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February 17, 1971
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February Approved X 971 For RCONGRESSIONAL R CORD3B ensio 0020f K Om03k0 E 843 96TC buildings; the incantations of SDS and the Black Panthers to violence; ad nauseam. Certainly, however, such ac- tions are simply not representative of America's youth. Rather, they are the actions of a small, misguided faction who are encouraged in the belief tearing down is more progressive than building up. Craig L. Staples of Derry, N.H., is evi- dence of the constructive attitude of the great majority of our future leaders. Craig is the New Hampshire State win- ner of the Veterans of Foreign Wars "Voice of Democracy Contest." Speaking on the theme "Freedom-Our Heritage," he asks that heated rhetoric be replaced by cooperation in the search for solutions to the problems confronting us. His is a commonsense approach that I believe merits a few moments reflection by all readers of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: FREEDOM-OUR HERITAGE (By Craig L. Staples) So many words have been written about our heritage. So many phrases have been echoed about our freedoms. It is difficult to pay original tribute to a theme that has so often been honored in the past. What then is the best way for one con- cerned about his country to pay it tribute? Does he best honor it by adding to the oft- repeated rhetoric of the past? No, today that is not enough. Our institutions are under attack. Often those institutions do not work as effectively as they should. Violence has become a part of life for many. Our country is on many fronts torn by hate and distrust and fear. Rhetoric alone will not solve these problems. The best way to honor our American her- itage is to tackle our problems, to face up to our fears. That a nation might recognize for itself where it is lacking and where it is not is perhaps the highest tribute that can .be paid to those who fostered such a na- tion. Rather than speak of our forefathers' high minded Idealism, we must employ that same Idealism to meet the problems facing us today. Rather than defend our system blindly, we must analyze it coolly to recog- nize its faults so we can correct them. It is not necessary that we always agree, for Democracy does not require consensus. On the contrary, Democracy demands dis- sent. But our dissent must be of the kind that builds rather than crumbles. We must not let our disagreements collapse into dis- unity. We can best serve America by listening to every voice, harsh or subtle. For only when every opinion is aired can the best course be plotted. It is just to criticize a man's idea if one feels that idea is wrong. But we must not attack each other because that is disunity not discourse. In the end, name calling hurts all of us. For one American to criticize an- other American's motives simply for per- sonal or political gain is an affront to the basic concept of our Democracy. Jefferson and Hamilton attacked each other's politics vehe- mently. But their purpose was to serve America and not themselves. Our purpose must be the same. Of course, it is only just for us to despise those who may desecrate our flag but we can best serve freedom by realizing that it is their flag too. It is only human for us to be angered at demonstrations. They upset our sense of or- der and make us uncomfortable. But rather than hear just the demonstrator's shouts, we should honestly appraise their grievances. If we can do that, then perhaps the need for demonstrations will be lessened. We can best honor our heritage and those men who conceived our Democracy by taking the same approach as they did close to 200 years ago. Just as they did, we must develop a posi- tive national attitude resolving to put aside our personal animosities in order to attack those problems that plague America today. If we can do that, then this Nation, where the outspoken are not hushed and the soft spoken are still heard will continue to stand for generations to come. We owe our heritage KISSINGER'S CREDIBILITY CAP- NO RED NAVAL BASE IN CUBA HON. JOHN R. RARICK OF LOUISIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, February 17,19'71 Mr. RARICK. Mr. Speaker, U.S. Naval Intelligence reports that the R assians now have a naval base at Cienfuegos, Cuba, capable of servicing a missile-fir- ing nuclear submarine. The evidence re- veals that the base is now operational and is being used to service Soviet sub- marines operating in the Caribbein and in the Atlantic Ocean. This information was known prior to a nationwide TV appearance of the President. In his TV discussion of Cuba and Soviet naval activities in that area, the Commander'in Chief affirmed that the Russians had no naval base irk Cuba. The President assured the four network correspondents and the Nation that air surveillance provided certain proof that no Russian naval base exists in Cuba. The President added that the Russians had promised President Kennedy in 1962 that they would not place offensive mis- siles in Cuba and promised on October 11, 1970, that they would not establish a military naval base in Cuba. Moreover, the President expressed his belief that the Russians would keep their promise. In view of the fact that the Russians have broken almost every treaty they have ever made and that one Soviet leader stated that, "Promises are like pie crusts-made to be broken," one wonders why the President is so trustful of the word of the Russians-especially cver the reports of his own naval experts. The reason that the Commander in Chief and the U.S. Naval Intelligence hold opposite assessments concerning a Russian naval base in Cuba is a matter for speculation. That concrete evidence gathered by Naval Intelligence is in error seems un- likely. The late Congressman L. Mendel Rivers clearly stated on the floor of the House of Representatives on October 8, 1970-see CONGRESSIONAL RECORD pages H9834-H9840 of October 8, 1971)-that the Soviets at that time were building a nuclear submarine base in Cuba at Cienfuegos. Mr. Rivers challenged any official of the executive branch to issue an outright denial. There was only si- lence from the executive branch. Also, many Cubans in this country with first- hand personal information testi:'y that the Russians have been building it naval base at Cienfuegos. Could the variance of opinion between the Commander in Chief and U.S. Naval Intelligence as to their estimate of the situation in Cuba be due to the fact that a public acknowledgement by the Pres- ident of the existence of a Russian naval base in Cuba might stir up public indig- nation to demand action to oust the Rus- sians from Cuba? This seems plausible since the Kissin- ger foreign policy calls for the United States to avoid any direct confronta- tion with the Soviets; for if we ever had it out with our enemy, the Soviet Union, we might lose the phoney "peace" be- tween the two superpowers but win the confrontation with a victory. The Rus- sians have always backed down when their bluff was called. Those Americans interested in pre- serving this great Nation, if informed of the threat, will demand that their Con- gressmen and Senators reveal the full truth of Soviet activities in Cuba and that we help the Cuban exiles give back power to the people of Cuba. Restoration of Cuba once again to the status of a free nation is in the best interest of our national security. I insert following my remarks a very informative Review of the News article entitled "The Coming Cuban Crisis" by the noted columnist Paul Scott, a news clipping, and a resolution by the New Orleans Chamber of Commerce: [From the Review of the News, Jan. 27, 19711 THE COMING CUBAN CRISIS (By Paul Scott) There is a difference as great as night and day between that highly reassuring public statement of President Nixon on Soviet naval activities in and around Cuba and the in- formation gathered by U.S. Naval Intelli- gence. While the President sees no Russian naval base in Cuba, our Navy is privately warning that for all intent and purpose the Soviets now have a base at Cienfuegos, Cuba, capa- ble of handling missile-firing, nuclear sub- marines. The U.S. Navy also gathered hard evidence that the Cienfuegos base is partly operational and was used recently to service Russian submarines operating in the Carib- bean. This is the ominous conclusion of the latest Naval Intelligence estimate of Soviet naval capabilities and intentions in Cuba waters now being circulated at the highest levels of the Nixon Administration. The highly classified document was pre- pared before President Nixon made his astonishing statement over nationwide TV while being interviewed by four network correspondents. In discussing Cuba and So- viet naval activities in the area, the Presi- dent stated: "Well, I can tell '%ou everything our In- telligence tells us, and we think it's very good in that area because as you know, we have surveillance from air, which in this case is foolproof, we believe. "First, let's look at what the understand- ing is. President Kennedy worked out an un- derstanding in 1962 that the Russians would not put any offensive missiles into Cuba. That understanding was expanded on Octo- ber 11, this year, by the Russians when they said that it would include a military base in Cuba and a military Naval base. They, in effect, said that they would not put a mili- tary Naval base into Cuba on October the 11th. "Now in the event that nuclear subma- rines were serviced either in Cuba or from Cuba, that would be a violation of the under- standing. That has not happened yet. We are watching the situation closely. The Soviet Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 le, 844 CONGRESS tONAL RECORD-- Extensions of Remarks Jseien is aw.wre of the that that we are watch- li,,= closely, We expect them to abide by the iziderstanding. I believe their will. "I don't believe that they want a crisis i,. the Caribbean and I don't believe that -=e is r-5oinp' x) occur, particularly since the inderstanding has been clearly laid out and s been so clearly relied on by us, as I .. c;Led here ioday." ii sharp 'cntrast to this Presidential "fig csf," the highly classified Naval Tntelligence f irument reveals that late in December a ,3,7viet submarine tender opera,tins' from icinfuciros, Cuba, carried out "servicing ex- x?rcises" with three Russian submarines. The >>neratfonai rendezvous of the Soviet surface nip with the submarines, including one nu- ::]Car powered sub, was the first of its kind the Russians in Cuba waters. The bold 'rvicing exercises," photographed by U.S. ;econnaissance aircraft, took approximately ~.,vu hours and included the loading of sup- >lir.s from i he Soviet tender to one of the e l+gee submarines, -it least a dozen members of the submarine =-Tew were exchanged during the operation. sc leaving the submarine were taken to iii'nfuegos for "rest and. recreation" or flown r 'n. Cuba back to the Soviet Union. Sev- =rai high-ranking Soviet naval officers who .:ru been flown to Cuba from the Soviet f' ion Took uaxt in the exercise. Naval submarine analysts who studied the t:telligence estimate say the "servicing exer- definf tely show that the Soviets can :.ride are planning to use Cienfuegos as a .u'ramarine operating base. Although :,he actual rendezvous took place ntside of Cienfuegos Harbor, all supplies e aaisferred i.o the submarine from the Rus- ian tender were first picked up at the Cuban :'. lei t. Tnis clearly indicates that the Aremain .:fans to use tuba as a mator supply base in he Western Hemisphere, Soviet naval crows ..,used in barracks at Cienfuegos Harbor were -~d to load the supplies on the Soviet sub- ,arine tender. Several members of the So- land-based. crew went aboard the tender .~LUi took part in the "servicing exercises." iii additioea to the carefully planned, sup- ;tiy operation, the submarine tender and the uhmarlnes 'vu're in direct radio contact with newly ouih; naval communication center at eienfuegos. Cuban refugees report that the "enter is ccr-spletely manned by Hessians. -'h=o high-powered radio at Cienfuegos is al- ,aa,v being used to transmit weather and oiled messaf s to Soviet missile-firing sxib- iAr-ides now uelieved to be stationed off the ?'`:ditl? Coast as well as in the Caribbean and -If of Max co. _'he original copy of this Naval Intelli- ,ence estimate was forwarded to the White :Dose during the recent holidays where Dr. , gory Kissinger, the President's National :,ceurity Advisor, indicated that it would be .-areluil.v used in the formation of any Cuban -c!-ton deemed necessary. Yet. while the In- finding leaves no doubt that the :.,urslans are using the Port of Cienfuegos as u'umarfne rase, there has been no official c.ctermiiiaticn of this at the White House 3..licy-makir,rc level. All Naval officials in- :olved in the drafting of the estimate have r:een sole to learn is that the estimate is ,row in the hands of Kissinge:r's foreign pol- "1 stair in see White House for "lurther ,i.: ivzation :and study." No National Security e h:iuancai. meerine has been called to discuss au tti.eauns implications. -.resi.lent Nixon's unexpected TV state- writ on Cuba not only surprised and =ekcil Naval Intelligence officials, but they 'lei no inklin that the President would dis- ;int tLie 8011 Let naval activities in the Ceiba a, nor coiled they fathom his reasons for -wig ~a. `1'W President's statement high- 00hts the often frightening gap that exists times between those who have respon- i,ility for giithering the facts and those 0,50 interpret them for use In policy-making. The position the President is taking has been interpreted by these Naval officials as an '.ndication that President Nixon and his policy-makers haven't been able to agree on what to do about the new Soviet threat. If they accept the hard facts of the Naval In- telligence estimate, it is pointed out, the President and his advisors must conclude that the Russians have double-crossed them and violated the "understanding" not to use Cuban ports or bases for their submarines. That finding m:,ght trigger a new U.S.-Soviet "confrontation" over the use of Cuba as a base for offensive weapons--a "confronta- tion" that the Nixon Administration appar- e'ntly is not willing or ready to face at this time, or which it wants delayed for reasons that are only known at the White House level. Significantly, Mr. Kissinger recently asked Secretary of State Rogers again to sound out the Soviets on whether the submarine tender now operating In Cuba's waters will permanently use Cuban ports. Naval inteili- ience officials say the answer is clear by the fact that the submarine tender has been operating out of Cuban ports for the past three months and another is en route to re- leiace it. Two other parts of President Nixon's state- iiient on Cuba also bother officials at Naval r ntel.ligence. One was his pronouncement that he believed the Russians would keep the `understanding" not to put a naval military ease in Cuba. In effect, the President by saying this publicly was accepting the private assurances of Soviet Foreign Minister (iromyko and Ambassador Dobrynin over the hard facts gathered by the Navy. Yet, tiromyko and Dobrynin are both known to havelied to the late President Kennedy dur- eg the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. At the Time the Russians were sneaking LR.B.Ms and medium-range bombers into Cuba, (irornyko and Dobrynin were assuring Ken- ,,edy that the Soviets had no intention of cutting offensive weapons on the island. To most military Intelligence experts it; is a little frightening that President Nixon would even consider discussing Cuba with the two Soviet diplomats after their earlier u,ece)tions. And. to accept their word now, as the President says he has, is considered silly of the most dangerous kind. Especially -L light of the Intelligence that the Presi- uent has access to on Soviet activities in tuba. The other d?,sturbing statement by the t'resident was his contention that U.S. sur- veillance of Cuba from the air is foolproof. None of the Intelligence services have claimed that. For months, Defense Intelli- e.ence officials have been urging that more use be made of Cuban refugees so that the gov- ernment wouldn't be caught "off guard" as n; was before the 1962 Cuban crisis. Despite the ]sigh degree of accuracy of new U.S. re- connaissance cameras and devices, they still can't determine what Is hidden under cam- facilities and in storage areas. it is pointed out that daily reconnaissance flights would be needed over Cuban ports to deter- mine if any Soviet submarines were using diem. Now, if there are two reconnaissance rights a week this is considered high. And sill unknown to U.S. officials Is what the acussians have succeeded in hiding In the ii undreds of caves being used as military stor- age areas on the island. This lack of vital intelligence about So- viet activities In Cuba is privately admitted by rank and file American Intelligence of- ricers. They claim it is the result of policy restrictions placed on the methods they can use Zia gather information on Cuba. An ex- ample of these restrictions is the White House bar against financing Cuban refugee opera- gather firsthand data on Soviet so- on the island. White House aides take the position that this type of Intelligence gathering is prohibited by the 1962 "under- February 18, 1971 standing" on Cuba reached by U.S. anti-So- viet officials. The only sure way that the U.S. can learn the full Soviet capability in Cuba. these In- telligence officials say, is to use anti-Castro refugees to do the spying. "As long as the policy-makers have the preconceived idea that Russia has no plans to use Cuba as 3, military base," stated one military Intelli- gence officer, "it Is impossible to convince them that it round-the-clock surveillance of Cuba is needed." There are increasing sins that the Presi- dent's handling of Cuba is closely tied to his strategy for the Strategic Arms Limitatidns Talks (S.A.L.T.) with the Russians, Drafted by Presidential Aide Kissinger, the S.A.L.T. strategy cells for the U.S. to avoid any di- rect confrontation with the Soviets until it can be determined if the Russians are serious about curbing defensive ::ud offensive weap- ons delivery systems. Kissinger privately takes the position that a U.S. admission that the Russians now have an operational naval base in Cuba could trigger demands in Con- gress that immediate action be taken to force the Soviets out of Cuba. Such a U.S.-Soviet confrontation in turn would force a, complete breakdown cif the S.A.L.T. negotiations, which have been given the Administration's highest foreign policy priority. President Nixon is counting on reaching a missile agreement with the So- viets before the 1972 Presidential campaign, During the recent Helsinki round of the S.A.L.T. negotiations {November 2 to De- cember 19), the Soviet delegation showed its diplomatic interest in Cuba.. The Soviet negotiators noted that Russia. had every right to put a military base in Cuba if she so de- sired. They contrasted a Soviet base in Cuba to U.S. bases in Europe or the Mediterranean. The Inference was that the Russians would be willing to forego any Cuban base if the U.S. pulled its aircraft carriers out of the Mediterranean or gave up its air and naval bases in Spain. The Soviet negotiators' argu- ment is in line with the main Russian S.A.L.T. demand. It states that the U.S. inust include its aircraft bases in Eiaroue and air- craft carriers in the Mediterranean in any over-all agreement covering both offensive and defensive weapons This use of Cuba as a S.A.L.T. bargaining weapon clearly highlights the importance that the Kremlin attaches to its navel ac- tivities on that strategic Caribbean island. In light of this use of Cuba. Intelligence officials would like to see President Nixon adopt a more realistic view of what the Russians are 'up to in the Caribbean. Unless the Preident acts quickly, they see the Krem- lin using Cuba to blackmail this country into either pulling its Naval forces out of the Mediterranean area or forcing the US, to make other concessions.. The American Intelligence community sees the Soviet naval base in Cuba as part of ,it network of naval bases the Russians are now establishing around the world. These include Mersa Matruh, and Alexandria, in Eygpt; the Socotra Islands at the mouth of the Red Sea; and, a former French base in Algeria. The expanding Soviet navy also has acquired the right to use the Port of Modisio in Somaliland, Trincomalee in Ceylon, the Mauritius Islands in the Indian Ocean, and one or more ports in Nigeria. The establishment of this network of bases by the Soviets is being cited by Intelligence officials as evidence that the Kremlin has adopted a forward military strategy designed to control the strategic waterways of the world. This forward strategy also will permit; the Soviet's missile-firing nuclear sub- marines to remain on stations constantly within the defenses of the U.S. and other N.A.T.O. nations. Its potential for black- mail, alone, is enormous! If viewed in this light, the construction of the Cienfuegos base in Cuba is an even more Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 February 18, 1971 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Extensions of Remarks ominous development than the attempted The practice in the past has been to dis- deployment of Soviet 'nuclear missiles on cuss Soviet submarines when they are seen Cuban bases in 1962. on the surface, but not when they are de- The Cienfuegos base would be needed if tected when traveling submerged. were to be continuously on the coast of the RESOLUTION ON NATIONAL DEFENSE PASSED United States. That is the true threat of the BY THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE base. Which suggests, in turn, that the So- NEW ORLEANS AREA ON DECEMBER 22, 1970 viets are now planning continuous deploy- Whereas, the United States is today con- ment of very large numbers of "Yankee" fronted with an extremely serious foreign class and other nuclear submarines in the crisis as a result of the aggressively e:cpan- Caribbean and along the American coast. sionist policies-and acts of the Soviet Union The Cienfuegos operation reveals an un- in several regional areas of the world, i.e., doubted Soviet intention to gain a solid "capability" to knock out the Panama Canal and the entire land-based bomber compo- nent of the U.S. deterrent, plus the controls of the "Safeguard" A.B.M. system. The most horrifying single aspect of the story of the Cienfuegos base is still the re- spone with which the bad news was met at the White House and in Congress. Consider a simple comparison. In 1962, the Congress was in flames over reports of Soviet missiles in Cuba, even before the presence of those missiles was confirmed by U-2 reconnais- sance photographs. Contrast this with the near Congressional silence that has engulfed the news from Cienfuegos ever since it first came out that the Russians were building a base there. And then think of the Nixon Administra- tion's response to this news, that is even more alarming! Consider President Nixon's reassuring statement that the Russians have no plans of doing what our Intelligence peo- ple say they are doing. The obvious intent was, and is, to prevent the American public from growing alarmed, when we should be deeply alarmed. The question each of us should personally ask the White House and our Representatives in Congress is: Why is the full story of Soviet activities in Cuba being withheld from the public? If enough of us raise our voices, we can force the Nixon Administration to take the necessary measures to dismantle the Soviet nuclear submarine base in Cuba before it is used as a serious blackmail threat!! One wonders what the outcome of the first Cuban missile crisis would have been if the late president Kennedy had delayed the Naval blockade of Cuba and warning to the Russians until after the Soviets had their missiles operational. How serious would Sov- iet blackmail have become? Intelligence leaks, some of them by the same sources that provided information for this article, forced Kennedy to act sooner than he originally had planned. Many involved in the first Cuban missile crisis believed that had Mr. Kennedy delayed his blockade decision a week or ten days the outcome would have been different. What does Mr. Nixon's procrastination mean? Certainly no answer comforting to those concerned about' American security is possible! . [From the Washington Star, Feb. 5, 19711 SOVIET NAVY SUB TENDER NEARS CUBA cal and military presence in the Mediter- ranean Sea, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean; (2) Soviet submarines and warships, equipped with missiles, operate off the ;oasts of the United States, as well as in the Caribbean; and Whereas, the dimensions of the 3oviet challenge are scarcely realized by the Amer- ican people and the ordinary citizen is un- aware that the U.S. has lost world l4.-ader- ship in nuclear weapons and strategic arms since the Soviet Union in the space of five years-from 1965 to 1970-has virtually quadrupled the total megatonnage in its strategic offensive force while in that same period the United States has reduc-d its megatonnage by more than 40%; and Whereas, the United States is a maritime nation in a world heavily dependent on the oceans from an economic standpoint and from the end of World War II until recent times, the capability of American seepower to control the seas was unchallenged; and Whereas, Russian seapower, which includes the largest submarine force the world has ever known, now challenges our cap ability to control the seas, and Russian military power in general and Russian seapower in particular, continue to grow at a rapid rate and their expenditures on defense-related Research and Development, which will de- termine the weaponry of the future, exceed ours by 20 percent; and Whereas, the Nixon Doctrine increases our dependence on American seapower to satisfy those treaty commitments vital to our na- tional interests, and every plan for the de- fense of the Free World depends on control of the seas; and Whereas, the U.S. Navy during the past two years has deactivated some 300 ships while our replacement program, based on the premise of providing fewer but more effective ships, is proceeding slowly, and the FY 71 budget provides less than $3 billion for shipbuilding, while it is estimated that $5 billion annually for five years is required; and Whereas, the U.S. ballistic missile subma- rine force will very soon be inferior to the Russian force in numbers and capability, and Russian submarine construction capa- bility already exceeds ours by 300%; and Whereas, the President's ABM program will, at best, give us a limited capability by about 1974, while an ABM system is in place and operational now around Moscow and it is ted that their anti-aircraft r ystem ti i , pa c A Soviet submarine tender is headed for an Cuba, the Pentagon said today. which protects the rest of the country, will The tender, accompanied by a guided- soon have an anti-missile capability; e;nd missile cruiser and a tanker, is not the one Whereas, the Honorable L. Mendel Rivers, that left Cuban waters late last year after Chairman of the House Armed Services Com- provoking fears that the Russians intended mittee, has stated: ". . . the future of this na- to begin operating their new Yankee class tion hangs by a thread. We are in a far more submarines from a base at Cienfuegos, Cuba. serious situation than many would have you The Yankee class submarine is similar to believe. Our way of life is not only beir.g chal- the U.S. Polaris nuclear powered submarine. lenged from within, it is being very definitely Both parry 16 long range nuclear missiles. threatened from without ... The issue, there- Pentagon press spokesman Jerry W. Fried- fore is very simply how much money nl.ust we helm declined to characterize the movement spend to insure our survival-since i'f we fail of the tender. The three vessels were south of to demonstrate to the Soviet Union our de- Bermuda today, he said. termination to survive-the amount .. of He was somewhat evasive when asked money we spend for domestic programs will whether the small task force was accom- become merely an academic exercise." panied by any submarines. Now, therefore, be it resolved, that the "I don't have any submarine reports we Chamber of Commerce of the New Orleans can discuss here this morning." -he said. Area strongly urges that, the 92nd Congress E 845 immediately undertake to provide the De- fense Department with whatever monies, au- thority .and guidance is deemed necessary to obtain the naval and military power re- quired to guarantee our survival as a Free Nation in a Free World, and Be it further resolved, that copies of this resolution be distributed to: the President of the United States, the Vice President, the Secretary of Defense, all Members of the United States Senate and the House of Rep- resentatives, the news media, and the Cham- ber of Commerce of the United States. HON. J. W. FULBRIGHT OF ARKANSAS IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES Thursday, February 18, 1971 Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, re- cently the distinguished observer Clay- ton Fritchey wrote an article entitled "The `Trend' in Greece." The article is worthy of the special attention of the Senate and the country. I ask unanimous consent that it be printed in the Exten- sions of Remarks. There being no objection, the article was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: THE "TREND" IN GREECE (By Clayton Fritchey) WASHINGTON.-When if the tenuous truce in the Middle East breaks down-as it could in the near future the Administration in- evitably will have to review the security of the American position in the Mediterranean. Presumably, the southern anchor of NATO is Greece, and if that is so, the United States is relying on a weak and unreliable reed. Why, it may be asked, should the Greek people support a nation (the U.S.A.) that is arming its oppressors; the Greek military junta? Anyone who has been in Greece recently knows that the universal question is why America, supposedly fighting in Indochina to preserve democracy and the right of self- determination, is at the same time backing a military dictatorship in Athens. The Truman Doctrine (to save Greece for democracy) is about to have its 24th birth- day-and what a discouraging one it is. For over two decades the United States has poured billions of dollars into Greece for military and economic aid so that the people supposedly could enjoy the right to choose their own government. Yet the end result of all this effort is now one of the harshest dictatorships in the world. Back in 1947, the great idea was to save Greece from the fate of countries like Yugo- slavia and Romania, which had been taken over by Communist governments allied with Russia. Today, however, most Greeks would be only too happy to have as much freedom and security as the Romanians and the Yugo- slavs presently enjoy. No American President would presently dream of visiting Greece, but it is a notice- able fact that Nixon has gone out of his way to visit both Belgrade and Bucharest. Ac- tually, these are among the few capitals in which Nixon has felt secure enough to ride in an open car. Nevertheless, month by month the Admin- istration steps up its backing of the Greek generals, regardless of their ever harsher sup- pression. of democracy. It is all done, of course, in the name of NATO and saving Europe from the real or fancied threat of totalitarian aggression. It is significant, though, that our partners in NATO-the free countries of Western Eu- rope-do not seem to think the Greek mili- Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Ca }NGRES'` 'ONAL RECORD-Extensions of Remarks Febr'uurt/ Y8, 1971 r ;ential t;: their security. The or 1!:m:,;ope, con' r,atny all the demo- :i.i?ie _ounfries of that continent, has not tatted to denounce the junti for tortur- its political prisoners. Rather than face -uisicrl from the comicii, the junta with- :t'l,er, the t; cited Stn ies resumed full sh.ip- ~A oi_ ernes io Greece some months sea. a Le Iiepario rent spokesman tried to tus'Afy "y s~ei:ug what nobody else could see-a ?:_: "trend toward constitutional Povern- ~at. ale slickesman predicted implernenta- ion of the Greek constitution "bv the end 1' r.his calendar year" meaning 1970. ' Ie=,d, tic ,iunta wound up the veer with -run c,f fi,-nh arrest. It turned its back an aereement which was to give the Inter- onal Red Cross access to its political :raoners. It a.iso was olasted by an Inter- i]oIIEI Labor Organiy,ation corirniss on for a]esssng r';iio trade unions without cause. s ions the United Sbates--,the world's great- power-ieaily need to kowtow to these tar's :s? uropean opinion. on this snore been we ummed an by The Guardian fiigian i. duet distia guislled paper called 1-i->. AIrericas resumption of arms "a heavy :>i)ack to a return to a democratic form of ?-ernrnent." And it added : it si rengl firms the venerals in their illu- _un about just how vital they are to Europe to : sAFCO,t'hey overrate their Importance Tize vim point is that Greece needs , i'O far more than NATO needs Greece." r_ ;; oulci hardly be better said. "IS SOVIET DESTRUCTION OF A NA LION'S HERITAGE HON. EARL F. LANIDGREBE OF nv..r ANS He it l:E OF Er:PRESEN'1'ATIVES c c,,u, February 18, 1971 gut the treatment: of the Jewish people i:he >cvl ' Union, These protests are I ll to remember that Soviet Jewry is the onl,, culture marked for extinc- i. nv the Soviet slavemasters. The `evict Union, as we all know, is a .;.ngi' nation, but a grouping of 'i out nationalities, only one of which l sus;an. liven today, in the "eridght tc d" post-i_-alin era, these nationalities =:d l-heir ciiit.ures are being brutalized in ;, name of the almighty Soviet. he io i. people in the Soviet Union ::,r a double burden of a. Communist art = .y, a religious heritage. Organized tor, is e;.:nsidered to be an outmoded e ionaiity, i hen we protest Soviet inhumanity to ;ise of the Jewish faith living behind Ir?o?i Curtain, let, cis expand our cries i include -'otests for the Catholic, jiberan, and Orthodox faiths. toeether J ]d the eviscerated nations of Latvia, ;:,)nip. Lithuania. Ukraine, Georgia, iorussia, and Armenia. ,:r. Speaer, an excellent article on i- suiiiect was recently brought to my ention. It was written by Peter Worth- and e.upeared in the Toronto Tele- .!n. I insert the article at this point i;ne It, coiio: HI7ica ('AEE `.1"IIRNS SPOTi.ffiAT ON MANY SOVIET INIIISTIOIs IBy Peter Wurtbington) The case of the Leningrad Jews hats stirred he indignation of the world. Individuals and governments ranging from ope Paul to Prime Minister Trudeau pro- ~steti against the death sentence given two v it Jews accused of plotting to hijack a ,':ana o Israel. AlJiougli the Soviets commuted the death .ut,inces to 16 years imprisonment, protests .w:eund the world against Soviet anti-Semi- ,;m and anti-Israel policies) have in- ea.,-ed. But the Soviets appear unimpressed and -calcitrant. Whatever the merits of the world-reaction .:?u behalf of Soviet Jewry, it is only part of ne overall internal situation in the USSR. ".'Id not necessarily the most significant part There are other groups and individuals in- ,le the Soviet Union who have suffered- nd are enduring-far greater indignities and :justices than are Jews in Leningrad, or -;cwhere. Without the -right, or moral duty, Jtws around the world to protest on be- tif of their brethren, there has been an ncanny silence over the years by the rest: +ha world on the plight of other victims Sovietism. And this excludes, for a mo- -nt, the fate of the "lost peoples"--the hechen-Ingush, the Crimean Tartars, and "'its who were deported and annihilated. in a pail,, A deep and resounding silence greets the es, say, of Yuri Shukhevych, a Ukrainian u:ho was arrested in 1948 at age 15, because leis father, General Roman Shukhevych. was mrosnder-in-chief of the UltraInter Insur- ait Army until he was killed in 1960. Yuri Shukhevych has been imprisoned Cr since in Siberia, paying for the "crimes" his father. His original 10-year sentence being renewed every decade because, ac- cording to the Soviets, lie "refuses to be re- nested." This means t ^. refuses to acknowl- edge his guilt or to renounce his background. Yuri Shukbevych is doomed,' it seems, to wend the rest of his life in custody. The lit-year-old boy Is now a 37-year.old adult: ia,.ore than half .tics life has been one of im- p.:iso:arnent, just for being his father's son. ?u1 no world leader appeals for justice- compassion-for him. Only his fellow pris- oners, occasionally, write petitions on his behalf--and promptly wind up in solitary confinement for their efforts. 6ti:1, Shukhevych's plight is not as cruel as ,t of Volodyniyr Horbovy's, an old man clay whose first visit to Soviet soil occurred teen he was imprisoned for "betraying the *rmeland." Horbovy used to be a ludge in Czechos;la- vakia. He was imprisoned by the Nazis during ,;i.e war. In 1947 he was extradited to Poland a.;.d put on trial for alleged war crimes. But Warsaw court found ,ifm not guilty. Then c Polish secret police delivered him to the ?s Inns who sentenced him to 25 years on an administrative decree That was 23 years He has been in the camps all this time, and Still no suggestion of a formal trial. Ellabovy is now 73 and in frail health. Yet cording to Gerald Brooke. the British. -ocher who was in Soviet custody and ex- for Soviet spars Peter and Helen K'uge-r-,amt who Is the last known Westerner to have seen Horbovy-the old man, is pcs- isessect or Such dignity, integrity and courage ..iirct even his captors respect and fear him. r.>rbovy lus; become a living symbol to other Asone-a, and a legend throughout the Soviet "op network. Horbovy's greatest (and only) sin against -.he USSR was that as a young lawyer he defended the Ukrainian nationalist le-Eder, Stepan Bandera, at his trial in 1935, Bandera was subsequently assassinated in Germany by the KGB. Again no one, except fellow prisoners and Ukrainians abroad, has ever protested the Soviet state's crimes against Volod.yaiyr Ilc'rbovy. Then there Is a man s'as'sed Andreyev, who could qualify as the most unjustly impris- oned man on earth today. Andreyev was a, witness at an international commission that. Investigated the mass graves oi? Polish officers found at Katyn Forest in 1943. The Germans cIai ned the Soviets had murdered alma 15,000 Polish officers, and 4,000 of these were in the graves at Ha'yn near Smolensk, The Soviets, when they re- captured the area, held their own investiga- tion and counter-claimed that, the Germans did the deed, and that 15,000 Poles were buried there. RUSSIANS aE'ssONsmLE Today with the exception of Soviet propa- ganda, the World accepts the fact thai; the NKVD executed the Poles. Andreyev, who was a prisoner of the Cser- mans and a witness to events at Katyn, was sentenced to a lifetime at solitary, confine- ment in Vladimir prison when. the Russians got him back. Vladimir prison is infamous in that few of its inhabitants are ever seen again. It is almost inconceivable that An- dreyev Is still sane. But lie's still alive, and still in solitary. That much is known. The 'M ainia.n writer Vyacheslav (Thor- novil, who himself was imprisoned for chronicling the fate of others, has wondered wryly why such a harsh sentence was given for "false testimony." "Is false testimony under duress really such P. terrible, 'war' crime to justify 25 years In a stone grave?" he asks. Again there has never been international or U.N. protest on Andrevev's behalf. There is also M. Soroka who was arrested in 1949 on a trumped cop iharce. On his re- lease in 1946 he was rearrested for the ori?- inal "crime," and sent into exile. In 1962 he was given 25 years for allegedly organizing Ukrainian nationalist groups in the camps. In 1957. after the 20th Congress "exposed" some of Sta'in's crimes, Soroka. was rehtihilf- tated with respect to the original frame-up in 1940-yet he was kept in custody. if he survives to the completion of his present sen- tence, he will have served 38 years impri.son- ment-all for committing no offense, No international voice has ever been r.iised on his behalf. A couple of years ago a large number of hitherto unpublished documents from Ukraine reached The Toronto Telegram and were duly published. They constituted ex- traordinary and irrefutable testimony to the policies of Russfflcation and the repression of dissent under way in the USSR. Now another of these documents has come to the West-this time a 15-page "chronicle of resistaaice" by Valentyn Moroz, a 34-year- old history teacher who was sentenced to five years of hard labor in 1966 for alleged anti- Soviet propaganda. On his release for good behavior he wrote an impassioned Story about the historic Ukrainian village of Kosmach, and the fate of that community's religious artifacts. Apparently a Soviet film team "borrowed" about 100 icons from Dovbtash church. for the movie Shadows of ]Forgotten Ance.tols. At the conclusion of filmiilg the Icons were not returned-were, in fact, confiscated by the state. Petitions, pleas, requests and de- mands by the village for their return were unanswered. Mores wrote an account of the events, re- plete with pithy observations about why the icons were "stolen," He noted that in to- Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B0?29 Fdb,Od200250003-0 14. Submarine Off Cuba Q. How concerrXed, are you, about the presence of a "Soviet nuclear sub- marine in Cuban waters? A. On Dec. 10 [the' president was referring to his statement..of San. 4] you may recall I said that.ifa nuclear sub marine were serviced from Cuba or in `Cuba; that this would be a violation of our `understanding, with regard to the Soviet Union's activities in putting of- fensive weapons or a base in Cuba. As.. far as this submarine is con- cerned, the question is .a rather tech- nical one, whether it is there for a port call or whether it is there for servicing. We are watching it very closely. The Soviet aware .of the fact that we. consider that. there is ail under- standing and we will,. of course, bring the matter to their attention if we find that the understanding is violated. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For );ate 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003=0-__ _ Soviet Attack Sub Reported Of I Cuba By George C. Wilson Washington Post Staf: Writer A Soviet nuclear-powered I Jerry W. Friedheim, a Pen- attack submarine has been, tagon spokesman, identified spotted in the waters off the submarine as one in the N Cuba,, the Pentagon confirmed' Class but did not name it. The yesterday in discussing Rus- N-Class subs are designed to sia's fouth naval cruise into ferret out and destroy other the Caribbean and Gulf of submarines, not to launch Po- Mexico. laris-type nuclear missiles. The Navy has launched a T e Nixon administration study, due in April, on how to apparently regards such nucle- keep track of Soviet submar- ar-powered attack submarines ines that ply the waters in America's back yard, where as acceptable in the Caribbean f Mexico under the lf o and Gu the SOASUS listening system unwritten "understanding" I ing Soviet naval movements in along the Atlantic Coast can- with Moscow on how Cuba can the Caribbean and Gulf of not hear them. d f Soviet forces. Mexico. r Asked yesterday "how con- cerned" he was about the pres- ence of the Soviet submarine, President Nixon said at an impromptu news conference at the White House that "we are watching it very closely." lie referred to his statement of Jan. 4. declaring: "You may recall I said that if a nu- clear submarine were serviced from Cuba or in Cuba that this would be a violation of our understanding with regard to the Soviet Union's activities in putting offensive weapons or a base in Cuba. "As far as this submarine is concerned," Mr. Nixon con- tinued, "the question is a rather technical one-whether it is there for a port call or whether it is there for serv- icing. We are watching it very closely." The United States watches Cuba continually, relying most heavily on the photographic eyes of the high flying U-2 aircraft. So the deployment of surface ships can be observed. Submerged submarines must be monitored by other meth- ods, with Cuban waters an es- pecially difficult problem be- cause existing underwater de- tection systems do not reach behind the island. be use o Friedheim used the term The Soviet press on Nov. 5 "harbor hopping" in discuss- announced to the world that t t k f e of Rus- or t h l .ng the presence of the Soviet sub, a Kresta-class guided-mis- ~aile cruiser, a tanker and a submarine tender in "Cuban waters." He declined to spec- ify what was covered by the term Cuban waters. The cruiser, Friedheim said, left "Cuban waters"-prbsum- ably from Havana-Tuesday night and headed into the Gulf of Mexico. He put its lo- cation as "400 miles northwest of Havana." The Pentagon's newly adopted information policy on such movements is to disclose when Soviet ships enter and leave Cuban waters rather than describing their activities in between. "We will not be detailing harbor hopping daily," Frie- dheim said. This differs from the Nixon administration's previous emphasis on describ- e es as a e t sian ships includes a submar- ine. But yesterday was the first official U.S. confirmation of this. Administration officials in the past have expressed con- cern that Soviet sub tenders at the Cuban port of Cienfue- gos might service nuclear sub- marines in the `Carlbbean of Gulf. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 ;Soviet Reported Tracking U.S. Ships in Caribbean By DREW MIDDLETON Special to The New York Times UNITED STATES NAVAL are strong indications that a BASE, GUANTANAMO BAY, Cuba. Feb. 19-Soviet ships re- portedly have begun electronic surveillance of United States Naval vessels in the Caribbean. According to authoritative sources, a Soviet information- gathering ship equipped with radar and sonar devices is op- erating in a 14,000-square-mile area of international waters south of Cuba. The ship's task is to report on the United States warships from the Second and Sixth Fleets training in the area. About 150 ships a year train in these waters. Also, two Soviet hydrographic survey vessels are known to be in the area off Trinidad. There 471- a d Havan'u 'Ci?nFus~ z ~, `HAI71 wants 6 Po-'t,OW JAMAICA lrrnc? C'aribbeas2 O~ The New York Times Feb. 21,1971 Soviet ships are tracking U.S. vessels training in Caribbean area (shaded). Soviet guided-missile cruiser re- cently entered the Gulf of Mexico. These ships are in addition to the Soviet naval force that recently arrived at Cienfuegos on the southern coast of Cuba about 500 miles west of this United States base. The force comprises a Russian nuclear- propelled submarine armed with conventional 21-inch antisub- marine torpedoes, a guided-mis- sile light cruiser, a tanker and a submarine tender. The Soviet ships, it is under- stood, will be under surveil- lance by United States air and sea craft when they leave Cien- fuegos for visits to Cuban ports. Naval sources consider the pattern of Soviet naval activity in the Caribbean as similar to that of the Soviet fleet in the eastern Mediterranean in the early nineteen-sixties. There, too, Soviet ships appeared in increasing numbers and fre- quency in what appeared to be a test of the tolerance of the Continued on Page 22, Column I Sixth Fleet, then the dominant naval force in the area. When bases lad been estab- lished at Alexa:.idria and Port, Said in the United Arab Repub- laic and at Latakia in Syria, the Soviet squadron was reinforced to its present strength of about 40 vessels and initiated con- stant surveilian se of the Sixth Fleet ships, particularly the air- craft carriers. Civilian and military officials fear that the expanded Soviet Navy may be planning a similar build-up in the Caribbean, one that might include the deploy- ment of submarines carrying nuclear missiles. First Entry In 1969 The first Soviet entry intc the Gulf of Mexico-Caribbean area occurred in July 1969 when seven Soviet surface ships and one nuclear-powered sub, marine sailed into the Gulf of Mexico to about 300 miles south of the mouth of the Mis. sissippi. A second ;Soviet expedition into the gulf occurred in May and June of 1770, when several surface ships and another nu- clear-powered submarine en- tered the gulf. Soviet deployments of this ire can be carried out without detection from United States underwater-detection devices because these are located large- ly along the Atlantic coast raCaer than the . gulf coast. Once Russian ships are in Cu- ban waters, their movement north Into the Gulf of Mexico can be detected only by air or, sea surveillance. United States officials say' 'there is an understanding be- tween the Soviet Union and the United States that Russian ves- sels armed with nuclear mis- siles will not be serviced in or from Cuban -ports. In return the United States will not seek to oust the Government of Premier Fidel Castro, according to the reported understanding. Some United States naval sources believe that the Soviet Government may consider that political developments in the Caribbean find Latin America warrant a naval buildup despite the understanding with the United States. From a Commu. nist standpoint, it was pointed out, Latin America could be ex- pected to move toward the sort of revolutionary situation that has prevailed in the Arab Mid- dle East since the withdrawal of British and French influence and the alignment of the United States with Israel. Warning by U. S. In December an Administra- tion spokesman in Washington declared that breeches of the understanding by th,: Soviet Union would create v "very grave situation." There is no doubt here that the Russians have estaklished a base at 1; ienfuegos an& that base is capable of accommo- dating Y-class submarines armed with nuclear missiles. Naval sources assert ti?at the Soviet navy is building toward a strength that will provide a fleet large enough to send pow- erful forces to the Caribbean as well as to the Mediterranean. Soviet shipyards are said to be completing between 10 and 14 nuclear submarines each year. Eight to 10 of them will be of the Y Class, comparable to the United States Polaris strategic ballistic missile sub- marines. The Soviet building program also reportedly includes three other types of submarines and at least two new types of heav- ily armed guided missile ships. One type of the latter vessel carries a full range of modern missile systems,- ship to air, ship to ship and ship to sub- marine. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 1 pprgv,,Wpo,telg ,g X000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R00G2002 The Washington Merry-Go-Round THE WASHINGTON POST Tuesday, Feb. 29,1971 B11. Castro Stalker for the CIA. Worked By Jack Anderson The mystery man whom the. Central Intelligence Agency recruited to assassinate Cuba's Fidel Castro has been laid up in the sick ward of the Los Angeles County Jail. He is handsome, hawk-faced John Roselli, once a dashing figure around Hollywood and Las Vegas, now a gray, 66- year-old inmate with a respira- tory ailment. Confidential FBI files iden- tify him as "a top Mafia fig- ure" who watched over "the concealed Interests in Las Vegas casinos of the Chicago underworld." Roselli has admitted to friends that he was a rum run- ner during the Roaring Twen- ties. Operating along the East Coast, he learned how to evade Coast Guard cutters and po- lice patrols. His name later became linked with the biggest names in the Chicago and Los Ange- les underworlds. He also de- veloped contacts in the Cuban underworld before Castro took over the Havana gambling ca- sinos. He had the right back- ground for a hush-hush mis- sion that the CIA was plan- ning in 1961. As part of the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the CIA hoped to knock off Ca&tro and leave Cuba leaderless. Job by Robert Maheu, a for- mer FBI agent, who admitted to us that he had handled un- dercover assignments for the CIA. He refused, however, to discuss the details. This is the same Maheu, incidentally, who is now involved in a legal bat- tle over phantom billionaire Howard Hughes' Nevada oper- ations. Roselli was so flattered over being asked to perform a se- cret mission for the U.S. gov- ernment that he paid all his expenses out of his own pocket and risked his neck to land the assassination teams on the Cuban coast. In James Bond fashion, he held whispered meetings in Miami Beach hotels with Cu- bans willing to make an at- tempt on Castro's life. Once, he called on Chicago racket boss Sam Giancana to line up a contact. The confidential files report that Glancana had "gambling interest and an in- terest in the shrimp business in Cuba." However, the Chi- cago gangster took no direct part in the assassination plot. Roselli made midnight dashes to Cuba with his hired assassins in twin powerboats. Once a Cuban patrol ship turned its guns on his dark- ened boat, tore a hole in the bottom and sank the boat. Ro- selli was fished out of the water by the other boat, which escaped into the shadows. Roselli with deadly poison I is still on the CIA payroll. capsules which he tried Both admitted to us.a friend- b f d s ut re e ship with Roselli u to discuss their CIA, activities. Harvey said he had a "high re- gard" for Roselli and called the Friar's Club case a "bum rap." Said Harvey: "The Friar's Club indictment is phony. Roselli had no more to do with that than I had." Roselli's lawyers are now trying to get clemency for their client, citing our stories about his secret CIA service. Firearms Fiasco Under pressure from the firearms lobby, the Treasury Department has failed to en- force a vital section of the 1968 federal firearms act. The law was passed after the murders of Sen. Robert Kennedy and Dr. Martin Lu- ther King. It authorizes the Treasury Secretary to require full reports of all firearms and ammunition sales. For the two years that the law has been in force, the Treasury Department has ig- nored this key provision. The gun industry has complained it would be a bookkeeping nightmare. The federal government', which would have to compile all the sales. data, has also been reluctant to spend the $100 million it would cost for computers and staff to main- tain the firearms files. Risks Neck In earlier columns, we re- Roselli was recruited for the ported how the CIA furnished through a relative of Castro's chef to plant in the dictator's food. Later, . marksmen armed with high-powered Belgian ri- fles. attempted to infiltrate close enough to gun Castro down. All told, six assassination at- tempts were made, the last in the spring of '1963. Through- out this period, Roselli worked under the direct supervision of two secret CIA agents, Wil- liam Harvey and James (Big Jim) O'Connell. Roselli's Reward The FBI which got wind of the assassi:;iation plot, has tried to pump Roselli for in- formation. But he was sworn to silence by the CIA, and up to this moment, he hasn't bro- ken it. Meanwhile, the Justice De- partment,' as, part of its crack- down on organized crime, tried to nail Roselli. The FBI discovered that his Chicago birth records had been forged, that his name was really Fi- lippo Sacco and that he had come to this country from Italy as a child. He was con- victed for failing to register as an alien. He was also convicted for conspiracy to rig card games at Los Angeles' exclusive Friar's Club. Of Roselli's two CIA asso- ciates, Harvey has now retired to Indianapolis and O'Connell Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 T HE WASHINGT N POST DATE `I The Washington Merry-Go-Round THE WASHINGTON POST Tuesday, Aprif 27,1971 B15 Telltale Traces of CIA ("ache Found By Jack Anderson My associate Les Whitten has just returned from a treas- ure hunt for buried CIA cash in the Florida Keys where pi- rates once stashed Spanish gold. He found one cache where thousands in molding $20 bill's had been buried. But someone had reached the secret site ahead of him. All Whitten found were six weathered, matted $20 bills htat appar- ently had been dropped about 200 yards away. In an earlier column, we re- ported that the Central Intelli- gence Agency had delivered bales of $20 bills to Cuban exile leaders to finance clan- destine operations against Communist Cuba. led in former pirate lairs in the Florida keys. Secret CIA Site One,who perked up his ears over the whispers was Bradley ho was on loan to the CIA in 963-64 to train Cuban assault teams. One training site had been located on Upper Key Largo on land that the Mon- roe County tax assessor's of- fice identified as belonging to the University of Miami. The CIA also operated out of a front, called Zenith Tech- nical Enterprises, on the uni- versity's south campus. Thus the respected university, wit- tingly or otherwise, provided the site for an extension course in infiltration and dem- olition. Ayers learned enough from his former trainees to figure out where some of the CIA money might be hidden. He told us he discovered a half- buried suitcase full of mold- ing, mutilated $20 bills. The suitcase was in a re- mote spot that he was confi- dent wouldn't be discovered. He took out a dozen bills to make sure they weren't coun- terfeit. Banks redeemed all but two badly weathered $20 bills. Then Ayers' house was mys- teriously broken into and rec- ords of his find were taken. Fearing the CIA or Cuban ex- However, he told us his story and showed us the bank records. We also checked out his veracity ca:' efully. I sent Les Whitten l:o 'accompany him back to the keys to re- cover the CIA money. We noti- fied the Treasury Department, in general terms, that all re- covered CIA cash would be turned over to the Treasury. Treasure Hunt Whitten, Ayers and Ayers' wife flew to an air strip on Upper Key Largo. Using it as a base of operations, they reconnoitered the dark man- grove thickets, sluggish can- als, treacherous swamps of sea grass and crocodile-infested creeks where Ayers had once trained Cuban commandos. For two days, they chugged through the creeks in a shal- low-draft 18-fool skiff, startled occasionall' by the barks of crocodiles. When they were convinced no one was follow- ing, they plunged through un- derbrush so ,thick they couldn't see four feet ahead. Finally they came upon. the bramble-cloaked site where Ayers said he had discovered the suitcase. The soil at the hiding place had been turned up and sifted for 10 yards in all directions. The underbrush and sea grass were tram' pled as if by many feet. The suitcase full of cur. rency was gone. Disappointed, they combed the area. Within a quarter mile, Whitten spot- ted a tattered $20 bill. Ayers discovered a sheaf of three bills matted together with mud and grass. The bills were near scraps of a road map, which Ayer w said had been used as a wrap- per for the suitcase bills. Treasury records show the bills were printed between April, 1966, and August, 1968. There is no way to prove this was part of the money which the CIA continued to provide anti-Castro exiles. But the sto- ries that led to the cache came in part to Ayers from Cubans he helped train for the CIA. Assassination teams, sabot squads and commandh units were sent against Castro after the abortive Bays of Pig.; Invasion. These missions ap. parently ? were halted after President Kennedy's assassi. nation. But the CIA continued to slip infiltration teams into Cuba to gather intelligence. ' The CIA paid all expenses!, apparently, in cash. Hug sums were turned over t There were whispers thatt some money had disappeareot into private bank accounts:, found two more, then Whitten 0 1971, Bell-McClure Syndicate, inc. Washington Whirl Volunteer Army-President Nixon is leading the opposi. tion to his own proposal fora volunteer Army-at least for the next two years. At a secret White House legislative con- ference, he warned GOP con- gressional leaders: "Some votes to end the draft may look popular temporarily. But in the long view, our recom- mendations (to extend the draft for two years) will prove to be right." White House aide Peter Flanigan explained to the leaders that "A shortfall. of 100,000 men is expected" next year. He described the administration's plans to en- courage volunteers by offering financial incentives, includiryg a $6,000 bonus to those wly will re-enlist for combat dut!. But he warned this "wo'ul"O mean cuts in other vital areas Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000200250003-0 Jack Anderson JFK Death Halted uban Oil Raid THE SUPPRESSED STORY can now be told of how the Central Intelligence Agency organized a Cuban exile raid on Cuba's key oil refinery in .1963 but aborted it after the assassination of President Kennedy. Insiders say the corporate oil giants, hoping eventually to recover their property in Cuba, brought quiet pressure to quash any raids upon re- fineries. Lyndon Johnson, who canceled the raid after succeeding Mr. Kennedy in the White House, was close to Texas oil interests. We have learned the dra- matic details from Bradley Ayers, a 36-year-old former Army captain, who was se- lected by the CIA - to train Cuban exiles for infiltration and assault missions includ- ing the refinery raid in Ma- tanzas province. We have checked out Ayers' story with our own sources, who confirm he is correct about names, places and dates. From a group of pictures, Ayers also was able to pick out immediately a CIA undercover operative who we knew had been in- volved in the CIA raids against Cuba. The rugged Ayers, a for- mer Army ranger instructor, trained the refinery raiders. The recruiting fo- the mis- sion had already been com- Meted before he was as- signed to the project. CIA of- !'icials took him by motor aunch through swampy Ever- glades canals and across the )lien sea to secluded Florida (eys to meet the recruits. Ayers and the CIA men se- ected Palo Alto Key, Upper fey Largo and Card Sound )n the edge of the Ever- ;lades as training sites. `Most of the Cubans," said Ayers, "were bank clerks, ausboys, waiters, musicians, .aborers, men who had fled -o the United States. Many aad never fired a weapon. rhey were disorganized and AYERS ran off simulated raids near Card S o u n d against a local Southern Bell microwave facility with a high security fence. Other nights, he shared black beans and rice, drank and smoked "pot" with his Cuban cadre. The rag-tag recruits grad- ually became a fighting team. For firsthand experience, he secretly accompanied two in- filtration groups on missions to Cuba. "We went on a commer. cially rigged trawler, a `cover' vessel," he said. "We ran blackout under a quarter. moon, towing a V-20 launch, a high-powered fiberglass boqt. "We exchanged light sig- nals with the partisans ashore in Pinar del Rio and launched two rubber boats. The team made contact with the partisans, and we picked up a wounded man who'd been a prisoner of Castro. But the Cuban partisans were careless with the lights. "After we got the wounded man into a rubber boat, we were discovered by a Soviet- type patrol craft with spot- lights. We covered our with- drawal with machineguns from the V-20 boat. Although- we took casualties, we finally got back to the trawler. Our boats were pretty well shot up. "On the way home, we saw' a Cuban fishing craft flying a distress flag and found it had a load of refugees. We took them on board." A second sortie to cache supplies for agents already in Cuba was less eventful. Fi- nally, in September, 1963,. Ayers was instructed by the CIA to make detailed train- ing plans for the refinery, raid. undisciplinApp1 vediFQchRelease 2000/09/08 of reorganizing the training orozram." DATE & f I PAGE L- lie was given specific or- ders not to land on Cuba` himse'.f during the raid. But he was too emotionally in- volved with the Cubans" cause to stay out and wrote himself into the plans. "We were all on a live-for-today, tomorrow-we-die philosophy," he explained. But on the day of the final rehearsal, President Kennedy was killed, and the CIA or- dered Ayers to shut down the operation. "I was in a sort of trauma," said the swashbuc- kling instructor. "I made- trips ,;o Washington to plead the cause of the freedom, fighters with the minor offi- cials I knew. But I just got disappointed and angry." Finally in October, 1964, Ayers resigned from active duty with a long statement of principle to his CIA and Army superiors. "As a sol- dier, I had been taught I shouldn't question political or diplomatic action." he wrote. "But as a free-think- ing American citizen, I couldn't subordinate my duty. My country was no longer- playing to win, and my faith in the goals to which I dedicated my life was shaken."