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November 16, 2016
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April 24, 2000
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September 24, 1972
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PDF icon CIA-RDP75-00001R000100010016-9.pdf144.11 KB
C CPYRGHT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, by Alfred W. McCoy (Iforper Row, $I0.95). By Keyes Beech HEROIN didn't always have a bad name. Around the tug of the century it was hailed a a "miracle drug" and ap proved by the AMA for genera use. In fact, it didn't eveil have a name until Germany's Bayer chemical combine invented "Heroin" as a brand name an put It on the market as cough medicine, But this fascinating bit of drug lore is only incidental to the central theme of this dev- astating book: that because of Its commitment' to contain communism in Southeast Asia, the U.S. government helped create a generation of junkies. SOUTHEAST Asia's "Golden Triangle" -- where Laos, Thai- land and Burma meet.-- has CPYRGHT. been an opium-growing area for centuries. But what McCoy and his fellow authors are con- cerned about Is how within the last .20 years the "triangle" has expanded its production until today It accounts for 70 per cent of the world's illicit supply of heroin. For this the authors hold the U n I t e d States responsible. They specifically charge that I n 't h e I r clandestine war against the Communists, U.S. agencies, notably the CIA, al- lied themselves with elements known to be engaged in the. drug traffic; ignored and even covered up the activities of known drug traffickers, and allowed American military air- craft to be used to transport drugs. .The charges are difficult to refute because, in the main, they happen to be true. McCoy has done his homework. Cri-- ics may quarrel with some of his facts and dispute many rif his judgments, but he con- A GI snorts heroin in?Vietnani. vincingly demonstrates, for ex- ample, that the G.I. heroin epi- de 'mic in South Vietnam could not have happened without the active participation of greedy generals and government offi- cials who owed their jobs to the United States. U.S. Involvement in the drug, MY' CPYRGH traffic was, as the authors con- t e n d , an "inevitable con- sequence" of our involvement I n Southeast Asia, where opium was a way of life. But It did not become an "American problem" until It touched American lives. THE BOOK Is not quite the scholarly work that it pretends to be. It is as much an in- dictment of the Vietnam war as it is a documentation of the drug traffic. The- authors sug- gest that all will be well if President Nixon is defeated and the United States pulls out of Southeast Asia lock, stock- and barrel. Maybe so. But the sad thing is that the book's chief victims area handful of dedicated CIA men who went to Southeast Asia to do a job. That job was to fight communism, not re- form a society. Keyes Beech is The Daily' News' , correspondent in Asia. , CPYRGHT CPYRGHT COMPANY MANj by Joe MMeb- gio (Putnam, g6.95). By George Harmon I HE late Allen Dulles, quar- terback of our World War II spies and later chief of the CIA, scoffed at the notion of the American diplomat or spy being a closed-mind blunderer too cynical to play by any rules but his own. He criti- cized such novels as Graham Greene's "The Quiet Ameri- can" and Burdick and Lode- rei''s "The Ugly American" for promoting "mischief'-creat- ing prejudices." Dulles wrote that lie pre- ferred "taking the raw mate- rial which we find in America -- naive, home-grown, even homespun - and training such a man to be a good intelligence officer, however long the pro- cess lasts." Those homespun ,CPYRGHT boys, if we are to believe re- cent news accounts, are trav- eling much farther afield than Dulles seemed willing to send them. THE BACKBONE of CIA ac- tivity apparently remains the clandestine listening posts and purloined letters -which Dulles so loved. But now the charge is often made that the CIA tries to foment change rather than merely report it; in Uganda, for example; in Chile, in Laos. So much is being written about the CIA, in fact, that its argot is creeping into Ameri- can slang: a spy is a spook, to kill is to."terminate with ex- treme prejudice." Now, arrives Joe Maggio, a mercenary-turned-writer, who says he worked off and on for the CIA In places like Africa and Laos. His novel tells of Nick MIar- tin, a sort of comic book super- hero and former Green Beret A "home-grown" boy whom Dulles would have liked, lie is recruited off a Florida campus by "the Company" (in-group slang for the CIA), and works part time, training Bay of Pigs invaders and shooting up Africa and the Tonkin Gulf. There Is enough bad writing to fill three pulp. magazines ("steel split the air over- head"). BUT MAGGIO'S book has an aura of authenticity about it, and few readers know enough about the CIA to dispute him - even though the question al- ready has been raised: Is Joe Maggio the Clifford Irving of the barracks set? W. E. Colby, executive direc- tor of the CIA, disputes the publisher's contention that "Company Man" Is "a novel of 'facts," proclaiming it a "taw- CPYRGHT. e dry fabrication" filled with "lurid writing and innate con- tradictions." Ile denies that the CIA ever has carried out assassinations or has traf- ficked in drugs, as Maggio as- serts. Colby also says Maggio was "terminated for cause" during a six-month CIA training pro- gram and never went overseas for the CIA or undertook any of the "assignments". Maggio says he performed.. But Mag- gio has obtained a government letter quoting the CIA as say- ing that lie worked for the agency on contract: In any event, Maggio writes enough like a soldier to con- vince the reader lie has been one. He has produced an un- professional but good example of thriller fiction. George Harmon is a Daily News editor and writer. ma U,