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December 15, 2016
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November 6, 2003
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February 28, 1975
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Approved For R I ia(l4/ ~LE`/- E 7AA~ Q00800100005-1 OLC 75-0370/a 28 FEB 1975 Honorable Melvin Price, Chairman House Armed Services Committee House of Representatives Washington, D. C. 20515 This is in response to your request for my comments on matters raised in House Resolution 205 with regard to the Central Intelligence Agency. H. Res. 205 would direct the Secretary of Defense to furnish to the House of Representatives within 10 days certain information relating to developments in Chile in 1972 and 1973. This subject was addressed by the President during a news conference on September 16, 1974 (copy enclosed). Further, information on Agency activities with respect to Chile has been provided to committees in the Congress. It is believed that regardless of the country involved, information on activities undertaken by this Agency abroad to help implement foreign policy and protect national security should be dealt with by committees of the Congress with due consideration for protecting against the disclosure of information which could be harmful to the Nation's interests. This approach is consistent with the committee structure established for the oversight of this Agency, the enactment of Section 32 of Public Law 93-559 (copy enclosed) and the establishment of the Select Committee on Intelligence pursuant to House Resolution 138. In view of the above considerations, it is my hope that H. Res. 205 will not be approved. Sincerely, fs/ W. E..Colby, W. E. Colby Director CRC, 10/22/2003 Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800100005-1 Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800100005-1 Distribution: Original - Addressee w/encl 1- DCI wo/encl 1 - DDCI wo/encl 1 - ER wo / encl 1 -- DDO wo/encl 1 - OGC wo/ encl 1 - C/LA wo/encl 1 - OLC Chrono wo/encl YOLC Subj w/encl OLC/LLM:bao (28 Feb 75) Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800100005-1 D/DCI/IC D/ DCI/ NIO Compt ACTION J Remarks: (Al6trc~ at-7 DATE 4 A ,proved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP746684A CUTIVE SEClkit' RETARIAT Routing Slip 1/14 INITIAL 8'00005-1 Da ? F, I WARD HEBERT, L.A. CHARLES E. BEE'INETT, FLA. Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800~t~W4KINSON, ALA. SAMUEL S. STRATTON, N.Y. G. WILLIAM WHITEHURST, VA. RICHARD H. (CHORD, MO. WCIEN N. NEDZI, MICH. WILLIAM J. RANDALL, MO. CHARLES H. WILSON, CALIF. ROBERT L. LEGGETT, CALIF. FLOYD V. HICKS, WASH. RICHARD C. WHITE, TEX. BILL NICHOLS, ALA. JACK BRINKLEY, GA. ROBERT H. (BOB) MOLLOHAN, W. VA. DAN DANIEL, VA. G. V. (SONNY) MONTGOMERY, MISS. HAROLD RUNNELS, N. MEX. LES ASPIN, WIS. RONALD V. DELLUMS, CALIF. MENDEL J. DAVIS, S.C. PATRICIA SCHROEDER, COLO. ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., TEX. ANTONIO B. WON PAT, GUAM BOB CARR, MICH. JIM LLOYD, CALIF. LARRY MC DONALD, GA. THOMAS J. DOWNEY, N.Y. aotj(ngton, D.C. 20515 February 24, 1975 The Honorable William E. Colby Director of Central Tntel'11j6n-ce--- Central Intelligence Agency Washington, D.C. FLOYD D. SPENCE, D.C. DAVID C. TREEN, LA. GEORGE M. O'BRIEN, ILL. ROBIN L. BEARD, TENN. DONALD J. MITCHELL, N.Y. MARJORIE S. HOLT, MD. ROBERT W. DANIEL, JR., VA. ELWOOD H. (BUD) HILLIS, IND. ANDREW J. HINSHAW, CALIF. RICHARD T. SCHULZE, PA. AS~~uflva Registry Dear Mr. Colby: Reference is made to H. Has. 205 introduced in the House of Representatives on February 19, 1975 which would direct the Secretary of Defense to furnish to the House of Representatives within 10 days certain information with regard to the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency. I would appreciate it if you would review H. Res. 205 and provide me with your comments at an early date on matters raised in that resolution with regard to the Central Intelligence Agency. Melvin Price Chairman a.*. 300o t of 3epretentatibe COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES' Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800100005-1 It is now law F& a qt 4/t6MuPEIA-R 1a1904400608b(3$ 05 11itariiy, economically, niately'$16'billion of Federal money has gone back/ to diplomatically, and otherwise States and local units of government so that they,''ean from New. York to California, or Michigan to Floriila; or communities in one. State or another, have tot y dif. ferent problems. And this vast amount of Federal money going without restriction for deeisionmaking at the local and State level, I think, is a great achievement for a RepublicanAdminis- tration. And this Administration is going to c ntinue it. We want the legislation extended so that thi j effort will get even stronger in the months ahead. . So, I think we can take credit as Repul1 icans for a program that is very meaningful and very su stantial. But there are other things that have to be done; and they in- volve the area of foreign policy- I always said and I believed then that Ainerica and the world was fortunate to have a great star / man in Henry ` Kissinger as our Secretary of State. An 1 have learned to an even greater degree how effective how able, what a great teammate he is as he and I work on the problems involving peace throughout the world. We have peace at.the present time. a have peace for ? several reasons. One, we have peace?ecause the United States is strong militarily. And we are/not going to weaken our national security, despite. the pressure from some sources. Peace is related to strength. Weakness inevitably brings { on tear. History tells us that story. r/ - In the interim while we are keepringstrong, we are going to. make conscientious efforts to pegotiate with the Soviet effort one. of negotiation, not r}ecessarily confrontation. We are going to be working intimately with the prob- lcros of the Middle East, tryutg to move forward the suc `cessful efforts of disengagement which took place last fall.. We will concentrate in seeking to obtain a just and 'durable peace in that very difficult area of the world, but -'` that is not the only area where we must concentrate. The a_ ;.Pacific, where over a period of about 10 years almost 60,000 Americans lost their lives-that was a great sacri- fice, a sacrifice for an ob~ective that many Administrations, not just one, felt was in the best interests of the United States and the world a large. We cannot afford to throw away the sacrifices of those people. So, we must maintain our own strength and help our allies who are ing to retain the gains that were made in Vietnam d elsewhere in the Pacific. We have the p blem of Western Europe. The key to peace in the minds of many is the strengthening of NATO. We are workin r~to keep better cooperation, stronger mili- tary and econo c policies moving ahead. I am encouraged, and we are going to be meeting from time to time /Secretary Kissinger and others, with those who can have a meaningful impact on the NATO or- When you look at the other areas'--Latin Aij erica, we are not going to neglect Latin America. We are going - to work for greater cooperation there, and the Activities of Dr. Kissinger in this area in the Iast.5 or ,months We are not going to neglect Africa, We have and we will continue to work with, those nations in/that area of the world, ; So anyplace you go, our broad policy of global peace. will get our first and top attention laecaus~ if we are going to keep peace, we can solve more. Basil . our problems at home. As I close, let me just thank all of you for thewonderful? - job you did in endorsing Mary Louise and Dick. Let me thank George for his tireless efforts, effective ones, and. let me thank the Republican le.&ership in the House,. Hugh Scott, John Rhodes, and their associates, and let me express to my staff that. ha that I am grateful, and we are to move with the- Republic country. It is vital far us to ca I think we can do a great jo Thank you very kindly. ?. wort: The' President spoke at- e been so helpful to me Jrt ovin;, and we are going workers throughout the., our banner high, because for the country as a whole:. Earlier in the day, the President had held a brealafast' meeting Kith . members of the nominating committee of the Republican Nationalit Committee at the White Hous'c Prior to the luncheon, m bers of the Republican National Cora- mittee had elected Mary Ii ise Smith of Iowa as Republican Na- THE PRESIDENT'S NEWS CONFERENCE . OF SEPTEMBER 16, 1974 THE PRESIDENT. Ladies and gentlemen, this press con- ference is being held at a time when many Americans are observing th e Jewish religious New Year. It begins a period of self-examination and reconciliation. In opening this press conference, I am mindful that the spirit of this holy day has a meaning for all Americans. In examining one's deeds of the last year and in assum-- ing responsibility for past actions and personal decisions, one can reach a point of growth and change. The purpose of looking back is to go forward with a new and. enlight- ened dedication to our highest Values. - The record of the past year does not have to be end- lessly relived, but can be transformed by commitment to new insights and new-actions in the year to come. Ladies and gentlemen, I am ready for your questions. Mr. Cormier [Frank Cormier, Associated Press). _ Volume 10-Number 38 Approved For Release 2004/0.1/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R00080010.0005-1 i iurraerinvestigatton,1. am wonaeringwny the nego41auu1e3 with Mr. Nixon's representatives were conducted strictly between the counsel in your office without bringing.in discussions with either Mr. Jaworski's representatives or those from the justice Department. THE PREsmzrir. In the first place,. I did receive a memorandum, or legal opinion, from the Department of Justice which indicated that in the opinion of the Depart- ment of Justice, the documents, tapes the ownership of them--were in the hands of the former President. And historically, that has been the case for all Presidents. Now, the negotiations for the handling of the tapes and documents were undertaken and consummated by my staff and the staff of the former President. I believe that they have been properly preserved, and they will be available under subpoena for any criminal proceeding. Now, the Special Prosecutor's staff has indicated some concern. I am saying tonight that my staff is working with the Spe- cial Prosecutor's staff to try and alleviate any concerns that they have. I hope a satisfactory arrangement can be worked out. Q. Mr. President, during your confirmation hearings as Vice President, you said that you did not think that the country would stand for a President to pardon his predecessor. Has your mind changed about such public opinion? THE PRESImENT?. In those hearings before the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, I was asked a hypothetical question. And in answer to that hypothetical question I responded by saying that I .did not think the American people would stand for such an action. Now that I am in the White House and don't have to answer hypothetical questions but have to deal with reality, it, was my judgment, after analyzing all of the facts, that it was in the best interest of the United States for me to take the action that I did. I think if you will reread what I said in answer to that hypothetical question, I did not say I wouldn't. I simply said that under the way the question was phrased, the American people would object But I am absolutely convinced when dealing with reality in this very, very difficult situation, that I made the right decision in an effort-an honest, conscientious effort-to end the divisions and the turmoil in the United States. Mr. Lisagor [Peter Lisagor, Chicago Daily News]. Q. Mr. President, is there any safeguard in the tapes agreement that was made with Mr. Nixon, first, with their destruction in the event anything happens to him, because should not the tapes be kept in the White House until the - Special Prosecutor has finished dealing with them? THE PRESrDENT.. The tapes and the documents are still in our possession, and we are, as I said a moment agog working with the- Special Prosecutor's office to alleviate any concerns they have as to their disposition and their - availability. The agreement as to destruction is quite clear-cut. As long as Mr. Nixon is alive and during the period of time. that is set forth, they are available for subpoena.by a court involving any criminal proceedings. I think this is a neces- sary requirement for the protection of evidence for any Q. Mr. President, recent Congressional testimony has n?-- indicated that the CIA, under the direction of a commit- tee headed by Dr. Kissinger, attempted to destabilize the Government of Chile under former President Allende. . Is it the policy of your Administration to attempt to destabilize the governments of other democracies? - THE PRESIDENT. Let me answer in general. I think this is a very importani question. - Our Government, like other governments, does take - certain actions in the intelligence field to help implement foreign policy and protect national security. I am informed reliably that Communist nations spend vastly more money - than we do for the same kind of purposes. - - . Now, in this particular case, as I understand it and there is no doubt in my mind-our Government had no - involvement whatsoever in the Allende coup To my knowledge, nobody has charged that. The facts are we had no involvement in any way whatsoever in the coup - itself. . ? In a period of time, 3 or 4 years ago, there was an effort being made by the Allende government to destroy opposi- tion news media, both the writing press as well as the electronic press, and to destroy opposition political parties. - The effprt that was made in this case was to help and assist the preservation of opposition newspapers and elec. tropic media and to preserve opposition political parties. 'X think this is in the best interest of the people in Chile . and, certainly, in ourbestinterest.:- Now, may I add one further comment The 40 Committee was established in 1948. It has been in existence under Presidents since that time. That com- mittee reviews every covert operation undertaken by our Government, and that information is relayed to the re- sponsible Congressional committees where it is reviewed by House and Senate: committees. - - ? It seems to me that the 40 Committee should continue in existence, and I am going to meet with the responsible Congressional committees to see whether or not they want any changes in the review process so that the Congress, as ? VON" 10-Humber 28 Approved For Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R000800100005-1 - v Al' included in t e, ould be closely kr_ S~crt~ ~c p li?~r3 2 0.1/1cr, CIA-R10PM1 8iM4UR110Q&Wd-Ojf D5h1t thcy.will he-most audi- well as the President, are fully informed and are fully bility of income tax returns I think Al h FURTHER QUESTIONS ON PARDON DECISION Q. In view of public reaction, do you think that the Nixon pardon really, served to bind up the Nation's wounds? I wonder if f:ou would assess public reaction to that move. ' .. THE PREsmE;v-r. I ust say that .the decision has cre ated more antagonism than I anticipated. But as I look over the long haul with a trial, or several trials, of a former President, criminal trials, the possibility of a former Presi- dent being in the dock, so to speak, and the divisions that would have existed not just for a limited period of time but for a long period of time, it seems to me that when I had the choice between that possibility and the possibility of taking direct action hoping to conclude it, I am still convinced, despite the public reaction so far, that the decision I made was the ri-ht one. . Q. Mr. President, in r gard to the pardon you talk , about the realities of th~ situation. Now those realities, rightly or wrongly, include a good many people who spec- ulate about whether or nqt there is some sort of arrange- ment-they even, some of them, call it a deal-between you and the, former President, or between your staff and his staff-resignation in exchange for a full pardon. ut,LrYccir jtIC cuLU uLC turmCr rrC5luenE, nor oerween my for advice and judgment for' the legal fallout?VV..w....,,...,,.. staff and the staff of the former President, none what- - OWNERSHIP OF rRESTOENTIAt. PAPERS .`.. Q. Mr. President, Iookirf?Q beyond the Nixon papers and in view of some criticism in Congress, do you believe we oi House papers should rem as the property of the Gove THE PRESIDENT. As far I am personallyVconcerned, I can see a legitimate reason for Presidential. papers re- maining the property of the Government. In my.oj,,-n case, I made a decision some yed.rs ago to turn over, all of my Congressional papers, all Of, my Vice Presidential papers, to the University of Michigan archives, As far as. I am concerned, whether they go to 111e: chives for use or whether they stay the possession of the Government, I don't think makes too much difference. I have no desire, personally, to retain whatever papers comeoutof my Administration. Mr. Mollenhoff [Clark R. Mollenhoff, Des .Moines Register and Tribune]. Q. Mr. President, at the last press conference You said,. "The code of ethics That will be followed will be the. eye- , edge, any kind of understanding about this? ample that I set" Do you find any conflicts of interest in t the decision to grant a sweeping pardon to your life long THE PRESmpmr. There was no understanding, no deal Gip-1 Ana .,.,.,., ?a...... . Inc question is: Is there or was there to your knowl- ACCESS TO TNCOMR TAX RETURNS TH-IE PRESIDENT. The decision to grant a pardon to Mr.,-. Nixon was made primarilyy as I have expressed, for the purpose of tr in to heal th d t h y g e woun s t ' roughout the coun Q: Mr- President, sir,.th'ere is a bill that the Treasury t between Americ s d ry ans on one i e of the issue or the Department has put forward, I think it is about 38 pages.. other. Mr. Nixon nominated me for the office of Vice I7 d thi bill hi d l er s , w ch ea - s with getting hold of the re- President, I was confirmed overwhelmingly in the house turns,-Internal Revenue retr ins, of citizens of the country, as well as in the Senate. Every action I have taken, Mr. . you' could take action to.gek those. returns whenever you Mollenhoff, is predicated oh my conscience without any wanted to, concern or consideration As to favor as far as I. am - . x wonder if you are aware of this and if you feel that a _ I er you need td get those returns of citizens? Trrn PRssmxrrr. It is my understanding that a Presi-' dent has, by tradition and practice and by law, the right to have access to income tax returns. I personally think that is something that should be kept very closely held. A person's income tax return is a very, precious thing to that individual, and therefore, I am about to issue an Execu- tive order that makes it even more restrictive as to how those returns can be handled' And I rio think that a pro- posed piece of legislation that is coming to me and subse- quently will be.submitted, as I recollect, to the Congress _ would also greatly tighten up the availability or accessi- ' See page 1176 of this hue. -CONDITIONAL AMNESTY A YD THE PARDON DECISION Q: If your intention was,. to heal the wounds of the Nation, sir, why did you grant only a conditional amnesty to the Vietnam war draf` e'aders while granting a full pardon to President Nixon? . . THE PEESIDENT. The onl' connection between those two cases is the effort that I made in the one to heal the wounds involving the charges against Mr. Nixon and my honest: and conscientious `effort to heal the wounds for those who had deserted military service or dodged the V draft. That is the only connection between the two. Approved For Release. 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00144R00080010Q005-1 nt where Presidential IV, bite n in the Government's hands; .MxS'.a:"~. e~r'r -c ,~?-.-..s:; .v;:7.cwm.~3~~'t -1 ~ ~~?~?S'S.1r` r^v. .~7.'w~,~3,. ~?~-~??- :+..~~+~ lottvithst:ir,(liiig cintis(: (3), sub.;ri.tiott (a) shall apply to any renewal or extension of-any coittniet referred to in Snell j>kix agra pl) entered iota on or a ter such date of en..tetnient?i Es:-tniint or any progr:un of Internal Irltelbgrnce? or sur?rcilhllice on bah tl f of any foreign gov(:nini(.nt within till- United Stat( or abroad. "(J) with resl)cet to ;i ;ivtance rcrid?red under section :,1:)(e) oved-'Far Release 2004/01114 -CIA -:R 17NIQQ144R0009. 0300 Bt) STAT, 1004 Pub. Law 93-559. . 10 - " : December 30, 1974 4z usu sius. or 110e U11111LUtns Ur1111e Control anti Safe St ree(s act of 1D(3, with respert? to ifny authority of the Dri 1:rtforrr.nient Administnltion or the )federal Biir?r;nr of*] nvestigation uilieh relates to crimes,; of tic; nature which are ittilawful nailer the l:ltvs of the United Stites, or with respect to assistance authorized under section. 22 USC 2291.. 4& of this Act; or "(?) to any contract entered into, prior to the date of enactrneii of this section with silly person, or,"allization, or agency of the United States Government. to provide pexsonitel to conduct, or Repel-].. nonO of life funds tnnule In?att:thl(? to early not this Act, and Iloilo of the local currencies generated under tins Act, ::hall be used to X,olice, prisons, or other laiv en foi?cernent foicoi for any foreign goo-- I:E13rBCI'SA1ILF I)F:{ FLOYJ[F;ti1 rI:UCIG\~t5 IS nltitwt11?!ecI to lie lit) to til,()?'.)i),i)i)t) of the fitrtds in ;de available for the purj.. ?s of this Act. in c:teh of tha liscal rears 1175 and 197r: to 22 USC 2151, assistance tut ter, j>art I of this :Let, in (1) facilitatin{r open Xud fair IXTErd.I(;t?:):C6 :1CT[{-rITuS A\U F:XC1E. OYS OF Sea..;?. The Foreign Assistance Act of 191 is amended by adding 22 USC 2422. `-Si--c. ti62. Lntltt:ttion on Litciligenco ActI1?itles.--(a) 1O f.r?r1m stirrnilation t.;, reintl>urs:xble aid pt?ort?atns Consistent with part X of (_CjJtll(. (( Uy or o11 Uea:tlt OI toe LCiu1.t?at J.litelli?"ence .A encc for opeint.ions in foremi n Corintrios. other than activity s itr Ni,r?:.rl solt't,- report to and scope of such operation to tine appropriatte comet ittees of t11ea('oti_ - Congress. j!i'(SS including" the Corli!irittee off FOI-6gn 7:i , ~. Qcl:itio* ,t5 of the 1Tl:iteEt States Scurtte and the Ci.:?nlinittee on Foreign .hairs of the 1;)citerl 50 Usc 1541 by the l'resi(lettt. n(t(let timeW it Powers Resolution. note. r Release 2004/01/14: CIA-RDP77M00,144R000800100D05-1 2Z USC 24-20. ? tir:C. U t). t'ruh~hit.irrt; Police Tr:ainin~= (n) On :urt1 after Ttily 1, -