Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 4, 2003
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
March 12, 1965
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PDF icon CIA-RDP71B00508R000100030014-9.pdf543.83 KB
Approved For Release 2003/09/30-: A-RDP71B00508RQ00100030014-9 12 March 1965 PRINCIPAL FEATURES OF CIA ORGANIZATIONAL PROP A. ROLE OF THE EXECUTIVE COM TTEE: An Executive Committee, consisting of the Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Director of Central Intelligence, will be established to formulate. guide, and regulate the NRP. Specifically the Executive Committee will; 1. Examfae the reconnaissance requirements provided by USIB against technical and fiscal capabilities. so as to establish an appropriate level of effort for the NRP. In this role it will rely largely on cost effectiveness and technical feasibility analyses prepared by the DNR and the component elements of the NR Organization. 2. Approve or modify the consolidated NR program and its budget as forwarded by the DNR. 3. Acting through the DNR, allocate responsibility to CIA and/or DOD for research and preliminary design studies for new systems. 4. Allocate development responsibility for specific onnaissance programs to DOD or CIA, and establish NRO review(s) completed. Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP 1 B00508R0001000 0014-9 25X 25X _1 Y o y s Approved For RipJease 20,03/09/30CIAkRDP71 B00508'6001 00030014-9 guidelines for mutual support where appropriate. It shat be free to use technical advisory groups as necessary. S. Assign operational responsibilities to either DOD or CIA for various types of manned overflight missions, subject to the concurrence, as appropriate, of the 303 Committee. . Review periodically the essential features of the major program elements of the HRP. ROLE OF THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE: To insure the coordination of CIA and DOD reconnaissance activities and to provide a eiegle point of integration for the planning eting of the National Reconnaissance Program., a Director National Reconnaissance will be appointed by the Secretary of Defense with the concurrence of the Director of Central Intelligence, who will report to the Executive Committee on all matters affecting the NRP. Specifically. he will: 1. Be kept fully and completely informed of all reconnaissance activities in CIA and DOI'. 2. Coordinate CIA and DOD izse of the space launching. tracting and recovery facilities. 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/304":` CIA-RDP71 0 Approved For Release_220D3/D9i30_:..CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 3. Coordinate film processing of CIA and DO activities so as to make best use of the primary ak facility at Rochester, 4. Prepare a coordinated and consolidated NRP budget for examination and approval by ExCom. This et will be based on submissions from appropriate elements of CIA and DOD, 5. Ensure the fin (RP appro- priations to CIA and appropriate DOD elements in lump sum transfers each fiscal year. Incremental funding from reserve or reprogramming sources will be used only for supplemental programs approved by ExCom. 6. Deal with the operating head of the, CIA or his designated alternate on all matters of policy, coordination, or guidance. He will not sxerc operating elements of CIA or its par** 7. Assume such command responsibilities over DOD elements of the NRP as the Secretary of Defense may designate. tablish suitable lines of coordination with those line components which do not respond direct 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/3 CIA-RDP71 00508R000100030014-9 1 }I , 4d ~~. i1 Approved For Release 200"/30 1, IRDP71 B00508PW0100030014-9 8. Sit with the USIB for the matters affecting the NRP. 9. Appear before the 303 Committee with appropriate operating elements of CIA or DOD to secure approval for ovaerhead reconnaissance mission RESEARC,H AND PRELIMINARY DESIGN: 1. Research on a reconnaissance technology and preliminary design of now systems will be encourage supported in both CIA and DOD. It will be supported by a cation from NRP funds to each group In like measure at a level to be estabished each year by the 00- . A. prescribed fraction of these resources -- perhaps 20% to 40% -- will be earmarked for support of basic research on reconnaissance technology to stimulate and assure the future vigor of this field. The BM will be kept fully informed of all activities and developments in this connection purpose of ensuring appropriate coordination and preventing unwitting duplication as well as encouraging joint exploitation of new techniques. 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 a CIA-RDP71 Approved For Release 2063/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R@,00100030014-9 . Preliminary design and email technical feasibili demonstrations of new reconnaissance systems will also be funded from this innovation resource. Such work can. grow out of requirements originating with USIB, the ExCom the DNR for improvements in existing capabilities, or can Alit from spontaneous initiative in the CIA and DOD participating elements. However, it is important DNR and ExCom receive each month a comprehensive report on, status, or conclusion of such efforts. way. competitive study efforts will be recognized. roved or discouraged, and synchronised for later decision actions. 4. It is intended that these funds and their products represent the flexible cutting edge of the reconnaissance program. They should not be used to fund actual developme or operational activities. D. SYSTEMS JD sufficiently w system concept well defined and its technical feasibility established to the 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 Approved For Release 2003/(19/30 :'-CtA-RDP71 B00508R0Q0100030014-9 satisfaction of the .ExCom, it would be included in the inventory of the NRP. At this point, it should receive necessary funding from line items to the budget identified with these systems. Those funds would then be allocated to CIA sad /or DOD, to whom specific developn enta,l responsibility has been assign The eleen CIA and/or spon*l ility for a new system selecting and sups signed deveioprteot sponsible for capable contractors; for establis ing such systems engineering support as they doom nocog~ for rendering periodic reports on program progress to the DNR and ExCom and generally for the success of the program. to recanna se"ce primarily by the payload /cameras. spacecraft. data recovery systore a - well as by their boosters. The interface between the the launch system and payload is of critica planning for compatible checkout and launch facilities, boosters, traces, and recovery must proceed with. the payload development. The DNR will be rem , ~ . , ,.... ?, iatrnsiia-le for the succeoa of Approved For Release 2003/09/30: CIA-RDP7100508R000100030014-9 ILLEGIB Approved For Release 2003/09130 CIA-RDP71 B005081T000100030014-9 4. A normal phase of satellite development progra Mal flight testing in orbit and engineering proof of the completed payload system. These flight tests will be the primary responsibility of the payload developing group in CLA or DOD, which would be expected to include as many intelligence targets as are consistent with the primary develop- ment so that any film recovered would have intelligence value. When a system had been successfully demonstrated and declared operationally reliable, It would enter the operational phase. . ROUTS OPERATIONAL PHASE . When the satellite payload has been successfully developed, it becomes a part of the operational assets of the NRP. The payloads together with appropriate boosters, launchers and tracking stations represent the 1!P eapabilt to obtain orbital photography, and accordingly represent part of an orderly program to acquire such intelligence in response to 1TSIS requirements, target lists and priorities. The D NR must play the central role in planning this program. Approved For Release 2003109/30 CIA-RDP7 14-9 25X' Approved For Release 2003/09130 :CIA-RDP71 600508000100030014-9 it involves far- sighted budgeting for payload production well as booster procurement and modification. It involves judicious scheduling of operational launches from fixed resources, in addition to development flight tests. It requires a plan with sufficient flexibility to respond to changing world situations and the corresponding intelligence needs. It is a complex managerial task for which a single individual mast in the last analysis be responsible. 2. Both the long range requirements for satellite Ling targets for specific flights come properly from the intelligence cornmunity in which all elements of the Government have a voice. The community has named COMOR as ie staff to provide these requirements in an rly way, subject to approval by USIB. 3. The Satellite Operation r is the next step in that sequence of events. Its function is to plan specific mission coverage in light of COMOR target requirements. it does so by first studying the spectrum of orbital choices available. These are supplied by various groups on the West 25X11 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 :: CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508ROO0100030014-9 represent specific launch vehicle propulsion 25X1 capabilities, current range safety restrictions, etc. These feasible orbits are then computer analyzed in Washington to Optimize target coveragg angle. predicted weather conditions and target priorities. An orbit Is selected and camera programs established for this mission. This is basically an intelligence function. 4. to the case of CORONA coverage, SOC bas played a central role in detera ephemeris of the mission and transmitting computerised guidance to the launch authority. Until the spring of 1963, the Satellite Operations Canter was located at A Headquarters next to Ct3M R where it was used flights and was in immediate co Coast facilittes. It was then moved view to extending Its functions to Intl a CORONA and ARGON Fith the West Pentagon with a LANYARD# h mission guidance to these programs is not yet determined, Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 by the SOC largely because of their continued classification as R&D fliaahts. T intel e sed to provide the 25X1 25X11 . Although most of the responsibility of the developing team is fulfilled when a satellite payload is declared operational. there are persuasive arguments for exle indefinitely into the operational phase. The mo argument is that payloads systems are being coatin sponaibility -- and should be. The remarkable improvement of CORONA from rnoaoscopic to stereo and then to doubled film capacity via double recovery is an example. . rther more.. these are extremely delicate instruments and no two payloads from a given system are quite allke. Continuity froxr. launch is therefore essential. This does not mean that the contractor should fire a THOR or ATLAS. It does a that there is no production or operationa: sequence when a can safely eliminate the payload team 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 completely fro ati.. The CORONA prograu eogullsed this and has representatives of CIA. and its contractors present at each step of an operational mis but with varying degrees of authority. a satellite payload is launched in orbi enters a crucial period of real time tracking, monitoring and I. Tracking and telemetry recording from low altitude photography is accomplished by Air "oree stations. This data is transmitted to Sunnyvale. California, where the eperati run. In the case of CORONA. inflight decisions include decisions to recover if a mat ctton is suspected and transmissions of camera program changes received from the SOC to the satellite so as to take advantag, of changing weather. 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X111 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00?08R000100030014-9 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508RQ,00100030014-9 NIPE/JABross:nm/ 12 Mar 65 Di stributton Cys 1 & 2: Dep$ecbef 3: DDCI 4: DDS&T 5: NTPE Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 E100508KOOO 1000300 - Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/30 : CIA-RDP71 B00508R000100030014-9