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December 9, 2016
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August 24, 2000
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PDF icon CIA-RDP78-06365A001000050014-2.pdf103.03 KB
Approved For Release 2400/09/08 : CIA-RDP78-06365A00 000050014-2 P1 o r PAI ? .I suspect I am one of several old timer training administrators who, regrettably late in life, took or found the leisure to read extensively into the instructional systems which have been developed in the last decade--including Programmed Instruction. I note in the PI field that certain semantic problems still persist=how many m's in programming, when does one capitalize Program, the use of Programmed Instruction when Programmed Learning is meant--to name but a few, note also with regret that the proponents of Programmed Instruction have succumbed to the Governmental practice of alphabetizing everything. This was perhaps inevitable, but before the final shingle is nailed on the PI edifice, may I make a plea for consideration of PAI-Prograrri. Assisted Instruction. Psychologists deserve tremendous credit for the development of PI, but the psychologist who inserted that little word assistance into CAI stole the show for the Computer Instruction people! He, or she, was a master of sound. human psychology. By adding the little word assistance CAI gained a host of friends among conventional teachers who are still doubtful as to whether P1 will ultimately eliminate their jobs. This is, of course, poppycock, but it is also understandable if you think back to some of the early and monstrous claims made for the teaching machines and PIS These claims carried the, at least, implied connotation that Machines and Programs would replace conventional courses and, ultimately, teachers. And, don't we really mean Program Assisted Instruction? Isn't there a trend toward the use of programming in conjunction with conventionally taught courses rather than as a complete replacement? I sense in my Johnny ,come-lately role that the most demon- strably successful uses of PI are those where P1 is a part of a conventionally taught course--sometimes the most difficult part SOX NO. FLD NO._-DOC. N4.ILNO CHANGE 168 IN CLASS! !DECLASS! (CLASS IIANGED TO: IS S C RET. JUST. NEXT REV DATE ' &r;,V -. Ti 7 / /0 EVIEWES~'~ Z2 TYPE DOC..3 - NO. pGSE.CREAT1O:nl DATE ORG CO PLlL_ORG CLASSJ4... REV GLASS.1#V COORD,. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP78-06365A001000050014-2 Approved For Release;, 00/09/08: CIA-RDP78-06365AO0011000050014-2 to teach and often the most arduous. I sense also that programmed courses tend to be more successful when used by a teacher who is regularly if not constantly in attendance. And, call me Judas if you will, I sense also that some of those PI courses of the earlier years, or which the most monstrous claims were made, were those which :ls.i.med to be able to replace completely the conventional course and teacher., It may be too late or undesirable to pull the rusted nail in the weathered PI shingle. But at least we can talk and think PAL - - Program Assisted Instruction--if we believe in it! At the least we'd earn the gratitude of the growing body of U. S, Government instructors to whom P1 has for years stood for Photographic Interpretation or Photographic Intelligence. More importantly I believe, we'd still draw into the fold a number of the un-ommitted who are prepared to overfly PI to the greener but untested pastures of CAI, STATINTL Coordinator Instructional Systems Study, C. I. A. Approved For Release 2000/09/08 : CIA-RDP78-06365AO01000050014-2