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November 16, 2016
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May 4, 2000
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April 23, 1966
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sA'ru~t.~nY Lv~:>.v>~rtr Approved For Release 2000/05/24P~~4-RDP7.a-001 APR 2 3 1966 . CPYRGHT FOIAb3b FOIAb3b IRabert Kennedy runs for President every day. His recenf Latin American trip . was an illustration of that. Leaping auto cars, p/unging- into piranha-infested waters, the ser-ator campaigned relentlessly in flue countries- always with one eye on fhe newspapers back home. BY ANDREW J. GLASS ~noroyraPns eyy ~eeer sne~eP ~tions. Surrounded by schedule arrangers, path ash step Robert Kennedy takes seems salsa- ~ clearers, bill payers, door openers, reporters, pho- lated to thrust him closer to the Presidency. ~ tographers and just plain traveling companions, From his office in the U.S. Senate, he runs Kenned swoo s down u t tl d on s y p p ar a peasants, ' what amounts to agovernment-in-exile, financed badgers leftist students in university halls, chucks by a family fortune, secured by a magic name, an- -the chins of shirtless urchins and generally disports shored by unshakable New Frontier loyalties. himself like the hard-driving candidate that he is. ' Kennedy?s every political move is carefully timed I-Ie repeatedly plunges into. hostile situations so and executed. At the age of 40, having shaken old potentially dangerous that he seems at times to be the shock of his brother's assassination, the junior courting disaster. senator from New York is constantly on the move, ~ All of this occurred on the senator's trip to Latin seeking to enhance his prestige as a world figure. ~ America, far it was in many ways typical of every That was the principal reason why he traveled I! Kennedy campaign. Orbiting about him during his ~~ 12,000 miles through South America last Novem- 20-day tour was an'"official party" that included tier, and why he intends to tour the Soviet Union three members of his staff: Miss Angela Novello, . next -year. What could be an explosive trip to his longtime secretary; Adam Walinsky, a legisla- racially tense South Africa is set for June, and a ._ .,tiv~~assistant in Washington, assigned for the oc- visit to Israel is also in the works. ' ~aslon to speech-writing, and Tom Johnston, a New u S h K d c a e i is cond A#>a~i~leti~h~~.i4~.~n~~~~~~~i~r ~~`e~~ Page 2 ~~ r R~,~ea~e 2000/05/24 ~i~1147~Q'~h9~?4diflv33~}0Q1-2 . , a~~s~~~~Ste~ for i s su mrtted en route.' an wore the ripped suit for the rest of the day. In his casual tT h d " ' , o - an manner ( How d you like That afternoon, a caravan of Land Rovers to go to South America with me?") Kennedy ex- picked up the senator and those of his party who ' ~ panded the rou O g p. ne day he just called up Johns were not too exhanstcd by the effects of the thin ~ Scigenthaler, editor of the Nashville Tennessean,- mountain air and drove them through a village who had once served as his .aide at the Justice De-~ some 40 miles north of Cuzco. There a group of partment. During the trip Scigenthaler filed stories A.LD. specialists from the University of North home and acted as de facto press secretary. ~ Carolina run a school to help the Indians improve Another such casual recruit was Richard G i ; th d e oo - r meager corn and potato crops. It was part win, a Latin Anicrican specialist and a former' of the Alliance for Progress, and the Alliance is ' aide to both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. i what Kennedy had ostensibly come to inspect. IVilliam vanden Heuvel, a New York lawyer At one point en route Kennedy spotted a dozen who once worked for Kennedy in the Justice De-' grizzled peasants working in the cornfields beside partment, alternated as body blocker, note taker the road. "Stop the car," he ordered. Soon the and speectrwriter. Vanden Heuvel's wife, Jean, the, senator had leaped a wide ditch and joined them. daughter of millionaire Jules Stein, came too, and : None of the startled field hands knew who he was, :'. Kennedy teased her for "collecting" poets, paint-' although they sensed he was someone important..' ers and assorted intellectuals along the way. Under questioning, the foreman explained that Ethel Kennedy brought along two of her friends; ~ his men earned 12 soles (45 cents) a day. Kennedy, Judy Harris, an old school chum, and Mrs.. shook his head sadly and moved back to the road. Frederick Ames Cushing, who works part time in One of the Tndians, however, ran after him. Halt- : the senator's New York office. ingly, he told the visitor that he was fdreed to pay . Kennedy had not been to Latin America since an exorbitant price for powdered milk being do- 1946when, released from duty as a seaman sect rd- : Hated under the U.S. "Food for Peace', program. class aboard the destroyer Joseph P. f~ennedy Jr., "You look into this," Kennedy snapped to an he made asix-week tour of th ' e continent. N'JW, two decades later, his Latin hosts assumed he was there to gather experience For a presidential con- test against Lyndon Johnson. At nearly every stop cheering throngs threw rose petals at his car and chanted "Presfdenle, Presidenle" as he rode b ?' y. , en er, which turned out to b I am not thinking of running for the Presi- ~ drngY second-floor hall decorated with outdated dency," Kennc ~ly would inform reporters at every I Posters about the U.S. space program. stop along hi route-without quite shattering ,'Sometimes I wish somch~ ~cly would say some- their convicticas to the contrary. "I have a high ~ thing nice about the United States," Kennedy said feeling for President Johnson. He has been very ;softly after the students h,~d used the question kind to me. I would support his bid for reelection 'Period to make blustery anti-American speeches. in 1968, and I strongly wish to campaign for him." i Yet, exchanging sharp words with the students `~~ ;By any standard his trip was a success. But it ~ revived I{ennedy. When the session ended, he j aEso~ranaged to unnerve a round of ambassadors, ;escaped anew crush of admirers waiting for ; !~I~ge,(,t~, ,hapless policemen,- soldiers and :him in the street by beginnin pf?ot to l in g oco -m run, racing Bill ed Latin officials-their best-laid ;vanden Ileuvel and Adam Walinsky 100 yards j plans repeatedly wrecked by the "Candidate"- ~ uphill to the hot l K e . ennedy won by three yards. ~} who, on one gay evening, laughingly acknowl- ! When we returned to Lima, Ethel rues eager to edged that he was indeed running for "President i learn how her husband had done. "It went well," I of the World.', !told h " er. Bob made quite an impression." Kennedy's troubles with the American embassy ;' "Oh, aren't you nice to call him 'Bob,"'she said. officials began with his first stop, in Lima, Peru. ~ "I don't think it's dignified for a man who's nearly Citing "security precautions," the embassy had ~ fd~ty to be called'Bobby.' I wish everybody -vould withheld word of Kennedy's visit until the last ~ call him 'Bob."' moment, and only small crowds greeted him on ; I suggested to her that she could help the situa- his arrival. His staff was convinced that U.S. Am- ; tion by calling him 'Bob' herself-whenever Ethel bassador J. Wesley Jones had held back in h f ope of re ers to her husband in public, she invariably says, scoring brownie points with Lyndon Johnson. ~ "Bobby thinks ..." or ,'Bobby likes ..." But ; Leaving Ethel behind in Lima rvh Eth l h , e ere s e was to ; protested that she had always called him visit a series of schools and hospitals, Bobby took .' "Bobby," and then she dro off in an unpressurizcd DC-4 for a fight over the I{ennedy was still angry aboudt the way~l is cam- mountains to Cuzco, Peru. It was obvious from the ~ Paign ]lad been arranged in Lima, and Ire wars beginning that no embassy plans were going t? relieved to depart for Chile, tvlrere old New Fron- stop him there. tiersman Ralph Dungan, now the U.S. anrbassa- When he climbed out of the d l h d ' p or, a ane on Cuzco s , personally attended to the arrangements. sun-splashed dirt airstrip, a crowd of some 2,000 The pace let up. Dungan took Bob and Ethel people watched from behind a bearbed-wire fence., home to his modernist}c official residence on the A solid phalanx of police, wearing military uni- outskirts of Santiago. I~Ie also found room at the forms and wielding Czech tommy guns, tried to residence for Miss IIarris, Mrs. Cushing and John steer him . totcard abouquet-bearing reception Scigenthaler. The senator and his friends enjoyed a committee, but Kennedy instinctively headed for I quiet Saturday-afternoon swim in the springlike the crowd like a hometown 1't' ' Z 23 u ne y s rrght check ~ as cut, an ~y ~eppec~ a was re- ..was torr~p~~j~,~-fffrOttr~I~tQ.~f~e~~e~,~'~lehbol~`A,e~h?~1Pf~~r, a~~j.~t~?~~QQZ'~ -2 Po r reran, sun at the home of a wealthy publisher. Yt ryas the Seeing him come, the people pushed forward and -first day Kennedy spent in South America that he ~ the fence collapsed. All at once dozens of bodies failed to visit a slum. . cvere strung across the wire. There were cries of On Sunday, Nhen the o(ricial sched pain Ken d ' l Night had fallen by the time the art t p y re urned to Cuzco. Kennedy was tired and drawn, but still there was no rest. The embassy had set up a rneet- ing with a group of leftist university students at th "bi ?' e national c t Con~tnue~ . Pf3gt k ~p,~~;c~~~il~,.o~-?Fj~f,~~se 120t40~05{241.. Cl~i R1DP7t~ie OOat4~SR~0014003300~a1Y 2 t!(f wcu+'n.r; iv~;ir sinocla. In the course of the Wes Barthelmes, who had remained behind in spE~l+mi+7:int;,~l:~nned~~ tvas intruclua?:t as "Ule., Washington, was sending Kennedy reports on how 1'~r~~&1'residcni," and thisscemcd tonlill:c Ilim a.; thetelwisionfilmclips.andnewsstorieswerebeing --~'::~!~,~'1'~>,tirS, i ie ~h urnrned his tinbers on a copf~er ! "played." In South America Kennedy never left plate that two of the children had given him. ', the hcacllincs, and radio stations suspended their "iVi 1 k ll f " I t { d d h of his movements. 13u1 Kennedy was upset, be- cause-back home -the clippings ,were scanty and file "play" subclucd. 1.?~ri:r before I{enn~~cly's arrival ai his next stop in ~ Concepcion-Chile's third-largest city and the hub ' of an industrial complex where the Communists and Marxist Socialists, their even more radical allies, command a virtual majority-Chilean se- curity services had tipped the U.S. embassy that The mayor took the microphone. "Let's give a hand," he said, "to Robert Kennedy who;is nor candidate for President of the United States:" Vanden I-Ieuvel, who hopes to be Ke~anedy's can- dilate for a political office in New York State, was '~~quite upset by the remark, ?'You're not going to write that President thing, are you;?'' : hey asked. Kennedy hour late when.he reached Vinij+ del Mar for a lirivate lunch with ChileanPresident Eduardo Frei. Tlie president receiyad;liis visitor at ' the door of his summer palace, alovely i;astleover-` I looking the sea. They walked'around the splendidly kept grounds together, arid' theri went to eat' a i Leisurely meal. Kennedy was elated by.t}ieericoun- ,! :er: Ibis own ideas closely. parallel Frei's belief'that '~ the. crucial issue in Latin America is"~not;.the' struggle between the forces of Communism` antl?. anti-Communism, but rather whether Communism , or the democratic left will lead. the revolution against oligarchy. nedy really believed in education. Problems made by man, he always felt, could be solved by man. We have immense problems in the United States- the same kind of problems you have in Chile. We are making a tremendous effort in the United States, and it is being made,:iri Chile. But, in the last analysis, it's up to youi../ldi,~s and gracias." it was finally his turn to speak, President Ken- o ea for a full. t~iree .minutes - ;,,, . i;:an Y rn e r purpose of the meet- - _ g ,';,Would ybu.likf~'cne tti come up tb file wtiver~ ~' trouble awaited the senator at the university. Kennedy ignored the warning. The senator arranged, however, hours before a scheduled confrontation at the university, to meet privately with about a dozen key young Commu- nists in a suite at his hotel. Separated by a wooden table, Kennedy and the radicals sized each other up during an exchange similar to those Kennedy had used to advantage in dealing with Southern segregationists during civil-rights crises. The goal, then and now, was to fashion a "scenario" in which nobody would get hurt. For two hours Ken- nedy reasoned with his Communist adversaries, trying to get them to admit there was another side to the issues they had raised about U.S. policy. '.,'Why do I give a damn?" he said. "Why do I sit here and listen to you? There are a lot more pleas- ant things to. do in Concepci6n. But I'm here be- cause I'm interested in the revolution in Chile. Certainly, Chile has differences with the United j States. I know that. Yet Chile gets more assist- ance, per capita, than any other Latin nation. Do th' k b t t h ? N ' A .Communist student -,spat. directly in .senator Kennel yes eylBry and an?ther kicked at hip ' ~.,; outstretched hand. - . senator reached the platform. Their demonstration was short-lived. A flying wedge of pro=Kennedy students moved menacingly toward the demon- strators. Realizing they were badly outnumbered, ~ the leftists departed of their own accord, but not ? conversation with you. I doubt we; could have ? before scuffles had broken out in the stands..W,hen ;. had this meeting in Havana, Peking or Moscow. the commotion subsided, Kennelly took the micro- + I'm delighted we could in Chile. That's why I'rra phone and declared: ?'I'm sorry they left. I'd have against Communism." liked to learn from them. The students cheered ~ Kennel to ed t th t That evening Kennedy spoke to 3,000 university ^ ; students from the Santiago area. about. two dozen "~ students screamed '.'Kennedy go.home" when the raising his wife's: hand as if she had just won a scampered up and down the trunk lid of his em- bassy-provided car as if it were his second home: (Several weeks later Stephen Smith, the senator's brother-in-law, received a $300 bill in New York for damages to the various vehicles Kennedy had used for speaking platforms in Chile.) ' Ethel finally rejoined him-she had spent the .morning at the hairdresser's-and the two Ken- nedys stood together on top of the car. " I give you the mother of nine children," the senator said, you ever rn a u o at ? o. Because rt down t '. called cal/nnr/,ns (mushrooms), liroval every bit as .~~it your position." ch~cary as the fiarriurlus o[ Lima. Keuncdy ;~cpped ~ ,The Communist students crossed and recrossed , over the selvage and walked into mangy cif the their legs. One fiddled nervously with his tie. hovels, askiul; questions about the slum-d,,cllcrs' ,"I'mnotcomingheretofoolyou,"Kennedy went lives, smiling sadly at fire replies and giving away ,, ot1, slapping the table hard. "I've had a candid P'i'_hnal fin nlaeno o.( 4/,~ L.thdny-giving the font a slight Latin twist. It United States" and to shalte hands. was a 5attn?day aflcrito~ur. Although ttcatiy eight l~dartiit was bcside'himsclf. It was far toodanger- 0 million pcoplc live in thr ~;io T'aula, area, the streets ous to go any fsu?ther, he said. 1Did the senator hap- ? were virtually drscrlcd as the l:cnneily nmtnrcadc: pen to know that [our men were killed in the mine ; aced downtc,wri to his hotel. "Y counted at least . .last year, and four the year before? ~ ;'one hundred people," Kennedy said ruefully. , Kcnncdy walked on, trailed by a dozen reporters' Ethel had quietly been planning a private birth- and photographers who had come down in theses-! day celebration for him at the home of a wealthy . and wave with Martin. "No, 5enatbr I{cnnedy.~ American couple, Henry and Mildred Sage, friends No," the mine manager yelled from 1ichind. of tl~a Kennedys who had moved to Sao Paula "P.fcase, Senator Kennedy: ? . ?. _ _ , _ _ -:,'Ethel had written.s~ half dozen sharply' satirical-~, , ' ~ , APR 2 3 19~proved For Release 2x00/05/24 . CIA-Rq~';7~5~?0~ 49~~#~0~4fl033~1~}w~1?~~ ~?~'tiriued Page 9 Approved For Release 2000/05/24 :CIA-RDP75-001498000400330021-2 !l,rstli,rp dnu?ttrit~r..r ttr fit~r.~r tzrt appnittfrnntl trillr. ljert~sztcinrr 1'reridenl I.enrri, ItnbGb hrlpa prravh alal-cd Ixditrrt rrrrtoe. even libelous-songs based on the I{ennedy trip and its imagined impact on some well-known U.S. political figures. After the singing the group filed in for dinner where the birthday spoofing con- tinued. Ethel, holding a large paper bag, pulled out a series of party favors and explained what eacl~ signified. There was, ffor example, a toy airplane that she described as a U-2 plane that Lyndon Johnson had ordered to spy on Bobby's progress. The next day the senator met with 20 Brazilian Kennedy did not want to spend too much time in Rio because the inter-American conference of the Organization of American States was then in session, and he feared that his presence might tend to eclipse that of Secretary of State Dean Rusk. So immediately after the game he left for the 90- minute (light up the coast to Salvador, a cit.V in the impoverished northeast region of Brazil, where ? Kennedy was scheduled for more slum visiting. student leaders at the Sage home. As they sat in ~ It was November 22. When. it had happened, the expensively furnished living room, sipping soft ;two years ago, he had been near his swimming drinks, the young Brazilians argued that Johnson pool at Hickory Hill, eating lunch with Ethel and had sold out Kennedy's Alliance for Progress. ~ two Justice Department friends. Now he was in Kennedy emphatically rejected such reasoning.'Brazil, remembering his dead brother at the eight- "President Kennedy ,and President Johnson are ;o'clock mass in Salvador's S~io Francisco Church. both attemptirig~ to accomplish the same objet- 'Candles glinted on its walls, carved in delicate. five," he said. "But you have to remember that :' patterns and covered with gold. they are very different human beings, and they go Seated amid poor Negro women, Kennedy and about things .differently. The problems are the ;his wife went to their knees as a young and intense same. Go back to when President Kennedy was ;priest wearing sunglasses celebrated the mass. slave. He wasn't always so highly thought of as ~, Kennedy's face was forlorn-for that moment all he is today.?' i the unspeakable sadness had returned. When it Kennedy cut short his exchange with the stu? ~ came time for him and Ethel to take communion, dents to board a chartered Viscount in time to at- I they lingered at the altar long after the other tend a soccer game in Rio de Janeiro's huge Mar- communicants had returned to their seats. scans stadium that afternoon. Jumping up every ; ; few minutes, applauding furiously, smoking away The tour was on once more. Salvador, the first on a cigar, Kennedy absorbed himself in the all- ~ capital of Brazil, is a city of old churches, steep star exhibition match between Brazil and the ~' hills and grand views of the sea. Shabbily dressed world-champion Russians. Every timeSrazil kicked women carry huge bundles balanced atop their the ball toward the Soviet goal, Kennedy would heads. At an orphanage Kennedy quietly chucked . spring to, his. feet and thousands of shirt-sleeved the dark little children under their chins, play- Brazilians in' the crowd of 200,OOO,would turn end;; fully .twisted their ,ears and patted them an. the 1 ; a iaua cne sena~or, ,~ ^~ . .. :., . ~4 ( r?..n. u.,.,~a.. `, .,,_~,;.):s k'~ a.~'. .: e C 1 Cen;Bat1~ ,.o.. ess-, inetecat ,,x ~,,:., Z ~ A.. .. ...... .1 rte.. 1'1_1.... AAAAtACtAA . /'-IA 1"11"11'97C~Rh.~_A AI"fAAA.t%1~AA AIIAAA n Page 1Q Approved -For Release 2000/05/24 :CIA-RDP75-001498000400330021-2 ~\ v~ e~Y~1 ~: 4~ r Approved ,For Release ~p04~0~1~4 .~~C ,,'.i? dre ~cl anolh~r shant~tou~re-~-~~ nmelty t1~a! hia erruril~ puard8:retr~aied~-ICennedtj ;ynehaA uytll~ m~te.l~t tox~ rhiidren. r? t is ~ n'.~7x~ 1 .I?ters there helper%1 la.kitt f; rnx: look at tlt!: viltt~7ge single-rl7,ginecl frrnn their still ?atx7c7red canoes l,.y otte of t17e priests. ':, Norseman tabbing in the 1',lacicl wa.t.rr, Y{eltnedy t:3nly by pultires; our harsda arI one anot.lscr's waist3 i salcl, "') nttts:;t bc~; mazy C+t !;r_.t on this tl~inl;." 7'hett tves?e the able to ztegati~ste the lUt) yawls through ~ l7e kissc~rl lt}sel t;actcl-b~?c and cli,7sl-,ad al,o;+::.1, ~~~ -Y y~s;~ak'~.',.,,.r...';. e~,~~..~i9e~aalh~///%i ~x~\~\~~Y,`i /./.~///v,F.,.. -..:.~., ..,,,.ivJ~/~`a'~a~~a~~~, w.,wl'~' a:.~., ,.r, -..e.~s ~\~~\. , ..... v Kcrancdy or his companions again.,,,_? :=;: ; ~~ .(,nedy..sprinted uh the rrycr. Dank _throu~h tvtld anc7lhrr bc,at or a landmark, the trio returned, i tram the natives and to ga dc7wnriver through l2 - triumphantly treating Pout` fish that. had sotneltow se1.a of rapids to a ix7int t~ W4re the lVhatnunda w1s been pullcci into their canoe: The native guistes ~ derp enouglr to get us all. olY again. solcmlily said that tlicy had never ~,rpected'to see.; l loptting ot~ the ltlanE:'s .inshore ~ont.oon, 1Ken- f c:nulcl nat. be ~pt~rssaada{ to cjuit. `'Vhile 'l'oan john-'; tlar, de.ttse''un:lc ttnttl latr.: ,aftcirn+:,,,n, tvlsct? ht: ston laail.e.rl furiasssly amidships, t.Jooclwil~ took the ~ bi.?ougl,t i(. dawn rm a bs;:stcl irs t lac ;dhrununclts 1:ivcr fortararcl seat atld f~.en?tecly pulled awtiy.....ivithitut': nrt~r the tllatclaecl-rar7fecl 1.,,?s r>f a l~li::karyana a lil7ht, and tvtt.hattt. a ;ti!t1Cle ltt the Ytlicldle of th@'; lrldlln vlllase u(1Q miles fro4,, il~assaeapuru. 'l'he jr.ual;lr?:. 'f'he rain tv;ts str?easning clown too heavily ~ ~.t7ilot rt:ali?red at. ante that the. I?iver ryas too lacy to for T~ecsnrdy to are either af. leis two casnpanians; ! `pet?mi.l bite tc> ~;c:t.olT al;ain trills laic p7a:~ez7t;rs?s ' acca:iot7ally he would yell to C;aodtvilt to ttaddle' 'rsbattrcl. 'l'hc only way;,urs:first; 11~Iarstrllc:r on the rather side. : heel enough taxiing morn to l;et up cat?rying just t~r.7rty-five minutes later, without having seen I his own wei~lst---was to ixn?ratr? a dul;'aut c.snoc ppro~red For Release 2800/Q5/24 : CIA;I~~P7~ t~>crtu8~' OU ~ 4'~~Rt~E~Q~~O~~q~~~ ,.. Approved For Release 2000/05/24 A-RDP75-00149R000~003300~~1-2 :. _ - ,, ~GBStureac9~ertansieeiy, Sezaator ;ienns~ri iridresass u Lresxrri ut ca. r~crat tamer ea,;perati~e. E~eryuhere he ?cant, Kennedy :otd fi.ou% U.S. tvt:cy su~pi?r!s re1arrn in Latin :4naerira. , eya.:'..~. a''.~~ ,::ru .. -,,: d ~ ....:....._.-........,..i_.~:~ ..._-.. .......:_..;...:..: _:._'. .,~.:.._~.:n.......~...~_ ti sa"i. ~._~.. .... ,........-,...< u........ x. ....T ..~ti~ ,. .j` - .~ ... ..~ Approved For-Release 2000/05/24 :CIA-RDP75-001498000400330021-2 Pege 14 Approved For Release 2000/05/24 :CIA-RDP75-001498000400330021-2 cotton bushes and banana trees. Sorn~ the party` priests assigned to Manaus rescued the evening.'