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November 17, 2016
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August 7, 1998
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March 1, 1956
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Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 UTIM rye sL,,-il;Alted Mlarch I.`, r 6i Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 TH : OP'.RATI )NA.L PATTER:? OF t.r U MEN A (ERICA This 3t ALt: is can .n. ) rrr ,:i: on a,.~ a 3' .ble as ~,-i' 1 3'eptc:3L=vr 1955. A Span!.sh tra:-:station Of t IU3 study has tieca publi.tihod under the ?:itle, ul Plan le ra Tones W' Confuniwo Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 L.' M JP ATIONN. , PAT"E'.3II OFF n ^~ p /v 1 ~{ 1.i?TR.TJvrIoIAL COL)' I$;I I. LATEI A iE RTI.3A r.exss.?.?wn... SUMARY Full appn'eciatir~ti of the threat of international Cc?triuni,ma in Latin t ;ierrca$ as thx oughout the vrorl.d, der-ands I=awledge of the opcrat oraal patt y?rs of thou Orgarizations dedicated to the spread of to Soviet Ccraunist doctrie, These have included the Comintern (the Third C x mnjst Inter do al) from 1919 to 194, and its successor, the Ccmi~-from (the Gorarnaril tsd;i'ornation Bureau) was for d after , orld : a- II arid, is still actived Under the Cminte=9 Pro-Soviet Ca=twist parties were or;a^ized and supported in fos ign cou-.Itriea, A La In A:v jcara and Caribbean Dureau %ias one of five perrianent a?egir~na branches ;r'.sicla controlled subs .di es9 direct d party activities, and selected individuals for Co tern Draining center-3 uit in the soviet union. itr 1935! 16 of the 76 est.blishacl Ca unist parties we -e in Latin America, Today,, the Center"o xf 1 epre eats a od1l"ied Comintern a LW controlled f i Ikisca{?r and serving to t.: a zstiai v the Soviet Cca un1st Party policy line to fraternal par-ties throughout the worlds; largely through iti intorna.t anal Journal, publ;.shed in 19 different lais;ua,e;;. Under close and con tinu?Jt S Soviet Cc. -unlst guid--nce, the program of the irazilian Conga unist Party hao been developed. as a model for others in Latin P aericao The Brazilian progi' empha zes the isolate. ~n it Unitod States 3nperialfs as the principal enen r of the people, and. directs the Ccnnuni.sts to seek nationa?1,3t :iusines; eloni nts and other bourgeois grotap3 as allies in an, effort to liquidate US interests. Guided largely V ough the Com nforu journa:L other Latin Amowicen Commtunist pasties.-in Co3.ortbia9 CU3.e, Costa Flica9 Ecuador, ParaL fs Uruguay, and Voneruala?aare developing sib, programs, all related to the ultimate objective of establishin pro Soviet "peoples' democracies," Further Soviet guidance may be expected to emerge from the Ttwentieth Soviet Caa nnist ?arty Congress, scheduled for February 1955, Thi.arteen major international Front argan3.zatioas represent other ehan:ie3.:: for guidance, Those have national affiliates I' linkc~ to the national Ccar.muais , partiesq in almost every country of the frcao world, Designed to inslluonce as many social ele ants as possible in favor Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 of Sorriat g,101 )al a -ris.9 they are ostensibi7 dedicated o the >)2 c iota on o peace, or to the ; dvanconaent of the interests of Labciry ; rsuth. wTCi^3np lati? ! i .'3y sE.?iontiists, Jaur "ialists,, or other spoclal ;mops o In the rbpotiticuis pattern of their organization and objectives, the gus.u,:: of Su ric t Cc,: unicri is evident, Through their na .tina:~ an ro f)i =nab affiliate Latin Anericazns haw- pia-r, ci a nron inent role ii-I Uis organizat,.=:s and at their congxcs less. Among the most active. ai': i:liatr s arr those associated with the .crl.d Peace Council., the t:orld Facicration of Trade Uni.cros9 the 'k.orld. receration of Jenocratir Yoi air t, Lt n tioial Sttudents l Unions and the :Jt nons 9 In ;arnat iona1 Dsmocrctic s. doration, The techniques of indirect support m-id guidance through the Co:?dru'orm and the i.n term tional fronts are not entirely sufficient for the control of Latin An. rican Cc--mnuiist parties, Certain prob `cros require .;loan di;. ct contact tend supervision,, i irstg the devious and complex pattern of So, .et intorina,tiona.?. policy,, and its Implications for national Cc .tutiwt partiesp must be explairad to trusted nat:ionc.I leaders through personal and confidential briefings. Seconds as the older Latin ,aei*i ;act leaders (rmy trained unler the old Cointern) bete i.nacti vs the training and selection of nay leaders must be ^i nta,ined under Sovla t control? Third;. as new leaders ermeri, a 'ritb'.n the Soviet Cna:runi; t Party itseL their control over top foreign leaders s^nast be established through die-eat porconal contact, The re consi..dcrations ox lain the travel of tor, Latin A erican leaders to the USSRg and in the mlpport given br this 5ccviot Co unist Party to trai.Ang and indoctrination of foreign Ca anurv.sts0 In October 1952, high leaders representing ei,even Latin A ericaan Cawiunist parties att3nc d the 19th Congress of the :Soviet Ccozuniat ':arty,, at . which major d ciol s on international Cc unist strategy wore confirzed, ;laz ,r other Latin American Cciu i to have travelled to the UL SR for ex~ snsi.vs sty cIys, or to pneei cipate in tours and conferences arranged. tl rough international fronts? :`in XLyp Soviet Cr r:zunis u control over the local trc it ; and indoctr Ga-cio i activities of Loin U-feekcar- Comaunist -larties is aided by .the d-l sertLnation of Cor rrunist litoratur?e through the International '.'ook Trusty an agency of the Propaganda Commission of the Soviet Covuriurist Party Central Co ttce, This organizattioo di Aributes a vide V=t.ety of Spanish 1~ gungve books, parzp tan and periodicals, aov oA these are Cs mnist c1 sr cs such as; the works of 3ta1in and Lenin; others axe training ranuals, such as those u,sod in Soviet Ccmmnist i'4& Icy internal twain tw ; still etherr rxre interpretive, such aF the imi Ti.r.-asa u ,ich interprets vorl,d events,, rrpp'rixita av iblo or crsef " ast ties from the world prosy and which a rurdiura for inter- c ni.cation botioen parties, In the distribution of these tp. ublicattons,, v- _hich a- made available to local parties as gifts or at normal coats, can bo seen another aspect of an over-an organizational pattern dedicated to the ,eve:.opm?n t of national Cc iunist. parties which will be aware ofp and confinuau:zly responsivie tag Sovict Corr rinist ideology and ob jectivesp Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Iritroduetior Goo D000600000004DD00000061ba 000Q i10000t) I o The Operational Pattern of teon the T uo =; orid . ors : ThQ CoPiinte3. n 0 Q.,, o o a o o a 2 0 9 M o zht ::?peratienal ?atta i of Indirect Inis ration by the CPSU in Latin k1-zoA.can Co, part;,' Affairs lifter ^tlorld UU:ar II: The Co!r nform 10 . U III D The )r,.erattonal Pattern of Indirect :tnte.rv;ntion b,* the CPSU in Latin American Communist 'arty Affairs, Use of CP Brazil as a 11'odel for other Latin American Cps oo.o.G000OOavooDn 15 0 22 IV. The Operational Pattern of Indirect Inter-nntion by the G aU in Latin America: the International CoImiunist Front Organizations 23 - 24 IV A. International "Peace" Fronts for the Subversion of Society as a '.:hole @ @ @ . a. a @ 0 25 ? 39 1, The World 'Peace Council (111C) a d o D D e o 0 0 25 - 32 2? T'ao Cawd.ttee for tho Promotion of International Trade (CPIT) a@..,.~ 33 - 39 IV 8 a Internation- Fronts for Subversion of 140 49 la Me t_ orld Federation of Trade Unions ('.1?.1'.` (,Uo) ooaooo@oooaoooooogao@oooo. 40 - t3. 2u C,,P,S,UI{.Contro/ly~ofthe - ..F.T.U. {~.oyoaoo. 41 o 42 3. r-he Contedoration oy/~L LUorkers of Latin }lraari'a (C.T,A.L.) .....@@Dp~,...a... 42 ? 44 49 ?'TDFUT.UD Propaganda in Latin America 44 - 45 50- IniernatLwm3. Meetings ..D0vD.oaaD00o.. 45 ? 48 6. W.F.T.U. Training; of Trade Union Cadres oaf - 49 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 T,"iri'L 'OF GO: 777M 223 IV C. ite at:j onal. 7ronts for subversion of Youth 004Ag000a0a0 m4O4~pm0 X000 OOagOgOQq tion w1G%dJa googaqqooomaooosoooaacooao En _?easce of International Ueetinas in USSR nsooooooooaooo0ooooa0ooogaoaoooo le T'ropaganda saoosogoaooooooaegtsoaooasooa 2q r'lf?.1.].aS 0404400 Gtl90GgO00gOOqO000QO0o 30 1; ansicn Px'o rcm saogoogaoosoooooqoooom 4G Tact:.e3 a'j0GQO0GOg406op0G 9000?040GO O 0 5, into a-',, ona1 i1e?tin;s as Indoctrj ,. IV D. I -ternat, Tonal F roazts for Subversion V. 5o R* 60 51e 53 53 - 54 513-55 5556 57 - 59 59- 6o 61067 62 62 -. 63 63 63 - 65 65 67 &zorican Ciomi . unilst partyy' Affairs o 0 a 0 o a o 0 0 0 68 - 76 10 Affiliates OgOODOOOgOqq0 dg90.Og0000000? 2a readqu?.r`ters oaGO1-Y gagoo Oggoooo oq oHOOOq 3. Prop ..i da aoooeGGnsogageqoaaomooooaooo 14q In,3rnational i1ect1171g.^i eaeggqqaqao0oo00 5? 'gpansion Cr ~gsaaosoagogooovooooq a ae Op ational pattern of Direct Intervention by the CPSU in Latin 1? Leadership Control oggooooqoaaoqaooooo0 20 Propaganda and Indoctrination Support 69 0 71 7176 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Introduction In ordar to understand and appreciate the full, threat. of International Coaruaniam9 knowledge of its op?raatioral methods is required.;, The incen a doctrine of Con naanisin can a pread only through the overt and soirat char eis of an International organization, In es encae international Ca,mnurtiem is an international organization headed by the Communist Party of the Soviet U: ioa and composed of all other Coamudet Parties and front organizations, The organizational concept .of international Coimuniss Is Lenin': contribution. It was Isnin who develo jd the oparationa1 format of Cor unist Parties,, It was Lenin, who developed the basic four of international organization=-the CoAintern and the international front organizations. Thy th3 Communist Party of th,-,a Soviet Urdan ergahasiw-qa more than ever, that it is guided by Laninist principi.oa3 rather than Stta1 ,niamt, It is fair to state that Leninism and Leninist priwiplas calve for, greater international expansion of Communism than xa ph,! bk1a Stalinism,, It is also fair to state that Leninism and Leninist principles allow for greater tactical flexibility in order to find nary and previously denied areas for expansion. Hewes in anticipation of greatva activity of International Communism through- out the world, it is appropriate to review some aspects of the operational pattern of International Communism particularly in relation to Latin A~r:ica~: Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 1, The . ?ationa . P'"'itt rn Bt-,.rcen t e Twc World Warns The Comintern Me M rat Clt: nt supplem unwed the functions of the Organization Bureau by channeling subsidies to the se ticns abroad., thus providing the neceerary funds when parties were -amble to operate effectively on their on resources. Finally., an International Liaison Dep:rtmmnt was charged with the organization of the entire clandestine cor icaticns network of the Comintern - an extremely senaiti e liaison function requiring ri;,IA security precauti onso #According to the 1st edition of the Soviet Encyclopediaq the Latin :` wrican Secretariat was located in Buenos Aires. Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-R[ P78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Characteristic of the work of this Depar' .ment; at headquarters and in the field, wer3 the : o: ging of doci. nts, t; icl dirg passports; radio cor n' cations between Moscow and fc rbign Car nunists; training of foreign Corwanistz in the Ccmintern: a coammanication services; and general assistance s" cr the i"Lleg ]. travel o Corm-.-ni is abroad,. Generally, the Inte i'n? 4ional Liaison Depaaient operated in the field through its own in3taL? ations and parsonr:ei, but it .also utilized the organizational and operational facilities of C o m m ern a n y organiza- tions that is., those f r o n t ar anizations set up in order to spread the influence of the Comintern beyond the confines of the Communist move. rent itself. In 1939., for exw~ple, the International of Seamen and Har- bor Workers - a Comintern controlled organization - was reported to be operating a radio station in Rio da Jac n:1zo, Brazil, for the Liaison Depar'ento The ba;,eic ex3cutive prob2 of trn Comintern, however9 was to translato directives and i nstrection8 into afff:ctive action in the area of the vvrious geogra.ohic sections. For this purpose it was necessary to establish directly in the field certain agoncies, or "relay atationas" with sufficient power to impose the doci8ion2 of the Executive Committee- on the national parti3sa Comintern direction in the field, on a country or regional basis, was achieved t?hro~gh three types of field agencies: Pem. anent Bureaus, Comintern Re sentatives, and Comintern instructcrsa All were clandestine., for their work encroached on the sovereignty of the nation in which they operated and was generally concerned with the illegal activities of tho parties, Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Fins P evert Bureaus are known to have existed. Of these, the ones for Westeaia Surope and the Fars Ea were later exposed most clecr y, Via Latin America and Carib can Bureau stil-1 remains largely shrcWe,d in secrecy,, although its headquarters were reported in i ontevid-to, Ur WW,, 3nd certain of i to more active =fibers were identified, Each Permanent Bureau had charge of transmitting Comintern instructions to the r itional sections under its J i .etion and supez%lsing their exaWu'tiono The Permanent Thr'eaus also controlled the distribution of subsidies to the sections and hwadled this recruitment of foreign C,ammmiats for the Comintern training centers in the Soviet Union. The Bureau ware especially responsible for directing the i13egral Pa ty apparat3 in their revolutionary actions within various countries, Co thitern Rejuvaentatives ~ men who had great power and prestige for every party coned -, were frequently assigned to a given country or area with fullest powers to supervise the carrying out of Comintern decisions, As a gene-al rule, these representatives were persons who were not native to th? area of their assignrientQ Available information re t1ects the fact the=; practically all. CoMnunist Parties of any ir?,? portance during the poriod from 1939 until at least the outbreak of World War I_I consistently received, deferred to, and followed the in. struations of a succession of Comintern representatives dispatched directly to t Lem by tha Executive Comriittee, In addition, Comintern instructors might be Sent out to har4,e specific supervisory and advisory furctlons0 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Ono o? ins of the work of a Comintern representative is found in the activity of the German Communist, Arthur Evert. Under the alias Harry Berger., c Wert was sent as a Cognuitarn Representative to guide and integrate the revolutionary military organization of the Communist Party of Brazil. This operation culminated in 1935 in an unsuccessful Communist military revolt against the Brazilian Government.' Captured documents saa';)sequently proved that Evert's position in connection with this revolt was one o"" controlling importance as the direct representative of the Comintern. Arrested by Brazilian authorities, Etert was not released until 19451 in 19147 he returned. to East Berlin where a Conmunist nowepaper welcomed him back as a "tried and tested fighter ag:n!mab imperialist war and fascism." In addition to its contributions to the operational pattern of international Conmruni3m today, the Comintern also fulfilled the important function of developing; foreign Comm=tat Party leaders, It is doubtful that there is today a Communist Party of err significance whose national leadership does not include one or several members previously active in the Cominforrn headquarters organize tion or field service., and/or trained in the Comintern schools. Following the dissolution of the Comintern and the end of World War II, the.CPSU.desired the national parties to be guided by the most experienced Communist leaders. of those in the Latin America area WOMS Some Rodolfo GHIOLDI foriaur member of the Comintern Executive Committee (ECCI5, became member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Argentina Luis Carlos PRZSTES., former. ECCI member, became Secretary General of the Communist Party of Brazil. -8W Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 F. W, CALDERIG, aiiian Blas ROCA,' former EuCI mamnbr, became Secretary General of the Partido Socialists Popular of uba Victories CODOVILA, fcrmer chin f of the Cominterne 3 Latin American Secretariat,, became a member of the Central Committee and x c:utiv Committee of the Comm gist Party of Argentina Carlos CONTRERAS LABBRCA, believed active in the Condntern33 auxiliary organization the Red Internatii,nal of Labor Urrions, became Secretarry General of th3 Conmrzn?st Party of Chile Eugenio GOMEZ, forer ECCI member, became Secretor.-y General of the Communist Party of Uruguay Gustavo MACHADO*aMORAI-ES, who lived in the USS:3 for many years and was a rerler of the Latin American and Ca i yb bean Bureau, became Secretary of the PartidO Comm>rm+5n',sta do Venezuela In addition, many other Communist3 from the Latin America area arc known to have been active at Comintern headquarters and several more are knobm to have undergone extensive training in the Cokin'oern schools, That they have not been identified subsequently with Party activities attests to the security measures surrounding the illegal apparats of the Latin American Communist Parties, bga Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 11. The 02erationml Pa .` o Inirect InI5 eeNic;n byr n CP`.U in Latin A erie:an Corrianist .Part- Affairs After In the period after World War II,, the Co=xu list Party of the Soviet Union has employed a variety of i.ndirec d, cari ufi iged operational methods for controlling and coo:^dinat' ng International Comnnaniem. The CPSU has created a series o_' new operatiorm. front mechanisms which are so constituted as to miable the CPSU to conceaal its leading and rase:. A special method of CPSU direotioa today of individua:1. Communist Parties is provided by the Connnunist I.aormation Bureau (Cominform)2 with its weekly jow a19 "For a . .stin-zPea-ae, for a 7-co-ple2a rasa-~ .rn=~xxa r-em_cran 8" The Co1Dir orm organ za. ionsa composed of the Con -aur ist Parties of the USSR, Satellites,, Fran-as and Italy, is a streamlined version of the Comintern. The Cominzfoza journal, published in Bucharest and printed in 19 languages, cries the d-i:?octives of the CPSU to Communist Parties throughout the world,, The Coi wnnist Parties know that. the journal speaks d:ith the authoritative voice of Moscow and understand that no article, even by a foreign Comm uric-' lexader, is printed without Soviet appa ova14 Actual control of the. Cominform and its journal is exercised by a speciaal secret apparatus of the Central Conarittee of the Comdminist Party of the Soviet Uraaon. Nevertheless, the CPSU promotes the fiction that it is merely an affiliate of the Comilutormo Approved For Release 2000/08/27 :t+g- tDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 In Latin America as eleewhere, the journal of tiha Corn1nfo 'm ias roga:; ded by Comrrsnist Partiec as a continuing source of author::- tat:ive directives concerning the international Co ist line a for'imr1a;ed by the CP:.'l?. It is used by them, as a gu:Lde. to action. Latin American Partif:s not or i r distribute copies d:; .y to their ms tn'oers but many official organs of these Parties repeatedl1 cite and reprint selected articles 'rom the jorxnal as special guides to ant:ion. That the CPSU desires that Latin Amsrican Communists who are not formal nnembers of the Cominform should receive these directives is clea:?1y shown in the fact that the journal is ptiolf.shcd in a. sopaaratc- Spanish- .ern vags edition which is shipped in large quantities, and by varioui and d tviour3 no to Lath: America. Distr: bi ion channeln3 are dotetinirad by the extent- of local co ;t -cis against Co mist propaganda, To avoid censorship of Boa shipmentg, Memy copies are air mailed. Sometimes Cominform journ.s for Latin Air rican countries are mailed from countires in Western Surope to avoid aI;nwing Bucharest as the point of origin0 An ucax ple of regard for the journa]. as a sourca off' authoritativvi3 directives is shown by the clandestine action taksn by the Corgrsarist Party of Cuba - deceptively called the Popular Socialist Party - in order to dleseminate the Cominform directives to Party i Mbers in Cuba and the Caribbean area. To effect the illegal re-t?ansmittal of the, Cominfoi'rn journal's information, instructions and directives, the Popular Socialist Party aublishes and distributes a re-adily~coricealeds Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Spanishhlanguag3 pocket- dition of the jaur3a1,, selecting idr reproduction (hose journal article; d33mcd most significant. To illustrate the selections made by the Cuban Party., a pocket-edition of April 1955 included reprints of articles from several previous Cominform journals. Among there was xie; that the CPSU is the most powerful and authoritative Com rmist Party in the world and the model for all. Comrmu3t Parties; another pointed out that Leninism is the ideological we&:pon of all Coinunint Partie8; stll another cited the Chinese revolution aB an example of applying Leninism to conorete conditions; and finally several reprints pro- claimed that the United States heads all the forces preparing for warn Such thenns became the basis for Party indoctrination, Latin American Con ai3t Parties not only accept the guidmice of the CPSU, as published in the Cominfortn jowenal, but also take action in keeping with that guidance. For ample, the Commmi3t Party of Brazil has this year widely disseminated corta-T.n revolutionary lessons of the CPSU which appeared in the Comiiform journal., issue of 28 January 19554 In a February issue of the Brazilian Party's organ,, Voz Opel, these CPSU revolutionary &U,, ctit!es were called of major importance and particularly illuminating for Brazil as the road to be.followed by the Comnnanlst Party of Brazil in the Struggle for its program. Party members were told to study these lessons. V oz Operariaa then un3er. took to publish articles relating the 1905-19C7 revolutionary lessons 0120 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 of the CPSU to the Brazilian labor mo ?menii0 In April., an issue of t1 Cz ninforn jour-m! was pl.aased to note the extensive actions taken by the Braazilia.1 Party. A rrationai Party in Latin. America will also recorramend to its msmhers certain CPSU materials regarding organ&zzationaa1 natters which appear in the Cominforra vournala and then take organizational action itself on the basis of these materiaais0 The Commurdst, Party of Guat nala afforded an ea ipl,3 of this follow,-up. In October 1952, when the 19th Congrea!3 of the CPSU was in session in Mosct, tho Guatama7lan Party was preparing for its own forthcoming 2nd Congressc, In preparation for it recommerAod to its members that they study certain texts on the i.les of the Soviet Party and adlr1sed them that' these materials were available in two previous issues of the Cominfora journal0 Subsequently, the Quintemalan Party followed the CPSU not only in Ito preparations for its on 2mad Congress, but also in the organizational action taken at that Conggress, such. as the creation of the Secretariat of the Central Co rniittee, A Guatemalan Party leadar later noted thato 0 0 0 ""to the fact that we held the 2nd Corgress of the Party a few weeks after the 19th Congress of the CPSU, the materials of which were most valuable to us in our work., we owe the coaTectnesso 0 e 0of our Congress." The Ccminfoa'm Journal plays a real. role in exerting CFSU gu, upon the programs adopted by national Communist Perties0 In Latin 0 13 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 America tr.!.s laas been very ovident duiry?ing the last tro years, F'ew nosr-'.: inform I-.iei'1boi'? Coati .a st Pa;.r3sios, an no other Comnuni3t Partin;, in Latin America., have ever seen their respectiQao programs given as :such continu .ng9 approving attention as that given to the Communis Party of Brazilt's ?rograa in the Cominforn pre during 1954 and 1955, Other Corrrrrunist Parties in Latin America quickly recognized the authoritative st>Liunis, Parties operating in that r eg con0 This method reinforces other ed t;.ng control media., In Latin America. it is evident, that the Ccz iunist Party of the Soviet Union has chosen the Brazilian CP to act as its mouthpiece for the benefit of other CPso The particulwr overt method chosen -and there am secret corollaries to this i.ethod-was to develop a new political prcgra'Ti of the CP Brazil which was in line with the t .nking of CPSU and then to direct other Communist Par-ties in Latin America for example., in Colombia} Costa Rica., Chile,, Ecuador,, Paragsaye Uruguay and Venezuela-to adopt official programs similar to the t of the Brazil i aan Communist Party, 15 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 The prugs arx. which teas official.,y adopted at, the I3ativaxa >;o x ?arty Congress in Iovmaber 19 1s a long+,hy dO+.'iLT1:T1'u ' h:LC'?'A crnphaS: zee that pri.0rity Bhou? d be give- to the problem of liquidating iicrtiz ki rican intersts in Brazi19 and that. Brazilian business dements (the t'nat .onal bourgjecisia'l in Ca alri~I' t, terminology) ehou_1d 'ee accepted as a1Ji s it this effort, Its principal points have been itanized under four headin ;s by Driogcines Arruda Camara one of the highest Drazili i Coxrnunist officials, Arruda lists these po: nts as fo1:.ot st F t_q the p qoes not vein h against 41.,.7 impesi 3 but Only ainst United States imperialism, Auda states that s rakes it possible to "make us` of, tie contradictions existing betieen the imperialists" and to neutralize, or make temporary of s, the B ?azilian capita'~tats uho are linked with non-U.SQ ianpsriali. a Subsequently., "after United Stags imperialism is disposed of" the Brazilian government can face the other imperialist pa:?rers and the nation's foreign policy will be chan[;ed so that it "will join the witi-in order tc Conceal the OPSU ? s actual role, Until 1943 the CPSU u:3ed the CoTwmunis u Youth International., which it controlled through ,he Comintern, From 1916 to date the CPSU has used two internation ti Cormnunist youth fronts to achieve the same purpose and has coat-'oiled them through Soviet and Com nurZist officials who have occupied tce key policy-making positions from the beginning and uho have ?tru.ill these organizations on behalf of the CPSU. One is the ;=or1d F'ele. ation of Der ocd atic Youth (WFDY) r irh'_ch is headquartered in Budapest, Hungary and which seeks to make converts to the Communist cause youths )f all ages from 8 to 30. The other is the International Union of Stu?ients (IUS), which is headquartered in P:.^aEgue,, Czechoslovakia and whi,h specializes in influencing and subverting the students,, the wor?.~.d?s- futw e leaders. All of the policy-making Executive Committee members of th !se fronts are either ComnlUni3ts or fellow.-travellerss and over one-third of these officials are from the Soviet bloc. 5c) Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Indicative of the importance both fronts attach to Latin America is the fact that the iJFDY Executive Corw-ittee includes three Latin Americans-a Cuban, a Brazilian and a Chilean, and the IUS Executive Committee includes a Cuban and an Ecuadoran and provides for the inclusion of two more officials from Bolivia: and 2-"exico, These Latin American officials are full-time workers at the international headquarters of these fronts in Budapest and Prague, where they receive important on-the.-job training, and play the key role of supervising and guiding the t.rork of the full-tine$ trained employees working in special departments concerned with Latin American affairs, They help these departments tailor the CPSUas current line on all matters to fit specific Latin American issues and problems of general interest to youth in this areas They also +7elp to find new and better ways to organize larger, stronger and more numerous affiliates in this area, 10 Propag It should be remembered that the. ti FD! and the IUS are not legitimate international youth organizations as we know them but are, instead, Communist propaganda :Hills and training grounds for future. Communist Party members, Millions of dollars are spent on their worldwide operations every year'-host of which comes from the Soviet bloc countries, and it is estimated that in the past two years alone 51 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-00915R000500020001-3 there has been a four-fold increase in the propaganda materials these fronts have manufactured and sent to Latin America. This W 1 Y-IUS propaganda material co;isists not only of several slick mtiLti-colored and r