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September 17, 1975
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S 16056 Approver For Releagg)N W~ We, therefore, recommend that; the Na- tional Medical Association: 1. Support legislation designed to increase research and development of alternate energy sources. 2. Support national agencies such as the Environmental Protective Agency in promot- ing `comprehensive environmental monitor- ing programs. 3. Encourage Constituent State organiza- tions to pursue similar programs at the State level. 4. Establish a permanent Committee on Environmental Health and Safety. "NUCLEONICS WEEK" REPORT Some 250 Los Alamos scientists, among others, constructively question nuclear power in a manifesto ... If answers to their ques- tions are not forthcoming within 2 years, however, they call for a moratorium on new nuclear plants. The group, New Mexico Citi- zens For Clean Air- and Water, has about 2,000 members, of which some 400 work at (nearby) Los Alamos Scientific Labs [one of America's 3 main atomic labs-the other 2 being Oak Ridge and Hanford] ... The group was formed some time ago to tackle the 4 Corners fossil power plant at the junc- tion of New Mexico and 3 other states, but has now turned to question nuclear power. The manifesto advocates abandoning Price- Anderson liability indemnification protec- tion, since, if nuclear plants are as safe as proponents claim, utilities and others should not need the coverage; Price-Anderson elim- ination will stimulate utilities and others to be less lax in their standards, the paper says. A full-scale test of an emergency core cool- ing system is advocated, using a reasonable mock-up of a several-hundred Mw reactor, said Bartlit (chairman of the group). Nuclear power plants should also be sited in or close to the urban electrical load centers rather than in rural areas-if they are as safe as their proponents say, the manifesto says. The group is concerned with long term storage of high level nuclear wastes and its manifesto proposes ... federal funding of solar and geothermal research at a level equal to that of nuclear energy. Bartlit acknowl- edged that ERDA is examining salt beds in New Mexico for permanent disposal of high level wastes. The group does not think this is any worse or better than putting the wastes elsewhere. If these problems are not solved or being solved within 2 years, we. would oppose fur- ther construction of nuclear plants, said Bartlit (and) added, "Lack of public pressure virtually ensures that the situation is ig- nored." "The manifesto has taken about 18 months to prepare, and began with a much more extreme antinuclear flavor. The heavy con- tribution made by LASL people modified its tone considerably," said Bartiit. (Free copies of the full position paper- which also contains a full-scale discussion of the case with which illicit atomic bombs can be privately manufactured, as well as a detailed account of the actual routing of a trans-national shipment of plutonium from Japan to Cheswick, Penna., are available from: New Mexico Citizens for Clean Air and Water, 100 Circle Drive, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501.) NATIONAL ADA POLICY ON NUCLEAR ENERGY The further construction of nuclear power plants should be stopped immediately for a moratorium period of ten years. Because of the serious dangers to public health and safety and because of the jeopardy imposed upon future generations who must guard in- definitely the nuclear wastes we are now pro- ducing, ADA urges the. phasing out of the entire nuclear fission power program. The $?Nm-RDe0R11DA4- g=01IOO6t tmber 17, 1975 development of alternative sources of energy must actively be encouraged and funded as a top national priority. There are several factors which make fur- ther construction of nuclear fission plants unconscionable: 1. Serious safety defects found in present nuclear plants indicate that the possibility of catastrophic disaster by accident or sabo- tage is not negligible, despite assurances to the contrary by the Atomic Energy Commis- sion (Rasmussen Report, 1974). The credi- bility of the AEC's safety. claims is seriously questioned by both the strict limitation of liability for a nuclear accident imposed by the Price-Anderson Act (1974) and the total unavailability of insurance coverage to in- dividuals for nuclear accidents. 2. The storage of dangerous radioactive wastes requires us to impose upon all fu- ture generations the moral obligation to safe- guard these lethal nuclear by-products. We, therefore, have to guarantee or assume a stable social and political system without human error or acts of God for at least 10,- 000 years-an obvious impossibility. 3. Theft of bomb-quality, fissionable mate- rial for use by terrorists or criminals is a real possibility with present-day safeguards. Production and shipment of huge quanti- ties of plutonium for future nuclear breeder plants is an invitation to theft and nuclear l^lackmail. 4. A security system which could prevent any theft or sabotage of nuclear material would have as a necessary consequence the serious infringement on the civil liberties and privacy of millions of Americans. 5. Plutonium is perhaps the most deadly substance i nown to man. The possibilities of sabotage or an. accident due to human error are demonstrated by the nuclear industries' poor safety record. The benefits of nuclear power from breeder reactors cannot compen- sate for the jeopardy to human health. 6. The threat to health from the low-level radiation given off by present nuclear plants is unknown. Recent studies have shown that long-range exposure to very low levels of radiation may cause serious damage. Thus, even in normal, "safe" operation, present day nuclear plants pose an indeterminate and potentially serious threat. to health. 7. Alternative energy sources, such as solar or geothermal energy, should be economically feasible and can be exploited by full-scale re- search and development programs. 8. A long-term program of energy conserva- tion, coupled with more complete exploita- tion of available fossil fuels, should avoid the need for nuclear reactors and provide the needed time for development of alternative energy sources. 9. There is serious question to the economic advantage of nuclear reactors over alterna- tive energy sources. ADA, therefore, -advocates the following measures: 1. The breeder reactor energy program, in view of its known and potential risks and its huge costs should be abandoned immedi- ately. 2. A ten-year moratorium on construction of any nuclear power plants should be im- plemented immediately. 3. Present nuclear power plants should be [Editorial From the Detroit Free Press, Aug. 8, 19751 NUCLEAR PowEa DANGERS MUST NOT GO IGNORED The Nation cannot afford to ignore the warnings about the dangers of nuclear power that were issued this week by some 2,300 American scientists. President Ford should follow the recommendations made by the scientists, lest a major nuclear tragedy occur as a result of our failure to take heed. The country's nuclear power program has been under attack for many months by a wide variety of consumer and environmental groups. Part of the nuclear power industry's response to this attack was that no repu- table scientists doubted the safety of nuclear reactors. This argument has now been laid to rest. The petition presented to Mr. Ford this week was prepared by five of the most eminent scientists in the nation, and was signed by more than 2,300 biologists, chemists, physi- cists, engineers and other scientists. Nine Nobel Prize winners were among the dis- tinguished group that ' endorsed the state- ment. In defining the dangers inherent in the nuclear power program, the scientists' pe- tition cited three main areas of concern: The basic safety of nuclear reactors. The petition asserts that while no major accident has ocurred to date, the record shows "many malfunctions of major equipment, operator errors and design defects, as well as a con- tinuing weakness in the quality control prac- tices" of plant construction. The problem of disposal of nuclear waste. This waste is highly radioactive and danger- ous, and no feasible method has yet been devised for its disposal, according to the scientists. This radioactive waste, the peti- tion concludes, is "a grim legacy from the nuclear program to future generations." The danger that plutonium produced in nuclear reactors could be stolen or diverted to construct "illicit nuclear explosives or radiological terror weapons." Safeguards in this area, the scientists found, are wholly inadequate. The study concluded that nuclear power plant construction should be "drastically re- duced" until research can be done to start solving the dangers cited. It also called for an end to American exports of nuclear plants, and urged a long-term program of energy conservation and exploration of alternative energy sources such as environ- mentally controlled coal power, solar energy and fusion. These recommendations are cogent and re- sponsible, and must be adopted promptly by the government. The nation's long-range en- ergy problems are very real, and nuclear power may yet hold part of the answer. But it seems clear that the country has seriously underestimated the dangers of nuclear power, and has overemphasized its potential for solving the energy crunch. It is time to readjust our energy priorities, in accordance with new information, and to demand a higher standard of proof from those who ad- vocate increased reliance on nuclear energy. phased out gradually, on a case-by-case basis, as alternative power sources are developed, Mr. or as operating dangers prohibit their safe 4. Funding of research and development of alternative energy technologies such as solar, geothermal, or fusion energy should be a top national priority. 5. We are opposed to the exportation of any nuclear reactors, because no safeguards can be devised which are adequate in view of the enormous risks involved. 8. A long-term program of energy conser- vation should be developed and enforced. sore tl Cnliiln extent or -Pmment'g s capacity-an some Ines. n- innova- I am pleased to note that legislation to curb such excesses and to provide clear Approved For Release 2001/08/30 : CIA-RDP77M00144R000800110064-5 September 17, 19 75?ipprove#6p4- ft-16 1/ M &&W NMA also endorses the Nuclear Energy program and thus ehance the risks of serious Reappraisal Act introduced in the House accidents. of Representatives with 24 cosponsors The nuclear power program in this coun- by Representatives HAMILTON FISH and try is now the focus of a burgeoning con- troversy. Many thoughtful members of the NED PATTISON. technical community, and some of the Gov- It is reassuring to see physicians par- ernment agencies With responsibilities relat- ticipating in the nuclear power debate, ing to the nuclear power program, hold a because nuclear power is at bottom an variety of. reservations about the assurance issue of public health. I would also like to enter here a report from Nucleonics Week about a manifesto issued earlier this year by the New Mex- ico Citizens for Clean Air and Water. The group constructively questions nuclear power. The manifesto states that if safety, waste disposal and liability in- surance difficulties are not ameliorated within 2 years, a moratorium on new nu- clear plants will be justified. Some 250 scientists from Los Alamos, a nuclear research center, signed the manifesto. The final resolution I wish to mention here is a national policy paper of the Americans for Democratic Action. The ADA calls for a 10-year moratorium on nuclear construction coupled with ag- gressive development of alternative en- ergy sources. In addition, I would like to enter into the RECORD an editorial published last month by the Detroit Free Press. The paper endorses the statement of the 2,300 scientists and calls for the drastic re- duction urged in their statement. The newspaper concludes: It seems clear that the country has seriously underestimated the dangers of nu- clear power, and has overemphasized its po- tential for solving the energy crunch. It is time to readjust our energy priorities, in ac- cordance with new informati3n, and to de- mand a higher standard of proof from those who advocate increased reliance on nuclear energy. Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that the statement by 2,300. sci- entists, the NMA resolution, the Nucle- onics Week item, the ADA policy paper, and the Free Press editorial be printed it the RECORD. There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows: DECLARATION ON NUCLEAR POWER BY MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN TECHNICAL COMMUNITY Nuclear fission releases enormous energy locked inside the atomic nucleus. Used in anger, nuclear fission can create world-wide devastation. Applied for peace-time electric power generation, nuclear fission creates massive amounts of radioactive by-products posing grave potential hazards which can only be controlled by an exceedingly high level of care, perception, and diligence. There was once widely shared enthusiasm among scientists that nuclear fission would represent an inexhaustible new energy source for mankind. valuable because it would be safe, inexpensive, and non-pollut- ing. This early optimism has been steadily eroded as the problems of major accidents, long-term radioactive waste disposal, and the of plutonium became more fully recognized, disposal, and plutonium safeguards. For It also became clear that the nuclear power similar reasons, we urge the nation to sus. proponents failed to appreciate in due course pend its program of exporting nuclear plants the practical problems that could interfere to other countries pending resolution of the with the implementation of this new tech- national security questions associated with nology, of how companies and individuals the use by these countries of the by-product might fail to achieve the high level of per- plutonium from United States nuclear re. formance required to safeguard the prodi- actors. gious quantities of radioactive materials ac- In order to reduce reliance on nuclear cumulating in a country-wide nuclear power energy prior to resolution of the problems of nuclear safety. The effectiveness, for ex- ample, of basic reactor safety systems is ques- tioned because of the lack of relevant experi- mental evidence. The operating record of the country's nuclear plants includes no major nuclear accident to date, a very gratifying fact, but the total operating record is small and the absence of casualties is no guaran- tee for the future. In fact, the record to date evidences many malfunctions of major equip- ment, operator-errors, and design defects as well as continuing weaknesses in the quality control practices with which nuclear plants are constructed. Granted the present state of reactor safety, it is difficult to see how the occurranee of a major misshap can be pre- cluded in decades to come in a full-scale nu- clear power program. No technically or economically feasible methods have yet been proven for the ulti- mate disposal of radioactive waste: a grim legacy from the nuclear program to future generations. Several proposals for dealing with the wastes exist, and one or more of these approaches may eventually be shown to be satisfactory, but important questions remain unanswered today about all of them. The connection between commercial nu- clear power plants and nuclear explosives is another legitimate source of concern. Vari- ous studies carried out by the Government, as well as by outside reviewers, point up multiple weaknesses In safeguards pro- cedures intended to prevent the theft or diversion of commercial reactor-produced plutonium for use in illicit nuclear explo- sives or radiological terror weapons. Pro- posals for satisfactory plutonium safeguards procedures appear to require special perva- sive security apparatus, incompatible with American traditions of freedom, an appara- tus which could take the United States a long way down the road to a police state. The plutonium safeguards problem has an international dimension because the United States, and to a lesser extent Canada, West Germany, and France, have begun world- wide commercial nuclear power plant sales programs that, If continued in their present way, may give dozens of countries the where- withal for nuclear weapons: the necessary supply of plutonium. The problems now besetting nuclear power are grave, but not necessarily irremediable. A major program of reactor safety, plu- tonium safeguards, and waste disposal re- search conducted with much enhanced pri- ority and level of competence, might be able to provide the answers to the technical con- cerns that have accumulated. We urge na- tional consideration and adoption of such a program. In the meantime, however, the country must recognize that it now appears imprudent to move forward with a rapidly expanding nuclear power plant construction program. The risks of doing so are altogether too great. We, therefore, urge a drastic reduc- tion in new nuclear power plant construc- tion starts before major progress is achieved in the required research and in resolving discussed above, the United States must ado,)t realistic policies governing energy ac- qui ition and use, the extraction, conversion, and combustion of coal, and the develop- me}.t of alternative sources of energy. These poll. ;ies present grave challenges and will call for decisions that have been largely are Jed to date in the national debate over energy policy. V. e must, in the first place, commit this cou try to a comprehensive energy conserva- tion program. This program must increase the sfliclency of energy use in all sectors and elan irate the present waste in transporta- tior space heating, and industrial uses of ene gy. S.-condly, we must commit this country to +ae prompt application of air pollution con' rol equipment at coal-burning power plat is, to vigorous efforts to improve the safe y of coal miners, and to a conscientious prof ram to mitigate the damage from strip min'ng. These procedures are essential if the nati in is to make use of our vast coal re- sou) ses during the period of transition from our present mix of energy sources to the one we levelop through research efforts in the upc -ming decades. FI.ially, we must commit the required teci: iical resources to a full-scale research and ievelopment effort to create more benign enei ;,y producing technologies that can make use ?f the energy of the sun, the winds, the tide? and the heat in the earth's crust. Fus >n energy research should also be given an a chanced priority. It was no mistake, following Hiroshima. to t-y to make use of nuclear energy for pear ful purposes. But it was a serious error in ji dgment in the following decades to de- vote resources to nuclear development to the virti al exclusion of other alternatives. It has also been unfortunate that the efforts to com=lerciallze nuclear energy allowed safety and national security problems to receive less than the required consideration. The nati+,n, on the thirtieth anniversary of Hiro- shin:a, must take note of these facts, dimin- ish -he large growth rate of the nuclear prog ?am, and take other appropriate steps to e, Sure adequate energy for the nation. Nuci EAR POWERPLANTS---A RESOLUTION OF THE NATIONAL MEDICAL AssOCIATION W ereas, Nuclear powerplants in normal operation have low-level emissions of radia- tion; when there are mechanical failures, thee, emissions may increase; in 1973-74 the AEC Investigated 1148 safety violations in- volvi ig reactors. WT.ereas, Radionuclides contained in the emis -tons enter the soil, air and water. They are I-.haled or ingested by the general popu- latio at random, localizing in various tissues in tb body and irradiating these tissues until their radioactivity is spent. WI r yeas, The biological effects of low- level :radiation are not known. Significant re- searc i on this subject is now in progress; ,ever al investigators have suggested cor- relat ms between the increase in nuclear re- actor and the increase in cancer, infant mort city and congenital abnormalities. Wl ereas, There are serious technologycal probi -ms in the transportation and di#osal of radioactive wastes and in the back-ufcool- ing : ystems in nuclear plants- Nuriierous mino - accidents have occurred, seventh major acrid nts have occurred and a cat4strophic acrid nt is possible. Wh- reas, The environmental monitoring safeg, cards In many areas are inadequate. The local , aopulations in the vicinitf of many nu- clear reactors, often the ruralY poor, are ill- infori>led as to the potential hazards. Whereas, Several nuclear powerplants have been constructed or are being planned in areas where instability An the underlying geolof ical strata are known to exist. Approved For Release 2001/08/30 : CIA-RDP77M00144R000800110064-5 -Seritember 17. liepf,oved Ford WgMtQWOR P7-BM&1 8000800110064-5 S 16057 procedures to protect U.S. citizens from unwarranted surveillance, H.R.214, has been under active consideration by a House Judiciary Subcommittee and may well be acted upon by the full committee and House this session. As the principal sponsor of the Senate version of this bill, S. 1888, which I initially introduced in the spring of 1974, I would like to take this opportunity to thank my friend and colleague in the House, Mr. MOSHER, for his vigorous and a arts in that body on behalf pH R. 214, f which he I would like to C-a ffthe attention of my colleagues a recent article which ex- plores the need for and progress being made by H.R. 214. Entitled,, "Privacy Rights Pushed," this article appeared in the September 8 issue of the Capitol Hill Forum, a promising new periodical which has now joined the 25-year-old Roll Call in providing useful and informative cov- erage of events and developments on and around Capitol Hill. I ask unanimous consent that this article be printed in full in the conclusion of my remarks. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. (See exhibit 1.) Mr. MATHIAS. In addition, Mr. Pres- ident, I am pleased to note another re- cent development related to the privacy and the public do not become so spellbound by the wrangling over past activities of the intelligence agencies that they lose sight of the broader issues that underlie the whole debate. The news media are titillated by stories about how we attempted to slip Fidel Castro a poisoned cigar, and some continue to wax indignant over CIA involvements in coups in Iran and Chile and who knows where else. These are legitimate subjects of investiga- tion and do raise serious questions about the nature and conduct of our foreign policy. - But the gut issue is the domestic activities of the CIA, the Federal Bureau of Investiga- tion, the military intelligence services, and th f dera1 ncies Starting with the other a age subcommittee, Mathias and Mosher said, "It is our firm belief that discretionary authority in the area of government surveillance should be removed entirely from the executive branch. It should not be the prerogative of the executive to determine whose rights should be infringed upon and whose should not. We feel the Constitution correctly indi- cates that the courts are the only proper place for decisions of this sort to be made." The practical effect of passage of H.R. 214 would be to compel federal agents to go into court and to explain to a judge, before the fact, why a particular surveillance act is necessary. There would be no exceptions to this requirement, although Congressman Mosher concedes that standards of proof may var in some cases, such as in matters relat- Ervin Committee's mind-boggling disclosure ingy to espionage or international intelli- of the Huston plan, and continuing to the Bence gathering. present time, we have seen myriad revela- tions of cases in which the U.S. government The main point that Mosher and others violated the rights to privacy of American make is that Americans need to be assured citizens. that their rights will not be tampered with To cite a few of the more blatant examples, unless a court has given its prior approval. we have learned in recent years of Army Privacy advocates cite the problem of the so- spies at the 1968 Democratic convention; CIA called "chilling effect" as evidence of the openings of thousands of pieces of mail; need for this assurance. Mosher notes that he has received letters National Security Agency interceptions of from several constituents who feared they thousands of telephone calls; FBI break-ins might be subject to government surveillance. and burglaries at hundreds of locations; mail More importantly, he believes that citizens covers placed on hundreds of citizens by the are refraining from participating in legiti- Post Office, acting on behalf of dozens of mate political exercises-such as writing to agencies; and Internal Revenue Service per- congressmen or newspaper editors, joining sonnet spying on the private activities of in peaceful demonstrations, contributing to dozens of individuals. Every one of these controversial political parties, etc.-out of activities involved the federal government fear of becoming targets of government spying on private citizens; in none of these surveillance. cases was a warrant or other prior court The Ohio Republican is still in the process approval sought or granted. of polling a sampling of his colleagues on Are these isolated cases? I don't think so. this subject but preliminary results already , lative agenda, including the following Neither are they necessarily related, how- show substantial agreement that the chilling statement: ever. What all of these examples point out effect is a valid theory and that a high per- We must consider legislation to assure is that federal statutes are sufficiently vague, centage of congressmen say they have re- American citizens that they will not be sub- and executive agencies' self-restraints and ceived letters or calls from constituents who ject to arbitrary or unjustified surveillance internal controls are so weak, that time after feel they are being monitored by the by government agents and to protect citi- time, in wholly unrelated cases, we see evi- government. zens' right-to-privacy. dente of a gross lack of awareness or concern The Judiciary Committee and, later, the for citizens' rights to privacy. Admittedly, -whole House will soon have the opportunity Coupled with the excellent report is- those rights are not very precisely defined, to correct this imbalance, to tug our national sued last year by the House Republican but it does not take much imagination to policy away from permitting arbitrary execu- Task Force on Privacy, this statement figure out what is an invasion of some- tive decisions in the privacy area and in- helps to underscore the commitment of one's privacy and what is not. stead move toward a strict statutory defini- the Republican side of what I hope will There is presently an effort underway in tion of limitations on surveillance, with the be a major bi-partisan effort on this cru- Congress to help provide better protection courts-not the snoopers-interpreting the' for US citizens against undue surveillance by laws. cial issue. The exhibit follows: EXHIBTT 1 PRIVACY RIGHTS PUSHED their government. New legislation is quietly working its way to the floor. The Bill of Rights Procedures Act (H.R. 214) appears to be the main bill under eon- sideretion at this time. Marc H. Rosenberg) ducedlast spring by Senator Charles MCC. Political Washington is a city that is con- Mathias (R-Md.) and Rep. Charles A. stantly caught up in a tug-of-war between Mosher (R-Ohio), this bill is now co-spon- the executive and legislative branches of sored by a strong bipartisan group of 73 government. Occasionally, the courts pitch congressmen; it has been endorsed by the in to add their weight on one side or the House Republican Task Force on Privacy. other or to pull in a new direction. The New York Times, and many groups in Lately, the Central Intelligence Agency between. The proposed legislation would (CIA) and other intelligence-related agencies make it a criminal offense for any agent of have been a primary focus of executive- the federal government to conduct any form legislative contention. From the preliminary of surveillance of a private American citi- reports, it is increasingly clear that the agen- zen unless a Court order is first obtained. ties have. been guilty of various transgres- The House Judiciary Subcommittee on sions in'the not-so-distant past and that Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administra- some new legislation may result from the on- tion of Justice, chaired by Rep. Robert Kas- going inquiries. tenmeier (D-Wis.), has been holding hear- As the- Congress moves closer to creating ings on H.R. 214 sporadically during the past new statutory restrictions on the intelligence six months; the last day of hearings is now agencies, the tug-of-war will intensify. The scheduled for September 8. By early Octo- executive branch will swear that the "horror ber, the bill should be in subcommittee stories" that have-come to the public's at- mark-up, with favorable action expected. tention were unique and will never happen The Bill of Rights Procedures Act embodies again. New administrative .guidelines will be two very fundamental concepts. They are: announced, and thear;ument will be made (1) No individual citizen's rights to pri- that any legislation IIl_ this area would im- vacy should be abridged by the government pede the President in the exercise of his con- without the prior knowledge and written ap- stitutional authorities as Commander-in- proval of the courts; Chief. (2) Any federal agent conducting warrant- Let us hope that Congress and the Ameri- less surveillance should be held personally can public are not- diverted by these argu- liable for criminal law penalties. ments. We must take care that Congress In joint testimony before the Kastenmeier UNITED STATES-CUBA RELATIONS Mr. STONE. Mr. President, on July 2, 1975, three Cuban trained agents, na- tives of the Dominican Republic, in- filtrated this country through Palenque Beach, situated west of the capital city of Santo Domingo, in San Cristobal Province. The three agents had lived in Cuba, and infiltrated the Dominican Republic via Puerto Rico, where they were assisted in their operation by members of the Puerto Rican Socialist Party-PSP. Three members of this party, John Thomas Sampson Fernandez, trained in Cuba himself; Angel Gandia, a mem- ber of its central committee; and Rafael Garcia Zapata, transported guerrilla members Claudio Caamano Grullon, who headed the group, Manfredo Casa- do Villars, and Toribio Pena Jaquez from Puerto Rico to the Dominican Republic on a motorboat outfitted with two 115- horsepower outboard motors capable of a speed of 30 knots. The Puerto Ricans, headed by Gandia, departed with the Cuban trained agents from a beach in northeastern Puerto Rico. The three Puerto Ricans were arrested by Dominican authorities after docking Approved For Release 2001/08/30 : CIA-RDP77M00144R000800110064-5 S16058 Approved For ~~ ~~ 1 ~ : 77N~l C 1 W00800'f~0e~ ~5abea^ a; ~ F.,yr in La Romana sugar mill to refuel the motorboat after landing the three agents. They admitted at a June 24 press con- ference in Santo Domingo to having transported the agents under orders from the PSP. Sampson said that he met Caamano, the guerrillas' leader, in a San Juan, Puerto Rico, house about 1 month before, and that Caamano told him the part of the Dominican coast where he wanted to land. Sampson also said that he and the other two Puerto Ricans re- ceived direct instructions from Nestor Nazario, a member of the political com- mittee of the PSP. In a June 6 joint communique, the Dominican Armed Forces and National Police stated that the Cuban trained agents clandestinely entered the country in order to carry out acts of sabotage, kidnappings, assassination attempts and destruction of public and private prop- erty. The guerrillas wanted to establish a focal point in the Dominican mountains from which to carry out these activities. This guerrilla warfare tactic is typical of those exported by the present Cuban regime, which has so far failed in Latin American countries including Uruguay, Bolivia, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic. The Cuban-trained guerrilla group headed by Colonel Francisco Caamano Deno, which left Cuba and in- vaded the Dominican Republic in Febru- ary of 1973 attempted to carry out this same tactic. The three Cuban trained agents who infiltrated the Dominican Republic in June of this year also par- ticipated in the 1973 invasion and their leader, Claudio Caamano Grullon, is the nephew of Colonel Francisco Caamano Defi6. After the aborted invasion In 1973, the three eluded capture by Dominican authorities and returned to Cuba where they received training to renew guerrilla warfare activities in the Dominican Re- public. This time, however, our common- wealth island of Puerto Rico was used as the base of operations against that country. A. report attributed to the Dominican Foreign Ministry and dated June 6, 1975, describes the involvement of the three Puerto Rican PSP members. According to news stories, the report was handed to the U.S. Ambassador in Santo Domingo, Robert A. Hurwitch: by Dominican For- eign Relations Minister Ramon Emilio Jimenez. The report refers to the June 11 statement of Assistant Secretary of State William Rogers that the United States "is concerned with Cuba's attitude It Is our understanding that the three Dc about Puerto Rico." The report states minicans said to have entered the Domin; that this remark refers to the belief that can Republic from Puerto Rico have nc- Cuba is using Puerto Rico as a "bridge- been located. The three Puerto Rican. head" for the exportation of revolution charged d with in transporting brig anthem y such iperson to the surrounding countries, and that Into the Dominican Republic. the case of the three Puerto Ricans de- The three Puerto Ricans were tried an, tained in the Dominican Republic may found guilty on July 31 of three violation: be the first instance of this belief. of Dominican law: introduction of subver In this regard it is interesting to re- saves, attempts against the legally consti ex call that in 1967, the present leader of date ted appeal al troc,reddud cohaveracy. not been en of thl: the PSP, Juan Mari Bras, declared: rous da,ted and there are e Indications that at s h th~ Just as imperialism uses Puerto Rico as sentence will be appealed by defense law a bridgehead for Its penetration of Latin yers. The Department is not in a position a. America, so will the Movimiento Pro In- this time, to evaluate fully or reconcile the dependentista offer itself as a bridge over various statements which have been mad, which world revolution can penetrate into concerning the alleged invasion. Recently the United States. the Dominican Chief of Police expressed the possibility that the three Dominicans had again left the country. As you know, Cuba's policies in the Hemi- sphere are closely watched by the U;:ited States Government. We are following devel- opments concerning the alleged guerrilla landing in the Dominican Republic closely in the context of Cuba policy. Sincerely, ROBERT J. MCCLOSIIEY, Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC JOINT MILITARY -PC.? WE COMMUNIQUE (Informal English text) JUNE 6. 1975. The armed forces and the national police inform the public that the security measures that were adopted throughout the country on 4 June are due to reports received by the official intelligence services to the effect that Claudio Caamano Grullon, Toriblo Pena Jaquez and Manfredo Casado Mejia, as well as others so far not identified, have secretly entered the country from Cuba and plan to stage terrorist acts (kidnappings, sabotage, attempts against public and private property and against certain persons, and so forth 1 in order to create the necessary conditions for the eventual disruption of public order. Both the armed forces and the national police will endeavor to the extent of their ability to avoid unnecessary inconvenience to the public with these measures. However, they cannot under any circumstances per- mit these evil plans by bad Dominicans who--in connivance with international groups---are trying to create uneasiness and unrest among Dominicans. The cooperation of all persons who ap- preciate the peace the country is enjoying at the present time will be of great help to the armed forces and the national police in locating and capturing this group of del;-n- quents. TRANSLATION OF REPORT ATTRIBUTED TO DO- MINICANFOREIGN MINISTRY AND REPORTEDLY HANDED TO AMBASSADOR ROBERT HURWrrCH BY DOMINICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS MINISTER JIMINEZ, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN RELATIONS YEAR OF THE WOMAN, QUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE a -The Dominican Government is exercis- ing its sovereignty in the case of the three Puerto Rican citizens who were apprehended on our shores without (being able to show any) real apparent reason (for being there). The respect for sovereignty Is one of the most elemental principles of international law. b-In the specific case of these three Puerto Rican citizens, apprehended on the east coast of the Dominican Republic, there exists another aggravating circumstance which Is that all of them are members of the Puerto Rican Socialist Party. One of them is, according to the assertions of his oWh com- rades, a member of the central committee of said organization. It is universally known that the PSP is part of the International Com zlnist move- ment and that it has close anstrong rela- tions with Cuba. c.-In a recent appearance of the Secretary for Latin American Affairs )*fore a congres- sional committee of the U jilted States, Wil- liam Rogers stated that one of the major concerns of his country f'egarding Cuba was the attitude of the Cubans towards Puerto Rico. The interpretation of this concern is translated in the fact'that there exist cer- tain suspicions that Cuba may use its Puerto Rican contacts as a bridgehead between the other countries In the area. The possibility exists that this may be the first instance of this suspicion, in the case of Approved For Release 2001/08/30 : CIA-RDP77M00144R000800110064-5 The MPI, of which Mari Bras a-as chairman at that time, subsequently ',)e- came the Puerto Rican Socialist Pal ty, which according to the above mentiol ed Dominican Foreign Ministry rep ~rt maintains "close and strong relatie. ns with Cuba." Puerto Rican Gov. Raf ael Hernandez Colon recently declared ti_at many members of the PSP frequer. ly travel to Cuba, where it maintain. a delegation which is recognized by 1;he Cuban regime as the legitimate rep.-e- sentative of Puerto Rico. At this time I ask unanimous cons( nt that a letter I sent to State Departmc nt Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations Robert McCloskey concerning this matter be printed in the RECORD f: c- companied by its reply as well as trai s- lations of the report in question and of the joint communique of the Dominic in armed forces and national police. There being no objection, the mater al was ordered to be printed in the RECO D, as follows: Assistant Secretary for Inter-American I- ! airs, Department of State, Washingt, ea, I) .C. DEAR MR. ROGERS: I have in my possessl n a copy of the attached report of the Min try of Foreign Relations of the Dominic n Republic. The report was handed in Sai:.".o Domf:lgo by Minister of Foreign Relatic is Ramon Emilio Jimenez to United States A: i- bassador Robert A. Hur`witch. I would like to know to what extent tj ;s report may be taken as an indication of t.,e position of the Dominican Republic regardi g the militant activities of last mouth In ti-, t country, and whatsignificance it contains n our Cuba policy. I will appreciate your answering this le - ter at your earliest convenience. Warm personal regards. Most cordially, RICHARD (DICK) STONE. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, D.C., August 29, 1975. Hon. RICHARD STONE, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. DEAR SENATOR STONE: Thank you for yol.r letter of July 30 enclosing various documen s concerning three Puerto Rican-American; implicated In a guerrilla landing in the Dc - minican Republic. These documents are nc t signed nor is it clear to us to whom they we* directed. The position of the Dominican Armed Forces and National Police was express( 'l publicly in the joint communique of June