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November 11, 2016
Document Release Date: 
February 23, 1998
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PDF icon CIA-RDP78-02771R000300410002-9.pdf159.39 KB
Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000300410002-9 RESTR.IC AMATEUR RADIO OPERATIONS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA The fall 1952 edition of Radio Amateur Call Book Mt azine lists IS5 licensed amateur radio stations is the countries of South- east Asia. This list is broken down as follows-. Burma. 34; Malaya, 65; Philippines. 52; Thailand, 4; Indochina.' Indonesia and British Borneo,' 0. This list of stations is, given in Appendix A. QST. _the leading periodical in the. amateur radio Acid statec", In its August 1953 issue that international amateur radio activity is currently banned by Thailand. Indonesia,. Indochina and British Bor::eo. ,The apparent discrepancy regarding Thailand may be explained by C he fact that all four amateur radio. outlets in that country are operated 9y governmental organizatLone: the R oyal' Array Signal' S tition, the Sit,;- nal Inspection Department, the Air Attache Ias Office of the US Em- basoy and the United Nations" ECAFE office. Until recently a fifth station. HSIPA. was operated by Frank Spier, the Bangkok manage- for QSL magazines A comparison which may prove of some value may be drawn betweesn the 1952 figures. and figures for the. pre-war period. The spring 1939 issue of Radio Amateur Call Book Magazine gave the following breakdown by countries: Burma, 11; Malaya. 15; Philipg:.uc~. 581 Thailand, 3; Indochina, 4; Indonesia, 184; British Borneo ing Sarawak), 2. for a total of 277 licensed amateur radio stations, Of major significance in comparing these, two mats of figures are the. facts that,1939 figures for the Philippines included many Amcricane~, while,, because of Philippine licensing laws, there are none in the recent list. The four stations in Indochina were all operated by FrC;ach nationals, and all stations in what is now Indonesia were operated L_ Dutch citizens. Licensing and operating regulations vary in each country. Some of the limitations are a citizenship requirement (Pb ippines) non-com ercial broadcast iiing (Thailand), intra?national broad castit;;g limitation (Indonesia) and plain test only (Indonesia). Tito rega. atic-,:s are given in fuller dets:il in Appendix B. The ' regulations of the Southeast Asia nations may be claseif:.ed in four cateegorieeso Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000300410002-9 Approved For Release' 1999/08/24 CIA-RDP78-02771 R000300410002-9 RESTRIC Sec ormatioa 1) Regulations which allow relatively free international communication by amateur operators, as in Malaya and Burma; () Rag+u1ations wbich allow free international comrriu ca- Lion with any country with which a treaty or agreement on this matter exists, as in the Philippines; (3) Regulations which allow domestic communications by amateur operators, ' as in Indonesia, and (4) Regulations which do not permit the operation of amateur radios, as in Indochina and British Borneo. In addition to licensed operations, there in the wide field of illegal radio operation, particularly by agents of foreign goverss:m nrr. or by local anti-government groups. In the latter category fall the wide-spread operations of the Viet Minh army and pseudo -governme .~ 1 agencies, Also in this category fall the suspected- radio operations of the various insurgent groups in Burma and Indonesia and Cornrriuniag Party activities in Thailand. In the category of foreign govez nmenea would fall broadcasts of the Vietnam News Agency (VNA) that occa- atonally heave been heard from Thailand sad Burma? On these illegal operations little specific information is avail- able, All sources consulted evidence an awareness of the exists ace of such operations but, none could give specific data. Particularly in Thailand many reports have appei red in bona the press and'iu State despatches of seizures of illegal radio equipment. Queer reports showing the organization of the Chinese Cormm st'Party of Thailand include a communications or radio section. There Is reason to be-, Have that similar. traits exist within all, dissident groups. The listening habits. training and hours of operation of- ar atierv radio operators in the area is so varied and information io acs : that it is Impossible to provide even a general standard. Approved. For Release 19.99/08/24: CIA-RDP78-02771 R000300410002-9