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December 27, 2016
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July 26, 2013
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March 3, 1960
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Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26 : CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 0 Communism t3host .Haunts *Guatemala ? ? By =MY N. TAYLOR. ? GUATEMALA CITY, Feb. I.?Guatemala today ? Is almost too tranquil to be true. Six years ago this for all practical puma*s was a Communist colony, the first and only one ever es- tablished in America's home hemisphere. Five years ago Cluateznaia had become the only country in 'tin world ever to shift back to the anti?Cornmunist.side., The late John Foster Dulles credited the overthrow of Communist rule here to "the Just wrath of the Guatemalan people." Communists howled that "the Guatemalan people's light Lot tr.,eclom was crushed by a massive Yankee invasion." The fart is the vast?maJority of Guate- melons had no Idea that the deposed presi- dent Jacob? Arbenz was a Communist stooge. Mr. Arbenz's army simply refused to fight against a tough but tiny invasion mounted by anti-Communist Col. Carlos . pact i'mvis Castillo Anne. 4 ? wag etliy side jeep * Gos11111111. ea ' *MS ? ' itellige ti herean= Se begailist , AN 4110114111404. Mr. .Y4101444.1ippeare In fhb o Vale , IWO Ail 414* 'Midas,. ? : ., kale ihernt SWUM NOM ale he AddLiktlis Wise. MS. 'Moo Jaw Arersie la Oda est Anew time Vetes?Uresyhr lista #es'i Mak they ose aWt IS Ma sney sail Nis peek .sesse with the pomp. .? : ? . - ... -. 6:itryult alr-1111 I rail 41111 111411"007. 4-__YOtk _die co.. the Meirleke, sews* mom , Plillyst ouR sailles,. Wisp .. Mr and is this orrustrYs . WIIIMA411111110 . . , _ M the .,--v as=s As as 'astute pherab., N irizzlnisa * s manise here. a leaf Mem le deaSsetale. . , - ? - , Tat. bewth this rosy political surface. the sober feet 1 is that net met is hsppenbut hem in Oostende tostorreet . the baste tees it natIond litowhitb posited temmoidans * Melt Itself bt the lisst plies. ., 1 1 illk 111 t, ? Mao* the UMW nue* WOO Guatienalen troployeas as paid twice the national emit* rata and set minim ? health tare and schoolin4 hundreds of timer* it ether fein 'when sire 31 tests a day. The east hunt it orsolth?and .shoost afi Guatemala's poltoical 113,41*? Mein, in a law neaboasitflese hands.' United States ald. ISO tellies from a vssisiegly tidal emigres' erus the Reds were overthrown bare in 1 has been voted in suck quantity it could scarcely be spent here. Only $10 minion is left in the pipeline. Most of it has gone for roads and rural development. This provided a lot of jobs. But it also leaves President Ydigorits eager for even more money to develop mdubArtes, now that the roads are mostly finished, ? ' Of course, struggling democracy is healthier for Guate- mala than communism. But in the long run?with the rich ? here getting richer and the poor getting children?diplomats wonder how long it will be Were Guatemala has another -evolution which will represent the "just wrath" of an im- loverished people, and not just one more displacement at a linority government from the top. norlacCifiari and Approved For Release 2013/07/26 CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 rc r? r r r L , n. 7rn[ r-7` r r, 1 Li] 11rr C ( r :=-,/-71 n o ii FiFHN. 7'',.1'r.,147,, P: , .;it-1-..ttm.-4.11,, (i!z,tcc r PiCr rnrii r lcH7%. !4'tH 11c c.,,[3c.Mr?r",; ta, J,LTp:1-',.. is! cc t . trk ?t .r1`,1:_r, ? ?c:-/- (.. ? 1'6 Vci.T?;, ;:r; r, * r, Jr 6 , 'rP ONSM c , rr, etnttz.,;' rlo i` "' r '.71[1-3 ? 6 -C ? "tc,-, r?-?-?11 ??.1 r.,.71.q: , r'JT-,-.1?11c,1 H t",1"t. X:i.??!!7, IH3.7 t I S310"-Ir' 1r,'3,Trl 1,(0 0? ,????E-,,r,1:7? In ';c7r; ". r::4?y:11,;ftts t b cc r' 1 ;77 /r, Aiv! Ccic: kr:arri.n;.11 7rz. tft, 7. 000;.r:T; C. . . _ . ?. ^ ? rlqr rc:;-,Arr cyc,11?. ? tr1:1.c. 1,;?..r?Jo cv:Tc!.-t% Con' -r rrac r,cy'art )1,0r:40F.-c, rny r.^c-,-! Pi, 0., C CF c ics`C.E6, 1:tC ; ,C,orq U2n.;..7*2 7 ,'1) C17. ;Zi? 'V;.'cr, ic?r;Z; r?-r2 t?A Fir !H:.' tV.11 Str!c%,-, f r y rr:r.r. fro: tec, Zhrc hr rt%c, er-Cir,1 fYi Ic or C' Ff1 cc'- ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 AL A Env peclassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 I V 1 fa ilwririrru nign - How Castro's Hate Campaign Against U. S. Is Spreading ft. HENRY N. TAYLOR Scrlops-lloward Staff Writer liAVANA, 22.?When a North American (11,,,, into Havana Airport nowadays, there still are -?:tying 'Welcome Amigo," and three grinning plunk a gay rhumba. But walk 20 yards le this country and the next sign says: "Give tor planes to resist foreign aggression." cie the parking lot, two platoor.s of - re being marched around in columns ..i.c splice-heeled airline salesgirls tramp- overalied mechanics. All have , aces, even when two khakied young .:1 command confusedly cause the col- ?? ) coide. This is no comic opera matter. Fidel Castro has proclaimed Cuba "Is under attaeti, and we will tight to the laat breath." To him it is Concord and Lex- ingt.m, and the day atter Pearl Harbor. ; lb.'s Crt,e t:1:?iking the way some ?s- c-a:1 founding fathers may :;.!it wi;er, t.'ic? chase our own -finst super-defenuve .:.:v flag, a cc.:, d. rattle.snake with the challenge, 'Don't 1! r A !i'(E. traizeu? rev rnv in the making here, a tragedy of -r- riv.,wlon?tel,itling snow you indhidual Americans are not to blame for the bi.n, ring awl sabotage which your government directs against as a Cubait student, la the same way Americans used to ' Its not the German people we hate, but only Hitler." ?Ti?,t. my government doesn't murder people I: an I do,' Cubans shake their heads and say. "You Aren the crred bodies atter that weapons ship oilIatrd." TAYLOR ? ? ? 'Big Lie' Technique Used Freely (7:,,tro had admitted he has no proof that the U -1 explosion of a French froighter was planned hv tH. I 'nited States, or even that it was sabotage. But .? :old the Cubans they should blame an "ag- r.t.., .? JOS t interested in preventing arms deliver- t.. Cuba. namely Uncle Sam. And what Fidel llore goes. N., prep.,terous.ness is too much for Castro's propagandists. Pie Cubans are being told that President Eisenhower's recent I atm 11nerit4u trip was to organize an armed crusade against ' ice: nie:;! trwlk 0% Pr 83 r?-' o and television slattons f; ."uhars Y'nreI have b en fed an increasing diet of patr:-)t seems the order of the day here. Switch a ; 0 aid the air is full of rewritten history, including the ar !hr 1898 oar ahich made Cuba independent was a conspiracy to prevent Cubans from winning their ,tdorr, (ruin S;Yrdin. It's as it Cast; cis .-egime were de- ten tn Cuba aerift frost net past aid to more this : r',Ix rn.:1:0:1 people out from under the stifling r CA171 . h! f.(. Castro's r.sing retat:onthip nith Russia . ?1 So far. It seems les. a ...en for Commit- '13'. a rirria:-atImi of independence to spilt. the U. S. The ('(her imniges leftuard. are 'o "teach Uncle ? ? ' U. S. Tourists Staying Away Some recent situations would he funny if they weren't no sad. Havana's marbled hotels, onee abustle with Cuba's $50 million tourist income. now Castro's Tourist Committee has spent more than $1 million on attractive advertisements in U. S. publications, only to bury there under yards ef scare stories about a "militant people" alert to "repel invasion." PrIvatelY, a few Cubans now tell you they think -Washing- ....4on has been remarkably patient. But even the middle cia,s, which has come Into quiet opposition to Castro, feels the U S has been either careless or unlucky lately in a propaganda souse. For one thing, the fire-bombings of Cuban sugar cane fields, presumably from Florida, continue. Wastitagten keeps arguing that It's almost Impossible to prevent Cuban exiles or mercenary Americans now and then from flying 50 minutes south from on* of flotilla's 210 small air fields. But the Cubans don't under- stand this. Then there is JoFe Elenterlo Pedrata. a Cuban exile ger, v arm last month was admitted to the United States &spit( a record as one of ex-Dictator Batista's hloochest henchnie:i. The State Department explains tha., Pedraza had a y alit! fcur-car yisitor's visa, dating from Batista days, and could not t.e Farrici Toe ,nriblished fact is that a State Department circular ad asked all ports to bar relita711 on sight. visa or no acts Bit somewhere Imm gration Department gate-watchers sipped are tomb-silent. ? ? ? May Be Last Attempt ? Such things make the job of Ambassador. Philip Bonsai?just back in Havana?harder than ever. He will be making a new?and perhaps last?atternpt do business with Castro. The atmosphere has not been helped by the defection ,1 Comdr. Miguel Pons,'s naval attache in Washinetni., with the accusation that Fidelismo is a mask benind hides international Commitnism." lUghUy or wrongly. moat Cubans seem to regard C-ommander Tons' action ,bout the way Americans might have felt after oor 171d revolution if John Paul Jones had Jumped ship in London and announced th.., George Washington was a tool of Mon.'.' hl?t l'ranee. "notions are runnuig high in BaA'ans today. ? - - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 mobes.- ?? - eb Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 ,gtart Foreign News How Ike Got That Whiff of The Post and Tintee-Star's correspondent misit Presidest issewhiposer was among test-passed stades* denwirstreders in His dispatch provides ?iiindficont twolfhe Wit the Meidevt. ? ST ZAIZY TAY1L011. Seeppe-lieward111 Whir MONTIVIDICO: About 7$ 'Welds 'were atinding grisly inside the law school of Mosievedie ihdeeinity, behind iron gates and a barricade if beachea. weitiNg to bon President 'Eisenhower. Overhead flattered tbeir lowdown in Hook beils4 painted letters: "imperial- stay away." Outlide on the sidewalk behind a cordon if polien? men with b a y emitted nfles stood another 75 it boys and girls. evi- dently angry at both the police and students in- side the building. Taylor Here?for the first time in Ike's 10,- 000-mile tour of Win America?there might have been real trouble. -They're all Communists Inside there," proclaimed a student on the sidewalk. "Hooray for Ike." You're all fascists out there," came a voice from behind the barricade. 'Down with Yankee impe- rialism. Hooray for Fidel Castro." LAM AMERICAN stu- dents enjoy politics about the tv3y t' S. college sopho- rn..urs vt-.) for football. '.1m? ,v:(1.() ) 01 e had 0,1 the t: n:vers!tv r:rsflu'rt sornr sort if Owed?sew other sup posed grievance. Mist about Guatemala?" shaded from behind the a bosky, bineohirtedbarrar "What about Hungary'" responded a girl in the sidewalk poop. She en. gained: "'They never talk about Hungary. They claim to represent all our stu- dents' federation, but they're only 7$ in there out of 8500 in the university. The majority are here on the sidewalk." "The majority are on va- cation at the beach," cor- rected a medical student. "I just came ti watt* the cops ihoot tear gas at those Commies Inside." THE ROW of policemen, now fitted with stubby shot- guns adapted for lobbing tear gas containers, eyed both groups of students nervously. News had just come of a riot at another branch of the university across town in which one student was shot in the leg. Everybody gazed down the crowd-lined avenue toward the approaching cheers and motorcycle sirens ''l am anti-Communist and I f.i%or Ike s sa:d (?ne (4 the s,t;denrz .Tear steps announced. ' Loolk that man riding with Ike It's J.- Edgar Hoover. He never goes any pines with. out J. Edgar Hoover." (11 was actually Miguel Poen Vilaro, a lofty Uruguayan dignitary A policemen sta7pe4 forward and politely de. dared, "Virus* me. At Ode ? pole* I meet sheet say tear gas gen." He did, with a thwunk that sent the khaki canis- ter clattering off the sec- ond-floor shutter of the law school, and falling back at our feet in a plume of asparagus green smoke. Everything went suddenly afog with tears. Through the blur t.ou could bPe an erect Ike flash by in his open car. diplo- maticallv concentratah; on the ron-univcrsity side of the avenue where the mounted band 1411i somf thing that s( uuled like "Columbia, the of the Otean " FARTHER DOWN :he street, Ike himself got a %shift of the tear ga.), his hand across his face and sat down under the backseat bubbletop. '\'iva Fidel.- sobbed a girl student, with mascara- stained tears. Som.-% here down t h e sidewalk the crowd surged t:rv.,r,1 the po'ce rvion and the , thy f r.r 1; i.? p:.?ii EISENHOWER WIPES TEARS HUN a!tfr whiff Of g as en i'merue;,, tors' Why did Ike go visit Franco" ?.our country has 20.000 troops in Spain now. Why not march or, Madr.d a, .1 Frlr. , ? sv ? EYES said a stdent f: ,rn inside the b?irred wir'inSt S. ?The 1 flied e;? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R0-01406610005-8 c: ftt, Bel.le he hurled a -no capitalism"' after 'You are :411 4 orinol- msts.'shounted an outside student. THEN BOTH groups of students joined to shout in- sults at the police. People began drifting home. Pretty soon there were no more police. No martyrs. No audience. No Yankee imperialism. Noth- ing but summer twilight, and distant cheers for Ike. 110111110111 elf 'ware- 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 JANUARY 31, 1960 'Robin Hood' Turns Beatnik By REMY TAYLOR CARACAS ? Leaders of key Latin American nations are beginning to see, Fidel Castro less as a Cuban Robin Hood and. more as a bombastic beatnik. Reactions of presi- dents and foreign min- isters interviewed dur- ing the past two weeks in Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nic- aragua, Colombia and Venezuela range from puzzlement at Castro's antics to outright con- sternation. These men would not want their names to be used in reporting their feelings about Castro is a sampi- ling of private appraisals by some of Latin iiierica s top statesmen: ?"Castto Is a tropical Peron with rhumba beet." ?"I'm still convinced Castro's no Com- munist. lie seems sincerely to love hie people. but the trouble is in his mind that the Cuban people and Castro have become indistinguishable. He's a fallible human being who insists his revolution is Intel- 'ible. The result is he has to blame some- body for his goof and naturally he chooses Uncle Sam." TAYLOR ?"CASTRO'S MOVEMENT can't be kept at boiling point forever. He hlif AO stop wrecking and start building soon. Per- sonally I haven't given up hope. Remember how wild Nasser behaved at the beginning. and now you have to admit he's doing good for Egypt ? and apparently taming his Communists, too." At a time when the trend against di?. tetors is sweeping Latin America, many. :eaders fear the U. S. government ? Or ? Congress ? may be lured into turning the cold shoulder on all progressive or revolutionary movements. They were therefore relieved at the patient tone of President Eisenhower's latest statement on Cuba "Don't forget the propaganda Impact down here of big Uncle Sam usaig pres- sure tactics on a tittle guy." said the president of one Latin natioi "Wis dis-? like Corn nanists nee but RI- Id rig* 'economic imperiatsm' is s,tn dii; we abhor even more Any blunt U S rt,V44 hich mould look like intervent, :.n in Cuba wouni just unite Cubans and v her Latins with them ANOTHER NIGHTMARE 14 that Cas- tro may be assassinated. lie's stepped on so many toes by now, inside and outside Cuba, that it would be almost impossible to prove who was behind such an act. Since CA g tro disbanded Cuba's profes- sional army, there would be no organized force to avert blood-letting which might slain the Caribbean from Miami to Trini- dad. ? Among inaeses in Latin America, Cas- tro still sterns the crowd-pleaser. In al- most every university you find students who say, "What my own country needs is another Castro to sweep out the rotten mess." Typical is Nicholas Danello, 25, a Panama medical student. He flew to Havana a year ago to help Cuban stu- dents celebrate Cestro's victory. Since then he has been arrested four times for possessing firearms or otherwise threaten- ing Panama's government. He's still a student and a popalar one. Most non- Cubans aren't that violent in their ad- miration of Castro. But anti-beard disen- chantment hasn't spread yet to the Latin man in the street. Working Qiietly behind the scenes, cer- tain Latin leaders such as able President Ftomulo Betaocourt of Venezuela have been trying to give Castro fatherly advice about going stow. They've suggested he hold elections and hint he'd be wise to keep better control over Cuban Commu- nists. CASTRO RAN RERUFPF:O such sug- gestions. When ex-president Joie Figueres of Costa Rice, a respected liberal went to Havana On such a mission Castro in- sulted him in public beget a mass meet- ing. Whenever Castro does bother to talk seriously with other Latin leaders he argues ttnt Dominican Republic dictator Trujillo is raising an army to invade Cuba, therefore Castro needs united support of all Cubans. including Communists, to re- pel this threat. He also says the U. S. is the "bosom bedfellow of Trujillo." What then do Latin leaders think the U. S. should do about Castro? Go slow ? above all, don't blackjack him, they t advise. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 The End Near For Trujillo By HOME N. TAYLOR ? Sesigrerifeward Malt We4tec CIVDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican Repub- lic, March IS?The old shark of the Carib- bean. Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Tru- jillo, is washed up. The end may not come tomorrow, though some veteran observers bare are predicting It will be a matter et weeks. Dktator Trujillo could defy the odds and hens on for several years. But symptom* here suggest that his $O years tyranny, plus rather recent gross errors, have at least pushed this man's regime past this point of so return. There is a death-smell about this dictatorship. Not on the surface, perhaps. Shops still cringe under giant signs proclaiming that 'God is with Trujillo forever!" Newspapers Taylor pay their daily tribute of flattery. School children, dutifully quote from their text- books that "El benefactor is the greatest an in history." ? ? ? Tactical Errors BUT TRUJILLO HAS MADE at least three irretrievable tactical errors, long time observers here think. One was, as he grew older (13), to carelessly get out of touch with his people. The second was to let the economy deteriorate to a point where citizens find it no longer necessary or profitable to be dictated to. The third and most stupid was to stomp on the toes of the Roman Catholic Church. The story behind this blunder began last De- cember when police arrested a Catholic seminary student on charges of constructing a bomb. Bishops protested. but the seminarian stayed behind bars. Then ,n January. tipped off about an assassina. lion plot hatching arm ng nuddle-class Dominicans, threw an est.,11X.ed 160f1 in jail including' rroo her, of prominent tanulteh who viand them- 4. ? r?ictiffe.i. nak, 1, to 0tht s..ciall'es of the ?? ?, vt .0 ? . * Dig Purges OF COURSS LARGE-SCALE police activity is nothing new hese. In the three bloody decades of ? the Trujillo regime, It has "eliminated" an esti- mated 13,000 Dominicans, neutral statistic:Mai cal- culateui ri all 'keg Trujillo also had been making friends, following an old political maxim: "You can take one helluva lot if you're careful to give enough of it back to the right people." . But here soddenly were hundreds et these "right people" in jail. And here was the Church primed to toads the dictator a lesson. Promptly ' from hundreds of pulpits came a bombshell in the k form of a mineral letter telling Trujillo la effect ? to free these polttical prisoners. Your Sundays later with specific support from the Pope himself same another blast: "fa this holy period of Lent," said every priest in Trujillo. land, "we are reminded to be always prepared for the last monteht et We." 0. ? ? ? No Dismay TRUJILLO HAS SHOWN no outward dismay at this Warning. He's a veteran plot-smasher. He has said: "When you read in the newspapers that I am dead, then you'll know I have retired." Sorne.diplomats here think. Trujillo still could save himself by beginning an orderly traantion to democracy, retiring, and disbanding kis secret police, letting exiles return and Permitting free elections. But few think this stubborn old tyrant will give up so easily. ? For one thing, in the 30 years of gunpoint adulation, which has produced some MG Trujillo statues on this a:4U half-island, he appareeuy has some to believe that he is loved. :Dominicans under Trujillo have lived In a gilded cage. He took over this hurrimme-flattened country, modernised the sugar, cocoa and coffee Industries, indreased exports $OO percent in $011 year garnered an estimated $411g million for himself and $00 Metres,. Gilt Peeling NUT NOW THE GILT RAS begun to peel away from the cage, making the iron bars embarmaingly visible. Sugar income is down. The gala MG "Fair ? of the Free World" here flopped. In the past 12 months the dictator has squandered WI calla" on arms. The moment tun of failure already had begun to pick up before the fight with the Churdi started. What happens next? The current plot has bees pretty well foiled. But observers think the next one may not be. A sort of race seems to be going ? on. .hatwaen .?Trujillo's moderate ftlaillidle-elaar Ortectilfg? IVO Ur KtiatS?suePq1.10, .blevfgrinki Castro to see who can supplant,the ? ? ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 acrtsc %I1 V IFFOM1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 k3644e4-(*(1 NO HURRY 1 Latins Still Delay Till 'Mariana' By HENRY 14. TAYLOR Scripps-Howard Stoll Writer Ql'ITO, Ecuador?"Why orry, why hurry?" said the f riendly telephone x?ciice from the airport here.- "Guay- a o I I will still be theie ma nana." To the North Amer- ican traveler, who has what he thinks is ur- gent business Mr. Taylor , in the rear by seaport of, Cilayaquil, this paralyzing word "manana"-. tomorrow - becomes a Latin-American- . trademark. Along with those other' catch-words, "Siesta." "sun': baked," and "underdevel. oped," this word manana yokes the lazy preconception of a slow-motion continent, where nothing can happen. quickly except a revolution. It's an unfair pre-concep., tion. In a hundred places and C dozen ways. South Amer.. ' ica is outracing? itself to build its manana today. In liiazi1 whole cities sprout overnight from the tvilderness. At the southern tip of Peru engineers have bulldozed away more earth than theie is on Manhattan Island - to bare an under- -ground mountain of copper, But when it comes to such daily drudgeries as tole-, , phones and taxis, office ap. point menus and airplanes,, the old "manana" concept, isn't dead yet. punctuality. Its more posi. live, a regional sense of values, based on sensible awareness that, in the trop- ics, haste often really does make waste. In Brazil. they will say: "Momentinho," Portuguese . for "just a minute, ?please.': (In Mexico the phrase is - "momentito," accompanied by a pinching together of thumb and forefinger, to demonstrate how deliciously? brief the delay will be. In either place, of course, me.,, mentito can turn out to mean next Thursday. Such checks on a Yankee traveler's hell bent haste. aren't delivered in the spirtt' of: "Keep your shirt on, Cringo." They represent an* effort at kindness, a plea in' Savor of reality. ? The collision of concept% ?North versus; South Amer- . lean?reached hilarious er? tremes during the visit of President Eisenhower down, , this way. Hagerty Punctual Day after day Field Marshal James HagertX,1 maneuvering his continent of correspondents at jet-age , pace?departing on the dot at 6:36 a. m., arriving a halt continent away at 9:2.3 exact ?deposited his punctual pressmen at airports where no buses awaited, and at boat landings empty except for seagulls. Yet somehow Latin-Amen,, Cart hosts managed to yet newspapermen on time to . the right spot to see Preal- dent Eisenhower's plane, come along later. There were... plenty of momentitos and quite a few mananas. Bo,,, we got. there. Wie There's a temptation JAC over-emphasize , the frustra- tions, like that phone-call. from the Quito airport, say*: Ing the 8 a. m. plane hada departed at 7 a. m. without; you. Or, rather, yesterday's. 8 a. m. plane had departed: at 7 a. in. today, so natur-6 ally today's 8 R. m. plane? wouldn't he *lying until to.: Morrow But the tinny thing itly that Guayaci.1 WAS atilt.' there many s, and that? extra trapper*. 23 hours in: Quito lumen n ' to be one. of the most t ? ?sung days: of a three-monti trip. _ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 a Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Venezuela's Betancourt How He Keeps Cairn Hold on Throttle of Rich Latin Nation By MOM N. TA14101g ? lerhaps-llsentsg SW 'Mar . CARACAS, Feb. ft?Vensausla in a-hopeful, ' I wan exciting. alternative to Fidel Castro's &pea* i approach to giving *bins a share in their nation's ; NUM , : A. Igrilatill6 togke- =11 WWI Winkin.l., f stmts. young tug a swami mom , f heassaft Ist Niamillgla 1 IM MOIha, baKtBMA 111. NAN ! 141b?r* ihie . 1* Wait* eadi 'A a WM reads Ilsets. eatIOMt lila glimp I Crwag leeliaelsiglessig MAME Mk Me imbegeM MIA : . 4.1 -it* 111eissallat la eafiaisiastaffs . ? ' ? - litsprus ARM aiWIWIL oar oil* 1 , quiradyt ba our Moe. 144 .106 ars M vow.. , at &big *bp. Ms ft ovikdbm, , *Mb seine* sad issality. The Ober is ;. revaistiss, wed* swam inglidnoll. Int - ' bass WI awe ibst susigik ambrisita 4 bere." ? lietansiart redeted _the telegtablo it Taredlis eistlight. NW 16 alloun Is . PM.100 lavid.flast Brit WOW It I carTiolit Ws Off-1206 *el *PA 1/1110 Mt astanesurt Misted OD letting Magna *Mho his last ? , Ism Iser atep by etspos it mall milly bo 6 walliMbi ilieelt ? ? ? ' ,11 r iftlaraiild.ailtag. Ifini- ? ? ? ? :. 1.`, ' ? )., ' ,- Early in the game, he called a , saki, in Wed: #afa - *1 tom ow Temer we* lb oleo el foig isa rY marshese ambile are.--Wag="114r ar midanglitag AMP II:a* A MA ChM? M. They see la lbe WWI ' " Owlish hot t? dimegfe tan Pidole-WINININI1114914. b.? t=zswt wstelnoted. CI 4111ms haat Mem sarstarWilm ? i ' ? 164a.ituso el greats hisa eat 6 availl A , ampaay la beisel th 4141. i But "Vs have se NW a ampiedijaiii, i, ?alaim4 'Thae ; lit= be i One mega ail. *Ike heedt, Wahl =n01111.11 11114111 Wow i r mu itspliss ere I hes:111% ? . i 1St ,.$ - HosiiiisCenfei OH ? ? 1 , ? ? las wancimmorat atat ha ThiV.n.011111O. 11101111p foreign country except Canada. "tutees per cent cd the world's known WS bele; wow her spending dictator llamas Peres Amen* wag eferiaelall ? businessmen tarsi al this would go down the grata - neteeeeere. Wetly prodigal ewes beton. isos4t, ass 111101/11 sa appeals ler aationalhaties, they helh. Ithebbse as a stadest. MI beat ? Cestomist. But Betancourt tooled his critics. Flying home frau le-Mr* exile in New York, he called together hada' of his own party, other politicians. and the military junta. Se proposed a gentle- , men's agreement for oily siciethaa. MA all ladivettAlriillir to ouPPort the winner, foriegresslag dos semi -et ar- ranging another revolution to annul the balloting. ? ? ? ? 1 For Lawful, Slow Progress --? ,........?.........,...ogra?,?ek worked. Betancourt never has become 4,....74.1.rAMONIer,) . sonality. H. makes few public apaches, though he { . can be tough in words isurell as term. , When his lend reform gets in full per, it la Is ? cameisni ' Nate who szlircarlam mat aot be Madly* mond limas- ant. Payment will be in cash. up to RP* wki ma the Odom variety of Maio worth little stare,tlisn direr ataltolla . , taw waanstertalig dime oda well * ? Dist** Pero WS a $U Whim aid ( galhero old tereere beetelehmeh angel teaseptia is theAttest LiMfraimedmiai seeliry.sink . l with rem maim is *Wale. *IMO eie* . but Venezuela las 6 goverment which Allit be blialled 41 _ _,. i leaping before it 1?61a-ar rl the. !wed* ti'* !Wm. j? - i f !irking al nem fwgrard at all. t ? ? I 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297PrinieHkR-Z-inna 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26 CIA-RDP74-00297R00140061Uuu0-0 1 1Y 11, 1900 Peru Assails Arms Purchases As She Buys a Fancy Cruiser By ZENRY N. TAYLOR. LIMA. Peru, Feb. 11.?Case to $3 million worth of second- hand steel, liming at anchor In Lima's har- bor. OMNI- izes a Latin American paradox. . N arnaly that a dawn nations dawn here, fighting for economic stability, have spent $2.5 hit- Hari RtI)lor lion since World War II for war-weary weaponry which could be of little use in a ma- jor future war. Peru's freshest pride is the somewhat matronly cruiser, Admiral Gnu, delivered this month from Britain, whose navy deemed her overage, un- dergunned, and, after le oaliY years., deservedly dispensittle. What's more. Peru's dent Manuel Prado, caUfag for a continentwide treaty to end senseless arms buying, proclaimed only two months ago: "Instead of acquiring warlike elements of destruc- tion, the government's of Latin America should buy instruments to imprOve health and science." ? ? ? Don Pedro Beltran, Penes economy-minded prime min- ister. wab In Washington try- ing to negotiate development loans when the news of the Grau's purchase came out, much to his embarrassment. It had bean negotiated by his predecessors, and the military hadn't seen fit to tell him ' about it, apparently. Yet, when the Admiral Grau creaked into port here, her elderly shanks fresh- painted, tens of thousands of deliriously joyful Peruvians thronged the wharf in wel- come. And there was Presi- dent Prado himself on the bridge, r.eciaring: "'This is a glorious day in the history of Peru." Such appetite for arms I. seems an almost unbreakable habit .n Latin America. Argantirsa has just negoti- ated I or $700,000 worth of F-86 Sabrejets. Brazil has bouut a $36-rnillion aircraft carei r from England. al- thouirt there is no Brazilian navy ctIr arm to put aboard her. -71' topical Guatemala splutgx1 on a Swedish gun- bc?P.t. wttch arrived compete w'rn reinforced bow for ice- Peaking, but no air ?dl- it Ecuador and Peru, still riled over their 1940 vest. pocket veer, are having a mob IY =Worn* be 411 filr' ? planes. Pentagon plentwiginua= ly see little tense justiflastlott ter suck goings-on. A few Latin American forces have earned high caps.. WIRY marks, pmfesilanal diers say. Brazil's paratroops are first class. Colombia's in. fantrymen, the only Latin American troops contributed to Korea, fought well there. Chilean fighter pilots are judged competent. ? ? ? But United States planners don't see how even these adept units could be brought to NKr In modern war. So U.& military aid is now con- centrating mostly on lending destroyers, hoping Latin no- vies can help keep track of Soviet subs. A few signs of self-restraint exist, Mexico spends only 1 percent of its national budget on defense. Thr theory ux- pressed by one ?Mexicaa stableman is that: "We're tab smell to fled our northern'. neighbor. 11Paele Ilan, an& we're too big to fight ow sniuthern witiglabbr, Guar* Mg sale, so why ge broke Imp. up seliserneess, when we need schools and roads?" Ttny Costa Rica, by law has abolished its army and now gets along with MO pa- linemen. President )4 ario Echandi recently startled the hernisphent by oaths Ihe United States 1700 old rifle* in exchange for eight trac- tors. a historic revere* lied. lease. Disarmament will be a ate: jos topic when President Eisenhower visits Latin Arteries. "Ruinems Maps& lion." is what Preeddent Jorge Alessandri of Odle has canal the arms race. Yet Chile her self has two flashy new de. stroyers on order in England. And it was Chilean naval su- periority which seats to have anantraged rival Peru to spend $2.8 million en theca* Sortable old Admiral Gnat ' r?-sr RaiAnSe 2013/07/261 CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Meets - Meets New Uruguay President )Ike Warned: Must Buy in Latin America I Or Communists Gain President Eisenhower today meets the fourth and itt head of state on his South American trip. Again, The Houston Press' roving newsman with an ad- vance interview throws,hlt Int the snbjerts likely to be dilwzisscd.?THE EDITOR'. By HENRY N. TAYLOR . Scrippe-Ilimard Staff Writes MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, March 2,?"If the United States doesn't buy more raw materials from Latin' America, the Communists will use trade here as a spearhead for infiltration," warned Benito Nardone, who became president of Uruguay only yesterday and is welcoming President Eisenhower here today. In an exclusive interview, Nar-I done slial6 he would explain talejty consumers at the expense d Ike how U S. tariffs on woollfarmers. already have forced Uruguay to, "I don't lurew the United sell aubstantral quantities behind' 1Statea well, but I want President the ion curtain. Ws kers. but nolElselsh"" " knew how *ware "N=. 'We would " Ira' at. 4114 arsartises.Y?11r pr-fer to buy 'United Stales oiLiawniellitri iblidnit.mse Wireadlitimidingdalatkris but already the gasoline in those great, and we mold not expect cars outside this window ham mere. In fact, we In Latin Amer- come from finals." Our meet- lea have net always Ilene our fall frig was In the ikeeident's of- share.. fice of Government House, where, Mr. risenhower will be enter-I - Last year brought record floods talned. to Uruguay, a disastrous blow to Helps Demi Dineemoe !an economy already staggering ;under the twin loads ot sagging Nardone says he understands foreign markets and an overam- fully that the United States alsolbitious welfare program. The produces wool and ttat it is nOtIscore today: A 40 per cent in- likeiy we wtn buy much fromIerealle In living meta at home abroad. "But the mor, wool we and a 1169 foreign trade deficit can sell to you, the lees we trete more than $50 million. at the mercy of the Soviet Union I Nardone still broadcasts twice . as a customer. In other words. a day. ithough not at Fidel Cas- ? buying Uruguayan wool helps, tro's length or intensity). And defend democracy here." now that lie's T. power, no lone- Democracy, In Uruguay, Is no er cruivizint nom the outside, Idle concept. Though it is flat, he's had a tougher time keeping its called the Switzerland of his whiplash cracking. South America, because this North Dakota-sized pastureland! Stings Centniunists has had a unique history of po- When it cracks, Uruguay's h patience and stability. Communists often get stung.IJ N'alted 93 Years 1"They stir up labor trouble, In-11 , filtrate student bodies, all with't Nardone's party, the Blancos,.th e idea to confuse and exploit ( had been out of power for 93 our problems. They wont succeed,1 years when they on the last if our economy can remain ata- election in 195.1. All these years, bit...,ji . through 23 electiona, no one even dreamed of ? revolution to U yens are nowhere near!, hungry yet, despite cost-of-Liv- hurry things. The Blancoa just ing complaints. The aserage cit- trusted the voters eventually to izen here eats 262 pounds of beefi welcome a change. alone every year. while the ay.) Nardone himself is president erage United States r.iarrent puts!' for Just one year. as chairman of ',away only 130 pounds of al. kinds,' a federal council of nine which of meats. But Nard,,ne rerileins11 really runs Uruguay, His ntrtv -- :worried about long-term *rade: has five of the nine seats, and Arend' In this lien.isptere, it the top-polling four councilorsf get one year apiece as presidentl Cites Cilia before the next election. "Look 1st Cubt'? 7. said. , Ex-Grid Player 'there's no logic in their selling President Nardone is a stocky all that sugar to itUs641" They ex-football player, now lo hi, have excellent markets their mid-50a. His career has mostly own hemisphere. But It pulses' been in rural politics, and as other than logic seem tc push') manager Df a stleen ranch. His FVP4e.. ? regime promised abetter break' Arneritin countAl ? for farmers. Iconcentrate on delending tte , Nicknamed "Chicotaao." which terests of our own means "whiplash," Nardone won!And tills mecia the Unt.e-t intavei.4 fame in Urguay for his twice-a-Jmust do ita part. in ?schenitint, day radio speeches accusing the,more trade and dem one mow!. t oppositicn party of pampering 'edge with ns too" Ii ? ?? *A-VA - ? . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297R001400610005-8 Castro May Be Left The Bagasse in Grab By llfrrltY N. TAYLOIL much hag transfer runts HAVANA. Marsh 24.?The stateside. bagasse business is tad this P. r $ i s ten t rumors say season in Cuba, and this Castro is trying to toms Faso small India- - f to close its Miner,. then take try tells a big over and owlets it with crud* story about oil from Russia brought In why Fidel exchange for sugar. Castro's reia- A tangle of laws. decrees, tions with the orders pissed and counter- United States ' mended, and Inert unfounded are so fright- I y rumors makes it almost MI- fuL posibie to determine Auk Bagasse is U how much American proper- the unsweet ty has been seized. But fibercliplo- that's Owl IL TI711w mats say about a third of the left over after the Cubans estimated MO million total have squeezed raw sugar out investment either is held or of the sugar cane and sold under threat. most of it at twice the world Agriculture is the biggest market price to Uncle Sam. p o t e n t i a I target. There You can't put bagasse in your coffee or sprinkle it on your are approximately six million Amenicatis owned about two cereals. Until a few year' million of them, including ago the stuff was just swept many of the richest. out in the streets. . ? ? 0 Then along came an Amer- The state Department teak lean businessman with S600.- the position that the United 000 and a formula for making bagasse fiber int, papa,. Ab States couldn't deny Cuba's that was needed was a steady right to eix prop r la t e such property, so long as Cubs. supply of special chemicals pod for it cubs Is worths from the United States. The American built a fac- tory, gave jobs to dozens of Cubans. and soon the whole island was writing on bagasse bond, blowing noses on tis- sued bagasse and finding other uses for it. Then came Castro. with a ruling that firms in Cuba needed special permission to export dollars for raw ma- terials abroad. "Buy Cuban" became the watchword. The American found himself cut off from the chemicals which took the scratch out of bagasse. This was about the end of the bagasse business. Multiplied a hundredfold, this sort of economic dis- mantlement is going on all over Cubs. ? ? ? Economists feel some of it is health). Cuba long has been too dependent on United States imports. including canned vezotabies. which eas- ily. car be grown on this island Bot at tie.. scale it's go- ing or "Mk. Cuba's anti-for- eign ea 7 qaign seems aimed at killing all the golden-egg- laying 4eeee. Taste 'tie plight of the F,eso 011 . with a $75 million reficerv and distribution in- vestment in Cube. Crud, oil Nimes hers from Venezuela, e.oti mum be paid for in dol. 1r rs. It's refined, then sold locally for Cuban pesos. But s?:1.* last August. Esso hasn't able to get a single dol- 1 (pit to buy crude oil, Holding Policy 20-year at tairicempancest Cuban government ever lasted that long want ash now, Whet !be Mere holds as W judged from the only court desision so Itsr on a contested. *valuation of a takenover estate: 2295 &MSS of the Cuban American Supr Ca. at Pinar . del Rio. Ilse company engineer asked ler $1$ $15. The govemment said P4.481, and the judge ruled the sum "fair and equitable." Where all this will stop, no one lcnows. Freeport Nickel Co. seems about reedy to shut down its $IO tnaBon plant at Moa Bay even be- fore it has begun operations. Its intricate innards am full of suiplunie acid. which would reduce the plant to scrap if left de a eingie month. Cuba in that coo meld own a patriotimumstifYlliS 100 percent el lioddol- Mid Castro would be left bolas* the bagasse.' - t "' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/07/26: CIA-RDP74-00297Rnn14nnAinring 0