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Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 FOUNDATIC SUPPCRT FOR RESEARCH IQ the fields of TIE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, COPffNICATIC 6 and II?DSTRIAL CRGANIZATICN to Certain basic difficulties are inherent in the search for infar- matiaan on foundation support of research activity in the fields of tht behavioral sciences, caamcmications and industrial organizations The following were among those encountered. At present, 3,500..4,000 foundations exist in the United States, only a small percentage of which are inactive. Of the 4,000, appro$ci.. mate2y 60 are sufficiently we11-funded to engage in or to sponsor broad program of research. Of this 60, only a few support research falling in the indicated fields of interest. Moreover, it has not been possible to delineate specific fields of activity from broad statements of purpose,- since only a few of the major foundations have issued detailed reports. ways: Foundations render their support in one or more of the following 1. Fellowships granted to individuals 2,. Grants-in-aid to existing research groups 3. Eatab13slmaent of the foundation 4 a own research activity Most of the research identified in this survey falls into category 2. Research is listed by fields in Parts A. B and C of this report. Where known, the amount of grants and their duration is givens Also included, as Part D. is a general description of foundation support to research caunci1s, such as the Social. Science Research Council and the American Council of learned Societies. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 A. BEHAVIGWAL SCIENCES Sub ect Institution Foundation and Term of Grant Program of research in law and the behavioral sciences U of Chicago $ 400,000 Ford, 1952 Center for Advanced Study in the 3,500,000 Ford; second appropriation Behavioral Sciences , 1952, for establishment and operations for next 5 yrs. Organizational Behavior Project / Princeton U Not known Fbrd, 1950 Summer Seminar on Application of U of Michigan 25,800 Ford, 1952; an additional Mathematical Models to the Behav- ioral Sciences J grant made in 1953 Inventory of knowledge on politi- cal behavior Columbia U 30,000 Ford, 1952 Inventory of knowledge on social stratification U of Chicago 30,000 Ford, 1952 Study of intergroup relations and Cornell U 95,000 Rockefeller, 1950 for 5 more hostility, to find different methods of reducing intergroup tensions , yrs. Program of methodological research in field of human relations, by Research Center for Group Dynamics U of Michigan 52,500 Rockefeller, 1951, for 31 yrs. Work in parapsychology Duke U 30,000 Rockefeller, 1951, for 3 yrs. YWith Social Science Research Council SSRC This Ford grant was made to establish a new center, of the center is still-undecided. See also Part C, Industrial Organization. under direction of Bernard Berelson of Ford. Location - Approved For Release 1999/08/24 :.CIA -.RDP78-02771 80001 00190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Subject institution Grant Foundation and Term of Grant Follow-up study on group of gifted Stanford U 11,000 Rockefeller, 1951 individuals Research in social phyatce Princeton U 153000 Rockefeller, 1951 Systematic social psychology Hadley Cantril Not known John Simon Guggenheim, 1950 Studies leading to a book to be Bertram D. Wolfe Not known John Simon Guggenheims 1950 entitled The Uses of Power 2 Approved For Release 1999/08/24.: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 O i 1 0 0 rai +-~ W OD W it 4-1 -H 0 0 43 im 0 0 -O O co V ] 0 0 4103 y y~ ) > to to 4-1 go 0 0 ~ O GS d V .5 m% 0 N R! m 00 A * r bed F gr' el e"1 9f9/08/24 f- LU790477&4001 A40002- PIP w 0 I 43 0 N L' m N 0 I-D Z e O . 0 0 m 4^ r-i $4 94 0 0 4.4 904 w w w r) r4 r-i r-i rl r- w Si w ~w ly Fw W 0 W W o W W W C~7 ^ go: a r~ m @R@ 0 43 Sri ~ fat c Or. 0 s +0 0 w.. C d con 00 A nl of a +3 a 0 (s S~ O] 000 O a7~?0 0'0 H W Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 S 8 g g +~ o O O O 0 M 0 0 4 -t3 O 0 8 I fib, cdaso, i0~k a O?, ~? ??~~'' P4 X00 0000 m cd m= G~ m.4 ~"j m o o o+, .C O O -r:+i +-1 11'0 f to 43 0 43 i-11 C a & ?v go o cd m ? ?w o m o -H tk{ fn t) N O 0 eHO pH O N 43 W 0' g 0) 43 C"4 C -,3 0 94 'H 43 ri LOi C/ m O I V ZO '40) CV .rf bO 4-1 ? m ,8 m 0 5) C) ~Q) ? -r i UN 43 ~4 Q 0) -H 1-4 43 yi V m 14 ro- 4 -01 ?rt -H 0 ' 4-1 -H 9. U ~ > O ri }7 m t0) 0 ?') Fo6i rl Q7 .1- ~ w O a w' v m a) m += -0 c, m S -A c: F. ;4 0 k44 O 0 a. 43 m fy O t) IN t0 c6y -ri -t{ \ 0 x O z 0 43 E o m?0 w fm. m cd (D 043 '0 -ri 04 0 10 0 0 4) 14 o O f+-4 q0~ .Qe 0D C) fJ. 0110 0 14 "41 V O Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 D. F( 1AfATICN SUPPORT TO RESEMtCH CMIIS The interlocking nature of the relationship between the sources of funds for research, the researcher(s) and research c a cilee which plans program and guide research in certain fields, can best be explained by a descriptions of soar of these research councils. 1. American Council of iftrued Societ es (AC IS ) The ACTS is a federation, incorporated in 1924, of 24 national arganizations devoted to the encouragement of humanistic studies. Representative of the constituent societies are the American Acadet of Arts and Scienoes, the Modern Language Association of America, the American Historical Association, the American Political Science Association, the Bibliographical Society of America and the American Itaicological Society. Activities of the ACIS include the - -and promotion of research, dissemination and utilization of the results of this research, the training of individuals for vital teaching and the representation at home and abroad of the interests and accomplishments of American scholars in humanistic fields. In these activities the ACIS receives grants from various foundations ands in turn, makes grants to individuals through fellowships or utilizes the funds for specific purposes, such as the holding of special conferences. A Rockefeller Foundation grant of $393,750, made in 1952 fora three-year period, was given for general support. The various ccmittees established under the ACTS, composed of repre- sentatives frcm the appropriate constituent organizations, are listed belay. A filler description is given for the committees which relate to the subjects of this report. a. Committee o,AmeriMn Civilization - Principal 1952 activity, the organization of a conference on "Changes in Systems of Belief in the United States since World War I." b. Co!m ttee on Far Eastern Studies - Work of this cc itteo in 1952 was severely hampered black of funds. A conference was held in Aspens Colorado, in 1952 under the sponsorship of the Sub-Ccmmsittce on Chinese Thought, to illustrate new approaches to that subject. Papers presented at this conference covered such topics as the impact of foreign ideas on China and problems in the ocnication of ideas between different cultures. Ford Foundation funds were obtained for the conference a similar conference is contemplated for "next year" (1954?), according to the May 1953 bulletin of the ACTS. Current planning includes publication of the Aspen papers in volume form, as well as a continuation of publication of various works in the humanities field for the Far East. 5 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 1. - c. Cammittaa on the . istor9 of __ a -Principe], aativitisas sponsorship of various lecture series on specific reZigioc-, such as the 1953 series on "Religious Trends in Modern China"i editing of a series of Readers in the world's religions literatureso d. Ccm dttes an the R(t j Am -veto of So en .. Principal activitys study of the proble8 of intellectual reconciliation between the humnists and the scientists. 00 - c ttee on Ia~ami t and Art - The focal point of this 8ommittee18 interests is the aoquisition of documents for the Pernanent co32eetion of the IBlmic Archives. Of a total 70,999 items, 4,950 are outright property of the committee, while the remainder are held on deposit from interested collectors, f. CMdt-tee us the Innenam Promm - Fcretaost among matters of p -mmount concsra to this committee is a program for preparation of materials for teachers of English as a foreign la age A 1952 Ford Foundation grant has made possible a program of opera- tions for assuring for every significant language of Asia an olemm =tart gre~arr and textbook, a student's dictionary and a body graded reading materials. The committee also arranges linguistic seminars and provides grants under its program of summer study aids for linguistics, g. Committee o n N e a r E ester., Si gs - The Near Eastern Translation Program is the predominant activity of this committee. Under it a considerable number of Arabic, Turkish and Persian docu- ments have been and are being translated and published. This publication is made possible through a promise by the Arabian.. American Oil Company to purchase sufficient copies to finance ranufacture. "A Guide to Iranian Area Study" and "A Selected and A=otated Bibliography of Books and Periodicals in Western languages Dealing with the Near and I .ddle East with Special basis on Mediaeval and Modern Tim s" were two special c - mdttee publications completed as of May 1953. h; Committee on ?1usi o o .. Principal activitys planning for publication of an encyclopedia of music and a "fiversar" plan to investigate the needs of mimic and musicology in the US. i. Joint Committee -on America Native IanMa eB - Principal activity: formulation of a program of research in American Indian languages, Jo Joint Ca-Vatted ots the ! _-- f &caeo1o g9 ngsnai&A Principal activity: programming for domestic archaeological recovery. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 1. - k. J tee S Stdim - Established by ACTS and the Social Science Research Council (SSW,),, this committee ? a activities include supervision and publication of the C Dim at tqa Sod_ p e (funded by Rockefeller Foundation and the East European Fund), and assistance in facilitating the proonrement and distribution of research materials in the Slavic field (in cooperation with the Library of Congress ). The committee Supervised a MY 1952 Conference on Soviet Eco- nomic Growth: Conditions and Perspectives. Chained by Abram from Sta States, Commerce, Rand , the conference included CIA Bureau of the Budget and other Government agencies. The ccie ittee has established develop- ment priorities in the Slavic field, among which those of greatest interest are: (1) exploration of the possibility of obtaining a pant to establish a bulletin cm the Soviet econaaW, as a pilot project; (2) exploration of the possibility of obtaining a grant to establish a bulletin containing abstracts of Soviet scientific publications and interpretations of cur- rent trends in Soviet science; and (3) exploration of the desirability of undertaking publication of dictionaries for the varies minority languages of the USSR. As of May 1953 the East European Fund bad expressed sympathetic interest in these proposals. A Conference on Russian Intellectual History in the Nineteenth Century is also being considered for develop- Joint Committee on Southern Asia - A Carnegie Corporation grant for support of this coaaotittee terminated in June 1952. The AC LS and the SSRC de aided, however, to continue committee operations for another year. Primary interest in that period was the assessment of the extent of progress in Southern Asia studies. Carnegie Corporation grants to two universities, the establishment of new area centers at three universities and the development of specialised teaching at eight others all point to marked progress. Among its prospects and objectives the ca?3ttee includes establishment of an American field institute of South Asian studies, m. Committee on International R cb_, ge ofP - Committee recommendations after screening 5,000 American applications resulted in 366 Fuibright awards by the Board of Foreign Scholar- ships. The committee also reviewed 500 foreign applications for compliance with the Fuibright Act, from which acme 400 were approved by the Board. The following new countries bring the total active participants in the program to 221 Denmark, Japan, Ills may, Finland and the Union of South Africa. Iran and Korea are being hold in suspense, while China has been discontinued. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 1. - a. National Red.stration Of Rt nests and Social sc affilg&g - In a survey conducted jointly by ACTS and SSW, aa?e 30,000 hn nests and social scientists responded by categorising their individual fields of specialty on a checklist developed by the two councils. The results of the survisY were made available to the External Research Staff, Department of State. Ramos of specialists currently engaged in specific studies have been extracted for inclusion in a forthcoming External Research Staff catalog. 2, Social Science Research Council (SSRC ) The SSRC, a corporation, has as its purpose the advanoem mt of research in the social sciences. The SSRC board of directors includes 21 representatives of 7 national scientific societies: the American logical Association, American Economic Associa tion, American Historical Association, American Political Science Association, American Psychological Association, American Sociological Society and the American Statistical Association. Membership on SSMC oosmaittees is not, ha~rever, confined to the board of directors but draws from qualified personnel within each of the constituent socie- ties. Funding for council activities parallels that of the ACIS: a Rockefeller Foundation grant of $1,500,000 in the 1951 52 fiscal year replaced earlier two- or three-year grants made to the SSRC; other foundations may fund the work of the catm~ittees established under the council. The council also has a program of publication for studies and monographs produced under direction of the various committees. a. Com@ittees In the following list, SSRC canaittees have been categorized according to their primary interest. (1) Who Conducts Resegaah These ceemmittees engage in varied forma of activity relating to financial assistance to the individual scholar and studies of social science personnel problamss Arm Research Traininu Fel arphhi one - Sapp rtcd by Carnegie Corporation of Now York. Cross-W& l Education - Supported by grants of $75,000 each from Carnegie Corporation of New York, Ford Founda- tion and Rockefeller Foundation.. Fcn1tY Research Fellwsbins - Supported by Carnegie Corpora- tion of New York. 8 . Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Grants!--in-%j4 - Supported by Rockefeller Foundation. Human Resources and advanasd TraI= - Supported by Rockefeller Foundation. international Axchw- cot Persona - See Section I, AC IS, for a discussion of the work of this joint cemzaittee, appointed by the Conference Board of Research Councils. Soci1 Science Personrstl - Supported by Rockefeller Fot da?- tion. (2) What In Res= ched The activities of these committees centers generally, on specific studies of socio-econcmic areas of research. Definition of areas for research, recoumondations for additional research and planning reports are the bred products of coamittee activity. . 22nsw Mono ra ha - Supported by grants of $50,000 frees Rockefeller Foundation and $20,000 from Russell Sage Foundation. Civil-Mi].itarv Relations Research Economic Growth Family Repearch - Supported by Grant Foundation, labor Market Research - Supported in part by Departmrent of the Air Force. Miiration Differe- tials_ 31 Social Stratificat ion (3) Wh..reR Reamearch Is Center Development of social science research on problem of given areas is the broad purpoca of each of the following committees. Sponsorship of area conferenoes and preparation of bibliog.. raphies which point the need for further research are two methods employed by the ca ittces in their development prob. Near and Middle Fast Slavic Stuc33e4 - Sponsored jointly with the American Couna!2 of Learned Societies, See Soction 1, ACIS, concerning publication of the cunt D erst of lhl So t I?pesso Sa?ig Asia - Sponsored yolintly with the ACI.S, Worms Re (4) R reh Is Cotucted The primary concern of each committee 33sted below is investigation of social science methodology, X_er jM and the application of now methods to specific fields of research. Hi6tor3aEra~ Identifleeetionof Talent - Supported by John and Akary R, Approved For Release 1999/08/2 :,,CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 tics and Pssc ho M MIthematioal 2 i n1fl0 of So {a1 ScievUsIg _ Supported by Ford Foazdaticn, Polii tis l Behavior - A specific research project on political behavior related to the 1952 presidential election, financed by a $90,000 grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. PAY atx, and 3adg1 Sctajoe Researe, ft= and Me o Soelal BO svige b. Publicatiam SSRC 1951_52 publications of possible relevance to this report include: Dakio, E. Wight. Organization the Individi . New Haven: Yale University Iabor and Management Center, 1952. 63 pp. Photo-offset. A paper prepared for the Conference on Theory of Organization, 18-19 June 1952, sponsored jointly by the council and the organizational Behavior Project at Princeton University. Tolley, George S. "Decision-NekinSt Its Importance for the Meaning and Measuzvwnt of Efficiency," &p Uore I Entree A i His , Harvard University Research Center A Entreproneu3al History, x.:44.4 , 15 Ortober- paper presented at the Inter-university S Research Seminar on Economic Efficiency in Agriculture, 19500 3. Fist Euronm Ftiznd (W) Although not a "research council" as such, the activities of tho East European Fuzed are roughly comparable to those of both founda- tions and research councils. The EEF has received a grant of $2#081,500 from the Ford Foundation ('$785,000 said as of 1952)v "for research on the USSR and to assist in the orientation witlin the United States of racnt emigres from the Soviet Union," The Fund achieves these ends in four waya: a. Through its Research Program on the QSSR, for which quarterly reports are available to requesters on a continuing basis;, b. Through its Ghelthcrv Pub iahtns Mo se, whose published books and plays are listed in the find's annual reports; 10 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 C. Through fins ndal support to research sponsored by other or~nisations, s u c h as the ACIS SSRC C d the Sc EMIls f and d. foblrlough f=nanca1 support to emigre organiaatious such as the Georgian Association in the US Humanity Calls, Inc. International. Institute, Inc. Russian Consolidated Mutual Aid Society in America, Inc. Russian Student Fund, Inc. Society for Relief of Russian Writers and Scientists In Exile (Lttfund ) Welfare Committee, World Cossack Association Free Russian Youth Club in America, Inc. St. Seraphim Foundation, Inc. Ukrainiam Democratic Youth Association of America, Inc. (New Review) Ukrainian Acadeomy of Arts and Sciences in the US # Inc. Francis Sk=y= Hrywian ('Wbiteruthenian) Society of Arta and Sciences in the ti5, Inc. Ccodttoe for the Framotion of Advanced Slavic Cultural Studies, Inc. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6 SOU CES Cf SUI -TEI) T Rocgsfeller Fvnadatio+e. A RODM- f T Rockefeller Fct gn, # , Chester I. Bernard T Rockefeller Foandatioe. D ctory gt Fellovshin A 17 9% Thre Ford Fctuatim, AMMI -RGmrt East E-growan Fund. First Ammaj 8 1221-2 Job SIMM GuR enhhelm ftod&j Fouadatiom. mod for Mdd 0 American Foandations a Their Fie1ds, 4I Svrv~ Wilmer Shields Rich-,-M.A., and Neva R. Deardorff, Ph.D. New York: Raymond Rich Associates, 1948 (New edition due, fall 1953) A wig@ Foundations Revue Sew Fw3da, AMA Foundations Abraham Flamer A CIS Newsletter American Council of Learned Societies ACLSBu] f American Council of Learned Societies ILAN Social Science Research Council M2UMI re2lovshin Board from 22_ National Research Council Mrs, Shirley Duncan Hudson Special Assistant, Executive Staff, American Council of Learned Societies 22 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000100190002-6