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0.71 02 2 0 proved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A0008000600 THE STATE INSTITUTE FORS. DrSZG.,~Fr..rrG PULP AND. PAPER ENTERPRISES (GIPRODtI) wJ COMEX "h 3tat I l:atitute f ~w Deem; ~z:p c' L! p rl :d Paper Enter prises ti r.? :: tui) Is the leadi_ e gi eerir.} ~ ~^ as i~ t ~^ t fie, ? w - ~..~. ;, t.h., s industry. GiPROBUMI is local-ea in 7 "u-4-, -he ye rs of its aC Li ri, Vy. G I F'[i3 w: oi&.:t Ced br:_^z es ip. '~iosecla, :{ Riga z_-.d' Ir -tsk which have bee-.. considerabliy a Lp,'...rde?d and today c t as i ependen : e ginee.rin, institution$ ? n 1972 a new branch of GI? CE-lip; was started in the city of Ar ar. elsk, Its staff has now reached about 100 people. Oa new construction. sites as well ao _21.t ar,-i a large existing mills undsr_. ;oin.. expansion py`Ja . r } GIPROJUW.i org;.a...z;;u t; .- zIC-force tf":pa1?4 V 111 ,Dr engineering ceaza. GIPRO PA carries ouw completes pi,cj "ts ai:+d is staffed by engineer. of all trades and professions whit . are to -rk out a complete project of a pulp and paper i i_1i? i I Pi?OBU'u includes 13 engineering __P,4,i,Ca`1ts ;3 'ell as Surr ua departr.ent, technical department, eCf4.2ip.Tie-rit ~ep I;1 ia~ , t : i.Cc I information department, depar4?r:ent of ?abou_- oro;anzz t-o-bure? r t: of project mangers, library s.. y~~i~l: rems. Jss GIP:,OB&M is a general des n r of the raill as a hoIe but c~~LL: ui i V it invites other specia1.izad engine-ri L or; 3.Za ion '':ilic act sub-contras for 3 in civil vXlty3ree ingt de-Si, riiniS of ?.pv) station;. App v@~' r`~el~aSe~~b F~7 C~1 - ' 9=A079~S4~ ~( 6A~O t ari au :v- o gat ion systems etc. Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-R[1f'9-00798A000800060006-8 pulp- and piper tills in Arehang e1-,:X, 7oa^-.3k and Kozlas, forest complexas in BBrayssk ant% Syk-ty';ri?ar. Vu 3ca mills are ope_ construction of -he Pulp ill at Ust-13 _rc-11. `f s st r i. In -~.. 7,/ NMe th a mil Yeas also by G?'.,'t';1M .'T^c.3 an r gal capacity of 500,000 tons of hle>.?cned '^s.' .'i' C' ~~ .. '.ha Usf:-Ilimsk pulp mill project f: r most eC,u` pmeri t an moat up- to-+dat'e t rah = so ' n - achieve:^ents of science and tec ncIo -v in en L -Jr- t . cjv ice. / ~.vl-, are- implemented in this project. Along with designing ?args pule and paper e uer z_75 PROTIU' carries ou.t extensive en:Si nezrt g and invastig.ati._._. ~~n ?o planning of this branch of industry. GIPR0BUM' has great e::.-owls .we of coope_ration -.,ii ._Swedish. Finn r'", French, Ja aneo any. o Vier firms in ~r:_ g Brit r ri in the Soviet Union. Am exam .pie of Stich co~ue wc; ~ ,; ~' fore?i ,n. firms is the expar_si project of the Sveto;orsk pulp and papar mail ?,-r ich is carried o- at present. This project pro rides for supply of aroces; eau-: me- by -fo.regn firms as well as their nay t? clpabion in desl nin phi. mi11:. In the Socialist coup Fie there are .:over _:l pulp -d paper mill which were built- to vT diavLrJp T:*rirs projects and equipped mair'l '! by ; J v the Soviet-m- ade equipment, GIPROBUM General Ma . is MA-- Sem4A--- Y.?, GIrRiJ U~ 's Chiaf . r_:rwneer is Tsve .' ov Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 'Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 GI2R OI3UP;i, L1 I.UIGRAD `T'`uesday, 15 April 1975 TSVVE)TXOV T.D. -- Chief Engineer SlsVGlLi.A 71.2. - senior B,:'6per in Li~_u..nt Treatment Ada u",iAREV 0.I. - Tha Chief of T'echmical Information Lepartinerit Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved For Release 2001/07/30: CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Fishery Requirements. Biologically Based Concentrations of'Org;anic Components of Industrial Effluents from Kraft Mills Component Mg/l Maximum Allowable Phenol 0-cresol Guiacol Vanillin Pyrocatechol Resorcinal Pyrogallol Hydroquinone Na2SO4 DMS DMSO Dimethyl Sulfone Acetone Furfural Tupentine Methanol Sulfate Soap Polyacrylamide Sodium Formate Sodium Acetate Sodium Oxalate 'Sulfate Lignin A12(SO4)3 Resinous Subst. Tannins Oil and/or products in dissolved and emulsified form 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.5 0..0005 0.05 0.5 0.5 0.2 1.7 - 5.0 1.5 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 300 1.5 2.0 10.0 .05 Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 -Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Below in Tables 1 and 2 are the general requires ments for the composition and characteristics of the waters of aquatic bodies at places where drinking and everyday use is intended and for aquatic bodies used for fishing. The requirements are taken from the above-mentioned rules: Indicators of the composition and characteristics of the water of the aquatic bodies: TABLE I TYPE OF USE For central and non- central everyday-drinking water supply and also for water supply of food enterprises. For swimming sport and recreation of the population, and also for aquatic bodies in settled areas. 1 Suspended solids: Floating Pollutants/ Substances: Odors and Tastes: Temperature: 2 Not more than: .25 mg/1 3 .75 mg/l For water bodies containing in their borders more than 30 mg/l of natural mineral substances an increase of S. S. up to 5% is allowed. Suspensions with a falling-out speed of more than .4 mm/sec for moving water bodies and more than .2 mm/sec for reservoirs are not allowed to be discharged. On the surface of the water body there should not form floating film, mineral oil spots, and dumping of other pollutants. Water should not acquire odors or tastes of an intensity greater that 2 points, disclosed: Directly or after Directly subsequent chl on nati on Water should not give other smells or tastes to the meat of fish. Should not be revealed in a column of: 20 cm 10 cm Summer temperature of the water as a result of the discharge of effluents should not be increased more than-3 degrees C. over the maximum temperature of the water body during the summer. Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved Flor Release 2001/ 7/30 : CIA-RDP79-c 798A000800060006-8 Should not go beyond the limits Reaction: Mineral Composition: 6.5 - 8.5 pH Should not exceed on Standards are met by the basis of solid indicator shown under. residue 1000 mg/l "tastes" 1 nc Chlorides 350 mg/l and sulphates 500 mg/l Dissolved Oxygen: Should not be less than 4 mg/l during any period of the year in a'sample taken at 12 noon BOD: Disease Carrying Organisms: Total demand at 20 degrees C. should not exceed 3.0 mg/l 6.0 mg/1 Water should not contain disease containing organisms. Effluents, containing such, must be disinfected after preliminary treatment. Methods of disinfection and preliminary treatment/ mechanical or biological are agreed upon with the organs of the State Sanitary Inspection in each separate instance. Poisonous Substances: Are not to be present in concentrations which could directly or indirectly harm the organisms and health of the population. Approved For Release 2001/ )7/30: CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved For Release 2001/07/30 :'Cl 4 7ij00798A000800060006-8 . Indicators of the composition and characteristics of the waters of the aquatic body Suspended solids: Floating pollutants substances: Color, Odors, and Tastes: Temperature: Reaction: Dissolved Oxygen: Aquatic bodies used Aquatic bodies used for the keeping and for all other fishing production of valuable industry purposes. types of fish, which are very sensitive to oxygen Content of SS, in comparison with natural content, should not increase more than: 25 mg/1' .75 mg/i For. aquatic bodies, containing in their borders 30 mg/l of natural mineral substances, an increase of up to 5% is allowed. Suspension with a falling-out rate of more than .4 mm/sec for moving aquatic bodies and of more than .2 mm/sec for reservoirs cannot be discharged.- .On the surface there should not appear films of oil products, oils, fats and other pollutants Water must not acquire foreign smells, tastes, colors and not give them to the meat of fish. Temperature of the water should not increase in the summer by more than 3 degrees C. in winter by more than 5 degrees C. Should not go beyond the limits of 6.5 - 8.5 pH. In the winter, under ice, period should not be below 6.0 mg/l 4.0 mg/l In the summer/open/period in all aquatic bodies it should not be below 6.0 mg/l in a sample taken at 12 noon. 5-day demand at 20 degrees C should not be more than 2.0 mg/l 2.0 mg/l Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved For Release 2001/07/30: CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 If in the winter period, the amount of dissolved ? oxygen in the water of the aquatic body for the first type of use decreases to 6.0?mg/l and in aquatic bodies of the second type to 4.0 mg/l then discharge is allowed if only those effluents that do not change the BOD of the water. Poisonous Substances: Should not be present in concentrations that could directly or indirectly have a harmful effect on fish and aquatic organisms, serving as feed for the fish. Besides these general requirements, in the Rules for the Protection of the Surfaces of Waters from Pollution by Waste Water there are established maximum permissible concentrations for 294 types of pollutants for waters of aquatic bodies for sanitary-everyday use and 28 for aquatic bodies used by the fishing industry. Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 The Soviet escorts accompanying the group were: 1. Victor Shagaev, Department Manager, Giprobum 2. Yuri E. Kazakov, Expert, The USSR-US Soviet Committee on Environmental Cooperation, Main Administration of Hydrometerological Services of the USSR Under Project 11-2.2, Prevention of Water Pollution from Industrial Sources, this is the first of the four industry subgroups where the exchange has been completed in both countries. The writer has previously escorted three of the industry subgroups on their respective tours of the United States. Certain first-hand observations can now be made regarding the outlook of the U. S. and U.S.S.R. on these exchanges. Most importantly, the Soviets are as serious as the Americans on this exchange of environmental technology. Further, the message of detente between our two peoples is crystal clear. It is obvious that they are under the same instructions as we are when escorting the Soviets around the United States. Every effort is made to enhance our material comforts as regards lodging and travelling to the best of their resources. The cultural exchange is very complete and they seem take pride in escorting the delegations through museums, places of interest, their theatres, etc. To emphasize the seriousness, it should be noted that at every visit they hosted a lunch or a dinner and presented nominal gifts to the delegation members. It should further be noted that our initial briefing was conducted in Moscow by the 1st Deputy Minister of the Pulp and Paper Industry, Mr. N. Chistiakov who was also serving as a minister due to the illness of.the minister. That evening, the acting minister hosted a dinner in honor of the U. S. delegation. On our departure, the ministry conducted our final critique and hosted a farewell cocktail party in our honor at the Moscow Airport. As an overall comparison,?they extended as much effort as we do to insure success of the mission. The report on the technical aspects of the mission is enclosed. The Soviets were completely cooperative both in the tours and the questions we generated at the critiques. In addition,there are certain other attachments I have included, such as the itinerary, and a Write-up on Giprobum which is the state institute for designing pulp and paper enterprises for the entire Soviet Union. Also included are two tables, one covering fishery requirements on effluents from Kraft Mills and the other covering guidelines on effluents from paper and pulp mills depending on whether they emptied into bodies of drinking water or waters used for recreational purposes. We were fortunate to get this table which was part of a confidential report that they would not release. Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79 90798A000800060006-8 I would point out that having a U. S. interpreter along as part of the delegation is invaluable. The Soviet Union is not like any other country that I have ever visited. I feel that relying on the Soviet interpreters only would be synonymous to flying blind. Another point to keep in mind for our delegations is the subject of liquor. They seem to encourage excessive drinking especially when away from the main cities and delegation members should be forewarned. In closing, it would be an understatement to say that this was not an incredible experience and education. We covered twenty thousand kilometers exclusive of the round trip to Moscow and went from the Black Sea (80?F) to Bratsk in Eastern Siberia (-10?F). Our delegation was pleased that it was already Spring for the Siberian portion of the trip. Approved For Release 2001/07/30 : CIA-RDP79-00798A000800060006-8 Ame 0, v ppiaoved For Release 2001/07/30 CIA-RDP79-00798A 6'~fb0O9M -8 ? Andrew larO-iti Office of Water Pro rams-- VfSITING CHRONOLOGY 1 ! DATES : r PLACE OF VISIT FROM TO USSR April 11, April 27, 1975 PURPOSE OF TRIP Reciprocal Visit of Pulp/Paper Industry to Soviet Union PRINCIPAL INSTITUTION OR INDIVIDUAL VISITED Ministry of the Pulp and Paper Industry of the, USSR FUTURE ACTION REQUIRED AS RESULT OF TRIP TYPE OF ACTION RESPONSIBLE OFFICE SUMMARY IN 200 WORDS OR LESS (Continue on reverse it necessary) This trip comes under Project II-2.1 of the Environmental Agreement. Our Working Group on the Prevention of Water Pollution from Industrial and Municipal sources is the sponsor. The delegation was headed by Andrew Paretti and was on a receiving side pays basis. We hosted the Ministry of Pulp and Paper in May 1974 on a tour of Pulp and Paper plants throughout the United States. The trip took us to seven Soviet cities where we visited one ministry six institutes and four pulp and paper plants. The Soviets extended every courtesy and were most responsive to specific questions. The exchange of information was very complete. It is obvious that this ministry has put the highest priority on the project. quite apparent from their official toasts and informal conversations, that their national policy is to pursue this program vigorously and to use it as a vehicle to extend-the mutual era of detente between our two countries. Deputy Minister N. N. Chistiakov who is first deputy of the Ministry of the Pulp and Paper Industry of the USSR gave us an official welcome and personally handled. the opening briefing and conducted the closing critique. They are very interested in pursuit of this exchange and we are presenting our suggestions for such a continuation in the near future. Preliminarily, we will be planning a symposium for next year followed by an exchange of one or-two specialises for a period of 30 to 90 days to study a mutual problem on site in each country, receiving side pays. It is to be noted that the Soviets make.a great effort to insure that at every city enroute the main points of interest are explained, They use this as a vehicle to extoll the accomplishments of their socialist form of government. 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