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March 1, 1963
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ILLEGIB Approved For Release 2001/03/30 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000200300113-5 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2001/03/30 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000200300113-5 25X1C N P IC.` R-11,62/ 63 March 1963 PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION REPORT ~ RC -" i/5 LAUNCH COMPLEX B KAPUSTIN YAR/VLADIMIROVKA MISSILE TEST CENTER, USSR 6200 NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CENTER Declassification review by NIMA/DOD- 63 25X1 C NPIC/R- 1162/63 5- 4$7G2- 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D O Ihis photographic interptation report has been prepared as a partial ans~,wLr to a general requirement for a detailed analysis of the Kapustin 1'ar -'Vladimirovka Missile Test Center. "I he purpose of this re- port is to present a detailed photo analysis of Launch Complex B, one of several comprising the Surface-to-Surface Missile Facilities. Analysis also is under wav on Launch Complexes A and C. Each of these remain- ing complexes or facilities will also be the subject of a subsequent report. Insofar as possible, this report includes a comparison of- hotography, and the line drawings portray in green all changes and additions subsequent to the_coverage. All reported azimuths are referenced from true north, and the term miles refers to nautical miles. 25X1 C RET Mmmi~~~ 25X1 C MMMMMJJJJJJ~~~ INTRODUCTION The Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM) Fa- cilities, which are located primarily in the cen- tral part of the Kapustin Yar/Vladimirovka Mis- sile Test Center (KYMZ C) and constitute its largest group of facilities, comprise the follow- ing eight complexes: Launch Complexes A, B, C and E; Troop Training Launch Complexes F and G; the Rocket Launch Complex; and the Test and Support Complex. The former V-2 Launch Site, now abandoned, is also located in the area of the SSM Facilities. All these complexes are supported from Kapustin Yar with tRft? exception of Troop Training Launch Complex G, which re- ceives support from Vladimirovka. Launch Complex B of the Kapustin Yarj Vladimirovka Missile Test Center is located at 4S-41N 46-16E, 1.3 miles south of Launch Com- plex A (Figure 1). It is situated at the terminus of a 1.1-mile branch road off the all-weather main road which extends southeasterly from Ka- pustin Yar 6.5 miles to the Test and Support Complex and then northeasterly 21 miles to Launch Complex A and L. In addition, the com- plex is served by numerous unimproved roads, trails and buried cables leading to other com- plexes in the center. Encompassing an area of approximately 70 acres, Launch Complex B is roughly I-shaped with bar oriented north-south representing the three launch a reas and the stem, situated lust to the west, representing the Support Area. All four areas are contiguous and are en- closed by a single fence (1-igure 2). Launch Areas 131 and B2 were operational at the time of the first photographic coverage of Kapustin Yarj but Launch Area B3 was constructed during the period Launch Complex B, the most compact of the major SSM launch complexes at the center, con- sists of three launch areas and a large support area all enclosed by a single fence. This com- plex probably i*capable of supporting launchings of aerodynamic cruise missiles and small, tac- tical ballistic missiles. Compared with the other launch complexes at Kapustin Yar, Launch Com- plex B is unique because tl3e support area is ad- jant to the launch area and because all areas are enclosed by a single fence. Moreover, there is an apparent absence of any instrumentation directly associated with this complex outside of that in the immediate vicinity of the launch area. that elapsed before the next photo ra hic cover- age of the area was obtained in (Figures 3 and 4). The three launch areas lie within a rec- tangular-shaped fence measuring approximately 2,530 by 700 feet (Figure 5). The rectangular area is oriented generally north-south with launch pads and roads placed so as to facilitate firing to the east. Launch Area BI, the most northerly of the three launch areas, is used for testing aerodynamic missiles. In -Launch Area B1 included two rectangular launch pads, but by late _ additional concrete had been poured so that the two pads were connected. Also, two inclined rail launchers were present on the pad area in_he middle launch area, Launch Area B2, includes one large square pad with vertical structure positioned at its center. Launch Area B3, constructed between- -onsists of a large concrete hardstand with an inclined launcher and a probable launching structure below ground. Supporting facilities at 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C RAILROAD PRIMARY ROAD SECONDARY ROAD POWER LINE INSTRUMENTATION SITE ESCARPMENT 25X1 C nnonojjjjj~~~ 25X1 D 25X1 C all three launch areas, which are separated by fences, include hardstands, hunkers, instrumen- tation points, and a system of connecting roads with wide-radius turns. The support area, situated immediately west of the launch areas, contains the logistical and administrative support facilities for the com- plex. Access from the Support Area to the launch areas is provided by road, the gate of which is located at the northeast corner of the Support Area. Associated with Complex B, but not within the confines of the fenced area, are two small storage buildings that are located along the main entry woad to the Support Area. In addition, there are two large rectangular ground patterns forward of the launch areas which because of their location and configuration are included with Complex B. These patterns were present in are outlined by earth scars 10 to 15 feet wide, and measure 7,650 by 1,525 feet and 4,400 by 1,100 feet, possibly to delineate former firing (Figure 2). An abandoned area of activity was noted on thmcoverage 1.25 miles west of Complex B. This area consisted of a number of small build- ings, a group of tent bases, and a number of ex- 25X1 B 25X1 D cavations. Late in this area was still 25X1 D abandoned, but another area immediately north- east of it showed evidence that a group of tents had been erected. The latter is probably an abandoned bivouac area (Figure 2). A possible water line paralleling the branch road from the all-weather main road may provide water for the complex. Approximately 2 miles to the west another water line branches from the possible water line from Kapustin Yar and ap- parently enters the complex at the northwest cor- ner. Although an overhead power transmission 25X1 C EEEEJJJJJ~~~ 25X1 C EmElibm= line has been identified running to Complex A, no connection to Complex B has been noted. The identification of a large possible diesel power plant in the support area suggests that power is provided locally. Buried cables lead from the vicinity of the support area and connect with Complex A to the north and with Complex C, 4 miles to the south. These cables probably represent part of die land- line communication system which extends gener- ally north-south in the rangehead. Ihese cable lines also probably represent the instrumenta- tion lines from the instrumentation stations as- sociated with Launch oComplexes A and C, and some of these stations probably monitor the fir- ings from Launch Complex B. Moreover, it should be noted that the trace of the cable line leading to Complex A appears to be oriented to- ward the probable range control center and com- munication site of Launch Complex A, indicating that range control center and communication site of Launch Complex B may be provided by the facilities at Launch Complex A. Two groups of tent bases, which probably were used to house construction workers when initial work on the complex was proceeding, are located south of the Support Area and west of Launch Area B3 (Figure 5). 25X1 D Launch Area B1 (Figure 6), the more no- erly of the three launch areas, probably is for the launching of cruise missiles from in- clined rail launchers and,, or for the launchingof small, tactical ballistic missiles. I he launch area, which measures 75(1 by 670 feet and en- compasses an area of 11 acres, is within the common fence of the complex and is separated from the Support Area to the west by a wire fence and from Launch Area B2 to the south by a solid fence. At this area, which has undergone significant changes sinecure located two concrete launch pads. I wo inclined rail launch- ers, which are the items of major significance, are located on the northern pad. Also located at this facility are another possible launcher, two drive-in control bunkers, a third probable con- trol bunker, and a number of associated hard- stands and instrumentation Ix>ints. 25X1 D ln-thcre were two identical launch pads at this area, one of which still exists virtually unchanged. This is the pad on which the inclined rail launchers are located. I he other launch pad has been extensively modified, the result being the large square pad now present. I he in- sert in Figure 6 shows the layout of Launch Area B1 as it was in Movement into Launch Area 131 is byanun- paved road which passes through a gate of the Support Area and continues east for about 300 feet to the concrete pads. Just east of the gate to the Support Area another road, constructed of concrete, branches to the south and services Launch Areas B2 and B3. Heavy trackage indi- cates that vehicles servicing Launch Area B1 proceed to the east of the concrete pads, turn left and swing around to the north edge of the paved area, there returning to the improved road. The following is a detailed description of Launch Area BI, and item numbers are keyed to Figure 6. Item I - Concrete Launch Pad: This launch pad is rectangular, measures 175b\, iWfcct, and X1 D 25X1 B 25X1 B 25X1 D E 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C MENiiiMM is constructed of concrete. It is laid out gener- ally in an east-west direction and has located on it two inclined rail missile launchers. A hard- stand measuring 40 by 30 feet is located just forward of a drive-in bunker (item 4) 150 feet north of the launch pad and connected to it by a concrete road. The hardstand no longer appears to be functional, because a probable control bun- ker (item 5) has been constructed over a portion of it. Item 2 - Inclined Rail Launchers: Two iden- tical inclined rail missile launchers, positioned 100 feet apart and oriented on an azimuth - degrees, are located on the rectangular launch pad (item 1). These two launchers are 85 feet in slant length, are inclined at an angle of 15 de- grees from the horizontal, and have a height of at the forward end of the rail. On the orwar part of each launcher is a thin object 40 feet long, which appears cylindrical, that could be either a small missile or an integral part of the launcher itself. Figure 7 is a perspective of Launch Area 131 showing the rail launchers and the position of the possible missiles on the launchers- If these objects mounted on the launchers are missiles, they are ejther small, tactical ballistic missiles or cruise missiles that do not yet have the wings and empennag@ attached. Item 3 - Concrete Launch Pad: This con- crete launch pad is roughly square, measuring 200 feet on a side. Situated on this launch pad are three unidentified objects. A launcher is lo- cated near the center of the pad, measures 45 by 15 feet, and is oriented with its long axis running east-west. The main body of this launcher appears to be cylindrical and to be placed on a solid base resulting in a struc- ture that is not readily mobile. A crane is adjacent to the launcher. The perspective drawing of Launch Area B1 shows the con- figuration of this launcher (Figure 7). The unidentified object of undetermined configuration is located in the shadow cast by the solid fence separating Launch Area B1 from Launch Area B2. Item 4 - Control Bunkers: Two drive-in, earth-mounded control bunkers, each measuring 40 by 30 feet, are located in this launch area. Each bunker is served by a concrete access road leading down and apparently into the east side of the structure. The more northerly bunker has an entrance road wide enough to accommodate two vehicles side by side, whereas the southern bunk- er has an access road wide enough to allow entry of only one vehicle. InMthese bunkers could 25X1 D each readily be associate with a launch pad, each being 175 feet from the center of its re- spective pad. AlMhowever, cable scars in- dicate that both bunkers are associated with the inclined rail launchers. Item 5 - Probable Control Bunker: A prob- able earth-mounded control bunker measuring 40 by 30 feet is located a few feet from the southeast corner of the northern drive-in control bunker. This structure, not present in also appears to service the incl'lned rail missile launchers but does not have a drive-in capability. 6 - Parking Apron: A concrete parking apron measuring 75 by 70 feet is located just northwest of the rectangular launch pad. No vehicles were observed on this hardstand at the time of either photographic coverage. 25X1 D 25X1 D Item 7 - Hardstand: An irregularly shaped hardstand 40 by 20 feet is located adjacent to the west edge of the large square launch pad and is probably used as a parking place for missile- handling or servicing equipment. Items 8 and 9 - Small Buildings: Two small buildings are present in this area. One (item 8) of these buildings is constructed between the launch pads, and at the time of the_photog- 25X1 D 25X1 C MMMMMWJJJJJ~~~ 25X1 C Mmmdiw~~~ FIGURE 7. PERSPECTIVE OF LAUNCH AREA 81. raphy, it had a vehicle parked immediately to the west of it. The other structure (item 9) is a small shedlike building located at the intersec- tion of the access road from the support area and the square launch pad. Items 10and 11 - Instrumentation Sites: Two pre-surveyed instrumentation sites are associ- ated with this area, one (item 10) is located northwest of the large hardsjand near the rec- tangular launch pad. Cable scars lead to this site from four different directions, including one that was present in=rom the northern drive- in control bunker. the other instrumentation site (item 11) is located 2-50 feet outside of the peri- meter fence line to the east of the launch area. The cable scar from this point leads to the poss- ible launcher near the center of the square launch pad Launch Area B2 (Figure 8) ' .? roughly rectangular, measures 950 by 670 feet, and en- compasses an area of almost 15 acres. This launch area is within the common fence of the complex and is separated from the Support Area to the west by a solid fence, from Launch Area B1 to the north by a solid fence, and from Launch Area B3 to the south by a wire fence. This launch area contains a launch pad, 25X1 C three control bunkers, a probable propellant servicing revetment, two separate large un- identified objects, and a number of hardstands and instrumentation points. In_this launch area was undergoing expansion, the old solid fence on the south having been removed and a wire fence constructed to enclose an area ex- tending 300 feet farther south. The changes resulted in the launch area now in existence. Only two major items were added between the 25X1 D 25X1 D ^ ^ ^ U U 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C MMMMJJJ~~~ two dates: (1) a large earth-mounded control bunker near the north edge of the launch area, the construction of which necessitated offsetting a portion of the solid fence between Launch Area B1 and B2; and (2) a concrete road extending from Launch Area 132 to the new Launch Area B3 immediately to the south. Access to the launch area is by a con- crete road that enters the area from Launch Area 131 through a gate in the solid fence near the northwest corner of the area. the following is a detailed description of Launch Area B2, and item numbers are keyed to Figure S. Item I - Launch Pad: -1 he concrete pad positioned just north of the center of the launch area is roughly square and measures 200 feet on a side. It is serviced by four concrete roads entering the pad at the northwest, south- west, and southeast corners and midway along the north edge. A hardstand with an instru- mentation point is at the northeast corner. Item 2 - Unidentified structure: At the center of the large square pad is a vertical structure-in overall height, the function of which cannot be positively determined from either the photography. The structure appears to consist of a vertical com- ponent in height, irregularly shaped, and tapere toward the top that is placed on a large square concrete base 40 feet on a side and high. The sides of the base are vertical o. the first ~Itnd then are py- ramidal for the remaining, distance to a point where the base meets the vertical segment of the structure. At this juncture is an object, either ringlike or bulbous in configuration, that joins the vertical component of the object to the base. Figure y is a perspective of Launch Area 132 showing this object. Lven though, as previously stated, the function of this struc- ture cannot be positively determined, it may 25X1 C be either an erected missile ready for vertical firing or a ship motion simulator with a firing tube placed on top. The taper of the vertical component of this structure that is indicated by its shadow .suggests an erected missile ready for firing. It would be highly coincidental, however, to find a missile ready for launchin- on the same launch pad in both The object as seen on the M photography gives more of an im- pression of being a vertical launch tower than it does on the photography. It is possible that a tower was at this location in- ?and, with the development of new missile sys- tems, that it was later removed. Further- more, it is possible that a missile was erected at the time of thMphotography. lio,. ever, it would be highly coincidental that a tower should be replaced by a missile with the same dimensions and general appearance. On the other hand, the solid appearance and irregular shape of this structure detract from its inter- pretation as a launch tower, which would most likely be an open lattice-type of structure with straight vertical sides. the massiveness of the base in relation to the total height of this structure could indicate that there is a large amount of equip- ment inside it. This reasoning carried a step further could indicate that the base contains a ship simulator for creating motion in pitch, roll, and yaw. Attached to this simulator through the bulbous object on top of the base could be a missile firing tube similar to the one Items 3 and 4 - Electronics Structures: Located near the southern edge of the large, concrete pad are two probable electronic struc- tures. These structures do not appear to be any known type of standard Soviet electronic devices and probably are highly specialized antennas designed specifically for use with 25X1 B 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 B 25X1 B 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C missile systems that are under development at this launch area. One of the structures (item 3) is a large rectangular antenna which ism high, mounted on a ped- estal 5 feet tall. This instrument was present in but was located 70 feet west of its present position. The other probable electronic structure (item 4), which was not present in -appears to be_in height including an unidentified object on top. Item 5 - Drive-in Revetment: A drive- in revetment, which is of concrete construction, abutts the western edge of the pad 100 feet 50 by 40 feet, is served by a concrete access road 40 feet wide and probably functions as llant servicine revetment drive-in control bunker (item 6) is located 200 feet north-northwest of the center of the pad and is earth covered. The outline of the underlying bunker measures 30 by 30 feet. A concrete road 30 feet wide leads downward and apparently into the structure from the west side. A new, large earth-mounded control bunker measuring 50 by 40 on the top (item 7) has been constructed since near the north boundary of the launch area. The po- sitioning of this structure 350 feet from the object at the center of the pad appears to be significant because 0a 150-foot section of the solid fence separating Launch Areas B1 and B2 was offset 20 feet to the north to allow construction of the bunker at this point. In the process of constructing this bunker, a con- crete road 40 feet wide, which in-connected the launch pads of Launch Area B1 directly with the large square pad at' Launch Area B2, has been destroyed. The remainder of this road functions as a link between the new control 25X1 C bunker and the square launch pad at Launch Area B2. Cable scars connect the new control bunker with both the structure at the center of the pad and an instrumentation point on a concrete hardstand located off the northeast corner of the square pad. -1%%o structures are located on top of the new control bunker and prob- ably are either vents or periscopes. Item 8 - Large Unidentified Object: South of the large square pad is a large road-served hardstand measuring approximately 180 by 100 feet on which has been constructed a long unidentified object oriented in an east-west direction. A concrete road enters this hard- stand from the northwest and exits at the north- east corner and extends to the square launch pad, entering it at the southeast corner. It cannot be determined whether the flow of traffic proceeds in this manner or in the opposite direction, which would be first to the square launch pad and then to the rectangular hard- stand. 1he large unidentified object is ir- to consist of two components separated by a base eastern part is high. Both ends are of irregular shape and appear to be of complex design. Figure 14 shows the configuration of this object. 25X1 D ' 25X1 D 25X1 C X00 O 1OO 200 300 1 I 1 I I FEET (APPROX) 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 B 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C R mmmmiik~~~ 25X1 C Item 9 - Revetment: A large revetment is located 200 feet south-southwest of the large unidentified object, and cable scars indicate that is has an association with this object. This revetment, opening to the west and measur- ing 50 by 25 feet, is large enough to accom- modate large vehicles, but there is no road or indication of heavy trackage leading to it. One of the scars leading from the revetment to the object on the hardstand possibly is a pipeline, which might indicate that this revetment functions as a storage facility for fuel in mobile tanks. Furthermore, a small structure located at the southeast corner of the revetment ~it the point where the possible pipeline enters it might be a small pumphouse. Item 10 - Possible Control Bunker: A possible control bunker, measuring 30 by 20 feet, is located approximately nAdway between the object at the center of the square pad and the object on the hardstand to the south of it. It is road served from the hardstand but does not have any indications of cable lines extending from it to either of the above objects. It is possible that this structure is not a control bunker, but rather a new buried utility build- ing. Items 11 and 12 - Hardstands: There are two hardstands in this launch area that are not related directly to any structure or in- strumentation point. One of these hardstands (item 11) that was not present in= is located 25X1 D in the northwest corner of the launch area between the access road and the fence and measures 100 by 90 feet. This hardstand probably functions as a location to hold equip- ment and missiles. The other hardstand (item 12) is located off the road connecting the large square launch pad and the new control bunker. This second hardstand measures 60 by 30 feet and is oriented east-west with its south- west corner adjacent to the northeast corner of the drive-in control bunker. The second hardstand probably is used as a vehicle servic- ing or temporary hold stand. In=a vehicle, 25X1 D possibly a truck-mounted crane, was positioned on this hardstand. Vehicles: In_at least 4 vehicles were situated at various positions in the launch area. 25X1 D LAUNCbr AREA B3 Construction of Launch Area B3 (Figure 10), the most southerly of the launch areas Yar and was either near completion or com- 25X1 D after the- photographic coverage of Kapustin 25X1 D started sometime This launch area measures 790 by 730 feet and encompasses an area of 13 acres. 'The launch area is with- in the common fence of the complex and is separated from Launch Area B2 to the north by a wire fence. The main feature of this launch area is a concrete pad measuring 540 by 120 feet, 25X1 C generally rectangular in shape, on which two launchers and a blockhouse are located. One launcher is at the south end of the pad and is on a large concrete ramp, whereas the other is at the north end and appears to be situated in a rectangular pit. Both launchers are oriented on an azimuth of 'I he 25X1 D blockhouse is located in the center of the pad midway between the two launchers. Also located here is a semiburied tank, a run-off basin, a mobile crane, and several small unidentified objects. A concrete road leads from Launch Area B2 into Launch Area B3. 7 his is the 25X1 C to Figure 10. Item I - Inclined only road access into the launch area. the following is a detailed description of Launch Area B3, and item numbers are keyed in use either for constructing the launcher or as a clamshell shovel. Item 2 - Possible ' Twin-Cylinder" Missile Launcher: Located on the northern part of the concrete apron at Launch Area B3 is a possible twin-cylinder missile launcher which is in a horizontal, subsurface position. -I he launcher is housed within a rectangular concrete pit which measures 95 by 40 feet overall. An accurate depth of the pit cannot be de- termined. Within the pit is a possible launcher with two tubelike objects 55 feet long and in diameter that are rounded on each end. These tubelike objects are about apart and appear to be connected near t eir western end by an item that is at least 15 feet long and tapered at each end. This item could possibly be the tilting mechanism for elevating the tubelike objects. The top of the tubelike objects is below the level of the apron. T here is at least 5-foot clearance on all sides of the on the southern part of the rectangular con- 25X1 D Crete pad on an azimuth of is a 75X1D large inclined launcher. I his launcher, possibly 25X1 D a concrete ramp consists of high at the front edge. Constructed on this ramp and supported at three points is a heavy lattice framework which resembles a self- supporting lattice tower laced on its side. At the forward end of this lattice work, barely discernible on the photography, is a heavy cy- lindrical steel framework, which is positioned ,50 to 50 degrees from the vertical as shown on Figure 11. "I he top of this framework stands approximately 40 feet above the ground at the forward end of the launcher. Positioned just to the northwest of the launcher is a crane 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D apparatus within the pit. \o method of cover- ing the pit was observed. " I he sighting of four E-class probable SSGN submarines revealed three pairs of inclined the deck which had a diameter - of 40 feet. nd a visib Previous sightings, late of a twin- ~ cylinder W-class, probable SSG submarine and a photo in the military paper Red Star reveal similar configurations._. / The possible launcher within this pit may fall within the category of the launchers observed on these E-class and W -class submarines. A small building measuring 25 by 10 feet is situated at the edge of the concrete pad 80 feet to the north of this probable launcher. A cable scar connects these two objects. Item 3 - Blockhouse: Located r tdway be- tween the two launchers at Launch Area B3 is a blockhouse that is 5() feet square. I his structure has a flat r(x-)f and a personnel entrance on the west side. Cable scars connect the blockhouse with the subs urface'apparatus and with a probable camera station at the west perimeter fence around Launch Area 133. An unidentified small object is on the roof the blockhouse. Item 4 - Semiburied lank: A semiburied tank 30 feet in diameter is located immediately to the west of the large concrete apron. This tank could be used for either fuel or water for flushing. A ground scar connects this tank with the large revetment in Launch Area B2. Item 5 - Run-off Basin: An oval run- off basin 100 by 50 feet is located in the area between the concrete pad and the access road to the launch area. SUPPORT AREA 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 D 25X1 B The Support Area (Figure 12), -located contiguous to and to the rear of the launch areas, contains the administrative and logis- tical -support facilities for Launch Complex B. The .Support. Area is roughly square, is within the common fence of the complex, and measures 1,165 by 1,065 feet. It is located on the north side of the enclosure and provides the only improved access to all four fenced areas of the complex. The Support Area, which has undergone little change since-contains missile -assembly and checkout facilities, a pos-E sible power plant, administrative facilities, per- sonnel housing, possible, propellant servicing facilities, and shop or maintenance facilities. Several smaller structures, mounds, and other objects also are visible in the area. A much larger number of vehicles was observed in the support area on the _coverage than The following is a detailed description of the support area and numbers are keyed to Figure 12. Item I - Assembly and Checkout Building: A drive-through assembly and checkout build- 25X1 C 25X1 B ing is located adjacent to the administrative and personnel housing facilities. This step- roofed building measures 130 by 65 feet, giving 9,800 square feet of floor space, and is 25 feet high. The building has a gable-roofed, end of this building a concrete hardstand has been constructed which extends the full width of the building, and unimproved or gravel- surfaced roads connect this facility with the the area on the hardstand at the east end of this building was marked by considerable activity. Present were 3i grouping of pieces of equipment including a possible missile 45 feet long on a trailer, 3 trucks, and several pieces of missile-handling gear. One piece of gear had a vertical member attached that was A drive-through maintenance or checkout build- ing is located 250 feet south of the assembly and checkout building (item 1). I his gable-roofed building measures 100 by 60 feet and is 20 feet in height. It probably functions as a shop-type vehi- cle maintenance facility, or possibly as an auxil- iary assembly and checkout point. Concrete hardstands 65 feet wide adjoin both ends of the building. in _three vehicles were noted on or near the hardstand at the east end as compared with only one vehicle noted near the west end on the photography. hwo unidentified structures arc located to the south of the maintenance and checkout building. Lach is approximately 5 feet square and 20 feet hizh. I heir function cannot be determined at this time. This facility is an arch-roofed building= -feet and about 30 feet high. This build- ing has four vents on the roof, two shed ex- tensions 20 by feet on the east side, and Item 7 - Administrative Building: This is a gable-roofed administrative building that is 70 by -50 feet. This building is situated near the entrance to the support area. A mast or thin stack is adjacent to this building. The barracks each have two entrances and could provide billets for approximately 1(Xi persons. Item U - Security Building: This facility is a single-story, hip-roofed security building that is 60 by 4() feet with a wing 15 feet square. This building is situated at the entrance to the complex. I=our vehicles are parked adjacent to the outside portion of the fence. Item 10 - Lnidentified Building: Ibis is 25X1 C MASTS' 10, HIGH 25X1 C 25X1 C Mmmiik~~~ roof of the building is partly gabled and the other section is flat. A ground scar leads from this building to Item 5. Item 11: 1_ nidentificd structure 2(1 by 15 feet by 10 feet high. Item 12: Small revetment or blast wall 10 Item 13: Five probable missile trans- porter vans, each 45 feet long. Item 14: Motor pool area that contains at least 13 vehicles and a possible fuel storage bunker. Other equipment of an unidentified nature is lying about the general area. The size and configuration of Launch C~bn- plex B, coupled with the proximity of the Support Area to the launch areas, suggest t:zat is is designed mainly to accomplish the follow- ing missions: Aerodynamic Cruise Missile Launchings-- 1 he configuration of the inclined launching structures probably indicates aerodynamic mis- sile firings. Ihey are the only SSM launchers found in the Kapustin Yar Rangehead that are designed primarily to support angular rather than vertical missile firings. In addition, the absence of associated instrumentation forward of the launch areas contrasts markedly with the tracking stations situated just downrange from the ballistic missile complexes located to the north and to the south. Whether or not this absence of instrumentation forward of the launch areas is a valid criterion, the fact remains that the combination of the forward 0 e- tracking stations of both Launch Complex A and C could and probably does meet some of the needs for Launch Complex B. In addition to the aerodynamic rnis ~1~,, these inclined launchers probably- could uppo:: firings of short-range tactical missoIL.S of Ih; nonaerodvnarnic type. Naval Simulators -- This probably is the basic reason for the existence of Launch Com- plex B. Firs' would come the development of missiles that could be utilized by the ,a%-\- and then the development of shipboard en- vironmental simulators to launch these same missiles. The existence of a probable super- structure of a submarine simulator, coupled with the existence of a possible ship motion simulator for ballistic missiles, both located in Launch Area B2, lends credence to the hypothesis that Launch Complex B is primarily naval associated. 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 C 25X1 D REQUIREMENT CIA. DDI "ORR.'E. R-&4,59 CIA.- DDL ORR. E. R-b4."59 Supplement CL-%. DDI. OSI. R-114. "63 25X1 C