I. Early Developments

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December 9, 2016
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March 25, 1998
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Publication Date: 
April 10, 1968
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Approved Fo 9 3/92: CIA-RDP78-04007AO01000030001-7 Approved For Release 2001/03/02 : CIA-RDP78-04007AO01000030001-7 Approved For ReIe7 001/03/02 : CIA-RDP78-04007A&O1000030001-7 Page I Early Developments 1 II OSC) - Special Security Section 1 III CPS (ICAPS) -- Security Branch, OCD 4 IV Security Division 10 V Related Information 15 References 17 Personnel Interviewed 17 Approved For Release 2001/03/0.2-:.CIA-R,p_~78-04007A001000030001-7 Approved For Relegs =1/p . RDP78-040074 RDP,78-04007 Ar, I. Early Developments 1. Following the establishment of the Central Intelligence Group, National Intelligence Authority Directive No. 2 of 8 February 1946 set forth the initial organization of CIG. It comprised the DCI, the DDCI, the Central Planning Staff (CPS), and the Central Reports 1 Staff (CRS). 2. It was not until 22 July 1946 that the present Office of 25X1A9a Security appeared in a tentative CIG organizational chart as the Security Division, ,Executive for Security. 2 At the time three other units in CIG were actively involved in security; namely, the Security Branch, OCD; the Central Planning Staff (CPS); and the Special Investigative Section, OSO. Of these units, the Security Branch, OCD, exercised considerable influence over CIG and early CIA Security policies and practices, and it was envisaged by certain authorities that it would be the nucleus for an Office of Security. This also appeared to be the thinking of the DCI in December 1946 when he transmitted CIG organizational charts to 25X1P9a for these charts contained an Office of 3 Security along with the note, "Now Security Branch, OCD. " II. OSO - Special Security Section 1. After the activiation of the Office of Special Operations on 11 July 1946, 4 a series of OSO Directives were published concerning 1 Approved For Release 2001/03/02 CIA-RDP78-04007A001000030001-7 Approved For Relepsj_e 0040 /0 - I , OI 78-040074100003'0001-7 OSO functions and responsibilities. The first such Directive, dated 22 July 1946, identified the Special Investigative Section as being one of the functions of the Chief, Operational Support Division. In December 1946, its name was changed to the Special Security Section and it retained this title until July 1947 when it was abbreviated to Special Security. 2. On 4 October 1946 the Intelligence Advisory Board (IAB) approved the DCI's proposal that CIG undertake the responsibility for all security investigations required to clear its people, in accordance with the security standards established in CIG Directive No. 8. Following this, the FBI agreed in November 1946 to conduct investiga- tions of overt and semi-covert CIG employees. Along the same line, OSO informed the FBI on 24 December 1946 that it had established a to conduct 25X1 Cod group of investigators who utilized 25X1A9a 3. In conducting background investigations, the Special 25X1 C4a Approved For Release 2001/03/02 : CIA-RDP78-04007A001000030001-7 Approved For Rele0014Q3 2 ,-,CIADP7a8-040074Qp1000030001-7 Y it organizations. Also, in November 1946, it established its first 25X1A9a as the first Special Agent in Charge; 2 The function of 25X1A6a this office was to "thoroughly investigate" all applicants for positions with Special Operations, both under cover, semicovert or open. Its services were available to conduct reinvestigations, special 25X1A 25X1A6a 25X1A investigations or surveillances of certain CIG personnel already employed within CIG concerning whom some complaint had been received. Around the same time it was contemplated that it would be Section managed to obtain a percentage of the agents it requested to 4. In July 1947, the Special Security Section was transferred to the Office of the Assistant Director, Special Operations, 25X1A9a 25X1 A9a - its title changed to Special Security 25X1A9a continued as the Chief.4 Later, on 6 August 1948, the DCI directed that effective 9 August 1948, the activities of the Special Security Division were to be consolidated into the Executive for 3 Approved For Release 2001/03/02 : CIA-RDP78-04007A001000030001-7 ..Approved For Rele 001/