Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
July 18, 2000
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Publication Date: 
December 31, 1968
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PDF icon CIA-RDP75-00149R000100320001-8.pdf64.6 KB
ST. PAUL, LI,NN. Approved For Release 20i (DG8Ifl Tt1A-RDP75-00149 }.28,742 OTC 3 1 196E Milwaukee Journal that the academic gown may join the cloak and dagger as symbols of spying. The concern was obvious at the Ameri- can Anthropological association conven- tion in Pittsburgh. . Ralph-L. Beals, a California anthro- pologist and former president of the as- sociation, reported on the alarming in- filtration of the spy influence into sup- CPYRGHT posedly legitimate scholarly research abroad. He found that United States in- telligence agents posing as anthropolo- gists ? were at work in some countries- "anthropological spies," he called them and that young scholars.who received government grants later were questioned by intelligence agents for political infor- mation. 4 The amount of intelligence work con- ducted under the guise of academic re- search is, of course, secret. Enough sus- picious incidents have come to light to be disquieting. Eighteen months ago, Project Camelot, an army sponsored study of revolutionary change in Chile,' was abruptly canceled after it caused a furor in that country. A government sponsored "technical assistance" pro- gram in Vietnam run by Michigan State university in the 1950's seems to have used CIA operatives. The anthropologists decided that spy- ing was a sufficient danger to academic pursuits to establish a set of "ethical guidelines" for scholars on government sponsored projects. Their concern is un- derstandable, for the suspicion that spies are masquerading as scholars can de- stroy the effectiveness of legitimate stud. ies abroad. As Beals told the anthropolo- gists,' "constraint, deception and secrecy have no place in science." Approved For Release 2000/08/03 : CIA-RDP75-00149R000100320001-8