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October 24, 1967
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` 24 tober , Y Approved For Eftfi~QSIONAL RECORD 69 HOUSE 000200290081-4 Oc It ip ,(&40 4-s that. it is the intent of Congress that .,SPA be an independent spokesman for the small business com- munity. If I am correct In my reasoning here, it then follows that SBA functions as well, are not to be subordinated to any other Federal agency. I hope the House will reject this sec- tion 406 of title IV of-the poverty bill when it gets to the floor. We should not support this attempt to"merge and sub- merge SBA functions into the Depart- ment ISRAEL ' 7ATION (Mr. GURNEY (at the request of Mr. PETTIS) was granted permissions to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. GURNEY. Mr. Speaker, I am ex- tremely concerned about the attitude of the United States with regard to the in- creasingly serious, Israel-Arab situation. An Israel warship has been the victim of unprovoked attack by Russian-supplied radar-controlled missiles. It is the first time in history that this type of radar missile has been used to sink a ship of any flag. It is highly significant that the attack occurred at the same time that Soviet Deputy Defense Minister Zakharov ar- rived in Cairo-with a large military delegatop from Moscow-to add to the estimated 8,000 Soviet military advisers and technicians already in Egypt. It proves that the two troublemakers, Rus- sia, worldwide, and Egypt, in the Middle East, are hand in glove in their determin- ation to start war again between Israel and the Arab nations, It greatly disturbs me, in fact, it is inconceivable that the Johnson adminis- tration, with evidence of Arab-Soviet ties .of the strongest kind, is reneging on its commitment to Israel. This country promised to sell a limited number of military jets to Israel, a corn- mitment it,has not yet honored, It'seems to ,me that-It is essential for the United States to live.up to this commitment to Israel. By withholding this sale of jets to Israel, at a time when Russia is pouring military weapons into the Arab nations, we are encouraging further Communist Russia intervention into the Middle East. This country should sell to Israel the weapons she needs for her defense, a sale which we promised a long time ago. ANTITRUST LAWS (Mr. NELSEN(at the request of Mr. PETTIS) was granted permission to ex- tend hip-remarks at, this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. NELSEN, Mr., Speaker, during re- ceht weeks we have seen a startling ex- ample of confused thinking within the Justice Department in_ the application of our antitrust, laws.. Rockwell-Standard Corp. of Bethany, Okla., was required by the Department, as a _cQndition. to ap- proval of, its merger with North Amer- ican _,Aviat , to divest itself of the manufacturing rights to the jet com- H 13903 islander model 1121 business-type air- mander business before it would be allowed craft, The rationale behind the demand to merge with North American Aviation, have was that the Aero-Commander jet and sent me copies of your letter of September North American's highly successful busi- 18th in which you describe the now well- ness jet aircraft would otherwise domi- publicized fact that Rockwell-Standard did get rid of the business to Israel Aircraft nate or monopolize the market for such Industries, Ltd. In addition I thank you for planes. your direct reply to me of September 13th In the first place the facts simply do over the subscript of Mr. Lewis Bernstein. not bear this out. The two planes offer What I say hereafter will be with full far different service characteristics to the knowledge that further protest is futile. The prospective buyer and one costs nearly deal is consummated. Various damages in- twice as much as the other. Foreign flitted upon (a) those of us who own the manufacturers also already have a domi- previously purchased Jet Commanders, (b) the community of Bethany, Oklahoma, (c) nant share of this market. the future competitive situation in business Under pressure of the Justice Depart- jets are done. Yet I choose to make a point ment and its doctrinaire antitrust phi- or two. losophy, Rockwell-Standard sold its How curious, how impersonally abstract, rights to the plane to the Israel Govern- how unrelated to any point made in my ment for $25 million, after futilely at- letter is the sentence which reads: "Investi- tempting to change the Department's gation of the capability and projected plans position. We therefore have the almost of the purchaser indicated no basis for con- ludicrous situation of the U.S. Govern- stantig that the sale would probably sub- weaken weaken competition in the-sales ment, in the name of "protecting" the of business jets in this country." I wasn't American c onsum k er mar et, engineering the surrender of one of the best U.S.- built jets to a foreign nation, and in the process destroying one of our important manufacturing resources for a type of highly sophisticated machinery which our security requires. ALSO vitally affected are the several hundred people in the Oklahoma plant whose livelihood has been threatened by this whim of the Justice Department. This matter was brought to my atten- tion by Mr. Atherton Bean, chairman of the board of International Milling Co., of Minneapolis, Minn., whose corpora- tion owns and uses the jet Commander. They have been advised that by this transfer of manufacturing rights to a foreign nation they can expect the value of their aircraft to decrease by as much as 50 percent. Of course, future servicing, parts, mod- ifications, and so forth, must be affected by virtue of the fact they now own a plane whose manufacturer is situated in an area of continuous political tension and turmoil. Mr. Bean well makes the point. in a letter of protest to the Anti- trust Division of the Justice Department that they may have "protected" Inter- national Milling Co. and other aircraft owners into not only a substantial loss on resale value of the aircraft but also into possible future disastrous accidents through possible decreased competency and availability of the new foreign man- ufacturers. worrying over a changed competitive situa- tion. I was making the point that your action undermines the confidence of the present owner and the future possible purchaser of a Jet Commander now in service for its safety and modification for its continuous modern- ization. You simply comment that the "pur- chaser appears (italic is mine) to be an established and competent aircraft man- ufacturer . ." Do your people seriously believe that Israel Aircraft is the technical equal for our purposes of Rockwell-Stand- ard? Do they really think that a manufac- turer situated in an area of continuous polit- ical tension and turmoil is as good a source of servicing and parts, etc. as an American manufacturer in Bethany, Oklahoma, or Southern California-as dependable a source of continuous modification technology? Jet planes are not automobiles and the people who buy them, though they may already be dealing with Butler Aviation and have a degree of confidence in their operation, still know that the source of parts and modifica- tion technology is in the future by your ac- tion to be a company new to an exotic area of the aircraft business, distant in geography and politically and militarily exposed. I suggest that this is a clear case of doc- trinaire antitrust philosophy applied with either cynical or playful disregard of the in- terests of a whole group of American execu- tives and American companies and of the American economy. The allegation is made that this was done in order to protect us. Now the people who buy jet planes at net prices from $600,000 to $2 or $3 million are not children in the economic wilderness. If there is any group in the U.S. economy which should not have government time and money expended for its "protection," this is surely trust laws is incredible to me, and while We strongly suspect that you have "pro- the entire a isode appears tected" us into a substantial loss on the re-to be csed I 1 the facts certainly need to set out in the tect d' us into a future di astrous acci ent. cold light of day to the end that this sort There is a line in Oscar Hammerstein's li- of action is not repeated. I insert Mr. bretto for "The King and I" that fits our Bean's letter to Mr. Donald F. Turner, situation perfectly: "If allies are strong with Assistant Attorney General, Antitrust Di- power to protect me, might they not protect vision, protesting this matter in the REC- me out of all I own?" ORD at this point: Your advisers have gone completely off INTERNATIONAL MILLING, balance on this one. There is, of course, Minneapolis, Minn., October 4,1967. nothing that we can do about it now because Mr. DONALD a TURNER, your desires have been met and our interests M Assist Attorney r. DONt D F. General, Antitrust Divi_ sacrificed to their philosophy. But I trust that the sion, U.S. Department of Justice, Wash- pedantry h will ll not t and be dam lost age of you s other ington, D.C. on you as other DEAR Ma. TURNER: Various Minnesota Sena- similar cases come to the fore for decision and action. This displayed thoroughly bad tors and Congressmen to whom I sent a COPY of my letter of August 30, 1967, protesting judgment. what seemed to us the unnecessary action of Yours very truly, your Department in requiring Rockwell- ATHERTON BEAN, Standard to divest itself of .the:,Jet Com- Chairman of the Board. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RRpppp69BD03ggR0002002900814 HOW CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ME clctober 2: , 1967 GIVE LIGHT AND THE DAILY NEWS DARTMOUTH STAGES A PARTY FOR of an absolute tyranny determined to destroy WILL STILL $E LOST THE ENEMY our culture? .. A "Russian Weekend" that carefully ana- (Mr. ASHEROOK (at the request of (IV r. ASH?BRObK (at the request of lyzed the strengths and weaknesses of our Mr. PETTIS) was granted permission to Mr. PETTIS) was granted permission to adversary, or compared and extolled the vir- extend his remarks at this point in the extend his remarks at this point in the tues of our American civilization with the RECORD and to include extraneous RECORD and to include extraneous mat- retrogressive Russian revolution, would be a real contribution to the public that has been matter.) ter.) invited to attend the observances. But an Mr. ASHBROOK. Mr: Speaker, the Mr. ASHBROOK. Mr. Speaker, last observance that affords a certain breed of Washington Daily News `has editorially weekend Dartmouth College held a sym- intellectuals an opportunity to sing hosannas indicated that they, too, will continue possum on the theme, "The Soviet Un- for their form of Paradise. Regained will be to call the Commissioner of the District, ion and the West-Evolving Contrasts another lost weekend on the calendar of "mayor," and will disregard both fact and Convergencies." The purpose of the American patriotism. and law. undertaking was to consider the achieve- If the colleges and universities, now so heavily supported by our tax dollars, would They plead guilty, at least in part, to ments of the Soviet Union from 1917 to Invest a tiny fraction of their time cele- the charges of the "Ashb'k swivet" di- date. It is to be hoped that during the brating, observing and fostering the concept ,. - rected against both the political ploy of weekend a period of mourning was ob- of human liberty and dignity under our con- the President and the propagation of it served for the literally millions of human stitutional form of government, this nation by the news media. 'beings who perished through Communist would be a far safer home of the free than 11 I assume that if such lofty pillars of aggression in the last 50 years. It is to be it is today. journalism as the News and the Star can hoped that the responsibilities of intellec- Instead of a party for the enemy here at the cradle of American freedom, Dartmouth call things what they are not-the Eve- tual honesty served to temper academic College might better guide its students and ning Star scooped the News to the same "freedom in recognizing the tremendous the visiting public along the constitutional Conclusion by several days-then why do loss to mankind inflicted by the Commu- highroad of individual liberty. not we all: Thus, for those wishing to nist movement on familial and religious join In, let me suggest that for openers, life, labor and--oh, yes-academic free- [From the Valley News, Oct. 16, 1967] these remarks will be appended by the dom. It is to be hoped that discussion of RUSSIAN REVOLUTION ANNIVERSARY WILL BE editorial clipped from the Washington Soviet technological advances included OBSERVED AT DARTMOUTH Daily "magazine." Why' not? Soviet missile sites and Mig planes and HANOVER~ The fiftieth anniversary of I am sure "it will not disturb several of their possible use against Dartmouth the Russian Revolution will be observed at the radio stations if we change their alumni in Vietnam. Dartmouth College by a Russian Weekend names and henceforth Identify them as No one in his right mind would cele- Oct. 19-21 (Thursday through Sunday). A symposium. "The Soviet Union and the television stations, or in reverse, iden- orate the anniversaries of Dachau and West-Evolving Contrasts and Convergences" tify TV stations, and their personalities, Buchenwald with film festivals and con- will be attended by many distinguished vis- as radio stations and radio personnel. certs. Rather, these are times for mourn- sting professors. Then,; of course, there will be radio ing. The Hopkins Center will contribute its when what we really mean is TV, and The Manchester Union Leader of Oc- full facilities for the arts to exhibitions of magazines when actually they are news- tober 19, 1967, carried a guest editorial Russian art, cinema, theater, and music. All papers when they are in truth magazines, by my good friend, Mel Thompson, of events will be open sponsored ublic. Russian the and on and on, ad nauseam. . Orford, on the Dartmouth symposium. department symposium, spons sponsor with the ssian of course, it is a bit ridiculous, but Like many other patriotic Americans, ance of the Student Council for Interna- "radio" is easier to write in a headline Mel simply cannot forget the American tional and Comparative Studies, will consider than "television" or 'magazine" and lives lost in Korea or Vietnam through the Soviet achievement since 1917. Partici- "newspapers" might get left out alto- Soviet aid. Nor can he dismiss the Soviet's pants include professors from Harvard, -gether since they have the longest count avowed purpose of domination of the free Columbia, MI'r, Swarthmore, NYU, Cornell Of all. world. and Dartmouth. If one looks, hard enough, one notices I include the editorial, "A Party for the Thursday afternoon the theme of Soviet that the motto of the. Washington baily Enemy," by Meldrim Thompson of Or- achievement will be highlighted by J. P. Nettl, visiting professor at NYU, in his key- "magazine" reads: "Give Light and the ford, from the Manchester, Union Leader note address. At other panels during the People Will Find Their Own Way." and the account of the Dartmouth obser- weekend Joseph Berliner, of Brandeis, and Let us hope so. In the controversy vation from the Valley News of October George Fisher, of Columbia, will discuss So- -over mayor versus Commissioner, the 16, 1967, in the RECORD at this point: VietEconomy and Society. George Gibian, of News is not helping much. Their motto [From the Manchester (N.H.) Union Leader, Cornell, and Thompson Bradley, of Swarth- "Give ~ Lis t and the Daily Oct. 19, 19671 more, will concern themselves with the art- News Will read: Still Be Lost." A PARTY FOR THE ENEMY 1st in a revolutionary society. At the confer- News Guest editorial b Meldrim Thompson of ence dinner, open only by invitation, Henry the editorial follows by Roberts, of Dartmouth, will speak on the .AYOR IT {} s Orford. Historicity of the Russian Revolution. Soviet When is a mayor not a mayor? When the ' `' * s " * politics and History will be the subject of law says he's a commissioner. The measure of how far we have drifted a discussion Saturday morning by Uri ,That's, not a line from q 'Gilbert & Sullivan as a nation on the sea of imbecility will be Ra'anan, of MIT, and Robert V. Daniels, of drawn this weekend on the Dartmouth Col- the University of Vermont. ditty, but a simple dedixctlon by which Con- essman John M. Ashbrook seems to. have lege campus. worked himself into quite a swivet. Concurrent with the symposium, The A grand party is being planned to celebrate Players will present "Uncle the t anniversary of an enemy who has Dartmouth by L Anton Chekov in the Studio The legislation which set up the District's sworn worn " "t o o bury" Americans, -presumably be- ya, y new government, the Ohio Republican re- neath the debris of a nuclear holocaust. Theater of Hopkins Center each evening at minds us, designates our chief magistrate as During this "Russian Weekend", there will 8:30 P.M. a commissioner, not a mayor. Mr. Ashbrook be dinners, discussion panels, concerts, art The Yale Russian Chorus will give a con- suggests that persistent use of the title of exhibits and a film festival, all draped around cert in Spaulding Auditorium at 8:30 p.m. mayor may be a piece of political skulldug- a symposium theme "The Soviet Union and Friday. This choral group, formed In 1954 by gery by "members of the 'Johnson Admin- the West-Evolving Contrasts and Conver- a small group interested in Russian culture, istration, especially the President." Moreover, gencies." The symposium, to be attended by has gained world-wide popularity from its he says, the White House has used news- many visting professors, will consider Soviet frequent tours abroad. Their program of papers as a patsy in this little ploy; they achievements f rpm 1917 to date. Russian music will include folk songs, bri- don't even use quote marks around "mayor." Surely, no honest American can doubt the gand ballads, and Cossack tunes. (There, we did.) tact that Russia is our sworn, enemy, The A Russian film festival has been in The members of the Johnson Administra- record is long, tragic and clear. Russian guns progress for two weeks sponsored by the Lion, "especially the President," will have to and equipment snuffing out American lives Dartmouth Film Society. Performances of fend for themselves. As for the newspapers- in Korea; Russian rockets implanted in Cuba "Ivan the Terrible" and "The End of St. Well, this newspaper, any'ay-we`re inclined and aimed at our heartland; and Russian Petersburg" were greeted with much enthu- to plead guilty, at least in part. materiel accounting for a large percentage of siasm. For the Russian Weekend the Film .No headline writer in 'his right mind is the 100,000 American casualties in Vietnam. Society will present "Ballard of Love" and going to refer to a public'official as commis- ' shat manner of madness afflicts us that, "There was an Old Couple" at 8:30 p.m. sioner, when he can get 'away with mayor. while our soldiers perish daily in distant rice Thursday In Spaulding Auditorium. Without quotes. Commissioner in a one- paddies from Russian mortar fire, a leading An exhibit in the Jaffe-Friede Gallery- column headline? Forget It, Cong. Ashb'k. American college celebrates the anniversary "Dada, Surrealism and Today"-will be open Approved For Release 2001/11/01; CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69BOU369R000200290081-4 October 24, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE committees without staff, as compared wltn those which have staff. One of the most serious operational difficulties that human relations com- missions face today as they attempt , to deal with the go. 1 priority problem in American society is a serious shortage of staff. The problem is serious because com- mission staff are so busy putting out fires of racial disharmony after they are lit, that they are unable to spend suffi- cient time on the creation of racial un- derstanding which is their long-range goal. - If a commission is to be successful, its staff members must 'develop contacts and relationships within the community they are serving..Insufficient staff also pre- '-. eludes the opening of neighborhood of- fires to deal with problems where they arise. Moreover, according to NAIRO Execu- tive Director Frederick Routh, there is no State agency with regulatory powers that does not have a serious backlog of claim cases before it. The career of compliance officer is a relatively new one, having come into ex- istence chiefly after the passage of nu- merous civil rights laws in the early 1960's. A compliance officer is a key man in any agency with regulatory powers, because he is responsible for the admin- istration of antidiscrimination laws. Re- gardless of a college graduate's majgr, he is a beginner in compliance when he joins a human relations commission. Only 2 years of on-the-job training will produce a good compliance officer. But the, field of human relations work is so new, the number of experienced people in the field so small, and the 'salaries ' offered so low, that no sooner does the staff' person gain experience than he leaves for a better job at higher pay in another city. It is not only apub- lic or private agency, at the city, State, or Federal level which recruits the human relations commission staff member. Hu- man relations work is so low paying, that a good person with several years' experi- ence is also offered higher salaries by other-and equally community service oriented -professlons,`"such ats urban de- velopment. Even at the beginning level, the human relations commission offers little employ- ment incentive. In many cities, the start- ing salary for an inexperienced compli- ance officer is less than the beginning salary for a teacher or welfare worker. tracted at the, lowest levels, there are not enough replacements for higher level people who are attracted elsewhere, and for the new posts being created every day. In the last year alone, according to a U.S. Conference of Mayors survey, 48 persons were added to city and county community relations commission staffs, bringing the total number of staff to 527 in 69 cities acid, six counties surveyed. Despite the fact that 96 of these com- missions increased their annual budgets in the same year, the mean staff size is still only three. The bill I have introduced today is designed to provide Federal help to official State and local human relations agencies to help them tackle this urgent nationwide emergency by providing funds to develop leadership on the local level. It will strengthen those human 're- lations commissions which are already staffed, and serve as an incentive to en- courage the contribution of local funds toward the staffing of the 200 commis- sions wihch still do not have permanent personnel. My bill amends title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which established the Federal community relations service. ,Under this legislation, the Attorney Gen- eral would be authorized to make grants to State and local public agencies and organizations engaged in programs de- signed to resolve disputes, disagreements, or difficulties relating to discriminatory practices based on race, color or national origin. The money would be used for the employment of necessary staff, and the acquisition, furnishing and procurement of necessary administrative support services-including office space, supplies and equipment, and travel expenses-for such agencies and organizations. The bill also contains a provision de- signed to insure that Federal aid will supplement and encourage local contri- butions to human relations agencies, and will in no case supplant such funds. Finally, a sum of $3 million is author- ized for the first year of the program. The suggestion for this legislation was originally made to me by David Glenn, the talented young director of the, Balti- Community Relations Comission. more I would like to include as part of my statement Mr. Glenn's letter describing the problems he and human relations directors throughout, the country, are facing today. I would welcome the support of my colleagues and their cosponsorship of this. legislation to strengthen the ca- pacity of local governments to deal with race relations problems. The letter referred to follows: BALTIMORE COMMUNITY RELATIONS COMMISSION, Baltimore, Md., July 27, 1967. HOD. CLARENCE D. LONG, House Office Building, Washington, D.C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN LONG: At the endof our meeting with the Mayor several weeks ago, you requested that I correspond with you relative to my suggestion that the Fed- eral government assume some of the re- sponsibility for staffing and otherwise subsi- dising local human relations commissions such as our own. I am bold enough to make this suggestion for two reasons. ' First of all, I think that recent events in urban centers throughout the country in- dicate that the Federal government not only has a responsibility but also a role to play in alleviating, or setting up machinery to alleviate, the problems which have caused the disorders which are now sweeping the County. Most of the local commissions which have enforcement powers administer laws which are basically adequate to Cope with the problems which need attention. If local commissions have any problem with respect to administering local laws, it is that these commissions do not have adequate staff to deploy on the various problems-specifically H 13919 employment and community organization- which deserve maximum attention under present conditions. I am aware of the fact that the Community Relations Service of the Department of Justice, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission have contacts and programs, to a limited degree, In the nhajor urban centers; however, these agencies, operating out of Washington, can never hope to be as effective as the local agencies which administer local laws, and which have intimate knowledge of the prob- lems in the areas they serve. Second, it seems to me that, where the en- forcement of Federal law is concerned (Civil Rights Act of 1964, etc.), the local agencies might be able to secure greater compliance than is now achieved through various Federal agencies with headquarters in Washington and regional offices around the country. hus, I return to my original point, namely, that the Federal government has a role to play, and that some kind of program and/or formula for assisting local human relations commissions in a realistic way should be immedibately devised. When I say realistic, I obviously am talking in terms of dollars and cents, since I believe that these commissions can only be effective if they have proper staff capable of "zeroing-in" on the multitude of problems which come within their pur- view. I think that the amount of money in- volved-while substantial in terms of the resources of local communities-would not be too great a burden for the Federal govern- ment, particularly in view of the potential benefits which would accrue to the local communities as well as the Federal govern- ment. Certainly, one of the side results of such an effort by the Federal government would be the possibility of getting a greater commitment to human relations commis- sions from cities which now have them; and, also the possibility of having those commu- nities, which do not presently have such commission, develop such agencies in their own locales. If you feel that my suggestion has any merit whatsoever,' I would be more than happy to sit down with you, and any others whom you would wish to include, to dis- cuss ways in which this idea might be effectuated. I appreciated having an opportunity to meet with you and the other members of the Congressional delegation, and I look forward to getting together with you again in the near future. Yours sincerely, Nr-: EGYPTIANS ATTACK ISRAEL SHIP "ELATH" (Mr. PURCELL was granted permis- sion to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. PURCELL. Mr. Speaker, the at- tack by Egypt on the Israel ship Elath is a deplorable act of aggression. This and the renewed fighting which is re- ported today is obvious evidence of the unwillingness of Nasser and his hench- men to live in a peaceful world side by side with the nation of Israel. It really matters not who fired the first shot today, and there are conflict- ing reports from the scene of battle. The aggressive act which renewed the tragic fighting was the attack by Egypt on the Israel ship Elath. Mr. Speaker, I had hoped the fighting was over. Obviously, this was wishful thinking. I urge our Government to take Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 Approved For Release 2001/11/01.: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 October 24, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE tion may be enacted into law on `the earliest possible date. SINKING THE "ELATH" !Mr. FARBS N (at the request of Mr. PURCELL,) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat-. ter.) Mr. FARBSTEIN. Mr. Speaker, the sinking of the Israel destroyer Elath, with the loss of some 51 Israel seamen, demonstrates beyond peradventure of a doubt which side in the. Middle East stands for peace and which side stands for war. We have heard a great deal of talk from various governments that Israel should withdraw to some earlier frontier, having no relation to its defense. The Elath incident points up how ridiculous that talk is, As the Times of London says in an editorial : Israel hoped for' two things as a result of the war ? * * recognition of her existence by the Arabs and more defensible frontiers. If;she cannot get the first, she will concen- trate on the secpnd and a new round of fighting is likely to lead to fresh territorial conquests by Israel 2Lr. Speaker, certainly the Arabs in tl1eir unprovoked attack on the Elath indicated they were spoiling for trouble. The incident cannot be overlooked. If the sovereign nations of the world can- not see to it that Israel is secure, then. Israel must see to it herself.. To say the least, I am deeply disap- pointed by the attitude of our own Gov- ernment to this act of unprovoked hos- tility. The State Department indicated that it finds the sinking "regrettable," but refused to criticize the Egyptians for it as if somehow both sides were equally to blame. I regard this position by our Govern- ment as unfortunate, For the United States, the act has particular significance, because it puts N o display a powerful Soviet weapon, per- h ps operated by Soviet technicians. Are we to let the Middle East be a proving ground for Soviet missiles and Israel be their target? I should hope that we shall not. The situation in the Middle East, Mr. Speaker, is dangerous once again. It is time for this country to assert itself to make certain there is no repetition which might touch,_Qff a general resumption of the fighting. LT. COL. TERRY ALLEN, JR. (Mr. WHITE (at the request of Mr. PURCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at. this .point in the RnCORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. WHITE. Mr. Speaker, the death of every serviceman in Vietnam is a great personal tragedy to someone- sometimes to many, sometimes to just a few. But, occasionally the death of one man seel}ls to capture the attention of the entire Nation, and to focus our thoughts anew on the challenge of the great war for freedom in which we are engaged. When 58 brave young Americans gave their lives in a bitter battle northwest of Saigon last week, Lt. Col. Terry Allen, Jr., was a battalion commander of the 1st Infantry Division. He had been twice decorated for bravery in combat before he gave his life in last week's action. Both the name of Terry Allen and the unit, the 1st Infantry Division, were al- ready legends in the field of U.S. mili- tary history. Colonel Allen's father, Gen. Terry Al- len, Sr., commanded the 1st Division, the Big Red 1, in its smash across North Africa in World War II. In peacetime, he was equally renowned as one of the Army's great polo players. Both father and son are products of my home city, El Paso, Tex. Both married into promi- nent pioneer El Paso families. The death of Colonel Allen, as you might expect, had a great personal impact on the peo- ple of El Paso. The E} Paso Herald Post expressed, I believe, the feeling of our community in its editorial of Thursday, October 19, written by Robert Lee, which I would like to place in the RECORD at this point: ONE OF MANY The name of Terry Allen is a notable one in El Paso, for Major General Terry Allen of this city was an authentic hero of World War II, the much decorated commander of the Big Red One Division. Thus it .is that news of the death of an- other Terry Allen-son of General Allen and a lieutenant colonel and Battallion Com- mander of the Big Red One in Vietnam-is perhaps of more than ordinary interest. Lieutenant Colonel Allen was a worthy son of a valiant father. He was twice decorated for heroism in recent months, and had es- tablished himself as an outstanding leader. Yet, Lieutenant Colonel Allen was only one of many young men from El Paso and from many other sections of our nation, who have lost their lives in Vietnam. Their names rep- resent a cross-section of America. No one death is more "important" than another- they are all terribly important to all of us. Each life lost, whether it is that of a high ranking officer or a private, increases the strains already evident in our country, and adds to the clamor to "pull out" or "get it over with". To pull out would be to make a mockery of all these men have died for. To get it over with means more loss of lives. We face an enemy with admittedly less financial resources than our own, and ad- mittedly less power. Yet one virtue they pos- sess-patience, or if you will, dogged deter- mination. They count on this for victory. They count on our impatience to cause us to quit. , Lieutenant Colonel Allen and the thou- sands of others slain in Vietnam possessed the determination to win. The test is whether the rest of us possess the same. (Mr. . CONYERS (at_ the request of Mr. PURCELL) was granted permission to extend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) [Mr. CONYERS' remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix,] (Mr. OLSEN (at the request of Mr. PURCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) [Mr. OLSEN'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] ri 13925 HOW THE OEO WORKS IN TROY, MO. (Mr. HUNGATE (at the request of Mr. PURCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. HUNGATE. Mr. Speaker, the fol- lowing article appeared in newspapers in my district October 5 and 6, 1967: OEO MAKES CLAIM ON TROY TRAINING KANSAS CITY.-Troy, Mo., was cited Wednesday by a federal official as an example of where careful investment of tax funds have produced tangible results. Don Thomason, director of the North Cen- tral Region of the Office of Economic op- portunity, said in a speech at a regional meeting of the Better Business Bureau Wednesday that in two months time there have been 100 families in the Lincoln Coun- ty seat of about 1,800 persons who have be- come self-supporting through the program. "A manpower coordinator hired for the area served by the Daniel Boone Human De- velopment Corporation immediately or- ganized a high school equivalency class of 165," he said. He said that during July and August 100 people had been placed in jobs, and of these about 90 per cent were heads of families and over 60 per cent had been referred to the program by the Welfare Department. Their average monthly salary is now approximately $281.45, and two earn over $600, he said. The net gain in monthly salaries in the Troy area of $28,145 is impressive, he said. This claim was both interesting and startling to me since I live in Troy, Mo. One hundred families would represent about 400 people-at four to a family or some 22 percent of the 1,800 people the poverty press release says live in the Lin- coln County seat of Troy. I wrote to find out who my 400 for- tunate neighbors were. I found out that when the OEO says Troy, it means Lin- coln, Franklin, Warren, St. Charles, and Montgomery Counties in Missouri. So you must translate Troy, Mo., to in- clude over 3,000 square miles and that means to include the population of those five counties. So you should translate 1,800 people into 132,000. Unfortunately, this ruins your percentage of social bet- terment because your Increase goes from 22 percent to .001 percent. When I at last received the list of the 100 families, by then I should have real- ized it would not contain 100 names. It did not. It contained 125. And, of the 125, 18 were from Lincoln County. This does not necessarily mean they were from Troy, but let us give the poverty program the benefit of the doubt because they will take it anyway. Of these 18, two have become self- supporting by working for the poverty program, I suppose this is "Operation Bootstrp,p." Twelve of the remaining residents of Greater Troy have been made so self-supporting that they now earn from $156 to $208 per month. I recognize some of the names as recent high school graduates who might have found a job and gone to work after getting out of high school even without a poverty program. None of the 18 from Lincoln County have been made self- supporting at a rate as high as $400 per month. The about 1,800 persons the OEO found in Troy does represent a substantial part of the actual population of Troy, which Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 Approved For Release 2001/11/01 CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 'HOUSE October 24, 1967 is 2,416. 1 defer h their Mathematician as to whether this error, is 25 percent or. 331/a percent. If success like this, can be continued, we may even see the day when the proj ect officials, Whom I am assured now earn more than '$156 a month, will become self-supporting. (Mr. COHELAN (at the request of Mr. PTiRCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend, his ;`remarks at, this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) [Mr. COHELAN'S remarks will appear hereafter in the Appendix.] NORTH . CAROLINSEt,LS TO THE WO DD (Mr. FOUNTAIN (at tlq request of Mr. PURCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend, ide remarks at this paint iiithe REc- oan'and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. FOUNTAIN. Mr. $peaker, a few days ago a trade mission from North Carolina left on.a 3-wee trip through South America, seeking new trade and investment opportunities for North Caro- lina businesses. The 12-ma,n team was or- ganized _by the State of North Carolina, with assistance from the U.S. Depart- ment of Commerce. Before they left, the members met with Secretary of Com- merce Trowbridge, for an all-day briefing on the South American market situation, and for tips on how to expand exports. Oov. Dan K. Moore hosted ,a reception for the group and for the ambassadors of countries that the trade mission will visit, as part of the sendafl ceremonies. The itinerary includes Venezuela, Peru, Chile, and Brazil. This practice of sending trade missions overseas is not a new experience for North Carolina busi- nessinen. Last year, a similar group went toEurope where they made on-the-spot sales of $170,000 and established contacts having an estimated sales potential of $10 million for the future. This year's group includes: Edward L. Mercaldo, export consultant, North Caro- lina State Department of Conservation and Development, will head the group: Other members are J. it. Berkelham- nier, 'director of sales, ' United Brass Works, Inc., Randleman, N.C.; P. H. Brown, president, P. H. Brown & Asso- ciates Inc., Raleigh; H. J. Caldwell, presi- ent, Charlotte Aircraft, Charlotte; John Votta, export manager, Wica Chemicals, Inc., Charlotte; R. G. Gurley, president, Gurley -Milling Co., Selina; James A. Hackney', president, J. A. Hackney & Sons, Inc., Washington; Roger I1Knight, presi- dent, Winton Products o., Charlotte; Paul A. Linney, manager of international operations, Aeroglide Corp., Raleigh; -Clarence M. Robbins, sales manager, Long Manufacturing Co., Tarboro; Don- ald Kuntz, vice president' Superior Con- tinental Corp., Hickory, and Harvey Dia- mond, president, Plastic-lac, Inc., Char- lotte. The way to create more fobs and higher profits is to go out there and sell. The North Carolina. trade mission demon- strates that we are ready and able to do t)XCKEY-LINCOLN PROJECT (Mr. CLARK (at the request of Mr. -PURCELL) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous mat- ter.) Mr. CLARK. Mr. Speaker, it seems al- most, incredible to me that today, or some time, this week or next we are to be called upon to reconsider the Dickey-Lincoln project. Rejected by a majority of 64 votes within recent weeks, we are asked to ac- cede to the unreasonable demands of the Senate in appropriating additional funds for this wasteful project. We are asked to accede to our sister legislative body in the face of the fact that'2 years ago the legislative papers of this project were literally stolen-frus- trating the then and now will of this House-and leaving us in a completely untenable legislative position: accept the entire. public works authorization bill or .reject it all over this worthless project. I am normally a reasonable and calm man, but I cannot stand in this Chamber and see such a project pass. I cannot ac- cept in good faith any move made from this floor to accede to the Senate on a matter, in which extremely bad faith has been clearly exhibited. Mr. Speaker, rarely, if at all, have I known of lobbying efforts as practiced on such a scale for this wasteful, duplica- tory, obsolete, taxeating project. Its sup- porters have reached to some of the highest places in the land to actively lobby for it. Mr. Speaker, the view of this House is more than abundantly clear-we have rejected and rejected this project-we have been sidetracked and maneuvered; but I believe our resolution and determi- nation is clear-save the taxpayers-the weary taxpayers of this Nation-reject finally this turkey of gold. A TRIBUTE TO LT. CHARLES WILLIAM (BUTCH) DAVIS (Mr. NICHOLS (at the request of Mr. PURCEI,L) was granted permission to ex- tend his remarks at this point in the RECORD and to include extraneous matter.) Mr. NICHOLS. Mr. Speaker, one of the niiost tragic events in the recent his- tory of our country occurred here in the Nation's Capital last weekend. The tradegy of this so-called peace, demon- stration is not that it happened here or that some of the soldiers and marshals were injured preventing a mass takeover of the Pentagon. Neither was it tragic that it cost the American taxpayer an untold amount of money to protect their military nerve center and to clean up after Dr. Spock and his flower children. It is sad, but not tragic, to see the dirty, bearded, shaggy young people who flocked to the Capital to participate in this, fiasco. We can hardly feel sorry for the adults, or I should say, older people who were. on hand. All this is unfortu- nate, but not tragic. The real tragedy of this demonstration over the weekend came, in my estima- tion, from the messages of congratula- tions gent-t6 the- marchers from officials of North Vietnam and the Vietcong. There should be no doubt in. anyone's mind now that such public outbursts of opposition to our Nation's policies give aid and comfort to our enemies. Article three of our Constitution states, and I quote: Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. Mr. Speaker., these demonstrators were adhering to our enemies and giving them aid and comfort just as surely as Bene- dict Arnold gave aid and comfort to our enemies years ago. Because of their ac- tions and their demonstrations, our enemies of today will continue and even strengthen their fight to take over South- east Asia. Many of these demonstrators cry loudly for "negotiations now." Why should the enemy negotiate when the world press proclaims that the American public is against the war? They will never negotiate as long as there might be a chance that we will give in to the peaceniks and get out of Vietnam, While the flower children were demon- strating against a cause they know noth-.' ing about, the town of Tallassee, Ala.,` was mourning the death of a young man who had given. his life for this cause and for our country. Lt. Charles William Davis died as a result of enemy action in the Mekong Delta in South Vietnam. Lieutenant Davis was not-a draft-dodger, physically unfit or a misfit, as were many of those at the Pentagon Saturday. As a result, he was killed fighting to protect the freedoms that each of us in America, including those demonstrators, enjoy. This demonstration was headlines in every major newspaper in the world this weekend. Every television and radio sta- tion carried it as their lead story. Not one word of all that was worth as much to me as a small article on the second page of last 'Thursday's Tallassee Tri- bune. This article was a tribute to the memory of Lieutenant Davis, written by a former high school classmate of his. 'Mr. Speaker, I insert this article to be printed in the RECORD in its entirety: A TRIBUTE TO LT. CHARLES WILLIAM (BUTCH) DAVIS (By Nan Bragg, 1962-63 editor, Talla-Hi News) It is hard for many of us to accept the war in Vietnam. and what is happening over there. Right now It is especially hard for the people of Tallassee because on October 6, 1967, a very clear friend of everyone, young and old alike, was killed in action in the Mekong Delta area of South Vietnam. Twenty-four year old Charles William "Butch" Davis was known for his smiling face and great personality. This is well illus- trated in the nickname "Monkey" which his friends at Marion Institute gave him and which he carried to Jacksonville State Uni- versity..He was a casual friend of thousands and a close friend of many. If you met Butch even one time, I am sure you know what it means to say he is unforgettable. If you got down in the dumps, Butch was always there to cheer you up and if he couldn't do it, then you might as well forget it because it couldn't be done. Football has always been close to Butch's heart and this can be seen as he is remember- ed as the captain of the 1961 Tallassee High School football team. That was the year Tal- lessee won the Border Conference champion- Approved For Release 2001/`11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE STILL PAR APART The original strike deadline was July 1, but the contract with eight copper companies ryas extended by the USW and 17 other anions to July 15. The extension hardly two th e seems to have been necessary, since Sides were nowhere near reaching any agree- Went, They're still far apart. the t as Not that they've been as far apar labels that each side put on their offers and deiaands might indicate. That's one reason they've been able to avoid knocking heads on the issues. The'different method each side uses for evaluating its own position and that of its adversary has muddled up the dispute even before haggling over the terms could start. Copper makers presented offers that they said amounted to wage-and-benefit increases of about 50 cents an hour over three years. The union countered with demands that it as ~- didn't publicly lapel, out wiiic ?~ stood to-value at around $1.20 an hour over three years. Ostensibly this was a simple enough, though sizable, bargaining gap. But the in- n -- s,..y -- complex: The companies, for instance, say Dth the compa y really years. (Some industry analysts say the together. The United Auto Workers, for cost the un$2 a ion's ohour, m demands And the union cost of the package is closer to $1; while com- instance, had hundreds of various shop ;e companies es are $ really o the offering union only panies tend to boost union estimates of de- figurees figures the py negotiations, they often scale rules in conflict but they sat down with 40 cents. What little talking there has been m ands during during t sons, a victory.) the company and worked them out and (and until the last few weeks, there has been down ends settlements About 500 members of various locals at an finally reached a solution. We have had extremely that side has centered around arguing Anaconda Co. mine in Nevada then offered to complete failure, in the copper strike, of or that the demanding isn't offering as much, g as little, as it claims. accept identical wage and fringe benefits, these people getting together. A key factor in this inability to agree on but Anaconda quickly squashed the proposal Kennecott got together only after Gov- what the disagreement amoaints to is the as too costly, saying the miners would be ernor Rampton, of Utah, knocked some concept of ` "impact," sometimes called offered an agreement like the one finally ar- heads together and said, "YOU have got "creep" by copper industry officials. This in- rived at in talks at main Anaconda bargain- to sit down and bargain." voles the effect of any wage increase on ing with the USW. certain labor costs directly tied to-wage rates, The union called the Pima agreement an But even that failed. Even talking such as overtime pay. The companies insist example of "realistic collective bargaining" about the rhea United program S et in the samealan- ge by can boost the cost a wage that iggert ompan es. Un on' officials "duplicated" said some age b 20%. The union says s such reasoning betel give and take" led to the settlement. Governor Rampton suggested that they is highly questionable. come in with a counter offer, said that In any event, the two parties successfully But the companies say Pima's operations would come in with Something ux1- resisted for some time getting beyond this aren't comparable to those of the bigger they $1. argument over definition. Even when the concerns. union and Kennecott Copper Corp. were Why this reluctance to get down to cases, As pointed out in the article published pushed into more consequential discussions after three months of strike? The reasons in the Wall Street Journal, which my col- by Utah Gov. Rampton three weeks ago, the are far from clear. "I know there's something league has placed in the RECORD, it was gum 99 cents so far as the steelworkers were - argument remained-and a new one of sim- not above board, but I don't know what it is. lIar character cropped up. Maybe history will record it, I can't," says concerned, and around $1.50 so far as con company a was around $1.5 Now surely ',lwheUSW scaled down its demand to what one government official. cial. COn it said amounted to about 99 cents an hour. The union charges that the companies are More like $1.57, said Kennecott. Not only did stalling things so that the strike will start to they could resolve the conflicts, when the in. In y it ignore "impact," the company said, but pinch the nation enough to force the Gov- auditors nee mute thema few hours the it They should s union figures on pension improvement costs ernment to avoid resisting a price increase should were 15 cents an hour too low. Kennecott thus once the contract is settled. The industry down and work them out. accused the USW of reneging on its promise says the USW won't be reasonable until it There can be no collective bargaining to detail a 99-cent demand. gets its previously stated goal of industry- when someone nts in env corner and For nearly two- weeks, platoons of cost ac- wide bargaining, instead of the current com- when sitsr and they will not countants haggled over whose methods were pany-by-company talks; the union says it someone in anoth more up to date until, finally, the parties wants uniform wages and benefits, but meet together. reached an agreement : Not to settle the total doesn't care that much about industrywide The Pima settlement should be the pat- contract dispute nor on the valuation of each bargaining. tern for the settlement of the whole cop- side's", position, nor even which pension ac- It's quite possible that internal considera- per industry. The Anaconda Co. iI,1 Utah coUnting system was correct. Kennecott sim- tions bear on the length of the strike. One has about the same numbers, about the pip agreed to supply some "underlying data," industry man says the slow pace of talks same problems, and about the same while the USW promised to . "do some more stems mainly from "power struggles" in both work" on its pension costing. the union and company ranks. "We both working conditions as Pima. They should "That point could have been cleared up in know we're going to have to compromise, but have been started and we should have two hours, much less two weeks," says one other things will have to be settled first." had a cascading settlement after the Utah government official. YOUNGER AND MORE FLEXIBLE Pima agreement was reached. Meanwhile, whenever Federal or state At the companies, industry sources say, a Kennecott has stated that there is no government people tried to move the bar- number of younger men who have recently pattern at all, that there is no reason gaining ahead, the two sides reacted angrily, filled executive positions are more inclined whatever to continue collective berg .in- One official publicly relayed the union's pro- to compromise, but considerable say-so still ing. Therefore we still do not have posal to ask for 99 cents an hour, and lies with the older, less flexible industry anything. 1~;ennecott assailed him for "endorsing" the leaders. As for the union, the copper concerns union's valuation of its demand. at least insist that the USW is taking an es- Anaconda, Kennecott, and Phelps "THAT'LL SUIT US" pecially hard line because it wants to show Dodge should do just as the Ford Motor d t as the truckers us s At a negotiating session early this month b tween the union and Kennecott, a Federal ediator made several suggestions and corn- i$ents until a union representative asked him to keep silent. He then said, "That's fine with me. in fact, I won't even come to to- morrow's session," The reply: "That'll suit us." Last Thursday the Kennecott-USW talks Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 S'15175 broke down amid recriminations by each side sides tmnK tney u- e~~ w - - that the other wouldn't bargain in good faith. if the Federal Government steps in than in And Utah Gov. Rampton, who has been in- collective bargaining. This is always problem- sistent that the parties get together more atical, of course; frequently, unions think often and get down to business when they do they don't get as much when the Govern-and companies meet, been clubbed a couple of times by ofment ten supervises a bey'retflor ed to give away too KennecOt nnecott. ___ __ _ t h that may di e muc re c cents of 75 cents an hour, about halfway be- tween the union's demand of 99 cents and Kennecott's offer on June 7 of 50.6 cents. "Both the company and the union know this," he said, "and yet neither will come closer than 24 cents to this, even though they know they have got to move toward a central position." Kennecott quickly said the governor "had absolutely no authorization on the part of the company to make any statement con- cerning a company attitude as to an area in which this year's negotiations might be set- tled." One breakthrough opportunity seemed to appear a week ago, when locals of the Steel- workers and several other unions reached a the other unions and its new mining mem- Co. has done an J bership that it's tough. The union could also have done. We do not want to tell them be flexing its muscles in advance of the 1968 what their settlement should be, but they steel bargaining. The Mine, Mill and Smelter should sit down and make collective bar- Workers Union, which previously bargained gaining work, or the people of America separately with the copper industry, merged g that they with state government t official believes both will step going inanget so d take tired it over. Approved For Release 2001/11/01 : CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 luc ~vrv t,..,..._.... __... _ "_ hard-core negotiations because the nation's supply of copper, plus that available abroad, has proved to be surprisingly large. When the pinch comes, the picture is likely to change, especially if the Government decides it better move. Until then, the strike goes on-as the two sides artfully dodge any op- portunities for settling it. Mr. METCALF. Mr. President, will the Senator from Montana yield? Mr. MANSFIELD. I yield. Mr. METCALF. I heartily concur with the remarks of my distinguished col- league. Collective bargaining must be just that: Collective bargaining. The people who are confronted with these problems X15176 Approved For Release 2001/11/01: CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE October Let ,me say one word about the Taft- Mr. METCALF. Again, the most im- Artley law. One of; the unfair features portant thing for the unions in the cop- ;i5f the Taft-Hartley law is the proposi- per industry and for the executives of tion that an injunction can be sought at the copper industry to do is to sit down any time, and negotiate and settle this strike. There We should have provided in the Taft- is no work in the management of that Hartley law, of course, that when the business, and in the management of public interest becomes involved during union affairs, more important than to a strike, the Federal Government should negotiate, as my colleague has stated, step in and state, "We want an injunc- 24 hours a day if need be, in order to tion early in this strike." It would be reach a settlement. most unfair for us to come in now and This business of meeting only 1 say, as a matter of public interest, after hour a week is nonsense. It is destroying 100 days of a strike, that we should in- the economy of many States and it is voke an injunction of 80 days under the destroying the whole process of collective Taft-Hartley law, which would be around bargaining, the Christmas, holidays, and then strike Mr. MANSFIELD. It is up to the all over again in thq middle of winter, unions and companies, not to the Federal especially in Montana., and then have to Government, to settle this strike, and to go through this process all over again. settle it on the basis of free collective I hope that we do not look to the Taft- bargaining. Hartley law. I know that we have a suf- le Z_J ficient supply of copper to take care of A NEW CRI r THE MIDDLE EAST our military needs. I wish that the peo- ple at Anaconda, Kellneeott, and Phelps Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, I rise to- Dodge, and the United Steelworkers day to say a word about a new crisis in would start to negotiate, and instead of the Middle East. the art of nonbargaining, demonstrate The Middle East and a nervous world the art of bargaining collectively. face a new crisis today over the sinking I thank my colleague for yielding to this past weekend of Israel's destroyer, me. Elath. This violent breach of the cease- Mr. MANSFIELD.,I agree with my fire, following other outbreaks of sporadic colleague about the inadvisable use of fighting on land, sea, and in the air, could Taft-Hartley in this situation. If it is well shatter in a tragic instant the i b ever go ng to e invoked, it should be in- tenuous truce in the area. voked at the beginning of a strike and I hope very much that Israel will re- not after it has gone on for 3 or 4 months. strain a very understandable military re- Its nullifying effect is so evident as to action in force since a new round of make it practically worthless, full-scale warfare could seriously endan- So far as the Government is con- ger efforts to effect a peace. However, if cerned, to the best of my knowledge, and Israel exercises such restraint, the other I think I speak with a;degree of author- nations, especially the major powers, Ity, there will be no release of copper must face up to their responsibilities and from the stockpile, and there is no inten- at once. tion on the part of the Government to First, negotiations for a peace settle- Interfere otherwise in the present strike. ment cannot now be deferred. It is the It is our hope and the hope of all of us in duty of the United States and the other the copper-producing States, especially major power members of the Security in Montana, that the process offree col- Council of the U.N. to press for such lective bargaining between the compa- negotiations promptly. As peace negoti- riies and the unions will operate as it ations demand concurrence of the started to operate briefly in Butte on parties, direct negotiations between Tuesday and Wednesday of last week. Israel and the Arab States, are really the It is my understanding that at the first only way; true peace cannot be imposed meeting there were in excess of 100 from outside by third parties. Since Israel union representatives f{om all over the is in possession of territories the Arab country as well as officials from Ana- States wish to have returned, the United conda. I believe it would be better if States and the other powers should be fewer union officials met with the com- able to bring the Arab States to some panies concerned. I believe it would be a form of direct negotiations at this time. good idea if the officials, of the Mediation' Second, the Soviet Union must be and Conciliation Service were used as warned that its crash program of rearm- go-betweens, But I do want to say that ing the United Arab Republic and other in the .interest of the people whom we Arab States-not only in quantity but represent, the time is long past due when with the latest in advanced sophisticated both the companies and the unions met weaponry-has again reached a peril around the negotiating, table, operating point of endangering world peace. This on a day-to-day basis and, if need be, on needs to be said openly and publicly by a 24-hour basis, in order to achieve a the United States in and outside of the settlement before winter steps in. Only United Nations. in, that way can the difficulties which Since 1948, the peace of the Middle have confronted the people of Montana East has been shattered by three full- for over 100 days now, be alleviated to scale wars between Israel and the Arab some degree. States, plus innumerable skirmishes, bor- The fact is, we are losing many good der raids, terrorism, economic warfare, people, people who are going to the coast boycotts and blockades, propaganda and and elsewhere,. We do not want to lose diplomatic assaults. How long world these Montanans but a number, I under- peace can survive under these conditions stand, have nevertheless departed the and under sudden emergencies like the State; .a factor that alone demonstrates attack and sinking of the Elath Is just too the grave effect this impasse is having, dangerous to risk. 24, 1967 A massive and aggressive effort, espe- cially of U.S. diplomacy, is urgently re- quired. Considering the posture of both Israel and the Arab States, a formula for at least undertaking negotiations can be found. The only way, in my judgment, to supersede! the new crisis atmosphere clearly indicating a resumption of hos- tilities is by peace negotiations between the principal parties and an end to the Soviet-spurred arms race in the Middle East. The hour is late; let us not hold off decisive action until it is beyond recall. I ask unanimous consent to have 2 additional minutes. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. CLEAN AIR: OUR MOST BASIC RESOURCE Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, i call at- tention to a fine, 14-page report recom- mending a five-point program on clean air, by the Republican Coordinating Committee, and ask unanimous consent that it should be printed in the RECORD as a part of my remarks. There being no objection, the report` was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: CLEAN AIR: OUR MOST BASIC RESOURCE The principal sources of air pollution are the combusti0ti processes which lie at the heart of many of our most vital industries and services-transportation, heating, elec- tric power, and incineration. Indeed, a com- pletely combustion-free society would be most primitive. We must realize that pollu- tion is a byproduct of our highly developed economy, and learn to think of the cost of adequate control measures as a price we pay for enjoying an advanced standard of liv- ing. The harmful effects of air pollution are numerous and widespread. Statistical and laboratory evidence appears to link a number of respiratory diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, and pos- sibly lung cancer wtih concentrations of air pollution. For example, the lung cancer death\ rate in large metropolitan areas is twice the rural rate, even after full allowance is made for differences in smoking habits. Scientists believe that this may be explained in part by the higher levels of air pollution gen- erally found In urban centers. Levels of carbon monoxide found in heavy traffic may reduce driver alertness and reac- tion time and correspondingly increase the probability of automobile accidents. In each of six cities where recent measurements were made in traffic, at least 10 percent of the samples exceeded what is considered to be a safe concentration of carbon monoxide. Photochemical smog and other obstruc- tions to vision. caused by pollution can be physically irritating, and often hamper the safe operation of motor vehicles and air- craft. The Civil Aeronautics Board reported six aircraft accidents in 1962 in which smoke , haze, sand, or dust was listed as a contribu- tory cause. Air pollution damages crops and vegeta- tion. For example, in New Jersey pollution injury to 36 commercial crops has been re- ported, and in parts of Florida orange trees have been severely damaged. Air pollution disasters occur-given un- favorable weather conditions which permit the build-up of unusually high concentra- tions of pollutants. Six major episodes ac- companied by death and disease have been recorded over the past generation. Although complete scientific explanations of the relation of air pollution to specific health effects and other harmful occurrences Approved For Release 2001/,11/01 CIA-RDP69B00369R000200290081-4