Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 14, 2000
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Publication Date: 
November 6, 1956
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PDF icon CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030076-3.pdf455.74 KB
Approved For Rele~e 2000/08/27 :CIA-RDP78-01 000300030076-3 OPLRt~TIOT'S CCORDIl`TATII~TG BOARD SECRET dta.shington 25, D.C. Ptovember 6, 1956 PROGRnSS REPORT OT' IT1^lERT?ATIOTi7AL BROAT)CASTII~TG ASPECTS Ok~'_P?SC_ 169 (policy App~Aoved by the President October 27, 1953) (Period Coveredo January 1955 -October 1956) ";oi~ee The Operations Coordinating Board has responsibility for repenting to the ~~'at:ior_al .Security Council on Paragraphs 2, 8 (a), (b) ar_d (c) of PTSC 169 ~PStatement of Policy bar th.e TTational Security Council on Elects?o r4agnetic ~ammunication.s", which relate tq international broadcasting, ?_ara,r~t~h 2 directs the augmentation, under OCB coordination, of personnel and ~:cTu.ipr~lent to provide for additional radio monitoring. Paragraph S a directs the establishment, antler OCB coordination, of an effec- tive mechanism for evaluating t,:io technical effectiveness of U.S. internati.oral broadcasting, particularly to tine Soviet Blac9 g rT~j, directs the OCB to auordina,to the technical planrirg of all Arr_~'r~.ican official and unofficial international lroadcasting operatigns9 azrd ~_ a ? directs the OCB t,~ determine tine feas_~bili~:y of evaluating the program effectiveness of such A. PROGR.~I~~i EPFECTN~ T?ESS 1. USSR a.nd East~:rn Satellites. U.S. international radio broadcasts to the Soviem Union and the Eastern Satellites continue to be effective. 3,- !`.vailable information and situations vary from country to country9 however, a.nd.icati.ans are tha'e, with respect to r_ative-language broadcasts, there is a, significant listening audience in the Soviet Union and a proportionately larger cne in the Satellites. There is considerable evidence that U.S. programs arc further disseminated by word-af-mouth.. Of course, damming is heavier in major population centers than in other areas. Jamming hs.s no't dec;reasod during the past treat, except possibly in. Bulgaria, and there: is some limited evicence that there may be an increased intensity, partic~tilarly in the urban areas of the other Satellite countries. 2. Enz:'lish-language and _Nlusic P-rograims. ?With respect to English--language and music programs, trjere is substantial ?isterir.,g throughout the European Soviet Bloc, These programs have not been jammed. There is evidence that ether nor..-native-language programs are not jammed. The poss-wbilit';T of reaching important audiences in these areas through the use of non-native lang'vages ~~ The mearirg of "effectiveness" is that adopted in the OI)M Progress Report on T'SC 169 transmitted to the I~TSC Jan. 10, 1955 ~ to be effective, broadcasting es.n be expected 1) to reinforce attitudes; 2) to create the climate for the kind of attitudinal changes the U.S. desires9 and 3) to help direct and stimulate actions beneficial to U.S. interests. Approved For Release 2000/08/27 :CIA-RDP78-01634R000300030~~`~T DOS & USIA declassification & release instructions on file Approved For lease 2000/08/27 :CIA-RDP71634R000300030076-3 SECRET other than English is being explored. 3o RIAS audience. Though jan~rning remained a considerably deterring factor, R:C.4S continued to command a large audience in East Cxermany and among the German speaking population of Western Czechoslovakia and the terri?~,ories under provi:>a.onal Polish administration. 1~, Change of political climateo The political climate has undergone a marked or ~tthaw" behi d the Tron Curtain' but differs considerably in character and degree from country to countryo ?his thaw has permitted more news from outside and some open criticism of regimes within9 but is still subject to regime control and surveillanceo Rela,ance by people an foreign sources of information and comment will continue, Izowever9 a~zd may be even increased in some countries by greater curiosity ar~d newly-aroused interest. ~a Local rompetition~ On the other hand, competition is also a growing element.. Wnile Radio ilcscow domestic broadcasting seems to have lagged behind s,s a competitor (although it la~:r~ly has had some cra.~i;i,cal attention from thry Party daily Pravda9 and the 1L`i.~b:~.stx~y of Culture) A Satellite c'omasti.c braad- casts have improved markedly du:.;:g the past year i'?.~om the vi ewpoint of tits :Listeners This change consists primarily of offeriru7 more entertainmen?t~ a relatively increased degree of objectivity in reporl:~:?a.g newsy and a reduc?Y,i.on in the amount and blatancy of propaganda content, In the Soviet Una_on itself the termination of jamming of BBC R:?:ssian broadcasts created an additional competitive factor. The availabi.~_ity of anon-jammed Western newscast m