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25X1A Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R00010031001-2? CONFIDENTIAL NEWS, VIEWS and ISSUES INTERNAL USE ONLY This publication contains clippings from the domestic and foreign press for YOUR BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Further use of selected items would rarely be advisable. No. 52 14 JANUARY 1974 GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS 1 Destroy after backgrounder has served its purpose or within 60 days. Approved For Release 20etiflpaNefl4ERDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 RADIO-TV MONITORING SERVICE, INC. 3408 WISCONSIN AVENUE. N. W. -:- WASHINGTON. D: C. 20016 244-8682 PROGRAM: EVENING EDITION DATE: DECEMBER 26, 1973 STATION OR NETWORK: EASTERN EDUCATIONAL TV NETWORK TIME 7:30 PM, EST ? AUTHORS DISCUSS CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY MODERATOR: MARTIN AGRONSKY GUESTS: Tad Szulc, author of .Compulsive Spy David Weiss, author of The Politics of Lying and The Invisible Government MARTIN AGRONSKY: Good evening. For many Americans one of the most disturbing revelations of the Watergate scandal was the partisan political use of U. S. intelligence agencies that was demonstrated. When testimony to the Senate Watergate Committee uncovered the so-called Houston Plan to'. create a secret White House intelligence operation, Senator Sam .Ervin.had the name for it. He charged its White House authors with the same mentality as the Gestapo in Nazi Germany. And now recent newspaper accounts report allegations that the CIA used E. Howard-Hunt during the 1964 presidential cam- paign to gather information on Senator Goldwater, though so far it's been impossible to confirm that. Well, tonight on Evening Edition a discussion of the Central Intelligence Agency--the CIA--with Tad Szulc, author of Compulsive Spy, a report on the career of E. Howard Hunt, one of the CIA's most ineffective agents, and David Weiss, author of two books: The Politics of Lying and The Invisible Government, which is a fascinating report on the Central Intelligence Agency itself. Gentlemen, you've both devoted a lot of time to studying the activities and operations of the Central Intelligence Agency, and I wonder if we can begin by asking both of you whether or not you think we need a CIA? Do you, David? DAVID WEISS: Well, I think we need to have an agency that gathers intelligence. ,We can call it anything we want. Whether we need to have an agency that overthrows governments, assassinates foreign leaders, engages in clandestine, covert opera- tions, is another question. I think that ought to be either aboai- shed or held to an absolute minimum, and so do a lot of other people. ? . , -I AGRONSKY: Tad? 1 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 - Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 NcritniStierribout- it. In the kind of world In which we live, obviously weneed an intelligence.service.- Teehf- nologically, for all the reasons of a nuclear age, for the situam?. tions about---very much as David said--I think it's an gency _ which should be much more controlled by the-Congress, b the execu.!- tive branch, so that it should not acquire a life of it own, as $ it has over the years. ' AGRONSKY: Don't you feel that. you have sort in paradox in a democratic system to have a covert agen as the CIA does, without any Congressional oversight?le supervision, as it were?oversight can be.misunderstood !supervision? WEISS: Well, obviously the whole idea of dem open, and people being informed of the decisions the go taking. The whole concept of an intelligence service i so that intelligence and democracy are antithetical. I been ,a tremendous problem of where do you fit an intell vice into a democracy? AGRONSKY: I think of the classic case--you r the first hundred days of the Kennedy administration--w the Bay of Pigs, and President Kennedy came before the people afterwards and confessed--said flatly--that he h led--that he'd made a mistake in judgment in going ahea Bay of Pigs. And that was clearly the result of a wron by secret agencies of the government--the CIA in this i I suppose the fttional Security Agency was involved--th Intelligence Service was involved. How do we know what doing? SZULC: Well, you know, it's--I think the poi you're making is a very valid one, and I think it's agg compounded by the fact that the people do not seem to I wit: you quoted President Kennedy, who said this to me occasion after the Bay of Pigs. I remember late in '6 was researching for a book on the Bay of Pigs, I went t Bissell, who at the time as deputy director of the CIA man directly responsible for the Bay of Pigs, And afte conversation, I said, Dick, what is the lesson--what is f a built- y operating, thout any , -any cracy is ernment is Isecret, lhas always ience ser member in en we had merican 4 been mis- with the evaluation tance-- Defense hey're that vated or rn, to n one when I see Dick and the a very long the, you know--what have you learned, from this fiasco? And he said, thoughtful and very serious, I tell you, we have learned?at least I have learned--that you cannot try to run this kind of operation-4 as the Bay of. Pigs--in an open society. And therefore this is a contradiction with which we either.go.on living, or we will find a?. solution. " Now, we are 12 years later--all these things we're dis-i cussing here--you know, the Agency, Watergate-mI guess the lesson has not been learned. i01 1"AGRONSKY: It's not been learned. SZULC: Of this contradiction to which David and--' AGRONSKY: Well, that's what I find fascinati book, really, Tad--you know, Compulsive Spy, which you this E. Howard Hunt.' Now, to begin with, I'd like to a did you pick E. Howard Hunt? Strikes me as rather inef CIA agent, if you want to evaluate him in that sense. think he was important write about? What is are you trying to say when you pick him? 2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? ? ?1? eferred, gin your rite about k you why ectual-- y did you r -what Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310.001-2 SZULC: Oh, I guess the answer is?the short nswer, Martin--is that as the story began to develop in '72, Hint became, at least in my eyes, a symbol, if you will, of the whol mentality of the Cold War--mentality of that which was in this Wa ergate-- that he represented through his careere his service wit the Agency, the kind of mentality which finally climaxed in the Hou ton Plan, which you mentioned, and all the operations which folio d. I. did'! not write it because Howard Hunt is a fascinating subje t for biography. He is not. To me he was a vehicle, if you 11--a tool--with which I tried, at least to my own satisfacti p--to try to understand what has led people in this government--p ple with intelligence experience--to this kind of a domestic int ligence morass which this was. So my interest in Hunt as Hunt sort of ancillary-,-is what he would present and how he was made o fit into this. AGRONSKY: Well, Tad, what you don't do in th what I'd like you to address yourself to now--is to tel you regard Hunt as a kind of prototype of the sort of p work still, if you like, for the CIA? The kind of poop recruit for the intelligence, community. , SZU!,C: I suppose the answer IS Op to a point tional answer.,. I would imagine that' there arepeopleo book--and I me whether' pie that that we - genera-- the.Hunt generation?people, you know, who went through OSS, World War II-- the Cold War period--I would say from what I have seen and heard from Hunt's superiors and other people that Hunt was not atypical of this kind of personality. Whether the people who are being recruited today--you know, people in their 201s?whether they are different, I'm not sure I can intelligently say. But he was the product of Cold War intelligence operation. I think in that sense, it's relevant. Does that answer you? AGRONSKY: Well, it does in a way, but me put it this way. The picture that so many of us have of the CIA until a fellow like Hunt services--surfaces--or until a sort of a mechanic type like McCord--surfaces--in the course of the Water- gate hearings. You get a picture of people who are either expert in languages, who have some very special skill that enables them to make evaluations of scientific developments. You get people who are well rounded, who are intelligent people. What emerges with an E. Howard Hunt is not a particularly intelligent man, and that makes you wonder-about the whole makeup of the CIA--their approach to recruitment, the kind of people who run the Agency-- what are they like? WEISS: Well, I think you have to realize, Martin, that we're talking about two different sides of the Central Intelligence Agency. There's the intelligence side--the people who study the railroad timetables from Minsk to Pinsk, and the scientists you talk about--the language experts. Then there's the covert side, known now as the Directorate of Operations. It be called the Plans Directorate, and it's also known as the clandestine ser- vice-- AGRONSKY: It might more crudely be called the Department of Dirty Tricks-- WEISS: Or spies-: AGRONSKY: The black side-- WEISS: The black side--or the spies--black in the sense of covert, or secret. Now, Howard Hunt came from that side, and Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 these are the people who overthrow governments, break into offices, and so on. It's very different from the people you might meet who say they work for CIA, and they're economists, for example. It's completely different. . SZULC: Well, in my experience over the years, when I was a correspondent, taking this division which David has set out, I have met some analysts, thinkers, and Agency who are strongly brilliant people--who have, you know, double, triple Ph.D.s in African studies,, China--you name it--arid they're very, very,im- ipiessive intellectually. Then you get into this very peculiar, 'H.? ,odd, covert side, and there you find a man like Howard Hunt, who,.1* as you pointed out, is not a specialist at anything. You know, ' ;he couldn't fly a U-2 airplane, he.could not presumably code.or decode things. .He was essentially. .a political manipulator, within the context of covert operations.. He tried to manipulate, you know, Cubans--Cuban exiles during the Bay of Pigs. He tried to manipulate people during the Guatemalan thing,.afid in '72 he tried. to manipulate people into contacts about the Watergate. So he was essentially a covert, political manipulator--a man without any special Mall who sort of tried to swim in that murky current of the little things, you know. AGRONSKY: Well, he turns up, and we see him as he did in Watergate. And one wonders who else from operates in domestic politics? Now we have the story, it's still not authenticated--that Hunt himself is supp have worked for President Johnson, or worked on. behalf Johnson, in '64, to get information about Senator Goldw 'we can't prove that. Did he, indeed? Do you know? -1 WEISS: Martin, the facts on that are very-un SZULC: I never heard it. perating he CIA or example, sed to 'f President ter. Now lear-- ?, ? . WEISS: --but it seems very doubtful to me. nd the second story that came out on that subject last week said that all Hunt had done, apparently, was pick up 4 press release ftrom the Goldwater headquarters, and deliVer it to.the White House. Which sounds quite different from breaking into opposition headquarters, or breaking into-- AGRONSKY: Well, let me ask you this. From ledge of the CIA operations,-both of you have very cons expertise in this area--do you think that before this the CIA was involved in domestic political intelligenc in this country? WEISS: I think there's no question of it. that the CIA established about 1964 a domestic operati which was housed at 1750 Pennsylvania Avenue, which is from the White House. It's illegal and unconstitution - # SZULC: Under the statute, it is. AGRONSKY: Then--what did they do? WEISS: They Were involved in a variety of a tivities in this country. Now, you recall in 1967, it came out th t the National Student Association had been subsidized by th 1CIA, and that hundi*eds of foundations were serving the CIA cover--that they were channeling money into a wide variety of educational, religious, labor, organizations in this country and abroad. I've written in my book that they were training Tibetan guerillas in Coloiado, ten thousand feet up in the Rocky Mountains, about 12 4 our know- iderable ministration operations have written s division, dne block ? both. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA=RD077-00432R000100310001-2 Al3proved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R00010031C1001-2 years ago. This was an activity which could be argued was directed at infiltrating men into Tibet, but it was going on in Colorado. I don't think that the Congress had in mind that this sort of activity would be happening, any more than Watergate, when they set up the CIA. .SZULC: I think the terribly difficult problem is, as j David points out, is how do you define it? Under the statute of 1947--the statute which established the Agency--their territory-- their jurisdiction--is outside of the United States. Nevertheless, . headquarters is hete in Washington--outside of Washington. There are offices in New York, in Miami and San Francisco, and Charleston, ISouth Carolina. What do they do? The office in Miami has over the years been involved in Cuban type adventures. Is it domestic or is .it foreign? Well, I guess it's both, because it works out of U. S. territory, recruiting people simply to work for them. David was referring to the foundations, where there was a major New York publishing house which was to a large extent sub- sidized by the Agency in the '60's. WEISS: We're talking about Frederick Prager, which-- SZULC: We're talking about Frederick Prager, yes. WEISS: --published 15 books on behalf of--at the request of the CIA. AGRONSKY: Well, now we're talking, too, about an admis- sion by the present director of the CIA that they do, .indeed, sub- sidize something like 30 American correspondents abroad--not full- time correspondents--string correspondents, not staff correspondents, but you know, guys who work as journalists abroad--American citizens-- who function as CIA agents. Which really, for any of us--we've all worked abroad as foreign correspondents. That makes us suspect in the eyes of our foreign colleagues wherever we go-- WEISS: Suspect without getting the additional income-- AGRONSKY: Yeah. And we're not involved in any way. WEISS: That's right, but some have been, and that's-- they now claiM that's being phased out, but one of the problems is you don't know whether it's being phased out. AGRONSKY: That's it--the problem--how do you know? Now that's the ultimate point. How do we know what the CIA's doing now? We know, from the testimony that came out of the Watergate Committee of the Houston Plan. We know that the Houston :Planwas designed to establish a kind of a central, secret--' WEISS: Super-intelligence agency. AGRONSKY: --super-intelligence agency which was under no one's supervision) at all, aside from that of the President of the - United States, apparently, and we know that nobody objected to it in the end but J. Edgar Hoover. We know even by the admission of the President, I believe, that it was put into operation in some- thing like five days. WEISS: Well, now, it was put into operation. He claims. it was rescinded after five days, but there's no evidenc that was ever rescinded.. ? ' ? AGRONSKY: We don't know that. ' 5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 1.11 P h l'' WEISS: There's no documentation of ,that. It beeri.: 'But I think what's interesting here-- ' AGRONSKY: Isn't it extraordinary that we sit talk about this thing, and all of us admit we don't know - I ay have ere and we ? SZULC: Well, Martin, there are committeesin ile.Congrejse which are charged with oversights over the Agency. Ther are several committees in the Senate and the House. I think the rec d will show no sentences. The questions asked are enormously lite and superficial. I'm not sure-- 0. o? AGRONSKY: Nobody questions how they do their- . SZULC:. Nobody questions. ? WEISS: Senator Symington, who has a love-hate ship with the Central Intelligence Agency, said that the that Senator Stennis headed in the Senate, supposed to w CIA is doing, hadn't met for a whole year. So that thei could not have been very extensive. SZULC: You know, as you all remember, year this pattern is found, we must establish some joint comm the one looking after the Atomic Energy Commission--it's done. Senator Mansfield, as I recall, tried. Fulbright over the years. And even with the Bay if Figs and the e 160's and the Indo-China situation and the Watergate, St Agency is not subject to the kind of control which I thi in an open society, that every other branch of governmk know. Even your spending-- ? ? elation- ommit tee ch what supervision after year, ttee like never been 'tried it bnts of the l the is vital is, you WEISS: Except the White House, as we've now discovered. SZULC: As we now discover, the White House. AGRONSKY: Beyond that, we know another thing. The Director of the CIA serves, in effect, at the pleasure of the President. Now, it requires a man of considerable resolution and courage to resist presidential pressure if the President wishes to use the CIA wrongfully. What protection have we got about that?, . WEISS: Well, .one of the interesting things is that during the Watergate investigation last summer, it was brought out that Haldeman and Ehrlichman, at the direction of the President, asked Dick Helms, who was then head of CIA, to tell the then head of the FBI, Pat Gray--it's hard to keep this cast of characters straight-- to lay off, in effect, on the investigation of Watergate, because it might perhaps jeopardize CIA activities in Mexico. Now, for a while it seemed as though there was a good public relations job done for the Agency that they had refused to do .this, but--in fact, General Walters, who is the deputy director of CIA, went over the same' day he was tpld to do so by.the White House, and he told Pat Gray, now you'd better lay off, because you haven't jeopardized any of our operations yet, but maybe you will if you keep going. And it wasn't for some days thereafter that things got a little too hot. General Walters decided maybe he'd better tell Pat Gray that there really was no national security--they could go ahead and investigate. And the memo has more recently surfaced from Director Helms along the same lines, so that in fact, the CIA apparently did ask the FBI to hold back on the investigation. . , AGRONSKY: Well, we know this about Hunt,:too, for* example, that the CIA provided him with his,disguisesi.with. false.papers, with a camera-- 1?! p ; titn 14..,c? 1 WEISS: Don't forget the .red wi 4 ; Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 AGRONSKY: --The red wig-- - 4 .SZULC: Helms claims it was a brunette wig, by the way; - ? 1 ' AGRONSKY: But you see-- .,. I. s. ? ; , SZULC: Sure, and now we know that in addition to this, the agency in Miami--the Miami office, provided false papers for the Cuban-Americans. It was much more of an,involveme t than the testimony before the Senate shows. , r il ',1"-T1117." %03 0s4 i 1 :?Jil It I .. Id . '1o( AGRONSKY: Well, Martinez-- i, trior* ? 1 '11111,: , SZULC: Was on a retainer. , . 4' IR /F11-' . AGRONSKY: --He was on a retainer from the C SZULC: That's right. .P.ST;74PA:: .AGRONSKY: --One of :the Cubans who was caughu in the initial Watergate break-in. Now, I donit.know--how pl usible is it that the CIA didn't know what he was up to, or didn t know . what Hunt was up to? .54114C; Well, I find it very hard to believe this is a Matter of common sense, Martin--that an agency which has a professional, I suppose, jealousy of its own prerogati es, would not ask itself--that Dick Helms or General Cushman or hoever was there, wouldn't ask himself why are we being asked by hrlichman and the White House to provide this logistic support, id simply forget about it for a year .or sot knowing that Hunt wa a.retired middle-level official of the agency, that people invol d with Hunt were former Cuban employees of the agency-- : ? WEISS: The same wonderful folks who brought u the:;. Bay of Pigs'. P T/ PZYL.t:1; Exactly, precisely the same winderfu folks who did that, and the--I can't believe that the people pitting on theseyenth floor at Langley simply would show no i erest--. the White House turning to:vs fOr resources? I doesn't' make: sense.?, ? WEISS: But there's an important point here tiartin. AGRONSKY: What is it? WEISS: Well, the thing is this--you have to break down the question. The same people who broke into the psychiatrist's' office in Los Angeles, of Daniel Ellsberg, in 1971--the so-called plumbers--the identical people, with one exception, broke into the office of the Democratic National Committee, so you have the same set of plumbers. Now, the CIA help was given to the plumbers in connection with the first break-in in 1971, of Ellsberg's doctor's office. It's very interesting that the same group of men who were involved in so-called national security investigations with CIA help, under White House .orders, were the identical ones who supposedly, without any CIA involvement, or White House orders broke into the Watergate. They're the same people. SZULC: With the same documents provided to them by the time of the Los Angeles break-in of December, '71. AGRONSKY: Are we then forced as, then, you know, American citizens, to say that there does exist in this country a secret agency which is not susceptible to supervision by the 7 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Congress of the United States, which in no way has to worry about < having its funding overseen by the Congress of the United States, which is not accountable to anybody really, but apparently the President of the United States-- ? SZULC: If he so. chooses. AGRONSKY: If he so chooses.. WEISS: Well, some of that is correct, as to the-- you know, there's some supervision of the budget, but what I think is perhaps more important than to try to-- AGRONSKY: There's no supervision of covert activities, none. WEISS: No, but Of the.overall budget, tl,cre is, and the supervision of covert activities gets into a whole complicated thing of an interagency committee that's supposed to be watching it, called the Forty Committee, which is itself highly secret, which used to be called by other names. Now, what I think is really important here is that if you set up a secret agency, which was done in 1947 by the Congress of the United States, and you create this tremendous power with a budget that is largely secret, ?within a certain framework, and you set up an intelligence structure that spends billions of dollars a year, sooner or later, these techniques are going to be applied to our domestic politics, I think is what a big part of what Watergate represents. It's going to be a spillover-- AGRONSKY: Well, this is a'demonstration that they ? have indeed been applied. . WEISS: Yes, not necessarily under the direction of the head of the CIA, but the same kinds of people?these were ex-CIA people, with one exception--Martinez-- AGRONSKY: What's the difference? WEISS: --the same mentality-- AGRONSKY: These people come from the CIA, and those who run the CIA chose to turn a blind eye on their activities. SZULC: And they're responsive to such requests as the White House has made in the past and might make again. I would find it difficult to see a single CIA official saying no to the White House on a given request, a given proposal, so maybe the danger does exist, and Watergate has proved that. AGRONSKY: What is the answer, then? Suppose that you had the Job, David, of suggesting to a couple of responsible Congressmen who really had the authority to do something about it, what they could do to remove this threat of the external, unaccount- able activities of the CIA in domestic politics. WEISS: Well, it goes so deep that I. can't answer it in the two minutes remaining, but very briefly, one thing certainly that could be done, since you said, what would I tell Congress, I would tell Congress to establish an open, visible, instead of invisible committee, or joint committee, such as they have in the field of atomic energy, which deals with very highly secret matters, to supervise the intelligence community, instead of these Vague, shadowy committees that seem to operate out of Senator Stennis' vest pocket, and it was the late Senator Russell, I think, who sai,d, I don't hear about these things--these secret 8 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310'001-2 ? activities--he was supposed to be in charge of hearing about them. So, that would be the first step. AGRONSKY: You-come back to what you always have to come, in a democracy. You must provide for accountability or none of it will work responsibly. SZULC: That's right. That's exactly what Watergate established for us. AGRONSKY: Well, thank you very much, gentlemen'. WASHINGTON POST 20 December 1973 Mitt Tells S enate Panel He Spied On Goldwater in '64 on LBJ Order By Lawrence Meyer and John Hanratum Washington Post Staff Writers Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr. has told the staff of the Senate se- lect Water gate committee that he conducted surveil- lance of Sen. Barre Goldwa- ter (R-Ariz.) during the 1964 Presidential campaign at the order of President Lyn- don B. Johnson, according to informed sources. The exact nature and du ration of Hunt's activities were not revealed, but Gold- water, an amateur dabbler in electronics, said yester- day that he had no indica- tion that the surveillance in- volved electronic eavesdrop- ping. Another source said that Hunt was not certain of the , dates of the surveillanee, al- ' though he told the roinmit- tee staff it heganewell be- fore Goldwater's* presiden- tial nominaticrn at the 1984 Republican Convention and lasted until after hie over- whebning election defeat that November. Hunt said he undertook the surveillance with a team of operatives, under direc- tions from Mr. Johnson through an intermediary, ac- cording to the source, who ..eclined to say who Hunt named as the intermediary. Goldwater, who aeelined to give the source of his in- formation, said he had been told in the past two .er three days that Hunt -and 4 team that "could hive been as many as 30 people not just working on me but working on other people, too" oper- ated nut of offices in "downtown" Washington. Although Goldwater said he could not be certain of the group's name, he thought it was "domestic investigat tions." Goldwater said be did not know the names of the other people under sur- veillance. Goldwater said be had the impression that Hunt and the others involved in the operation were "on leave" from the CIA (where Aunt was supposed to be working at the time). "If .1 had to guess, I would guess that they didn't want it traced back to the CIA," Goldwater said. "I knew 10 years ago what was going on," Goldwater said, asserting that friends in the CIA and the FBI had told him then that he was under surveillance by both agencies. Goldwater said he had "no idea" what the in- vestigation involved since he had no indication that it delved into his private life, ? financial affairs, "home life or anything like that." Gold- water said he learned only two or three days ago of Hunt's professed involve- ment. "I don't even know the man," Goldwater said. Attempts were made last night to reach several aides to President Johnson in ' 1964, hut only two could be :reached. Lawrence F. O'Brien, a White House side in 1964 and later chairman of the Democratic National Com- mittee, said he had never heard of Hunt at the time and, "Honestly, I never heard of such a thing," he added, referring to Hunt's reported testimony. thHorace Bushy, a special , assistant-te the President at ? the time, said that Hunt's , testimony "strikes. me as ;preposterous on- its face ? 'While I thoroughly disbe- lieve it, I don't want to dis- pute the man or-i the basis of information I don't have," Busby said. Busby said he 'knew _oS. no cones Cann be- tweeri Hunt and President 'Johnson Or the White House 'in 1964. 'I find it Incredible ? .that Mr. Johnson would have any need of Surveil- lance- of Sen. Goldwater," Busby said. At the time, Goldwater said, "I just assumed it was one man or two men as- signed at the direction of the President . . .Jt never bothered me. I never got up- set about it. Oh, I guess it should have, .but knowing Johnson as I did, I never got upset about it. "I would naturally be con- cerned to learn what they did find out," Goldwater added, "not that I did any- thing wrong." Goldwater said he would like to know, if Hunt kept a dossier on him, "But the ? fellow -wouldn't tell me." Goldwater said he did not press his source of the in- formation or details. "I didn't want te get too in- volved in it," Goldwater said. "I figured sooner or later it would' come out." Goldwater had said last April, "I was bugged by the other side and paid no atten- tion to it." Yesterday, how- ever, Goldwater said, "I never found my place bug- ged and I know something about that because I'm an electronics expert." At the same time, Gold- water said of President John- son, "I knew that he had es- ipionage. He had to have. For a long time I thought it INES within my staff." Gold- water said thet the Demo- heats "seemed to have my speeches before I had them" during the 1964 cr.r.apaign. A spokesman for CIA Di- rector William E. Colby also said 7.esterday that Colby had "no comment" on Bunt's re- ported testimony. A spokes- man for the FBI said "categorically denied" Gold. water's assertion that the FBI was involved in any surveil- lance of him in 1964. Bust's appearance 'before the Senate Watergate com- nlittee's staff was part of an ongoing investigation by the Republican staff members of the possible role of the CIA in the Watergate affair. The committee's vice chair- man, Sen- Howard H. Baker Jr. (R-Tenn.), has been di- recting this inquiry foe sev- eral months. A source close to Hunt said yesterday that Hunt met Monday with Baker and on Tuesday with other mem- bers of the minority -staff, and will probably meet with them again next week. In all of the committee discussions with Hunt to date?some in- formal, some with Hunt un- der oath?the main topic has been CIA domestic oper- ations, the source said. Baker appears to have col- lected a large number of allegations relating to CIA involvement ? in domestic matters, the source said, and Hunt is providing informa- tion about some of these ac- tivities. Hunt, currently serving a sentence of 21/2 to eight years in prison for Ms role in the break-in and bugging of the 'Democratic National Committee's Watergate headquarters at the Allen- wood (Pa.) Prison Camp, has been accompanied to his meetings with Baker and the Senate committee's mi- nority staff by one of his at- torneys, William A. Snyder. of Baltimore. Snyder de- clined yesterday- to corn- meat on the meetings. Another of Hunt's attor- neys, C. Dicker-man Wil- liams, who said 'he has mei; been present for the meet- ings with Hunt, confirmed that Baker and minority counsel Fred Thempson were quizzing Runt about "CIA domestic activities," but said he could provide no. other details. ? Baker's inquiry into CIA 9 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ApproveW44grigg9P se,a 21 December .LY Pralleftle ,,thealan presialeullat asalgVatiPears be.ecttsidel 'the scope of tfieSen sego,- estahlishhig 8645 ../ite *ideate Watergate mitt. That regolutien ithorized the 'Committee to! r'tcmduct an nvestigation:J.' and study of the exteuta any, . to which illegal, im; proper, 'or unethical activi- ties were engaged, in by any persons, acting individuallY ',.or in combination with nth:: rers?in the presidential elec-, tion of 1972, or any'cam- 'paign, canvass, be other ac- I tivity related to it." t Although an attempt was., made on the Senate floor gni - Feb. 7 to enlarge the com- mittee's scope to include the, 1964 and 1968 presidential elections, the ? proposed amendment was defeated- . I One source close to the Senate committee said yes- terday that despite the reso- lution's limitation of the in-, vestigation to the 1972 cam- paign, the argument could be made that the 1964 cam- riaign activities are relevant to show a precedent for the 1972 bugging. In any rage, this source said, it would be ;politically awkward for corn- ' rnittee 'chairman Sen. Sam J. Ervin (l)-N.C.) to bar an at- , - ? tempt by. Baker to put on Hunt's testimony if Baker decides to do so. Conservative columnist and editor William F. Buck- ley Jr. has in recent weeks assumed a major role in the handling of Hunt's defense. ' Buckley has obtained the free services of Williams, a lawyer highly regarded la conservative circles. Assist-' jog Williams is Snyder, who will receive a fee, Williams said.- ? ? Williams and Snyder, who , are handling Hunt's appeal, succeed- Sidney S. Sacks, a, Washington lawyer who has served as Hunt's attorney only since last summer. Sachs replaced William, O. Bittman who came under in- vestigation for his handling of payments that some Watergate witnesses said were .designed to buy the id- . lence of the original severi, Watergate defendants.' Both Seas and Williams recently -told The Pat thitt Buckley is in charge d the defense. Williams, 73,,apait.' I IteZ in the New"York' law fim of Baker, Nelstin ? Williams, has long been-the attorney for Buckley and gls magazine, National llevleitt. He Said -be has agreed to serve, without fee as e favor to h14 old friend, BuckleY, and'because he feels Hunt '"has been done a very great injustice." _ _ 7: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Iterge eimgora. ? Howard Hunt's alleged, "surveillance" of Sen. Darryl Goldwater MA/la.) d the 1964 presidential rolun??4 etaign eonsisted of having a, Plek nii press xe-1 leases, speeches. travel schedules and other inaferi-, ,als at Republi headquar- :a to reliablel aceot of- oars secret* t COY to -the Senate se- lect Watergate committee. Although Ihmt's activities ' tarried out while be as a CIA agent, were -originally, described to The Washing- ton Post as being a "surveillance" operation of Goldwater on orders from then President Lyndon B. Johnson, the source of that information declined ini- tially to provide any details. Yesterday,' the same source, who cannot 'be identi- fied under -a Promise of _ _ confidentiality, acknowl- edged when questioned , again- that Hunt had de- scribed a pick-up operation from Goldwater headquar- ters to the Watergate com- mittee staff and had pro- vided few details. ? The source also denied saying that President John- son had initiated the order for the operation. According to reliable ac- counts, Hunt testified to the committee staff that: the speeches and press releases were delivered to Chester L. ? Cooper, a 'White House aide to President Johnson who worked on foreign policy matters. ? Cooper last night denied any knowledge, of a CIA "surveillance" of Sem Gold- -water during the time he was the Republican nominee for President ruj keew filet we -were get- 1,-ting Goldwater's speeches. the stuff that was going to the press," Cooper said. "How the hell it got there, I don't know." Cooper said he "never had the pleasure" of meeting Hunt'' Hunt was questioned pri- marily by the Republican minority staff. Sen. Howard H. Baker Jr. (R-Tenn.), the vice-chairman, has expressed a continuing interest in the possible tole of the -CIA in the Watergate- affair. , . Baker said last night, "I have no present plans to pursue this line of inquiry:" According to source close to Hunt, the main topic of discussion between the min- ority staff and Hunt has been CIA domestic opera- tions. _ acknowledged that such Inquiries, unless re-, 'sited to the Watergate at- 'fair, are beyond the scopei of - the select committee's 'mandate from the Senate. "There's no jurisdiction un- less you stretch' the point,"% Baker said., - Elizabeth .311clittogi, a for. mei' CIA employe who work; ed with Hunt la 4 dovintewn Washington office in leg& said yesterday "that she under-,. stood that Goldwater speech-' as were not delivered to -tau., White House but instead -were delivered to CIA headquarters in Langley, Va.. "It was just to keep in touch with what was going on," Mrs. McIntosh said. "If it had anything to do with the White House, I'm sure he (Hunt) would have told Us. He Would have bragged about She said that Hunt was part of a CIA cover office at 17th Street and Pennsylva- nia Avenue that consisted of ? 10 or 12 . employees who. maintained contact with publishers who 'Were assist- ing the CIA. Hunt told the committee staff that he worked for ? a CIA branch called the Domestic Opera- tions Division which 'was set up in the early 1960s, Hunt told the committee staff' that the actual pick-up was done by a secretary 'named Connie Hicks. Miss flicks, who is now married and is Mrs. Mazerov, of State College, 'Pa., said last night In a telephone interview that she did perform courier t work when she worked for the CIA, but that she could not recall picking up any materials from Goldwater headquarters. She she had never taken anything she picked up to the' White House or the Executive Of- fice Building. might have picked it up r from someone else, like in-a room," she said. When asked if she recalled a daily pick-up from any person in the same place 'during the period of the campaign, she said she did not ri ? Referring to Hunt's re- ported testimony on her role; lifiss Hicks said, ? sure he wouldn't have said had done . something if.! hadn't... I consider him to be a malt of great integrity.* Hunt reportedly told the committee staff that imme- diately after Goldwater was nominated in 1964, he was told to pick up all publicly released information at Goldwater headquarters ?and, take it?to 1ie White House to Cooper. Hunt re- portedly said that he ob- jected, as , a Goldwater Re-, publican, but was told to do ti anYWIY- Goldwater said on Wed- mods), that he kne' otv testimony, although 4. not in detail.-Coldwater said' that he had no indicationi timt the "surveillance" Eris- cussed by Hunt involved 'bugging, or" any investiga- tion into his private, finan- tial or domestic affairs. Another committee source said that Hunt had not bufi- r,cated that wiretapping or eavesdropping was used, or that the "surveillance" in- 'Volved anything more than" the pick-up operation from Goldwater headquarters. At least two sources said that Hunt "volunteered" the in- formation about the Infor- mation without being prod- , ded to discuss it. According to a committee source, Mint provided little detail about the operation except that it involved "press releases, travel sched- ules, that sort of thing." This source said Hunt testified he was also suppose to get "other information" but that Hunt gave no details as to what it was or how it WES to be obtained. Rep. Lucien N. Nedzi (1)- Mich.), chairman of the House Armed So.-. ' ?? ? ligence subcommati.. 2. yesterday that he bac* s.L.I.:- ed the CIA for any informa- tion on Hunt's activities as described in his secret testi- mony before the Watergate committee. Nedzi, who said he was "dubious" of the testimony as reported in Wednesday editions of The Washington Post, said that the CIA was searching its files for information. From early in- dications, Nedzi said, 'There is no one in a position of authority who can substan- tiate the story.", WASHINGTON POST 9 JAN 1974 _ U.S. Envoy Called Agent for CIA. BUENOS ' AIRES, Jan. 8 (AP) ? the new U.S. ambassa- dor to Argentina, who has yet to arrive at his post, was ac- cused today of being a mem- ber of the Central Intelligence' Ageficy. Robert C. Hill- was named, ambassador by President Nixon last December. to re- place John Davis Lodge, who' resigned. El Descamisado, a Weekly news magazine linked ho the leftist faction of the, titling Peronist. ?movement, made 'the charge. ? ? - 1.0 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIARDP7.7-00432R000100310001-2 t- Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 1A1ASHINGTOr STAR 21 December 1773 ? By Martha Angie Star-Pie= Staff Wter Former CIA Director John A. McCone has ex- pressed surprise and skepti- cism at reports that E. Howard Hunt Jr. directed a spying operation on Sen. Barry Goldwater in 1964 on orders from his CIA superi- ors. ? Doubts about the report were also voiced by Rep. Lucien N. Nedzi D-Mich., chairman of a CIA over- sight committee in Congress which last summer conduct-, ed exhaustive hearings into the agency's possible rela- tionship with political spying in the Watergate case. Agency officials conduct- ed a quick check of their files yesterday, Nedzi said, and came up with "nothing to substantiate this kind of ?statement." Nedzi said the CIA has promised a com- plete search of its files on Hunt and a further report to him as soon as possible. McCone, who headed the Central Intelligence Agency from W.onenneeen s. It; April 19,53, -a tele- phone interrier yao-i-rday that he had "wrier heard d any such thing either direct- ly or indirectly." ACCORD/NG to informed sources, Malt, ea? is now serving a min term for his role in the Watergate break-in dhas told Rept-2),km tuv'eltiga- tors for the special Senate Watergate committee that he sent two operatives to Goldwater's Washington headquarters during the 1954 presidential campaign to "see what was going on." He did so on orders from his CIA superiors, one of whom ? according to at least one published report ? was stationed at the White House, Hunt alleged- ly told committee investiga- tors. Senate sources said Hunt told them his operatives brought back advance cam- paign schedules, news re- leases and "any other infor- mation they could Oteein NEW YORK TIMES 21 December 1973 t ellinoestigat rs He Spied ea Coldwat? in .1964 By DAVID E. 'Special to 712e WASHINGTON, Dec. 20?E. Howard Hunt Jr., now in jail for coordinating the Watergate burglary, has told .Senate Re- publican investigators that he gathered material on Senator Barry Goldwater's 1964 Presi- dential campaign and passed it on to an official of the Johnson Administration, according to sources in the Senate Watergate ctimmittee. During the campaign between Mr. Goldwater and President Johnson, Mr. Hunt was an em- ploye of the Central Intelligence Agency. Mr. Hunt told Senator }Iowa H. Baker Jr. and members of his staff this week, according to the committee sources, that he acted as an intermediary for persons who picked up cam- paign literature, speech..., press releases and travel schedules from Mr. Goldwater's office.. Mr. Hunt reportedly said that he had operated under orders from a superior And had turned the material over to the su- perior. The sources would not disclose the name of the su- perior and would not say whether he was in the intel- ligence agency. Senatar Baker, the ranking Republican on the Watergate ROSENBAUint New York Tizsz committee, has been investiga- ting the possibility that the agency was more deeply in- volved than heretofore known in the break-in last year at the Democratic headquarters in the Waterage complex. The interview with Mr. Hunt reportedly was conducted in Sena= Baker's office. Mr. .Hunt.- was not under oath at the time. Senator Baker was said 'not; to be planning to bring the mat-1 ter up in public hearings next! year because the committee's jurisdiction involv, only the 1972 Presidential race. Democratic members of the committee staff, who were told of Mr. Hunt'e allegations after his session with Senator Baker, said today that they weee skeptical about the story. They noted that M. Hunt wee' exheamtively questionetl before his public tes.titriony last September aind that he never ment.crvi. gathering informs- tion about Mr. Goldwater. oreover, there were indica- ? tions that Mr. Hunt never told the story to either of his first two dawyers in, the Watergate case, William D. Bittman aad Sidney H. Sache, and that he almost cotainly had net men- tioned the matter to the spe- Goldwater eat t:cdi he was Infer:Lel/ - fiedpeTsoris before or juerE of the campaig] 1.2&L'i ova. like TM and the MA tts.CA Druien survemse,c' ? , McCone, noW 4--s.74.;!.F..0 executve in I-MS A PIZ: Z.11 the Internat'onal Teepnone and Telegraph Corp., oecl that the CIA had "Lbsr- ilutely noinvolveyrett whag, oever" index:nese: 71311.., during tenui'e or. ? .He expressed LITozre doubt that Presidop Jo"174- son cr anyone 'on is White House :staff could have .37:- tiered the alleved CI& spying en Coldwater. _ NEM saki tHat yesteY- ! day's quick smrr-b, of Hies did produce 'eviAt-mce tiTc: Hunt as on medicel LaEl75 - from the agency dir...7E'..Irg !latter part of 1954 -- before and after the elettim - campaign. Hunt was, 'lieS2,1'14 W.; a.:21 ? ae. .-ead. that ? ::3,--irrt, Ae Hutt contal-a,". -!':,e7'Aals, such, trelyit medical _faUy a, tzistiarAte that A-;.EN.F.; thseu7ri VA fittite zr.troiletiCT 2.7j pages mf testills:,,,71?z,-..,77,a :Flint during Itf."213-7:2011' /laii.Siti CU inter- IroaTatica itast Otreue,? at a: 7t71;i3fiL Mint was Still '27...?fea5.:.,. a 3,5ryear ? santeno, sad, Nedzi. 2-,--.93' to desire ith" Thz..; tesn-ylony, veniclittas net "Oeera 17.eleased and is 'makes no politiOal esgicc2eg attit;.i?L'yn 1$64, theugh :aunt vols-12nieaced page-after pap. Si ir-riirltiVp' reit' bus- carica 74st umer. ilovever, astatii seaclacally about any dcmi riti the 1.9543 i-Sedzi said. Icial Watgats prosarttr. 1 .Mr. EWA was acesuanied to the Baker iaterview by a new attorney, Wi17lara A. , Snyder of Baltimore, 'who' ' would not answer questions to- day about what had beea saidl at the intervieva Mr. Hunt now has still an-1 other attorney, C. Dic'kerman Williams. William F. Buckley Jr., the columnist, who is a friend of Mr. Hunt, arranged for Mr. Williams to represent him. A spokesman for the C.I.A., which is prohibited by law from involving itself in dmesestic in- telligence, said that the agency would have "no comment" 3'il Mr. Hunt's reported allegations. Throughout the Watergate in- vestigation, the agency has re- fused public respensen to all inquiries. . Termed 'Cut of CilLIECtST? Democratic officials who were connected with Mr. John- son's 1964 campaign said that they had net heard e'l Mr. 7-1tutt then and knew nothies about his purported intelligtec,e-e,ath- trine operatioa, lad Seale, a lcurtialiet witc recently eoinpleted . a bock about Mr. Hunt, "Compulsive. Spy," said tcriay that he knew nothing about Mr. Hunt's work- ing against Me Goldwn.177. "but he seid that heti Itle Hunt dela, SD it wealti 'lin7.72 7t:CISII 11 ipicteiy out cl cha.racte.T.? - MLA; ii had an obsessive right-wing thing" and probably would not have done vcr that might have harmed Mr. -Goldwater, who was. -con- sidered mete conservative than Mr. aohnson. Mt Szulc said that in 1964 :Hunt was a full-time em- ploye of the. intelligence agency and was officially based lin Madrid but that he spent a good deal of time in Washing- eon. Mr. Aunt's reported allege- eion is the second that has been receivea ay Senate investiga- toes about efforts of Mr. John- son's aides to obtaie informa- doe :hotel M. Goldwater. Earlier, eccording to a com- mittee coacce, the panel ob- tainen 2videlica that in the 1964 campaign the Federal Bureau of Investigation complied with, r. White House reqnest for itsi file tee Senator Goldwater. Mr. Goldwater refused to be interviewed today. Be pre- ttiousny said that he believed! ithe Joheson campaign spied mil .11.1site ta .1954 and might have teleuhono. who is now serving; di SO months to eight a the Federal pen. itenthey at Allenwood, Pa., re- .,iperiedly 'told the Senate haves- tig-,aturs that no electronic sur- ,1 reillaece 7: burglary was in- Ivolvati ',21 Di34 typeration. 'Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 washington pgwerOved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 29 December 2.973 .Court Frees Hunt, Barker for-Ap. peals ? - ' four are being held in the .' . much hope for Barker." the. argued that the Watergate defendants' appeal was ' "frivolous." "At least this cp- ,ter establishes that the ap- !s not frivolous," Sny- der .aid. By Eugene L. Meyer Washington Post start Writer The U.S, Court of Appeals yesterday released convicted Watergate conspir,ator E. Howard Hunt and burglar Bernard L. Barker on per- sonal llond pending the out- come of their appeals for a new trial. , In brief orders signed by , clerk Hugh E. Kline, the ap- peals court ordered the men to report to the probe- ' tion office of the U.S. Dis- trict Court here to surren- der to the U.S. marshal for the District "when properly called upon to do so" and to notify officials of changes of addresses or phone num- bers. Hunt is the former White federal penitentiary at Eglin 1 appeal by Barker, who has Field, Fla. Schultz said he ? spent more than a year in prtson, and the three other requested a delayed decision ? convicted burglars is from on motions for release pend- the refusal of U.S. District ing appeal by 'the other Court Chief Jusige John .1. three men because they are Sirica to let them withdraw eligible for parole Jan. 7. their guilty pleas and have a Intertwined with the legal jury trial. ? actions yesterday was the The men pleaded guilty :family situation of Hunt. ?last Jan. 15, Schultz said, i whose wife died in a plane. "on the belief they had at 1. crash Dec. 8, ? 1972, leaving . that time? that they couldn't 1,:four children .to be reared disclose information or pre- by a father who was sen- sent their ?wilt:defense for 1 tenced to prison last March , national security reasons." : 22. ? Hunt's appeal is more "His family has just dete- complc... According to-Sny- :?riorated so drastically. they der, his lawyer, it is based . need some adult." William on what he considers a' A. Snytier, Jr., Hunt's law- . threat by Sirica of a harsh -yer, said yesterday. sentence unless Hunt COOP'; Snyder said that Lisa, 22, :e-ted with prosecutors, and ? and Howard St.. . 19. arc on disclosures after the pka 4 i House aide sentenced on No-, enting an apartment n sub- that some of ilunt's files- vember to serve 21/2 years 1 urban Kensington, Md. He . had 1..4ri destroyed by for- for his role in the b i urglaty said Kevan, 21, s a? student, mer White House aide John', and wiretapping of Demo- , at Smith College in North-I : ; Dean Ill and by former FBI i cratic national headquarters , ampton, Mass., while David, , director L. Patrick Gray III. . ' at the Watergate. He was or- ? 10, is in Miami with his god- Hunt also feels, his lawyer dered to Maintain his rest- father. Dr. Manuel Artime, said, that "the whole opera- dence at 11120 River Rd., a leader of the abortive tion was ordered by the At- Potomac, Md. 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion. torney General (John N. "Barker, - a Miami resident Snyder did not anticipate Alitehell) and people who who recruited three other any delay in Hunt's release. could give a lawyer reason- Miami men for. the Nater- For Barker, release may not : able belief" that the order tiate bu'gging, was sentenced come until the end of next was legal. serve 18 months to six week at the earliest, accord- toimz to David Schultz, his All motions for release years and stands to be eligi- lawyer. pending appeal are based on arguments that the con- ble for parole in June. He "He has to be transported victed person is not a tian- was ordeted to stay with his to the District and proc- ger to the community, that wife at their Miami resi- essed up here," the attorney, ? he will not flee and that Schultz. said:dence.? the appeal has a good Schultz described Barker's chance of succcedi -:c. Daniel Schultz, lawyer for family as "all very hartP3', The office of special -pros-. .Barker and the three other very pleased (about . the ecutor Leon Jaworski had Cuban-A mekcans, said all release). We didn't have WASHINGTON POST Thzirsday, I cas. 10,1974 U.S. Reportedly- Weighed Plot to IC11 Castro in '65 NEW -YORK, Jan. 9 (AP)? Free-lance journalist Tad Szule saysothe United' States during President Lyndon Johnson's administration planned? sec- , ond,,invasion of Cuba com- ? bined with an effort to assas- sinate premier Fidel Castro. The plan had to be canceled, Szule said in an article" to -be published in the Jan. 17 Es- quire magazine, vhen rebellion unexpectedly erupted in the Dominican Republic in April, 1965, and Johnson sent troops to that county. Szule, a former diplomatic, correspondent for the New York Times, said the operation was planned by the Central' Intelligence Agency,' "presum- ably acting with President Lyndon iohnson's authority Arnim it was another do-it, your self undertaking." He I wrote! .. "The new invasion was .to be on a smaller scale than the Bay of Pigs: The scenario was ito bring ashore some 750 armed 12 .Snyder said Hunt is, "overwhelmed" by the court-ordered release. 'At the federal penitentiary in - Allenwood, Pa., where Hunt has been confined, inmates" are awakened at 5 a.m. to': tend a herd of 5,009 ,cows, Snyder said. "Hunt. has bid arthritis in his anti," Snyder. said, "lint he's out there shovelling cow, dung every morning in the cold air. The Bureau of Pris- ons doesn't want to be ac- cused of running a country club for Howard Hunt and they sure aren't." Of the other Watergate 1 defendants, James W. 1Mc- Cord Jr., sentenced to one? :to five years in prison, was allowed to remain free last month by Sirica on a $50,- 000 appeal bond. McCord has testified before the Sen- ate Watergate committee and federal grand juries. Sirica denied the other 'de- fendants' motions for re- lease. The seventh . original Watergate defendant, G. Gordon Liddy, who has steadfastly refused to coo- perate with any Watergate. investigation, has been 'sen- tenced to a minimum of six years and eight months sen- tence 'but is currently serv- ing a? contempt of court term in D.C. Jail in additioh to that,- _ - lCulians at the crucial moment when Castro would be dead and inevitable chaos had de- veloped . . . "The existence of the assas- sination plot, hatched,by the CIA in Paris and Madrid, was disclosed by the Cuban gov- ernment in March, 1966, after the designated gunma n?a bearded Cuban physician and former Cuban revolutionary army major named Rolando Cubela?was arrested in Ha- vana following investigations by Castro's counterintelligence agents, who had become sus- picious of him? Szule said that although the -Cuban government revealed the assassination plot, it never ? reported -the invasion plan, 'probably b ause it didn't ,know much about it tApproved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 A0proved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 New York Times 8 January, 1974 AT WATERGATL. RANTED PAROLE Their Release Due Mardi After 15 Months in Jail WASHINGTON, Jam. '7 ? -- Three of the raven Watergate burglars were granted parole today by the United States Pa- role Board, effective March- 7. They will be the r it In the case to finish their 'prison terms. The three Prank-A.- Sfaits- gis, Virkillo R.. Gonzalez. and- Eugenio R, Martinez ? were sentenced last November to terms of Rae to four years in prison fro burglary, wiretap- ping and consipiracy in the break-in of Democratic Nation- al Heacquarteka in June, _1972. They are now in custody arthe Federal prison camp at Eglin Air Force Base near Miami. ' The man, all ,Miami real-' dents, will remain on parole un- til the end of their sentences in January, 1976. They have been in prison 15 moths. ' Two other Watergate con- spirators ? Bernard L. Barker and 'E. Howard Hunt Jr. ? were released last week by order pending an appeal of ' their convictions. A sixth con- spirator, James. W. McCord Jr., was released earlier, pending an appeal. The other convicted Water- gate participant is G. Gordon Liddy, former counsel to the Fiance Committee to Re-elect the President. Until recently, Mr. Liddy was in the District of Columbia jail on a contenip of court charge for his failure to answer questions by the Watergate grand jury. ? According to a spokesman for the Watergate special pros- ecutor's office, Mr. Liddy is now in a California jail await- ing trial -ofor his role in the break-in of the office of Dr. 'Lewis Fielding, Dr. Daniel -Ellsberg's former psychiatrist. A - - - New York Times 9 January 1974 1/41cCord's Bond Reduced ? From $50,000 to $5,000 ' isewassiastos stu-sems '. WASHINGTON, Jan. 8?Bond for James W. McCord Jr. was., lowered today from $50,000 to $5,000 by United States District Judge John J. Sirica. The action, taken at the re- quest of the convicted Water- gate conspirator's lawyers, came the day after three other _ Watergate burglars were grant- ed parole, effective March 7. The three are Frank , A. Sturgis, Eugenio R. Martinez-and Virgilio R. Gonzalez, Their ' parole appears to mean :that 'they will have finished serving Itheir sentences before McCord really starts to serve his. Mr. MoC.ord was convicted 'with G. Gordon Liddy last Jan. 130, but he spent only a few 'weeks in jail before being re- leased on bond. sith'61fAR-NEW4 L, . a Weiirseseay,fahanril, Y73 - - FRANK GETLEIN 1111 tIS Inge ? E. Howard Hunt Jr., the right-wing burglar, got himself sprung out of the pokey last week with a ploy the ingenuity of which Was precisely appropriate for a clash between the murky twilight world in which Hunt has operated most of his professional life as spy, dirty-tricks man, surrepti, boils insurrectionary, elec- tronic eaves-dropper and burglar, and the sunlit world of American justice.. One of the field supervi- sors of the Watergate break-in, Hunt confessed and was tucked away by Judge Sirica for 30 months to eight years, a remarka- bly, lenient sentence for a convicted criminal whose target was not a dry clean- er's or ?a liquor store, not even a bank, but the Repub- lic itself. As of last week, he is out roaming the streets once more, free, as his reaction- ary admirers never tire of asserting of pettier crimi- nals paroled or freed on appeal, to do it again. Hunt is free because he has asked the U.S. Court of Appeals here to allow him to change his original plea of guilty to one of not guilty , and to decree a new trial on that new plea. The basic reason behind his change' of heart as to his own guilt, according to his lawyers, is the contention that im- proper actions by the U.S. government prejudiced his original trial, making jus- tice impossible. The improper actions by the government cited by Hunt's lawyers are the tak- ing of documents from Hunt's White House safe' and the destruction of them by L. Patrick Gray III, then acting head of the FBI, now practicing law in New Lon- don, Conn., in spite of his us Plo attitude toward the destruc- tion of evidence, an attitude one would have thought unseemly in an officer of the court. Hunt's friends are famil- iar enough with the tech- nique of criminals charging governmental improprieties and going scot-free. Tradi- tionally, the right has de- nounced the technique when employed by Mafiosi and other undesirables. More recently, the right has de- nounced the technique when employed by such victims of apparent government con- spiracy as the Berrigan brothers and Dr. Ellsberg. It will be interesting to see how much protest the right generates over Hunt's use of the same ploy. It is not, however, quite the same ploy, although it looks it. ? The difference is this: When the government be- hayed improperly in the Berrigan affair that caused Henry Kissinger to fear for his virtue at the hands of sex-starved nuns, as he deli- cately put it, the government -was clearly the enemy of the Berrigans, so much so as to employ a criminal as informer, quite possibly as agent-provocateur to some degree. ? When the government behaved improperly in the prosecution of Dr. Ellsberg, again the government was the declared enemy of the doctor, of his psychiatrist and of normal American justice, going so far as to burglarize the psychia- trist's office and to dangle an attractive appointment before the presiding judge at Ellsberg's trial. When the government .behaved improperly toward Hunt, however, the govern- ment was not Hunt's ene- my, but his friend, his em- ployer, his partner and, he confidently if mistakenly 13 expected, his protector of, last resort.' That's quite a difference:1 It is true enough thatifts-:' tinctions can and certainly will be made between the U.S. government and the Committee to Re-Elect the President. The tWo things - were, in theory, separate- entities. - On the other hand, an old disreputable like Hunt, 'aft- er two decades of carrying on for the CIA in the ?style- made familiar to all through his novels, may be excused for confusing the two things, for assuming the CREEPs were a mere cov- er, a surface organization of the sort he was long famil- iar with, created as a base for his dirty, tricks on behalf of the government. He may be excused the more when we recall that so many of his encounters took place in the White House with people Who were top presidential aides and that the papers on the destruction of whichhe bases his appeal were in the White House and handled by White House personnel. If Hunt beats the rap on the grounds that the govern- ment that hired him as a burglar was subsequently improper in its dealings with him, the course of jus- tice will have no alternative but to go on, in criminal terms, to Gray, the man who destroyed the papers, to the men who gave Gray the papers to destroy. and to the man in whose interest they were destroyed. - All of this is merely one of many similar reasons that the Watergate affair will not be over in a hurry and that in the matter of the impeachment the House of Representatives would be seriously derelict in its du- ties to rush to judgment, to "vote it up or vote it down" before all the evidence is in. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 WASHINGTON POST 26 December 1973 affr ate Stolen List By John Hartrithan*.1,:.* :office Watt 'tar Doyle said there was Wtialanatoa Past Matt Wdt question 1)44 In eaimeetrett" :.,.itathialita:egaii or 'flapieper. a Watergate special , with the break-in, in `znibinenaing Lucent', and utor's office has been Luconi, aforiner_Stitte ; thateLucoin was not being presec _ attempting to question tfie ? partment , official; charged harassed- *Usher a a It.S.hased that the special prosecutor's Lucom, in a telephone in- allti-cominunist ? Chilean office had, Illegally issued terview, indicated he woUld 'newsletter concerning a *libn a subpoena On Nov. 8 to .1 not cooperate with the ape;' roidliriglist allegedly Stolen opearhefore a grand jury. cial prosecutor's office. He , ln*om the Chilean *tirbasaft4 /Atom Said that, as. a news- said be**tia being asked. to la#st year in a break-111*:tha0-littePpubli4fir. tie was pro- *;;"anasSitir-smestiosuf "because possibly kyr-lived Watergate ',tetted V' a 'Justice Depart- "they tell me that a maffing , -figures- Ment order prohibiting the Supposedly stolen frsm '1118 was the _first_publie. -subpoenaing of members of theChilean: Embassy May inpi.cation that yd cu- the, news Media except -with 13,15; contained names of, ment-mayhave been stolen the specific authorization as- persons who began: receiv; ing Chile La Verdad after II the Chilean Embaisif * -the Attorney General. ; 3 , brdikin the weekend , of 'The subpoena issued to that date. That, stipposedry: kto 1345. 19-72_0n-0 moot' him lacked this necessarywanY link to Watergate I*" * Lucom, noting that the authorizatiort and was, a bet:4n five ,men were sr.! ' therefore, ineialo laucom orie' ytl District of Colum- reportlisted rested for breaking into and said. Ile charg'ed the special lust bung Democratic Nis- Prosecutors office ourradios, a al'aver ead a stolen. * llaPlfre doesn'ttil tidnal Committee hea JamesDoT 4Psa dquar any tets at the Watergate. spokesman fbi the Ispec;121-, mailing list was stolen from special prosecutor% prosecutor's office, acknowl- the Chile-a 2mhassY? his oUce has been attempting edged that the office is in, telegram to Bork, he said: "What is really being to;:dikermine whether the terested in questioning La- embassy burglary involved corn, but declined to discuss sought is Our long-estab- lished circulation list and scime of the same persons hsubject whphave been implicated in Doyle said that the office news sources in Chile." thprWatergate break-in. wrote Lucom late lad Lucom called upon Bork to investigate whether the -Wilson C. Lucom, pub- month and iroformed him li$her and managing editor that it had withdrawn the special prosecutor's office is . of Chile La Verdad (The subpoena in some way using after Lucom-. "harassing, unfounded in- Tinth), disclosed in a tele- raised the First Amendment gram to Acting Attorney 'newsman's privilege ' issue: vestigations" to aid Chilean General Robert li.. Bork and . Doyle said the office_ had WA: a telephone interview reached en -`" with: 41?he Washington-- Post- .4;00,1 1.111P010::,? xiSpoi *ler-1m that-the special presecutor'S,' have Iticarin [THE thicbrPOSy Friday,.Tan. i, 7974 Joseph Dueibella Specialist For CIA On Europe Dr. Joseph W. Duclbella, 67, a retired foreign affairs spe- cialist, died Tuesday at his home, 7611 Little River Turn- pike,,Annandale." - A' graduate of -Catholic' 1:1:11-. varsity,- where he received a 'doctorate In 1935, Dr. Dud: :belle had been an instructor in romance languages at St. Joseph's College in Hartford, Conn., and in the De._ school Communists "in their effort to overthrow the pros-* ent Chilean government" Lwow said that the Watergate Investigators had no evidence to link him to the Chilean Embassy break- in, but were instead indulg- ing In "speculations to link me to the Watergate plum- bers.". He said he knows none of the persons intpli- cated in the Watergate break-in. Lucom`sitid he was an as-- sisitant to Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius in the early -1940s, and served as deputy and acting chief of mission in Ethiopia in 1944- 1945. D.0 police sonnet said that the embassy break-In- ivas not intensively inves- tigated at the time it occur- red, and was then regarded as routine. According to a document made public during the Sen- ate select Watergate com- mittee hearings, former presidential counsel John W. Dean III was concerned after the June 17, 1972, Watergate arrests 'i!at F. e of the same persnr,, 'volved in in that break-in ere also involved in the Chilean Embassy burglary. !system before World War IL During the war, he served, as a lieutenant with Naval In- telligence in North Africa and Italy said then in Washington, where he was acting chief edi- tor of the "Histov of the Of- fice of Naval Intelligence Dur- ing World Warll." ? 1 in 1946, he joined the Cen- tral Intelligence -Croup, later the CIA, as a senior specialist for Western European affairs. He retired in 1966, receiving a silver plaque for distinguished service. . , 1 He is survived by his wife, Lillian. of the home; two BOW, Robert W: and Joseph C, of Annandale; four brothers, Charles, Salvadore, John and James; three sisters, Mary and Caroline Duelhella, and Lucy Record*, and a grandchild- _. 14 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? THE NEW REM. -ELT -DECEMBER 29, 1973 by Tad Sz lc 111 ,More to the he Plumbers -who pleaded guilty last November 30 to a single Secret White House domestic and foreign intelligence operations conducted in the name of "national secu- rity" outside regular government channels have been much more numerous thin, is pialic?,y known, and several of them have drawn on the resources of the Central Intelligence Agency despite repeated official disclaimers. They raise serious new questions about the role of President Nixon and the CIA in a number Of events. The story of additional activities by the Plumbers and operations undertaken by the White House before and after the formal creation of this special unit in mid-1971, is likely to emerge in trials that follow a new series of indictments expected to be returned during January by SpeCial Watergate Prose- cutor Leon Jaworski. These undisclosed operations are said to include: Secret support, outside CIA channels, for the re- gime of Zambia's President Kenneth Kaunda late in .1970, to help him weather a conspiracy to oust him. The White House appeared to be concerned that Kaunda's, overthrow by radicals, possibly including Chinese agents, might lead to the seizure of private US copper investments in Zambia. Kaunda reportedly received electronic equipment to tap the telephones and homes of Zambian officials he suspected of plot- ting. Coincidentally a nephew of the late President Eisenhower was shipping such equipment to Zambia. ma Burglary, or attempts at burglary, at the New York and Washington offices of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation, apparently in search of personal data on its top officials, including ITT's Presi- dent Harold S. Geneen, and other sensitive documents. toa The use of CIA officials attached to the secret Anglo-American intelligence group located at the Brit- ish Embassy in Washington to secure information on the background of Dr: Daniel Ellsberg after the surfac- ing of the Pentagon papers in June 1971. The White House bypassed the usual CIA'channels here. /Na Supply, of equipment and false identification pa- pers to the Plumbers' Cuban-American task force by CIA offices in Miami and San Francisco in support of the raid on the offices of Ellsberg's, the Watergate break-ins and other operations. Jaworski, who has made it clear he Will not be de- terred in his investigations by White House invoca- tions of "national security," is believed to expect a new breakthrough in the area of the Plumbers' operations after indictmenis are handed down by a Washington federal grand jury looking into the September 1971 raid on the Beverly Hills offices of Dr. Lewis Fielding, Ellsberg's psychiatrist. Among those expected to be indicted are John D. Ehrlichman, former head of the White House Domestic Council; former White House Special Counsel Charles W. Colson; G. Gordon Liddy, one of the Plumbers; and the three Cuban-Americans who carried out the Fielding raid: Bernard L. Barker, _Eu _ _ _ genio Martinez and Felipe de Diego. Egil Krogh, Jr., TAD SZULC was a diplomatic correspondent for The New York Times. Approved For Release 2001/08/07: charge of criminal conspiracy in the Fielding burglary, is regarded as the star witness for the prosecution, having discarded his "national security" defense. Prosecutors hope that Krogh will "break wide open" the White House domestic intelligence operations. One source predicts that Krogh's testimony in a trial "may blow the White House out of the water," touching upon everything from the President's ow\etknowledge of various operations to the role of the CIA. Hunt, sources say, will risk contempt of court if he refuses to testify. Ehrlichman, Liddy and Young were indicted earlier by a Los Angeles grand jury, but the California trial has been delayed until April 15 and may be can- celled because the Fielding break-in is now considered part of federal jurisdiction in Washington under the provisions of Title 13 of the US Penal Code. New information available suggests that the White House was engaged in secret intelligence operations even before the publication of the Pentagon papers and other news leaks led, as alleged by the White House, to the establishment of the Krogh-Young- Hunt-Liddy special unit. Aside from White House efforts to obtain informa- tion in 1969 on the Chappaquiddick incident involv- ing Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, presidential aides are said to have launched private intelligence operations abroad, chiefly because of their distrust of the CIA under the former director, Richard Helms. For instance it is believed that the White House became fearful about Zambia ? and the continued supply of copper? about the time the late Salvador Allende Gossens was elected president in Chile, in September 1970, and moved toward the nationalization of American copper companies there. Kaunda is believed to have been in: serious danger in October 1970, and pressurethe. White House to act may have come from the coPper- companies. Born what I can learn, the White House dispatched its own unidentified agents to the African country to help Kaunda neutralize his enemies. What remains unclear is whether there was alink between that inter- vention and. a contract held by a Washington public relations man and an outstanding Nixon fund-raiser, ' to supply Kaunda with bugging and other electronic equipment. The man is Michael Doud Gill, nephew of . Mrs. .Mamie Eisenhower, who served in 1968 as assist- ant chairman of United Citizens for Nixon-A-gnevi. Gill, a friend of President Kaunda, said in a recent : newspaper interview that the Kambianhad fears of tile Chinese .who exert considerable influence in neigh- boring Tanzania. Speaking of the equipment supplied to Kaunda, Gill said. that "they were bugging their own officials," Gill's contract came to light in Septem- ber when his former partner, Marshall Soghoian, was charged in Washington. DC with acting as an unregis- tered foreign agent for Zambia. Soghoian is free on an unusually high $100,000 bond pending grand jury in- is CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 vestigations. Gill said Soghoian had splen his con- tract with the Zambians. The alleged burglary attempts at IT offices occurred in 1971 and 1972 as a form of "double insurance" after the corporation offered one millionydollars in contri- butions to the CIA to prevent the inatiguration of Pres- , ident Allende in Chile and $400,000 to the Republican Party in connection with an antitrust stkt. I have been. told that "in case of complications, the White House people wanted to have in their hands a lot of personal information about Geneen and others." Testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee by former White House investigators, the Plumbers' fore- runners, showed that investigations of personal habits of those of interest to the White House was a frequent procedure. But it cannot be excluded that the Plumbers ? also looked for incriminating documents concerning 1971 meetings between top administration figures and 111' officials, which resulted in the corporation's suc- cess in avoiding antitrust action after its purchase of an insurance company. It should be recalled that in . 1972 Hunt was sent to Denver by the White House to persuade Dita Beard, the ITT lobbyist, to say that her memo on the secret deal was a forgery. Perhaps the most complicated aspect of the Plumb- ers' operations was their relationship with the CIA. 'Helms, William E. Colby, the agency's present director and other senior officials have denied in public and in executive sessions before congressional committees that there was any "involvement" with Watergate. In- stead they charged White House officials sought to use CIA for the subsequent cover-up. But discrepancies and contradictions raise the question whether the CIA's denial might not have been a "technical denial." The first discrepancy involves dates. In his May 22 speech President Nixon said that the first meeting he held with Ehrlichman and Krogh for the purpose of set- ting up an operation to prevent news leaks was on July 24, 1971. But the record of the Watergate hearings showed that Ehrlichman first called General Robert E. Cushman, Jr., then CIA deputy director, as early as July 7to arrange for a visit by Hunt. Cushman and 'Hunt met on July 22. Hunt, a CIA veteran (and a friend of General Cushman, who attended Hunt's retirement party the year before), had come to ask CIA help for a "one-time" interview with an unspecified person. The CIA gave him a wig, a speech-alteration device, a small camera, a tape' recorder and two sets of false docu- ments. Later, on Hunt's request, the CIA also provided Liddy with false documents. As it is now known, Hunt was part of a larger opera- tion designed to uncover compromising information about Ellsberg. This was the reason for the Fielding raid. The White House was convinced that Ellsberg may have had access to other classified materials after he made the P.entagon papers available to the press, and that he might be turning them over to the Soviet goVernment. This suspicion, I am told, led the White House. to turn to the British for a secret check on Ells- berg's activities during the year he spent at Cambridge University in 1953. The notion at the White House was that Ellsberg may have had contacts with Harold (Kim) Philby, the British intelligence operative who turned out to be a key Soviet espionage agent. - Ehrlichman arranged for the Hunt interview with ,1 Cushman about the same time he turned to the joint ;i Anglo-American intelligence group in Washington for information on Ellsberg's Cambridge days. The joint Iintelligence group functions under an agreement pro- viding for temporary service by CIA agents with MI:6, the British intelligence service, and vice versa. Nor- .rnally intelligence requests from the US government to the joint group go through CIA headquarters. In this instance, however, Ehrlichman contacted the group directly. through a CIA representative. M1-6 passed on the- request to Mf-5, the British counterespionage ? agency. The answer on Ellsberg was negative. It is not known whether the CIA official in question apprised Helms of the Ehrlichman request. Investigators think, however, that it is significant that Ehrlichman was act- ' ing in the Ellsberg case almost three weeks before _ . Nixon, according to his own statement, gave the go- ahead on the Plumbers' Unit. The suspicion arises Whether secret domestic intelligence operations may not have been initiatedeven earlier. According to one version, the. White House obtained information on April 17, 1971, that Ellsberg, was preparing to turn the Pentagon papers over to the press. The first install- ment was published in The New York Times .on June 13. s far as the CIA's subsequent role is concerned, most investigators are willing to accept Helms' and . Colby's technical disclaimer that the agency was "not involved" in Vatergate, although they wonder how .much, the CIA knew about Plumber operaticr.s. in general. . _ In October Barker, Martinez and Virgilio R. Gon- zales, three of the five Watergate raiders, swore that they knew that equipment for the Fielding and Water- gate burglaries as well as false 'documents for all of them were supplied by the CIA. These Claims are con- H tamed in affidavits filed in support of a motion, later denied by judge John J. Sirica, to be allowed to change their pleas from guilty to not guilty in the Watergate affair. A source close to the investigation says that "it would be incredible for them at this late date to com- mit perjury" in affidavits seeking a favorable court decision. Barker, a former CIA employee, said in his affidavit that "it appeared to me that the equipment, disguises and fake identification papers that were used in the ffieldiri.g1 operation were the type that were used and prepared by the CIA, And. at some point Mr. Hunt con- firmed my belief and advised that this equipment had been provided by the QA." Speaking of the Watergate raid, Barker said that ''As was the case with the Field- ing. Office entry, fake identification papers that were used in the Watergate entries had been prepared by the CIA." Martinez, who still was on a CIA monthly re- tainer at the time of the Watergate break-in, said in his affidavit that "equipment which was used during the operation which included mechaniCal equipment, dis- guises and false identification papers were the type I . associated with the CIA and I was told by Mr. Hunt that the agency had supplied the equipment." It 15 of course possible that Hunt was lying to his own men to make it appear that the CIA was behind all the Plumber operations. But there is no question that the CIA provided false papers to the Cuban- Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIALRDP77-00432R000100310001-2 _ Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 - * Americans through its "preen Light' group in Miami. The "Green Light" group., a section of the CIA station in Miami! headed by William Davis, spkializei in screening Cuban refugees from the island to deter- mine whether they may be engaged as agents to be infiltrated back to Cuba: It has ample facilities for clandestine work Eugenio Martinez worked fa; "Green Light." Neither Helms nor his associates were ever asked by the Senate Watergate Committee whether the CIA had provided false documents. to the Cuban- Americans, in addition to the papers CIA gave Hunt and Liddy. Helms has indirectlfdenied that the CIA provided the Plumbers with burglary equipment, but sources claim it did come 'from the agency's office in Burlingame, a suburb of San Francisco. Helms testified that he learned about the Fielding break-in Only last May and that "I was assured by the CIA that equip- ment given Hunt was not used in the break-in." It is possible that the CIA's top echelon simply chose to look the other way after supplying the PlUmb- ers with their needs on the theory that in dealing with the White House, "What you don't know, doesn't hurt you." It is also possible that Helms, personally distrusted by the White House, was kept in the dark by subordinates. Nixon claims his subordinates failed to inform him. There is no other explanation for the CIA's apparent lack of interest in Hunt's activities after he had requested assistance from General Cush- man. Hunt, after all, had been a fairly important CIA official and his involvement in national security areas on the White House's behalf could not have failed to arouse professional interest in the agency. In his testi- mony, however, Helms insisted the CIA became inter- ested in Hunt and the others, all former CIA employ- ees, only after Watergate. Cushman testified that it -would be unlikely for the CIA to provide aid without the clearance by headquarters. This, then, leaves offi- 7 daily unanswered the question of where the Cuban- Americans got their false documents found on them, after they were arrested afWatergate. Investigators reject published allegations thai Mar- tinez kept the CIA informed throughout of the Plumb- ers' operations. They believe that the agency may have been willing to provide support for them, but eschew any knowledge of what they did -A at least in the initial stages. On this controversial point, Mar- . tinez' sworn affidavit throws new and interesting light: ": . . I broached the name of Mr. Hunt with) my [CIA] supervising agent sometime around the time of the Fielding office entry. The subsequent response I received from my supervising agent indicated to me that he had not been informed by his superiors and accordingly, that I was not supposed to disclose any ? information about these operations to him." At this point if Martinez is telling the truth, the CIA was indeed looking the other way. But Martinez goes On: "At some point, either shortly before the first Watergate or between the first and second Watergate entry, my supervising agent in the Miami area made an inquiry of me with respect to any inforniation I had regarding activities of Mr. Hunt." This contradicts directly Helms' testimony. Martinez said he refused to answer on national security grounds. But a , few days later, on June 17, 1972, the CIA had its answer ..about Hunt. Other answers about the Plumbers?and about the innumerable contradictions in the Water- gate matter? should emerge when Krogh & Co. begin to testify. 17 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Los ANGELES T-Dizikpproved For Release 2001/08/07 :101PRREB3714131MKOWI.0310001-2 6 January 1974 That Truce Leila Sent by CIA Man Phony Offerpf Peace Regretted . by, U.S. Embassy BY JACK FOISIE Times Stsff Writer BANGKOK ? The U.S. Embassy here admitted , ? Saturday that a 'member of the Central Intelligence Agency had with ."regret- table and unauthorized in- ' itiative sent a phony. letter to.Thailand's prime minis- ter offering a truce on be- , half of Thai insurgents. , ? T h e disclosure con- firmed a story published earlier by a Thai English- language newspaper; The Nation.. T h e embassy spokes- man. 'ferry Shroeder, de- clined to say what moti- vated the lette r. N or monad he name the indivi- dual involved or say whether the a emit, had been reprimanded. The agent worked in pnrtheast Thailand where th;:y insur- gency represents- a sub- stantial threat to security. According to informed sources the letter was written and mailed in November to the new Thai prime minister, Sanya Dharmasakti. Signed by a purported insurgent lead- er, "Chamras." it prnposed that control of insurgent- held areas in the north- east. mainly adjacent to the Laos border. be merles. nized by the government and allowed autonomous ride. In return the insur- rents pledged not to seek authorship to the CIA. The newspaper said the agent, while taking any re- turn address off the letter. had left. his own mailing address .on ? the form he signed to have the letter ; registered. This made the ' , letter easy to trace. Speaking for U.S. Am- bassador William Kintner, ? the spokesman said "the Incident of the cease-fire letter has been discussed I-with appropriate Thai of It is a regrettable and ii n a uthorized initiative. The American ambassador has directed categorically that no American official be involved in any activity which could be interpret- ed as interference in Thai ' internal affairs." The affair is the. latest in ? recent Thai-American ex- changes which have led to after thought statements and red faces. . ? Thai-American relations are particularly sensitive now, as the Thai govern- ment seeks to reestablish trade and perhaps diplo- matic relations with the People's Republic of China. . As a result, Thai officials have been playing the cumbers game on the ac- tual size of U.S. forces in Thailand. Defense Minis- - ter Dawee Chullasapya has announced the num- ber is below 33,000 and going lower soon. The American figure is 35,000 a n d negotiations are continuing on "possi- ble further reduction:: So far only one American air base in Thailand has been closed since the cease-fire declared in Vietnam a year ago. Six bases remain open and active in train- n.g a n d reconnaissance flights over Indochina. . The number of U.S. ser- vicemen in Thailand is greater than anywhere overseas, except for North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion Tomes in West Germa-. 113s. The Americans want to negotiate a status-of-force? S agreement to regularize the Icing-term presence of some troops in Thailand. Replying to a query on the progress of such talks. Thai Foreign Ministry ? to expand their insurgen-? cy. The offer, when publi- cized, was officially ig- nored by government leaders and its authentici- ty wag discounted.. Howev- er, in a related response weeks later, Prime :Minis- t e r Sanya renewed a government . offer- of am- nesty to insurgents who would give up the fight. The matter subsided un- til Saturday when The Na- tion attributed the letter's spokesman 'Pracha Guna-: Kasem snapped: "As long as there are American soldiers in Thai- land ?they will be under Thai law." Under recently arrived Ambassador Kintner, ef- 4 December 1973 CM. Danger To Thai, Writer Says Express ? France Presse ? : ? BANGKOK (AFP) ? A col- umnist of the influential after- noon daily Siam Rath' has warn- ed the new government of the possible danger posed by the American Cc tral Intelli ence Agency Citing the past CIA record in South Vietnam and Cambodia as an example, columnist Kasen Atchayasai wrote. that over- throw was likely in any devel- vping country whose regime was found to -pursue policies contrary to U.S. interests. Because of the big interests of the United States in Thailand, it was unlikely that the American -government would Approve any sudden change in Thai policies, the columnist wrote. HE SAID that although the CIA had played no part in the recent student uprising that led to the change in government, it was very likely that the agency w as watching closely any change which might result in damage to U.S. interest.. He _pleaded that the govern- ment use astute judgement to- wards the Americans as to avoid any repeat of the blood- shed that occurred Oct. 14. "This is not an attempt to in- forts have been made to reduce some of. the more visible symbols of official American presence in Thailand. American mili- tary shopping centers have been reduced. Rec- reational facjlities have been reduced or closed. American military police walking Bangkok streets no longer carry arms. ? Thais appear to appreci- ate ? these efforts, while continuing to express con- cern. at the reduction in Thai civilian employment at American military bases and in U.S. agencies. There are at present about 30,000 Thais so employed. Recently they were all given a pay raise, after a strike of Thai employes, in the Bangkok post es-, change?the military-run shopping center. Thai em- ployes-at more-or-less per- manent American agen- cies have a pension plan, with the U.S. government contributing the major share. cite the Thai government to ex- pel the GI's or abandon rein- ? tions," the article said. "What is wanted is that the government should proceed to find means to win bargains for the reduction of U.S. poterjn a more suitable way. It should not allow the United States to do just as it pleases, as it has in the ;past." ? Meanwhile,. in Washington, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State of East Asian and Pacific Affairs Monteagle Stearns told 'Congress that the 'U.S. Govern- ment foresees no need for basic changes in its policy towatds Thailand because of the col- lapse of the military regime. "THE UNITED STATES ex- pects no change in the atmos- phere of cooperation and. mu- tual understanding that charac- terized U.S.-Thai relations in the past," he said. . He added that the United Atates expected to provide, such stipport and assistance as was necessary to maintain Thai- land's security and promote its economic development. "We ex- pect to continue our dialogue with the Thai government re- garding the U.S. military forces in Thailand, bearing in mind the mutual security interests they serve and the seesssesn prerogatives of our Thl he said. Commenting on the iii1,-ri2an presence in Thailand ? six mil- itary bases, 35,000 troops ? the Thai foreign minister confirmed that the ultimate goal was "to- tal withdrawal." However, he added, "it will take time- and it depends on the situation." NEW YORK TIMES 19 December 1973 Ex-C.I.A. Agent Is Cleared On Illegal Weapon-Charges PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 18 ? (AP)?The man who reportedly possessed the largest private arsenal ever found in Philadel- hia was found not guilty yes- terday in Municipal Court of illegal weapon charges. George E. Fassnacht, a for-i mer agent of the Central In-1 telligence Agency, was set freel when the judge ruled there hadl _ been insufficient prosecutian evidence to lie Mr. Fameelet to machine guns found in the home of his wife's friend. ? A search of Mr. Fassnacht'a home in June, .1371. was ruled illegal by another judge about a month ago. That search turned up a quantity of ex- plosives, hand gronadis," bombs, small arms and =mu.. nitions. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CI1-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? 18 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310-001-2 ew York Times 0 Jan. 1974 rotesting Thais Demand uster of Arneric Envoy Eew York Timee 10 Jan. 1971.1 BANGKOIC, Thailand, Ian 91tor, William 1i. Vintner, was said to he "extremely an- noyed" at the Lezidant, Officially, Stet Kintner has apologized for the letter and said that he has ordered tba in the future "re American of:- fib-lel be bivalved in any ac- tivity which could be inter- preted as an.: interference Thai internal affairs." I , The Goverim'iertt, width is said to have leaked the infor- mation to the press, has made no official comment. But sev- eral ranking officials have :said privately that ;there should be an investigation. - The etudents, whose uprising in October overthrew the mili- tary government here, are con- sidered the most powerful po- litical force in Thailand. In the days following disclosureof the C.I.A. incident, the students ise sued demands for an examina- tion of American intelligence activities in the country. But theynstopped short of suggest- ing more serious measures, such as withdrawal of American mil- itary personnel or a formal Government protest to Wash- ington. ? Shouting, jeering Thai udents demanded the ouster the United States Ambas- or today and protested the it by the Japanese Premier. More than 4,000 ? students, niessors and others massed utside the United States Em- assy here demanding that the mhassadisr, William R.- Eid- er, and the United States Cen- al Intelligence Agency get ut of the country. Student arshals kept order arid the emonstration, organized by eople for Democratic Action, roke up after about two ours. Mr. Kintner was in orthem Thailand. The demonstrations were me of the strongest since udents toppled the military gime in October and became he only significant organized olitical force. The Japanese Premier, Re- uel. Tanaka, who is on .a five- ountry Southeast Asian tour, ave a hastily revised speech t a dinner in his honor given y Premier Sanya Dharmasaki fter being delayed by students ho barricaded the entrances o his hotel. He said the dem- nstrations made him aware of "the concern of the Thai peo but his plot has been ex- pie about the role of Japanese plained by officials familiar aff I u ence." with the situation. The letter purported to he from Chem- ras, ' the pseudonym of a Com- munist insurgent leader in northeast Thailand. The letter, a copy of which was published in The Nation, seemed clever enough. Addressed to Premier Sanya, it says in part that "we greatly pity the Thal soldiers who have to come and fight against us because they are fooled by im- perialist America." It also says, in proposing a cease-fire in re- turn for amnesty and autono- my in insurgent-held areas, that "the views in this letter may well not be the views of the entire Peoples Liberation Army." The letter, dated Dec. 5, was received by Premier Sanya, who reportedly became sus- picious and had its source checked. It was learned that the office boy who mailed the letter registered it with the proper return address, which was traced to an office of on't_Loo Now... Author Not Identified The agent who wrote the letter has not been identified Mahler Was in C.I.A. The protests against Mr. irtrier and the C.I.A. were ouched off by reports Satur- ay that a C.I.A. agent had sent a letter to Premier Sanya in the name of a Communist insurgent. The letter offered a cease-fire in exchange for autonomy in rebel areas in northwestern Thailand. Mr. Kintner, who served with the C.I.A. in Washington in 1950-52, old Thai newsmen yesterday, that the agent in question had been sent out of Thailand and "appropriate disciplinary action had been taken." , Strain May Develop By JAMES F. CLARITY , Spada! to The New York Times BANGKOK, Thailand, Jan. 9 ? Knowledgeable Western diplomatic officials . say rela- tions between the United States and Thailand could be severely strained by the recent admit- the C.I.A. ted interference of the Central Intelligence Agency in Thai , affairs. The officials said American I diplomats were apprehensive about the consequences of the incident, in which the United States Embassy admitted that a C.I.A. agent had written a letter- in the name of a Com- munist insurgent leader pro- posing a cease-fire between the rebels and the interim Govern- ment of Premier Sonya Phar- masakti. _ The United 'States Amhassa- 19 By Anthony Lewis , There was a mail story in the paper the other day about a Central Intelli- gmae Agency Operative out in Thailand faking a letter from the local guerrillas to the Thai Government. The agency apologized to the Thais for the inci- dent, described Was an aberration and said it Would never happen again. A reassuring story, that It tells us That we can still count on the covert operations pectple at the C.I.A.--the men who planned the Bay of Pigs, carried 'oh a secret war in Laos, subsidized cultural organizations and foreign politicians, and provided tech- nical aid for the White House burglary squad. - What we want is to keep such things secret. Right? National security demands ihat the American people aiave no idea of the political tricks and covert waru. carried on in their name, even years ago. Right? Those propositions may sound absurd but they would he serious if the C.I.A. and the Justice Department prevail in a legal argument they are making right now in the Federal Dis- trict Court in Alexandria, Va. The case is one that ought to concern anyone who cares about freedom and public control of government in, the United States. , - It sill began when Victor Marchetti, a respected official of the C.I.A. from 1955 ta 1969, decided to write a book 'about it. The agency went to court and got an order barring him from publish- ing anything, "factual, fictional or otherwise," without its, consent. The -basis for the injunction was that Marchetti, in going to work for the C.I.A., had agreed not to disclose Classified matters. With the help of a former Foreign Service officer, John Marks, Marchetti went ahead and wrote his book. He ABROAD AT HOME sent it to-the agency, when 50 people .spent 1,700 hours going over it. (Who were they? The imagination reels.) They ordered 339 passages cut?a fifth -of the book. Marchetti pleaded that many en the censored items had already appeared In print. C.I.A. officials thought again and agreed to reduce their deletions to 225. We can see the restored 114, and they give an idea of the sort of thing censors would cut if they had their way, For example: ? s A paragraph about a ping= to send balloons from Taiwan over main- land China, carrying propaganda. , *References to Air America as a 'C.I.A.-owned airline" in Indochina? very likely the worstekept secret in efficial history. - I 0 Numerous mentions of the well- I known fleet that the C.I.A., in the'; 1950'S, supported efforts to overthrow ? the Sukarno Government in Indonesia, * An eight-word -passage saying that the British secret seirviee ?helped 'Greville Wynne, an Englishman jailed' by the Soviet Union as a spy, to write a book ? A statement that some supposed journalists overseas actually work for the C.1.A.?a fact leaked by the itself recently. e A descriptive phrase saying that a story by Seymour Hersh of The New. York Times about secret C.I.A. pay- ments to one wing of the Italian' Christian Democratic party was "thor- oughly verified.' British ghosting, newspaper adjec- tives, intelligence fiascos of the past: Those are the molehills that fifty peo- ple labored .1,700 hours to turn into na- tional security mountains. It is easy- to laugh at such liumbledom, as Tayler, Branch called it in an acid analysis of' the case in last month's Harper's maga-. zine. Marchetti's_ publisher, Alfred A. Knopf, is thinking of publishing the book with blanks and sending the missing words to buyers if and when it wins the case. But of course it is not really funny. The United States needs more light on its national sectirity policies, not less. Policy-making by experts without pub- lie is what gotus into such disasters as Vietnam.' Judge Albert V. Bryan Jr. has or- dered the C.I.A. to produce reasons for its 225 deletions in the Marchetti manuscript, and to clear some experts whO can help Marchetti argue against them. This has,brought pretests from the C.I.A. director, William E. Colby, who wants a secret hearing to tell the judge why he can't do that A certain -skepticism about Mr. Colby is in order. He helped to create, that sinister C.I.A. . operation, the Phoenix program, to arrest, torture ; arid assassinate suspected dissidents in Vietnam; he may understandably prefer darkness to light s In fact, it would be awkward to have to justify classifications to a court. But the trouble lies in a system that classifies everything important as a secret. Marchetti and Marks are rea- sonable men and might well have agreed if they had been asked to drop two or three references in serious -current intelligence matters. Instead, the C.I.A. went to court with its dan- gerous broadside argument. Everyone who works on classified material promises not to tiisclose it If that "contract" can bring an injunc- tion 3i6ars later, free speech will have been drastically reduced. When some -official - resigns from Governrcent in ;disagreenient with, say, the invasion of Cambodia, lie will not only have his ;telephone tapped; Henry Kissinger will try to enjoin him from expressing his' disagreement. It would he hard to overrate the davit- rif oen Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R0001 WASHINGTON POST 22 DEC 1973 CIA Justification Ordered Ex-Intelligence Men Win Round on Book- ? Two 'former government in- telligence officers won a pre- liminary round in their legal fight to restore censorship de- letions by the Central Intelli- genc?gency in a manuscript describing operations of the !agency. I U.g. District Court Judge : Albert V. Bryan Jr. in Alexan- dria ordered the government to produce documents to sup- port the 225 security deletions it made in the book manu- script of iormer Central Intel- ligence Agency official Victor Marchetti and former State Department intelligence offi- cer John Marks. The CIA, in ordering the de- letions under a previous U.S. Court of Appeals order, said four of its deputy directors had decided that the deleted matter violated security classi- fication. But the government produced no documents to support the decisions. The M'archetti-Marks manu- script, entitled "CIA, the Cult of Intelligence" and scheduled for publication by Knopf, de- ? scribed specific and poten- tially controversial operations lof the CIA's Clandestine Divi- sion over a period of years. It reportedly goes into the CIA's dealings with prominent foreign leaders as well as "black' intelligence opera- tions abroad. ? Yesterday's decision by, Judge Bryan requires that Knopf-s ' lawyer, Floyd Abrams be given, clearance to examine deieted portions of the manuscript, a move thern government opposed. It also requires the govern- ment to clear former National Security Council staffer Mor- ton Halperin for access to the material in the book that the government claims to be clas- sified. The two authors asked that : ?Halperin serve as a witness to help pass on the government's classification of the manu- script from a national security standpoint. Halperin, a witness in the Pentagon papers case. is cur- rently suing See.row. ofl State Henry A. Kissitiv_vr fori damages in the government security tapping of Halperin's phone between May, 19G9, and February. 1971. Marchetti and Marks also named Kissinger as a defend- ant in their countersuit against the government. The State Department is seeking to enjoin Marks, formerly an officer in the State Depart- ment's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, from publishing material gathered during his period of government service without prior official review. ;WASHINGTON- POST ednesdaY. lam 9.1974' CIA Doubles I Air America Asia Awards Azsoclated Press , Rep. Les Aspin (D-Wis.) said , yesterday that defense con- tracts for Air America, which has done work for the Central Intelligence Agency in Indo- oldna, more than doubled last year to a total of $41.4 million. , "Apparently, unknown to the American public, the CIA has 'taken up some of the slack greeted by our military- with- drawal," said Aspin, a former Pentagon economic adviser. "Without a doubt," he said, ,"the contracts reflect sub- stantial US. involvement . ip ,the Southeast Asia war:" and that's the last thing we want." Aspin said nearly all con- tracts were for ? Air. America operations out of Thailand or for maintenance work on planes based in Thailand. The CIA and Air America had no comment, ' Aspin said the $41.4 million In contracts, compared with 411.7 million the year before, moved Air America's parent company, Pacific Corp., up to the 91st in the ranking of de- contractors. _ *r&a:Eficalox POST? , Jam 5, Z974 ? naturt? ? . "Comp" with I.7(..'.;?? pects of the eourt's order ntets x- posea additional highly (..ia,'7.?n*- ottrt plaintiffs fled infatuadon not t?.?;:17:.. 14-to their expel t BY Laurence S " The one espext ? wasaittitonftstlittstw7aer eualifded Central Intelligence Agency? Director William P.. Colby intervened directly In a co battle over a book man that he said would pompre-1 adze higbly sensitive intelli- ence Sources and operations. The CIA director, in an a1l!! davit filed Wednesday in U.7 District Court in Alexandria, offered to testify in private before Judge Albert V. Bryan ?Jr.- in support rf the .govern- ment's efforts to prevent pub- lication of 225 deletions or- dered by the agency on secu- rity grounds: Colby asserted that the dig- Closures in the Manuscript by two former government intel- ligence offieete would "cause serious harm ie the national, defense interests of the United States and will seri- ously disrupt the conduct of this country's foreign rela- tions." / The authors of the manu- script, former CIA analyst Victor L. Marchetti and for- mer State Department intelli- gence Official John D. Marks, are challenging the ,basis of the CIA's security deletions. This could lead to a new legal battle on the issses of govern- mental secrezy powers that were thrashed out in the Pen- tagon Papers trial, which was decided by the Supreme Court; ? - Specifically, the government, has asked Bryan US reconsider his Dec. 21 ruling requiring 'the CIA to produce documents supporting its classification of the 225 offending items in the granted an Nlarehetti-Marks manuseript, vent Marchetti trrn entitled "The CIA and the ing, without Prior Cult of Intelligence." ? the agezzeY, ( Attorneys for the govern- gathered during CT.A rnent also asked Bryan to re- :The ininnctirm WES consider his order that attor- the DS. Pourth ,T.C17:ettit Ccift nen for the publisher, Knopf, of Appeals, and expert witnesses on class'. After Marchetti, cn fication be given access;to the ration with Marks, eozmei?1,1,11 manuscript,- which :the CIA the manuscript and has classified "Top SecretSeti- it for CIA review 1)23 shove." ? authors went eitec,.1 In his affidavit, Colby said gal challenge uf of theBryan ruling: , lions ordered by the 'Production of additional In their choilenge ee- alivujiiiritis-- as 'ordered by the multi, actions the twe? '.:Llt.n7 court causes additional diffi- are seeking to Dec. 21' .decision National Security C. r - ler. Morton served na pert offiv,! team for Daniel his California trial. is also eurrentlfe tarp of State Eaa singer for danaagcs ing af his telepb.ez,e to 1971. In requesting tazs hearing before ? reconsideration cited the language PI ?.,? National Security Att, provides that 'the Central Intellieca,..1. *Lt. responsible for -7..,-;????,?:;',-.. telligence soce.1..te,? thods from 12.MTIZ= closure." The CIA titszE.;.E;_' he 113 ; able of 7,NY17.,7 leaked prk7-12seezi information, publication c4). fore a gra 2/6 the Watergi.t,... .Earlier this 'Jack Anderson scripts of grand inge in the WatEnet. gation. The goverruzie)ni: case ageiret April, 1972, aitc.a. ; copy of a bock ;.submitted to York publishers, it covert gen. The goverrom.:: st ',.?? elates for the Central Intelli- ? andard applied gence Agency. These addi- tional documents will in most cases contain further elassi- Bed information and in many cases are of a highly sensitive 20 preme Court in tee -.Pe Papers case wh-efri.??:;:???? cation would "31:12'5:Z5t,,Ii:. di recti immediate and able injury to the natio:, oz. ?,74 people But the case moved on to .Als Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000190310001-2 Poster 1 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 ? New Yorks. Times 11 Jan. 19Th C, LA HEAD LOSES APPEAL TO JUDGE Court Deifies Him a Private Hearing in Suit Over Book - Agency Seeks to Censor By LESLEY ?ELSNER (Weal to The New York Theo _WASHINGTON; Jan. 10 ? A Federal -district judge has turned down the request of the Director of Central Intelligente for a chance to testify about -a book that the agency is trying to censor. He also ...upheld a, ruling that he had made earl-1 ier ordering the agency to turn! over certain documents, to the. book's authors and publisher and their expert witnesses. : The book, whose co-author is a former employe- of the agency, reportedly contends that the agency has been "absolutely unsuccessful" ' in gathering information about the Russians through tradi- tional. espionage techniques, but that it has been "very ef- fective" in the so-called third- world nations. The same Federal judge, Al- bert V: Bryan Jr. of the Dis- trict Court in Alexandria, Va., ruled in 1972 that the former C.I.A. workers, Victor L. Mar- chetti. inust submit his manu- script to the C.I.A. for ap- proval before publication. But both he and the United States Court of Appeals left open the possibility of challeng- ing any changes that the agency might want to make, and last fall, after the manu- script had been submitted and the agency specified 225 -delee tions, Mr. Marchetti and his co- author, John Marks, filed their lawsuit. Plea Made Last Week. The C.I.A. director, William E. Colby, made his request for a closed-door hearing last week, after Judge Bryan, at the request of the authors, had or- dered the agency' to provide certain material the authors, their publisher and their expert witnesses. The authors and flie publish- er had argued that they needed the material to prepare their lawsuit. - - Mr. Colby told Judge Bryan, in a three-page affidavit. that- the material covered by the ruling was "highly classified" and that the ruling could thus lead to "serious harm to the national defense interest of the United States." . He specifical!y objected to fact that thc jige had or- dered the ageiur to turn over the classifie not ord to the au.tiiors their pub- lisher, Alfred -.A; 1nbpf. but also to their security ex- perts ? a groujeincluding l?feere ton H. Halperin, a former con- sultant to the.National Security Council and a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense. The authors and, the publisher, had contended that they needed the experts' advice andi opinions to contest the specific deletions that the C.I.A. de- manded.Mr, Colby, however, said in his affidavit that if the experts were allowed to see the material, the information might be "leaked" to. the pulir, But Judge Bryan, in a deci- sion filed in court yesterday and received by attorneys in the case today, stood by his original ruling requiring the production of the documents. In a- two-page ruling, he re- jected Mr. Colby's request for reconsideration of the matter and for a chance to explain his request. In addition, he de- nied the C.I.A.'s alternative re- quest fhat he allow the original ruling to be appealed. Judge Bryan said that the authors and publisher needed the material to challenge "the fact" that the 225 items were,? as the C.IA, contends, classified material and also to determine whether information in the book, as the authors contend, has already been made public and is thus not properly clas- sified as secret. "The plaintiffs," he said, "may need expert assistance in inquiring into these matters." Judge Bryan also said that the persons to whom the in- formation was to 'be disclosed would be covered by-a "protec- tive order" forbidding them to makethe material public. He pointed out that certain classi- fied material had already been turned over during the litigation. e They, too, were covered by a protective order, he said,, "and there is no suggestion thati any such orders have been vi- olated." Judge Bryan ordered Mr.. Colby and the C.I.A. to comply/ with his order "forthwith." David Anderson, the Justicej Department attorney who isi now in charge of the 'Govern- ment's defense in the case, said I this afternoon that he had not yet had a chance to study thel ruling and thus could not say, when the documents would be produced. Judge Bryan's initial rulingi ordering Mr. Marchetti to sub-I mit the manuscript to the( agency before publication wasi based on a pledge of secrecy' that he signed when he joined I .the agency in -1955. 21 WASHINGTON POST 9 JAN 1974 y A Commentary ? By Nicholas von Hoffman At a moment when most people believe that the media has gotten the government off its back, the corn-I munications industry is in deep trouble with the courts, i the Justice Department and the Federal Communica- tions Commission. CBS has gone so far as to say that ; the department is executing an "unlawful plan ,to use the power ahd machinery of the federal government to restrain, intimidate and inhibit criticism" of the administration. Whether or not you want to go that far, publishers and broadcasters are being forced to spend such huge amounts of money in litigation that, winr or lose, they may decide that risking disapproval in Washington is too expensive. ? ? The CIA for the first time in our *history has suc- ceeded in getting a court to place a prior restraint on the publication of a book. Written by Victor Marchetti and john Marks, former employees of the CIA and State Department, respectively, the printing of "The CIA and The Cult of Intelligence" has been held up for so many months it may have lost much of its time-. liness and commercial value. That's nothing compared to what has had to be spent on legal fees 'fighting the case. The president of Random House, Robert Bernstein, says he's going to get the book out one way or another, even if that means printing it with blank spaces indi- cating the hundreds of cuts ordered by the government censors. LONDON DAILY 11E,LEGRAPII 7 JAN 1974 C I A planned to bug family pets By RICHARD BEESTON in Washington ? THE C I A planned to? secrete bugging devices in, household pets, it is re- vealed in a hook written by a former C I A anaylist and-a former State Depart- ment official. The idea was 'dropped when it was realised that it was not possible to ensure that the does or -cats would be near while Their owners were saying any- thing worth recording. Deletion of the revelation is one of over 200, the C I A want- eto make in the book because, it says, they will compromise . highly sensitive intelligence sources and operations. The head of the C I A. Mr William Colby. has new intere vened directly in a court battle over the manuscript of the . book. The C 1 A and the Cult of Intelligence.-- He is supporting Government efforts to prevent publication of 225 deletions ordered by the C I A. The book is written by Mr Victor Marchetti. the former analyst and Mr John Marks. for- mer State Department intelli- gence official. Dirty tricks -The book asserts that temp- thirds of the CIA's monev and -manpower is- devoted to covert activities in the form of " dirty tricks" and paramilitary opera. .tion-s, and provides fresh material for ridicule. . What is more disturbine for the CI A in the book -is that it lists its ties with foreign politi- cal leaders.. One is an allegation that Signor Fanfani, former Italian Prime Minister, allegedly requested one million dollars from the agency to strengthen his campaign against the Italian Left. ? Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved_ For Release. 2001108/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 E NEW YORE TIMES, TUESDAY; DECEMBER '18, 1973 News Officials Oppose Any Links of Correspondents to , BY hIAB,., 7111q.?11) Many. or ' mayor "neuis, gathering organizations ? say that they would discharge im- mediately tny correspondent who was also found to be work- ing for the Central Intelligence genes% Their stands ? were made known following the recent dis- closure that the CI.g. had about thme dozen American Pews- man Working alirond on,its ?ayroll as undercover infor- mants or- as full-time intelli- gence.agents who use journa- lism as their cover. In addition, over the years, the agency has attempted to recruit newsmen working in the United States to supply it with domestic intelligence. I Interviews with news officials' indicated that the idea that newsmen would 'work for any goviernment agency, includin the CLA., was profoundly dis- turbing for news-gathering or- ganizations for it raised the question of the credibility ? the news that such an 'agent- ? journalist would file. - Opposition by the A.P. ? Keith Fidler, vice president and assistant general manager of the Associated Press said, "We would not permit it for one moment. We don't want out people working for any government agency, under any circumstances." The Associated Press has nearly 800 full-time employes working overseas, and nearly 850 "stringers" ? joiimaiists who usually work for them- selves and sell news articles,; oke 'at a time, to news organi- zations. Most foreign news that ap- pears in American newspapers and -is reported on radio and television here is supplied by either The Associated Pres e or the United Press Internatkinal. which has about 600 full-time employes overseas. Both organ- izations said that they would immediately dismiss any corre- titnethe'foliicieito bte "Tm satisfied that none of .people ere, involved With the C-I-A.47 said IL I.. Steven.; son, U,P.L managing editor. "And our Washington manager is satisfied that we are dear. e would very promptly' dis- charge anyone who,. was in-- volved." -. In In response to queries, the C.I.A. has assured The New York Times, where dismiesai would, be immediate, and magaiine and The Washington Star-News, among others, that' their correspondents' were not connected with the agency. But Fred , Taylor, managing editor of The Wall Street Jour- nal, said that the agency Would not admit it if it had a valu- able agent who was also a newsman. ? "A reporter has to be objec- tive, and can't serve two mas- ters;" Mr. Taylor said. "So far we're taking on good faith that our people are ;not involved, But. it's risky in. organizations .which have n ItA of people ,overseas. Sooner -yr 'later, en agent-journalist would, be dis- covered, however."' At The Wall Street Journal such a nelvsman would be dismissed immediately. William E. Colby, Director of. Central Intelligence, has in- dicated that full-time staff cor- respondents working for gener- al circulation news-gathering organizations will be -Phased out of CIA. work, but that about 30 others?mostly agents who work abroad as free-lance writers and stringers?will con- tinue to be inaintiiined. - " Malcolm W. IiroWne, 'a New York Times foreign correspond- 'ent, said that when he was Working for U.P.I. in Saigon there were a'number? of foreign correspondents he. 'believed were working at least, in part; for .the agency, - -? - , The problem of correspon- dents working for the agency is also somewhat confused by ITEPI YORK TIMES 4 NOV 1973 Give Us This Day To the Editor: In regard to Trumbull Hig- gins's comment on "Give Us This Day," which describes the Bay of Pigs expedition of 1961, permit me to point out that among his errors is the assump- tion that we were bent on "restoring the old' regime." Nothing of the kind. Both the Cuban-exile, political/military leaders and the Brigade mem- bers detested Batista. My book fully describes the non-Batista, non-Castrista makeup of the Cuban Revolutionary Council, which was to have formed the post-Castro provisional govern- ment. ? So Lieut.-Gen. Charles Ca- the very-riature- of the 'or- respondent's bosiness. That IS, in the gatherinrof news, it is acoeptable.journalistic prac- tice to have " contacts within the agency:' .. ' "There's hardly a career car-, respondent who doesn't have his CIA. contacts, and it's a two-way street sometimet ?i the correspondent and the agen simply must exchange inform tion,' - Mr. Browne said. "Just as a correspondent must ex.; ,change information sometimes With an Ambassador." .A spot check of five New i York 'limes correspondents re-. , cently allowed that two of them said that they did not believe that they had come in contact with any agent-journalists dur- ing their work., while three were pretty well convinced that they had, although both re-1 ptirted they racked proof. One Times correspondent. Juan de Onis, said that when he worked- ha Latin America and South America there "were some rAmerican , journalists] who seemed to have developed unusually close relations, which have served the agency in put- ting out its line." , Communist Role Hinted He said that he felt the agency tried to use correspond- ents to manage the news--, that is, to write articles reflect- ing the desires of the agent's,. I During the reyolution in the Dominican Republic in 1965, 'Mr.- de Onis and this reporter Were approached by an 'agent of the C.I.A. who had with him a 'large pile of documents. The documents were pur- ported by the agent to have been stolen by the agency from the. , headquarters of what the United States Government call- ed the Communist party in the Dominican Republic, and they showed ? that the Dominican Republic, and they showed that the Dominican revolution was being conducted on orders from Communists in Europe. This 'Iwas the Johnson Administra- bell was Deputy Director of the C.I.A. in 1954? Let your re- viewer check his files. And where did "Operation El Diab- lo" come from? True, we had a project name for the overthrow of the Arbenz Government in Guatelama .. but "El Diablo" is far from it, and fanciful to boot. , Higgins indicts me for not. knowing what was going on at the top levels in Washington, suggesting that I could have made "a more damaging attack upon (my) enemies" had I con- centrated on that confused scene. As a field agent, I had no possible means of learning that "Kennedy had gutted the National Security Council." I was in Florida and Central America, not at a .Washington thin's contention. Mr. De Onis, an expert on Latin American affairs, 'Idea dined to write such an article because, he said, there Was no y to determine vihether or not the documents warel uthentic. , Perhaps even tolicbier is thei subject of domestic newseeper-a men working for the agenc;,,r, which is proscribed by law from intelligence operations within the United State-s. Several 'years ago, for in- stance, a New York Times re-1 porter who worked- :ha New York City visited the agee,-yF, headquarters in 1.nrigley, to get information for an arti- cle he was preparing. During the interviews he was told by CIA. personnel a great deal about the inner workings' of The Times ? information that had not previously been pub- lished elsewhere. . And some years before that a repeater for a large and newspaper-h' the ME- tile West was approached by the business agent for C labor unit. The business agent told Fon, in strict confidancs. that 'le also worked for the CIA., that a uniOn -official he ottenEOf a great number labor meetings 'or "L:oii!. ca and that he repoio. on those meetings to agency. The official then asked the reporter, who covered labor news, if he would be Willing to prepare similar reports for the agency about "labor doings in the Middle West." For this service, the reporter recalled, he was assured that periodical. 13" the egency- would deposit Money, great amounts, in the reportee..a ? bank- account. The reporter tuined down the offer, but tried unsuccessfully to determine whether at not ithe agenct, had actually -made ? e desk. However, I saw the re- sults of that "gutting," and the far-reaching aftermath of the Brigade's betrayal . . . So did 1300 men of Brigade 2506. Despite Higgins's cavil that "no mere improvement in tech-. niques works very well," the historical fact is that the popu- lace of the Bay of Pigs region quickly swung over to the in- vaders . . . until remaining Castro air power deprived the, Brigade of all matilriel essential , .to sustaining its inland drive. , The United States (then per- sonified by the New Frontier) ' first hesitated then abandoned the invasion Brigade: It bugged . out. And the world is the worse for that monumental cowardice. I E. HOWARD HUNT 311. New Rochelle, N. Y. 22 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: ClA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 CHICAGO TRIBUNI 2 1 DEC 1973 Dona!ti Kirk Reporters who work for the CIA ? LANGLEY, Va. ? The sign on the George Washington Parkway says "CIA" in white letters on green paint and no apologies for the lack of secrecy. It wasn't always that way. Until a year ago, before James Schlesinger, now 'defense secretary, was director of the agency, you had to poke around asking the local gas station operator where was the CIA, and he told you to turn at this little sign that said "Fairbanks Bill Anderson continues on vacation. The writer of todoy's column, Donald Kirk, is The Tribune's Far Eastern cor- respondent who is , currently in the United States. ? . . Highway Research Center." You got a - feeling of ? real inside knowledge end even power as you swung off the park- way, down a pleasant country-looking lane, and past the big wire fence sur- .rounding the sprawling layout enshrin- ing the castle of all spookdom. That research center cover, as Schle- singer had the good taste to realize, ?was a rather childish joke, since the Russian KGB agents no doubt speak idiomatic enough English to elicit the same material from the same gas sta- tion operator, who doubtless is a good patriot even if not sworn to protect the nation's secrets. It was an even better joke, it seemed to me, when I called the CIA headquarters the other day and HUMAN EVENTS 22 Dec. 1973 7 ? _ McgA S (cry In one of the more remarkable- breaches of intelligence service ethics: Director of Central Intelligence William E. Colby established, if nothing else, his amatuer standing by ordering a re- view of 40 full-time American journal- ists abroad who have also acted .for- the CIA, being paid for their services. This was pre?"iously front-paged by the New York Times, which reported that no regular staff correspondent of major daily newspapers with regular overseas bureaus were involved, and "no more than five are full-time cor- respondents with general circulation news coverage." ? Quite apparently, the supposed breach of ethics is in the American newsmen accepting money from their own govern- ment; gaining information from foreien sources and giving it to the CIA is not unethical. It is plain that the CIA means to continue to follow this prac- tice of swapping information with- un- got this' strange klunking on the line. I figured it was one of those wiretapping gadgets I'd been reading about in the papers, but then the man I was talking to at the agency asked me what was this klunking?the people at the agency had been trying to work it out for days. I said I didn't know, I thought it was one of their new toys, I didn't play with tape-recorders myself and had every sympathy with Ms. Woods for her in- ability to work the. machine right, I'm sure I would have made the same mis- take. "Ha, ha, ha," said the man on the line, who otherwise requested that he not be quoted, which was just as well anyway because he turned very serious and uninformative when I got down to the question that I had really wanted answered .in the,. first place: What was the CIA doing employing newsmen as "agents," as reported in the. papers. The man on the line said the CIA was not talking about that topic, but I could still come around for , a chat. Of course, why not, but I wondered about the quid pro quo: What was I expected to give in return, and I re- membered various correspondents whom I had known in Indochina who always seemed first in line for those intimate little seances ,with . four-star generals and "station chiefs" while.- the rest of us were left grasping at the sleeves of lieutenant colonels and second secre- taries. Sometimes these correspondents didn't write as much as one would have expected from such easy access, 1and.1 I'm sure some of them did regard it as altogether *fitting to pass along in- formation on the "two-way street" theory. But what about this "two-way street" theory, anyway? Aren't we, as taxpay- ers, writing for taxpayers, entitled to access to top-level, unclassified infor- mation without giving in return? I think so. I don't think there should be any quid pro quo at all. I think it's immoral, unethical and stupid to suggest, as did the curator of the Nieman Foundation in an article for the New York Times Magazine a Sunday or two ago, that a reporter should give information in order to get it. Because once you start buying the two-way street theory, a few of us get carried away and start selling informa- ' tion. Oh, perhaps we get nothing more than free lunches and sweet smiles in return, but then a few of us, a very few, start getting more?like money. And then the whole press corps, the whole true-blue, all-American concept of a free press, is undermined and prostituted and "way of life" and everything else that a "patriot" who sells himself to the CIA might claim to uphold is lost. So I told this. unnam.ed guy that I thought the CIA should clear the names of the vast majority of American cor- respondents by releasing the names of those who were "agents." He didn't want me to quote him, but he did let , out a big laugh. "Ha, ha, ha." ehind P CIA and Newsmen Alirc(7.A By ERNEST CUNEO paid sources. Nothing more crippling to an intel- ligence service can be imagined than "breaking the cover" of an agent it re- cruits into ? its service. Among other things, it might well cost the agent his life. For a second consideration, no pro- fessional worth his salt will deal with an Organization which does not protect his cover. ? In breaking this blanket cover, the greatest disservice has been done our country. However, it is nothing new. .Congress has been doing it for some time. Such exposure, moreover, is a farce. This is because most of the foreign news agencies controlled by their governments operating in Washington are thereby dis- guised intelligence operations----fully protected by American freedom of the press. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : ea-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 They roam Washington, asking ques- tions which their embassies cannot; and form close relationships with key people. Actually, American security is so bad that some of our key military secrets have been printed in our public. press, . as for example, the hull designs of our ' atomic subs. and the fact that we could track Russian subs. But, having made donkeys of ourselves by. publicly admitting the use-of a paltry: 40 stringers abroad, ,another question arises. To what extent have the Com- munists and the British. for example, , penetrated our great dalies and news. services? In the past, they have penetrated the! highest places. Walter Lippmann's sec- retary was revealed to have the sharpest Communist connections: a Communist wormed himself into the late Drew .Pear- son's staff. How close was Hanoi to the sympathetic mercies of the U.S. press? Certainly, the New York Times is not Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : ciA-RoP77-06141214n0itidl10001-2 17 DEC 1973 Unlikely at imst ? ?.? ommunist. but Fidel Castro won its onfidence to the point that the Times ssured the nation that Castro wasn't ommunist either. Certain it is also that time and time again, the U.S. press and the U.S. Congress informed Hanoi in advance of American troop movements, weap- onry and objectives. According to one commanding gen- eral to which this reporter has spoken,. CBS-faked Vietnam news was a scandal.. In any event, we cannot help but note that it would be a triumph for any 'for- eign intelligence officer to get the head of CIA and U.S. newspapers to expose the CIA newspaper apparatus operating abroad. Wouldn't it be interesting, now, if CIA revealed how the foreign intelli- gence systems are operating in the United States? It is to be noted, of course, that the best of all foreign agents are those in high places who do not realize that. they, are being used. "Nothing is more use-' ful," said Nikolai Lenin, "than a useful idiot." In diplomacy, idiots are called "innocents." The history of U.S. diplo- mats?and some of the press?for the past 25 years has been "innocents abroad." North American Newspaper Alliance WASHINGTON STAR 1 9-DEC 1973 Lettevs to the Editor 'Reporters as Spies' - - Newsmen spies? k By DONALD IL Moms Post News Analyst A recent news story claims that 30 or 40 American newsmen are CIA agents, and that at least five of them are staff employees of a major wire service, a syndicate or a specific pewspaper. ? ? Editorial?comrtient Was brisk, with the usual outraged indignation interspersed by rumbl- ings from various quarters that any reporter found moonlighting for the CIA. would shortly be an ex-reporter. , The exact nature of the sensitivity was not spelled out, but obviously stemmed from a fear that a connection with the CIA would somehow corrupt the writer's copy. This would take the form of a covert effort by the ! CIA to plant or influence stories in the domes- tic media, and in the absence of any known method of proving it does not do so, the CIA must live with what is a natural and lively' anxiety. ? In point of fact, the Agency Is forbidden by law to tamper with the .domestic media (al- though not with foreign muciial, and several promising black propa,!anda operations over the years have been abandoned because they were picked up by the domestic-press. It is dif- ficult ? if not impossible ? to convince the public, but the outlines of most such covert ? activities abroad are knowii to a wide circle of officials, including numerous members of both houses of Congress. and there would be immediate repercussions if the Agency ever sailed over the line. In further 'point of fact, the Agency Itself has barred agent recruitments among numer- -8IR: I was amazed to read Oswald Johnston's article about American journalists doubling as CIA contacts. Could it be.true that there are three dozen Amer- ican journalists who can be considered loyal enough to their country and its well-being that they would be employed by the CIA? After reading Washington newspapers for the past 20 years, I can't believe that there could be 36 people in the news field who would consider helping ther coun- try instead of dragging it over the cbals incessant- ly as is the practice of the great majority of the correspondents in this area. . It is my deep belief that most newspeople will stop at nothing to get a story. Example: A Star- News article about possible CIA activities in Rus- sia. Have the editors thought of the consequences to American agents behind the Iron Curtain as a result of such a story? Their lives are certainly worth more than a news item. Do newsmen ever consider the morality of using informants and un- derhanded methods to achieve their goals; or is there a double standard in which the process is wrong only when used by their opponents ? name- ly, government agents or agencies.? You assure the American people that in local ous categories, for obvious reasons. These in; elude clerics of all descriptions, Red Cross workers, Peace Corps personnel, Fulbright scholars ? and American journalists. The flap potential in using such agents far outweighs any utility the agent might have. Tradecraft literature makes heavy use of' "foreign correspondents" for its protagonists, there bei.ig. something inordinately dramatic in their public image. They are., actually, of remarkably little use in clandestine oper- ations. Covert collection depends on recruiting someone who has completely natural access.0 the information you are after ? newsmen abroad are highly conspicuous and do rt have "natural" access. They must push for their interviews, and. when they get them they! are in an overt information-gathering role. , In most, countries, moreover, American newsmen d6 not havq access to figures Ameri- can officials do not have access to themselves, and in either event the figure being inter- viewed knows he is talking "for the record." He is, if anything, more apt to let his hair down. with a colleague than he is for a report- er whose object is to publish the inr.,rview. There is, therefore, very little that th, .lews- ? man can do for the intelligence colnr.;ity in his professional capacity. What utility he might have stems from his presence as an American abroad, which would permit him to perform such support functions as engineering introductions or' providing background infor- mation about his contacts - and such tasks can be performed by other support agents. CIA-journalist contacts, the integrity of neither the Star-News nor its correspondent was compro- mised. There are those of us who would worry more whether the integrity of the CIA agent had, been compromised by such a contact. Sally B. Erwin. ? * * * * SIR: Reporter Johnston has joined the growing ranks of our best investigative reporters. ? ,By revealing massive CIA subversion of our free press, Johnston may also have identified the "leaks" that eluded the "Plumbers." ? President Nixon told us last May that "leaks of secret information" relating to any one of "a num- ber of highly sensitive foreign policy initiatives . . . could endanger all." This appeared to mean he wished newsmen to rely exclusively on policy officials and official news offices for their informa- tion on foreign affairs. Johnston now tells us about "the quiet, informal relationship" between CIA officials and "many reporters working at home and abroad and editors who for their part maintain regular contact with CIA officials in the routine performance of their journalistic duties." Further investigative reporting in this area might embarrass many individuals, but it might illuminate how all the news media have been ex- ploited by dirty tricksters and purveyors of raw, unevaluated "intelligence." This might also force the press to cease identify- ing their CIA sources in their articles as "Depart- ment of State officials." John J. Harter. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 24 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 SIR: Your 'editorial, "Reporters as Spies" as- serted that if "there are trade publications which do not object to the recruiting of their overseas writers (by the.CIA), that is their business and no concern of ours." This seems to imply a double standard of repor- torial integrity ? a high level one for press asso- ciations and daily newspapers and a low level, or none at all, for trade publications. In some 40 years of reporting and writing for trade publications, as well as daily newspapers, I was never aware that trade publications demand- ed less integrity. It seems to me the Star-News would better serve the cause of decent journalism if it would condemn all reportorial duplicity, not merely that which involves one class of publica- tions. And, how about the Star-News' own. Jerry O'Leary and the CIA? Your explanation of that wasn't very convincing. _ . Stephens Rippey.. * SIR: When the lead editorial in a major metro- politan daily has as its topic some aspect of jour- nalism, one expects that here, at least, the author is well-informed on his subject. It was therefore. with growing amazement and even disbelief that I read "Reporters as Spies". Surely you are aware that many, if not most, "stringers" or "freelance" correspondents are part-time writers and depend for their living upon some other lull-time job. I have always thought NEW YORK POST 19 December 1973 James A. _ Wechsler SECRET PRESS AGENTS It has long been an open secret in the newspaper fra- ternity that qie Central 'intelligence Agency was providing clandestine subsidy for a number of needy or greedy Ameri- can journalists laboring in foreign lands. Such men (and women) were pledged, of course, to the secret rituals of the agency; moreover, in most cases, their home-office employ- ers would have taken a dim view of these CIA connections. One result of this condition was that some wholly inno- cent characters fell under suspicion when their life-styles became conspicuously affluent. Sometimes they were the beneficiaries of the care and feeding of weatlhy ladies in the countries to which they were assigned; being gentlemen of the Fourth Estate, they were naturally unprepared to reveal how they had suddenly raised their standards of living. But others were indeed CIA agents, and occasionally their patterns of behavior left little doubt about their under- cover assignments. Nevertheless, it was only recently that CIA director William Colby, after reviewing the agency's press network, admittedly found that some 40 full-time cor- respondents, free-lancers and representatives of trade pub- lications were also CIA hands regularly remunerated for their services. When word of these findings leaked out, stirring nega7 tive noises in the media, Colby announced that he would reorganize the structure. He should have buried it. Tinder the new CIA formula, the agency will gradually dispense with the aid of full-time correspondents working for general circulation news-gathering organizations. But it will continue to subsidize some 30 characters who use the cover of free-lance magazine writers, newspaper "stringers" (contributors paid for individual dispatches to publications and news services) and roaming authors. It will also retain eight writers employed by specialized periodicals,-including trade journals, most of whose "moonlighting" activities are known to their editors. While the revised setup will reduce the amount Of fakery in which journalism is an accomplice, it will not elim- inate the disease. Nor will it undo the damage inflicted on the whole profession of foreign correspondence by official confirmation that so many have been tainted by this tie-up. Some papers and agencies with large foreign staffs have taken pains to obtain?and publish?assurances from Colby that none of their writers are or have been on the Approved For that material submitted by free-lance correspon- dents was accepted or rejected on such bases as accuracy, timeliness, and quality of writing. Now you would have me believe that it is equally impor- tant that the correspondent not be a CIA agent, or presumably a pimp, pusher, or bank robber, or have some other such unsavory primary method of earning his livelihood. The full-time CIA agent overseas is a Civil Serv- ice employe, and his pay and allowances are there- fore none too generous considering the risks he t.ayes and the time and effort he putS in on the job. If in the course of this activity he learns things of interest to the American public, and if he has the time, talent, and energy to write about them well, on time and accurately, whey should he not earn a few extra dollars by doing so? Considering the heavy emphasis the CIA places on "security' I would expect it to be CIA Director Colby, not the press, who would object to "spies as reporters." Joseph M. Struve. * * * * SIR: The American people can Only benefit from the perception and courage demonstrated by the Star-News in unmasking CIA manipulation of the press. The long-term benefits will be measureable by the CIA response to your injunction to "go further' in de-pentrating the media. John J. Harter. Bowie, Md. CIA payroll. But such isolated testimonials of purity do not clear the air. Probably nothing less than .a full Congressional inquiry that firmly established the scope of the practice and identified the participants could achieve that. I recognize there are moral problems in obliging the agency to embarrass some who accepted its largesse in what they considered to be good faith?or even viewed themselves as a breed of superpatriot. That, they deceived their editors and readers and compromised elementary journalistic prin- ciple may be called part of the price we all are paying for the catch-all defense of "national security" too long toler- ated in many areas of the media. But it is a very high price. In any case, minimal redress for this shabby era re- quires total abandonment of any CIA use of journalism 'as an umbrella for its business. do not know how ,much valuable data, as distinct from barroom and latrine gossip, was accumulated by the CIA emissaries disguised as newsmen. Whatever 'goodies may have been acquired during peak seasons of the cloak-and- dagger industry, it could not have been worth the dishonor it has brought to those who have any standards about the role of an independent press in a free society. , If this sounds like lofty talk, it is written at a time when journalists are freely accepting plaudits for distinguished service in exposing venality and fraud in high 'places.. In such a period there is a special(responsibility to react with some spirit when corrupt practices are unfolded in our own, vineyard. The CIA has sometimes been the object of unjust attack and cheap shots; it was one of J. Edgar Hoover's favorite targets because he instinctively regarded any intel- ligence system other than his own with jealous -contempt? even when it was ostensibly restricted to overseas activity. Actually., under former director Richard Helms, the CIA is now recognized to have made far more realistic assessments about the war in Vietnam, for example, than did other governmental units. Conceivably some of its paid cor- respondents helped to shape the judgments. ? Even if the latter point could be sustained, the invest- ment remains indefensible. As long as any phase of the undercover funding for journaliSts goes on, there will be a residue of doubt and distrust?just as the magazine Encounter was shadowed by reports of CIA subsidy. , One need have no naivete about the durability of detente or the hazards of the future to insist there are certain disadvantages a democracy must accept in contests with totalitarianism. One is that its journalists do not allow themselves to become covert hired hands of govern- ment?or industry or 'labor?while professing to write as free men.' 7 ? ? 7 :t1., ? Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000i80310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 WASHINGTON POST 22 December 1973 Th ings Stir in neonientiona - e ? By Michael Getler . Washington Peat Stall Writer I . +The blue and white Air.i., I Forcielet ' Waited at the 'Brueiels , Oirptort: last week; foritaVIP'paseenger to are' ., ,e-SecretarY of Defense; Janes R. Schlesinger. ? Then, the wet-footed, red- teared bird watcher wrap- ped in tattered old cordu- roys and sweater boarded 'the plane. The 'Petitagon'S civilian tboss. has been unwinding -from a two-day- North Atlan- tic - Treaty Organizations meeting by pending his last hours , in s Belgium bird *watching in the ?cold, coastal :marshlands. e For Schlesinger., who took iover the top Pentagon Post in May, bird watching is an ?Old hobby. But for military 'Men, civilian bureaucrats, NATO ministers and Krem- pin planners, Schlesinger- watching has become in- ;creasingly interesting and t important. ? , - ; As a Cabinet officer, the 04-year-old pipe-smoking de- fense intellectual, whose :shirt tail is out more than. tit's in, seems to be ?living up to his billing as an uncon- ventional bureaucrat. 1 p During his short tour o earlier this year as director , f the Central, Intelligence. Agency, the Harvard-trained, !Ph.D. (in economics) went', :through the CIA's old-bost :network with , a broom-- handed him by the White- qlouse--that swept about ; 1,000 people out of the ;agency's "tired bureaucracy." i- Earlier, as. head nT the tomic Energy Commission, e had taken his -wife and :two of their eight Children ko the Aleutian Islands 'to, :demonstrate that -a big and. icontroversial eindergrohnd :nuclear weapons test ehere ;was safe, t His presence in the Penta: Penta- gon has caused things to stir there, too, though it isn't *clear yet just how bold a !Defense Secretary he plans :t? be* t Civilians in the Vast De- fense Department bureauc- ancy are worried about a: CIA-style- purge failing off: e them. ? The military is worried because Schlesinger, though generally hawkish, is unpre- dictable and knows more . about strategy, technology and probably history than his civilian predecessors in :the Pentagon's E-ring In BUrope, be has sic-- ceeded rather quickly in at, least gaining the attention' and respect of the NATO de- ' fenae ministers, who 'have, lots of problems of their own. ,- Schlesinger " belle v es strongly that a large U.S. niilitary pull out from Eu- rope would be a disaster for both Atnerican and Euro- 'peen interests, In the con- text of an $85 billion- de- fense budget, be does not . believe that a U.S balance 'of payments deficit from overieas basing of perhaps $1.5 billion currently esti- mated shouldnlictate policy on such an important mat- ter. ? Yet, be has Warned the Europeens?with logic and with some convenient help -from Congress?that unless . they "get serious" about im- proving thair own defenes in a rational manner and stop exaggerating their own weaknesses and Communist- bloc strengths, the forces in this country demanding an American withdrawal will beeome irresistible. - Schlesinger has skillfully enlisted the aid of U.S. com- manders in carrying to theli? European 'counterparts this previously painful message; le knows that for the ILS. Army; for example,- Europe I has always been the only; place where the, front lines .seem.real, with the Warsaw Pact forces just 80 miles, across the Elbe 'River. s In Moscow, and indeed in Washington, the small but influential group ,of plan- ners and critics who follow the arcane world of nuclear weapons and strategy are also paying close attention to the new Pentagon chief. Schlesinger's career, had, been steeped in' atomic strategy since :he first , joined the Rand Corp. think ? tank staff in 1963. In recent weeks, he has been suggest, 'ing openly that the United States may indeed be mov- ing toward a new, controver- sial and potentially expen- sive shift away from the nu- clear Policies that have pre- valledlor a decade. In simple terms, what? 'Schlesinger is saying is this: , Since the early 1050s, 'American nuclear strategy ? has been based on what is 'called 'mut* assured de- struction:: euphemistically known as MAD. It entails having the ability to destroy- enough Soviet cities and in- ' z 26 art' c lean duitrial centers, even after absorbing a surprise first 1 trilq, deter any such at- -But.Scblesinger, and oth- ers now in ofliee, maintain, that MAD was never really, a strategy, but rather a way to measure the size of the U.S. arsenal' and bow much. damage it -could dn. In his view, .if the soviet missile force?thraugh the eventual addition of large and accurate multiple war- heads to their current 131iS-' sties get i big enough to eventually knock out a por- tion of the U.S. nuclear arse-' e.nal in less than an all-out at- tack, it is no good just to have the ability to bit Soviet cities In return. The United States would know that American cities would then- be destroyed in a second volley. Schlesinger believes such a U.S. strategy is not credi- ble in Russian eyes, nor even for that Matter to most - West European leaders. Unless the? multiple-War- head race is curbed through negotiatirns, Schlesinger wants the United States to have the ability to respond at least "selectively" against Russian military targets ? presumably such things as certain large missile silos, underground control cen- ters, command posts, missile storage depots and field headquarters?in a tit-Tor-tat basis short of holocaust In the past, even hints of such a shift brewing in the Pentagon have touched off criticism from some mem- bers of Congress who op- pose now developments that could possibly touch off a netv round in the arms race. Yet, though Schlesinger has been saying some of these things publicly for se- veral weeks now, Congress has not asked tor answers to many of the questions such a shift would raises It is not clear, for exam- ple, how such a shift would ? be accomplished, The United States already has thousands of. MIRV-type ? multiple warheads, and hard to knock out military tar- gets can be demolished by simply directing more of the existing force against them. Some work is already being done to allow quick re-tar- geting of a missile's: elec- tronic brain: . But this task, the inlitari will argue, ean also he done_ more .efficiently an safely., with new weapons, le-hile leaving the old ores ilt'..act- ;to carry out their current !Jobs. This, of course, could ,be enormously expensive- rand Could also run the risk' r. of misinterpretation by the- Soviet Union and of- a0.5311 .!.arger new round in the arvas race. .k There are also other gees- ,tions to ask: FAew wolild ,such a piecemeal nuclear war unfold'? Is there any. in the world so linpor- `tent to Soviet national inter- eats that would cause the 'Russians to launch less than an all-out attack on the United States, and gamine that its cities would not he destroyed in return? Schlesinger is also review. ing the strategy and aard- ware of 'so-called tactical" nuclear warfare in Europe. , At a NATO meetizg ear. lier this year, officiale SE;7 the United States teieeeen ; the "option" of reme51.3e .some of the bige-ar so tactical atorel.: now. in Europe and ia ing them with new nukes" that that have been de- veleped but no produce/. ? These are smaller ateeric warheads for artilletat Pleue:s such as the 155-mm., .115- mm. and howitzers. One offi- cial says you can, !'So-rt-jaf dial,a-yield" to keep the 'plosion small, aocl that the weapons' are 'c1eane4" meaning the effects of ra- dioactive fallout are ile- duced: - Celtics argue _that the mini-nukes are very danger- ous in that they lower the :threshold at which, convete tional war becomes nuclqr and will make it easier to decide upon their use. But Schlesinger privately maintains, his aides Say, that it can also be argued that such weapons co*I carry the signal of escala- tion to the Soviet Union in the hope of stopping a war, without creating atomic bevels-in Europe by use 'of larger' weapons, For the moment, Cengrs has made the argume t moot by refusing to autb ice production. Bet undtT Schlesinger, the question is almost certain to be reeieed. By instinct and trainth Schlesinger is at home el Ing' with questions of E peen security and nue ear strategy. But the "t; F. de- , fense establishment bled by by eVen nearer area. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Tin YORR TIMES 2 5 DEC 1973 Schlesinger's Impact on the Pentagon Is Yet to Be Felt By JOHN W. FINNEY Seta : to The New York Times WASHINGTON, Dec. 24? When James R. Schlesinger showing that since 1964 Soviet defense expenditures have been growing at a rate of about 4 per cent a year, while in terms of purchasing power the United took over as Secretary of De- States defense budget has been fense last July, Senator Stuart Schlesinger, with support from ,going down steadily since 1968, Symington, who as the first the military chiefs, wants to with the result that the rate of Air Force Secretary and then?add a significant new element. Soviet defense expenditures as a member of the Senate known as a counterforce stra- now exceeds that of the United Armed Services Committee has 4,..._,. g.3, Under this strategy. the .States. seen Defense Secretaries come `` ? United States would also aim For all .his extensive lobby- and go, gave him a bit of for the capability to fight a nu- ing on Capitol Hill, Mr. Schie- fatherly advice. . clear war short of an ail-out ex- singer has struck many sub- "Every Secretary of Defensechange with the Soviet Union ordinates as a somewhat aloof ; ?and I have known them all?, The first concrete sign of ure who delights in philoso- eventual y fell under the COfl policies will come in the new pical dialogue but can be i trol of the Joint Chiefs of defense budget n January. brusque and inclined more at Staff," the Missouri Democrat told the 44-year-old economist. That budget has now been VIT- times' to lecture than to listen. ,, . tually completed by Mr.Schles- Not His Team Yet I"Don't let it happen to vou. 1 ? inger, and present. indications Mr. "You just wait and see," r. are that it will call for defense He has yet to assemble his 'Schlesinger responded with a spending in the coming fiscal own team and relies heavily note of self-confidence typical of a man who in a few years year of around 885-billion, or a upon martin R. Hoffmann, who has risen step by step, from 86-billion rise over the currenttserved under him as general ' assistant director of the Office fiscal year counsel of the A.E.C. and is of Management and Budget to Such. an ,anticipated rise in-,tiow regarded as his "gray head a military establishment dicates that he does not be- eminence" within the Pentagon. that is spending 879-billion an- lieve the defense budget can or Most of the Pentagon team nually and wants to spend more. After nearly six months, both should be cut, in which the mili- tary chiefs emphatically agree. Taking inflation into con- of appointed officials he in- herited from his predecessor, Elliot L. Richardson, and he Congressional observers and sideration, a. hold-the-line de- has yet to establish a close rap- the military chiefs are still Ifense budget' for the coming port with Deputy Secretary of Defense William P. Clementa waiting to see which way the fiscal year would total around new Defense Secretary will go, 883-billion. To this he wants toJr- . ? - When he went to the Penta- both$ .1 ' for Pentagon in his direction of the gon; some of.his Icing-time as-. Pentagon as well as in post_ what he likes to call "flexi- sociates predicted that on oc- Vietnam military policy. bility," in part to start develop- casion he would strike an ment of counter-force weapons. Little Visible Impact independent stance from Henry In contrast to Melvin R. A. Kissinger, his Harvard class- Thus far, Mr. Schlesinger has Laird, who let the' military,' mate (class of 1950), who sub- had little visible impact on' chiefs split up the defense bud- sequently became Secretary of either defense policy or the 'get and then added enough fat State. But thus far there is no military budget, somewhat to so that Congressional commit- indication that the two have the surprise of the Pentagon tees could boast about howtever diverged on policy, and bureaucracy, which had been ,they had cut it, Mr. Schlesinger they are weekly breakfast forewarned of his reputation has followed a more analytical companions. as an impersonal, almost Pro- approach, one that would be - Similar Objectives fessorial administrator who, expected of a man yam once lishment since basically his ob- jectives do not seem to differ from the policy tenets oft the military. - One of hisrbasic principles is that after all the reductions since the Vietnam peak in 1968, no further cuts can be made in the present military force struc- ture, although he holds out the possibility of reducing support forces, which he concedes are bloated, and closing some mili- tary bases. ? He firmly believes in retain- ing and revitalizing. the Atlantic Alliance, which he feels repre- sents the linchpin of American military policy. To him this means the United States must retain troops in Europe in- definitely. On strategic doctrine he re- jects the past concept of suf- ficiency, which is built on the premise that even if the Soviet Union is superior in some areas of strategic weapons, it is suf- ficient for the United States to have a strategic arsenal capable of retaliating with ilevastating effect upon the Soviet Union. He believes that any long- term balance must rest on basic equality of strategic weapons between the two na- tions. * Fears Goal of Superiority He, is suspicious that the So.; viet , Union is attempting to achieve nuclear superiority. For that reason he believes the United States must start the development of a new genera- tion of bigger, more accurate missiles as a hedge against the failure of. the strategic arms limitation talks with the Soviet Union. This line of thinking leads after leaving . his budget post, served as the chief strategic Mr. Schlesinger's contacts -him directly to the counterforce shook up first . the Atomic thinker at the Rand Corpora-,with President Nixon have been strategy, a concept that has Commission and then the Cen- tion, the Air Force's "think far less frequent than those of kept popping up in the Presi- tral Intelligence Agency. tank." Mr. Kissinger. The Defense Sec- dent's annual state of the world "I think he is still casing the retary did meet with the Presi- messages but that never had an joint," said one Congressional 6 Per Cent of G.N.P. dent last week to discuss the articulate champion until Mr. observer wive is in almost Gaily His professorial approach,military budget for the .next contact with Mr. Schlesinger. also shows up in the colored 'fiscal \Tar. However, certain clues are charts that he takes around to, if iV1r. Schlesinger has seemed emerging as to the direction he congressional offices, all seek-'to move cautiously, associateslpostulates that the Soviet Un- will take. They all seem to in- log to demonstrate that despiteisuggest that it is because helion might choose initially to dicate that, while he may not the rising defense budget.lhas discovered it is far more 'attack just military instaila- fall under the domination of military spending is taking rzliffictilt to shake up the De-itions, retaining enough weap- the Joint Cniefs, his strategic only 6 per cent of the grossIfense Department than the.ons to strike at American citie. policy will not be basically dif- national product, that in termsismaller A.E.C. or C.I.A. Rather in a second blow. . ferent from theirs. of purchasing power the ? de-}than lead a . charge against an According to this concept., There also arc niounting signs . fense budget is at the lowestlentrenched military. establish-ithe President might be atraid that Mr. Schlesinger, if he has! level since the early nineteen-Iment. they suggest, he hasito order a retaliatory attatas his way, will he the architect fifties, and that in ? terms Of chosen to lav down some broadlagainst Soviet cities if he knew of a major redesign of a nuclear national. priorities, defenseiobjectiyes and then attempt to;that in return the Soviets strategic policy that has pre- spending is down to lS per cent,nudge the military in those;would attack American. cities. 'ailed since the nineteen-fillies of expenditures bya.? 0 Govern-idirections. ,The answer, therefore, is for to the concept of nuele4r deter- ment aeencies while social and; The question remains, how-.the United States to develop an rence, which all started with economic programs take about,ever, enether Mr. Schlesinger arsenal of counterforce weave the Eisenhower-Dulles doctrine.70 per cent. ;s really ?trying to change the ions canahle of attacking Soviet. of massive retaliation, Mr. There is also a graph chartdirection of OIL military esiab- military installations. .4 Schlesinger reached the Penta- gon. The counterforce strategy "1ems?everything from sax- lag personnel and weapons costs, to poor Toorale,.linger- ing racial problems and 0/1- gressional pork - barreling with favorite local defense programs, ? Whether Schlesinger will dive into this broader collet- 21 tion of ills remains to be seen. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R0001003 NEW YORK TIMES 24 December 1973, Nixon Role in Foreign Policy Is Altered, orne Assert Kissinger Is Now iriCharg Bp LESLIE 6= I-111g only fvr have been SAW' Detision blemorandlina once the - staff studies are, ;completed and reviewed by the first-tier -committees, they aroforwardted, to _the councli. The; President Devi releases a Ned Honer Security Decision Mem rend urn. A typical NBSM might des with United States policy t)- ward Thailand, pr,esentnie the background and the "proSI-nis and offering three or fce alter- native courses of action. In the decision memo the President would state that he had chos and diirect that action be taken by the C.LA? the Pentagon or :tTe gOt' ,retary a Stale and Dec 'ense SPoOksktoThoWtir York Mow ten the treensiert thae Mn Kis- Secrete,. Statutes', advisers WASHINGTON, Dee. 23 ? Profound changes have . taken' place in the way foreign policy is made in the Nixon Admims- tration in the wake of the Wa- 1.2germast ?f loft? the Cilll qUe-areChief th : Chairman irmStrg, What mt. now Adm. Thomas It Mocirer. ?I:Alse Must is ,land the Director of Central In- geni:p :n-The ressucracy that nelligance. now William C. whanis iv:gee:ling is the equiv. Colby. ? , Bi nergate scandals and the age s's - - ? II-MtiOn . :r Other infOrtant cur- rures andy Imo van su the business e pares,aw end MajhGendBrent Scnwcroft, First. the elaborate National sent en-m tment of Heriry.A. Kissinger Of the ccamcil are General Haig Secretary of State, "I's-sday Mr. Ktssinger's deintOrtin the Security Council system oil 16:rmt? council staff. On occasion in : making decisions by preszn,. h ":',drie sit:en-es is believed' to, - ? an embassY- ttee hato ?tom_ onto:else the Th,.,,,?i i the past, Attorneys General the President with the facts anti 'moos,: Ian a teen fsern?e.--e.7- such as Robert F. Kennedy and 'fromoossleseivire?....PWPae..oeoesicissesinoin glerthitooesrosseYnfeattatta30o.r 1John Nt Mitchell as well uryas the options, so that he is not th''''s?lte.:?-gssete.'--enar sih-E-TeTealbleS7 at the mercy of the bureaucracy, has become less important. The formal committee apparatus of aliewing, Mr% Xiensigee to " 4 1 Henry ht Jackson; Democrat of .. - ..- ? nave attended meethens. ta e eves ' , I Wasiiingtort, wag to present the ..., - - asked eni Of the Presidents enc-rde es e _- -he ..ssemeneyi - , Y ? together with their pros arid the National Security Cminiei ao- toiersesaa 1, , -i.cin3s -4merthower held fairly regular r-ons' and implications and the President meal l'els dacretaryi zsts, rather than a single poi- itself intact, but the council meetings. The others?Harry S. itself has not met since Mr. Kis- iof State, ereneceil dee n-diow- T.0 . mane John F. Kennedy and tecommendation founded' ...atsr., ask ; ? is. Preueirm$ President with "di tin t s c options,. singer became Secretary Sept.( ing alZ-tir:..i/B table, ereserinei!Mr? Johnson, as well as General on bureaucratic consenus Eisenhower --basically used,_; - Mr. Nixon and Mr. Kissinger, according to those who helped them construct the sester, were really worried alscitt the They saw it as basically, peopled. by destile Democrats and tied to vested, interests, Mr. Kissinger was ts creams' at the White House ore of tee most powerful staffs in ington. That staff was tr.', ::ern, tect the President sgene State Department, v.:-' viewed 'as representine eign": interests; against tr.,. I. That year 37 council meet- Pentagon, which was seen as, ergs were called. The number limpidly dwindle:I to three in en insatiable consumer of mil-1 1972 anti the two so far in dary hardware, and against an 1973. intelligence community that In the Hotel Pierre in New rarely saw evil -intentions on York before his inauguration, the part of Moscow and Peking. 31, and it met only twice before th1Inr:?.1%dfartonzirstri-ped 7:451aura Mat quickly developed that this year.. ? . neness uf melinga 92, about the council to legitimize A Disputed Intersiretation netneeme soesersadoes 30 f? certain policies that had been Second, the President is play- grcesr:Xs2rffrr-genaecrsatioes ;worked' 'Dut m less formal um" . "1 mimstances. _ es: ing an altered and, some say, a andel neeetiertey Seen . of national seeurity policy. said the denser, nepresented a Present are yormoi, officials ,:: . Making Apparent Real , In . 1969 President Nixon _ . lesser role in the formulation promised to make the apparent The effect of the changes,, hieh fresue.ncy of contact -be- according to a wide variety of senior officials in the State and ' Defense Departments and in Congress, is that Secretary Kist- Singer and not President Nixon is running foreign affairs end that the Secretary of Defense, Sellers/nag patterns seem to be James R. Schlesinger, has been er-'-'?erfling: einr. Kissemer is oceasionally left in charge of military af= using his imminittee apparatus, fairs. . ; which he still controls as assist On the other band, White' ant 'to the President, to keep his - House officials, 'in interviews hands on eefense issues and ? toi President-elect Nixon and Mr. ? A Trickle of Mertes real. On Feb. 7, 19694 the White tween a President and a Cabi- net T.:Wiens House annotuar-ed: d'rhe Presi- onroog.n_enooy officials dent indicated that' the'oouncil described the ?resident and Mr. will henceforth be the principal for the ,consideration of Kissinger as nealing with their iferum new situatien an a tentative '.11?Iie3r issues." 'ez.sis, 'het ln the meantime the Kissinger, orho he been desigs with The New York Times, !circumvent the State Depart= ? But in recent months, the rtecni bunsautatecy, which :has nated as his assistant for nee touncil has stopped meeting, have said the conjectures along these lines, are politically mo- tivatednonsense. aimed at try- , cil staff, se powerful in the ing to get the President, an-ser .eariy days of the Administral tion, is losing influence to intimates wham Mr. Kissinger Men with to the State De- partment and to those in the hemene his OWL. ? - tional sectuity affairs, deinsed; the memos have dwindled to . elthe Katie nal Security COtin- a new -system of interagency, a trickle and Mr. Kissinger has committees. ft Was much more begun to carry on to the State elabonite and intricate than Department his most trrnted the relatively infdrmal system aides on the N.S.C.? staff. _ inherited. from President John- Former and present council staff members believe that sometimes the system did work to give the President the facts ere presided crier by mr. Kis. and real options. rather 'than a say they come from people who do not know what they are talking about, "Henry- receives and requests p taa,son wpm are aaannot ij Instructions from the President SeqcreA-Triag-- Schlesinger; - - before he ants en any issue of importance," one of them said. tem for Grels.a:yfon '"a- Accordiog to the officials only is developing between Mr. 'Kis, tt the President, Mr. Kissinger ss-4,713er,urit ftXre 'Schlesinger and Gen. Alexander M. Haig alla.zeIrt ?.."'s'as7 lunches,'" Jr., the President's thief of -oild,.to73?. occur on Thursdays staff, know exactly how deci- --maLl-mes rat 52'zaktast: Mies; Meetel tees:tens -mons are made. ? l'he iNhite House officials a..-sh le, the Meeiviews with cif- taxies, committee. ? said. ,conceded nevertheless, that Mr. ifnials of the White House, the. Assistant secretaries of state r System Termed Alive Nixon had decentralized nation- i iFICeelie "1:1 '4,z1)4Psagmlnatft.preside over the interdepart- ''. The white Rouse ceetsois. son. ' ? n. All but one of the com- mittees that report directly to the National Security Council singer in his capacity as. Phony "consensus -option!' Senior hreilitery officers, m assistant to the President. The ? membership of the committees -tatirptiditler, were Said to lie Deputy Secretary Py; they had regarded the of Defense William P. Clements1sYstem as an institutionalized Jr? Deputy Secretary of State :channel for presenting military Kenneth Rush. Mr. Colby of the ;views on policy' matters. "It's C.I.A. and Admiral Moores. Mr. 'virtually impossible to get our riartE' 'broad nvdstlions were ;Rush beads the under secre- Views to Kissinger now," mei *Inlet ;fess th the for- Th :al security decision-making. One mentai aded hosthgroups. 'disagreed. They did rot- think 'described the new situation this ; mei Naticnal Security Council ingeYorthe 'IA wl cycaszli the Ystem was dead. They ways "Given the Prms we i'-'sveti tpSyStE.171? Eiti7 P.M der.isions real- work aconnong to national se_ maintained that whe?ie Generei in, the top jobs' ncw, we Can 451 beire made? Flow does the Haig accegited IL It. Isaideman s ? SSM's (insiders pronounce the 1 1,1 take .three hours of discus-sine' ."-attozz-hiP work? do with a nod what usee, so !Nixon-Kissinger-Schles er re= mritY study iTho Nadonal Security Coun- {term ?Nissims-) issued by the :: .4 ? ....., lithed by Congress (President Mr. Nixon's relationship ri inc,, with his two principal subintre 1 e leee as the key advisory hi the first four and three- nates has become a matter ni,f. ip-e4ailguele,t27 t.-..1';:s ?resident on for- euerter years Of the Nixon Ad- constant spec,ulation in the bt, : ',--.1-...ylse policy. its sta_ ministration some 200 reaucracy and on Capitol iri.. itdia.-v n-- - -_-73 m -,--a7 the were issued. In the memos Some Senators and other reehd iPe_se este. so at, eatt0000l, ost.? months since Mr. gistiztger Itas at the State Department ,aetsea: "These 28 r' , mg memorandums, or job as ef of, staff at the White House, he proposed that the system be decentralized, eked that the President readily agreed. They said the President decided that "we can do hush nee.; in more efficesee iess- fermal ways." One of them guys mow the Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R00010.0310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R0001003100131-2 !scope, and they know the issues, 'backwards and forwards, but the President still runs the show." According to the White ,House sources, Mr. Kissinger, has an interest in perpetuating, The messages were drafted hyl the council staff, and high State Department officials were. un- aware of them. They were sent directly to C.LA-field offfees. : Mr. Kissinger-also-reportedly continues to use C.I.A. channels . . ? a iern . -to transmit messages to Mos- Security Council system Sinee4 cow and Peking. These "back- it allows hint to do -things that canner activities persist de-. a Secretary of State cannot do. spite his pledge before becom- For example, Mr. 1(issinger ing Secretary to involve the IState Department experts fully in their areas of specialikation. Meanwhile according to For- eign Service officers, Mr. Kis- singer's close associates from the N.S.C. ?Winston ' Lord, Lawrence S. Engleburger and Helmut Sonnenfeldt?are al- ready wielding tremendous in- . _ ... .., _ ,,...?-.. . , . a._ fluence in Foggy Bottom. . . At the Pentagon, officials said Mr. Schlesinger was also relying on particular, individuals rather than a general staff, re- building process. He seems to favor his special assistants and military assistants along with iisolatedexperts, regertiless of !rank, they said. This emphasis on key people and personal . relationships has told many people privately that his maitie reason for re- taining his N.S.C...job is to keep an eye on the defense budget. The defense analysis section of the staff has remained active.. However, Mr. Kissinger is not? known to have urged a reduc- tion in the over-all level of mili- tary spending in the last five years. The White House officials also acknowledged that Mr. Kissinger had used the council staff to circumvent his sub- ordinates at the State Depart- ment. During the recent Arab- Israeli war, he sent messages to Middle Eastern beads of- state through the Central betels, ligence Agency communications facilities at the White Howse WASHINGTON POST 15 Decembr 1973 . . , , TT S. 117 tte rather than committies?notso different from previous Admtn- istrations?extends to the top of the ladder,. to the Kissinger- Schlesinger relationship. White House officials have explained, without prompting, that Mr. Kissinger was Urged to -establish cordial contacts ;with Mr. Schlesinger because of his poor relations with the previous Secretaries of Defense Melvin R. Laird and Elliot L. Richardson. One man said Mr. Richardson was particularly miffed at Mr. Kissinger because ,he had reguler lunches with Mr. Clements as a way of ; Forking around Mr. Richard- son, - Mi. Kissinger and Mr. Schle- singer try to see each Other for lunch or breakfast once a?week and talk on the telephone fre- quently, according to Defense and State Department officials. These'seurces said that the im- portant business gets done then. White House sources, on the other? hand, said they. %wake only "bull sessions." At the same time, they as- knowledged that the Pretident's Kissinger's Awesome Power Granted that the phrase may sound as frivolous as the title of an Alfred Hitchcock thriller, the trouble with Henry is far from amusing?and very far from the fault of Henry Kissinger. Secretary of State Kissinger has reached that most -dangerous of all -high plateaus in a democratic society. He is becoming something close to the indispensable man in a political struc- ture that resents and ultimately re- jects indispensable men. The two hats he is wearing?the one as Secretary of 'State and the other as the operating head of the National Security Council and the President's powerful alter ego in the White House?create problems of a kind never before exnerienced. Henry Kissinger can, in fact, become in his own person and being that ordi- narily impersonal thing called a con- flict of interest. For three powers with three often competing interests?the State Department, the Department of Defense and the intelligence apparatus ?form the core of the National Secu- rity Council over which Henry Kis- singer must preside. As Secretary of State he ought pri- marily to concern himself with push- ing State's views and aims. But as chief of the NSC, subject only- to the mitt- mate authority of the President him- self, Henry Kissineer 'cannot safely downgrade the views and demands of the Pentagon or the intelligence com- munity.. In-built here is the latent danger of a Kissinger divided within himself and ultimately of one of those high-bureau- cratic "feuds" of which Washington is so fond between those charged with the physical defense of the country and those responsible for its diplo- macy. The danger of such a "feud" lies pri- marily between the State Department and the Pentagon, which are never go- ing to see some kinds of crises in the same light. A "feud" could have broken out, to the nation's peril, in the recent renewal of war in the Mideast over the proper scope and tempo of Ameri- can .assistance to Israel. That it did not break out was due to two things: While the Pentagon chief- tains, Secretary of Defense Schles- inger and Undersecretary Clements, are plenty tough when they must be, neither will flex his muscles except as the very last resort. Kissinger, for his part, is -both more patient and more in- decentralization edict allowed the new Secretaries more SCOPB,,, than their predecessor t had. One White. House offi.cratt discussing the idea that Mr.1 Kissinger is 'taking over," gaidi") "I know, I kilo*. it's Retirfp' style. He makes ? it sound as if he's in Fluime," ?Aniltrier, nodded, saying,. "ifenrx-r. just,! overwhelms them.: These officials vigon)u,Slita-J sist :that the speculation is malicious gObtip,ernaiiaffig rum people who do not know the facts and who , are, out to take away the President's strong suit in foretgri:_affairs.; The officials emphasized that Mr. Kissinger attended *almost every 8:30 A.M. staff meeting, with the President, and then ' saw him- alone later in the morning before leaving for the State Department They said the two men also talked on the ,telephone- almost daily. f Secretary Schlesinger does not enjoy the same access to the President. White House sources confirmed that he has not seen the President alone since going to the Pentagort tellectually tolerant than his "public image" would suggest. , Nevertheless, it was still necessary for the President himself to step in de- cisively before American military sup- plies got moving to the embattled Israelis. The question of which side?Penta- gon or Kissinger?was "dragging its feet" is a moving target- and no at- tempt to answer it will be made by this columnist. Anyhow, it is periph- eral to the central issue: Has too much power been thrust upon Henry Kis- singer by a President so domestically embattled over Watergate? And has Henry Kissinger in consequence been spread too thin and is too much being asked of him? The proper response seems to me in both cases to be "yes." The, best single example is that in all his famous sor- ties' overseas his best and brightest ef- fort has been both his most recent and .his less than successful. This was his brilliant essay at getting our Western Allies off our backs and onto some constructive projects with us?such, for example, as jointly doing some- thing real to reduce the Weet's depend- ence on the oil shieks. s, 157, -United Feature 67ndieute 29 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 r WASHINGTON STA,V,-.!. Washington, D. C? FridJ2. 7#7,7 A swret S? leaks of 01:1?Ez2i.-:::?.E produced : cials wcta. and the lqnt.fie:1t 'beads,-top The sc-Irces , ger's staff information'- peace tarts ar,E ? Chiefs of S'..?7f Thomas H. They said tte resulted off the jit. mation not and -to keep Vietnam pec.c. national ? - tures to Chia_n, ' spokesman, gon spying CZ'. _ The 11172-Z2-..3 meat. Or2, dent de:.:_af, but anefaerX::.?. _ was "211.:37;',7,." But at 17,tx,5,5?: confirmed ,7 from had beers It:v:1Z The repoa- : " "spy" withm c;? ? eration ' .17 - White ? - grounds tY- NIXON tional sezaal,.-J c - some of his -= - tergate : expand a.n from Re..v..:121,;Sca, that it weiLf,,, The 2), effort ay..;:,,,,T.,_,Tst.17 ?_ - "plumbers," a - unit for.aed !r_s ' ? `. leaks of erSZ'ine-r. .. - The - Krogh aad services %rioted , Howard . Young, L.:- ? : presidential at': _ through have beeri burglar/ r.7 treating 7 the Peatasa-] guilty to feeev.a. . state dropparl TEILI,7; IT has been izT3tva ;Lune erne that sk-3 plumbers worked on pro,er.lso only three of 21:TITI had been made public today. 'n.!e three were ieelto of U.S. position on 7ndia-Pakistan dispute, A23 stragetic arms limita- ticas tailz3 and the Pente- I.C7 ipzners, .ees from several -..1F,ence areas outside ?ei3,c_aoszt said the ST?'Sra2,iiritn VIZS the or-y el military spying operation. Tha sczy...oes said the Thite :House also discov- STF:z7 some covert intelli- rin operations outside The United States being conducted by Pentagon in- telligence officials. They said the activities went beyond "the scope of the Defense Intelligence Agen- cy's charter." Mose familiar with the care say it occurred when decided early in aCministration's 9rs1 term o cut off the joint Chiefs frcm some of the intelligence information ,Icusly available to Hell York Times ; 11 Jan. 1974 ; _ ? PENTAGON officials, one source said, became "not , only suspicious but para- noid as hell." He explained there already was within the military establishment a paranoia resulting from pub.. charges that the joint , rldefs had badly advised former President Lyndon B. Johnson on his war policy. "There was more sku- llduggery and more politics in the Joint Chiefs of Staff than in the Cntral Intelli- gence Agency and the FBI combined at that time," the source said. To fill the gap of informa- tion, the sources said, the Pentagon apparently decid- ed to duplicate some of the intelligence activities al- ready being carried 3ut by other agencies like the CIA. And this later resulted in an effort to gain access to Na- tional Security Council data that was not being passed tc- the Pentagon, they added. The spy alleged to have passed the information was dismissed shortly after he was discovered. Moorer, however, remains in admin- istration favor and report- edly is to be named to a third term as chairman of the Joint Chiefs. aiAN COUNCIL (111F9 CU LINK 711 Program Says Part of ? 9ationai Research Group Works in Intelligence. TORONTO, Jan. to (Canadian Press) ? The Canadian Broad- casting Corporation Said last night that a branch of Canada's National Research Council in ,:.?ttarca was really an s,ence agency working closely -,-cith the Central Intelligence Agency .pf the United States. - The television program said the council's communication branch was Canada's secret in, tercepring, and bugging agency "coal inside and outside Canada and worked directly with the Natinnal Security Agency, its rtiiiri body in the United it also has =tans whose 'Ottawa 30, chief, Cleveland Orem, works out of the United States Em- bassy, the program said. It said that Harry Brandes, an intelligence inspector for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, worked in Washington under a diplomatic cover. The program, the hour-long Fifth Estate, quoted Victor L Marchetti, a former assistant to the deputy director of the C.I.A., as having said that Ca- nadian intelligence officers had free access to the C.I.A., where an office was put aside for them. The program also quoted Winslow Peck, a former intel- ligence officer for the National Security Agency, as having said that an agreement had been made among Britain, Australia, Canada and the United States to divide the world into areas M which each country's intelli- gence agency would monitor all communications. The Canadian Government' has responsibility for the polar regions and for "a certain part of Europe," Mr. Peck said. He added, however, that raucli more information flowed into Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2 the United States then r. : and that the United icte-".--"e; monitored 611 COITIMI13,;, In Canada and in its Isles abroad. Monitoring Charged John D. Marks, fermer steee. :assistant to the United: State Department direeter Intelligence, said en the yr gam that much e the eseeeee; Trient on the Distant Eat,: I Warning line in tt,.,e CeeeetUar; north was not fro' detecree ; attacks but for Ameratee itoring of commtlnical*::71,: ! the northern part of tl.?,F: ? ? Mr. Peck said: ' "Information from tLe.feeeva othee'_ countries in 'ehe seeee. ment all comes to the States but the Unitet. 3tatr:. does not totally reciprocete Le; passing all informatice, the other powers. Asked to comment on the! program; Mr. Cram said Li Ct-i tawa only that he was "an as-I sistant- to the Ambassader aeC.I an officer in the political tec-I _ tion." Inspector Brandes, referring; to the tharge that he workeda as paid of Canada's intelligencel contingent in Washington, seidei "That's nonsense." On the program, Themes W.! Braden, former special aesietant to the director of the C.I.A., described the growth of the agency as a device for build- ing anti-Communist fronts; He told how it underwrote the creation of magazines ens. newspapers favorable to the United States, without the -knowledge of those involved. He also referred to C.I.A. sup- port of labor unions, and said "most of the money .that the &icy gave away oi those days went to the American Fed- eration of Labor and George Meany." [In Washington, a C.I.A. spokesman, asked about the Canadian broadcast allega- tions, said today, "We have ' nothing to say on this matter."] In Ottawa the Mounted lice said that Inspector Bra.ndes icted in a liaison capacity with United States police and intern- ence agencies. The United States had a Federal Bureau of Investigation official in its Ot- tawa embassy named Jce Mar- ion, , who acted in the same capacity in Canada. Speaking of Inspector Creel- des's work, the spokesman said he "liaises with agencies in Washington." "When 'we have a need to liaise with an agency in the United States in the intelligence field he's the man with the responsibility to do it,- .the spokesman said. He said The Canadian police here dealt only through Marion and had no liaison with any other official of the United 'States Embassy. AMBLES TIMES 5 OF:0 1973 Thrreat From Spying 11R creasing, FBI. Says ? Annual Report Attributes Growth to Rise in. Number of Soviet-BloC Officials in.U.S. BY RONALD J. OSTROW Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON ? De- spite the diplomatic thaw between the United States and .? Soviet-blot nations. ? the 'FBI said Friday that the threat. from Commu- nist spying in the United was increasing.- threat to the Unit- 'ed States and the counter- intelligence responsibili- ?ties of the FBI have been . growing in proportion to the Soviet-bloc presence" here. the bureau said in its annual report. Soviet-bloc officials sta- tioned in this country numbered 1,296 last July 1, a 44 increase* over the last five years. the report said. "FBI counterintelligence 'operations continue to identify a high and fairly consistent percentage of Soviet-bloc personnel in the United State.; as intel- ligence officei:s or agents," the bureau said. An FBI spokesman de- clined to .:ttimate how many of the officials have been identified as agents. "In that area, we're limit- ed to what we put in the report," which covers the fiscal year that ended last June 30, he said. FBI Director Clarence M: Kelley, describing fis- cal 1973 as "one of the most trying elms in the B s history." neve r- theless took issue. with those who contend that the Watergate case ".and other adversities" have undermined the agency's effectiveness,. integrity or morale. 'Those who have such doubts underestimate the character of career FBI employes," Kelley- said. The 56-page report in- 31. eluded only one .reference-1 to L. Patrick Gray III, who . resigned as acting director of the bureau in April af- ter it was disclosed, that he had burned material re-* , moved from the desk of a ? former White House con- sultant convicted 'in the Watergate case. But the, annual review did take: note of some of the innovations Cray- in- troduced. These included establishment of an office to attract minorities to F131 ranks and dropping the barr i:e r to women agent s. Fifteen women had 'completed training ? and were assigned to 'field offices by June 30; and nine 'more were under, ' going training then, ac- cording to the report. In other area,: of FBI ac- tivity, the report said: ?Since the 1972 passage . , of a law protecting foreign 'officials and guests, the bureau has received four f or five reports a week on incidents "with subversive r a mifications" involving foreign missions or per- sonnel. - ?The number of finger- print cards received from law enforcement agencies across the country dropped in fiscal 1973 be- -cause the FBI is no longer accepting prints taken . in connection with minor of- fenses, such as drunken- ness, traffic violation's and loitering. ?The new FBI building, now under construction in Wishington, is expected to be ready for occupancy next July. 'he structure, . across Pennsylvania Ave. from the Department of Justice, will: house 7.700 FBI employes and all headquarters operations. Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100310001-2