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Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 1, 2003
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Publication Date: 
February 17, 1967
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PDF icon CIA-RDP71B00263R000200140008-5.pdf1.79 MB
25X1 Approved For Release 2003/12/18 : CIA-RDP71 B00263R000200140008-5 TOP SECRET 25X1 Copy 2 of 2 17 FEB 1967 M MOTRANDUM FOR: Comptroller, Office of Special Activities SUBJECT: Operational Concepts for IDEALIST (FY 1968-73) and OXCART (FY 68-First Six Months) 1. Forwarded for your information and guidance are the Operational Concepts for the OXCART and IDEALIST programs. Colonel, Deputy for Operations, OSA SAS/O/OSA s (17 Feb 67) Distribution: #1 - CO PT/OSA #2 - D/O/OSA (w/o att) #3 - RB/OSA (w/o att) Series.B Distribution: #1 - OXC /O /O SA #2 - IDEA/O/OSA 25X1A9A NRO DECLASSIFICATION/RELEASE INSTRUCTIONS ON FILE 25X1 GROUP 1 Excluded from autcrnatie downgr cir:' end decl~ssifi , li :n Approved For Release 2003/12/18 : CIA-RDP71 B00263R000200140008-5 25X1A9A 25X1 .Approved For. Release 2003/1) - P71 B00263R000200140008-5 IDEALIST OPERATIONAL CONCEPT FY-1968,__1969 AND CONSOLIDATED CONCEPT FOR FY-1970 THRU 1973 1. MISSION AND MISSION PLANNING a. Mission: To conduct covert reconnaissance (phote..?:?,;:; .graphic and electronic)'over denied and hostile territory,. for peripheral reconnaissance, on a world-wide basis in support of the national intelligence objectives United States. b. Areas over which aerial reconnaissance is to be 'conducted are determined by the National Intelligence Community as expressed by the USIB and COMOR. c. Mission planning and control of reconnaissance' flights will be accomplished by Project. Headquarters the limits imposed by approval authorities. 2. REQUIREMENTS a. It is.assumed that the life expectancy of the U-2 will extend beyond FY-66, operating in the same general. areas as at present--China, North Korea, Sino-Indian Border., Southeast Asia,?and wherever else a requirement may be generated.. TOP SECRET. Approved for Release '2003/12/1 CIA- P.7IBO4263R000200149 08-5 b. Beyond 1961, the requirement for the U-2 becomes less clear as to identification of specific target areas. Approved For. Release 2003/1_ It can be assumed, however, that'the international scene; will be no less parlous than it is now, and that crises America, Africa, the. Middle East and Indonesia. Therefore for covert reconnaissance. They could occur in South will continue to arise which will generate requirements response, there will exist a requirement for U-2's for for reasons of mobility, economy, reliability and quick some years to come, c. Although requirements for specific target coverage cates that the total number of operational missions re- can change drastically from timelto time, experience indi identified target areas and specific targets in the Far quired for any given year remains fairly constant. Presently` East will require 70 operational missions per year to obtain for these targets, it is assumed that at least fifteen the desired coverage. In addition to the missions required., additional missions will.be generated .coverage of targets in other areas of yet, have not been identified for U-2 requirement . (eighty-five prn~icrl FQr C2eJe A a 7OQ3I12'/''~ D71 B002G3R0002(1fT~t'df1f108 p a missions per year) is not expected to diminish through- Approved For Release.2003/12/'IQrc B '1 00263R0O0200140008-5 siderations and other factors combine to preclude a-,'- seldom satisfied. Unfavorable weather, political con the IDEALIST program indicates that requirements are e. Experience gained from the first ten years of FY-64. missions during this ten-year period is forty-eight (48) annual average number of operational reconnaissance. number of missions will be accomplished each year during out, however, that should IDEALIST assets be. employed in the period covered by this paper. It should be pointed a tactical situation, this number.,of operational missions would increase considerably. Air Force Base, California,. but is required to maintain a. Detachment "G" is permanently located at Edwards 3. ASSETS a dual staging capability to conduct ope-rational missions as may be required anywhere in the world. 'Additionally, this. detachment retains the responsibility for the conduc. of continuing development- programs. for new.equipment and, ;TOP SECRET Approved FdtriR leap 2003/12/18 25X1 25X1 and it is reasonable to assume that approximately this Approved.For Release 2003/ 71 B00263R000200140008-5 tactics, and for the training of replacement personnel. b. Detachment "H" is permanently located at This detachment is manned with U.S. supervisors,: maintenance and special equipment technicians and rotated from Detachment "G" to Detachment "11" on a and to conduct unilateral operational missions. A full temporary duty basis to function as instrictor pilots c. Project IDEALIST has semi-permanently located augment.that operations staff on deployments. for the use of one flight planner from Detachment."G" to.. time requirement will continue to exist at Detachment "H" for the purpose of establishing a quick reaction U-2 at mission launch and/or recovery capability. d. Any Project IDEALIST deployments'to prepositioned there has been withdrawn and stored at. in the future will entail quite a bit of airlift support as the useable equipment and materiel previously Adequate'safeguards and mainte nance of equipment was not performed at e. Project IDEALIST is actively considering pre- positioning various equipment fuel and other assets at TO SECRET Approved For Reh 003/,12 18 :. ~71?~O0263RO00200140908;-5' Approved For-.F2elea'se 2003/'MP :Sf.(-&*p71B002631R000200140008-5 other possible bases throughout the world, primarily to ..reduce the reaction time now required to deploy a detach- ment for covert reconnaissance purposes. (1) Project IDEALIST is pressing forward on mission should be in March 1961. Pilot training,. .as well as maintaining this program, will continue, through FY-68. (2) Additional requirements for maintenance and manning of this equipment will be accomplished at Detachment "G". The capability to deploy this equipment to Detachment "H" or another staging base within thirty (30) days will be maintained. . To.maintain mission capability due to. improved air. Approved For ele ,200. /12/18 :LGIABDJ 71Bp0263R000200140008-5 Approved'For Release'2003/12/ IDEALIST assets, a continuing requirement exists for X71 B00263ROO0200140008-5 2.5X1'' defense capabilities of the opposition, and also improve improved detection systems, defense systems and collection (oblique) is necessary, with a range of greater than.,: 25 nautical miles, target is protected by SA-2 missile sites. (2) The entire fleet of IDEALIST aircraft will- be equipped with a doppler navigation system early in FY-68. A continuing requirement will then exist for factory qualified specialists to maintain this equipment at Detachment "G"'and Detachment "H"., (3) Improved air.-defense capabilities over denied territory have made, it mandatory that the performance characteristics of the U-2. be improved contribute to tho offoctivonoss of tho mission and program, the removing of equipment that does not .altitude.must be achieved. The weight reduction An increase in aircraft range, coupled with a decrease',', in time required to climb to a safe penetration replacing present equipmen.t,'where TOP SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/12NP-kfAffl B00263R000200140008-5 TO EGRET Approved For Rely.ise 2003/12118: CIA-RD 71 B00 6380002.001:40008-5 smaller and lighter equipment that will perform the, same function, has only partially accomplished the desired results. This program. must be vigorously continued. A U-2 Flight Simulator is required at each detachment ;:location.;- This" requirement. is based upon.,; Approved For Release 1A-RDP71 60026000200140008-5 4 R the position that Project IDEALIST is now in, that: of training new and inexperienced pilots for U-2 overflight missions in the shortest possible time.. This is particularly appropriate in detachment where the pilots are rotated after they have flown ten overflight missions or are in the detachment for eighteen months. The use of a real- istic simulator would not only shorten the flight training required of a pilot before,he reaches an operational ready status, but would contribute considerably to maintaining' the pilots at their peak' performance level at all times. With a simulator at each detachment it is not. inconceivable. that the, training pilots receive from it could reduce the Project's aircraft loss to a large degree. This requirement would particularly apply to the U-2R when they are brought into the inventory. A high resolution oblique camera effective at ranges of 35 nautical miles to 50 nautical miles is required to obtain photographic coverage of targets heavily defended with Surface-to-Air Missiles. One camera'of this type. is now available on loan from Approved For;,Refease-2003/1 -RDP7:1 B0,02631OO0200140008-5 Approved For Release 2003/1' ()p: _EC-R 71'B'OO263ROOO20014OO08-5 0 (7) IDEALIST requires a device that will record and transmit information concerning aircraft difficul- ties leading to an accident, which would be auto- matically ejected from the aircraft after a disaster has occurred. (8) An improved ejection system (Rocket Seat) needed for. low altitude ejections and improved pilot safety. (9)ti With addition of equipment the aircraft cock pit has grown smaller to the point where switches must accomplished for the U-2R model. redesigned cockpit is required. This has been be moved that can't even be seen. An enlarged, and ~Ja (10) Full pressure suits will be used in the U-2R. Procurement and replacement of these suits plus additional support equipment and personnel, spares, studies'and'modifications will exist throughout the life of this aircraft. Liquid oxygen facilities will be required also. The above is based on the assumption that allocation of..U-2R's will be made.to this Head Approved For Release 2003/To $ SS?MP71 B00263R0002001'40008-5 0 25X1A6A area. Since many of these targets are located beyond and those in mainland China, except the Sino-Indian Border for obtaining coverage of all COMOR targets in North Korea;'. the maximum range of the U-2, when operating frequent pre/post strike stagings, utilizing bases in elude stereotyped mission profiles, permit widely varied penetration and exit points and pre to providing coverage of distant targets,.the stagings will:`,- Edwards AFB. Past experience indicates we can expect b. All operational missions flown by Detachment "G" will launch/recover at an operating location other than approximately six such deployments per year,,for an average. once each year,-the detachment will'be required to operate c. It is not unreasonable to assamethat at least duration of thirty days' each. refueling,? communications and air..` rescue. support, and react to requirements in minimum time. e. KC-135 tanker aircraft will be used for air be accomplished to enable the operating detachments 1. to d. Pre-positioning of assets at forward sites will' .from'a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier. Approved For 12ele~so'2003/12 8002a63 R000200'140008-5 . Approved For Release 2003/12-TOP Ti B00263R000.200'140008-5 ment requiring more thin one ferry flight. 6., OPERATIONAL MISSION CONCEPT and enroute support personnel for each ovei'water deploy to provide transportation for the enroute support kit Missions will average seven hours in duration. will use either 2000, 4000 or 6500 ft. rolls of film.. c. Photo missions with ITEK Delta III Camera are b. Photo missions with the Hycon "B" Configuration possible that on a specific mission 7800 ft. rolls be generally planned for' 5000 ft. 'rolls of film, but it is d. Photo missions with the Hycon "H" Configuration:, will use 2000 ft. rolls of film. imately ten missions'per year. e. 'Droppable fuel tanks will be required for approx f. Although operational missions will be flown when of this paper, they will be flown at:the rate of, approx- weather in the target area will permit, for the purposes, for air refueling of. mission aircraft. coverage required, KC-135 or KC-97 aircraft will be used' g. From time to time, because of specific target imately four per month. Approved Fqr Release 2003(12.0 .BO0263R0002'0014Q008-5 Approved For ele ise MIA-RbP7 i B00263R000200140008-5 .h. System III and System VI, or suitable replacements,, will be utilized on all operational missions. The MARK IIA, Oscar Sierra, will be.a.necessity on all operational overflight missions. k. A lightweight tracker camera,, when available, will be carried on all operational missions. 1. All operational missions over CHICOM territory, whenever feasible, will have a minimum penetration altitude of 69,000 feet and planned.for random turns as.protection against enemy interceptors.' 7. AIRCRAFT a. A minimum of seven U-2 aircraft, equipped with J-75 engines and.standard wiring configurations, to allow complete interchangeability of equipment, are required. A seven aircraft inventory will allow Detachment "H" at three aircraft for operational missions; three aircraft will be utilized by Edwards AFB in support.of the TOP SECRET Approved .For Release'200 IA-RlP71B00263R000200140008-5 Approved. For Release 20031' aircraft will normally be at Lockheed Aircraft Corpora-, tion undergoing IRAN/updating but should be available capable of being configured for an operational mission on occasions for use of Detachment "G".- It will 'be within seven days. A bonus, of 120 hours per year' is possible if we assume that the seventh aircraft will be b. Past history of the U-2 program indicates that' available to Detachment "G" one third of the time. ..aircraft losses can be expected at a rate of one each the assumed life expectancy of the U-2 program a require of a temporary nature. Based on the known loss rate and been modified.to Agency configuration. This solution is be replaced from USAF assets after these aircraft have eight months. 'It is assumed that a force level of seven aircraft will be maintained.' Lost aircraft can mont exists for the purchase of additional,,U-2's similar 8. FLYING HOURS improved versions of the U-2 aircraft. to those in the present inventory or the purchase of a. Flying hours accomplished, and techniques employed during operational reconnaissance missions, will be credited, to the . training, program for the detachment and.the individ-. uals.~'concerned. In addition, a continuous flying training: Approved Fqr Release 20 2/&GEDP7'1'BOO263kO00'2'00146008-5 . (2) Twenty hours per month for each operationally. pilot until an operational ready status is attained. (1) Thirty hours per month for each mission ready mission pilot until he-has a total of 200 flying (3)'.A minimum of, 'ten hours per month,for each mission- pilot after he has a total of ' 200.flying. hours in the U-2 aircraft. require a minimum of .ten hours per month.to.retain?. (4)' Each maintenance flight test pilot. will the desired level.of proficiency. (5) Training of a minimum of 60 hours each prior, to being designated Category III operational.ready:_status. . ;'Flying hours available are,computed on'the basis 0 program will be conducted by each detachment to assure the capability to conduct reconnaissance operations on a missions, train two to fours Iyearly'and to maintain pilot-proficiency are based on the following criteria: Approved For Release 2dC1'3f11-RDPi1B00263R000200140'008-5. of thirty five hours per month for.each aircraft avail- d. An estimate of the flying hours available versus flying hours, required, from the first half of FY-68 through FY-69, is indicated below in six month increments. It to enable us to operate within the flying hours available. notes during each period to reflect adjustments necessary;' should be noted that the requirements are modified by foot e. A consolidation of'available flying hours and' required flying hours is provided,for FY-1970 through FY-1973 based on a seven aircraft inventory'and no reduction in number of pilots. f. Flying hours for Detachment "H" are -lomputed so as to maintain the detachment I loperational-ready pilot strength at a force level of 5. As these pilots are on a combat. tour of either ten U-2 overflight missions ,or eighteen months there will always be a TOP SECRET App.roved'For.Release''2003/1 18 : CIA RDp71 B000263R0,0020014,0008.5 25 7 - 25X1X7 2 - Approved,For Releas6`20031121TP . Detachment "G" 1.,'Flying hours available 2. Flying-hours required 1, - Maintenance Flight Test Pilot, , 60 3. Difference between available hours and required will Detachment "H" or by reducing:.time allocated to operational ready pilots. Detachment."H" 1.' Flying hours available 2. Flying hours required 25X1X7 ' 3 TOP SECRET Approved. Edr Release 2003%12/18 ' IA-RDP .1;B0'0263R00020,0.140O08-5 25X1 3. Difference between available hours and required will. be used for proficiency flying, operational missions and for 25X.1'C the is TDY 'at .Detachment 5X1 25X1 Approved For Release IQ~1y4-RDP71 B00263R000200140008-5 Flying hours available' Flying-hours required 7 - 1 - Maintenance Flight Test Pilot,"' 60 Detachment "H" or by reducing time allocated to, the 2.5X1 c, be voided when Approved For Rerease 2003/1V11PP 3. Difference between available hours and required will. Detachment "H" 1. Flying hours available 2. Flying hours required 25X1X7 3 -.Operational Ready Approved For Release 2003JTZP~1 P71 B00263R000200140008-5 25X1 C when he,is TDY..at Detachment 5X1 C 3. Difference between available hours and required will be used for proficiency flying and for the Approved' For Release 2 PYf.I. , ? . `f'A-RDP71 B002'6.3R000200140008-5 Detachment "G". 1. Flying hours available 2. Flying hours required 120 60 2.- pilots in training 120 3. Hours required this period exceed hours available Detachment "H" and proficiency flights to attain' 200 hours Additional flying hours?willbe TOP SECRET Approyed'For kelease`.20031 l71 RDP71B00263R0Q0200140008-5, 1 - Maintenance Flight Test Pilot 25X1X7 resulting in,extending.the training period'forl 25X1 25X.1 C proficiency and the TDY to Detachment "H". 71 B00263R000200140008-5 OP ECRET Approved For Flelea~e`2003112/1-8 CIA-RD 71 BOU263RQ'002001;40008-5 Approved, For Release 2001% UDP71 B00263R0D0200,140008; 5 1 JANUARY - 30 JUNE 1969. pilots in training of necessity be reduced thus extending. their training TOP SECRET", l - Maintenance Flight Test Pilot Approved For l~+elease'200311 RDPf1B0026.8F7000200?146008- TRDP7.1 B00263R000200140008-5 TOP SECRET Approved for' ReJe a 2003/12 18 : CIA- DPT1-B00'26.3F 000200'140008-5 Approued For Release 200~M~~DP71 B00263R000200140008=5 CpNSOLIDATED REQUIREMENT.FOR.~ FY 1970 THRU FY 1973 1 July~1969,- 30 June 1970''., LOCATION Detachment ."G" Detachment "H' rrGtt ; 1400 1260 ..~~ 2660 ; ;.;1400 1260 ?.2660 .:1400 1260 2660, 1400 ' 1260 2660