Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 14, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4.pdf242.35 KB
Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4 SECRET To report on the progress of the OCB Committee on Broadca- Television and submit concrete project for immediate action. la E2Mose The President's Committee on International Information Activities recom- mended in its report to the President, dated June 30, 1953, that the U.S. should be prepared to provide assistance to television industries in other countries while ti-iose industries are in their aor.iative stages. The 1954 ODI,/OCB (Schra n,) Report , also pointed out the increasing importance of television overseas as a medium of communications. The OCB Coviittee on 13roadcastir and Television (COA3AT) was therefore established in Dece:,iber 19, 5, primarily to assure inter-a ency coordination on projects involving assistance to foreign governments in developing their television services. C03AT's terms of reference state that the Committee will, ariong other things, "undertake the development of specific projects, including planning and arranging for financing, to counter Soviet4.television efforts into Free World areas." 2. Discussion The development of specific projects has so far been hampered by.a number of factors that can be summarized as follows: No definitio of L + policy on television and'area of delegation of responsibility betty Qn the 25X1 C1Ob coordination; unclear positions taken by the various Agency representatives on the Committee and last but not least arranging for financing. The report on recmimendations concerning Television in Europe of April 23, 1956 adopted as a general guide for planning purposes, stated that "specific projects requiring additional authority or new funds will be submitted to OCB for apnropriate action". In the absence of any possibility of financing them such projects have not been submitted. represented departments and agencies; endless staffing and time consuming At the present none of.the represented departments or agencies has allocated funds available for assisting; television industries in foreign 25X1 C10b countries and training to education only,, -ICA has so far limited its orfer of assistance On the other side of tine coin the Russians have offered and in some cases successfully assisted in training foreign countries in one form or another, as for instance, Egypt, Yugoslavia, and according to some of the most recent reports not yet fully confinied, one or to I-riddle-Eastern and Latin American countries. S E C R E T *State DepA"b9gp # Wrd le RDP`7 ~ ~~30~1%0048-4 ? Approved For Release 2000/08/27: CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4 S E C R F. T This is one part of the overall picture. The other part concerns the fast developing Television picture on both sides of the Iron Curtain which the Committee has foreseen since its inception and to which it could not f financin g. respond with adequate action recommendation without means o Significant developments in International Television are as follows: A. free World Rapid growth of television in Italy which now has a total of 111 stations, the greatest number in any country besides the Three new stations in Latin America in the period from July to September 19570 Five in the Far East area spearheaded by Japan and Australia an almost 40 per cent increase in TV sets. Television was inaugurated in Cyprus on October 1, 1957. The possible re-activation in Morocco after a suspension of two years. A. Iron Curtain Countries USSR: very heavy activity in television construction and planning in all parts of the counntry The goal of 75 per cent television centers by 1960 has been raised to more than 100. The new television center in Moscow. will be equipped for 12 channels; the goal for television receiving sets by 1960 is 8 million. The effort to activate television in the Satellite countries is a marked one. The utmost important one of these seems to be at this time East Germany. Where there is an estimated number pf at least 150,000 television sets in operation. East German standards have been converted to those of West Germany. There is a clear plan to reach as far as possible into West German territory with very good television propaganda programs. The Television Council of West German Broadcasting Companies recently. discussed the difference of East Zone television on the West German zonal border population. The Council urged West German television to pay closer attention to the fact that the East Zone is beaming communist propaganda to West Gernany. It was felt that the quality of West German telecasts needed improvement. Also, in the field of exchanges in television films and personnel the Communist countries have become very active in the last few months. Austrian Television was offered Soviet films free of charge. The Stockholm television station received after the Moscow, Youth Festival an unrequested shipment of about 300 pounds of newsreel type of film of the Youth Festival. Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4 SECRET ..3- A Soviet telefilm unit arrived in London to mane a 6O minute film on the British way of life. British team will make a similar film in the USSR* The Polish and French television services will exchange monthly a 1 ndnute newsreel programs Finally a very important and significant itern concerning this situation: the last Schram meeting that took place in Paris in September of this year came up with one conclusion pertaining to the growth of television, namely that eventually the one single threat to Western broadcasting beamed behind the Iron Curtain will be the development of Iron Curtain television. Recommendations countries while those industries are in their formative stages: The Cormnittee feels that the Board should be apprised of efforts to establish v ous gency axs eparfi~ . . , .. anent positions i st o'er tfie_prem3 se pT o As to the mission to develop specific projects to counter Soviet television efforts into free world areas, the Cornnittee feels that the Board should be apprised of the efforts of USIA to develop plans for counter-measures,, but that such plans will require finanoixag in view of the 75 per cent cut in USIA's current Television budgets 7. C. 1tm diatel.y available Iron Curtain projects are submitted as atta.clunnts 1 and ^, As to the mission to assist television industrios in other iZ The Connnittee is requested to review free world proposals which have been made informally in the paste principally Pakistan and Beirut The representatives of the departments and agencies are invited to submit their views on this paper and the attached projects at the. next Dnetireg of the Com iittee on. November 1, 1957. S E C R E T Approved For Release 2000/08/27 : CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030048-4