Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 11, 2016
Document Release Date: 
February 12, 1999
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
January 29, 1954
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP75-00001R000200250004-5.pdf129.31 KB
Approved For ReIdQ 'R T09/07C Ig1TP75-00001 R000200250004-5 Sufficient Protection? New U.S. Atomic-Weapons Policy Questioned Staff Writer of Vie Christian Science Monitor Cambridge, Mass. policy of the United States bring about sufficient protection iron Communist aggression round the world? An inquiry into this gaesticn was -presented by Saville R, Davis, American news e litor of The Christian Science Mori tor. before a meeting of the League of Women Voters of Massachu- setts yesterday. Mr.. Davis said it was ques- tionable whether Washington's recent decision to rely on atomic weapons would be Xecrve in meeting localized wars incited by the Kremlin, such as in Ko- rea and Indochina. Mr. Davis' subject was "Mili- tary Factors and Their Effect on Policy." He shared the platform with Prof. William L. Langer, director of the Russian Research Center at Harvard, who :poke on the "East-West Conflict in Retrospect and Prospect." They appeared before the televised concluding session cf the 32d School of International Relations conducted by the league. The two-day conference was held at Sanders Theater ir, cooperation with Radcliffe Col- direCigr of e entra n e i- o un errs e e ovie s ca - ime an pace o our own o ram o ive mo ive arc trec- genceA ency,0. sal- 1Tfet " bilities." retaliate." tion to the revolutionary fide #rpce and He said the free world may Mr. Davis said Washington's changes in policy and military have to prepare itself for living decision that the Kremlin does strategy. al]y'an~ u??l2 with a constant condition of in- not intend war in the predict- ! "I cannot believe that this ga tt. er external"e~P ternational crises, and must be able future provides "a poised, in our foreign policy will b . , % :>illin +? s end +imn money and nnnanir hasis" of m;li+ar allowed to last But while i s g p y effort for its own defense. thinking as long as there is as- does, we are mistaking the rea fisted was: (1) the continuing power struggle within the Krem- Ultimately, Professor Langer' surance that the Soviet will not nature of power. . . Physica lin walls; (2) dissatisfaction added, one of the two conflicting make headway by local expan- force is not enough. It is an in among Soviet consumers over the systems will have to vanish. sion in the meantime. strument, not a policy. low standard of living; (3) grow-"One of them will prevail," he He also indicated that the "The military problem at bas ing friction between the U.S.S.R. said. "I am sure it will be the changme in Washington's policy is a problem of selfmastery an one that justifies itself most to may have been motivated at first the most important battlegroun and its. satellites, evidenced in humanity at large." by economic considerations is not strategic but in one's ow r riots and unrest; and (4) the - Mr. Davis raised the question rather than those of military thinking-in setting directions military strength of the United , whether atomic retaliation is the strategy. in using force for a precise) Sts uestioned whether Mos- answer to localizedy Communist 'Words Not Enough' - controlled -purpose, and not let He questioned particularly in view of ting it get out of hand. cow could for a long time main- However, Mr. Davis said, the g official Washington's estimates "We could for example, crest tain the hermetic isolation of the that 13 million Americans could evolution of new military policy something much larger and a Iron Curtain. While the free be killed in a first exchange of and alliances are not enough. He the same time less costly pro world regards communism as a atomic weapons. continued: gram than the Marshall Plan i menace, he said, "the Commu- "Would we accept a challenge "Today the Marshall Plan has the field of aid to underde them." '.killed and several score cities !languish. We have r othing in peoples of the East, working no Conflicting System ' leveled in order to do what 10, their place. by ourselves but as part of th divisions could do? And if we, "We use propaganda, but world community under th But, he warned, there is no United Nations-helping the ) didn't, would our bluff have words are not enough, especially reason for too much optimism been called?" He added: as we only imperfectly live up people onto their feet and int and that "even those things "I wonder whether Washing- ! to them in our jives, and the their place in the sun. which appear favorable on the ton has thought through the Communists are always trying "Lf this seem bold, then bol surface may be purposeful pro- dangers of relying on atomic to exploit that fact. So far as ae- programs are the minimum fo . force. This means that every tions are concerned, we are left survival in times like these. An " crastinations by the Russians. He added: han before. It is a great danger country, and then wait for a' and economic and social pro- ; light to the world. threat of localized war will be with little but naked military all the physical force the ato generalized into the threat of alliances and force to govern can release is not enough t all-out atomic wear." our relations with the outside substitute for an idea like thi , soon.... We may be getting our- "Now we will let the Com- world. a program to fulfill the demo selves into a worse condition ! munists strike and capture a We have not evolved a moral cratic process and hold up FOIAb3b Approved For Release 1999/09/07 : CIA-RDP75-00001 R000200250004-5