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November 17, 2016
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March 20, 1998
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November 4, 1963
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CPYRGHT CPYRGHT CPYRGHT sA P se 2 /JJA-R U 1"TEmw&A;1 MOTHERLAND T HE National Council Party joins hands with stand behind the Prime on November 1. The res The National Council pays its humble tribute to the remarkable heroism of our soldiers in the face of extreme odds. The National Council salutes the memory of those sons of India who have given their precious lives for the defence of our borders. The last few weeks have seen an unprecedented mass upsurge of our people against Chinese aggression and for the defence of the wuntry , In various parts of the country, State and District Committees of the Communist Party have joined hands with other patriotic forces to mobilise and unite the masses for national defence. Violation Of Solemn Undertaking In violation of the solemn un- dertakings given by the Chinese Government during the last three years, not to cross the McMahon Line, % Chinese armed forces in urge numbers have openly crossed this international frontier and are today in many places inside Indian territory. The Chinese forces have also simultaneously launched big offensives against our positions in Ladakh. The claims which have again and again been put forward by the Chinese Government on the grounds that the McMohan Line Is "illegal" because it was the result of an agreement made at a time when British imperialists ruled over India, are completely untenable and on no account can such arguments justify their launching aggression on India. The crossing of this line, under any excuse or pretence whatso- ever, indisputably constitutes aggression and violationtlsef our territory. The National Council congratu- lates the members and supporters of the Communist Party who have joined the national defence efforts in large numbers and participated in different forms of patriotic action. The National Council calls on every Party member and sup- porter to intensify his efforts in support of the defence of the country-in unity with all people. The National Council extends Its full support to the position taken by Prime Minister Nehru in regard to the conditions for the opening of negotiations for the settlement of the border disnute. India had all alone declared its willineness and Its desire to settle the border disnute by peaceful negotiations, and even today, in the face of the Invasion of our territorv, the Prime Minister has reiterated his willingness to nego- tiate with the Chinese Govern- As long ago as last December, our late General Secretary Ajoy Ghosh publicly repudiated the wrong Chinese understanding of the character of the Indian Gov- ernment and the policies pursued by it. The National Council of the Communist Party of India never expected a socialist country like China- to settle a border dispute with India by force of arms, and make astounding claims against a country which is engaged in peaceful consolidation of its newly-won Independence, which belongs to the peace camp, which follows a forelen policy of non- alitnment, which has all along maintained friendship with China, and whose Government is run by a parliamentary democracy and not a military dictatorship. liv its wrnno and mistaken attitude, the Chinese Government has facilitntsd the strengthening of the flight-wine reactionary parties and groups In this country, and `vacillation' and calling for a total reversal of foreign policy. The Communist Party of India stands for the strengthening and building of the unity of all patrio- tic forces in this national emer- gency. The Communist Party of India is not opposed to buying arms from any country on a com- mercial basis. But it is opposed to the import of foreign personnel to man the defences of this coun- try. The people and armed forces of India are capable enough to defend their country once they organise and move in their millions as a solid united force. Supreme efforts both by the Government and people will have to be made in this direction. PM's Call Responded The pepole have responded splendidly to the call of the Prime Minister for united national effort, Revoke Anti-People Measures The great common mass of toiling people, who already live in poverty but who by their labour on land and in factories will be working in the rear fulfil the needs of production, also need to be protected against the anti-social vested interests. While sharing the tasks of the defence of the country., the peopl want to be assured that all th burdens of defence are not cas on the poor toiling people. Hen the Council hopes that those un popular measures which ha been on the anvil of the legis latures are set aside and th defence efforts are so organise - SEE BACK PAG Communist Party National Council Resolution CaYRG i GAINST CHIN A'S PEN AGGRESSION world peace. While defending the sacred soil of our country from aggression, our pepole are conscious of the fact that a full-scale war between two such big powers of Asia is a disaster that everyone must exert his best to avoid. Chinese Propaganda The National Council totally rejects and repudiates the charac- terisation made by the Chinese authorities in their press and radio propaganda, of Prime Minister Nehru as "an agent of U.S. im- perialists" and the leader of "re- actionaries" and an "expansionist", and of the Government of India acting as a "tool of U.S. imperial- CPYRGHT CPYRGHT "IN tI1EF~`I~~~~'`~~~'~~50~~,fOR THE SAKE OF UNIVERSAL PEACE" Text Of Pravda Editorial MOSCOW, October 25: The following is the full text of Pravda editorial entitled "In the Interests of the Peoples, For the Sake of Universal Peace", published today: T HE Soviet Union and the other socialist countries regard it as the chief aims of their foreign policy the en- suring of peaceful conditions for the construction of a new society and for the develop- ment of the world socialist system, consolidation of friendship among all peoples, and the ridding of mankind from the threat of a new world war. This position is consistent- ly adhered to by the Soviet Union and countries of the socialist community in settling all world policy problems. Counterposing to imperialism the new type of international relations, the socialist states persistently and purposefully uphold the principles of free- dom, national independence, sovereignty and the possibility for the people of every coun- try to decide their destiny. The countries of the socialist camp act as genuine friends and allies of the peoples. In their struggle against coloni- alism and the intrigues of the Imperialist powers. The young sovereign states have inherited many unsolved problems from the grievous past. The imperialist quarters never miss an opportunity of taking advantage of d!fiicul- ties connected, specifically, with all kinds of border Issues and disputes. In their ag- gressivve aspirations U.S. Im- perialism and Its allies in NATO, SEATO and other mili- tary blocs pin special hopes on exploiting the unsettled bor- der Issue between the People's Republic of China and India. The question of the Sino- Indian border is a legacy of the times when the British colonialists held sway on In- dian territory, arbitrarily cut- ting and recutting the map of Asia. The notorious McMahon Line, which has never been recognised by China, was im- posed upon the Chinese and Indian peoples. The imperi- alist quarters did their utmost to use border conflicts con- nected with this line for pro- voking an armed clash. The Imperialists dream of setting these great powers against each other, and also of under- mining the Soviet Union's fr-.endship both with frater- nal China and with frendly India. The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China are bound by many years of unbreakable friendship. This friendship rests on the com- munity of alms: the building of socialism and commun!srn, Its. firm foundation is consti- tuted by a uniform economic base, a uniform polit'cal eys- tem, a common ideology- Marxism-Leninism. The So- viet Union, China, and all the countries of socialism are at one in the struggle against Imperialism, for peace all over the world. The joint forces of the socialist camp reliably guarantee every social'st country against encroach- ments by imperialist reaction. When four years ago, in 1958, the Chiang Kai-shek clique started, in collusion with U.S. military, provocative activi- ties in the Taiwan Strait, the Soviet Government sternly warned the fanciers of ulay- ing with fire, stressing that in the struggle against the in- trigues of imperialism the So- viet Union was fully on the side of great fraternal China. This warning was confirmed by the head of the Soviet Government, N. S. Khrush- chov, in his radio and TV ad- dress on July 2, 1962. Profound satisfaction is aroused in Soviet people by the development of the Soviet Unions' co-operation with India. We rejoice over the successes of the Indian peo- ple, we understand their d!fti- culties and z'eadily broaden our cooperation which helps develop the economy and cul- ture of the country which. has cast off the colonial yoke. Soviet people hig'rly appre- ciate sovereign India's contri- bution to the struggle for peace and international secu- rity, against colonialism and imperialist military blocs. Soviet People Are Worried Soviet people, as all peace- loving public, are worried by the development of events on the Indian-Chinese border, especially in the recent pe- riod, when things came to armed clashes. Such a deve- lopment does not accord with the spirit of relations existing between China and India. I runs counter to the national interests of both states. Ag- gravation of relations bet- ween China and India i only profitable to the common enemy of these states, Inter- national imperialism. The Soviet Government an the Soviet people have always advocated the peaceful adjust ment of this frontier dispu through negotiation. lovers of peace adopt th view. There is no question that they will be gratified to see the new move which the Chinese Government . has taken to peacefully settle its dispute with India. This is the statement issued by the Government of the People's Republic of China, the full text of which is published in today's Pravda. "It is absolutely impossible to imag!ne the solution of the question of the Chinese-Indian border with the help of arm- ed force," the statement says. "China and India are two major Asian countries and they bear great responsibility for peace In Asia and the world generally. They initiat- ed the five principles of peace- ful coexistence and took part in the Bandung Conference. And though present S.'no- Indian relations are rather strained there is still no rea- son to jettison the five prin- ciples and the Bandung spirit." The Chinese Government has suggested embarking on ego a ons to settle e uestion of the Sino-Indian ont!er. It has expressed the ope that the Indian Govern- ent will be agreeable to hav- g.both sides respect the line etween n territories actually ontrolled by both sides along he entire fron- ier and, to avoid contact, will withdraw their armed orces to within 20 kilometres 'stance. The Chinese Govern- ent believes that there ouid be another meeting tween the Chinese . and ndian Prime Ministers at a eciprocally suitable moment. The Chinese Government as called on the Ind--an Gov- rnment to energetically res-, and to its proposals. It has ged the Afro-Asian govern- ents to exert an effort to acilitate their realisation. It as likewise called on all the eace-loving countries and. oples to bend their efforts o promote Sino-Indian endship, Afro-Asian soli- arity and world peace. The fomentation of the oct between the two great Zpowers brings grist to e mill not only of imperial- in general but also of ertain reactionary circles in- de India, most intimately ssociated with foreign capital a m s cs inimical to the Indian people. To ad- just the conflict peacefully India's progressives must re- double their efforts. One, of course, must realise that when relations are strained as they are now, even some progres- sively minded people may suc- cumb to nationalism and be- come jingoists. However, one cannot do that, when ques- tions of the struggle for peace, of the solution of internation- al issues, are at stake. In this case, one must be an inter- nationalist and strive not to fan animosity and exacerbate the conflict but settle it peace- fully through negotiation. Of course, there can be mis- understand!ngs in relations between states. But it is im- perative from the point of view of plain common sense to show good-will on both sides and not dictate any pre- liminary terms when adjust- ing disputes. As for the Soviet people, they take the Chinese Gov- ernment's statement as an expression of its sincere con- cern for Its relations with Ind--a and of its desire to end the conflict. We think the Chinese Government's propo- sals constructive. Without impairing the prestige of enrier sloe, ey provide an acceptable groundwork for starting negotiations and for peacefully settling controver- sies in a way taking account of the interests of both the People's Republic of China and India. Together Against Imperialism A friendly settlement of the Sino-Indian frontier pro- blem would once again de- monstrate the great power of the principles of the peaceful co-existence and co-operation of states with different sys- tems. It would also promote the traditional friendship be- tween the Chinese and Indian peoples and largely fac--litate the consolidation of interna- tional security in Asia and the world generally. Further, it would strike a fresh blow at the forces of imperialism and colonialism and against the machinations of the aggres- sive quarters of the U.S., who in the last few days have em- barked upon an extremely perilous venture, which is directed not only against Cuba and the socialist states but against all lovers of peace in general. CHYRUH! Yemen Republic Vj4gious The Yemeni Premier Abdallah al Sallal told a Cairo correspondent on October 27 that the Republican Govern- ment of the Yemen had been able, in the month since the beginning of the revolution, to put down the unrest pro- voked in the frontier regions by King Saud, King Hussein and the ruler of Beihan. e sat . we are acaL' all our efforts to the economic advance of Yemen. We hoped to set about doing this from the very first day of the re- volution, but the conspiracies of our enemies hampered us. Of course, the defeat which Saud. Hussein and the Beihan ruler sus- tained, will not stop them. They will continue sending their mer- cenaries, arms and gold to Jauf and Marib regions in order to pro- voke unrest. That is why we shall continue enhancing our vigilance." UUT al Sallal said, "has already draft- ed an economic programme. It has been submitted to an econo- mic conference now taking place at Sanaa. Above all, we must set up a central bank. We have also started various agricultural re- forms. Above all, we must en- large cotton crops and and new markets for our farm produce. We shall try to obtain loans from various countries since the treasury had been empty at the time of the revolution. We shall CPYRGHT invite specialists from the who world and ask for their help." Meanwhile, MEN Agency cor- respondent from Marib reports that after bitter fighting, troops of the revolutionary Government of Yemen captured a height dominat- ing Marib. In the course of the 170 rebels were killed and wound- ed and too others were taken prisoner. Yemen aircraft discovered and strafed mercenary forces near the road between Marib and the Bri- tish Protectorate of Beihan. The Al Ahram correspondent reports from Sanaa that Yemen re- volutionary troops have blocked another attempt by mercenaries to enter Yemen from the North- East. CPYRGHT CHINA'S ASTOUNDING CLAIMS to enthuse the mass of people d unite them for greater oluntary sacrifices for the defence f the country. The Council notes that reao- onary elements to the country to trying to misuse popular 'In- gnation against Chinese aggres- on to rouse feelings against the ommunist Party of India. In the or resent situation, this amounts to othing but national disruption d defiance of the Prime Minis- r's call for national unity. The uncil is confident that the atriotic and democratic forces the country will give a fitting ebuff to all such attempts. The Council calls on Communist advantage out of the present porters everywhere: 40 To take an active part in the work of the popular commit- tees which are being set up in support of the defence efforts; To exert their best to build up the National Defence Fund; 49 To work resolutely for in- crease In production for de- fence and people's needs; 0 To mobilise public opinion against price rises, blackmar- keting and profiteering and other anti-social activities,. which hit the working people and the nation; 0 To campaign tirelessly against those groups, parties and ele- ments which seek narrow political 0 To oppose attempts to force India to give up her foreign policy of non-alignment and peace and thereby put her at this mercy of the imperialist camp and involve India in a prolonged full- scale war; 40 To support all moves taken by the Government of India to bring about a peaceful settle- ment, consistent with the honour and dignity of the country. The National Council is confi- dent that all Communists will stand at their posts of duty and work, together with the rest of the Indian people, to the greater glory of the Motherland. -Apprnverl Fnr Release 9000