S. 2097.

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December 9, 2016
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June 18, 1971
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0,.7... Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA=RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 June 18, 1971 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE S 9395 Increasing recognition of outboard motor operation as a significant nationwide source of pollution and improved technol- ogy to correct the problem make such standards both urgent and feasible. - Studies investigating the effects and the amount of fuel exhausted by two- cycle outboard marine engines began as early as 1961, revealing that outboard motor emissions damage water quality by tainting fish flesh and by producing leasant odor and taste. The latest i firmation is a 1970-71 study made for t}e Environmental Protection Agency 'Khhich demonstrates that fuel emission from outboard motors is becoming a seri- ous pollution problem in our lakes and river systems. The quantities of wastes involved in outboard motor operation are shocking. The exhaust to the water has been esti- mated to range from less than 10 per- cent to more than 50 percent of the fuel originally put into a two-cycle outboard engine. Within the 1 billion gallons of outboard motor fuel sold annually, it has boen estimated that 100 to 160 million gallons of fuel is wasted. By comparison, the Torrey Canyon disaster resulted in an oil spill of only 15 to 30 million gal- lons. Furthermore, the waste of this un- used outboard fuel costs boat owners be- tween $50 to $100 million a year in out- Of-pocket expense. The source of the problem is relatively simple and should have been corrected long ago. Because of the design, the engine parts of the two-cycle motor are lubricated by mixing oil with gasoline. During the intake of this fuel mixture into the firing chamber, some of the fuel vapor condenses and accumulates in the crankcase. The unused fuel is evacuated from the crankcase by valves which open up and vent the fuel into the exhaust housing and then into the water. Accord- Ing to a study made by, Stillwell & Glad- ding, Inc. in 1969, the two-cycle engine's open crankcase or "crankcase scaveng- ing" design is "highly inefficient." Significant steps have been taken re- cently in the improvement of the two- cycle outboard engine b'y the designing of a drain free engine which would re- cycle the unused fuel vented from the crankcase back into the engine as fresh fuel, and .a recycling device that can be attached onto two-cycle engines. The recycling of fuel technique re- portedly is already being manufactured in all motor sizes and will be used in- dustrywide in the 1972 models. How- ever, in 1970, there were approximately 7,215,000 outbord motors already in use in this country, and over 98 percent of these are two-cycle motors. These older outboard motors will continue to leave massive fuel residues in our waters re- gardless of the fuel recycling innova- tion of the new two-cycle outboard motors.' To cope with existing outboard motor pollution, it is clear that fuel emission standards set under this bill must cover existing as well as future outboard m ltors, requiring use of the best avail- able technology to reduce or eliminate -the pollution in each case. t'hebill that I am introducing will accomplish these important objectives through the following: First, direct the Administrator of the Environmental Pro- tection Agency to study the available technology that could abate fuel emis- sion from two-cycle engines and establish standards for outboard motors accord- ingly; second, make it unlawful for any- one to operate a two-cycle outboard motor on the navigable waters of the United States after June 30, 1972, with- out adhering to these standards; third, establish a penalty of not more than $500 for any violation of these standards, and fourth, allow the Secretary of the de- partment in with the Coast Guard is operating to enforce the provisions of this bill by using law enforcement officers, Federal agencies, or the States. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that immediately following my re- marks there be inserted in the RECORD an article from the Jack Anderson column in the Washington Post dated May 15, 1971, which reports the disturbing find- ings of the 1970-71 EPA study on the amount of fuel deposited into our waters by outboard motors. The article is en- titled, "Motorboats: Super Polluters of Lakes." Also, I ask that the text of the bill be printed following the article. There being no objection, the article and bill were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: MOTORBOATS: SUPER-POLLUTERS OF LAKES (By Jack Anderson) With the warming of the weather, the na- tion's seven million outboard motors have started to pump a seasonal stream of gunk into America's once-sparkling waters. This is the scientific, if upsetting, conclu- sion of an unpublished Environmental Pro- tection Agency study. The study found that a single outboard motor coughs, splutters and spits as much or- ganic carbon pollution into the water in 24 hours as the sewerage from a neighborhood of 400 persons. Up to 30 per cent of the fuel used in out- boards, according to the study, actually is spewed Into the water. Multiplying this by the total consumption of outboard motors In this country gives the staggering dimensions of the pollution problem-more than 100 million gallons of oil and gas poured into our streams and lakes and along our coast lines. Many bodies of water simply don't con- tain enough bacteria to consume the gush of oil and gas. The residue fouls the shore- lines, kills fish, pollutes drinking water and greases the skins of swimmers. The study has been conducted quietly- if that is the word for an outboard motor test-by Dr. Williams Shuster, head of the Bio-Environmental Engineering Division of famed Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He ran his tests with two engines, one 33 horsepower, the other 5 horsepower. His re- search team used an 18-foot-long, four-foot- deep swimming pool and took samples of the water for measurements. As a double check, they also put containers on the fuel vents of the engines to collect the waste. The lowest amounts of dumpage came from the high horse-power motor when it was tuned and speeding. Then only 4 per cent of the fuel leaked into the water. But at low speed, the motor threw off 27 per cent of its fuel. This increased to 30 per cent when the motor was untuned. Footnote: The federal government has now given the Boating Industry Association a $100,000 contract to study the effect of out- board motors on the nation's water. The as- sociation includes the manufacturers whose motors are causing the pollution. Thus, the contract is a little like asking a tubercular cook whether he might infect his customers. Eight years ago, incidentally, the outboard motor makers were offered designs which would have largely prevented pollution. S. 2096 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Outboard Motor Pollution Control Act of 1971". SEC. 2. The Federal Water Pollution Con- trol Act is amended by redesignating sections 21 through 27 as sections 22 through 28 re- spectively, and by inserting after section 20 a new section as follows: "REGULATION OF OUTBOARD MOTORS "SEC. 21. (a) The Administrator of the En- vironmental Protection Agency, after con- sultation with the Secretary of the depart- ment in which the Coast Guard is operat- ing, shall promulgate, not later than June 30, 1972, regulations requiring that two-cycle outboard motors used on vessels or any other water craft on the navigable waters of the United States be equipped or modified in such a manner as will use the latest avail- able technology to prevent such motors from polluting such waters. "(b) (1) After the effective date of such regulations it shall be unlawful to operate a two-cycle outboard motor on the navigable waters of the United States in violation of such regulations. "(2) Any person who violates the provi- sions of this subsection shall be liable to a civil penalty of not more than $500 for each violation. Each violation shall be a separate offense. The Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating may assess any such penalty. "(c) The provisions of this section and regulations established thereunder shall be enforced by the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating and he may utilize by agreement, with or with- out reimbursement, law enforcement officers or other personnel and facilities of the Ad- ministrator, other Federal agencies, or the States in carrying out such provisions. "(d) Anyone authorized by the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating to enforce the provisions of this section, may except as to public vessels or watercraft, (1) board and inspect any vessel or other watercraft upon the navigable waters of the United States, and (2) execute any warrant or other process issued by an officer or court of competent jurisdiction." By Mr. PERCY (for himself, Mr. MCCLELLAN, Mr. RIBICOFF, Mr. JAVITS, Mr. SCOTT, Mr. BYRD Of West Virginia, Mr. ALLEN, Mr. BEALL, Mr. BROCK, Mr. CHILES, Mr. GURNEY, Mr. JACKSON, Mr. .MATHIAS, Mr. MUSKIE, Mr. ROTH, and Mr. SAxBE) : S. 2097. A bill to establish a Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention to concentrate the resources of the Na- tion in a Crusade Against Drug Abuse. Referred to the Committee on Govern- ment Operations. SPECIAL ACTION OFFICE FOR DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION ACT Mr. PERCY. Mr. President, it is with mixed emotions that I appear in the Chamber today. I am, of course, highly pleased to announce a bold, new White House initiative to deal with the agoniz- ing problem of drug abuse in this coun- try. But to even allude to this initiative one must face up to the oppressive facts Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 S9396 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE that establish the depth and dimensions of this disease that is infecting our so- ciety, and especially our youth. President Nixon, in his message yes- terday to Congress, echoed that thought.. "We must now candidly recognize," he said- That the deliberate procedures embodied in present efforts to control drug abuse are not sufficient in themselves. The problem has assumed the dimensions of a national emergency. Noting that "drug addiction destroys lives, destroys families, and destroys communities," the President went on to say: Despite the magnitude of the problem, despite our very limited success in meeting It, and despite the common recognition of both circumstances, we nevertheless have thus far failed to develop a concerted effort to find a better solution to this increasingly grave threat. At present, there are nine Federal agencies involved in one fashion or another with the problem of drug addiction. There are anti-drug abuse efforts In Federal programs ranging from vocational rehabilita- tion to highway safety. In this manner our efforts have been fragmented through com- peting priorities, lack of communication, multiple authority, and limited and disper- sed resources. The magnitude and the sever- ity of the present threat will no longer per- mit this piecemeal and bureaucratically- dispersed effort at drug control. If we can- not destroy the drug menace in America, then it will surely in time destroy us. I am not prepared to accept this alternative. Therefore, I am transmitting legislation to the Congress to consolidate at the highest level a full-scale attack on the problem of drug abuse in America. Calling for a statutory Special Action Office of Drug Abuse Prevention in the White House, the President has asked for $155 million in new funds for combating drug abuse, bringing to $371 million the total amount to be spent for this purpose. Of the new funds, $105 million is to be used solely for treatment and rehabilita- tion of addicts. Other requests include: $14 million to enable the Veterans Ad- ministration to expand its five drug ad- diction clinics to 30; $10 million for edu- cation and training in use of dangerous drugs; $2 million for research on drug detection techniques; $7.5 million for in- tensified investigation of large-scale traffickers and $18-million for customs, inspections and pursuit of smugglers; $1 million to help other nations train en- forcement officers; and $2 million for research on herbicides to destroy nar- cotics-producing plants. The President said he would ask Con- gress to permit drug control assistance to Communist countries that are now in- eligible for aid. EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM The scope of the addiction problem is chilling. The financial costs alone exceed $2 billion each year, but are inestimable in terms of the human costs-the per-, sonal suffering and mental anguish- that the American society is forced to bear: HEROIN Heroin addiction can be found in cities, in suburban and rural areas, In recent testimony before the Senate Sub- committee on Alcoholism and Narcotics, Dr. Bertram S. Brown, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, said: Affluent suburbs often thought to be free of heroin associated with ghettos are sud- denly aware of heroin use among their youth. Since possession and traffic in heroin is illegal, it is difficult to know precisely the number of heroin addicts in the country. NIMH estimates the total at 250,000. The House Select Committee on Crime puts the figure at 200,000. About half of the addicts in the coun- try reside in New York State. In New York City, narcotics addiction is the greatest single cause of death of ado- lescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 35. In the past 8 years, New York City has lost more lives to drugs than the entire State of New York has lost to the war in Vietnam. Heroin addicts need from $20 to $150 per day to support their habit. If New York City's approximately 100,000 ad- dicts spend an average of $35 per day on heroin, the total exceeds $3.5 million per day or $1.3 billion per year. Most turn to crime to get the money to pay for the heroin, since they ordinarily are unable to earn enough to pay for it. One survey in New York City showed that only 2 percent supported their habit through gainful employment; 98 percent were in- volved in criminal activity. If addicts steel goods, they must steal five times the cost of their habit, since stolen mer- chandise brings only 20 percent of its value when fenced. On a yearly basis, an addict must steal $90,000 worth of merchandise. According to a recent, authoritative estimate from the provost marshal's office in Saigon, there are between 30,000 and 40,000 American servicemen in Viet- nam who are heroin users-close to 15 percent of the troops stationed there. One study showed that the average age of the addicts included in the survey was only 20.5 years and the length of time addicted 5 months. With plenty of cheap heroin available in Vietnam, the servicemen have no trouble supporting their habit. But when they return to this country, their habit becomes more ex- pensive-and most will have to steal to pay for it. They are sentencing them- selves to lives of crime. Mr. President, at this point I would like to recall my own personal experience in Vietnam when in Danang I met with the son of our distinguished colleague from Virginia (Mr. BYRD). Harry Byrd, III, was a marine stationed up in the Danang area. When I asked about his work he indicated he had supervisory responsibilities in a brig. I asked him what the most frequent charge brought against. GI's in Vietnam was at that time. This was of course several years ago. He indicated that even at that early time most occupants of the brig were there for drug usage and drug abuse. He indicated that because of the boredom of 01's and the fact that many were pro- testing against the war and resented being there and fighting a war in which they did not believe, drug addiction, and June 18, 1971 particularly, at that time, marihuana smoking was possible because the enemy itself saw to it that it was widely and freely distributed. Trucks would come through villages and when they would see a group of GI's, dump off large quantities of marihuana. And no one knows how many of the harder drugs might have been made similarly accessible. This problem that I heard about first- hand several years ago in Vietnam has grown until it has now reached the crisis stage. Mr. RIBICOFF. Mr. President, will the Senator yield? Mr. PERCY. I yield. Mr. RIBICOFF. Mr. President, I am pleased to be a cosponsor of this legisla- tion with the distinguished Senator from Illinois. I am confident the legislation will receive prompt hearings by the Committee on Government Operations. The problem of drug abuse in this country is expanding and now wastes the lives of hundreds of thousands of Amer- icans every year, many of them poten- tially our most promising young people. The recent disclosures regarding addic- tion in our Armed Forces in South Viet- nam only highlight the pervasive impact drugs have in our society. The need for a concerted attack on this problem is obvious. Until now, how- ever, the Federal Government's drug abuse prevention and control programs have been fragmented and uncoordi- nated. Responsibility was unfocused. As late as last year coordination was being handled by an ad hoc committee chaired by a special assistant in the White House with numerous other responsibilities. Under the President's bill, 10 programs from more than five departments and agencies will be supervised by a Presi- dential appointee working full time on this matter in the White House. I hope the creation of a new White House office will lead to greater coordination and bet- ter results. An additional $155 million is to be provided along with the powers needed to oversee Federal drug abuse efforts effec- tively. The Director of the new White House office will have the authority to prescribe policies, prepare budgets, and set priorities. I am pleased to cosponsor this legisla- tion for the purposes of introduction and am confident that it will receive prompt and. thorough hearings by the Govern- ment Operations Committee. Details of this legislation aside, no one can dis- pute the great need that led to its for- mulation and introduction. We must be careful not to deceive our- selves, however. Enforcement needs to be improved. Education and rehabilitation are critical. But ultimately we must ad- dress ourselves to the ills of our society if we are to remove the underlying causes of much of the drug addiction in this country. Why do so many feel the necessity of the drug habit? Weneed to know, so we can eliminate the causes that lead to drug involvement. Mr. PERCY. Mr. President, I should like to thank my distinguished colleague, who is chairman of the Government Op- Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 June 18, 1971 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE S 9397 erations Subcommittee on Executive Re- Congress on "Marihuana and Health" To the extent that rehabilitation is re- organization. I would like to express my from the Secretary of Health, Education, quired for Vietnam veterans, the Presi- deep appreciation for his having become and Welfare determined that by the end dent: the principal cosponsor of this legisla- of 1970, one college student in seven was Ordered immediate establishment of tion. In fact, I am delighted at the in- using marihuana weekly or even more testing procedures and initial rehabili- terest and support each of the other co- often. In a substantial number of colleges tation efforts to be taken in Vietnam. sponsors of this bill has expressed. Also, and high schools, a majority of students Ordered the Department of Defense to I should like at the same time to express used marihuana. provide rehabilitation services and the my appreciation to Senator JAVXTS of New Marihuana is at the center of great rehabilitation of all returning discharged York, another cosponsor of the legisla- national debate. For example, this week veterans who desire this help. tion and who, together with Senator witnesses testifying in San Francisco be- Announced the request of legislation to RTBrcoFF, will be handling some of the fore the National Commission on Mari- permit the military services to retain for major, substantive matters in this area huana and Drug Abuse contradicted each treatment narcotic addicts due for dis- in the Senate Committee on Labor and other on such questions as whether mari- charge. Public Welfare. huana usage leads to experimentation Described the authority of the Direc- This matter, we would trust, would be with harder drugs; whether marihuana tor of the Special Action Office to refer referred to the Government Operations produces a toxic reaction in the central patients to private and Veterans' Admin- Committee, because its essential purpose nervous system of adolescents; and istration hospitals as circumstances is to set up a Special Action Office for whether marihuana should be legalized. require. Drug Abuse Prevention, which falls with- We appear to know that marihuana Described authority to be sought by in the jurisdiction of the Government is not physically addictive-though it the Special Action Office to make VA fa- Operations Committee. By having over- may be psychologically habituating. We cilities available for drug rehabilitation lapping jurisdiction in the Government also know that it leads to an alteration of to all former servicemen regardless of Operations Committee and the Labor and time and space perception, a sense of the nature of their discharge. Public Welfare Committee with ranking of euphoria, a loss of inhibition, exag- Asked Congress to increase the present members in the persons of Senator RIBI- gerated laughter and attention loss. And VA budget by $14 million to permit im- corr and Senator JAVrTS who serve on we know that it has relatively minor mediate initiation of the program. both committees assume very active physiological effects. But, beyond this, we The President also announced a re- leadership roles in both. I think we have know little in spite of the HEW report quest to Congress to amend the Narcotic a coordinated effort which will insure and the spate of opinions that bombard Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966 to early hearings and prompt action by the us regularly. We await next year's report broaden the authority for use of metho- Senate in this most .urgent area. of the National Commission on Mari- done maintenance programs under rigid I again want to express my deep ap- huana and Drug Abuse before forming standards. preciation to our esteemed colleague. a firm judgment on many of the issues He also instructed Dr. Jaffe to review AMPHETAMINES concerning marihuana. immediately all Federal laws pertaining In 1969, over 8 billion amphetamine A NEW OFFENSIVE to rehabilitation and announces he will pills were produced and consumed in To counter the vicious cycle of addic- submit any legislation needed to expedite the United States-enough for 40 doses tion, the President has proposed a "new the Federal rehabilitative role and cor- of amphetamines for every man, wom- all-out offensive," dealing with the rect overlapping authorities. an, and child in the United States. Ac- sources of supply at home and abroad EDUCATION cording to the National Institute of and proposing the establishment of a An additional $10 million to increase Mental Health, the total legitimate med- central authority within the Executive and improve education and training in ical need can be measured in the thou- Office of the President to have overall the field of dangerous drugs, sands. NIMH puts the number of per- responsibility for all major Federal pro- ENFORCEMENT sons using oral amphetamines without grams of drug abuse prevention, educa- To expedite the prosecution of nar- a medical prescription at about 5 mil- tion, treatment, rehabilitation, training, cotics cases, legislation will be sought lion. Intravenous use of amphetamines and research programs. The authority permitting the Government to utilize in- or methamphetamine is limited to about will be designated at the Special Action formation obtained by foreign police and 100,000 users. These "speed freaks" face Office of Drug Abuse Prevention. It will also will request legislation to permit a an emergency when their drugs are with- be headed by a Director accountable to drawn: to submit written findings of his : an abrupt "crash." the President. analysis in drug cases in order to speed BARBITURATES Because of the emergency nature of the process of criminal justice. In 1969 over 4 billion barbiturate cap- this problem, the President has estab- Dangerous drugs and narcotics en- sules were produced and consumed in lished this Office by Executive order, ef- forcement are to be stepped up with re- this country-again, far more than fective yesterday, pending passage by the quests to Congress for; $2 million for ,would be needed for legitimate medical Congress of specific enabling legislation research and development of equipment reasons. NIMH, estimates that 2 million which I am introducing today. and detection techniques; authorization people take this drug regularly without I am deeply pleased to see that the and funding of 325 added positions in medical need. Barbiturates often are President has announced the appoint- the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous '~.sed in suicide attempts; accidental ov- ment of Dr. Jerome H. Jaffe, director of the supplemental appropriations tions of erdoses in combination with alcohol con- the drug abuse control program of the $25.6 million for the Treasury - stitute another hazard. Barbiturates di- State of Illinois, to head this new office ment-about $7.5 million for intensified minish the physical and mental re- in the temporary capacity of special con- investigation of large-scale traffickers; sponses to such an extent that users are sultant to the President for narcotics approximately $18 million for Bureau of endangering the general public when and dangerous drugs. Customs investigation and inspection ef- performing such tasks as driving a car. Dr. Jaffe, 37, has been a leader in forts and for the pursuit and apprehen- HALLUCINOGENS developing innovative techniques for the sion of smugglers. Use of hallucinogens, such as LSD, treatment of heroin addiction, including NARCOTIC-PRODUCING PLANTS which can cause birth defects, appears comprehensive approaches involving leveling coff. ause Repetitive use of LTD methadone use. An article appearing in The President announced a request for to be now is found among a relatively morning's edition of the New York $2 million for the Department of Agri- y small Times entitled "Drug Abuse Fighter" culture for research and development of number of individuals, although experi- describes in some detail the admirable herbicides to destroy growths of natural xnentation by young drug abusers un- efforts of Dr. Jaffe in this area. narcotics-producing plants without ad- fortunately continues to flourish. Apart from establishing the Special verse ecological effect. MARIHUANA Action Office of Drug Abuse Prevention, INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS According to NIMH, marihuana usage the President's message provides for a The President initiated a worldwide is increasing rapidly. An estimated 10 comprehensive antidrug offensive, aimed escalation of existing efforts along with ~o 12 million Americans have used the at sources of supply and demand with new steps to secure international co- drug at least once. The recent report to equal force. operation to control narcotics traffic. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 S 9398 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE Measures include; a request to the Di- rector General of the World Health Or- ganization to appoint a study panel on -synthetics to replace opiates; a request for $1 million for assistance to developed nations in training enforcement officers; a request to Congress to amend and ap- prove foreign assistance acts permitting assistance to Communist countries pres- ently ineligible for aid in ending drug tracking; a request to the Senate to promptly ratify the Convention on Psy- chotropic Substances recently signed by the United States and 22 other nations; a request to Congress to make additional contributions, as needed, to the United Nations Special Fund on the world drug problem; the urging of multilateral sup- port for amendments to the Single on- vention on Narcotics enabling the Inter- national Narcotics Control Board to ac- quire narcotics information, conduct in- quiries on drug activities, and requiring signatories to embargo the export and/or import of drugs to or from a particular country failing to meet its obligations under the Convention. Finally, the President directed that research efforts in the United States be Intensified to develop a feasible substitute for codeine. NEED FOR t'IMELY ACTION In introducing this legislation today, I am joined in a totally bipartisan effort with some of my most esteemed col- leagues, among them Senators MCCLEL- LAN, RIBIcoFF, JAVITS, SCOTT, ALLEN, GUR- NEY, SAXBE, BYRD of West Virginia, BEALL, BROCK, CHILES, JACKSON, MATHIAS, Musicir, and ROTH. I am certain that many other Senators will want to join in this critical effort. I would also like to point out how grateful I am that the problem of drug abuse has surfaced as a concern of all Americans. No small thanks is due to the tireless efforts of the junior Senator from Iowa (Mr. HUGHES) and the distinguished members of his Subcommittee on Alco- holism and Narcotics who have devoted countless hours to this matter. I commend the President for his fore- sight and initiative in addressing this problem. I look forward to quick action in the Government Operations Commit- tee, on which I serve, in reporting otlt a bill that incorporates whatever refine- ments or additions are deemed appro- priate. As the President stated: Time is critical. Every day we lose com- pounds the tragedy which drugs inflict on individual Americans. The final issue is not whether we will conquer drug abuse, but how Soon. Part of this answer lies with the Con- gress now and the speed with which it moves to support the struggle against drug abuse. As a final thought, we now are all too aware of the pervasive extent of heroin traffic among our GI's stationed in Viet- nam. It is fatuous to speak of the drug problem without alluding to the hellish contribution of that war to the problem. But let us turn now from a war that we do not want, to a segment of society that we do so earnestly want. That we want to help. We must redirect our attention and our energies and our moneys, let we lose our most cherished asset-lest we lose our youth not only to the hateful clash of war, but also to the pitiful whimper of despair. At this time, Mr. President, I ask unanimous, consent that the text of this legislation to establish a Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention be printed in the RECORD, to be followed by a section-by-section analysis of its pro- visions. I also ask unanimous consent that the New York Times article to which I earlier referred, describing the work of Dr. Jaffe, be printed in the RECORD. There being no objection, the bill and material were ordered to be printed in RECORD, as follows: S. 2097 A bill to establish a special action office for drug abuse prevention to concentrate the resources of the Nation in a crusade against drug abuse. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Special Action Of- fice for Drug Abuse Prevention Act." FINDINGS SEC. 2. The Congress hereby finds- (1) that drug abuse is rapidly increasing In the United States and now afflicts urban, suburban, and rural areas of this Nation; (2) that drug abuse contributes to crime, particularly to crimes of violence; (3) that the adverse impact of drug abuse inflicts increasing pain and hardship on in- dividuals, families, and communities; (4) that for these reasons the increasing rate of drug abuse constitutes a threat to national health and welfare and an emer- gency requiring immediate and effective Fed- eral Government response. PURPOSE SEC. 3. (a) It is the purpose of this Act to focus the comprehensive resources of the Federal Government and bring them to bear on drug addiction and drug abuse with the Immediate objective of promptly and sig- nificantly reducing the incidence of drug ad- diction and drug abuse in the Nation within the shortest possible period of time. (b) To accomplish these objectives (1) all Federal drug abuse prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, training, education, and re- search activities will be placed under the di- rection and policy-setting of a new Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention, es- tablished in the Executive Office of the Pres- ident; and (2) major drug abuse programs will be centrally developed, funded,managed, and evaluated to achieve maximum effective- ness. SPECIAL ACTION OFFICE FOR DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION SEC. 4. (a) There is hereby established in the Executive Office of the President, an of- fice to be known as the Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention (hereinafter in this Act referred to as the office). (b) There shall be at the head of the Of- fice a Director of the Office (hereinafter re- ferred to as the Director). He shall be ap- pointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be compensated at the rate now or hereafter provided for Level III of the Executive Sched- ule (5 U.S.C. 5314). (c) There shall be in the Office a Deputy Director of the Office who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be compensated at the rate now or hereafter provided for Level IV of the Executive Sched- ule (5 V.S.C. 5315). The Deputy Director shall perform such functions as the Di- rector from time to time assigns or dele- gates, and shall act as Director during the June 18, 1971 absence or disability of the Director or in the event of a vacancy in the office of the Director. . (d) There shall be in the Office not to exceed three Assistant Directors who shall be appointed by the Director and shall be compensated at the rate now or hereafter provided for Level V of the Executive Sched- ule (5 U.S.C. 5316). Each Assistant Director shall perform such functions as the Director from time to time assigns or delegates. CONCENTRATION OF FEDERAL EFFORT SEC. 5. (a) The Director shall provide over- all planning and policy, and shall establish objectives and priorities, for all Federal drug abuse training, education, rehabilitation, re- search, prevention, and treatment programs and activities (exclusive of law enforcement activities and legal proceedings). (b) In addition, the Director shall provide overall planning, policy, direction, manage- ment, and funding for all Federal drug abuse training, education, rehabilitation, research, prevention, and treatment programs and ac- tivities (exclusive of law enforcement acti- vities and legal proceedings) conducted pur- suant to the authorities described in subsec- tion (c) (1) of this section and programs and activities designated by the President pursu- ant to subsection (c) (2) of this section. (c) As used in subsection (b) of this sec- tion and all subsequent provisions of this Act, the term "Federal drug abuse training, edu- cation, rehabilitation, research, prevention, and treatment programs and activities" means- (1) All such programs and activities (ex- clusive of law enforcement activities and legal proceedings) conducted pursuant to the following-described provisions of law: (A) The Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966; (B) Part D and Part E (to the extent that such Parts pertain to drug abuse) of the Community Mental Health Centers Act; (C) Title I of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970; (D) Section 502(a) (1) of the Comprehen- sive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, to the extent that it pertains to public education not involving law enforce- ment; (E) The Drug Abuse Education Act of 1970; (F) Section 222(a) (9) of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 and all other provi- sions of that Act to the extent that they per- ain to drug abuse; (G) Becton 306(a) (2) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, to the extent that It pertains to drug abuse; (H) The Manpower Development and Training Act of 1962, to the extent that it pertains to drug abuse; (I) The Public Health Service Act, to the extent it pertains to drug abuse; and (J) Title 38 of the United States Code, to the extent it pertains to drug abuse; and (2) subject to the provisions of subsections (d) and (e) of this section, such other Fed- eral drug abuse related programs and ac- tivities (exclusive of law enforcement ac- tivities and legal proceedings) as the Presi- dent may from time to time designate, in- cluding those which constitute a part of some larger program or activity. (d) Whenever a designation is proposed pursuant to subsection (c) (2) of this sec- tion, a notice thereof shall be transmitted to the Congress. Such designation shall be- come effective on the thirtieth day (exclusive of periods of adjournment or recess of either the House or the Senate in excess of three days) following such transmittal, but only to the extent that, between the date of trans- mittal of the proposed designation and such effective date- (1) there has not been enacted into law a statute which otherwise deals with the pro- gram involved; Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 June 17 9%9d For Release eaQQ/GQ9/OgSI NALDRECORD6RENATE 0003-7 S 9399 (2) neither House of the Congress has en- 1V as he may deem to be necessary to carry out by recess appointment, as the case may be. acted legislation which specifically disap- the purposes of the Act. (b) The President may similarly authorize proves the designation involved. (e) Nothing in the foregoing provisions of any such person to act as Deputy Director. (c) Any such designation by the President this Act shall be construed as authorizing (c) The President may authorize any per- may, accordance with Congress, the designation o- or permitting the Director to waive or disre- son who serves in an acting capacity under tice transm to the made gard any requirement, including standards, the foregoing provisions of this section to 'operative on a date later than. the date on criteria, or cost-sharing formlae, prescribed receive the compensation attached to the which that designation otherwise would have by law with respect to Federal drug abuse office in respect of which he so serves. Such taken effect. programs or activities. SEC. 6. (a) In carrying out his functions i h VENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM, Lion from the United States to which such w t respect to the programs and activities o d d SEC. 7. -(a) The Director is authorized to person may be entitled. c vere un er section 5(b) of this Act, the Director shall- make grants to any public or non-profit pri- t TRANSFER OF FUNDS (1) prescribe policies requirements cri- va e agency, organization, or institution and to enter into contracts ith SEC. 10. The Director of the Office of Man- , , teria and standards regulations and ro- w any agency, or- anization i i agement and Budget is authorized to rovide , , p cedures for the administration and manage- g , or nst tution, or with any Individual- p for the transfer to the Office of such un- ment of such programs and activities; (1) to develop and demonstrate new a expended of appro ns, and of (2) prepare budget requests for such pro- proaches, techniques, and methods with re- here other funds, , available r made grams and activities; spect to drug abuse prevention, treatment drug abuse t available for Federal g abuse training, (3) determine priorities for the use of , and rehabilitation; education, rehabilitation, research, preven- funds for such programs and activities; (2) -to evaluate those new approaches, tion, treatment programs and activities, as piementation to Federal departments and (3) to foster the establishment of new or i agenc es and establish an implementation expanded drug abuse programs and actlvi- APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED plan for each program setting forth policies, -ties; SEC. 11. There are hereby authorized to be procedures, performance requirements, man- (4) to acquire, construct, improve, repair, appropriated to the President such sums as power levels, key personnel qualifications, operate, or maintain facilities, and to acquire may be necessary to carry out the purposes of time schedules, and other requirements; and improve real property, necessary to the this Act. Any of those sums may be appro- (5) maintain overall supervision of such establishment or maintenance of drug abuse priated without regard to fiscal year limita- programs and activities and evaluate. the per- programs and activities; and tions. formance and results achieved by the Federal (5) to Otherwise carry out the purposes of JOINT FUNDING departments and agencies, and recommend this Act. organizational, organizational, managerial, personnel, and (b) To the extent he deems it appropriate, SEC. 12. Notwithstanding any other- program changes whenever he deems such the Director may require the recipients of a by o more aw, where funds are made av elab d available changes to be advisable; grant or contract under this section to con- by mrthan one Federal to b used (6) take such steps as may be necessary tribute money, facilities, or services for car- individual n agency, organization, l dragon, abuse to evaluate and assure the most effective rying out the program and activity for which nto carry out a Federal drug abuse utilization of all drug abuse programs and such grant or contract was made. training, education, rehabilitation, research, activities conducted by Federal departments (c) Payments under this section pursuant prevention, or treatment program or activity, and agencies, and by public or private agen- to a grant or contract may be made (after f any one may of be ehd Fg designated agencies r ctor to ties and organizations engaged in such ac- necessary adjustment, in the ease of grants, funds un by the Di rector to tivitles under Federal grants or other assist- on account of previously made over-payments act for all in administering the funds ad- Federal and or under-payments) in advance or bway of ranted. In such cases, a single non-(7) strengthen coordination among Fed- reimbursement, and in such Install m share requirement may be established ac- e ents and cording to the proportion of funds advanced eral departments and agencies engaged in on such conditions as the Director may deter- non-law enforcement efforts involving drug mine. by each Federal agency, and any such agency abuse prevention and control, and assure (d) Notwithstanding any other provision may waive any technical grant or contract that those nonlaw enforcement efforts are of law, any Federal department or agency requirement (as defined in such regulations) coordinated with related law enforcement (including the Veterans Administration) which is inconsistent with the similar re- efforts being conducted by other Federal de- may enter into grant or contractual arrange- quirement of the administering agency or partments and agencies. ments with the Director and pursuant to which the administering agency does not (b) (1), The Director may, with the ap- such a grant or contractual' arrangement, impose. proval of the President (A) exercise any may exercise any authority or use any per- VOLUNTARY SERVICE powers or perform any functions conferred sonnel or facilities otherwise available to SEC. 13. The Director is authorized to ac- by any of the statutory provisions enumer- such department or agency for the perform- cept and employ in furtherance of the pur- ated in section 5(c) (1), or any statutory anee by it of related functions. pose of the Act or any Federal drug abuse provisions relating to programs and activi- PERSONNEL SPECIAL PERSONNEL- training, education, rehabilitation, research, ties designated by the President pursuant to EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS prevention, nr treatment program or activity, not section 5(c) (2), or (B) provide for their SEC. 8 (a) The Director may, subject to the withstanding aa services a provisions of section 3670 exercise or performance by an officer of any o withsnthe provisions o 3679 Federal department or agency other than civil service and classification laws, select, (b) of the Revised statute (31 U.S.C. 665 the department or agency on whom such employ, and fix the compensation of such (b)), powers or functions are conferred by such officers and employees, including attorneys, EFFECTIVE AND TERMINATION DATE provisions, as are necessary to perform the functions SEC. 14 (a) The provisions of this Act shall (2) To the extent that the Director or his tinned in him and to prescribe their func- take effect thirty days after the Director or function designee exercises to powers or performs any (b) The Director may, without regard to Acting Director first takes office or on such pursuant paragraph (1) of this the civil service and classification laws, se- earlier date as the President may prescribe subsection, the Director or his designee, as lest, appoint, and employ not to exceed five and publish in the Federal Register, except the case may be, may exercise in relation to officers and to fix their compensation at rates that any of the officers provided for in sec- those powers and functions any related not to exceed the rate now or hereafter pre- tion 4 of this Act may be nominated and authority or part thereof available by law, scribed for GS-18 of the General Schedule by appointed and any of the interim officers including appropriation acts, to the official ,section 6332 of Title 5 of the United States provided for by section 9 may be authorized or agency from which, such power or func- Code. to serve, at any time after the date of enact- tions were derived. (c) The Director may obtain services as au- went of this Act. (c) Except as otherwise provided by the thorized by section 3109 of Title 5 of the (b) This Act shall terminate on June 30, Director, no Federal officer, department or United States Code, at rates not to exceed 1974, unless extended by the President, in agency shall be deemed to be relieved of any the rate now or hereafter prescribed for OS- or case it shall expire on June 30, 1976, responsibility that such officer, department, 18 or such earlier d t f th G lt a e a o eneral Schedule by section 5332 of er June 30, 1974, as or agency may have had on the date of enact- e meat Of this Act with respect to Federal Title 5 of the United States Code. the President may prescribe and publish in drue abuse trainins wi?ra+lnn nAheY I,a4 PRAMcrmrnTTAT onn,rtcTnwrc the Federal Register. (d) The Director may require departments any person who, immeddatel J wu ~. the SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS y prior t7 the A bill to &n( agencies engaged in any activity tments date of enactment of this Act, held a position establish a Special Action Office tag Federal drug abuse training, education, in the executive branch of the Government for drug abuse prevention rehabilitation, research, prevention, and to act as the Director of the Special Action FINDINGS 't eetment to provide him with such Infor- Office for Drug Abuse Prevention until the Sec. 2. Sets forth the reasons for concern matfgn and reports, and to conduct on a Office of Director is for the first time filled about the problems of drug abuse and its reimbursable basis such studies and surveys, pursuant to the provisions of this Act or threat to National health and safety. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 S 9400 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE June 18, 1971 PURPOSE criteria, cost-sharing formulae or other reg- Sec. S. Cites the need for creation of a new ulations which otherwise govern the conduct project office to plan, fund, manage pro- of drug abuse activities. grains and activities of drug abuse preven- GRANTS AND CONTRACTS FOR DRUG ABUSE tion, treatment, rehabilitation, training, edu- PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAMS cation and research. Sec. 7. (a) Authorizes the Director to give SPECIAL ACTION OFFICE FOR DRUG ABUSE -rants and make contracts for drug abuse PREVENTION activities. This authority is in addition to Sec. 4. (a) Establishes the Special Action authority to carry out programs by agree- Office for Drug Abuse Prevention. ment with other agencies as provided in Sec. Sec. 4. (b) Designates a Director to be ap- 5 and. 6. It includes authority to let grants to pointed by the President by and with the states and' local governments and provide advice and consent of the Senate. the. Director with alternative ways of carry- Sec. 4. (c) Designates a Deputy Director, ing out programs where urgency, cost, special also appointed by the President who Will be vktlls or other factors dictate. the "alter ego" of the Director. Sec. 7. (b) Provides that the Director may Sec. 4. (d) Three Assistant Directors are require sharing of costs of drug abuse pro- authorized to be appointed by the Director r-rams. to senior positions in the management of the Sec. 7. (c) Allows for advance payments office. or Installments as matters of administrative CONCENTRATION OF FEDERALLFFORT convenience in expediting grant or contract business. Sec. 5. (a) Establishes the overall author- Sec. 7. (d) Provides that the Director enter icy-setting, the Director for and overall priorities for pol into grant or contract arrangements for nec- Federal se alido, esti cpeogea and p ex- all - essary drug abuse program activity even cluding law domestic programs i drug activities. where other laws or regulations might other- inter ationai drug ab.use are Note the also "vise rule out these arrangements. This pro- vision allows other agencies to accept these Sec. 5. (b) Specifies that in addition to the overall planning and policy role described in 5(a), the Director will also assume direct management authority over certain major drug abuse programs undertaken under the authorities listed in Sec. 5(c) (1). This in- cludes programs now in operation in depart- ments and agencies, plus new programs which may be initiated under these authori- ties to meet future program needs. Sec. 5. (b) (2) Establishes *eneral author- ity to assume management lit 'any other drug abuse program the President may designate. See. 5. (d) Where a new program not covered by the authorities of See. 5(c) (1) is proposed, a notice will be transmitted to- the Congress. The designation will become effec- tive after 30 days if neither House of the Congress enacts legislation disapproving the designation. Sec. 5. (e) Specifies that the actual start of operations of a newly designated program may be delayed beyond the date on which it might otherwise have taken. This assures that transfers of operations can be made when the action office is ready to assume responsibility. AUTHORITY OF DIRECTOR Sec. 6. (a) Details the specific authorities to be exercised by the Director for those programs and activities over which he assumes management authority under the provisions listed in Sec. 5(b) of this Act. By means of an Implementation Plan, the Action Office and each implementing agency will agree on the terms and conditions of operation. The Director can then evaluate the performance of each program to deter- mine whether the implementing agency is successfully meeting the necessary perform- ance criteria. This critical provision Is the most important means available to the Director to assure compliance with program objectives. Sec. 6. (b) Specifies that the Director is authorized to exercise any of the authorities specified in Sec. 5(c) (1) directly or to assign them to any Federal agency. Thus, a program which is not being properly carried out in one agency may be reassigned to another agency for implementation. Sec. 6. (c) Points out that the existence of the special action office does not relieve other agencies of the need to carry Out drug abuse programs which meet their broad responsibilities. Sec. 6. (d) Allows the Director to obtain necessary reports, surveys, studies or other information from agencies which have such data of value to the Special Action Office. Sec. 6. (e) Retains such things as standards, arrangements under specifications estab- lished by the Special Action Office and to use personnel and facilities otherwise available to carry out these arrangements. PERSONNEL-SPECIAL PERSONNEL-EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS Sec. 8. (a) Allows the Director to employ a staff of civil service personnel under regular civil service laws and regulations. Sec. 8. (b) Permits the hiring of five key executive people and fixing of their compen- ration. at rates not to exceed that of a GS-18. This permits special flexibility In hiring a small number of special technical or man- agement people. Sec. 8. (c) Allows the use of consultants at rates not to exceed that for 08-18's. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS Sec. 9. (a) (b) Provides for designation of Federal officials as acting Director and deputy director until these offices are filled for the first time. Sec.. 9. (c) Provides full compensation for acting officials. TRANSFER OF FUNDS - Sec, 10. Provides for orderly transfer of funds to the Special Action Office on assump- tion of program and budget responsibility. APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED Sec. 11. Provides for authorization of ap- propriations and for the appropriation of "no year" funds as an important element of budget flexibility for the office. JOINT FUNDING Sec. 12. Permits joint funding by more than one agency of drug abuse programs and ac- tivities, including a portion of non-Federal funds, and permits waiver of inconsistent technical regulations and requirements. VOLUNTARY SERVICE Herbert Jaffe was asked today just after Pres- ident Nixon named him to head a new White House office on drug abuse control. "With the same unrealistic optimism with which I dealt. with Illinois bureaucracy," the doctor re- plied. When he arrived in Illinois in 1966 from the Bronx, there wasn't a single state- supported bed for the treatment of drug ad- dicts in Illinois. The first year he got 300 beds. Now there are 1,800. Thirty-seven years old and even younger in appearance, Dr. Jaffe is an unpretentious, humorous man who affects outrageous ties. including the psychedelic one he wore to the White House today. He takes on big jobs in a cool, offhand way. His wife, the former Faith Kessel of Phila- delphia, likes to tell how he got into medi- cine. In high school in Philadelphia, he re- calls, he was surrounded by so many bright and ambitious boys that he decided that, given the heavy competition, he would be- come a car mechanic. "But his family decided otherwise." she said. "They persuaded. him to apply for ad- mission at Temple University, and he says he agreed because the application was only one page long and the college was only two stops away on the streetcar." Four years later he graduates; first in a class of a thousand, although he had to fi- nance his medical studies with two jobs, as a short order cook in a diner and playing the string bass in a band. Throughout his earlier school years he had worked during his spare time in the grocery on the Lower East Side of New York run by his father, an immigrant from Lithuania. From college days until the present, Jerome Jaffe has been working overtime. He has no hobbies, takes no exercise, brings work home with him at night, never smokes, and takes a drink only out of social courtesy. Dr. Jaffe spent five years at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, first as postdoctoral fellow, later as resident in psychiatry, assistant professor of phar- macology and instructor In the department of psychiatry. Then he was invited to be- come assistant professor in the department of psychiatry of the University of Chicago. "I was looking forward to some quiet la- boratory work and animal research," he re- calls. But the lab was not ready yet, and he filled in the time by drawing up a program for drug abuse control in the State of Illi- nois. To his surprise Gov. Otto Kerner asked him to put the program into effect. Today he takes no individual patients, but "I began directly taking care of people, and I didn't forget," he observes. "Every day, I talk to people who have been through our program-drivers, stockmen, all kinds, many of whom want to get relatives into treat- ment." "Above all," his wife says, "he is a hu- mane man. He keeps up with friends who date back to high school." In Chicago the Jaffes live in a big, com- fortable, old Tudor house on the South Side because it is only five minutes from the University of Chicago and he has never lived Sec. 14. (a) Provides for the office to start operations 30 days after the Director takes office. This precludes the office being forced to operate without a head, and allows the Director some time to make appropriate preparations. Sec. 14. (b) Provides that the office will be temporary, operating for a period of three years unless the President chooses to extend its life for an additional two years at his discretion. From the New York Times, June 1.8, 1971] DRUG ABUSE FIGHTER: JEROME HERBERT JAFFE WASHINGTON.-"How do you expect to deal with Washington bureaucracy?" Dr. Jerome By Mr. BYRD of West (for Mr. WILLIAMS) : S. 2098. A bill to amend title II of the Social Security Act to permit the payment of benefits to a married couple on their combined earnings record where that method of computation produces a higher combined benefit. Referred to the Committee on Finance. COMPUTATION OF SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS BASED UPON COMBINED EARNINGS Mr. BYRD of West Virginia. Mr. Pres- ident, Iask unanimous consent to intro- duce a bill on behalf of the junior Sena- tor from New Jersey (Mr. WILLIAMS) and to have a statement by the distinguished Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 June 80pp-pd For R ~Qt C~BO@t~ si4S~0S~r~ds The objective of the new policy is to induce foreign concerns to take the Antidumping ASft. I,po account before they engage in flormal situations fair value shall be deter- mined by comparing the ex factory home market price of the merchandise under in- vestigation with the ex factory price at which the merchandise is sold in the United States. If the price in the United States is less than the home market price, then there are "sales at less than fair value" within the meaning of the statute. The Act also states that in situations where the quantity of merchandise sold in the home market is so small in relation to the quantity sold for exportation to countries other than the United States as. to form an inadequate basis for comparison, then third country price should be used as the basis for comparison. The Antidumping Regulations provide that generally for purposes of determining what constitutes an "inadequate basis of com- parison" for fair value purposes, home mar- ket sales will be considered to be inadequate if less than 25 percent of the non-U.S. sales of the merchandise are sold in the home mar- ket. The selection of home market or third country price for fair value comparison can easily be crucial to the results of antidump- ing investigations, for frequently home mar- ket price tends to be higher than third coun- try price. This is particularly true where merchandise is sold in a protected home mar- ket and, when sold in third countries, is ex- posed to the vagaries of world competition. It has been Treasury's experience that cases arise. where sales in the home market are adequate as a basis for fair value com- parison, even though less than 25 percent of the non-U.S. sales are sold in the home mar- ket. From a technical standpoint, the exist- ing regulations provide for this . situation, since the 25 percent rule is introduced by the adverb "Generally." Examination of the precedents, however, revealed that the Treas- ury has not, in recent years at least, made an' exception in applying the 25 percent rule. This left the Treasury with two alterna- tives, It could have ignored the previous in- terpretations of the Antidumping Regula- tions which had, in effect, applied the regula- tions as if the word "Generally" were not there, or it coud propose a change in the Antidumping Regulations to eliminate the 25 percent rule. We chose the latter course. The proposal was published in the Federal Register of April 27, and is currently open for comment by interested persons. Any com- ments received will be carefully considered before we take final action on this proposal. A LOOK INTO THE FUTURE In my judgment, we have only come to the end of the beginning of the rejuvenation process. But, I believe we have made a solid start. Let me take a final brief moment to touch upon what I see happening in the future. We have taken steps to initiate a fresh examina- tion of the Treasury's antidumping proce- dures and regulations to see what more can be done. The regulations were substantially revised in mid-1968 after a broad review, with the dual objectives of conforming the Treasury's procedures to the requirements of t}ie International Anti-Dumping Code, and also of baying the regulations imple- Sient in, clear and precise language the ob- jectives of the Antidumping Act. With al- most three additional years of experience wilder the regulations, as then revised, it is now appropriate-to stop and take a new look to see whether additional changes may be ap- propriate. A Notice of Proposed Rule Making to this' effect was published in the Federal Register -6i 'April 13, 1971. E 5305 Sixty days are being allowed for the sub- sity) of the article entitled, "The New opium i i m ss on of comments. I would assume that many persons present here today-if you are not already aware of the Treasury's invita- tion to submit comments-may wish to do Let me emphasize that the Treasury De- partment continues, as always, to adhere to its policy of equitable administration of the Antidumping Act. With the increased per- sonnel assigned to this field and modernized procedures and policies, we shall speed up antidumping investigations, thereby making administration of the law more effective-all this without sacrificing equity. Let me also emphasize that the Treasury Department and the Administration are strongly opposed to having the Antidumping Act transformed into an instrument of pro- tectionism. On the other hand, we are equally strongly opposed to allowing foreign firms to injure U.S. industry by unfair price discrimination. It is with the latter objec- tive in mind that the Treasury Department introduced the changes in the administra- tion of the Antidumping law, which I have discussed with you today. To the extent that we succeed in our objective, the Treasury's rejuvenation of the Antidumping Act will become an increasingly important influence in favor of a freer international trade policy. In conclusion, I would like to repeat a statement made by Secretary Connally on May 17 before the Subcommittee on Inter- national Trade of the Senate Committee on Finance: "The efforts to foster increased competi- tiveness in our economy must be actively pursued in the context of fair and liberal trading arrangements." RAMPARTS MAGAZINE MISREPRE- SENTS ROLE OF CENTRAL INTEL- LIGENCE AGENCY IN FIGHTING AGAINST IMPORTATION OF DAN- GEROUS DRUGS HON. CHARLES S. GUBSER OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, June 2, 1971 Mr. GUBSER. Mr. Speaker, recently Ramparts magazine published an article which, like so many other articles which appear in new left publications, attempt- ed to discredit established agencies of the Government, including the Central In- telligence Agency. Unfortunately, the Stanford Daily, the newspaper pub- lished by students at Stanford Univer- sity, saw fit to lend credibility to this article by reprinting it. A tearsheet from the Stanford Daily was sent to me by a constituent and I submitted it to the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs with a request for comment. Under date of May 27 I re- ceived a reply from Mr. John E. Ingersoll, director of the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. His letter should be brought to the attention of all responsible Members of Congress and the press since it certainly contradicts the implications contained in the Ramparts magazine article. Mr. Ingersoll's response follows: Hon. CHARLES S. GUBSER U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D.C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN GUBSER: This is in response to your letter of May 21, 1971, which enclosed a tearsheet from the "Standard Daily" (a publication of Stanford Univer- War," as reprinted from "Ramparts Mag- azine." Charges made in the article appear to be a part of a continuing effort to discredit agencies of the U.S. Government, such as the U.S. Military, the FBI, the CIA, and the De- partment of State, all of which are, in point of fact, working actively with the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD) in our worldwide effort to curtail international drug traffic. Actually, CIA has for sometime been this Bureau's strongest partner in identifying foreign sources and routes of illegal trade in narcotics. Their help has included both direct support in intelligence collection, as well as in intelligence analysis and production. Liai- son between our two agencies is close and constant in matters of mutual interest. Much of the progress we are now making in iden- tifying overseas narcotics traffic can, in fact, be attributed to CIA cooperation. In Burma, Laos, and Thailand, opium is produced by tribal peoples, some of whom lead a marginal existence beyond the polit- ical reach of their national governments. Since the 1950's, this Southeast Asian area has become a massive producer of illicit opium and is the source of 500 to 700 metric tons annually, which is about half of the world's illegal supply. Up to now, however, less than ten percent of the heroin entering the United States comes from Far Eastern production. The dimensions of the drug problem and the absence of any strong political base for control purposes has been a dilemma for United Nations opium control bodies op- erating in Southeast Asia for many years. Drug traffic, use, and addiction appears to have become accepted as a fact of life in this area and, on the whole, public attitudes are not conducive to change. The U.S. Government has been concerned that Southeast Asia could become the major source of illicit narcotics for U.S. addicts after the Turkish production is brought under control. The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, with the help of CIA, DOD, and the Department of State, has been working to define and characterize the prob- lem so that suitable programs to suppress the illicit traffic and eliminate illegal opium production, such as the proposed United Nations pilot project in Thailand, can be implemented. It is probable that opium production in Southeast Asia will be brought under effec- tive control only with further political de- velopment in these countries. Nevertheless, in consideration of U.S. Military personnel in the area, as well as the possibility that opium from this area may become a source for domestic consumption, concerned U.S. Agencies, including CIA, Bureau of Customs, DoD, and State, are cooperating with BNDD to work out programs to meet the immedi- ate problem as well as provide longer term solutions. Since the subject matter of your letter concerns CIA, I have taken the liberty of furnishing a copy along with my reply to Director Richard Helms. Sincerely, JOHN E. INGERSOLL, Director. As an enclosure to his letter, Mr. In- gersoll included a paper entitled "Recent Trends in the Illicit Narcotics Market in Southeast Asia." This should also be of interest .to every person who is con- cerned about this problem and I there- fore include the text herewith: RECENT TRENDS IN THE ILLICIT NARCOTICS MARKET IN SOUTHEAST ASIA 1. The reported increasing incidence of heroin addiction among U.S. servicemen in Vietnam and recent intelligence indicating that heroin traffic between. Southeast Asia Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080Q03-7 E 5306 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Extensions oT emar s June 2, 1971 and the United States may also be increas- country. However, large areas of production 15. The typical refinery is on a small trib- ing suggest that Southeast Asia is grow- bi Phong Saly, Houa Than, and' Xiang utary of the Mekong River in an isolated ing in importance as a producer of heroin. Khoang have' fallen under the control of the area with a military defense perimeter guard- While this phenomenon in part reflects im- Patliet Lao and North Vietnamese. ing all ground approaches. Most of these re- provement in Information available in re- 9. The trade in Northwest Laos is less well fineries operate under the protection of the cent months to the U.S. Government, there structured and organized for significant corn. various military organizations in the region, are also good indications that production of mercial exploitation. There are no advance or are owned or managed by the leaders of illicit narcotics in Southeast Asia has in- purchasing agents or pick-up caravans. The these military groups. The KKY units pro- deed risen in 1971. harvested opium and the poppy plants which tect and operate most of the refineries in BACKGROUND are ground up for smoking are transported Burma. Leaders of these groups also hold 2. The Burma, Laos, Thailand border area, to nearby village markets by the growers an ownership interest in many of these fa- known also as the' "Golden Triangle," , themselves. In highland market places the cilities. In Thailand, the refineries appear to world's largest opium raw opium and its by-product are used open- be operated by units of the KMT irregulars, considered po ly as currency. Ethnic Chinese merchants are whereas in Laos, most of the refineries oper- producing one of regions. the This region normally am t11e traditional purchasers of the opium ate under the protection of elements of the counts for about 700 tons of opium annual- products throughout Laos. The products they Royal Laotian Armed Forces (PAR). While ly or about one-half of the world's total il- collect are transported to population cen- the management and ownership of the Lao- licit output. A substantial proportion is con- ters and also to processing plants along the tian refineries appear to be primarily in the sumed within the region. Burma, by far Mekong River by travelers, particularly gov- hands of a consortium of Chinese, some re- the largest producer of opium in this region, ernment soldiers, who have the most mobil- ports suggest that a senior FAR officer may accounts for about 400 tons annually. ity and access to air travel in the area, and hold an ownership interest in a few of these BURMA refugees. Opium produced in the Commu- facilities. 3. Production in Burma is concentrated nist-controlled areas also find its way into 16. Most of the narcotics buyers in the tri- in the Eastern and Northern parts of Shan the regular marketing channels. border area are ethnic Chinese. While many State and in the Southwestern part of Ka- DISTRIBUTION AND REFINERIES of these buyers pool their purchases, no large chin State. Poppy fields cover the rugged 10. The KMT irregular "armies" and the syndicate appears to be involved. The opium, slopes in Eastern Than State around Keng Burmese Self Defense Forces (KKY) are the morphine base, and heroin purchased in this Tung and in Northern Shan State from most important trafficking syndicates in area eventually finds its way into Bangkok, Lashio east and north to the China border. Northern Southeast Asia. The KMT irregu- Vientiane, and Luaing Prabang, where addi- The latter territory, comprised of the former Tars--formerly the remnants of the Chinese tional processing may take place before de- Wa and Kokang feudal states, is now a cen- Nationalist forces which retreated across the livery to Saigon, Hong Kong, and other inter- ter of insurgency directed against the Bur- Chinese border in 1949-now composed national markets. mese government, with much of the area un- largely of recruits from the local population, 17. Much of the opium and its derivatives der insurgent control. have a combined strength of between 4,000 transisting Thailand from Burma moves out 4. The growing season varies with the al- and 6,000 well-armed men. The largest force, of such Northern Thai towns as Chiang Rat, titude, but the planting season generally with an estimated strength of 1,400 to 1,900, Chiang Mai, Lampang, or Tak by various falls during the months of August and Sep- is the Fifth Army. The second largest with modes of ground and water transport. These tember, with the harvest some seven months a troop strength of. between 1,200 and 1,700 narcotics, along with those produced in Thai- later during February and March. At har- is the Third Army. The headquarters of both land, are smuggled into Bangkok for further vest time the women of the hill tribes slit armies are located in a-remote part of North- refinement into morphine or heroin. A con- the poppies and collect the raw opium by ern Thailand between Fang and Mae Sai. It siderable quantity of the raw opium and hand. The opium plants themselves are is estimated that these two KMT irregular morphine base is sent by fishing trawler from ground into a compound for smoking. In forces control more than 80 percent of the Bangkok to Hong Kong during a.period from Northeast Burma, the raw opium is packed )piuni traffic from the Shan State. about 1 January to 1 May. During this pe- by the growers and traded to itinerant Chi- 11. The KKY have been major competitors riod, approximately one fishing trawler a nese merchants who transport it to major of the KMT irregulars in the opium trade. day-carrying one to three tons of opium collection points, particularly around Lashio The KKY are comprised of former Shan State and/or quantities of morphine base-leaves and Keng Tung. Agents of the major en- insurgents and bandits who have allied Bangkok for Hong Kong. The boats proceed trepreneurs circulate through the hill coun- themselves with the Burmese government to the vicinity of the Chinese Communist- try shortly after harvest time arranging for against both the KMT and Chinese Commu- controlled Lema Islands-15 miles south of payment and pickup. Payment is often in nist-backed insurgents. In return the gov- Hong Kong-where the goods are loaded into the form of weapons and ammunition, al- ernment of Burma allowed them to pursue Hong Kong junks. though gold and silver rupees are also used. their opium trafficking activities. 18. Opium and its derivatives which move 5. The opium harvested in Shan, Wa, and 12. The Shan States Army, an Insurgent through Laos are transferred from the Kbkand areas is picked up by caravans that group, is also heavily involved in the opium Mekong River refineries by river craft and are put together by the major insurgent business. it maintains several camps in FAR vehicles to Ban Bonet Sal, further leaders in these areas. The caravans, which Northern Thailand where opium I. marketed downstream on the Mekong in Laos, from can include up to 600 horses and donkeys for weapons and military supplies. where it is transported on Royal Laotian Air and 300 to 400 men take the opium on the 13. About 140 tons of raw opium is nor- Force (RLAF) aircraft to Luaing Prabang southeasterly journey to the processing xnally transported annually out of Northeast or Vientiane. From Vientiane narcotics are plants that lie along the Mekong River in Burma to foreign markets. Most of this usually sent via RLAF aircraft, as well as the Tachilek (Burma) -Mae Sai (Thailand) - opium is stored or processed in the Mekong Air Laos, to other cities in Laos such as Ben Houei Sai (Laos) area. Caravans carry- River tri-border area before transiting Thai- Savannakhet or Pakse or to international ing in excess of 16 metric tons have been land and boos. Tachilek, Burma is probably markets. A considerable portion of the Lao- reported. the most important transshipment point in tian produced narcotics is smuggled into THAILAND the border area. In 1970, out of a total of 123 Saigon on military and commercial air 6. Opium-growing areas in northern Thai- tons reportedly shipped out of Northeast flights, particularly on Royal Air Laos and land are located in the upland tracts cc- Burma, 45 tons was received in the Tachilek Air Vietnam. Although collusion between cupied by various tribal groups. The pro- area. In the first two months of 1971, 58 out crew members and air line agents on one vinces of Ching Mai, Chiang Rai, and Nan, of a total of 87 tons had Tachilek as its desti- hand and individual narcotics smugglers on which have the largest concentration of nation. Other important transshipment the other has been reported, poor handling Meos, produce most That opium. Illicit opium points appear to be located in the vicinity of commercial cargo and the laxity of Lao production in Thailand is estimated at 200 of Ban Bonet Sai, Laos, and Mae Salong, customs control in Vientiane and other sur- tons. Thailand. reptitious loading of narcotics aboard com- LAOS 14. There appear to be at least 21, opium mercial flights. 7. Another, less productive, opium growing refineries of various sizes and capacities lo- RECENT CHANGES IN THE AREA area is along the 2,500 to 4,500 foot high cated in the tri-border area, of which about mountainsides of Northwest Laos. The opium 7 are believed to be able to process to the 19. There are tentative Indications that cultivated by the Meo in this area is of a heroin stage. The most important are located larger quantities of raw opium may now be relatively lower grade and thus less suit- in the areas around Tachilek, Burma, Ban moving into the tri-border area for refining able for refinement into morphine base or Houei Sal and Nam Keung, Laos, and Mae and that larger quantities of this raw opium heroin. In these areas where the tribesmen Salong, Thailand. The best known, if not are now being refined into morphine base have been encouraged to grow corn, the pop- largest of these refineries is the one at Ban and heroin in this area. As suggested in para- pies are planted among the corn. When the Houel Tap, Laos, neat Ban Houei Sal which graph 13 above, data on the first two months corn is cut, the poppies continue to grow is believed capable of processing some 100 of 1971 indicate that the Tachilek trans- until they too can be harvested. kilos of raw opium per day. The 14 refineries shipment and refining area may be receiving 8. Major producing areas include Phong in the Tachilek area apparently process the and processing sizably larger amounts of raw Saly Province in the North, Houa Phan largest volume of raw opium in the region. opium than was the case in 1970. As for (Samneua) Province in the Northeast, and in 1970, about 30 tons was converted by the changes in the type of refined narcotics pro- the Plaine de Jarres area of Xiang Khoang Tachilek refineries into refined opium, mor- duced, the processing plants at Mae Haw in Province in the East-central part of the phine base, and heroin. Thailand and Houei Tap in Laos now appear Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 June 2Apr ied For F4eQ&F1,qWMY9: 8W 3 66MkG904b080OO'*s7 to be converting most of their opium into No. 4 or 96 percent pure white heroin. Pre- viously, these refineries tended to produce refined opium, morphine base and No. 3 smoking heroin. An increased demand for Np. 4 heroin also appears to be reflected in the steady rise in Its price. For example, the mid-April 1971 price in the Tachilek area for a kilo of No. 4 heroin was reported to be U.S. $1,780 as compared to U.S. $1,240 in September 1970. Some of this increase may also reflect a tight supply situation in the area because of a shortage of chemicals used In the processing of heroin. Rising prices for opium and its derivatives can also be seen in other areas of Southeast Asia. 20. The establishment of new refineries since 1969 in the tri-border area, many with a capability for producing 96 percent pure heroin, appears to be due to the sudden increase in demand by a large and relatively affluent market in South Vietnam. A recent report pertaining to the production of mor- phine base in the Northern Shan States would indicate a possible trend toward ver- tical integrations-producing areas estab- lishing their own refineries-in the produc- tion of narcotics. Such a development would significantly facilitate transportation and distribution of refined narcotics to the mar- ket places. HON. BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, June 2, 1971 Mr. RO$ENTHAL. Mr. Speaker, repre- sentatives of U.S. transatlantic airlines are going to Montreal later this month to negotiate air fares-actually the word should be to "fix" air fares, for the com- peting carriers meet in private to decide the rates they all will charge. The prices are fixed by the Interna- tional Air Transport Association. Frances Cerra, Newsday's consumer writer, has aptly described IATA as "a cartel which operates without the participation of consumers and above the laws of the United States and any international or- ganization." The position of the, American carriers is thrashed out by the airlines and the Civil Aeronautics Board in secret ses- sions. The people who must pay the fares will be given no opportunity to partici- pate or express their views.; after all, they have little choice: only one or two transatlantic airlines land in the United States that are not IATA members. The Aviation Consumer Action Project has written to CAB Chairman Secor I). Browne protesting the lack of public par- ticipation in these proceedings. That let- ter said, in part: Such practices on the part of a federal regulatory agency are hostile- to elementary notions of due process and deprive citizens of basic participatory rights assured in the First Amendment, I would like at this time to join them ~urging an end to these secret meetings Ith the airlines in the course of fare negotiations. So that all my colleagues may be aware of this SituatlonL I am inserting in the RECORD at this point the Aviation Con- sumer Action? Project's letter to CAB Chairman Browne, and Miss Cerra's very fine article on the setting of international air fares: AVIATION CONSUMER ACTION PROJECT, 5307 line you choose, the flight will cost you $555 round trip for a 17- to 28-day stay. The same Is true for Rome or Cairo or any other international destination except Lux- Chairman, v . v ternational Air Transport Association, a car- Civil Aeronautics Board, tel which operates without the participation Washington, D.C. of consumers and above the laws of the U.S. Ter of the International Air Transport the price of international travel increased ence in International to ans at from eight to 12 per cent as a result of IATA Association (IATA) Montreal on June 28, 1971, to negotiate trans- agreements. Next moni h, the process of fix- atlantic air fares. The Presidents of the ing meet the may 1972 prices will begin, but a new ele- transatlantic IATA carriers will meet in New e be added: A new consumer group York on May 27, 1971, to discuss the Montreal the IATA Ralph Nader promises to challenge fares conference. And the Board, In accord- TA system i the courts. mam u e has been ance with its customary practice, will prob- Since its formation complicated 1929, IATA ably meet with the representatives of the U.S. International in the politics. Many governments n i s in carriers and discuss with them the various the world subsidize their their own arlines d airlines and views and positions which they will adopt in therefore the world want be own protected air from the IATA negotiations at Montreal. All these t it fares er ents s meetings will, as usual, be held in secret. therefore adopt mpetipetra the These gents as law Members of the public and farepayers will and IATA agreements as law not be given an opportunity to present their which d threaten to charge prosecute any fs. Gre Brit- views and opinions in any of those meetings. din whhh ich s subsidi sidilower , fares. made The Aviation Consumer Action Project subsidizes BOAC, actually m3 (ACAP), is writing to express its deep re- such a threat against the U.S, airlines in 1963 sentment and disapproval of the restrictive when the Civil Aeronautics Board opposed a price-fixing practices of IATA, and the Board's complicity In those practices. ACAP is a, non-profit consumer organiza- tion which has been founded for the purpose of providing an independent voice for the advocacy of consumer and environmental in- terests In matters and proceedings before the Board and other regulatory agencies. Whatever may be the underlying reasons for the Board's approval of U.S. carriers' participation in IATA meetings, ACAP is of the opinion that there cannot be any justi- fication for the Board's secret meeting with airline executives on the eve of the IATA conference. The issues raised by such a meet- Ing are rendered all the more serious when the Board, on the exclusive basis of the air- lines' in camera presentations, formulates policies and opinions with respect to the ap- propriate and permissable fare levels for various international routes and traffic re- gions. Such policies and opinions are com- municated to the carriers by the Board in the form of "directives." For all practical purposes these directives are informal de- cisions of the Board which tentatively set forth the fares that the Board considers reasonable and legal. The Federal Aviation Act and the regula- tory scheme outlined therein do not permit the Board to make ex parte decisions after hearing the airlines in closed sessions. Such practices on the part of a federal regulatory agency are hostile to elementary notions of due process and deprive citizens of basic par- ticipatory rights assured in the First Amend- ment. They are wholly inconsistent with the procedural principles embodied in the Ad- ministrative Procedure Act. ACAP urges the Board not to engage in li secret or private audiences with the ai r nes "ego- ernment-owned airlines. That is exactly why tiated in the IATA conference, except in open we say IATA should not exist. If. there were proceedings of record, in which all interested competition in air fares I personally don't and affected parties would have the right think it would 'be very destructive because to attend and lawfully participate. We urge the efficient airlines would survive. But the the Board to abstain from convening any alternative Is for the U.S. government to secret meeting with the airlines whether directly represent the private airlines in prior to or in the course of IATA fares nego- these conferences." n ti a ons. Sincerely, K. G. J. PILLAI, REUBEN B. ROBERTSON III. INTERNATIONAL FARES: ARE THEY SET FAIRLY? (By Frances Cerra) Unless you really dig bazouki music or care about the color scheme of a plane's interior, it doesn't pay to shop around for the cheapest flight to Athens. Whatever air- five per cent increase in air fares. Faced with this threat and an international incident, the CAB backed down. Foreign governments also enforce the IATA agreements by another simple measure: They refuse to allow an airline that is not a mem- ber of the cartel to land in their countries. That is why Icelandic Airlines, the only non- member of IATA, can land only in Luxem- bourg. No other European country will give it landing rights. A spokesman for Pan American, whose president, Najeeb E. Halaby, is on the execu- tive committee of IATA, said that he would not call IATA agreements "price fixing," but "an area of cooperation." "If there were not an area of cooperation," he said, "many airlines would not be able to exist. The U.S. airlines in particular would have a hard time because they are not subsi- dized by the government. IATA makes for fair play, and without it there would be chaos." Herb Aswall, the acting chief of the IATA rates and fares section of the Civil Aeronau- tics Board, which sets domestic air fare rates, echoed Pan American's concern. "With 20 carriers flying the Atlantic alone," he said, "to not have IATA would result in chaos be= cause we would have to deal with each in- dividual foreign government to establish fares. And because the CAB has no authority to regulate international fares, we might have to accept an uneconomic fares, which would drive an American carrier out of business." Dr. K. G. J. Pillai, author of a book.on IATA called "Air Net," and head of the new Aviation Consumer Action Project, calls such arguments illogical. "The private airlines are now at a disadvantage in IATA because they Pillai said that such negotiations would not be unusual for the government which now makes tariff and excise duty agreements on thousands of products like oil and tex- tiles, and even airmail rates. "I can't under- stand why air fares should be different," he said. Pillai said that if the government was involved in fixing the international air fares, the consumer would have a better chance of influencing the negotiations. Right now, he charges, the consumer has no chance of in- fluencing IATA. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7 E 5308 Approved For E81~~(f8 i d Z QQe 0gf 0f QVV 7 June 2, 1971 Pillai is particularly critical of the role of the CAB in the present system. The CAB has to give the American carriers permission to attend IATA meetings. Aswall, of the CAB, said that this process involves the submis- sion by the airlines to the CAB of their thoughts on how next year's air fares should be set. The CAB, according to Aswall, then makes a public statement of what it believes the proper international air fares should be. The airlines are then supposed to be guided by this statement when they attend the IATA conferences. Pillai said this process is "illegal." "There are secret meetings between the CAB and the senior vice presidents of the airlines," he charges, "which are completely illegal be- cause the CAB does not have authority to hear the arguments of airlines ex parts, that is, without hearing the other side of the case." These meetings, he said, will begin next month, and Pillai plans to write to the CAB asking that these conferences not be held. Later in the year, he said, the group will challenge the IATA air fares in court. The actual meetings of IATA are held in secret and no one but the airline executives are privy to how the fares are figured. Pillai argues that the CAB could break the cartel by simply not allowing the American car- riers to attend the meetings. He says that foreign governments would not really carry out their threats of suits or of preventing an American plane from landing because they depend on American tourists for money. More than half of all international tourists are American. Pillai believes that under the present sys- tem "many millions of dollars have been extracted from consumers in unnecessarily high air fares because of the reluctance of the government to get involved." Pillai said his group was started by Nader but is sup- ported exclusively by contributions from consumers who want to help change the IATA system. The address of the Aviation Consumers Action Project, a nonprofit or- ganization, is P.O. Box 19029, Washington, D.C. 20036. increase the request by an additional $3 roots level and improve communications million. The following table shows the between older Americans and their result of the administration's action: Government. Original fiscal 1972 Revised fiscal 1972 Net budget budget increase Community programs--- $5,350 $9,000 $3,650 Planning and operation-- 4,000 4,000 ---------- Model projects -....------ 4, 000 5,200 1,200 Foster grandparents- 7, 500 10, 500 3,000 RSVP.---------------- 5,000 5,000 ---------- Research and demon- stration_____._ ____ 1,800 2,800 1,000 Training---___ --- --- 1,850 3,000 1,150 It was a pleasure for me to vote for the 10-percent increase in social security as well as the 10-percent increase for railroad retirees. I also support proposed legislation which includes an additional 5-percent increase in social security and ties social security increases to the cost- of -living index. The halting of inflationary pressures is perhaps the most important need of our retired citizens, and social security must be made a more equitable and effective instrument of income security ELDER CITIZENS DESERVE OUR GRATITUDE HON. JACK F. KEMP It has also come to my attention that during the past year there has been great concern among the senior citizen mem- bership groups and the national organi- zations engaged in programs affecting the elderly about the gradual downgrad- ing of the Administration on Aging which began with the action of former Secretary of Health, Education, and Wel- fare Wilbur Cohen, who placed it under the jurisdiction of the offices of Social and Rehabilitation Service in HEW. The result has awakened a deep seated fear among interested parties that the Ad- ministration on Aging will be unable to fulfill the responsibilities assigned to it by the Older American Act of 1965. adjustment. To give needed assistance to those older Americans who work, I have intro- duced legislation which would exempt those persons over 65 from social security tax-who are either forced to continue working to supplement social security benefits-or who do not wish to retire. Assuring the dignity of old age is not the granting of some special privilege. It is sharing America's trillion-dollar economy with the men and women who helped create it. ITALIAN NATIONAL DAY CELEBRATED It was in response to this concern that Secretary Richardson on May 6 an- nounced that he had invited Dr. Arthur Flemming, newly appointed chairman of the White House Conference on Aging, to appoint a task force to reexamine the future role and structure of the Ad- ministration on Aging. For the information of the Members of the House, I include at this time Sec- retary Richardson's statement announc- ing this special task force: STATEMENT BY SECRETARY RICHARDSON I have asked Dr. Arthur Flemming, Chair- man of the 1971 White House Conference on the Aging, to establish a special task force to review the organization and status of the Administration on Aging. The task force will be composed of quali- fied and prominent private citizens and they will give Chairman Flemming and me their recommendations as to the role, function and location of the Administration on Aging within the Executive Branch as a whole. :Dr. Flemming and I want the task force to examine the different alternatives with-re- spect to the future of the Administration on Aging, giving special consideration to recom- mendations which will issue from the various State White House Conferences on Aging, and giving particular weight to those recommen- dations which emerge from the White House Conference on Aging next November. The Administration on Aging is a promi- nent part, but only one part, of this Admin- istration's comprehensive program to assist older Americans; many Departments and Agencies of the Federal Government have es- sential roles. Dr. Flemming and I look forward to a thorough examination and to receiving ideas which are directly representative of the views of senior citizens themselves and their mem- bership organizations. The members of the task force will be an- nounced by Chairman Flemming within a few weeks. Mr. Speaker, these actions will help strengthen old-age programs at the grass OF NEW YORK IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, June 1, 1971 Mr. KEMP. Mr. Speaker, the elder citi- zens of our land have worked and sacri- ficed to build America. They deserve to be thanked, not ignored. The extra years of life made possible by science must be made secure, productive, and independ-? ent. We cannot allow the older citizens of our society to live out their days in pov- erty, loneliness, and despair. The Bureau of the Budget in its appro- priations request for the Administration on Aging in fiscal year 1972 cut $7 mil- lion from the amount of appropriations voted in fiscal year 1971. This would have forced serious cutbacks in the commu- nity programs and other projects. It is estimated that, if these cuts had been maintained, more than 125 senior cen- ters in different sections of the country would have had to be closed. When all the facts came to light, President Nixon and Secretary Richardson of the Depart- ment of Health, Education, and Welfare make a determination to ask for the res- toration of the appropriation request to the fiscal year 1971 level and, indeed, to HON. PETER W. RODINO, JR. OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, June 2, 1971 Mr. RODINO. Mr. Speaker, I wish to join in marking Italian National Day- because of the bonds and strong alliance between Italy and the United States- because of the incalculable contributions by Italy to Western civilization and not least of all because of my affection for the homeland of my father. - In this occasion I pay tribute to the Italian nation and her people and I ex- press my congratulations and fond senti- ments to the Republic of Italy through a trusted friend of the United States and eloquent Ambassador of Italy, His Ex- cellency Egidio Ortona. Italians are perhaps most noted for their artistic and esthetic sensitivity. The genius of da Vinci, Raphael, Mich- aelangelo, Bellini, Duccio is immortal. The creative and innovative capacity of the Italian people seems limitless. But their contributions extend far beyond the purely artistic. Men like da Vinci made two fold contributions in the arts and in the sciences. Other accomplished Italians like Livy and Cicero wrote signi- ficant historical and philosophical works; the importance of Roman law cannot be overestimated. Indeed, Italians have made their mark in every field of en- deavor. Proof of Italy's rich culture is the number of tourists who flock to her shores to share her history and enjoy the warm receptive nature of her people. Again, I extend my warmest wishes to the Italian people on Italian National Day and express my confidence in the continued friendship of our two peoples. Approved For.Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400080003-7