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August 27, 1976
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Approved For-Release- 2001/08/08: C1A-RDP7`-7-00432ROO04003900O 3 CONFIDENTIAL INTERNAL USE ONLY This publication contains clippings from the domestic and foreign press for YOUR BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Further use of selected items would rarely be advisable. NO. 16 GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS GENERAL EASTERN EUROPE WEST EUROPE NEAR EAST AFRICA EAST ASIA LATIN AMERICA 3 SEPTEMBER .1976 1 22 34 35 36 38 40 DESTROY AFTER BACKGROUNDER HAS SERVED ITS PURPOSE OR WITHIN 60 DAYS Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390007-3 THE WASHINGTON POST August 2:.19; 6 John larks ~ 4Eedia in A recent Washington Post editorial at- tacked Third World countries in UNESCO for trying to turn the news "into a national commodity which it is any government's right to exclusively control." The Post stated in no uncer- tain terms, "Government sponsorship of the gathering or distributing of news, inside a country or from outside, prom- otes propaganda and deforms the whole idea of a free press." In essence, The Post was saying that the American First Amendment should be a planetary standard; that no govern- ment anywhere should take action abridging freedom of the press. That is a commendable position, but it ignores a reality that no American- and especially, The Washington Post- can honestly ignore. The fact is that the US. government, through the CIA, has long been doing on a massive scale to other countries exactly what The Post accuses UNESCO of wanting to do: spon- soring the news in foreign places, with the avowed-if secret-purpose of promoting propaganda. This American wrong in no way makes right foreign interference with the press, but it does explain to some ex- tent why Third World countries are con- cerned about protecting their media against Western penetration. ' Until the last few years, only a hand- ful of government and press insiders knew how actively the CIA worked to manipulate the foreign press. Now after a series of exposes and congressional in- vestigations, the scone: if not all the par- ticulars, of the CIA's media operations is a matter of public record. The House committee chaired by Otis Pike found that at least 29 per cent of the CIA's covert actions over the years "were for media and propaganda pro- jects." This figure translates into secret CIA expenditures in the billions of dol- lars aimed at making other countries toe the covert American propaganda line. The Senate's Church committee laid out in specific terms how as recently as 1.973 the CIA ran a shrill media cam- paign in Chile as part of its efforts of "advocating and encouraging the over- throw of a democratically elected gov- ernment." The agency's press operations includ- ed: e Pouring millions into El Mercurio, Chile's most well-known newspaper and most strident foe of the late Presi- dent Salvador Allende. A CIA internal memorandum found that El Mercurio and other agency-supported media out- lets played an important part in setting the stage for the coup against Allende. a Orchestrating the issuance of a pro- test statement attacking Allende by the Inter-American Pr;ess Association, a prestigious groupifig of U.S. and Latin American newspapers, including The Wsshitrgton Post. o Brlnl ing to Chile scores of foreign Third Woltvid reporters, mostly controlled CIA "as- sets" to report the agency's line to the folks back home. This campaign was os- tensibly not aimed at American public ? opinion, but an internal CIA memo quoted by the Church committee boasts that "replay of Chile theme materials" appeared in The New York Times and Washington Post. The Post editorial stated that the paper was "not insensitive to the feeling in some Third World places that they are swamped by the Western media" and suggested "their proper response is to strengthen their own. media, as many (with Western aid) have done." This Post approach seems to be as- suming that even with significantly fewer resources available, Third World media can bolster themselves to- meet.. Western competition. Even if such a self-help solution were possible, it would still offer these countries no protection from the subversion of foreign intelli- Mr. Marks is an associate of the. Center for National Security Studies. in Washington and co-editor of "The CIA File." gence agencies. Notions of fair playa= .which ran through The Post editorial;: simply do not apply when the spooks., are trying to buy up a newspaper or su-, born an editor, and the secret services. of the Third World apparently are not nearly so cleaver in guarding against. this sort of thing as the big powers' spy agencies are at doing it. The Post complained about restric ?tions placed on Western correspon-: -dents. It made no mention that the CIA, PUBLISHERS WEEKLY 30 August 1976 PORTRAITOF A COLD WARRIOR. Joseph Burkholder Smith. Putnam, $11.95 IS13N 0-399-11788-I In 1951 Smith resigned as assistant pro- fessor of history at Dickinson College and became it member of the CIA. His lust overseas assignment was to Singa- pore in 1954 with the clandestine serv- ices. He learned the intricacies of Southeast Asian politics and tried to determine which of the feuding factions should he given U.S. support. In Sin,,a- pore, Djakarta and Manila lie had plen- ty of intelligence-gatherino to (to, but the bosses wanted him to concentrate on propagandizing, actively supporting the friendlies, and playing dirty tricks keeps some of these correspondents se.. cretly oil its payroll. As long as the agency refuses to give up the use of journalists, all reporters-including the innocent majority-will be suspect:. Even if Western reporters do not haves the cultural biases that some in the. Third World accuse them of having, the existence of reporter-spies still givers: them the excuse to question the object tivity of the Western press. ' .. -`? The Post urged that the Third World' accept and purchase the product oC Western news services, such as The- Post's. Yet, some of these same services have been used by the CIA to spread- propaganda. An example was a London- based feature outlet called Forum' World Features. Forum was an outright. CIA front, and its board chairman front 1966 to 1973 was John Hay Whitney, publisher of the International Herald Tribune, of which The 'ost is part own- er. There is no evidence that either The Post or the Herald Tribune was used by the CIA, beyond apparent unknowing: "replay" of propaganda themes. Never- theless, one might not have been terri- bly surprised if after Forum's CIA. connection was revealed last year, Third World subscribers had drawn-negative :conclusions about all the news outlets with which Whitney was associated. The United States is not the only country that covertly tries to manipu- late foreign media. Our allies, including Britain, France and Israel, all do it. Sol do the Soviets in a major way. But we are Americans, and we are supposed to be different. We to the world, as The Post editorial did;: that foreigners would be better off it, they accepted our idea of a free press. It is totally inconsistent, in any e ;1 review' ,cction. an laterview. f"izi.Ies and gltiz/es? a cash contest, and it cohnnn h~- a former ( .1,_~~Itlthlrrns nnalysl Cuverine fled' ;developtnetlt. in the real uorl;l of \{de,. deleeti.)n :;rd criminiri ?` ' '1 he ;ttintt:al ,uf\\ rirtign ;.r:c i>. S10 (S12 fot'eucn). .\ si; gle copy ousts $i. ;11):ctc'r~ .:Ir;rrtl;ll i; (list rihlllet] natiorl- ali}? in Inds pendent i %w, ".Lunt,crhts. Review copies of hooks. and all Other- corre\ponclence, shottl;l he "(.Ili t,t.llr.c- 1Pr1? V0 11t/rly, 119 W. 57th St., \c cv York. N.Y. 10019. Agency Sessions to Public By The Assodated Press I WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 - bill." However, he added: Some 50 Federal boards would "There may be some meetings be required to'conduct most of held by agencies or depart- their business in public under ments in the Federal Govern- a "sunshine" bill that Congress ment where there would have has, sent to President Ford. Mr. to be confidentiality main- 1Ford has said that basically, tamed." the agrees with the philosophy The boards would be required of such legislation. to announce meetings at least The measure received final a week in advance. They would Congressional approval. yester-I be allowed to close their meet- day when both houses,. which ings only under specified cir- previously approved differing cumstances, when certain types versions, passed a combined of information were under dis- measure. The House vote was cussion. 384 to 0, while the Senate ap. These would include defense proved the measure by voice, and foreign policy matters, in vote. I Iternal personnel affairs, private The bill, entitled Government, commercial data, criminal and in the Sunshine, also requires other law-enforcement matters Federal boards to avoid off-the- and information that might in- record communications about vade an individual's privacy. cases put before them. Transcripts or minutes of It covers about 50 hoards and closed meetings would have to commissions, including the Se- be kept. Courts could review curil.ies am-1 Exchange Cotnntis- decisions to close the sessions lion, the Federal Communica- and, if they found cause, could tions Commission, the Federal order information released. Reserve Board and tha Federal The bill would prohibit "ex. Po'ver Commission. parts" communications intend Last Fobruary, President Ford led to influence decisions-thnt said, "B asically f ar rt e with idle is, unofficial contacts outside (philosophy of the Sunshfnaj the regular proceedings and records between agency deci-I sion-makers and outsiders with an interest in the outcome. Representative Bella S. Abzug, Democrat of Manhat- tan, head of a subcommittee that handled the bill, said the "sunshine" law would "assure that decisions affecting millions. of Americans which have tool often been made at it-formal sessions, will no longer be per- mitted to be made in meetings closed to the press and public." ---- _ _. __.-_- 1 2 ._ Approved For Release 2001/08/08: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 NEW YORK 16 AUGUST 1976 THERE ARE. NO ANSWERS. THERE ARE ONLY QUESTIONS. st` k3. HART-or Hien AND Low WAS :the English title given to Splendeurs el miscres des cour- tisaires, one of Balzac's best novels. The book was con- cerned as much with secret police as with the prosti- tutes who passed through its pages, but then whores and political agents made a fair association for Balzae. The harlot, after all, inhabited the world of as if. You paid your money and the harlot acted for a little while-when she was a good harlot--as if she loved you, and that was a more mysterious proposition than one would think, for it is always mysterious to play a role. It is equal in a sense to living under cover. At her best, the harlot was a different embodiment of it fantasy for each client, and at those moments of existence most intense for herself, the role she assumed became more real than the reality of her profession. A harlot high and low. The pores of society breathe a new metaphor-the enigma of intelligence itself. For we do not know if the people who make our history are more intelligent than we think, or whether stupidity rules the process of thought at its highest Is America governed by accident more than we are ready to suppose, or by design? And if by design. is the design sinister? Are the actors playing roles more intricate than we ex- pect? Trying to understand whether our real history is public or secret, exposed or--at the highest level-undcr- ground, is equal to exploring the opposite theaters of our cynicism and our paranoia. For instance, we may be getting ready to decide that the CIA was the real producer of Watergate (that avant- garde show!). but where is the proof? 1\'e: have come to a circular place. The CIA occupies that region in the modern mind where every truth is oblit;cd to live in its denial; facts are wiped out by artifacts; proof enters the logic of counterproof and we are in the. dream; matter breathes next to antimatter. 'fherc are Al!lericztns whose careers are composed of fact. One dots not begin to comprehend certain men Without their collections of fact. It would probably be crucial to knov.' if I tarry S. 'hrutnan had !,ecn happy or :angry on givcn day since that Would cuter the event of the day, He lives on an elementary level of biography. There ire personalities, however, like Marilyn Monroe, for whom there are no emotional facts. It does not matter on any particular occasion if she was pleased or annoyed, timid or bold, even successful or unsuccessful. Her mood did not matter on a given day since she would as easily be feeling the opposite five minutes later. Moreover, she was an actress. She was able to simulate the opposite of what she felt. Since she was surrounded by people in show business who felt no need to be accurate if that interfered with it good story, one could not begin to discover the facts about such a woman, only the paradoxes. It may be that the diificultics in coming, to know Marilyn Monroe offer a modest .for our penetration of Central Intelligence. Questions of social class and snobbery h."'(, cz!teaus beet, very important in the CI:l. With its roots it., the wartime Office of Strategic Se, ric?es (the letters 0 Ss were said, only hall-jokin ly. to sla;td for "Oh Su Social"), the agency has long beet: known fur it.\ concentration of Eastern Establishinettt, Ivy League types. Allen Dulles, a Dormer American dip.'at,tc.?t and Nall Street lawyer with impeccable coni;ccliotts and credentials, set the tone for tit; agency full of Roosevelts, lhmdys. Clcrclam' -tmory's brother ltol:- ert, and other scions of America's leading familic!7. There !rare been exceptions. to be sttre, but most of the C'IA's top leaders have been white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant, and graduates of the right Eastern schools. While changing limes and ideaz hare diffused tli in- flluence of the Eastern elite if,ro:cghout time govern- ment as a whole, the CIA reran:s perhaps the last bastion in official Washington of UVAS ' power, or at least the slou'es_I to adopt the prit:cip!c of equal opportunity. -Victor Marchetti and John U. .clerks, The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence llrl~_ -N HAT A BABY! KNOWN AFFEC- tionately as the Company, it was delivered to America by the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1911c), and grew from 5,000 employees in 1950 to 15,000 by 1955. Because 1?'- ~. //~-,'c:314' ~: Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 --Approved For-Release 2001108/08 : CIA-RDP77.-00432R000.100390002-3 The CIA is currently tlr owner of one of the bir;- gest--if not the biggest--fleas of "commercial" oir- planes in the world. Agency proprietaries it:clue;e Air America, Air Asia, Civil Air Transport. Inter- nrourrtctiu Ai?iation, Southern Air Transport, and several other air charter coinpcnrics around the tt mild .. [but] CIA headquarters ... has never been able to compute exactly the number of p'urres flown by the airlines it owns. and personnel figures for the pro- prietaries are similarly iniprecrse. An agency holding company, the Pacific Corporation, including Air America and Air Asia, alone accow:ts for almost 20,000 people, more than the entire work force of the parent CIA. For years this rast cctiuity was donri- rmted and controlled by one contract a ctrl, George I)oole, who later was elevated to the rank of a career officer. Even then his operation was supervised, part time, by only a single senior officer who lamented that !re did riot krrorr' "what the hell ti:as gain:,: otr." -The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence the old OSS was not nearly large enough to make up its cadres, the CIA raided the FBI to obtain some of its first agents (thereby commencing an immense feud with J. Edgar Hoover) and also did its 'best to strip the army, the navy, the air force, the State Department, and virtu- ally every other government bureau of good personnel. There was, after all, a vision. The potential functions of the CIA were calculated to beconie immense. They be- came immense. All intelligence was the purview. There was no reason, for instance, why the best long-term weather forecasts in America should not derive from CIA weather experts-knowledge of the weather helped .crops; large crops were an instrument of foreign policy. No vein, therefore, of American business or culture was independent of Intelligence-not finance, media, eco- nomic production, labor-management relations, cinema, statistical theory, fringe groups, Olympic teams. There was no natural end to topics the CIA could legitimately interest itself in. Since we live in ?,n -ale of general systems, where all knowledge is assumed to live ultimately in the same field as other knowledge, so, from its inception, the CIA looked to draw its experts from every field: bankers, journalists, lobbyists, colonels, professors, commodores, soil-erosion specialists, diplomats; business consultants, students, lawyers, doctors, poison specialists, art experts, public-relations men, magazine editors, movie technicians. Out of every occupation in American life, men and womep were drawn to make up t h,_- first cadres of the CIA, and they were often the best in their field. Because the CIA, like other goveri meat bureaus, had a table of organization which limited the rank and salary of its employees, the Company had from the beginning an army of officers serving as privates. Ther_- was not room for the amount of ambition in its ranks. People moved out of the CIA almost as quickly as they went in and re- turned to universities, businesses, other government de- partments, and major foundatiorts. or back to their pre- vious occupations in American life. Of course, a banker who had been a CIA man and was now in finance again was hardly the same banker. Nor had he necessarily left the CIA. If it had been the most exciting experience of his life and/or the most patriotic, lie had sentimental loyalties to tha Company. He was out of the CIA but still an effective member of it. Sometimes he might even be on call for special jobs or be asked for privileged information on the movements of his financial community. Like th;, breaking out of it virus from the host cell, tha metastasis of a cancer colony, or the leavening of yeast in bread-dependin; on one's point of view-the CIA of- fered a suffusion into the joints and pores of American life so complete that no rnrr,ter list of its active and re- serve members (not to speak of its devotcu svrnt,athizers) was ever available. One CIA man could never know for certain wheih:er a CIA ;Twirl 'a ho had left tire CIA did not still belong to it, and if he dirt, there were often excellent reasons no record should exist, particularly if he belonged to the Company as to a club, and took no salary. Some agents who left the CIA but were stili in it. or of it, might have given reports ever. week of their !ifs. Others may never have reported once. Like is the CIA word-they waited underground t:hrou h the scar ns working at their private career in order to be of eventt:al use. Some old rt ents inight Si!) th reliable, some might not-some might report only to orC old friend in the agency. No one Would be certairh funnily who belonged and who did not. In pia es like the State Department. one could begin to guess, but never know. whether tlh-- first allegiance of many a foreign-service officer vas to the State desk or to the Compatlv's cover. Since the lead- ers of the.CIA came from a social, financi:d, and corpo- rate elite, it could be: said that the agency was the militant arm of the Establishment, an order of potential martyrs to Henry Luce's American Century. NE CANNOT FOLLOW ? iii- CIA's USE of funds: Nobody is rnear:t to know where all the Cotn- pary's sources Of phone. originate nor how they begin to end. At the core of many a CIA operation is the need for secrecy in the use of money. Some foreign official has to be bought, or expensive military equipment must be left as a gift in another country. If spies are to be paid, and foreign companies infiltrated, if Central American troops are to be trained for invasion forces, and drug traffics infiltrated for the information they will supply on Indo- chinese troop movements, if a hundred semilegal or near- to-criminal patriotic activities need to be lubricated with- out congressional grit in the hearings, then money has to pass down to active operative levels in the middle regions of the Company without scrupulous bookkeeping. It was better for the director of the CIA not to know what his agents were up to, not if he had to testify on oath before congressional committees. \\'hat one did not know, one could not tell. It was therefore the essence of policy for no one to be in command of more information than he needed---a cellular society lea-; to have waterproof conh- partnlerits, enclave:.. Money, thereforc. did not always have to be accounted for; ar&:ed, it often was put into an activity on no more than. the word of the good charac- ter (and/or good family)) of the agent who requisitioned it. No word needed to conic hack on what had been don;: with the bread. who was bought, who was killed, who made a profit) Since inside information on foreign currencies, or the domestic commodities market and gold market, or ad- Vance warning of a devaluation in the dollar, was as available on occasion as phoney, it is unthinkable that sonic of the Wall Street men in the CIA did not make secret investments for the agency (that is, for their en- clave in the agency) which soon brought hack huge profits by virtue of the secret information which had first encouraged the investment. That kind of surplus could now be used for ulumasccret operations or for even more resplendent financial investments. I" is nove'istically inloxi- cating to contemplate the pyramiding of wealth which must have gone. on in some enclaves of the CIA. \Viiat a congeries of friendly and coatpetitive financial empires may have begun to exist within the agency! For alt we 'The Pike; eo,nnai(e'c' in C'orrr:r,,a had it iritlrlrrlr! report (prtblisher/ in the \'illay;c Voice, hchrrrary Jo, 19761 which decided that the nerd inte!?'ige-nc,' brrdpef is fruit S3 l,I,r. (he Cs!irrrafe given to Corri:rc.s, 11:11 is "closer to SIt) billion," thr missing S7 bi!!lair being bur.ed in the approfrriuriorrs of ot!wr departments. Tern billion dullars is rorq;lrly equal to the rrnntrul budget of New York City. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 ' Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 know, and we will not soon know, half-the Swiss banks are now controlled by aggents, facets, wings, arses, commit- tees, councils, operators, and officers of the CIA. Con- templating the mix of real names and false names, actual companies and fronts, declared and secret investment, legal and illegal accounting, fair and flawed computers, it is doubtful that we will e~cr be able to measure the wealth manipulated by the CIA. Add to this the inevitable intimacies and financial inter relations of such prime possibilities as I-fughes, Vcsco, and J. Paul Getty, plus the covert investments of the agency in any number of multi- national corporations (with the Mafia and without)--lo, it is not so difficult to think that the economic history of the Arab nations may yet be seen to shine by the secret light of the Company's resources. One cannot, of course, know. It is just that it is easier to believe in such a scenario than to assume that all those 'proud, powerful Company patriots with their comprehensive information and financial skills never used CIA money to.nhake money that did not have to be accounted for. Besides, it would be interesting to guess the magnitude of the CIA's secret funds. Out of the real S10-billion Intelligence budget would come the seed money for con- cealed investments; if the process has been going on for 25 years with continuous reinvestrncr,t, thou these secret investments could total by now anywhere from S25- billion to SI00 billion, not an it :possible suns for the 25 years it has been burgeoning if we compare it to the income of the CIA's senior partner, the Mafia-but we anticipate. I have worked on projects with. nuary CIA teen so unaware of the entire operation teal they had no realization and awareness of the rides of other CIA teen working on the seine project. I would know of this because inevitably scetieuthere clam; the line both groups would come to the Department of De- fense for support. I actually designed a special office in the Pentagon with but one door off the corridor. Inside, it had a single room with one secretary. How- ever, off her orrice there was one more door that led to two snore offices with a t!rir'd doorway leading to yet another of ice, which no' hidden, by the door from the secretary's room. I had to do this because at lanes we had CIA groups with us who were not allowed to meet each other. and who most certainly would not have been there had they known thi:t the others were there. (For the record, the office was iD1000-it may have beer, changed by nosy; but it stayed that way for many years,) -- L. Pletcher Prozity, The Secret Team It is inevitable that there should be a loss to CIA agents of a clear boundary to their identity. A mean may work in the CIA for twenty years and never perfcuin the role his title suggests he is performing. Two men may work side by side in the same office for ten years and never learn the other's real work, or to the contrary may know the work intimately but not have a clue on what it is designed to cover. A man's wife may only guess at his real activi- ties. Old nioles who have been , as- suining it was }lughes \.ho jut died and :rte one of his ---more than one-legendary duubl a) . He is Pt once the principle of total invisibility in, pi-j1);:: iii:' and at gargJwie out of The Day of the Loctt_'.:Ve think fondly of voting }/ugh s, his racing planes. heed his movies: Scarf ace. The Front I'ctge, and Hell's Atl,:els; his stars: George Raft, Jean Marlow, 13oh Mitchum. Jun- Russell; and then we read of the old pink- who abhors b ct_ria as Draculs fears the cross. llugfres kept his last tr.?ife. movie actress fears Peters, on a yo-yo string. lie would disappear for long stretches and send her end s:r,-ir g but false mes- sages.. In 1965, he promised to Jce: fh_Jrksgii in,; dinner with her. But because of his =ear of germs. he told her to sit hens the room jrein Frith. She walked o:a in ct huff. - The followit year, 1w c>fa.a::i d her to join hint in Boston where lie promised :,trey would setae dot-.n. But ai!abi. he kept her at e:rvss-the-room c!istance. She gilt tip with it for !/tree :?,?s. -Jack A'!d.:rs_n, May 23. 1974 Since secrecy was his antiseptic, the media are often tempted to portray his venture, ;:: ah_urd. The story of the 5350-million CIA con:ract t,_r the Glomar Explorer came out in time press as a- and peculiar sum. for the CIA to pay Hughes to dcsi,n a boat that could "retrieve military codes and nuclear warheads from a Soviet submarine sunk three miles deep in the Pacific .. . [especially] since the codes were outdated and the value of the other information was negligible."3 Of course, the Soviet submarine ?night only have been the cover. Maybe, it was wiser to assume the CIA had grown concerned with finding a new source of minerals to compete with Third World cartels. They could have "awarded l lughes the $350 million to develop an advanced technology for underwater mininc thereby giving Hughes a he d start toward a bonanza with more potential than oil. ..."1 The Gloinar bonanza could leave 1-lughes, by some counts already the wealthiest moan in the world, an order of magnitude wealthier. But then for two decades 11ughes must have been ~utfcring something like the psychosis of a heavyweight din llpion. ( I?very heavyweight champion has to be a fraction insane since he cannot know if he is the greatest fif*-hte r alive or if some unseen mmniac of the martial arts is see:tiny, ready t,) destroy him in an alley.) So ilughes had to tsonckr whether he was making history or was only a servant of the history the CIA might be 3/!ou'ard Kohn. ".(ranee hrdfcllnn_s-77rt' flu, hrs-Nixon- l artsky C'o:nre'ctiorr." Rolling Stone'. 4"Su'onge lfc?d f, /lots s. ' making through hint. Ifc could not know, and no one looking on from the outside could know, how much of the CIA was part of his operation or how much of his oper- ation was directed by the CIA- Indeed, was there even a live man named Hughes at the center of it all, or was there a Special Committee'?` Sutlice it that whatever entity was comprised by his namnc, Hughes had properties. Since we don't know v.-hat we are dealing With, let us designate it HUGHES. HUGHI:s's corporations earned more than half a billion dollars a year from government contracts alone and 32 such contracts were with the CIA. That was the largest number held by any corporate entity with the Company. Time fortified such figures: "During the past ten years Hughes Aircraft. which relies a1ni st exclusively on Government work. has wen nearly S6 billion in Gov- ernment contracts.. . . Then: was also about 6 billion dollars more in secret contracts v,-ith the CIA over ibis period. . . . Asserts one former Pentagon official, 'Their interests are completely m rged.' ' 6 So, FtUGrn-s, whoever HUGHES was, might begin to look like the pope of Avi- gnon to any director of the CIA. If an enclave needed funds for a special caper, who was better than IiUGI Es to fund it? tlt;GifEES was Daddy % arbueks to the CIA. HUGHES owned half of Las \regas. HUGHES. by tray of various intermediaries, had absorbed it from Meyer Lan- sky. Since the CIA already had as ociatious with Lansky. easily as old as their mutual attempts to assassinate Castro. the Company could now, by way of IVUGrtES and Las Vegas, enter into another majestic interface with the IMtafia, that is, x,. ith half the labor unions of America, and nearly all of the entertainment industries, the construction industries. the hil,hway, travel, and tourist industries, not to speak of the more celebrated nonlegal industries like prostitution, porno, narcotics. and-the finest operation yet discovered for launder ina huge sums of money and evading the IRS- ambling. (if the Mafia had detested the very mood and atmosphere of gambling casinos, it would still have been c'hiil*ed to gel into the business for the legerdemain it offered to heavy sums) In turn, the high- potential money in the CIA would want to discharge into the great sea of Syndicate wealth. There the take- voices fill in awe-came to S50 billion a )-car, and that ,was twice General Motors' if only half the size of the defense budget. CIA officials asked ,Hallett to enlist Syndicate melt for the Castro murderer . . . and authorized hint to pay 5150,000 for the hit. .1laheu tohl the Church committee lie hesitated initially because he feared the project niiglit interfere with his work, for Howard Iluglres, who also had retained Aftiheu's: sert-ices. But ,tk:liere said he agreed to the assigiimetlt after informing Hughes of the murder plat-and, according to one source, gaining the billionaire's approval. For the project Milieu called ors John Koselli, Sain Gienr- catia and Santo 7 rafjicanIte.7 c7'I:e holy &'J. Ihc? lJii ! es it /to died in April of this year hod its fit:tterlrri::ts thecke'd "against rellu ue? /lug!trs prints of file with the Fit1 in II'a~!,i::!;tort. It 'l'ime stns clu?er- fully (April 19. 19:6), "llughes, all rill/it." Of course tlnit as- sumes no one in :hills of identification has l'ee'r been able to sit':tch a set of prints. 6i'imc also say,: "Not until 1971 slid t11ts IltS sub it-c: the Might's hohlitrl;s :u an octrull audit; the rrsstlts of !lent audit have ht'eti kept .'c?rref." T'Strange Re?d/e?llo, s." Ili excerpt, out of respe'c't for the sc,:trcc?s ptrrtrtutrriatt, Ilttghes 11411 appear in !on?ercuse. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 an es-FBI agent on special retainer to the CIA since 1954, as a man of variety and dimension, a veritable fixer, but such words do not elucidate the physics implicit in his personal forces. Rather, Maheu is known in Intelligence as a "pivotal" figure-the roads go through his -tollbooth. We will learn for instance from the Pike committee that pornographic movies were sometimes made with CIA funds to blackmail people and "one of these was titled 'happy Days' with Mr. Robert Maheu as casting director, make-up man. cameraman and director." The detail is cited not to offer us the opportunity to rise in moral height above Maheu so much as to loosen our imagination. He was also for a time the most visible ttuGitr-.s representa- tive in public life. "You are me to the outside world," reads one memo to Mrtaheu.8 "Go see Nixon as my special confidential emissary," says another in the spring of '68. "A Republican victory this year . . could be realized under our sponsorship and supervision every inch of the way.-9 ttuct-ins even had a S600.000 French colonial mansion built for Maheu on the Desert Inn grounds. The first time lie entertained for lunch the casino managers ... Alalreu tapped his water glass for atten- tion. Then, to the astonislinrent of his Las Vegas col- leagues, Robert Alalrett said grace.i? "O'Brien and A?laheu are longtime friends from the Boston area.... During the Kennedy administration there apparently eras continuous liaison betn'een O'Brien and Maheu." ? -]Memo from John Dean to 11. R. Haldeman, January 26, 1971.11 There was, of course, the delicate ratter that Hughes warded to hire ine but didn't grant to meet inc face to face. 1%fcrheu raised the issue-he said that was simply Ilughes's style of operation, direr lie, ltlalretc, had worked for the man for years, and was his chief executive officer, but had never met him. -Larry O'Brien, No Final Victories After Hubert Humphrey's defeat in 196S, Larry O'Brien was relatively at liberty. The new administration might be Republican, but O'Brien had not worked as postmaster general and chairman of the Democratic National Com- mittee nor managed the presidential campaigns of Ken- nedy, Johnson, and Humphrey for too little. Nobody had more contacts in Washington than Larry O'Brien. From early in 1968 on, even as Maheu was being confiden- tial emissary to Nixon. so was he also being instructed to hire O'Brien as HUGHES'S Washington representative; but it was only in October, 1969, after a stretch for O'Brien on Wall Street, that the consulting firm O'Brien Asso- ciates was formed and given a HUGHES contract at $15,000 a month. The arrangement, however, soon faced complications. By late 1970, HUGH-iES had decided to re- place Maheu with Intertel. Although this is not widely known, an increasing number of big corporations in recent years have either established private intelligence units or hired intelligence consultants from the CIA, the F131, the DIA, the /ntcrial Security Division of the Justice Department, the Treasury, the Secret Service, or the Internal Revenue Service. The purpose is, basically, to protect a corporation's own secrets or acquire other corporations' secrets in the ever-competitive business world. A whole underworld of corporate intelligence has thus developed. Several organizations in the United States openly offer corporate intelligence services. The most impor- tant is Intertel... . -Tad Szulc, Compulsive Spy It could be said that inter.,_l had better CIA conned- Lions than Maheu. In fact, they were socially superior. RDavid 7'inniu, lust About Everybody vs. I te,ward I lughes_ "Ibid. ivlbidl. tt/ Anthony Lukas, Nightmare-Thu Underside of the Nixon Years. Intertel's owner was James Crosby, good friend and host of Rebozo and Nixon. Crosby was also the chairman of Resorts International, an immense gambling--and-tourist complex in the Bahamas which (with many a camou- flage) had been taken over from Meyer Lansky by the CIA. (Brave men grow bold in the Caribbean and gentle- men turn into pirates.) Resorts International came right out.of the Crosby Miller Corporation, in which a controlling iii Brest had been acquired in 1955 by Mary Carter Paint, a corporation originally gotten up by Allen .Dulles and Thomas E. Dewey. If the CIA hierarchy had icons analogous to the May- flower. They were Allen Dulles, Thomas E. Dewey, and _ By such cachet James the Mary Carter I'aint Company Crosby of Intertel was to iMaheu's CIA pornies and as- sassination capers as Louisburg Square to Scollay Square. In addition, Intertel may also have been in position to offer iiUGt3ES the Glomar Explorer contract if he would take them on. That meant letting M di-tu go. Since Maheu knew a lot about ttuGttES, it was a big payment for a real peril. The changcover,in 1970 was accomelished with the max- imum of mystery. The man, Hughes, six feet four inches, reported to weigh 97 pounds and. by a Las Vegas doctor's report, next to death, gave over his authority to Alaheu's most determined enemies with a proxy which enabled. these enemies to bring Intertel's security force into the casinos and drive out Mlaheu's-'iroops, a dramatic night for Las Vegas, whose citizens v: ere learning about this time that a tall thin man, claimed by his proxy-holders to be Upward Hughes, had beet smuggled Out of Lis sa teary-in the penthouse of the Desert Inn and b_en flown to the Bahamas (even thou h `le was next to death and swore he would never fly again). 1'hcrc were some, among them, who offered the mordant suspicion that HUGHES was now a karmic transplant, but then there were others who had been suppo;ing the same sin.:c 1953, when the man. Hughes. stopped seeing :: iyone eat :: few Hughes Too! Company executive,. andjor his rotating male nurse-secretaries (five) , who recces:;-dl all n assagc 3 for him. Maybe. by the time of the move to time Itahanas,. taunt-IES was going into his seco:id karmic trauup m ; maybe i-iumwS was now a comp u!Er not unrelated :o OCTOPUS at Le {ley. But such speculations take its too fast down the streem_ Let us keep to what we may suppose we kno:i_ It seems clear that t.iuGH-HEs, now divested of Maheu. W0110 not necessarily want to keep Maheu's friend in his ernploy_ Of course, dropping O'Brien would hardly be fail-safe_ It was not corn Fort able to estinvmte how much O'Brien had learned about the CIA from \l:iheu (if for that raat- ter O'Brien had had a great deal to learn about the CIA). 1i? f~o let t s y r5r S" ;ya Ttl 1't:~\Sti.... '"?Cl\l-fill were made. Sometime after ln:ertel to,'* seer fry:lr Maheu. nuct?tts replaced O'i;ri?.n .4"ich tk>a l cnn_... The son of Senator \t'alface lietlil ?t (R). from Utah. )tot- n- nett was a churchgoing Mrmoii: in fact, he wm par_ of the three-man bishopric of the Church of Jesus Christ of Lauder-Dad Saina in Arlin :non. \-irg;inia. a detail of humus interest until it is fortilicd '.. itil the. Li wfd-c!`e that a large: number of ticGtitis aides, itssistants. and top Cteeu-- lives were \lor'rno:ls: indl2ecl, \lahcu's most devoted enemies in HUGHES were Mormons. \\?e night wonder hew: such religious fellows would comport i11.-msz1vcs in V ~!:ts, but there is always it tenden,:v to uncleriate t`te sects W.z know least. It seems, constlting the lincyclopoeelia 13ri- 7 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R001J-100390002-3 tcrrrnica, that a secret Nlormon soei ty called the Dc n;tez was organized for Joseph Smith in October, I,Y-ii. ~'hec had "the avowed purpost: of su t. o pl. orn~ Smith at ,it tiaz- ards, of upholding the authority of is revelation and c1;: crees as superior to the la -iv of the land,.and of 1leipin,r him to get possession, first of the scats, then of the Urti d States, and ultita:uely of the: w(,r!:!. ~i e. It would be an inve;tiuator', pleasure to now r:;?,?e>I that there is a modern-day D:-lice enclave in t!t; CIA reaching out to the Danite in itt.?GmIFS, brit we shall h:! to content oai..fries with the oral: \Iorrron we hav`_. Bob Bennett---tld his relations to Chuck Colson an Howard Hunt. Bennett had been a director Of congressional rclatL-a; at the Department of Ti-ansp )rtaUOn to wit, a I?u.ti:~-re- lations man and lobbvtst. Needless to s:r), both ari' did positions for a mole. in addition, any work liens ett could find concerning highway construction ini !tt bring hiii , if he chce,e. close to the Mafia; he vas thereby twi,e- connected to voyage out from his one third of a i:i:hop:ie. Since he had also been friends With Chuck Coon sine;: 1965, and lately of quiet service as the White 1lotise contact (that is, informer) in the Department of Trans- portation. Bennett was on his way to being his own pivotal figure. Consequently, he was in a position to try to do a favor for -iecttta. The good deed (seeking to divert the dumping of nerve ,as from the Bahamas ocean floor-'a way of protecting future HUGHES investments in the Bahamas) could not be accomplished, but Bennett left at good impression and was hired by his fellow Mormons. Then "Colson called Bennett to say that Robert Mullen wanted to sell his company. Colson urged Bennett to buy the company and said he ;'could help hint find clients."12 Bennett bought into Mullen & Company, and in one month rose from executive vice-president to president; after nine months he concpletcd the purchase. !:artier than this, sometime "durin,; his first months with the company ... Robert Mullen told hi-nn about the company's relation with the CIA. "13 This small accoant of a purchase is invaluable for What it teaches of how to detect a cover story b}? the incriminat- ing anemia of its narrative. for it asks us to tolerate the idea that a useful CIA front was sold to a non-CIA man who was then kindly informed of the CIA's relation to the company he bought: in return for such courtesy, he proceeded without ado to labor for the agency. Since Ben- nett will labor Ion,, hour::, it is comfortable to suspect he has been with tiee CIA before we have met him. It is it., the political agent's interest to betray all the parties u'Jtu use hint and to work for theist all at the same litre, so tlrw he time ,,covc freely and penetrate ererv'n'herc. -Gal tier-lloissiercl4 Mullen & Compattt? since May. 1970, a little better than six months. b:fore l:ennett has arrived, and accord- ing to his account, he is furious With Mullen because Bennett carte as a surprise. "Tile switch was as unex- pected as it sync unwelc:,::te."15 hunt had seen himself as eventually taking over Mullen F: Company. Accord- ingly we ;Ire e r.t:ourast el h~ hi-5 account to believe hoot moved over to the White llenr-ee cwt of disgust With his situation at Mullen & Conii,,uty rather than as part of 12\'itthtm:ne'. 1'lbid. tali. !tun etrd l tt:nl, 'file it. rlin t r. !inn; (c'pi,!ruphl. I l:. Howard hunt. t,!ndercOVer. a more or less erchestrated plan to bring Bennett and Hunt nearer to the adrnini-tration. It was, in any case, not a shift that way difficult to make, for Hunt was also a friend of Cohon's. 'Il;ey had met at the Brown Univer- sity Club of \V;nltingtun in 1966. Later, Colson became president ::f the club and l itna, vice-president. They met frequently for lunch all through 1969 and 1970, and at one time Colon even thought enough of I-lout to try to make him director of a conservative think-tank, the institute for Informed America, which would provide intellectual opposition to the Brookings Institution. The scheme lapsed (since hunt frightened off Jeb Magruder by a proposal to use the think-tank for covert action). but now that Hunt was working for Colson in the Plumbers and Colson was also friends with Bennett, maybe Colson could be forgiven for thinking the pros- pects seemed fair for a happy family. As early as the beginning of 1971, he even sent a confidential memo to all aide of Agnew's: "Bub is a trusted loyalist and a good fl?ieml. We in- tend to use him on a variety of outside projects. One of !Bob's (new) clients is Howard hHulghes. I art sure I need not explain the political implications of having Hughes' affairs handled here in IVuohington by a close friend.... Bob Bennett tells the that he has never inet the Vice President, and that it would en- hance his position greatly if eve could find all ap- propriate occasion for him to conic in and spend a little lime talking with the Vice !'resident. The important thing from our standpoint is to entrance Bennett's position with Hughes because Bennett gives its real access to a sort of power that can be valuable, and it's,ii: our interest. to build him tip." --Compulsive Spy It is enough to remind its of Tolstoy's opening sentence ,in Anna Karenina: "Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way." Colson's gang, we know in advance, will be unique. - But we can get a look into how closely Hunt is work- ing with Bennett. A couple of years later, it was found out by way of the minority staff of the Ervin committee that Bennett "suggested to Hunt that Jiank Greenspan, publisher of the Las Vegas Sun. had material in his safe that Would he of interest to both Hughes and the Com- mittee for the Re-election of the President," and l3ennett also arranged "a Hunt interview with Clifton D.motte (about] the episode: at Ch appaquiddick.... Purthcrrnore ... Bennett learned of [Dita Beard's] whereabouts from a ,hiughes Tool Company executive ... jandi acted as an intermediary between Howard Ifont and Gordon Liddy ..."tr, after the Watergate break-in. This encourages the minority stall to the following conclusions: (I) While Hunt ryas at the White Horr.,e on Charles Colson's payroll, 1.telnreit was, at leas, suggesting and coordinating many of hunt's activities; (2) Ben- nett obviously enjoyed a close and ccrt/iderttiul rela- tionship with some of lloivard Ilugl:e.s' top people at a time when they were fturrnisltinr; cover for the CIA; and (3) Bennett was acting as a go-between between Hunt and Liddy immediately after the IValergate break-in, and during all of these activities lie was ttuloubledly reporting periodically to the CIA case officer. --At That Point in Time We are even offered a bona fide side-bar. Ali inquiry canoe in from tiust-EES. The Mormons (we may as well assume it is specifically the Mormons) v.'anted to know "the cost of bugging the home cif Clifford Irving at the time he was writing the spurious Iloward I1ue,hes biog- raphy. hunt gut an estimate front James McCord and reported back to Bennett." '1?lte project proved to be too expensive, but itucitrs, whether the man or the karmic transplant, announced by way of a telephone interview with seven reporters that he had suspicions about they origins of the hoax. "To assume that it's all an accident certainly takes a lot of assuming." It scents Ituatlta had decided the genius behind Cliliord Irviiig was Maltcu. Dare we say that every unhappy family is happy in its own way? I'lred l). 'l iinitp=ore,At fiat Point in 'Finie.The urttliar iru.c Thiel rnitrvity c?uunsel for the l:rein c(iti till if lee. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 i'1i Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 111 Jan In an ironic twist, the White House's high priest of snoopery, Charles Colson, was himself bugged recently as he tittered some of the Watergate scan- dal's most indiscreet confessions. Colson, when he was the top White 1-louse hatchet man, was fond of flipping a switch and tape-record- ing friends and enemies alike. A Jew days before he went to prison for obstructing justice, however, he was secretly recorded as he bared his soul to Wash- ington businessman and sometime private eye Rich- ard Bast.... Beside Bast's swimming pool, whose fountain made background water music over a "mike" secreted among poolside flowers, the two men discussed how Nixon could rid himself of CIA and military spying on the White [louse. -Jack Anderson, July 15, 1974 selves until now with the illusion that we are pursuing a narrative, or hovering over a picture that will soon come to focus, we may as well recognize that we can count, at best, on no more than a glimpse of a narrative- enough perhaps to give us hope this is a narrative which exists and not a chaos. But it is a curious endeavor. The best details often lead nowhere. Nixon, for example, re- ceived campaign contributions in 1972 which were as Large as $2 million from W. Clement Stone and $1 million from Richard Mellon Scaife of Pittsburgh. Nonetheless, the Nixon administration reacted with excessive anxiety to the disclosure of a gift of $100,000 in 1970 from HUGHES byway of Richard Danner to Bebe Rebozo; in fact Nixon fired Archibald Cox only two days after he had indicated to Elliot Richardson how displeased he was about Cox's zealous investigation of Rebozo. The break-in at Watergate was even explained in some scenar- ios as the measure of Nixon's need to know how much -O'Brien knew about rtuGHrs's gift.'? It made no sense. Rebozo had an explanation which was legally impeccable. Ile told investigators that he was worried about the "ap- pearance" of the gift and so (lid not give it to the presi- dent but put it in his own safe-deposit box, and later, in June, 1973, sent it back to tit;cites. One did not have to believe the story, but in the absence of evidence that the cash had been passed, why did Nixon react so powerfully? "They intist certainly knon' somiething very beat's on Nixon," commented !fast. .. . Colson . . . replied, "They must." "I mean, if he knows this stuff is going on and lees not doing anything about it . , ." began Bast. "You know ,:'hat I shrink?" irrlerrupted Colson. ")'oit want to knoit, t:'hc! I 'really think? . .. Pin loyal to the lot; (Nixon) 'cis:r,c he's lit; friend .. . I think Pelt(, used 1/,a! (5I0'?G`h~) for Innrself and for the !'resident, for Ike Jrruai!v, and the girls. I tliirtk that the 1'r-e.:iekn! figures--!Isis is my worst :;ttspic?io-- -that if he really blows !iris. llirg/ins cur; blow the )Thistle on him." .. . .. Bust eket! n?lretlrer the only thing the CIA had /tw-gimg or'i-r A'ixott's lurid the S10?.(i00. Replied Culson miur((-ly: "Who knows that that's the only $IU01,00)?" -Jack Anderson, July 15, 1974 It is a fascinating detail. It is just that nothing comes of it. We still duri.t know if it is ukc only S100.01010 or no more than the tail of the engine left in the trap. Since much that we examine will appear, then to nt-I to dis- appear, it is nice to think there is something iridescent about a view seen for an instant in the fog. Perhaps it is the effect of such glimpses to leave its with an afterimage. On rz-ffection, Nixon's reaction to the S100,000 does not have to be political. Even a political man is entitled to it private emotion. Fighting the attack on Rebor_o. Nixon could be expressing the outrage lie iAr at attacks against himself. Or, maybe the gift just gave him an uneasy feeling from the moment it \,ias proposed. Of course, the hard chancre of an inflamed in-hou+e scan- dal could also have been sitting beneath the money. We simply do not know to which corner the mouse has gone. wi: ' -.? tiE NATURE OF Trla il!FFICULTi- begins to disclose ):self. We cannot house an explanation because we do not know , hich of our facts are br ic'; and which are pirp!er-macfle paned to look hiss; once;. We can only watch the way the bricks are hsndled. It is painful, nonetheless, to relinquish one's hope for a narrative, to admit that study of the CIA may not lead to the exposure of facts so niedi as to the epistemology of facts. We will not get the goods so quickly as we will learn how to construct a meld.! i?. hich v. ill t-c11 t*.s t? h we cannot get the goods. Of course. that Neil' never be enough-willy-nilly. the habit 's iC' persist to look for a- new narrative (and damn the [)ziper-macho i)rtcks). In the meantime, however.:; short course: - Epistemological Model 1: If half the pieces in a ji sa'.F puzzle ore , ssiae, the likelihood is that something can still he 1-it to-c:her. Despite its gaps. the picture n:a be more or less visible. Even if most of the pieces are v one, a loose mos:iic call be arranged of isolated elenl nts. The po.sihility of the real picture being glimpsed under such circumstances is small but not :ilto,tether lost." It is just that one would like to know if the few pieces left belong to the same set." Epistemological :Model I I : Maybe it is the splinters of it mirror rather than the scattered pieces of a jigsaw puzzle that provide a su- perior ground for the metaphor. We are dealing not with reality, after all, but that image of reality which reaches the surface through the cracked looking glass of the media. Epistemological Model III: What is most crucial is that we do not forget that we are interpreting curious actions. Men who seem to be ;honest are offering cover. We are obliged to remind our- selves that a life lived under cover produces a chronic state of mind in the actor which is not unlike those peculiar moments when staring in the mirror too long we come to recognize that the face looking back at us must-inescapably-be our own. Yet it is not. Our vicis- situdes (but not our souls) stand revealed in the mirror; or, given another day, and another )mirror, there we are, feeling wretched, looking splendid. Epistemological Model IV: Doubtless time difficulty is analogous to writing. a poem with nothing but names, numbers, facts, conjecture. gossip, trial balloons, leaks, and other assorted pieces of 17Tlrct would ussturie it was u?Orth $250,000 to CI'f.lil' to I9f this it-fiat Robert Ionise'!:e'irh,'rg is tip lo? find out it little inure al nut $100,01X) Approved or Release 2001/08/08: CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 -Approved For-Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002 3----- prose. For example: When the interviewed him in my office on Decem- ber 10, 1973, he struck all of its as a highly intelligent, highly motivated person. . .. Finally 1 asked him, "Mr. Martinez, if in fact you were a CIA plant on the Watergate team and were reporting back to the Agency, would you tell us?" He broke into a broad smile, looked around the room, and laughed. He never answered the question; no answer was neces- sary. -Al That Point in Time Let us go back to the facts, to the false facts, distorted facts, concealed facts, empty facts, secretly rich facts, and unverifiable speculations of our narrative. In this connection, nothing we have read about Gordon Liddy explains his long silence in jail so well as the supposition that he is an agent of real caliber. Of his biography we know he was in the FBI in the early sixties. an assistant district attorney in Dutchess County, ran for Congress on-the Conservative party ticket, and got a jolt with the Treasury Department high up in a Customs Bureau drug campaign called Operation Intercept. It was not a position to leave him alien to such intimacies of the CIA, the Mafia, and the flow of profits in the drug trade. Liddy came to the White House to work for Egil Krogh. who was trying to organize the' Nixon administration's war on drugs with a projected team of CIA men, FBI men, narcs, and private detectives, an undertaking some would see darkly as a most ambitious cover for Nixon's real intent, which was to commence his own Intelligence on a competitive level with the CIA and the FBI--in other words, his unspoken follow-up to the Huston Plan. It is worth mentioning that during this period, Liddy wrote a memo for Nixon in criticism of the FBI, which Nixon described to Krogh as "the most brilliant memo- randum" to come his way "in a long time."20 It is with this background shpt Liddy comes to CREEP. There is nothing in ihese details to suggest he could not be a career agent. we read of how he burns his hand in a flame to impress a girl and threatens to kill Magruder if Jeb touches him on the shoulder again. John Dean describes to us how Liddy offers to commit suicide if that will protect the administration. Liddy offers a lecture on how to kill a man with a finely sharpened pencil. There is nothing in these details to sugest lie could not be a career agent. "The master who instructed n:e in the deadliest of the Oriental martial arts taught tyre that the outcome of a battle is decided in the minds of the opponents before the first blow is struck." ----C. Gordon Liddy''-t ,,i"' i%c4t g 1IAVK TI1E I(A1IIT TO LOOK on the Watergate burglars as ignorant Cubans led by clowns. Being scorned as ridiculous is, of course, a cover in itself; !lie CIA c?r:n count on such a disguise heinupro- vided by the wire scrvic-es, Sit:Iple declarative: sentences make curious actions appear rii.ttonraticalhi ab~:urd. Under exainination. tie burglars look better. Gonzales had been a body u:ud for and fought in the fitly. of Pigs. Martinet had been .: CIA moat ctpt:tin and grade 354 illegal runs to Cuba:. t; w.a member c.rf Itati~i:r's 2077nse details arc givers in a forthcoinirrg book impressively researched by Edward Jay Epstein, An American Coup D'Etat (1'utncnn's). ?'As gtioteil iii T\'i; htrnarc. secret police, and an FBI contact in Cuba. then an in- former against Castro. By Hunt's own descriptio+t, Barker became his "principal a;sist.utt" during the Ray of Pips. and Hunt was chief of holit:cal action. The fourth Cuban happens to be Ialian-Frank Sturgis, an cx-niarine born Frank Angelo Fiorini. lie served with Castro in the Sierra i%,laestra-and would later claim he was already an agent for the Company. In any case, he was good enough to be working as Fidel's personal super- visor in the Havana casinos until the day gambling was .eliminated. Then Sturgis decided to defect. To the Mafia and to the CIA. (Or is it simpler to say the-Mafia wing of the CIA?) It is a no! inconsiderable defection. Before the flay of Pigs, Sturgis would act a~ contact for Santo Traflicante, who with its son Santo Jr. "controlled much of Havana's tourist industry." and was alleged to have received "bulk shipments of heroin from Europe and forward them through Florida to New i'ork.' During this period. ': turg~s joined a CIA unit called Oper- ation Forty, which laid beer, set up to kill Castro and a number of important Fidelistas. Involved in this training were Traflicante arid v_ How: rd I runt 23 Frank Sturgis,24 and Robert Maheu. Maheu and Sturgis must have been reasonably well inet, since Sturgis is still pivotal enough. eleven years later to be chatting with lack Anderson in the lobby of Washington National Airport on the morn- ing he arrives from iviiami with Barker, Martinez, and Gonzales for the last break-in at Watergate, but then it would be difficult to name an investigative reporter in America more pivotal than Anderson. "I don't know if I told you before," Sturgis wrote to his wife [while in jail), "but Wiliiam F. Buckley tised to work for CIA and I don't know if he still does. When he found out that Howard (Hunt) was going to work in the White House, lie told Howard it was good that lie could be so close to the President but Howard told hirer that he was there to take orders and not to influence anyone. That was a good an- swer!" . .. Buckley frankly admitted he was a "deep cover agent" for the CIA from July, 1951, to March, 1952, but said he had not worked for them since. -Jack Anderson, September 18, 1973 It was apparent from the documents that in Novem- ber 1971, a month after he took part in the Fielding break-in, Martinez mentioned his association with Hunt to his case officer who, in turn, took Martinez to the CIA's chief of station in Miami. We immediately requested that the chief of station be brought from Florida for an interview. The chief, a heavyset man who appeared rather nervous, told us that in March 1972, Martinez had asked him if lie "really knew all about the Agency activities in the Miami area." Martinez had dropped hints about Hunt's activities; the chief said, which had concerned him so much that he wrote a letter to CIA head- quarters inquiring about Hunt's status. The answer, the were told, was that the chief should "coot it" and not concern himself with Hunt's affairs. -At That Point in Time One does better not to rely on that comfortable picture we have of J. Howard Hunt to an unhinged undercover man in-a wild red wig impotently badgering Dita Beard on her hospital bed-the wig may have been chosen to make hire startling to a fearful woman. By the rank of the posts he occupied in his career, it is obvious that Hunt, for a long, time at least, was well regarded in the agency. For that matter, he has so many credentials we can wonder how close he came in his own 22Alfr?ed It'. McCoy, et a!.,The. Politics of 11croin in South- east Asia. 23"Strarrgee Rcel/eltuua." 2aIn lin.r Group in the fall of 1971. Such it probability hardly diminishes the hypothesis that Liddy is an agent of stature. (in fact, the November Group will even be given a cii!tion daaxrs by CREEP before the famous April 7 deadline for campaign contri- butions. \'Vhik the m,i:,rity of this is ostensibly- for the November Group 's sta:ed purp:ice, which . is advertising. not espionage, the figure is no:ieth ess interesting It is equal to the sure Liddy tried to get for Gemstone.) At any rate, we are left with the following additions: (1) The Democrats were well aware of the November Group and the possibility that their- oaices would soon be bugged. (2) British and Canadian lntellige;ice can now be added to the soup. Let fps think of them as herbs. (3) Maybe the Demcwrats were putting in the garlic. Haddad "sent his entire file to Jack- Anderson in April 1972" and now "could not remember what was in it. In fact, Haddad said, he sent material to_ Anderson twice-, but ,hart kept no copies." Jack Anderson "had acknowl- edged receipt 'of the material from Haddad concerning plans for the break-in, but he. said he had since lost the Fill, and the FBI had unknown men working for it in the CIA. We whist assume both had agents in the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, the IRS, the National Security Council. the 40 Committee, the Atomic Energy Commission, the Special Operations Division, Naval Intelligence, Air Force Intelligence, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency; the Council on Foreign Relations, trucltrs, plus a number of private intelligence companies whose work extended from military-industrial security to private detectives' offices. In turn. these companies, bureaus, groups, and agencies had to the best of their ability infil- trated the CIA and the 1'131. Since the CIA, the FBI, and other major intelligence also had had their authority infiltrated by their own unknown enclaves, it is, in certain circumstances, meaningless to speak of the CIA as a way of differentiating; it from the AIA, the Dl,\, the NSC. Hutit-tee, or the SOD--let us use the initials CIA there- fore like a mathematical symbol which will, depending on the context its which it is employed, usually oiler specific reference to it CIA Iocate.i physically in Langley, Virginia, with near to 15.000 crnhloyees, understan:ling that under other circumstances CI:\ may be nil snore than it general 29At That point in Time. locus signifying an unknown factor whose function is intelligence and whose field is the invisible government. Students of Einstein's work on tensor calculus may find it comfortable to deal with these Varieties of unknowns. In the world of social theory, however, we are at the point where a special and general theory of relative identity in social relations would be of inestimable use since the only situation for which there can he no cover is anguish, and the operation of the twentieth ccinturv may be to alienate us from that emotion in preparation for the ultimate de- struction of the human soul as opposed to the oncoming hegemony of the technological, person. ( i M-r;W' 1`'; ENEt ALLY, HIS ENEMIES AND friends agreed that Nixon was a foot not to destroy the tapes. They may not have understood the depth of the pot in which he was boiling. There was reason to be- lieve there were copies of the tapes. If Butterfield would reveal their existence, he could be an agent ? if one agent was near those tapes, then more than one; what reason to assume duplicates of the damaging tapes were not being systematically prepared all the while he was being set up? Impeachment was certain if he burned the evidence and a copy appeared.. "You do not understand. This man stood at the thresh- old of his own idea of greatness. He was going to write the peace with Communism. Ile was going to be inh- mortal. Now, as he loses respect, it is slipping away from him inch by inch." Kissinger smiles sadly over his salad. Across the city, the Ervin committee is holding a hear- ing in the hot summer afternoon. "People criticize Nixon for being irresolute about Watergate. \Vhy does he not confess what is wrong and end it? they ask. They do not understand that he cannot make a move be- cause he is not in possession of all the facts. He does not know what is going to happen next. He does not know what is going to break upon him next." Kissinger sighs. "Nobody will ever know how close that man was to get- ting the foreign situation he wanted." Nixon is not only it Shakespearean protagonist in the hour of his downfall, but Macbeth believing that Birnam Wood will never come to Dunsinane. Of course, he is as appealing in his travail as Ronald Reagan might be play- ing Lear, but the echo nonetheless of a vast anguish comes back-who else has known such anguish and man- aged to live in the American world? Birnam Wood will come back to Dunsinane as the tapes one by one get to be taken. Epistemological Model V: "Sometimes," said the wise observer, "I think of that story of Howard Hughes being so fearful of bacteria that he kept Jean Peters across the room from hire, and then I think, what if the fear of bacteria is the cover, and the double dare not get too close to Jcan Peters?" Epistemological Model VI: There is hardly an episode in Watergate which was not presented to us in a way that snakes it seem more stupid than it ought to have been. Or, is it closer to say that what we hope to perceive is more brilliant than the level at which we have been encouraged to perceive it? Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 -?-Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3---" facts and the report I was given. --No Final' Victories \"L7. ; TAPES, FOR EXAMPLE,. IF A TAPE can be made, a copy can be made. Until we brood upon the matter, it is natural to assume the copy is equal to the original. We do not stop to think that the poor tapes we .thought were the originals could in fact have been infe- rior copies. The remarkably bad quality of the tapes might have been produced by design. There are advantages to a tape which can hardly be heard: The affair is downgraded, and seems less sinister. No cover is more comfortable to a clandestine operation than the appearance of ineffectu- ality. Let us remind ourselves of how inept the Secret Service seemed in its taping operation. Possessing all that White House power, all those funds'. all that avail- able electronic equipment-yet the product sounds like it was recorded in the glove compartment of a moving car. Admittedly, there were technical difficulties to the taping, but the product still seems inadequate. Nixon must have suffered another turn of the screw. Since he cannot know if the tapes he hears are the unique, original, and only tapes, or a debased copy prepared by his enemies, he can- not even be certain r?.hether it is a trap to encourage him to take advantage of the garbled sound and rephrase the transcripts in his favor. He takes the plunge. But his emendations are discovered later by the House Judiciary Committee. A corrected transcript is presented to America. How can Nixon not wonder whether somebody sub- stituted a subtly clearer version of the tapes to John boar's staff? All the while, Nixon has to confront another question. If he evades every snare, pit, impressment, and delusion, if he even manages to work his \ti?ay through the Senate to the edge of being declared not guilty in the impeach- ment, ]low can he be certain that in the last minute after the very last of all these abominably unexpected breaches in his cover-up, the missing eighteen minutes will still not appear? Then he can envision how America will spank the horse, and he will twist forever in the wind. cr SIB In crin 1ng y I received a telephone call front L. Patrick Gray, t h;' Acting Director of the FBI-a mart I had never ntct. Gray told inc he was disturbed by reports suggesting the Fljl was not conducting a thor ouglr investigation. "That is simply not true," Gray told me. "! assure you this ratifier will be purstted wherever it leads. regardless of icy position in the Administration. Let the r/lips fall where they may." I told Gray I appre- ciated his call, and lie concluded our tall: ivit/r an unexpected continent: ".Mr. O'Brien, we Irish Cath- olics must stick together." On fitly 7, fulloiviii Gray's e?cif!, I was visited by two Secret Scr1?ice agents.... They told inc they had beets instruclc?il to report to me t/tat the FBI's ex- Itatistive e.vaiiiination of the National Committee of- fices had m:c?o:`ered no telephone bugs or outer elcc- tronic devices;--that "tlie ptacc was found to be cleat:." I accep!ed their report wit/rout question. I keen' the Flt] het.-.l lore the place apart--removing ceiling panels. dismanlling radiators, amid the like- and if they said there were no bugs. then I assumed there were no bags. Later cride,rce, of course, re- vealed that bugs had bran placed on my phone and that of Spencer Oliver, Executive Director of the Association of State Dcntocratic Chairmen.. To this day I cannot explain flit discrepancy between those /1 ~, `/_ r7 .~ L HEN HUNT'S TEAM WAS caught, McCord had already removed a few panels from the ceiling of O'Brien's office. It is not so very well known that an excellent acid advanced kind of eavesdropping can be achieved by driving a nail into the flooring of the office you wish to monitor from the ceiling of the office below. A listening device is then attached to the nail. The sophis- tication of this method is that it is not possible to detect the bug from the office being taped, since the listening device attracts no more attention than any nail in the floor. The first question to ask of many a break-in is not there- fore which office was entered, but who is working in the office above. By this logic, a real interest in O'Brien's conversations could best have been satisfied by a break-in on the fifth-floor-ill order to tap the sixth. Since we are already on the sixth, who inhabits the seventh? . That part of the seventh floor of the Watergate Office Building, which rested unmistakably over Larry O'Brien's quarters, was occupied at the time by no less than the office of the secretary of the Federal Reserve Board. Can matters he this simple?.It is not seemly that great financial secrets should be discussed in an of ice of a building which looks to have been designed by an architect with a degree in Mafia Modern, but interest augments when we ]earn that one of the computers of the Federal Reserve Board is located in the basement of the same \Vatergate Office Building. If, on a given dw.. the Federal Reserve Board had sealed itself in to discuss a change in the discount rate, is it wholly inconceivable that a CIA mar, (a veritable Grand Mole of a banker) installed for years on the Fed- eral Reserve Board night hav phoned in to the computer in the Watergate Office Building basement an apparently routine question that would vet manage to tell his under- cover assistant in the basetncnt `.gnat the shpt would be in file discount rate? Assuming that this assistant has been sequestered with the cornphnter to maintain his discretion during these important deliberations of tire board, the question is whether the basement assistant could not man- age to make an innocent phone call to somebody on the seventh floor. Since we are assurning the man or, the seventh floor is not part of the team to which the man in the basement belongs. the conversation would have to go something like this: Basement: I hear Vida Blue is pitching today. Seventh floor: Impossible! I f;: pitched two days ago. Basement: (Indignantly) Wi;o did? Seventh floor: (Triumphantly) Vida Blue! That was wlia t the basement wanted to hear said on the seventh floor and said loud enough for tile. nail in the ceiling of the sixth floor to pick it up-the names of bast:- hall pitchers having been geared to inc rise and fall in the discount rate. Now, whoever monitored that conversation could pass the inform:.::inn :,font. Since more than one team would prc:SCtma!?:;' be \`: i.`rritil? to gel advance in- formation on the chart,;.; i: ire rate, let us :ts:;,nut' our team got the \`:ord out ?,wt a pa:-ssihle lead of three hears over all the others. "How munch would Mich n.{Vrtlr;ttiOn be \+Ort}t?' a banker was asked. "Conservatl\clv,'" Inc rrthlicd, ill the rich and p; tlpous voice which is pr; .\Y to large. suns, "billions... "For just it few hours' lead? "That is time enough." The possibility is now open that the CI:\ was thing ;he. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 break-in to the. Democratic National Committee as is elegant cover to the real operation. which way to tap privileged Federal Reserve Board information. Elegance offers its exquisite use of resources, so one would not claim the CIA had no interest in O'Brien nor in U:i:-er. O'Brien and Oliver had had their propinquity with the CIA, after all. While we know they cannot he- in Intelii gence-since how ruay we concave of a good liberal D:rn- ocrat who is?-nonetheless. they might attract an enclave in the CIA (if, of course. it is enclave performing the break-in under the auspices of C. EEP and n,)-, just a burglary by red-hot arttateurs exec itted at the third rate of CREEP stupidity). Yes, so::., enclave might l ' ii;c-Lately have be-err curious to know no;:: about what O-loll n and C):^ier knew of Chappacq+.;iddick. or Eagleton's secret ined- ic f file, or t=tt.c ms in rel:rtion to i'?iahcu. Lansky. Rehozo, and Nixon on one side. or itic;IiEs, Bcrinett. Ilunt, and Name on the other. Dante the teams: ttt;ctt_ s is on all of them. Recognize that with the Democratic Com miuee break-in as cover. the operation has power over CREEP- which is to say ultimately over Nixon-even if its bur- glars are caught. That is elegance. Obtaining neither their first objective--the Federal Reserve tap-nor the second -lines on O'Brien and Oliver--the entrepreneurs still end with more power over the presidency than before. Once everybody made certain the election was won in spite of Watergate, there would be even more power. Of course, a risk wits taken. If Watergate had broken too early, McGovern might have been able to get his campaign turned around (although. the thought does not ring loud in the lost ether) but ? then. Watergate never burst until the election was safe and the operators could begin to apply that wrenching pressure on the bones of the Nixon administration. It must, however, be immediately visible that while this last scenario violates no facts, it is only a I tcrary fancy- not an iota of proof. Just another model. Perhaps we can modernize William of Oekham's razor by saying: The simplest model which satisfies all the facts is likely to lead us to inexplicable facts. Four of the five Wren arrested in the bugging at- tempt at the Dernorratic National Committee head- quarters Saturday morning were registered as guests at the Ilratergate Hotel on April 28, the same night that two other firms in the Watergate building were broken into... . The firm of Freed. Frank, Harris, Shriner and Kampelrnan..locatecl on the 10th floor of the Water- gate Building, 2600 Virginia Ave. Nbtr, was broken into on May IS, but officials of the firm (lid not report the incident to police until yesterday... . A spokesman for the Freed law firm said yester- day that the burglary was not immediately reported to police because nothing appeared to be missing, and employees did not associate the incident with political espionage until disclosure of Saturday's break-in... . On April 28. the night four of the five bugging suspects were registered at the Watergate Hotel, ac- cording to police. the 11th-floor offices of the Sterling institute, a nunur;,emcn! consulting firm, were broken into and $1,100 worth of typewriters and calculating machines was stolen.... The s.'nne )light, police records show, the far, firm of Boykin and t)eFrancis. located on the eighth floor of the Watergate. was forcibly entered and 5525 worth of office equipment was stolen. -The \Vashington Post, lone 21, 1972 Maybe if our scenarios have had a purpose. it has been to flavor our reading with the temperament of an agent, a way of saying that we have become sufficiently paranoid to see connections where others see lists. So lot us look at a list of the offices in July. 11-173. on the seventh and eighth floors of the Watergate Iuilding, and take the pleasure of wondering how many of those names and corporations have no relation to Intelligence. 701 Defense & Aerospace 805 Division of federal Center of Sterling Reserve Bank Institute, inc. Operations If. F. Dean 808 Foreign Banking Human Factors Re- Authorities search Associates. Oaicc of Defense Inc. Planning Inst. for Psychiatry & Securities Foreign Affairs Stat Methodology 4e 704 Harris Interlope Corp. Procedures Section Harris Shi;c. Con- ductor Radiation, file. It. F. Communications. inc. 811 'Interstate General Corp. L. E. Steele 812 Armistead I. Selden, ) Boykin & Dc Francis 707 EDP Technology Systenied Corp. 815 Perkin F.Ivcr Corp. Joseph Dixon, 711 Federal Reserve hoard Office of Scc'y Manager When we add the three robberies in the last news story and include the possibility of break-ins to other offices we know nothing about by burglary teams who were removing taps that others had been putting in, there is now posed to our brand-new agent-type brain a further question: What part of the Watergate Office Building was not being tapped? Our procedure has conducted us to the point where we have to recognize that we have used up our last scenario in order to bring us to a place where we have no scenario to replace it. Now, we know less than before of what might possibly be going on. V A Tension in Teleology Said the CIA: Authority imprinted upon entpliness is rr101ley, honey. Bang bang Howard. We don't need you. We need The space inhere you were. t -.Anonymo L.'Rivera IN CI R IN 1'11L CLOCKWORK IKE A MA is Nixon's anstuish. As we hear the tick, we dwell in the fascination of the inexorable. Next to Nixon, Hunt is an idler g oar. His anguish is !all of his existence, but it moves us less. The main gear goes until the tact of the tension in the spring nuts down, but the idler gear never runs down--it is i -:rely attached to the alarm. So its end is not inexorable 1. . catastrophic --as when the clock is dropped and the idler gear is broken. J lust was broken. The style of Undercover has that numbness of affect which conies from -a fall. He writes without feeling more for one period in his life than an- other as though he is saying it is cu5tly enough to locate the episodes. He is like a semicon cious victim who senses that coming awake will be equal to crawling up a slope of hi-act, glass. 'fhe horrors to come will be greater than the ones he has known already. Yet, as with Nixon, there is no danger of getting to like 1-hint too much. We can decide that Nixon was set up by Watergate and feel no great pity because we can also Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved -For- Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 . remember the war in Vietnam he kept going for four years in order to assure his reelection. One can always recall the voice Nixon used when he ,pc.!.-.c of the North Viet- namese as "my enemy," on the clay he ordered the Christ- mas bombing. He had always wanted to be an actor and he ended by playing the classic role of the criminal who is convicted for the wrong crime. So one does not have to feel an overcharge of compassion for Nixon--just enough to water our imagination. Your enemies succeed after all when they dry up your imagination. By the same token, there is a built-in limit to how much compassion we can feel for Hunt. We have only to read his account of his own methods on a caper in the early fifties: The Mexican Cottrnrunist leader was then visiting Peking. On the (lay of his departure Bob North air- ntailed are a copy of a Chinese newspaper announc- ing his departure, sending a duplicate copy to CIA headquarters. To replace the departure announcement I fabricated a story in which the Mexican Communist was quoted as deprecating fellow Mexicans and say- ing, among other things, that Mexican peasants could never hope to achieve the cultural level of the su- perior Chinese. I cabled the fabrication to headquar- ters, where a special type font had been Horde by reproducing samples from the local paper. My fabri- cated story was set in this duplicate type and the entire front page of the local paper re-created by final family home. On its ample acreage were paddocks, a stable, outbuildings and woods." He is the perfect reader for the magazine edited by the godfather of his children. Now, he had been caught on an operation which had for one of its tasks the tapping of Oliver's phone. Hunt could mention Oliver casually in his book and make no connection between the Spencer Oliver with -whom he had dinner and the R. Spencer Oliver whose phone was tapped. He does not ask if they are not most certainly the same man. Such calm, however, is for his book. From Hunt's point of view, Oliver might have little or a great deal to do with Watergate. In the ongoing crisis of try- ing to solve the mystery of his life with all the working experience of his career. how is Hunt to measure the rele- vant importance of that detail, or of McCord and Fenster- wald? McCord, for instance, has taken Bernard Fenster- weld for his lawyer to go before the Ervin committee, Fensterwald who is chairman of the Committee to Investi- gate Assassinations. The unspoken shock to the media would not be small. It is a way of saying \Vatergate is related to Dallas. \Vhat enclave now wanted the media to think that way? Dallas and \Vatergate. That would be the scoop of the century. The people behind McCord might be serving some kind of notice. turned to Mexico. The fabricated newspapers were tirade available to local journalists who published facsimilies 'of the offensive interview together with a translation into Spanish. The target's protestations of innocence gained no credence whatever, for technical tests con- ducted on the duplicated Chinese paper affirmed that the type in which the story was printed perfectly matched other type samples in the same newspaper and so had to be authentic.30 -Undercover A footnote says, "It was this sort of technical assistance from CIA that I lacked when I undertook to fabricate two State Department cables in 1971." No, we do not have to like him too much. Self-pity is Hunt's companion, and bitterness is his fuel. He writes with the tightly compressed bile of a disappointed man; the reader is to be reminded that his early prospects were happier than his later ones. Photographs taken of him on the beach at Acapulco a few mont13 out of OSS show the would-be screenwriter looking well built in bathing trunks. He bears a bit of resemblance to I-Iemingway. and is at pains in Undercover to show pictures of himself skiing and hunting. For that matter, he is also adept at fishing, squash, golf, tennis, rtdir?.g, boxing, and screwing 1--so the autobiography suggests. It would be a bet Hemingway is his hero, and that Hunt in the late 1940s was torn between a life as a great novelist and a social life as a spy. We can guess )low he chooses. He is, with everything else, a social climber and drops on the reader every big name he knows from Eisen- hower and -Nixon clown, making a show of his good WASP family origins (Hunt's Point in the Bronx is named after a relative who goes back to the Revolution- ary \Var, and l..cigh Hunt is on the family tree) as well as his wife's sterling ancestry ("In addition to being descend- ed from the Presidential Adams and Harrison families, my wife was one-eighth Oglala Sioux... " ). Before Hunt, she has been married to the Marquis de Gotttiirre. No matter that her maiden name is Wetzel and Hunt is from Brown, not Princeton (a full demerit in the early CIA), he will still look to climb high into the good life of Oh So Social. "The service plate, were Revere gadroon, the crys- tal was an opaline ..." is a line ftorn one of his novels. and he will stake a point of asking Bill Ruckley to be god- father to his childreni.. At the end, when tragedy shrikes, he and his family are 'living in it house called Witches Island in Potonnac, 1\I;tryl:ancf. in "what was to be our . 301'/his story is a he?r/ect example of how a fact can be rvipe'd plane had crashed on lariding; at Midway and she was one out by ate artifact. 16 of ?15 people who were killed. We do not know how much technical means. A dozen copies were pouched to me F ARE -1 .YINC To LIVE IN THE measure of Hunt's anguish, but it is inipossible to specu- late here. We do not know, after all, v.hether lie had any- thing to do with Dallas. The photograph of the two bums arrested by the police in Dealcy Plaza shortly after the murder does show a resemblance: to Hunt and Sturgis but there is an indigestible discrepancy in the height. On the other hand, Hunt was chief of covert action in the Di- vision of Domestic Affairs at the time; that is a perfect desk from which to have a hand in such an assassination (especially if it has been brought off by some variant of a Mafia and anti-Castro Cuban tean-I). At the bast, we have to assume that Hunt would have been in position to pick up enough to embarrass the CIA profoundly. But then it is staggering to contemplate how much Hunt may have found out about matters he had not necessarily been active in himself. If no one in the CIA could locate to a certainty the details of other operations, still a tremendous amount might be learned through gossip. or by recon- naissance through those more or less secret files which would be more or less available on long, dull office after- noons. And he was a writer of su,p.:~nse novels, no less. What material ini,,,ht be at hand!! To the degree the CIA is bureaucratic and not romantic there would be formal procedures in getting to the files which could be winked at, breached, circum ended, or directly betrayed. To the degree the CIA was a culture, then hunt was a living, piece of inquiring matter-, and in the years from 1966 to 1970 as his career in the CIA was ostensibly winding down, he had time to db a?little research on some of those hundred and more murders in Dallas supposedly connected to witnesses of the assassination. tires to tact a line on who might be doing the job. For the CIA, whether im- plicated or not, could hardly he without interest in a mop- up operation of such magnitude. Over a hundred murders to keep the seepage of information under control! So Hunt may have known a great deal about Dallas. We have to hold this in our attention when we begin to think of the nightmare within Ilunt's nightmare-the death of his wife in the crash of United Air 1..inesHight 5`i3 from Washington to Chicago on Uuexnther 8 1972 The Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 CIA-RDP77-00432R000100390002-3 Hunt knew nor how much he had told his wife. We know that she was making payment, to the Cubans with White }louse money, but that is hardly a piece bf information worth silencing by the risk and carnage of sabotaging an airplane. An investigator, Sherman Skolnick. in Chicago, would lay the claim that twelve people in one way or another connected with Watergate were on the plane, and he would remind us that White llou:ie aide Egil Krogh, Gordon Liddy's old White l louse boss, was appointed under secretary of transportation the next day and would supervise the National Transportation Safety Board and the Federal Aviation Administration in their investi- gations of the crash. That is not an antomatieally insignifi- cant detail. On December 19, Alexander Butterfield would be appointed the new head of the F.A.A 31 a great deal about Dallas and were threatening to tell the world, then Hunt would not have-to brood over such de- tails. Ile could assume his wife's plane had been encour- aged to crash. Of course. we would no longer be talking about anguish, but masterplots and last-reel peril. The like- lihood is that Hunt and Dorothy Hunt were trapped in a smaller game, and the crash was. a mixture-of inefficiency, cynical maintenance, and who knnws?-some overload of psychic intensity among the passengers. (Why else do great athletes live in such fear of traveling by air but that psychic intensity is also a species of physical charge and can even distort the workings of an electronic system?) No, it is more likely Hunt was living with the subtle horror that attends every inexplicable crash-is there a psychology to machines? Had there been an intervention of moral forces, a play of the dice from the derniurge? At the least. Dorothy Hunt's death was evidence of the raised law of coincidence in dramatic and dreadful events. Great or livid events could indeed be peculiar in their properties, and maybe no perfect conspiracy ever worked, since people were so imperfect-only imperfect conspir- acies succeeded and then only when a coincidence drove the denouement hone. Was it possible that Hunt was finally obliged to look over the lip of tragedy itself-a view which leaves us, the Greeks were certain, babbling and broken? Did he come to think that a psychic vortex pulls in a higher incidence of coincidence itself? "A than may defend himself again:st all enemies save those who are resolved that such a matt as he should not exist." -Tacitus. epigraph to Undercover anti-Communist with nothing; but the righteous moral equivalent of tunnel vision. I t : has also had . life. It is almost an appealing life. He has had dyslexia as a boy and played trumpet ire a high-school dance band. \Vhiat is most irritating about Hunt is that he is her*rl I~trge ?Igor that imtttrr, I)i!:igltt Chapiii,appointments secretary to Nixon, martd over tn'o trinntlis later to an cxect:tive, position at ilttited. enough to be a protagonist in a good and solid novel, and yet-hatred has certainly dried his imagination-he is never large enough. No moment of wit will ever separate his soul from his disasters. All the heavier must those disasters sit on hits. Thos disasters pose insoluble questions. Their lack of an answer promises insanity. - What, for instance, car. he make of that list of offices on the seventh and eighth floors. of the Watrsrg ate OTcce Building'? Or of those extra break-ins he may now be hearing about for the first time? With his sotthist:Callon in the infiltration of one group of Intelligence by gnat: er --be has after all been chief of covert action in the Domestic Operations Division-h_nv could I-lunr r.ot en- tertain the hypothesis that a specie:. of trench v. arf are in bugging and CountCrb ii;~!a had been going on in the Watergate Ofii e Building long before his c'per