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November 11, 2016
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December 10, 1998
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July 16, 1969
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CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOT Sanitized - Approved For Rq)oa .1gt4-REY07A mb1 `Cuba more ovietized' MI Defector from Castro intelligence networ !says 1968 pact binds Havana to Moscov. Iyr,o By a staff correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor X1969 The Christian Science Publishing Society All rights reserved Washington According to r. s ro a , growing Soviet Influence in Cuba was the reason for his defection. Betrayal seen CPYRG HT A Cuban intelligence officer, who defected to the this increasing Soviet influence, brought on United States earlier this year, says that Premier Fidel by Premier Castro, as a betrayal of the astro signed an accord with the Soviet Union in 1968 Cuban revolution and the goals for which which he personally fought, both in the Sierra which commits him to a pro-Moscow line. Maestro and afterward. The assertion. it is felt, would explain the noticeable Castro Hidalgo, in his tsays that his Immediate ro Hid superior his testimony, ti the Paris xv ne being followed by Cuba-a trend which Mr. Ar. ~{Fite time of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslo- Embassy, Armando Lopez Orta, returned vakia last August. from Havana last January with word of the According to the defector. Orlando Castro Hidalgo, I Cuban-Soviet troaty and this pronounce- the Cuban-Soviet agreement requires the Cuban leader ment: to mute his criticism of the Soviet Union and of Mos. "Some$ mbs aovieticns" (We are more cow-oriented Communist parties in Latin America. Sovietized). In return, the Soviet Union agreed not to diminish Mr. Castro Hidalgo's version of the nei'grt r. Castro Hidalgo's version its economic support of Premier Castro's government According to and also to provide some 5,000 technicians to work in a variety of fields to support Cuba's lagging economy. 1117111 now, the Soviet Union for Its part These disclosures are part of the testimony being agreed to keep up the level of economic given by Mr. Castro Hidalgo, who is no relation to the assistance which has been flowing to Cuba That aid is cant- Cuban Premier. It was learned from informed sources in In the past t as protputed circles several years. of es $350 million yethin Embassy in Paris late in March of this year and sought asylum for himself and his family at the United Technicians provided States Embassy in Luxembourg. Since then, Mr. Castro Hidalgo has been undergoing The Soviet Union, It is understood, also extensive questioning together with explaining an at- agreed to increase badly needed petroleum tache case full of documents he carried with him when shipments to Cuba, to purchase more of he arrived in Luxembourg. Cuba's production of nickel ore, and to send Mr. Castro Hidalgo now is in the United States under some 5,000 Soviet technicians to advise the protective custody. Castro government In the fields of science The Christian Science Monitor learned of Mr. Castro and technology. Hidalgo's presence in the United States, and as far as These technicians, Mr. Castro Hidalgo is known this is the first mention of his defection and says, are to be used in providing support in his disclosures to United States officials. agriculture, mining, atomic energy, fishing, It is understood that the Cuban Government has and military fields. asked the French Government for assistance in return. However, some ,Soviet assistance in the lag both Mr. Castro Hidalgo and the documents he DGI is part of the agreement. brought with him when he defected. But Cuban sources f would make no comment on this subject nor admit that To the secret souagreementrces Is here, , this this atlyspecct o of Mr. Castro Hidalgo had defected when asked for com? cant in that the DGI Is understood to have ment. taken on many of the diplomatic activities Informed sources here say that Mr. Castro Hidalgo formerly handled by foreign service otllcers. has been a veritable gold mine of information ion de- In light of the general reduction of Soviet velopments in Cube, Although he was not a intelligence operations in France and else- major oflicint In the Cuban Government, he where in Western Europe in recent years, in- other Intelligence r degenmaterials s to d as a the presence of a Soviet-oriented Cuban in- ments end y had part of an the oh Cuban Intelligence se service ian telligence system is regarded by informed part sources here as important. Europe. That service, according to Mr. Castro Claim confirmed Hidalgo's testimony, Is put at the disposal Mr. Castro Hidalgo claims to have been of the Soviet Union under terms of the 1968 agreement. Known as General Directorate part of that. system and the documents he of Intelligence (or DGI after its Spanish brought out confirm this claim. Initials), the service has been extending But the documents are of even greater im- Its o orations In Europe recently. .! portance - although they do not contain the Sanitized - Approved For Releas6extC?iAll'R 91 '6'-' lfl R 400030013-4 annt1nue8T _`CPYRGHT C many and known facts about situations in Latin America, Europe, and elsewhere, the United States has learned a great deal about Cuba and its activities through Mr. Castro Hidalgo's defection. The defector was a DGI operative in Paris. He states that he helped organize and operate a clandestine apparatus in the French capital aimed at providing Latin- American revolutionaires and guerrilla leaders with money, false passports, and hideouts during their travels to and from Cuba. According to Mr. Castro Hidalgo, the Paris center for the DGI conducts operations into South America, while the Cuban Em- bassy in Mexico City coordinates operations in Central America and the Caribbean. As far as guerrilla activities in Latin America are concerned, Mr. Castro Hidalgo says that the secret Cuba-Soviet accord makes no specific mention of their role - presumably leaving Premier Castro free to', operate much as before in the question of armed insurrection throughout Latin Amer. ica. Conflicts apparent .. There are apparent conflicts between the Soviet Union and Premier Castro over this, question, but Mr. Castro Hidalgo says that. Havana's support for the "export of revolu-' tion" to Latin America is not diminished; by the accord. However, the DGI is reported to have told its people that there must be a more meticu lous screening of Latin Americans before they are put into the pipeline for guerrilla. training in Cuba. It is also understood, ac-' cording to Mr. Castro Hidalgo's testimony,', that Cuba has decided not to send out mili tary leaders to aid Latin-American revolu- tionary groups until these groups have reached a significantly high state of develop- PYHT 11 le+ left In the middle of secondary school ,lid since then has been lnrriely self-taught, is talks slowly, measuring his words rare- ully, and has an air of self-confidence and ophistienIion. elected for training' Selected for intelligence training by the government in 1465, Mr. Castro lidalgo got, a grounding in both intelligence ,henry and tactics and guerrilla warfare ractice. He also was given training in anguagP prior to being sent to France in arch, :1467. His wife, Norma, had originally been on a list of those Cubans desirous of emigrating to the United States tinder the provisions of a Cuban-United States accord-but took her name off the list when she married. It is understood that the fact that her name had been on the list was discovered by Cuban intelligence people in Havana and that an investigation of the situation was tinder way at the time the family defected to the United States Embassy in Luxem- bourg. Sources here say that she played something of a role in leading to the defec- tion, but at the same time, Mr. Castro 111(lalgo had his own reasons for defecting. Oilier disclosures Among other disclosures Castro Iliclalgo nrothese., ? Col. Frnnciycn Canmafin Defin, the leader of the 1465 Dominion revolution, is now in Cuba and that he arrived there short- ly after Mr. Guevnra's death at the hands of the Bolivian Army In October, 1967. At first Cuban omclals thought they would use the Dominican officer as a replacement for Mr. Guevarn, but, since that time there has been no evidence that they have done so. ? Guyanan Prof. Dr. Walter Rodney, whose presence in Jamaica last year caused a furore, was helped by Cuban Intelligence forces In Paris to travel to Cuba by way of both Paris and Prague. ? Prensa Latina, the Cuban news service now regarded as being run by DGI ele- ments, was involved In a plan to infiltrate pro-Cuban agents into the ruling military junta of Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado in Peru. o The names of Cuban Intelligence agents in Chile--together with the concern on the part of Premier Castro and his associates that Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chile's re- formist president, was usurping Premier Castro's place and influence -. In Latin America. In the Sierra Maestra. After Premier Castro came to power, Mr. Castro Ilidalgo stayed with the Army and served in campaigns against guerrillas in the Escarnbray Moun- tains and against the Invaders at the Bay of figs. Movement In March, 1957, fighting mainl The presence of Mr. Castro Hidalgo and his family - a wife and two small boys- was confirmed by the Department of State, although it would give no further details. C of agents and others working for Havana throughout the world has been an important development in United States intelligence activities went. Implicit in the Castro Hidalgo testimony is awareness on the part of Cuban officials that the guerrilla effort led by Ernesto Che' Guevara made a number of errors. It is understood that Mr. Castro Hidalgo's disclosures of Cuban plans and the names. u an. Mr. Castro Hidalgo is a 31-year-old born in Puerto Padre, in Oriente Province in the eastern part of the island. His mother and five younger brothers and a sister still live on the island. He joined Premier Castro's 26th of July 00400030013-4 Sanitized - Approved or Release : CIA-RDP75-00149R000400030013-4