Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 25, 2001
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
January 28, 1976
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8.pdf6.34 MB
Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 NO. 2 GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS GENERAL WESTERN EUROPE NEAR EAST AFRICA EAST ASIA LATIN AMERICA This publication contains clippings from the domestic and foreign press for YOUR BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Further use of selected items would rarely be advisable. CONFIDENTIAL INTERNAL USE ONLY 25X1A Destroy after backgrounder has served its purpose or within 60 days. PAGE 1 19 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 chairman may have to spend much of his time in tie next few weeks getting to Ptnt~ a the highly classi- To Take,, lied details of the agency President Ford picked him to head. He has no previous PLO ebackground in intelligence.- CIA - work. By Norman Kempster. Washington Star Staff Writer Although some of his supporters believe he does- n't really want=-.the job, . . George Bush will take the Republican vice ' vresiden- oath of office this week as tial nomination this year. ...Bush`: has made it clear necessary. to win the ap- that despite the furor. which. 'proval of the Senate Armed has surrounded the spy Services Committee last agency for the past year, no month,.Ford removed Bush major changes are needed from consideration for a in the way the CIA does its spot on the GOP ticket. work. . Bush had made no secet of The personable, and ur- his interest in that job. Sen. Charles MCC. Mathias,'R-Md, said he -"sensed" that Bush had no real ambition to become the nation's chief spy. Mathias said he believed Bush took the job in "response to a presidential draft." Critics of the Bush , ap- pointment have said that he scarcely will have time to learn the job in the next year. Sen. Dale Bumpers, D-Ark., 'predicted that if the next president is ' a Democrat, he certainly will ask Bush to resign as one of his first official acts near: But Mathias said that with the.intelligence agency in . turmoil; the most important thing now was to provide it with a.permanent head. THE .NEW YORK TIMES, SATURbAY JANUARY 31 1076 ocumen , w t Edmund I,.i would always be conducted le 1 gaily. Henshaw Jr., the clerk of the: Director, C.I.A. Washington, Jan. 14, 1976 Approved For Release 2001 /jp8) u:SeCIX bVolfVB1YIF b0100410004-8 a e eralhundred-aens P. c Irresidentapproved a censored today that he would work to g y employees. and an object of pride for all; version. But the committee restore public confidence in the The .workers turned moments Americans." chairman, Representative Otis intelligence community without 'liter to cheer; Mr. - Colby as. ? Mr. Bush, the former United) G. Pike, Democrat of Suffolk compromising.. its effectiveness' he strode from . the building, States liaison officer in Peking, J 1 County, said he might not even or secrets, entered an automobile and had encountered some opposi-! file. "a report on the C.I.A. in .,We cannot improve this drove off into the late morning cy chief because of his back final rewrite" agency by 'destroy! g it," the murk. I ground in politics as a one-time! ' President declared at the cere- Mr. Ford, whose. supporters ,House rhember from Texas and! monial installation of George 'succeeded yesterday in winning as chairman of the Republican McLEAN, Va., Jan-:30-Presi- i auditorium. 10.: the main-,? en, . matches a good man with! l Under the terms of the! dent Ford promised officials of trance to. the huge C.I.A. head- i a good' :team" and that Mr.! 1 House decision,. the report' Bush would help to make the! 1could be released once the l the Central Intelligence Agency quarters.. building to greet sev- I agency "an instrument of e BY JAMES M. NAUGHTON After the ceremony, Mr. Ford, The President. 'said that the! )was not sure what to do.-with' st war to T h e New yort runes, lnd Mr- .Bush. walked f r o m the appointment of . Mr. Bush! l it. Ford Promises Effort to Restore Confidence' in C 1" Bush as director of the C.LA:, a 246-to-124 vote in the House National Committee. For this part, Mr. Bush; of Representatives blocking the `No Policy Bias' spoke of applying the lessons! publication of classified infor= In his remarks at today's ?earned from lire agency's ex- nation in the. final report of ceremony, declared that "no cesses of, the, past,-,but he said f the House' Select Committee politics, no. policy , bias will he was determined ? ~ color the collective judgment t to protect on Intelligence, sought at the l of the C.LA,". under his direr-, intelligence agents who risk 1 C.I.A. headquarters to under-I j tion. their lives `.'only to have. some line his view of the importance "I will not turn my back on people bent on destroying thisllof intelligence 'activities anal the past," Mr. Bush said. Buti agency expose their names." "This must stop," he asserted. The remarks of the President and Mr. Bush, ,who is the agency's.third director in three years, drew loud applause from 300 intelligence. officials, mem- bers of Congress and the Cabi. Bush" accepted. the tap pointment,-`although it seems to contain more risks. than benefits for his own career.. The" post already. - has cost Bush a shot at the secrecy. ' "The abuses of the past have) more than adequately been de- he called "fellow employees" of the C.I.A. that, in seeking to restore trust in the agency , scribed, the President said. ljhe woul dalso be "determined He expressed assurance th t (to protect those thi hi h ngs w a c IC * I.A. officials. were as deter- (must be kept secret," 1 mined as, he said he was to I iHe . emphasized that he was ntent on preventing disclo- prevent. recurrence of intel- Lures of the identities of t'he 11 ligence excesses. But he added: "unselfish and patriotic" a ents g , in an egg-shaped auditorium at I We cannot improve this abroad who he said often " agency by destroyirg it. Le, served with their lives on the the C.I.A. headquarters outside 1 ' Washington: rme assure you I have no inten I.Itne." The agency chief in Greece, lion of seeing this intelligence Richard S. Welch, was slain But it was William E. Colby, h the departing director, who I community dismantled and its] by unknown gunmen outside operations paralyzed or effec- stole the `hi ho e i h Ath l I D i m s n ow ens ast 4ir Colby ec ...,. whose dismissal. by. the Pres- lively undermined." ] 123. about a month after art ,Ident terminated.. a 25-years He said that his long-awaited! Athens newspaper listed his career in the agency, , recommendations for reform of! ;t'a1ne among C.I.A. officials' a was given the intelligence community'servmg in the country. two sustained, standing ova- 1 would try to strike a balancer The i tcome of the House tions by the' audience--onceS j he;?ween the need for effective) `tote hlociiine release of the before MTr. Ford arrived and,' ~ intelligence, including 'neccs-j intelligence committee's report again ..; when the President? sary covert operations," and; was unclear. today.. The report thanked him for "dedicated ser- ;assurance that such activities! was to be. filed, as a secret] d t i h .Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-004.32R0001004100b4-8 THERE IS SOME secre- cy about 'what else the 'ob -may have cost.: Bush. The Armed Services Commit- tee's report said the ap- pointee will be required to dispose of within 30 days "securities of certain companies which are vari- ously related to U.S. intelli- gence.-activities." What- are those firms?- The committee didn't say and the 'CIA never talks about its relations with the business community. The Senate yesterday .confirmed, by a 63-27 vote, Bush's. appointment to suc-. reed William E. Colby. The_ ,White4House said.he-..prob- ably would take office be- fore the end of the week. All four senators from. Maryland and Virginia voted to confirm the nomi- NETT YORK TmEs 18 Jan. 1976 C.I.A., Appreciation To the Editor: May I express my appreciation for the manner in which your journal wrote the Jan. 14' story. `.'Paris Paper Lists 32 as U.S. Agents," I am pleased that you did_ not repeat the names carried in the Paris publica- tion. I agree with your judgment that the names themselves would have added nothing to the story, would have :given worldwide circulation to what is otherwise local publication and would have increased the difficulties and dangers faced by Americans-either correctly or incorrectly said to be C.I.A. employes-working abroad in the service-of our country.. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 ag angeivs -Urit$ Wed., Jan. 28,1976? " PLANS I LAND VACATION, BOOK ON SPYING BY RUDY ABRAMSON Times Staff Writer- WASHINGTON-As the U.S. Senate was voting Tues- day to make George Bush director of the Central Intel-. ligence Agency, William Egan Colby was, in the words of an associate, "packing up his pencils." He conducted his last staff meeting and gave his last press interview. Removing the last of his personal belongings from his ~ckS Up Hos Pencils At the same time, he has continued to defend the CIA in the. press and to denounce the leaking of material from congressional investigations of agency misdeeds. Colby's last public appearance as CIA director was Mon- day when he called a press conference to denounce the leak of a House committee's report and recommendations on CIA reform. Though the recommendations of the committee were believed similar to those now under consideration by the White House, Colby appeared unusually upset by the leak. There was a noticeable tremor in his voice as.he de- nounced "outrageous statements designed to titillate and spacious office atop the CIA headquarters building, the 'ousted chief of the country's ;intelligence establishment planned to return only once more-to shake hands with employes today, and to have a farewell dinner with members of the CIA's senior staff. After more.than 30' years, most of them?as a spy, Col- by then leaves the govern- ment. He expects, he said, to . continue honoring his pledge of secrecy and he expects the government to pay him his pension. That is all. Iri the peeks immediately ahead, he plans to vacation on an undisclosed island in get a few headlines." Until the Watergate disclosures, the. congressional in- vestigations of assassination plots and CIA domestic spying, on-the-record press conferences at the CIA were unheard of. Lately, they have become ordinary with one disclosure after another of CIA mischief, going back to its early days. Colby's last attempt to defend his agency was an unu- sual one for him. The old-time undercover man seldom known to publicly show irritation, amusement or any oth- er emotion was clearly angry. "It was not nervousness," said an official who has, worked with him for years. "It was frustration and anger. When his voice starts to rise and quaver, you know he is POd." The issue of leaked reports on the CIA has been around long enough that the few reporters who showed up for Colby's last appearance had few questions. And when the brief press conference ended, and the re- porters. and photographers drifted. away, Colby' walked' from the auditorium back to his office.through the rain. the sun. Then he will start to work on a book on the intelligence business. After that, he will practice law for the first time since 1949 whem he. was an attorney briefly for the National Labor Relations Board. President Ford fired Colby as director last November at the same time he ousted Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger. The Administration never gave an explicit reason for Colby's dismissal and, immediately after the White House, announced his firing, Ford asked him to stay on until Bush could be confirmed. 'In the interim, Colby has been a key figure in the FordAdministration's search for ways to reorganize the intel- ' ligence establishment and to quiet the controversy that has raged since the CIA became involved in the Water- gate scandal. According to officials involved in the Administration re- view of the intelligence system, Colby has played a lead- : ing role in spelling out the issues Ford should address and ; his possible courses of action. Remarkably for a man who climbed to the top of . his profession only to be unrcremoniously dumped, Colby has gone on as though nothing had happened. Whatever reforms the Ford Administration proposes to halt misconduct by the CIA, they will result to a signifi- cant degree from Colby's work after his dismissal was an- nounced. According to White House sources, the President has continued to praise Colby in private since he was dis- anissed and to rely upon his advice. Monday, in an oval office ceremony kept secret until it was over, Ford presented Colby* with the National Securi- ty Medal, noting that he had led the CIA in the most diffi- cult period of its history. After firing Colby and Schlesinger, and easing Secreta-' Ty of State Henry A. Kissinger out of the post of White House national security adviser, Ford described the shakeup as an effort to establish his own national security, team. Whenever the subject of his firing has come up, Colby' generally has dismissed it by pointing to his commission; on his office wall-indicating the CIA director serves at -the pleasure of the President. Aside from working on the Administration's intelligence PEOPLE 26 JAIWARY 1976 1. Cold Comfort Though fired by President J Ford last Halloween, CIA Director William, Colby is just now, with his successor arriving, preparing to go back into the cold. "I'rrrgo- Ing to do some speaking and try to write a book about'the new Intelligence; "says Col- 'by. "Then I plan to see if fcan refurbish my law degree. I've had a lot-of experience be- ing a witness," says Colby wryly of the more than 70 times he testified in his em- battled 25th and last year with the agency. " i don't know whether that translates into being an advocate, but we'll see." 2 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 ,THE NEW YORK TIM'S, WEDNESDAZ FEBRUZEY 4, 1976 sc bees Qlb t ; 02. the Col Di The following' article was .ands is.based on reporting by .!pin} and .Nicholas M.; Horroch. ?.n?s - $p1? 5al to Ttie New YocY Times - .,,;WA$HINGTON, Feb. 3-One ' ek after the Senate's confir= msYlon of George Bush as Di- rector..of Central Intelligence . .Girded -William E. Colby's 25- -year-long' career as a spy, Mr. Colby -,relaxed in the sitting AFoortm,of his modest suburban .iii9ne. and talked about "the elephant " "'The temporarily unemployed iivate citizen used the term to describe the Central Intel- ,litgence.Agency, which, he. head- ~. for; the : last three years, _bsit--not in, the same context ?ev -Senator- Frank Church, the =chairman of the Senate Select .Committee on Intelligence, who previously likened the agency to a' `:`rogue elephant" - running wild beyond the control of the ,White House. , ` -Rather, Mr. Colby said, the, public. confusion about . the that has grown out of ,year of investigations by Mr. ,(~kilirch's committee and others, and revelations by-. the newt uedia . reminded him of. the! iindu fable about the six blind! nqn who, each feeling a differ-~ ent' part of an?. elephant, came to very different conclusions about its nature- The. retired 56-year-old inteI- .Iigenee chief told. his interview- ers:_that he- wanted to keep both his - secrecy -. -agreement with the C.I.A. and "my pen sion,'~ had he declined to an- Wswer for the record a number of questions: about - sensitive i agency operations. But Mr. Colby did agree. tot talk about-some of the agency's current public - diffiWcultiesi which, he said, are as much a product of sensationalism and a lack of - perspective by. iits critics as of- the agency's.own! transgressions.: Mr. Colby, who was wearing a. rumpled. burgundy pullover and paused occasionally to sip coffee, reiterated his concern that `recent news reports dis- closing covert C.I.A. operations in. Italy, Angola and elsewhere had provided foreign intel- ligence services with previously u . known details about the l ..American .agency's clandestine activities. .., 4, , - But he also said that, 'al-; sibility of allowing C.I.A. offi-I though such operations had! cers to pose as diplomats as- ;dominated the newspaper head- signed to American embassies; ;lines and television newscasts,' abroad, and some private con ": ,they had typically accounted. panies' have withdrawn from! " " for only about 5 percent of the C.I.A.'s total expenditures. It is. the remainder of "the elephant," Mr. Colby said, that he hopes to portray in a book about the agency that he is planning to write. Asked about the C.I.A.'s use of, journalists to gather intel- lligence-topic that, al ong wi covert operations, has created a furor in recent, weeks, Mr. i Colby rolled his eyes skyward for a mbment, then replied em- phatically that ..the C.I.A. had never "engaged in an of fort to maniuplate :. the, American press.". The] ast five correspondents! for major American news-gath- ering organizations who served the C.I.A. . as. clandestine agents were "phased out" beginning, in late 1973 he said, and byl the end of 1974 all had severed( their relationships:, with the! C.I.A. "At no time," Mr. Colby added, were any of the five,; or their uncounted predeces-, sors, told "what to write for an American journal." He conceded, however, that, under the agency's current re- gulations part-time -or freelance correspondents abroad who' might at times sell articles to American publications were: continuing in some cases to gather intelligence for the : C.I.A. on. the side. - j Asked. whether the agency! had ever planted stories with: 'foreign news organizations, Mr. !Colby replied, "Oh, sure all! the time." He also conceded the possibilty that such bogus news accounts might have been picked up and reprinted by, American newspapers, although; he said he-believed the effect of that on domestic opinion would have been marginal. A General Reluctance Mr. Colby cited : a concern among journalists about the effect of such relationships on the, integrity of their profession as indicative of a general reluc- tance on the part of other domestic groups, and even some Government agencies, to enter into close contacts with the C.I.A. The State Department, he said, is 'reconsidering the advi- arrangements in which C.I.A.j men' passed themselves off as; corporate employes overseas In addition, Mr. Colby said it is -now more difficult to! solicit interviews,, with busi nessmen and others returning' from travels abroad about con- ditions in the areas ' of the world they had visited.* "Everybody agrees that we ;ought to collect intelligence," Mr. Colby said with a rueful :smile. But he added that many =persons and business concerns .'?had lately adopted an attitude of ? "don't look -at us" when !approached by the C.I.A. with ,a request for assistance, and that, as a result. "We're miss- ling - information." Distressed About Helms Mr. Colby also expressed his distress about the possibility that Richard M. Helms, who headed the C.I.A. from 1966 until 1972, might be indicted by a Federal grand jury in con- nection with some of his activi- ties as director of the agency. One of the matters under investigation, Justice Depart- ment sources -have said, is Mr. Helm's . sworn assurance to the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee that the C.I.A. had not given financial support to 'op- ponents of the late Dr. Salva- dor Allende Gossens, former President of Chile, and :had not engaged in the surveillance of American citizens protesting against the Vietnam war. The other subject of the! !Justice Department's concern involved Mr. Helm's authoriza- tion nearly five years ago of a ,C.I.A. conducted burglary of ;a - photographic studio . in a !suburb of Washington. ' Mr. Colby said today that, al- though the C.I.A. had provided money to some Chilean organi- zations prior to the 1970 Chil- ean elections, he believed that a "narrow construction" of the questions asked of Mr. Helms in that area precluded the pos- sibility that the former C.I.A. director, who is the United States Ambassador to Iran, had perjured himself. Domestic Surveillance Mr. Colby also said he be- lieved that Mr. Helms -had an- swered the Senate _ committee correctly .with respect to. ~clo- mestic surveillance by the C.I.A., 'since the agency's role in what has become known as Operation Chaos, a Federal in- vestigation of anti-Vietnam war ,groups in the late 1960's and early 1970's, had been con- fined, with only a small num- ber of unintended exceptions,, to finding links between pro- ! testers and . foreign govern I ments. - The burglary of the photo-j -graphic studio, Mr. Colbvl maintained, had been mandated by Mr. Holms's respens bility! to protect the, C.I:A.. security, and not with any criminal in- tent. Mr. Colby speculated that!: no' criminal charges could bet sustained in- that case- or in the only other area of C.I.A. activi-l 1 ties that remains under Federal l investigation-the 20-year pro-! f fiil bt gram o openng maeween: j the United States and Com- munist countries. Mr. Colby,'a lawyer who has not . practiced since the early 1950's, when he joined. the C.I.A., said he planned to return eventually to the law after gain- ing admission to the District of Columbia bar and - taking' a! "crash course" in legal develop- ments over the last 25 years. But the book will .come first,' he said. The former C.I.A. di-j rector was seen a few days ago in a stationery store purchasing equipment ? for the temporary office he is building 'in the base- ment of . his apparently un- guarded home in Bethesda, did., a Washington suburb. Meanwhile, Mr. Colby seems like a man who is betueeni trains, sitting at home on a . snowy morning while his wife Barbara bustled around him. There is no Government car a.nd driver any more, so he and Mrs.! Colby debate over. whether he should drive to a downtown luncheon engagement, whether he needs any cash, -what time she can expect him home. "And, oh," said Mrs. Colby, a' bright, smiling woman, as her husband trotted down the stairs, "I need to ask.him about shoe repair." She paused and turned to a guests. "It's so strange to have THE WASHINGTON STAR 22 January 1976 Spying, foil peace , . ? Wiliam Colby, outgoing director of the CIA, told CBS: "The old idea used to be that intelligence would' tell you a secret so that you would then be able to move the troops to the right of the field and defeat the enemy. 'T'oday .. the most exciting prospect of intelligence is the elimination of wars because if you look back on most old wars, you find they started by a combination of ambition-misunderstanding. If we in crease the understanding, we can convince the ambi- tious they can achieve more through peaceful means." He did not spell out the role of intelligence if your ox is Approved For Release 2001/08/08. CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 CIA-RDP77-00432R000100410004-8 F TH`E ` 7_EK@) H AVE "CIE SWEARING-,Cof Ceorge Bush as Can he reorganize it without impair- Director of the Central Intelligence in- its role as an intelligence-gathering Mr. Colby has acknowledged that he gency on January 30 marked an . end organization? Will he try to "politicize" was the anonymous source of the first t s -,t CIA era-but promised little letup it to, make it conform to the political news story that exposed the fact that in the Agency's troubles. needs of the White House? journalists were employed as intelli- What came to an end was a decade of . The answer to the first question is still gence gatherers for the CLA. ccrs,:ro, of the CIA by "professionals." to be decided. To the second, most in- Ticklish dilemma, 'Mr. Bush, taking 3ush, 51, the ninth Director fay telligence experts say over as Director of the Agency, will t _v CIA's 28-year history, is a political -No," claiming that the come face to face with this problem, i pire, a former member of Congress professional staffs at CIA which is bound to be embarrassing to a frc tea Texas and a one-time Republican and other intelligence former member of Congress: national Chairman. He was considered . agencies fail into spat- Capitol Hill is certain to insist on 2 a .vice-presidential choice by both tern that cannot be bent knowing more and more about the co- Presiaents Nixon and Ford. to political ends-even if vert operations of the Central Intelli- ?hat background drew some opposi- Mr. Bush wanted to turn gence Agency. But- tion to his confirmation, largely from in that direction. . How can this insistence be reconciled -Senate liberals. The January 27 vote to .. Mr. Colby, who has tak- with the reality that Congressmen and put him into the office was 64 to 27. ' en the brunt of past mis- persons in other Government agencies Now Mr. Bush is expected to play the deeds of the CIA, has set have been careless in revealing these kep- role in a reorganization of the CIA. 1 down what he. thinks secrets to the mass media? - ? - Bcih Congress and the White House are Congress should do in re %::orking up plans to redefine its role in forming the Agency. u:,lercover work and bring its covert In testimony on Janu- activities under closer scrutiny. ary 23, he said: CONGRESSIONAL, RECORD- SENATE leaks to press. Many officials, how- "Traditionally, intelli- 28 JANUARY 1976 ,per, are concerned that widespread gence is assumed to oper- A SALUTE TO WILLIAM E. COLBY ?:?iersight of CIA operations by Con- ate in total secrecy and r~ss would result in paralyzing the outside the law. This is j~?'~. WILLIAM S. $3 ~~? ~ LIB' ;:IA's intelligence gathering. impossible under our 'The reason: Some of the CIA secrets OF r Constitution and in our society. As a IN THE HOUSE OF F REPR REPRESENTATI'vcS . th,nt were revealed in closed sessions of result, when CIA was established in Wednesday, Eanuary 28, 1976 congressional committees have been 1947, a compromise was made under leaked to news media. . ?:?- Mr. BR001VE?IELID. Mr. Speaker, the which broad, general statutes were ; changing of the watch today at the The latest example was -a draft report drawn and carefully limited arrange- :Central Intelligence Agency marks the- n spared after a year-long study by a ments for congressional review were : conclusion of an intelligence career that situse investigating committee headed adopted. It was then believed necessary is best characterized as professional. by Representative Otis Pike (Dem.), of to sacrifice oversight for secrecy. dedicated, conscientious and uncommon- err York. Release of the report was "Our society has changed, however, ' ly unselfish. Dever' in the nearly 30- r eked by a House vote of 246-124 on and a eater degree of* oversight is yas hisrery of that beleaguered agency 29, but many of its details al- ~ g has there been adirector who served y i_=uar Y now considered necessary. U.S. intelli- under more trying circumstances than eEtly had made their way into print. gence has already moved out of the William Colby._. Brae reported conclusion: Federal in- atmosphere of total secrecy which pre- To fully appreciate Mr. Colby's per- ;eiligence agencies operate in such fish- viously characterized it. We who are in formance, one must look back and recall ?en that they are "beyond the scrutiny" e t in September, surrounding his o`_ intelligence are well aware of the need m most in Septeptember, 1973. Just I month f Congress. Other allegations: to retain public confidence and con- before the President of the United '.Budget . figures supplied Congress gressional support if we are to continue States-in an unprecedented move-had c=::xitelligence agencies were far below to make our contribution to the safety -resigned amidst charges that; ,among ne sums actually spent. of our country. other things, he had manipulated the The CIA violated a 1967 presiden- "Thus, from the earliest days of the CIA of eyvesi foreedothecCIA into an a: is tai ective banning it from giving n- current investigations, I have stressed ~~scii?l assistance to schools. unwanted limelight from which- it has my hope that they will develop better been unable to retreat. letirie?g CIA Director William F. guidelines for our operations and . In assuming the directorship of the CS7-by cs:rleci a me-,vs conference to pro- stronger oversight, to Insure that our CIA, William Colby knew what lay ahead =s bit~erl f against the "obvious barst- as the furor created by the Watergate ;tie hies do remain within the Consti- revelations provoked a public clamor for ~g of the :lam protecting many of our lution and the laws of our country. a catharsis of the intelligence community a ret operations and activities.' "In 1947, we took a small step away that could only be achieved through a ~3e explained: "We provided large from total secrecy by enacting general long and painful congressional investiga- s vuni:5 O? information to this commit- tive process. Moreover, he may well have statutes and constructing careful over- foreseen the possibility that the final rc wits the understanding that the se- sight arrangements in the Congress. , would be protected... . The com- Proposals now under consideration chapter in such a scenario could include a call for his own removal. ?iktee seems neither able to keep se- would alter these arrangements to as- We have watched the scenario unfold. bsi;.;:5 nor its agreement." sure more detailed oversight.. As it was being played out, Mr. Colby Lis. Colby called the report an."out- "But it is essential that the pendulum spent more than half his time keeping r:?eous calumny," and asserted: "I be- not wring so far as to destroy the ,.ores this Congress apprised of the CI he .:-ve it totally biased and a disservice to activities, both past and present. The yard secrecy of intelligence or destroy record will show that his testimony was r nation, giving a thoroughly wrong intelligence itself in the process." startlingly candid and proved most help- of American intelligence. By Erosion of secrecy. The CIA was ful to those in Congress who have been te`_'ective use of the evidence provided, once so zealous of its secret mission that charged with the task of making recom- mendations for reform of the intelligence bi innuendo and suggestive language, on roads bordering its Langley, Va., the committee implies that intelligence heads uarters there were no signs point- community. Somehow, he also managed 1 g 1 to discharge his many other responsibili- - ; deceptive budgets, has no account- ing the way to "The CIA." Such signs ties in his dual role as head of the CIA virility and has not complied with it cli have now been installed-?amdl many and the intelligence community. acct order of the l'resident. Mr. Speaker, I .would like to express these flatly." more secrets. of the CIA have been re- my appreciation for the talent, dedica- I deny " i, into speculation now is what vealed, through leaks from Congress- tion and selfless public service of William sect far. Lluslf, as a se ' i nai men and their staffs, other Government Colby and wish him the very best in hi.; > A~8,vs t`drRet tW ;009d848d08vriE 4t-RlE)P7ft4i@*32R00040041ft@4s8I am most confident will have on the CIA's u re. that history ev 1 nd;udlge him to hate agents and oven the CIA itself. been the right: man, to% the :iglu job, at the right time. . , U. S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT ,q February 1976 Tue-Any, Dama, 27. 1976 Approved F h s S~ys, CIA, Job Was. Lonely...- . By Norman Ketnpster Washington Star Stan-Writer Former - CIA. 'Director Richard Helms said today his 6i/2 years'as the nation's top spy were lonely ones because Congress was un- willing to share in the re- sponsibility. Testifying before the Senate Government Opera- tions Committee, Helms said that often congress- men assigned to supervise the CIA really didn't want to know what the agency was doing. He said he questioned "how much certain sena tors wanted to--participate in the dirty tricks that a se- cret service engages in." Responding to friendly questions from the commit- tee, which is attempting to draft legislation reforming congressional supervision.. of intelligence, Helms said that present law sometimes poses a conflict for the head of the CIA. . He said that in order to obey a statute requiring the director to protect intelli- gence sources and methods, it was sometimes necessary to break other laws.. He did not elaborate, but he could have been refer- ring to the. burglary of a Fairfax photo studio which was conducted with Helms' approval in an effort to find out if a former CIA employe was exposing the agency's secrets. Administration sources have said that Helms is under investigation for that burglary and for possible perjury before congression- al committees. Sen. Abraham Ribicoff, D-Conn., who presided at the hearing, asked Helms what a CIA director should do if ordered by a president ? to commit an illegal act. "His first duty is to argue it out with the president for whom he works," Helms said. But he added that if the director is unable to convince the president to change his mind, he has only two choices - go along or resign. "And if he goes along, he may be left holding the bag and being pilloried in the press," Ribicoff remarked.- "That can happen," Helms replied dryly Reflecting on the 6'/x For ReIeMrd1p~.~C (`mmgressmen serving on the few legislative F .,z,. -mm; tees which received periodic, se- ~j briefings tended to be "very busy" By Petei? C. Ove~rirl Staff conreaa.r aC T.' t.~The Christialn Sciemca T A.-new congressional `:o:? step nearer after endorseme ;7 director.of the Central Inteii:genca ,fie ..oy. But Richard- M.. Helms, ciirec?c zf the embattled supersecret agency f:= 3; ?mars, sees a far different role for the wronosaO. .ew i congressional oversight cornmi'ien do reform-minded lawmakers: to crust eon sional "backing" for intelligence oneratia?!.o. There were many times when wog - ,' .a.r liked to have been able to fee ^.rrl. hacking , [when] Ii neii quite lcin.7," he told the Senate Government C raS: ass C.cm- mitteeTuesday (Jan. 27). liy bringing congressional oversee--s "in on, the takeoff" of new intelligence ac':f. helms explained, a permanent ?r=,tc.;~.dog committee might spare-the agendas -`the legs cut out from under you .,!.o'.r?a'-?..:: when you are in midstream." .. This is roughly what has occtvx ed ! .^?c` after the_ Senate voted to sarsca :. ..militiry.aid to pro-Western factions t'? n% Mr. Helms, who left the CIA three wears ag: and now is ambassador to Iran, c cnoedei> t past oversight of his agency vier ",..~., enough." THE DAILY O'CLAHOMA' K.Ii 7 JANUARY 1976 rca iy didn't want to know that much' .:a zcveri operations) because it might ??; designed for ^>>, ac..i:: intelligence e ae^.c..._ _ the gcver..1 ent r'hic - large degree t as done, but the srocess ;overrTner' ?2321.fr . Watergate e e, iecce }_,