Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 21, 2000
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
June 20, 1966
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PDF icon CIA-RDP78-06365A000600050025-5.pdf224.49 KB
q Approved For Reled%A 2000/09/08 : CIA- 8-0636riA000600050025-5 20 June 1966 1. Why Histories? The DD/P, with considerable foresight, has initiated a comprehensive program for writing histories of the various components of the Clandestine Services and their respective operations and activities. This program has been under way Z 1 O,oc for a year and a half, and historical contributions of inter- O est and value are being received at a gratifying rate. Q Historical programs are equally important for the other A U 0 CA Directorates. They should produce systematic records of theirs .C organizations, operations, activities, procedures, successes v~ ft- d and failures; of the concepts leading to the formation of t 9 pp their various components, policy decisions laid down for thei atc_ guidance, and the various authorities and agreements und '~1 er I g M d which they have conducted their activities. Such a systematics ...~ZZ record of the past; is basic to enlightened planning for the future. 2. Who will use them? Historical papers will provide: a. A documented record of previous programs, activi- ties, and experiences (together with appropriate conclu- sions) as background for those engaged in operational, organizational and policy planning. b. A helpful summary for the orientation of new office, division, or branch chiefs and other key officers. Approved For Release 20290/08 : CIA-RDP78-06365A000600050025-5 VVM '_K'111 QAIMi 41- Approved For ReleWe 2000/0~%FI~g4~8-06365A000600050025-5 c. A ready backstop for senior officers in testing their opinions and judgments of new demands and changing programs. d. An historical frame of reference for initiating new activities and resolving difficult problems. e. A source of background material as required by senior Agency management. f. An aid to training. g. Contributions to "Studies in Intelligence." 3. How Will the Historical Program be Organized? a. Historical Staff The Historical Staff is part of the Office of the Director of Central Intelligence. A project has been approved for this staff providing a minimum of personnel to encourage and assist in historical programs for the DD/I, DD/S&T, and DD/S. The Project Manager will be re- sponsible for organizing these programs and to this end will work closely with the Historical Boards and Historical Officers proposed below. b. Historical Boards Historical Boards should be established under the jurisdiction of the Deputy Directors for Intelligence, Science and Technology, and Support to set the terms of reference for the several historical programs, determine what histories are to be written, and provide continuing guidance and review in the preparation of histories. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP78-06365A000600050025-5 CONFIDENTIAL COEIEt4TAApproved For Releare 2000/09/08 :-.C1A- 8-0636i~A000600050025-5 c. Historical Officers Each major component of the three directorates should designate a senior officer as Historical Officer who will be responsible for coordinating historical matters within his component and will be the point of contact for the Project Manager. 4. Who will write the Histories? In general it would be impractical to ask staff officers to write lengthy chronological histories of major components in addition to their other duties. However, they could well be assigned to writing short monographs or special papers on sub- jects with which they are intimately acquainted. The problem of long hisotries can be attacked in two other ways. a. Each major component in a Deputy Directorate should identify capable staff employees who intend to retire within 6 - 12 months (this should be projected over a four year period). In many cases such staff employees can be relieved of regular duties and assigned to writing historical papers. b. Each major component could contract with annui- tants to write historical papers - whereas ceilings are tight, there are usually sufficient funds for such a pur- pose, although the number of contracts should be held to a minimum. Approved For Release 2000/ 14 l a IX L8-06365A000600050025-5 FJDF n i Approved For Rel a 2000/09/08 ~-?+A78-063000600050025-5 5. What Should be Included in the Histories? A history should state not only what was done, but how and why it was done. Normally the various facets of subject matter should be woven into a chronological narrative. Using evidence in context, honest conclusions can be drawn regarding the extent of success and failure and the reasons there- for. But the factual narrative should not be interlarded with editorializing, and personal opinion should not be substituted for objective exposition. Every writer has to use his own style, but unity in writing, a singleness of effect, and a well-proportioned product are pro- moted by outlining in advance and by keeping the presentation chronological. Good judgment is required as to the relative importance of material and corresponding emphases in presentation. Some of the topics that should be included in an historical paper are: a. Mission: How was the initial mission or function of a component determined? What changes have there been over the years? Were these changes due to experience, policy guidance, changing world conditions, addition of new functions? Under what authorities and, agreements was the initial mission assigned and what authorities and agree- ments controlled later change and redirection of effort. b. Organization: Original organization. Changes in organizational structure: due to experience, increased re- quirements, change in scope of mission, budgetary or man- power limitations? Approved For Release 00/0M, t P7 8-06365A000600050025-5 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Relapase 2000/09/08=5GIA-RDP78-069!i5A000600050025-5 c. Relationships: with other agency components, USI.B agencies;, other government departments and agencies, foreign governments, etc. d. Problems & Methods: Over the years what problems have arisen and what methods have been used to resolve them? How was administration and management improved, or what new methods were adopted to cope with broadening activities and increasing work load? In addition to the narrative chronological history many com- ponents will produce monographs dealing with special activities or operations, committees they have chaired or on which they have been represented, etc. Monographs are suggested so that the logical flow of the narrative will not be interrupted by lengthy dissertations on specific, and often unusual activities. Documents may often provide insufficient material. If so, it will be necessary to debrief knowledgeable individuals. 6. What Classification and Dissemination? Each major component will determine the classification of its own historical papers. When possible, classification should be no higher than secret. One copy of each historical paper will be deposited in the' office of the appropriate Deputy Director and included in the catalog of the Deputy Director's histories. The master copy will be retained in the office of origin. Any further dissemination will be determined by the office of origin. Approved For Release 2001fi'D P78-06365A000600050025-5