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October 21, 1963
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25X1C10b L Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release I-Lg&% R/j 41 W-RDP78-210&1#ap120"005-3 Briefly Noted Linus Pauling, Two-Tire Nobel Prize inner The Noel '?eace Prize Committee of the Nowegian parliament (Storting) announced on 13 October that the 1902 Peace prize, previously unawasded, would go to Dr. Linus Carl Pauling of the California Institute of Technology, while the 1933 Peace 'Prize would be divided between the International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross Societies, both with head- quarters in Geneva. ?auling had previously won the Nobel prize for Chemistry in 1954. The reasons for the prize awards will not be an- nounced until December, but the Storting's Committee ,,iay have believed that Pauling was largely responsible for the conclusion of the nuclear test ban treaty, which also went into effect on 10 October. Using the status gained by his first Nobel prize, Pauling for years conducted a crusade against nuclear testing, cir- culating his petitions; according to Louis Budenz, he was unacknowledged CP member in the 1940's. On the other hand, he denounced the Soviet rewumption of nuclear testing in 1201, The public often fails to realize that Pauling's scientific knowledge in the field of chemistry- he originated a theory on molecular bonds which was, in- cidentally, rejected by many Soviet scientists on Uarxist- Leninist grounds---noes not make him an expert on genetics, radiology, or nuclear p'n sits. When pauling said in 13,9 that Carbon 1 was more dangerous than Strontium 90, Dr. Robert R, Newell, a Professor 3meritus of Radiology at Stanford, reuarked : "It is not informative to com- pare two different elements and their two different results.... It would take a thousand such bombs to double the present world level of Carbon 14...." In December 10SC, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists commented on ?auling: "To the mature knoviled eable person, his over- simplifications and unqualified absolutes tend to seem irresponsible." It was not ?auling's activity which in- duced the US and UX governments to propose in 1959, 1931, 25X1nd10 962 the test ban which has now been agreed on. Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 25X1C10b L Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 21 October 1963 DATES 25X1 C10b 7 Nov October Revolution. Lenin and Trotsky seize power from the .provisional Government, 1917. 10 Nov World Youth Day (Communist). 10 Nov Ganes of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO), Djakarta 10-17 Nov 1933. 11 Nov International Student Week 11-17 November, conclud- ing with International Students Day on the 17th (International Union of Students, Communist). 14 Nov (China-Russia) Treaty of Peking cedes Chinese "Great Northeast" to Russia, 1860. 15 Nov Bolsheviks proclaim "Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia," affirming principle of self- determination to peoples of the former mmpire, 1917. 30 Nov USE3 attacks Finland, 1939. December Afro-Asian Organization for Economic Co-operation, 4th AAOEC, scheduled for Karachi, 1963. 5 Dec USSR adopts new "Stalin" constitution providing for universal sufferage, freedom of speech, press and assembly, 1936. 20 Dec UN issues second call for Tibetan Freedom, 1953. 27 Dec Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty arrested, Hungary, 1948. January International Conference of Youth and Students for Disarmament (WFDY-sponsored); Florence, Italy, January 1964. 2 Jan Fidel Castro assumes power in Cuba, 1959. U.S. recognizes Government 7 Jan 1959; U.S. terminates diplomatic and consular relations 3 Jan 1961. 15 Jan '"Trial of the 12" first show trial of Stalinist purge, including Zinoviev and Xamenev (initial members Stalin ruling triumvirate during Lenin's physical decline), IP3v. 21 Jan Lenin dies, 1924 (born 22 April 1820). Approved For Release 1999/08724-: CIA-RDP78-03061 A000200030005-3 25X1C10b L Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 rr 1 AppaieCdl5 r Release AAA/Q812 ; cLA-RDP78-03061 A000200030005-3 COMMDRTIST DISSENSIONS 23 September-11 October 1963 Commentary _ ] INC I'?AL DE DLO:?MID`I'S : 1. This period brought a mounting wave of actions and "reports by informed sources" indicating that a Soviet cam- paign to isolate the Chinese Communists and, if necessary, excommunicate them from the movement is being pushed vigor- ously. Key statement was a 38-page article in the CPSU's central theoretical journal Kommunist, "The General Line Of the Chinese Leadership," which observers erme Moscows most sweeping denunciation yet of the Chicoms' "wrong, harmful and dangerous activities," and which appeared to lay the founda- tion for outlawing the CCp from the VICM. It stated flatly that "the pernicious theoretical platform and political line of the Chinese leadership are incompatible with Marxisra- Leninism and alien in character to the general line of the international Comiunist movement." 2. Perhaps a clearer indication of Moscow's intent was found in pravda's giving half a page to a statement by the obscure Cio Paraguay which declared that fence sitting on the issue is no longer possible, that Mao's dogmatism has be- cone the thief danger to the WCM, and that the 1980 Moscow Declaration (which had put revisionism in first place) sho.ild be amended to reflect this, "possibly by adopting an additional. declaration" (which would mean a new conference). It went on to state that "political isolation of the splitters remains the only way to preserve unity." 3. Reports that the major Soviet-aligned CP's would Lleet in Moscow immediately after the 7 November celebration of the Soviet Revolution anniversary to prepare for a new "world Communist conference" seemed to be confirmed by the French Cp's plenary session on 6 October, including ?ravda's publication of Thorez' speech ('"We M411 decisively support the convocation of the forthcoming international conference, which will again confirm the principles of policy of the Co=unIst Movement,") (See Chronology - October 6). "In- formed sources" have also reported "secret trips" of Hungarian boss Kadar and delegates of other C?'s to confer with I,hrushchev on this subject in recent creeks. The Italian CP's publication of its comprehensive reply to and denunciation of the Chinese line and actions (Chronology - September 29)-- while adding nothing new to the polemics -- may well have been intended to prepare for such a showdown. 25X1C10b (#14 Commentary Cont.) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 l ormonae eFT r 'CYi`C' lgaq/~RL2A r_IA-RDP78-03061 A000200030005-3 25X1C10 a Y of both the C.?SU and the CC?." An overt initiative in this direction was made in July by Netherlands C? chief De Groot in a speech published in Party organ Die Waarheid on 1' July 1363, (translated in TICD No. 476, X30-07,17311 dtd 12 Aug- ust 1963). De Groot specifically proposed "That we first of all strengthen our contacts with the parties in the capital- ist countries and come out for a spearate international council of those parties." 5. The Chinese, engrossed in full exploitation of their 14th anniversary 1 October, added nothing to the battle of words beyond complaining resentfully at the slurs of "modern revisionists" who "are most elated in teasing the Chinese people for being very poor." The Albanians finally published a massive reply to the 14 July CPSU open letter which con- tained a few quotable passages. 6. Recent wee1ts have ween the important, "neutral" Indonesian C? apparently slipping further in the Chinese direction. (Chronology - September 22k, and several classi- fied reports). 7. Castro continued to maintain his stance of a "neu- trality" which seemed to favor the Chinese, even flaunting Cuba's pose of indecision on the test-ban treaty in a 23 September speech. 3. Among the fronts, the Chinese-boycotted shipborne "Third World Meeting of Journalists," sponsored by the Soviet-supported International Committee for Cooperation of Journalists (ICCJ), concluded with a moderate communique in tune with the Soviet line; and the Soviet Afro-Asian Trade Union Conference," attacking the Chinese efforts to exclude "Soviet workers" and the WFTU and insisting on participation by all national and international trade union centers wishing to take part. Significance: The initiative remained largely on the Soviet side dur- ing this period, with strong evidence that the C?SU leaders and their princizal supporters have decided that the time is now ripe (particularly in view of broad support of the USSR's role in the test-ban treaty) to push for a well-prepared con- ference of the World Communist Movement which would endorse the Soviet line as the general line of the WCM by an "over- vthelming majority," thus confronting the Chinese and their supporters with the alternative of excommunicating themselves if they do not support this "general line." (14 Commentary Cont.) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 (#l nrrOveg Foary r Fon me 19 9 0 4 ? CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Despite this apparent Soviet progress in power politics, however, the Chinese seemed to be exorting a continuing ideo- logical attraction on a number of the most important "neutral" parties, including the Indonesian, which seemed to be slipping gradually into the Chicom camp, and the Cuban, despite its daily dependence on heavy Soviet aid for its very existence. Classified reports during this period described increasing strength and disruptive activities of pro-Chicom elements with- in Communist and extreme left orgainiztions in Chile and Ceylon, among others. The danger of the Chinese appeal, "as they play the cards of hunger and backwardness with one hand and radi- cal Marxism with the other," was emphasized by Beirut's pro- Baathist newspaper Al Kifah in an 13 September editorial Prompted by the "bitter Chrnese attacks against the Soviet Union" at the M?SO executive Conference in Cyprus (see PO #12). The writer, Maurice Saqr, stated that the Chinese argu- ments seem logical from the Marxist point of view, especially to the deprived masses of the underdeveloped countries, and called the dangor of Chinese Communist infiltration in these areas both "imtediate and great." (Sagr's answer to the Chinese danger: a program of massive assistance (presumably Soviet) to raise the standard of living of the masses in the 25X1C10b underdeveloped nations!) 25X1C10b L Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved F19,9.9/--R-UTQIWA000200030005-3 #14 28 September-11 October 1963 SW ember 2? - Izvestiya publishes an article by I. Kvaskov on the anti-Soviet hyster a being whipped up in China by the Chinese leaders. In Dalniy, where "Soviet ships are repaired under the Soviet-Chinese trade agreement, and where, naturally their crews have to stay," signs appeared on the doors of clubs reading in Russian: "Foreigners not allowed." "What is happening in Dalniyis unheard-of in relations between socialist countries." The 1963 annual supplement to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia carries a freshly re-written article on na re ''Iect ng the changes in relations over the past year as it depicts everything as going badly there. Whereac last year the Encyclopedia attri- buted China's difficulties to natural calamities alone, they are now due to: (1) the unrealistic "great leap forward" policy practiced since 1958; (2) China's loosening of economic ties with the USSR and other socialist countries; and (3) China's refusal to participate in international socialist division of labor and insistence on relying on its own forces. The article also expands considerably over last year's brief treatment of the "large ethnic minorities" in the CPR, with particular attention to the Turkic language group in the areas adjoining Soviet Cen- tral Asia. September 29 - The Italian CP daily l'Unita carries a special 16- page supplement heade nd the Chinese Comrades, Texts and Comments on the Divergencies with the Chinese Communist Party." The introduction traces the history of "the Chinese attack against the line followed by the majority of the Communist Partied' to its "peak of bitterness" during the Cuban crisis last year. "It is from that moment that the Chinese polemics degenerate into street-fighting, insults, unwarranted verbal violence. The Italian Communists were accused of parliamentary cretinism, the French of stupid servility, the Soviet Communists of degeneracy and treason." The Italian Communists, it says, "had' to argue and fight,...because the Chinese Communists were attacking and denying, often without even knowing it well, a political and ideologica structure wh we have built up, both through our independent efforts and working in common with other parties, through long years of struggles." Four documents with self- explanatory titles follow: "Peace and Revolution"; "The XXth Congress and Stalin"; "Our Experience"; and "Against ractionalism in the Working Movement." The last of these repeats Soviet charges that the Chinese recruit individuals to struggle against the majority in parties and mass organization, and even "try to win over to its side entire parties," "making use of the leaders of the Albanian Labor Party" for this purpose, and "supporting splinter groups everywhere: in Belgium, France, Brazil, Australia, United States, Greece, Switzerland, even Italy itself." Pravda re-publishes these materials on 8 October, and Tass distri ~ues a summary. 1 (#14 Chronology Continued) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 In Djakarta, PKI Chairman Aidit delivers a speech on "ques- tions facing the international Communist movement" to a meeting of 1,000 activists welcoming home the Aidit-led delegation which had just visited 5 countries in 10 weeks, spending 3 weeks in the USSR, 1 in Cuba, 1 in East Germany, 3 in China and 1 in North KcM A brief 1 October Antara (official Indonesian agency) account indicates that Aidit continued balancing between the Soviets and the Chinese, though his speech apparently has a noticeable Chinese accent. Aidit acknowledges that the ICM is going through a momentous process of "selection, crystallization and consoli- dation." in which the Indonesian Commun sts oug to play a bigger role. The selection is to determine who are the "genuine Marxist-Leninists" and who-are the "false Marxist-Leninists or revisionists." Aidit calls this process the "ideological steeling" (tempering?) of the ICM. A longer NCNA report (to which the Chinese papers devote half a page on the 5th) has Aidit saying that the PKI "not only rejected the baton of any other CP but also will not allow any baton to be waved within the Party itself." He also expressed the PKI's hope that the CPSU-CCP bilateral meetings be continued, and that, "on a rotation basis, the place for the next talks should be Peking." Meanwhile, the Chinese were giving royal treatment to a "delegation of the Indonesian Cooperation Parliament" led by M.H. Lukman, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament as well as First Vice Chairman of the PKI CC, which arrived in Peking on the 27th at the invitation of Chu To, Chairman of the NPC Standing Com- mittee, and, simultaneously, a delegation of Indonesian journal- ists led by the Secretary General of the Indonesian Journalists Association, "vrho spoke highly of the support given by Chinese journalists to the conference of Afro-Asian journalists." (NCNA) In Tokyo, Akahata reports JCP CC Chairman Nosaka as affirm- ing at a press conference on the 27th that "The JCP will not side with one party or the other in the Sino-Soviet dispute.... The dispute should be settled in accordance with the Moscow Declaration and the Moscow Statement which represent Marxism- Leninism." In Belgrade,, Borba turns against the Chinese one aspect of their 26September attack on Yugoslavia (see last issue of Chronology) pointing to its assertiou? that in 1954 China con- sented to regard Yugoslavia as a fraternal socialist country only on the request of dhrushchev. it follows, says Borba, that in appraising Yugoslavia's social system at that timetie Chinese leadership was "guided by narrow-minded political ambitions and strategic designs" rather than the facts. Now their unscrupulous attacks on Yugoslavia as a capitalist country are also made to gain definite political ends. September 30 - In a long speech at a Polish-East German friend- ship rar in Warsaw on the occasion of Ulbricht's visit, Polish chief Gomulka endorses "the recent CPSU statement" and accuses the nese of harming the international socialist movement by 2 (#14 Chronology Continued) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 their inadmissible polemics. Pointing to France's calm refusal to sign the test-ban treaty when her views differed from those of her allies, he asks why the Chinese could not have done the same. Ulbricht's speech on the same occasion avoids the issue. Pravda devotes half a page to excerpts from a Paraguay CP statemen n support of the CPSU's position, stating ME "Me wait-and-sec position, the position of sitting on the fence, is objectively impassible,"that "the dogmatic deviation of Mao Tse-tung has become the chief clanger within the ICM," and "there- fore, it would be correct to amend" the Declaration of 1960 to reflect this, "possibly by adopting an additional declaration." It goes on to warn that "political isolation of the splitters remains the only way to preserve unity." This Latin call to get off the fence was published alongside of a Tass account of a 28 September "neutral" Castro speech in which-'he flaunts Cuba's pose of indecision on signing the test-ban treaty, -- although Tass omitted Castro's remarks on the treaty. Ett the CP Secretary Gasperoniin Spa Marino, world's smallest republic, at a rally of 2000 Communists accuses Khrushchev of edging too close to capitalist policies of the West and failing to give adequate attention to the achievements of the Chinese Party. October 1 - The Communist world marked the 14th anniversary of the PR's founding with the usual celebration in Peking, recep- tions by Chinese embassies and messages from around the cworld. There were no Soviet or East European (other than Albanian) rep- resentatives among the "distinguished foreign guests" at the Peking demonstration, but greetings from all were reported.. The Soviet greeting and editorials in Pravda and Izvestiya empha- size the importance of selfless Soviet--a id" in the ibera ion of China and the building of the R, and the latter goes on to say that "the Soviet people react with bitterness and regret to the attempts of certain persons to sow mistrust and hostility toward the Soviet Union among the Chinese people." The Chinese press subsequently reported that anniversary articles attac'; ng the CPR were printed in Pravda. Izvestiya and Krasnaya Zvosda. On the Chinese side, Peng Chen's celebration speech, eapha- :izing Chinese triumphs over "natural disasters," says that "we have won a growing number of friends, contrary to the desire of the imperialists, reactionaries, modern revisionists and modern coo matists to isolate China." The Red Flag editorial, same a e, talks about "some people who call t erase ves Marxist-Leninists" who have been recruited as "members of the anti-China chorus under the U.S. imperialist baton.... They insist that China 'is at present in economic recession,?" and 'allegedly say that the Chinese people drink only diluted soup and have no trousers, and so forth."' These "modern revisionists are most elated in teasing the Chinese people for being very poor; therefore they look down upon the Chinese people." 3 (#14 Chronology Continued) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved for Release 9 0 2 7 0 2 Q 'October 1 - TaSS expose $ `~ee ~~~iJ~ purport dly originating with the ship-borne Third World Meeting of Journalists and distributed to Algerian and Tunisian press and foreign correspondents protesting against Czech closing of the NCNA office in Prague. And Reuters reports from Moscow on an article in azathstan Pravda by "a former major general of the Chinese Counts t army who flat to Russia," which described a May 1962 massacre in the Ili area of Sinkiang, when Chicom machine gunners fired into a crowd outs e a CC? office who were "apparently seeking permission to leave China for Russia." October 3 - in an appeal entitled "Toward a United Front with the inese, " the ?olitical Bureau of the Trotskyite Revolution- ary Workers Party of Bolivia characterizes the position of the Cl? as "part of the position of the Fourth International." (Tass) The 10-day ICCJ-sponsored, Chinese-boycotted Third World Meeting of Journalists on board the Soviet ship Litva (see also 'Propagandist's Guide #12) officially* ends in Beirut with a communique stressing their conviction that "the struggle for peaceful coexistence is closely linked with the movement for national liberation." *(However, the Litva took its junketing journalists on to Cyprus on the 5th and then into the Black Sea for a red carpet tour of Odessa, Yalta, Sochi, Batumi and Tbilisi.; Radio Moscow begins broadcasting a summary of a 33-page Ke unisst article entitled "The General Line of the World Commu- nist Movement and the Schismatic Platform of the Chinese Leader- ship," which the Moscow correspondent of New York Times terms "the most sweeping condemnation yet made by oscow, and Radio Belgrade "the sharpest criticism and denunciation yet of the Chinese leadership's wrong, harmful and dangerous activities." The text reportedly denounces a long list of ideological and political crimes of the Chinese leaders and states: "All this compels us to disclose that the pernicious theoretical platform and political line of the Chinese leadership are incompatible v?ith Marxism-Leninism and alien in character to the general line of the international Communist movement." Reuters reports from Hoscow that "the statement is seen here as laying the basis for a possible 'outla;ving' of the CC? " and the New York Times correspondent writes that "western observers e t e editorial ht special significance in view of recent indications that the Soviet leaders might be intending to call an international con- ference of Communist parties to denounce the Chinese leadership." October 4 - The Albanian organ Zeri I =Popullit, which on the 3rd ?ua is lea the ter a 14 July C? open letter for the first time, appears in an enlarged edition with a 20,000-word reply entitled "N. iihrushchev Has Openly Unfurled the Banner of Division and Treason." It is a harsh compilation of previously expressed Albanian views, replete with personalized invective, but with a few formulations worthy of note. After describing Soviet propaganda measures to publicize their letter tasi.a new document, a program for the entire ICPii, etc., the up with a highly quotable observation: 4 (014 Chronology Continued) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 "But the fact that every two months we see a new Com- munist manifesto appearing shows very clearly the real value of these documents." Also, passages at the end of Part I attack "the N. Khrushchev group" for accusing the Chinese of racism and "Genghis Khan tendencies," of trying to exploit fear of the "yellow peril." "Such an accusation against a Marxist-Leninist party and against a socialist country is not fortuitous coming from the mouth of the N. Khrushchev group, which is deeply imbedded in the mire of great state chauvinism. has in reality endeavored to establish the domination of the Tsars in the socialist camp and the ICM." October 5 - All Peking papers give prominence to reports of reception by Mao and other top leaders of "delegations of minor- ity nationalities" in Peking for the National Day celebration, naming Sinkiang, Inner Mongolia, Tibet and a half dozen other provinces,- as though in reply to recent Soviet reports of troubles in Sinkiang. October 6 - A plenary session of the CC of the French CP brought strong speeches y Secretary Frei (Who returned as month from a visit to the USSR) and Vice Secretary Rochet and a Resolution on the split. Rochet's anti-Chinese diatribe fills two pages of Humanite on the 8th and the Resolution is printed on the 9th. The resolution denounces the "noxious, profoundly pessimistic, dangerous, adventurous, erroneous and abusive" attitude of the Chinese leaders, rejects "the so-called general line" set forth in their 14 June letter and states the French Party's call for an international conference for the defense of the uni y of Cbm-. On the 13th Pravda pu es ors speec , nclud- ing thesstatement: "Wei shall decisively support the convocation of the forthcoming international conference, which_will again con rm the principles o the policy of the 'Communist movement." Moscow's central trade union organ Trud reports that "the Soviet Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee ann Soviet trade unions have decided to give every support to the Afro-Asian Trade Union Conference." Trud insists that it is necessary to establish "a broadly representative preparatory committee" which "should comprise representatives of all national trade union centers and international trade union federations that have expressed or will express a wish to tape part in the meeting." It attacks the Chinese for reviving the "problem" of whether the USSR belongs to the Asian countries and for objecting to the participation of the World Federation of Trade Unions. And Soviet Russia carried a comment on the two-week visit of a Chinese m17 legation to Sweden. "Why did the saber-rattling leaders send e r ene rlsto this neutral northern country situated far from their country?" The report quotes the "unofficial opinion" of the commander of the Swedish forth Military District, Major General Gustav f-~:erman, that the idea is to strengthen and expand military cooperation between the northern and eastern neighbors of the USSR: 5 (#14 Chronology Continued) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 "From the military point of view it is important for Sweden to have good relations with China. If the Soviet Union attacks Sweden, the Chinese could help us by grabbing the Russians by the tail." October 7 - The Rumanian party organ Scintaia, in an article marking a beginning of Rumanian-SovTe r endship Month lead- ing up to the Anniversary of the "October Revolution," pays tribute to "the USSR's special tole in the struggle to insure peace,... and the triumph of the Leninist principles of peaceful coexistence." October 8 - An Indian Ministry of External Affairs spokesman says ha the nose Charge d'Affaires in New Delhi had been summoned to the Ministry, his attention drawn to the distribution in India by the Chinese Embassy of a booklet containing the September -- lava 1MJ-1X/ktpSJ u article "Is Yugoslav-.a a Socialist State?" and requested the Embassy to cease circulating this "unbridled attack on a friendly state and the head of its government." (Reuters) Press reports major disturbances among Ceylon leftists due to pro-Chinese elements. The English-language Ceylonese press reports that the CCP fired the editors of the Party's Sinhala and Tamil newspapers (Maubima and Desabhimani, respectively) for "toeing the pro-China line which the Party CC has categorically rejected." The dismissal followed by a week a CC Resolution denouncing the Chinese and pledging continued suppor o e Moscow line, and the rebels reacted with pu c statements criticizing the CC action as "undemocratic and unconstitutional." The Daily Mirror comments that, although the fired editors retained eir membership, about a dozen of the 34 CC members are unlikely to attend the next meeting because of the discord. Meanwhile, on 5 October the Chinese Kwangming Daily carries a summary of a glowing tribute to the Mg-and o from "the Ceylon paper Worker, organ of the Ceylon Trade Union Federation" (date not given Tv -despite "the insults and false propaganda conducted by imperialists, reactionaries and revisionists against Mina." October 8 - The Indonesian CP organ Harian Rakjat denounces a _ugos av orba commentary on the Malays ssue, accusing "the Yugoslav revisionists" of trying "to save the face of U.S. imperialism," and "to prettify the ugly face of the United Nations and to save its prestige." October 9 - Czech organ Rude Pravo, in a long criticism of the Mines e line a itled "Socia sm and the National Liberation Movement," twits the Chinese on Hong ion, and_Macao. "What would the Chinese representative say if we compared, for example, the position of the 'agent of imperialism' -- as they quite unfoundedly call Indian '=rime Minister Nehru -- on the liberation of the Portuguese colony of Goa on Indian territory with the Chinese Government's approach to the Portuguese colony of Macao, lying on CR territory, or to Hong .bong?" Approved For Release 1999/08/24q CIA-R6- 0gtd) Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 October 10 -- The new issue of the-Hu arian political and theo- retica ournal Tarsaddaal~mi Szemle, "the Argument and the Building of SociaTiism, pints to the identity of situations and motives" between the Chinese leaders today and the Russian Trotskyites. "Today there are great economic difficulties in Mina, as there were in the twenties in the USSR. Like the Trotsk ites, the Chinese leaders do not believe in the possibility - of rapidly overcoming these difficul- ties and they divert the energies of the working people from national problems toward struggle against U.S. imperialism and problems of world revolution." And Peking NCNA announces that "more than 700 Chinese workers who went to Mongolia in 1960 to help in the work of construction under a Sino-Mongolian government agreement have returned to China on the expiration of their terms." (See also Chronology - September 21) 7 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 Approved For Release 1999/08/24: CIA-RDP78-03061A000200030005-3 CRQNOLOGIA -- DISE