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Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100056001-1 CONFIDENTIAL NEWS, VIEWS and ISSUES INTERNAL USE ONLY This publication contains clippings from the domestic and foreign press for YOUR BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Further use of selected items would rarely be advisable. No, 26 22 JANUARY 1973 Governmental Affairs Approved For Release 2069 MARDP77-00432R000100050001-1 Approved ror Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-r ? Governmental Affairs WASHINGTON POST 8 JANUARY 1973 ;Llewellyn? King? 'From-AEC to CIA: Intellectual Man of Action' IN HIS 16 months as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, James; R. Schlesinger Jr., whom Mr: Nixon has', ;nominated to head the. CIA, achievedi what has seemed to be a minor- mira-'; ele: He has taken an ailing depart-; ment overwhelmed by demands and given it a new sense of purpose andi vigor. His record should be of some: ;interest to those who are wonderingi show he will conduct the affairs of the 'oCentral Intelligence Agency. " ! When Schlesinger took over in.Aug' - ust 1971, the AEC was gun-shy andi exhausted, and the reorganizatiofl! plan that would have parcelled offi stotite of its functions to the proposed, rbepartment of Natural Resources then;1 Ibeing considered by the Congress'i Iseemed like the only kindly way out. t? These were some of the woes thew; fabing-the AEC:. , ,,, , ., , . .1, t,, The AEC's licensing procedures fo0 !nuclear power plants, based on extennr t4 . . ? , ' ' . The writer is' Washington eattor , ? I of Nuclednits Week ? ' / :',',; isive public hearings and designed to' inform the public what .it meant to. ,have such a plant in their community, had become a . battleground between' ienvironmental groups and electric utilities. Utilities themselves werei caught between projections of a' doubling of electricity demand t everyi 10 years until the end of the 'cert. ,tury and rising costs of fossil fuels,, IPlus stiffer air quality standards. 1, En-1, vironmentalists were reflecting gen.' Orally a disillusion with technology: similar to that which ended the SST1 Project. A large body of opinion among' .AEC's critics, as well as some in indus-1 ftry, was saying that the AEC was in conflict of interest by being both L', regulatory and promotional agency. Then, shortly before Schlesinger's ar.. rival, the Court of Appeals for the Dis.. itrict of Columbia ruled that the AEC; i;had been ignoring the provisions of1 ; the National Environmental Policy Act,: ; in not considering environmental mat-' ;lers in its hearings, and in one stroke.: the AEC's regulatory workload was I 'doubled. t ? THERE WERE other problems, too. i The AEC was under fire for then-cur-. rent standards of radioactive effluent ?releases from' power plants. The liquid metal fast breeder demonstration re-: actor program, on which the govern.; ment hinges its hopes for meeting the, :country's mid-term electrical needs, was dragging along in a series of inef.' 'fective discussions. The Joint Commit- tee on Atomic Energy was practically at war with the adminittration over .j nation's future Capacity to enrich 'Cranium,, the..processed . fuel,,AEC 181 !Committed to supply for the domestic findustrt and a large part of the free !world's nuclear generating capacity, fCongress had authorized and appro-1 printed funds for increasing the :ea-, iPAtolty, of the, AEC't exiidlni. ApproveaTor . ' uranium enrichment :plants, but theralities are mbdified !)3i Unexpected er onal' charni 'and a :very htimail Office of Management and Budget had steadfastly refused to spend the money. j And behind these day-to-day prob. 'loins of atomic energy were the nit- ' tional security issues of the SALT !talks and the planned detonation of a nuclear warhead at Amchitka Island. Presiding over the AEC was Glenn Seaborg, a respected scientist and in- ternationallst who was a lot happier, 'discussing the long-term benefits to .mankind world-wide than he was with' ,the daily hassle of running the AEC, la problem that he appeared to have' ;solved by leaving the daily troubles to, Ihis division heads while contemplating the big picture himself. Ws attitude to lite public was patronizing and is summed up by what the critics of the AEC call "papa-knows-best." Some evi- ;dence of this is provided by his tel *talon of a minor role to the A public' information function. THEN CAME Schlesinger, a la ; . boyish 43-year-old with an mind 'present pipe in his mouth and a twin kle in his eye. A man who ?put in 1 chow. days, Schlesinger' found time hi! (introduce some humanizing' innova-s; tons, as Well as tO restructure "the 'AEC. Wine appeared hi the executive' :dining room, and alcohol was served',.. for the first time ever tit AEC recep.,1 tions. Substantiveititiovations ocenrred.' 41The two aspects of the AEC, the regg-, latory and promotional branches of ;the agency, were overhauled. Teams4 lot consultants were set up for major freorganization of..the. agency. New de- partments and new dePartmentheads were introduced. A new policy. of, run- ning an "open" agency was introduced.' 1 In a major speech six weeks after ,taking office, Schlesinger said that the, .cozy, incestuous relationship between- !the industry and the .AEC was over., He called environmental critics of the, ;AEC into meetings and "jawboned" wit,h them. ? y ? . ? bne of his division chiefs said, "He teems to' be that 'amazing combination,i an intellectual man of action." There' 'is evidence that it was a good analysis' of the man. He was, a defense analyst for the Rand Corp. and was for a little over a year an assistant director ef the-Office of Management and Budget, where he prepared a study for Prod. 'dent Nixon on overhauling the gence establishment that he is noW to. head. He had no administrative Nob; ground, but seems to have tapped 111: great latent talent for .administration.1 He Is a devotee' of analysis and plan. Mill; and has borrowld the Defense . Department's "Critical path analysis* Computer profiling system for ADO 'licensing: The system allows the *nth. !State 'of the licensing program to be ; 'teen at a glance on a computer readout. -he is a voracious reader of English istory and is fond of quoting Burkel nd Haslitt. On paper Schiesing6 reads II% tatk ? s ? Warmth: '. ''' ." ' ' ' ' ? ? ' , .. .; ,.: ? , .., .? . , ,. , .014E OF THE MOST encouraging ithings that Schlesinger-has done la-to ., ireduce some of the more sinister air . !netts of; the AEC that resulted -from its weapons producing role. When a , reporter told Schlesinger that the i agency's civilian regulatory building On, Bethesda, Md., was still subject to Pentagon-type security, he said: i "Christ, ? is that still going on?" and. turning to an aide, he added: "That Is going to stop how." It did. ? .' ?; When' Nuclionies Week, the trade ? publication for the' atomic energy in.. '? dustry, ptiblished an 'article about' ,AEC scientists who feared they would i be the victims of reprisals for their , 'views on the controversial subject of. nuclear safety, he -wit incensed.' ;Schlesinger. berated the reporter who . wrote ethe report. But when the re.: 'porter insisted on the' veracity of the; 'story, Schlesinger demanded more; facts. Then he said: "I know who it Is (naming the head of one of the AEC's "divisions). It is not' going to happen, any more." I , And to all appearances It hasn't. The 'agency now has a small band of in.i house critics who speak out against: ..What it 'is?doing.? Although often doth 'this" off'? the record, they are well ;known inside the ageticy, but they do' hot appear to have been silenced in - ' any way: At the,titne uf the incident,! ., Schlesinger said, with considerable, :emotion: "While -I ?am chairman here: tthere'are hot going to be anrreprisals, , We are ftot going to have that kind .of .?..-? Iietie:"?111e is no stranger to pie.' eiSithets. :,i:,. . . ? -... , ,,- , , I ' l'Oii`ieireral subsequent occasions be ; , has inquired whether there has been any new word of reprisals. i : In the.personnel area, he eneottniged, ; Many old AEC hands to seek earii , retirem6its and ,brought In- highly livalified , new individuals, ?Including It' I new. of licedsing..; . 'When' -lie took the ' AEC job, ;Schlesinger, was as .alien to publicity, las' he was 'to administration, but he I showed the same quick taste for both.' He appeared to like the company of ' newsmen and would gravitate to the* at receptions and on p'ublie occasions, although his treatment of them mil 'often avundular. He never appeiret his AEC job to be enjoying himself as much as when he was debating with, one or more members Of the prees, 'and he seems to have as much a taste for a party as he does for computers, rfactifind statistics. He has a hunger for facts and figures that he spews out 'in the course of his conversation s naturally as breathing. , At an AEC reception recently, ai , 'several stragglers approacped the bar. :for another, round, the bartender rei;' ? plied politely that the party was eve!. t"The hell it ?is," said the chairman of 'the AEC, extending his glass for a ro,.. -7- , 1416i crilfga a , pit believe tit n hi bhange, a 0 - s . ftheY feel pretty good about it. . , . ? if rir r TTI rr r 1r r71 rir"71 , I, ; t7"1 i ',flirt-177"M T?rrtrfirtelnr?VrnewIr 7- lent at a glance,, and his cOmputerlitn".? 1 $?!..77,T,TtY Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 ; LOS ANGELES TIMES 10 January 1973 t . ,with development and security of CIA Ch-ange: 'cryptographic codes and equipment, land lesser bureaucracies. ' Just why the President-decided to 'move Helms out and replace him B,r , . d.,,,iv tch,r .,. twith 'Schlesinger -still is unknown. ' ? - ' '.3 ! ;Slit the real reason is acknowledged II ? , t i;to be far more complicated -than the I one announced: That Helms felt he , ? as, Superspy inent-at :60. ? !should Icillowa ,policy- of ;retire- BY RUDY ltBRAMSON? -ihnesltaff WASHINGTON??Nrit ;long -after James 'Ft. Schlesinger became Chair- i! man ,of ;the Atomic 'Energy Comnds. sion, somebody Taitieed that he .-kept high-powered binoculars on the ! dowsill :in 'his office ;at the ,AECs Germantown, ',Md., :headquarters. 'The word 1.-Tot around antlekly that he was spotting the license-numbers of 'employes "who 'were ktitteking mit I early in the :afternnon ;mow' ;The :lawn ;or get -ahead of ?Tpshhour j fie. When an "aide discovered The chairman -was -wateliiirgliirds Tat-her Than bureaucrats,"Sehlesingerptaffed on his .pipe.and said, 'Wel, let44;'nSt not tell anybody Anythieg ?;iii 'er- e nt." :So 'the NECritil servards?-wenten thinking -the boss was ayatchintfor people who weren't putting in A full day. Today or 'Thursday, snme months .after he ;became 2&13C ,Schlesinger is :expected to go , before the :Senate Armed fSerxiees Comtnittee to fie .approved as !tree- - bar of the Central iintelligenee Agen. ,cy. i ? ? ? intriguing Shuffle , In The mest latTiguing *bane wit the Administration ;lineup inr Pres- ident Nixoe's "second term, the -year- old evononikt xitl replace 7Richard Helms. a .v.if!1-nly respected veteran ,of -.nearly ;:to TearS' jnvrl- iit,neo work? las leader ,-of the enor- mous int Pililonro .ontrannnity. Schle?inzer wril;be responAble inr , dviAng the 1're4dent ;el The weap- ! on S being built by adyersa- j ties. of prilitical undercurrents in the third werld..61 ,rollevting and an- ' alyzing the raw material ,on 'which . crucial national security ,decisierti: 'are based. lie will supervise -a budget c 'mated at as ninth as SA billion. but unknown 46 all but 'a 'few because 'much of it is bidden in the apprepti. atinns of ether 1..alvern,ment ,agen- cies. He will oversee a 'conglomerate of dozen or so separate .fiefcloms.,?jeal- 'ous of their own prerogatives. snme- ,times overlapping 'in responsibility, .' and not above quarreling over the meaning of the secrets they glean.. 200,000 Employes ? There are about 200.000 employes In the CIA. the Pentagon's -defense , Intelligence agency, the supersecret, national security agency. charged ; 'But in 'picking -Schlesinger. :the [President. 'was consistent with his !? practice ;of . seeking unusual man- agerial :talents. -Although-he ,is 'relativemencom-' 1:er to the federal ;bureaucracy, 'the I ; '...4.11C Chairman has alevelep-ed;A re- putation ,as a ,shrewd hantileeof tax drillars and A man Intel- r----- want ccif 'Brought into the Ad- ministration tout yea rs ;:ago ihyllobert :Mayo, then ! :hittiget. bureau 'direetor, 'St:Th.161'nm, 'wholati been ! director el' -Atrgtegie tu- j'jj0 fly 'Rand .iu Santa ? ;Nice-if:a. was put; tto work 1 nn The T-)Cfense TDepart- iment hudget. . 'Dm rfiiitl ln lthe 'Office :lrof :Management aind: dg- Aaid gehloAngrr was , !able tto Altiln the Pentagon ,AMiget ';Ily SA; 'The 'official 'said That I:Sehlesinger -was largely hresponSible ifor conYineing Phe Navy dt 'was mailable :!an;o:rre'y 1-1y maintaining t: ? ?vintage --Avaniliips :and That thelhastened the trend -to- Irward fewer ;arid more up- i-ito-date naval -vessels. ? "i SehleSinger became AEC ? 'chairman in1r971. -upon we- ?-Stentition ni Clenn 'Sea- ?;lbeirg, the Nobel Prize-win- :ming ?CherniA. Who had `ibeen in the job since the ;Kennedy AdriainiStration. 'Since ? then, "Sehlesinger -has married mit-two 'Alli- s ;nlial ?reorganization 'programs :at the AEC; put ?it ;en ;m-ore -communicative terms- With environmental I 'critics, And -gent rally' breathed new 'life "into .an agency 'with a. ;seemingly cloudy future. Alt -officials, by iand 'large, are not ihappy to see 'Schlesinger leave. 'While 'Schlesinger seems Nixon--style manager, ; his personal Style ism far I:cry from others Mr. Nixon 'has drawn Around his PrmidencY. His Idea of a gourmet ? lunch appears to--be a cold cheeseburger at his desk. He buys his Clothes -oil the 'rack, apparently without 'accurate recollection of 'thesize. His shirttail is out more often than in, and 'his omnipresent ? pipe is 'constantly hammered loudly into an ashtray to . keep it functional. His au- Approved For Release 2001/08/07 tomobile is an economy model Ford, circa l060. He is an accomplished 'pianist', something of a guitarist and also plays, harmonica. On weekends he often ! 'heads for the Potomac' fiver or Chesapeake Bay ! -on private bird-watching ' expeditions. During -bust- ; ness trips, he has been ;known to get up at ?I a.m.. ;to go bird watching; .at 'least once 'he appeared in ' the lobby of a posh hotel , ,dressed like .a limiberjack i as ,he -set out .to add to the ilist of :mire than-300 birds he has ;identified. t i Once Taught Theology I In the cam rse-ef pursuing' !?-ohe of his three Harvard ;degrees; he tatightt an up- falergradnfit e e our s e in: -theolcigy. In conversation, ! ..he eagliy.quotes Latin?and ! . Engtish literature, but In ; .This spare time he delights . in settling -down with a ; -beer -to -watch a college! football -game -on televi- sion. When he became AEC ' ;chairman, a veteran of the ,agency 'likened his perfor- - ;mance to ;Gen. George S. ? Patton assuming -corn.mand of a -defeated army. At the same -time ,he was -reorganizing :the AEC'S Te- , .gulatory office and goner- ' al manager's office, he swept aside some practices ;that existed sqely :because They had always ;existed. ' lie permitted cocktails ' to he served at -official so- cial -occasions at the AEC's headquarters- And 'allowed ! th wine in the cafeteria. He! stopped a practice in the! ! ' -c o mmission's downtown; nffices of haying Visitors1 fill out a form, receive a . `badge, and have AA escort , before entry. Three -months after he' look 'the top AEC post- --came the controversial tin.: ? -derground ted of a sever- 'al-megaton - nuclear war- -head on Amchitka In the ' , Aleutian Islands. Environ- ; , mental activists pressed , fall the way to the Sti- . .' preme 'Court in efforts to ; ' stop the 'explosion, 'which ' ,they maintained %could en- danger wildlife On a. mas-, -sive scale. . ? ! Schlesinger, showing -a l'flare for the spectacular,' ?Pew to Amchitka for the Jest, taking along his wife ;and two of his eight Chit- Oren. By the Mite the' !earth stopped shaking, he . ' was on the communica- tions network advising ' ;news media covering The I shot that it had gone ex.. #61F,fl !I-77411,4 y?, t,117,If,171:':4; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050601-1 Leetly as planned. ? ?? During ? his years with Rand, he became an ex- pert on the subject of nu- clear weapons prolifetst- lion and also developed a deep interest in the field of intelligence. Laler, after joining the Nixoti Administratinn, he was deeply involved in ! discussion and planning of the l:nited States' position , In strategic arms limita- tion negotiations with the - Soviet Union, although it was tint specifically a part of his assignment at the White house budget office or the AEC. A former associate at the ; White House said, He ; .may he the best appoint- ment Nixon has made in four years. "He has made it corn. ?Addy on his ability. He can be a nasty bastat?d. There is very little soft snap. nay the he doesn't.' Schlesinger apparently , came into serious con-; sideratinn for the top in- telligence *job after head-) Ing an intensive IS-month{ .study with K. Wayne, 'Smith, then a staff mem- bee of the Natinnal Securi? ty?Comicii, ? mi. organiza-. tion of the U.S. intel- ligence establishment, The study, which still remains highly secret, was !WASHINGTON STAR 7 January 1973 ;CARL T. ROWAN 'aimed primarily at search- ing ; for ways in which the I United States mild get more effectiveness for the 'dollar in collecting and an- aiyzing intelligence infor- 'n'iat ion. It led last year to a. :!Stibstant ial reorganization :pf:intelligence functions. ' 1.7. Strangely enough, its major effect was to in- erase in the overall intel- ligence community the In. filence and responsibiV ! lids of the director of the ;Pe:ntral intelligence Aviv.. .. ? ? Range of Options ' After analyzing the '** eitablishment, the study i?:p-resented President Nix- op with a range of options. ,?The President accepted ? posals .which specified, the CIA director Aould exercise control the , overall Intel-, .1Nence budget and-sliciidd Clic chairman of the 'major m mittces supervising ? I:Intelligence activities. - :Afterward, there was .SI.iscussion within the Ad- EinInisti.atton of bringing St.hlesinger into the White House as a super-intel- Fligence adviser, on the le'- i. with Henry A. Kissin- .7gcr in foreign affairs and 'John D. Ehrlichman in llomestic affairs. - ? ? There have been reports in- recent weeks that Helms' shift resulted over a split with Kissinger and/or other offiCials in ! the national security area ovsr interpretation of So- viet missile developments. , ;It ?was indeed highly de- hated in 1970 and 1971 as ie what the Soviets were , Irlanning when they began i luilding large new missile. i eitos. Secretary 41of Defense ! !Melvin R. Laird raised the stfre possibility that the tiviets might be trying to ! i:ilets might be trying to' lievelop a first strike cape. ; bility?that is sufficient ' rymssiles and large war- I:heads to knock out U.S. re-. Aaliatorv forces in a sneak :attack. Helms took a much less alarmist view. jntelligence sources [within and without the iAdministratinn,now main- thin the switch of &hie-. :singer for Hems resulica :because Mr. Nixon idecid- :ed Helms had ?rit' moved :vigorously enough to im- :plement the reorganiza- tfon decisions taken on the. liasis of Schlesinger's slu- Beyond that, another of- Hefei said,. ..there was a matter of Helms, ?grliwing up as he did with?the CIA, beteg . more 'interested :in C I A operational ? details ? than with hattling all the! .Intelligence agencies over, ? budget matters and dohs, ing into the tedious mats' ters of intelligence analy- sis. And even beyond that,! some say, there was question of style. Helms: was a holdover from the ? Democratic years ? ur-? bane, in many ways liber- dl, and dedicated more to ideas and institutions than to the .Nixon Presidency,. !' Schlesinger, according to some sources, would have I preferred to pursue what he has started at the AEC: fon another year or so be- fore moving on to. another job. But now that he is going, a friend said, "My feeling. is that there will be a lot more cloak and a lot 'less dagger. at .CIA. If anybody ? - can maike that job eller- tive and respectable, it's' I in Schlesinger. H e' bring dimension to that job that it has never had: before." Helms, meanwhile, will move to 'Iran to become; U.S. ambassador, still; probably the most respect- ed intelligence official the! United. States has harl. James Schlesinger tucked. away in the trees, at CIA headquarters off I , the George Washington: Parkway north of 'Wash- I ington, will find better I bird-watching. . ? At Germantown all he 'ever 'saw, beside it em- I 'Novas sneaking out carly;( ,weil buzzards. ? Too Many CM i Men n America's Embassies ' My travels in the Far East and Latin America in 1972 ,have alerted me' to a little- known but deeply-disturbing ;aspect of the State Depart- ment's decline in the conduct of foreign policy. In country after country, ? foreign service personnel com- plained to me that "the in- telligence agencies are sneak- big more and more of their men into what on the surface appear to be State Department slots." "We'll soon be just like the Russians, who scatter KGB agents into the highest and lowest posts in their embas- sies," one high ranking For- eign Service officer said. "It seems that every month the .CIA is pressing to ease an- ,other of its men in as a pollti- Ical officer, or economic of- 'flees." = The Russians long have had di reputation for making their embassies mostly cloak-and- 'dagger CountriesoPeriions'hettien. I given their agents ana operatives t h e respectable cover of diplomatic assign- ments, except for those un- der such "deep cover" that they are in pursuits totally removed from any official government agency. But the ? United States has been pretty ' circumspect about the extent to which it permitted intelli- gence operators to penetrate the entire foreign establish- ment. As first director of the Peace Corps, R.. Sargent Shriver got presidential back- ing for a rigid prohibition against using Corps volun- teers as intelligence agents. When I became director of the U.S. Information Agency one of the first messages I sent to the field asserted that any employe found working for CIA who could not pro- dude an authorisation signed by me would be automatical- ly fired?and none had such an authorization. . The idea was that it was not tattgetlrf 419attecir Peace Corps teachers, were ISfata Harts, or that our cul- tural and information pro- grams bore the taint of espionage. All the evidence I saw in- dicated that the CIA respected and honored that viewpoint. I heard nothing to indicate that the Peace Corps or USIA policies now differ. But the complaints and ex- pressions of deep concern that I have heard on two continents Indicate that some disturbing changes are occurring where the State Department is con- cerned. First, the department has suffered as a result of budg- etary strictures imposed by this administration. In the November Department of State Newsletter, William 0. Hall, director general of the Foreign Service, noted that budget problems "have sharp- ly reduced political positions. As a result, promotions of' political officers have been MAdR?1'4- 7e4V14.2R0001 cal positions we 3 I r? II'. I rrt iii, ,fl-fl lose are quickly taken over by CIA," complained one senior: Foreign Foreign Service officer. "They take over under default" because they get the money to' hire the people and we don't." ? One danger is that the more, we operate like the Russians end the KGB, the more vul- nerable the United States be- comes to emotional charges like the one made recently by; Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the presiA, dent of India, about alleged: but unspecified undersirable' CIA activities in her country. Then there is the matter of reporting back to Washington! the information and analyses on which the President de- cides whether or not to bomb,' give military aid,. lower al trade barrier, support one political group. He needs ani Input from both the diplomats; and the intelligence services,4 but the whole nation will bene-; fit in the long run if we keep", the functions separate so that our leaders know who is nes g_jahat,, and from who ckgm9x1 1, 1-7?11,1,-1',11,7f1 frt. f, ? ,prt.wrvir '1 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASH INGTON POST 6 JANUARY 1973 ;,Tom Braden, CIA Housecleaning: The 'Cold ?War J ,Over HISTORY has a way of punctuating ;Itself witholit? benefit' of manifesto, Neither White House nor Kremlin has 'proclaimed that the cold war is over. Yet the departure of Richard Helms as director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the appointment of Jambi ,R. Schlesinger to succeed him is a kind 'of period, ending an era as clearly as ithough Winston Churchill had come ?back to Fulton to revise his famous freech about the Iron Curtain. Helms it the last of the bright young: 'hen whom Allen Dulles assembled' ifrorn wartime OSS and from Wall ;Street law offices to help him turn the CIA into the citadel of the cold war. , ), Dulles is dead. So is Frank Wisner,, lila hard-driving and inventive assist- r ant. So Is the one-time number-three` Man, Tracy Barnes, tall, blend, hand.; some and having about him the aura' Of mystique as the man whom Dulles had personally dhosen to parachute Into Italy with surrender terms for Rewiring. So is that charming young! Irian of feline intelligence, Desmond Fitzgerald, who once had the courage- Ind foresight to tell Robert?IVLeNamara that the army would fail hi yietrtafti. ,t WASHINGTON POST 6 JANUARY 1973 residenk ealigns His Staff. By Lou Cannon Washington Post Staff Writer President Nixon moved yesterday to shake up and streamline the sprawling' federal bureaucracy along} functional lines by giving , three Cabinet members broad authority as counsel- ors for natural resources, human resources and com-' Mutiny development. Mr. Nixon also named five high?ranking members of his Staff as assistants to the Presi- i dent with responsibilities "to Integrate and unify polielea and operations throughout the executive branch . and to 'Oversee all of the activities for* which the President is respon- sible." "Americans are fed up with: wasteful, musclebound govern- ment in Washington and anx- ious for change that works,"? the President said in a state-1 meat accompanying his reorg, ithlaatIon order. 1 ISO THE BRILLIANT and the best; Ire gone:, It is said that now the Presi-: dent wants someone to clean house over at "the firm," as the cold warriors from Wall St. once .referred to their, place of business. It is a worthwhile - project. Like all bureaucracies, the' ene that Dulles built tended to go on, doing. whatever he had given it perm's.; lion to do long after the need was a Memory. ' The 1968 "scandal" about CIA's infil- tration of student and cultural group's. Lad its use Of labor unions, for exam.; 'Mei was only a "scandal" because theactivities then being* conducted learned so out of date. It was a thoughy Americans had awakened in 1955 to, the startling news 'that' some World Itar II division lefton Say the Moselle; River in inexplicable Ignorance of time Suddenly attacked etstivard. I; There were !so .Many CIA projecta the height of the cold war that it *as; -111Most impossible for a man to keep,. Ahern in balance, The dollars were Mill lmerous,too and so were the people; who could be hired. ? ? t 1,' People in government tend to 'stay on, and CIA had Its fair share of stay- ers left over froni.,seme forgotten prol-,: ,Under? the reorganization,. Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz will assume the add- tional duties of counselor on natural resources. Caspar W. Weinberger, Secretary-desig- nate of Health, Education and Welfare, will become human resources counselor and James T. Lynn, Secretary-des- ignate of Housing and Urban Development, will become Community development coun- selor. Creation of this functional "super-Cabinet" closely fol- lows the plan outlined by Mr., Nixon in the reorganization proposal he made to Congresai in 1970. It has never been acted upon. However, John D. Ehrlich-1 man, domestic affairs adviseri to the President, said the plan announced yesterday was "legal than half a loaf" of what thei President desired in the way.; of federal reorganization. Hei said that the administration: would continue to seek cori.i gressional enactment of the, full reorganizational plan. Ehrlichmann is one of thei five high-ranking staff mem- bers who will become a prest.,' dentin' assistant under the re; organization. President Nixed called these five men "the nu4 cleus" of his second-term staffi, The five are H. R. Haldeman,' administration of the White, House Office; Henry A. Kis- singer; foreign affairs; Ehrl- -Lehman, .domestic affairs; George P. Shultz, economic at-, 'fairs and Roy L. Ash, execu. itive management 1 , Unlike the appointment of, ' ect or deserted 'by. a bureau chief wit(' ! didn't get what he wanted and lift his' recruits to founder for other desks. ' There were all those college boya ,'whom the agency hired during Korea, !trained as. paratroops and guerrillatii and then shoved into tents because, -Gen. MacArthur wouldn't let' them:, ;into his theater. The same morale, problem existed for them as 'did later) ;for the Cuban exiles awaiting the Bay,. ??of Pigs. 5mne of them departed iar; peace, but some are still around, like' ithe'Bay of Pigs men who so ember= .ritssed Richard Nixon during the last , campaign. ' ? So I am.not against a hetiseciesning, 1 '141.1e times have changed, and in some ways they' now mom neatly approxir 'Mate the 'time when CIA Wats born" , The need then was for intelligence only...168e( Stalin's decision to attempti Conquest at Western Europe by maniP. .ulatinn,, the use of 'fronts and the pur. ' chasing of loyalty turned the"figeficsi ;into a hoiiile of dirty tricks.' It void nOe- ,essary. Absolutely necessary, in my view, nut It lasted lent Met the dee& sity was gene. . , , . *1973. Los Anvils 'rims . ? ,t the counselors, this "manage' ment change appears chiefly to be one of designation., Haldeman, Ehrlichman and! Kissinger will continue to per- form roles similar to the onea' they occupied in the first term, and Shultz and Ash pre-, ,viously had been designated' jas assistants to the President. , Two other administrative' appointees also were ,previ- ously named assistants to thel President for the second term. ,They are Peter M. Flanigan, who has responsibility for irt- ternational economic affairs) and William E. Timmons, for legislative liaison. Ehrlichman said that the re-i organization will enable the. President to make a 50 per cent cutback in personnel on-- ployed by the Executive Of- fice of the President. The size of the office more than dou-4 bled in Mr. Nixon's first term, to a total staff -of 4,216 per- Sons- As counselor on natural re- sources, Butz will have respon- sibility for issues involving natural resource use, land andi Minerals, the environment,, outdoor recreation, water nav- igation and park and wildlife resources in addition to his continuing duties as Secretary of Agriculture. Weinberger's responsibili- ties will extend to health, edu. cation, manpower, income se-, entity, , social services,, "Indians and native peoples,", drug abuse and consumer pro- teetion. Under Lynn's jurisdiction will be problems of commit-I 4 lity planning, community '0,1 stitutions, housing, highways) public transportation, regional' development, disaster'relief and national capitol affairs. Blitz, Weinberger and Lynn 'each will chair a committee on tke Dornestit Council made up! of department and agencyj heads. The President satd3 these committees will operate, similarly to the new Council' on Economic Affairs, an-.1 flounced last month andl 'chaired by Schultz, which coordinate all dep,artmente1 and agencies dealing with eeot nomic policy. The new reorganization air: pears to diminish the tradi., tional role of the presidential' Cabinet and of the individual Cabinet members except for the three counselors. Many of the functions which Butz, forl example, will be coordinating .have traditionally been under .the exclusive jurisdiction o ,the Department of the trite. riot. A number of Lynn's re.1 sponsibilities extend to pro. grams administered by the. Department of Transportation' However, the President saidi in hi statement that the fune l tions of the 11 executive de. s partments of the independent agencies will remain utisl changed. This is a sensitiVe I point in the Congress, which" Is concerned about maintaini lag specific legislative jUrlal diction over the various agdni). cies. President Nixon hob neVeifl Cared very much for full Cabt.', net sessions, which .Ehrlieh-1 Approved For Release 2001/08/077: CIA:Fillipii,100,4311i0Otilf4r,e0;,ii614:2T,77:ifil: Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 twin referrecho yesterday at "show-and-tell sessions." In stead, Mr. Nixon' has from the outset of his first administra- tion preferred small, compact groups with specifically de- fined responsibilities. ? The announcements of' in- .. tended cutbacks in the execu- . tive office made no mention'ofj any reduction in the White House staff, which the Presi-,, dent said earlier should set arL economy example 'for otherl agencies. ? ? thilichinan said an ad, Iniuticement on White House staff reductions would .. be forthcoming ivithin-a week to days., ? THE AII3 FORCE MAGAZINE January 1973 , Elrat2linro Dannau WASHINGTON STAR 16 January 1973 -Adm. Souers Dies at 80; kielped Set Up the CIA Rear Adm. Sidney W.' Souers, a close friend of the . late President Harry S. Tru, man who played a primary role in setting up what became the Central Intelligence Agen- cy, died Sunday in St. Louis. He was 80. . Adm. Souers entered the! hospital Saturday. He had been in ill health for some time. He was a former:' board chairman of General Ameri- can Life Insurance Co., in St. Louis. ADM. SOUER,S was born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1892. He at- tended Purdue University and was graduated from Miami University at Oxford, Ohio, in 1914. 'Before World War II, Adm. Souers was involved in banking, life insurance and a wide range of other business activities. ; He was appointed a lieuten- 'The Intelligence Bureaucracies CIA?The Myth and the Mad- ness, by Patrick J. McGar- vey. Saturday Review Press, New York, N. Y., 1972. 240 pages. $6.95. This may be the book that hun- dreds of former CIA employees will wish they had written. Patrick J., McGarvey, a veteran of fourteen years with the Agency, respects the craft of 'agent and analyst and re- ' gards CIA's mission as vital. But he knows and tells what goes wrong '1 with intelligence operations, from . 1. the time information is gathered and matched with known facts to the presentation of a final report to, the White House. In spite of its title, this book is about intelligence operations generally, not solely ? ! those of CIA. CIA and nine other agencies? the Defense Intelligence Agency, the State Department, the National. , Security Agency, the Atomic nnergy Commission, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the four military services?engage in : intelligence activities costing the : taxpayers about $5 billion a year. , ? They constitute a "conglomerate in- dustry with diverse functions and a . worldwide responsibility," says Mc- Garvey, and conduct their business amid a profusion of "committees, i study groups, and overlapping lines 1 of authority and responsibility" that leaves most employees reeling on the ropes. ? ? ? Technological progrAtip , ant commander in the Naval Reserve in 1929. Called to ac- tive duty in 1940, Adm. Souers served as an intelligence offi- ' cer in several Naval District commands and, while with the 10th Naval District in San 'Juan, Puerto Rico, also was 'intelligence officer of the Car- ibbean Sea Frontier during World War II. - In July 1944 he became as- sistant director of the Office of Naval Intelligence here and, in November 1945, was designat- ed deputy chief of Naval Intel- ligence with the rank of rear admiral. In January 1945, Adm. Souers was appointed director of central intelligence in the National Intelligence Authori-! ty which later became the) CIA. He left active duty in- 1948. HOWEVER; at the request of Truman, Adm. Souers be- made matters Worse Computers, spy satellites, and other sophisti- cated tools stimulate indiscriminate collecting of data that may end up unused in files. Agencies expand their activities outside lines of au,! thority and expertise with resulting ? duplication of effort. Hard-fought ! compromises between, agencies can! damage the usefulness of final in- telligence reports on which vital policy decisions are' based. AlcGar- vey finds military intelligence in- capable of quick response in a crisis and civilian agencies clogged by bureaucratic layering. When things , go wrong, it is difficult to pinpoint responsibility or to , safeguard !against future error. i The book allegedly documents in- stances of intelligence failures from I an "insider's" point of view, which this reviewer cannot analyze with- out closer knowledge of McGarvey's 'work and the likelihood of his per- sonal access to all the facts. How- ever fair or unfair his assessment ,believes that stubborn disagree- of specific operations may be, he i ments, misunderstandings, agency bias, or simply communications fail- came executive secretary of the newly created National Se- curity Council in 1017, and re- mained in that job until 1950. Still functioning as a special consultant to Truman, Goners after leaving the NSC blasted the Subversives Control Act passed by Congress and warned that the wave of anti-communism "contains the seeds of danger." He said that unrestrained and indiscriminate a n t 1- Communist activity could be as dangerous to American lib- .erties as anything the Comm- ' nists could do. We have no place in our country for vigi- lante activities," Adm. Souers said, and called' the Subver- sives Control Act "confused and unworkable. ? AFTER RETURNING to business, he was chairman of the board of an Atlanta, Ga., . linen serylce corporation, and ? , a partner in extensive farming! and mercantile operations, as well as being a director of 'General American Life. ' For many years Adm.. Souers maintained a suite at the old Wardman Park Hotel. here. He was a member of the, Army Navy, Metropolitan, and Chevy Chase Country Clubs. He is survived by his wife,,, the former Sylvia Nette11,1 whom he married in 1943, ure have led to error, inefficiency, 'excess spending, and even needless ; wartime casualties. Congressional monitoring of CIA :is only a polite fiction, McGarvey states, and the CIA Director lacks the equality of rank witl . other agency heads?thnt would enable him to administer ill intelligence efforts. ; A congressional investigation atid public debate are overdue, he be- ; lievos, and suggests overhauling in- ' telligence activities along functional 1 lines, thus abolishing much duplica- tion of effort. The secrecy-shrouded ! intelligence budget should be opened to public scrutiny, he contends, add- ing, "I submit that the Soviet analysts . . . have our intelligence budget figured out a lot closer than ? the most ? informed American citi- zen." Minor changes in the National Security Act, he suggests, would permit full and impartial inVestiga- ! tion of intelligence by a public body every five years. ? ?Reviewed by Marjorie mer, Deputy Director, Pub- I fications Division, UD, and 1. a former CIA cmploycO. KVIreidliror Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 ' rtn ""It-71/'7?771-771,11117:1Trnyrrrirrtrr 7 r rn ? ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 'SUNDAY STAR and DAY. NEWS Washington, D. C., January 7, 7973 ' 1 ? By BARRY KALB Star-News Staff Writer "II is up to the jury to ac- cept or reject the evidence that we propose to offer, but there will be evidence we will offer that will go .--, from 'which the jury may draW, we think, an appropriate infer- ence as to perhaps a variety of Interests." ? That remark, made Dec. 4 ,by Asst. U.S. Atty. Earl J. 'Silbert, is about as far as the Igovernment has gone publicly rin describing what it feels was !behind the break-in and bug- ling of Democratic National 'Committee headquarters last f !spring. Further clues es to the goi,' Jernment's theory of "The Wat tergate Caper" have been gleaned by inference, from in- .frequent and evasive private ie omments by prosecutors, :from court papers, and, unex- rctedly, from comments in ,court Friday by an attorney Involved only peripherally in :the case. ,! But there hasn't been much, I i, Strategy a Secret , 0 The strategy, or strategies,' ti ?,of the defense have been an !oven more closely kept secret.; best that has been offered ,is some educated speculation, land that covers only four of Ithe seven defendants. Some answers may come, out at last, when the Water- gate trial opens here tomor- row before Chief Judge John, J. Sirica of U.S. District Court, But at this juncture, one' thing probably can be said , with complete assurance: The government's case will be based on the contention that the alleged plot included no. one other than the men indict- ed Sept. 15. ' In order to reach this con- clusion, the government has had to ignore some points: ' to Reports in the news media 4 linking the scheme to aides of President Nixon and alleging a? deliberate campaign of politi- cal sabotage and espionage. ' ? The reported statement of its own key witness, Alfred C. Baldwin III, that on at least one day transcriptions of over- heard conversations were de- livered to the Committee for the Re-election of the Presi- dent. atergate Trial to Open, .S. Limits 'Plot' to Seven The eight-count ind1ctmnt,4 charging conspiracy, illegal Interception of Oral and wre communications, secon degree burglary burglary and posses- sion of illegal intercepting de- vices, names the following: E. Howard Hunt Jr., 54, of 11120 River Road, Potornecr. ,en-CIA agent, planner of the: f member. If that official's name were - known, the government could possibly have charged the de-. , fendants ? Baldwin has been. granted immunity in return for his testimony ? with dis- . 0', closure as well. But it is not,1 and knowledgeable sources te say the government does not feel it has enough evidence to th make a disclosure case. In court Friday, Silbert told I Sirica that "all" logs of the 7, tapped conversations prepared by Baldwin were given to y McCord. This could be made lconsistent with both Baldwin's. ? statement and with the gov- ? ernment's case, and also with ? the statement made' Friday by ? Charles Morgan Jr. . Morgan, representing a h number of Democratic offi- cials and employes in a peri- pheral legal matter,' said he 11 had information that the gov- ernment will try to show that - the motive behind the bugging - was run-of-the-mill blackmail, not politics. ? If the government is eon- ; tending that the tapes stayed among the seven defendants, n then a blackmail Inetive would be consistent. It seems evident g that If blackmail were the mo- tive, the phone tapped, that of , ? R. Spencer Oliver, executive I director of the Association of ? - State Democratic Chairmen, would be a likely target. Bay of Pigs operation (six o ,the seven defendants reported ly played a part in the opera tion), former White House con sultant, novelist. Charged wi conspiracy, burglary and file gal interception. G. Gordon Liddy, 42, of 913 Ivanhoe Rd., Oxon Hill; ex FBI agent, former Whi -House consultant and former ,CRP counsel. Charged wi the same three offenses as Hunt. James W. McC,ord, 53, of Winder Court, Rockville; ex ;.FBI, ex-CIA, owner of securit :firm, former chief of security for the Republican National 'Committee and the CRP Charged with all four offenses Bernard L. Barker, 55, of Miami; Cuban-born, real es- tate agent, recipient ?throng his real estate firm ? of $114,000 which passed through tbe CRP. Charged with a four offenses. Frank A. Sturgis, 37, of Mi ami; ex-Marine, soldier of for tune, fought with and against ? Cuban Premier. Fidel Castro Charged with all four offenses Eugenio R. Martinez, 49,0 Miami; Real estate agent i Barker's firm, former CIA agent involved in smugglin refugees out of Cuba. Charged with all four offenses. Virgilio R. Gonzalez, 45, o Miam i; Cuban-born, lock smith. Charged with all four offenses. With McCord, Bar ker, Sturgis and Martinez, was arrested inside Democratic headquarters June 17, bring lag the case into the public for the first time. Only Hunt, Lidd ,y an McCord are charged with ac tually having intercepted corn munications. The other four are charged with having at tempted to intercept sue communications. Under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act o 1968, interception of communi- cations and disclosure of inter- cepted information are sepah rate offenses. In this case, no 'discloseur charge has be e made. Baldwin, who said in a Los Angeles Times interview in October that as an employe of the CRP he participated in the bugging, said that he tran- scribed what he overheard and gave the logs to McCord. ?' According to Democratic sources, Oliver's telephone did ? not pass through the commit- " tee switchboard, and there- fore?it was thought?was safe dfrom snooping ears. In his interview, Balwin " tends, to confirm this. He talks of overhearing some "explicit- ly intimate" conversations by - "several secretaries and oth- h, erl using the phone," and quotes one secretary as say- ? fog, "We can talk. I'm on Spencer Oliver's phone." Guard Cited ? However, on June 7, Bald- win said, McCord returned the day's logs to him and on Mc- Cord's orders, he delivered the logs to "an elderly guard" at the CRP. On the envelop, he 'said, v'as the name of a CRP official. ?ame he can't re. 6 Morgan indicated that, if blackmail were the motive,. it was not the only motive, and gave an example of bow, he said, the tapes were used for political reasons. The govern- ment had no comment, but said nothing to dispel the no? lion that Morgan was right about the government case. Silbert did repeat the gist of his Dec. 4 statement, that thefl jury will be able to infer a "variety" of ;motives, howev- er. In the final analysis, from a legal standpoint the govern- ment doesn't really have to worry about the motive. In its proposed jury instruction, ? filed with Sirica last week, Ulf prosecution says: "The government is not re- quired to prove that the de- fendants acted with a particu-, lac motive or motives, and the. failure of the government to; ? prove motive is not a defen.sei tea crime." Those proposed instructions 'reveal another point about the government's strategy. AL seven men are charged with entering Democratic head-. quarters that June night. but only five were arrested there. ' . Baldwin, in his Times inter-' ? view, says he saw Hunt and Liddy emerging from the Wa- tergate office building after ' the other five 'were arrested Inside, but says nothing about. their having been inside the 6th-flodr headquarters them- ! ,selves. Theory Explained , The proposed instructions state: "The government does not contend that either or both the defendants Liddy and Hunt actually entered the offices and headquarters of the Dora-' ocratic National Committee .. Instead, it relies upon the ' theory of aiding and abetting , to establish the guilt of both defendants of this count of the indictment." , Nabody its publicly come up with a strategy to fit the entire defense. One feasible ? theory has been circulated, however, about the strategy of the four Miamians, who are jointly represented by Henry ,B. Rothblatt of New York. , The four, this theory hasit, will claim that they thought they were engaged in legal ac- tivities, aimed at 'protecting the national security and led by high government officials. Nothing has been suggested about the strategies of the oth- er three defendants, and attor- neys for Liddy and Hunt have so far refused to even reveal whether they intend to present an alibi defense saying their ? clients were elsewhere or in- ? volved in other activity on the, 17th. The answers to all these questions will not be quick In coming. ? Sirica has indicated that he 'may shorten the trial some- what by sitting for abbreviat- ed sessions on Saturday. , But the over-all length of the trial is still a matter of conjec- ture. Silbert has said he ex- pmts the government's case to take three weeks. Defense at- torney William 0. Dittman has snggested that If that is so, the entire trial might take two znenthe. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA7R716;77.4166413240(316:1-01005701i07.17TP:'''' ; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100056001-1 . LONDON OBSERVER 7 January 1973 otorgoa by CHARLES FOLEY WtTEN the trial starts in Washington tomorrow of two , farmer White House aides, fdur Central Intelligence ' Agency operatives and a , Cuban-born' locksmith, al-i leged to have been involved' in 'a pre-dawn raid on Demo- cratic Party headquarters last : summer, one of the principal witnesses will be a man who claims to have been theirl associate. ' He is Alfred Baldwin, 36, a farmer Marine captain, lecturer' oh police acience and ex-FBI agent, who is to be the prosecu- tion's chief ? witless in the ' Watergate Caper'. trial?the sequel to the scandal of last year'S United States Presidential Election. Mr Baldwin's evidence will be vital, Baldwin seems' to have sus- pected attempts, official. or otherwise, to silence him; He decided to speak out without' delay, to Mr Jack Nelson, Pulit-1 zer Prizewinner on the staff of the Los Angeles Times. The five-hour-long taped inter- view that resulted led to a fresh'. clash with the US courts in the running battle between Admini- stration and Press across the ; country. The judge in the Watergate case ordered thet Times to surrender the record- ing, Which includes 'off the record' passages with l3aldwin's. lawyers. -? When the newspaper's Wash-) irigton bureau chief, Mr John : Lawrence, refused to comply, was briefly jailed for contempt. Only when Baldwin released the. Times from its 'confidentiality ? pledge, and the tapes . were; , handed over a fortnight ago did 1 ' the dispute ?end. .It .spared Mr ' Lawrence is, return to prison, but .did nothing to resolve the confrontation over Press free. dom r ,in ,America, Baldwin's, statement remains intact, , Five of, the .seven defen- dants were arrested at gunpoint one night last Jane, in the office: of ?the , Deinecratic, ? National Committee in., Washington's famous Watergate complex. Their names were James Mc- Cord, Bernard Barker, Frank 'Mures, Eugenio Martinea anci , ?Virgilio Gonzales. 1 ? McCord, 53, was the f500-a-' , month security co-ordinator for, the Committee, for the Re- election of the President, un- happily shortened to 'CREEP.' He was promptly disavowed by shaicsked.Republican bosses. and I It has been alleged that Mc- Cord was working under orders from two bigger shots in CREEP, .--Gordon Liddy, 42, its overall security chief, and Howard Hunt, 54, ex-CIA man and some- time novelist, -who is said to have given the Watergate in, Liddy and Hunt were arrested in California. Now all seven stand accused, and they are said by Opposition spokesmen to be only the forward echelon of at least 50 undercover operatives who were engaged in a 'massive campaign of disruption' against the Democrats. Was this a deliberate scheme hatched in the Nixon Adminis- tration to defame and overturn' McGovern? The affair has in- volved several other White House figures beyond the two now facing trial, but how close did the affair come, McGovern demands, to the Presidentoliim- , .self? Directly or indirectly, all the accused are said to have been in the pay of CREEP. Alfred C. Baldwin, a pudgy and jovial bachelor was hired *as a bodyguard to Mrs Martha ?Mitchell, whose penchant for telephoning the Press at odd hours with gossip and com- b plaints was upsetting, among others, her husband, who was ,the US Attorney-General. When 'Mr John Mitchell resigned that post last March to take charge of CREEP, . Baldwin's delicate duties included squiring Martha Mitchell on trips to. Michigan and New York,' where they were driven about in '3. Edga Hoover's personal bulletproof limousine. ? Mrs Mitchell eventually 'went 'off on her' famous 'flight freni polities, talking of all the dirty. things going on,' and Baldwin says that he '..ties" told that CREEP had a new mission kir had no reason,, question question my orders,' he says. 'Baldwin , alleges that they came ' from security co-ordinator Mc- Cord, who in turn, he says, took his order? from Gordcin Liddy, I the still' .more highly. placed HUGS MONITORED IN BOOM 723 ? HOMO JOHNSON MOTE SIXTH-FLOOR DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL? ' COMIVIITTEE HEADQUARTERS I . , ,,,I I. PARTITIONED .4101115.ZUREIT HERli ' OFFICES. ' ' I i1 SECRETARY'S OFFICE ' ., . .; !,, , ? . I ,,,.., Comae= ;?? , f t r; ? ? (I: R0011 heed of ti? scretial CREEP cent- , mittee raise to plug embarrase- ing information leaks'?in 'the Administration. *: ' , The Plumbers; tis they *ere known, met in a basement office I Of the. executive office building next 'door to the White House. , Baldwin ' dairies that they ; tapped official ? 'telephones to snare disloyal aides and collec- ted damaging informatiOn on Democrats.' Liddy had worked briefly at the Treasury and ivas thus' given 'tin offiCial:'post lie ? , financial colinselltir to CREEP. ; Baldwin 'says : 'McCord told Me my 'new job could lead,tii * ? permanent position after . the , election. ' He .took Tile on a tour, of the campaign headquarters, a block from the White Hotise. As various 'persons went by, McCord.,would say, "There's so and so, he's front the ,White House,? or "That's another, guy from the , White House.", ':,We Went. to., get approval for . employment at the..offire of Mr Frederick LaRue, Special assig- Drawing showing,the Democratic Party building and . , how, it IS alleged, it was bugged. ? 1, Baldwin says that he was politieal elite, 11!ved., given a loaded .38 police gun I Baldwin alleges that McCord and told 'Don't bother about 'Moved a quantity of bugging authorisation. Any , trouble, ! equipment into his room in the have them call me.' , And Bald- ? motel. It included, , Baldwin he claims, a short-wave radio, an owmince.CalaticrlEE?1;tHQin. array of tape ' recorders and a first view eta mass of bugging sophisticated receiving 'set, equipment?Walkie-talkies, tele- vahied at $15,000, in. a letge vision surveillance units and blue suitcase. ? Baldwin recalls: electronic gadgetry 'in a fancy ''lie Said ' "I want to Show briefcase that JO open.' He says you this stuff and how we're that he was advanced five hew going to use 'it." hist like that; $100 bills and moved, under the no preliminaries. He pointed name Of 'Bill Johnson,' into the across to the Watergate office local Howard Johnson Inn, ofie building Ind said'" We're going of a chain of motels, which to put tome units 'over there to. 'directly faced the building that night for you to monitor." From housed" the rival Democratic the balcony I Watched-McCord National; Committee offices.' walk , across Virginia Menne. ' These were -on the sixth Eiger Later on I saw himi at a window of tIti office block that forms part Of the Detnotratit ;offices with Of the vast and elegant Water- one or two others. Ile 'returned gate temples, with the luxurious and said, .? 0.IC,, we'tret got the Watergate Hotel on one ,sid,a, _of units ,in ft.,?,1 ' th ' , firt di the 'triangular . block end the 1 Baldwin riayi at , trio a Watergate ? ApOttniertts Oii the tappeci"twi telephones theythaf e41311:grOdNAM?0 Lakvtettee clidifetn3leinttilciatfe 'cant. tin6to the campaignt directdr. over from t it ouse too. traders aliases taken from c id 'said, sa Aft.. ague is characters in -ilia : Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 paign., chief, and a high staff official. Baldwin continues .: During the next. three weeks I moni-, tored about 200 conversations. Some dealt with political stra- tegy, others with personal affairs, I some highly intimate. I'd rather not say at this stage what I heard. The Democrats worked , I weird hours. Like on Sundays, or until three or four in the morn- ing. I had to keep an eye on the ? little TV-type screen on the ' monitoring unit. A constant line , ran across it when the tapped ' phones were not in use. When someone , started talking across the way, the line would scatter and I'd snap on the earphones.' Baldwin says that he typed logs from his notes on the calls,, making two copies; which, he claims, McCord collected twice: a day. On busy nights the logs might run to six pages.; When something exciting caught McCord's eye he would sit down ' and type up a memo starting,' "I learn from a confidential ' source... ." Once or twice when I heard something especially lin- portant I called him at commit- tee HQ. He said, "Don't talk; about it now?I'll come oyer ".'I At one stage, Baldwin says,' McCord brought his bosses,' Liddy and a newcomer, Howard' Hunt, to the hotel room. Hunt, was a fellow-member of The I Plumbers,' enlisted after the Pentagon Papers furore. playedliunt, who a planning. role in the abortive Bay of Pigs Invasion, had written 45 mystery novels in his spare time while: working as a CIA sleuth in Europe, Asia and Latin America. I The visitors, Baldwin claims, left: after . a. discussion of the alleges that he saw Liddy pro- --ilectronic equipment. Baldwin alleges a thick wad of $100 bills and peel off 16 or 18 for McCord. 'WASHINGTON STAR 5 January 1973 7 ' Baldwin's long vigil in room 7-23 was broken when, he alleges, he was sent across to the Demo- cratic offices to discover the exact location of O'Brien's office telephone?McCord, he says, was not satisfied he had theright one. Baldwin claims that he did this by posing as a nephew 'of 'a, former Democratic chairman.' Party werkeis trustingly showed him over O'Brien's office and gave him his telephone number; in Miami. Baldwin states that McCord: was extremely pleased' when he made him a sketch map of O'Brien's office, and that even- ing, 16 . June, says . Baldwin, he brought a new listening , device which looked like door, chimes' and more equipment and tools, wire; batteries, solder- ingirons. The room looked like an electronics workshop.' Bald- win alleges that McCord said that as well as placing new devices, they, would remove or relocate the Old ones. Baldwin claims that before. the attempt was made, he ,put his. eavesdropping logs in' an envelope on which, he claims, ;MCCOrd wrote 'the- name of -a ;high official in the President's 'Re-election Committee. Baldwin says that, he taped and stapled the package and delivered it personally to the CREEP offices seven blocks away. Late in May, the Democratic National Committee headquar- ters were broken into and a ? quantity of private papers, in- cluding O'Brien letters, were , photographed by ? intruders. On " 10 June two men entered a 'Miami photographer's shop with I 38 frames of 35mm fflm for de- Velopment as a rush job. The pictures showed documents being held against a background of shag carpet by a pair of surgi- cally gloved hands. Some papers carried the DNC, letterhead, and others O'Brien's signature. One appeared to be a dossier on a prominent woman Democrat. ? . 'The shop assistant subse- quently claimed to identify two Watergate defendants as the men who brought in the films. They were Frank Sturgis, 37, an .ex-Marine soldier of fortune who had fought in Cuba, and Bernard Barker, 55, a wealthy Miami realtor who acted as a 'key liaison man between the CIA and Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs preparations: ! Miami, scene of both party ;conventions lest year, is h major CIA Centre where the Agency ? finds eager and reckless, rank- and-file recruits among the thousands of Cuban exiles I 'stranded there. ? I As CREEP's man in Miami,' !Barker handled much of the I 'group's funds as they were circuitously routed thraugh Mexico. FBI records Show at least 15 long-distance calls from Barker in Miami between 15 March and 16 June, some to 'Liddy, the CREEP cashier, more I to Howard Hunt, who happens ,'"to have been Barker's boss in the ' I Bay of Pigs planning 'and who I had a job, a desk and safe hi the , !executive office building with a ' ? special telephone under a tannin- ' Aaged listing. ? ' ? ? , Barker was back in Washing- ton on 17 June. In the pre-dawn hours, police say, McCord led him and his Miami gang on an- other raid of DNC headquarters. From their rooms in the plush Watergate Hotel it would have !been a short walk to% jemmied 'door in the adjoining office 'building. After a lobster dinner in the terrace reatuRnt, say the 'police, McCord visited Bald- win and left room 23 with the door chimes device cov.ered by the raincoat oh his arm. Baldwin says that he. sat looking down on the street with orders to give ? warning of any suspicious acti- vity. His radio code name was ''.Unit , I At 2 a.m. Baldwin says that , he ? ,saw lights go on in the 'darkened Seventh flbor above ' the DNC offices. He gave ? the --alarm,- 'but the -intruders I were unruffled. We know about I I that,' he was told.'It's the 2 am. ' check.' 1 : Soon afterwards a car pulled , I up in the street below and three !men hurried into the Watergate offices. Lights suddenly blazed in the DNC office floor. Figures appeared with flashlights and guns. ' Baldwin says that he 'grabbed his walkie-talkie: 'I heard a ;panic -'stricken voice I calling "Are you reading ! this ? " Then, " They don't have the unit on or it's not 'turned ." The street below was now full of police cars, motor-cycles and paddy wagons. Men Were runk fling into the Watergate. Bald- ' win claims that he heard a last faint whisper from hit walkie- talkie: They've get ue. Then sil me Li By BARRY KALB ? Star-News Staff Writer , There Is an outside chance :*that a motion filed yesterday In the Watergate break-in and bugging case, and due to be argued today, could shed more light on the controversial case The main purpose of the mo- tion is to seek to keep confi- dential the contents of conver; salons ? and the people in- volved in these conversations overheard during the al- leged bugging of Democratic !National Committee headquar- ters last spring. To this end, the five persons briagings the class-action mo- tion, all members of national Democratic organizations, have asked Chief Judge John Sirica of U.S. District Court to prevent such disclosure by: 9 Prohibiting . the parties in The case from disclosing the Information through testimony, questions, or any in-court out-of-court statements or papers. Ordering all parties in pos- session of any tapes or other ? Not long afterwards, Baldwin saw McCord and his four com- panions taken out in handcuffs by police summoned by an office security patrol. Minutes later, Baldwin alleges that Hunt ran into the room and began telephoning lawyers. 'They've had it,' he said. I've got $5,000 in cash with me and we can use it to bail them out.' ! Baldwin says that Hunt told thim to pack up the remaining requipment and take it to Mc- Cord's home, and that Hunt 'threw his walkie-talkie on the bed and rushed out of the door. ' Does that mean out of a job ? ' Baldwin shouted after !him. But, according to Baldwin,, Hunt .was gone. !?? ht on Watergate' records of these conversations to bring them to Sirica, under seal, at which point they would be immediately destroyed. ' However, the motion, filed by the American Civil Liber- ties Union on behalf of all par- ties 'w hose conversations might , have been overheard during the alleged bugging, also asks Sirica to order 18 Nixon administration and Nix- on re-election officials to come to court and tell Sirica, in! closed session, anything they may know about records of the overheard conversations. Specifically, these men would be ordered to tell under oath whether they have pos- session or control of any such records, and to reveal the names of any persons whom they knew to have possession or control at any time. The motion asks only that these men be ordered to give this testimony to Sirica, not In open court. Therefore, their testimony would not normally be made public. However, a Democratic ,source close to the situation 'agreed, if one of these men 8 were to admit having some knowledge of the bugging, there would be nothing to pre- vent Sirica from forwarding this' information to the prose- cution or grand Jury for ac- tion. In this case, the men's testimony could eventually be- come public. Many of the 18 men named in the motion have been named in unofficial news re- ports as having had some connection with the bugging and a larger, unconfirmed Re- publican campaign of i3olitical sabotage and espionage during the recent elections. These men include White House aide Charles Colson; former Atty. Gen. John N; Mitchell, who resigned as head of President Nixon's re- election campaign' not long aft, or the Watergate case was made public; and Maurice H. Stens, Nixon's chief election fund-raiser. Most of those men named as having had a part in the al- leged scheme have denied such reports. The Democratic source, who asked not to be identified, said those bringing the motion were sincerely concerned that' private conversations would be revealed, that Democratic strategy would ? if it has not already ? fall into Republican hands, and that their rights to privacy and political associa-: tion would be infringed upon if the contents of the overheard conversations were disclosed.: But he agreed that "there are some who might think".; that the motion could have a political side effect beneficial, to the Democrats.: The movants, all members, Of the Young Democratic Clubs of America, the Demo-' (*retie National Committee and the Association of State Demo- cratic Chairmen (ASDC), In- clude R. Spencer Oliver and Ida Maxwell Wells, both of whom, according to 'the mo- tion, have been subpoenaed ad government witnesses in, the trial. ? The only bugging device ac- tually found in place in Demo!' .cratic headquarters was on 01-, iver's phone, according to gov, ernment sources. Oliver is ex- ecutive director of the ASDC; and his phone was therefore used regularly for association. calls. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-F20P77-004321R0001ty.0 Q59001'.-1 ? ; , I 7 Tr, 17' ri uli ',1777jv n :1171 , WASHIN313N STAR 9 January 1973 Nbc lys Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 By JOY ASCHENBACH -?) r 'and BARRY KALB ' Star?News Staff Writers The lengthy process of se- i letting a jury for the Water- ' gate break-in and bugging' - trial resumes today following . the prosecution's disclosure i that members of President , Nixon's White House staff may i Haldeman's office and is re- be called to testify as govern-' . sponsible for coordinating in- ment witnesses. ,ter-office communications. The names of Fred Fielding, ; associate counsel to the Presi- i According to the New York dent, and Bruce Keirli, an , Times, Fieldiing and Kehrli aide to White House chief of were involved in the search of staff H. R. Haldeman, ap- ? . a safe in the Old Executive peared on a list of 60 persons i Office Building that had been Asst. U.S. Atty. Earl J. Silbert' , used by E. Howard Hunt Jr., said yesterday may be sum- . I one of the seven defendants moned during the govern- 1 and a former White House ment's case against the seven ? i consultant. An unloaded pistol defendants. , 1 and electronic equipment was Five former White House 1 ? removed from the safe. 1 , staff members, four of whom ' i Haldeman, Mitchell, Colson : were officials in the Presi- and Stens have been linked in ? dent's re-election campaign , the press to the alleged plot , Inst year, also arc among the against the Democrats. The potential witnesses. Three of . White House and Mitchell and the re-election officials alleg- . ' Stans themselves, have denied edly had control over a special that any of the four were in- 1 cameaien "slush" fund from *?olved. i ; which money flowed to at least : The four former White s on .o. Lie defendants. I House staff members who : Democrats charged during , were on the re-election com- the presidential eiection that ; ' mittee and may be summoned the Juno 17 break-in and al- i to testify are Robert Odle, leged 6-week bugging of their . Herbert L. Porter, Jeb Stuart' national headquarters at the. Magruder and Hugh W. Sloan' Watergate was part of a Re- Jr., Silbert disclosed yester- publican campaign of espio- nage and sabotage. cleared all present White n House staff members and off i. I cials of any involvement in the break-in or bugging. Involvement Denied Kehrli, who came to the White House in Nov. 1970, has been a staff secretary in Conspiracy Dismissed Government prosecutors have privately dismissed re- ports that the Watergate inci- dent was one phase of a larger conspiracy, contending that it day. ? The only other potential pros.I ,ecution witness known to have worked for the White House is Kathleen Chenow, a former secretary who now lives in Mil- waukee. The Washington Post reported last month that Miss Chcnow told them a special was limited to the seven who, private telephone in the Exec- were indicted Sept. 15. 'ulive Office Building was used Initial questioning o' oil e-o. almost exclusively for conver- spective jurors by Chief U.S. Wiens between two of the de- District Court Judge Jc.nn J. fendants in the trial. Sirica yesterday climirn'el more than 150. The selection ' List Incomplete , process is expected to last sev- The prosecution said pri- eral more days, with the ques- vatcly that the 60 names read Boning focusing on the politi- , 1 1by Silbert did not comprise the cal aspects of the case. i ; complete list of prospective The list of 'potential prosccu- . witnesses however, govern- tion witnesses did not include ? ment sources suggested that any of Nixon's top White the "several" names Silbert 1 House or campaign officials, ' did not read are being kept such as John N. Mitchell, for- in reserve as possible rebuttal , mer attorney general and Nix- , witnesses, and that their addi- I on campaign manager; Mau- Won would not significantly rice H. Stens, chief fund raiser Iciiange the complexion of the I for the Nixon campaign and , , government's case. Charles W. Colson, former special counsel to the Presi- I These sources also denied 1 speculation Elia tthe persons dent. I It was not known what biter- had names were withheld li I had anything to do with two mation Fielding and Kehr 1 sums of money that alleg- I would provide as the govern- rnent s case unfolds. 1 city made their way through j Fielding joined the White I ' the Committee for the Re- 1 House staff in Oct. 1970 and is ! , election of the President to the I assigned to the staff of White ! bank account of Barker Asso- , House Counsel John W. Dean. elates, the Miami real estate Dean headed the White ' 'Irm of defendant Bernard L. House's own investigation of ; i Barker. t'v Watergate incidentithich ' i .of Ir st of these pprov% Rupp:pewit atergate . itn ass. List from a Minneapolis contribu- _ by the CIA, but did not say in 1 what capacity. Many of the potential prose- ! cu :ion witnesses yesterday listed had already surfaced in the Watergate case, but three new names drew attention; o Jack Stewart, of North St., Petersburg, Fla., who told a newsman: "I'm one of the out-of-the woodwork types," ' but he refused to give his oc- ' cupation. .1. Morton B. Jackson, an at- torney in Los Angeles' plush 1Century City area near Bever- ly Hills. Jackson said he could not discus his role in the case because of Judge Siraca's or- ider against pretrial comment. , ? Asked about a published re- port that Hunt had stayed with 'him when the former White , House consultant vanished aft- fendants inside the Watergate ' j headquarters, Jackson said: "I can't comment on it. Ob- ' viously if it involves Mr. I Hunt, it involves the whole i case." ? Others named as prospec- tive witnesses included: tor to a Midwest Nixon fund' raiser, to Stans, to defendant G. Gordon Liddy and on to Barker. The second was $89,000 that reportedly went from Texas donors to Mexico, where it was "laundered" to hid its source, then to the CRP and again to Barker. ? The dull proceedings were lightened somewhat by the an- tics of Liddy, who as a prose- cutor in upstate New York ? once fired off a gun in a court- room, according to published news reports. For example, as the day- began with Sibert introducing elach defendant, prosecutire and defense attorney in turn, Liddy stood and *eyed broad-' ly to the prospective jurors as if he had just been introduced , ; at a political rally. The long, rectangular de- fense table set in the center of the 6th floor ceremonial courtroom resembled a meet- ing of a corporation board of .directors, with the seven de- fendants, eight attorneys, one legal assistant and a tvansia- tor for defendant Virgilio R. Gonzalez crowded around. Gonzalez, like Barker and defendant Eugenio Martinez, was born in Cuba and all three, alongi with defendant Frank A. Sturgis, are said to ! be active in anti-Castro circles in Miami. The final two defendants, Hunt and James W. McCord Jr., both former CIA agents I are reliably reported to have ! worked with the foul. Miami- ! ans on the unsuccessful Bay of I Pigs invasion In 1961. Half Eliminated Al?nost half of the prospec- tive jurors were quickly elimi- "led by the judge's' first query ? whether being kept at the court house or in hotels throughout the trial would ' cause them or their families serious inconvenience. They individually gave the judge their reasons in private. , At least three more were ex- cused by the judge when they admitted that they already had formed an opinion about the guilt or innocence of one or all of the defendants. .The jurors also were quizzed ; about whether they or rein- 'tires or friends worked for the I CIA, the Secret Service, FBI o ? any other law enforcement agency. One man aeknon?l- aged that he was employed ? Esther Kirby, a former re. ceptiorist for Jackson's law of- fice. ? Mary Denburg, . a former receptionist for Jackson. ! o ML:hael Richardson,' a Mi- ami photo shop employe, who 14s 'said. Barker and Sturgis i ;brought n film of Democratic I records to be developed a ' week before the Watergate ar- rests. o Hector Reynaldo, the Ml- ami banker who handled Bar- ker's deposit of $89,000 in Mex- lean bank drafts and the ?I $25,000 check. o Leonard Glasser, who has said Barker asked for blue-, ! prints of facilities to be used at the Democratic convention In Miami Beach. ? ',no:lias Murphy of Pea- body, Mass., who said ha worked for a communications firm but wouldn't say whethe; Ithis meant electronics. ? o Robert F. Bennett, who was ,Hunt's employer at a public relations firm across the. street from the Nixon cam- paign headquarters. Bennett has testified in another court ease th.L. In at up the dummy. Nixon committees used to col, , tzt Fr.31.5r0 in 'do-ations from . ; dairy funds after the govern: , .0. ? .1.1t .1:11 upon , raised in *fn., /07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 9 , n-r /1 TT i,nnx -TrIr?"1?,7/ r 41:111,9 4,4 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 T?IVA15IltffittON POO. Thursdny,Inn.11,1973 F. Howard Hu Pleads Guilty ,atergate C Decision elayed on Acceptance, By Lawrence Meyer ' ' Washington Post Stott WrUST Former White House aide, t. Howard Hunt Jr., one of ? the seven defendants in the. Watergate bugging trial, pleaded guilty yesterday to three counts of conspiracy, burglary and illegal. wire- tapping. ? Chief U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica withheld until today a decision on whether to: accept the plea. Hunt and six other persons : Ore charged in an eight-count indictment with breaking into the Democratic National Corn- mittee's Watergate headquar- ters on June 17 to steal in- ? formation and conduct Illegal - Wire-tapping and eavesdrop- ping. The announcement of Hunt's Plea, made out of the jury's, presence, followed the open- ing statements of prosecutor, Earl J. Silbert who outlined, in addition to the Watergate 'break-in, a series of six sur- treptitious activities allegedly 'conducted or attempted by 'Hunt, his codefendant G. Gor- don Liddy and others. Silbert told the jury that Liddy, at the time employed 1W the Committee for the Re- election of the President, had rheived $235,000 in cash from his superiors at the committee for various assignments. The prosecution can account for duly $50,000 of this sum, Sil- bert said. The money, according to Sil- bert, was given to Liddy, then an official of the re-election Committee, to carry out as- Alignments from deputy cam- paign director Jeb Stuart Ma- gruder and Herbert L. Por- ter, director of campaign !scheduling in December, 1971., - Silbert. Who Interrogated both Magruder and Porter be- fore the grand jury, said in his two-hour opening statement, "We don't have any records, the government ? doesn't have any records as to what. hap- pened to the rest of that money given AO Mr. Liddy, but as you will listen to my opening , statement you will listen also to the evidence re- including Sen. George liter Govern (D-S.D.), later the un- successful Democratic eandi date for President, Sen. Ed- mund S. Muskie (D-Maine), the early front-runner for the Democratic nomination, and Larrence F. O'Brien, then, Eiemocratic Party chairman. Among these witnesses, ac- cording to Silbert, are: ? Jack Stewart, described as an ex-CIA agent with I back- ground in electronics, whom ? Hunt knew. Silbert said Stew ' art met last February in Miami with Bernard Barker, els a defendant in the case, and was told by Barker that "communications center" wa "The idea at the time planned to be located on 1 houseboat in Biscayne Bay Silbert said, "was that he ? (Liddy) might have to in during the Democratic conven- ,1 , vestigate, develop intelligence ti on. . at . . . '10 different locations, Barker, according to Silbert, using 10 different people for. Said he would "have access" to 10 months, January through ?# Democratic Party leaders, es the election, at $1,000 a month, pecially O'Brien, and that lind that is how you get' there would be i'plenty of $100,000 . . money." 4 , , .;\ A second assignment Magri u-4 , Barker also showed Stewart ? der gave Liddy concerned records already obtained from ceived in court, the testimony the Democrats,' Silbert said. "anticipated mass demonstra- of witnesses, we will be able to account to you for approxi- tions" at the Republican eon- gtewart, however, turned mately $50,000 of that money. down the job, Silbert said. vention then scheduled for re cannot account for the, San Diego, Silbert Said. Liddy ? ? Thomas James Gregory, rest." was to look into the size, the described by Silbert as a stu- According to federal sources groups that might demon- dent at Brigham Young Unt, interviewed by Washington strate and their plans 'for dem- versity, whom Hunt met through a business associate, Hunt recruited Gregory, at a, Post reporters during recent months, the Watergate bug- ging' -stemmed from a cam- paign of political undercover activities conceived in the White House as basic re-elec- tion strategy and was directed by presidential aides at the Committee for the Re-election of the President. That campaign, according to the sources, was financed from the money- mentioned by Sir- bert and other cash withdrawn from the same fund. In his presentation to the jury, Silbert did not suggest at any time that any officials ?aside from the defendants? of either the Nixon administra- tion or the President's catm- neigh committee_ acted il- legally. Silbert said Liddy was to gather information about planned demonstrations direct.' ed at "surrogate candidates"! who would be campaigning in 10 primary states for Presi- dent Nixon. Silbert said that Porter was concerned that the Stand-in candidates "would not have the protection of the Secret ,Service that the' President would have if he were making an appearance." Concerned about demonstra. tions against the stand-ins by "extremist groups on either the left or the right," Porter and Magruder turned to Liddy? a former FBI agent and prose- cutot, to gather intelligence, Silbert said. ' onstrations in San Diego, Sil- bert said: I In addition, SHUR said, Liddy received "from time to time other intelligence assignt? ments." Among these was an assignment to check out a person, supposedly a "big pol- luter," who Was supporting ah . unnamed pemocratic condi- date who had taken a firm stand against pollution, ac- cording to Silbert. 10 For this, Silbert said,.Libby was to receive $150,000. In all, Liddy actually received $235,- 000 until last June, according to Silbert. "What did Mr. Porter and Mr. Magruder receive in ex- change or in return for that expenditure of funds?" Silbert asked. "Mr. Porter received some information about an anticipated demonstration in Manchester, N.H., from the leftdwing group. He received a second piece of information about an anticipated demon- stration in Miami, Fla. from a right-wing extremist group," Silbert said. "Mr. Magruder," Silbert con- tinned, "received some in- formation from Mr. Liddy that Instead of the 100,000 demon- strators they might expect at San Diego, they could expect about 250,000 . . . That is the, information they received," Silbert said. Silbert said the prosecution, would call witnesses who would describe the alleged ef., forts of Hunt and Liddy to gather information surreptV tiously about the Dernoeratii? Party generally and about inie- eine candidates and leaders,i salary of $175 a week; to work. us a volunteer first tori' Muskie, to find out Muskie's ' campaign schedule; the cons. tents of speeches he would give, whether there was any4 dilsension in the Muskie camp, and who was filling important. tiolicy positions. Gregory gave Hunt weekly written reports,' checking with Hunt oh a dailyr basis by telephone, Silbert said. In mid-April, when Muskle's campaign faltered, Hunt told, Gregory he "could be ? more useful elsewhere," Silbert said, and' Gregory went to work for McGovern. Silbert said that Gregory was introduced to the "boss of the operation"?L Id d y?and, met with Liddy, Hunt, Barka and the four other defendants ?James W. McCord Jr., Frank Sturgis, Eugenio Martinez and Virgilio Gonzales?about May, 22 or 23 to discuss breaking into McGovern's headquarters. Gregory "decided he had had enough," Silbert said,-add quit on June 15. The third principal witneS mentioned by Silbert is Alfred C. Baldwin HI, an ex-FE agent who has said publicly h was hired by McCord and ulti- mately ordered to monitor phone converatttions in the Democratic Party's Watergate headquarters from the 1110v/i' ard Johnson Motor -Hotel 'across the street. , ? In all, Silbert stati, monitored about 200 telephone conversations from the phone of R. Spencer Oliver, an tilde Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : dIA-RDP77100432R000110660001-11 ' Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 who was a liaison between the national Democratic Party and state chairmen. The calls con- cerned the "personal the domestic lives ... the po- litical lives" of the persona talking, Silbert said. . "Some of those conversa- 'Lions; as you might expect, were of a sensitive nature," Silbert told the jury. "McCord perfectly clear to Mr. Baldwin that he was. inter- ested in conversation either personal or political that were, of a sensitive nature." , Because one monitor was. working improperly, Silbert Said, McCord, who was secu-? rity director for the Nixon re- election committee, sent Baidll win to the Democratic head?,! quarters under a disguise to . examine the layout. Baldwin, posing as the nephew of for- mer Democratic Patty Chair- man John Bailey, got a "royal tour, red carpet treatment,", Silbert said. ' "Ironically *enough," Silbert, told the jury, the person 'con4 ducting the tour was Oliver's secretary, Ida M. Wells, one of the persons whose calls Bald- win had monitored. . Silbert said Baldwin diet Hunt and Liddy at least twice before the June 17 break-in at Democratic Party headquar-, ters?once on May 28 while! surveying McGovern . head- quarters and again on lune 13 :When they came to .11aldwin's, 4toni in the Howard Sohnson ?'Motor Hotel, acroSs the street from the Watergate. 14, ?At.the June 13 meeting, Sil-, 'fbert said, Baldwin saw Liddy' ;eouint out 16 $100 bills for Mc- Cord. .Throughout Silbert's' presentation, references were :made to $100 bills. Gregory and Baldwin were paid with $100 bills, Silbert said. Barker, Sturgis, Martinez and Gon- 'rates were arrested inside the Watergate each with from $200 to $1,300 in $100 bills, air- line tickets were paid for with $100 bills and McCord made Three $10,000 deposits in his 'hank accounts, each in $100 :bills, 10 to a packet, Silbert Staid,' At the same time, Silbert .said, Liddy was given expense 'money for his assignments by Hugh W. Sloan Jr., then the campaign treasurer, in $100 ;bii1s,10 to a packet.' On the evening of June 16, Silbert said, McCord visited Baldwin at the Howard John- son's, gave him ?a walkie-talkie and told him ? to watch the, ,Democratie offices in ' the ,Watergate. Silbert recounted that Bald- win radioed an alert when he saw three men , in casual: clothes?metropolitan police. officers?on the Watergate balcony outside the Demo- erotic offices. The police had; been called by Frank Wills, a; suspielouS security guard, Sill bert said. Baldwin later SAW five de-.g fendants?McCord, Barkerk Sturgiti, 'Martinez and 4;4rt1ro zales?belng taken by police: from the Watergate Office Building, Silbert said. Baldwin also saw Hunt and Liddy, car,: rying suitcases, leaving the ad- joining Watergate Hotel, he said. ? Liddy was wearing "a! conservative suit, as he always does, as he is today," her added. Moments later, Hunt ap- peared, agitated, in Baldwin's, hotel room, used the bathroom and then said, according to Silbert, " 'I've got to call a lawyer. I've got to call a law- yer.' " Hunt placed a alit' spoke, and then told Baldwin; to return the ,bugging equip ment to McCord's home and "get ,out of town,".Silbert said Silbert said Liddy went to; the . re-election committed! headquarters the morning of , June 17 and began shreddint4 papers. Silbert said Sloan ?saW,1 Liddy and Liddy said, ;`"The'' boys got caught last night. We made a ,mistake. I'll probably: -lose my job." Silbert said Sloan "didn't know what he (Liddy) was talking about." ' Hunt, in the Meantime, had gone to the Washington home of M. Douglas Caddy, also ex-, pected to be a witness, and called Barker's home in Miami 'about 3:30 nut:, Silbert said. Caddy started calling lawyers, ?finally getting Joseph 'A. Rat: ferty. Silbert Said Hunt gave Caddy $8,500, including one $500 bill and the ,balance in $100 bills." At the second district police headquarters, where the five arrested defendants had been taken, they were advised Of, their rights and offered, but, declined, the customary phon6 call. "Yet, lo and behold," SU- bert said, "at 10:30 Saturday morning in" walked two la*, yers?Michael Douglas Caddy and Joseph Rafferty. How Iii the world did they get there?" ? Although Liddy originally! worked for the reelection com- mittee, Silbert pointed out that "at the time of the con- spiracy," Liddy was working for the Finance Committee to Re-elect the President. "Why?' What had happened?" Silbert asked, then explaining, "The fact of the matter, ladies and gentlemen, as you will hear from testimony of Mr. Ma- gruder, (is) that Mr. Magrud- er and Mr. Liddy did not get along. , "Mr. Magruder was youngeri and in charge and Mr. ,Liddy did not like taking orders froth him. Mr. Magruder never knew where Mr. Liddy was, didn't like the kind of reports, he made either. They had a blow-up," Silbert said, And Liddy moved to the Finance ComMittee. Only two defense attorneys,. Gerald Alch and Henry Roth-, blatt, made opening state- ments. Aleh, representing Me; Cord,' conceded that McCord was inside the Watergate June 11014p14 l'intene impoliant, AiCh said, aaserting that McCord' had "not criminal intent . . He had no evil-meaning mind. He had no evil-doing hands." Rothblatt, representing Barker, Stbegis, Martinez and Gonzales, asserted ? that the "character" of his clients would preclude their.brealdng the. law. Judge Sirica, acting the ? prosecution moved to bbject, interrupted ' Rothblatt: Several times. to direct the lawyer to restrict his ? state- ment to evidence ? and not make an argument to the jury., "Keep an even keel," Sirica told the emotional? Rothblatt, "and don't let your blobd pres- sure getup." ? Sirica prodded' Rothblatt to explain why his .'clients were inside the Watergate, a fact conceded by Rothblatt. "Who! paid them?" Sirica asked, as, he has before. "Did they geti any money to go in there? Was it purely ? for ponders espionage?" Rothblatt ? said that 'the WASHINGTON POST! 10 JANUARY 1973 Senate Look At Watergate ,Ig iAssured . ' fp?By Spencer Rich Waehinaton Pos.t, Matt Writer !,t The Senate Democratic Pal- ;icy Committee agreed titiani. inously yesterday .that there Should be a Senate probe of .C,the Watergate affair and that Send Sam J. Ervin Jr, (D-N.C.) .should head it. y The vote, taken on a show oof hands, makes it virtually ?Certain that there will be a "ynajor Senate investigation . of. allegations of Republican po- clitical espionage against Dem- 'ocrats during the 1972 election 'campaign, including alleged )blagging of Democratic head- quarters at the Watergate Ho- ; Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (D-Mont.) last Weekend released a letter to, Ervin urging him, as chairman: cof the Senate Government Op-0 trations Committee and of the: ,Senate Judiciary Subcommit4 tee on Constitutional Rights; to head up the probe. HeS -promised Ervin full legal. Pow-i 'ers and backing. ? i? So far, Ervin, snowbound in North Carolina yesterday, basn't announced whether he ,will agree to head the study, and, if so, whether he will do It through Government Opera- tions or Constitutional Rights. Yesterday's vote means that there will be a probe regard- iless?of who heads it, and that 'Ervin is the party's unanimous Choice to do so. 7 According to senators pres- ,Cnt, Majority Whip Robert C. ' ,Byrd (0-W.Va.) raised the ?,7141=VatiSgrottine2 11 r Trurn "evidened wili einakv tlitit" hISi clients, who kriewd each nth& sinee the' abortive'? anti-Castrici, Bay of Pigs operation in 1961%,1 "were following instructionC that they had been trained to! follow, with no evil motive." , .4 Addressing himself, to the motivation for the alleged conl spiracy, Silbert said, "We can only look at Um facts and you draw' the ?inferei?ce you choose' ?to draw ." ? . One motive "01 ? tiously" wad political, ?Silbert said. ?"er it e Interests of the po..sons, the' defendants in this .ase may, vary," Silbert s.,.-i. ".'he moti=1 vation of defenda 'tunt and; defendant Liddy 1.? v haves been different from t2c, motq vations of the fair defeicy qtr. from Mitt& (Barker, Martinez sand Gonzales), they in turn may have ha,.. fr! different motivation (than. cn,'N fendant McCord." , s ? , The facts, according tn. SiW bert, are that McCord, Barkers) Martinez in d Gonzales WV, needed Money. ? ? ? IVA Ilia determination to go hhead. and his; desire to have Ervin' head it: The 14-munber corn- smittee, policy-making arm of, the 57 Senate DemocrOs, then voted unanimously. Democratic anger over the lads allegedly committed int Republicans during the cam -; paign is widespread. Byrd, for. example, who has. often had friendly relations with the ad' ministration, said several: days ago, "f don't think any partY in power should be allowed to ondmit,,acts of political sabo- tage, slander and libel in an attempt to destroy another pa-, litical Party and its leader, as alleged here." Mansfield hat; tidied the purported acts Of Political: sabotage a threat to the entire constitutional, sys-: tem. 0 The White House has denied most of the incidents and has said it is convinced, from its Own investigation, that no one currently on Mr: 'Nixon's staff had anything to do with the incidents. The idea of a Senate Water- tate probe first came up Oct, '12, when Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.), as chairman of the :Senate Judiciary Committee 'Administrative Practice and Procedure Subcommittee, in , formed other subcommittee members by letter that he Waa instructing the staff to under- take a preliminary inquiry and Issue subpoenas. This came jtast after the House Banking Committee refused to anther-. Ire Chairman Wright Patmari (D-Tex.) to' go ahead with ? probe with full legal powers. Kennedy, however, has Ways been reluctant to lead the full-scale Senate probe'. Mansfield said last weekend' that a probe headed by ErvItr Would be less vulnerable te attack on political grounds, and agreed . with OrbOUltiVedY M4 . r, 1 lir ir? t, "TM r, /It ? WASHINGTON Posr 7 January 3.973 t.,? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 atergate ase called road Plot By Martin Schram' tlewadlit '.'"The Watergate burglary and ,espionage mission at Demo- cratic Party headquarters was f? - part of a widespread project in ,which documents were pho- tographed in the Embassy of Chile ansl several liberal Dem- ocratic ; senators were kept under electronic surveillance, according to a source close to ? . , the defendants. ? I The operation at the Ern- !bassy of Chile, 1736 Massachu- Isetts Ave. NW, involved three ,?men, the source said. One ',pulled documents from ' the files, one photographed the 'documents, and one placed them back in the files, Embas- sy officials have said that last May their chancery was burg- larized and the files of their ,ambassador and political chief 'were searched. The source, a person Well acquainted with the activities of the Watergate defendants, made the information able on the condition that his tome not be used. . Among the senators whose ? activities were in some way al- legedly monitored were Senate Majority Leader Mike Mans- field (D-Mont.). Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman '3. William Fulbright (D-Ark.), 'Mid Sen. Frank Church (D- Idaho). This source, also said that Sol Lincevitz. former U.S. , ambassador to the Organization of American States, was kept under similar surveillance. , 'While Newsday was able' to confirm some of the source's statements through officials close to the investigation.' al- legations concerning the sur ? vein:ince of senators neither could be confirmed nor denied. The seven defendants in the ? Watergate me go on trial Mon- day in the U.S. District Court -here. ? It also has been learned that: ? Federal authorities have tracked down and questioned two Men who had been involved , in Washington with the Water- gate group bttt who had not been caught at 'the Democratic 'headquarters scene June 17. 'The ? two nien, who have not 'been indicted, are Felipe de Diego, a Cuban exile and Bay af Pigs .veteran now living , in 'Miami, and Reinaltio Pico, who fled to Venezuela after the Wa- , termite break-in and is believed j still there. Pleo was questioned by U.S. officials in Veneattela. J' ? ? Federal investigators have obtained a daily diary that was 'being written by one of the" :Watergate defend:its. Eu- genio Martinez, ' Existence of the diary, written_ without the knowl- ;edge of his codefendants, in- dicates that the Central' In- , telligence Agency?or at least p CIA case officer?may have been monitoring the activities pf the Watergate team. Mar- tinez has continued to do work for the CIA in the years following "his part in the Bay of Pigs affair, accord- Ing to a well-informed dc. tense source in the case. The t;ource says that Martinez Confessed to his fellow de- Pedants that he had been keeping the diarY, at the urg- Ing of his current CIA su- pervisor, after it was seized by federal officials. ; Investigation sources ac- knowledge that FBI agents round the diary in the trunk Martinez' car, which was parked at Miami International ikirport. Assistant U.S. Attorney Earl Jc-- Silbert declined to say whnther Martinez' diary would be introduced as evidence in the Watergate trial, which opens Monday. De Diego, 43, is a real estate ikaaaleman who was ;employed In Miami real estate office of Bernard L. Barker, one of the Watergate? defendants. De Diego, who was granted Immunity by the grand jury 'investigating the case, said he told the grand jury and the Fill that he had come to Wash- ingtoh last May with Pico and the four Watergate defendants from the Miami area (Barker, Martinez, Frank Sturgis and Virgillo R. Gonzales). He said that he believed he and his friends were waiting to see someone from the government ?he did not know whom? and that when no one showed up, they flew back home to Miami. While in Washington, de Diego maintained, he never met James W. McCord Jr., E. Howard Hunt Jr. or G. Gordon Liddy, the other three Water- gate defendants. McCord, the former security consultant for the President's re-election committee, was arrested in- side the Watergate on June 17 with the four defendants from Miami. While de Diego said he had no knowledge of any sub rose activities by the group while he was in Washington last May, other defense sources said the group was quite busy during that period. During the weekend ofmMay 13-14, the chancery of the Em- bassy of Chile was burglarized. Pablo Valdes, first secretary of the embassy, said yesterday ? that the embassy has had "no reaction from police" since the burglarly and that his govern. Ment has not been told who committed the act. 12 : Q1A-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON POST 12 JANUARY 1973 Hunt Declares No ; igher-Ups in Plot Washington )13y Cart Bernstein and Bob Woodward Post Staff Writers I tog count, attempted inter-, ception of oral communica-' tions, and attempted inter- ception of wire communica-, tions. , Former White House con- sultant E. Howard Hunt Jr.' said yesterday that to his "personal' lincevledge" there' ? were no "higher-ups" in the Nixon administration in- volved in the plot to bug Democratic headquarters. Hunt also said he has to `knowledge of any wider ; campaign of political espio- nage than the case now be- ing tried in the Watergate :bugging case. Meeting with reporters. for the first' time since the June 17 break-in at the Watergate, Hunt's com- ments came after h4 pleaded guilty to all si counts in the indictment 'against him, tanging fro* ,burglary to wiretapping. ? "Anything I may have , ,done I did for what I be- lieved to he in the best in- terest of my country," the, former CIA agent and au- thor of more than 40 spy and sex novels told; report- ers. "And as a believer in, the law, I understood then ,and understand now, the consequences of breaking 'it." Hunt faces uO to 35 years' imprisonment after pleading guilty to conspiracy to ob- tain information from the Democrats by bugging their offices, Wiretapping their telephones, stealing their records, photographing their documents and planting 'spies in their cannsaign headquarters. Shortly after the prosecu- tion outlined its case against the seven Watergate defend- ants Wednesday, Hunt en- tered a guilty plea to three of the six counts against Hunt's lawyer, William 0. I3ittman, had said his client svas?in effect?"pleading to the entire indictment" and admitting his total role in a conspiracy. But U.S. District Court Chief Judge John J. Siricca refused yesterday to accept a plea to only those three counts?conspiracy, breaking-and-entering, and Interception of wire commue nications. Sirica, citing "the appar- ent strength of the govern-* Iment's case" against Hunt, told him that "the proper representation of the ,public *interest in justice" could not permit acceptance of a plea to only seine of the charges. Bittmati then rose to em ter a guilty plea on all six; counts in the indictment, adding the following charges to the original plea:, another breaking-andenter- ' Rejecting Bittman's arm' meat that Hunt remain free4 on his current $10,000 bond? , pending sentencing, the,l ; judge set additional bond of $100,000 and ordered Hunt.' 'jailed until posting the'? ,money. ; Hunt stood almost at at-) .tention, his hands at his side, as he faced the judge", 'and answered Sirica'e quese lions about whether he un-1 ',derstood the consequenceej of pleading guilty with th&, ;phrase, "Yes, your honor, Ii 'do." Hunt was held in the U.S.j courthouse lockup for about; three hours, then released' 'upon posting $100,000 'that, had been obtained from a, :surety company. The money? 'bad been guaranteed against ithe premiums from life in- surance policies bought by, .Hunt's 'wife before an air-I 'line flight on which she waif killed last month. Ashen-faced but calm',' Hunt met briefly with re- porters upon his release and , under ground' rules estab- lished by his attorney: that would make a brief, statement and then answer, thtee previously submitted, 'questions. , "Gentlemen, I'd like to4 , say this," he began in a' ` clear, modulated voice, and! asserted that he had done "what I believed to be in the 'best interest of my coun- try . . . " , His plea of guilty, he said in answer to the first ques- tion, "was a result of a great Many factors . . . With the unexpected and tragic death' of my wife just a month ago, felt that I could not sus- thin the experience of a long. , trial. I felt that I should be with my children. I felt fur% ther that by pleading guilty, 'my plea of guilty might be 'taken into consideration at he time of sentencing later on and result 'in a, perhaps the time of sentencing later hopefully, lesser sentence." After characterizing the' 'prosecution's opening staten meat of his role in the bug- ging case as "substantiallY correct," Hunt was asked!, "It you testify before a grand jury (as he agreed RI do upon pleading guilty)' will your testimony impli- cate higher-ups or indicate that there was a wider con aptraoy than the one now Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : C1A-RDP7 OO4 Rooiiigairobril trrli . . I Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 YIng tried?" ?-??ptol-? would testify' to 'the fol *trloWing, gentlemen," said Hunt. "To my personal knowledge there was not." He refused to elaborate, adding only, "I am very?anx- 'ious to be reunited with family and I leave you with 'that." , ? Accprding to the prosectt,t, *tion's opening statement in the trial, Hunt attempted to, recruit several persons to ?participate in undercover ac-,' ttivities against , the Demo. ? crats, including a 25-year-old t college student who worked .as a spy in the presidential ,?"campaigns of Sen. Edmund S. Muskie and Sen. George: I McGovern. . During the FBI's Water- gate investigation, federal sources told Washington ?, Post reporters that ; Hunt wall a key figure in under- ? cover political activities? eenceived by high White? House aides ? which have not been mentioned by the,? prosecution in' the bugging f trial. ') Among them, according to those sources, was an at- tempt by Hunt to persuade. a California :lawyer, Donald 'Ii. Segretti, to organize an "attack" on GOP convention. headquarters ? in the name of supporters of the Demo: erotic presidential nominee. Segretti has said that both ? Hunt and presidential ap- pointments secretary 'Dwight L. Chapin were among his "contacts" for pd.' :Mica' spying and disruption. .Segretti's name was on thel ;prosecution's original list of ;witnesses for the Watergate: Arial, but it was .not read in: court as ' the rid opened Monday. ; ? '? In Ma career,. Hunt had been ? An operative for the? CIA around the globe, a consultant to the White' ?House, end a public rola- :dons man. Born 54 years ago, he. :graduated from Brown UM- I?Vbrsity in .1940, served with ?distinction in World. Wir tivOrked at the U.S. Embnasy ? 'In Paris as an attoehe *In 1948 and for the 'CIA 'from 11)49 to 11)70. He ?also hod a ? key 'role in ?the Bay of' Pigs invasion during ' which ? he.. ?met some of the men who *could later be recruited for the bugging of Democratic . headquarters. ,? f ? In the summer of 1971.,'' `Hunt , joined the Whlte,,' ;House as a consultant upon the - recommendation of, 'Charles ?W.. Colson, Prest-i dent 'Nixon's special coun-' Se; In the Executive Man-?. f . Won, according to the White4. , House, Hunt worked primar- ily on a project involving do- classification of the Penta. On Papers, and completed 4:11O,chltiel ort Ma)h 20AplypV WASHINGTON POST 12 JANUARY 1973 ? tn Watergate Case ,Implicated by Witness Lawrence Meyer Washington Post Staff Writer 1 Thomas James Gregory, a- 25-year-old college senior who said he was recruited by E. Howard Hunt Jr. to, ; spy on two Democratic Pres- idential candidates, yester- day implicated at least six of the seven persons. charged in the Watergate,, bugging trial during testi- mony in U.S. Distiict Court. Gregory, Who Who will resume his testimony today, briefly' described a meeting he said - he attended at a Washington' hotel in which at least six of the defendants were pres- ? .ent. The prosecution, con-1 ?tends the' purpose of the, ? meeting was to plan a break-in at Sen. George SI McGovern's campaign head-1 quarters. Gregory was un? :able to say positively whether defendant Eugenio; , B. Martinez was at ,tile meet- Ong. ' Hunt and six' other per-' , sons were charged in an, eight-count indictment with 'breaking into the Demo- cratic National Committee's ,. ? . Federal Investigators an associates at the public re-, :lotions firm ? where Hunt ,worked have told Post re.. porters that he continued to 'work at the White House until shortly before., OA; break-in. The prosecution, I 4n its opening . arguments .'"Wednesday, said Hunt weal at the White sHou'se until' April. , The White House, after months of silence on the 'question, recently confirmed, that Hunt worked in the ,basement of the Executive Office Building with other presidential aides who were attempting to determine the, source of government leaks: to the news media ? who were known in the White House as "the plumbers." In addition, Hunt is also known to have been doing 'research on Sen. Edward M. 'Kennedy during the period .when the White House re- garded the Massachusetts Democrat as a likely 1972 Presidential rival of Presi- dent Nixon. During his days at the White House, a special tele- phone was installed in Hunt's office and billed to the private home of a White House secretary the same telephone on which the pros- ecution in the _Watergate ,case said Monday that Hunt Oid0fietri,rttee MOM ? Watergate headquarters on June 17 to steal information: and to conduct illegal wire- tapping and eavesdropping. ? Prior to Gregory's testi- mony yesterday, Hunt, a for-' mer White House consult- ant, pleaded guilty to all six 'counts of conspiracy, bur-, glary and illegal wiretap- ping and eavesdropping, with which he personally. , Was charged. ? Hunt's admission of guilt? to all the charges against. him followed Chief U.S. Dis-' trict Judge John J. Sirica's :refusal to accept a guilty plea to only three counts of eonspiracy, burglary and il- legal wiretopping.', ,Sirica acceptea Hunt's, 'guilty Plea to all six count? and ordered, him to post a ,$100,000 surety bond, in ad,, dition to a $10,000 bond he posted earlier, before he could be released pending: sentence. Hunt was placed. .in the court lockup ond're-, leased when he posted the' bond. The 'jury, 'which has leeen sequestered from the begin-. ' ning of the trial,, did noti hear Hunt's plea. Sirica in-I formed the jurors, "You are nb longer, to be concerned with the Case pf the United States ? against E. Howard: , Aunt Jr." . ? Although Hunt no longer , is A party to the trial of the other six defendants ? G. Gordon Liddy, James W. McCord Jr., ? Bernard L. Parker, Frank Sturgis, VW Milo Gonzales and Martinez' ?testimony yesterday cons Untied to' focus, on Hunt's role in 'the alleged conspir- acy. From the 'opening state? Meats of principal Assistant' U.S. Attorney Earl J. Silbert Wednesday, it appears that ,an explanation of Hunt's role is central in proving" that a conspiracy existed. In, calling Gregory, whose main" ties were to Hunt, as a with; ness, the prosecution; seemed to be following the' same course expected had ;Hunt not pleaded guilty. Silbert refused comment yesterday on whether Hunt might be called as :I prose- cution witness. Silbert -has said Hunt will be called to testify before the grand jury that investigated the Water- .gate incident and returned the indictment. Hunt's grand jury appearance Is' , not expected until after the - a s concluded. Calling Hunt to testify in the trial, 1. e en =tilt, 7aMitlikOt197//3964A*100 ? one ; !sources, would pose difficult legal problems. ? ? However, William 0. 131t', man, Hunt's attorney, said ' Hunt could legally be called to testify against the six re- maining defendants, but' that the prosecutor has not indicated an intention or A riebd to es?i Hunt. Gregory, 0%; :fifth witness called by the' prosecution, . was the first wi,,oss to say. he saw as many as %:7 of the: 'defendants together onei place at one time. The ing' described ?by. ? to6k place on May 22 or hn the Manger Hamiltdn Ho? tel at 14th and K Streets: NW, according to his testi; ? mony. . ? ? Gregory's testimony about, the meeting, taken' out of ?the jury's presence to see, . if it was admissible, did nal go into the purpose of thei :meeting or What was actu- ally discussed. ? ' " ,? While the jury was ? hi court, Gregory testified that 'he had been contacted by Robert Bennett Fletcher, arkt old friend from New Jersey.,; . Fletcher had testified ear= her that fiunt had asked, him if he had any friends in the Waphington area. "whti` wer'istrong ?Republicans but' who might be ?interested in' joining the Democrats for! 'the purpose of getting Mil formation and turning it ever." . ? Fletcher is the nephew Of; 'Hunt's employer at the time,. Itobert F. Bennett. Fletcher, ? said be told Hunt he could, think of no friends in the' 'area but that if he thought; of any others, he would let ,Hunt know. ' ? ' Fletcher said he later :thought of Gregory, con- tacted him And Gregory wae. agreeable after thinking the ;matter over for a day or so. Gregory, ,a rosy-cheeked, slight student of history at Brigham Young University, :with neatly trimmed hair,i ?testified that after Flotch-! er's call he received two tters?one signed "Earl War- ren" and the other "Ed War-, Ten," aliases used by Hunt I c,One letter contained a' ,round-trip ticket for Greg? ory to fly to Washington,! , which he said he did on' ? about Feb. 20, 1972. Gregory said he met with t,"Warren" 'the 'same night.; ,Gregory identified "War-.? ren" as Hunt from a picture shown him by Silbert. , Hunt,. Gregory said, 10.10500etbether 1 had any, ? f .(11/ 111E1 01 +I Vi .17711.11 ,1'flinV1I/) Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON POST 12 JANUARY 1973 , U.S. Says Finance Law Violated Nixon; Committee Charged' Tivalms about what he had. asked me to do and what he ' had asked me to do was to work for Muskie N(Sen. isnund S. Muskie) campaign,. . 'headquarters and simply him Hunt) with information.: ? : . I said no. Then we ' 'talked about my going doW1t1 there the following day- to t , Muskie headquarters and :.trying to get on as a student intern.' Gregory said he went to rtwork for Muskie about, ;March 1, endeavoring to get for Hunt the information he t requested. Gregory sald Jltint wanted "to know ad. 'tar aa possible what the coll.!. tents of speeches were. . He also wanted me to In.' form him of any major at1.1: visers he (Muskie) had. He' (Hunt) wanted' to know, if there was any dissension in- -the headquarters and if between what parties." Hunt' also wanted him to find out. about Muskie contributors,: -Gregory said. ; Hunt, Gregory said, told' him the information would ? be given tO? "Bob Fletcher 'And the gentleman 'Mr. War.. yen' (Hunt) referred to as ,the man who would give. him the money to pay me." Gregory said Hunt' "Indicated that there was a friend or friends in town to' whom the information would be of great value." Gregory gave no indication tin his testimony that he knew If the information he was giving Hunt was being turned over to the Commit- tee for the Re-election of the President. . ? . Silbert had indicated in. his opening statement that. the alleged conspiracy in- -volved at least six surrepti-t nous intelligence operations' iaimed At the Democrats. Once a day, Gregory said, he called Hunt on an un., listed phone. They met once' ,,a week, sometimes more of- ten, at a drugstore at 17th "and K Streets NW. "We'd . come in at different. times , , and meet in the back of the , drugstore and I'd give Mr.'; , Warren a white envelope ; with typed information he , :ley (-.It-N.Y.). There are no' , had requested, such as the scheduling of Sen. Muskie," ? :Gregory said. In mid-April, Gregory '? Said, when Muskie's cam.; ! paign faltered, Hunt told I :him to sign on as a volun- User with McGovern and try to get the same type of in-. 'formation he had sought' 1 from Muskie. The weekly : meetings were switched to I- qhe lobby of the Roger Smith Hotel, at 18th Street ;and Pennsylvania Avenue ?gNW1 Gregory said. ?!t ? In mid-May, Gregory-testi. Med out of the jury's pres.. once, Hunt introduced him . Id another man, whom Greg,- ory Identified. in court as .McCord, then the security BY Morton Mintz . Weshineton Post Staff Writer The Justice Department; yesterday accused the nance Committee to Re-elect, the President of eight crimi.-.` 'nal violations of the elec.' tion-financing law. The department also fired'. criminal complaints against; rthree congressional candi- 'dates who did not heed re- peated warnings by the Clerk of the 'House and then ' the department to submit reports? on campaign ? con- tributions and expenditures. ; Known technically as t : criminal informations, the .complaints filed in U.S. -Dis- Viet Court here are the first under the Federal Elections ;Campaign Act, which took effect April 7. ' The cOmplaints against the congressional candidates are the first of their kind, ever. Nonfiling of financial ;reports first became an of. e'lense under the Corrupt Yractices Act of 1925.' The complaint against the 'finance committee, which was headed by Maurice II. -gtans, former Secretary of Commerce, contains eight separate counts. Each car- ries a maximum penalty of $1,000 fine and one year in prison. No person was 'named a defendant. how- 'ever, so no one could go to; jail. ' ? Thee complaint cited finan- eial transactions -last sum.'" mer-in which the-committee' ;allegedly passed cash sums, -$12,000, $12,000 and $5.- 300?threugh its then tress,' urer, Hugh P. Sloan Jr., to I its then legal advisor, G. 'Gordon Liddy. The committee 'obtained no receipts from-,-Liddy and maintained no records, as, :required by the new law,- oni the purpose for which earchi expenditure had been made, :the complaint said. The committee also via., lated the law' by, failing to report?the 'cash transactions; to the General Accounting Office, and by failing to ob-,, tam n a receipt for and report, to the GAO "an additional; 82,000 spent by Liddy, the:, complaint said. The $5,300 was reportedly. routed through Herbert '14; ,Porter, the , committee's' scheduling director, for de", livery to Liddy. I Two of the congressionall 'candidates named in crimi-i Ina% complaints Were Demo-1 ,cracts who lost in their re- spective prima rii. e s last ,spring. They were Charles, W. Johnson of Ohio's 17th! 'District, which encompasses 'several counties in the east- central part of the state, anti; William C. Haden, of the Pennsylvania's 14th District? encompassing Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. ? The third candidate, Fritjof P. Thygeson, won the nomination of the Peace 'And' Freedon Party from Califor- nia's 40th District, Which in.; chides west-central San Di: ego County and two-thirds? of the city of San Diego, but, was defeated in' November. 4 . All told, the Clerk ,of the House referred roughly 3,-- 000 House candidates and -,committees to the depart-4 ment. Most complied after the department sent them!' warning letters. More crimP bind complaints are expected' to filed,- hoVever. A finanee committee ?llegedlY i plaint spokesman it,"Osman -.said the corn. 7e- oordinator for the re-elec- tion committee. McCord, according to SCI- -bert's opening statement, ,? later. visited McGovern' headquarters and. tried- un" successfully to plant. a bug.? ' in Mankiewicz's office while Gregory distracted others. . Ado in mid-May, Gregory I said, Hunt introduced him ; to another .man, who sat , wearing dark glasses in the ? rear of a car driven ? by Hunt. The three of them stopped at ? a? McDonald's "for hamburgers and soine- ., thing to drink," Gregory' said. "The gentleman took: his dark glasses off." 14 Approved For Release '2001/O8/OClA I PO refers to technical and unifq .tentional failures to comply' I with certain sections of a omplex new election law. It' is the policy of this commit- tee to fully comply with all election laws, We have al" ?ways sought to do so." Common Cause, a citizens! lobby that is suing the coin" ,Mittee to compel disclosure of all contributors who gavel ian estimated $15 million WI i$20.million' before the' nety, 'law took . effect, welcomed .the Justice Department se." ;yen but termed it "ratheri ;belated." ? f The time to act was be- t fore the Noverriber election,' "when it mattered," said Staff counsel Kenneth .T. uido. The' law assured "expeditious treatment" of 'suits 'the department might, bring, Guido pointed out. 4 ; Liddy and Porter figured' in the prosecution's opening Statement at the Watergate hugging. trial Wednesday. ; Assistant U.S. Attorney( Earl .1. Silbert told the jury; that Liddy's committee 'au-1 periors had given him $235,-, 000 in cash for various as-, signments, but that the prosi ecution could account for only $50,000 of this. Some of the assignments came, from Porter, Silbert said. The complaint against the finance Committee was rela- ted intseveral."apparent and possible" violations by:Pres- ident Nixon's re-election oit ganization that the GAO re- ferred to the department on Aug. 26. I The GAO listed the possi hie offehses OS outgrowths, 'of the bugging of Demo'i `erotic National Committee) Offices in the Watergate, 00 t 'Irt777" .; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 NEW YORK TIMES, SUNDAYJANUARY 14,19731 Mystery Comedy, etc. ,...Arid Dirty Tficks. , , . , , . ?.,, ,. . ...._ Of Conspiracy, burglary; and eaves, t' , ' WASHINGTON?Scandal, like a lot dropping that had been placed against of other things, never quite made it as; 'him. Hunt showed up in court looking ' an issue in the 19'72 Presidential cams, .'bad. He had lost weight lime his in- ! ,. paign. Last week, with the election two ;dictmentt, his face was very pale, his , 1 months past and the Inauguration at ' expretsion somber. ? Hunt's wife Was... :. hand, there were scime footnotes and` 'killed last month in a' plane crash, leav-.. limit, , entirely new chapters. in ' the: !Ing him with three children at home ' Scandal' dossier. . - *, between the ages of nine and 21. He is. ! , e;Thq Justice Department, on Thurs.', , free on $100,000 bitil,'..pendblg,?setts '? day, charged 'Abe ? Finance- Committee, Aenclig. ' to Re-elect the President with eight . (,' The obucity_aa a clA. agent hal .criminal violations of the Campaign' '1:was anonymous for 20 years-.seemed ' 'Spending Law. The committee spent ,. $31,300 without reporting it as ye-;to bother _ Hunt more than it did any, d f d ' quired, the Government said. The Gem.: ',:! Of his co- e en ants , and he worked , t hard to avoid it. He was the most enig- l eral Accounting Office had audited the i: , matte of the defendants and. perhaps had reported a series of "apparent committee's records last , August and ';becaust of that; the most interesting: ! , . . , ' ? violations" involving about $350,000. Bernard L. Barker of Miami, who The Justice Department said its charges , served under Hunt in the planning Of . lest week stemmed. "In part" from the; the .Bay of Pigs fiasco, hes said he , 1,G.A..0. report. . ? . . ' .1 . i , 4 . would follow his old boss "to hell and alit Was alleged in court papers that; ;beck." By the end of the week there ?resident Nixon't personal lawyer, Her- :were. reliable indications that he and, 43ert W. Kalmbach, had been a major. ' ., !three other defendants wanted to Join ,eolicitor of the dairy industry con-, Hunt in pleading guilty. . . . .tributions to the Republican Party that., , '? ? The legal situatitni was immensely :learn? after the Administration reversed . 1 com Heated. The two other defendants, iself. and raised milk price supports. ' Liddy and James W. McCord Jr., both . 'According to a deposition in a law sult? officials. of the President's campaign . 'Mt. .Xalmbach 'first asked "quite un. organization at the time of the'Water- . Atquivocally" for Money and then "tri,eu'- ' '1, :gate arrests, showed no signs of want- ( to, stop at least same of the gifts when .: Ing to, follow Hunt in changing .the& :,industry Officials made it plain they -: rpleas, Since , conspiracy is the mai*, 'Would make., the donations public as'. charge in the indictment and since ,Iettnired by law.' , ? ? n.. ? . . , , Liddy and McCord are among the .a1- ,.,.. ? -ft Criminal Case 1?111i. 182.7-72,' ilia t ,leged-participants, it appeared that. as -- - ,`United States of America v. George' long as both or either of them stand. . '' , .'Oordon Liddy, et al., came to 'trial On- to be presented, in. full, regardless of ' ' ; 'rMonday trial the Government's case would have In the United States Distiict Court for the District of Coluinbia.% the other guilty pleas.. . . , ..- . i.Thus the first formal ' exploration of: ? The case was outlined in an openl'-', - this Watergate affair got underway.. i Ing statement to the jury by the ,prinl. r-,, it had been by far .the, most mid.: cipal Assistant United States Atto :ney- Earl ..7. Silbert The prosecutbr 'odorous item in the scandal bag, ; ' Stemming as . it did from the arrest 'sought to implicate . no one except ` inn . June 17 ' of five , Men?some of :those charged, but he was scarcely shy, Ivihorn had links to the White House--7 : ,in discussing the President's Campaign inside ' the offices of the Democratic' Committee. He said he would prove 'National Committee, and from the that, the committee ? had peid Liddy ' 'Indictment on Sept. 15 of the five.' $235,000 for an "intelligence operas . And, two others. , '1, ,. ?! . first five days of trial,. like the' Isis: months of inquiry, speculation; 'and. debate that preceded them, pro; iduced.? vast, amounts. of significant Information,' confusion; cromedy, mys- toil', and pathos. The most important. developments wete these: ;,..: , ., E. Howard Hunt 'Jr., author of 46 effort,'had hired him to get informs': titeVele. onetime ePP for the Central, tion from the campaign 'offices Of Set'- Int,elliOnce Agency, and. more recently ?. :etors McGovern and Nokia. ?,-. ' ? ? ,*1 ' a Consultant to the White House, en-; ? ?, ornaWALTER RUGASI4 : ,taktta sa . Plea 'Ot guilty to :all .tharge9 : L.: t' tion" during last year's campaign. It 'was unclear, the prosecutor said, ho*, most of this money?all of it was In' cash?had been spent ? , .r. ; A previously 'unreported spy 'wa .also unveiled., A college student,' .Thomas James Gregory, testified that , Hunt, who was alleged to have joined, 'Liddy in recruiting for the intelligence CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 17 January 1973 Watergate fog.. , If. the W,atergate political' espionage: case were only a matter of the individual guilt of seven men, the guilty pleas of thel defendants might seem to put an end to it.1 ' But the spying incident involves morel than the individual guilt of a few men)! The entire psychological climate in which government operates is affecte& by the case. Such matters as why the; :defendants took on the assignment, 1.,,w! high up the Republican c Impaign staf; ' , and White House staff knowledge of the; crime reached, are not ye' cleared up ? -Until they are, the forces A cynicism') About the American elect ral process will be strengthened. . Thus while one must acce ? to the 1 defendants the right to plead ':,,,wever they wish to protect their indi luta ,rights, one must regret that the, so, doing will ciit short a full court ?, i- vestigation of the case. , Fortunately, if the trial in federal coup" "sputters 'in a fog of guilty pleas, the public can still hope for a thorough : explication of the events through another venue. ? e Sen. Sam Ervin of North Carolina will,' Ihead a congressional investigation intoi the Mcident. Paradoxically,' the motive: :behind the guilty pleas in federal court 4111 become yet another topic of inquiry before Congress. ? One could say, at one level, that the; :admission of guilt by most of the defen-1 dents settles the public rJecord. YeV ,several questions nag. What happened to the nearly $800,000 in Republican cam-, Oaign funds thathive not been accounted for? Are the defendants, in pleading guilty; Merely acting in the tradition of the espionhge profession in taking the rap' When caught out, and riot implicating: their hirers? And who are the guaran-, tors? The problem with the guilty pleas i8. that they seem part of a consistent effort, ,to contain the ramifications of the ease.4 'Whereas the only real way to settle thei Matter is to let the investigation run a! ifull course so that all suspicions are Confirmed or disproved. If the federal' 'court does not perform this service, tied as it is in protecting 'the rights of thi ;defendants, then hopefully Congresa wffl; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIAADP77-00432R000100050001-1 I ir"I'r1171,111-rd IT its rtIrttt Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON STAR 14 January 1973 u ity ? By BARRY KALB and - JOY ASCIIENBACH . Star-News Staff Writers ' One guilty plea and the pos-? sihility of several others havel 'brought the Watergate, break-in and bugging trial to a temporary, halt, and are re.- clecing the chances that 'the, complete story -- at least the government's version of' It ???"; will be fully told. The possible pleas of the: Pair defendants from Miami,' corning at this point in the trial, have raised speculation, , that the move is being inches-, trated from behind the scenes, by: some unknown person or; persons in order to prevent: disclosure of information in the trial. :ticcept for E. Howard Hunt Jes guilty plea Thuraday, nothing is definite yet. But even if other decisions to plead guilty are made by individual defendants independly of any; ? tOreement among the others? ary reduction in the number en. trial- would diminish the, amount of information that vlial came out. . " :Four more guilty pleas could' result lh a mistrial being de-, aired on behalf of the two, rinhaining defendants, putting.; of the trial for as long as Waver al months . ' ? , Mistrial Plea Items certain that the trequestered jurors would think It strange that every time they were brought into the court- room, another of the defend- ants had disappeared 'with no explanation from the judge,- . Chief U.S. District Judge John , , J. Sirica. ? Attorneys for G. Cordell Lid- dy and James W. McCord Jr. have indicated that if the four Miamlans ? Bernard L. Bar- ker, Frank A. Sturgis, Virgilio H. Gonzalez and Eugenio R. Martinez ? do plead guilty, they Will ask for a mistrial. Whether Judge Sirica would itant a mistrial remains to be seen. He has made it obvious I-that he is aware of the public Interest in the case and all the preparation that has gone into ',.it. One attorney remarked: ? "Sirica Is so. determined to ;have a trial that he'd try this case without any defendants." "Mistrial Cr not, the turn of stiOenta this pest week has. raised a number of questions: Was Hunt's plea motivated 'Salley by his very real family 'problems and Ida expressed hope that Sirica will take the plea into consideration at seri- fencing, or was he, as has been suggested without proof acting at the request of high Republican officials? His at- torneys state unequivocally ,that there was nothing in their tlient's decisien that hat not ? been said publicly. ? If the four Miainimen do decide to plead guilty, and 'their decision was not infin- .enced by the Nixon adminis- ? tration--?to which the Water- gate caper has been unofficial- ly linked, have they been influ- enced by anybody else? ? In the event that the four plead guilty, will McCord and Liddy ; follow suit? So far, "McCord's attorney, Gerald iAlch, has said he will continue !With the 'trial. ILiddy's attar- ney, Peter Maroulis, has con- sistently refused to comment, -but it has been generally as- sumed that if anybody fights it out to the end, it will be Liddy. t Speculatfon Cited Any suggestion that the "White House has any part in " the pleading is sheer specula- tion at the moment, and there are arguments against this The government has con- tended that its investigation of the case was thorough, and that it has no evidence to sug- gest that the case involved anything more than the limit- ed burglary, bugging and po- litical spying outlined in the Indictment and in Asst. U.S. Atty. Earl .J. Silbert's opening argument onW ednesda y. There have been allegations of a broad, administration-led plot of political espionage and sabotage, but these ham not been confirmed. In private, both prosecution and JusticeDepartment sources have said they were anxious to have a public trial in order to back up their con- tention. Silbert made this clear on Wednesday when he told Ski-, ca that he had agreed to Hunt's plea to only three of the six counts with which Hunt was charged ? Sirica ulti- mately forced Hunt to plead to all six ? as long as the plea was withheld long enough to give Silbert a chance to lay out his entire case in the open- ing statement. Hunt's background has 'raised suspicion about the ad- ministration's role. He was a 'White House consultant until at least late March, and was reportedly hired on the recom- mendation of his personal friend, Charles W. Colson, special counsel to the Presi- dent. , But Hunt's attorneys, Wil- liam 0. Bittman and Austin S. _ Mittler, are both firm in say- ; !trot behind Hunt' f plea. ? ? Without going . into detail , about their conversations with 'Hunt, his lawyers say he con- cluded that the government's case was overwhelming, that he 'has family problems that require his attention, and that they went to the prosecution with the offer of a plea ? not the other way around. 1 , Hunt's wife, Dorothy, was killed Dec. 8 in a Chicago plane crash. His oldest child, ,Lisa, 21, was seriously Injured In an automobile accident last ? year, according to court pa- Ors, and the youngest child, David, is only nine years old? .according to Bittinan's state- ments in court. ? ? One suggestion that there may be more behind the ac- tions of the Miami defendants, Is the fact that they would apparently have nothing to gain ? within the judicial process ? in changing ' their, pleas to guilty. 4 ' "With a judge like Slrica,"" says their attorney, Henry B.. Rothblatt, "there are no bene-, 'fits." Disagreeing with Hunt's' expectation, Rothblatt says he has no reason to expect thatl guilty pleas might result in' shorter prison'terms. He also pointed out that Siri-i ca's actions so far Indicate, that he will accept nothing less than pleas to the full seveni ; counts with which the four are, charged. Sirica refused to ac-' .cept Hunt's plea to three' kcounts, forcing Hunt to plead', to all six. On the other hand, Rothblatt 'aeasons, if the four continue ,with the trial, there is a. , chance that the jury would ac- quit them on at least some charges, and if they are con. , victed they might eventually win an appeal. One obvious claim in an appeal, he said, 'would be the massive pre-trial ?spublicity in the case. By pleading guilty now, they would be cancelling out all' these options. Further evidence that the 'pleas would not be completely independent comes from an article Friday in Newsday, a Long Island, N.Y., newspaper. The article, quoting sources close to the defense, said that the four are being urged to plead by unidentified "friends in Miami," who have prom- ised to provide for the men's families at the rate of $1,000 pet month for every month the men are in prison. There has been no Immedi- ate explanation for the timing :kik that theta Orattiothing se- 16 of the pleas, In Hunt's ease, his attorneys approached the government during the week before the trial and agreed to plead guilty. The plea was held up only by the agreement to allow - 'Silbert to- make his opening 'statement first, according te Silbert and Bittman. But Rothblatt has conceded that there were no surprises for the defense in either Sil- bert's statement or the so- , far-incomplete testimony of Thomas J. Gregory which ' 'might have convinced the de- , fendants that the case against; them was stronger than they bad originally suspected. '4 w? Gregory, a student at Briga: ham Young University wile; ;admitted spying on two Demo.' ' cratic presidential candidates' . at Hunt's request last year,f, ;testified outside the , presence , of the jury that he could Iden , tify some, and perhaps all, o ! the seven defendants as hay, ,ing been involved in a, corn.' , Iron plot. " , ' ' i t Conversations with a ntim-; !.ber of persons familiar with' the case have tended to clear' Up a few other points. :- One point ,is the statement on Friday by an American, Ciyil iLiberties Union attorney; IthAt on Dec. 22, Silbert told' kith Hunt was attempting, in i participating in the bugging of, blackmail a Democratic 0 'Democratic headquarters, 0 ' i 1 , Sources close to the prosecu: ;tion contend that the attorney,, :ttliarles Morgan Jr., misun-A derttotid Silbert's egad' state,' 4 ment. They state the matter in this way: , The prosecution has ob4: tallied no evidence which has, jblgektriall was a motive in the, t bugging. The government does' ' have evidence, however, that ? the eavesdroppers were as in??ii terested in intercepting per4 sonel conversations as they, were in overhearing political ,discussions. , The government plans to, present this fact to the jury, ? and allow the jurors to infer: ilhat the alleged conspirators might have been planning to: extort political intelligence not money ? from those whose conversations were ov- erheard, as well as obtaining this intelligence directly oiler A.'the wiretap. 1, This would be consistent' with Silbert's statement in court that the jury. will be able 'to infer "a variety of motives" Lfrom the prosecution's evi- i dence. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIAIRCii;iiiijr:t6.14066iiikOT:C/$6(0611111 17.7):1/17:17,-?' % 4pproved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100056001-1 WASHINGTON POST 15 JANUARY 1973 Hunt Urges 4 to Admit Guilt\ ? By, Cart Bernstein ? . reporter: "I'm almost certain the Cuban community in Mi- 1 . arid Bob Woodward ' . ami will take care of those Washington Post Staff Writers four." Foul, defendants in. the;? Hunt reportedly began urg- Watergate bugging trial haves ing the four defendants ? to been .'urged, by former .White, plead guilty more than a week House aide E. Howard Hunt ago, almost immediately after Jr. /to follow his lead and .3 the prosecution had been in. plead guilty, according to al, 'formed that he wished to en- source close to the defendants.; ter a guilty plea in the case. ? /Hunt, . according to, thei . There was no indication that Source, has led the four de,; the remaining two defendants fendants to believe that .--in the case?Liddy, a former they plead guilty ? their fam.i White House aide and Nixon Hies "will be taken care ()Pl. campaign official, and Mc- and they can expect relatively' Cord, the former security Co. early release from prison.- - 'ordinator of President Nixon's The four, all from Miami ? Bernard Barker, Frank Stur- 'gis Eugenio Martinez and Vit.= ? gilin Gonzalez ? are ,. now .seeking to plead guilty as a 'di- , rect result of , Hunt's urging and their loyalty to him,. the, fiource said. . ,. 1, ,The four and two other ?. 'man, 0. Gordon Liddy and James W. McCord Jr., are /on :trial before chief U.S. District Court Judge John J. Sines, ;charged with conspiracy, wire 'tapping and burglary in the ;break-lb and bugging at the 1,Watergate Democratic Na- ll:tonal Committee headquar- lers June 17. The trial will en. ter:its second week today. ' ;. Some of the Miami ? men have been associated with Hunt since he .was a CIA lagent assigned to the 1961'1* of Pigs invasion. 'All of them 'served as subordinates ? to I Hunt 'in the ?Watergate hug: ?Vng, according to federal in- vestigators. . . . .? Hunt's attorney, William 0. 1?Bittman, said Saturday that he '10.Ows of no suggestion made by his client that any of his al- ' leged coconspirators should 1. change their pleas to guilty t and drop from the case?a8 i Hunt himself did on Thursday. i "I would think that the sug- gestion is absurd. : .. I can't ',conceive of it," said Bittman. The report . that the four de- fendants from Miami have ,been urged by Hunt to plead ?guilty follows news stories? by The New York Times, !Newsday and syndicated col- umnist Jack Anderson?that "the men are still being paid. re-election committee?intend to change their pleas to guilty, and drop from the case. On Friday, testimony in the Watergate trial was abruptly halted as Judge Sirica held a full day of secret conferences with the six defendants and their attorneys?amid indica- tions that the four Miami men were seeking to change their pleas to guilty. It was reported that the four were in a clash with their extiorney, Henry B. Rothblatt of New York City, who was be- lieved to be resisting any change in their pleas. Roth- lilatt confirmed to ' reporters Friday night that he would refuse to enter a guilty plea. , Rothblatt was said to be aware before the trial both that Hunt intended to plead guilty and had urged the four to do the same. The attorney reportedly told his clients to "stay away from that son-of-a-bitdi Hunt," but the former White House aide continued to advise the Miami men to seek guilty pleas through the first half of the last week. Finally, after Hunt had pleaded guilty to all the charges against him on Thurs- day and Rothblatt would not follow suit for his clients, the situation reached an impasse. As thd trial was reconvened Friday morning, Barker ? the leader of the Miami group ? passed a note to the chief prosecutor in the case, Assist- ant U.S. Attorney Earl J. Sil- bert. The note, apparently notify- 'While the Times and Newsday hug the government that the reports have described ? the four defendants wished to iource of the money as mys- plead guilty but were being thwarted by their attorney, led to the day's secre? confer. ences. It is believed that Roth. blatt told the judge that, his professional. judgment would, not permit hitn to enter guilty; 'tory men, Anderson reported in a column today that "most ,of the money for the defend- tints has been funneled through Hunt (who) delivered guing a lack of criminal intent ? the jury will not convict his clients of all seven charges against them. The New York attorney also reportedly made 'it clear he would not withdraw from the case voluntarily and enable his clients to seek new counsel who would enter *guilty pleas on their behalf. A change of counsel in the midst of a case being tried can only be made with the approval of the pre- siding judge. When court resumes at 11 a.m. today, Shies can accept Rothblatt's judgment and con- tinue the trial without any pleas being entered, he can re- lieve Rothblatt from the case or convince him to withdraw, or he can continue to negoti- ate the disagreement. ' If the Miami men enter gifilty pleas that are accepted I by the judge, its effect on the trial?with only ,two rettain- ing defendants?is unclear. there have been indications that attorneys for at least one* of the two men, Liddy or Mc- Cord, would move for a mis- trial. Such a move, it is under- st6od, might be based .on the surprising effect on the jury of returning to the courtroom and finding only two defend- ants remaining. After Hunt 'pleaded guilty and was drop- ped from the trial?out of the presence of the jury?the ju- rors were instructed without elaboration by the judge to disregard his case. If the trial continues with only two defendants; it is pos- sible that its scope might be diminished through the elimi- nation of some witnesses rele- vant only to the eases against, the Miami men. One incident in court?the. dropping of Donald H. Segret- ti from the prosecution's pro- posed list of witnesses in the case raises the pessibility that the scope of the trial may have already been diminished. Federal mutes haVe said ,that Segretti was hired to con. duct political sabotage and espionage against the Detnt part of the cash to Bernard pleas. 1 Barker." In his' opening statement to, , Time Magazine also report-, the jury last week, Rothblatt. ed today that the same four argued that his four clients' defendants will receive cash involvement in the Watergate, settlements as high as $1,000 case was that of "following or- each for every month each ders" in "a military fashion" spends in jail as the result of and not that of "evil intent." .. a guilty plea. The magazine Rothb att apparently feels - ;quotes Hunt as telling ;ertits by Dwight L. Chirpiri; 'President Nixon's appoint- ments secretary, and that Se- gretti reported .on his activi- ties to both Chapin and Hunt. Segretti's name was elimi- nated from the prosecution's witness list at abouz. the same Lime that ? the p.,-,Aecutore earned that Hunt wok.s..1 seek to plead guilty and thus ?, probably be dropped from ??;',e trial. According to f e'd e r a sources, Segretti was not in- volved in the Watergate bug- ,ging, and his only known relationship to any of the seven men indicted in the ease is with Hunt ? a central figure in the alleged conspir- acy to bug the Democrats' headquarters., To prove a conspiracy, the prosecution must demonatrate in court,- that the defendants Joined together In a purposeful. 0 plot. Based on the prosecutor's; opening argument to the jury;' the prosecution will attempt in part to prove the conspiracy by establishing that , the de- fendants purposefully joined together in an espionage oper- ation that extended beyond the Watergate bugging itself. To support its contention, the prosecution will submit evi- dence to the jury about Hunt, although the former White House aide is no longer a defendant in the case. Many of his activities must still be discussed in the trial because of his central role in the al- leged ? conspiracy; but some testimony dealing only with Hunt may no longer be neces. 'nary to"prove the conspiracy charge against the other de. Ifendants. The elimination of Segretti es a witness means there will be one lesa person who coul vonceiveably testify about atil ;pects of the alleged conspiracy' that do not deal with the bug.. Ong, and who could possibly 'answer some of 'the questions, Judge "Sirica has said he want* ? answered at the trial: s "What did these men go into that headquarters for? Was their sole purpose political !espionage? Were they paidt Who hired them? Who started this?", ? ? ?,:. ? 943tpiliveithiFiriftRitib**fffiettO 7 : CIAl/RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 (7.71 .r If P.! . ,,Trrm7in I rrrITrrrTI-OrirtrarrrTrnrorrrr,..o,r \ Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 NEW YORK TIMES 15 January 1973 Pressures to Plead Guilty Alleged inWatergateCase ? By. SEYMOUR siesta to The N WASHINGTON, Jan. 14?A Source close to the Watergate ttne said today that four of the five defendants were under athat he termed "great pres- Sure" to plead guilty to charges of eavesdropping ort the Demo- cratic National Committee head- quarters in Washington last Julie. , M. HERSH ow York TTmeo sharply reduced in the last few months. One reliable source indicated that the same group or per- son now paying the defendants ?whom he refused to identify ?may be behind the new offers of a cash payment to the men in return for a. 8Intly plea. The, plea change itself would make little legal sense in- formed sources said, because it could lead to only * relatively slight difference in the possible Prison Sentences facing: the men. Complicating the risk be- hind the change in plea, the sourte said, le Judge Sirica's reputation as a stern judge. ?Mr. Rothblatt is known to be angry over the reported out- side pressure on his clients aed has told associates, don't want to be a party to anybody being pressured." If the men decide to "top a, pica," as a source said, Judge Strica could order Mr. Roth- blatt removed from the case and provide another attorney for the men. Mr. Rothblatt known to be prepared for that eventuality. Another source said that the persons behind the Watergate money offers were "simply of- feriae a lot of promises at this point." Mr. also known to have become upset at Mr. Huht's decision to plead guilty earlier last week. Mr. Hunt's attorney later told newsman that his client had done so be- cause of the great stress a trio) would place on his family. His, wife, Dorothy, was killed M an airplane crash last month. One source had a different view of Mr. Hunt's guilty plea, however. In discussing the cur- rent pressures on the defend- ants, the source said, "it ttll started with Hunt. He pleaded guilty?and that's the story." There has been newspaper speculation that Mr. Hunt's plea had been made at the be- hest of unidentified White House or Republican party officials anxious to have little, or none, of the Watergate de- tails aired during a court battle. The other two defendants in the case?James W. McCord Jr. a former agent for both the Federal Bureau ef Investiga- tion and the Central Intelli- gence Agency who was arrested with the four Miami men in- side the Watergate complex on June 17, and G. Gordon Liddy, a former White House and Re- publican re-election committee aide who is said by the prose- cution to have led the intelli- gence operation?are apparent- ly resisting pressures?if any, have been applied to plead' guilty. It was unclear what would happen in the Watergate trial If Judge Sirica accepted the guilty pleas of the four Miatni The source, who has pro- vided other reliable information about the case in the past, re- fused to name those who were said to be putting pressure on the defendants?all of whom aro from the Miami area?but he did say that a Substantial promise pt motley had been Made to the men. ? In essence, the source was corifinning a Time magazine report that the Watergate de- tfendants had been promised a leash settlement as high as '$1,000 a month if they pleaded 'guilty and took a jail sentence. Additional funds would be paid to the men upon their release, Time said. The article did not Cite the source of the inform- ton, The New Yotk Times source, `however, said, "It's not realist a question of money?just peessure." ' "It is not a bribe," he added. "Just a lot of promises." ' The four men?Frank A. Sturgis, Virgillo R. Gonzales, Bernard L. Barker and Eugenio Rolando Martineze-ate repree seated by Henry R. Rothblatt, it New YOrk lawyer. Mr. Rothblatt refused to dis- cuss the reports of "pressute". during a brief telephone inter- view today, but did acknowl- edge that he would withdraw from the case if the four men decided to plead guilty. "I have repeatedly said that will not be a party to any plea of guilty," he said. The Watergate trial, held In United States District Court here, was recessed Friday by, Chief Judge John J. Sirica omit tomorrow amid rumors that! Mr. Rothblatt and his clients were at odds over a sudden decision by the defendants to plead guilty. Earlier last week, E. Howard Hunt, another defendant who once worked as a White House consultant, pleaded guilty. , The New York Times re- ported In today's issue that the four Miami defendants were continuing to be paid by ; sources as yet unidentified. al-1 though their funds have been I WASHINGTON POST 14 JANUARY 1973 4 in Bug Trial Still Paid, Paper Says ? Sources close to the 'Water- gate case have said that "at least four of the five men ar- rested last June in the Water- gate raid are still being paid," The New York Times' re- ported in its early editions to- day. se The .Times, in a front-page. Article, also quoted sources ,s"familiar" with the case as 41sering that one of the men ,baught in the break-in at Democratic headquarters. Eu- genio Rolando Martinet, "was an active employee of the Central Intelligence Agency' at the thud of the break-in" and was stricken from the CIA's payroll within a day of hismaarrtrie:etz and' five othet Men enter the second week of their trial here Monday on charges of conspiracy, bur- glary and wiretapping before Chief U.S. District Court Judge John J. Sirius. There have been persistent reports since Friday that four -of the defendants?the ones the Times reports are still being Paid?want to follow the lead of former White House aide E. Howard Hunt Jr., and switch their pleas to guilty. The Times said these points Were made by more than one Person in a series of interviews ,with "federal investigators, po- litical figures and defense lawyers": ?? High officials of the Com- mittee for the Re-Election of the Presideot have ackdowl- edged privately that they are unable to account for $900,000 In campaign contributions. ? ? A Nixon supporter working In Democratic headquarters, taped open doorlocks leading to the basement, allowing the five men eventually caught to enter the Watergate. The Times' article, writtett by Seymour M. Hersh, says that one of the defendants Frank Sturgis, acknowledged inert' after assigning a new, lawyer to them. The attorneys for Mr. McCord and Mr. Liddy have indicated to newsmen that they would immediately move for a mistrial in that, case, Pos- sibly delaying for many months the public testimony about the background and scope of the Republican operation. If the trial does go on, with only two of the seven defends Ante remaining, observers inch- cated that it would undoubted- ly not diminish the amount of Information that would be de- veloped. It was also not clear whether Earl J. Silbert, the chief assistant United states Attorney prosecuting the case,' could still cal thel same wit- etesses who had been previous- Sinitounced. / tin a meeting in Miami testi; iweeks ago that he has contin- ued to "his funds had been sharps ued to receive payments but rly reduced in the last few: to *months. Another closely in. volved source spid that payS sments to the four men novel Srange from $400 a month up"! s The money is coming from, unnamed sources, the Timei Said, with Sturgis suspecting sthat part Of it originated with. Ithe committee for the Re-Elec-1 'tion of the President. t, The article states that a fru.' ti a ne e writer, Andrew Sts ;George, has been circulating 'a 'proposed book outline to ? New York publisher that re- :tounts Sturgis' undercover Work. In the outline is an as- Sertion that former Attorney General John N. 'Mitchell was ? Itept informed of the activities of the Watergate defendants. 4 DeVan Shumway, a spokesman for the re-election committee, was quoted in the article as saying that the Times' story was "outrageously' false and preposterous," and that Mitchell joined in that criticism. ? The article said that Ste George signed a contract with Harpers' Magazine Press for the book, and that a pule lishing firm spokesman had confirmed that such a contract had been signed 'for' "under $5,000." In addition, an NBC of- ficial was quoted as saying that the television network had: paid something under $8,000 for a gontract with Sturgis, with Sturgis to be interviewed on the "First Tuesday" month- lyenews program. The Times states that "both Mr. St. George and Mr: Stur- gis are controversial figures In their own circles, where they have mixed reputations. While some praise Mr. St George's intelligence" and devotion, others say he "some- times confuses fact and fan- tasy." The article states that ""there are many in the Miamli 'area who have denounced Mrs Sturgis as a fabricator" let ,"there are obviously thos 'wild thought him rollabhi 'enough to join the.intelligeacit tetra." ' rTirr77717"r7777,71.7", .-"11.1777Tnrirn7 k, Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-11 .,'.1 '; Ppprovecl For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1' NEW YORK TIMES ' 16 January 1973' 4 MORE ,ADMIT. iGUILT AS SPIES I IN WATERGATE I 2 STILL ON TRIALccheertiraimn money youtht that tthhead sboeuerncesuiipf, 'Judge Dubious About. tDefendants' Replies I .to His Questions t, By WALTER RUGABER: 1Ilbeotal to The tteir ?eft 5tOtei' " WASHINGTON, an. tour of the six remaining de- fendants in the Watergate trial leaded guilty today, in Federal 'eourt to spying on the Demo- crats during last year's, cam. paign. ? They pleaded guilty to all 'Seven counts of an indictment .charging them with conspiracy, Second-degree burglary and swiretapping. The action subjects Ahem to a maximum of 55 'ears in prison: The four ? are Bernard L Barker, a Miami real estate agent, and three of his asso-, 'Ciates?Frank A. Sturgis, Eu- genio Rolando Martinez andl sitirgillo R. Gonzalez. ? Last Thursday, E. Howard' liunt.Jr., a former White House Consultant, pleaded guilty to iiJi six charges against him in ,the cast. , 2 Insist on Innocence Chief Judge John J. Strict of the United States District Court here questioned the four de.. tendants, who changed their iileas about their motives for: Spying and about the possible, ihvolvement of others, end then' sent them to jail in lieu of '$100,000 surety bonds each, to' await sentencing. ' ? ? Testimony In the case re- sumed immediately with thel remaining defendants, both of- ficials of President Nixon's po- litical organization When the spying charges arose, maintain- , big their innocence. When the defendants who pleaded guilty answered Judge Sirica's questions, the replies were not directly illuminating. The four men appeared confi- dent tind even bland in their exchanges with the judge, and they confined their answers as much as possible to the allege. tion against them. Judge Silica was openly du- bious about a number of their plied. to them, he said, "Well; I'm sorry, but I don't believe, you." s . ? s The judge did not purtu& some lined of questioning in (hi; face of limited replies, but ?it was later pointed out by, legal observers that he was not strictly entitled to force an' swers, on some points. , ? The four men were arrested Inside the offices Of the Demo cratic National Cominittee on June 17. They admitted today that they had gone there to 'In4 stall wiretaps and bugging equipment. and to rifle the party's files. Arrested with them was -One of the remaining defendants, James W. McCord Jr. At the time of the arrests, Mr. McCord ivtcs security coordinator for the Committee for the Re-elec- tion of the President. , The second other defendant, G. Gordon Liddy, was counsel 'to the Finance Committee to Re-eite the President. He was not arrested at the Watergate office complex, but the Govern- ment has charged that he had been inside and was close by at the time. ,Judge Sirica questioned the four men closely on whether "higher-ups" had put pressure on them and on whether they, had been offered money to change their pleas. k They replied with noes and, with vigorous head shaking.. They also denied, in response to a specific question, that Hunt had urged them to follow his example by pleading guilty.' Barker, who has acted more or less as spokesman for ' the other three men, indicated 'that he was prepared to implicate no one In the conspiracy be. yond Hunt, a former agent of the Central Intelligence Agency More than 20 years. Hunt, who had operational charge of the Bay of Pigs fiasco in Cuba, in 1961, was Mr.' Barker's immediate superior during the invasion attempt. Judge Sirica asked each of the four whether they had ever worked for the C.I.A... "Not that I know of, 'your honor," replied at least two of) the men?Barker and Gonzalez', ?in chorus, suggesting the pos- sibility they had prepared the; answer in advance. Judge Sirica began the day, with a statement on develop-1 ments last Friday, all of whichs took place either in a closed. door session or in a series of conferences out of earshot of 'the spectators, Asked to Change Pleas 41i responses. 'tone point, after He read into the record a all-the men said they werAminlateti EneRelease SOO 698 'finchuits 'to their attorney': Henry B. Rathbiatt of New York. They said they had been asking to change their pleas since Jan. 7, the day before the trial began. "You have not complied with our request," the four men said. They added that defend- ing themselves any longer was "not acceptable to us" and that Mr. Rothblatt "will no longer represent us." Mr. Rothblatt, ytho received the "sincere gratitude" of the four for his performance up to that point, had made it clear from the outset that he would not represent them unless 'the 'case went to trial. During the session in pri- vate, Judge Sirica secretly sunmmoned an old friend to represent the four as, a court- appointed lawyer. He was Alvin L. NeWmyer, a Washington lawyer who celebrated his 89th birthday last week. Apparently tb avoid any psi sible delay should the four men 'change their minds over the wbekend and reassert their innocence, Judge Sirica ap-, pointed Mr. Newifiyer only to handle guilty pleas. First Stratagem sl Speaking softly and slowly, the elderly lawyer said his four' suddenly acquired Clients had at' first wanted to plead guilty to only some of the counts against them, a stratageth that had been tried unsuccessfully by }flint. "But having been advised the court would accept pleas [only] On all [counts]," Mr. Newmyer went on, "they have agreed to change their plea to guilty on all counts of the indictment." Barker, Sturgis, Martinez and Gonzalez were then called be- fore the judge and warned that they would forfeit a number of constitutional rights by pleading guilty. They accepted this prospect with almost eager nods. Judge Sirica then began to read and to explain at length the indictment, remarking that he Intended to be "very care- ful" and wanted "to find out if yott know what you're doing." At one point he said: "If I'm not convinced after I finish the questions that you are doing this knowingly, vol.' untarily and without any coer- cion I don't have to accept a plea." Beginning his questioning, he, said: "I don't care who it hurts or 'helps. Don't ' pull any punches. You give me straight answers." He added that if anyone else was involved, "I want to know It And the grand jury wants to know it." Asks Direct Question ? Tunrning to Martinez, Judge Sirica said he wanted him "to start at the beginning, and I want you to tell me how you got into this." Martinez told the judge he would have to pose "a direct question." The judge complied. The 50-year-old native of Cuba denied he had been paid to participate in the spying conspiracy, acknowledging only t. Me-101514i7e-V9 19 ?r $500 to cover hit "eicpenset." Martinez said that he had owned a hospital, a hotel and h furniture factory in Cuba and that these had been taken over by the government after the Castro revolution. I'Money don't mean a thing to us," he asserted. Gonzalez, a 46-year-old Mi- ami locksmith who is also a, Cuban refugee, indicated that Barker and Hunt had said that the spy operation would ad- vance the liberation of his na, tive land. ' "I think of my country, of the way people are suffering there," he said. "What does Cuba have to do with the Democratic party?" the judge asked. "They told me this had some- thing to do with solving the Cuba situation," he replied. Sturgs, 48, a former marine who fought with Castro during the Cuban revolution but who broke with him shortly after ts success, took much the same line. He said he would do "anything" 'when Cuba and the "Communist conspiracy" in this country were involved. Barker, 55, expounded on theme publicly for the, first time during an interview with The New York Times last fall. He displayed' a passionate hatred of Castro and asserted 'that many Cuban refugees be- lieved that the election of Sen. ,ator George McGovern, the Democratis nominee, "would be the beginning of a trend that would lead' to socialism or communism, or whatever you want to call it." It was also at this interview that Mr. Rothblatt began to ad- vance the suggestion that his Clients C were soldiers taking orders from others. The oth- ers were unidenfied, and Bark- a? made 'It clear he would not implicate anyone else. "This is the way these things are," he said. "You know it lbefore you get there. You work, you help because you're needed. And when you're not needed, then you forget about it." An example of' the lack of elaboration today came when Judge Sirica asked Martinez why he had come to Washing- ton in June. He had come to enter the Watergate, Martinet said, and to There was a pause and the defendant finished, "Whatever the charges are." . Barker was questioned sex.1 tensively on $114,000 in checks that passed through an account he controlled in the Republic National Bank of Miami. The money had been given to Presi- dent Nixon's campaign 'organi- zation and, the Government ha charged, -passed on 'to Barker by Mr. Liddy. "For a definite fact," Barker said, "I cannot state who sent that money." He asserted that all of the $114,000 had been sent to him by mall and that he had been asked to convert It to cash. He denied that he had used any. of the money to finance] spying activities or for anything: 'else. The Judge recalled that a sizeable sum of currency had is possession on ooltIbibtt8t0-# , _ 17 tri 1 "v-fr? rt rr , 4t 111T,/rTrn-771Trqr,rrrrr Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 Itine $7. "This money came to me In a closed envelope by mail," Barker said. "I can't make a definite statement as to who sent it to me. I have an idea It was sent by those persons Involved in the operation and that it was sent for the pur- pose of the operation." After Judge Sirica accepted their guilty pleas, the four men were taken into custody and es- 'coded by United States deputy 'marshals to a cellblock in the basement of the courthouse. Both Mr. Rothblatt and Bar- ker's wife, Clara, indicated that the men would not attempt to Ft the $100,000 bonds set. y remained' in the court- house until closing, when they Were sent to the District of Columbia )ail. Judge Sirica denied a motion by the remaining defendants for a mistrial. The jury was called in for the first time today at Midafternoon and it resumed, bearing testimony for the first time since Thursday. There was no indication that the Government's case, as out- lined in an opening statement to the jury before any of the five guilty pleas, would be al- tered by the actions of 'the last week. The conspiracy count of the Indictment would require the prosecution to establish, eyed to convict only one defendant, ,that the scheme took place a) alleged in the original indict Ment. WASHINGTON POST 16 JANUARY 1973 Judge Pushes For Answers ? By Carl Bernstein ? and Bob Woodward Washington Post Staff Writers , Judge John J. Sirica was asking Bernard L. "Barker, a. defendant in the Watergate; ugging case, about "these' $100 bills that were floating ' ground like coupons," and Barker was saying that he didn't really know -where, they came from. ? "I assume it was in con-. hection ... to the operation, Of ? the Watergate," said Barker, adding that he could not say much else because "I got that money in the ;mall in a blank envelope." "Well, I'm sorry, I don't believe you," replied Judge Sirica, who for almost an hour had been fruitlessly seeking to elicit some in-- ? formation about what led Barker and three of his com- ? rades to break into the Watergate on June 17. The four "men from Mi- ami" as they have repeat- , edly been referred to in the Watergate trial?Barker, Prank Sturgis, Eugenio R. ? -Martinez and Virgilio B. 'Gonzalez?were not under oath as the judge ques- tioned them. They bad been called to 'the bench by Sirica, who asked assurance that their' desire to plead guilty to all, the charges against them , 'and march off to prison for , up to 55 years was entirely 'their Own. Their heads bobbed up I ,and down in unison as they,I told the judge that their de- cisions were =coerced, then "nodded vigorouely back and': forth amid a :chorus of "No,' your honor" as Sirica :asked if anyone had made sugges-. bons about "executiVe ency ... or commutation of sentence." , , On this, the sixth day cri the Watergate trial, rflUrst; ? Ing ,newspapers had quoted sources '"close to the defend- ants" and "close to the case" as variously saying that the ? Miami men were under "great pressure" to plead, .guilty and had "been urged by former White House aide E. Howard Hunt Jr. ?to low his lead and plead guilty?' Over the weekend,. there "were other 'newspaper and magazine -reports that the 'four still -were being+ paid. As they stood in front df, ,the judge?with Barker, the aiSparent leader among thel four et parade ,rest and his' three codefendants at atten- tion?they told Abe ' judge- ? they did not know anything about such matters.'': Sirica?noted for his no- 'nonsense meal oom ,denTea., 'nor and strict prison sen- tences?then began asking the kind of questions he has, told the prosecution he wants answered In the trial.. "What purpose did you four men go into the Demo- cratic headquarters for?" he asked. "Who, if anyone, hired, you to go in there? . . Are other people?that is, higher- ups in the Republican Party or the Democratic Party'or any party?involved in this ease? ... What was the -mo- tive? ... Who was the mon- ey man? Who did the,pna, Ing off?" The interrogation 'began with Martinez, who works as! a real estate salestrian for! Barker 1nM.iarni. When ai clerk handed Martinez the', microphone in the big cere- ?monial courtroom, the pa- rade rest that had been, maintained by his boss dig.' integrated and .Barker be-. gan wringing his hands be-', hind his back and bouncing up and down on his toes. ' "I want you to start from the beginning and -tell me how you got into the coni spiracy," Judge Sirica de- manded of Martinez. "". Ir don't care who (the iinsweesr? might help or hurt. . . Don't pull any punches." ? ? "I believe the' facts that' you have read in the charges are true," was Martinez' re-- sponse. "That's a blanket state- ment," noted the judge and 'asked Martinez pointedly' how he was recruited for the Watergate operation., "Maybe I' offered myselfr the defendant suggested. ? , When the judge at- tempted to find out if Marti- nez had ever done work for, the CIA, as news reports ,have said about all of the Miami men, Martinez an-) swered, "Not that I know'. , of." Among those who: 'laughed at the anstrer was tV codefendant, G. Gordon Liddy, a former White,' House ?aide, and Nixon cam- paign offileal Who ended a 'brief nap at the defense bi-: ble 'when Sirica started ask- , ing about the .origins of the, conspiracy. "I want to forget all thei ,things, I don't want -to member any, -more," MartI2, ,nez said when the judges', Asked the defendants whiM they -were talking about in their room at the Hamilton .1:11itel before the 'Watergate break-in. Even though a 'key ;prosecution witness said ' on Wednesday that he could not remember 'whether Mar- tinez was in the hotel room, Martinez volunteered to the judge that "even that he didn't recognize me, I admit Imes there." Was he paid? the judge iasked Martinez. "I did /we get paid your honot, for 'rtiy; Services," except for expense. money from Barker, he answered. "Marley doesn't' mean a thing to ,us, yntit honor," added Martinez. "I, 'own a hospital in Cuba, one of the best hoapitals. I own a .`ifactory of furniture in Cuba:' I was the owner of a hotel in: Cuba. I left everything in the, Olands of the . C,ommunisti there . . I lose everything, ' and really money ;s not' al great deal in my decisions." Prank Sturgis, the Nor- folk-born soldier of fortune who wants to write a ,book ' about the activitiei" 'of the' , Miami men, was equallc, erne '?phatic in dismissing mond:a as a motive. "When it comes,: Flo Cuba ankthe tOttfinunipt,1 Conspiracy Invoiting the !United States," he told ::Sirica, "I Will do anything' :to -protect this country." ?,.*The. only connection be- stween the Watergate bug-, ging and Cuba that the, 20 /judge was able to elicit was' a statement from ,,Gonzales,1 'that Barker and Howard 6Htint had ,hitn theta solving the Cuba Ntituation" by breaking Inta,, `the Democrats headquarters; ; "Sir,I have had . the privi- lege and honor, of knowing' -Mr. Hunt for some , ;Barker said ;by ?way+ of :e ,SWering why 'be Was making .phone calls to. ,Hunt id 'th White House long ? befOrg -17?when the governi merit says the conspikaeib&,, gen. rpoWere..yotti vorkinvunderi :direction of Mr. Bunt or oth-; .er people in this job that was, e d ormt. Barker was, asked. "I -iMs Working. with Yfit.4Hunt. I was corn-1 liletely identified with Mr. Ilunt . . greatest, . :?:!?fr;I ,worked withl inkt?40, m.superior . . . I, aye; known,,' yhtlt, my r onsihititieg are ,?tiid wi ?tace to all MY' responlib ties,? he responded. ? , ? AS the- judge Continued' his questioning, assistant' Attorney Earl J. Silbert. and Seymour Glanzer sat. at either end of the prosecu- tion's table, Silbert 'shaking his bead, frowning and atm* Ing down at his cello* legal 150; Glamor leaning.,backt fin his 'chair. and rubbing one' side of his face. Mentha, 'ago,. the prosecutorn re- peatedly had told reporters. they could not discuss the case .but that at the trial the facts would finally become known and the Wholesstory' ; of the 'Watergate, bugging ' ? ? 7or a' definite-fact I can't' 'say' who. sent that money,"; 'Barker was saying Of the $14000 luhis,?bank account, that Silbert's Opening state- ment said had come from G.-. Gordon Liddy at the Com- mitte for the Re-election of, ? the President. ; Didn't it seen' "rather strange" that he would re-: ceive $114,000 and not know where, it came from? asked 'Judge Sirica. "Illon't think it is strange,' your illonor," said Barker. 9 have previously before' thii been involved- in othen operations which took the' strangeness out of that teli far as 1 wall concerned." - ' flyr,7711771' TrAl ti17 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RbP7741041'21?11000t1100500.01A ' Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON POST 17 JANUARY 1973 Watergate Defendant] Claim,s Tugs' Legal By Lawrence Meyer ' to discuss distributing a tran- script he had made of tapes of an interview The Los Ange- les Times conducted with Bald- win. The defense sought the tapes on the grounds that Baldwin's statements could be useful in impeaching his testi- mony. "There are one or two names mentioned and I'm going to call them to the attention of government counsel for what- ever action they think .apeio- priate," Siriea said. ? As a key government wit- ness, Baldwin has been inter- rogated at length by the prose- cutors. The judge did not elab- orate on the names. In The Times article based on the interviews with Bald. win, it was reported that he could not recall the names of re-electiod committee officials who received copies of the logs he made of the phone con- versations Baldwin said he monitored. Baldwin is reported to have "ldid others that he could re- member the names of three White House or Nixon cam- paign aides who received memos describing thetele- 'phone conversations: White House congressional liaison aide William E. Timmons, and campaign aides Robert Odle and Glenn Sedam. Sources close to the Water- gate investigation have said that Baldwin, a former FBI agent, named Odle and Tim- mons from memory and picked out Sedam's name from a list when interviewed by the FBI. All have denied receiving the memos. Odle's name is on the prose- cution's witness list. No men- tion has been made of the other two men at the trial. The fullest account given of how five men were arrested inside the Democratic offices was given by the prosecution's seventh witness, Officer John B. Barrett of the metropolitan Ipolice. Barrett followed Frank Wills, a Watergate security guard who testified he had be- come suspicious and called police after twice finding the ;Same doors taped so that they would not lock. . Barrett said r he and two other police officers respond- ed to a radio call and arrived at the Watergate at about 1:45 a.m. After a quick briefing from Wills, Barrett said, the officers ? dr et sed in casual clothes ? began surveying the, building. They found , a door taped on the eighth floor, where the Federal Reserve has offices, but found no other Washington Post Eltaff Writer James W. McCord Jr., one of the two remaining defendants in the Watergate trial, will try to argue that he had a legal - reason to hug Democratic; Party headquarters because he was trying to protect Re-'. publican officials from poss0 ble danger, McCord's lawyer said yesterday. Explaining the "relatively. unused theory" of the "law of .i duress," attorney Gerald Alch Said, "If one is under reason- ' able apprehension, regardless of whether he is in fact cor- rect, he is justified in break- ? ing a law to avoid the greater harm ? in this case violence directed at Republican pffi- 1 cials up to and including the I President." In court papers filed before ! the trial began,, the Prosecti-? ? 'Lion dealt with such an argu- ment, asserting that "an al- legedly 'good' motive" is never by itself a defense for a crime. Alch's statement to report- ers was one of series of devel- 1Opments on the seventh day of the trial before chief U.S. Dis- trict Judge John J. Silica: ? ? Sirica said he had listened to tapes of a newspaPer inter- view with Alfred C. Baldivin III, a key prosecution witness, and had heard "one or two ? names mentioned." Sirica said he was referring the matter to the prosecution "for whatever action they may think appro. priate." ? 0 The prosecution said that ' Baldwin, who has said he mon- itored telephone conversations in the Democratic? headquan tots from a hotel across the street, will be called to testify today. -0 A metropolitan policeman !gave the first public account Of how he and two other offi- ? cers searched the Democratic National Committee's offices in the Watergate on June 17 find arrested five men, includ- ing McCord, inside, with one of, them saying, "Keep your tool, you got us." McCord and G. Gordon Liddy, both former officials of ? /the Committee for the Re-elec- tion of the President, are be- ' 'ing tried on charges of con- spiraey, burglary and illegal wiretapping and eavesdrop-1 ping stemming from the June' .17 break-in at the Democratic headquarters. Five others ? 'former White House aide E. ,Ilikard Hunt Jr. and four Men from Miami who said they reported to Hunt ? ;ready have pleaded guilty to the charges against them. doors unlocked. Barrett said he Was called: to the sixth floor, the location. of the Democratic Party of- (stairs to office Corridors wal taped open and "scratch: marks were apparent" on the: lock. - After finding one office "in; disarrayed fashion .. . messed' up," Barrett said? he drew his service revolver "because I felt this might be something good, that there might be someone in there." The search was continued, Barrett said, and they found the platform preparation room, where the 1972 party platform was being prepared, "In even more disarrayed fashion." The two officers with him, Sgt. Paul Leper and Carl M. Shoffler, went briefly out on the adjoining terrace, but found nothing, Barrett said. Barrett said he and the others continued looking, with Barrett moving toward the office of party chairman Lawrence F. O'Brien. Final:. 1Y, Barrett said, he came to' a spot in the office where a cubicle for a decretary had been created with a partition,. steel on the bottom and frost,' ed glass on top. Barrett, a tall., thin man with reddish-brown hair and a beard told the jury, "I was hesitant to go around that corner. I just had a feeling." ?? While he hesitated, Barrett .said, "an arm appeared . . . Just inches from my flice" on the other side Of the glass. '"Needless to say, I was alarmed. I jumped. back . . . back pedaled here very quick-, ly. . . . I yelled out, 'Hold it, police.' "I'M sorry," he cor- rected himself, "I didn't say, 'Police.' "I saw numerous hands. As they went up, I saw gloves, similar to a surgeon's gloves? blue, i and white. . . . I said, 'Come out.' The gentlemen came out," Barrett said. At that point, Barrett re- called, "I believe it was Stur- gia said, 'Keep cool, you got us." Frank Sturgis was one of the five men arrested Inside the Watergate along with Mc- Cord, Bernard L. Barker, Eu- genie R. Martinez and Virgilio R. Gonzales. Among the items taken from the men, Barrett said, were abour$1,300 in $100 bills, burglar tools, bugging devices, two ca m era s, photographic lights, about 60 rolls of assort- ed film and several pieces of false identification on Sturgis. In addition, Barrett said, Mc- Cord had applications for col- lege media press credentials for the Democratic convention in his suit jacket pocket. Alch, McCord's lawyer, told reporters his defense strategy after finishing his cross-exam- lination of the fifth prosecution witness, Thomas J. Gregory. }Gregory had testified that he was recruited by Hunt to spy on Democratic presidential I Shortly before the afternoon candidates. aeasinn began YeaterdaY' Mgt 4#88;r0elkeelbgtig IVEPINA/07 ?CeititijilliVgat4S7k %tidied the lawyers to tbe 21: 14 4 I 'Cord as having came to the ;campaign headquarters a' ;Sen. George S. McGovern in an unsuccessful attempt to ,plant a bug in the offices of Frank Mankiewicz or Gary Hart, the two top campaign aides to McGovern. McCord at, the time, in mid-May, was se.,: entity coordinator ' of the. re-' election committee. Alch, in. cross-examining Gregory, asked if he had seen any contributions to the Me, Govern campaign made by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, the National Peace Ac- tion Coalition or the People's Coalition for Peace and Jus- tice. Gregery said he was: "not sure" about contribur from the National Peace AI ? tion Coalition because of the coding system the McGovern campaigri used for contrib- utions and he knew of no con- tributions from the other two groups. [NPAC, VVAW and PCPJ have conducted numerous demonstrations in recent years that have consistently advocat- ed orderly, lawful and nonvio- 'lent expressions of antiwar 'sentiment. The:, have enforced discipline at t r activities ,with trained nArshals and their events hay.' generally been peaceful. , [However, one fa,- :in of PCPJ was responsible lila 1971 Mayday disruption}, Washington. Leaders of th,- faction took pains to empha- size in advance that its actions were directed against the ides of government conducting busi- ness as usual while the war Zontimied and not against any individuals or organizations.] I Sirica interrupted Alch to ? tell him. "I think you're going pretty far afield. When it tomes time, you can put' your defense on." Alch said he wanted to call Gregory as a defense witness later in the trial. McCord's defense, Alch saidi will be based on the "theory of law that if a man has rea- sonable grounds to anticipate violence to himself and oth- ers, he can technically violate the law to avoid greater harm." In his opening statement to the jury, Silbert said that Baldwin would testifly that McCord instructed him, "made it perfectly clear to Mr. Bald- win that he was interested in conversations whether per- sonal or political, of a sensi- tive nature." The prosecution has taken the position in Its proposed in- structions to the jury at the conclusion of the ease that the. government does not . have ',,to prove a particular motive "nor Is an allegedly 'good' motive ever by itself a defense Omen the act done or omitted IC crime." 100050001-1 Wri '0 PT. UI 1 -Tr 71 VI 49r1r 071,7TIT"Trirni r 14r7( rly?? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON STAR 17 January 1973 ' Baldwin Expected to Describe Role of Liddy and McCord "? By JOY ASCHENBACK across from the Watergate. At and BARRY KALB one time, the prosecution said, Stax-News Staff Writers , Baldwin saw Liddy give Mc- Alfred C. Baldwin, the for- Cord 16 $100 bills. mer FBI agent who secretly Liddy, the government said monitored telephone converse- at the opening of the trial, had tions of officials of the Demo- $250,000 in re-election commit- deltic National Committee, is tee funds at his disposal for expected to take the witness Political and security intelli- stand at the Watergate trial genee operations. Virtually all today in the midst of a legal of it was given to him in $100 dispute over how much he can; bins. reveal of what he heard. , ? Baldwin's testimony will be ? A key government witness held up somewhat by a U.& granted immunity in exchange', Court of Appeals ruling that for his testimony, Baldwin will before the government can ? according to the prosecution elicit testimony as to the con- - directly link the two ree tents of any conversation maining defendants, G. Ger-. Baldwin overheard, that testi- don Liddy and James W. 1Ve- Mony will have to be given in Cord Jr., to the break-in and., closed sespion before (...,triet bugging of the Democratic 'U.S. District Court Judge John, headquarters at the Water- J.' Sirica, who is presiding at gate. The five other defend- the trial. ants already have pleaded 'rhe ruling, which the appel- 1 , late court refused yesterday to McCord, who was chief sem- ,overturn, followed the filing of lily officer for both the Repub. a motion by some of those Dean National Committee and persons whose conversations the Committee for the Re- were overheard. The motion election of the President, re- contended that revealing any ceived the logs of the approxi- part of these conversations mittely 200 conversations Bald- , would be violating the speak- win overheard during a I ers' rights of privacy, and that three-week period in May and such a revelation was not nee - June, the government con- essary to the government's 4Inds. ? ' , case anyway. eOe one occasion, Baldwin The appellate court agreed told The Los Angeles Times, that the issue needed a close bons as well as political. he personally delivered the look, but in order to keep the Defense attorneys yesterday legs to the re-election commit- trial going ordered the "In were given transcripts of tee. He said he could not re- , camera" testimony, with the Baldwin's interview with The member the name of the corn- attorney who filed the motion, Los Angeles Times, but with, Mittee official to whom he ad- ! Charles Morgan Jr-. of the "third-party" names deleted, SAVE WATERGATE EVIDENCE, 'DEMOCRATS IN SENATE ASK Senate Democritic Leader Mike Mansfield has asked everyone involved in the Watergate bugging incident, includ- ing We Committee for the Re-election of the President, not. to destroy any documents that would be needed in a sched- uled Senate investigation of the matter. , t In letters to key figures in the case, Mansfield noted that the Senate will be conducting a thorough investigation of its ; own into the Watergate incident as soon as the federal court trial is over. The Senate probe will be headeci4by Sen. Sam' Ervin, DrN.C. ? . Mansfield said he was acting at the request of Ervin.' Without mentioning any specitidproblems of the past, it was clear that be wanted to avoid what happened in the Senate's Investigation of. the Internatibnal Telephone & Telegraph Corp. where key documents apparently were destroyed in a paper shredder. ask Baldwin to give details of the bench with Sirica, fewer the conversations, but only to questi on s on cross- characterize them as political, examination, fewer testimony personal or business, with a ? if any ? to be introduced general statement of *hat when the defense gets the they were about. chance to present its case. 1 Silbert said that the nature - Baldwin, according to the of the conversations is net es- government, is expected tol sential in proving the govern- testify that he was first hired merit's case, but is aimed at by the re-election committee. establishing motives for the jest may 1 to protect Martha ? electronic surveillance. Mc- Mitchell, wife of former Atty. Cord, he said, was interested Gen. John N. Mitchell, who in sensitive personal converse- was then chairman of the re, election committee. ' About 10 days later, Baldwin; was given a new assignment -- to find out about anticipated, or planned demonstrations in, Washington, Silbert said.' dressed dressed the envelope. American Civil Liberties Un-. '1The Washington Post has ? ion, tobe present. geId that Baldwin "is known to If anyone objects to the ad-. Poe told the FBI" that the mission of any proposed testi- envelope was, in fact, 'ad- , many, the appellate court (tressed to Glenn J. Sedam Jr.i said, the Sirica overrules the counsel to the re-election coin., objection, then Sirica must al- 2nittee. low those who objected to ap. ? In addition, The Post said, peal to the appellate court. Baldwin told the FBI that This procedure is expected "among others" the bugging to affect the testimony of only information had ,been Sent to three people ? Baldwin; R. Spencer Oliver, executive 'William E. Timmons, assist-: director of the Association of ant to the President for con- State Democratic Chairmen; , gressional relations, and Rob; and Ida M. Wells, an associa- ert C. Odle Jr., former White thin secretary. Oliver and Reuse aide who was director Miss Wells were among-those Of administration for the re- filing the motion. ' election committee. , Some of the calls-overheard, Spokesmen for the White Baldwin told the Los Angeles ? Times, involved explicitly in- House and the committee have Where there was originally denied that Timmons, Sedam timate" details of personal an unruly mob scene of de- er Odle received information lives. fendants and defense atter- based on Baldwin's eavesdrop- Morgan said that technically neys and a law clerk and an ) Ping. ? be could object to testimony interpreter seated around the 1 revealing who was speaking, five-yard-long defense table, $250,000 ler Intelligence ' what they said, what their there is now only a lonely knot Baldviin, according to the meaning was, or even that a of four people clustered at one governinent, worked directly conversation- was overheard. end: Liddy and his lawyer, for McCord, but met Liddy, But he said he will listen to Maroulis; McCord and his at- who was then counsel to the each proposed statement be- torney, Gerald Alch. :Finance , Committee to 'Re- fore making any objection. The drop In the number Of relect the President, several Assb. U. S. Atty. Earl J. Sil- defense attorneys means more tinest at his listening Pesti ?bert has said that he will not Manageable _ conferences at according to Peter Maroulls, Liddy's lawyer. The Times had agreed to turn over the tapes of the Baldwin interview 'following an earlier court rid- ing. The trial so far has been like a bubble-that grew and grew and grew ? and suddenly burst, leaving only a remnant behind. Where there were exciting matters piling one on top of the other ? the names on the witness list, the opening state- ments, the first guilty plea, the rumors and then the reali- ty of four more pleas ? there Is now the dull but necessary business of taking testimony and identifying exhibits. 22 Yesterday Mch revealed that he . will try to show that McCord, in participating in the bugging, was trying to obtain information on left-wing groups as part of his job to provide security for the Re-- publican National Committee' and the re-election committee,: Alch said be will try to show that McCord thought there was a real threat of danger to Republican candidates and other politicians, and that his? actions were therefore justi- , fled ? and legal. He said he would present evidence that McCord was acting under a form of "duress." Alch said his client partici- pated in the bugging of Demo- cratic National Committee headquarters and the attempt- ed buggng of McGovern cam- paign headquarters. because "these would-be violent groups" were Democratic-sup- porters and "it's possible that be could have ascertained some of their plans" by listen- ing in on conversations at, these two offices. However, Alch told a report- er that McCord "didn't do It With the knowledge of won't, Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RD' 77i00432R700a0005.000i:-1 P 1?',. ? it , 7 ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 hove hit, AS fat Ai I knotv:if` Ile said his client had been' approached by E. Howard Hunt Jr., who has pleaded Aunty in the case, and joined in the plot on his own. Baldwin's assignment was at- gain switched about May 26, the prosecution stated, when. he was ordered to monitor, conversations on Oliver's tele-, phone from a room across the street from the Watergate at the Howard Johnson Motel. McCord, the prosecution has Said, also tried to bug the tele- phone of then Democratic Na-' Ronal Committee Chairman. 'Lawrence F. O'Brien, but the .reception was, inadequate. He ;tried twice, another govern- ment witness testified Mon- 'day, to bug the Washington headquarters of Democratic; presidential ' candidate Sen,`. Cosorge S. McGovern, butwas: unauecessful. ' Baldwin told The Times that he at first prepared the logs in" longhand, but subsequently be- gap typing them, making two, copies, both of which he gave to McCord. McCord, he said; usually came by twice a day to pick them up. At one time, when McCotd .wits' in Miami and Baldwin ov- erheard some important jut or-' mation, McCord told him to personally deliver the logs to t h e re-election committee: Baldwin told The, Times he could not remember to whom the logs were addressed. , When. McCord and four the defendants who haste I pleaded guilty were arrested Inside Democratic headquar- ters at the Watergate June 17,; Baldwin was across the street at the Howard Johnson's Hs, toning in, the government' said. Yesterday, John Barrett, a. Metropolitan police officer,'cle-, scribed the arrest for the jury.. Police had been alerted by a Watergate security guard of possible break-in at the Demo- cratic headquarters. ? Barrett said that at one point while searching the of- gices he found himself next to a glass partition and was afraid to turn the corner be- cause he had a feeling some- pne was on the other side. Sud- denly,, the arm of a man ap; tesaid, ?"I shouted 'Hold It. eared through the glass, and ,Police.' No, I just shouted 'Hold it'." ' ? Barrett said he expected to gee one person emerge from behind the partition. "Need- leas to say, I was surprised: when I saw numerous hands ?go up . . . all with blue or, , white surgical glihes on," he , 'told the jury. Barrett said he held a gun ;On what turned out to be five Imen McCord;' Bernard L. !Barker, Frank A. Sturgis, Eu- ;genie R. Martinez and Virgin() R. Gonzalez: Sturgis spoke first, Barrett said, telling the 'policeman to "keep teal. You :Approved 0." WASHINGTON STAR 17 January 1973 1 The Watergate Message As the trial of the Watergate Seven give direct orders for them or even tol moves on, the whole picture of bumbling political intrigue grows sillier and sor- rier. Along with the iervor and naivete of the Cuban trio, who do seem to have ,undertaken their part in the bugging of Democratic headquarters in a spirit of revulsion against hard times in Castro's ;Cuba, there is mounting evidence of the kind of skulduggery and coverup that has, down through history, given politics .a bad name. - The willingness ? eagerness is a bet- 'ter' word ? of the defendants to 'plead guilty suggests that there's a lot to hide? and that somebody is making it worth- while for these people to keep it hidden. How far up the Republican hierarchy does involvement and responsibility go? It. may take a Senate investigation to bring out all the facts. If that's what it takes, we should have one. While every- body knows dirty fightin% goes on in politics, everybody knows' with even ,more ? certainty that it .shouldn't. When it's discovered, the full range of public' through- terrorism and widespread cur- sanc,tions and censures is in. order. ? ? ' tallment of citizen liberties, and disrupt-i, Perhaps, even with a Senate plvesfi. lug the soeial order to push an ideologyi', :Ration the whole eterY weuld ntlf, mime . The Message of the Watergate affair; Out., Many things are done With the im- ,is the old one that 'eternal tirigilante ? plied consent of the poweriul that would the price.of practically everything. Esp.O..;1 never comp to pass if anybody had to Wally clean politics. know ior sure what was happening. Was Hamlet's mother in on the murA? der that gave her a new husband? It'. 'that sort on problem. . But perhaps the most dangerous as-e, peet of the case is the moral confusion.' , stirred up around it by the administra-; tion's enemies. It's well to remember: what the Watergate malfeasances, no. matter how bad they turn out to be, aro: ? not. ? There are disingenuously scandalize Nixon-haters ? who act as though usin Big Brother techniques to spy out Demo-, cratic campaign strategies was a combi- nation of high treason, grand larceny, and genocide. It's not. It's dirty pool, to be deplore, pun-: ? ished, and avoided by one and all in the, future. But Ips important to distinguish' + it from the other undesirable things pol- iticos have been' known to do, such as ? grinding the faces of the poor to enrichl I themselves, building personal power If BALTIMORE SUN .17 January 1973 Undr. the WatercfatesRug One earlier view of the Water- gate affair was that even if it' couldn't be clarified before the presidential election, the facts would ;eventually all come, out in court.. The view is fast turning out to have been too innocent ? as the probability increases that the : story, .by its smell one of .the ; dirtiest in the history of national- 'level politics, will never be felly known, or the names of Its prin- cipal moVert ever quite pinned dOwn. ' ' With five of Seven defendants' 'in the current case already having pleaded guilty to conspiracy, burg- the case henceforward in doubt, the likelihood that- its essentials will be revealed decreases steadily. Judge John J. Sirica has , posed those essential questions. Speaking te+four of the defendants he asked: "For. What purpose did you four! men .go into the Watergate? Who hired you? If there are other peo- ple?that is, higher-ups in the Re-. publican party, the Democratic party or any other party?I want to know it. What was the ,motive? Where did this money come from? Who was the money man?" TO one of them ,Particularly he said: "I want you to start from the begin. tory and illegal wiretapping and' ning and tell me how you got into eavesdropping, and the course of the conspiracy." / For Release 2001/08/07 ??? 1-77"----7 ? ? ? ? " The defendants did not answer, except for a couple of the now. familiar vague statements of de- votion to the cause of freeing Cuba' from communism?whatever that , may by any stretch of the imagine tion have 'to do with It. They dicl not have to answer. They had al- ready pleaded guilty as charged, and the charges did not encompass these larger matters; and they, were not under oath. If .the thing comes down to no more than this sort of business, the persons actually responsible Will have been slipped past; but the' smell wills, linger, and it will linger most" strongly in the vicinity , of' the Whit.e 1414e. ' : Cn-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 ? 7 " tlf,11,j.T1T III t11"1.1 i? rn PITTITT1711rirtrpT1Tr7,Trr771 LL. 1 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 hti.ratiaydan.18, 1973 ? THE WASHINGTON POST (ey U.S. Witness Tells f Bugging Democrats By Lawrence Meyer ? ?the 90-minute Washinaton Past Staff Writer hearing, Sirica ;indicated that key government witness he would overrule Morgan's , Hi the Watergate bugging objection, according to partici- trial, Alfred C. Baldwin III, pants in the hearing. But no testified yesterday that. he formal action was, taken yes- monitored 200 telephone con- terday. versations in the Democratic Sirica reportedly asked chief ' National *Committee's Water. prosecutor Earl J. Silbert to gate headquartcts from a mo- draft an appropriate order. tel across the street. ? Morgan indicated'that if Sirica' Baldwin, taking the witness rules against him, he would stind for the .firSt, time, re-'of Anneals go (immediately to the Court pOted under oath details of ? ? ? htew he eavesdropped in this, Baldwin, the prosecution's faahion for about three weeks, 18th ? witness, testified with' a' Oilloiving closely :an account matter-of-fact tone about his t' his activities written for ;recruitment by McCord 'to' Los Angeles Times in OcA :serve first as Martha Mitch- tether. ? ? ? . tell's bodyguard, then as an 41e described how he cattle ,'observer" of student groups i&his motel room one day and Avho might direct violence. faind James W. McCord, one kagainst President Nixon, theoi : the two remaining men on 'Mitchells or the re-election ttinl, arranging some 'dec. icommittee and finally is a si-? tilinie equipment. lent listener monitoring tele-'; '.!4!Hty handed me some car- 'phone conversations in the ptomys and said, 'Listen, to ,Democratic Party headquar- this,' 5' Baldwin said, referring e? t,ers. ? ? tt McCord. Baldwin said he McCord called Baldwin at listened. "Mr. McCord said, 'his Hamden, Conn, home on "Take notes. That's what we may 1, Baldwin said, and "Baldwin said. 'asked him to come td Wash- ',Baldwin, a former FBI ington immediately for an in- . r*rit who has been granted terview. Baldwin said he flew immunity from prosecution for down the same night, met .440/Ong, said he was intro- with McCord the following thread to two men, called "Ed" morning and was hired after a aid "George" by McCord, later brief meeting with Frederick that evening. Baldwin identi- C. LaRue, chief deputy to find "Ed" as E. Howard Hunt ? R. and "George" as G. Gordon tiddy. McCord, former security di- tictor of the Committee for tip Re-election of the Presi- dent, and Liddy, former fi- niince counsel of the re-elec- tion committee, are being tified on charges of conspiracy, burglary and illegal wiretap- ping and eavesdropping stem- ming from the ,4Tune 17 break- id; .at the ?Demdcratic 'Party's Watergate offices. Five other men, including Omer White House consult- ant Hunt, were indicted with MeCord and Liddy but have pleaded guilty. Baldwin's testimony for the prosecution was -interrupted topfore it was completed when Charles Morgan Jr., a lawyer representing the persons Whose conversations Baldwin Monitored, objected to a prose- cution question asking Bald- win to reveal the names of the persons he heard talking. linder a U.S. Court of Ap- peals ruling issued Friday, Chief U.S. District Judge John Sirica had to hold a secret hearing on the contents of the conversations to be revealed hi open court `before allowing tile Actual testimony. Sirica adjourned the public proceed- ings to hold the required hear- Watergate. i About May 23, Baldwin said, he went to? Connecticut, re- i turning May 26 to his hotel? room. "Mr. McCord .was there and there wde different pieces of electronic equipment in the room," Baldwin said. . 1 "Mr. McCord said, 'I want to ? explain some of the equip-A, ment. This is what you'll be. doing'. . . He said, 'You'll be monitoring here ? . You'll be working here in the room,' 4 i Baldwin recalled. : In the room, Baldwin said,: were two receiving units, a headset and two tape record- ' ers. Baldwin said the tape re: , corders were "never used" be dause McCord was unable to hook them up to the receivers.. In addition, Baltii,vin said, only one of the two receivers evee picked up any phone conversal tions. After having Baldwin listen- to a conversation and 'make notes of it, McCord told him' he would be back in the eve-. ning with two men, Baldwin' said. "Mr. McCord told me he 'Would he introducing me un- der an alias . . . and 'he told me he would be introducing the other individuals under aliases because we're all in sh- curity work," ' McCord la er brought Hunt ;and Liddy to the room and showed them the equipment. "Mr. McCord stated the Y had received a conversation and handed -Mr. Liddy the memo he had put in his wallet." The three left and McCord returned about 11:30 p.m. and told Baldwin to come with him, Baldwin testified. Bald- win said he and McCord drove to' near the Capitol and on a side street McCord told Bald- win, "This is what we're inter: ested in. This is where we'll be working." It was Sen. George McGovern's campaign headquarters, Baldwin said. "'We may move you up to this lbeation and have you do the same thing here,'" Baldwin quoted McCord as saying. Then they stopped by a parked car, where Baldwin Said he saw Hunt on the front teat and Liddy got in the cat' with McCord and Baldwin. Af- ter, driving past McGovern headqUartera, Baldwin., said; 'John Mitchell, the President's , campaign manager. , His first assignment, the 36- year-old Baldwin said, was to guard Mrs. Mitchell on a trip. McCord gave him eight $100 bills for expenses, Baldwin said, and he left with her May 2, returning May 8. His pay was $70 a day while with Mrs. Mitchell, Baldwin said. When he returned, Baldwin said, he went home to Con- necticut and returned to Washington May 9 or 10. Mc- Cord said LaRue would be ac- companying Mrs. Mitchell on her next trip, Baldwin said, but McCord "asked me to stay In Washington to conduct other activities . . . Mr. Mc- Cord told me this was the way to go up the ladder. If the President was re-elected, this was the way to join the team and come up the ladder." The new job involved a cut in pay, Baldwin said, to $225-a-week. ?' Baldwin Said he attended 'different demonstrations at McCord's direction to see if any threats were made against the President, the Mitchells or the re-election committee headquarters. At the same time, Baldwin said, McCord asked him -to move to the Howard Johnson's Motor Lodge on. Virginia Avenue, across the ?street keel , the 24 riVIr. 'Liddy advised Me. 're: Cord it was a nolo. We'd have. 'to try it again some other' 'time." McCord, Baldwin said, addressed Liddy as "sir." Baldwin said he continued nionitoring conversations from ,the phone of Democratic :Party official Spencer Oliver, 'making logs of the calls and ;turning the logs over to Mc-, 1Cord, who came by at least once a day. '. "Do you know what Mr. Mc- 'Cord did with the logs?" pros- 'ecutor Seymour Glanzer aske Baldwin. # I de not," Baldwin Saftit. ."Do you know to whom the :memos were addressed (that McCord prepared)," Glanzer ;asked. ? "No, I do not," Baldwin rep. lied. ?? ? Baldwin is reported to have told others that he could re+, member the names of three White House or Nixon cam-, paign aides who received me-i mes describing the telephone conversations: White House Congressional liaison E. Timmons, and campaign, aides Robert Odle and Glenn Wain. Sources close to the Water- -gate investigation have said that Baldwin named Odle and.i Timmons from memory andl picked out Sedam's name fromi Pla list when interviewed by theBI. All have denied receiving the memos. Odle's name is On the prosecution's witness list No mention has been made of the other two men at the trial. Earlier, metropolitan police Det. Robert G. Denell testis 'fled that he had found an '3iddress. book belonging to Bet*. 'bard L. Barker, one of the five men who has pleaded guilty, ,in his Watergate Hotel room after the June 17 break-in. In the book were eight names, all apparent aliases; in-, eluding the aliases of slit of the original seven defendant& The two other names?Jose Felip Piedra and Joseph Rep! naldo Granda?were not im- mediately identified. Felipe DeDiego and Ronaldo Pico were described in a recent Newsday story a? two men, :who were interviewed by tha FBI concerning .the Waters/it Incident. . Carlo Neel, front desk man-. rager of the Watergate Hotel, 'testified yesterday that eight men, with the same name!) SS those in Barker's book, cheeked into the hotel on May, 26 with 'reservations threu May 29. The $1,208 bill waii. paid with cash, Neal said. ? v " If,' '1' I" I *1; 7177_1 737777T7Tr, - Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77A0432.R0001:00050001.-10 r ((`,1111177. 7/7/7 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R1000100050001-1 WASHINGTON STAR 18 January 1973 :- unt Recruite Ex-Agent By PATRICK COLLINS and JAMES R. POLK ? StarNews Staff Writers , ID. Howard Hunt used White ' House stationery to solicit an lex-CIA agent to join ,:he cam- paign espionage Wm*, which led to the bugging of Demo- $tcratic National Headquarters The stationary was only a , portion of White House facill- ties employed by Hunt over the course of the effort. Other evidence indicates that Hunt used a special phone. In the White House Executive ' Office Building to make 11 calls to Bernard Barker. Both Barker and Hunt have entered 'guilty pleas in the Watergate 'bugging case. Hunt, an ex-CIA' agent and; , former White House aide, used' ? a note with the White House I letterhead to contact Jack 'Bauman, a retired CIA agent now working as a security spe- cialist In Winter Haven, The letter, dated Dec. 20,, 1971, read: . :rack: ? I'm going to be down in Fla..) ? a few days after Xmas, and ? plan to call, you. I have some things going in which I think , ,you might be interested if your. , ltime and health permit. Best, Howard Hunt.'; In his opening statement at rthe Watergate trial, prosecu- tor Earl Silbert said this letter , "Inquired as to whether or not 'Mr. Batunan himself was available for some work, a kind of vague assignment in. the letter ? Mr. Bauman hav- ing retired from the CIA." , Silbert said that around Dec. 28, 1971, Bauman met with Hunt and another man at the ' 'Playboy Plaza Hotel in Miami, where they had a discussion about Bauman's possible em-1 ployment. Although ' Silbert told the 'jury that Bauman could not remember the man who ac-, companied Hunt, Bauman's ? date book lists a 4:30 p.m. appointment at the hotel on Dec. 28 with "HIV and "George Leonard," an alias 'used by G. Gordon Liddy, one let the two Watergate defend... ants still on trial. Beneath the notation of the meeting, Bauman's note pad , listed the District telephone , number 347-0355. That number was a special White House line used by Hunt . ' on several occasions to call , 1Baricer. The phone was in a 'basement room in the old Ex- ?ecutive Office Building. . The secret number was ? 'billed to a secretary's home in Alexandria. ? White House Press Secre- tary Ronald L. Ziegler has said the phone was installed for use by those tracing news leaks in the administration. After the meeting in Miami, Bauman discussed the job of- fer again with Hunt at a hote1,1; Imre. " were pretty vague,? Silbert told the jury last week. "Bauman understood the job to involve development of se- curity capability for the Re- 'publican party and It was Disci,. explained to him at that time I this was a legitimate enter; prise." Bauman later returned to Florida and wrote Hunt a 10, ter turning down the job offer. For 'his trip to Washingtin Bauman received four $100 bills. Expresses Regret : In another letter dated Jan. 14, 1972, to Bauman ? this time on his own stationery ? Hunt expressed his regret over Bauman's decision. ? "George and I appreciate . the trouble you went to on our account," Hunt wrote, "and for my part it was rewarding to see an old valued friend. I assume your verbal offer to cooperate peripherally ' still holds. . ." Hunt ended the letter with ? an apparent reference to the old CIA days: "So as the sun ? dips low over the far shore of Lake Dot, your old comrade in arms takes leave of his some- what younger buddy and once again attains the low visibility in a land where high profile is' what usually counts." ' The prosecution has **in.': eluded Bauman on its witness list. Silbert did not say In his opening statement why Bau- man was not scheduled to tes- tify. ? The Hunt-Bauman corre- spondence involving the White House letterhead and the date- book entry with its secret , phone number were obtained 'exclusively by the Star-News and have not yet figured in the, trial. Placed in evidence yester- day were address books of barker and Eugenio Martinez which included handwritten entries listing the undercover t White House phone number, 347-0355. ' with the Watergate ?ate be-7 cause the phone was in use only from August 1971 March 15, 1972. The Watergate. bugging was discovered it' months later. . In addition to the appear-f ance of the same White House number in the Bauman, Bar-1 ker and Martinez books, a 1: prosecution summary also" shows it was one of four tele- phones used bar Hunt to make 102 long-distance calls to Bar- ker. Three Numbers for "FM" It was the first of three ? -numbers for (assumed I to be Hunt) in the Barker book. The next was an official White House number, 466-2282,, Martinez' book used Hunt's, name, office and regular,: White House number, followed ' by "George . . . 347-0355," ap- p ar ently indicating Liddy , could be reached at the covert number also. A former White House secre- tary, Kathleen Chenow of waukee, who worked ,,with Hunt and Lkidy in the Execu- tive Office Buiklbg a year , ago, told The Washington Post last month that the secret , phone had been billed to her home address, then in Alexan, dria. Team of 'Plumbers' "They apparently wanted it, in say name because they. didn't want any ties with the White House," she said. Miss Chenow told the Post she had given the bills to ?an aide in the office of presidential assistant, John Ehrilcan for payment. Ziegler said the covert tele- phone was installed for use in trying to track the sources of information leaks to newsmen in late 1971, and Bunt and Lid- ' dy were on a team of White' House "plumbers" tracing. that. Ziegler has Claimed It, "would be folly" for the press' ito link the secret telephout Liddy Number Noted Eleven came from the secret number. Eighty others were made from two phones at Rob; ext R. Mullen 81 Co. where Itint was employed. The rest' were placed from Hunt's home, , in Potomac, Md. ' Two numbers used by biddy' at the Nixon campaign head- quarters at 1701 Pennsylvania Ave. NW also were in the Bar- ker and Martinez books. Other telephone numbers! from the Washington area found in Barker's addrel.?.1 book when it was introduced in evidence apparently were, friends from the past: ' ? Maj. Gen. Leigh Wade, now', retired from the Air Force, knew Barker slightly as a.. officer when Wade was' young of U.S. troops in Cuba at the end of Work! War! IL The general was attending' 'a funeral and could not be rest?hed, hiit his wife said he, had had no contact with Bar- ler for a quarter-century. J'He didn't even remember him. We think it's crazy," Mrs.. Wade said. ? Mrs. Virginia Topping of Baltimore said Barker. stopped: by her home with two friends to visit late last May. She had: known . Barker when he and: her ex-husband shared an apartment while working at a. steel mill 37 Mrs. ago. Her,! sister-In-law,Mrs. Ora Poplin; Of Baltimore, who knew him I then, ludo was in the book., Mrs. Topping said Barker ME his friends had a couple of soft drinks, stayed half an hour.) and lett. She doesn't retneaw ber wholsfiienswere, Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : a1-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 r, 1-)1 '11 I T'TTIr17,7111r. ricrri-rirmirug ft r 1111 . nr."171Irrit1rfr Approved For Release 2001/08/07.: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON POST 19 JANUARY 1973 ;Senate Offered Wigging i BY David S. 'Broder Wanhinoton Poet Staff Writer ; . Attorney General Richard G. Klein- dienst offered yesterday to give Senates investigators of the Watergate case )te private look at everything the FBI his' 'found out about the case, but caution* ? that tlire may be limitations on what 'they can make public. He said Justice Department policy does i not permit release of material involved' in ?a possible appeal by any defendants,i or of any Unverified allegations affecting ?Innocent people." Two men are now on trial for allegedly bugging and breaking - f Democratie Party headquarters 1141 "thnnniet. Five others have pleaded guilty.? A Senate aide said Kleindienst's state., Merits, raised the possibility, that ,"we may: .not be able to get the stuff we need,"-' 'but the Attorney General said he was ieenfldent he will not have any problems working out an agreement with Sen, Sam T. Ervin Jr. (D-N.C.), the Man. Senate , .Democrats have picked *to, head their , probe. k Kleindienst made the Comments in the, course of a breakfast session with nenee, 'men in which he also put public presatire on President Nixon to make' ? ? ' acting FBI director L. Patrick Grey III the , permanent di- ' rector. , He said Grey has done "a great job" since succeeding J. Edgar Hoover in the pest last year, but will remain an "easy target" for both critics and ri- vals for the job as long as his status is "acting director." Kleindienst said he had rec- ommended that Gray be named director and "I don't know why" the President is delaying. ? Pressed as to any possible reason for Mr. Nixon's mace tiem, Kleindienst told report- ers, "I don't know. You know where he (Mr. Nixon) is. Go ask him." At the White House, deputyk, press secretary Gerald L. Way ren said he would have no, Comment on Kieindienst's re- marks, "When the President has an appointment to make, we will announce it," Warren, Said. . The Attorney General said he welcomed the Senate deci- sion to investigate the Water,' gate case, including the Jus- tice Department's handling of 'the matter. "It doesn't bother' the a bit.' It's a 'mod thing," he said. "A jury trial is not the best place to explore the ramifications of, ,this kind of thing for the pont: teal system." ? Reminding reporters?he was under a court injunction not to discuts the extent of the in- vestigation or the identity of any persons who may have been involved in the alleged eavesdropping at the Demo- cratic National Committee, Kleindienst nonetheless as- serted there had been no . White House interference and no liminations on the invest!. gatio of the ease. "I have a duty to uphold the Constitution and enforce the law," he told the reporters, "and it's a sad fact that some of you At this table don't think that means anything to me." But, he added, even if he had wanted to curb the inves- tigation, "it would be impossi- ble to do" because the itivesti- ? gators and prosecutors in- volved would not permit it to happen. s , "You take this fellow Sil- bert," he said, referring to Earl Silbert, the prosecutor in :the curreet trial of the seven moo involved in the Demo- cratic headquarters budging case. "I don't know his politi- cal affiliation, , but fI'd guess he's a Democrat, considering his age (36) and the fact h?'s Jewish . . . Glen ze r and Campbell (Seymour Glanzer and Donald Campbell, who are i working with Silbert on the ease) are both liberal Demo- crats . . . If I told them to go 1,easy on someone, they'd tell -Me to shove it." . As for making the FBI in- vestigation material available to the Senate, Kleindienst said the "only thing we'd hold back" would be materials in- volved in litigation and "irresponsible" or unsubstanti- ated allegations included in the files. lie acknowledged- to report- ers that the first limitation would continue as long as any appeals were pending from the case now being tried. A Senate aide said that might .? mean the FBI material would be embargoed "for eight or ten years." But Kleindienst said he hoped Ervin "would look at what we) have in camera (Privately) before we decide what we make public. I have great respect for Senator EY yin. I don't think we will have any problems. He's concerned about protecting' the rights of innocent people, just as I am.". Kleindienst told reporters he welcomed the press public- ity on the Watergate case, be- cause as one who had spent 20 years in polities, he thought, the "illegal wiretapping" al- leged to have taken place at the Democratic headquarters "is one of the most far-reach. ing and significant -crimes against a free society." He said, however, that he ought The Washington Post had ' e.mggerated or distorted on occasions in its coverage Ofthe case. I'You read some of these 'beadlines in The Post and they had very little to do with what was in the story,'. the Attorney General said. He said he had told Katha- rine Graham, publisher of The Post, that "the administration is being no more unfair to The Post,"in barring its reporters from some White House social events, "than The Post was to -the administration" in some of a its reporting on the Watergate case. "I told her, 'Don't get so up- Set. You've got a great paper. Go ahead and run the . thing the way' you want. But :don't be surprised if the Pres'. dent gets a little upset-,end does something a little 6.?y to you in return" WASHINGTON POST 13 JANUARY 1973 Evidence Is Curbed In Watergate Case The, U.S. Court of Appeals ruled yesterday that no evi- dence concerning the contents of "allegedly illegally inter- cepted communications" shall be admitted in the Watergate bugging trial except under conditions outlined in the court's brief order. Five officials and employee of the Democratic National Committee, saying that some their conversations may have ,been overheard by a witness scheduled to testify in the trial, had asked the Court of Appeals to, bar testimony about the contents of the con- versations from the trial. Chief U.S. District Judge John Sirica denied the motion last week. The appellate court ordered that Slrica hold a hearing in 26. ,7,7r7 'i Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP774:10432P100170707RICir1711.. )11 fThi secret with lawyers for the prosecution, defense and the five Democrats present to hear a description of the testi- mony before it is given in open court. If any objection is raised but overruled, the court said, an opportunity shall be given for the matter to be brought back to the Court of Appeals' 'before the evidence is admit; ted. ? The court's order was issued by Chief Circuit Judge David L. Bazelon and Circuit Judged, .1. Skelly Wright. Circuit Judge George M. MacKinnon dissented, saying that the dec1. sion about whether the evi- dence should be admitted is one for the trial judge to dei eide "without any interim, right of appeal" by persons it4 the case. ; ? 4.1, .,; Approved For Release 2001/08/07; CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 NEW YORK TIMES 18 January 1973 Veil Over Watergate .; 1! ,Chief Federal Judge John J. Strici spoke for a hot ,Incredulous observers at the Watergate: trial. when he, ,old defendant Bernard' Barker that he 'simply. did ' noti believe his Story that $114,000 had ,arrived in, unmarked envelepes from sources unknown. Since then the defense' has inoVed from the intredibleto the outrageous. It has, presented the court with the extraordinary doctrine.that . anyone who, Correetly incorrectly, imagines lilrhseli. .or his friends to bein 'some sort of danger is thereby:, 'justified in breaking the law. . ? ' In' enunciating, this legal version of the protective" reaction ? strike, defense counsel' Gerald ?Alch. tried to. 'cloak his clients, acts of political espionage in a mantle Of patriotism. The violence which the defendants wanted to intercept, he said, would have been directed' egaintt' "Republican officials, including but not limited to, 'the; President."' . ? ? Far from protecting high officials against violence, the validation of his thesis, would constitute art open hunting! license for every fanatic to take the law into .his own' hands. Guided only by hallucinations akin to the' rint1=,' Castro fanaticisny that 'motivated the hirelings in the.; ' Watergate plot, any individuals o4 groups Could feel free, to take up arms or utilize .any other repressive measures their- paranoid suppositions' dictated. Such a political'. law of the jungle ?might readily lead from 'protective' espionage to defensive assassination. ? . The need becoMes intleasingly plain for extending the !investigation beyond, the .case of the hirelings rloW ort trial.' The significant 'question in the unraveling of the: Watergate scandal it leis who 'carried out the orderS: .than who issued them. ? , , ? .?? ? The courtroom scenario . that has frustrated 'Judge Sirica's efforts to extract Illuminating or even believable? answers is all too transparent The Rite defendants, whO pleaded guilty to everything in order not to have to telt anything, acted in the tradition of an internatiOnal espio- nage apparatus that considers caught agents expendable.' ? NEW YORK TIMES 13 January 1973 Behind 'Watergate-7m- An air of unreality surrounds the Watergate political espionage trial. The prosecution, in presentin,g its case, :went out of its way to portray the defendants' alleged offenses as something of a Republican protectivweac-, tion strike against villainy anticipated from President,: ? Nixon's Democratic opposition. Earl J. Silbert, the Assistant United States Attorney, said in his opening,: ' statement that the assignments given to the defendants ,resulted from concern that "extremists" Might disrupt' , campaign appearances by Cabinet officers and others serving as surrogates for Mr. Nixon. Such points, one would think, might more appro- priately have been made by the defense. Coming from the prosecution, they underscore the awkward nature of., a trial in which the Administration's Department of? ' Justice conducts the prosecution of criminal acts' com4i mitted in the cause of re-electing that same Admin- istration. ? ? Final judgment Concerning the proceedings must, of 4 course, be deferred until the trial of all seven defendantel .'has ? been concluded. But it is disconcerting that E.'i Howard Hunt Jr.,. former White ,House consultant, who ?'played a Major role 'in the break-in and eavesdropping , ' conspiracy, appears to have been permanently removed . ,from .questioning in open court by, 'pleadieg, guilty to t l'hat analOgy it made stringer by `indications that the* ,invisible masters of the plot intend to compensate their' ,exposed Mercenaries for any temporary sacrifice of their freedom. . ? ? ? ? ,The guilty pleas entered by the five self-confessed political spies do not of I themselves raise any legal; barriers to their recall at witnesses in the trial of the, two remaining defendants. It is doubtful, however, that, their enforced' testimony ' would gerve' any purpose in: getting at those crucial questions that go beyond their personal law-breaking. The prosecution, after all, repre-` gents the Justice Department of the same Administration whose re-election the defendants sought to advance, through their illegal activities. ? ? ? A trial, in any event, is an "Inadeqtiate'in,:stk-urnent for probing all the ramifications 'of a political scandal iti ;Which no charges have been leveled against the string- pullers responsible for planning and financing the whole operation.. puestions beyond the guilt of the defendants ?assuming that the prosecution had much stomach: JO ask them-7--might indeed he, difficult to .sustain cArei objections by !defense counsel. ? That' transfers to' the ?Senate the task of getting to the bottom Of this ominous affair after the present trial ends. The aim of its inquiry; should be td bypass the cloak-and-dagger hallucinations' *of the hired spies and to .identify the chain of command that Issued the Orders and provided the funds. Tho prior guilty pleas of the defendants in Judge Sirica's court, would make it possible for the Senators, to question,' ,them Without the protective cover of self-incrimination.i ? Senator Sam J...,Ervin has' already asked the Justice Department and' Other agencies to safeguard "all pertli nent 'public and ? nonpublic documents" 'bearing on, the 'Watergate case. As one who long ago expressed serieus! concern,' over: the erosion of Civil liberties' through' growing' resort to political espionage, . Ervin Cart, find In the, Watergate scandal an opportunity for expos.; tag to full publid scrutiny, a, subveraion of the political process that ieust not he allowedito happen again. ?,./ 'ill the 'charges 'against' 'MM.' Even though the GOreini.1 ? ment has said ,that it would , seek to summon him later. 'before a grand jury for questioning about his knowledge of the Watergate affair, it appears that the jury amt.,' the public have been denied access?perhaps pertne.,,?, .nently--7--to a major source of information. The question that cries out for answer is not Who,':: ? were the hired agents but who hired them. The cast; of characters on trial had connections 'that reached ,at least to the President's outer office. The funds used-41 and substantial amounts are still unaccounted for-- appear to have come from safes and checkbooks under the control 'of former Cabinet officers. Because these entanglements come so. close to the White House, the appointment of a special and inde-1 pendent prosecutor would have done much to bolster confidence that the court proceedings would be 'con- ducted with vigor and detachment. Now, only the most , intensive questioning of witnesses can assure the public ? that, in the aftermath of this disgraceful . and bungled affair, 'the hirelings will not be sacrificed 'for the pro- tection' of higher authority. What 15 involved' in this ?case is not merely an irregularity 10 an election canvq, palgn that is past and gone; the issue is the Integrity and credibility of an Administration that must continue`-1 to be* accountable to the American people for, the next, , , ? ? . ? four years. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : ClA2DP77-00432R000100050001-1 I Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 WASHINGTON POST 18 JANUARY 1973 Nixon Unit's Miami Apartment Listed in Barker Address Book By Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein Washington Post Staff writers' An apartment rented by President Nixon's re-election committee in Miami is listed lin,the address book of Ber. nard L. Barker, one of the men who pleaded guilty in the, Watergate bugging trial Mon-, day. The address book, intro duced as evidence in the trial yesterday, lists a two-bedroom apartment and phone number in the Octagon Tower apart- ments, 1881 Washington Ave., Miami Beach. Three of the men indicted with Barker worked for el- ther the White House or the Commmittee for the Re'-elec- tion of the President?both of which have denied any role in the bugging. The entry in the address book is the. first Indication that Barker may have had direct contact with other officials working in the President's re-election cam pal gn. The apartment manager said last night that the apartment was rented as a clerical office to Steven D. Nostrand, 27, of the Republican Convention staff, Nostrand was in charge of arrangements for young sup- 'porters of the president at- tending the party's national convention last summer. He Is listed on the official pay- roll of the Committee for Re- election of the President as A member of the convention staff. Spokesmen for three Miami ittea colleges have said that two ,of the other Watergate defendants ? Eugenio R. Martinez and Frank A. Sturgis sought convention housing for nearly 3.500 Young Repub. 'leans last spring. Nostrand could not be reached for comment last night, but last June he said he knew nothing of attentpts by the two men to find con- vention housing for young supporters of the President or Young Republicans. Powell Moore, formerly a spokesman for the Committee for the Re-election of the President and now a member of the Inaugural Committee staff, said last night he did not "have the slightest idea" why the address and phone number of Nostrand's office would be 4n Barker's address book. Barker's address book also tentained the following entry: "Lawrence O'Brien, Sonesta ,Hotel, Gulf Stream Suite. Hey 'Itiscayne Pt, Feb. 21-22-23, 'tVarrettf Airport Inn, #303.". .1 The chief prosecutor in the Watergate case said last week that Lawrence F. Oltrien, the former.' chairman of the Na- tional Democratic Committee, was a primary target' 'of the spying operation allegedly con- ducted by? the seven men indicted in the .case. An official at the Miami Sonesta Hotel said last night ,that 'O'Brien was not at 'the hotel from Feb. 21 to*.23," but ?that other Democratic Party 'officials stayed in the . hotel's Gulf Stream suite on those :dates.. ? Warren is the alias used by 'former White House aide E. Howard Hunt Jr.,' who pleaded guilty in the 'Watergate case 'last week, court records show, ,The Miami. Airport Inn 15 about '30' minutes drive frern the Sonesta Hotel. , The night Manager at' the 'AirPort Inn said hist night Pat he could not obtain the records to see if there was it person -named Warren reg- istered there during those dates. ? It is known that Hunt; using the alias Edward J. Warren,j 'stayed at the Dupont Plaza ,1 Hotel in Miami 10 days earlier t. irom Feb. 11 to 13. A pop-u0 address book be- longing to Eugenio It. Maatl- hoz; another Watergate ? de- fendant, has the name and ad. dress of the man in charge of electrical and telephone ar- rangements at the Miami hotel used by, the Demoerats, during their National Convention in "Jul3r., ? , Martinez', address book was Ihtroduced Into ? evidence Itt, ? t the tHai yesterday. The-entfri ,Fernando Madrigal, 1202' NW 31st Ave, FOunt'ainbliai 'Hotel, 649-1007." Madrigal, 32, was readied Al ? his home last night by Wei Phone and said that he is thel :assistant chief engineer ',for! 'the FountainbleaU Hotel. ' Hei 'said that he doeS not 'knot .Martinez and does not' have any knowledge of the WaterY 'gate case. ? Madrigal said that he is in charge of 'everything' "front' 'electricity tO plumbing,", and, specifically worked with the' ,electrical contractors handling !the conventions ? for both?, 'political parties. The Fountain-) Ibleau Hotel was the headt quarte'rs for both Democratil ,,and,Republicans at theit Men conventions last surt4 'atter. Though Madrigal's name la; clearly listed in the address) 'book, which :has been in the! ,harris of the, FBI for six 'Months, Madrigal said lad ,night that he has never beeti $questioned b Ythe FBI or fln Ow enforcement officL3Is1 i!about the matter. " , Prida'y, Jen. 19, 1973 THE WASffloGION POST Debate on Ta ed Talks Stalls By Lawrence Meyer , Washington Post Staff Writer , The Watergate bugging trial was stalled yesterday as the U.S. Court of Appeals took up ,the question of whether a key 'government witness should be allowed to testify about the contents of conversations he said he monitored. The hearing was sought. by Charles Morgan Jr., a lawyer for five officials and employ- ees of the Democratic Party who said their telephone con- versations were monitored by Alfred E. Baldwin III, a key government witness in the Watergate trial. . Baldwin testified Wednes- day that he was hired last May by James W. McCord Jr., then the security coordinator for the Committee for the Re- election of the President, and directed to monitor telephone conversations in the Demo- cratic Party's Watergate head- quarters from a hotel across :the street. McCord is on trial with G. Gordon Liddy, another former election committee official, on charges of conspiracy, bur- glary and illegal wiretapping and eavesdropping in connec- tion with the June 17 break-in 'at the Democratic Party head- ' , quarters. Five other men, in- cluding former White House '28 atergate 1 ri a aide E. Howard Hunt, have pleaded guilty to the charges/ The Court of Appeals ruled last week that testimony about the contents of the ,conversa- tions that Baldwin overheard could be admitted in the trial only after the trial judge, Chief U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica, held a closed hearing to determine what would be revealed. If anyone objected to the disclosures and if Sirica over- ruled the objections, the Ap- pellate Court ruled, the mat- ter would be brought back to it for immediate review. That happened Wednesday, and the court heard arguments yester- day without reaching a deci- sion. Morgan, a lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Un- ion, argued that if the prose- cution were allowed to go into the contents of the conversa- tions at all, defense lawyers would have a right to open the subject up for full discussion on cross-examination. Morgan repeated his conten- tion that the government does not need to go into the con- tents of the conversation to prove its case. Prosecutor Earl J. Silbert said that if the defense *ere barred from cross-examining 'witnesses on the contents of the " conversations, "compelling argument" cciuld. be made by the defense 'ap- peal that a defendant had been denied his constitutional rights. ' Complaining about the "unprecedented into'ruption, with orderly conduct of the , trial" that the Appellate Court, had caused, Silbert also re- peated his contention that the, Court of Appeals was in "too abstract" a position to decide, what should or should not be, admitted in evidence.. ' Lawyers for McCord and Liddy split on whether the contents of the conversations should be discussed. McCord's lawyer, Gerald Alch, sided with Morgan, arguing ,that it would not help his client tO have the contents of the overt heard conversations disclosed. Liddy's lawyer, Peter Mac, mills, said he wanted the con.. tents introduced and asserted his right to cross-examine wit, nesses on the contents of con- versations. Since the sequestered jury began hearing arguments tine, testimony in the case on Jan. 10, it has sat for only ? three full days, hearing testimony for only a portion of two other days and no testimony on two. days. The jurors are not giveni an explanation as to why they: are not in court. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : dA-'D7004 1''i - I , Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100056001-1 WASHINGTON POST 13 JANUARY 1973 ri 2d Jury Selected for Ellsberg Trial From News Dispatches , 11 LOS ANGELES, Jan..12 ?,-A ritirY "of ? 10' women ' arid two i. then, including a Vietnam war keteran, was chosen today to :try:Mantel tlIsberg and An- .4 flint* Rutile in the. Pentagon Vatted' cam. ' It was the second jury to be fselected, ,The , first panel, I !warn last summer, was dis- Abissed after a four-month trial recess while appeals were ! made to higher courte; ? ' k..;:o5 .' ' their right to . protection against 1 double liopardy in. order to ; get a new jury. ? I. Ellsberg, 41; and Russo, 35, pth former .4.eseatehers 'on bvernment projects, are arged . with espionage, , con- 1.? ti ? . ? ,.. ? ' age, spiracy and theft of govern- ment property in connection with the leak to news media in 1971 of secret documents de- tailing the origins of U.S. in- volvement in the Indochina war. Both have acknowledged their role in releasing the pa- pers but say they broke no law. Six alternate jurors re- mained to be chosen. Tire trial was expected to get into open- ing statement's and the :first federal government. ?witnesses sometime next week. ? , ? . It required eight days to pick the 12 regular jurors. They and those who were dis- missed were questioned at length about theit attitudes toward the Vietnam war and whether they had formed Any opinions in the case: , Six of them said that either the United States should get out of Vietnam or the war 1 BALTIMORE SUN should somehow end. Three others said they did not like war in general or that they do not like people being ldlled. The remaining three had no opinion or said they did not know enough about the war to have one. The jurors approved by both government and defense attor- neys were: Cora Neal, a widow and draftswomen for a telephone company; Jean E. Boutelier, a housewife; Donna R. Kelps, a former nurse's aide; Joan B. Duggings, a housewife; Dulcy Embree, a former professional, jazz pianist; Anna Saunders, a postal employee; Margaret Kaschbue, a part time comit- ies saleswoman; Lupe Vas- quez, a seamstress; Phyllis Ortman, a secretary, and Dar- lene Arneaud, an electronics assembler. ' Others were Monellis Pitt- ' ; ? .1 7 January' 1973 . man, an automobile atsemblyl man, and Wilfred 13altodano, lOartiailY disabled Vie* veteran. Three of the jurors are blacks. Baltodano, at 25, appeared to be the yoUngest member of the panel. ? ? ? Ellsberg and'Russo left court at noon. "I'm in love with this jury,sii exclaimed Russo'. "I think a great jury." Ellsberg said, "We're ready; to go into trial now. Our fatti Is in their hands and I think, to a large extent the libertieV ef all of ug are in' their handS.1 A think ? they're in very good: hands." He ? added that 'he ivasi pleased at the preponderance.' of women on the jury, saying, 'Women as a whole. have clearer eyes about this war ...I, they are' more skenUcal.abbitt. this war," , Pentagon Papers: Constitutional Issues t , Froth the moment the Pentagon Papers were revealed to the public lehne, 1971, grave issues concern- . ing; freedom of the press have been ,inseparably linked With debate o'er the conduct of the Vietnam war. In a way, this has been an apt concurrence because the presa, ast,en institution, has been fore- Intiat in challenging attempts by lliC,..government to justify our in- :volvement in Southeast Asia. If the ;government is to be held account- able for its miscalculations and deceptions, then the press must be ?prepared to defend the provocative role it has played in this tragic history. Yet this process has had itC'dangers, too, especially as the issues have been removed from ? the arena of public debate to the courts of law. It is a murky busi- ness at any time to try to deter- :mine where the public's right to , Wow 'conflicts with the govern, ? mht's claimed need to protect via, '. Atonal security interests. It is even : more, troublesome during a period of.war, when government is most . 1`1,?, tempted to take a restrictive view of First Amendment rights Of speech and press. The Nixon administration, which has an illiberal record in regard to the First Amendment, imposed prior restraint on a newspaper by 'enjoining ? the New York Times from publishing excerpts of the Pentagon's secret recounting of the Vietnam war. This, was prior cen- . sorship, of a type, we have been taught to deplore in authoritarian regimes, and even though the Su- preme Court threw out the govern- ment's case the administration did succeed in delaying publication for a few days. In the New York Times case, the Supreme Court found that the government had failed to prove that national security interests were threatened sufficiently to jus- tify prior restraint of expression. It did not, however, preclude the government from pressing charges of conspiracy, theft and violation Of ,the Espionage. Act against the, newspapers Involved and the schol- ars, Daniel Eilsberg and Anthonyq J. Russo, Jr., whg were instru- mental in makibg the "Pentagon; Papers available 'to the media. According to a New York Times; report, the government is seeking the conviction of Ellsberg ' and Russo on very narrow questions, involving what it describes as legal use of government property.i Defense attorneys, however, ,are' reported to be interested' In broad, questions relating to the rights not I Only of newspapers but of persona who co-operate with newspapers for the public interest, as they see IL The Eilsberg-Russo defense is justified in using whatever legal.. arguments and devices are avail- able to it. But it should be kept in mind that if the government wins this case, the Nixon administration and the federal courts may be- , come ever bolder in trying to break past constitutional proteetionS ,and shield laws designed to protect newsmen, their sources and the'i public. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : Cit9RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 -r.rreTrr,,r-rt Approved For Release 2001/08/07 NEW YORK TIMES t 18 January 1973 US. Sees Ellsberg Issue As Simple Case of Theft ;t Special to The New York Timei LOS ANGELES,' Calif., Jan. to the national defense in 1 ?The Pentagon papers trial, considered by many to be a landmark constitutional case, 'I opened today with the Govern- ' Merit attempting to make it a simple case of theft. The chief prosecutor, in a courtroom crowded with 150 spectators, including about' 20 uniformed Vietnam veterans who are opposed to the war, said in hls opening statement to the jury: "We will present no wit- nesses in evidence to litigate ' the war; we will not present any evidence on the infor- mation policies of the Govern- ment or evidence on whether the Government has withheld information about the war? withheld too much, too little." Nor will the Government present evidence on "the de- fendants' reasons; motives do not excuse doing something wrong," said the cheif prose- cutor, United States Attorney David R. Nissen. :lather, the Government will present a simple case charging that Dr. Daniel Ellsberg and his codefendant, Anthony J. ' Russo Jr., stole and received "guarded" classified informa- tion, information that was classified by duly constituted authorities. 18 Volume History The documents involved are 18 volumes of the Pentagon papers, a Defense Department -history of United States involv- ? trent in Southeast Asia; a 1988 memorandum by Gen. Earl C. Wheeler, then chairman of the ? Joint Chiefs et' Staff, and a 1954 memorandum on the Ge- neva accord. Dr. Ellsberg and ' Mr. Russo are charged With 15 ;Counts of espionage, theft and ,conspiracy in the case. Mr. Nissen made use of slides ' that were projected onto a wall In the courtroom. There was a slide that listed the various persons and agen- 'cies that had contributed to the "guarded" papers: the Presi- dent, the National Security 'Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Commander in Chief, Pacific; the Military As- sistance Command in Vietnam, the Department of State, the Bureau of Intelligence and Re- search, and several Ambassa- dors. Each was listed separate And there was another slide listing the 15 counts in the in- dictment, using labels such as "Ellsberg Steals," "Ellsberg Re- tains," "Ellsberg Conveys,' "Rinse Retains," "Russo Re- "The documents are related 1969," Mr. Nissen said, explains ing that the term "national de- fense is a broad one that covers not only military matters, but covers things as broad( as the Interstate highway system." But, he said, in this cased the "government is talking about documents that were guarded, not lawfully available to everyone." The defense, in its opening broadened the issues consider- ably to tell the jury that it is relevant to determine whether or not the documents involved should, in fact, have been clas- sified; to determine whether or not all the information con- tained in the documents had not already been .long in the publie domain, even if the physical papers themselves were being guarded. Th constitutional issue; as the defense and many auth- orities see it is th night of the public to information. ? Leonard B. Boudin, one of Dr. Ellsberg's attorneys, gave the opening speech for the de- fense. He told the jury that when Dr. Ellsberg's case was finally presented "you will come to conclude that the revlation of the information [in the Pentagon papers] to your Senators and Congressmen was helpful to the United States." The motivation b6ind Dr. Elisberg's action, he said, was to make the information con- tained in the papers available to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which did not have it, and then to the public at large. He also said the defense would prove that more than 100,000 persons have the right to classify information, and that this is "an absurdity." Opening statements are not arguments. They are, rather, presentations to the jury on how each side perceives the is- sues, and at one point United States Distriet Court Judge Wil- liam Matthew Byrne Jr. ad- monished Mr. Nissen to state his case, not to argue it. When the courtroom was opened today, spectators were startled to see that a 12-foot- by-10-foot screen had been put up facing the judge's bench, but blocking ut the spectators view of the proceedings. Mr. Nissen said that he needed the screen to give his opening, but after the defense objected, Judge Byrne ordered it removed and made the pro- secution use one that rolled down on the courtroom wall directly opposite the jury box, : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 30 THE VIRGINIA GALlamt 12 JAN 1973 Downing Offered Look At Peary :.:FIRST DISTRICT Congressman Thomas .:N.:.".Downing revealed Monday that he has been offered "an inch by inch examination of Camp Peary" by top Central Intelligence Agency officials. He 'said he intends to "take them .up on the first opportunity." .:.DOWNING SAID the offer came during ; a meeting he initiated with CIA officials last ! week in Washington after reading the story in ,the 'Dec. 22 issue al The Virginia Gazette ...exposing the 10,000-acre base as a training .facility - for the covert. Special Operations -Division. Downing had declined comment on the story until he met with the officials. ' ASKED IF THE CIA had repeated its .denial of ?allegations that the base was used for training of assassination cadres and the testing 'of "mini-nuclear bombs," Downing replied flint, one of the agency's top officials had 'made '?'a blanket denial." , `THEY 'ASSURED me there was no assas,sination training or 'mini-nuclear. bombs' at Camp Peary," Downing said:?"I. feel sure that:that's probably true," he ad.. ded,.leferring to the denial. fie said he has been on the base before, "in 1967 or 1968." II ? ON. FURTHER questioning. Downing admited.there is no explicit monitoring of the CIA's operational or policy-making functions by Congress, although ap- ; propiiations are monitored, by "a Special subcommittee of the apropriations corn- 1 mittees." He added it is olikely some efforL will be made in the 93rd Congress to oversee , CIA operations., ? ? MEANWHILE, CIA officials continue to ! :heatedly deny the allegations made by author ; Joe Maggio concerning assassination cadre training .and "mini-nuclear bombs," A spokesman in the Office of the Director of the ' Central latt-viligence said ?: Nlanday, ? "Mr. P.Inggid's allegations that the CIA trains for I or participates in assassination operations is entirely untrue. The same applies to any ? allegation, concerning the agency's contact with or association with any so-called 'Mini- nuclear bombs.'" MAGGIO HIMSELF told the Richmond Tirne3-Di.;1atch that his contentions of es:ios-inre inn training and nuclear weipons heseti on ;:ecend-hand information. ;Jut i he also said he stands by his sources. CONTACTED MONDAY, Maggio seggested that "if they (the (IA) are ?so ' adamant in the;r denials, they should let a newsman 20 ifl th&e and see." ' ? - ?t. ? ) i? 111 1 trr'i"ghl'irril.77/,_t 37,777771(,( J ff); r,"""'? "..k. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77L00432R0001 '050001.-1'; I !..' ? ? '? .;t ; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 Friday, Ian. 19,1973 THE WASHINGTON POSTI itness Says Ellsberg I ata mid Aid Reds ' By Sanford J. Ungar Woshinston Post Matt Writer Ments disclosed by Ellsberg' and Russo related to the ."national defense" and thus eould not legally be made pub- de On cross-examination, Led, nerd I. Weinglass, Russo's thief defense attorney, forced a concession from the , Army `general that "the passage of time" means that, with respect to some of the material in the Wheeler report, there is "less Potential for harm to the tta.: tional defense." : DePuy acknowledged, for example, that after a few months there would have been "no value" to the North Viet- namese in seeing that part of the Wheeler report which dis- cussed the 1968 request of Gen. William C. Westmore- land, then commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam, for an ex- tra 206,000 men. LOS ANGELES, *Jan. 18? An Army staff officer testified today that a top-secret docu- ment allegedly disclosed by Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony toI'. Russo Jr. could have helped be Vietnamese Communists Van their. 1972 offensive in :South Vietnam. t Lt. Gen. William G. DePuy, assistant to the Army vice tbhief of ataff, said that the North Vietnamese command In Hanoi would have found it Interesting and useful" to have 'access to a 1968 report by 'Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, then chairman of the Joint Chiefs ;Of Staff. 1 Mils might.well be the best piece of intelligence they (the North 'Vietnamese) ever had," Depuy said. , Eight pages of the report, based on a trip to Vietnam by ! Wheeler, DePuy and seven 'other officials to evaluate the ? effects of the Communists' ' 1968 Tet offensive, were among the documents that the government says Ellsberg and Russo duplicated in 1969 and ' distributed to the press in 1071. Along with the Pentagon Papers and a Rand Corp. study of the 1954 Geneva se. cords, the Wheeler report fig- ures in the indictment against Ellsberg and Russo on charges of conspiracy, espionage and theft of government property. The, Vietnamese Commu- nists, would find the Wheeler report useful, DePuy testified, , 'particularly If they intend to do it (mount an offensive in the south) again..., and they did it In 1972." Staring at the jury of ten women and two men, DePuY said, "my belief is, looking at This document, that It would be of assistance to them in planntng a new attack." There is not expected to be any evidence in the, case that the Vietnamese Communists at any point actually gained aceess to the Wheeler report or the other documents before ,their publication. But DePuy's testimony is pert of the prosecution's effort 30 demonstrate that, the dim*. AP P ' "It never happened," DePuy pointed out, referring to Presi- dent Johnson's decision not to grant the Westmoreland re-' quest for an increase In the, troop ceiling to 731,000.. But i3ut DePuy said his opinion about the most sensitive as- pects of the Wheeler report, as a military expert who himself once had a planning and oper- ational role in Vietnam, would not be altered by the fact that its contents might already have been "available , to the ,general public." The defense plans to Show during the trial that the Wheeler report was exten- sively discussed in newspaper reports in 1968, long before Ellsberg's and Russo's alleged conspiracy. Weinglass also alluded to the fact that the Wheeler re- port was included in a book subsequently published by Walt W. Rostow, who wad President Johnson's chief na- tional security adviser. But the Rostow book was published only in 1972, and the jurY is expected to reach its verdict on the basis of the facts as they existed at the time of Ellsberg's actions. De- Puy said he was not familiar with the Rostow book. Weinglass sought to show that many passages of the Wheeler report cited by De- Puy discussed only "elemental" military strategy well-known by the North Viet- namese and everyone else. civdd labctefkabe 2004008(07 :41A-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 'the fact that if the Conutiti- nitts attacked South Vietnam- ese cities, Saigon's forces ,would have to defend them, ,selves there and leave the "tountryside vulnerable. "Didn't they (the North 'Vietnamese) know that already?" Weinglass asked. ? "They might have though It," DePuy answered, "bet ,they would be delighted to have it confirmed by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff." ?DePuy, who will continue testifying Friday, was the gov- ernment's second witness against Ellsbergand Russo. ? The first was Frank A. Bar- time, assistant general counsel of the Defense Department, who revealed that only after the Pentagon Papers were Published in ?the press 19 months ago did his depart- ment "ahelyze and evluate" them to determine whethei. they actually related to the fie, tional defense. 1?.,,,,Bartimo said that the ands& ida Was completed "toward the latter part of 1971." In June of 1971, however, the Justice Department was in federal court in New York, Washington and Boston, argu- ing that newspapers should be prevented from publishing the top-secret history of the U.S. role in Southeast Asia because of the clear relationship to na- tional defense interests,' Chief prosecutor David R Nissen said he had already privately submitted the Eke: fense Department analysis...A known as a "damage report"? . W. Matt Byrne Jr. When Bartimo inspected the . 1 to U.S. District Court Judge report submitted to Byrnei? however, he said it was not the correct one, and he was or- dered to produce the actual. "damage report" in court bk: Monday. ' \ The defense seeks access tel !the report as part of its effort: ' 0,10 show that the Pentagon Pal pers did not relate to the titoi dional defense and should not' i have been classified ifi thO , ilirat place. ' WASHINGTON POST ; 18 JANUARY 1973 e' ,e ms ile By Maxine Cheshire t... CIA director Richard Helms, who pie,sumably-already! has the top sectirity clearance in government, is nfver-t- theless undergoing an ingestigation by the FBI beforei he can be named the new. U.S. Ambassador to Iran. \ j? And,. if anyone in the, FBI believes what its agents'. !have been told about Helms, he may never be confirmed, !for the diplomatic post. ? 'According to Helms' wife, Cynthia, many of their. .? ;friends thought it was. a joke when they began getting ?.`queries from FBI agents who were asking all .kinds of probing, personal quettions. So, believing it to be a' hoax, many Ofthose quizzed Thade up outrageous, fanciful answers'. , , 1.... Some gleefully called Helms' later, to relay. to him thei !dreadful "suspicions" and "damaging innuendos" they !Said they had voiced about him. Others wrote him let; 'ters front afar to inform him they had gone' along with. Awhat they believed to be ft good gag and, 'acecordinglyi4 ?divulged the worst fiction their minds could conjure. `1.. ? 'Imagine," says Mrs. Helms ruefully, 'what our IVO is going to look like!" , . ? 4ifj ?' If Helms has any way of getting a, peek at his nwtir: 'dotsier, he hasnst mentioned it 'tit 'home' ' rn7r. 1 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 The Washington Merry-Go-Ro-nnd THE WASHINGTON POST Thuraday,..lanill, 1973 s' Watergate Defendants Might Talk s publishers through an agent about doing a book after the trial. By Jack Anderson Some of the defendants in the Watergate trial are send- ing quiet signals to the Nixon administration that they may start talking before they'll go to prison. , ' Sources close . to fOrmer White House advisers G. Ger-. don. Liddy and E. Howard Bunt. say both men have dron, ped hints, intended for White House ears, that they have seine embarrassing revelations they could tell. (Hunt pleaded guilty yesterday to three charges in the Watergate matter.) They want to get across the message that they don't intend to ? take the rap for, the who di- rected the Republican espio- nage-sabotage operations. Bernard Barker, who ? re. erilited the wiretap crew that broke. into Democratic head.; quarters, has also ? let it be known that he is preparing to write a book about his expert., einces. Sources in touch with' him have passed the word that, the book could be highly em- barrassing if he is left. "to rot, in Jail" for carrying out or- ders. 1 One of Barker's boys, Frank Sturgis, has also sounded out Defense sources say that Henry Rothblatt, the. high. powered attorney for four of the men caught at gunpoint - inside Democratic headquar. ters, is. also unhappy. He, is quoted as complaining. that ?the higher-ups haven't deity- :erect-all' the money-they prom. lsed fOr thedefense. ..? One problem, say these sources, is that congressional investigators are subpoenaing the bank records of everyone involved in the Watergate ca- per. This makes it necessary for the secret benefactors 'to ? deal strictly' in cash. The $10,000 in, greenbacks, found on the body of Hunt's wife after she died in a' Chi.' cage. airliner crash, was part of the secret defense fund; the sources acknowledge. None of the defendantS would make a statement for' he recOrd. Rothblatt has re; tised to discuss where the money for the defense is corn- ing from. Aan Clemente Styles While ordinary narcotics agents risk their lives in The Washington Merry-Go-Roam' shootouti with smugglers around the world, President Nixon's favorite drug fighters are having fun in the sun at San Clemente, Calif. The lucky fee/ are the bosses of the Drug Abuse Law Enforcement office, which the President set up personally to fight narcotics on the street level. They flew down to San Cle. mente at considerable expense to the taxpayers to discuss the narcotics problem. But much Of their time has been spent, frolicking in yachts, fishing 'boats, bars and heated swim- ming pools. 'A private note to the confer, ;tea and their wives not only destribes the fun to be had 'hnt tell them how to dress for it. The dress code, which reads more like' Emily Post than a decree to tough narcet. Ics agents, advises delicately: "For dinner with Attorney General Kleindienst, gentle- men will wish to wear their, best business suits suph as mitght be appropriate for 'an appearance in federal district court. "For meetings on Western White House grounds, the ap. propriate dress will be suiti, or sports jackets with ties.% You will find use for golfing, tennis, swimming, fishing,' boating and-or 'touring at- 'tire . . . ' "The ladies will be at liberty ivith their husbands on Tues. .day and Wednesday afternoon. Swimming in the heated pool will be popular, rain or shine. 'It is expected that a short Yacht 'voyage will be offered, ln which event the skipper ; will appreciate the wearing of .soft-soled shoes." For evening affairs, accord. ling to the dress edict, "a silk or wool suit or a cocktaii dress" would be approprlatii. for the wives. "At the coneltql.i int dinner on Wednesday eveA fling, well-dressed ladies wilk appear in dresses or pantil sults appropriate to the !irk- class yacht club locale." From San Clemente, spokesman said the Balbot( Bay yacht Club dinner hadi been canceled because most oft the 60 conferees had left fort' home. As for frolicking in tile. sun, he insisted that their pritt 'nary mission was to work. 0 1973. United Feature *40%0 THE WASHINGTON POST Monday, Jan. 15,1973 Hunt, Urged Gui4y Pleas in Bitgging.i By Jack Anderson We can now idled more light on the backstage efforts to persuade the Watergate de- fendants to plead guilty and save the White House the em. harrassment of a public trial. ? On Dec. 26, we reported that the Justice Department had discreetly sounded out some of the defendants about enter- ing guilty pleas. The prosecu. tors were cautious in their conversations with defense lawyers. But more direct mes- sages were relayed through E. iHoward Hunt, the former 'White House aide and CIA veteran. At first, the defendants held ,out for a softening of the charges. The five who were I caught inside Democratic 1 'headquarters, for example, wanted the break-in charge re- duced to illegal entry. This would have made their offense a simple misdemeanor. Any cutting back ? of the 'charges, however, would have looked like a fix. So instead, the mystery men behind the Scenes used pressure and per- suasion. They also alternately stopped and resumed tile cash payments that had been prom- ised to the defendants. In return, the defendants hinted they might make some embarrassing revelations if they were abandoned. Some Indicated they might write books about their experiences, telling Mi. Hunt agreed to plead guilty, apparently with a tacit under- standing that he wouldn't have to spend too long in jail: He privately urged the other de- fendants to follow his exam- ple. CIA Visitors Some of the defendants, who had been involved with Hunt in the Bay of Pigs opera- tion, also received private vis- its from some of their former CIA comrades. The visitors brought expense money and also offered to make regular payments to the defendants' families. A $1,000-a-month fig- ure was mentioned. Our sources could not, or would not, identify the men behind the scenes. We can re- port only that most of the money for the defendant; was funneled through Hunt. He de- livered part of the Cash to Ber- nard Barker, who distributed Approved For Release 2001/08/07 it to the men he had recruited for the Watergate misadven- ture. Hunt's wife was carrying $10,000 In cash when she was killed in a Chicago airliner crash. Footnote: At the outset of the trial, the prosecutors made a remarkable agreement not to introduce the most damning evidence the FBI had dug up. This was a detailed diary that one of the defendants, Euge- nio Martinez, had kept. As a minor functionary for the CIA, he was required by the CIA to keep a retord of his ac- tivities. Those who have had access to the diary, however, tell us Martinez, in true CIA fashion, used code names to identify all his contacts and associates. Nevertheless, the diary provides an excellent rec- ord of the espionage opera- tion at the Watergate. Pentagon Pipeline Pentagon Censorship ? The Pentagon has acknowledged that orders went out on Dec. 30 to all personnel, civilian and military alike, to keep their Mouths shut about mili- tary activities and peace pros- pects in Southeast Asia. Not reported, however,, was the ' 32 ? sweeping nature of the orde American pilots flying combs missions over North V1etnam for example, were specifIcallt prohibited from talking t?l newmen. A special directivi stipulates: "The no comment guidance specifically pf eludes interviews at all level and with air crews In partioU lar." Even the Coast Guard, though it doesn't come undet Pentagon jurisdiction, submits ted to the censorship order'.) Adm. Chester Bender, the!) Coast Guard commandant, Or, dered all his people to report , press queries not to their 'tuft perlors in the Transportation; Department but to the Dee, tense Department. Zumwalt's Elephants?Adnt.4 Elmo Zumwalt, the Navy.. chief, recently ordered twco ceramic elephants delivered to him from South Viet.", nam. The tiny pachr4 derms were shipped free of charge by Pan Am. This hap- pens to. be patently illegal:, When we asked the admiral* office about this, they told uk4,' he would pay the shipping's charge. The cost of shipping4t we have learned, Is more thasi Zumwalt paid for elephant* Icons. *1971 United Posture Syndlest? ? ,?;. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 The Washington Merry-Go-Round THE WASHINGTON POST Mondaydan. 8,1973 Turks Warn on Poppy-Growing Ban By Jack Anderson If the United States wants to keep Turkish heroin off American streets, it had better hope that the' present military dictatorship is not replaced by a new democratic government. Either way, the Turks want the 'U.S. to cough up a whop- ping $400 million. This is the secret warning of Turkish officials who have told the U.S., in effect, that drug trafficking may be the al- ternative to their military rule. The $400 million is sought to finance a substitute crop for Opium and pay compensation for foreign currency losses. The U.S. has offered to pay a more realistic $35 million. But a secret General Accounting Office report declares: "Apparently the $35 million grant is viewed (by the Turks) only as an initial payment, and it can be expected that Turkey will continue to press for increased U.S. contri- butions." The Turkish armed forces compelled the ruling Justice Party to give up power in 1971 and replaced it with a council of generals. Thereafter, the military junta quickly aP- proved an agreement with the U.S. to ban all opium cultiva- tion in Turkey, which was growing at least 75 per cent of the heroin entering the U.S. Now the Turks have warned American officials that the agreement may survive only as long as their military gov- ernment. States the secret report: "(American officials) were informed that the ban on poppy growing was issued by the current military-backed government, which was not de- pendent on popular support. Whether a freely elected fu- ture Government of Turkey would continue the ban is an open question ?..." Police Corruption Classified documents in our possession also raise the nag- ging problem of Turkish po- lice corruption. One case in- volves Turkish narcotics chief Abdullah Pektas. Intelligence reports, stamped "Secret . . . No Foreign Dissemination," saY Pektas met with a major narcotics trafficker within re- cent months. After the meeting,, Pektas directed lower-level Turkish narcotics agents to stop har- assing the trafficker. The in- telligence reports also suggest the possibility that Pektas may have been paid a bribe, but other officials insist he is honest. Despite the Suspicion over Pektas, U.S. narcotics agents have high respect for the Turkish national police direc- tor, Orhan Erbug, whose gen- ius for developing informants netted a recent cache of more than a ton of opium. Good work by the Turks has also cut black market "leakage" from the 1972 opium crop to less than 20 per cent. On balance, the secret reports show the Turkish poppy-ban- ning experiment seems to be working. ' Footnote: State Department officials deny that the Turkish government has made any for- mal demand that the U.S. lock the present military re-/ gime if it wants to prevent a return to fultscale opium production. Theoretically, the military council' will step down after free elections are held in Turkey next October. Washington Whirl Military Hunt?The military brass- and their civilian coun- terparts have made deer hunt- ing easy. They hold their hunts on the top-secret Army base near Woodbridge,?Va where the deer are penned up in the base's. heavily guarded'. preserve. Indeed , the , deei have become as tame cattle which graze on nearby ; farms. If the deer are relul-,] tent to participate in the butt, GIs merely run them throUgh the woods towards the brib- ers, who pick them off Ilke carp in a barrel. The Virginia Game Commission's local, agent, John Berry, tells us this, military sport isn't properli, called "hunting" but should be- referred to as "a thinning O. eration." Political Hacks?While Prek: ident Nixon is promising te ? trim the bureaucracy, the Fed-' &al Railroad Administration, Is,' adding eight regional "safety directors" at a starting: annual salary of $25,583 ' apiece. They won't be required. to take tests or show any rail- : road experience. Yet they will have authority over lifelong railroad men who had to pass., stiff civil service exams. The FRA claims the new men are, needed to enforce safety, standards. But our sources say! what the PRA needs is kno*1- edgeable workers, not expen) sive political hacks. , 0 1973, United Pestur. 0sfadloath The Washington Merry-Go-Round THE WASHINGTON POST Friday, Ian. 12,1973 Terrorists Plot Tel Aviv Plane Dive By Jack Anderson The Mack September terror- ist, who planned the Munich massacre of Israeli athletes, are now plotting to hijack an airliner and crash it into the, heart of bustling Tel Aviv. ' The plot has been picked up by intelligence agencies which Monitor the secret radio bands Used by the Arab terrorists. The same intelligence sourcei intercepted similar ominous messages shortly before 'fanat- ics machine gunned the Tel Aviv airport and, again, before terrorists staged the? Munich tragedy. ? In the earlier instances, the messages were vague about where the terrorists would strike and what exactly they planned to do. The latest messages about crash-diving an airliner into Tel Aviv have been more specific. Among others, American se- curity officials have tipped off Rep. John Murphy (D-N. Y.), who has written to President Nixon about the Arab plot against Tel Aviv. Murphy will cite the bizarre scheme as added evidence of the need for a stringent anti-hijacking bill. Murphy has introduced a bill which would compel the U. S. to bar commerical plane$. from any nation that refused! to prosecute a hijacker led re.a turn the pirated plane and ransom at once. Offensive Urged . Ainerican military advisers have urged President Thieu to mount a new offensive across the South Vietnamese border 'into neighboring Laos. They have asked him to fol- low up the saturation bombing of the north with a strike against the Boloven Plateau In ,southern Laos. This is known Ito be a major staging area for North Vietnamese attacks. i The American fadvisers' promised, ' if Thieu would' ,launch out offensive to support; It with US. air power. But thili iSouth Vietnamese 4rmy wa :sti badly battered during last: year's Communist offensive. that Thieu isn't. prepared tiS! send it back into action. Although most losses Wei 'been replaced and the army! is back to full strength, the ,discipline, training and Morale .of the troops are still lagging. .Not only are the replacementi green, but , the ceasefire 'ne- gotiations have made all troop tcautious. They don't want t be the last to die before cease-fire is declared. - Meanwhile, the Saigon gov- ernment is drafting men a' the ,rate of about 18,000 month, but deserters ate lei*: Ing the army in almost ettint inumbers. ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : Cli3RDP77-00432R000100050001-1 r t TrerrtIrrrMiti"TrTrit ? TT 1,1 trTrrrTi