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March 7, 1968
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Approved For Release 2005/11/21: CIA-RDP70B00338R0 0300070022-4 March 7, 1968 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Extensions of Remarks E 1633 The Solicitor General said pupil assign- ment is traditionally a government function that cannot be delegated to private persons to lend "encouragement" to segregation, es- pecially when geographic zoning and other "more promising alternatives" are easily available. Supporting the contentions of the NAACP Defense Fund, Griswold said geographic zoning or school "pairing" plans should be ordered for schools in New Kent County, Va., and Gould, Ark. He said courts should direct authorities in Jackson, Tenn., to redraw "gerrymandered" district lines and eleminate a "free transfer" provision there. Gardner Calls for Budget Cuts in Non- essential Areas To Allow for $250 Mil- lion Increase in Federal Housing for the Poor HON. JAMES C. GARDNER OF NORTH CAROLINA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 6, 1968 Mr. GARDNER. Mr. Speaker, I joined yesterday with eight of my Republican colleagues in the House to call for a mas- sive $6.5 billion cut of nonessential items in the President's budget that would al- low Congress to redirect $2.5 billion to meet urgent human needs and urban crisis in our Nation. This administration has consistently refused to exercise the political integrity required to establish positive national spending priorities. Bowing to political expediency, it has allowed its attention to drift from our most pressing human and urban needs. Congress cannot allow this drift to continue. What we have out- lined here is a new set of priorities which reflect the impact of a major domestic crisis on a war-strained economy. The Republican "Human Renewal Fund" would allocate $2.5 billion addi- tional to governmental incentive pro- grams in the categories of jobs, education, housing, pollution control, crime, rural revitalization, and the District of Columbia. As a member of the House Education and Labor Committee I have repeatedly expressed special interest in Federal pro- grams to encourage homeownership for the poor. Any attempt to meet the prob- lems of our cities and their residents must include a workable program to pro- vide safe, sanitary, and decent housing for those without a suitable home. This has been a national policy objective since the Housing Act of 1949. But, unfortu- nately, progress toward implementation has been limited to Government-owned housing, with totally inadequate results. The act of 1949 authorized and appro- priated funds for the production of 135,000 public housing units per year over a 6-year period for a total of 810,000 units. Twenty years later, we are still far short of accomplishing that total. The gap between promise and per- formance is growing. Congress, in the Housing Act of 1965, authorized and ap- propriated money for the construction of 60,000 low-income units per year with a projected total of 240,000 units for fiscal years 1966 through 1969. In 1967, the program was running at a rate of only 35,000 per year. The President, in his message on the "Crisis of the Cities," has called for a program for fiscal 1969 that would pro- duce 300,000 units at a cost of $1.4 bil- lion. The "Human Renewal Fund" that we have proposed would add an addi- tional $250 million to that figure. If the President's figures are correct, the in- crease should result in an additional 25,000 units in 1969. More importantly, our program, by using incentives through the free enterprise system will results in homeownership and self-respect rather than rentals and dependency. Of the seven programs outlined by the President, three clearly reflect Republi- can ideas. We urge that these practical approaches, which the President himself figures to produce half of the projected 300,000 new units, be fully funded. I am speaking, for instance, of the plan to enable low-income families to buy modest homes financed and built by the private sector. This is modeled on the Percy- Widnall housing bill, which I cosponsored last year, and is expected to produce some 85,000 new units. Another example is the program to involve private business in rehabilitation of 15,000 existing housing units in fiscal year 1969. This idea was originated by Congressman WILLIAM WIDNALL. A third proposal would make 75,000 units available through the public low-rent housing program, a substantial portion of which will be provided by the Republican rent certificates program. While there is no quick and easy means of providing good housing for the disad- vantaged, this measure would be a re- sponsible. step in the right direction. Too much has been said and too little done in the field of Federal housing programs. We would provide additional funds for an expanded approach which incorpo- rates the tested principles of self-help and the commitment of the vast energies and productiveness of the private sector. By bringing these important factors to bear, we are hopeful that the challenge of housing the Nation's poor can be met and overcome. a P__ More Trade With the Communists HON. JOHN R. RARICK OF LOUISIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, March 7, 1968 Mr. RARICK. Mr. Speaker, as fast as we destroy our time-honored loyalties with our stanch free world allies, we build bridges to Communist countries begging for trade with the enemy. Why should Russia and her Quisling puppets like Poland and Yugoslavia stop aiding in killing American boys in Viet- nam and Korea? Seems like the more of our boys they kill, the more favored treat- ment our leaders want to give them. I include a recent news clipping from the U.N. Conference on Trade and Devel- opment in New Delhi from the March 1 edition of the Washington Pravda fol- lowing my comments: [From the Washington (D.C.) Post, Mar. 1, 19681 TRADE WITH REDS NEW DELHi.-A State Department official said the United States is planning legislation to expand its trade with Communist coun- tries. John W. McDonald told a committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and De- velopment that America now has most-fa- vored-nation agreements with Poland and Yugoslavia and that President Johnson is seeking legislation to enable him to extend such agreements to other East European nations. VFW Voice of Democracy Contest HON. DAVE MARTIN OF NEBRASKA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, March 6, 1968 Mr. MARTIN. Mr. Speaker, the Veter- ans of Foreign Wars annually conduct a Voice of Democracy contest. Over 400,- 000 students throughout the country participate in this contest. The VFW awards five scholarships to the top five contests winners. James M. DeCamp, of Neligh, Nebr., which is located in the Third Congres- sional District was the Nebraska win- ner. I am very much impressed by his speech which I list below for the benefit of the House: VFW VOICE OF DEMOCRACY CONTEST Where will you find me? What do I look like? I'll tell you. I have the strength and beauty of youth and the wisdom and experience of age. I'm anywhere and everywhere in this great land of ours. I'm there when you walk into church on Sunday and hear the entire con- gregation sing, "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God." And I'm there when your neighbor- walks into his church and says, "Hail Mary, full of Grace." Yes, and I'm there when the little neighbor boy makes his Bar Mitzvah in the synagogue down the street. My Name is Democracy, American Demo- cracy to be exact. And I speak for myself-I speak for democracy. I was born out of an impossible dream a group of English rebels had nearly two hundred years ago. They didn't know enough to give up against overwhelming odds when the British armies tried to crush them. And I guess I haven't known enough to give up either. There have been times when my life was in grave danger. Times when I was ashamed. Like when my sons clad in blue and grey fought a savage civil war to test whether I might be allowed to live or not. Nearly one hundred years later I watched in sorrow as thousands of sandy haired sons fell and spilled their blood on a beach called-Normandy. Yes, and I watched with a heart bursting pride when a dying 20-year-old lad on a Pacific isle called Iwo Jima raised his head to tell his commander-who happened to be his own father-I'm feeling pretty good, Sir. Tell Mother I love her and make her understand it was worth it." And then he died. His Mother and tens of millions of other American women understood why it was worth it. They understood enough to volun- teer for the Army, Navy and the Air Force- to become nurses, jeep drivers and teachers. They understood enough to work at ammuni- tion factories, airplane factories and as civil- ian volunteers at service clubs. You know, I get disturbed sometimes with the way some of my people treat me. I've Approved For Release 2005/11/21: CIA-RDP70B00338R000300070022-4 Approved For Release 2005/11/21: CIA-RDP70B00338R000300070022-4 I+:1634 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Extensions of Remarks March 7, 1968 given my people just about everything they could,possibly want. They have more free- dom, more opportunity, more wealth in this land of America than anyplace else on this Cod's green earth. And sometimes, it becomes necessary to defend this freedom, this oppor- tunity, this luxury we enjoy. Yet these very people who partake most fully of all these freedoms, are so often the very ones who are the first to refuse to defend this free- dom. Some burn their draft cards. Some openly help the enemy. And far, far too many are helping those who would destroy me sim- ply by doing nothing. Today I need my sons to defend me in a land called. Viet Nam. Most of them are do- ing it. And a lot of them have fallen forever in. the nameless rice paddles of Viet Nam. I'm proud of them for it. Yes, I've had a rich and a full life. And I speak for myself, I speak for democracy. And speaking, I ask you my people, to let me live. That's right, I, Democracy, am begging you, my people, for my very life, for without you I am nothing. I a mnothing more than the people who share me. But with you guiding me. and being guided by me-with you protecting me and being pro- tected by me-with your cherishing me and being cherished by me, I am the most pow- erful force for peace and freedom ever un- leased in this world. I can give dignity to men and hope to the oppressed. I can change lands of famine to lands of plenty. I can make the impossible dreams of the world possible. I can lead men to beat the unbeat- able foe. I can lead men to reach the un- reachable stars. But will you, my people, let me live? Will you protect me? Will you defend me? Will you continue to give me life? I have the an- swer to that question. I have it and I will give it to you. The answer-is-what you make it! The Nurse Training Act of 1964 HON. TORBERT H. MACDONALD OF MASSACHUSETTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, March 7, 1968 Mr. MACDONALD of Massachusetts. Mr. Speaker, all of us in the Congress take pride in the series of laws enacted during the past few years to alleviate this country's severe shortage of health manpower. The Nurse Training Act of 1964 is one of these landmark acts. Under this act, 73 schools of nursing have been assisted with the construction of teaching facili- ties. These will provide about 9,000 more places-including 2,900 new first-year places-and improve 12,000 places in schools which were in poor physical con- dition. In his health message, President John- son has requested the extension and im- provement of the assistance now pro- vided to nursing schools and students under the act. If we are to succeed in relieving the nurse shortage and in meeting the needs of our growing population-if we are to assure all of our people adequate nurs- ing care-the assistance to schools and students of nursing provided under this act must continue. President Johnson's proposal is direct- ed toward this end. It extends the pro- gram of Federal grants to aid the con- struction of teaching facilities in schools of nursing. It assures the schools- the fi- nancial support they must have to keep pace with modern nursing practice while accommodating larger enrollments. It supports their efforts not only to im- prove curriculums but also to develop new programs or needed modifications in existing programs of nursing education. And it offers significant incentives to help recruit nursing students. Together, these programs-some of them broadened from the original act- constitute a powerful attack upon the nurse shortage. I am confident that the Congress will act swiftly to assure their continuance. Thoughtful Citizens Help Save Tax Dollars HON. JOHN N. ERLENBORN OF ILLINOIS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, March 7, 1968 Mr. ERLENBORN. Mr. Speaker, the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Weather Bureau and thoughtful citizens around the country is resulting in a savings to taxpayers of $180000 per year. To effect this saving, the Weather Bureau main- tains a small facility, the National Re- conditioning Center, in Joliet, Ill. This is in the 14th Congressional Dis- trict of Illinois, which I am proud to represent. The Weather Bureau issued an an- nouncement about this this morning, and with permission I insert the an- nouncement in the RECORD: THOUGHTFUL CITIZENS SAvz TAXPAYERS $180.000 EACH YEAR Note to Americans: If you find a radio- sonde-that balloon-borne package of weath- er instruments that flashes back information to weathermen around the world-please return it. Such thoughtful acts by citizens today are already saving the American taxpayer about $180,000 a year over the cost of buying new instruments of this type, the Department of Commerce's Environmental Science Services Administration, reported today. A small Weather Bureau facility in Joliet, Illinois called the National Reconditioning Center, recently repaired its 400,000th radio- sonde since the facility was established in 1945. Radiosondes, which measure temperature, humidity, and air pressure as they rise through the atmosphere and radio this in- formation back to the ground, are launched from stations around the world more than 300 times each day. Most of them are lost in remote or uninhabited areas or in the sea when their balloons burst and they parachute back to earth. But about 25 percent of them are found and returned to the Weather Bu- reau where they are reconditioned for use again. (One record-making radiosonde was flown, recovered, and reconditioned seven times.) Printed on the side of each radiosonde is a legend asking the finder to deliver the in- strument (in a postage-paid mailing sack which is provided) to the nearest post office or mailman for return to the National Re- conditioning Center. The instrument pack- age also contains a brochure explaining the use of the radiosonde and urging the finder to return it to the Weather Bureau for pos- sible reconditioning. Return of even the more badly weatherbeaten or damaged ones can be of value as parts can be salvaged for use in other instruments. A new radiosonde costs from $15 to $30. The average cost of reconditioning one is $6.37 which includes parts, labor. and even over- head expenses at the Joliet center. The radiosonde section at the center em- ploys only 15 people who have set their goal at 125 reconditioned instruments a day. The National Reconditioning Center re- pairs other weather instruments, too. One section, staffed by only three men, handles the reconditioning and calibration of 123 dif- ferent instruments and components rang- ing in complexity from relatively simple anemometers to radar systems. In one year these men have saved the Weather Bureau up to $250,000 by repairing defective or damaged equipment. The center is headed by Glenn M. Miller, who has been in charge of the facility since it opened. Human Renewal Fund for Fiscal Year 1969 HON. WILLIAM 0. COWGER OF KENTUCKY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, March 7, 1968 Mr. COWGER. Mr. Speaker, I have joined with seven of my colleagues in making an intensive study of the 1969 Federal budget. We urge immediate cre- ation of a $2.5-billion human renewal fund for fiscal year 1969 to meet urgent human needs and the urban crisis in our Nation. Creation of the fund would be coupled with a $6.5-billion cutback in Federal expenditures in line with neces- sary wartime priorities. By firmly cutting $6.5 billion from the President's budget, we can responsibly plow back $2.5 billion into urgent human needs. This administration has consistently refused to exercise-the political integrity required to establish positive national spending priorities. Bowing to political pressures of the moment, it has allowed its attention to drift from our most press- ing human and urban needs. Congress cannot allow this drift to continue. We propose a new set of priorities-one which recognizes the enormous financial and economic difficulties facing us, but one which also recognizes the terrible human waste which is resulting from past and current inattention. Five hundred million dollars would be allocated to mobilize private industry to provide meaningful jobs and training for the hard-core unemployed and under- employed. To provide jobs with dignity, we urge immediate enactment of the Re- publican Human Investment Act and full funding of realistic manpower training programs. The Riot Commission recently endorsed this Republican initiative that we have urged for years. Our proposal also doubles the money for vocational education and technical training. Upon the same assumptions used in the President's budget, an additional $250 million of expenditures for housing in fiscal year 1969 would expand the suc- cessful Republican rent certificates pro- gram, fully fund the Percy-Widnall ap- proach to stimulate private enterprise construction, and expand the low-income construction and rehabilitation incentive programs to produce an estimated total of 325,000 housing units. Approved For Release 2005/11/21: CIA-RDP70B00338R000300070022-4