calling the shots that not only have provoked crisis with Britain but strained relations with Moscow almost to the breaking point?, When the demonstrations began, Western experts believed Peking's goal was to wrest from the British as many as possible of the concessions it had earlier extorted from the Portuguese Government of Macao. Now the question must be asked whether the Chinese objective is not the destruction of the Crown Colony. "An aging Mao might see in this drastic act a means of reuniting Chinese and allevi- ating the internal convulsion caused by the cultural revolution. It might even be that the anarchic situation inside China-the fact that it is not 'a functioning country'- could bring on a move by extremists against Hong Kong that Mao could not prevent. "The trouble is that the West simply can- not fathom the action of China's Commu- nist leaders at this critical juncture, much less know that rational calculations play any part in their behavior. Predicting Peking's course is as hazardous in Hong Kong as it is in Vietnam." Mr. MUNDT. Mr. President, for those who still believe-although their num- bers are rapidly decreasing-that the Chinese Communists are simply "agrar- ian reformers," as we were once told by high authority, I would recommend a steady diet of reading the news reports describing how China's so-called West- ern friends are being treated in Peking and other mainland cities of China. Hav- ing done that, they can then return to their collateral lines of trying to con- vince Americans that aggressive commu- nism has changed its form in Russia and that the global plans of the men in the Kremlin.&hould be respected as sincere .expressions of good will while we ignore the military support the Russian Com- munists are providing our enemy in Viet- nam and to Egypt and other aggressive Arab States in the Mideast. FIRST STEPS TOWARD ARAB- ISRAEL RECONCILIATION Mr. MCINTYRE.'Mr. President, while the crisis in the Middle East is in no way over, there are signs that the Arabs and Israelis are beginning to take the first small steps toward some form of reconciliation. It would be naive to predict that the recent war in-the Middle East and the humiliating defeat of the Arabs will, by some miracle, bring about a new era of harmony and "togetherness," but both sides do appear to be arriving at the conclusion that there are mutual advan- tages to some form of cooperation. The barrage of propaganda and name calling will no doubt continue. But if peace is ever to come to the Middle East, both sides must seek new ways to settle their differences, acknowledge the terri- torial integrity of Israel, and work to- gether to solve problems which are com- mon both to the Israelis and the Arabs. And editorial published in this morn- ing's New York Times reports on some of the first small signs that the Israelis and the Arabs are beginning to move to- ward some areas of reconciliation. I ask unanimous consent that the edi- torial be printed at this point in the RECORD. There being no objection, the editorial was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: MELTING ICE IN THE MIDEAST The Middle East seems to be beginning the long, hard, devious process of settling down after the war in June. The positions of Arabs and Israelis in those early weeks, at first un- bridgeable and inflexible, are thawing just a little. Now the Israelis are going to allow some Jordanian refugees to return after the orig- inal deadline, which had been set for to- morrow. This seems to apply only to those whose applications have already been ap- proved-some 10,000 out of a total that must be well over 100,000. The Israelis are afraid of letting in resistance fighters. However, having taken this first sensible and humani- tarian step, Israel may be induced to take others later. Meanwhile, leaders from all thirteen Arab states are meeting in Khartoum. The split be- tween the moderate and extremist states is shown by the fact that the hardline countries of Syria and Algeria, as well as the moderate Tunisia and Morocco, have not sent their heads of state. The agenda is a tough one: "To erase the consequences of Israeli aggres- sion" and to take steps to retaliate against "Israeli's Western friends." All the same, there is much talk of offering a peace plan, although it is still a long dis- tance from Israel's terms. At least the Arabs no longer talk of fighting a "second round." There are persistent reports of an approach- ing settlement between Egypt and Saudi Arabia on the war in Yemen. The oil-produc- ing states-Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Libya- clearly do not want to keep up the embargo against the West which is more costly to the Arabs than to Europe. It is not at all costly to the United States. Economic pressures on every country con- cerned are very severe. Egypt, for instance, is losing her vitally needed revenues from Suez Canal tolls and tourism. Israel's economy is in extremely bad shape. In fact, it was in bad shape before the cost of the recent war was added. Peace is not in sight, but extreme positions S 12453 are beginning to be abandoned. Neither sur- render nor revenge are possible. A modus vivendi can gradually be worked out as pas- sions and fears subside. The heartening fea- ture of current developments is that com- promises are being considered and some timid, groping steps are being taken toward ulti- mate agreement. Mr. McINTYRE. Mr. President, there are many areas in which all the nations of the Middle East can work together to solve many age-old problems. I am pleased today to join the distin- guished Senator from Tennessee [Mr. BAKER] in sponsoring a resolution en- oailraging the nations of the Middle East to work together on a water desaliniza- tion project. This project can bring great benefits to all the nations of the Middle East and help to provide the solution to a problem that has plagued the Middle East since the dawn of recorded history. NEW YORK 4-H PROGRAMS FOR THE DISADVANTAGED Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I have be- fore me the progress report of the New York State 4-H programs with disad- vantaged youth. It describes the great efforts made by our 4-H organizations in bringing opportunity and hope to under- privileged young people. New York State is fortunate in having the fastest grow- ing program of any State in the Nation, and it is always a pleasure to report con- tributions made by voluntary, private groups in helping the deprived eco- nomically. Mr. President, I am personally gratified to see that the 4-H organiza- tion will be intensifying its activity in New York, and has already inaugurated a plan of action to carry out its success- ful program this year. I Ask unanimous consent that the report be printed in the RECORD, so that other organizations across the country may consider follow- ing this fine example. There being no objection, the report was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: PROGRAMS WITH DISADVANTAGED YOUTH IN THE 4-H PHASE OF COOPERATIVE EXTENSION, NEW YORK STATE (By Wilbur F. Pease, persented at Cornell Extension Club, April 3, 1967) Before reporting to you regarding the growth and something of the nature of pro- gram efforts with disadvantaged youth, I think you will be interested to know that as measured by the number of youth partici- pating, the 4-H program in New York State is the fastest growing program of any state in the nation. In 1966, the 4-H enrollment exceeded 100,000 for the first time with a to- tal of 103,042 youth enrolled. This repre- sents a gain of about 19,000 over 1965. In addition, another 45,000 youth were served by a variety of short-term educational ex- periences, representing an increase of about 5,000 over 1965. Also in 1966, there were 13,701 adults serving as volunteer 4-H lead- ers, a gain of about 1400 over 1965. The edu- cational programs conducted with these adults indicate that 4-H is making a fairly sizeable contribution to adult education as well as to youth education. SCOPE OF PROGRAM EFFORTS WITH DISADVAN- TAGED YOUTH The time allotted limits this to a prog- ress report of total 4-H effort with disad- Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 S 12454 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE August 30, 1967 taged youth, presented broadly rather than with specifics. Recent reports received from 52 of The 55 countries indicate that youth are being reached in 29 counties through what we might call the on-going 4-H pro- gram and in 23 counties in which one or more program efforts are being directed to- ward more specifically identified problems, needs and situations of such youth. Since 1964, when programs were offered low income youth in only 18 cities of 18 different coun- ties, we reached the point in 1966 when low income youth were participating in 4-H pro- grams in 24 cities of 20 counties. A total of 12,110 low income youth were participating in the 4-H program, nearly 50% of whom are farm and rural non-farm youth. A little better than one out of every nine 4-H members in 1966 were low income youth. So much for the growth in scope of 4-H program efforts with the disadvantaged. REACHING AND RECRUITING DISADVANTAGED YOUTH In general, counties reported that imper- sonal contacts by such means as flyers, bro- chures, and letters are relatively ineffective in recruiting disadvantaged youth. Repeated and personal contacts are necessary. Such contacts are time consuming and agents have developed some methods which take a mini- mum amount of time on their part. Among the apparently most effective are: (a) Reaching children where they are- through the schools, settlement houses, youth centers, and the like. (b) Using other people to make the con- taots-VISTA workers in three counties, school teachers, Welfare workers, an organi- wational volunteer leader, a community committee for the involvement of youth. (c) Reaching youth through agent con- tacts with adult groups of a community on whom is then placed the responsibility for recruiting youth. Once some youth are reached, frequently they become the best recruiters of other youth. REACHING DISADVANTAGED YOUTH IN THE ON- GOING 4-H PROGRAM Even though we might like to see more specifically designed programs, the value of such an approach should not be discounted. Indeed, as regards farm youth and rural non- farm youth in counties of fairly low incidence of poverty, or inCounties where the low in- come rural families are fairly well inter- spersed among other families, to reach such youth in the ongoing progam may be the only, or at least the most effective way. One value of this approach is that it brings into close association youth of diverse economic situations thus promoting understanding of individuals different than Oneself and hope- fully teaching youth to make judgments on the basis of individual worth. SOME LEARNING EXPERIENCES OFFERED As with individuals of any segment of our society, there are individual differences among disadvantaged youth and their homes and families, but in general, their lives are characterized by a lack of variety and a quality of stimuli which would aid their in- tellectual and social development. So one purpose of work with disadvantaged youth is to increase the variety and improve the qual- ity of such stimuli. In an action oriented educational program, we call these stimuli learning experiences. a. Cultural arts and inter-cultural experiences in 19 counties over 500 youth and nearly 100 parents were provided such experiences. buck Foundation funds financed these o- grams. In 10 counties, intercultur xperi- ences were provided at county 4-H camps. In one of these, a special program in remedial reading was provided. In another county the camp experience took the form of a family day at camp, with disadvantaged youth and their parents participating in the program for one day. Eight counties included one dis- advantaged youth in their delegations at- tending the Northern New York Youth Con- ference. One county sent two disadvantaged youth with a group from the county at- tending the Citizenship Short Course at the National 4-H Center; and another county sent two leaders to a leadership forum at the National 4-H Center, Cultural arts experiences Included visits to various kinds of museums and historical buildings; attending musical concerts, folk and ballet dance productions, stage plays, lectures at colleges, and having a dinner at a fine restaurant. In many cases, other than disadvantaged youth also atten lsd-'Sills il- lustrates what I believe is a- value of the 4-H program, namely, it_,pfovides a natural way for both co-educational and intercul- tive This\is one of the most commonly offered progr particularly in the cities. In addi- tion todsubject matter learned and the skills requ , one of the great value of this program s bringing youth into con- tact with a wi range of adults-men and women of garden ubs and of service clubs, city government 3cials and employees, florists, nurserymen, 'reenhouse operators, college extension facult It is quite a stim- ulating experience for mo of these youth to come to realize that such ults are really interested in them. They re and favorably and are learning something about people different than themselves. Ma adults have been noted to start plantings ter observ- ing the results of youth plan gs and in other ways to evidence greater p lade in, and a sense of responsibility for their properties and for the neighborhood. This another value of this program. For arou ng com- munity interest and support, it is probably the best program we have to start ith in a C. Training Neighborhood YoutlA Corps workers One county, with the assistance/of a Col- lege of Home Economics Extensipa Faculty member, conducted a four-week~? course in Money Management for 110 yo th in the Neighborhood Youth Corps. n another county, the 4-H staff assisted t e director of the Youth Corps in develop g an overall training program. Ina rum er of counties, Youth Corps workers have een assigned to assist with the 4-H pro m. In every in- stance, the directors o the Youth Corps have been more than leased with the on- the-job training p ded by the 4-H staff and the kinds o ssignments and experi- ences given th outh which aid their own growth and velopment. For the most part these ex ences are in working with young- er bo nd girls. D. Job readiness program In one county, a 12-weeks job readiness program is conducted with high school girls in a low-income area, In this, some basic nutrition is related to health, appearance and the getting and holding of a job. Simi- larly, the work in textiles and clothing, personal appearance and grooming is related to employment. In addition, women em- ployed in a variety of occupations and a variety of levels of position are brought in to talk with the girls. These ladies have dif- ferent levels of educational achievement and have gained i;heir education and training different ways. So the girls learn more about more employment possibilities, the educa- tion needed and of educational and training opportunities beyond high school. Employ- ment Service people tell of their services and work with the girls on preparing for and con- ducting onself at an employment interview. Thus the girls learn some of the means for seeking employment and the skills for ap- plying for employment. e. The 4-H project work For youth reached in the on-going 4-H program and for most of the more specifically designed program efforts, 4-H projects are the major core around which are built a variety of meaningful learning experiences. Even more than other children and youth of simi- lar ages, these disadvantaged youth learn best through physical activity which includes the manipulation of objects. This is essential to stimulating intellectual activity. Among the many other values, the 4-H projects pro- vide such activity. In general, fewer and more carefully selected projects are offered to these youth. For farm and rural youth, projects which add to the family food supply, or which add to the improvement or the beauty of the home both inside and out-of-doors, or which may be income producing, or which may save the family money, are most com- monly offered. For older farm and rural youth, projects which may provide some em- ployable skills, such as the tractor and the automotive safety and care projects, are of- fered. Popular projects with the city youth in- clude those of the floriculture and ornamen- tal horticulture program, the Handyman or woodworking, electrical, entomology, incuba- bation and embryology. Because of their di- rect relationship to employment opportuni- ties, some work in electronics and Junior Chefs are offered middle and older teenage youth. The photography project also is im- portant in this respect. The foods and cloth- ing projects are popular. It takes more skill in selling home improvement work and even more the management projects even though the management of their present resources is one of their greatest needs. We cannot report much progress in this area yet. PEOPLE IN THE PROGRAM In my judgment, the lack of competent leadership in adequate numbers is the most important factor in limiting program efforts with the disadvantaged. At present we are still experimenting with different types of leadership and no one pattern has yet proven to be most effective. Indeed, I believe we will need to continue to have many kinds of people involved. Among those presently in- volved in leadership roles are some indig- enous adults, indigenous older youth who are either 4-H members or are Neighborhood Youth Corps workers, special resource per- sons of special competencies who are brought in to teach one or more lessons, older 4-H members and leaders of the middle class group, VISTA workers, and in Buffalo and Syracuse, some paid non-professional work- ers who are indigenous to-the neighborhood. We have found that frequently to obtain in- digenous volunteer leaders, adults must first be taught before they will accept leader- ship. This certainly is understandable be- cause no one accepts leadership without the security of knowing that one can do the job. To see the development of some of these adults is as thrilling as the development of youth. THE NEXT STEPS The survey responses from counties in- dicate that we may expect two major de- velopments: (1) continuing increase in the numbers of youth participating; (2) more Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA=RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 August 30, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE as additional cosponsors of the joint re- solution (S.J. Res. 104) to establish an advisory commission to study and report on the adequacy of the U.S. merchant marine fleet. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. ADDITIONAL COSPONSOR-S. 2140 Mr. COTTON. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that my name be added as a cosponsor to S. 2140, to au- thorize the exchange of certain vessels for conversion and operation in nonsub- sidized service between the west coast of the United States and the territory of Guam, at the next printing of the bill. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. Mr. COTTON. Mr. President, this bill, introduced by the distinguished Senator from Alaska [Mr. BARTLETT1, would au- thorize the Secretary of Commerce, act- ing through the Maritime Administra- tion, to trade out in exchange for obsolete vessels two C-4-type ships for the purpose of conversion and operation 'in nonsubsidized service between the United States and the Territory of Guam. Basic authority for this proposal is Tcontained in section 510(i) of the Mer- chant Marine Act of 1936. This section, known as the Vessel Exchange Act, was designed, as the Senator from Alaska so ably pointed out, to upgrade that por- tion of the U.S.-flag fleet not operating under construction differential subsidy. The legislative intent is clear, that traded out vessels would not be eligible for operating subsidy and would be used only in nonsubsidized service. Obviously, this was intended to prevent the subsi- dized lines from avoiding their contrac- tual ship replacement obligations. S 12445 tory's economy. Commercial tonnage handled From Kenya to the Congo, the great ml- here, discharged and loaded, increased from grant herds of wildlife that once roamed East 246,854 in FY64 to 274,990 in FY66. Gross Africa's 700,000 square miles of savanna-land volume commercial business activity up from and forest have all but disappeared. Some $124.7 million to $136.2 million same period. authorities, in fact, estimate that it has Government investing $16 million in new taken man less than 50 years to reduce the commercial port and containerization would region's game population to a tenth of its cut costs in serving our fast-expanding civil- /YNmer size. Now he is trying to keep that last to 5:3;!44 last three years. ~ It is my strong feeling that thi?,Tegis- lation is badly needed and that .it is not inconsistent with the originaj /6bjectives of the act. Accordingly, itis my hope that it will receive favorable considera- tion at the earliest possible time. DANGER- ADDITIONAL WSPO SOF CON- CURRENT OLUTION of the junior, enator from New York pressing the 1 be added as a cosponsor current Resolution 41, ex- sense of Congress with re- need for worldwide con- servation of vening of a ildlife, calling of the con- international conference for the preseiivation of endangered spe- cies of wildlifewhich was introduced on Monday of thi week. The PRESID IG OFFICER. Without objection, it is so;, ordered. Mr. YARBOROtGH. Mr. President, 2 days ago I introduce a concurrent res- olution (S. Con. Res. ?l,) , calling for the United States to take be initiative in promoting a worldwide cot erence on the I have introduced this legs tion three times, in the last three Cong sses. On each occasion it has received th upport of the Department of State and a De- by livestock, the surviving herds have to a large degree become refugees in East Africa's thirteen national parks and its 91,000 square miles of game reserves. Here, to the casual tourist, there seems to be no end to the game. But ecologists and wardens Involved in wild- life-management projects know better. They know that the sanctuaries alone offer scant protection. Indeed, in some cases, the parks themselves must be saved from the game. As the migration of wildlife into preserves increases, so does the pressure on the food supply of the animals already there. Last year, at Uganda's Murchison Falls Park, war- dens were forced to "cull" (conservationese for kill) no fewer than 2,900 elephants and 2,000 hippopotamuses. A hippo can put away 150 pounds of grass in one night. Land Settlement: The problems begin with man: quite simply, he is outbreeding and outranging the beasts. Since 1916, Uganda has given up three-quarters of its wildlife range to human habitation, cultivation and grazing. By the year 2000, its 8-million popu- lation will have more than doubled and gobbled up 20 million more acres of game land. In Kenya, where man currently re- quires a quarter of the land, . half will be needed in 30 years-most of it for agricul- tural settlements and squatters practicing subsistence farming. And in Southeast Tan- zania increased land settlement has resulted in what game warden Brian Nicholson calls a "straightforward clash between man and beast." The very mention of an East African wild- life crisis once conjured up an image of the white hunter, armed with a high-powered rifle and an insatiable lust for blood. But to- day, the 100 professional hunters operating in East Africa are ardent-and admired-de- fenders of wildlife. The tradition began with the late Philip H. Percival, who escorted Teddy Roosevelt in 1910 and Ernest Heming- way 23 years later, on safaris, then spent his final years as East Africa's first game warden Rte?. while professional hunters have was under consideration. In brief, this which have grasped the urgency of t involves the unusual exception to the problem. The most recent of the effoi general rule where a. subsidized company is A- two-page article which appeared F's In have not. n Official estimates of the number of animals directly operates a nonsuDsIcilze(I serv- a Newsweek article the clay alter/l. inTr i n the west coast of the United killed each year by poachers in East Africa Most of the law- The article .,a run as hi 000 h as 300 d the resolution twe b d , . . g e e ce uce States and the Territory of Guam. While well researched and compelling argrli- breakers are driven by hunger and habit. this service has been completely unsub- ment for the conservation of the mgg- The Wakamba and Wasukuma, for example, sidized for many years, the fact that the nificent animals of Africa before itt is come from an ancient line of proud-and operating company receives subsidy for too late to save them. Articles like -this protein-starved-hunters. But others, en- service other than to Guam raises some will help the public to realize thaA, as couraged by traders on the coast, poach pure- question as to its eligibility under the the great conservationist William'Hor- ly for profit. Their targets range from the Vessel Exchange Act which should be ; biaci~ rhino, nearly extinct because its horn naday said: fe es $28 a pound on the Asian aphrodisiac clarified. The need for modernized The wildlife of the world is not ours, to market; to leopards, whose skins are worth equipment in this service is apparent. dispose of wholly as we please. We1iold it in thousands of dollars on the furrier's rack. Aside from the unfortunate loss of one trust, for the benefit of oursel es and for "The business of poaching is run like the of the existing vessels by collision earlier equal benefits to those who colafter us. opium trade," explains Nairobi white hunter this year, the trend toward containeri- The situation, as Newsweek demon- Bill Ryan. "It's as tight as a drum." But so nation and the growing needs of the strates so vividly, is critical. I hope that are the poaching penalties, which have be- Guam community make it imperative responsible journalists such as this will come much harsher since Uhuru-Indepen- that replacement vessels be made avail- dente. The penalty in some areas: a $2,800 able as soon as possible. In support of help the public and the Senate to realize fine or five years in prison. In Kenya's sprawl- this contention, I quote the text of a tele- it. ing Tsavo National Park, once a favorite gram from the Honerable Manuel F. L. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- haunt of elephant and rhino poachers, the Querrero Governor of Guam, which sent that an article from the Newsweek government has practically eliminated the of September 3, 1967, entitled, "Can problem by hiring the most notorious game emphasizes the existing need: , killers as control hunters. Government of Guam urges favorable con- Africa's point in in the Be RECORD. Saved?" be inserted By far the greatest single danger to Africa's sideration Pacific Par East Lines application at this poi wildlife comes in the form of nothing more for two C-4 ships under Vessel Exchange There being no objection, the articles sinister than scrawny herds of tick-ridden Act. These ships to be converted to contain- were ordered to be printed in the REC- cattle competing with wildlife for grazing erization and will greatly improve Lines West ORD, as follows: space across the scrubby grasslands. As long Approved _For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00.369R000200290062-5 S 12446 as disease and drought kept their stock to a minimum, East Africa's pastoral tribes tra- ditionally shared these semi-arid regions with the game. But modern veterinary science has upset the balance. "It's all the white man's fault," says Tanzania National Parks plan- ning adviser Philip Thresher "We've taught Africans how to increase their herds without teaching them how to control their stock rationally. Now there's the devil to pay." In Uganda, the cattle population has doubled since 1930. Understandably, as do- mestic herds increase, tribal pastoraiists be- come less willing to coexist with the wildlife. Animal husbandry has taught them that game can infect their stock with such dis- eases as anthrax and rinderpest. Facing Spears: When Tanzania's Ngo- rongoro Crater was separated from the Serengeti National Park and demoted to conservation-area status in 1959, Masai tribesmen were allowed to graze cattle there. Crater conservator S.A. ole Saibull, a Masai himself, still manages to maintain a proper cattle-game ratio. But, as another Tanzanian park official told NEwswEEK's Curt Hessler: "What if we have a drought? Masai from all around will bring their cattle into the area for water. Who's going to face those spears and say 'get out'?" If cattle pose a danger to wildlife, they also represent disaster to the land itself. 'Where game is selective in feeding and rare- ;Iy overgrazes, livestock will nibble pasture- land to dust. Their hooves destroy the porous structure of the soil, compact it, expose it 1o erosion by wind or rain. The Great Rift Valley, running from the Red Sea to South Africa, was once lush forest and fertile plain. But indiscriminate overgrazing has re- duced it to a dry, raw scar in the landscape. it may well be beyond reclaim. Knowledge Gap: The production of field crops also complicates East Africa's delicate ecology and has noticeably increased the African's disdain for wildlife. Elephants trample his maize, buffalo batter his fences end chattering armies of baboons uproot any crop in their path. Yet most African farmers fail to understand why there are so many baboons to contend with. It rarely occurs to them that the answer might be related to the extirpation of leopard and cheetah that naturally prey on baboon and keep the ape's Casebeer of the U.N.'s Food and Agriculture seneme, a says Mann. "Game meat isn't go- Organization, "we've got to show the tribes ing to make anyone rich." that most wildlife is valuable to them." Perhaps not, but tourism-largely depend- This is no small task. A-surprising num- ent on wildlife--does. It already ranks as bar of Africans know little ornothing about Tanzania's fourth largest industry and the great mammals with which they have malt Kenya's Africa ca's biggest sn largest. us grossin g 1970, is Will 75 shared a continent for centuries. A recent yn K Indus alont $75 survey shows that eight out of tell Kenyan million iia cannot annually jeopardize the . future schoolchildren cannot even distinguish be- its Africa afford d resource that every bit as tween a leopard and a hyena. vital to its economy as he the ct is every bit as To close the knowledge gap, most of the Katanga its the diamond t copper mines y. national parks offer extensive education pro- "Now is the criical time for African wild grams financed by U.S. and European founda- life," says AWLF director Frank Minot, "the tions. The Washington-based African Wild- time when everything should be done at life Leadership Foundation (AWLF), for ex- once." ample, contributes a half-million dollars each year to conservation-education centers, in- cluding the 40-mile-square Nairobi National ADDRESSES, EDITORIALS, ARTI- Park. Last year, 19,000 student visitors to this CLES, ETC., PRINTED IN THE park were exposed to AWLF's message: wild- APPENDIX life is Africa's No. i asset. gressive game-management and conservation addresses, editorials, articles, etc., were programs. Since independence, the country ordered to be printed in the Appendix, has created no fewer than four national as follows: parks and such ambitious projects as the By Mr. PERCY: College of Wildlife Management at Mweka, Statement of Committee for Economic and high on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro. Cultural Development of Chicago, relating Founded in 1964 with a $25,000 grant from to employment opportunities. AWLF, the college is training 57 students By Mr. MCCARTHY: from ten African countries to serve as park Newspaper column, entitled "Woodland wardens and game officials, Though the Echoes," published in the Mesabi Daily of U,.N.'s FAO administers the college with a Virginia, Minn. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R0002002 062-5 CO anese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima have paled into insignificance in relation to the terrible new weapons of atomic destruction which have been devised. We know that the wholesale destruc- tion of civilization is no farther away than the push of a button. But this does not have to be. At the same time that we have - developed more powerful weapons of nuclear destruction, our scientists have been working dili- gently to harness nuclear energy for man's betterment. President Eisenhower made great strides in this direction during his ad- ministration. Under his guidance, the nations of the world sat down together for the first time to learn how to pool their efforts to use atoms for peace. From this was formed the International Atomic Energy Agency which this year celebrates its 10th anniversary. Here we have the world's great nuclear scien- tists meeting and searching for ways to cooperate in using the power of the atom to make the world a better place to live in. General Eisenhower has again come forth with a proposal in line with his un- swerving belief that the atom can be used for peace. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 NGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE August 30, 1967 five-year grant of a half million dollars, NUCLEAR DESALTING PLANTS TO funds and scholars also come to Mweka from the U.S, and West Germany. PROVIDE FRESH WATER FOR THE The curriculum at Mweka ranges from ele- MIDDLE EAST-ADDITIONAL`CO- mentary biology to a course in animal-pop- SPONSORS ulation dynamics taught by 39-year-old Mr. BAKER. Mr. President, I have the Patrick Hemingway, son of the late chron- icler of Africa's green hills. -Hemingway pleasure today to announce the cospon- spends half of each month in the field, teach- sorship of Senate Resolution 155 by the ing his students the practical aspects of following distinguished Senators and to game management, map interpretation, wild- ask unanimous consent for the addition life identification and "control" shooting. of their names at the next printing of Despite their demonstrated desire and abil- the resolution. ity to learn some students would prefer to _ MANS- pursue a different profession. "Let's face it," FIELD, list Econsists N, HANSEN, Senators MANS , says on Mweka instructor. "Africans want to C S N, COOPER, DOM N, SCOTT, PEAR- get out of the bush and into the cities." ARLO DOMINICK, JAVITS, , P For the game, time may be running out SON, PERCY, ALLOTT, CURTIS, FANNIN, unless more Africans than Mweka can train GRIFFIN, HATFIELD, HRUSKA, HICKEN- decide that wildlife deserves a share of the LOOPER, KUCHEL, MILLER, TOWER, BOGGS, range. One way may be through Africa's ever BROOKE, AIKEN, MORTON, MURPHY, FONG, growling stomach. JORDAN of Idaho, SMITH, THURMOND, Most nutrition experts agree that humans PROUTY, COTTON, RANDOLPH, HOLLINGS, require an average of 30 grams of animal DODD, MUSKIE, TYDINGS, MCGEE, CLARK, protein daily-six times more than is being Consumed by East Africans. Yet recent ex- BAYH, HARTKE, INOUYE, EASTLAND, LONG periments show that many game animals of Missouri, - SPONG, KENNEDY of Massa- may yield half again as much lean meat as chusetts, JACKSON, MCINTYRE, RIBICOFF, livestock of equal weight. Moreover, many KENNEDY of New York, and BYRD of West agriculturalists point out that East African Virginia. pasture land can support game animals more The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without productively than cattle. Says S. O. Ayoda, objection, it is so ordered. Kenya's Minister for Tourism and Wildlife: "The government is becoming convinced that Mr. BAKER. Mr. President, it is indeed a high production of animal protein can be gratifying to me to have such broad bi- maintained from wildlife on lands that partisan support for this resolution, might deteriorate under other forms of use." which would make it the sense of the The FAO, for another, is convinced that Senate to urge adoption of the` Eisen- wildlife may hunger. solution to the African's hower plan for nuclear desalting plants gB For several years, Zambian to provide fresh water for the Middle wardens in the Lambwe Valley have been East. I feel that the concept involved "cropping" wildlife for food. The carcasses are butchered in mobile abattoirs and trans- here-the use of nuclear energy to make ported to dukkas (markets) in the nearby peace instead of war, to create rather Copper Belt. than destroy-is basic to world survival. Canned Gazelle: Even Hemingway fore- We all know the destructive force of sees a need for a wildlife-canning industry the atom and nuclear power. From the in East Africa. Says Hemingway: "Our own moment of the explosion of the first experiments with home tinning of Thomson's atomic bomb in the New Mexican desert gazelle meat have shown its quality to be in, 1945, - the world has lived under the quite comparable to the finest tinned tuna." fearful shadow of a mushroom cloud of But the "game as meat" concept is chal- lenged by Dr. Igor Mann, former chief ani- nuclear destruction. Those early bombs mal-industry officer for Kenya. "I've yet to which unleased such horror on the Jap- Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 August 30, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD SENATE S 12447 General Eisenhower has suggested that tion be formed with a charter resembling all over the world. I was born in a ghetto, the full force of nuclear energy as we that of Comsat, with the Government but I refused to stay there. I am a Negro, and know it today be applied to solving the subscribing to half of that stock, the bal- proud to be one. I am also an American, and I m proud of that. i ti on p be offered for public subscr differences between the Arab and Israeli ante to peoples in ` the Middle East. He points in the security markets of the world. The out that the most crucial problem in that amount to be raised, say $200,000,000, .strife-torn area of the world 'is water. would be used to begin construction of By applying our nuclear technology, we the first of the three plants. The cost of can, from the first plant to be built, sup- the plants, beyond the sum raised by. ply more water than flows from the three subscription, would be financed by an principal tributaries of the historic international marketing of convertible Jordan River, the area's principal water debentures bearing no interest for the source. In doing so we will provide work first few years while the plant is being for thousands of refugees and we will built. turn and desert land into fertile fields on The plan provides other benefits. It which these people can live and work in will, in a very practical sense, force upon peace. the Israel and Arab Governments the It is a significant point in our develop- need for cooperation in order to, for ex- ment of nuclear power, I feel, that we ample, allocate water and power pro- can now discuss ways to move into an duced by the plants. Moreover, the plan area of conflict and, instead of using the provides a tangible means of further atom to blast the belligerents into sub- demonstrating the desire'of the United mission, use it to erase their differences States to'find peaceful solutions to areas by providing them a base of cooperation and mutual interest. The author of the forward-reaching plan sponsored by General Eisenhower' was ,Adm. Lewis Strauss, the distin- guished' former Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, who, like the former President, has worked tirelessly to see that nuclear energy ceases to be a threat to civilization and becomes the promise of hlmanity. Tomorrow, I will have the high privilege and honor of going to Gettysburg, Pa., to meet with General Eisenhower and Admiral Strauss to dis- cuss their plan in further detail. I would like now to outline briefly some of the pertinent parts of this plan. The plan is based on the finding that, if sufficient quantities of fresh water can be furnished to the arid lands of the Middle East, the chronic shortages of an adequate food supply and meaningful work for residents and refugees alike can be alleviated. Admiral Strauss' vast ex- perience,. as a former Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, has led him to conclude that three very large nuclear desalting plants are both technically feasible and economically attractive as the means to provide the tremendous quantities of fresh water which the plan envisions. Two of the installations would be located at appropriate points on the Mediterranean coast of Israel and a smaller one at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba in either Jordan 'or Israel, as the most suitable terrain may dictate. The first plant would be designed to pro- duce daily the equivalent of some 450 million gallons of fresh water-more than the combined flow of the three main tributaries which make up the Jordan River. It would also pfoduce an amount Mr. President, a 'possible acronym and name for this international corporation would be MEND-Middle East Nuclear Desalting Corporation. I think this name would be particularly significant since the purpose of the company would be to mend the differences between these two great peoples of the Middle East and give them reason to live together in peace and harmony. The distinguished chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Mr. FuL- BRIGHT, has been kind enough to indicate consideration of early hearings on this matter. I am very grateful for his interest and concern. (At this point, Mr. BYRD of West Vir- ginia took the chair as Presiding Officer.) Mr. President, this is a ringing state- ment, apropos of the times, and bespeaks, in my opinion, the true thinking of the Negro in the United States as distin- guished from the rabble rousers who have a greater love for foreign countries than they have for the land of their birth. Mr. Moore further states: The young people of today think they have a hard lot. They should have been around in the '30s when I was coming up in St. Louis. We had no way to go, but a lot of us made it. I became light heavyweight champion of the world. A neighbor kid down the block, Clark Terry, became one of the most fam- ous jazz musicians in the world. There were doctors, lawyers and chiefs who come out of that ghetto. One of the top policemen in St. Louis came from our neighborhood. Mr. President, that is a breath of wholesome, fresh air. In my judgment, it describes the honest thinking of the Negroes of our country who are devoted to the cause of the United States and who recognize that the United States has provided a more abundant life for the poorest Negro than is enjoyed by mil- lions of people around the world. I ask unanimous consent to have the complete article written by Mr. Moore printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: GUIDE OR MISGUIDE: ARCHIE MOORE POINTS WAY BY LAUNCHING OPERATION GARDNER (EDITOR'S NOTE: Archie Moore, internation- ally San Diegan and retired light heavy- weight boxing champion of the world, told ARCHIE MOORE SPEAKS OUT- must take a stand in this time of internal LAUNCHES OPERATION GAR- crisis. A man who stands neutral stands for DENER t nothing." He then wrote the following state- ment and submitted it to The San Diego Mr. LAUSCHE. Mr. President, in Ham- Union, which is printing it verbatim.) ilton, Ohio, there is published the But- (By Archie Moore) ler County American. Its masthead states The devil is at work in America, and it is that it is "Negro edited, speaking for up to us to drive him out. Snipers and looters, rights of all-majorities and minorities." white or black, deserve no mercy. Those who In its August 19 issue, there is pub- would profit from their brother's misfortunes lished and article entitled "Guide or Mis deserve no mercy, and those who would set guide, Archie Moore Points Way by fellow Americans upon each other deserve no Launching Operation Gardener." mercy. At the head of the column there is an I'll fight the man who calls me an "Uncle editor's note, which reads as follows: Tom." I have broken bread with heads of state, chatted with presidents and traveled Archie Moore, internationally known San all over the world. I was born in a ghetto, Diegan and retired light heavyweight boxing but I refused to stay there. I am a Negro, and champion of the world, told friends yesterday proud to be one. I am also an American, and he feels that "everybody must take a stand I am proud of that. in this time of internal crisis. A man 'who The young people of today think they have stands neutral stands for nothing." He then a hard lot. They should have been around in wrote the following statement and submitted the '30s when I was coming up in St. Louis. it to The San Diego Union, which is print- We had no way to go, but a lot of us made it. ing it verbatim. I became light heavyweight champion of the of power which, though in excess of the Mr. President, I want to read a few world. A neighbor kid down the block, Clark present needs of the area, would attract excerpts from Mr. Moore's statement. Terry, became one of the most famous jazz industry and would be used to pump the They are so apropos and pertinent to the musicians in the world. There were doctors, fresh water into the water-starved areas times that they are worthy of the deepest lawyers and chiefs who came out of that of Israel,, Jordan, and other Arab coun- consideration by every one of us: ghetto. One of the top policemen in St. Louis erha s even including part of came from our neighborhood. Egypt p p The devil is at work in America, and it is We made it because we had a goal, and Egypt east of the Nile Valley. Operation up to us to drive him out. Snipers and loot- we were willing to work for it. Don't talk of the plants would be made the respon- ers, white or black, deserve no mercy. Those to me of your "guaranteed national in- sibility of the International Atomic who would profit from their brother's mis- come." Any fool knows that this is insanity. Energy Agency, of which Agency each of fortunes deserve no mercy, and those who Do we bring those who worked to get ahead the major belligerents, fortunately, is a would set fellow Americans upon each other member. deserve no mercy. to the level of those who never gave . I'll fight the man who calls me an "Uncle a damn? The world owes Nobody-black or With respect to financing the project, Tom." I have broken bread with heads of white-a living. God helps the man who helps Admiral Strauss proposes that a corpora- state, chatted with presidents and traveled himself Approved For Release 2001/11/01: G1A-RDP69B00.369R000200290062-5 S 12448' Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE August 30, 1967 Now then, don't get the idea that I didn't grow up hating the injustices of this world. l: am a staunch advocate of the Negro revo- lution for the good of mankind. I've seen al- most unbelieveable progress made in the last handfull of years. Do we want to become wild beasts bent only on revenge, looting and killing and laying America bare? Hate is bait, bait for the simple-minded. Sure, I despised the whites who cheated me, but I used that feeling to make me push on. If you listen to the professional rabble- rousers, adhere to this idea of giving up everything you've gained in order to revenge yourself for the wrongs that were done to you in the past-then you'd better watch your neighbor, because he'll be looting your house next. Law-and order is the only edge we have. No man is an island. Granted, the Negro still has a long way to go to gain a fair shake with the white man in this country. But believe this: if we resort to lawlessness, the only thing we can hope ,for is civil war, untold bloodshed, and the end of our dreams. We have to have a meeting of qualified men of both races. Mind you, I said qualified men, not some punk kid, ranting the catch phrases put in his mouth by some paid hate-monger. There are forces in the world today, forces bent upon the destruction of America, your America and mine. And while we're on the subject, do you doubt for a minute that com- munism, world communism, isn't waiting with bated breath for the black and white Americans to turn on each other full force? Do you want a chance for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in the land of your birth, or do you want no chance at all under the Red heel? AFRICA'S A GREAT PLACE TO VISIT There are members of the black commu- nity who call for a separate nation within America. Well, I do not intend to give up one square inch of America. I'm not going to be told I must live in a restricted area. Isn't that what we've all been fighting to overcome? And then there is the element that calls for a return to Africa. For my part, Africa is a great place to visit, but I wouldn't want to live there. If the Irishmen want to` go back to the Emerald Isle, let them. If the Slavs want to return to the Iron Curtain area, OK by me. But I'm not going'to go to any part of Africa to live. Ism proud of ancestry, and of the country that spawned my forefathers, but I'm not giving up my country. I fought all my life to give my children what I'm able to give them today; a chance for development as citizens in the greatest country in the world. I do not for a moment think that any truly responsible Negro wants anarchy. I don't ,think you'll find intelligent-no, let's re- phrase that-mature Negroes running wild in the streets or sniping at total strangers. God made the white man as well as the black. True, we haven't acted as brothers in the past, but we are brothers: If we're to be so many Cains and Abels, that's our choice. We can't blame God for it. TEACHTHAT "ANY BOY CAN" Something must be done to reach the Negroes and the whites in the ghettos of this country, and I propose to do some- thing. As a matter of plain fact, I have been doing something for the past several years. I :have been running a program which I call the ABC-Any Boy Can. By teaching our youth, black, white, yellow and red, what dignity is, what self respect is, what honor is, I have been able to obliterate juvenile delinquency in several areas. I would now expand my program, change scope. If any boy can, surely any man can. I want to take teams of qualified people, top men in their fields, to the troubled areas of our cities. I know that the people who par- ticipated in the recent riots, who are par- ticipating and who will participate, are mis- Many of us in the Congress-I think I can guided rather than mad. safely say most of us-reject the President's If some bigot can misguide, then I can reasoning. Our position is that the Congress guide. I've spent too much of my life build- can, if it chooses, delegate its functions to ing what I've got to put it to torch just to its appropriate committees. It does so every satisfy some ancient hatred of a man who day and so long as the action has the approval beat my grandfather. Those men are long of the Congress itself, it really is not the dead. Do we have to choke what could. be a business of the Executive Branch. beautiful garden with weeds of hate? I say So that-somewhat oversimplified-is No! And I stand ready to start "Operation what the contest is all about. Gardener." I invite the respected Negro It happens that two of these frozen proj- leaders of our country to join me. ects-Papillion Creek on which Milton Fricke UPSTREAM WATERSHED JURISDIC- TIONAL DISPUTE Mr. MUNDT. Mr. President, we have, in the Senate a newly created subcom mittee of the Committee on the Judi- ciary. This subcommittee was formed to examine into the separation of ,;lowers among the three branches of our Gov- ernment. The new subcommittee has of recent days been holding hearings on the jurisdiction question of project work plan approval under the upstream watershed program. One of the members-of this subcom- mittee is.the distinguished Senator from my neighboring State, Nebraska [Mr. HRUSKA]. On August?21, Senator HRUSKA addressed the Northern Plains Area meeting of the N,tional Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts. He used the occasion to report on what he had learned `at the hearing held 'by our new subcommittee. I think other Members of the Senate will find inter Opt in his report. There- fore, I ask una imous consent-to have printed in the R *CORD extracts from the remarks of our Nebraska colleague on thatoccasion. \ There being no o ection, the extracts were ordered to be pri d in the RECORD, and his associates have labored for so long, and ap.-eq'oRlly needed project on Clatonia Creek-are Sin Nebraska. So I would be in- tensely interested in this subject even if I were not a member of the Senate Subcom- mittee which handles the appropriations bills for the Department of Agriculture. And I would be further interested because I am a member of a newly created subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee which was formed to examine this very problem of the separation of powers among the three branches of our government. This subcommittee, chaired by Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina and composed on the Democratic side of Senators John McClellan of Arkansas and Quentin Burdick of North Dakota and on the Republican side of Senator Dirksen and myself, has already held a number of hearings on this particular contest between the Executive and Legisla- tive Branches. Before I discuss those hearings and the prospects for the future, let me develop the historical perspective of the controversy and then point out some possible solutions. To many of you this will be old hat and I seek your indulgence. But I think even those of you who have lived with this program since its inception may find the recital Instructive. Let's go back to 1953. The date is February 13. A Senator named Lyndon Johnson, speak- . ing of the need for federal assistance in the area of small watershed projects, said this : "At present there is no authority for direct local-federal cooperation on flood prevention programs in small upstream watershed areas. I introduce for appropriate r f e erence a bill EXTRACTS FROM THE REMARK, OF SENATOR which is designed to close that gap. it is ROMAN L. HRUSKA BEFORE Ti NATIONAL similar to legislation sponsored in the House ASSOCIATION OF SOIL AND WATER'QONSERVA- of Representatives by my good friend, the TION DISTRICTS, AREA V, NORTHER-~PLAINS Honorable W. R. Poage." The subject I would like to discuswith you tonight might well be comic. werA, the consequences not measured in fluman lives and millions of dollars in property dam ge. We might all get a jolly laugh at the b- surdity of a Mexican standoff between he Congress of the United States and the Pre i- We might find amusement in the fact tijat a lively debate can be constructed between the same man-Senator Lyndon B. John siin and President Lyndon B. Johnson. 1 Instead the subject is a serious one. It Ias to do with the President's refusal to proqeed with the development and constructio;? of ten watershed projects, all of which have been proposed to the Congress by the Dgart- ment of Agriculture, all of which havgr high benefit-cost ratios, all of which are assured of adequate funding. Why has the President ordered the Bureau of the Budget to freeze funds for these proj- ects? He maintains that the system under which the Senate and House committees for the past 13 years have been approving such projects is unconstitutional, that they "di- lute and diminish the authority and powers of the President.... I do not want the Leg- was a conference committee. The conferees islative (Branch) through two committees- approved language which required the sub- to encroach upon the responsibilities of the mission of watershed plans to the Congress Presidency." 45 days before construction began and barred This assertion by the President led Con- appropriations for these projects without ap- gressman Bill Cramer of Florida to comment, proval of the appropriate committees in each "For Johnson to accuse Congress of trying to house-Agriculture committees for the usurp his powers id like accusing .a herd of smaller projects, Public Works for the larger steers of trying to take over his spread." ones. Approved For Release X001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290062-5 became Public Law 566, the Small Watershed Act of 1954. Let's take a look at Section 5 of Senator Lyndon Johnson's bill: "Before such installation involving federal aid is commenced, the Secretary of Agricul- ture shall transmit a copy of the plan and the justification therefor, to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture and For- estry of the Senate for their consideration. Unless either committee by resolution dis- approves of the plan, the Secretary may pro- ceed with participation in the installation of works of improvement." That, ladies and gentlemen, is the so- called "committee veto," about which you have heard so much. It was written into his bill, S. 877, by Senator Johnson in 1953 and today is denounced by President Johnson as unconstitutional and an invasion of the powers of the Presidency. Well, you say, perhaps that was just some "boilerplate" language that the bill drafter stuck in and perhaps Senator Johnson over- looked it. Let's take a closer look. Since the Senate and House versions of