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October 18, 1967
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..::< ,Itach money. Moreover, if he were right, ?s:: American industry has been built on solving Jot such problems?by finding alternative ,inswers. t. In many ways, this controversy is typical RitiWiNikWiwtvc-fkblitiP041 tober 18, 1967CON sanitized - Appr to get through. The answer, we said, ? to bring in ships less heavily loaded. a spokesman for one of the oil companies iegnowledged this in a Chicago newspaper :aday, but said it was uneconomical to op- gate ships unless fully loaded. What ho :eant was that it would be less economical?, that the company wouldn't make quite as , Jr, 4/1 0 of the whole pollution problem. Where In- dustry Is responsible klr water or air pollu- tion, it must find an a ternc,tive. The prob- :em of pollution is too A -st and has too big a head start to tolerate ft ther violations. In some instances, it is , 01111; to cost in- drstry money to make the leeded adjust- , ments. But it will cost less t act now, than to delay. Industry should meet the challenge and we are confident it will. Meanwhile, we trust the Corps Engineer will do as they promise and end ti dumping In Lake Michigan now?not three are from now. International Triagazine Launched EXTENSION OF REMARKS HON. ROGERS C. B. MORTON OF MARYLAND IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Wednesday, October 18, 1967 Mr. MORTON. Mr. Speaker, the role of ? communications in the modern world is a vital one. As technical advances make the world smaller, we must maintain a constant flow of thoughts and ideas among the nations of the Western Hemisphere. Recently a new magazine was brought into the mainstream of communications, ? designed to broaden understanding o other nations and peoples. The followi article is a statement of the purpose f Interplay magazine: In our lifetimes an integrated Euro e, of now unknown size and nature, and orth America will be coming to terms. An. cipat- ing that day, it seems wise to establi a free- flowing channel of communicatio through which Europeans and Americans n get in- side one another's minds, sha thinking about their mutual concerns, a d, in effect, engage in private policy planni g of external ' affairs. This is Interplay's rais t d'etre. How does the informed Eur ean feel about the prolonged American ary presence in his midst? How worried i ae about. invest- ment invasions from the ited States, about nuclear burden sharing, bout the effects of American "pop" cultt c on his national values? Conversely, h do Americans feel about the new isolati ism emerging in some quarters of Europe? bout the new markets , western European dustrialists are opening up in eastern E' rope? About the power vacuums left be -,nci in ASla and Africa by the break-up o the European colonial em- pires? Interpl believes that these matters must be give 2 a fuller and franker airing if Europeans ad Americans are ever to under- stand one other. - There 1-; no truly international journal of opinion r-itcl reportage about the new societies- . being f mod by the technological, or what might e called the second industrial, revolu- tion nterplay aims to narrow the journalis- tic ap. These new industrial societies in- evitably will be international because the interplay of current forces and ideas forming them cannot be contained within national boundaries. Interplay will focus on the Eur- Atlantic areas since the hiz,,hy developed in- dustrial nations are, for the most part, now ? 'located in Europe and North America. In ' charting the changes and foreshadowing de- velopments, Interplay will publish articles by some of the best-informed journalists, authors and officials on both sides ol'the At- lantic. A Realistic Pace EXTENSION OF REMA OF HON. JOSL;71: G. .:IN:S1-1- OF NEW JERS Y IN THE HOUSE OF REP ? ESENTATIVES Wednesday, Octa er 18, 1967 . - Mr. MINISH. Mr pcaker, an excel- lent editorial on th need to continue the war on poverty at 'a realistic pace," such as the recently p ssed Senate version of the Economic 0 portunity Amendments of 1967, would jrovide, appeared in. the Newark Eveni g News on October 7. In order that colleagues may have the enefit of tife viewpoint of this highly respected v ice of the press, I insert the ect"torial this point in the RECORD With th aope at this body will soon approve an Z nti overty bill consistent with the bons tive Senate bill: - A REALISTIC PACE Th ip.2 billion authorized by the Senate for ot1fr year's attack on poverty, while in- ad uate, recognizes that it would be. a d usion t suggest the solution lies in nding ou more billions. The Senat did add 8108 million to what resident Jonson had requested for his antipoverty program. This increase acknowl- edged that mar,A?e needs to be done, but in more fundamental ways than by pouring an additional $2.8 nllion into creating only 200,000 cmergeny jobs over a two-year period, ' an idea he Senate- turned down Wednesday. As was pointed ott?in debate, there's less a lack of jobs than ack of men and women needed skills has beet -one of the promising qualified to fill thent Training to develop objectives of the antipoverty program, even though of limited succ ,ss so far. Thus $10 million added by the Set 'tte is for incentives to employers to hire and ain the disadvan- taged, and $35 million 1 for day care -for children of mothers at worl br being trained. These are in addition to $S t,2 million which the Senate approved for con inning the Job Corps and work-training projC-ts. , Similar long-range possibilities lie in the $108 million which the Senate dded to ad- vance development in high-un ployment areas, including assistance to s aall busi- nesses. The attention given to ru 1 neigh- borhoods under the program is als a con- tribution to the cities. For urban un ploy- inent is worsened by flight from po erty- stricken rural areas. Financing the war In Vietnam is of course draining funds which might go to the war on poverty. Still, the Senate authorization is $600 million higher than was appropriated last year, and there is no clear evidence that the billions allocated so far have done the job expected. The Senate has provided for a reasonable growth without pushing the pro- tram faster than ,Washington seems able to handle it. . Walty. Rostow Exposiiiie: Index ot General Situation EXTENSION OF REMARKS , HON. JOHN R. RAR/CK FOIA 3 OF LOUISIANA IN TIIE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, September 28, 1967 Mr. RARICK. Mr. Speaker, in a state- ment to the House on October 17, 1967, I quoted a newsstory concerning the -security. status of Walt W. Rostow, now. special assistant to the President on na- tional security affairs, published in the October 4, 1967, issue of the St. Louis Globe Democrat. I Although the charges leveled at Dr. Rostow are startling enough for anyone - in this position of such great responsi- bility, they seem to be only a part of a general situation among certain. agen- cies of our Government as indicated by newsstories in the October 21, 1967, is- sue of Human Events, a well-known Washington weekly newspaper. Mr. Speaker, one report, revealed in the story on "The Importance of Se- curity," is that during the Korean war both Gen. Douglas MacArthur and his chief of intelligence, Maj. ? Gen. C. A. Willoughby, were certain that informa-. ? tion about vital decisions by our Govern- ? ment concerning military operations was passed by Communist agents in Wash-. ing ton to the Soviet Government. One cannot help but wonder to what extent our war effort in Vietnam is being subverted. The indicated news stories follow: INTERNAL SECURITY BREAKDOWN , The scandalous 'scrapping of high security standards for America's most sensitive gov- ernment agencies may well develop into a major issue during the 1968 presidential con- test. Though suppressed or ignored by major metropolitan dailies, the continual unfold- ing of stories revealing a shocking laxity in government security procedures has rocked conservative-minded lawmakers on Capitol Hill. - Here, for example, are just a few startling - revelations now being studied by concerned congressmen: Item: Security Collapse at the White House. Walt Whitman Rostow, a special assistant to the President on national security affairs, it is now discovered, was three times rejected for service in the Eisenhower Administration because he was considered a possible security risk. According to briefs recently filed in a Civil Service ease by former State Department se- - curity evaluator Otto Oteplta, the Air Force made a security ruling adverse to Rostow prior to 1955 and the State Department made similar findings in 1055 and 1957, all reject- ing Rostow for service on highly secretive projects. - Piled in an effort to save his own career Civil Service job, the Oteplta briefs charge that Secretary of State-designate Dean Rusk and Attorney General-designate Bobby Ken- nedy came to Otepka. in 1960 to get him to waive security procedures in the Rostow case and others, but Otepka said he would evalu- ate all cases only according to the high standards previously followed. Bobby, reportedly, flew into a wild rage. - According to Oteplca, conflict with Kennedy Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP75-00149R000600040002-3 A 5126 Sanitized - or, tho c/s,a taw ease trigeored h lS Own clown- fnll 0,1./ aesi (17,,r ro,of y halow.) item: Security breakdown at the State De- partment. According to the Otepka briefs, the State Department eviscerated security stand- eras and approved or condoned major miss. ? conduct by foreign service officers?Indust,? ing homosexuality, deliberate hiding of se- curity violations and the delivery of classi- fied information to Communists. The Otepka brief outlines at least 18 cases, some enumerated in a story below, of . alleged security violations. Otepka, though rated 'a top-notch security evaluator during the Eisenhower Administration, was finally fired from his job in 1063 after his room Was bugged and his safes broken into at night. (His case is still pending before a State De- partment hearing examiner.) Item: The Stephen Koczak case. Former foreign service officer Stephen Koczak has charged that his State Department person- nel record was rigged with distortions and "forged pages" to make it possible to fire him under the "select out" process. Like Otepka, Koczak had only high ratings in his personnel file until 1061. But dif- ficulties paralleling those of Otepka soon developed when he reported what he con- sidered to be violations of national security procedures on the part of his superior, a for- eign service officer stationed in Germany. The trouble between Koczak and his superior developed in 1961 when both were in Berlin at the same time. Koczak was insist- ? ing that the Soviet Union planned to go ahead with erecting a wall between East and West Berlin. His views, which were included ? in reports to Washington, were at variance with those of his superior. Though Hoczak proved to be right, this was only a small mat- ter of conflict between the two. Koczak's major difficulty began after he reported that his superior, who had been ousted from Poland because of questionable ,associations with female Communist intel- ligence agents, was making unauthorized visits to East Berlin to make telephone calls to Communist -party functionaries in War- saw. Nothing was done to follow up on Koczak's charges and it developed that one of the for- eign service officers who could have acted on -them had a brother who was a full-fledged Communist. At any rate, Koczak was finally eased out of the Foreign Service, but the man he accused has been promoted. Item: The security collapse at the Penta- gon. Human Events readers are by now fa- miliar with the story of Robert Arthur Nth- mann, an engineering graduate given a secret clearance by the Pentagon to work on defense -contracts when, in fact, he belongs to the W.E.B. DuBois Clubs of America. The DuBois Clubs have been termed "Communist con- trolled" and "subversive" by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and the U.S, attorney gen- eral on March 4, 1066, petitioned the Subver- sive Activities Control Board to order the. .clubs to register as a Communist-front orga- nization. Niemann not only belongs to the DuBois Clubs, but, as Human Events learned, has participated in numerous leftist activities, worked with known Communists, admitted to having voted in 1066 for Communist Dorothy Healey for tax assessor of Los Angeles, openly allied himself with the revolutionary Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee and pro- moted the wild demonstrations against LW' at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles in June of thia year. Never I lieless?losepli J. Liebling. the Penta- gon's director for security policy, says the Defense Department's screening board "has determined that continuation of Mr. Nie- mann's secret clearance is clearly consistent with the national interest." .? In connection with the Niemann case, Solis Horwitz, assistant secretary of defense, re- cently wrote Rep. Roger Zion (R.-Ind.) that Abi;*26-iii 49 Roodieciobite0662-1-7 mere membership in such an organiza- tion .it'se Dirlesle C,iii bc d use not constitute auniene(t. saute; to revoke a security clearance. ..." (What .many now would like to know is What does constitute sufficient cause?) Such are the reasons why many believe that security?or the lack thereof?May be- come a big issue in 1968.. THE ROSTOW STORY The Otepka briefs relate an intriguing: story in connection with the Rostow ease. According to the briefs, Bobby Kennedy and Dean Rusk approached Otepka in 1960 about Rostow, well aware that earlier efforts to get him named to a highly sensitive national security project had been thwarted by the Eisenhower Adminismtion's strict security standards. Desiring to appoint Rostow to a key posi- tion in the State Department, Rusk opened the discussion by asking: "What kind of security problem would be encountered re- garding the appointment of Mr. Rostow to the department?" Otepka replied that . he was acquainted with the Rostow file, and that this familiar- ity dated back to 1955 when the departnient was giving consideration to hiring Rostow as a key person in a psychological, warfare project to be undertaken by the Operation'a Co-ordinating Board, "Persons employed by the project were re- quired to have a security clearance under the strict standards prescribed by the United States Intelligence Board," the briefs state. "As a part of his evaluation, Otepka at this time reviewed the State Department file on Mr. Rostow, the. CIA file and the results of reviews given to the case by both the CIA and the Department of the Air Force. The Air Force had previously made a security finding adverse to Mr. Rostow. "As a result of Otepka's findings, Under Secretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr., the chairman of the Operations Co-ordinating Board, decided that Mr. Rostow would not be utilized as an employe or consultant by the State Department in connection- with the board's project. "In other words, Mr. Rostow could not get the necessary clearance under the strict standards' applicable to the Operations Co- ordinating Board. When Rostow was again recommended for State Department employment, Roderic O'Connor, administrator of the Bureau of Security -and Consular Affairs, made the de- termination on the basis of the previous record that- "Mr. Rostow was not desirable for employment." According to Pulitzer Prize-winning re- porter Clark Mollenhoff, who unearthed the contents of the brief, when Otepka related the background on Rostow, Rusk remained. silent but Bobby "spoke disparagingly of the adverse finding that had been made by the Air Force" and referred to the Air Force as "a bunch of jerks.". When it became clear that Otepka would continue to evaluate the Rostow case in the same manner as it had been evaluated pre- viously, Rostow was hired by the White House, where the President can set his own security rules. After being given this job, Rostow was moved into the State Department for a time as someone who had already been given a clearance. Angry with- Otepka? Kennedy later as- signed John F. Reilly, formerly a Justice Department lawyer, to the State Department as deputy assistant secretary of state in charge of administration. Reilly's role in the anti-Otepka cabal is -well documented. This cabal at length plotted and engaged in eavesdropping, wiretapping, searches of Otepko.'s wastebasket and general spying on his activities in' an effort' to find. trounds on which to dismiss him. . ; A former prof es.sOr of international pont- les at the Massachusetts In.stitaite of nology, Peostow la a graduate of. Yale sass'. served in the Office of Strategic Servloas in World War II. Identified as the author of a State Department policy paper promoting unilateral disarmament, trading with the Communists and a generally "soft-line" to- ward Soviet Russia and Communist China, Rostow has come under considerable attack and was even the subject of a special con- gressional hearing. In recent years he has been identified with a comparatively hard line on Viet Nam. The Oteplca, brief report- edly does not disclose why Rostow was denied a security clearance by the Eisenhower Ad- ministration. FOURTEEN BREACI-IES IN SECURITY The sensational Otepka briefs, whose con- -tents have been revealed to only one or two reporters in Washington, outline numerous cases of alleged security violations. Clark Mollenhoff of the Des Moines Register has detailed 14 of the cases which appear below: 1. A foreign service officer who sexually violated his own daughter but was never disciplined, and in fact later was designated a part-time security officer at a post that did not have a full-time security man. 2. A foreign service officer who borrowed money from the State Department Credit Union and forged the endorsement of a fel- low employe on his application for the loan. The individual later was given an important assignment in the White -House. 3. A foreign service officer who admitted he furnished 18 documents, some of them classified "secret," to Philip Jaffe, the pub- lisher of Amerasia magazine and on whom t - there was a considcessble record of Com- munist activities araei. affiliation. The of- ficer was permitted to take an honorable retirement with pension. 4. A security division technician who went ' on drunken rampages at several embassies in foreign countries and whose misconduct was condoned and covered up by Reilly. Re- ports of the misconduct actually were -kept out of the personnel file. 5. A security officer stationed in Athens, Greece, who failed to report a large number of security violations, yet was appointed deputy chief of the Division of Security Evaluations at the State Department. 6, A person nominated by President Ken- nedy for a high position who publicly as- saulted his wife and threw her clothing on the lawn, shrubbery and street. The informa- tion was ordered eliminated from the per- sonnel record by a "progressive" security officer who said such details of a public fam- ily fight had nothing to do with security or suitability of a high public official. 7. A man dismissed as a security risk by the Mutual Security Agency and character- ized as having "a rotten file" who was ap- pointed to a State Department position and given full security clearance. 8. A foreign service officer stationed in Mexico and Caracas, Venezuela, who was guilty of a series of incidents of sexual mis- conduct, including ait affair with the wife of the ambassador of another nation. His conduct was excused by State Department politicians. 9. A security officer who withheld informa- tion from his superiors concerning the loss of classified documents by an ArneriCAR ambassador. The officer was not censured and Was promoted to be a top lieutenant Of Reilly. 10. A security officer stationed in Moscow who permitted himself to be enticed into the apartment of a Russian woman, an agent for the secret police. The secret police used concealed cameras to photograph the Ameri- can and his nude companion and tried to get him to spy for the Soviet Union. He never was criticized or disciplined. 11. A foreign service officer who admitted to security officers and State Department medical authorities that he had engaged /Lk Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP75-00149R000600040002-3 St cc Cs: sp ni Po, wh "m Bid Do; An; of t tha 'Aim pact srea had dote ther, Unit. to ca ? "B gene, at tic Passe MacA only I strata The ?