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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 28, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 24, 2003
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September 1, 1963
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25X1 C 01700010041-5 N P I C/R-1440/63 September 1963 TYURA TAM MISSILE TEST CENTER, USSR Declass Review by NIMA/DOD SECRET GROUP I Excluded I.om a dow railing and declnsealica~ion 25XTC Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States, within the meaning of Title 18, sections 793 and 794, of the U.S. Code, as amendod. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. SECRET Approved For Release 2 T 1013/1015/15: - 560A001700010041-5 25X1 C PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION REPORT TYURA TAM MISSILE TEST CENTER, USSR NP I C/R-1440/63 September 1963 NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CENTER Approved For Release 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041 X1 C SECRET Approved ForL~'jtse 2003/05/15 . - 04560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R - 1440/63 Page INTRODUCTION .......................................... 1 RANGEHEAD ............................................ 2 Launch Complex A . ... .... ... . . ..... ........ ........ .. . 2 Launch Area ....................................... 2 Launch Support Area .. .............. . ..... . ....... .. .. 9 Launch Complex B ........... ... . .... . ..... .... .. ...... 15 Launch Area ..... .. ............ ..... .... ... ..... 15 Launch Support Area ... .. ..... .. ..... ... . ............. 18 Launch Complex C . .. ...... .. ..... .. ... ... . ............ 18 Launch Area ....................................... 20 Launch Support Area . ...... ... .. ... .. . ..... ..... ... .. . 21 SUPPORT BASE .......................................... 22 Operational Support Facilities .. . . . . ... . . ... .... 22 Communications Facilities .. . .. ... .. . .. ... .. .......... .. 22 Propellant Production and Storage Facility .. ..... . . ... ..... .. 26 Logistical Support Facilities ........ ..... .. ........... ... . 28 Central Support Facility .... .. .. . ..... . .. ....... ...... . 28 Water Treatment, Storage, and Distribution Facilities . ........ .. 28 Transportation Facilities ..... ..... ........ ...... .. ... . 31 Power Production and Distribution Facilities ................. 31 Storage and Construction Support Area ......... ......... .... 33 Administrative Support Facilities .. .. ..... ... ... .......... .. 34 INSTRUMENTATION FACILITIES ...... .. .. .. .................. 34 Rangehead Instrumentation .......... . . . ..... ... ... .. .. .... 34 Instrumentation Sites ..... .. ..... . ..... .. ........ .. ... 35 Instrumentation Control Center ... .. . . ... ........... ..... . 35 Interferometer .. .. .. ........ ... .. ...... .. ........... 37 Downrange Instrumentation Sites ....... . ..... ..... ... .. ... .. 41 Probable Terminal Range Instrumentation ...... ........ ....... 42 Communications Center Near Klyuchi ...... .. .. ............ .. 44 REFERENCES ........................................... 46 SECRET 25X1 C Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05 E T 78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 C NPIC/R-1440/63 Page Figure 1. Location of Tura Tam Missile Test Center .... .......... . I Figure 2. Tyura Tam Missile Test Center ..... . ..... ... ....... 3 Figure 3. Launch Area, Launch Complex A .. ............ . ..... .. 5 Figure 4. Concept of Launch Structure, Launch Complex A ..... .. . .. .. 6 Figure 5. Diagram of Launch Structure, Launch Complex A . ........ .. 7 Figure 6. Launch Support Area, Launch Complex A ...... ... ... .. ... 10 & 11 Figure 7. Concept of Rail-Through Building At Facility No. 1 ... ...... . 12 Figure S. Concept of Road- and Rail-Through Building At Facility No. 2 . . . 12 Figure 9. Launch Complex B ... . . .. . . ... .. . ...... .... ....... 16 Figure 10. Launch Area, Launch Complex B ............ . ...... . . .. 17 Figure 11. Launch Support Area, Launch Complex B .. . .. . ..... ... ... 19 Figure 12. Launch Complex C . ... .. . . ... .... . ..... . ..... . . ... 20 Figure 13. Launch Complex C . ... .. .... ... .. . . ......... ...... 21 Figure 14. Support Base ................. ............... . .. . 23 Figure 15. Communications Area A .. . ... ... . ...... .. ....... ... 24 Figure 16. Communications Area B . .. ... ... . . ..... . . ..... . . . .. 24 Figure 17. Communications Area C . . . ..... .. .......... ... ..... 26 Figure 18. Propellant Production and Storage Facility ...... ... ..... . . 27 Figure 19. Central Support Facility . ....... .. ...... . .... .... . ... 29 Figure 20. Water Treatment Facilities ... . ... .. ........ .. ....... 30 Figure 21. Main Power Plant .... .. ... .. ......... ..... .... .... 32 Figure 22. Storage and Construction Support Area .. . ......... ....... 33 Figure 23. Instrumentation Around Launch Complex A ................ 36 Figure 24. Instrumentation Control Center and Interferometer .......... 37 Figure 25. Downrange Instrumentation ............... ........ ... 39 Figure 26. Probable Terminal Range Instrumentation ................ 41 Figure 27. Instrumentation Site A .. .......... ..... ........ .... 42 Figure 28. Instrumentation Site B . .................... ...... .. 43 Figure 29. Possible Instrumentation Site C ..... ........ ..... ..... 44 Figure 30. Probable Instrumentation Site E ... .. ... ..... .......... 44 Figure 31. Radio Communications Center Near Klyuchi ........ ....... 44 Figure 32. Probable Instrumentation Site D . ... .... ...... ........ . 45 SECRET 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15?'~I-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D The Tyura Tam Missile Test Center (TTMTC), located at 45-55N 63-18E(Figure 1), was covered by photography in early and in late The test center is situated in an area that permits considerable expansion of facilities. In fact, during the interval between the first and last coverage, the Soviets began to expand the center, particularly the launch facilities. At the time of the 0 coverages, one launch complex and the Support Base were the only components of the TTMTC. By construction had begun on a second launch complex, and most of the facilities under construction at the time of the earlier NOR Tit !1 .TH. : NORWAY `aT SWEDEN SFA' FINLAND 1 r~-~. _- \ 'Kaliningrad rad 4 Brest ARA L SLAB Mulmans`k RENTS SEA Karaganda \ TYURA TAM MISSILE TEST CENTER i Krasnodarsk J rk,? iavka! ~ -- '- BERING FAST'SIBER]AN ri ~/ SEA Anadyr Komsomolsk ? Svobodnyy SEA OF OKHOTSK Approved For Release 2oy3/b 15 : CIA-RD 78B04560A001700010041-5 coverage had been completed. The photography plex was under construction. Heavy cloud cover, however, precluded determining the status of the first two launch complexes. The direction of fire of the TTMTC ap- parently is to the northeast, and the impact area apparently is on the Kamchatka Peninsula, about 3,400 nautical miles (nm) to the northeast. Some of the downrange instrumentation facilities were covered by the photography of late II and the probable terminal range instru- raphy 0 AFGHANISTAN ~C. CHINA Hnondoires and n n nor n s iily PAKISTAN rhoso recoyniooJ by rho/U. S, Gooeinmenr 25X SECRET Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 NPIC/R - 1440/63 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/ I 25X1 C The launch facilities of the TTMTC and their immediate support facilities are located generally north of the village of Tyura Tam. As of 0 they consisted of three launch complexes in various stages of con- struction (Figure 2). Launch Complex A, together with its immediate support facilities, is located at 45-55N 63-18E. Launch Com- plex B is located at 46-O1N 63-33E. Launch Complex C, which was in an early stage of construction, is located at 45-58N 63-39E. Other support facilities that service the entire TTMTC are located along the main road and rail spur that serve the launch com- plexes and south of the village of Tyura Tam. Launch Complex A consists of a launch area and a launch support area. Analysis of .the photography of the complex reveals that all facilities probably were complete at the time of the lat coverage, in- dicating that launching and static firing could have been conducted at that time and for a limited period before then. The launch area of Complex A (Figure 3) is enclosed by two parallel security fences situated 160 feet apart and measures 2,925 by 1,625 feet. Just inside the outer fence and parallel to it is a series of light poles spaced 120 feet apart, probably used for night security. Guard towers are located at the four corners of the launch area and at intervals along the fence. A security building is situated near the rail and road entrances to the area. The single-track rail line that serves the launch area approaches the launch structure on a manmade embankment O feet high and branches into five separate spur lines, four of which terminate on the launch structure. The fifth spur leads into a building adjacent to the launch platform. Several major drainage ditches crisscross the launch area. At the eastern end of the launch area is a pear-shaped pit that measures 880 by 550 feet, the long axis of which is oriented east- west. The pit (Figures 4 and 5) is excavated along; two terraced levels and at its deepest point is Q feet below the launch platform. The lower terrace is Q feet above the bottom of the pit. The upper terrace is feet above the lower terrace and ^ feet below the launch platform. A ramp enters the pit from the eastern end and terminates at the foot of the launch structure. This ramp provides access to the pit for maintenance of the pit and the launch structure. Some of the earth excavated from the pit has been piled about 804 feet to the north- east, within the fenced launch area. The remainder may have been used to construct the rail embankment. At least nine instrumentation and obser- vation positions can be identified around the rim of the pit (Figure 3). These positions face toward the launch structure and generally are earth covered. Six of the positions are relatively small and probably house cameras and instruments. The remaining three are large observation bunkers. The largest of the three is served by a covered personnel passageway Approved For Release 2003/05 A-RDP78B04560A001700010041_?5X1 C 251 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X 25X1 D 25X1 D ApprovAkgr, elease 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP7 B04560A001700010041-5 CRATERS 25X1 r'Cl7rPPT Railroad Road Power Line Fence Water Pipeline 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MAIN POWER PLANT COMMUNICATIONS AREA B 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Release 2003/ CRT - P78B04560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R-1440/63 25X1 C from the road and is located along the rim of the pit at a point 300 feet south of the launch structure. One of the other two large ob- servation positions is a long bunker situated southeast of the launch structure, and the third is located at the eastern end of the pit. These positions provide ample close-in instrumen- tation to support firings at this launch area. The concrete launch platform (Figures 4 and 5), which overhangs the westernendof the pit, measures 135 feet square and is Ofeet above the bottom of the pit. The launch plat- form is supported by four concrete piers 30 feet wide that are spaced approximately 55 feet apart. The platform itself appears to be about 10 feet thick. At the bottom of the pit is a concrete structure that extends 135 feet beyond the launch platform. At the forward end and forming a part of the concrete structure is a sump measuring 110 by 75 feet. The top of this sump slopes downward toward the launch struc- ture at an angle of about Iegrees. Structural analysis of the sump suggests that it may be divided into three compartments, the outer two of which are 0 feet wide and the center one feet wide. Two concrete-lined trenches feet wide, F_J feet deep, and 60 feet long lead from the base of the launch structure into the two outer compartments of the sump. At the end of the trenches nearest the launch structure are two objects that may be sluice- ways, possibly used for propellant dumping. The face of the sump closest to the launch structure is at least 10 feet tall. It is there- fore probable that a flame deflector is located under the launch structure at a higher level than the top of the sump. A number of objects are located on the launch platform, many of which cannot be identified on the photography, because they are obscured by shadows or are located in the darkened areas. The most prominent objects on the launch platform are the service tower, located near the center of the platform, and the two 110-foot-high unidentified towers lo- cated at opposite corners of the platform. The launch platform is enclosed by a per- imeter fence or wall and is served by four rail spurs. One of the rail spurs leads into the darkened area in the center of the plat- form. A second spur leads onto the southern side of the platform. The third spur, which is centered between the other two, terminates just beyond the edge of the platform, and the fourth spur serves the northern part of the platform. 25X1 D A pair of rails feet apart, which may be a gantry-crane track, straddles the rail spur that leads into the darkened area of the platform. The service tower, which is situated over the darkened area in the approximate center of the platform, is meet high and widens from 0 feet at the top to a width sufficient to allow it to travel on the gantry track. The base of the tower, including the supporting struts, measures 75 feet across. The four corner struts that support the tower probably are not straight but extend vertically from points ap- proximately ^ feet from the center of the tower to a height of 25 to 30 feet, then bend sharply to meet the tower approximately half- way up. This configuration may facilitate the movement of equipment in the vicinity of the tower base. One of the two 110-foot-high unidentified towers on the launch platform is located on the northeast corner on a lip that extends 10 feet out over the pit. The other tower is lo- cated on the southwest corner of the platform. These towers have an array on top that is at least 5 feet wide and 10 feet high. 25XA6roved For Release 2003/05/ -RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 2541 25X1 D 25X'k 25X1D 25X1 A0provedt.For Release 2003/05/11: CIA-FZ DP78B0lW560A041700010041-5 l NATURAL DRAINAGE BASIN rc WORKSHOP' SUPPORT `~ - BLDG BOOSTER PUM PH OU SE nuwuuuLUUUriluuwuu iulll~"~t?li.u ~' - s vri~cirv a~ nr_ %iin ul-(II Illlll~!? OBSERVATION BUNKER Railroad Trench Road -- Water Pipe Line (Buried) -Road (Built-Up) -?-Power Line n7TMt - Fence ? Instrumentation Station SPOIL LIGHT POLES 25X1 P__, 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2003/ P78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D NPIC/R-1440/63 FIGURE 4. CONCEPT OF LAUNCH STRUCTURE, LAUNCH COMPLEX A. A line drawn between the two unidentified towers on the platform bisects the service tower, and an extension of the line to the south- west bisects a large interferometer-type in- strumentation site located in the support area. An extension of this line to the northeast suggests the probable azimuth of fire and the alignment of the test range. Immediately northwest of the launch plat- form is a flat-roofed rectangular probable pro- pellant shed that measures E~y = feet and= feet high. The shed is open at least on the north side, where there are six supports .equally spaced at 0 intervals. The east end of the shed is protected by an earth em- bankment, although this would not provide ade- quate protection from an explosion on the nearby launch platform. The shed could be used as an immediate storage point for rail cars carrying propellant because of the rail line that enters it. The propellant loading or topping of an erected missile could be accomplished from this point by the use of underground piping. The shed probably is not used as a missile-hold or temporary storage facility. 25X1 D coverages, a 25X1 C The control bunker for the launch area is located approximately 600 feet north of the launch platform (Figure 3). This structure, which is earth covered, measures 145 by 110 feet, and its top is approximately feet be- low the level of the launch platform. Ground has been cleared between the bunker and the launch platform to provide line of sight, and, the two were connected by a cable tray that extended about 200 feet across the open pit. The bunker is in line with the service tower and appears to have some in- struments or objects, possibly periscopes, on its roof. an additional object or vent was located at each corner of the bunker, but 0 that at the northwest corner had been removed. The northwest corner has also been identified as the probable personnel entrance for the bunker. II a new prob- able cable conduit and passageway had been constructed. This new conduit apparently parallels the old cable tray to the point out over the pit. At that point the new conduit turns and follows the approximate line of the upper terrace to the point where it joins the launch structure. The point at which it joins the launch structure is approximately 80 feet above the base of the pit and about 60 feet below the level of the platform. The new conduit is supported by several small vertical pillars, whereas the old tray was unsupported. A possible covered personnel passageway or cable line also leads from the bunker south- ward to the rail embankment near the probable propellant shed. Approved For Release 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78BO456OA00170001004~'W C SECRET probable cascade facility was built near the southwest corner of the launch platform. This facility measures 55 by 40 feet and is positioned approximately 135 feet from the service tower. 25%1 25X1 25XJ 25XLD 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X9 A 25X1 t: t- Approved For Release 2AWRT2 - 560A001700010041-5 25X1 D PROS PROPELLANT 1 SHED 25X1 D 25X1 D TOP VIEW 25X1 D U/1 TOWER POSS GANTRY TRACKS 25X1 D SERVI CE TOWER 25X1 D 25X1 D 'TRENCHES-~/ FIGURE 5. DIAGRAM OF LAUNCH STRUCTURE, LAUNCH COMPLEX A. -7- 25X SECRET Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 D RETAINING WALL \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\~ 25X1 D GRADING PIT BASE 60 SQ 60' 10 FOSS BASE OF ~SUPPO FLAME DEFLECTOR PIER 4 \0 RT 2E 25X1 D X1D 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 25X1 25X9 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2(01vg - 78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 D 25X9 Launch Support Area The launch support area for Launch Com- plex A extends for about 2 nm along the rail spur that serves the complex (Figure 6). The area contains various operational, technical, and service facilities. various additions were made within the area. (The Instrumentation Control Center, which is 25X1 located within the launch support area but which may serve the entire TTMTC, is discussed in the section on instrumentation facilities.) Operational Facilities. The major items in this group are two missile assembly and checkout facilities. Each is fenced and con- tains a large rail-through assembly and check- out building. In addition, each appears to have similar associated water, waste-disposal, and steam- or heat-producing facilities. Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No 1, the more northerly of the two, is lo- cated in a fenced area (770 by 545 feet) ad- jacent to the rail spur leading to the launch area. Except for the addition of two storage or shop-type buildings and two small unidenti- fied buildings, this facility did not change significantl. A four- 25X1 D track siding off the main rail spur serves the area. Three of the tracks pass through the assembly and checkout building and the fourth passes to the east of the building (Figure 7) This building measures 395 by 105 feet and 70 feet high. Several support and shop-type buildings, including a security buildingmeasur- ing feet, are located in the southern 25X1 D and eastern parts of the facility. A tall tower in diameter is located in the south- eastern corner of the facility and apparently is connected with Water Storage Tank Area A (not shown). Of the two storage or shop-type build- ings added to the facility, one, a gable-roofed building, measures 125 by 35 feet and is lo- cated to the northeast of the rail-through building. The other, a hip-roofed building, measures 160 by 55 feet and is located parallel to and on the west side of the rail-through building. Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No 2 is located at the southern end of the sup- port area. Just north of it is an explosives 9 - 25X1 D 25XI rSECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 Approved For Release MISSILE ASSEMBLY AND CHECKOUT FACILITY NO 2 WASTE-DISPOSAL FACILITY AIM Railroad Road Fence Revetment --- Water Pipeline Power Line --- Buried Cable Buried Tank 500 0 500 c FEET (APPROX) Approved For Release 2 40_ -RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 EXPLOS IVES STORAGE AND HANDLING AREA STEAM/HEAT PLANT POSS COAL THAWING BLDG 25X3 -/, MAINTENANCE AND Sj'OR4GF, FA ILjTY MOTOR POOL -\~? -~ AND OPEN ~.,;~TORAGE 25x1 Approved For Release NP IC/R -1440/63 MISSILE ASSEMBLY AND CHECKOUT FACILITY NO 1 25X1 D 25X1 SECRET ATHLETIC FIELD Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 25X1 SECRET Approved For Release 2C09105/15 : CIA-R P78B04560A001700010041-5 I- I NP IC /R -1440/ 63 25X1 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D FIGURE 7. CONCEPT OF RAIL-THROUG BU N AT FACILITY NO 1. storage and handling area which appears to be associated in some manner with the checkout facility. The assembly and checkout facility measures 4,400 by 1, 500 feet overall and narrows to 520 feet at either end. It is double fenced. The single rail line that serves the facility passes through the assembly and checkout build- ing and a siding bypasses the building on the east side (Figure 8). The siding rejoins the rail line south of the building. This building, the only large structure in the facility, measures 210 by 125 feet and has a monitor 175 by 60 feet on its northern end. Its overall height is approximately 70 feet. The road serving the facility was sur- faced I The main road parallels the assembly and checkout building on the west and continues to a storage area approximately 1,400 feet southwest of the build- ing. A loop road off the main road passes through the building. The road on each end of the building has a turning radius of 0 feet. The center area of the road on the north end is paved with a dark material which has FIGURE 8. CONCEPT OF ROAD- AND RAIL- BUILDING AT FACILITY NO 2. the appearance of asphalt. On each end of the building are two masts or poles, which function as lightning rods or as safety guide poles for rail- or truck-transported loads which enter or leave the building. These poles are equidistant on either side of the road and rail line that pass through the building and are E] feet apart and 20 feet from the building. A probable cooling tower, 10 feet square, is lo- cated approximately 80 feet southwest of the building. Da circular excavation was present at this point. Three small revetments were constructed between be- tween the security fences approximately 200 feet west-northwest of the large building. Just south of the drive-through building are two support-type buildings, one of which was built between The older building, located west of the rail line, measures The other building, located between the rail line and the siding, measures 50 by 25 feet. Three storage tanks in diameter, two north and one south of the drive -through building, were covered with earth Approved For Release 20 -RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 D 25XtD 25X1D 25X1 D 25X M 25X1 D 25,T1 25X1 D ,25X1D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D A probable security building, which measures 0 feet, is located west of the rail line as it enters the area. A water pipeline connecting Assembly and Checkout Facility No 2 with Water Storage Tank Area A was also completed between Approved For Release 2002 The explosives storage and handling area is fenced and is served by a concrete road0 feet wide. It contains a large, road-served, revetted concrete pad and a bunker or covered tank ^ feet in diameter. present in The concrete pad, which feet, is enclosed on three sides by an earthen revetment. Also associated with Assembly and Check- out Facility No 2 is a six-bed waste-disposal facility, located at the terminus of a drainage line that originates near the drive-through building. Technical Facilities. These facilities sup- port the technical activities at the launch com- plex. They consist of a group of centrally located, road-served fenced compounds which cover approximately 20 acres. These com- pounds contain at least 30 buildings of various sizes, the arrangement of which indicates a well-planned layout. Included, in addition to housing for technical personnel, are head- quarters and laboratory facilities and an un- 25X1 D identified technical facility. II the general 25X1 D 25X1 B RET 25X1 25X1 B Other housing includes 2 hip-roofed bar- racks measuring 150 by 45 feet, 6 gable-roofed barracks which average 150 by 45 feet, and one hip-roofed building feet. 25X1 D The headquarters and laboratory facilities consist of a large C-shaped building measuring overall, a gable-roofed build- 25X1 D ing 7__~ feet, a gable-roofed building 25X1 D 120 by 45 feet, a smaller building 35 by 15 feet, and five other structures of various sizes. The unidentified technical facility consists of a gable-roofed building 160 by 55 feet, a gable-roofed building 50 by 25 feet, and five smaller various-sized structures. Service Facilities. These facilities are those that actually provide service for the operational and technical facilities in the sup- port area. They include a rail transloading point, an initial construction camp, a main- tenance and storage facility, a personnel housing and storage area, a vehicle park, and waste- disposal and power facilities. The rail transloading point is located about 1,400 feet north of Assembly and Checkout Facility No 1. it consisted of a structure feet tall with an inclined conveyer, a trans- loading building measuring feet, and several small structures. By L_j the tall structure and conveyer had been removed, and a new conveyer had been added to one of the small buildings northwest of the trans- loading building. In the extreme northwest part of the support area is the initial construction camp. earth scars and hundreds of former tent bases were visible from earlier occupancy. The only permanent structures in the camp were located near the rail spur. the area had 25X1 SECRET area was clean and appeared complete, although there was room for expansion. The housing includes five gable-roofed buildings. Four measure feet and are paired off and fenced. The fifth is 85 by 55 feet and enclosed by a fence 315 by 140 feet. This larger building is possibly the Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Release 20??/ been fenced and encompassed about 60 acres. The addition of fencing and an athletic field indicated that the camp was still in use. At least 25 structures of various sizes were present in the cam The maintenance and storage facility, lo- cated generally between the two assembly and checkout facilities, is contained within a some- what triangular area, encompassing about 55 acres, bounded on two sides by rail tracks and on the third side by a hard-surfaced road. The facility contains a railroad car repair shop, a coal-storage yard, a probable water- pumping station, a combined motor pool and open-storage area, and a possible vehicle- maintenance area. The combined motor pool and open-storage area, fenced and measuring 500 by 400 feet, is near the center of the triangular area. It has three associated buildings. One under construction is 90 by 55 feet, one is 40 by 20 feet, and the third is 35 by 20 feet. This area is served by a graded road which curves to connect with the hard-surfaced road to the east. The possible vehicle -maintenance area, containing a large building 180 by 70 feet, is near the easternmost corner of the triangular area. The roof of the building is gabled at a very slight pitch and is separated by what appears to be three firewall projections across the width of the building. The roof is well vented. This building may be associated with vehicle maintenance since ii=there were approximately 20 miscellaneous vehicles parked nearby. However the building seems unreason- ably large for this purpose. A structure 15 feet square and approxi- mately 20 feet tall is located 35 feet from the southern end of the building. The top of the structure appears to be open. Its relation to the building has not been determined. West of the large building and near its north end is a rectangularly shaped stockpile measuring 210 by 20 feet. The pile arches and is 25 feet tall at its highest point. The contents of the stockpile could not be identified. An L-shaped gable-roofed building is located 280 feet west of the large building. The personnel housing and storage area (not shown in Figure 6) is southeast of the technical facilities. The area encompasses about 137 acres and contains numerous barracks- type buildings, earth-covered bunkers or pre- fabricated storage buildings, and warehouse- type buildings, in addition to motor pool and maintenance facilities. The vehicle park (not shown), which is fenced and measures 525 by 340 feet, is about 600 feet southeast of the Instrumentation Con- trol Center. The park contains five buildings, three of which probably are vehicle sheds, and two earth mounds. Two waste-disposal facilities serve the sup- port area. One, near Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No 1, consists of six treat- ment beds with an overall measurement of 650 by 450 feet. A ditch 600 feet long and 35 feet wide extends northward from the perimeter ditch of the disposal facility. The second disposal facility, located at the end of a water pipeline, is associated with Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No 2. It consists of six treatment beds having over- all dimensions of 350 by 270 feet A ditch . ^ feet wide and 860 feet long leads south from the disposal facility to a drainage pit 150 feet square. The power facilities at the launch support area consist of a substation, a steam/heat plant, and a steam/power plant. The substation, which receives power from the main power plant and distributes it by overhead lines and bur- ied cables, is fenced. The steam/heat plant is 25X1 Approved For Release,/b? C.IA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 I I --I _1 25X1 Wa 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Release 2 located near the entrance to Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No 2. It measures Q feet, has a pile of coal near it, and is served by a short rail siding over which is located a possible thawing building, 100 by 25 feet. Although no pipelines are visible between this plant and the large drive-through building, it is believed that this plant provides either steam or heat to the large building. The steam/power plant may serve the large drive-through building at Missile Assembly and Checkout Facility No I in a similar manner, as well as providing a standby source of power. Construction of this complex was in an early stage when it was first identified in The complex is located approximately 15 nm northeast of Launch Com- plex A and is served by a single-track rail line that branches from the line that serves Complex A. Paralleling the rail line is a road- way 25 feet wide a power line, and for a water line. The launch area contains a large pit, a launch structure, an excavation for a control bunker, a tanklike structure, a checkout build- ing, and several miscellaneous features in varying stages of construction (Figure 10). the launch area was enclosed by a single fence, except along the northeast side. The fenced area is rectangular, measures 4,400 by 1,325 feet, and covers about 135 acres. No guard towers or a security build- ing are evident. The rail line enters the area at the southeast end and terminates near the checkout building, which was under con- struction~ The rail line probably was to be extended to the launch structure. The ditch for the water line terminates at a point on the rail embankment outside the fenced area. No communications facilities, land. lines, or buried cables can be identified. The pit measures about 600 by 525 feet and is oriented along a northwest-southeast axis. It is estimated that at its lowest point the pit is about 100 feet below ground level. No terraces, such as those at Complex A, have been made. A construction road enters the pit from the northwest edge and leads to the base of the pit where the launch structure was being constructed. Three large spoil piles are located in the immediate vicinity of the pit. Much of the spoil probably came from the pit, but some is the result of additional excavation in the launch area. A conveyer appeared to be in use on the northeast end of the pit, leading from the pit through a cut in the edge to a large spoil pile. One or two cuts or roadways in the edge of the pit may have been similarly used. Vhe launch structure was under construction near the southeast end of the pit. Although only one side of the structure can be measured, it appears to be 110 feet square. The vertical members, only the front two of which are visible, are either concrete pillars or forms for concrete pillars and measure 25 feet square and 65 feet high. The hori- zontal members, only two of which are visible, are about 15 feet wide and intersect the vertical members about 45 feet above the base of the pit. A 175-foot-square excavation for a control bunker is located about 425 feet southwest of the launch structure and directly opposite the approximate center of the structure. A large, dark, unidentified area about 50 by 45 feet is located on the bottom and near the forward wall of the excavation. There are no visible 25X1 SECRET 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 Approved For Releases NPIC/R -1440/63 25X1 IP5X1 25X1 D Approved For Relegs TWMl'qg51. CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 132 5 1 SECRET - 8B04560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R-1440/63 Railroad Trail Excavation Ditch Approved For Release 200 STRUCTURE U/C Y-SHAPED EMBANKMENT EXCAVATION FOR CONTROL BUNKER / ~- B t 3F * 3t signs of any connection between the excavation and the pit or launch structure. The depth of the excavation cannot be accurately measured. A large, circular, reinforced, tanklike structure, approximately 85 feet in diameter and under construction, is located 250 feet to the rear of the launch structure. It is situated in an excavated area about 200 feet square. The top of the structure, which is estimated to be 25 feet high, is about at ground level. The heavy reinforcing which appears to surround it could indicate that eventually it will be buried, and, because it is in line with the launch structure and the checkout building, lie beneath the projected rail line. The checkout building, which measures 285 by 70 feet and 75 feet high, is located about 2,200 feet to the rear of the launch structure. It is roofed for 110 feet of its length, and vertical supports are emplaced for the rest of the building. The rail line has not yet entered the building, but veers to the southwest side and terminates. Miscellaneous items located in and around the launch area include a Y-shaped earth embankment, a shallow excavation, and several long, linear ground scars. The embankment is near the checkout building at the southeast end of the launch area. Its overall length is 1,100 feet. The launch-area fence intersects the embankment, and most of it falls outside the fenced area. The function of the embank- ment is not known. The shallow excavation is irregular in shape and located between the tanklike structure and the checkout building. There is no indication of its function or ultimate configuration. If the rail line is extended to the launch structure, the excavation will lie beneath the tracks. A shed-type building, 100 by 35 feet, is located near the excavation. Several long, dark, linear ground scars or ditches are also located be- tween the tanklike structure and the check- out building. A large, dark, unidentified object is located along the longest scar. No guidance or instrumentation facilities 25X1 C- SICRPT Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Release 200 - DP78BO456OA001700010041-5 NPIC/R-1440/63 have been identified at the launch area. It is unlikely at this stage of construction that these critical items would be emplaced. However, several such facilities specifically associated with Launch Complex A could be used in con- junction with missile firings from Complex B. Launch Support Area The launch support area is located about one nm east of the launch area. The general area is unfenced and rail served and covers approximately 135 acres. It consists primarily of permanent-type housing, fenced and partly fenced open and covered storage, maintenance facilities, motor pools, and a construction ma- terials dump (Figure 11). The area is marked by considerable track activity, both internally and between it and the launch area. The western housing section contains about 25 permanent-type, one- and one-half-story buildings, eight of which were under construction Sixteen buildings, which have an average size of 140 by 55 feet, are arranged in two groups of eight buildings each. This area probably houses the construction workers and such support facilities as those for messing, administration, and recreation. Because this area appears to be permanent, it probably is designed to house the personnel assigned per- manently to the complex. The eastern housing section, partly fenced and measuring 1,450 by 850 feet, is located on the east side of the rail spur that serves the support area. The section contains 13 buildings ranging in size from 140 by 85 feet to 25 by 25 feet. A network of steam lines connecting the buildings was under construction I A storage and construction support facility is located on either side of the rail spur that serves the area. It contains piles of unidenti- fied material, a concrete batching plant with 25X1 C a conveyer, and at least ten buildings of various sizes. Two rail spurs were added to this area Two fenced motor pools are in the vicim y. Open storage is located in a fenced area 900 by 280 feet, east of and adjacent to the rail spur. Within the area are., stacks of unidentified materials and two gable-roofed buildings with an average measurement of 100 by 35 feet. Other fenced open storage areas are located north of the western housing section. A quarry, outside the general area served by rail, is connected by vehicle track to the launch area. The quarry is located in a rock outcrop approximately 3,000 feet west of the launch area. it was only a small operation and showed no signs of activity. A revetted storage site located approxi- mately one nm east of the support area may be used to store explosives used in construction. The site is not fenced or otherwise secured and consists of two roughly rectangular revetted areas which average 125 by 75 feet. One of the areas contains a structure about 55 by 30 feet, and the other contains an excavation pos- sibly for a similar building. There were no signs of activity at the site. construction southeast of Launch 63-3913 (Figure 12). is located 4.3 nm Complex B at 45-58N The rail line serving the complex is a continuation of that serving Complex B. The extension continues from the point where the line to Complex B turns north. An all-weather road and water line parallel the rail line. the only sign of activity to indicate construction of the com- plex was a single vehicle track that generally followed the alignment of the future road and rail line. Approved For Release 2003/05 - A-RDP78B04560A0017000109AY51 C 25X1 aw 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25 Approved For Release 20 25X1 C REVETT ED STORAGE SITE 1 NM _- LAUNCH AREA B \ \ \ \ ' \\ \\ \\ Railroad Road - - - - Trail Fence --Water Pineline L s v Steam Line Building U/C FIGURE 11. LAUNCH SUPPORT AREA, LAUNCH COMPLEX B. -19- SERE~ Approved For Release 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78B04560A0017R0'W&41-5 STORAGE AND CONSTRUCTION --,SUPPORT FACILITY TACK / ~A'THLETIC FIELD STEAMI PLANT j \ j'MO TOR III? \, \ / POOL IV \ \ 25X1 25X1 25X1 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/x5/15 : CIA-R P78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 C 25X1 25X1 D early stage of construction in 25X1 D The launch site on the eastern side of the area, designated Launch Site C2, is generally similar to Launch Site C1, except that there are nine rather than seven vehicle stalls. All the stalls have been roofed, and an enclosed structure with a parapet roof divides them into two groups -- four on the south and five The probable control bunker measures L and has been built in an excavation sufficiently deep to place the roof below ground level. A deep trench, possibly for cabling, has been dug, between the bunker and Site Cl. A second, shallower trench has been partly dug between the bunker and Site C2. Centered between and forward of the launch sites is a probable missile -ready building under construction that measures 160 by 45 feet. 2,5X1 D Identifiable within the area are two launch sites about 1,300 feet apart, under construction, which probably will be road served; a probable control bunker; two semiburied tanks under construction; four possible cylindrical tanks; and three buildings under construction (Fig- ure 13). The area is served by a single rail line that does not appear to serve either of the launch sites. The launch site on the western side of the area, designated Launch Site C1, contains a structure 50 by 35 feet which is being built in an excavation approximately 100 feet across. East of the excavation is another structure 145 by 35 feet which contains 7 vehicle stalls that vary in width from . Three of the stalls were being roofed 25X1 D a tank 15 feet in diameter was being buried about 75 feet north of this building. Southeast of Launch Site Cl is an earth embankment, 375 by 50 feet, that probably will support a road to the site. Another earth embankment, 325 by 50 feet, north of Launch Site C2 probably will support a road between the site and the ready building. Two semiburied tanks meet in diameter were under construction east of the rail line. Three tank sections were adjacent to the tanks. Although no pipeline could be identified, an open ditch paralleling the rail line may be for a pipeline to serve these tanks. A small build- ing north of the tanks probably is a valve house. The area also contains four possible hori- zontal cylindrical tanks, each feet in diameter, and adjacent and parallel to the rail line. Along the rail line as it enters 25 25X1 B 25X1 B 25X1 D i 25X1 No 25X1 D 25X1 AW 25X1 D Approved For Release 2003/05/9_ffA-RDP78B04560A00170001004'-%X1 C 255t1 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/05/ - 8BO456OA001700010041-5 NPIC /R-1440/63 25X1 C Railroad Road U/C Trail Fence Ditch Building U/C LAUNCH COMPLEX B 4.3 NM . Semiburied Tank o Tank Section 500 0 500 1000 FEET (APPROX) LAUNCH SUPPORT AREA POS5 POWER LINE II/C X ;~ 1 : I f l sl SCAR II czl -III 11 11 -11 X MISSILE ASSEMBLY AND 25X1 D the launch area are two buildings under con- struction. One of the buildings measures 95 by 35 feet, and the other measures= eet with a wing 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D The extent of the launch support area was impossible to determine because only a few buildings and roads were discernible. The most significant building in the area was a missile assembly and checkout building, under construction (Figure 13). The missile assembly and checkout build- ing has a monitor roof and measures= by I AN FH M 01 JNU POSSIBLE LAUNCH AREA I C Il~j II? X. - --_. X-iF'- X The bay on the north side is 30 feet wide and 40 feet high. The clerestory center section is 70 feet wide and 60 feet high. The bay on the south side is 30 feet wide and 25 feet high. The west end of the building ap- pears to have two doors, each about 20 feet wide and 40 feet high, that provide access to the monitored sections. When completed, the building probably will have rail and road service at the west end, but no evidence exists of a rail or roadbed east of the building. I qpcpl:rI 25X1 C 25X1 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 SECRET Approved For Release 2 0$ - P78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 B The area also contains four completed build- ings, five buildings under construction, and foot- ings or foundations for three buildings. Of the completed buildings, two have hip roofs and measure 80 by 55 feet and two have gable roofs and measure 160 by 45 feet. The build- ings under construction range from 160 by 50 feet to 35 by 25 feet. The support facilities for the TTMTC have been grouped into three general categories, regardless of their geographical location, as follows: operational support facilities, logistical support facilities, and administrative support facilities. In some cases, the function of a particular facility may extend into several cat- egories; in those cases, the facility has been included under its primary functional category. Most of the facilities that support operations of the TTMTC are located in the Support Base, which is situated south of Tyura Tam village, between the Aralsk-Tashkent rail line and the Syr-Darya (Figures 2 and 14). Support facilities outside the immediate base area are also treated in this section. far the most important of these is the radio communications system, which includes numer- ous facilities grouped in three separate areas. In addition, the TTMTC is served by a possible mic::owave relay communications system and by a land-line system that probably includes a multichannel carrier circuit. The three primary radio communications facilities serving the TTMTC have been des- igna:ed Communications Areas A, B, and C. Communications Area A is located 5 nm south of Launch Complex A, and Communi- cations Areas B and C are located in the Support Base. Communications Area A. This area (Fig- ure 15), a probable transmitting station lo- cated at 45-50N 63-18E, in =contained 14 rhombic antennas in various stages of con- struction, two linear stick-mast arrays, and four single masts, three of which were still lying: on the ground. By =two new rhombic antennas had been added, one rhombic had been removed, and all those under construction had been completed. Eight additional stick masts had been erected as had those that were lying on the ground in = Details of all rhombic arrays are given in Table 1. 25X.J 25X1 B 25X1 aw These facilities consist of communications facilities, including land lines and microwave facilities, and the propellant production and storage facility. The TTMTC appears to be served by three communications systems. The largest and by Approved For Release 2003/05/ -RDP78B04560A00170001004'-?X1 C 251 25X1 W 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/1 - B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 C 25X1 25X1 NPIC/R-1440/63 25X1 D SECRET Approved For Release 2003/05/??I1~C RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/115 S IA KRU 78B04560A001700010041-5 NP IC /R -1440/63 _= Road ------ Trail Fence Buried Cable Wire Pattern -"-- Overhead Power Line Feed Line Mast Poss Tank - Road ------ Trail x - Fence Buried Cable Wire Pattern Mast Buried Tank FIGURE 15. COMMUNICATIONS AA A. This area covers approximately 225 acres and measures approximately 2,970 by 2,680 feet. A secondary power line connects the area with the power substation in the support area of Launch Complex A. In addition, a buried cable line, probably part of a wire Array No 1** 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 *Approximate. **Removed sine Table 1. Orientations and Dimensions of Rhombic Antenna Arrays, Commun.inations Ar A e 25X1 D Azimuth of Major Axis (Degrees) Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown 25X1 25X1 C i MAIN POWER PLANT PROBABLE COMMUNICATIONS CONTROL CENTER COMMUNICATIONS Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown 25X1 D Approved For Release 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78B04560A00170001Zb4vl1 SECRET Length of Leng th of Ono Side Minor Axis (Ft) (F C) Height of End Masts* (Ft) Completed Rhombic Antenna Arrays Separation of Height of End Masts Side Masts* (Ft) (Ft) 2,5X1 D 2SX1 25XfiJ SECRET Approved Fog l4 se 2003/05115 : CIA-RD 78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D communications system, connects this area with the key areas of Launch Complex A. The area contains six buildings, one of which has two stories and probably is the transmitter building. This building measures 85 by 55 feet and has a gable roof. The remaining buildings are all single story and range in size from 150 by 50 feet tcE= Three probable buried tanks 30 feet in diameter and two bunkers, one 40 feet square and the other T-shaped, constitute the re- maining structures in the area. The T-shaped bunker measures 30 by 15 feet for the bar and 15 feet square for the stem. Communications Area B. This area, which is located at 45-38N 63-18E, is fenced and measures 3,300 by 3,280 feet (Figure 16). It contains 123 masts arranged in 10 rhombic arrays (items 1-10), fourType B fishbone arrays (items A-D) 1/, two 3-mast antenna arrays, one 4-mast antenna array, and three single masts. Details on the rhombics and fishbones are given in Table 2. The area also contains two buildings, one of which is a probable receiver building, and two possible tanks. In addition, an associated probable communica- tions control center for the TTIt4TC is located just to the north of the area. No apparent The area is served by an overhead power line which leads from the main power plant in the Support Base. An overhead power line also connects the area with the probable communi- cations control center. The probable communications control cen- ter, approximately 1,200 feet north of Com- munications Area B, is enclosed by a fence that measures 470 by 320 feet. The area contains six buildings ranging in size from Table 2. Orientations and Dimensions of Antenna Arrays, 0oinniunications Area B A. Rhombic Antenna Arrays Azimuth of Major Axis (Degrees) Length of One Side (F() Length of Minor Axis (Ft) Height of End Mast* (Ft) No of Masts at Each End Separation of End Masts (Ft) Length of Major Axis (Ft) Azimuth of Long Axis (Degrees) Length of Long Axis (Ft) Length of Short Axis (Ft) 25X1 D 105 105 105 105 Separation of Rows In Short Axis (Ft) Fln-flows Separa tion of Masts of5 5 In Rows of 3 (Ft) (Ft) - - - J __ - - Height of Side Masts* (Ft) Height of Masts (Ft) 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/051'5 : Dl"A-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2003/05 NPIC/R-1440/63 25X1 D 25X1 SECRET no: 78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 C to 20 feet square and several small unidentified structures or objects. Communications Area C. This area, also located in the Support Base, in =consisted of three stick masts and two buildings sur- rounded by a fence measuring 320 by 310 feet (Figure 17). Both buildings are single story. One has a gable roof and measures 25X1 D 35 by 25 feet; the other has a flat roof and 25X1 are 75 feet tall and the other, which was re- moved by " was 55 feet tall. FIGURE 17. COMMUN/CA TIONS AREA C H-4146 (8/83) lines in the TTMTC. One of these may carry a multichannel carrier circuit, and the other may be used for normal railroad communi- cations. Propellant Production and Storage Facility The Propellant Production and Storage Facility, located along the rail line serving the launch facilities, is 4 nm north of Tyura Tarn village and encompasses about 184 acres (Figure 18). The facility is served by several rail transfer points and sidings as well as by the main road of the TTMTC. It contains the following main components along the east side of the rail line: a probable propellant production plant, an administration and storage area, and a water storage area. West of the rail line is a probable propellant tank car service area. Administration and Storage Area. This area measures 300 feet square and appears to be the oldest in the facility. It contains seven conventional administration and storage- type buildings, two probable earth-covered bunk- ers, and several unidentified structures. Each of the bunkers measures i and ap- pears to have a vent, dormer, or entrance at its western end. Water Storage Tank Area C. This area is discussed below with the other water storage tank areas in the section on the logistical support facilities. Propellant Production Plant. The fenced plant area measures about 1,500 by 700 feet, has guard towers at the corners, and contains at least nine major buildings. A rail spur into Possible Microwave .Relay Communications Facilities. A series of self-supporting lattice towers, spaced at intervals of 10 to 50 nm along the rail line between Novo-Kazalinsk and Kzyl Orda, indicates a possible microwave relay com- munications network. Other towers within the TTMTC may function as a part of this network. Wire-Line Communications Facilities. Probable wire lines parallel the Aralsk-Tash- kent rail line. Two lines of poles parallel the rail line and apparently connect with other the plant area was completed and Irhe spur divides into three spurs within the fenced area. Along the southern edge of the area are two buildings, 85 by 40 feet and 60 by 35 feet. A possible cooling tower or water-treatment building, 60 by 40 -26- 25X1 C Approved For Release 2003/s.CIA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1_ 25X1 D W 25X1 D 25141 D 25X1 qPrPPT Approved For Release 2003/05/35 : CIA-RD 78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 C Railroad Road Fence Trench Water Pipeline Secondary Power Line Buried Tank Tank RAIL-SERVED FACILITY UNDER CONSTRUCTION WATER EFFLUENT LINE PROB PROPELLANT RAIL L PROPELLANT TANK CARASLEONRVSIC R A SIDINGS I I_ I ADMINISTRATION AND STORAGE AREA SUPPLEMENTAL LINE SECRET GUARD TOWER Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78B04W61700010041-5 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 20? 5 . CIA-R P78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 B 25X1 B 25X1 B 25RX1 D 25X1 D 25X1 B 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 the large building had been removed. These facilities include a central support facility; water treatment, storage, and dis- tribution facilities; transportation facilities; power production and distribution facilities; and a storage and construction support area. Central Support Facility This unfenced facility is located about 9 nra southwest of Launch Complex B and south of the road, rail line, and water pipeline ditch which lead to Complex B (Figure 19). It is served by a rail spur which branches from the line to Complex B. Approximately 2,000 feet in, the spur divides into two spurs and forms a V with legs about 2,000 feet long. Each spur has a short siding. Branching from the east leg of the V is a possible spur under construction. No improved road enters the area, but many unimproved roads and vehicle tracks are evident. The facility includes a concrete batching plant or rock crusher, a gravity-type rail- car unloading pit with a conveyer, three bulk transloading buildings, nine buildings of unde- termined use, and two spherical objects. Sup- plies in open storage are scattered through- out the area. North of the facility three short ditches branch from the water pipeline ditch to Com- plex B, cross the roadway, and apparently pass under the rail line. Neither the purpose nor any further extension of these ditches is apparent. Water Treatment, Storage, and Distribution Facilities The complete water system for the TTMTC appears to consist of two water treatment facilities, a probable water purification plant, four water storage areas, and four major dis- 25X1 D -28- 25X1 feet and located north of the larger building, appears to be the point of origin of a water effluent line that probably passes under the main rail line and discharges soon thereafter. East of this building is a possible admini- stration building measuring feet. A long narrow building, feet, is lo- cated about 150 feet northwest of the admini- stration building and 200 feet south of the main production building. The main production building, which is en- closed by a second fence, is situated at the end of a large water line and a secondary power line. The building measures 145 by 70 feet and is= feet high. The building has two sections, the taller of which is 0 by The high-bay section appears to be divided into six or more separate subdivisions. Near each end of the west side of the build- ing is a shedlike structure or concrete load- ing dock leading to the rail spur. West of the main production building and adjacent to the rail line is a possible rail- transfer or storage building that measures feet. East of the main production building are a possible generator building, Q by feet, and a deep excavation, feet, which may be the foundation for a pro- pellant-storage building. About 100 feet south- southeast of the main production building is an earth-covered storage bunker shaped like a truncated pyramid and measuring 45 by 35 feet. Two buried tanks, in diameter, are adjacent to the bunker. Along the main rail line to the west of the probable propellant production plant are three rail sidings approximately 2,000 feet in length that probably constitute a propellant tank car service area. In O the area con- tained a flat-roofed rail-served building Q by feet and two smaller buildings. By Approved For ReleaseZM31A A- RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25Y Approved For Release 2?&3IC5/15 : CIA-R P78BO456OA001700010041-5 NPIC/R- 1440/63 Railroad Road Trail Water Pipeline Earth Cut Earth Mound NCB ~UN~t1OT 25X1 25X1 SECRET I r- -1 r~ 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 i'A RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 SECRET Approved For Release 20031051p5 - 8B04560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R -1440/63 25X1 C tribution lines. A series of seven identical pumping stations is located along the pipeline that leads to the Rangehead. Water Treatment Facilities. Two treat- ment facilities are located in a fenced area southeast of the village of Tyura Tam (Figure 20). One (Facility A) is located on lowland near the Syr-Darya. A major pipeline from this facility terminates at Tyura Tam village and another at Launch Complex A, respectively. The second facility (B) is located on the bluff above Facility A and is connected by pipe- lines to the main power plant and to Launch Complex B. 25X1 B 25X1 B Water Storage Facilities. The TTMTC contains four water storage tank areas (labeled A, B, C, and D): one associated with Com- plex A, one associated with Communications WATER TREATMENT FACILITY A FIGURE 20. WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES. - 30 - V.1 II IC Buried Tank ? Tank Ditch Approved For ReleasgWQ5/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 SECRET 25X1. va X1 25X1 Approved For Release 200 - 78B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 I '25X1D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X4 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D SECRET ~~~~~~[[r 25X1 Approved For Release 20031059'h3`1ZcA-RDP78B04560A001700010041-5 Area A, one associated with the Propellant Production and Storage Facility, and one as- sociated with the base support area near Tyura 'I am village. Water Storage Tank Area A is fenced and contains a valve house; and two earth-covered storage tanks ^ feet in diameter, two 45 feet in diameter, and two 0 feet in diameter. Water Storage Tank Area B is located 2,500 feet west of Com- munications Area A and contains two earth- covered storage tanks 55 feet in diameter and possibly two semiburied tanks. Water Storage Tank Area C is in the area of the Propellant Production and Storage Facility (Figure 18) and contains two tanks 35 feet in diameter in a fenced area on top of a small hill, and a pumphouse measuring I , located 375 feet northwest of the tanks. Two small 25X1 D buildings and a tank E] feet in diameter were removed from the area between fied building that were located 4,000 feet west of the classification yard in appear to be abandoned. The only air facility at the TTMTC is located 2 nm northwest of the Administration and Housing Area. The airfield consists of a blacktop runway 3,815 by 140 feet, a black- top taxiway 965 by 35 feet, and a hardstand 1,540 by 210 feet paralleling the runway. A service taxiway. 75 feet apron 155 by 100 feet is adjacent to the Two helicopter pads, approximately in diameter, are cast of the aircraft feet and Two buildings, The main power plant and the steam/power plant at Launch Complex A probably are capable of supplying power to sustain operations at the TTMTC. The Aralsk-Tashkent power grid and mobile power units could supply supple- mentary or emergency power. The main power plant (Figure 21) is served by a rail line that branches from the main line and passes through the Storage and Con- struction Support Area. The rail line branches into eight spurs, seven of which enter the power plant. The power plant is enclosed by a solid fence that measures 1,340 by 1,100 feet. The area contains a power building, a con- trol building, a coaling tower, a coal pre- heating building, a pumphouse, and several additional features. The power building consists of a boiler- house 140 by 95 feet, a generator hall 140 by 75 feet, and a transformer section 140 by 30 feet. A longitudinal section, ~eet, extends the full length of the east side of the building. Three induced-draft ducts indicate that there probably are three boilers. Water Storage Tank Area D is within the fence that encloses Water Treatment Facility A (Fig- ure 20). It consists of four buried tanks 65 feet in diameter, a probable pumphouse, and three other buildings. This storage area may supply water for the Administration and Housing Area and the Storage and Construction Support Area. Transportation Facilities The Aralsk-Tashkent rail line provides the primary access to the TTMTC. Railroad shops, a classification yard, and a passenger station located along the main rail line north of Tyura Tam village constitute the major rail facilities of the TTMTC. The classification yard, ap- proximately 3,200 feet long and 12 tracks wide, is located immediately north of Tyura Tam village and 2,500 feet west of the junction of the main line with the line running north to the Rangehead. A single-track wye turn- around, two car-repair shops, and an unidenti- CrDl: Approved For Release 20 - 4560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R-1440/63 ?r-TANK 25X1 C 25X I l f .ROAD U/C ROAD U/C> _ r IIII f. 'V1 ill linm (1 .111 1Annitr PUMPHOUSE am-WALL COAL PREHEATING BLDG J IIIIIIhI) , WATER STORAGE BASIN 4400' n Ce Water Pipeline (Buried) Power Line Ditch 3 Buried Tank Road... v~ \ TANKS - `WALL - ~- Fe - Railroad [ ow -L' 4- ull11!II Illn!IIIIIII= A coal yard north of the preheating build- ing contains a single rail spur with a gravity- type coal trestle approximately 300 feet long. The spur extends approximately 190 feet beyond the fence. The coal preheating building measures about 320 by 45 feet and is entered by a rail spur. The coaling tower, 95 by 35 feet, is con- '/II HI.II!fil!I!1i~41~ nected with the power building by a conveyer, 325 by 10 feet. Two buried tanks, 25 feet in diameter, located in a walled enclosure north- east of the coaling tower are serviced by a pumphouse 35 by 20 feet. Buried pipelines lead to the coaling tower, to a building 210 by 40 feet that is west of the coaling tower, Approved ilMQase 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 CCrrcT 251 2A1 Approved For Release 2d15 : CIA-RD 78BO456OA001700010041-5 and probably to the coal preheating building. The boilerhouse is served by a water storage basin 4,400 feet to the west which is connected to the river by a ditch. The power substation and steam/power plant at Launch Complex A are discussed in con- junction with that facility. Storage and Construction Support Area This area, located southwest of Tyura Tam village, is rail served and is divided into numer - -~--Railroad Road -- Fence Main Power Line Secondary Power Line Light Poles Water Pipeline Tank Open Storage ous separately fenced sections (Figure 22). It contains a variety of open and covered storage and transshipment/warehouse-type buildings. In addition to small warehouse, shop, and open storage sections, the area con- tains the following more important components. A fenced probable fuel storage section, located immediately west of the eastern spur serving the area, measures approximately 540 by 410 feet and contains 43 probable fuel tanks. Immediately south along the rail spur STORAGE AND CONSTRUCTION SUPPORT AREA SECRET 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15? &1kDP78B04560A001700010041-5 SECRET Approved For Release 2 CIA-Rr1P7&14560A001 700010041-5 25X1 NP IC /R -1440/63 is an open storage section which in 25X1 C capable of handling heavy machinery and material. It measures 195 by 85 feet overall; the monitor section measures only 165 by 45 feet. The monitor may define the limits of an overhead traveling crane. 25X1 D 25X1 D contained 15 stacks of unidentified material. These stacks varied in length from 55 to 85 feet and were about 15 feet wide. Between 1 1, a new rail siding was con- structed to serve this section. Farther south along the rail spur, within a fenced area measuring 1,800 by 1,250 feet, is a warehouse section containing 35 build- ings of various sizes. Four rail sidings from the rail line that serves the main power plant terminate in this section. A fifth siding ter- minates in a fenced area 190 by 155 feet located south of the warehouse section. A bulk fuel storage section containing two large earth-mounded structures and several smaller features is centrally located in the support area. The larger structures probably are mounded fuel tanks and are shaped like truncated cones. They measure 110 feet across the base and 55 feet across the top. Two fuel tanks=feet in diameter, a large earth mound 660 by 45 feet, and four miscellaneous build- ings are also present. A large monitor-roof shop building located in the south-central portion of the support area probably is the only building in the area ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT FACILITIES The main administration and housing area of the TTMTC is located in the Support Base near the Syr-Darya and approximately 2 nm south of the Aralsk-Tashkent rail line. The area covers approximately 460 acres and contains at least 257 buildings, 50 of which are ad- ministration-type, 132 housing-type, and the re- maining 75 either storage or shop-type struc- tures. Fourteen buildings under construction in 1959 probably are administration type. The total floor space of the completed buildings in the area is approximately 1,608,000 square feet. Additional housing is provided in the support areas of each of the complexes for personnel employed on site. A new section of Tyura Tam village is located south of the classification yard and consists of 7 small fenced areas and 20 build- ings. The old village is adjacent to the new section and consists of old mud huts. A direction of fire to the northeast (40 degrees) is considered to be the probable primary direction of fire because the largest downrange instrumentation stations, as well as the interferometer and the instrumentation con- trol center, appear to be located primarily in relation to this direction. In addition, a projection of the 40-degree azimuth from Com- plex A passes through the instrumentation facil- ities on Kamchatka Peninsula. These facilities are similar and in some instances identical with those found in the Rangehead and probably constitute the terminal range facilities. RANGEHEAD INSTRUMENTATION At least 13 instrumentation sites, including the Instrumentation Control Center and the in- terferometer, are located in the immediate vicinity of Complex A (Figure 23). The pattern ApproveccP V -1 elease 2003/0/E1 IA-R DP78BO456OA001700010041-5 196 25X; 25X1 Approved For Release 2A/6 Another radial pattern is located 130 feet south- west of the mast, but no mast can be identified. An instrumentation site (item 7) consist- ing of a large mound and three unidentified objects, which probably are instruments, is located east-southeast of the launch area. An instrumentation site (item 8) consist- ing of a probable building and three unidenti- fied objects is located southeast of the launch area. An instrumentation site (item 9) consist- ing of one object, possibly a van, measuring 25X1 B 25X1 B 25X1 D and arrangement of these sites are consistent with an instrumentation layout designed to provide both optical and electronic coverage of the launching and powered-flight phases of missile firings from this complex. area. Possible types of equipment include high- speed cameras, electronic velocity - measure - ment devices, and telemetry receivers. The following is a description of 11 instrumentation sites, that is, exclusive of the Instrumentation Control Center and the interferometer, which are treated separately. Instrumentation Sites The major instrumentation site (Figure 23, item 1), located 15,050 feet west of the launch platform, consists of two buildings, one bunker, three 30-foot masts, and several unidentified objects. Buried cable lines appear to connect this site with other key areas of Complex A. Six camera stations (item 2) are located within 450 feet of the launch platform. An instrumentation site (item 3) consisting of a pit, two mounds, and three unidentified objects is located north-northwest of the launch area. An instrumentation site (item 4) consist- ing of a- circular object ^ feet in diameter -25X1 D and^feet high, two mounds, and an unidenti- 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D fied objects feet square is located north- northeast of the launch area. A possible instrumentation site (item 5) consisting of a possible building II feet and two unidentified objects^feet in diameter is located northeast of the launch area. Buried cable lines appear to connect this site with facilities near the center of the launch area. A possible mast (item 6) with a counter- poise is located southeast of the launch area. feet, is located southeast of the launch area. An instrumentation site (item 10) consist- ing of a circular. object, possibly an instrument, 10 feet in diameter and ^ feet high, is lo- cated south-southwest of the launch area. A possible instrumentation site (item 11) consisting of two pits that are possible instru- mentation positions, is located south -southeast of the launch area. two sites located southeast of the launch area were fenced and seemed to bear some relation to the interferometer. By however, both sites appeared to have been abandoned. Unidentified lines of parallel earth scars appear to enclose Complex A and pass near several of the instrumentation sites. Although the purpose of these scars cannot be deter- mined, they possibly serve either as a per- imeter network of cables or as a perimeter access or patrol road. Instrumentation Control Center The Instrumentation Control Center (Fig- ure 24) is located approximately 4,680 feet southwest of the launch platform at Complex A. The overall size of the center was ap- 25X1 C I 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 25X1 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2003/05j-15 : 4UPT - 78B04560A001700010041-5 NPIC/R -1440/63 25X1 C 25X1 INSTRUMENTATION CONTROL CENTER FIGURE 23. INSTRUMENTATION AROUND LAUNCH COMPLEX A. Road ----- Trail Fence Buried Cable Parallel Scars Mound T_(AP PR . -XI SCALE FOR INSERTS ONLY (FEET APPRO XI 25X1 Approves WF~elease 2003/ffF1 CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 _k T Approved For Release 20OW/1 - 8B04560A001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 D I \ AZIMUTH C--"' TO \ RADOMES DIAM 25X1 D 90001 DIAM --SUBSTATION STICK MASTS I I 1,160 by 640 feet, includes eight major build- ings, a large probable bunker, severalinstru- 25X1 D 25X1D ments, and miscellaneous objects. a large possible tracking antenna was added. Cables connect the center with the interferometer, the launch area, the down- range instrumentation sites and a point near the power substation. One of the buildings in the area has a 20-foot-diameter dome on the roof. Road - Fence Bunker Buried Cable U/I Object a second radome is positioned 20 feet in from the ends of the northwest and southwest legs. A line projected from the center of the "plus" through the launch platform is oriented on an 25X1 . This is 25X1 D generally consistent with the probable primary direction of fire to the Kamchatka Peninsula. An earth-covered bunker, 20 feet wide, with an entrance on the southwest side, is located near the center of the "plus." A buried cable connects this hunker with a smaller bunker located just outside the circumferential earth scar, 540 feet to the southeast. A second cable connects the center bunker with the In- strumentation Control Center. Interferometer The interferometer (Figure 24), located 1,140 feet west-northwest of the Instrumentation Control Center, contains six radomes connected by buried cables forming a "plus" configuration within a cleared circular area 1,000 feet in diameter. The cleared area is surrounded by 25X1 D The radomes are approximately ^ feet in diameter. One radome is located at the end of each of the four legs of the "plus," at a point 195 feet from the center. In addition, Fifteen instrumentation sites have been identified downrange from the Rangehead (Figure 25). Although Sites 1 through 9 are located south of the Rangehead, they are included in this section because they are believed to constitute a part of the overall instrumentation of the TTMTC. 25X1 C SECRET Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 LAUNCH AREA A INSTRUMENTATION BUILDING BUILDING j WITH DOME / 25X1 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/ - DP78B04560A001700010041-5 NPIC /R -1440/63 The largest and apparently most significant sites -- Sites 14 and 15 -- probably are the major downrange instrumentation control cen- ters. A line bisecting the angle formed by the Instrumentation Control Center and Sites 14 and 15 is oriented on an azimuth of 40 25X1 D degrees, 0 the probable primary di- rection of fire. Table 3 gives pertinent data Distance (nm) Azimuth * (dog) (min) 63-15E Consists of 3 prob bldgs & 3 u/i objects 63-02E Consists of lattice tower 85' high 63-19E Consists of one small bldg 63-16E Consists of 2 small bldgs 63-27E Consists of 2 small prob bldgs 63-23E Consists of one small bldg 25X1 D 35 x 30', & 2 u/i objects. A prob instrument is 435' NW of the en- closure. Buried cable connects site with Instrumentation Control Center. 25X1 D 45-29N 45-42N 45-45N 45-44N 45-45N 45-46N 45-47N 45-51N 46-OON 45-59N 25X1 C on Sites 1-13. Site 14, a major downrange instrumentation center, is located approximately 60 nm north of Complex A. It is situated within a fenced enclosure that measures 765 by 640 feet and con- tains 17 buildings of various sizes. The most significant structures within the enclosure are two domes, one each on the roof of two build- 63-14E Consists of irregularly shaped area containing one small bldg and one small u/i object. Approx 2,550' S is an area containing a lattice tower and 2 poss observation towers 63-20E Consists of 2 small bldgs 1,800 feet apart 63-23E Consists of one small bldg 63-17E Consists of one small bldg 63-16E Consists of 3 small bldgs & 2 small u/i objects 63-16E Consists of a poss radar & assoc tower, one small bldg, a small earth mound, & two small u/i objects 63-15E; Consists of a fenced area measuring 435 x 325' and includes a bldg Approved For Release 2003/05/ttd --RDP78B04560A001700010041-85X1 C 2X1 25X1 D 25X1 25X1 WRET Approved For Release 2003/0 15 : CIA-RD 78BO456OA001700010041-5 DOWNRANGE INSTRUMENTATION CONTROL CENTER Railroad --- Buried Cable 25X1 C FIGURE 25. DOWNRANGE INSTRUME ings. These domes are about 60 feet above ground level. Another building has a possible dome on its roof. Several probable instru- ments also are located within the fenced en- closure. About 1,000 feet north of the fenced area, at the terminus of a short dirt road, is an associated instrumentation station con- sisting of a building with a dome on the roof and four adjacent probable instruments arranged in a semicircle. More than 2,000 feet north- northwest of the fenced enclosure are two isolated instruments, each served by a dirt road. A sod landing strip, 740 by 100 feet, is located east of the fenced enclosure. Site 15 is located approximately 68 nm northeast of Complex A. It consists of two fenced enclosures, several unfenced buildings with associated instruments, and an airstrip NPIC/R-1440/63 25X1 3,600 feet long. The larger of the two en- closed areas measures 700 by 440 feet overall and contains several buildings and unidentified objects. The smaller enclosure, which measures 1.90 by 120 feet, contains seven unidentified objects. Outside the fenced areas are two identical buildings or possible dome-covered 25X1 D instruments and three other possible instru- ments, each in diameter. PROBABLE TERMINAL RANGE INSTRUMENTATION Five sites identified in the Uka/Yelovka area of the Kamchatka Peninsula (Figure 26) probably constitute a part of the terminal range instrumentation of the TTMTC. The sites are located about 3,400 nm from the Rangehead in relatively isolated areas. Two of the sites are in the heavily forested moun- tainous area northeast of Yelovka. The re- maining three are situated along the coast of the Bering Sea. Instrumentation Site A (Figure 27) is lo- cated at 57-51N 162-05U, 8 nm north of Uka. It consists of an interferometer, a fenced instrumentation area, an unfenced sup- port area, an airstrip, and a self-supporting lattice tower. The interferometer is almost identical with that in the Rangehead. It has two bunkers and six radomes, each approximately ^ feet in diameter, positioned similarly to those at the Rangehead interferometer. The length of each leg is approximately 200 feet. The bunker located near the center of the interferometer feet and is connected by cable to the second bunker, which is in the same relative position as the second bunker at the Rangehead interferometer. The in- strumentation area is enclosed by a fence measuring 1,100 by 665 feet. The area con- tains approximately 20 structures, including a dome with a diameter of 110 feet and a build- SECRET 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78B04vA1700010041-5 SECRET Approved For Release 2003/02[15 : - 78B04560A001700010041-5 ing with a 20-foot dome on its roof. The support area contains approximately 62 build- ings. West of the support and instrumentation areas is an airstrip with a 6,300-foot run- way. The self-supporting lattice tower, 270 feet high, is positioned 3,000 feet west of the instrumentation area, and the two are con- nected by ground scars. Instrumentation Site B (Figure 28) is lo- cated at 56-57N 161-15E, 9 nm east-north- east of Yelovka and 60 nm south-southwest of Instrumentation Site A. It consists of an in- terferometer and an instrumentation and sup- port area. The interferometer is similar to that in the Rangehead in that it has six radomes and two bunkers in the same relative positions. The length of each leg of the "plus" is approximately 200 feet. The instrumentation and support area contains approximately 16 structures, including a building with a 20-foot dome similar to those at the Instrumentation Control Center and at Instrumentation Site A. Possible Instrumentation Site C (Figure 29) is located at 57-04N 161-20E, 15 nm north- east of Yelovka and approximately 10 nm north-northeast of Site B. The site contains four gable-roofed buildings and numerous uni- dentified objects. Five dome-shaped objects in a line probably contain instruments. A road leads to the top of a high hill on which there is a flat-roofed building. 32) Probable Instrumentation is located at 57-09N 45 nm southeast of Uka. It Site D (Figure 162-48E, about areas about 3,000 feet apart, which contain a total of 20 buildings, several possible in- struments, and several unidentified objects. Approximately 3,500 feet west of the southern area is an unidentified irregular clearing, 300 by 230 feet, connected by road with the coastal area. Probable Instrumentation Site E (Figure 30) 25X1 C is located at 57-16N 162-45E, 9 nm north of Probable Instrumentation Site D. It con- tains 19 buildings and several unidentified objects. A building with a 20-foot dome on the roof is similar to those at the other instrumentation sites on the Kamchatka Pen- insula. COMMUNICATIONS CENTER NEAR KLYUCHI A high-frequency, long-range radio com- munications center was under construction in adjacent to a densely wooded area 3,500 feet south of Klyuchi on the Kam- chatka Peninsula. The center (Figure 31), located at 56-19N 160-51E, measures 4,500 by 1,,700 feet overall and is composed of two separate areas. The larger, a headquarters and support area, encompasses some 25 acres and, when complete, will contain at least 39 major buildings and structures. The smaller, a communications area, has two double rhombic antenna arrays under construction; extensive clearing of wooded areas indicates possible construction of at least two more rhombic arrays. A large control building, a cooling tower, and three small buildings are also in the area. The center is served by several unimproved roads, overhead power and/or communications lines, and a large water line. An intricate network of ditches, probably part of a water or central heating system, and linear ground scars, probably cable lines, connect various buildings and structures. Vehicle revetments, earth-mounded structures and several unidenti- fied objects are also evident. A relatively large heliport is located approximately one nm to the west. In size and configuration, rhombic antenna arrays A and B are nearly identical to several rhombic arrays in Communications Area A in the Rangehead. In addition to being double 25X, 25X1 b Approve 4PRelease 2003/ IA-R DP78B04560A001700010041-5 Approved For Release NPIC/R-1440/63 FIGURE 26. PROBABLE TERMINAL RANGE INSTRUMENTATION. 41 - 25X Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 1-1 B0456OA001700010041-5 NPIC/R-1440/63 25X1 D AZIMUTH CENTER LINES / SELF-SUPPORTING LATTICE TOWER (270' HIGH) -- _------- *,DIAM \\, i DOMES It I S Road - - - - Trail Fence - - Buried Cable Excavation Poss Buried Tank I I I UPPORT AREA , r ` ? ^? t I AIRSTRIP ` 6300' 1 FIGURE 27. INSTRUMENTATION SITE A. Approved For I a1Q 2003/05/15: CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 SECRET 25X1 C UK_IN,SK,fiA,GUBr4 DOMES INSTRUMENTATION AREA `BUNK: ER 20' a TOWER 25X-3 2X1 AX1 Approved For Release 2~ SECRET &15 : CIA-RD 78B0456OA001700010041-5 25X1 ,.. RADOMES y~ ~r INTERFEROMETER ~~..~ B U R I E D AZIMUTH ~- -. / \~ \ \EXCAVATIONAND \~ \ ? SUPPORT AREA \\\ \ ~~ MOUNDa - \ \\, `may 20'DI AM INSTRUMENTATION.`. 25X1 D '' N / RADOME /RADOME ROAD DOME ~\ POSS LANDING STRIP \ I PROB MOUND , FEET (APPROX) 25X1 D rhombics, they are oriented on an azimuth of 0 degrees. It is possible, therefore, that these antenna facilities, coupled with the 25X1 contiguous headquarters and support area, con- stitute a key component of the Tyura Tam Missile Test Range. 25X SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Approved For Release 2 REVETMENTS 25X1. ON Appro Release 2003/05Ltr, &A-RD P78BO456OA001700010041-5 1 SVC~ FIGURE 29. POSSIBLE INSTRUMENTA SITE C. 25X1 um 25~Af1 I ~? n p a ii \\ u \\ COMMUNICATIONS " \\H \ SE CONTROL, r h`!w 60A001700010041-5 25X1 C I Road Buried Cable Escarpment Bunker FEET(APPROX) 20' //I i FIGURE 30. PROBABLE INSTRUMENTA -=Road, Unimproved Ditch Water Pipeline Cable Overhead Power Line Wire Pattern Building U/C Guy Wire Anchor Base Mast Foundation FIGURE 31. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS CENTER NEAR KLYUCHI. - 44 - 25X1 C qECRPI Approved For Release 2003/05 - 8BO456OA001700010041-5 NPIC/R -1440/63 Road - - - - Trail - -1 1 - Escarpment POSS~, BUNKER 200 0 - 20Q.__490 60o 890 FEET (APPROX) 25X1 ? o_ f 10 POS5 INSTRUMENTS OZERNOY GUBA 25X1 C 25X1 RPT 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 25X1C L 25X1D Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/05/15 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA001700010041-5