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Document Creation Date: 
December 28, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 12, 2001
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Publication Date: 
November 30, 1956
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PDF icon CIA-RDP78T04753A000300020004-5.pdf264 KB
Approved For Release 2001/08/07 :CIA-RDP78T04753~gpp-o SECRET-~~ No. Pages COPY NO.: .ALUMINA AND ALUMINUM PLANT AJKA, HUNGARY DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS.. C' ? DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO 1 C NEXT REVIEW DATE: _ ~ - AUTH: HR 70-2 DATE: 8 fY03 FLC-N3m :flL / - - Declass Review by NIMA / DoD CIA/RR-HTA-M7-56 30 NOVEMBER 1956 WARNING: HANDLE VIA CONTROL CHANNELS ONLY CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This document contains information usable only within the TALENT CONTROL SYSTEM. It is to be seen on a MUST-KNOW BASIS ONLY BY PERSONNEL ESPECIALLY INDOC- TRINATED AND AUTHORIZED. Reproduction is prohibited unless approved by the originator. 20 SECRET '"Momowmmlmwq~ T047 53A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 WARNING This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Secs. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For.Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 TOP SECRET CHESS AJKA, HUNGARY CIA/RR-HTA-Imo(-56 30 November 1956 TOP SECRET CRESS Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 1 /0$ ~Ii- S04753A000300020004-5 10 15 20 25 30 BALTIC OKa iningrad Chernyakho k Lubeck SEA Danzig O ostock Grodno crg ~ Nie'h St tin Bialystok ey S tin n) Hannover f r ' , BERLIN Poznafi W SAW ? D Brest ripyat' G E R M iA N ode, P O L Lode Lublin U. S. S. R. Dresden Kovel' Breslau rocraw) 50 50 PRAGUE Kr w Nurnberg Plzert Ostrava / Lvov 2Ec I( Brno 0 S T Zilina AKIA d w Konice dni Li o es nz t Ch rnovts ter VIENNA Mukachevo Debrecen A U S T R I last JKA BUDAPEST N R Oradea Cluj roe Szeged Nagykanizsa Arad R U N I A Timisoara Galati Or UI Stalin Trieste (Brasov) 45 45 Sa < as 4be Turnu Ploesti 4 Severin BUCHAREST BELGRADE onstania YUGOSLAVIA panUbe Pleven Stalin B L A.C K Er .r^ o ~''~ (Varna) S EA B U L G urgas SOFIA 0 ROME > Plovdiv ITALY cc r TIRA 0 ~QQ Istan ul TYRRHENIAN ( sd 40 40 ~ SEA T U R K E Y T h u ,ed s re ih Od N"s I ,h d1, t PING a,, AEGEAN G R E E C E r bq d o , d , : h o,,.,i- o 1 0 N I A N eh S U 5 (,h .,h., , S E A L h , r o the 7,ed Saes SEA 15 20 25 The European Soviet Satellites Scale 110000.000 0 100 200 300 400 Statute Miles Selected railroad 0 100 200 300 400 Kilometers I - 2 - Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 ii :T CHESS TOP SECRET CHESS Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78T04753A000300020004-5 HTA-N7 S6 AJKA, HUNGARY The Ajka Alumina and Aluminum Plant is located in West Central Hungary,, one mile Southwest of the town of Ajka and 16 miles West of Veszprem. Construction of this plant actually began in 1941. However, despite strenuous efforts of the German and Hungarian governments, only negligible production was accomplished during World War II, due primarily to a shortage ofelectrical power. Following the war the Soviets took over the German interest in the plant. After a period of delay due to technical difficulty and to some Soviet dismantling for reparations, activity approaching full operation was reportedly achieved for the first time in 1947. reports indicate that the plant has been under- going an almost continuous program of expansion and modernization since the previous photo coverage in M and that it is an integrated alumina-aluminum plant with a 125X1 D final product of pig metal. All of the plant's alumina production was at one time reportedly smelted in its own aluminum reduction facilities. However, the subsequent expansion of alumina production capacity probably now results in a substantial pert of alumina production being exported or transferred elsewhere in Hungary for processing. No rolling mills or aluminum fabrication buildings are in evidence on tied into the national grid for emergency purposes in 1949. photography. 25X1 Bauxite is delivered to the plant by rail. Electric power is supplied by the Ajka thermal power plant, which adjoins the plant on the east. This plant was reportedly m3 Approved For ReleastdP124 - CIgRDP78T04753A000300020004-5 ET CESS TOP SEMET Vi.' Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP78T04753A000300020004-5 The Ajka Alumina and Aluminum Plant is comprised of the following functional units, New bauxite storage building, 100'x 375'. Bauxite ore is stored here in large covered bins. 2. New unidentified building, 110'x 230'. 3. New ore grinding building, 95'x 270'. 4. Overhead conveyor. Transports crushed ore fron the grinding building (3) to the leaching building (6). 5. New water cooling tower, 120' high, 80' in diameter. 6. New leaching and separating building, 135'x 380'. 7. Overhead conveyor, 155' long. Transports materials from leaching building (6) to the new processing building (8). 8. Processing buildings. Total roof cover is approximately 83,000 square feet. These four inter-connected buildings reportedly contain vacuum distillators, filters, new rotary kilns and other processing equipment. 9. Three probable small shops or administration buildings, 95'x 80', 25'x 75' and 35'x 85'. 10. New precipitation tank building. Houses 16 newly installed, 80' high alumina precipitators. 11. Coal storage. 12. Water cooling tower. Associated with the thermal power plant. 13. New water cooling tower. Apparently not yet in operation. 14. Thermal power plant. Supplies the necessary steam, heat and electrical power for the aluminum plant. 15. Overhead steam line. Leads directly into the new processing buildings (8) of the alumina plant. 16. Shipping platform. Located on the ground floor of the rectifier building (17). 17. Rectifier building, 85'x 170'. Houses the transformers, switching gear and modifiers necessary for the alumina reduction process. 18. Probable storage building, 25'x l'5'. 19. Two pot rooms, each 120' x 190'. Contains a series of electrolytic furnaces which produce aluminum from alumina. 20. Foundry, 95'x 160'. Reportedly contains smelting furnaces. 21. Two alumina storage silos. Located at the corner of the pot room. 22. New stack. This 325' high stack is reported to be used with the recently in- stalled ventilating system in the pot rooms. 23. Unidentified building, 50'x 245'. 24. Unidentified building, 70'x 160'. 25. New railroad spurs. Lead to bauxite storage building (1). 26. Re-aligned stream. Diverted to make space for the new plant expansion. 27. Red mud lake. A new area for the disposal of the red mud waste. Approved For Release 2( jp8 fy- Redff753A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 Approved For Release 2001/08/07: CIA-RDP78T04753A000300020004- A M7-56 REQUIREMENT: Prepared in answer to RR/HTA/E/R50/56 requesting description of plant layout and evidence of expansion. World Aeronautical Chart 252 U.S. Target Chart-Series 100. U.S. Target Mosaic-Series 10. 100 10MA 47? 06' N 17? 33'' E Approved For Release 2001/08/07 : CIA-RDP78TO4753A000300020004-5 TOP SECRET CHESS TOP SECRET CHESS