Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 7, 2001
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
January 28, 1969
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP71B00364R000300010001-3.pdf2.84 MB
DATE 2.2TieuN toi PAGE 1 WALL STREET JOURNAL Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP711300364R000300010001-3 CPYRGHT CIA's Low Repute' On Campuses Hinders Its Hiring of Scholars Academic-Type Studies Account For Much of Agency's Work; Rules on Publishing Relaxed By HERBERT E. MEYER Staff Reporter of TRIG WAIL STREET JOURNAL WASHINGTON ? "What the hell do they want?a stupid CIA?" The outburst from an official of the Central Intelligence Agency expresses a growing Wash- ington worry?that continuing opposition on American college campuses will impair the CIA's ability to provide the President with first-rate analyses of global developments. It's widely known, of course, that repctrts of the CIA's clandestine financial aid to young people for travel behind the Iron Curtain, along with general anti-Government sentiment aroused by the Vietnam war, have made tbe agency extremely unpopular among college students. A CIA employe can expect rough treatment should his presence become known when he visits a campus or to brain- storm with faculty member. Less publicized but just as upsetting to some CIA officials is the increasing difficulty of recruiting high- quality thinkers from those faculties to serve stints with the agency. - That's what's behind the CIA policy rever- at now allows its agents to write bOoks jnagazine articles in which the authors' fffliation is clearly spelled out. Let their 11401111c pratttesS be displayed, the Ing goes, and the agency's tarnished im-1 dl mong American scholars will be bright- ? -- - men deplore the unreal picture created and paperback tales of espionage and g-do. Though the real CIA has its mo- .,_#.1s of 007-style operations, they say, the bunt of its work would bore a James Bond type ?yet is vital to the country. 'The work these scholars do at the CIA is not unlike the work they would do on a university faculty, except that their findings are passed along to the White House and State Depart- ment rather than to students and colleagues. Just as a businessman may go on leave from his company to work a few years for the De- fense or State Department, so may a scholar take leave from his classroom to work for the CIA. But the agency's bloody reputation for spying and revolution is deterring academic experts from taking the plunge. According to some university instructors (who prefer not to be identified), their administrators have passed the word that requests for time off to work for the CIA will be frowned upon. Says an instructor in Latin American affairs on a Mid- western faculty: "They've let us know we wouldn't be leaving with their blessings." Under Suspicion Going back to the campus after a CIA stint can be a problem, too. The feeling persists thai there's no such thing as a former intelligence officer--that once a spook, always a spook Thus, ex-CIA men are saddled with the suspi don that they're not entirely independent and that they may still have secret links with their former employer. The agency's effort to erase these stigmata D y permitting staff members to be openly iden. Zed when they write is already under wal-. )ne of the agency's China scholars, Charlea leultauser, will soon publish, through Harvard Jniversity, a paper based on work he did while m a CIA study assignment at Harvard's East ksian Research Center. CIA Soviet experts Silliam Hyland and Richard Wallace Shryock note the book The Fall of Khrushchev. The agency says that these publications are si no way "official" CIA documents; they are lndependent work by employes and don't nec- essarily reflect the CIA's conclusions, just as publications by private scholars don't always jibe with university policy. The Khrushchev au- thors stress that they limited their source ma- terial to Russian newspapers and other jour- nals?public information available to any pri- vate scholar with the time and talent to ana- lyze it. Universities are ideal sources of such talent, so the CIA tries to maintain close ties with the I academic community. But it isn't easy. Says one bitter CIA official: ''They kick us off cam- Watching the World Is the Soviet economy stagnating or boom- puses and tell us we're sick. But people afraid Ing, and will the trend continue? Are the na- to work for their Government because they tions of Southeast Asia apt to move doser to a j think it may hurt their careers?that's sick." China orbit or farther away? In what East Eu- ropean country is a liberal policy most likely to develop? The CIA is supposed to knave what's going on in every country and what's likely to happen next. You can't simply send in a spy and expect him to bring back the answers, the agency says. (In fact, "It's a safe bet that the Rus- sians have their own people trying to figure out what happens next in Eastern Europe," one of- ficial remarks.) Instead, specialists comb through mountains of published material and transcribed broadcasts for scraps of informa- tion that might be pieced into an illuminating picture. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 WASHINGTFONplu.Pveur rAID NurT. Release?thirituE1142--131:343664. R000300010001e14'GE CPYRGHT 4? lie Request CIA Is Modest ou can believe the Federal The Central Intelligence Agen- g out of business this year, saving the Government $183,- Lpy agency's lone appearance in budget book shows just one In the current fiscal year, $183,- "construction of a classified facility." Since there is no ex- e mentioned under this head- e accounting year that begins it must be assumed that the is nearing completion. ly what goes on at the "facil- of course, secret. Friends of ond might assume that it cures fake passpOTtr-iffil -.141k 49-7:44V. ; 121114114 . ' e REQUEST. A13. err' forg0 +rendes of oountnies that CIA Wet is Olanning to penetrate: might say, simply, that it is a plant." that thinks the Langley, Va., ri is really folding is naive, The agency's budget, thought at least $2 billion dollars, is n items for the Defense De. and other Federal agencies. is supposed tree-ate asse w a ong life as oppM7f the outlays for daily, operating ex- _ PetteS, The new budget estimates such capi- tal spending in the civil sphere at $30 billion, up $1.4 billion from the past year and a bit more than 15, per cent of the total Federal budget. The Increase is almost entirely acEounted for by enlarged spending for educa- tion, training and health. One item that is barely growing this year is Federal employment. The nuffi- ber of full-time civilian employes is expected to reach 2,693,508, a gain of only 42,797 over the previous year. Congress has ordered the Government to cut its payrolls back to the level of four years ago and this is a major rea- son for the holddown. The Post Office will put on another 11,000 employes, but there is no guarantee that the steady decline In e will be arrested. for international De- lose 700 of its 16,600 at tells its owinittle story about the Nation's shrinking in- volvement abroad in what is regarded _ as good works. The Federal payroll?civilian and military?is listed as rising $1.2 billion to $46.1 billion. This presumably in- cludes the 250,000 part-time workers not counted in the total of 2.7 ;million Federal employes. But it does not In. elude the $2.8 billion pay increase that Congress has voted for both military and civilian workers. 'er unbelievable statistic is the tag of $16' billion for Titer- es on the Government's boTnds er debt instruments. Thingttmber is simultarieonairta? too low. is. top high because an estimated ion of interest will be paid on ties held by the Federal Reserve and Government trust funds. suin will flow baek to the Federal 7 7 17. is probably too low because the siiry conventionally assumes that price it will have to pay for new ings is the same as the current or money. Since the Federal Re- squeezing the supply of credit, t rates will more likely continue e. The Government, like any 'buyer, will thus have to pay or its debt. To be sure, the cen- ank usually overdoes these things, iter on in the year, may have to e its ground and bring interest -down. Then, the Government's 'ng costs will decline, too. of the more meaningful, if little budget figures, is the outlay lian capital expenditures. This relArOdbffOikR. 40494:412QOT1111/0 2 : CIA-RDP71 B00364R000300010001-3 ys, sewers, neattn bun ings, s -and the like , WASHINGAPPUNIBtloStir ReleaseDIMD1/024dgalkIDIPT1B00364R000300010001:2GE g CPYRGHT STQP?, o tieblo Associated Press Richard Helms, director of the Centr al Intelligence Agency, denies that the CIA had anything to do with the mission of the USS Pueblo. "Neither this agency nor I personally have had anything to do with the mission of the USS Puebla, the ship itself or of its crew," Helms said Sen Stuart Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 WASHINCAPOIT/PCbEqrReleaseaciP2M1/021744444461300364R000300010001-taGE 13 CPYRGHT The Federal Diary THE WASHINGTON POST Wednesday, March 12 196 - $ Early Bird Finch Gets Stopped at Ne By Williard Clopton Jr. and Mike Causey SQ1118 Federal officials are euaPiefous of people who come to Work early. For that,"and for reasons of building secu- rity, a number of Government agencies now require passes or identification from em- ployes who arrive early, or eal're after the regular quit- ting time. Vtonday morning, about 8:30, an early bird at Health, ,Education and Welfare. was oing through the check-your. d-sign-in-please ritual. He wasn't due on the job for half an hour. While the civil servant end the building guard were com- pleting their business, a tall V= breezed past them, head- rdown a hall toward some 0 m to show his pass. He ieVators. 'Thejruard called out for the "e around and confessed be didn't have one, but he was the Secretary of , and would that do? .... e guard then recognized his new boss, Robert Finch, and said lie could proceed. As he continued down the hall the Secretary turned to a man walking behind him and said: "I guess I'm not too visi- ble around here!" He didn't have any trouble getting past the guard yesterday. General Services Adminis- tration workers at Crystal Mall say the elevators are at It Clopton Causey again. The six elevators in Building No. 4 are working, employes note, but they seem to be programmed for express trips to the 11th floor. People in between floors one and 11 find it takes awhile for an elevator to stop at their level. Most of GSA's top offi- cials work on the 11th floor. Fisalai call: A stranger mad way past the well-tende portals of the Central Intelli- gence Agency's Langley, Va., preserve the other day, but it wasn't a security breakdown. It was just President Nixon, making another in his series of personal visits to Federal agencies?in this case, his first stop at a non-Cabinet level de- partment. His talk to CIA employes was mostly serious. He praised them for doing well a difficulty and necessary task without re- ceiving the kind of public ac- claim they might get in other agencies. As ha 4c b throughout his e the bureatieraCY, yoked some chuckles. He told this story: "The first time President Ei- senhower came out here to lay the cornerstone, he couldn't find the CIA or the building. So he ordered a sign be put up, 'The Central Intelligence Agency.' "Then when President Ken- nedy came out in 1361 he saw the sign and he ordered it taken down because, after all, if it is the CIA it should not be so well advertised. "So that leaves me with somewhat of a dilemma. I usually have said as I have gone to the Department of State, the Department of De- fense, the Department of Com- merce, the Department of Ag- riculture, and all the others, 'It is, a pleasure to be here.' "But the CIA is not sup- posed to be here. So I suppose what I am supposed to say now is, it is a pleasure not to be here." edication: Postal Recor tells of the harrowing experi- ence of a Groton, Conn., post- man who saw a crow making off with a letter he'd just placed in a rural mailbox. "After chasing the crow sev- eral hundred feet down the road and over the fence, the Chagrined carrier finally caused the bird to drop-the letter, which he personank-de- livered to the patron." The elusive misstve-it turned out, contained it A= announcement of the doling of a local store. Remamks- the Journal: "Who knows *hat would have happened 4t the patron would not have Ieafned this information?" Checkup: During V58, health units of the U.S. Palk Health Service's Division of Federal Employe Figalth screened 40,000 workers And turned up nearly 4000 cam of previously undetected phy4ical ailments. The condition% In eluded cancer, diabetes ;And glaucoma. There's hope: The giOP Newsletter reports that 47 members of Congress arejor- mer journalists. There ar4184 with business or bankingpe- rience, 73 teachers, and 50 farmers., Well over half, 389, are service veterans and 310 are lawyers. Joseph P. Smith Jr., who during his career oversaw the sale of more than $100 niillion worth of real estate in three Atomic Energy Commission communities, has retired from the Department of Housing and Urban. Development after 38 years in government. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 CPYRGHT oystgsFpr ReleasEDWM1/ AVI:e0300364R0003000100111-4PE WASHINGi?M resident Praises CIA s Instrurnent of Peace y Carroll Kilpatrick hinatOn Post Staff WritF ident Nixon went to the e of the government's secret and defenseless yesterday and said that one of the great instru- ' for preserving peace. was talking aboui the al intelligence Agency in IA auditorium before an ally appreciative and stratiVe audience. ut the CIA employes out- ost Of, the . others the w4ome e CI* ExpentIye was served in his praise of the andestine agency's work. 114 President later flew to a, telling., ITP,Nlers en that tie, planned a long cnd of rest, relOcation :study' Of a, briefcase full eports and memoranda on a Oentinel anti-ballistic mis- e program. his televised news con- e Tuesday, Mr. Nixon that he would announce decision early next week MI +Whether tO.go ahead with a limited ABM system. During his talk, to.r4ga em- ployes, the President said the agency has a mission th t "runs counter to some of deeply held traditions in country. The American people don't like war. They don't like SeereeY? They don't like cold *ay." But he said that "it is neces- sary for those who make deci- sions at the highest level to have the very best possible in- telligence so that the margin of error will to that extent be reduced." The American people should understand, he said, that the CIA "is a necessary adjunct of the Presidency." He quoted a message former President Truman sent the CIA calling it "absolutely necessary to any President of the United States ?from one who knows." "I know, and I appreciate what you , do," Mr. Nixon added. Presents Medals The President told the CIA officials that he had had "the great honor" earlier in the day to present Medals of Honor to three Army enlisted men. There will be no medals and no recognition for heroic work done by CIA officials, he said. "Your successes will never be made public and your failures will always be public," he said. "I regogni4?,. Ube, and I am 1 vr teful to those of or you who make that kind of At sacrifice," The President presented his first Medals of Honor at an East Room ceremony to Staff Sgt. Joe R. Hooper of Saugus, Calif., Spec. 5 Clar- ence E. Sasser of Rosharon, Tex., and Sgt. Fred W. Zabi- tosky of Trenton, N.J., for heroic service in Vietnam. These soldiers, the Presi- dent said, are "men who faced death and instead of losing their courage gave courage to their fellow men." Later, the President met with the Cabinet Committee on Economic Policy and named a task force to investi- gate "dramatic" increases in Douglas fir and plywood prices. Budget Director Robert P. Mayo was named chairman Of the task force to identify 'the causes of the price increases to recommend immediate corrective action, and to rec- ommend a long?term policy to facilitate supply and demand, ? adjustments in the industry. Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said that fir and ply- wood prices had increased from 30 to 92 per cent in a year's time, causing inflation- ary pressures in the wtole construction Industry. The President met with Tifb erian Vice President Wigivn Richard Tolbert, who is in the country to attend a meetips of the World Baptist Allian Nomination of Governor In another action, the dent announced that he nominate Peter A. Bpye a ione-time Republican can for Governor of Vermont and since 1957 comptroller of the Virgin Islands, as Governor of the islands. If confirmed, Bove will suc- ned Ralph M. Paiewonsky, a 1 Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-ROM CPYRCI IT 6) _?..4..."...- EVENI4WroSiii'dkFlbr Release 2002/01/02 : IMA-R1131411EMA611144000300010001-3 ,,G.g; p CLAYTON FRITCHEY seibirot. Domestic 1m6g?1A Brightens,, The Central Intelligence kept him informed about what lie," Pulbright said. IratdMil 'really going may not be living was going ' . ted his proposal did have one quite as dangerously these It is hard to believe these possible drsauwrrbeapctkitious"Plylinhge agencies were feeding that out things days as it used to, but its said, "is the only way it's kind of information to John- reputation, in the United son, or that they were spying credible to intelligence States at least, is improving, on US. senators. It seems agents." and this has been helped along more likely that the President , w indulging himself in one of by the revelation that it was his s loccasional tantrums and ' not as widely thought, respon- cited the CIA and FBI to aible for the Pueblo's spy mis- dramatize and fortify his slop of North Korea., point. After its U2 flights over Rus- It is true that the present sia and other James Bond-like director of the CIA, Richard War episodes, it was nat- Helms, came to power in June Cold 1966, and got off to a shaky Urtil to suspect that the CIA start by publicly congratulat- was in charge of the special ing a newspaper for an editori- intelligence unit aboard the al attack on Sen. J. W. Pul- eblq. It now appears, how- bright, chairman of the Senate Pti Foreign Relations Committee, O'er, that it was controlled by and the leading critic of John- the Pentagon's super-secret son's Vietnam policy. _ , National Security Agency, and But in the light of Heinle that CIA had nothing to do ' subsequent performance, this it. would seem to have little sig- o much suspicion has been nificance. As the director of Mused by CIA activities in CIA he has impressed a num- raCent years, though that ber of senators, including Pul- b /Orly are ready to believe any bright, with his relative de- spry about it, no matter how tachment about Vietnam. He Improbable. The most recent has not struck them as a f a- hiStance is District Attorney natical cold warrior. Jim Garrison 's reckless As a result, the agency has charges that the agency was recently enjoyed a better involved in the assassination standing domestically, but of John F. Kennedy. elsewhere in the world it is UnfOrtunately for the CIA, still the favorite whipping boy its image can be damaged by of governments which have hoastful friends as well as ene- learned they can get away Mies. Former White House As- with blaming anything on it. *taint Eric Goldman's new In Russia the CIA has even rdk on Lyndon Johnson pro- been blamed for the sow notes es an astonishing example of famous visiting U.S. orches- that. tras. The agency was actually As 1966 wore on., and Con- accused of planting men in the essional oppositaon to the orchestras who were better ietnam wax intensified, the spies than musicians, with the rmer president, Goldman result that the performances , became convinced that were not up to par. e Russians were in con- In Yugoslavia, the CIA was gtant touch with anti-war sena- subjected to such absurd rs ? and he named names. charges that Borba, its leading These senators ate lunch and newspaper put its tongue in went to parties at the Soviet cheek and solemnly informed Embassy, children of their its readers that the CIA was Staff people dated Russians." not responsible for the recent Goldman quotes Johnson as drop in the price of imported saying to him, and to a Cabi- whiskey. net member and two other Sen. Fulbright also put his White House officials, "The tongue in cheek when he sug- Russians think up things for gested that the U.S. and Rus- the senators to say. I often sia simply freely exchange the know before they do what intelligence information each their speeches are going to now gather at immense effort say." Goldman says he was and expense as well as great "staggered." When he ques- risk. .the_, Vresicknes state- tilt. would saw otb plcet r rimy 364R000300010001 -3 tfMrePr`ONitastifig0Q?741404 . V i*e- MA and, FBI because "they everything and made it pub- NEW YORK TIMES DATERMA PAGE It cpyftRitved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-R 0300010001-3 FAULTYA BY SOVIET fl lure Shortly After Asian Blast-Off Is Reported By PETER GROSE itOecial to The New York ThEll WASHINGTON, Marclg ?Z? titrnanned Soviet spacecraft bund for Mars is belfehd" to hive failed shortly after7brest- evly today at the central Asian space launching itaion. 1This would mark a ' .1 4' bacic to the Soviet Pro am traqrplanetary explore on, 16, despite its high lirinrity oviet space planning, has en plagued with difficules te the first attempts to reach - s in 1960. :The Soviet ?authorities have n?k announced the latest re- it *Acted abortive Mars attempt, t fragmentary inforinatiOn allable to Western monitor cats that trouble arose h ignition failure of the or third stage of the cmAft. rJUeports suggested some ity of an explosion on 'close to the launching pad the -Baikonur space station' is was not confirmed by rater information, which pointea ore to failure after launcFing, Us g the spacecraft to turn- .e bk to, earth. An sts said the repolted clung failure would have a negligible effect on-the ans' manned space pro- since an entirely differ- t type of spacecraft was ap- rently involved. Pariial Success in 1965th Recent Soviet attempts to itch Mars have been carried t by spacecraft of the Zond L. After a total of six W11 failures during 1611, ATI 1964, the Russians vat a partial success in en the Zond 2 space- aft passed within 1,000 mirel Marg. A failure in the solar s that power the spacecraft's nsing equlpment, however, eant, that the craft Was out Of communication fi5i-iffaS1 6f its journey through snale: The` eiiIief 'failure's are be- lieved to have been a result of diffiWitits in the upper stages ff the rocKets. tn 1962, five attempts to reach Mars and Verity were aborted from fail- in the third or fourth atag, leaving the instrument- packed payloads in earth orbit These difficulties seem to been solved in the smaller 130-pound spacecraft that the ussians have been using in their exploration of Venus. ?Two Venus-bound craft are itow midway in so-far success- ful, flights aimed at achieving pft landings on Venus on May 16 an 17. They were launched ftve days apart in early Janu- ary. ? The Russians have already saieved one soft landing on V up on Oct. 18, 1967. estern analysts are avialt- frig sVo"rd of a major new Soviet step in rocket technology, the launching of a giant booster rocket that United States offi- cials believe will be far larger an the American Saturn V. e first of this new series of tketS is known to have been wady for launching for several weeks. Cnntr ry to the immediate ganeloion on hearing of to- day's reported launching fail- ure, information now available ?cientific analysts indicates that thii giant new rocket was not involved in today's Mars attempt. Ironically, the United States !las hacrmore success in explo- ration of Mars than the Rus- sians. *Though such interplane- tary attempts have had lower priority in the American space program than the manned flights. The first United States at- tempt to approach Mars was a suctess. This Was the flight of Mariner 4 in 1965. This space- craft passed within 6,000 miles of the planet, transmitting back to earth 21 photographs. The next American Mars flights are only now under way, Mariner 6 launched on Feb. 24 and Mariner 7, launched today. If all goes well, these two Fjoacecra-ft will pass within ZOO miles of Mars in August, sending back telemetric data that could indicate whether or not there is water vapor in the Martian atmosphere. The first American attempt to make a soft landing on Mars, the Viking project, is scheduled for 1973. There are no Ameri- rarr plans for exploration of Venus. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 CPYRGHT I Approved Ii ' r Release'2002/01102 CIA-RDP71B00364R000300010001-3 THE rAgnINGTON POST Thursday, A'pril 18, 1969 A.15 ? ? U.S. Is Dismantling Peshawar Spy Base By William J. Coughlin Los Angeles Times PESHAWAR, West Paki- stan, April 9?The American sPY base here still is so secret t,bt the U.S. Air Force refuses talk about the problems of dismantling it. Pakistan announced last May it had notified the United States it would have to vacate the base at the expiration of its ten-year lease this coming equipment has been under way. Some of the information previously relayed from the base now is obtained from or- biting U.S. spy satellietes. Peshawar hit world head- lines in 1960, when an Ameri- can reconnaissance U-2 flown by Francis Gary Powers was shot down inside the Soviet Union. Powers refueled at Pes- hawar before taking off on his high-flying penetration of So- viet airspace. The Soviet bor- der is only 150 miles from here. July 1. Since then, the removal of acres of towers and antennas, infrared scanners, long-range radars and electronic listening --2001061111 The original lease on the base provided for a ten-year extension with either party having the option to cancel at a year's notice. Last April, Soviet Premier Kosygin visited Pakistan. In May, it was announced the base agreement would not be renewed. In early July the Soviet Union disclosed it had agreed to supply arms to Pakistan. There is? reason to believe those events were related. Nei- ther China nor Russia could have been pleased about the U.S. intelligence-gathering op- eration on their doorstep. Ko- sygin may well have used the lever of military assistance to bring about its removal. Once-Busy Base Communications Link Peshawar, though, was not a U-2 base. When the tep-year lease establishing it was signed on July 18, 1059, it was Identified as a link in a world- wide U.S. communications net- IAA could serve Far knd Middle East mern- _ers of the Central Treaty Or- nitedion (CENT 0) and outtelst Asia Treaty Organi- lation (SEATO). Pakistan was thitdber of both organiza- tions. The strategically located base *as, however, a highly sophisticated and computer- ize listening post to eaves- drop oh electronic communica- tions within the Soviet Union land China. From here, tape re- tordings could be made of sile countdowns, military tions, civilian radiate- communications and electronic emanations entral Asia. e time the agreement igned, Pakistan was y tied to the U.S. by de- alliances and military ilograms. When American talj aid to Pakistan was 6 in 1965 after the 22-day th India broke out, the Piethre changed. Pakista n 's government tuited lirst to the Chinese an& last year, to the Soviets for military equipment. The More than 300 Americans were stationed here at one time. Although base officials refused to discuss the evacua- tion timetable, the local talk is that at least half of the Ameri- cans have left. The American Embassy in Rawalpindi, which maintains a noncommittal attitude on the spy base 108 miles distant, has arranged auctions of house- hold goods for those American families at Peshawar depart- ing for home. Advertisements of the auctions appear in the Rawalpindi newspapers. Many of the residents of Peshawar will be sorry to sec the Americans leave. The GIs have left their economic im- print. As many as 300 Paki- stanis once worked at the base, according to a former em- ploye. No announcement has been made as to final disposition of the base. Peshawar is a military, stronghold of the Pakistanis, just as it was of the British.,, When the last American. leaves, the former U.S. spy base most likely will become a Pakistani military installation. ftroUl cona- "What the Pakistanis will do only military `eirhipthent no* Approved For Releastg - 411RINREI 3641400'0166Aftrioylia-li: toriletha iteniST? lartiond remains a my t . = ? WA SHINGT ON POST DATE e:P Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CPYRGHT PAGE .36410300010001-3 ssta. meEs 1VI.. Roberts 1,o);Opst arts re ching_Washing a possible Sa- lle Chinese nu - lex have increased stration alarm s of a war be - o Communist these ,reports, number, tbe been making qu r es of some fel- ommuwst leaders, both power in t astern Eu some out of power in oPe, on what e reaction to such Strike: There are no on the responses. ears that the inquiries e at the world, hering MO's: and later re- er place. That no e ascertained yes- AY: e reports are considered bui it is Conceded trey migTif somehow have been sUrfacea. as part of the Kremlin's psyChologicar war- - sI the Peking re- staa unifsiOn between KASHMIR BORDER CLASHES ?Urumchi TAKLA Viik.AN.-DESER woo Lop Nor Flout NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS Production Plants Assembly Plants L. Test Sites Miles C H I N Koko Nor 2 111 300 er of the new magaz 11 be playing "a more Ant role" in the m ack movement. ttinsi*ton Second class postage pal at Washington, D.C. Prints at 1515 ? L St. NW. 200f Telephone Numbers: 223-6000?News & Busini 223-6100?Circulation Se 223-6200?Classified The Associated Press Is entitle clusively to use for republicati all news dispatches credited to not otherwise credited In this and local news of spontaneous published herein. WTOP-TV (9) Radio (1! CARRIER DELIVER" Daily and Sunday: 1 weer, 7; month, $3.23. Daily Only: 7 v .45c; 1 month, $1.95. Sunday Only BY MAIL IN WASHINGTON, Pool MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA (Payable in Advance) Daily and Sunday: I year, $4 6 months, $20.00; 3 months, $10.1 month, $3.50. Daily Only: I 1 $27.00; 6 months, $13.50; 3 moi 56.75; 1 month, $2.50. Sunday C 1 year, 516.00; 6 months, $8.01 months, $4.00; 1 month, $1..50. BY MAIL BEYOND MARYLAN AND VIRGINIA (Payable In Advance) Daily and Sunday: 1 year, $5, .6 months, $27.00; 3 months, $13.5 month, $5.00 Daily only: Y August 28, 1969 Map of Soviet-Chinese border area shows locations of major border clashes this year as well as some of the China and the Soviet Union, most marked since the clashes on the Siberian border in March, has led American offi- cials to draw up scenarios of what aoscow .and Peking might do and what the United States reaction could be. It is understood there has been a National Security Council study. The sense of alarm over a possible war has been steadily rising in Washington for months. The border clash in $36.00; 6 m6nths. $18.00; 3 no $9.00; 1 Month, $3.25. Sunday 0 I year, $24.00; 6 months, $12.00 known Chinimonths, UM; 1 month. $2.50. sites known. Rates outside U.S.A. upon mu '="1=1:1771_tiMi=2:5t=an..1 Central Asia SWIFT CLEANER siderably ; 17th & R Sts., N.W. alarm. One key month earli chances of Soviet fight hr. shirt laundr 1 HOUR DRY CLkAlid Daily InEXTRAcluding Saturd NO CHARGI Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 cp#Rentryed For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 Soviet Strikes a ? .)3()RDE4, From Al As viewed here there are at least three major possible Soviet tactics: 1. A punitive action such as at extensive border clash, ini- tiated by Moscow as it is be- lieved was the case last month _. ,?.. is entral Asia, in which a ge thinese force would be ro ed by superior Soviet r , - ? ttempts to subvert the minority groups in Sin- g CI the Chinese side in ntrar Asia where anti-Pe- 'g feeling is thought to run gh- _S. A preventive strike, by air it 0-the ground. -1 This latter, by far the most and thought likely to 14 " to major conflict if not -out war, includes the strike exiiiirse- 6Chrutihweisilechnutheleeanrewcorrne: S are concerned. It is be- ',ed that such an attack Would be with conventional iho nib's , Perhaps the single most crit- ical target in such a case *tad be the gaseous diffusion plant at Lanehow which the fissionable material 'nese mItleal4"weapons. owever, the advantages that the Soviets enjoy in tPrril8 of logistics in Central 4aia are thought to be missing Siberia. There, in the Soviet r tast, the Soviets are de- Trident on the single double- track Trans-Siberian railway which runs close to the inese border in many places and which could be cut by raiding parties. This would be dipecially true in the long winter months when the Amur and Ussuri river borders are frozen. It is the virtually unanimous view of those here who follow China that the Peking govern- ment would retaliate if there Nkere a Srovietittike of any irn- Vortance. Bat there is a divi-1 sion of opinion as to Whether Peking would use its nuclear weapons. The Chinese lack a missile capability but do have a few Soviet-made bombers and many Soviet fighters that could be modified to carry bombs. The Soviets have mounted a massive defense in Siberia but there can be no guarantee that a plane or two would not get through. Such important Siberian cities as Blagoveshchensk, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok are barely on the Soviet side of the long bor- der. The Nixon administration had proclaimed a public policy of not taking sides in the Chinese-Soviet dispute but rather of trying to improve re- alations with both countries. Moscow and Peking, however, appear to remain suspicious that the United States will join the other against it. There has been minimal of- ficial public comment here on the possibility of a Chinese-So- viet war. On Aug. 20, however, Secretary of State William P. Rogers told a group of college students that "our best judg- ment is that border clashes and incidents will continue" since "we are convinced that the hostility between them is deep." He expressed hope such clashes would not turn into a war. Rogers went on to say that China watchers in Hongkong had told him the Soviets had the capability to "take over a good section of the country near Peking and probably Pe- king itself." However, it is widely felt here that the Sovi- ets would shrink from such a major attack lest they become bogged down in a major land war in China much as were the Japanese in the pre World War II period. Recent polemics from Mos- cow and Peking show the in- tensity of feeling. soviet corn- ma -Sites Hinted munist Party chief Brezhnev in June charged that China was preparing to wage "both an ordinary and a great nu- clear war" and declared that the Soviet people "are not in- timidated by shouting." Other Russians have rattled their own nuclear weapons. Anatoly V. Kuznetsov, the prominent Soviet writer who recently defected in Britain, . told the New York Times in London that the great fear of j the ordinary Soviet citizen today is. China. He said Rus- sians fear a Chinese attack and believe war cannot be avoided. Even though Kuznet- sov broke with his own 'gov- ernment he put all the blame ' on the Chinese. , A Peking broadcast on Aug. 14 charged that the Soviets have "built a series of airbases ' and guided missile bases along the Sino-Soviet and Sino-Mon- golian borders" and have "plotted to gather some of the satellite troops of the Warsaw Pact and organize them Into so-called 'international col- muns' to oppose China." The current issue of Peking Review contains a scathing denunciation of "the new Czars" in Moscow. It egkeetal- ly attacked Soviet oreign Minister Andrei Grofnyko's re- cent friendly words about President Nixon's call for an "era of negotiation' to replace confrontation. Gromyko was charged with revering the Nixon formula and with hav- ing "prostrated himself before it." Some Soviet watchers have concluded that the Kremlin leaders have decided there is no merit in waiting for Mao's death in hopes he would be followed by leaders who would repair the breach with Mos- cow. It also is theorized here that Soviet military leaders have been making the case that th Chinese before long will hav, an invulnerable nuclear capz. bility and thus the time ti strike is now. But earlie American estimates o. Chinese nuclear developmeir have proved to be overopti mistic, judging by known tests. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 NEW Ittimpy RpE ge lease 2002/01/02 : C1152RE70,10194641,90999fi9tip101 -3 PAGE C 21# CPYRGHT SOVIET TRADE TOT FOR SPY'S RE 1F West Germans Freed for ? _ Man South Africa Held .4.1 . BONN, Aug. 22 (Reu Qualified sources said?roffay , - that the Soviet riton ha a re- turned 10 captuIerre'rt's er''-' man agents in eichange for Yuri Nikolayevich- Loginov, a ' -Russian spy held-lh-South Af- rica who is said to hav trayed the names of Sovie ents in many countries to West. -- - The dearigrAti- the Russians ca-ffreoi.-Tt-1- month ago, 'Vhen'101ii Was brought fo ).urope "Mr the dchange, the-Official Western sources said:? - ? -- --- ? NO identification of the -West rmans was provided:- They were released from priSTIff In -0t Germany and, the stinrc d, "they rendered their coun- substantial services." Off i- 1 spokesmen refused all corn- nt on the exchange. Despite the apparent !m- ance of the exchange, the sians got the better part of site bargain, the sourceS sat& The latest exchange, corning-a month after the repatriation of a Briton, Gerald Brooke, In ex- change for the Soviet spies Peter J. and Helen Joyce Kroger, appears to be the end of_ a series of major spy ex- thAnges. rn February Heinz Felfe, a Soviet double agent who pene- trated t he West German secret service, was returned to Mos- t* in exchange for three West German students held by the ittIssians. - = A Western intelligence source said tonight, "After the Krogers and Felfe the Russians seem to have got nearly all the cows back in the cowshed." The sources said the West Germans had played the cen- tral role in engineering the ex- change, usually a complex pro- cedure involving a secret ren- dezvous somewhere on the heavily guarded frontier be- tween East and West Germany or at a crossing point at the Berlin wall. 1 - The sources were unabie to say last night what South Af- rica had secured from the deal. But it was noted here that Mr. Loginov was held for two years in South Africa without having been brought to trial. One possibility was that the South Africans felt they had ? squeezed the Soviet agent dry of information and saw no use- ful purpose in having the affair aired in court. Mr. Loginov, 36 years old, was arrested in Johannesburg in 1967 after having entered the country on a Canadian passport undhr the name of Edmund Trinka. He was inter- rogated for weeks by security men and was said to have "sung like a canary." The South African security police chief, Maj. Gen. Hen- dric J. van den Bergh, said the spy had named Russian in- telligence men around the world giving a long Hsi? of con- tacts he had made in 23 other countries. Mr. Loginov's mission in South Africa was said to have been an attempt to determines the extent of Rhodesia's de- pendence on South Africa as well as to find out how it was cooperating with another West- ern country ? the name was withheld?in atomic and rock- et research. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 WASHINGTONPOST (Pq DATE aliti a4 U1 PAGE A- /o CPYRGHTApproved i-or Release 2002/01/02 : R -DP7 00364R000300010001-3 Around the Wort! Russians Make 10-for-1 Spy Swap BONN?The Soviet Union has traded 10 West German agents for Yuri N. Loginov, a Russian spy held in South ; Africa who is said to have betrayed the names of many Soviet agents in the West, official Western sources told Reuters news agency. It quoted a Westerdintel- ligence source as saying, "after the Krogers and Felfe, the Russians seem to have got nearly all the cows back in the cowshed." He was referring to the eXchange of convicted SF-- viet spies Peter and Helen Kroger for British univer- sity don Gerald Brooke lagt: month and the exchange in February of Heinz Felfe, a Soviet double agent who penetrated the West Ger- /Tian sceret service, for three West German students. The latest swap was pro- posed by the Russians and ied out a month ago n Loginov was brought urope for the exchange fficials said. Despite the apparent im- balance, the Russians got the better part of the deal, the sources said. But they added that the 10 "rendered their country substantial Services." Their identities were not revealed, but all were said to have been serv- ing prison sentences in East Germany. Loginov, 36, was arrested in , Johannesburg in 1967 after' I entering South Africa with a Canadian passport and an alias. He was held for two as without trial and was said to have "sung like a ea- nary," giving interrogators a list of his contacts in 23 countries. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 NEW YORK TIMES DATE q Approved For FUe`ttE600-02/01/02 : CIA-RDP71B 364R000300010001-3 PAGE anne riveon icia s _ _ _ OillietcOng Is Said to BeFailing US. Sources Say Suspects Are Often Freed by Local Vietnamese Authorities By TERENCE SMITH Alpeolal to Th.. NM!' York Times SAXON, South Vietnam, Aug. 18--Operation Phoenix, a program designed by the United States Central Intelli- gence Agency to track down - arid ildeline Vietcong officials, is reported to be bogging down. American officials blame local acconunodation by the South ?Vietnamese. Officials in charge of the pro- - 7-iliranticknowledge that fewer than 20 per cent of the 25,233 ,Suspdeted agents and sympa- - _ Ahizep, who have been arrested ve secerved prison sentences _ , a ?year or more. r!toe than BO per cent have n eleased or permitted to cape by Vietnamese authori- ? ties it the local level, acquitted ?dr_ given sentences of a few 40ntbs o-r less. 7r, Since American involvement 3$ -Ole program stops at the .,?int of arrest, United States i. ciils say they are unsure ut- what happens when the .ebts are turned over to the % 1 Ma,authorities. ny of them just g out back door of the jail," said 'Mason, the head of the 17.erican advisers to the pro- "We know that. rne Are Treated Favorably avoritism is part of it, he . "Sometimes family rela- ships are involved. We very well that if one of units picks up the district $ brother-in-law, he's go- o be released." ibery and payoffs are also of the explanation, Amen- oficials maintain. In some there seems to be a sub- foui sympathy on the part of the local authorities Understand that accommo- d4tion with the Vietcong is :men the key to survival in the cOUntiyside. In other cases the Vietnamese authorities have been reluctant Gen. William C. Westmore- land cordoned off villages in action now thought to he inferior to Operation Phoen- ix in detecting the enemy. questioned intensively. If the local Vietnamese authorities believe there is sufficient evi- dence, a suspect is turned over to the provincial authorities. Many are released at this point, however. After a period in the provin- cial jail ranging from one to four months, depending on the backlog, the suspects casea 'are put before the province securfty council. This quasi-judicial body is composed of the province chief, a local court judge and six law-enforcement officers. It is supposed to meet once a week and often considers,. 20 to 30 cases at a sitting. As a rule neither suspects nor witnesses appear. A judgment is usually made on the basis of the written record of the investigation. The suspect is not usually permitted a lawyer and fre- quently is not allowed to reach his family until the investiga- tion is completed. This procedure is acknowl- eedged to result in a variety of abuses. Often the case against a suspect consists largely of 'ze a, Vietcong cadre intelligence Indications rather rd as a' result of a than hard evidence. Despite chiffllilse Settlement achieved at the I":'aris peace talks, might jLoujtobe a province of- cl,ai. e -many 'Vietnamese, e Inral authorities tend to neene ? b t This is said to result in- this, if the security council re- gards the case as conclusive, the man is imprisoned. System an Improvement Harsh as this may seem, American officials insist that weakenin of a pm_ the technique is an improve- a mencan offidmal been describing as the mbitiOus intelligence- ering etrort ever mounted outh Vietnam. reated Phoenix oenix was conceived by e CerAral Intelligence Agency 1967 and put into operation luly-of 196g. The object was 10 identify, ferret out and dis- pose ot the Vietcong "infra- structure," enemy agents, or- ' waltzers -an cadre merribers that exist in nearly every vii- a city in South Vietnam. Vle4lieory was that if these people &raid- be eliminated, tcoxig and North Vietnamese would be denied the vital geiious support they have (Dyed in intelligence, supplies personnel. I1lopiZ teams," composed of 1th vjnamese"1ntelligence a "-National policemen, ment over the old "county fairs" operations conducted under Gen. (former United States commander in Vietcong) William C. Westmoreland, in which a whole village was cor- doned off and screened and perhaps hundreds of people were detained with little sem- blance of due process. Now, the officials maintain, there is at least a quasi-judicial review of the evidence. In theory, if the suspect is found to be a Vietcong organ- izer or official, he is supposed to be given a two-year sentence ?the maximum without trial. A number of reforms are be- ing drafted to tighten the pro- gram and increase its effective- ness. The teams will attempt to concentrate their efforts on Vietcong leaders ?? the, so- called hard core ? and ig- nore the rank and file. There will also be efforts to improve evidence-gathering techniques so that more conclusive cases can be presented to the securi- ty committees. Regardless of how effective the reforms prove to be, the Phoenix program still stands a good chance of becoming obso- lete overnight as a result of the Paris talks. "If the negotiators reach an agreement in Paris," Mr. Mason said, "they will legitimize the very same people we are trying to round up. If they decide to give the Vietcong a role in the Government, the people we are hunting today may be in charge of delivering the mail or l- lecting the garbage t ? did's m and Government repre- ' To 'tattves; have been installed In all 44 provinces and most of 4th*,, districts districts and cities - thre61-giiit the country. Each i'm fOrie- or two American Ifeadvise ?Smile 450 in all. i Bogie of the advisers are n. , telligence officers of the Spe- cial Forces, or Green Berets, but itna reliably reported that none 'WI these are involved in ? the cten't C'ase involving eight ., ecia rore's soldiers who are , f obis:ossible murder charges ' In the 'death of a Vietnamese ?114611?"ib? t naTi. earns coordinate all a e intelligence to corn- ' -Vick-list of Vietcong re- orters and sympa- .?.quittbizir supporters a given area. Once ?? the. dossier on an individual is ' itigeted, a aramilitary unit Approved For R wini Ael e le,f. iglAt DP711300364R0003000100 o t defect or to arrest nim or, if ?nece-gaty to kill him. he arrested suspects are 1-3 ff. CPYRGi-IT - Approved For Release 2002/01/02: THE EVENING si, 36 OVV01011.01-3 page epartment said to- eard rumors from e" that the Soviet e considering bomb- mese' nuclear installa- _ artment spokesman does not think the mon will attack China, ?arder clashes might and could flare up into cOritricts than either side ,esman, Robert J. oskey, was answerng ques- t "intelligence re ng Soviet leaders out allies and oth- reaction to a possi- e against China. reports had suggested the viet nion might attempt to estroy rdhinese facilities for 'Ming nuclear weapons in Lariphow, Paotow, Lop Nor and elsewbere. ' IftCloskey replied, "We have heard that rumor from time to time,?----Asked whether it was a rumor or a report, he said he considered a report to be con- firmed information but he would not argue how reliable this infor- mation was. McCloskey said sueh rumors hai been heard for "the last couple ormonths." It was under- stood from other sources that new information along the same See INO-SOVIET, Page A-6 Although they may look like giant beach balls or perhaps vveather balloons they are really part of the Sophisticated electronic gear aboard 412-- - the Soviet satellite-tracking vessel Komi Valadimir Komarov. The ship is taki supplies at Halifax, Nova Scotia. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71 p4 003zote01-3 THE EVENING STAR Page 11441 ~rit ?\China Raid rian Reported Continued From Page A-i lines had reached Washington within the last Week. "McCloskey said the present judgment of the State Depart ment is still that expressed by Secretary of State William P. Rogers on Aug. 20. Remarks Called Inconclusive Rogers was asked by a group of government summer interns whether he thought the Russians would attack China. He replied that the State Department's "best judgment is that proba- bly the Soviets will not do that." McCloskey said today that Roger's remarks could be taken to include the possibility of an air strike at Chinese nuclear in- stallations. United Press International re- ported earlier that the reports came from Communist sources of varying degrees of credibility ?and say that Soviet leaders have been sounding out their Warsaw Pact partners, as well as some Communist party lead- ers in Western Europe, as to what their attitude would be if the Soviet Union had to take such an extreme step. There have been six signifi- cant border clashes between the two countries this year, the most recent one coming two weeks ago. And Moscow and Peking have escalated their war of words. The Soviet Communist party newspaper, Pravda, said today, for example, that Red China's "dangerous, recklessly adven- turistic attitude" toward war could lead to a nuclear world conflict. New Chinese Arming Cited "The military arsenals of the Maoists are being filled up with . . . new arms," Pravda said. "No continent would be left out if a war flares up under the present conditions, with the ex- isting present-day technology, with the availability of the lethal weapons and the up-to-date means of their delivery." The assumption of those au- thorities here who tend to be- lieve the reports of a possible air attack on China, is that the Sovi- et -Union wants to determine whether such extreme action would cost it support within the international Communist com- munity, particularly in Eastern Europe. Approved The reports all appear to be talking about a possible Soviet attack by bombers armed with faced with a decision of whether to use nuclear weapons to halt the Chinese. The information reaching Washington on Moscow's talks with Communist leaders in Eastern Europe and other coun- tries fall into roughly three time periods: ? Just after the international Communist meeting in Moscow in June, reports began coming in from Communist sources that the Soviets had been telling dele- gates to the meeting that the Chinese threat was far greater than many of them realized, and the international Communist world should close ranks against Peking on the ideological front. ? A bit later, there were re- ports that Soviet officials had told Communist party leaders in variotis countries they believed China m ht escalate the border fighting, in which event Moscow would have to "take military ac- tion." The action was not speci- fied. ? The latest reports were that Soviet officials, in discussions with leaders of countries in Communist East Europe, had said that developments might ul- timately force them to take ac- tion to destroy China's nuclear Their argument was that al- though China has not proceeded very rapidly in deploying nucle- ar weapons, it is bapable of doing so in a relatively short time if Peking decides on this course. The Chinese are said to have a quantity of medium-range atom- ic warhead missiles, although they are not yet deployed. How- ever. these could be placed in one to two years, and if they are aimed at Russia, this could vast- ly change the military situation. For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 W YORK TIMES CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 But It Heard Reports That Moscow Considered Idea By HEDRICK SMITH Speclal to The New York Times WASHINGTON, Ang. 28 ? The State Department said to- --day that it saw little likelihood of a Soviet air strike against Communist China's nuclear fa- cilities, but it acknowledged that it had heard rumors that Moscow had sounded out Com- , punist supporters elsewhereon this matter. The Cen telligence rstood- to taken more seriously re- orts that Soviet officials had iscreetly asked some fellow ommunist leaders, in Eastern nd Western Europe; about eir reaction to a preemptive trike against Peking's nuclear cilities. - , _ - - Officials in both agencies are ported to consider the re- rts as authentic. But some lieve that pro-Moscow Coin- unist sources may have sie- erately circulated them as rt of a psychological-warfare mpaign against Peking, rather an as an indication of Mos- w's actual military plans. - t With border tensions and lashes between the Soviet lin- t n and China rising over re- Cent months, officials here no -Ringer dismiss out of hand the Oance that war between the liwo Communist nations might eak out through miscalcula- on, i All-Out War Doulited 'Nonetheless, Secretary -or State William P. Rogers said in " talk' with summer internes the State Department on 1 ug. 20 that the best judgmenti . . ould continue but that neither tse diplomato tw h e nb nor ocr r d se Peking ee kc iisankl gii rs mt s wi s howiunai gds ,1 launch an all-out war. i A State Department spokes- man said today that that was still the considered judgment of the department. Officials said that since Mr. Rogers- made his remarks, Washington had picked up ore e orts of Soviet sound- --ptgatbility of a ai* . allg-t-11M China but .-- _t the degrtrnent was still i Kieptical that one was likely. is talk Secretary Rogers he Nixon ministration did not share the view of some Americans "who argue that it would be a good thing for the United States to let the Soviet Union and Communist China engage in a fairly sizable war,", "We don't think so," he said. "We think warfare anywhere is harmful to the total world com- munity, and we think this kind of war would be injurious to all people, and we hope it doesn't occur." Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 ASHIAINVInactarIROlease 2002/01/02 : CPYRGHT _111 sit Russ-China scar- Travel subsidies Li MA/ Aft. ow e? Rogers seen trying to play down reported threat of Soviet strike By R. H. SHACKFORD Oripps-liowaed Staff Writer Secretary of State William P. Rogers is trying to dampen down what is reported to be a c -inspired scare story that Soviet Russia may he thinking about destroying Communist China's nuelear installations with a surprise air strike. Mr. Rogers and his associates fear that the widely publicized report ? the source of which tiNerstood to be Central Intelligence Agen- 4** director Richard Helms ? will damage the ipeerdtal of state's efforts to establish a policy Azgertcan neutrality in the Sino Soviet word border war. to House in California has not been oin on this latest intra-administration rsy. Nor is it known whether Mr. Rog- firti feels strongly enough to make an issue of it with President Nixon. But if it should precipitate a showdown, Mr. ims is unlikely to carry as much weight th Mr. Nixon as Mr. Rogers, who is an old and dose friend of the President. OMR COMPLICATIONS What is most distrubing to State Department officials is that giving even a little credence to the kin qf.aSoviet pre-emptive strike against a 'lint plays into the hands of the Soviet propa- garMT ts. La a4jJjon, it could complicate the Nixon- Rogers efforts to work with the Soviets on dis- arr4afljt, the Middle East and Vietnam if the Krtmlin wants a pretext for further delay. The GhIese are expected to regard the report a of- that the United States is ganging up wttbItussia against China, thus thwarting Mr. Rogers' neutrality effort. For a couple of months Soviet officials have beertgying to peddle all kinds of scare stories titruout th world to woo sympathy and sup- t against the Chinese. A State Department spokesman conceded that there have been "rumors" that the Rus- sians might at some stage "take out" the Chinese nuclear installations. But he added that these have been unconfirmed and come, at best, from second-hand sources. ANYTHING POSSIBLE Department officials take the position that anything is possible in the Russian and Chinese worlds. But what is probable is some- thing else. With that caveat, most of the experts ? on both Soviet and Chinese_ affairs -- lean to the theory that the "rumors' of a -possfbTe SbyTel strike against China are part of Moscow's war of nerves against Peking. Credibility of the "rumors" of a possible viet strike at China's nuclear installations wag: put into perspective this way by one observer: "If the Soviet Union is, in fact, planning a surprise attack on China, it is unreasonable-to believe that the Kremlin hierarchy would ell low-level officials and authorize them to dis- cuss it with non-Russians." EXPECTS NO STRIKE On his recent return from Asia, and after several days of discussion with top U. S. offi- cials in Hong Kong, Mr. Rogers said: "The best judgment is that probably the So- viets will not use its forces to strike against; China, and probably the Chinese will not (strike Russia). The Russians . . . would be faced with a very serious problem if they made a strike. . . then they would be involved in a land war with 800 million Chinese. On the other hand, the Chinese Communists realize that they are not really able militarily to cope with the Soviet Union." Nevertheless, for many months the Soviet Union has been going to extraordinary lengths to persuade other countries to join them in Moscow's anti-Chinese crusade. On March 29 and June 14, the Soviet government delivered to the State Department written statements giving Russia's versions of the difficulties along the Chinese border. At his last press conference, Mr. Rogers told of the abnormal diplomatic activities of the Soviets this way: "The Soviets have gone to embassies all over Western Europe and this hemisphere present- ing their case against the Chinese, which is really quite unusual." Officials explained today that these Russian diplomatic overtures in no way suggested So- viet military action. On the contrary, the So- viets were arguing that they were threatened by the Chinese. Why the rumors? The Soviet-Chinese border fights and rumors of a Soviet plan to bomb China's nuclear arse- nal may be part of an intricate battle of strate- gy Moscow hopes will produce a change in Chinese leadership, according to Dr. Richard C. Thornton, consultant to the State Depart- ment on Asian affairs. He offered this analysis of the situation in an interview with United Press International: ? The current border clashes are Sqviet "probes" aimed at pressuring China and open- ing the way for establishment of new, inde- pendent border republics in China. Dr. Thorn- ton predicted one to three of these reputylics, perhaps in Manchuria, Inner Mongolia and Sinkiang, and all controlled by Soviet Puppets, will be established within the next six months. ? As a result, the Soviet_s__haye_tn ,?????? pared to face the threat of a retaliatory attack from Chinese nuclear-tipped missiles which are in the final stages of development. The threat, therefore, that the Soviets might try to knock out the Chinese nuclear missile installa- tions before the Chinese could strike is a real Otle, ? The Soviets would not want all-out war with China and so would hope the puppet bor- der republics and the pre-emptive nuclear at- tack, if they decided to risk it, would fragment Chinese leadership. The result could be a civil war, or perhaps the emergence of pro-Soviet forces erased from power during Mao Tse- Tung's proletarian cultural revolution. RD Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 THE EVENI ? CPY iNiAlor Release 2002/01/02 : Cl?ka' ,Leakecl Story, but itaff Writer U/Oer,,, pf similar news Or OS said yesterday that the us is msht have leaked they were considering rig_ Chinese nuclear in- are psychological a move against Peking. ries attributed word alleged Soviet thinking igence reports" or ply "reports." of the dispatches ex- what psychological _considerations there be ni-liaving word of a le Soviet pre-emptive at hina come from ton. inlemained unex- ecause CIA Director M eTms, the source ? - I l?atches does lout wh'ihthey no# e entral enand, apparently, was not asked, alum of a possible Soviet RICHARD M. HELMS attempt to destroy China's nu- clear weapons potential before it got too dangerous had been circulating for some time. The rumors sounded Approved 00veap3 g-, ..--,...wor luncheon was held 4n r "Biagrounder" , 1he "background" basis, meaning otitat reporters present could \ -, agli identy the source of their h ,ic-illd hiotn htahveire ast:prr leerstl, ? ? TheGrSmtaar sent and printed a ver- I strangely like echoes of a discussion two decades ago. Then some "big bomber men" called publicly for the United States to eliminate Soviet nu- clear installations before the Soviet Union became danger- ously armed with atomic bombs. Now the Kremlin's version of hawkish generals were ru- mored to be advising a quick blow against the Chinese gas- eous diffusion plant at Lan- chow, another plant at Pa- otow,. the test site at Lop Nor and other nuclear installa- tions. The State Department had been hearing such rumors for a couple of months. It did not put too much im- portance on them, preferring to believe Moscow is too cau- tious to do it. Continuing bor- der clashes were one thing, but attacking vital Chinese sites would lead to a bigger, e dfiffsIfoirrwa-r than the wanted, State 13-iplif- , tate Department even card the Russians were ng with allies and ly Communist parties on the reaction might be to -emptive strike. It had "rumors," meaning un ed reports, a spokes- Said, but he added diplo- cally that perhaps they "r eport s," meaning What more reliable. A. Scali, who reports the State Department for erican Broadcasting arranged for a selected of diplomatic correspon- tOlunch-With CIA Direc- lms. that hincheon Wednes- emerged the stories say- Moscow was checking on what the reaction- be to a hypothetical on Chinese nuclear in- ons. , of the backgrotmder transmitted by United Press International. The "reports" of what the Soviets might be thinking, said the stories, had come first from Communist party con- tacts of the CIA in Italy and other West European countries then from Eastern Europe. They were a little vague, com- ing from sources of varying credibility, according to the news stories. But the newspaper headlines and the 30-se00nd broadcast surnMaries focused attention on the possibility of a Soviet 1 pre-emptive strike rather than ' on the vagueness. There was plenty of attention here and abroad to the stories, with some of the versions going abroad being second-hand dis- patches of foreigners uninvited to meet with Helms. The dispatches faithfully re- flected the suggestion that the Russians might be engaging in psychological warfare. There was an implication that Mos- cow wanted to warn Peking to quit stirring up border trouble if, in fact, it is the Chinese rather than the Rus- sians who are doing the stir- ring, which is uncertain from this distance. So, was the CIA trying to warn Moscow not to strike at China? Was Helms engaged in a little psychological warfare of his own to try to head off an attack which many officials here think would escalate into a war with world-wide reper- cussions? "We think this kind of war would be injurious to all peo- ple, and we hope it doesn't occur," Secretary of State Wil- liam P. Rogers said Aug. 20. Pravda, the Soviet Commu- nist party newspaper, seemed to agree. It repeated yester- day earlier Soviet charges that the Chinese are preparing for war, adding: con?Serit -wo- fild be lift ? _ _ -ott if a, war flares up untier thepiesent eoncaionis, with the ,existing present-day tech- luilegy, with the availability of ixtodhone lethal ateu.rii31fs tahnedir tdhee.. For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71B00364R000 vvepo tha livery. Approved For Release_2002/01.? DAT WASHINGTON POST CPYRGHT A44 er6 P7160036 Q. When the CIA murders men in the line of duty, does the Central Intelligence Agency then make a report to any branch of government on the names find number of enemy agents it has liquidated? For example, does anyone in government know how tilany men the CIA has liquidated in Vietnam?? __ E T., Baltimore, Md. A. The CIA knows, but it is not telling. Such infor- -rnation is available to the President, conceivably, to the head of the CIA aid oniyabandftil oi others. Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 NEW YRATICaard4W Release 2002/01/02 : 01A-RBP24464144000300010001-3 PAGE Co CPYRGHT ? .tr.& IS RFVIWNG Assays Prospects if Soviet Bars On-Site Arms Checks WILLIAM BEECKER al to The 2+Tew York Timm WA51-IINGTON, Oct. 1?The Vixon Administration, as it ap- Mathes the start of talks on .tmttrol. of Strategic arms, is 1- :Inducting an intensive review If all its espionage capabilities ki determine what types # accords the nation can live tVith if on-site inspection can- Et he negotiated. Officials involved in the high- ority study say that while they are not foreclosing the liotsibility of working out a -nug alinspection procedure ith the Soviet Union, they ? would not want to see the ta'ks - bog down over that issue. Consequently, they are at- _te ting to find out with as =mtj1i precision as possible the -extent to Which the United ---Bt4tes could depend on unila- ? teral means of gathering intel- ,4-ence to show whether the -Russians were abiding by various possible measures on arms limitation. While stressing that the Ad- ministration does not assume that the Russians will cheat, -Otte official insisted that it was only prudent to find out "just -how sensitive our intelligence- gathering capabilities are to ? cheating." 1 More than 100 analysts at the White House, the State Department, the Penta- gon and the Central Intelli- gence Agency are said to be :Tarticipating in the review. Appraisal of Power Balante The review is focused on what the United States can t ount on learning from pres- ent and proposed spy satel- ? lites, eavesdropping planes and ships, radar, Soviet publica- tions and spies and informers. - The study is also attempt- ing to provide President Nixon with an appraisal of whether - the strategic balance of power with the Soviet Union is a delicate one, subject to sud- den tularitilnifiriby Some de- ter/lilted. cheating, or is so well- based as to be difficult to upset. . . . ? American officials View it, ley To -fh-e---arrent- bal- ance is the continuing ability .ef each nation to deter the other from attacking by pos- sessing sufficient protected mis- siles and bombers to be able to retaliate overwhelmingly. In this approach offense rather than defense is stressed. The officials say it is by no tirneans certain that Soviet lead- ers share that philosophy ofi strategy. This is expected to be one of the first points to be explored once talks begin on the limitation of strategic arms. In general terms the United States seeks agreements that would freeze the number and size of intercontinental bal- listic missiles, limit the. scope of antimissile defenses, limit submarines and limit or even reduce the number of strate- gic bombers. Key Areas of Uncertainty Ranking officials say the study has pinpointed a num- ber of key areas of uncer- tainty: gIf the Russians agree to field only a thin antiballistic- missile system, can some of their large number of ground- to-air missiles be surreptitiously upgraded for attacking inter- continental ballistic missiles? ("Once multiple independent- ly targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRV's) for ICBM's have been, successfully tested, is there any, way to monitor a ban on theirl deployment without taking a missile apart at an operational silo? Would either country agree to such "intrusive" in- spection? cm what extent can spy satellites determine whether the Soviet Union tries to substitute bigger, better ICBM's in exist- ing silos? (Kan all the spying devices keep track of mobile ICBM's if the latter are not barred com- pletely? ftlIf the Russians put all their Missile submarine construction under cover, as is not the case at present, could the United States still keep track of new construction? The officials here point out that it was uncertainty over what the so-called Tallinn sys- tem was designed for that led several years ago to the deci- sion to develop and deploy VIIRV's, which are meant to overeome a heavy missile de- fense, thus preserving the American retaliatoty capability. ' The Tallinn system involves ground-to-air missiles, which started appearing in northwest- ern RuSsia in 1964. Tafitia%TiM MAU-it was tiew antimissile system, but triter sive analysis over the years since has convinced them that it is simply a better de- fense against bombers. A tentative conclusion of the study is that the balance of power would not be easily upset, the officials say. The United States maintains three strategic systems ? Minuteman missiles, Polaris missiles and B-52 bombers -- any one of which is believed to be strong enough to cause tens of millions of deaths in a second strike. "This is the most comprehen- sive assembly of technical anal- ysis on what we know and don't know in the intelligence field that has ever been done in Government," a high Admin- istration official commented. "We thing it will prove invalu- able as we enter the drawnout debates over possible agree- ments with the Russians." Approved For Release 2002/01/02 : CIA-RDP71600364R000300010001-3 WASHINGT ON POST v_gclForF Josep sop CPYRG HT PAGE tptibioeL. Missile Buildup by Soviets Exceeds Worst U.S. Fears 1,HERE IS much to be tion currently relevant is leArned from a conversation the frightening deterioration ibtween the chief scientist of the nuclear balance in fa- of the Defense Departmentd sci- , vor of the Soviets. zathai. D'',. John Foster, an a e ific colleague who had nr!etzizi-r siEmaiapsetar of De- i p viously served the de- _ _ _ . .-. pitrtment in a high capacity. altiLSarzelar-Y-1161-YAL 4-UICA=V I was at the time of the logue Was a vocal opponent S.,9 I/ i e t nuclear program fight, and the col- Vaaling.--Calaga-tha-tiboe s ene._ta_Ps_g=a....tar.....a the ABM. oster asked him why he th %,e 0.2L en nr_avegi ..A. IriTST-s5i_lay,,ke ca ab" " t this stand. The col- lie replied, quite USCI- jaiLaY1411aW"Before testifying, Laird ?Ically that the risk of ear apons being used and Packard had to chose Ve aserproportionately to between minimum, medum e e. iner/ase in numbers of and maximum estimates of ear Therefore, future development of Sov- WeaPohs. S the 'United States let nuclear missiles. The. key aid, V to take "another kind estimate concerned the rate sk--unilaterally ceasing of deployment of the giant This kind of weap- SS-9 missile, with its triple as a- 'signal to the So- o-difFe warhead. The SS -9 is clear- " Who might then re- IY designed for the sole pur- d ?to the "signal" by Pose of destroying the Mi- in their own produc- nuteman missiles that gcon- stitute the primary Arrieri- ()stet. pointed out that no can deterrent. spectable Soviet expert in the interval unhaly, 1 It ? In, IS country predicted any ASE..9.-clexau.y.mentne " Ad of response to such a luzzi.naLjust a lanai" except continued than the maximum rate en- evict production of nuclear ifie0onS And Foster added ;rd. and there lye alp Th e' bleak auestion: b? two highly succes ful " what if your 'risk' 2.dditional sinne V ,A - es'Wrong?" "Now, Johnnie." the reply the back, "t h e Soviets t fun this country. There Went enough of them. We'd fuSi have a different kind of hVernment, that's all." !hat ended the conversa- op. Yet of course the view a risking "a different kind e government" is better tan the risks inherent in a licsOrtable nuclear balance intellectually respectable , ri-vtdlng all the risks are orthrtghtly defined. Its tthryhtness, in fact, was made the above-quoted ation interesting. triple warhead. Deployment thp SS-11 and SS-13 pis- .51.1 arable to our Mi- Duteman, has proceeciecf tu. Launchings of Yankee class submarines, comparable to our Polaris subs, have again exceeded past estimates by a little. Projecting from these new facts, the Soviets should have enough SS-9s to take out our Minuteman deter- rent by the end of 1973. They should also have enough Yankee-class missile sub- marines to take out our 3-52 bases by that time.elAmailai; th have a cer- tain number, dge1=1".1 firm ev will k th onversa- ma es e c ed ? . ?-, ' wth ; min of about 3 00t 10 I - :rramintiral . ? bin! - ? Fw-ts That does not mean that by 1974 the Soviets will be ready to consider the first strike their program seems to be aimed for. But it cer- tainly means that the Krem- lin will begin to show quite new orders of boldness in all sorts of situations. The first increase of Kremlin boldness is indeed already visible, in the middle Eas- tern situation explored in the last report in this space. So this is also a matter for the left wing intellect- uals to weigh, unless they have made the open choice of the scientist above-quot- ed. cur _ ac sm- ddsfirt?? destroy s "nififines', in conslitaT - eltEe' SFirets' only lag. TheSe' fast aFe too slow and too 'noisy to do b effi ie tl . ebinn o hire, our -"Al3M de- pyment will still be quite ,equate to protect any- nificant niiinber, of our nujeiman fhisgles. Unless "Ming urgent is done out it, in short, the nu clear balance is going to tilt very sharply against this Approved For Release:2002d01/0211dCFAeRttp711300364R0003000100 " was 5 to 1 in our avor, please remember at the time of the Cuban missile 05 1969, Los Angeles Times 1-3 CPYRG HT WASHINGT ON POST DATE I 0 dC0699 PAGE 2.4r let Agent Blocks Swap, ities that both she and her hu refers Trial 14 West - band came under KGB suspi- ? By Antony Terry London Sunday Times BONN?The Soviet Union has rebuffed by one of t Yevgenii Runge, who its qT ents in an attempt e a large-scale spy e with West Germany. o barter a group of erinan spies under ar- oscow for one of its operatives, Heinz was torpedoed by imself. n a former?terlin er turned spy, pro- Soviet espionage or it KGB with a steady to eaCha Its Wes rest Own Sue, ow of more than 50 top-se- ret NATO plans from the files of West Germany's For- eign Ministry, in addition to about 1?,000 other high-grade NATO security documents. Moscow had sent its chief spy-broker, Wolfgang Vogel, to Bonn to negotiate the ex- Olen% Vogel, 40, one of the few t Berlin private law- , era owed to practice in Communist East Germany, also acted as intermediary in e negotiations with Britain exchange of Soviet les Peter and Helen Kroger F British lecturer Gerald ooke. Feels Saferin West Suetterlin, who was arrested two years ago and is due to appear in a Cologne court Monday, turned out to be one top Soviet spy who did not want to be released if it meant returning to Moscow. - Recently Suetterlin refused to be sent back to his one-time Russian paymasters. He said that ,be felt safer if he could ittand trial in West Germany, where one of his minor fellow pies NIS just been sentenced To three years' imprisonment on similar charges. The West Germans believe that the KGB's o change a number p spies for Suettkrlin a Soviet plan kP on their own roaster o America two years Runge, on whom cion of being double agents vy orking also for the West Ger- an Inte1flgeii?Service. They ere temporarily "withdrawn froin active service" while the Russians made secret inquir- ies as to how the Suetterlins were able to transmit details of highly classified documents before they even rented the desk of Bonn's Foreign Minis- ter. Runge, who was also under Soviet suspicion of playing a double game, defected to the West and, according to U.S. se- curity authorities, he "sang like a prize canary." Among ecIte 0. Rus- sians have passed a death sentence, gave away his exten- sive spy network in 'est Cer- many?including 8uefteilin and his wife, Lore. The iatfer's position as confidential secre- tary in the Bonn Foreign Of- fice gave her access to most classified NATO material. Runge Under Guard The Russians reportpdly_be- lieved that, with SuetterlinI help, they could gaintrifoiina- tion which would lead then' to Runge, who is under heavy guard in New York. U.S. secu- rity authorites have refused to let Runge go to Germany to testify in court because they believe the Russians Have made plans for him to be 'kid- naped. Instead the Cologne court, complete with legal staff, will go to New York to take a statement from the former So- viet master spy. The court will hear how 24 rolls of .mierefilTP with photographs of secret NATO and Foreign Office doc- uments were found on Suet- terlin when he was arrested in Bonn. Suetterlin's attractive, rav- en-haired wife, who had stolen the documents for him, corn- , mitted suicide in her prison ' cell. She is said to have been shocked by the discovery that Suetterlin met, seduced and married her on KGB orders because she held a key job in the personnel records depart- ment of the Bonn Foreign Of- fice. Too Efficient as Spies Her name was one of three Given to him by the KGB. All three were secretaries with ac- cess to secret documents and Suetterlin was ordered: "Get ?inal2pcLand if possible, y one of them." VtilIJ kiso,46such s,plocl4?os.1, in such quanti- other things revealed by the former KGB colonel, who was Suetterlin's spymaster, was ex- treme laxity in West German government departments' han- dling Of top-secret and classi- fied NATO plans. Between them, Runge and the Suetterlins provided the Rssians with a complete pic- Iture of all major NATO and I Western defense plans during , ' several years. These included long-range plans of the West German armed forces until, 1972, the location of secret NATO m i ss i 1 e centers throughout Western Europe and NATO's evacuation blue- print in case of war. -RDP71600364R000300010001-3 GPY RG HT NEW ydegkraittfgr Release 2002/01/02 ?raiPirry/1070434000301)/A1M1-3 t Over,se are ntelli enceMen1 Ily TAD SZVLC specie to The New feii, Tune. litifiglegt had ordered home WASHINGTON Dec. 13- /037 American military per- states Gletninc4 simnel and the elimination of notably the &Tense. 5,100 overseas civilian jobs exit's agencie held by Americans, 10 per s=tavZ" " s -rif3n: - cent of whom are Foreign mption fne f their pestiiii61-, Service officers. order by Prestlent . This is to be effective on - reduce by IT pe June 30, 1970 with a saving t' ' of $50-million a year. number of American ' ..The White House said that crying abroal. f these exet n-r - _` tale order excluded troops in iZIO ? Pentagon's elTt Southeast Asia, South Korea Till -r- psycliblogiciewar ' ' and Berlin and those in Eu- ations in East rope under the North Atlan- a total of tie Treaty Organization. " S are engaged ilitaiar_ intel i ,,,... .?,..... s, along with sma other Gove representedover- e granted brfhe The total military strength Ad-the United States abroad. use. e despitemrtare *TA.Aw-iibout 1,7 million. al cam .................I.ri addition, the Defense De- nt reconimenartment employs 324,682 dy of further cu t reign igence oper citizens abroad. The gw4: ln (MS ,, 40 aichardson group is to make abroad be undertaken .recommendations by Dec. 31 leaders independent of trini4 on telligence- uri v un reducing foreign employ- it- 5F der i ?ees. Total emp12ment of for- the aegii o national' pol- fev level." 8 eigners abroad by all the ithel;,afer-".ageilteee: t?Government agencies is 351,- e St'ate 411-5'ePrt6"enr694Sirict1y speaking, the Defense ,cu-5l7 of ,y aaderell its- SiVar- Department is making a 10 per. e 5,1667po7 cent cut in both its military road. -civilian personnel abroad. ' - f ' ' iir" STalF- -But the distribution of the cuts, ecre ary , , _ ardson served as left to the department's discre- of the NatiOnaT tion, maintained abroad intelli- & gence and psychological-WarounciPs perrnantir fart personnel in numbers that of under seder the Richardson report consid- ech was char ?r ..ired as highly excessive. ni out the Fre ' On the other hand, the Cen- ration Reductioh.' :val Intelligence Agency was reported to have reduced its Araerican personnel abroad by between 10 and 12 per cent. It rilieffeved that the agency em- ploys 30,000 foreigners abroad, directly or indirectly. ?The Richardson report said that 28,000 "Americans, maint D fense De artrnent personne 006 op...Subject to the cut in the field, therefore, were ence 144,889 Defense Depart- - personnel, of whom 39,- n low.4 an were civilians. in a repoK under the Defense exemptions 'ST _?psychological - war- would aseunTe r"it- ionate rale in Corn- _ -Ufe reduction in file intelli- gence staffs in East Asia were only 6.4 per cent instead of 10 per cent. Mr. Richardson's report com- mented that although the in- telligence community as a whole had complied with the 10 per cent cut, he believed there were "intelligence activi-, ties which can probably stand further reductions without a real detriment." The report discussed the feasibility of alternative sys- tems of collecting intelligence following the closure or con- solidation of some activities, including the establishement of mobile operations in the United States and "closely allied coun- tries." A joint C.I.A.-State Depart- ment subcommittee was charged with the "reconsidera- tion of the role of intelligende collection organizations over- seas" operating under Wash- ington's direct guidance or un- der foreign control points. It was in this context that Mr. Richardson proposed the independent study of intelli- gence operations under "the aegis of the national policy level"-meaning the National' Security Council. U. S. I. A. Is Involved The Richardson report fur- ther found fault with the Pentagon's insistence on main- taining the level of its psy- chological warfare operations in Asia. These are coordinated with the C.I.A. and receive "general policy guidance" from the United States Information Agency. The information agen- cy's legal mandate, inciden- tally, does not provide for involvement in psychological warfare in war theaters. These operations are chiefly aimed at Communist China, North Vietnam and North Korea and include radio broad- casts, leaflet drops and the dissemination of written pam- phlets "through other means." The Richardson report said, "In Southeast Asia and Korea, civilian agencies are reducing . the level of operations, but the *Richardson report ife-gitgageX in intelligence ac- Department of Defense does as not been /nag' Wities in East Asia. not plan to reduce the level of 'Evvas obtained frorn - Under its interpretation of a psychological warfare opera- ministr qu ation arters. July 21 directive to Mr. Richard-tions. son from Henry A. Kissinger, ince the policy trend is in Tit Nixon ordered the President's Special Assist- the direction of reducing the nRductiofl,",!Mtfl ant for National Security, the level of psychological warfare ' on as OpizErf, Pentagon was able to exempt operations in the area, it does 12,000 of the 28,000 intelli- not appear fully consistent with ichardSon s , repo ence personnel in East Asia Department , - g that trend for the trom the cuts. This meant that, of Defense to exclude its units to ie htt?fonie - 1,600 in-stead of 2,8001 from any reduction on the e tt rove 6b6 ntelictne NitiVA-1040444b151rleft6411ktf6 ov 26, the E emptions, the militaiz Jsycho- House announced that the "As a consequence of ex- logical warfare units will as- . ?,..... iittrite-A-disproportionate rule in compariscn to civilians," it said. Mr. Richardson then cited a number of examples of military and intelligence operations abroad that may be eliminated or reduced. He urged the elimination of the Voice of the United Na- tions Command, a radio station in South Korea run by the United States military. Its liquidation has been rec- ommended by the American Embassy in Seoul. Mr. Ricnardson noted that 1,950 American employes, main- ly military, operate a highly secret intelligence operation in Ethiopia and that the Pentagon has exempted the entire staff, although "it is in our interest to reduce our profile as much as we can." He said that there had been only 4 per cent reduction in two military intelligence sta- tions in Morocco, where 1,700 Americans, chiefly military, are employed. The Richardson committee also asked the Defense Depart- ment to re-examine the need for a separate unified command In the Panama Canal Zone which has 12,000 Americans. The report remarked that in 1967, the Panamanian Govern- ment only "with the greatest reluctance" agreed to let the United States continue using the Canal Zone for military training and "liaison" with Latin America. In addition to Panama Canal defenses, the command is re- sptmsible for planning and con- trolling "military contingency operations" in Central America and South America. The special report due on Dec. 31 is to suggest alterna- tives, such as moving the oommand to the continental United States, presumably Flor- ida, or to Puerto Rico. 300010001-3