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December 28, 2016
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July 26, 2000
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August 1, 1963
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Approved For Release 2001/08/21 :CIA-RDP78B04560A000800010059-6 Copy ~`~;. ~~`"~ ~ ~'? - NPIC/R-204/63 7 Pages August 1963 LAUNCH COMPLEXES C AND H TYURA TAM MISSILE TEST CENTER, USSR This document contains classified information affecting the national security of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws U. S. Code Title 18, Sections 793 and 794. The law prohibits its transmission or the revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorized person, as well as its use in any manner prejudicial to the sofety or interest of the United States or for the benefit of any foreign government to the detriment of the United States. It is to be seen only by personnel especially indoctrinated and authorized to receive TALENT.KEYHOLE information. Its security must be maintained in accordance with KEYHOLE and TALENT regulations. NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CENTER Approved For Release 2001/08/21 :CIA-RDP78B04560A000800010059-6 Approved~r~ele~~/081~'r~ RDA LAUNCH COMPLEXES C AND H TYURA TAM MISSILE TEST CENTER, USSR Launch Complex C (45-57N 63-39E) is area (Figures 2 and 3). The rail spur into the located 25 nautical miles (nm) northeast of the launch area appears to have had very little or Support Base and 15 nm east of Launch Com- no use since the construction of the complex plex A (Figure 1). It consists of aroad-served was completed. The main approach roads and launch area and arail- and road-served support the long axes of the pads are oriented on an +-i- RAILROAD SURFACED ROAD -~F- FENCE -o- POWER LINE ~ SA-2 SAM SITE SA-O SAM SITE ~1 LAUNCH ` C,UN `I SUPPORTI AREA i COMPLEX C --'~ NCO ALEX E i COMPLEX B--- + ~\ _ ,/f~--COMPLEX H ~ ~(~ I SAM SUPPORT ~~~. _~ /' I ~ U~G L I SUPPORT \ ROAD dC.~x1, 1 //~ AREA \ ~~ \ ~ ENTRAL \ ...rSU PPORT \ FACILITY ~ \__ \ ~-~ ?F.(]' ~ WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES (;%~ MAIN POWER PLANT HOUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS AREA 8 Ap p rove cLVe I ~~~~~08/~'~ RD~~~~4560A000800010059-6 Approved For Releas~~1/0$~~ NPIC /R-204/63 ~ ~-RC~ X00010059-6 OR ROAD N ORIGINAL LIMITS ADDED SINCE ~_~ RAILROAD --~t- F E N C E CANTED BLDGS ~ BLDG 90'X30 U/1 OBJECT BURIED t5o'xa5' STRUCTURE S 725 U/C ' 500 0 500 7000 C' CZ ~ y?E x , 105.y C3 FEET (AP PRO X) , i ~ I i ~ X ? 75` 90' x so'~ ERECTOR/LAUNCHER 80RR0 3"` PITS BURIED TANKS ,s ~, $fs? VEHICLE/EQUIPMENT ' 770, PREPARED PARKING 770 X ~ " ' 95'X 35~ X AREA ~ ? . ' 85, ao 60'X45' ;~` COMPLEX H-~ See Figure 3 ^ MOUNDS COMPLEX D SUPPORT AREA ~- BYPASS ROAD TO COMPLEX D-~ 25X1 D azimuth of degrees. Two significant features were evident in the construction timing sequence of Complex C. These were the identification of the first road 25X1D mobile system (pads C1 andC2),observedunder 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D construction on and the expansion of the complex for a third pad (C3), begun sometime between Pads C1 and C2 were the prototypes and the signatures for the deployed soft ICBM site identified at Yurya in and subsequently designated a Type II site.. This report supplements existing studies, em- phasizing facilities not covered in detail pre- viously, and reviewing some of the more signifi- cant items: , Little or no change has taken place in the area of the two original launch pads (C 1 and C2) since At that -time the launch ? 25X1 D area measured approximately 2,500 by 2,400 Approved For Releas~~~/O~~I~~D~~0~~60~~~0010059-6 Approved For~~~as~ ~21 .~~~f`P7~OA000800010059-6 NPIC/R-204/63 ROAD ~~ RAILROAD POSS ELECTRONI * FENCE CS- ASSOCIATED FACILITY ~ BLDG ~88E U/I OBJECT POSS BURIED TANKS 500 0 500 1000 FEET (APP RO X) CHECKOUT BLDG ~ ~ 260' X 130' CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS STORAGE AREA 11 BLDGS 130 X 40~ 25X1 D 25X1 D feet and consisted of aheart-shaped road pattern, a rail spur, 2 pads, a bunker, 4 buildings, and 2 buried tanks. The two borrow pits, and the structure between them for loading earth fill into trucks, are still evident inside the loop road. Two vehicle/equipment parking areas, located in the southwest corner of the fenced area, have been added since Construction of the two missile-ready build- ings serving the complex, located in the support area southwest of the launch area, was begun sometime between - They are situated east of the assembly and checkout building, and measure about 150 by 90 feet. Launch Area A at Yurya (Figure 4) is a good example of this remote positioning of MISSIL E- REA DY BLDGS 50' X 90' missile-ready buildings at a deployed site. The drive-through missile-ready buildings identified on photo coverages of Launch Area B at Yurya, Areas B and C at Verkhnyaya Salda, and Area A at Plesetsk are located closer (approximately 900 feet) to the pads. The configuration of pads and ready buildings at these five launch areas has been designated Type II (Mod a). Another variation of the Type II site, with drive-in rather than drive-through missile-ready build- ings, has the ready buildings separated and in line with the pad; this configuration has been designated Type II (Mod b). The launch area was expanded approxi- mately 1,000 feet eastward between - Approved Fo~as~~~9~/~~21 ~~P OA000800010059-6 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Re1~20Q~~~/~'IS:~CIA~~04 NPIC/R-204/63 25X1 D The first evidence of construction of pad 25X1 D C3 was observed on the coverage, but poor photo quality and snow precluded de- 25X1 D tailed interpretation. Photography of ~ 25X1 D provided the first good indica- 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D tion of the four buildings which are located along the offset road between pads C2 and C3. These four buildings have a north/south alignment west of the offset road. Identification of several deployed sites of this signature shows that the buildings may be to either side of the road. Launch Site A at Kostroma (Figure 5) is a good example of a deployed site of this signature. Photography of was of fair-to-poor quality and provided little additional data on the complex. A missile erected on pad C2 and at least seven vehicles in the pad area were identified on photography of . The configuration of pad C3, with the erector/launcher on the pad, could be 5`8?'~~00800010059-6 identified also. Only minor additions or changes could be observed in the complex generally. A Y-shaped pattern observed behind pad C2 on - was probably an open trench; the 25X1 D pattern did not appear on coverage of - 25X1 D At least three buildings 25X1 D could be identified under construction in the southwest corner of the support area in- 25X1 D ~, and at least nine other buildings could 25X1 D be identified in that area on photography of The construction timing indicates that these buildings are prob- ably associated with Launch Complex H. The most significant items identified on were two new canted buildings 25X1 D located on the east side of pad C2. The build- ings measure about 90 by 30 feet and are canted at angles of about 45 and 135 degrees to the pad. A similar structure appeared to be under con- struction inside of and near the north end of pad C3. None of these structures was present in Approved For Rele~ 2,001~~/,~'I,:,~A-~~45~800010059-6 Approved For set ~,~~$1 : ~~78 NPIC /R -204/63 25X1 D 25X1 D Possible construction of this type of canted building has also been observed at deployed sites at Drovyanaya, Sites C (Figure 6) and D, and Verkhnyaya Salda, Sites H and I. Although the buildings could not be identified at the deployed sites, clearings canted at or near the proper angles were identified. The canted buildings are a further modification of Type II sites designated Mod c. Additional minor variations have been observed both at Complex C and at a number of deployed Type II sites. No major changes could be observed at Launch Complex C on photography of NPIC H-4188 8/831 .electronics facility (Figure 7), which are prob- FIGURE 6. LAUNCH SITE C, DROVYANAYA, Launch Complex H (45-58N 63-41E), identi- fied in is located 27 nm northeast of the Support Base and 2 nm east of Launch ComplexC (Figure 1). It includes a rail- and road-served launch area and an ably served by the support area at Launch Complex C. The complex was in an early stage of construction in -and the type of site could not be determined. There was no evidence of construction in 25X1 D the launch area and only a few old trails were 25X1 D ? 25X1 D with the main road between Launch Complexes B, C, and D, had also been constructed. The rail spur terminates at a large, irregular- shaped, shallow excavation near the center of the launch area. The excavation contains two small structures or buildings; one appears to apparent on photography of By a rail spur had been constructed into the launch area from the support area at Complex C. A hard-surfaced road, connecting the launch area be rectangular and the other is nearly square. Two smaller, nearly rectangular, excavations also appear in the launch area. No launch pads or silos can be identified. Eight large buildings, one of which is still under construc- tion, and three smaller buildings are located within the launch area. Four large buildings. at the north end of the area form an uneven cross, with an unidentified object at the inter- section of projected lines between opposite buildings. The launch area is not fenced. A triangular-shaped secured area one nm southeast of the launch area encloses .an L-shaped probable interferometer in an early stage of construction. Only one leg of the facility, 1,200 feet long, is visible and the location of the other leg can be determined only from ground scarring. At the intersection of the two legs there appears to be a small shallow excavation. No buildings are apparent in the area. The probable support area for Launch Com- plex His 3 nm southwest of the launch area, just south of the housing area in the support area Approved F~~~lea~~/21~~P7~60A000800010059-6 Approved For Red' 2 NPIC/K-204/63 790' X 25' CIS 180' X 30'~~~ .per- ~250~ X 25' S 00' X 30' ~ 70' X 80 ~~ / S 20' X 25' f 05' X 25 ~ S 00' X 50' SHALLOW EXCAVATION I ~ U/C ~ '~BO COMPLEX C SUPPORT AREA 50' X 40' ~ BLDG R7AB& U/I OBJECT ? EXCAVATION ROAD ~-~ RAILROAD ~ FENCE for Launch Complex C. Construction timing features of the support area suggest its associa- tion with Complex H.. In _ there was no evidence of construction in the support area, but three buildings were under construction in the area contained an increased amount of open storage; 11 large storage/barracks buildings, two of which were under construction; and two small buildings at the end of .the rail spurs. An increase in ma- terial in the open storage area that supported Complex C during construction also indicated the same area was being used to support Complex H. The poor quality of photography of Launch Complex H on limited interpretation to identification only. Approved For Rele~~01,~~1~1~~A-F~~~45 ELECTRONICS FACILITY ~~800010059-6 Approved For F~ NPIC/R-204/63 DESPA. Series 1, Sheet NL 41-8, 1st ed, Nov 62, scale 1:250,000 (TOP SECRET RUFF) RELATED DOCUMENTS NPIC. R-50/63, Launch Complex C, Tyura Tam Missile Test Center, Apr 63 (TOP SECRET CHESS RUFF) NPIC. R-59/62, Missile Test Center, Tyura Tam, USSR: Changes and Addition Apr 62 (TOP SECRET CHESS RUFF) NPIC. PIC/JR-8/61, Tyura Tam Missile Test Center, USSR -Aug 61 (TOP SECRET CHESS RUFF) REQUIREMENTS AF 2-63 OST/R=147.63 NPIC PROJECT JN-79/63 (partial answer) Approved Flea~~~~~~ Approved For Release 2~i(~~~a;~-RDP78B04560A000800010059-6 Approved For Releasefi/~~IR:~1A-RDP78B04560A000800010059-6