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December 27, 2016
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December 30, 2013
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March 18, 1966
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STAT Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2613/12/30 : CIA-RDP73-00475R000100400002-1 ? , MAR 1 8 1866 ? !' Washington: The Alliance for Progress? By JAMES RESTON !, WASHINGTON, March 17? The paradox of America in the .world today is that it can fairly claim to be making progress ? almost everywhere, yet finds that its problems are, out- ? stripping its gains. t We have come to the end of the first half of the ten-year Alliance for Progress in this hemisphere, for example, with ? -some. encouraging results to report, but with little real hope of achieving the objective of ; self-sustaining growth by the end of the 1960's. The reason for this is not ? that the republics of the hemi- sphere have not ? made gains, ' but their gains have been very ;uneven from country to coun-, try, and they find that their ? economic growth must increase , faster and faster just to keep pace with their' population growth. ?? ? 'The Gains ! Psychologically, the atmos-.' ? phere is much better. The cruel gap between the very rich and the very poor remains, but , there is visible evidence of ! change and improvement in: many places. There is 'more help from the advanced cowl-. tries of Latin America?Brazil,, Mexico, Argentina and Chile-- to the poorer countries of Latin ?America than ever befOre, and', %the new generation of prag:. than double to between 500 mil- , ? inhabitants must be built each matic technicians is appearing lion and 600 million by the end' year, but no more than two ' with little interest in the old of the' century, and there is ?units per thousand inhabitants ? economic myths and political ? nothing in the present economic are in fact being built, so that feuds of the past. ,,,trends to compare with this the housing tleficit is expected', , Nevertheless, the statistics perple'xing prospect. \ to increase this year once more... .now being published to mak,' There are some hopeful signs ? the progress Of the Alliance's , in some countries. Brazil, Argen- ? ? Land reform and social re- halfway mark are somewhat ''?,tina and Chile, whose gross - forms are proceeding slowly, the misleading. The goal of .the 'national product amounts to :Alliance Was an 'economic - almost 56 capita a year, ahd after a slow er ent a the total experts at. the bank concede. ^ ? 'growth rate of 2.5 per cent per , gross product of all Latin. But agricultural production has start this was achieved in 194 actually slowed down over the ? " i America, have finally managed and 1965, but only about hal to mak last five years and the educan e some progress against tional reforms are not keeping their inflation. Mexicci, Vene- ? pace with the mounting school,a , of the Latin-American republics zuela, Peru and Colombia have population. , achieved this growth rate, and had an average economic growth . most of the countries actually .. rate of well above 4 per cent Of every 100 children enrolled . annually in the first year of had a lower growth rate in 1965 , for the last few years, thougjv 1 than in 1964. : the P 17. gr e e- school in Latin America, only :.? It is the trend of the eco- ?c ? . iined last year in all of these . eight complete their secondary,? , nomic growth rate in relation four countries except Pent. ducation, and in 1964 the tug..., versity population of the entire 1 to the trend of the population ng to the Inter-Amer- growth rate that is most dis- region. was only 4 per cent oil turbing. The population is now Increasing in Latin America as. .. a whole at a rate of 2.8 per 1 According cent; in Costa Rica, where thet Housing and Schools It is true that in any 10-year .1 econcenic growth .rate was 0.9 program of reconstruction, the I can Development Bank, the so- the university age group, cial progress in the region 'as a 1 This is the kind of situation 4 that causes rebellions and wars. 1 ,I whole has been discouraging. . , ? per cent last year,. the popula- ?! ?.tecause of the increase of the: progress. always tends to be ' tion growth was.. 4 per cent; ?population and the vast migra- slow in the first half, but there 1 and in Central America . as a ??; tion of the peoples in the hemis-? ? is very little in this picture to wh,ole, the population is now .phere from the land to the justify the current official op-. ?growing faster than in any ':cities, there is a housing deficit timism here about achieving the., other part of the world. ? In Latin Arnerica,'according to 2,.5 per cent per capita growth 1.. ? Dr. Sanz de Santarnaria, the Inter-Anierican Bank, of be- :--rate. ,It "is the over-all trend ?chairman of the Inter-American ? tweens 15 million and ip that counts, and the trend is not, , Committee on the Alliance ,,tuiits,.TO eliminate this and pro- running ,toward President Ken. ? Progress,- estimates that for' the, rising population::nedy's objective of self-suitia ? present Latin-American popu*-2, the inhk estimates that 11 to 12 clency by 1070, but is actually tion,of 22,.0 '; per thousand pr thousand ? runnittragainst IL ? ? ? -; : Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2013/12/30: CIA-RDP73-_00475R000100400002-1