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December 28, 2016
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July 24, 2000
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August 1, 1964
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////////////////iiZiii~ Approved For Release 200 1 8f&ff P78BO456OA002500010024-5 / TCS-7811/64 N P IC/R-795/64 August 1964 Copy 12 Pages PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION REPORT / NEW HF COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES / AT SOVIET MRBM/1RBM LAUNCH AREAS 100 / l~,~ti1~LIGF O r / ~ 4A DIA / CIA / Handle Via TALENT - KEYHOLE Control Only / / WARNING / This document contains classified information affecting the national security of the United States within the / / meaning of the espionage laws U. S. Code Title 18, Sections 793 and 794. The law prohibits its transmission or the revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorized person, as well as its use in any manner prejudicial to the safety or interest of the United States or for the benefit of any foreign government to the detriment of the United States. It is to be seen only by personnel especially indoctrinated and authorized to / receive TALENT-KEYHOLE information. Its security must be maintained in accordance with KEYHOLE and TALENT regulations. NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CENTER A TT A-W78B04560A00250001002 GROUApproved For Rel ease 2000/08/91I' Ada e4ived For Release 2000/D 21 5~&-ZP78B04560A002500010024-5 TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only NEW HF COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES AT SOVIET MRBM/IRBM LAUNCH AREAS N P I C/R-795/64 August 1964 NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CENTER Handle Via TALENT-KEYHOLE Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA0025000 1 002&5ystem Only TOP SECRET RUFF HaI PP1oved For ReleasJgg0/%?)4?~~IR P78B04560A002500010024-5 TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 10 20' 3J qtr EUROPEAN U.S.S.R. Lt.i Rl rs~' 'g l U S 5 R A ? HF COMMUNICATIONS ? FACILITY AT MRBM/ Q / 1 IRBM AREA '? 1 `}~ P ? SIMILAR HF ITb ?ff ` ? COMMUNICATIONS K,~ FACILITY NOT AT OR NEAR MR/IRBM AREA 0 9 6 ,`J~ ` 1` 2 7 1: l 1 K..r. '3 f ?. ~ 1 -- '~ X 8P ) NIGRt LSE t. - ? (A p t i lit; '1 kn~ ~ ~ U:AN1 A R k 5 zn or:. .. c 1 _ -. J ' L ~-?? '~ N A ... . n ~ . ~ I - RA Handle Via Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA0025CF0040024 GE TOP SECRET RUFF Apppqyq;0 For Release 2000/019P 174=RDP76U'4?60A002500010024-5 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D go TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only Examination of the 165 MRBM/IRBM launch areas covered by photography o and a partial search of , re- vealed new high -frequency (HF)communications facilities to be recently completed or under construction at a number of these areas (Figure 1). Similar facilities may exist at other areas, but are not presently identifiable. These new facilities apparently are intended to supplement 25X1 D Thirty-six new communications facilities, including one probable and two possible facil- ities, have been noted at or near MRBM/IRBM launch areas on photographic coverage of the USSR in (Three other facilities, apparently similar but not at or near an MRBM/ IRBM launch area, are also included in Fig- ure 1 and Table 1.) Many of these facilities appear to be still under construction. A search of earlier photography to establish negation TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 existing primary types of communications such as landline/microwave relay. This report furnishes a general description of these new facilities, and a tabular listing of pertinent specific information for each (Table 1). In addition, there are detailed considera- tions of both a typical facility (Figures 2 and 3), and of the facility at Nigrande IRBM Launch Area 3 which was specifically requested (Fig- ures 4 and 5). central communications control per complex. The types of antennas present in nearly all cases are the horizontal dipole and the V. These most probably operate in the HF radio range and may be used for either transmitting or receiving, although they are effective over shorter dis- tances than, for example, the rhombic or fish- bone types which are capable of greater direc- tivity and very long range. Rhombic antennas are present at only a very few of the facilities, and fishbone antennas at only one (Sary-Ozek). Neither the horizontal dipole nor V antennas at the facilities can be described in detail since e)r_v-11 n 25X1 D dates indicates a probable beginning of con- struction at most of the facilities in early = However, much of this earlier photography is of very small scale, and also of poor quality or partly cloud covered, so that it is not always possible to ascertain a valid date for the be- ginning of construction. These new communications facilities vary in minor ways from each other but are essen- tially similar with respect to the numbers and types of antennas present, and to the location of the facility relative to the MRBM/IRBM launch area. Typically, the new communications facility is found at or very near to an individual MRBM/ IRBM launch area, but with no more than one facility per launch complex (usually comprised of two or three launch areas), indicating one Handle Via N KEYHOLE Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010(~ T ystem only TOP SECRET RUFF Approved For ReleaiAAobk9 kT d WI bP78B04560A002500010024-5 Handle is TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 corrected directly by computer. For consist- degrees, the corresponding reciprocal azimuth ency, all azimuths are given between 0 and 180 being assumed. TYPICAL MRBM/IRBM HF COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY "Typical of the new HF communications fa- Launch Area 1 (Dyatlovo Launch Site*), 6.7 cilities being established at Soviet MRBM/IRBM nautical miles (nm) northwest of Dyatlovo at launch areas is the one at Dyatlovo MRBM *TDI launch site designator -2- 25X1D Handle Via Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78B04560A0025 a'~ -MYS 9-y TOP SECRET RUFF App,rp,V9,0 For Release 2000/08/21 P74t7P78BOF560A002500010024-5 TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 53-33-ON 25-16-ME (Figures 2 and 3). This facility was not present on photography of_ but was observed under construction on photography of - It is fenced and contains a security building at the entrance, two other small build- ings or structures, and a central control build- ing; an antenna field, consisting of 4 HF hori- Wooded area Transmission line TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 zontal dipole antennas and 4 V antennas (2 large and 2 small), fans out west, north, and east of the control building. Propagation azimuths for the antennas are given in Table 1. Transmissions line traces can be seen within the facility, which is connected by road to the launch site access road. ;:COMMuN ICATI QNS Road Trail Handle Via A roved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010 N KEYHOLE pp A74' em Only TOP SECRET RUFF Approved For RelealP 0 I ' &WFF?DP78B04560A002500010024-5 Handle V Approved TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only HF COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY AT NIGRANDE IRBM LAUNCH AREA 3 The new HF communications facility at Nigrande IRBM Launch Area 3 (Vainode Launch Site*) is not as typical, there being no V antennas present, for example. This facility (Figures 4 and 5) is situated 2.5 nm north-northwest of Vainode at 56-28ON 21-50-ME. It consists *TDI launch site designator 25X1 D 25X1 D TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 of a control area, possibly still under construc- tion, containing three buildings and two uni- dentified objects, and an antenna field contain- ing 4 to 5 horizontal dipole antennas, some or all of which also appear to be under construction. The facility is not fenced, and no transmission line traces could be seen. -4- 25X1D Handle Via Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA00250-01 INS TOP SECRET RUFF AppirQved For Release 2000/08'/21 P C~~C-R&78B0&560A002500010024-5 TRO ;EA UNIDENTIFIED OBJECTS HORIZONTAL DIPOLE ANTENNAS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY LAUNCH AREA TALENT-KEYHOLE Control System Only TCS-7811/64 NPIC/R-795/64 SITE S'UPPORT 'ACIL,I.TY . Handle Via A roved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010 N KEYHOLE pp 0,47 'Stem onlv Road Trail Wooded area Guy anchor position TOP SECRET RUFF Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78B04560A002500&T00R-5 Belokoro- 1.7 nm S of 51-07-OON vichi 1 launch area 27-59-30E (Olevsk Launch Site 1) Brest 2 At launch area, 51-51-45N (Brest 18.5 nm 24-01-45E 0 Launch Site 2) SE of Brest a Brody 3 1.5 nm W 50-06-OON (Brod of launch 25-09-45E rn n /Z7 y Launch Site 1) Derazhnya area At launch area 49-21-OON rn 1 (Derazh- , 4.5 nm 27-26-30E it7 rn rn nya Launch Site 1) Dolina 1 N of De- razhnya 1 nm SE of 49-04-OON (Dolina launch area 24-03-30E Launch Site 1) Drogo- Immediate- 49-22-OON bych 1 ly S of 23-45-30E (Medeni- tsa Launch Site) Dyatlovo launch area At launch area, 53-33-OON 1 (Dyat- 6.7 nm 25-16-30E n-i o D lovo Launch Site) Granov 1 NW of Dyatlovo At launch area, 48-56-15N rn = . Z o (Granov 4.5 nm NNW 29-30-30E 7 ~ Launch of Granov ~c n rn Site 1) 3 -~ 00 See footnotes at end of table. - r m 2 dipole 1 V 1 possible 2 rhombic 1 large V 1 small V At least 2 dipole 1 U/I probable dipole U/C Probable dipoles U/C At least 2 dipole 2 clearings for possi- ble anten- nas .3 possible dipole 3 dipole 4 dipole 2 large V 2 small V 2 dipole Probable dipole U/C Cn r Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010024-5 t l- Approved For Release 200P/08/21: CIA.DP7aBO456bAO02 00010024-5 a a, MRBM/IRBM Launch Area* Gresk 1 (Gresk At launch area, 9 nm NE of 27-42-15E Launch Site 1) Gvardeysk Gresk At launch area, 54-40-301 08-OOE 1 1 (Gvar- 2.5 nm NE - 2 dey sk Launch Site 1) ava Jel of Gvar- devsk At launch area, 56-35-30N 24-03-45E g Ie- 12 nm ESE 0 1 ( cava of -a U) n /0 Launch Site 1) Jonava 2 (Jonava Launch Jelgava rn Site) At least 4 dipole 1 large V 1 small V 3 probable dipole 70 Konkovichi I (Petri- C T -1, kov Launch Site) 52-30N 0 3-4 pos- At launch area, - 5 Korosten 2 (Korosten Launch Site 2) Kozhano- 6.5 nm SW of Korosten At launch area, 28-30-30E 52-11-451 48-30E 7 sible dipole U/C 2 dipole 1V 6 nm 2 2 - b vichi 2 . a- 1 pro 7 SW of bl (Kozha- novi chi Launch Zhitko- vichi e small V CJ n Site 2) ch area l 55-01-30N 2 dipole i v o o D r Krasnozna- mensk 2 , aun At 5.5 nm E 22-11-30E 1 possi- ble c cn 0 Z :3:: (Ragnit of Newman dipole -i o Launch U1 1C m < Site) 1 large V ll V 3 2 0 I sma 00 E r See footnotes at end of table. Approved For Release 200 25X1 D 25X1 D Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010024-5 0 0 rn rn --i C T -n MRBM/IRBM Launch Area* Lida 2 (Lida Launch Site 2) Lutsk 1 (Lutsk Launch Site 1) llaykop Fixed Field MRBM (Tulskaya) Nigrande 3 (Vai- node Launch Site) Ostrog 2 (Ostrog Launch Site 2) Paplaka 1 (Paplaka Launch Site 1) Pinsk 2 (Motol Launch Site) At launch area, 2.5 nm SSW of Lehedin 6 nm NW of Lida; 10 nm W of Lida MRBM Launch Area 2 At launch area, 7nmNE of Lida At launch area, 11 nm 1VNlV of Yelsk 2.5 nm E of launch area At launch area, 2.5 nm NNVV' of Vainode At launch area, 6.7 nm WSW of Paplaka 0.8 nm S of launch area small) 1 large V 1 small V 25X1 D Approved. For Ffelease 2000/ 8/21 `. CIA-RIIP78B 4560 002500010024-5 53-57-00N 3 dipole 25-28-OOE I large v 1 small V dipole footings 44-31-OON 3 probable 40-19-OOE dipole U/ 52-11-30N 4 dipole 25-44-OOE (large & 01 0" C 0 0 Cr, rn t 1 rn C -n 25X1 D Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010024-5 t t [ i. I t t. U t l t l t t [ ii n- o D z a - z 7 N ~ fD ID m Associated Distance Number and 3 I-. 00 MRBM/IRBM Launch Area* from Launch Area Type of Antennas r - M Postavy 1 0.8 nm SE 55-09-30N 2 dipole (Postavy of launch area 26-54-OOE I large V Launch 1 small V Site 1) Pruzhany 1 0.5 nm NE 52-30-30N 3 dipole (Pruzhany of launch area 24-08-15E 1 large V Launch 1 small V Site 1) Pruzhany 9.5 nm SSE 52-24-30N 6 rhombic SSE (none) of Pru- 24-33-30E (3 day, zhany; 16.5 3 night) nm ESE of 4 dipole Pruzhany 2 V MRBM Launch Area 1 Ruzhany 2 At launch area, 52-49-30N 3 dipoles (Krupa 5.5 nm 24-45-30E 1 large V Launch WSW of 1 small V Site 2) Ruzhany Sary-Ozek 1 At launch area, 44-32-OON 2 fishbone (Kara 7.4 nm 77-46-45E 2 dipole Babau NNW of 1 large V Launch Kara 1 small V Site 1) Babau Slonim 2 At launch area, 52-55-30N At least (B,yten 10.5 nm 25-21-30E 3 dipole Launch S of 1 V Site 2) Slonim 1 proba- ble V Slonim W 3.5 nm W 53-06-40N 4 dipole (none) of Slo- 25-13-OOE 1 large V nim; 12.5 1 small V nm NNW of Slo- nim MRBM Launch Area 2 z ID Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010024-5 Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA00250001 OO242 X1 D Table I. (Continued) Associated Distance MRBM/IRBM from Launch Launch Area* Area Sovetsk 1 At launch area, 54-59-15N 2-3 dipole (Slavsk 10 nm 21-37-15E 1 large V Launch Site 1) SW of Sovetsk 1 small V Taurage 2 0.7 nm S 55-09-15N 4-5 dipole (Taurage of launch area 22-20-45E 1 large V Launch Site 1) 1 small V Ukmerge 2 At launch area, 55-11-15N 3 dipole (Ukmerge 4.7 nm SW 24-42-30E U/ C Launch of Ukmerge 1 large V 0 Site) 1 small A' Vselyub 2 At launch area, 53-45-OON 1 proba- (Vselyub 5.4 nm 25-46-45E ble dipole Launch N of U/C M Site 2) Vselyub 1 large V C) 1 small V 70 Yelsk 1 At launch area, 51-42-OON 2 dipole rn (Yelsk Launch Site 1) 7 am SSE of Yelsk 29-12-30E Zagare 1 At launch area, 56-23-15N Probable T (Zagare 2.8 nm NNE 23-19-30E dipoles TI Launch of Zagare U/C Site 1) 1 V Znamensk 2 At launch area, 54-35-30N Probable (Znamensk 3.1 nm WSW 21-08-45E dipole Launch Site 2) of Znamensk U/C *TDI launch site designator in parentheses. **Map reference is to US Air Target Chart, Series 200 (scale 1:200,000). REQUIREMENTS NSA. P0432/R64-64 NSA. P0432/R89-64 N-686/64 N-856/64 Approved For Release 2000/08/21 : CIA-RDP78BO456OA002500010024-5 Approved For Release 2000/0.5? : S1 ff 78BO456OA002500010024-5 Approved For Release 2000/08/7OAClk i 778B0456OA002500010024-5