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December 12, 2016
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December 20, 2001
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November 11, 1971
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S19280 A........,., -A C- NG r~AQri~1 'nR ~n%oEZnnconnn~nn~November 11, 1971 ' """" - - " ---,..-__. had been a real hope for accelerated eco- voting, the Senator f m Texas (Mr. aid b s as a whale were not accomplish- nomic development. dng a rest deal for this country, and, BENTSEN) and the Senfor from South 'rhn United Rta.tes can afford the aid it ? _ .R_~.__.____ __.....,~ ......~...,... t I rurther announce th 1? if present and bfll befog the Senate consists mainly of ernment aid now equals one-third of 1% of lr1ilitary ai.and some economic aid. Most gross national product, ranking 14th among voting, the Senator fro North Carolina li + n a ti o s it n o basic If the (Mr JORDAN) would vnt "na.v.' thi s th `economic ale I gulag to Sou v ?c-cw,a. national product than at least two other Therefore, I eel a new view must be nations. Senator from Georgia r. GAMBRELL). from taken of this l islation because it es- Foreign aid can be more effective. It can If present and voting, t e Senator tor from Indiana would vote "na and the im- the en e h as b t It e. the funds for the im- never be entirely free of was ' sentially provide " yea. plementation of the Nixon doctrine. The misused for missions which it cannot do well, star from Georgia would ate Nixon doctrine provides that American like trying to buy friendships. Too much has Mr. GRIFFIN. I an ounce that the fighting men be with rawn from foreign been spent on the military and too little on Senator from Oklahom (Mr. BELLMON) the economic. It has been easier to explain is absent on official busi battlefields, but that +his effort we have military need to Congress. Too little has The Senator from ennessee (Mr. made be replaced. in a degree by pro- been channeled through the United Nations ~ BROCK) is necessarily a en t. viding military equipment and some eco- and other multilateral channels, but this is The Senator from So th Dakota (Mr. norms assistance to those nations still being corrected. MUNDT) is absent r from beca us S of Dakota illness. defending themselves in t e face of COm- The second thoughts of the Senate include The Senator from Ai ono (Mr. GOLD- than aggressors. a proposal for a stop-gap $2.3 billion, more 4 than a billion dollars less than the program WATER) is detained ono cial business. Much of the money in this bill would approved last August by the House of Repre- The result was anno ced-yeas 65, go to Southeast Asian nations;lThis toon- sentatives. The Administration has said it is nays 24, as follows: try has seen over 45,000 of its young men not enough. It isn't. ixo. 308 Leg.] the in Vietnam and we have experienced Apart from long-term development com- y.3~65 over 300,000 casualties. It would be wrong mitments for the developing nations, pas- to deny South Vietnam and nearby na- titularly America's neighbors in the Western .tions some military assistance ' that Hemisphere, there are lingering commit- they would have a chance to provide for ments that cannot be quickly dropped. Viet- freedom as we withdraw. tf we nam will need massive inputs of economic their fail to do own this, then the sacrifices of Fiwe assistance to patch up the ravages of a war not entirely of its choosing. The Senate acted fighting men in Vietnam would have been wisely in forcing a ceiling on aid to Cam- in vain, bodia, a dubious program at best, but even Mr. President, I feel this war was im-? that reduced program will eat up $341 mil- lion. The United States cannot terminate erly conducted and I have said so ro p p l or Jordan without risking I a t sr e o during the past few years. As we disen- `aid either gage I feel we must provide the needed new problems in the Middle East. And any cuts support to our allies so that they can pro- in the ll the e Ur .N. Development nt voluntary programs, including tect themselves and preserve their free- Program and UNICEF, would be punishing dam which is vital to our national in- remarkably effective international opera- terests. tions: THE NEED FOR FOREIGN AID Mr. JAVITS. Mr. President, on Sun- day, November 7, 1971, the Los Angeles Times published what I consider to be a most cogent editorial entitled "The Need for Foreign Aid." I commend this edi- torial to my colleagues It contains real For 25 years, America has spent an average of $6 b14lion a year on foreign assistance, a total clos to $150 billion. One Senator called it a "sugar plum." Perhaps. But cheap in relation to the nation's wealth. And cheaper, certainly, than the consequences of a world where nothing was being done to give sub- stance to the .aspirations of the poor. food for tonight, in my judgment. I ask The VICE PRESIDENT. Do the Sen- unanimous consent that it be printed in ator from Pennsylvania and the Senator the RECORD. from Arkansas field back their time? There being no objection, the editorial Mr. SCOTT. I ',eld back my time. was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, I as follows: yield back my time, THE NEED FOR FOREIGN AID Several Senators asked for the yeas A chorus of cheers and an avalanche of and nays on final passage of the bill. tan mail celebrated the Senate action killing The yeas and nays were ordered. foreign aid. The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill hav- The celebration must, have had a curious Ing been read the third time, the ques- ring as it echoed over less fortunate lands, tion is, Shall the bill pass? through the refugee camps of India and war- On this question the yeas and nays devastated Vietnam and the slums of Rio de have been ordered, and the clerk will call Janeiro. the roll. Fortunately, the Senate is having second The assistant legislative clerk called thoughts. The White House, the State De- the roll. partment and the Pentagon have all re- Mr. MANSFIELD. I annourice,that the minded the senators that their legislative Senate from Texas (Mr. BENTS ) , the mayhem of Oct. 29 is damaging both to the >i diplomacy and the security of the United Senator from Georgia (Mr. GAM%RELL), States. - the Senator from Oklahoma (Mr.:,HAR- There are three things worth remembering RIs), the Senator from Indiana '(Mr. desperately.. In India alone, aid adds up to South Dakota (Mr. MCGOVERN) are n d s of an Dgrely Keeping pace with the deman exphriding population. Now, the 8 million from West Virginia (Mr. BYRD) is absent refugees from East Pakistan and a new wave on official business. Aiken Fong Pearson AAllott nderson Gurney Percy Baker Hansen Ribicoff Bayh Hart Roth Beall Hollings Saxbe Bennett Hruska . Schweiker Bible Humphrey Scott Boggs Inouye Smith Brooke Jackson . Sparkman Buckley Javits Stafford Cannon Jordan, Idaho Stennis Case Long Stevens Chiles Magnuson Stevenson Cook Cooper McGee ee Mc Taft Thurmond Curtis McIntyre Tower Dominick Moss Weicker Eastland Muskie Williams Ervin Fannin Packwood Pastore NAYS--24 Young Allen Fulbright Mondale Burdick Gravel Montoya Byrd, Va. Hatfield Nelson Church Hughes Proxmire Cotton Kennedy ) Randolph Cranston Mansfield 1 Spong Eagleton McClellan I Symington Bellmon Gambrell Jordan,N.C. Bentsen Goldwater McGovern Brock Byrd, W. Va. Harris Hartke Mundt So the bill (S. 2819) fn1 :__ "S. 2819 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 'Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Special Foreign Military ' and Related Assistance Act of 1971". STATEMENT OF POLICY SEC. 2. This Act is enacted as an interim measure to carry forward for fiscal year 1972 United States bilateral military assistance and military credit sales programs authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Foreign Military Credit Sales Act. The Con- gress intends at the earliest possible date to di forei ng g-_ ance program, ^ncl u sales, and to develop a new program for the future. Accordingly, this Act looks to the phase-out of the current program and to the establishment of a new one which will command the respect and the support of Congress and the American people. Approved For Release 2002/01/10 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400160055-1 November 11, pjp Aved ForrR@kTFM-q 0 Rg-ng8 ' 000400160055-1 S 1"8279 st cannot be done, I respectfully sub- t. LONG? G. Mr. President, will the Sen- ator eld Mr.TENNIS. I will yield in a moment. Let u move this along. In a few min- utes, we *411 get to the military procure- ment bill, tlich has a larger portion of a larger portion of the Mansflel4 amendment in it than heretofore, and that is a step forward; and I believe it will be passed this after- noon or tonight. Let us move this Till along. It is not ex- actly what I want; i is not exactly what anyone wants. But let us move this bill and pass it and make room for some- thing else. We have done our best-every- one has. Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, I yield 1 minute to the Senator from Louisiana, Mr. LONG. Mr. President, I ha ye many times voted against foreign aid bills. It seems to me that after we have sacrificed the lives of the.,50,000 courageous young men and have sustained 500,000 casual- ties in fighting for the principles of free-,. don, fighting at least against commu- nism-everyone must concede that point-to lose that struggle because we have tried to be pennywise and pound foolish, for a few dollars, when we are pulling our troops out, would be the height of folly. To do that, in my judg- ment, would qualify a person for an in- sane asylum. Why would anyone want to do that, and having done that, deny someone the little help they need to have a chance of success to defend them- selves? I think that would be utter folly. PROGRAM Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, I yield 1 minute to the distinguished majority leader, so that -I may ask him what the further order of business is. I do this be- cause we have a large attendance at the moment, and some important matters are coming up. Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, after the vote on the pending business, the Senate will return to the consideration of H.R. 10947, the tax package, reported by the Committee on Finance, which has been temporarily laid aside. It is anticipated that once this bill is laid before the Senate again, the distin- guished Senator from Mississippi will call up the conference report on the militate, procurement bill. Following the disposi- tion of that report, we will return to the income tax bill, which will take 2 or 3 days or more, I assume. In turn, that will be followed by the phase It economic package reported by the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. COMMITTEE MEETING NEXT WEEK If the distinguished minority leader and the Senate as a whole will allow me, I ask unanimous consent that the Com- mittee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs be allowed to meet all next week while the Senate is in session, to com- plete this phase of the President's pro- gram, if possible. Mr. SCOTT. I join in that request. The VICE PRESIDENT. Without ob- jection, it is so ordered. Mr. MANSFIELD. Then we have the -tinned to believe we needed a complete conference report. on the military con- reevaluation and revision of the U.S. struction appropriations bill, which foreign assistance program. ought to be ready Monday or Tuesday. At the same time, I had some hesita- There will be further conference reports tion over terminating abruptly, without and other privileged matters Which may any transitional planning and, perhaps arise. There is the so-called fish inspection bill, which is going to precipitate a cer- tain amount of consideration. In the background, there are the EEOC, amendments, the National Voter Registration Act; four appropriation bills; and two Supreme Court nomina- tions--all of which we want to get to and complete before we adjourn sine die around December 1. I certainly hope we can make it. Mr. SCOTT. I thank the distinguished majority leader. I yield myself 1 additional minute, for two purposes. . The first purpose is to say that, again this morning, the joint leadership has indicated a desire to adjourn this session by December 1. We can do it if we dis- pose of the program which the majority leader has just outlined. Therefore, when the Supreme Court nominations come in, I think it is important that we continue to sit until we have disposed of the- confirmations and have voted on both. I solicit the cooperation of all Senators in this regard as, in my judgment, it will be necessary"to stay here until it is done. The second purpose is to ask the dis- tinguished majority leader if he will comment on the 'possibility of Saturday in a moment of frustration, a program which had existed, for more than 20 years and which, in many ways, had been an important tool of our diplomatic relations. While the problems of a lack of ade- quate information, an absence of a clear- cut approach and undefined goals had not been resolved, the new program recommended by the committee was certainly an improvement over the one recommended originally, the program which I voted against reporting favor- ably. First, the $2.3 billion committee authorization was much more in line with the $1.9 billion appropriated last year than with the $3.2 billion commit- tee recommendation in the defeated bill. It was also more in line with our spend- ing abilities in light of recent U.S. finan- cial difficulties. Second, the separation of aid into two categories, economic and humanitarian aid and military assistance, allowed us to examine each of our major foreign aid categories in some detail and give at- tention to each as an individual matter. Third, there were several provisions, such as those for combating the interna- tional drug traffic, for requiring that additional information on foreign aid spending be reported to Congress and for channeling additional aid thro h u g multilateral organizations, which I be- sessions. MANSFIELD. There will be Sat- lieved were moves in the right direction. urday sessions from now on. I believe it In my statement on the foreign aid is fairly certain that there will be votes authorization bill which was defeated on Saturday; so the Senate is on notice. and which I opposed, I noted that the der of this session, no Senator make a request of the joint leadership to post- pone a vote from a day certain or an hour certain, because it will take the col- free world require that we avoid such a lective accommodation of all of us to ' course. On the other hand, I felt that I urge, beseech, and I pray each Sena- tor to observe that, and to help the joint leadership in its desire to accommodate themselves to the wishes of the Senate as a whole. Mr. SCOTT. For this, we would need to enact the prayer amendment. I thank the Senator. United States should not , embark upon a dangerous course of isolationism. I be- lieve that our responsibilities as the lead- H.R. 9910 was ill-advised in view of our Nation's financial difficulties. When S. 2819 and S. 2820 were re- ported by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, I felt that they would pro- vide a temporary, interim means where- by our Nation could contribute on a limited basis, to a number of humanitar- ian anddevelopmental activities, and as- sist allies such as Israel while we sought to formulate a new concept of foreign SPECIAL FOREIGN MILITARY AND aid, a concept in which our objectives and RELATED ASSISTANCE ACT OF goals would be more clearly defined and 1971. in which there would be some standards against which to measure the success or The Senate continued with the con- failure of our efforts, sideration of the bill (S. 2819) to provide Last night I voted for S. 2820. Today foreign military and related assistance I would have voted for S. 2819 had the authorizations for fiscal year 1972, and vote for passage been on the bill as re- for other purposes. ported from the committee. The addition Mr. SPONG. Mr. President, when deb- of $318 million to the bill on the Senate ate began on S. 2819 and S. 2820, I was floor, however, bringing the total cost of prepared to-support the foreign aid au- the two-bill package to $2.6 billion, is too thorization program recommended by high in light of our Nation's current fi- the Senate Foreign Relations Committee nancial difficulties. Consequently, I am on November 8 as an interim program to voting against this bill. meet an immediate and pressing situa- Mr. THURMOND. Mr. President, h.rise tion. My reservations over our approach in support on final passage of the miki- to foreign aid, as expressed in an Octo- tary assistance legislation, which we haft, her 29 floor statement, remained. I con- been debating today. Approved For Release 2002/01/10 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400160055-1 November Y1,'toved For9s6~bQlW'~U~O'T3k000400160055-1 AUTHORIZATIONS SEC. 3. (a) There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for fiscal year 1972- (1) $586,000,000 to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part I of the Foreign Assist- ance Act of 1961, relating to supporting as- Sistance; (2) $85,000,000 to carry out the provisions of such chapter 4 for Israel only; (3) $462,000,006 to carry out the provisions of part iI of such Act, relating to military assistance; and (4) $400,000,000 to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Military Sales Act. (b) The aggregate total of credits, or par- ticipations in credits, extended under the Foreign Military Sales Act (excluding credits covered by guaranties issued under section 24(b) of such Act) and of the face amount of guaranties issued under secton 24 (a) or (b) of such Act shall not exceed the amount of $550,000,000 for fiscal year 1972, of which amount not less than $300,000,000 shall be made available to Israel only. (c) Any appropriation made under any clause of subsection (a) of this section shall be considered as an appropriation made under that provision of the Foreign Assist- ance Act of 1961 or the Foreign Military Sales Act, as the case may be, authorizing an ap- propriation for a prior year for the same purpose as such clause. MILITARY ASSISTANCE SEC. 4. Part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, relating to military assistance, is amended as follows: (1) Section 505, relating to conditions of eligibility, is amended- (A) by striking out of subsection (b) (2) the word "and" and Inserting in lieu thereof "or"; and (B) by striking out subsection (e). (2) In section 506(a), relating to special authority, strike out- (A) "1970 and the fiscal year 1971" and insert in lieu thereof "1972"; and (B) "each of the fiscal years 1970 and 1971" and insert in lieu thereof "the fiscal year 1972". (3) Section 507(a), relating to restrictions on military aid to Latin America, is amended to read'as follows: "(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the value of defense articles furnished by the United States Gov- ernment under this Act to Latin American countries shall not exceed $10,000,000. Not to exceed $25,000,000 in value of defense articles may be furnishd under this part on a cost-sharing basis to an inter-American military force under the control of the Organization of American States." (4) At the end of chapter 2 of such part II, add the following new sections: "SEC. 511. MILITARY ASSISTANCE ADVISORY GROUPS AND MissroNS.-(a) It is the sense of Congress that the need for large United Slates military assistance advisory groups and military aid missions in foreign coun- tries has diminished substantially during the last few years. In the words of the Peterson Task Force Report on International Develop- ment, 'The United States now can reduce its no military assistance shall be furnished by the United States to Thailand directly or through any other foreign country unless that assistance is authorized under this Act or the Foreign Military Sales Act. 1SEE. LI rrATIONS ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS rorrARY OPERATIONS.-(a) No funds authorized or appropriated under any provision of law shall be made available by any means by any officer, employee, or agency of the United States Government for the purpose of financing any military opera- tions by foreign forces in Laos, North Viet- nam, or Thailand outside the borders of the country of the government or person receiv- ing such funds unless Congress has specifi- cally authorized or specifically authorizes the making of funds available for such pur- pose and designates the area where military operations financed by such funds may be undertaken outside such borders. "(b) Upon requesting Congress to make any such authorization, the President shall provide to Congress a copy of any agreement proposed to be entered into with any such government or person and the complete de- tails of the proposed military operation. Up- on such authorization by Congress, the Pres- ident shall provide a copy of any such agree- ment and thereafter of all plans and details of such operation "SEC. 514. SPECIAL OREIGN COUNTRY AC- COUNTS.-(a) Except as otherwise provided by subsection (b) or (c) of this section, no defense article may be given, and no grant of military assistance may be made, under this or any other law to a foreign country unless the country agrees- "(1) to deposit in a special account es- tablished by the United States Government the following amounts of currency of that country: "(A) in the case of any excess defense article to be given to that country, an amount equal to 25 per centum of the fair value of the article, as determined by the Secretary of State, at the time the agreement to give the article to the country is made; and "(B) in the case of a grant of military assistance to be made to that country, an amount equal to 25 per centum of each such grant; and "(2) to allow the United States Govern- ment to use such amounts from that spe- cial account as may be determined, from time to time, by the President to be neces- sary to pay all official costs of the United States Government payable in the currency of that country, including all costs relating to the financing of international educational and cultural exchange activities in which that country participates under the pro- grams authorized by the Mutual Educational .and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. "(b) The President may waive any amount of currency of a foreign country required to be deposited under subsection (a) (1) of this section if he determines that the United States Government will be able to pay all of its official costs payable in the currency of that country enumerated under subsection (a) (2) of this section without the deposit of such amount and without havin to e g x- supervision and advice to a minimum, thus pend United States dollars to purchase cur- encouraging progress toward self-reliance. rency of that country to pay such costs. United States military missions and advisory "(c) The provisions of this section shall groups should be consolidated with other ele- not apply in any case In which an excess ments in our overseas missions as soon as defense article is given, or a grant of mili- possible.' tary assistance is made, to a foreign country "(b) In accordance with the provisions of under an agreement with that country which subsection (a) of this section, the total num- allows the United States Government to ber of United States military personnel as- operate a military or other similar base in signed and detailed, as of September 30, 1971, that country in exchange for that article or to. United States military assistance advisory grant. groups, military missions, and other orga- "(d) Section 1415 of the Supplemental nizations of the United States performing Appropriation Act, 1963 (31 U.S.C. 724), shall activities similar to such groups and mis- not be applicable to the provisions of this sions, shall be reduced by at least 25 per section." centurn by September 30, 1972. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS "SEC. 512. MILITARY ASSISTANCE AUTHORI- SEC. 5. (a) (1) Section 652 of the Foreign ZATIONs FOR THAILAND: After June 30, 1972, Assistance Act of 1961, relating to miseel- 518281 laneous provisions, Is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 652. LIMITATION UPON EXERCISE OF SPECIAL AUTHORITIES.-The President shall not exercise any special authority granted to him under section 506(a), 610(a), or 614 (a) of this Act unless the President, at least ten days prior to the date he intends to exercise any such authority, notifies the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate in writing of each such intended exercise, the section of this Act under which such authority is to be exercised, and the justification for, and the extent of, the exer- cise of such authority." (2) The last sentence of section 506(a) of such Act, relating to special authority, is repealed. (3) The last sentence of section 634(d) of such Act, relating to reports and infor- mation, is amended by striking out "614(a),". (b) Chapter 3 of part III of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sections: "SEC. 653. CHANGE IN ALLOCATION OF FOR- EIGN ASSISTANCE.-(a) Not later than thirty days after the enactment of any law ap- propriating funds to carry out any provision of this Act (other than section 451 or 637), the President shall notify the Congress of each foreign country and international or- ganization to which the United States Gov- ernment intends to provide any portion of the funds under such law and of the amount of funds under that law, by category of as- sistance, that the United States Government intends to provide to each. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States Government shall not provide to any foreign country or international organiza- tion any funds under that law which Is in excess of 10 per centum of the amount of each category of assistance which the President notified the Congress that the United States Government intended to pro- vide that country or organization under that law, unless the President (1) deter- mines that it is vital to the security of the United States that such country or orga- nization receive funds in excess of the amount included in such notification for that country or organization, and (2) re- ports to Congress, at least ten days prior to the date on which such excess funds are to be provided to that country or organization, each such determination, including. the name of the country or organization to re- ceive funds in excess of such per centum, the amount of funds in excess of that per centum which are to be provided, and the justification for providing the additional assistance. "(a) The provisions of this section shall not apply in the case of any law making continuing appropriations and may not be waived under the provisions of section 614 (a) of this Act. "SEC. 654. PRESIDENTIAL FINDINGS AND DE- TERMINATIONS.-(a) In any case in which the President is required to make a report to the Congress, or to any committee or officer of either House of Congress, concerning any finding or determination under any provision of this Act, the Foreign Military Sales Act, or the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act for each fiscal year, that finding or determination shall be reduced to writing and signed by the President. "(b) No action shall be taken pursuant to any such finding or determination prior to the date on which that finding or determina- tion has been reduced to writing and signed by the President. "(c) Each such finding or determination shall be published in the Federal Register as soon as practicable after it has been reduced to writing and signed by the President. In any case in which the President concludes that such publication would be harmful to the national security of the United States, Approved For Release 2002/01/10 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400160055-1 S 18282 Approved Fort gg?MXlOR RBP-D$0004001pg le. 11, 1971 only a statement that a determination or "(g) Enactment of this section shall not finding has been made by the President, in- be construed as a commitment by the U ited cluding the name and section of the Act un- States to Cambodia for its defens the der which it was made, shall be published. "(d) No committee or officer of either House of Congress shall be denied any re- quested information relating to any finding or determination which the President is re- quired to report to the Congress, or to any committee or officer of either House of Con- gress, under any provision of this Act, the LIMITATIONS ON UNITED STATES PERSONNEL AND PERSONNEL ASSISTED BY UNITED STATES IN CAMBODIA SEC. 6. Chapter 3 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, relating to miscel- laneous provisions, is further amended by adding after section 655, as added by see- Foreign Military Sales Act, or the Foreign Lion 5(b) of this Act, the following new Assistance and Related Programs Appropria- section: tion Act for each fiscal year, even though rW "SEC. 656. LIMITATIONS ON UNITED STATES such report has not yet been transmitted to PERSONNEL AND PERSONNEL ASSISTED BY l the appropriate committee or officer of either use of Congress. SEC. 655. LIMITATIONS UPON ASSISTANCE TO R' FOR CAMBODIA.-(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds authorized to be appropriated by this or any other law may be obligated or expended to any amount in excess of $341,000,000 for the purpose of carrying out directly or indirectly any eco- nomic or military assistance, or any opera- tion, project, or program of any kind, or for providing any goods, supplies, materials, equipment, services, personnel, or advisers in, to, for, or on behalf of Cambodia during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972. "(b) In computing the $341,000,000 limita- tion on obligation and expenditure authority under subsection (a) of this section in fiscal year 1972, there shall be included in the com- putation the value of any goods, supplies, materials, or equipment provided to, for, or on behalf of Cambodia in such fiscal year by gift, donation, loan, lease, or otherwise. For the purpose of this subsection, 'value' means the fair market value of any goods, supplies, materials, or equipment provided to, for, or on behalf of Cambodia but in no case less than 331/3 per centum of the amount the United States paid at the time such goods, supplies, materials, or equipment were ac- quired by the United States. "(c) No funds may be obligated or ex- pended for any of the purposes described in subsection (a) of this section in, to, for, or on behalf of Cambodia in any fiscal year beginning after June 30, 1972, unless such funds have been specifically authorized by law enacted after the date of enactment of this section. In no case shall funds in any amount in excess of the amount specifically authorized by law for any fiscal year be obli- gated or expended for any such purpose during such fiscal year. "(d) The provisions of subsections (a) and (c) of this section shall not apply with respect to the obligation or expenditure of funds to carry out combat air operations over Cambodia. "(e) After the date of enactment of this section, whenever any request is made to the Congress for the appropriation of funds for use, in, for, or on behalf of Cambodia for any fiscal year, the President shall fur- nish a written report to the Congress ex- planing the purpose for which such funds are to be used in such fiscal year. "(f) The President shall submit to the Congress within thirty days after the end of each quarter of each fiscal year, begin- ning with the fiscal year which begins July 1, 1971, a written report showing the total amount of funds expended in, for, or on behalf of Cambodia during the preceding quarter by the United States Government, and shall include in such report a general breakdown of the total amount expended, describing the different purposes for which such funds were expended and the total amount expended for such purpose, except that in the case of the first two quarters of the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1971, a Single report may be submitted for both such quarters and such report may be com- puted on the basis of the most accurate es- timates the President is able to make taking into consideration all information available to him. num- UNITED STATES IN CAMBODIA.-The tota ber of civilian officers and employees of ex- ecutive agencies of the United States Gov- ernment who are citizens of the United States and of members of the Armed Forces of the United States (excluding such mem- bers while actually engaged in air operations in or over Cambodia which originate out- side Cambodia) present in Cambodia at any one time shall not exceed two hundred. The United States shall not, at any time, pay in whole or in part, directly or indi- rectly, the compensation or allowances of more than fifty individuals in Cambodia or the United States. For purposes of this sec- tion, 'executive agency of the United States Government' means any agency, department, board, wholly or partly owned corporation, instrumentality, commission, or establish- ment within the executive branch of the United States Government FOREIGN MILITARY SALES SEC. 7. The Foreign Military Sales Act is amended as follows: (1) In section 33 (a) relating to regional ceilings on foreign military sales, strike out "$75;,000,000" and insert in lieu thereof "$100,000,000". (2) Section 33 (c), relating to regional ceil- ings on foreign military sales, is repealed. EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES SEC.. 8. Section 8 of the Act of January 12, 1971, entitled "An Act to amend the Foreign Military Sales Act, and for other purposes" (84 Stat. 2053), is amended- (1) by striking out the first and second sen- tences of subsection (a) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "Subject to the pro- visions of subsection (b), the value of any excess defense article granted to a foreign country or international organization by any department, agency, or independent estab- lishment of the United States Government (other than the Agency for International Development) shall be considered to be an expenditure made from funds appropriated under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for military assistance. Unless such department, agency, or establishment certifies to the Comptroller General of the United States the the excess defense article it is ordering is not to be transferred by any means to a foreign country or international organization, when an order is placed for a defense article whose stock status is excess at the time ordered, a sum equal to the value thereof shall (1) be reserved and transferred to a suspense account, (2) remain in the suspense account until the excess defense article is either delivered to a foreign country or Inter- national organization or the order therefor is canceled, and (3) be transferred from the suspenseaccount to (A) the general fund of the Treasury upon delivery of such article, or (B) to the military assistance appropria- tion for the current fiscal year upon cancella- tion of the order."; (2) by striking out, in subsection (b), "$100,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$150,000,000"; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the follow- ing new subsection: "(e) Except for excess defense articles granted under part II of the Foreign Assist- ance Act of 1961, the provisions of this section shall not apply to any excess defense article granted to South Vietnam prior to July 1, 1972." TERMINATION OF UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS IN INDOCHINA SEC. 9. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to terminate at the earliest practicable date all military opera- tions of the United States in Indochina, and to provide for the prompt and orderly with- drawal of all United States military forces not later than six months after the date of enactment of this section subject to he release of all American prisoners of war held by the Government of North Vietnam and forces allied with such Government. The Congress hereby urges and requests the President to implement the above expressed policy by initiating immediately the following actions: (1) Establishing a final date for the with- drawal from Indochina of all military forces of the United States contingent upon the release of all American prisoners of war held by the Government of North Vietnam and forces allied with such Government, such date to be not later than six moths after the date of enactment of this Act. (2) Negotiate with the Government of North Vietnam for an immediate cease-fire by all parties to the hostilities in Indochina. (3) Negotiate with the Government of Norh Vietnam for an agreement which would provide for a series of phased and rapid withdrawals of United States military forces from Indochina in exchange for a corre- sponding series of phased releases of Ameri- can prisoners of war, and for the release of any remaining American prisoners of war concurrently with the withdrawal of all remaining military forces of the United States by not later than the date established by the President pursuant to paragraph (1) hereof or by such earlier date as may be agreed upon by the negotiating parties. LIMITATION ON UNITED STATES ACTIVITIES IN CAMBODIA SEC. 10. Section 7(a) of the Special Foreign Assistance Act of 1971 (84 Stat. 1943) is amended by striking out "Cambodian mili- tary forces" and inserting in lieu thereof "military, paramilitary, police, or other se- curity or intelligence forces". RESTRICTIONS RELATING TO FOREIGN TROOPS SEC. 11. Section 401(x) of Public Law 89- 367, approved March 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 37), as amended, is amended- (1) by inserting in the second sentence of paragraph (1), after "to or for the use of the Armed Forces of the United States", the following: "or of any department, agency, or indepedent establishment of the United --States"; and (2) by inserting in the introductory matter preceding clause (A) of paragraph (2) of such section, after "Armed Forces of the United States", the following: "or of any department, agency, or independent estab- lishment of the United States". Mr. GRIFFIN. Mr. P esident, I move to reconsider the vote by Jvhich the bill was passed. Mr. THURMOND. Mr. President, I move to lay that motion on the table. The motion to lay on the table was agreed to. Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Secretary of the Senate be authorized to make tech- nical corrections in the engrossment of S. 2819. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. SOVIET ESPIONAGE AGENT ON THE STAFF OF THE D NATIONS Mr. EASTLAND. Mr.TPresident, one of the most important wwnesses heard by Approved For Release 2002/01/10 : CIA-RDP73B00296R000400160055-1