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November 11, 2016
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March 25, 1999
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January 1, 1970
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Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800' -6 SUPPORT BULLETIN GROUP 1 Excluded from aufomolic downgra and declassi itied - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-0 1 0001-6 SECRET PURPOSE The YOU NEED TO KNOW Support Bulle- tin is published by the Support Directorate of the Central Intelligence Agency. This Bulletin is not directive in nature but attempts to present items which are of broad interest to all personnel. It is for information only and in no case is authority for action nor a substitute for regulatory issuances. SECURITY Materials published in the Support Bulletin are generally restricted to the use and information of Agency personnel holding appropriate security clearances. Items and articles carrying security classi- fications or usage restrictions must be treated in accordance with applicable Agency regu- lations concerning such classifications and/ or restrictions. Use of UNCLASSIFIED information should be done in such a manner so as not to re- any connection between the information this Agency or this publication. CONTRIBUTIONS Articles of wide, general interest are solicited from ALL employees of the CIA. This includes not only original manuscripts but extracts, digests, and resumes from other publications which may have wide, general interest among employees. Articles should be typed double spaced on bond paper. Articles may be classified through SECRET. Address all submissions to: YOU NEED TO KNOW, Room 7D10 Head- quarters Building. Include your name, organ- ization, and phone number for contact purposes. Published Under the Direction of The Deputy Director for Support EDITORIAL COMMITTEE OMS OP OTR SSS O/FIN OL OS OC Printing By Printing Services Division, Office of Logistics Sanitized - Approve Cover By Graphics and Visual Aids ranch, PSD/OL YOU NEED TO KNOW WINTER 1970 SUPPORT BULLETIN SB - 40 of paper pollution and- THE SPACE RACE (ADMINISTRATIVE - 3 by DDS/OL/PSD INTERNAL USE ONLY) 25X1 A how it works- THE DEFENSE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM (UNCLASSIFIED) 5 the answer to- WHAT KIND OF EQUIPMENT WILL YOUR SECRETARY HAVE IN 1975? (CONFIDENTIAL) 7 what is- SIPS DDS/SSS (CONFIDENTIAL) 8 25X1A that there is a- VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE SERVICE FOR PROSPECTIVE RETIREES (CONFIDENTIAL) 10 what really happened- THE DAY THE COOLER "BLEW ITS COOL" (ADMINISTRATIVE - 12 by DDS/OL/LSD INTERNAL USE ONLY) 25X1 A the details of the- EXTENDED PAYMENT EDUCATION LOAN PLAN (UNCLASSIFIED) 15 the translation of- PU NAELC NOITAREPO (UNCLASSIFIED) 18 by DDS/OL/LSD 25X1 A (Continued on following page) DEPARTMENTS A Look At Legislation 32 ? Trends And Highlights 36 ? Cartoon Page 30 Letters To The Editor 2 ? The Pay Window 28 ? EAA Activities 6 The Credit Union 17 For Release : CIA-RD Ex d a 000800100001-6 downgrading and SECRET declassification Sanitized - Approved For Rele tIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 YOU NEED TO KNOW 25X1A 25X1A SUPPORT BULLETIN SB - 40 how to- PROTECT YOUR HOME AGAINST BURGLARS (ADMINISTRATIVE - 19 INTERNAL USE ONLY) and to- UNDERSTAND THE HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR ATTACK the answers to- or you- AND SUDDEN DEATH (ADMINISTRATIVE - 22 by J. C. Furnas INTERNAL USE ONLY) (Reprinted from the Reader's Digest, October 1966) (UNCLASSIFIED) 25 EVERYTHING YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT FOOTBALL (but were afraid to ask) (ADMINISTRATIVE - 27 INTERNAL USE ONLY) (condensed from the New York Times 12/15/68) the facts about the- PINTO, GREMLIN, VW, AND VEGA (UNCLASSIFIED) 33 Do you want to know something more about a particular subject or maybe why things are done this way rather than that? Maybe you don't have time to investigate the subject fully or maybe you don't have access to the information needed to make a judgment or time to learn more about the subject. Now, because of the formation of a new com- mittee, subjects can be discussed, questions an- swered, and problems resolved. The DD/S, in a memorandum dated 1.2 August 1970, created a committee for the publication of the NEW Support Bulletin. We say new because it's not strictly a Sup- port Bulletin any more. YOU NEED TO KNOW is the new lead, the cover is new and we hope the articles herein are new and contain some of every- one's "thing." The committee, composed of representatives from the seven Offices of the DD/S and the Chief, Sup- port Services Staff, is charged with having direct participation and appropriate responsibility in the publication of lively and interesting material. If you have a subject you would like to know more about, a problem that you don't know where to turn for the answer, an article that you think should be published or a simple question that needs answering, jot it down and send it to Editor, YOU NEED TO KNOW, Room 71310, Headquarters. Please mark it "Eyes Only" and classified, if ap- propriate. Letters may be signed or unsigned and all letters will be kept in the committee's confi- dence. No Dear Abby letters pleasell!! 2 Sanitized - Approved For ReI&M#EtIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Rehr: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 *A-' of paper pollution and- THE SPACE RACE 25X1 A by DDS/OL/PSD The technology of the 70's permits the genera- tion of hard copy* information at mind-boggling rates hitherto undreamed of. How will man cope with these torrents of paper unleashed upon him by the hordes of eager graphic communicators armed with automated typewriters, copying ma- chines, computer printers, duplicating machines, and printing presses? Will man become an unwitting victim of his own hard-nosed insistence on hard copy-or will he find his salvation and survival in a centrally serviced soft display?** Do we have a real problem or merely a "Paper Tiger"? Witness below the goings-on in our own organization and judge for yourself. Let us first examine some staggering statistics on this problem of perpetual proliferation of paper pollution. In the parlance of a Records Manage- ment Officer, 2,000 pages of documents equal one cubic foot. Eight cubic feet of active files requires one four-drawer safe (costing $700) which occu- pies 8 square feet of floor space ($40 per year). One cubic foot of inactive documents also requires one linear foot of shelf space when stored at the Records Center. To help illustrate the enormity of the problem, let us add three more units of measure: (1) an "OW" is 75 cubic feet-this is the volume of files which, when stored in safes, would displace one Office Worker; (2) a "WM" equals 555 cubic feet-this is the volume of documents required to make a stack as high as the Washington Monument; (3) a "DM" is 5,280 cubic feet-this is a document mile. Thus, in our Headquarters we have holdings in hard copy that are in excess of 42 DM's or enough to completely fill a conveyor belt from here to the Records Center. About half are in 12,000 safes with a current replacement value of $8.4 million. The annual net growth from 1960-1969 averaged 1.4 DM's and this required an additional 900 safes each year. *Typed or printed on paper. **Images produced without paper, such as on TV-type or microfilm reader screens. At the same time, the bulging Records Center contains over 20 DM's and, if the records stored at the Center were stacked on the front lawn, we would have 187 WM's. Although the Records Cen- ter disposes of 2 DM's each year they receive an- other three DM's and have since 1960 averaged a net increase of 1 DM per year. In addition, our army of analysts and authors with a formidable array of highly sophisticated re- cording, reproducing, and printing devices at their command, annually contributes some 271 million pieces of paper to the information explosion. This is an amount equivalent to 1,805 OW (office worker space) which if filed in safes could easily become a major cause of personnel attrition. Most of it, fortunately, is not filed-at least not by us-it is rapidly mailed out at hourly intervals for others to read, annotate, and file-or destroy. But retalia- tion by the recipients is swift and relentless. Fleets of planes, trains, and trucks bring to us each day, tons of new material proudly collected or produced by other organizations in a never-ending paper cy- cle. Our trucks shuttle twice daily to the Records Center with paper files that are to be retired, and surplus copies of publications, bringing back files that must be reexamined and documents for supple- mental distribution. are in constant use. But, in spite of all at- tempts at file discipline and corrective action the net growth of hard copy continues at an alarming rate at Headquarters, at the Records Center, and in the field. Unfortunately, the combined total space available for office workers and office files is limited. Can man be rescued from his self-imposed papyrus prison? Is there a solution to paper pollu- tion? Obviously, all conventional approaches to this problem have proven inadequate. Our manage- ment, long aware of the problem, has for many years sponsored research and development of advanced information systems design and many have been successfully implemented. Long-range systems now being developed attack this problem at the source, by capturing the data in digital form, in lieu of paper at the time of its creation, using remote terminals, magnetic tape typewriters, and optical scanners. This, in turn, opens the door to high- 25X1A Sanitized - Approved For Rgkt@gW: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001,36 Sanitized - Approved For ReI ECIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A speed electronic transmission, indexing, filing, edit- ing, sorting, processing, manipulating, and retrieval. Last, but not least, the user, sits in an upholstered chair, before a desk-top TV-type soft display and the information he requests (by keyboard) is presented to him without the benefit (P) of hard copy. Unfortunately, while we are awaiting the new systems-and our escape frominundation-the ar- rival of new and faster apparatus for -producing hard copy is undermining, still further, our efforts to reduce our paper holdings. For example, the Xerox 3600, a recent addition in the highspeed copying and collating field, is so efficient and easy to operate that whole new paper systems are being built around it-causing copying requirements to emerge which never existed before. Few will deny that it adds a new dimension to rapid information 25X1 A dissemination. of these machines have been acquired in the Headquarters area in the last 16 months. In two months each machine is now pro- ducing 80 cu. ft. of paper-enough to fill $7,000 worth of safes or to displace one office worker (OW). Thus, whatever part of this volume does actually end up in a safe, becomes a matter of 25X1 A serious concern. In one year each of these ~ 25X1A new machines produces a stack of paper as high as the Washington Monument-one WM per Xerox 3600 per year. What is needed, then, is an interim battle plan to retard the growth of paper holdings until help (through new systems) arrives at hand. Such a plan must: (a) Provide a means for at least stabilizing the net volume of files. (b) Be cost-effective. (c) Be capable of quick implementation. (d) Be compatible with systems of the present and future with a minimum of equip- ment obsolescence. One plan now being given serious consideration to stabilize the net growth at the Records Center appears to meet all of these requirements. This plan would utilize roll microfilm for files that become inactive in order to save storage space. Microfilm is, of course, already being applied ex- tensively to our information systems. We and our predecessor organizations were pioneers in this field. Millions of dollars have been invested by our or- ganization in the development of large microfilm storage and retrieval systems. In spite of many advertised claims, microfilm is not a panacea for all records and document-han- dling problems. For example, no efficient means has yet been devised for the rapid updating or inter- filing of microfilm images, which is a basic require- ment of a typical active hard copy file. The one application for which microfilm has proven itself ideally suited is the use of 16mm roll film for files which do not require interfiling of new material, such as sequential chronological or inactive files, and which are added to but never updated. Virtu- ally all of the material being sent to the Records Center falls into this category. For many years the GSA has maintained that the microfilming of Federal records for the purpose of saving space was economical only if the records were to be retained for 35 years or more-simply because the filming cost normally exceeded the hard copy storage costs. This criteria is not applicable to the current op- erations of our organization. Because we can utilize existing equipment and personnel we have a more favorable cost - ratio that will permit filming of in- active records that are scheduled for storage as little as eight years. For an active file at Headquar- ters which does not require interfiling, the minimum retention criteria may be as short as 2 years. Thus, there is hope for arresting the flow of paper to the Records Center and for rescuing our Office workers whose working area is now being rapidly usurped by mountains of paper-provided, of course, that we can learn to live with the soft dis- play, i.e., the microfilm reader, for part of his work. Plans are now underway to select appropriate 4 Sanitized - Approved For ReleawirECIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Rg, ; : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 files for microfilming and to initiate a pilot program and feasibility study to determine to what extent microfilm may be cost-effectively applied for space- saving purposes. Procedures for standardized index- ing and formatting will be developed as well as for the continuity of the systems. More seminars are planned to familiarize users with the variety and sophistication now available in microfilm readers. If the pilot program proves successful, other files will be examined by the Records Management Offi- cers to determine their suitability for this program. From ' this examination, requirements can be de- veloped with which to establish a mutually ac- ceptable overall program to finally regain control of the paper problem. To the expression "Publish or Perish," we might now add "Microfilm or Move." (Note: This article will be available on microfilm for those who wish to destroy the hard copy.) (ADMINISTRATIVE - INTERNAL USE ONLY) THE OXYGEN GIVER A blade of grass. It is quiet. It has no moving parts. Yet in its growth process, it takes polluting gases from the air and returns pure oxygen. In a season of active growth, the grass in a well-maintained lawn, 50 by 50 feet, liberates enough oxygen to meet the needs of a family of four day after day. As it performs this miracle, grass also provides the basic food supply for animals and man. It does this by photosynthesis, using the energy of the sun to turn carbon dioxide, water and minerals into green growth. THE DEFENSE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM The idea of using a satellite as a relay point for communications between widely separated points on earth was conceived long before any nation possessed the capability to orbit one. For years, as an alternative, microwave relay towers-based on the same principle but limited to distances of about 30 miles between towers-have been used to in- terconnect our nation's cities. These towers which dot our land, in conjunction with a maze of cables and wires, enable nationwide coverage of such events as a Presidential telecast or a World Series playoff. Effective and reliable as the system is, it has at least one very severe limitation-it is utterly useless over ocean expanses due to its short range constraint. Even the use of aircraft to provide trans- oceanic links at the desirable microwave frequencies is impossible since they cannot reach an altitude necessary to "see" the American and European con- tinents simultaneously. However, satellites can. In fact, at an altitude of 22,300 nautical miles, satellites can provide line-of-sight contact between points on earth separated by as much as 10,000 miles! The Communications Satellite Act of 1962 charged the Defense Communications Agency (DCA) with establishing a satellite communications system to service the needs of the U.S. Government; civilian and military. CPYRGHT Sanitized - Approved For ReApgFipT CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-? Sanitized - Approved For ReI%ai~ciCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Military satellites must satisfy a number of char- acteristics that are not essential to other govern- ment agencies. Military systems must possess flexi- bility for rapid extension of service to any area. They must have an extremely high degree of re- liability for support of military operations. They must be secure from enemy monitoring or jamming. The list goes on. On the premise that a military oriented system will automatically meet other governmental require- ments, the DCA designed a two-phase program. The satellites of the Initial Defense Satellite Com- munications System (IDSCS), Phase I, were de- signed for maximum simplicity, one of the classic approaches to high reliability. Each satellite is 36 inches in diameter and weighs approximately 100 pounds. Eight thousand solar cells ensure a contin- uing power supply during sunlit periods. There are no moving parts. Twenty-six satellites have been launched into an orbit of approximately 21,074 nautical miles- slightly below synchronous altitude-and form a belt around the earth's equator. They drift, relative to earth, at about 30 degrees per day. Simply stated, this means that a single satellite stays in view of an equatorial ground station for about 4i days. The malfunctioning of a given satellite does not impair the capabilities of a particular link for any extended length of time because new satellites are constantly drifting into position. Designed primarily as experimental, with only limited operational ca- pability, these satellites are programed to shut off after 6 years of service. Because of a 2 year launch schedule, this will occur between 1972 and 1974. EAA ACTIVITIES The newest service in the EAA area of activities is a computerized sales facility, TICKETRON. This unit was installed at our Ticket Sales Facility in the EAA Office, North Cafeteria Concourse, in October. Tickets for over 100 shows, sports, and special events may be purchased by EAA members for events in Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, and Montreal. The EAA clubs are very active at this time. The Photo Club has announced a new and impressive capability for their members-processing of color film. The Phase II satellites, larger than the Phase I "birds," are 9 feet in diameter, 10 feet high and weigh 900 pounds and can be used by more than one pair of ground stations simultaneously. Also, they will have transmitter power outputs hundreds of times greater than the Phase I satellites. Each one will have an earth coverage antenna and two narrow-beam antennas. The earth coverage antenna will radiate power in a wide angle beam that will cover the entire portion of the earth visible to it, whereas each narrow-beam antenna can be used to "spotlight" certain areas on the earth's surface. Within these intensified coverage areas, which re- ceive even more power, small terminals (trucks, jeeps, boats) can be used in place of more costly and less flexible large ground stations. The narrow beams can be steered in a matter of minutes to different locations on the earth's surface, and the satellites themselves can be moved, within a few days, to new synchronous orbital positions. This Phase II system will thus possess a com- pletely new order of flexibility for meeting con- tingency communications needs anywhere in the world. Many details of the system are still under- going final definition at this writing. These include exact launching dates, the actual number of satel- lites that will be required (probably 2 to 4), the extent to which ground terminals can be reduced in size, etc. This ambitious undertaking, however, is progressing at a rapid pace and hopefully will produce a launch in mid-1971. (UNCLASSIFIED) EAA instruction programs are likewise active again this fall with the adult education field con- tinuing to be very popular. Newest of the EAA programs is SLIMNASTICS for women. On the sports scene, teams are now forming for basketball and "co-ed" volleyball. This year our EAA store had Christmas cards, candy, fruit cakes, and pecans for the Christ- mas season. In other departments the new 1971 models of radios, televisions, luggage, watches, cameras, home tools, and many other items are on display for your shopping pleasure. The store's Spe- cial Order Department offers many other items for your convenience. A 6 Sanitized - Approved For ReIggCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For FWM#R~ : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 WHAT KIND OF EQUIPMENT WILL YOUR SECRETARY HAVE IN 1975? (1) That got your attention didn't itl This article could really be titled "The Ideal Secretarial Com- posing Machine" or "The Impact of Modern Tech- nology on Typewriter Selection." A study leading to the decision to standardize on the IBM Selectric attempted to analyze the various items of equip- ment available and their present or potential appli- cation within the Agency. It seems that for once the preference of secretaries and the demands of modern technology are compatible. The versatility of the Selectric with its 60 different golf ball typing elements may help to solve some of the frustrating problems of the workday plus satisfy the require- ments of the various information processing systems in use. General Correspondence Many of you have been faced with the situation particularly at Office/ Directorate level where cor- respondence reaches your desk needing minor cor- rections and you are not able to accomplish it be- cause your typewriter doesn't match that used in the originating office. Well, you either have to re- type the whole document and then find the origi- nator to sign again or, worse, mail the uncorrected copy back to the originator, etc. The result is often considerable loss of time. (Your leader loves that, I'll betl) It is for this reason that the Selectrics will be issued with one typing element, the Delegate 70, which is intended for general correspondence and microfilming needs. Data Processing When choosing a "secretarial composing ma- chine," managers must also consider the various data processing systems either in use or under develop- ment. There are two prominent systems within the Office of Communications and Office of Computer Services which utilize optical scanners as the pri- mary means of input. An optical scanner, also known as page reader, optical character recogni- tion OCR, "reads" words typed on paper directly into a computer without further coding or key punching. The Automated Communication Terminal (ACT) is designed to automate a major portion of the cable handling procedures now performed manually within the Cable Secretariat and Signal Center. The use of an optical scanner will eliminate the need for a person to retype outgoing cables on paper tape which is a major bottleneck in the "originating" cable process today. In the Office of Computer Services an optical scanner (CDC 915) is utilized in production. It processes 10-50,000 documents per week for Central Reference Service plus projects for the Office of Personnel and other components. ACT plus other systems using OCR will require "cleaner" copies of correspondence since strikeovers, erasures, etc., may cause the scanner to reject the copy. Why Choose IBM? The acceptable type styles are limited to distinc- tive fonts which are generally termed "OCR" type styles and which, with few exceptions, are limited to upper case characters. Manufacturers other than IBM make typewriters with OCR type styles, how- ever, such machines can be used only in the single type style installed at time of manufacture. Thus, IBM's Selectric, thanks to its interchangeable golf ball, is the only machine capable of performing in a dual role. Ideally, all components in the Agency should be able to use a single OCR type style. As of this writing, however, it appears that because of differences between OCS's CDC 915 scanner and the ordered by Office of Commu- nications for the ACT program, two different type styles will be required initially. Implementation The Office of Logistics has taken steps to pre- pare the increased use of OCR equipment through- out the Agency. An initial supply of IBM Selectrics has been procured and placed in stock. As a matter of fact, the IBM Selectric will be the only standard typewriter stocked. Notices are being prepared which will outline the standardization program and which will reinstate electric typewriters as a regu- lated item of supply. (CONFIDENTIAL) 25X1A 25X1A Sanitized - Approved For R~s : CIA-RDP78-04724A00080010000176 Sanitized - Approved For RelehclA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A CPYRGHT S I P S DDS/SSS A Task Force was created in November 1968 to round out the skills necessary to conduct the design and manage the implementation of the Support Information Processing Systems (SIPS). The Task Force is an inter-Directorate effort combining per- sonnel from the Management Support Division from the Office of Computer Services, DDS&T, and from the Information Processing Branch, Support Services Staff, DDS. All of the Support Career Services are represented. There are three major systems, Materiel, Financial and Human Resources, under concurrent development in SIPS. Part of the effort is directed toward upgrading existing com- puter systems and part is aimed at -adding new functions to the Directorate data processing ca- pability. The Materiel System consists of Requisitioning, Supply Management, Procurement, Warehousing and Transportation functions. As in the other two systems, the goal for Materiel Resources is to tie these closely related functions more securely to- gether. A requisitioner, for example, could know the disposition of his requisition within 72 hours after submission. Automated stock control, auto- mated procurement history and automated receiv- ing reports are also goals for the Materiel System. The Financial Resources System effort includes a major overhaul of the Agency Payroll System, upgrading of support to the Accounting function and the recently completed development of auto- mated support for budget processes. The Automated Budget Control System represents a significant step forward by providing meaningful support to Agency Offices during budget preparation, adjustment and submission. Sanitized - Approved For Releigei qlA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Rgpj[R4 : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A 4. The Manpower Control System (MCS) is the first priority objective for the Human Resources Sys- tem. The MCS covers 14 functions which require integrated action or reaction on the part of the Offices of Personnel, Medical Services, Security, Finance, Training and other components. These functions include, for example, Personnel Assign- ment, Central and Emergency Locator, Central Cover, Medical Assignability and Security Case Control. 25X1A 5X1A The computer and software systems required for support of the functions described above are cur- rently being specified. The General Information Management System (GIMS) developed by s being considered as a cen- tral software `supervisor" for SIPS. GIMS will ac- cept input, edit and validate records, see that each record is properly stored and recall records and/or data items required for reports. It will also handle queries from remote terminals. A significant portion of daily Directorate business will be conducted via remote terminals. Part of the SIPS plan calls for establishing Data Management Centers. These Centers have a planned capability to conduct queries, to provide on-line file main- tenance, to package and distribute reports and to provide a microfilm viewing service. It is felt that centralizing these functions will provide improved security protection, improved access to data and information and, in general, a better data processing service. (CONFIDENTIAL) The "Monday Holiday Law," Public Law 90-363, goes into effect next January 1. Federal holidays will be observed on the following dates: New Year's Day, January 1; Washington's Birth- day, third Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Columbus Day (new), second Monday in October; Veterans Day, fourth Monday in October; Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; Inauguration Day; Inauguration Day (Washington, D. C. area only), January 20 (ob- served every fourth year after 1965). Sanitized - Approved For Ra r: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001 e6 Sanitized - Approved For Release i 1A-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A 25X1A VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE SERVICE FOR PROSPECTIVE RETIREES Over the past two years the Psychological Serv- ices Staff, OMS (formerly, the Assessment and Evaluation Staff, OMS), has been offering testing, and follow-up discussion sessions, to Agency em- ployees who are thinking of retiring, and who wish to explore more fully their vocational aptitudes and interests. Many of those who request this service are Agency careerists in their late forties or early fifties who are planning to . go right on working after retirement from the Agency but who find it hard to translate their Agency experience into non-Agency jobs. If they believe that psychological testing could help, they are invited to phone the Psychological Services Staff. There is no fixed procedure, but typically the psychologist then invites the retiree to visit him (in the Washington area) for an ex- ploratory discussion. This introductory discussion, quite informal and arranged at a time mutually convenient, gives the retiree a chance to explain what he hopes to get from the service, and gives the psychologist a chance to explain the kinds of service he can offer. Usually the retiree and psychologist also go over any testing already on file and decide together on any additional testing. Occasionally no further testing is considered useful. But more typi- cally a battery of tests is agreed upon and dates 10 Sanitized - Approved For Relea ij IA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Re~Mqtp CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 set for taking it. After the tests have been taken, and the scoring completed, the psychologist invites the retiree back for a review of the results and discussion of their implications. Typically, the process involves two or three discussions each last- ing anywhere from one to three hours. The tests available include a wide range of ability, interest, and personality tests. Interest tests are of particular value, and are included in the battery in almost every case. Another set of tests that is frequently used is a special set of check lists developed by the United States Employment Serv- ice. It is designed to help the retiree focus on the most suitable among the thousands of different jobs available outside the Agency. The choice of number and type of test is left up to the retiree. Because the purpose of the vocational counseling service is to help the retiree to find suitable post- Agency work, no reports of results go to Agency management, unless with the knowledge and ap- proval of the retiree. If he believes it would be help- ful to him in finding employment, he may ask for an informal summary of test results for his own use. If he can get an official release for this purpose, the report can be prepared on Agency letterhead. This service is available to anyone in the Agency, whether clerical or professional. A practical restric- tion, however, is that such a service requires con- sultation with a PSS psychologist. This has meant that the service is limited to the headquarters area. Inquiries may be made by calling the Psychological Services Staff. (CONFIDENTIAL) CPYRGHT Sanitized - Approved For Re TCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-8 Sanitized - Approved For RerCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A what really happened- CPYRGHT THE DAY THE COOLER "BLEW ITS COOL" the propeller hub, gear box, and motor was torn loose from the redwood structure. The extent of the damage cannot be properly described but a preliminary assessment indicated that the fans and the supporting structures in the remaining three cells had been weakened and the tower was unsafe to operate. Within a relatively short period of time, the roads leading to the tower had been blocked, the debris in the surrounding area cleared by the guard personnel, and a service crane ordered in to remove the wrecked fan and other equipment from the site. At approximately 4:30 in the morning the damaged equipment was removed from the tower and the rehabilitation begun. by DDS/OL/LSD At 12:24 on the morning of Monday, 27 July 1970, the Public Building Services (PBS) Control Center located in the Headquarters Building re- ceived an alarm indicating that the fire prevention system in one of the cooling tower cells was badly damaged. Prompt investigation revealed that one of the propeller blades in the number 3 cell had sheared off at the hub. The resulting imbalance and vibration caused the five remaining blades to break off and destroy the top-most part of the cell fram- ing. In addition, the steel framework supporting Sanitized - Approved For Relg#?Itj7CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For ReTCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Large central air-conditioning systems depend upon two basic ingredients-chilled water, which circulating through coils within a building's distri- bution system, provides the coolant, and air handlers (fans of varying sizes) which force air over the chilled coils and thence through ducts and diffusers into the areas to be cooled. Central air-conditioning units require enormous quantities of water and to realize maximum economy, recirculating water sys- tems are employed. To illustrate the principle of the recirculating system, machines appropriately called "chillers" use a refrigerant to chill the water which, in turn, is pumped into the coils as the coolant. Having accomplished its mission, the water, as it travels the return lines back to the chillers, tends to pick up heat from the building. This excess heat must be removed from the water before it can be rechilled. The device used to dissipate the heat is the cool- ing tower. The Headquarters Building cooling tower, located between the power plant and the wooded hill immediately to the west of the cafe- terias is a 4-cell unit containing four large fans. The tower framing and supporting timbers are fabricated of redwood. Each fan unit has six heavy cast metal blades measuring approximately seven feet from hub to tip, plus related universal joints, drive shaft, motor and gear box. Each fan unit is supported by a steel framework bolted to the red- wood timbers. For most people toiling in office buildings, air conditioning is a taken-for-granted part of the rou- tine working conditions. It exists, but unlike the decor and the office furnishings, its qualities are intangible; its effects unobtrusive. Air conditioning, with its ethereal qualities providing a productive and welcome shield against heat and humidity, is not generally discussed or even thought about until, as the saying goes "it becomes conspicuous by its absence." By 8:00 on the morning of 27 July thermometers registered a temperature of 80?; the humidity was an ominous 75%. At this time the Headquarters Building was still cool and personnel reporting for duty unaware of the problem. Air conditioning, by its absence, was about to become conspicuous. By noon on 27 July the temperature had reached 89?, the humidity within the building was rising, and air conditioning, or the lack of it, was a much dis- cussed subject. Meanwhile, Office of Logistics (OL) personnel and PBS were feverishly engaged in making a de- tailed engineering survey and assessing possible courses of action to effect the repairs required to place the tower back into operating condition. Be- fore noon on the 27th, an engineering firm had crews and equipment on site and were X-raying the three remaining fan units to determine if there were any flaws caused by metal fatigue or any cracks which could have developed as a result of the num- ber 3 unit malfunctioning. Shortly thereafter, an- other engineering firm had crews in process of weld- ing and strengthening the blades and propeller hubs of the three remaining units. A replacement hub and fan blades were located in Kansas City, Mis- souri, and arrangements were made to have these shipped on an expedite basis to Laurel, Maryland, for pick up by an Agency vehicle. A source for redwood timbers was found in Baltimore, Maryland, and an order placed for the missing framing and structural material. An Agency truck was scheduled to pick up the redwood timbers from the vendor's warehouse, and the required timbers were deliv- ered to the Headquarters power plant by 7:30 p.m. that day. PBS carpenters began an around-the-clock effort to clear out the damaged timbers and to reconstruct the wood beams in cell number 3. Si- multaneously, carpenters reinforced the supporting structures in the other three cells. The entire proj- ect was constantly monitored by Logistics and PBS engineers. Lack of air conditioning would be a relatively simple matter if the inconvenience were limited solely to the question of personal discomfort. Tem- pers might rise along with the temperature but windows can be opened to trap an errant breeze, and people generally find a way of "making do" and joking about the hardships in any given situ- ation. However, the Headquarters Building is ori- ented towards housing both people and things. The things being computers and associated equipment, communication equipment and other sophisticated machines which require precise environmental con- ditions in order to function properly. Certain large and elaborate computer and communications areas within the building are provided with supplemen- tary air-conditioning systems, and can function under emergency conditions when the main air- conditioning system malfunctions. There are, how- ever, a number of smaller computer rooms which Sanitized - Approved For Re t CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001,? Sanitized - Approved For ReI .TCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 are not afforded this backup redundancy, and there are vault and stack areas which are intolerable to work in without proper air circulation. Recognizing that rooms containing heat producing equipment and the vault and stack areas would require some degree of supplementary air circulation, OL person- nel made arrangements to lease and/or buy all large electric fans available on short notice. Thirty-five rental fans were delivered to Headquarters by a commercial vendor at 11:00 a.m. on 27 July. A sec- ond load of 50 fans was purchased from the GSA, and still another Agency truck was dispatched to Baltimore to pick up these fans and deliver them to Headquarters. An additional 35 rental fans were delivered to Headquarters on the morning of 28 July. Priorities were quickly established to govern the issue of the fans on a temporary loan basis. The first priority was concerned with areas containing computer or other heat producing equipment; the second priority for the personnel working in vault or stack areas; and the third, for personal comfort reasons. By 2:00 on the afternoon of the 28th, all fans had been received, checked, oiled, and issued. During this air-conditioning emergency, the weather was uncooperative. The high temperature for Tuesday, 28 July was 90? at 4:00 in the after- noon, the humidity index was 56%. High tempera- tures for 29 through 31 July ranged from 89? to 91?, with the humidity averaging 60%. The all-out effort by Logistics personnel and the PBS in-house work forces, the dove-tailing of work performed by contractors, and the cooperation of the various vendors involved enabled the engineers to place one of the cooling tower fans back on-line at 11:25 on the morning of 28 July, and by 1:30 in the afternoon on this date, two additional fans were on- line. The effect was not felt immediately as the tem- peratures and the humidity had been rising within the building for 37 hours. By the morning of 29 July, the temperature had been reduced to a comfortable level and equipment could function properly within the restored environmental conditions. The new fan unit was installed by the contractors' work crews and was in operating condition by 3:15 p.m. on Sat- urday, 1 August. Project "Cooling Tower" had been completed. Every story merits an epilogue and this tale can- not be ended without tribute to the patience and understanding of the Agency employees working within the Headquarters Building. Their coopera- tion and their willingness to "bear with" a trying situation did much to encourage those working on the project. (ADMINISTRATIVE - INTERNAL USE ONLY) You'll be more comfortable while awaiting the bus this winter. The Office of Logistics is installing glass wind baffles, overhead lighting and radiant heating at the bus stop to counter the elements. 14 Sanitized - Approved For Ree2g1k9,T. CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For RgLiL9&&: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 EXTENDED PAYMENT EDUCATION LOAN PLAN A Credit Plan tailored to assist our MEMBERS with a PROGRAM of Higher education at an ap- proved educational institution for their sons, daugh- ters or wards .. . College costs are increasing at a rapid rate, faster even than the cost of living. The aver- age student pays almost $2,000 a year in fees and living costs. The importance of higher education is becoming more apparent each day and is being stressed constantly by gov- ernment and education leaders. For these reasons your Credit Union has de- veloped the Extended Payment Educational Loan Plan described herein which we hope will assist our members with credit they might need for the most provident of pur- poses-higher education. The following questions and answers described most features of the extended payment educational loan plan: Who is eligible for this Plan? Any member accepting financial responsibility for the education of a son, daughter or ward. What do you mean by education? An undergraduate course of study pursued in any recognized educational institutions. What charges and costs may be included in an ed- ucational loan? Tuition, books, transportation, meals, room rent, clothing, and all other incidental and miscellaneous costs, solely related to education. Loans for auto- mobiles may not be included as a part of educational loans. What is the limit on funds I may borrow? The plan described herein lists up to $1,000 per semester or $8,000 for a 4 year total. It is felt that this will cover the average situation but higher amounts will be considered by the credit committee where needed. Where there are two or more stu- dents in the same family the credit committee will also work with the member to try to cover the needs. What collateral will be required? Usually the signatures of both parents, or guard- ians, and the student will be sufficient. Under certain circumstances, the credit committee may require additional collateral where deemed neces- sary. A letter or some other documentary evidence of the student's acceptance and attendance at col- lege will be required within thirty (30) days after the start of the school semester. What is the interest rate? 1/2 of 1% per month on the unpaid balance. This is a true annual rate of 6%. Are there any charges besides the monthly pay- ment? No. Monthly payments include interest and principal. Is prepayment permitted? Yes. As with any credit union loan, the interest is charged against the unpaid balance, so it is to your advantage to repay as soon as possible. Terms shown herein are the minimum terms and members are urged to repay faster wherever possible. When are funds disbursed? Funds are disbursed to meet the tuition payment schedule as agreed upon at the time the loan is approved. When are payments due? Each month, including the months of disbursals. What happens if the student leaves school for any reason? The regular payments continue as before until all funds previously disbursed are fully repaid. May I have an educational loan while I also have a regular loan from the credit union? Yes, provided the credit committee determines that you are able to repay all of your obligations. How do I apply? Use the regular loan application as on all other credit union loans. Each six months you will also complete an abbreviated form to report current in- formation, at the time you receive the next disburse- ment of funds. The abbreviated form and a new signed note is required each six months following the original application (or each semester change in case of tri-semester quarterly semester plans). Sanitized - Approved For R gq' : CIA-RDP78-04724A00080010000156 Sanitized - Approved For ReIM,ftE'IA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 In the extended payment plan, loans are renewed and disbursed each six months, after six payments have been remitted. It will be necessary to make a loan payment each month, including that month in which the loan is renewed for another semester's tuition. To show you exactly how this Plan works, we have selected the $300 per semester or $2,400-4 year total plan and show in the following chart the detailed workings of such a loan. If at any point during the period of schooling, the student leaves school you would continue with regular payments until the full unpaid balance at that time was repaid. LOAN PROGRESSION CHART $300 per semester, $2,400 - 4 year total, $28 per month $300 disbursement $300.00 AUG $300 disbursement $ 881.87 1.50 26.50 273.50 SEP 4.41 23.50 858.28 1.37 26.63 246.87 OCT 4.29 23.71 834.57 1.23 26.77 220.10 NOV 4.17 23.83 810.74 1.10 26.90 193.23 DEC 4.05 23.95 786.79 .97 27.03 166.16 JAN 3.93 24.07 762.72 .83 27.17 139.00 FEB 3.81 24.19 738.53 $300 disbursement 439.00 FEB $300 disbursement 1,038.53 2.20 25.80 413.20 MAR 5.19 22.81 1,015.72 2.07 25.93 387.27 APR 5.08 22.92 992.80 1.94 26.06 361.21 MAY 4.96 23.04 969.76 1.81 26.19 335.02 JUNE 4.85 23.15 946.61 1.67 26.33 308.69 JULY 4.73 23.27 923.34 1.55 26.45 282.24 AUG 4.62 23.38 899.96 $582.24 AUG $300 disbursement $1,199.96 2.91 25.09 557.15 SEP 6.00 22.00 1,177.96 2.79 25.21 531.94 OCT 5.89 22.11 1,155.85 2.66 25.34 506.60 NOV 5.78 22.22 1,133.63 2.53 25.47 481.13 DEC 5.67 22.33 1,111.30 2.41 25.59 455.54 JAN 5.56 22.44 1,088.86 2.28 25.72 429.82 FEB 5.44 22.56 1,066.30 $300 disbursement 729.82 FEB 3.65 24.35 705.47 MAR 3.53 24.47 681.00 APR 3.40 24.60 656.40 MAY 3.28 24.72 631.68 JUNE 3.16 24.84 606.84 JULY 3.03 24.97 581.87 AUG (Total cost in interest of plan as scheduled is $34178) -' 58 payments @ $28 continued for a regular 5 year loan of $1,366.30. Last payment will be less. High balance used in determining minimum monthly payment under this plan will be attained when final disbursement is made. 16 Sanitized - Approved For Releg EgIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Pegg : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Following are sample plans. If you need more or less than amounts shown here, an appropriate plan can probably be worked out for your case: Amount Per Semester Amount Per Year 4 Year Total Minimum Payments* 81/3 Yrs. 100 Payments $ 300.00 $ 600.00 $2,400.00 $28 per month $ 400.00 $ 800.00 $3,200.00 $37 per month $ 500.00 $1,000.00 $4,000.00 $46 per month $ 600.00 $1,200.00 $4,800.00 $55 per month $ 700.00 $1,400.00 $5,600.00 $65 per month $ 800.00 $1,600.00 $6,400.00 $74 per month $ 900.00 $1,800.00 $7,200.00 $83 per month $1,000.00 $2,000.00 $8,000.00 $92 per month *Payments of even dollars for your convenience, last payment will be less. For further information, visit or write to the Credit Union. (UNCLASSIFIED) 'CREDIT UNION RETIREES CAN NOW CONTINUE MEMBERSHIP At this year's annual meeting, a member sug- gested that the Board of Directors take the nec- essary action to permit retirees to continue mem- bership in the Credit Union. Other expressions of interest on this were received from other Credit Union members. As a result, the Board of Directors reviewed its policy and adopted a resolution per- mitting retirees to continue their membership, sub- ject to the following provisions and limitations: Retiree members will be permitted to participate fully in the purchase of shares and in the distribu- tion of income. They will be permitted to borrow from the Credit Union, but only to the extent that the loan request is fully secured by shares on deposit. As in the case of employee members, loans made to retiree members will be covered by insurance within the current provisions of the Credit Union's loan insurance policy, i.e., up to $5,000 for deaths occurring at or prior to age 65. Retiree members must maintain a minimum share balance of $100. The Credit Union management welcomes all sug- gestions from members that will improve or extend its services to all Credit Union members. DINING INN - THE AGENCY In an effort to scoop Don Rosson before he writes his critique for the Evening Star, we would like to make a few comments of our own concerning the latest Agency dining in establishment. The "Rendezvous Room" located on the first floor of the Headquarters Building was reopened without advance fanfare on Monday, 19 October 1970, for the benefit of Agency personnel, their guests, and, of course, properly escorted visitors. The room's posh new mode featuring a brick red carpet with warm fabric and paint tones is de- signed to provide a warm and hospitable atmos- phere for casual dining in elegant surroundings. A luncheon buffet service featuring a zestful se- lection of gourmet viands such as beef burgundy, shrimp newburg, and veal morengo, coupled with a host of appealing salads and desserts make the all-you-can-eat $1.65 tariff the bargain of the year. The soup de jour, fresh breads and rolls, and the iced and hot coffee and tea beverages round out a menu which is varied on a daily basis, with dif- ferent selections from the steaming chafing dishes sufficient to tempt the most wary of dieters. Why not make a date for the Rendezvous Room .... Bon Appetitl Sanitized - Approved For Resler: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001L Sanitized - Approved For ReleamcRt1JA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 A PIT NAELC NOITAREPO1 25X1 A by DDS/OL/LSD Each year, with much heraldic pomp and circum- stance involved with notices, posters and other simi- lar propaganda devices, Logistics representatives launch a campaign designed to recover surplus and/or unused Government property which em- ployees tend to "accumulate" in the ordinary course of business. Some of this accumulation is a result of over-enthusiastic requisitioning from the supply room, but most accumulations pile up simply be- cause of the failure to turn in those items that are no longer required. Let's face it-a great many people are pack rats. And the desire to do right is often overcome by the desire to covet, even if the target of this covetousness happens to be a heap of well-chewed-on pencil stubs. With respect to the clean-up operation, this year has again provided Sundry Supply Officers with a resounding success story in that hoards of surplus paper clips have been added to stockpiles, and a goodly number of desks, chairs, typewriters, and other costly items of equipment have been turned in, thus affording a fair measure of economy for Uncle Sam. Seriously, congratulations are due all participants in this yearly program. So much for blood, sweat, and PRA. Metaphorically, "Operation Clean Up" can be ex- panded to embrace the subject of Ecology, which has been described as, ". . . the study of human populations and of their reciprocal relations in terms of physical environment, spatial distribution, and cultural characteristics ...:.2 The term "Ecology" has been given an enormous amount of coverage by the news media these past several years in terms of the world's population problems coupled with the tremendous advances in technology during recent decades. Ecology has indeed become one of the more important topics of this era. The Louie Aliens of the meteorological world (I refuse to refer to them as "weathermen") regularly furnish air pol- lution counts as a-statistic on weather reports; poli- ticians (in and out of office) are constantly consid- ering new laws to prevent industry from creating those interesting collages of foamy greens, reds, purples, blues, and yellows in our rivers; and the dumping or spilling of oil in our harbors or off- shore waters is no longer the "in" thing to do. However, all of these major environmental problems are gigantic in scope, andtheir solution will require the expenditure of time as well as vast sums of money, plus the whole-hearted support of our people as a nation. More to the point of this article, we have eco- logical problems right within the Headquarters Buildings that we, as employees of this Agency, can do something about. Friends, the horrible truth is, our House is littered. And this litter is caused by our own thoughtlessness and disregard for ". . . the aggregate of all external and internal conditions effecting the existence, -growth, and welfare of ..." 3 our fellow human beings. The problem of litter as created by those known as "litterbugs" is a classic example of the type of ecological problem we can solve simply by being careful. And who was the sweet person who so thoughtfully deposited an empty coca cola can, three paper plates and a wad of napkins under a holly bush near the North Parking Lot one bright sunny day about. three weeks ago? It must have been an interesting place to eat lunch since the lowest branch of the holly bush is only eight inches above ground level. In any event, the management provides numerous trash receptacles and the amount of physical labor required to convoy such litter to the nearest receptacle is minimal. Another charming example of the ecological mores of the American male is one we shall entitle "The Corridor Conference." This situation requires three or more males standing in any corridor which has been freshly painted speaking in hushed -con- spiratorial tones. An alert passer-by can overhear phrases such as "miniskirt," "Redskins and seven points," or "what's your handicap?". At least one of these characters will be indolently taking his ease and supporting his bad back by planting the sole and heel of one shoe squarely against the freshly painted wall. This has two favorable results. First, 18 Sanitized - Approved For Reles1EeIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For ReW,4MtCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A it will guarantee that the wall which was painted last week will soon look as though it were painted four years ago. Secondly, it keeps painters employed even if it is at the expense of overrunning the maintenance budget. This could go on and on as there are countless examples which could be cited to graphically un- derscore the general thoughtlessness of people in connection with their relationship with their en- vironment and fellow human beings. Oddly enough, many of those who are extremely vocal about our major ecology problems today generously contribute their own brand of dirt and litter to the general confusion. As we are in an age where this massive social problem has caused fundamental changes in our understanding and our outlook as to our environ- ment, we must consider that philosophically, this problem of ecology has an important bearing upon the fate, and in a sense, the freedom of all man- kind. Let us each in our own small way make it "our thing" to be thoughtful, be kind, and be clean. (UNCLASSIFIED) 1 Decoded from an ancient diorite stele found in the lower The literal translation is "Operation Clean Up " 'Standard Dictionary, International Edition, Volume I, Funk and Wagnalls, New York, 1967, p. 400. ' Ibid, p. 425. The best time to look for work is after you've been hired for the job. Frustration - Finding out that you have an ulcer and you're not even a success. PROTECT YOUR HOME AGAINST BURGLARS Can you really make your house or apartment burglar-proof? Not completely. There is a wide- spread myth that all burglars are sophisticated pro- fessionals-they're not. Almost 50% are under the age of 20-teenagers. Burglars are human-any- thing that significantly slows them down, creates noise, exposes them to observation by passing police or neighbors and thereby increases their risk of ap- prehension will deter all but the most determined thief. What simple steps can the home or apartment dweller take to best protect himself from burglars? For those who are pet lovers, dogs have been found to be an excellent deterrent to burglars. High- quality, pin-tumbler locks with flush or recessed rings properly installed cost very little more than inadequate locks. Cylinder locks (dead bolts with an interior turn knob) prevent a door from being forced. Double cylinder locks (activated with a key from inside or outside) are the best choice if the door or adjacent area has glass panels. Chain latches are useful for doors not equipped with peep- holes to permit identifying the visitor prior to admission to the dwelling. Your local hardware dealer can usually recommend the best lock or re- lated hardware to suit your own particular needs. Inexpensive locks or stops are available which allow a window to remain open a few inches for ventilation but prevent entry. Sliding glass doors to your home or apartment, particularly if accessible from ground level, may be your residence's weakest point. Doors that slide on an exterior track can be secured by installing a sliding bolt on the interior bottom track. (Drill a hole in the frame of the door to receive the bolt.) Other types of sliding doors will be impossible to open if a stick or broom handle is cut to length and placed in the lower track. Special locks are also available for these doors (again, check with your local hardware dealer or locksmith). Sanitized - Approved For Rel6aseEICIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-69 Sanitized - Approved For Rele>as ICIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Vacations and holidays, or even long weekends, are times of special vulnerability. An article in your local paper-"Mr. and Mrs. Jones are embark- ing for an -extended tour of exotic . . ." complete with pictures of the going away party is an engraved invitation for a burglar to invade your home. An announcement of your return will serve as well. Cancel all home deliveries of newspapers, milk, etc. Don't leave notesl Arrange for the Post Office to hold or forward your mail. Other material such as throw away newspapers and circulars should be removed daily by a neighbor or apartment manage- ment. If you're in a home, arrange to have your lawn and shrubs trimmed and watered during your absence. Closed blinds or drawn drapes present an unoccupied appearance. Leave them in different positions. For nighttime security near points of entry, inexpensive low-voltage exterior lights with timers are available. Timers may also be used to control interior lights and radios. Turn your tele- phone bell down to its lowest level. Ask your neigh- bors not to inform visitors that you are away. Notify the _police of your vacation plans-dates of absence, where and how you may be reached, the condition of the lighting and locking arrangements you have made, and the name and address of a trusted neighbor or friend with whom you have left a key. Another dimension to this entire problem is what to do in the event you are present at the time of a robbery, whether in your own home or the local Seven-Eleven Store. First, -cooperate with the armed robber; do not try to be a hero. Do not use or encourage the use of firearms. No amount of money is worth the personal safety of yourself, your family or friends. Secondly, -attempt to keep your family or friends as calm as possible and make no move to aggravate the burglar. Thirdly, -observe the criminal(s) carefully, and make mental notes of the number of thieves, their appearance, clothing, voice, nicknames used, personal items, identifying marks, peculiarities, and weapons. Fourthly, -if the opportunity presents itself, note (as the armed robbers leave), the make, color, and type of vehicle used. Attempt to get the license number and state of registration. AFTER THE ROBBERY, you should call the police immediately and then write down your descriptions and other pertinent data, and collate the information with any others present. Then ascertain and record exactly what was stolen. Do NOT touch anything the robber(s) may have touched. Except for notifying the Security Duty Officer (x6161), refer all questions to the police and do not discuss the crime with outsiders until the police give permission to do so. The main door, the one normally used to enter and exit the apartment, should be equipped with a heavy duty deadlock such as the Yale Model 197. This lock should be auxiliary to the spring latch lock on the door. If the door has glass panels in it or at the sides or overhead, the -deadlock should be a Yale Model 197-1/4, which has a keyway on both sides. Also, a door chain should be installed. This chain should be of the type that defies tam- pering such as the LOXEM No. 1850, the IDEAL SECURITY Model SK28, or the Yale Model MC22-L114. The idea is that all windows and secondary doors are locked from the inside. Departure from the main door would then mean that two different locks would be used to secure the apartment. The lock supplied with the apartment door and the deadlock Yale 197 (197-1/4) added by the tenant. Often the tenant has no knowledge of how many keys exist to the apartment door, but by installing an auxiliary lock key control can be established. Secondary doors should be secured with a sliding deadlatch type of lock. Secondary doors having glass inserts should be secured with deadlatches that can be key locked, such as the LOXEM No. 1100 safety lock-the key, of course, must not be left in the lock. If the secondary door is a sliding door, the LOXEM No. 1201 lock can be used or a CHARLEY-BAR safety lock is also suitable. Windows may be locked with any number of different locks, depending on the type of window design. However, all good, secure window locks are the type which lock with a key and the key must not be left in the lock. Some locks for window security: LOXEM Sash-Loc No. 1400, IDEAL SE- CURITY Window Lock SK150, WINLOC, or SE- CURITY HARDWARE MANUFACTURING COR- PORATION Window Lock BWL 444. It must be remembered that window locks only keep the win- dow from being opened; they do not stop the grass from being removed or broken and entry gained in this manner. A securely mounted grillwork or Alk 20 Sanitized - Approved For Re VET CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Foie : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 bars would be required to really protect windows or large glass doors. Apartments located above second story level, however, make window entry difficult in that access to the window is more difficult. Burglarious attack is most often made at the point of least resistance and when the attacker is least apt to be seen, unlocked doors and windows being the main target, particularly in unlighted, or un- occupied areas. Always keep all doors and windows locked when not in use. Also, it is wise to have lights located at or near doorways making it neces- sary for any attacker to be exposed when attempt- ing to enter. Key control is also important. Never leave keys unattended. When leaving your car for repair, leave only the ignition key, not your whole key ring con- taining apartment keys, etc. Don't loan your keys. Very few burglars can pick locks, rather entry is gained with stolen keys or through unlocked doors. (ADMINISTRATIVE - INTERNAL USE ONLY) 25X1A 25X1 C Sanitized - Approved For R6 : CIA-RDP78-04724A00080010000'J6 Sanitized - Approved For Rele>IOIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 C PYI G'Wfi' CPYRGHT AND SUDDEN DEATH by J. C. Furnas (Reprinted from the Reader's Digest, October 1966) Publicizing the total of motoring injuries never succeeds in jarring the motorist into a realization of the appalling risks of motoring. He does not trans- late dry statistics into a reality of blood and agony. Figures (in 1965, 1,800,000 were injured, 49,000 were killed) exclude the pain and horror of savage mutilation-which means they leave out the point. They need to be brought closer home. A passing look at a bad smash or the news that a fellow you had lunch with last week is in a hospital with a broken back will make any driver but a born fool slow down at least temporarily. But what is needed is a vivid and sustained realization that every time you step on the throttle death gets in beside you, waiting for his chance. That horrible accident you may have witnessed is no isolated horror. That sort of thing happens every hour of the day, everywhere in the United States. A judge now and again sentences reckless drivers to tour the accident end of a city morgue. But even a mangled body on a slab, waxily portraying the consequences of bad motoring judgment, isn't a patch on the scene of the accident itself. No safety- poster artist would dare depict that in full detail. That picture would have to include motion- picture and sound effects, too-the flopping, point- less efforts of the injured to stand up, the queer, grunting noises; the steady, panting groaning of a human being with pain creeping up on him as the shock wears off. It should portray the slack ex- pression on the face of a man, drugged with shock, staring at the Z-twist in his broken leg, the insane crumpled effect on a child's body after its bones are crushed inward, a realistic _portrait of a hysteri- cal woman with her screaming mouth opening a hole in the bloody drip that fills her eyes and 22 Sanitized - Approved For Rele FACIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Re UT CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 CPYRGHT runs off her chin. Minor details would include the raw ends of bones protruding through flesh in. com- pound fractures, and the dark-red oozing surfaces where clothes and skin were flayed off at once. Those are all standard, everyday sequels to the modern passion for going places in a hurry and taking a chance or two by the way. If ghosts could be put to a useful purpose, every bad stretch of road in the United States would greet the oncoming motorist with groans and screams and the educa- tional spectacle of ten or a dozen corpses, all sizes, sexes, and ages, lying horribly still on the bloody grass. Last year a state trooper of my acquaintance stopped a big red car for speeding. Papa was ob- viously a responsible person, obviously out for a pleasant weekend with his family-so the officer cut into Papa's well-bred expostulations: "I'll let you off this time, but if you keep on this way you won't last long. Get going-but take it easier." Later a passing motorist hailed the trooper and asked if the red car had got a ticket. "No," said the trooper, "I hated to spoil the party." "Too bad you didn't," said the motorist. "I saw you stop them- and then I passed that car again 50 miles up the line. It still makes me feel sick at my stomach. The car was all folded up like an accordion. They were all dead but one of the kids-and he wasn't going to live to the hospital." Maybe it will make you sick at your stomach, too. But unless you're a heavy-footed incurable, a firsthand acquaintance with the results of mixing gasoline with speed and bad judgment ought to be well worth your while. I can't help it if the facts are revolting. If you have the nerve to drive fast and take chances, you ought to have the nerve to take the appropriate cure. You can't ride an ambulance or watch the doctor working on the victim in the hospital, but you can read. The automobile is treacherous. It is tragically hard to realize that it can become a deadly missile. As enthusiasts tell you, it makes 65 feel like nothing at all. But 65 miles an hour is 100 feet a second, a speed which puts a viciously unjustified respon- sibility on brakes and human reflexes, and can instantly turn this docile luxury into a mad bull elephant. Collision, turnover, or sideswipe, each type of ac- cident produces either a shattering dead stop or a crashing change of direction, and, since the oc- cupant-meaning you-continues in the old direc- tion at the original speed, every surface and angle of the car's interior immediately becomes a batter- ing, tearing projectile, aimed squarely at you- inescapable. There is no bracing yourself against these imperative laws of momentum. Anything can happen in the split second of crash, even those lucky escapes you hear about. People have dived through windshields and come out with only superficial scratches. They have run cars together head on, reducing both to twisted junk, and been found unhurt and arguing bitterly two minutes afterwards. But death was there just the same-he was only exercising his privilege of being erratic. This spring a wrecking crew pried the door off a car which had been overturned down an embankment, and out stepped the driver with only a scratch on his cheek. But his mother was still inside, a splinter driven four inches into her brain as a result of son's taking a greasy curve a little too fast. No blood-no horribly twisted bones, just a gray-haired corpse still clutching her pocketbook in her lap as she had clutched it when she felt the car leave the road. On that same curve a month later, a light tour- ing car crashed into a tree. In the middle of the front seat they found a nine-month-old baby sur- rounded by broken glass and yet absolutely unhurt. A fine practical joke on death-but spoiled by the baby's parents, still sitting on each side of him, instantly killed by shattering their skulls on the dashboard. If you customarily pass without clear vision a long way ahead, make sure that every member of the party carries identification papers-it's difficult to identify a body with its face bashed in or torn off. The driver is death's favorite target. If the steer- ing wheel holds together, it ruptures his liver or spleen so he bleeds to death internally. Or, if the steering wheel breaks off, the matter is settled in- stantly by the steering column's plunging through his abdomen. Sanitized - Approved For ReIgasE'iCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-63 CPYRG%Tanitized - Approved For ReIO:BgDCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 By no means do all head-on collisions occur on curves. The modern death trap. is likely to be a straight stretch with three lanes of traffic. This sudden vision of broad, straight road tempts many an ordinarily sensible driver into passing the man ahead. -Simultaneously a driver coming the other way swings out at high speed. At the last moment each tries to get into line again, but the gaps are closed. As the cars in line are forced into the ditch to capsize or ram fences, the passers meet, almost head on, in a swirling, grindling smash that sends them caroming obliquely into the others. A trooper described such an accident-five cars in one mess, seven killed on the spot, two dead on the way to the hospital, two more dead in the long run. He remembered it far more vividly than he wanted to-the quick way a doctor turned away from a dead man to check up on a woman with a broken back; the three bodies out of one car so soaked with oil from the crankcase that they looked like wet brown cigars and not human at all; a man, walking around and babbling to himself, ob- livious of the dead and dying, even of his stream- ing wrist; a pretty girl with her forehead laid open, trying hopelessly to crawl out of a ditch in spite of her smashed hip. A first-class massacre of that sort is only a question of scale and numbers-seven corpses are no deader than one. Each shattered man, woman or child who went to make up the fatality statistics chalked up last year had to die a. personal death. A car careening and rolling down a bank, batter- ing and smashing its occupants every inch of the way, can wrap itself so thoroughly around a tree that the front and rear bumpers interlock, requiring an acetylene torch to cut them apart. In a recent case of that sort they found the old lady who had been sitting in back, lying across the lap of her daughter, who was in front, each soaked in her own and the other's blood, indistinguishable, each so shattered and broken that there was no point whatever in an autopsy to determine whether it was broken neck or ruptured heart that caused death. Overturning cars specialize in certain injuries. Cracked pelvis, for instance, guaranteeing agoniz- ing months in. bed, motionless, perhaps crippled for life-broken spine resulting from sheer sidewise twist-the minor details of smashed knees and splintered shoulder blades caused by crashing into -the side of the car as she goes over with the swirl of an insane roller coaster-and the lethal conse- quences of broken ribs, which puncture hearts and lungs with their raw ends. The consequent internal hemorrhage is no less dangerous because it is the pleural instead of the abdominal cavity that is filling with blood. Glass contributes its share to the spectacular side of accidents. Even safety glass may not be wholly safe when the car crashes into something at high speed. You hear picturesque tales of how a flying human body will make a neat hole in the stuff with its head-the shoulders stick-the glass holds-and the raw, keen edge decapitates the body as neatly as a guillotine. Or, to continue with the decapitation motif, going off the road into a post-and-rail fence can put you beyond worrying about other injuries im- mediately when a rail pierces the windshield and tears off your head with its splintery end-not as neat a job but just as efficient. Bodies are often found with shoes and feet broken out of shape. The shoes are on the floor of the car, empty and with laces still neatly tied. That is the kind of impact produced by modern speeds. But all that is routine in every American commu- nity. To be remembered individually by doctors and policemen, you have to do something as grotesque as the lady who burst the windshield with her head, splashing splinters all over the other occupants of the car, and then, as the car rolled over, rolled with it down the edge of the windshield frame and cut her throat from ear to ear. Or park on the pave- ment too near a curve at night and stand in front of the tail. light as you take off the spare tire-which will immortalize you in somebody's memory as the fellow who was mashed three feet broad and two inches thick by the impact of a heavy-duty truck against the rear of his own car. Or be as original as the two youths who were thrown out of an open roadster-thrown clear-but each broke a wind- shield postwith his head in passing and the whole top of each skull, down to the eyebrows, was miss- ing. Or snap off a nine-inch tree and get impaled by a ragged branch. 24 Sanitized - Approved For ReTCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For R@ : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 CPYRGHT None of all that is scare-fiction; it is just the horrible raw material of the year's statistics as seen in the ordinary course of duty by policemen and doctors, picked at random. The surprising thing is there is so little dissimilarity in their stories. It's hard to find an accident victim who can bear to talk. After you come to, the gnawing, sear- ing pain throughout your body is accounted for by learning that you have both collarbones smashed, both shoulder blades splintered, your right arm broken in three places and three ribs cracked, with every chance of bad internal ruptures. But the pain can't distract you, as the shock begins to wear off, from realizing that you are probably on your way out. You can't forget that, not even when they shift you from the ground to the stretcher and your broken ribs bite into your lungs and the sharp ends of your collarbones slide over to stab deep into each side of your screaming throat. When you've stopped screaming, it all comes back-you're dying and you hate yourself for it. And every time you pass on a blind curve, every time you hit it up on a slippery road, every time you step on it harder than your reflexes will safely take, every time you follow the man ahead too closely, you're gambling a few seconds against blood and agony and sudden death. Take a look at yourself as the man in the white jacket shakes his head over you, tells the boys with the stretcher not to bother and turns away to somebody else who isn't quite dead yet. And then take it easy. Editor's Note According to Readers Digest Assn., this article, originally printed in 1936, has probably been re- printed and quoted more than any other Readers Digest article ever published. Though 35 years old, the points made are still valid. To update the warn- ings about speed, passing, and judgment, add to your checklist of hazards, the other driver, alcohol, lack of seat belts, road conditions, weather conditions, heavy traffic, and fatigue. So-if we have not frightened you into staying home, please remember courtesy of the road is like the golden rule; rephrased. `Do not expose others to hazards you would not wish to be exposed to.' Alcohol Any discussion relating to highway traffic hazards would be incomplete if we failed to mention that about half of all traffic fatalities involve persons under varying degrees of alcoholic intoxication. It is the largest single cause of traffic deaths in the United States. Nearly two years ago Secretary of Transportation Volpe told the Congress that "the use of alcohol by drivers and pedestrians leads to some 25,000 deaths and a total of at least 800,000 crashes in the United States each year. Especially tragic is the fact that much of the loss of life, limb, and property damage involves completely innocent parties." (ADMINISTRATIVE - INTERNAL USE ONLY) UNDERSTAND THE HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR ATTACK When a nuclear bomb explodes, the main im- mediate effects. produced are intense light, heat, blast, and radiation. The severity of these effects depends upon the size and type of the weapon, how far away the explosion is, the weather conditions (sunny or cloudy, windy or still), the terrain (flat or hilly), and the height of the explosion (high in the atmosphere or near the ground). In the event of attack, the people who happened to be close to a nuclear explosion-in the area of heavy destruction-would probably be killed or seriously injured by the blast, or by the heat of the nuclear fireball. People a few miles away-in the "fringe area"-would be endangered by the blast and heat, and by fires that would ensue. However, it is likely that most of the people in the fringe area would survive these hazards. People outside the fringe area would not be affected at all by the blast, heat or fire. Department of Defense studies show that in a nuclear attack, tens of millions of Americans would be outside the fringe areas. To them, radioactive fallout would be the main danger. Sanitized - Approved For ReI TCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001 0 Sanitized - Approved For Rele "eqEtIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 What Is Fallout? When a nuclear weapon explodes near the ground, great quantities of pulverized earth and other debris are sucked up into the nuclear cloud. There the radioactive gases produced by the explosion con- taminate the debris, producing radioactive fallout particles. Within a short time, these particles fall back to earth-the larger ones first, the smaller ones later. On the way down, and after they reach the ground, these particles give off invisible gamma rays-like X-rays-too much of which can kill or injure people. These particles give off much of their radiation quickly; therefore, the first few hours or days after an attack would be the most dangerous period. Explosions high in the air would create small radioactive particles which would not have any real effect on humans until many months or years later, if at all, because these minute particles would drift to earth more slowly, losing much of their radio- activity before they reached the ground, and would be spread by the upper winds over vast areas of the world. In dangerously affected areas the particles would -be much larger; probably on the order of grains of salt, or sand. However, the rays they would give off could not be seen, tasted, smelled, or felt. Special instruments would be required to detect these rays and to measure their intensity. Fallout Causes Radiation Sickness The invisible gamma rays given off by fallout particles can cause radiation sickness-that is, ill- ness caused by physical and chemical changes in the cells of the body. If a person receives a large dose of radiation, he will die. But if he receives only a small or medium dose, his body will repair itself and he will recuperate. The same dose received over a short period of time is more damaging than if it is received over a longer period. No special clothing can protect people against gamma radiation, and no special drugs or chemicals can prevent radiation from causing damage to the cells. However, antibiotics and other medicines are helpful in treating infections that sometimes fol- low excessive exposure to radiation. Almost all of the radiation that people would absorb from fallout would come from particles outside their own bodies. Only simple precautions would be necessary to avoid swallowing the par- ticles, and because of their size, it would be prac- tically impossible to inhale them. Protection Is Possible People can protect themselves against fallout radiation by staying inside a fallout shelter. In most cases, the fallout radiation level would decrease rapidly enough to permit people to leave the shelter within a few days. Even in communities that re- ceived heavy accumulations of fallout particles, people soon might be able to leave the shelter for a few minutes or even a few hours at a time in order to perform emergency tasks. In fact, in most cases it is unlikely that shelter occupancy would be re- quired for more than a week or two. Many Kinds of Fallout Shelters The farther away you are from the fallout par- ticles, the less radiation you will receive. Also, the building materials (concrete, brick, lumber, etc.) that are between you and the fallout particles serve to absorb many of the gamma rays and keep them from reaching you. A fallout shelter, therefore, does not need to be a special type of building or an underground bunker. It can be any space, provided the walls and roof are thick or heavy enough to absorb many of the rays given off by the fallout particles outside, and thus keep dangerous amounts of radiation from reaching the people inside the structure. A shelter can be the basement or inner corridor or any large building, the basement of a private home, a subway or tunnel, or even a backyard trench with some kind of shielding material (heavy lumber, earth, bricks, etc.) serving as a roof. In addition to protecting people from fallout radiation, most fallout shelters would provide some protection against the blast and heat effects of nuclear explosions that were not too close. 26 Sanitized - Approved For ReT CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For F g e : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Food and Water Would Be Available and Usable From many studies, the Federal Government has determined that enough food and water would be available after an attack to sustain our surviving citizens. However, temporary food shortages might occur in some areas, until food was shipped there from other areas. Most of the Nation's remaining food supplies would be usable after an attack because radiation passes through food and does not contaminate it. The only danger would be the actual swallowing of fallout particles that happened to be on the food itself (or on the can or package containing the food), and these could be wiped or washed off. Water systems might be affected somewhat by radioactive fallout but the risk would be small, especially if a few simple precautions were taken. Water stored in covered containers and water in covered wells would not be contaminated after an attack because the fallout particles could not get into the water. In fact, it is highly unlikely that fallout particles could get into uncovered containers that are kept indoors (sinks, bathtubs, buckets, etc.). Practically all of the particles that dropped into open reservoirs, lakes and streams (or into open containers or wells) would settle to the bottom. Any that did not would be removed when the water was filtered before being pumped to consumers. A small amount of radioactive material might dissolve in the water, but at most this would be of concern for only a few weeks. Milk contamination from fallout is not expected to be a serious problem. If cows swallow fallout particles, their milk might be harmful to the thyroid glands of infants and small children but not to others. If possible, small children and infants should be given canned or powdered milk for a few weeks. People suffering from extreme hunger or thirst should not be denied food or water, even if the only available supplies might be contaminated. Summary While there are real and severe hazards con- comitant with a nuclear attack, recent studies indi- cate that the majority of our population could sur- vive through understanding the "nature of the beast" and by applying an abundance of common sense. (UNCLASSIFIED) EVERYTHING YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT FOOTBALL (but were afraid to ask) (condensed from the New York Times 12/15/68) A woman's guide to watching professional foot- ball on television: PLAY: Football is played by two teams weighing 10,000 pounds apiece, using a perfectly ridiculous- looking ball. The typical game lasts two and a half hours. Most of this time is spent chatting or arguing, sitting in locker rooms and selling consumer goods. SCORING: There are several ways of scoring, almost all of them exceedingly dull. The most in- teresting is the touchdown, which occurs when one team successfully maneuvers the ball to the end of a large grass plot. OBJECT: The object of the game is to maul the quarterback sufficiently to prevent him from con- tinuing play, preferably for the rest of the season. The team with the fewest injured quarterbacks is the national champion. GREAT SECOND EFFORT: This is the common attribute to all pro-football players. It is the same quality that distinguishes women who actually make it to the bargain counter on sale day. "ON ANY GIVEN SUNDAY ANY TEAM CAN BEAT ANY OTHER TEAM": This quotation is to the pro-football announcer what "to be or not to be" is to the actor. Actually, it is a euphemistic way of stating, "On a bad day, the referee and his fellow officials can beat any team in the league." ANOTHER THIRD-DOWN SITUATION: Throughout the game the announcer will seek to agitate your flagging spirits by declaring "another third-down situation" at hand. Despite his ominous tone, a third-down situation is not as grave as the Cuban missile crisis. Basically, it is this: You are out of milk, and the stores are closing in five minutes. Can you get to the store before it closes, or will you have to wait for the milkman in the morning? CPYRGHT Sanitized - Approved For Raj: CIA-RDP78-04724A00080010000' 6 CPYRG tized - Approved For Relea RC#A-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 EXCELLENT FIELD POSITION: You have been discussing with your husband, unsuccessfully, the possibility of buying a fur coat. Going through his laundry one morning you discover that one of his shirts has lipstick, not yours, on the collar. You are in excellent field position. HALF-TIME: When the game is approximately one hour old, the players retire to discuss things and are replaced on the grass by an entertainment extravaganza, usually a half-dozen butterfingered baton twirlers and a junior-high-school fife-and- drum corps performing a medley of unrecognizable airs. The announcer will signal the start of the half- time by saying, "And now we're going to see some- thing to remember for the rest of our lives." TIME-OUT: Play has been stopped for 60 sec- onds at the network's direction to run a commer- cial. Leave the room instantly. Find and open an- other beer. You will be back just in the nick of time for another third-down situation requiring great second effort. SHORT GAME: Many women find the full 21/2- hour game more than they can tolerate. For them, the answer is to sit in on the so-called "final two minutes of play," which normally take 15 to 20 minutes. Most of the excitement occurs in this time. If enough women wrote to football authorities de- manding that the "final two minutes" be played at the start of the game, they might help make Sun- day afternoon much shorter for American woman- hood. (ADMINISTRATIVE - INTERNAL USE ONLY) THE PAY WINDOW 25X1A YOU HAVE BEEN OVERPAID Public Law 90-616, approved 21 October 1968, provides authority for waiver of claim against Fed- eral employees for erroneous overpayments of pay. The law is applicable to overpayments of a which occurred on or after 1 July 1960. Within the Agency this law is implemented by an Overpayment Review Committee which has rep- resentation from the Office of Finance, the Audit Staff, the Office of General Counsel and the Office of Personnel. After thorough review and investiga- tion the recommendations of the Committee are forwarded for approval of the Director of Finance or the Deputy Director for Support, depending upon the amount of the claim. In deciding whether to grant or deny a waiver of claim, the Committee has to first determine that the overpayment was caused by an administrative error. If there is no administrative error, there is no basis for waiving a claim. If it is determined that there was an administra- tive error, an additional factor for consideration is whether the employee knew about the error within a reasonable time. If an employee was aware of the error within a reasonable time, the request for waiver of the claim must be denied. However, if an employee denies knowledge of overpayment, there is still a further consideration, and that is whether the employee could reasonably have been expected to be aware that he was being overpaid. This is most often a subjective judgment which is difficult to determine and the materiality of the error tends to be a deciding factor. If an employee is overpaid in an amount that would be difficult for a reasonable person to overlook, his request for waiver of claim must be denied. If, on the other hand, the amount of overpayment per pay period is insignificant (even though it may extend over a long period of time and amount to a substantial figure in total) the employee may be granted a waiver of the claim against him. The Comptroller General of the United States, by the opinions which he has written in similar cases, has established the criteria which the Com- mittee follows. In addition to the criteria previously mentioned, one of the most important is that an employee who receives a detailed earnings slip is Sanitized - Approved For ReIECIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For R iea q : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 1 responsible for a thorough examination of that earnings slip to determine that he is being paid correctly. Many employees do not fulfill their responsibility in this regard. It is suggested that an employee who has been asked to refund an overpayment of pay apply the criteria cited above to the circumstances of his over- payment prior Ito submission of his request for a waiver of claim. (SECRET) Retirement Credit for Unused Sick Leave Public Law 91-93, 20 October 1969, provided for the granting of credit for employees' unused sick leave at the time of retirement or death toward the calculation of retirement or survivor annuities. (The days of unused sick leave are used only in counting the number of years and months of service for annuity compensation purposes; they cannot be used in computing the high-3 average salary or for the purpose of meeting the minimum length of service required for retirement eligibility.) In this connection, any employee may, if he wishes, elect to have annual leave charged in lieu of sick leave for periods of absence due to sickness. An approved absence otherwise chargeable to sick leave may be charged to annual leave if re- quested by the employee prior to the time he initials his T&A report for sick leave or would otherwise sign an SF 71, as applicable. Annual leave may not be substituted retroactively for sick leave previously signed for by the employee except for the liquida- tion of advanced sick leave, and even then only when the substitution is made prior to the time the annual leave would otherwise have been forfeited. Keep Your Home State Taxes in Order! In addition to the previous agreements established between the . Internal Revenue Service and the various states, the Federal Government has estab- lished a supplemental procedure whereby Internal Revenue Service can provide computerized tax data to state and local tax authorities on about six (6) million Federal employees-THAT'S YOUI Basic data passed will consist of employee's name, address, and taxable earnings. Another area being reviewed is ways to increase the reciprocal flow of information about audits conducted by the states. Right now New York, Wisconsin, and Oregon provide I.R.S. with the greatest amount of information. Federal Income Tax - 1970 Personal exemption from $600 to $625 ... The tax surcharge is gone, as a withholding anyway. But, don't forget to add an additional .025 tax on your 1970 Form 1040 . . . Income Averaging: A taxpayer can avail himself of the income averaging provisions if his excess income in the current year- the computation year-is over $3,000 more than 120% of his average income for the four prior years. Capital gains, gambling income, and income from gifts, bequests, devises or inheritances are now included in your computation of taxable in- come . . . The rate an individual can, generally, deduct from his adjusted gross income for gifts of money and ordinary income property to "public charities" has been increased from 30% to 50%. Looking Ahead - 1971 Social Security withholdings are going up. The rate will be 5.2% of the first $7,800, and it could go higher. Congress is working on it . . . Federal Income Tax changes-Standard deduction from 10% to 13% but not more than $1,500-Exemption from $600 to $650-Capital losses may be deducted at the rate of only 50% rather than 100% as was the case in prior years-Capital gains and losses may be used in the computation of income averag- ing. Please consult I.R.S. publications for their exact and entire interpretations. Cartoonists) Would you like to see your efforts in print? Do you have a "message" you'd like to convey to your fellow employees? Would you like to "needle" the management graphically? If so, submit your efforts to YOU NEED TO KNOW, Room 7D10, Headquarters. Cartoons should be in black ink on white bond paper. Please provide your name and phone number for contact purposes. Original drawings will be returned upon request. Content is more important than art work (after all, "Peanuts" and "Andy Capp" aren't exactly works of art) and any pertinent subject within the bounds of good taste is acceptable. Sanitized - Approved For R r. CIA-RDP78-04724A00080010000'I26 CPYRGHT Sanitized - Approved For Releaseni 1A-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 I just wish that you had asked "Where," when he offered to make you Chief of Station. 30 Sanitized - Approved For ReIEcIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Re hum: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Do YOU NEED TO KNOW something contained in your military service records? If so, you may find the information below of considerable help. NOTE-All veterans, except as specified, should write to the National Personnel Records Center (see bottom entry). (UNCLASSIFIED) LOCATION OF MILITARY PERSONNEL RECORDS IMPORTANT: If the individual has two or more periods of service within the same branch of service, send your request to the office having the records for the latest period. BRANCH OF SERVICE-CATEGORY OF MILITARY PERSONNEL RECORDS WHERE TO WRITE AII reserve members not on extended active duty Air Reserve Personnel Center 3800 York Street All retired reservists in a non-pay status Denver, Colorado 80205 AIR FORCE All active duty personnel TDRL) d li i t USAF, Military Personnel Center Military Personnel Records Division ( re s All personnel on the temporary disability ret Randolph AFB, Texas 78148 General officers in a retired (pay) status Current officer members National Guard Bureau (AFPM) Washington, D.C. 20310 AIR NATIONAL GUARD Current airmen (enlisted) members The Adjutant General of the Appropriate State, Dis- trict of Columbia, or Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Officers separated before July 1, 1917 National Archives and Records Service National Archives Building Enlisted personnel separated before November 1, 1912 Washington, D.C. 20408 All personnel separated January 1, 1962 thru June 30, 1968 HDQS, Department of the Army Office of the Adjutant General All retired personnel except general officers) ( U.S. Army Administration Center All reserve members (includes retired reservists) 9700 Page Blvd., St. Louis, Mo. 63132 ARMY All officers on active duty and retired general officers y Personnel Records Division The Adjutant General's Office Department of the Army Washington, D.C. 20310 Enlisted personnel on active duty U.S. Army Personnel Services Support Center Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana 46249 All members not on active duty in the U.S. Army The Adjutant General of the Appropriate State, Dis- trio of Columbia, or Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Personnel discharged from the National Guard (excludes records for ARMY periods of active duty and active duty for training in the .U.S. Army) NATIONAL GUARD Records for periods of active duty or active duty for training in the U.S. HDQS, Department of the Army Office of the Adjutant General Army for periods ending after December 31, 1959 U.S. Army Administration Center 970 Page Blvd., St. Louis, Missouri 63132 Enlisted personnel separated less than 6 months Commandant U.S. Coast Guard COAST Officer personnel separated less than 3 months Washington, D.C. 20226 GUARD All active Coast Guard personnel and members of the reserve Officer personnel completely separated before January 1, 1929 Officer personnel on active duty or in reserves Commandant of the Marine Corps Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps MARINE Enlisted personnel on active duty, or in organized active reserves Washington, D.C. 20380 CORPS All personnel completely separated less'than 4 months Officers on active duty and those separated less than. 1 year and all Chief of Naval Personnel Department of the Navy 20370 NAVY' officers with rank of admiral ersonnel on active duty and those separated less than 4 months Enlisted Washington, D.C. p Active reservists and inactive reservists with 18 or more months remain- ing in 1st term of enlistment IF YOUR' REQUEST DOES NOT PERTAIN TO ANY OF THE CATEGORIES National Personnel Records Center (Military Personnel Records) ALL LISTED ABOVE, ADDRESS YOUR INQUIRY TO: 9700 Page Boulevard BRANCHES St. Louis, Missouri 63132 Telephone: 268-7141 Area Code 314 Sanitized - Approved For Re~TCIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001 Sanitized - Approved For Rele ]PrIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 CPYRGHT A look at LEGISLATION Federal Pay Comparability Although further consideration is scheduled this year, there is little likelihood for passage of Federal pay legislation during the lame duck session of the 91st Congress. The Administration submitted a legislative pro- posal to the Congress -July 23rd that would permit the President to adjust the salaries of classified Federal employees and to establish an advisory committee on Federal salaries. This bill differs from one introduced by Representative Morris K. Udall (D., Ariz.), Chairman of the responsible House of Representatives subcommittee, in the application of the pay comparability principal established by the Salary Reform Act of 1962. Under the Administration's pay comparability plan the President by executive action would make adjustments based on three factors: Private industry salary. levels compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Consultation by the employee organizations, the Office of Management and Budget, and the Civil Service Commission. Recommendations of an impartial three- member committee of non-Government ad- visors. Under this plan, the Bureau of Labor Statistics survey, beginning in 1972, would be conducted in the spring and pay scale adjustments would be made by the President and reported to Congress by October 1 each year, thus reducing the time lag between the private industry survey and Federal salary adjustments to six months. The Udall plan calls for a five-member committee composed of three management and two Govern- ment union officials to recommend annual pay adjustments to the President. In addition, under the Udall bill the President would be required to submit pay adjustment proposals to Congress for approval by February 1st each year. The Congress would then have 60 days to consider the President's recommendations. If approved, the pay hike would be made retroactive to January 1st. The House Post Office and Civil Service Sub- committee on Compensation, chaired by Represent- ative Udall, held hearings on these bills during the last week in July. Further consideration by the Subcommittee is planned when Congress -returns after the November election. Organization Retirement System Draft legislation updating the Organization's re- tirement system has been forwarded to the Con- gress. There is some expectation that action may be taken on the measure before the end of the year. The bill would raise the ceiling on the number of persons that could retire under the system during the current five-year period; it would authorize transfer of Government contributions along with in- dividual contributions where an individual trans- fers into or out of the system; it adopts a more liberal formula for retention of salary for annuitants re-employed in a Government position; it conforms child survivor provisions to changes approved by 32 Sanitized - Approved For Rely tECIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For R .: CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 the Congress for Government-wide civil service; and makes several technical adjustments in the system. The greatest portion of the proposed bill was passed by the House of Representatives in the 89th Congress but was not acted upon in the Senate at that time. Increase in Government Contribution to the Cost of Health Benefits Insurance Public Law 91-418, approved 25 September 1970, increased the Government share of Federal Em- ployees Health Insurance premiums from 23 per- cent to an approximate 40 percent. The change is effective January 1, 1971. Guards on U.S. Aircraft President Nixon asked Congress on September 14th for $28 million (by amendment to the 1971 Department of Transportation budget request) to recruit and train 2,500 security guards to ride com- mercial aircraft. The first stages of the Administration's crackdown on air highjacking began on September 12th when armed guards took seats on international and some domestic flights. The initial force of men was drawn from the armed forces and the Secret Service. This will be replaced by a permanent force. The House of Representatives approved the armed guards tax bill on 30 September and au- thorized an increase in domestic air travel taxes to 8.5 percent from 8 percent and an increase in U.S.-based foreign travel taxes to $5.00 from $3.00 per person. The bill will provide an estimated revenue of $57 million for inclusion in the airport and airway trust fund from which the guards will be paid. As passed by the House of Representatives the tax would be effective between 31 October 1970 and 1 June 1972. Final action on the measure is expected when the Congress reconvenes after the November elections. Service Life Insurance Covers Reservists Effective 25 June 1970, all members of Reserve Components and ROTC cadets performing more than 30 days of active duty are covered by Service- mens Group Life Insurance under the provisions of Public Law 91-291. Coverage under the bill is effective only during that part of the day during which Inactive Duty for Training is performed and while proceeding to and from such training; during active duty for training of 30 days or less (and annual training) and while proceeding directly to and from the place where training is performed. The cost of the maxi- mum coverage of $15,000 for members of Reserve Components is $1.80 for the entire fiscal year. The cost is deducted automatically from the individual's first paycheck after 1 July of each year. The $15,000 coverage is automatic unless the member elects otherwise. He may decline the in- surance altogether; he may elect coverage of $10,000 for $1.20; or he may choose $5,000 coverage for $0.60 a year. PINTO, GREMLIN, VW, AND VEGA Which is the best? You'll not catch us commit- ting ourselves on that subject! But, we feel that YOU NEED TO KNOW the facts concerning each before you can properly determine which, if any, of them is the right car for you. Both Ford and Chevrolet are quite frank in stat- ing that they are out to combat the foreign import cars and specifically Volkswagen. Volkswagen has countered the moves by prepar- ing a "stripped-down" version of the famous "Bug" to be called the Model 1111 which will have a Washington on-the-floor price of $1,916. They are expected to use the 1111 model for price-quoting but will be pushing the "Super-Bug" which is equipped with a new front suspension system and comes with automatic transmission. Sanitized - Approved For ReA28RRT CIA-RDP78-04724A0008001000013? Sanitized - Approved For ReIe,IA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 CPYRGHT Both Pinto and Vega are stressing quality and easy maintenance with do-it-yourself manuals and kits available for tune-ups, bulb and fuse replace- ments, and even replacing your grill on a Pinto. Ford and GM also are stressing the no appear- ance change. Vega states "If you like the 1971 Vega, you'll like the 1975 Vega." The Gremlin was the first of the U.S. compacts on the scene and offers. the greatest horsepower. It also is the heaviest of the four weighing in at 2,635 pounds. All of VW's competitive U.S. products are longer overall, wider and lower than the Bug. They also have wider wheelbases (track), outweigh the Ger- man import and have greater horsepower. Gas mileage varies from 23 miles per gallon (mpg) for the Gremlin to 26 mpg for the VW. These are manufacturers quotes for standard en- gines at "cruising speed." All four of the little cars are designed to run on regular gas. The accompanying chart indicates the pertinent facts for each car plus the dealers quote for the various optional items. In addition, each manu- facturer offers a variety of "group" packages which include custom interiors, GT packages, spe- cial appearance items, vinyl tops, roof racks, over- size tires, whitewalls, etc. Prices quoted are D.C. area "window sticker" prices. Check the facts-then decidel (UNCLASSIFIED) VEGA PINTO VW GREMLIN On-The-Floor Price (D.C. Area) (1) ..... $2,278 $2,028 $1,916 $1,972 Weight (lbs) .......................... 2,180 2,013 1,808 2,635 Wheel Base (in) ....................... 97.0 94.0 94.5 96.0 Overall Length (in) .................... 169.7 163.0 158.7 161.3 Overall Width (in) ..................... 65.4 69.4 61.0 70.6 Overall Height (in) .................... 51.2 50.0 59.0 51.8 Track (in) Front ............................... 54.6 55.0 51.6 57.5 Rear ................................ 54.1 55.0 53.1 57.0 Turning Radius (ft) .................... 33.0 31.5 36.5 32.7 Fuel .................................. Fuel Tank Cap. (U.S. Gals) ............. 11 11 Regular 10.6 21 Miles Per Gallon (2) ................... 25 24.6 26 23 Tire Size .............................. 600 x 13 -600 x 13 -560 x 15 600 x 13 Engines Standard Cylinders ......................... 4 4 4 6 Displacement (cu in) .............. 140 97 97 .199 Horsepower Rating ................ 90 75 57 128 Optional ............................ Cylinders ......................... 4 4 N/A Displacement (cu in) .............. 140 122 232 Horsepower Rating ................ 110 100 145 ($42) ($50) ($54) Sanitized - Approved For Relg?~RE1CIA-RDP78-04724AO00800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For R pg : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Transmissions Standard (w/Std Eng) ............... (Opt) Optional (w/Opt Eng) ............... 3 Spd Man 4 Spd Man Automatic 4 Spd Man 3 Spd Man Automatic ($200) Automatic ($175) ($200) Safety Features Dual Brake System ................... STD STD STD STD Four-way Emergency Flashers ...... STD STD STD STD Ignition/ Steering Lock ................ STD STD STD STD Bucket Seats w/Headrests ............ STD STD STD STD Back-up Lights ...................... STD STD STD STD Outside Mirror ...................... STD STD STD STD Seat Belts ............................ STD STD STD STD Shoulder Belts (Front) ............... STD STD STD STD Two-speed Windshield wipers ......... STD STD STD OPT ($21) Rear Window Defroster .............. OPT OPT STD N/A ($54) ($27) Other Options Power Steering ...................... OPT N/A N/A OPT ($95) ($100) Power Brakes ........................ N/A N/A N/A OPT ($45) Air-Conditioning ..................... OPT OPT OPT OPT ($360) ($389) ($385) ($399) AM-FM Radio ....................... OPT N/A OPT N/A ($123) ($110) AM Radio .......................... OPT OPT OPT OPT ($61) ($61) ($62) ($67) (1) Includes freight and dealer "make-ready" charges. Taxes, license fees, etc. not included. (2) Manufacturers statements "at cruising speed" with standard engines. N/A-Not Available STD-Standard OPT-Optional Sanitized - Approved For R 1 q : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001y6 25X1A L Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Rele IA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 CPYRGHT Foreign language competency is becoming more and more a requirement for overseas assignments. The "word" is "voluntary training will enhance a candidate's possibilities for consideration." Installed property can now be dropped from ac- countability if it is a permanent installation or if removal is too costly. A new paragraph authorizing such action was added to the Logistics regulation on termination of accountability in August. Real property records must be adjusted to reflect such transactions. The paperwork dragon is not dead but has suf- fered another grievous wound. As of 1 July, the expendable item criteria was raised from $50 to $200 thereby reducing the num- ber of line items for which formal financial ac- countability must be maintained. It is estimated that Type III installations will be able to "drop" accountability on 60 to 65 percent of the line items while Type I and Type II will be cut by 50 percent. A word of caution: Certain items are not included in the new criteria and all installation property officers are cautioned to check the rules! Remember, although you may not be financially accountable, you are still responsible for the U.S. Government property entrusted to your care. (SECRET) MOTORISTS - ATTENTION STOP! LOOK! AND LISTEN! STOP signs mean STOP - not just slow down. OBEY signals of special school guards. LOOK carefully before you back out of driveways. BICYCLES are unstable vehicles usually operated by inexperienced drivers in an unsafe manner. A BOUNCING BALL or a skimming "frisbee" is invariably followed by a running child. MSTS Becomes MSC Over the years, Military Sea Transportation Serv- ice (MSTS) has rendered outstanding service to DOD in the movement of cargo throughout the world. As of 1 August, MSTS became Military Sealift Command (MSC). A good boss is one who can step on your toes without ruining your shine. 38 Sanitized - Approved For Relea lt'CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 25X1A L Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Release : CIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved For Rele EeIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 WHAT'S YOUR DRUG I.Q.? DRUG NARCOTICS IDENTIFICATION CHART P DRUG USED & SLANG NAME PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS LOOK FOR DANGERS GLUE SNIFFING ? Violence, drunk appearance, ? Tubes of glue, glue smears, paper ? Lung, brain, nervous system, dreamy or blank expression. Odor or plastic bags, and handkerchiefs liver damage, death through suffo- of glue on breath, excess nasal cation or choking, anemia secretions, watering of eyes, poor muscular control HEROIN, MORPHINE- ? Stupor, drowsiness, needle marks ? Needle or hypodermic syringe, ? Death from overdose, addiction, Snow stuff H junk M dreamer on body, watery eyes, loss of cotton, tourniquet, in form of severe infections from use of dirty , , , , , , smack, & stag appetite, bloodstain on shirt " " string, rope or belt, burnt bottle needles or equipment sleeve, on the nod, constricted caps or spoons, glassine envelopes, (small) pupils-do not respond to traces of white powder around light-inattentive, slow pulse, and nostrils from sniffing, or inflamed respiration membranes in nostrils, small capsules containing white pow- dered substance COCAINE- ? Muscular twitching, convulsive ? White odorless powder ? Convulsions, death from over- Leaf snow speedballs movements, strong swings of dose, feelings of persecution, , , mood, exhilaration, hallucinations, psychic dependence dilated pupils CODEINE OR OPIUM ? Drunk appearance, lack of ? Empty bottles or cough medicine ? Causes addiction ADDITIVES- coordination, confusion, excessive or paregoric itching ... all from large doses. Schoolboy Small doses exhibit little effect. MARIJUANA- ? Sleepiness, or talkative and a ? Smell of burnt leaves or rope ? Damage to liver, inducement to Joints sticks reefers pweed pot r fern o hilarious mood, enlarged pupils, with characteristic sweetish odor, take stronger drugs, act in manner , , , , , grass muggles , mooters I Indian ggl lack of coordination, craving for " " small seeds, brown or off-white dangerous to self or others. , , , hay locoweed Mu Mary Jane sweets, increased appetite, high cigarette paper, discolored fingers, Accident prone, anti-social , , , , o gigglesmoke, feeling, erratic behavior, loss of memory, distortions of time and pipes behavior jive space LSD, DMT, STP- ? Severe hallucinations, feelings of ? Strong body odor. Small tube of ? Suicidal tendencies, unpredicta- mescaline (Hallucinogens) Acid detachment, incoherent speech, liquid, tablets, capsules, ampuls ble behavior, brain damage from , cold sweaty hands and feet, of clear liquid. Small green or blue chronic usage. Hallucinations, vomiting, laughing, crying, tablets ... dotted pink and panic, accidental death, feeling of exhilaration or depression, suicidal white tablets persecution or homicidal tendencies, shivering, chills, with goose pimples, irregular breathing PEP PILLS- ? Aggressive behavior, giggling, ? Pills of varying colors, tablets or ? Hallucinations, death, from over- Bennies co-pilots ups footballs silliness, rapid speech, confused capsules, chain smoking, syringes dose, speeds rate of heart beat, , , , , hearts, speed, crystal (Ampheta- thinking, no appetite, extreme bad breath, fatigue dry mouth and may cause permanent heart damage or heart attacks loss of mines, Methamphetamine) , , shakiness, dilated pupils, sweating, , weight, addiction, mental derange- licks lips and rubs and scratches ment, suicidal depression may nose excessively, chain smoking, accompany withdrawal extreme restlessness, and irri- tability, violence, and a feeling of persecution, abcesses GOOF BALLS- ? Drowsiness, stupor, dullness, ? Tablets or capsules of varying ? Death from overdose, addiction, Downs red birds yellow jackets slurred speech, drunk appearance, colors, syringes unconsciousness, coma, convul- , , , blue heavens, barbs (Barbiturates) vomiting, sluggish, gloomy, staggers, quarrelsome, incoordina- sions, psychosis or death from abrupt withdrawal tion, with no alcohol odor on breath COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DRUG ABUSE: A. Changes in school attendance, discipline and grades. B. Change in the character of homework turned in. C. Unusual flare-ups or outbreaks of temper. D. Poor physical appearance. E. Furtive behavior regarding drugs and possessions. F. Wearing-of sun- glasses:at inappropriate times to hide dilated or constricted pupils. G. Long-sleeved shirts worn constantly to hide needle marks. H. Association with known drug abusers. I. Borrowing of money from students to purchase drugs. J. Stealing small items from school, K. Finding the'student In odd places during the day such as closets, storage rooms, etc., to take drugs.. 40 Sanitized - Approved For Rele hcIA-RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved Fo'4E :EIT RDP78-04724A000800100001-6 Sanitized - Approved F I I-RDP78-O4724AOOO8OO1OOOO1-6